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Journal of Cellular Physiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098359/m2-like-macrophages-induce-colon-cancer-cell-invasion-via-matrix-metalloproteinases
#1
Katyayni Vinnakota, Yuan Zhang, Benson Chellakkan Selvanesan, Geriolda Topi, Tavga Salim, Janna Sand-Dejmek, Gunilla Jönsson, Anita Sjölander
The inflammatory milieu plays an important role in colon cancer development and progression. Previously, we have shown that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), an important component of the tumor microenvironment, are enriched in tumors compared with normal tissue and confer a poorer prognosis. In the present study, we found that matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9), which degrades extracellular matrix proteins, was increased in biopsies from colon cancer patients and in mouse xenografts with SW480 cell-derived tumors...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098358/subclinical-alteration-of-the-cervical-vaginal-microbiome-in-women-with-idiopathic-infertility
#2
Giuseppina Campisciano, Fiorella Florian, Angela D'Eustacchio, David Stanković, Giuseppe Ricci, Manola Comar
Biomarkers have a wide application in research and clinic, they help to choose the correct treatment for diseases. Recent studies, addressing the vaginal microbiome using next generation sequencing (NGS), reported the involvement of bacterial species in infertility. We compared the vaginal microbiome of idiopathic infertility diagnosed women with that of healthy, non-idiopathic infertile and bacterial vaginosis affected women, to identify bacterial species suitable as biomarkers. Information on microorganisms was obtained from the V3-16S rDNA sequencing of cervical-vaginal fluids of 96 women using the Ion Torrent platform...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098353/the-role-of-various-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-and-their-ligands-in-clinical-practice
#3
REVIEW
Giuseppe Derosa, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Pamela Maffioli
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors involved in several physiological processes including modulation of cellular differentiation, development, metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and tumorigenesis. The aim of this review is to examine how different PPAR ligands act, and discuss their use in clinical practice. PPAR ligands have a lot of effects and applications in clinical practice. Some PPAR ligands such as fibrates (PPAR-α ligands) are currently used for the treatment of dyslipidemia, while pioglitazone and rosiglitazone (PPAR-γ ligands) are anti-diabetic and insulin-sensitizing agents...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098348/impact-of-lysosomal-storage-disorders-on-biology-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-evidences-from-in-vitro-silencing-of-glucocerebrosidase-gba-and-alpha-galactosidase-a-gla-enzymes
#4
T Squillaro, I Antonucci, N Alessio, A Esposito, M Cipollaro, Mab Melone, G Peluso, L Stuppia, U Galderisi
Lysosomal storage disorders (LDS) comprise a group of rare multisystemic diseases resulting from inherited gene mutations that impair lysosomal homeostasis. The most common LSDs, Gaucher disease (GD) and Fabry disease (FD) are caused by deficiencies in the lysosomal glucocerebrosidase (GBA) and alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) enzymes, respectively. Given the systemic nature of enzyme deficiency, we hypothesized that the stem cell compartment of GD and FD patients might be also affected. Among stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a commonly investigated population given their role in hematopoiesis and the homeostatic maintenance of many organs and tissues...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098340/inhibitory-effect-of-blue-light-emitting-diode-on-migration-and-invasion-of-cancer-cells
#5
Phil-Sun Oh, Hyun-Soo Kim, Eun-Mi Kim, Hyosook Hwang, Hyang Hwa Ryu, SeokTae Lim, Myung-Hee Sohn, Hwan-Jeong Jeong
The aim of this study was to determine the effects and molecular mechanism of blue light emitting diode (LED) in tumor cells. A migration and invasion assay for the metastatic behavior of mouse colon cancer CT-26 and human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells was performed. Cancer cell migration-related proteins were identified by obtaining a 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) in total cellular protein profile of blue LED-irradiated cancer cells, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis of proteins...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092102/micrornas-potential-candidates-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Abdullah Moridikia, Hamed Mirzaei, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Jafar Salimian
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is known as the third common cancer worldwide and an important public health problem in different populations. Several genetics and environmental risk factors are involved in the development and progression of CRC including chromosomal abnormalities, epigenetic alterations, and unhealthy lifestyle. Identification of risk factors and biomarkers could lead to a better understanding of molecular pathways involved in CRC pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulatory molecules which could affect a variety of cellular and molecular targets in CRC...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092101/the-cross-regulation-between-sox15-and-wnt-signaling-pathway
#7
REVIEW
Ali Moradi, Faezeh Ghasemi, Kazem Anvari, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Saeideh Ahmadi Simab, Safieh Ebrahimi, Amirreza Hesari, Mohammad Mahdi Forghanifard, Mohammad Taher Boroushaki, Soodabeh ShahidSales, Amir Avan
