Read by QxMD icon Read


Simona Granchi, Enrico Vannacci, Luca Breschi, Elena Biagi
The promising minimally invasive laser thermal therapy technique may be improved if thermal lesions induced into the tissue can be carefully monitored in extension and morphology during the treatment. According to results obtained in several recent experimentations, solutions that avoid tissue carbonization during the treatment have been proposed, in order to allow deeper and longer lasting light penetration in treated tissue and to reduce failures of the applicator tip and fiber optic, dangerous for patients...
July 19, 2017: Ultrasonics
J N Potter, P D Wilcox, A J Croxford
This article reports a technique for near-surface ultrasonic array imaging. Information equivalent to an undelayed full matrix of inter-element responses is produced through cross-correlation of a later time diffuse full matrix. This reconstructed full matrix lacks the nonlinear effects of early time saturation present in a directly acquired response. Consequently the near-surface material information usually obscured by this effect is retrieved. Furthermore it is shown that a hybrid full matrix formed through a temporally weighted sum of coherent and reconstructed matrices allows for effective near-surface and bulk material imaging from a single direct-contact experimental realisation...
July 18, 2017: Ultrasonics
I A Borodina, B D Zaitsev, A A Teplykh
The influence of the liquid with the different values of conductivity, permittivity, and viscosity on the characteristics of the slot mode in the structure consisting of delay line with propagating shear - horizontal acoustic wave of zero order (SH0) and upper piezoelectric plate separated by the air gap was experimentally investigated. The delay line made of the Y-X lithium niobate plate 0.2mm thick contained two interdigital transducers for the excitation and reception of acoustic wave in the frequency range of 2...
July 18, 2017: Ultrasonics
Takehisa Inoue, Tomohisa Norisuye, Kazuki Sugita, Hideyuki Nakanishi, Qui Tran-Cong-Miyata
The size distribution and the elasticity of thermo-responsive gel particles dispersed in water were examined in-situ by ultrasonic spectroscopy (US). Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) gel particles, undergoing volume phase transition at 34°C were synthesized by redox polymerization in emulsion, and the temperature dependence of the acoustic properties was examined. The longitudinal velocity and the attenuation coefficient of particle exhibited a drastic change at the transition temperature, indicating the increase in the mechanical properties, such the longitudinal, bulk and shear moduli, due to the shrinkage of particles upon temperature stimulation...
July 14, 2017: Ultrasonics
Steven Delrue, Vladislav Aleshin, Kevin Truyaert, Olivier Bou Matar, Koen Van Den Abeele
Our study aims at the creation of a numerical toolbox that describes wave propagation in samples containing internal contacts (e.g. cracks, delaminations, debondings, imperfect intergranular joints) of known geometry with postulated contact interaction laws including friction. The code consists of two entities: the contact model and the solid mechanics module. Part I of the paper concerns an in-depth description of a constitutive model for realistic contacts or cracks that takes into account the roughness of the contact faces and the associated effects of friction and hysteresis...
July 13, 2017: Ultrasonics
Vladislav Aleshin, Steven Delrue, Andrey Trifonov, Olivier Bou Matar, Koen Van Den Abeele
Our study aims at the creation of a numerical toolbox that describes wave propagation in samples containing internal contacts (e.g. cracks, delaminations, debondings, imperfect intergranular joints) of known geometry with postulated contact interaction laws including friction. The code consists of two entities: the contact model and the solid mechanics module. Part I of the paper concerns the modeling of internal contacts (called cracks for brevity), while part II is related to the integration of the developed contact model into a solid mechanics module that allows the description of wave propagation processes...
July 13, 2017: Ultrasonics
Jingjie He, Zhan Kang
This paper presents a study on topology optimization of novel material microstructural configurations to achieve directional elastic wave propagation through maximization of partial band gaps. A waveguide incorporating a periodic-microstructure material may exhibit different propagation properties for the plane elastic waves incident from different inlets. A topology optimization problem is formulated to enhance such a property with a gradient-based mathematical programming algorithm. For alleviating the issue of local optimum traps, the random morphology description functions (RMDFs) are introduced to generate random initial designs for the optimization process...
