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Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434068/assessment-of-ddt-and-metabolites-in-soil-and-sediment-of-potentially-contaminated-areas-of-bel%C3%A3-m-amazon-region-brazil
#1
Andreia Oliveira Rodrigues, Larissa Costa de Souza, Cássia Christina da Silva Rocha, Amilton Cesar Gomes da Costa, Rosivaldo de Alcântara Mendes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of DDT and metabolites in surface soils and soil profiles from two areas containing deposits of obsolete pesticides in Belém, Amazon Region, Brazil. DDT and metabolites were extracted by microwave assisted extraction and analyzed by gas chromatography with electron capture detection. Concentrations of total DDT in surface soil samples ranged from 64.22 mg kg(-1) in area 1 (A1) to 447.84 mg kg(-1) in area 2 (A2). Lower levels were found in soil profiles than at the surface (6...
April 22, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434067/sediment-metal-contamination-in-the-kafue-river-of-zambia-and-ecological-risk-assessment
#2
Ethel M'kandawire, Kennedy Choongo, John Yabe, Maxwell Mwase, Ngonda Saasa, Shouta M M Nakayama, Nesta Bortey-Sam, Claudia A Blindauer
Zambia's Kafue River receives wastes from various sources, resulting in metal pollution. This study determined the degree of contamination of 13 metals (Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Cd, Hg and Pb) in Kafue River sediment and the associated ecological risks at six sites in three different seasons. The level of contamination for most metals showed significant site and seasonal differences. The contamination factor and pollution load index indicated that concentrations of most metals particularly copper (Cu), cobalt (Co), manganese (Mn) and arsenic (As) were very high at sites within the Copperbelt mining area...
April 22, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434066/toxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-three-antimicrobials-commonly-used-in-veterinary-medicine
#3
Anahí Magdaleno, Sofía Carusso, Juan Moretton
The toxicity of chlortetracycline (CTC), oxytetracycline (OTC) and enrofloxacin (ENF) was tested on two green algal species: the international standard Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and the native Argentine species Ankistrodesmus fusiformis. All three antibiotics inhibited the algal growth. The most sensitive species was P. subcapitata, for which the EC50 for CTC, OTC and ENF were 1.19 ± 0.53, 0.92 ± 0.30 and 5.18 ± 3.80 mg L(-1), respectively. The EC50 for A. fusiformis, were 3.23 ± 0...
April 22, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429050/assessment-of-cr-ni-and-pb-pollution-in-rural-agricultural-soils-of-tonalite-trondjhemite-series-in-central-india
#4
Kriti Shukla, Bijendra Kumar, Rahul Agrawal, Kumari Priyanka, Madavi Venkatesh, Anshumali
Chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni) and lead (Pb) contamination was investigated in wheat cultivated rain-fed and irrigated rural agricultural soils (n = 31) of Tonalite-Trondjhemite Series in Central India. The soil sampling was carried out by using stratified random sampling method. The mean concentrations of Cr, Ni and Pb were 54.8, 38.1 and 68.9 mg/kg, respectively. The average values of enrichment factor (EF), geoaccumulation index (I geo ) and contamination factor (CF) followed the order as: Pb > Ni > Cr...
April 20, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424825/a-magnetized-nanoparticle-based-solid-phase-extraction-procedure-followed-by-inductively-coupled-plasma-atomic-emission-spectrometry-to-determine-arsenic-lead-and-cadmium-in-water-milk-indian-rice-and-red-tea
#5
Salameh Azimi, Zarrin Es'haghi
A sensitive and simple method using magnetic multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNTs-Fe3O4 MNP), as the adsorbent, has been successfully developed for extraction and pre-concentration of arsenic, lead and cadmium with detection by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). The nanosorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The key factors affecting the signal intensity such as pH, adsorbent amount, etc...
April 19, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421253/levels-and-sources-of-organochlorine-pesticides-in-surface-sediment-from-anhui-reach-of-huaihe-river-china
#6
Chunnian Da, Ke Wu, Jie Jin, Minjun Yu
Twenty-two organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were investigated in Anhui reach of Huaihe river, China. Seventeen out of 22 OCPs were detected by GC-MS. The mean concentrations of OCPs followed the order: HCHs > DDTs > HCB > chlordanes > endosulfans. Levels of total HCHs and total DDTs ranged from 2.54 to 13.91 ng g(-1) (mean = 7.52 ng g(-1)) and 0.016 to 2.54 ng g(-1) (mean = 0.45 ng g(-1)), respectively. The concentrations of DDTs were lower than those of HCHs. Compared with the other rivers in China, DDTs and HCHs were relatively lower or similar...
April 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421252/altitude-distributions-and-source-analysis-of-ocps-and-pcbs-in-surface-soils-of-changbai-mountain-northeast-china
#7
Xiaochun Wang, Shu Chen, Kuiyuan Wan, Xiaocai Yin, Xiaohua Zhu, Jing Pan, Yongliang Yang
Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in surface soils of Changbai Mountain, Northeastern China, have been quantified by gas chromatography with electron capture detector and the altitude distributions and possible pollution sources were analyzed. The concentrations of ∑HCHs, ∑DDTs and ∑7PCBs were in the range of 3.09-25.6, 0.96-19.4 and 7.32-26.1 ng/g dw, respectively. The concentration of α-HCH, β-HCH, p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE, PCB 101, 138, 153, and 180 showed increasing trends with altitude...
