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Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214942/an-analytical-investigation-of-ozone-episodes-in-bangu-rio-de-janeiro
#1
Claudio Gabriel Pinheiro Geraldino, Eduardo Monteiro Martins, Cleyton Martins da Silva, Graciela Arbilla
This study investigated the potential factors that contribute to frequent high levels of ozone as well as ozone episodes in Bangu, one of the most critical areas in the city of Rio de Janeiro regarding ozone levels. For 74 days in a two-year period (10.3%), the national air quality standard was exceeded. For the same period, a total of 378 days (51.8%) had ozone concentrations that were between 80 and 160 µg m(-3). A statistical analysis of pollutant concentrations and meteorological data as well as a kinetic and mechanistic analysis of VOC reactivity showed that the high ozone concentrations did not seem to be closely related to local emissions but, rather, were related to pollutant transport and triggered by photochemical activity...
February 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214941/monitoring-water-pollution-levels-in-wadi-hanifa-riyadh-saudi-arabia-and-its-public-health-implications
#2
Bushra Ahmed Al-Hammad, Magda Magdy Abd El-Salam
This study was performed to evaluate the levels of metals in the fish caught from Wadi Hanifa's main basin over four seasons, determine the potential fitness of the fish for human consumption, and evaluate the overall water quality after enforcement of local standards. The physical and chemical parameters from a total of 192 water samples were tested using standard methods. Additionally, a total of 48 fish samples were analyzed for heavy metal concentrations. Mean values for basic water quality parameters of COD, PO4(-3), NH3(-)-N, and NO3(-)-N exceeded Saudi standards in all seasons...
February 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214940/transcriptional-and-biochemical-alterations-in-zebrafish-eleuthero-embryos-danio-rerio-after-exposure-to-synthetic-progestogen-dydrogesterone
#3
Wen-Jun Shi, Guang-Guo Ying, Guo-Yong Huang, Yan-Qiu Liang, Li-Xin Hu, Jian-Liang Zhao, Jin-Na Zhang
Little information has so far been known on the effects of synthetic progestogen dydrogesterone (DDG) in organisms like fish. This study aimed to investigate the effects of DDG on the transcriptional and biochemical alterations in zebrafish eleuthero-embryos. Zebrafish eleuthero-embryos were analyzed for the transcriptional alterations by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and biochemical changes by attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FITR) after 144 h exposure to DDG...
February 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213674/microcystin-bioaccumulation-in-freshwater-fish-at-different-trophic-levels-from-the-eutrophic-lake-chaohu-china
#4
Yan Jiang, Yunmeng Yang, Yuling Wu, Jianbin Tao, Bo Cheng
The spatial and temporal variations of microcystins (MCs) in fishes with different trophic levels were studied monthly in Lake Chaohu in 2014. MCs content in muscle was highest in phytoplanktivorous Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (H. molitrix), followed by omnivorous Carassius auratus (C. auratus), and was lowest in herbivorous Parabramis pekinensis (P. pekinensis) and carnivorous Coilia ectenes (C. ectenes). MCs concentration in liver was highest in C. auratus, followed by H. molitrix, and was lowest in P. pekinensis and C...
February 17, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210752/biodegradation-of-diesel-crude-oil-and-spent-lubricating-oil-by-soil-isolates-of-bacillus-spp
#5
Maddela Naga Raju, Rodriguez Leo, Sanaguano Salguero Herminia, Ricardo Ernesto Burgos Morán, Kadiyala Venkateswarlu, Scalvenzi Laura
Two species of Bacillus, B. thuringiensis B3 and B. cereus B6, isolated from crude oil-contaminated sites in Ecuador, were tested for their capability in degrading polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in diesel (shake-flask), and to remove total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) from crude oil- or spent lubricating oil-polluted soils (plot-scale). TPHs and PAHs were analyzed by Gas chromatography-Flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. Degradation percentages of PAHs by strain B6 were in the range of 11-83 after 30 days...
February 16, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210751/genotoxicity-evaluation-of-an-urban-river-on-freshwater-planarian-by-rapd-assay
#6
He-Cai Zhang, Tong-Yi Liu, Chang-Ying Shi, Guang-Wen Chen, De-Zeng Liu
The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic potential of an urban river - the Wei River in Xinxiang, China using randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) assay in planarians. The results showed that the total number of polymorphic bands and varied bands in RAPD patterns of treated planarians decreased with the water sample site far away from the sewage outlet of a factory. In addition, the genome template stability of treated groups decreased and the degree of the decline was negatively related to the distance between the sample site and the sewage outlet, suggesting that the Wei River water had genotoxicity effects on planarians and strengthening the management of the Wei River was necessary...