July 12, 2017: Ultrasonics
Yang Xuan, Laurentiu Nastac
Recent studies showed that the microstructure and mechanical properties of aluminum based nanocomposites can be significantly improved when ultrasonic cavitation and solidification processing is used. This is because ultrasonic cavitation processing plays an important role not only in degassing and dispersion of the nanoparticles, but also in breaking up the dendritic grains and refining the as-cast microstructure. In the present study, A356 alloy and Al2O3 nanoparticles are used as the matrix alloy and the reinforcement, respectively...
July 1, 2017: Ultrasonics
Malgorzata Nowacka, Aleksandra Fijalkowska, Magdalena Dadan, Katarzyna Rybak, Artur Wiktor, Dorota Witrowa-Rajchert
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of ultrasound treatment applied in osmotic solution on bioactive compounds, such as vitamin C, polyphenols, anthocyanins and flavonoids content as well as antioxidant activity in cranberries (Vaccinium oxycoccus). Ultrasound treatment was performed at the frequency of 21kHz for 30 and 60min in two osmotic solutions - 61.5% sucrose and 30% sucrose with an addition of 0.1% of steviol glycosides. Before the ultrasound treatment the material was subjected to cutting or blanching...
July 1, 2017: Ultrasonics
Said Agounad, El Houcein Aassif, Younes Khandouch, Gérard Maze, Dominique Décultot
The acoustic scattering of a plane wave by an elastic cylindrical shell is studied. A new approach is developed to predict the form function of an immersed cylindrical shell of the radius ratio b/a ('b' is the inner radius and 'a' is the outer radius). The prediction of the backscattered form function is investigated by a combined approach between fuzzy clustering algorithms and bio-inspired algorithms. Four famous fuzzy clustering algorithms: the fuzzy c-means (FCM), the Gustafson-Kessel algorithm (GK), the fuzzy c-regression model (FCRM) and the Gath-Geva algorithm (GG) are combined with particle swarm optimization and genetic algorithm...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
Andreea-Manuela Zelenyak, Nora Schorer, Markus G R Sause
This paper presents a method for embedding realistic defect geometries of a fiber reinforced material in a finite element modeling environment in order to simulate active ultrasonic inspection. When ultrasonic inspection is used experimentally to investigate the presence of defects in composite materials, the microscopic defect geometry may cause signal characteristics that are difficult to interpret. Hence, modeling of this interaction is key to improve our understanding and way of interpreting the acquired ultrasonic signals...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
Alberto Rodríguez-Martínez, Miguel Ángel de la Casa-Lillo, Linas Svilainis, Tomás E Gomez Álvarez-Arenas
The aim of this work is the non-destructive automatic mechanical characterization of nanoparticles doped composites using ultrasound in order to understand and control the dispersion of the dopant nanoparticles in the final product. We present a method which is able to measure the elastic constants of composites (Youngs, Bulk, Shear Modulus and Poissons ratio), in addition to other parameters as density, sound velocity and thickness, providing information of the nanoparticles dispersion in the samples. All results are obtained with a single ultrasonic measure at each point of the samples' surface in an immersion setup with both pulse-echo and through-transmission measurements simultaneously, obtaining detailed information for all the samples' surface in a XY scanning...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
N Nishimura, K Fujimoto, Y Ogi, T Ito
This paper focuses on the developed of spall-damage that occurs in pure iron as a result of repeated impact. The employed low-frequency scanning acoustic microscopy (LF-SAM) observations combined with the measurements of ultrasonic wave velocity, attenuation, backscattering intensity and amplitude spectrum of the reflected wave, enabled us to provide a nondestructive evaluation. The spall-damage distribution was analyzed in the C-scan images, and we found the spall-damage increase with impact stress when the latter exceeds the characteristic spall-threshold stress...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
Laura Borea, Vincenzo Naddeo, Marwa S Shalaby, Tiziano Zarra, Vincenzo Belgiorno, Heba Abdalla, Ahmed M Shaban
Membrane ultrafiltration is increasingly applied for wastewater treatment and reuse, even though membrane fouling still represents one of the main drawbacks of this technology. In the last years, innovative strategies for membrane fouling control have been developed, such as the combination of membrane processes with ultrasound (US). In present work, the application of membrane ultrafiltration and its combination with US were studied, evaluating the influence on the performance of the treatment and membrane fouling formation of two membrane fluxes, 75 and 150L/m(2)h, along with two US frequencies, 35 and 150kHz...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
Muhammad Tayyab Noman, Jiri Militky, Jakub Wiener, Jana Saskova, Muhammad Azeem Ashraf, Hafsa Jamshaid, Musaddaq Azeem
Highly photo active pure anatase form of TiO2 nanoparticles with average particle size 4nm have been successfully synthesized by ultrasonic acoustic method (UAM). The effects of process variables i.e. precursors concentration and sonication time were investigated based on central composite design and response surface methodology. The characteristics of the resulting nanoparticles (RNP) were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry and Raman spectroscopy...