April 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409194/heavy-metals-in-the-blue-crab-callinectes-sapidus-in-mersin-bay-turkey
#8
H Y Çoğun, Ö Firat, T Aytekin, G Firidin, Ö Firat, H Varkal, Ö Temiz, F Kargin
The concentrations of four metals (copper, cadmium, zinc and lead) were quantified in blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) tissues collected in January, April, June and September at two stations in Mersin Bay, northeastern Mediterranean Sea, using ICP-MS. The metal concentrations in crabs from the two stations differed significantly. The hepatopancreas was the major organ accumulating metals, followed by gill and muscle tissues. Except for lead, the highest concentrations of metals were measured in the hepatopancreas...
April 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409193/dietary-accumulation-of-inorganic-selenium-by-a-larval-amphibian-hyla-chrysoscelis-and-influence-on-accumulation-of-background-mercury
#9
Christopher L Rowe, Andrew Heyes
Larval gray tree frogs (Hyla chrysoscelis) were exposed to inorganic Se (SeO2) added to the diet (10.2 and 86.3 ug/g dw) and monitored for accumulation and effect. Background concentrations of Hg were also measured in food and carcasses to assess possible effects of Se on Hg accumulation. Selenium was accumulated in a dose dependent manner, and life stages did not differ. No effects of Se exposure were observed on survival, growth, or time to metamorphosis. Mercury concentrations in carcasses, resulting from background concentrations in food, were significantly affected by the presence of Se...
April 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405694/levels-of-organotin-compounds-in-selected-fish-species-from-the-arabian-gulf
#10
Muhammad Waqar Ashraf, Abdus Salam, Atiq Mian
In the present work, data on the levels of hazardous Organotin compounds in eight commercially important fish species, caught from Arabian Gulf, has been reported. Highest levels of tributyltin (TBT) (98.5 ng/g dry weight) were detected in Epinephelus Tauvina whereas minimum (43.7 ng/g) were found in Acanthoparagus Bifasciatus. Highest levels of triphenyltin (TPT) were detected in Lethrinus Miniatus (107.5 ng/g) whereas lowest were encountered in Acanthoparagus Bifasciatus (64.9 ng/g). Highest value of total butyltin compounds (∑BT) were found in emperors (Lethrinus Miniatus) (228...
April 12, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405693/monitoring-organophosphorous-pesticides-residues-in-the-shahid-rajaei-dam-reservoir-sari-iran
#11
Hemmati Heidar, Naeeni Seyed Taghi Omid, Zamani Abbasali
Levels of eight different types of organophosphorous pesticides in water samples from different parts of the Shahid Rajaei dam reservoir in north of Iran were monitored. Water samples were collected from different locations of the reservoir in June, July and September of 2015 and in February 2016. Water samples were extracted with dichloromethane solvent and quantified using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry analyses. The results showed that all pesticides were detected for all periods and include dichlorvos, trifluralin, diazinon, methyl parathion, fenitrothion, malathion, profenofos and ethion...
April 12, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401255/contaminants-in-liquid-organic-fertilizers-used-for-agriculture-in-japan
#12
Dao M Hai, Xuchun Qiu, Hai Xu, Masato Honda, Mitsuyasu Yabe, Kiwao Kadokami, Yohei Shimasaki, Yuji Oshima
To provide an overview of anthropogenic contaminants in liquid organic fertilizers (LOFs), products from four biogas plants in Kyushu, Japan, were analyzed for a wide range of contaminants, including copper, cadmium, tributyltin (TBT), dibutyltin (DBT), perfluorooctane sulfonate, 952 semi-volatile organic compounds, and 89 antibiotics. The highest concentrations of copper (31.1 mg/L) and cadmium (0.08 mg/L) were found in LOFs from the Hita biogas plant. Only ofloxacin and sulfapyridine were detected in total 89 antibiotics screened...
April 11, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396975/an-evaluation-of-molybdenum-toxicity-to-the-oligochaete-tubifex-tubifex-and-early-life-stages-of-brown-trout-salmo-trutta
#13
Brett T Lucas, Claudio Quinteros, Charlene Burnett-Seidel, James R Elphick
Limited data are available describing the aquatic toxicity of molybdenum in freshwater environments, making it difficult to assess the aquatic risk to freshwater organisms. In order to increase available information on the aquatic toxicity of molybdenum, a 96-h LC50 test with the oligochaete Tubifex tubifex and an 85-day development test using brown trout, Salmo trutta, were conducted. The T. tubifex test resulted in an LC50 value of 2782 mg/L. No adverse effects were observed on brown trout survival or length in the concentrations tested, however an IC10 value for growth (wet weight) was determined to be 202 mg/L...