February 16, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204839/distribution-characteristic-and-migration-pathways-of-metals-in-subsidence-zone-in-a-coal-mine-china
#7
Fushun Han, Yan Zhang
Subsidence can influence the distribution characteristics and migration pathways of metals in coal mines. In order to understand the two important and related issues of subsidence and pollution in coal mines, ten sample cores were collected in the coal mining subsidence and non-subsidence zones in Anhui province, China, and the concentration and forms of metals were analyzed. The results showed that concentrations for all metals significantly increased at the depth of 0-20 cm in these two zones. Concentrations of Cd, Cu, and Zn in the non-subsidence zone were 1...
February 15, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204838/a-preliminary-investigation-on-metal-bioaccumulation-by-perenniporia-fraxinea
#8
M Sturini, C Girometta, F Maraschi, E Savino, A Profumo
The lignicolous macrofungus Perenniporia fraxinea has drawn increased attention due to its role as a pathogen of ornamentals in urban sites. The present study investigated the bioaccumulation of heavy metals by P. fraxinea. Sporophores were collected from urban and suburban areas in Pavia (Northern Italy) and analyzed for metals content (Cd, Hg, Pb, Ni, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn) by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, after microwave acidic digestion...
February 15, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197705/chronic-effects-of-fluoride-exposure-on-growth-metamorphosis-and-skeleton-development-in-bufo-gargarizans-larvae
#9
Lihong Chai, Hongyuan Wang, Hongfeng Zhao, Suiming Dong
Bufo gargarizans tadpoles were chronically exposed to waterborne fluoride at measured concentrations ranging from 0.4 to 61.2 mg F(-)/L for 70 days from Gosner stage 26 to completion of metamorphosis. The chronic exposure caused a concentration-dependent mortality in all tested fluoride concentrations. Total length, snout-to-vent length (SVL), body mass, and developmental stage of tadpoles were significantly inhibited at 42.6 mg F(-)/L. In addition, significant metamorphic delay and increase in size at completion of metamorphosis occurred after exposure to 19...
February 14, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197704/effect-of-quaternary-ammonium-salts-with-fluorine-atoms-on-selected-weed-species
#10
Robert Biczak, Barbara Pawłowska, Maciej Płatkowski, Michał Stręk, Arkadiusz Telesiński
This study investigated the effects of four structurally different quaternary ammonium salts (QASs), i.e., tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate [TBA][BF4], tetrahexylammonium tetrafluoroborate [THA][BF4], tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate [TBA][PF6], and tetrahexylammonium hexafluorophosphate [THA][PF6], on the growth and development of three weed species: gallant soldier (Galinsoga parviflora Cav.), white goosefoot (Chenopodium album L.) and common sorrel (Rumex acetosa L.). The examined compounds were applied in the form of foliar spraying and soil application...
February 14, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194481/accumulation-of-metals-in-liver-tissues-of-sympatric-golden-jackal-canis-aureus-and-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-in-the-southern-part-of-romania
#11
Attila Farkas, András Bidló, Bernadett Bolodár-Varga, Ferenc Jánoska
Several previous study results have already demonstrated that golden jackal and red fox may serve as biological indicators of trace elements and heavy metal concentrations in the various regions they inhabit. The aim of this study was to evaluate accumulation patterns of targeted elements (Al, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni and Pb) in liver samples of red foxes and golden jackals collected during the same period in the southern part of Romania. The accumulation patterns of trace elements in the livers of sympatric golden jackal and red fox were practically the same...
February 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190134/comparative-studies-on-the-toxicokinetics-of-benzo-a-pyrene-in-pinctada-martensii-and-perna-viridis
#12
Haihua Wang, Lili Cui, Huamin Cheng, Yu Zhang, Xiaoping Diao, Jun Wang
Research on the kinetics of Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) bioaccumulation in the clam Pinctada martensii and mussel Perna viridis showed that the initial rate of uptake was directly related to the PAH concentrations in the ambient environment. The uptake and depuration rate constants were different at the four B[a]P exposure levels, which indicated that the toxicokinetic rate constants mainly depended on the exposure levels of pollutants to the environment. In addition, the uptake rate constants of B[a]P were higher than the depuration rate constants in the entire experiment...