WNT/B-CATENIN signaling pathway is one of the key dysregulated pathways in different tumor types, which regulate the expression of several genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. This pathway is being modulated by sex-determining region Y-box (SOX) family genes. The functions of these genes are suggested as tumor suppressor or oncogene. SOX genes transcribe a group of transcription factors that play important roles in embryonic development and carcinogenesis. Among them, SOX15 is recently been identified as a novel tumor suppressor in pancreatic and esophagus cancers with a potential role in modulating Wnt/b-catenin signaling...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092098/evaluation-the-ethnopharmacological-studies-in-iran-during-2004-2016-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Zahra Sadeghi, Maryam Akaberi, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Alireza Sobhkhizi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Although Iran has a deep history in herbal medicine and great heritage of ancient medical scholars, few efforts have been made to evaluate ethnopharmacological aspects of medicinal plants in this country. In the present study, the authors have reviewed all important literature about the ethnopharmacological investigations on medicinal plants used in the last decade in Iran. All provinces of Iran were categorized according to a phytogeographical division. Information was collected through bibliographic investigations from scientific journals and books...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084621/state-of-the-art-in-microrna-as-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-biomarkers-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#9
REVIEW
Hamed Mirzaei, Sima Fathullahzadeh, Razieh Khanmohammadi, Mansoreh Darijani, Fatemeh Momeni, Aria Masoudifar, Mohammad Goodarzi, Omid Mardanshah, Jan Stanveng, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Hamid Reza Mirzaei
Early diagnostic is one of the most important steps in cancer therapy which helps to design and choose a better therapeutic approach. The finding of biomarkers in various levels including genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics levels could provide better treatment for various cancers such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The CLL is the one of main lymphoid malignancies which is specified by aggregation of mature B lymphocytes. Among different biomarkers (e.g. CD38, chromosomes abnormalities, ZAP-70, TP53 and miRNA), microRNAs (miRNAs) have appeared as new diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers in patients with the CLL disease...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083912/targeted-stroma-in-pancreatic-cancer-promises-and-failures-of-target-therapies
#10
REVIEW
Afsane Bahrami, Majid Khazaei, Fariba Bagherieh, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Mina Maftouh, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Amir Avan
Desmoplasia or abundant fibrotic stroma is a typical property of most malignancies, which has a great effect on tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, and resistance to therapy. The activated stroma cells comprises several cell types including endothelial cells, nerve cells, inflammatory/macrophages cells, stellate cells, and extracellular matrix. In other word, the interactions of cancer-stroma modulate tumorigenesis, therapy resistance and poor delivery of drugs. Therefore, targeting the tumor stroma in combination with conventional chemotherapeutic agents could provide a promising approach in the treatment of pancreatic cancer...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079253/epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-emt-a-biological-process-in-the-development-stem-cell-differentiation-and-tumorigenesis
#11
REVIEW
Tong Chen, Yanan You, Hua Jiang, Zack Z Wang
The lineage transition between epithelium and mesenchyme is a process known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), by which polarized epithelial cells lose their adhesion property and obtain mesenchymal cell phenotypes. EMT is a biological process that is often involved in embryogenesis and diseases, such as cancer invasion and metastasis. The EMT and the reverse process, mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET), also play important roles in stem cell differentiation and de-differentiation (or reprogramming)...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078710/cancer-stem-cells-cscs-in-melanoma-there-s-smoke-but-is-there-fire
#12
REVIEW
Constance E Brinckerhoff
Cancer stem cells (CSCs), also called Tumor Initiating Cells (TICs), can be defined as cancer cells that are present within solid tumors or hematological cancers, which have characteristics associated with normal stem cells, but which can give rise to all cell types found in a particular cancer sample. CSCs, therefore, are transformed stem cells, which can self-renew, differentiate into diverse progenies, and drive continuous tumor growth. (Villani et al. 2015) (Zhou et al., 2009)(Kreso & Dick, 2014)(Schatton et al...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075018/c-met-as-a-potential-target-for-the-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-cancer-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Afsaneh Bahrami, Soodabeh Shahidsales, Majid Khazaei, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Mina Maftouh, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Amir Avan
Aberrant activation of the HGF/c-Met signalling pathways is shown to be related with cell proliferation, progression, metastasis and worse prognosis in several tumor types, including gastrointestinal cancers, suggesting its value as a stimulating-target for cancer-therapy. Several approaches have been developed for targeting HGF and/or c-Met, and one of them, crizotinib (dual c-Met/ALK inhibitor), is recently been approved by FDA for lung-cancers with ALK-rearrangement. The main aim of current review is to give an overview on the role of c-Met/HGF pathway in gastrointestinal cancer, in preclinical and clinical trials...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075016/modulation-of-long-term-endothelial-barrier-integrity-is-conditional-to-the-cross-talk-between-akt-and-src-signaling
#14