April 10, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393305/acute-toxicity-of-imidazole-nitrate-ionic-liquids-with-varying-chain-lengths-to-earthworms-eisenia-foetida
#14
Yuting Shao, Zhongkun Du, Cheng Zhang, Lusheng Zhu, Jinhua Wang, Jun Wang
When ionic liquids (ILs) first came into use, we thought that they were safe. However, upon further investigation, researchers found that ILs are not harmless. In this study, the model soil organism, earthworms (Eisenia foetida), were used to study the acute toxicity of imidazole nitrate ionic liquids with varying chain lengths from 2 to 12. The experiment used two different methods, a filter paper contact test (48 h) and an artificial soil test (14 days), to determine the toxicity. These results demonstrated that the toxicity increased with the length of carbon chains until C8 and that the cut-off effect occurred at 1-octyl-3-methyl imidazole nitrates...
April 9, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386654/the-effects-of-sertraline-on-fathead-minnow-pimephales-promelas-growth-and-steroidogenesis
#15
D R Carty, D Hala, D B Huggett
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the steroidogenic effects of sertraline, a popular selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, on larval fathead minnow (FHM; Pimephales promelas) and adult FHM. Larvae were exposed to 0.1, 1, and 10 µg/L sertraline for 28 days and analyzed for differential mRNA expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD), 20β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20β-HSD), aromatase (CYP19a), nuclear thyroid receptor alpha (TRα), and normalized to RP-L8. Adult FHM were exposed to 3 or 10 µg/L sertraline for 7 days and analyzed for differential expression of the same genes with the addition of thyroid receptor beta (TRβ)...
April 6, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378278/parasitological-analysis-and-gill-histopathology-of-pearl-dace-semotilus-margarita-and-brook-stickleback-culaea-inconstans-collected-from-the-athabasca-oil-sands-area-canada
#16
J C Raine, M Pietrock, K Willner, K Chung, D Turcotte, J L Parrott
Pearl dace (Semotilus margarita) and brook stickleback (Culaea inconstans) were collected from tributaries of the Athabasca River (Alberta, Canada), upstream (reference site) and downstream of oil sands deposits where fish were expected to be exposed to naturally occurring oil sands constituents. The objective was to determine if fish collected from these sites exhibited differences in the prevalence or intensity of infection by parasites or in gill histology. Dace did not display significant differences in these parameters...
April 4, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374113/determination-of-two-sulfonylurea-herbicides-residues-in-soil-environment-using-hplc-and-phytotoxicity-of-these-herbicides-by-lentil-bioassay
#17
Mohammad Mehdizadeh, Mohammad Taghi Alebrahim, Mahmoud Roushani
A HPLC-UV detection system was used for determination of sulfosulfuron and tribenuron methyl residues from soils. The soils were fortified with sulfosulfuron and tribenuron methyl at rates of 26 and 15 g a.i. ha(-1) respectively and samples were taken randomly on 0 (2 h), 1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 40, 60, 90 and 120 days after treatment. The final extracts were prepared for analysis by HPLC. The results showed that degradation of both herbicides in the silty loam soil was faster than sandy loam soil. Half-life of sulfosulfuron was ranged from 5...
April 3, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374112/identification-of-heavy-metal-pollution-derived-from-traffic-in-roadside-soil-using-magnetic-susceptibility
#18
Pingguo Yang, Jing Ge, Miao Yang
The study integrates surface and vertical distribution of magnetic susceptibility and heavy metal contents (Pb, Cu, Zn and Fe) to characterize the signature of vehicle pollutants in roadside soils at Linfen city, China. Sites with reforestation and without vegetation cover were investigated. The results showed that magnetic susceptibility and heavy metal contents were higher at the roadside without trees than in the reforest belt. The variations of magnetic susceptibility and heavy metal contents decreased both with distance and with depth...
April 3, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374111/pbdes-and-dechloranes-in-raccoons-in-the-midwestern-united-states
#19
Esmarie Boyles, Clayton K Nielsen
Raccoons (Procyon lotor) are one of the most widespread and abundant mammals in North America. To evaluate the suitability of using raccoons as bioindicator species, we analyzed liver tissues (n = 32) collected from 2013 to 2015 for the presence of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and Dechloranes. ∑PBDE concentrations ranged from 19.1 to 2125 ng/g lw (median = 98.0 ng/g lw) and did not differ between gender or age of raccoon. Dechloranes were detected in 38% of raccoons and ranged from 0...
April 3, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365805/exposure-of-the-us-population-to-nitrate-thiocyanate-perchlorate-and-iodine-based-on-nhanes-2005-2014
#20
Lisa M Corey, Gavin P Bell, Richard C Pleus
Perchlorate, thiocyanate, nitrate, and iodide all have the same action of iodide uptake inhibition. Urinary samples were available for the US population through the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database for these compounds and were evaluated for the 2005 through 2014 time period. We were interested in whether exposures to the US population had changed since the mid-2000s. Given that these exposures were largely naturally derived and exposure was from food, we hypothesized that the levels of nitrate, thiocyanate, and perchlorate remained relatively stable over this time period...
April 1, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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