June 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
Yijie Liu, Qiang Han, Yingjing Liang, Gang Xu
In this paper, we propose a semi-analytical isogeometric analysis(S-IGA) approach in the twist space to investigate the dispersive properties in helical thread waveguides, which combines the advantages of the spectral approach and IGA. The convergence and accuracy of the proposed method are discussed, by comparing S-IGA results with reference solutions. Additionally, the analytical expression of axial offset wavenumbers is derived to explain the difference of spectrograms between the Cartesian and twisted systems...
June 17, 2017: Ultrasonics
Majid Rajabi, Alireza Mojahed
The interaction between harmonic plane progressive acoustic beams and a pulsating spherical radiator is studied. The acoustic radiation force function exerted on the spherical body is derived as a function of the incident wave pressure and the monopole vibration characteristics (i.e., amplitude and phase) of the body. Two distinct strategies are presented in order to alter the radiation force effects (i.e., pushing and pulling states) by changing its magnitude and direction. In the first strategy, an incident wave field with known amplitude and phase is considered...
June 13, 2017: Ultrasonics
A J Balvantín, J A Diosdado-De-la-Peña, P A Limon-Leyva, E Hernández-Rodríguez
In this work, fundamental symmetric Lamb wave S0 mode is characterized in terms of its velocity variation as function of the interfacial conditions between solid bodies in contact. Imperfect contact conditions are numerically and experimentally determined by using ultrasonic Lamb wave propagation parameters. For the study, an experimental system was used, formed by two solid aluminum rods (25.4mm in diameter) axially loading a thin aluminum plate to control contact interfacial stiffness. The axially applied load on the aluminum plate was varied from 0MPa to 10MPa...
June 3, 2017: Ultrasonics
M Celmer, K J Opieliński, M Dopierała
One of the reasons of distortions in ultrasonic imaging are crosstalk effects. They can be divided into groups according to the way of their formation. One of them is constituted by mechanical crosstalk, which is propagated by a construction of a multi-element array of piezoelectric transducers. When an individual transducer is excited, mechanical vibrations are transferred to adjacent construction components, thereby stimulating neighboring transducers to an undesired operation. In order to explore ways of the propagation of such vibrations, the authors developed the FEM model of the array of piezoelectric transducers designed for calculations in COMSOL Multiphysics software...
June 3, 2017: Ultrasonics
Elif Eren Gültekin
The scope of the present study is to investigate the change of elastic modulus with the physical and mechanical properties of porcelain tiles. In the study, porcelain tiles were sintered at different temperatures and at different heating rates to obtain minimum water absorption (%). After this, the time of flight of longitudinal and shear ultrasonic waves was measured through the tile. The time of flight of ultrasonic waves was measured using contact ultrasonic transducers operating on a pulse-echo mode. Using the time of flight of the ultrasonic waves and the thickness of the tiles, the velocity of the waves was determined...
June 3, 2017: Ultrasonics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"