Fei Gao, Harika Sabbineni, Sandeep Artham, Payaningal R Somanath
Although numerous studies have implicated Akt and Src kinases in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1)-induced endothelial-barrier regulation, a link between these two pathways has never been demonstrated. We determined the long-term effects of Akt inhibition on Src activity and vice versa, and in turn, on the human microvascular endothelial cell (HMEC) barrier integrity at the basal level, and in response to growth factors. Our data showed that Akt1 gene knockdown increases gap formation in HMEC monolayer at the basal level...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075014/knockdown-of-rev3-synergizes-with-atr-inhibition-to-promote-apoptosis-induced-by-cisplatin-in-lung-cancer-cells
#15
He-Guo Jiang, Ping Chen, Jin-Yu Su, Ming Wu, Hai Qian, Yi Wang, Jian Li
It has been demonstrated that REV3, the catalytic subunit of the translesion synthesis (TLS) polymerase ζ, play an important role in DNA damage response (DDR) induced by cisplatin, and Ataxia telangietasia mutated and Rad-3-related (ATR) knase is a central player in activating cell cycle checkpoint, stabilizing replication forks, regulating DDR, and promoting repair of DNA damage caused by cisplatin. Cancer cells deficient in either one of REV3 and ATR are more sensitive to cisplatin. However, whether co-inhibition of REV3 and ATR can further increase sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells to cisplatin is not clear...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075010/stimulatory-actions-of-a-novel-thiourea-derivative-on-large-conductance-calcium-activated-potassium-channels
#16
Sheng-Nan Wu, Jyh-Haur Chern, Santai Shen, Hwei-Hisen Chen, Ying-Ting Hsu, Chih-Chin Lee, Ming-Huan Chan, Ming-Chi Lai, Feng-Shiun Shie
AIM: In this study, we examine whether an anti-inflammatory thiourea derivative, compound #326, actions on ion channels. METHODS: The effects of compound #326 on Ca(2+) -activated K(+) channels were evaluated by patch-clamp recordings obtained in cell-attached, inside-out or whole-cell configuration. RESULTS: In pituitary GH3 cells, compound #326 increased the amplitude of Ca(2+) -activated K(+) currents (IK(Ca) ) with an EC50 value of 11...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075008/promising-anti-tumor-properties-of-bisdemethoxycurcumin-a-naturally-occurring-curcumin-analogue
#17
REVIEW
Mahin Ramezani, Mahdi Hatamipour, Amirhosein Sahebkar
Curcuminoids are turmeric-extracted phytochemicals with documented chemopreventive and anti-tumor activities against several types of malignancies. Curcuminoids can modulate several molecular pathways and cellular targets involved in different stages of tumor initiation, growth and metastasis. Bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) is a minor constituent (approximately 3%) of curcuminoids that has been shown to be more stable than the other two main curcuminoids i.e. curcumin and demthoxycurcumin. Recent studies have revealed that BDMC has anti-tumor effects exerted through a multimechanistic mode of action involving inhibition of cell proliferation, invasion and migration, metastasis and tumour growth, and induction of apoptotic death in cancer cells...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067428/hotair-role-in-melanoma-progression-and-its-identification-in-the-blood-of-patients-with-advanced-disease
#18
Monica Cantile, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Laura Marra, Gabriella Aquino, Chiara Botti, Maria Rosaria Falcone, Maria Gabriella Malzone, Giuseppina Liguori, Maurizio Di Bonito, Renato Franco, Paolo Antonio Ascierto, Gerardo Botti
OBJECTIVES: The molecular mechanisms responsible for the metastatic progression of melanoma have not been fully defined yet. We have recently shown that an important role in this process is certainly played by HOX genes, whose regulation is under control of particular non-coding RNAs, some of which are present within the HOX locus. HOTAIR is the most studied among them, whose aberrant expression is associated with the metastatic progression of many malignancies. The aim of this study was to verify the role played by HOTAIR in metastatic progression of melanoma and to evaluate the circulating levels of HOTAIR in the blood of patients with metastatic melanoma...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067409/crosstalk-of-autophagy-and-apoptosis-involvement-of-the-dual-role-of-autophagy-under-er-stress
#19
REVIEW
Shuling Song, Jin Tan, Yuyang Miao, Mengmeng Li, Qiang Zhang
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a common cellular stress response that is triggered by a variety of conditions that disturb cellular homeostasis, and induces cell apoptosis. Autophagy, an important and evolutionarily conserved mechanism for maintaining cellular homeostasis, is closely related to the apoptosis induced by ER stress. There are common upstream signaling pathways between autophagy and apoptosis induced by ER stress, including PERK/ATF4, IRE1α, ATF6 and Ca(2+) . Autophagy can not only block the induction of apoptosis by inhibiting the activation of apoptosis-associated caspase which could reduce cellular injury, but also help to induce apoptosis...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067405/lkb1-regulation-of-skeletal-muscle-development-metabolism-and-muscle-progenitor-cell-homeostasis
#20
REVIEW
Tizhong Shan, Ziye Xu, Jiaqi Liu, Weiche Wu, Yizhen Wang
Liver kinase B1 (Lkb1), also named as Serine/Threonine protein kinase 11 (STK11), is a serine/threonine kinase that plays crucial roles in various cellular processes including cell survival, cell division, cellular polarity, cell growth, cell differentiation, and cell metabolism. In metabolic tissues, Lkb1 regulates glucose homeostasis and energy metabolism through phosphorylating and activating the AMPK subfamily proteins. In skeletal muscle, Lkb1 affects muscle development and postnatal growth, lipid and fatty acid oxidation, glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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