February 11, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188321/is-aluminum-innocuous-to-zooplankton-at-ph-below-6
#13
G García-García, J Jiménez-Contreras, A A Vargas-Hernández, S Nandini, S S S Sarma
Aluminum (Al) use has increased greatly during the last two decades, yet little information is available on its toxic effects in relation to pH particularly on zooplankton. In this work, we determined the acute toxicity (LC50) and life table responses for Moina micrura exposed to 0.008, 0.016 and 0.08 mg of Al L(-1) at pH of 5, 6 and 7. The age-specific survivorship and reproduction showed a steep decline (80% mortality by the second day) at pH 5, independent of Al level. Both gross and net reproductive rates were significantly lower at pH 6 compared to pH 7, regardless of Al concentration...
February 10, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188320/effects-of-glyphosate-based-herbicide-sub-lethal-concentrations-on-fish-feeding-behavior
#14
Percilia Cardoso Giaquinto, Marina Borges de Sá, Vanessa Seiko Sugihara, Bruno Bastos Gonçalves, Helton Carlos Delício, Assaf Barki
Glyphosate-based herbicides are widely used in agricultural systems. Although the target organism are particularly plant organisms, there are numerous studies showing adverse effects in aquatic animals, such as inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase, effects on kidney, liver, and gill and stressors effects. This study analyzed the effects of commercial formulation of glyphosate on feeding behavior in Pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus). Fish were exposed to three glyphosate concentrations (0.2, 0.6, and 1.8 ppm) for 15 days...
February 10, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184984/allelopathic-effects-of-myriophyllum-aquaticum-on-two-cyanobacteria-of-anabaena-flos-aquae-and-microcystis-aeruginosa
#15
Haiping Wang, Feng Liu, Pei Luo, Zihan Li, Liguo Zheng, Hua Wang, Dongsheng Zou, Jinshui Wu
Allelopathy has been proposed as a sustainable means to control undesired algal growth and to reduce blooms threatening freshwater systems worldwide. In this study, the allelopathic effects of Myriophyllum aquaticum and its exudate on two typical bloom-forming cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa and Anabaena flos-aquae, were investigated under laboratory conditions. The growth of the cyanobacteria was strongly inhibited by live M. aquaticum while the primary addition of M. Aquaticum exudates had a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of M...
February 9, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180955/influence-of-the-amazon-hydrological-regime-on-eutrophication-indicators-of-a-hydroelectric-power-plant-reservoir
#16
Jean Carlos A Freire, Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis, Tarcísio da Costa Lobato, Jefferson M de Morais, Terezinha F de Oliveira, Augusto Cesar F Saraiva
Dam constructions in the Amazon have increased exponentially in the last decades, causing several environmental impacts and serious anthropogenic impacts in certain hydroelectric power plant reservoirs in the region have been identified. The assessment of the trophic status of these reservoirs is of interest to indicate man-made changes in the environment, but must take into account the hydrological cycle of the area. This can be relevant for environmental management actions, aiding in the identification of the ecological status of water bodies...
February 8, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160041/detection-of-tio2-nanoparticles-in-municipal-sewage-treatment-plant-and-their-characterization-using-single-particle-icp-ms
#17
Siva Prasad Bitragunta, Sankar Ganesh Palani, Anil Gopala, Santosh Kumar Sarkar, Venugopal Reddy Kandukuri
Establishment of analytical methods for detection and characterization of nanoparticles in the environment are gaining prominence across the globe. The present study was designed to quantify titanium (Ti) and to characterize titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TNP) from a municipal sewage treatment plant, by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The concentrations of Ti & TNP were 1085 & 13.6 mg/kg in the influent sewage and 298 & 3.3 mg/kg in the aeration tank contents, respectively. The size of TNP ranged between 71-145 nm in the sludge fraction...
February 3, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160040/acute-exposure-to-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol-alters-aggressive-behavior-of-mosquitofish-gambusia-affinis-toward-japanese-medaka-oryzias-latipes
#18
Hieu M Dang, Yoshihiko Inagaki, Yuta Yamauchi, Takaaki Kurihara, Cong H Vo, Yutaka Sakakibara
Behavior of the mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) toward the Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) was tested under exposure to environmental 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), a synthetic derivative of natural estrogen, estradiol. The mosquitofish were exposed to EE2 at different concentrations-0, 0.5, 5.0, and 50.0 ng/L-for 2 days, before their behavioral changes toward the medaka were observed. Results indicate that female mosquitofish became more aggressive at the high level of EE2 (50 ng/L), in terms of how persistently they attempted to approach the medaka...
February 3, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132077/monitoring-pb-in-aqueous-samples-by-using-low-density-solvent-on-air-assisted-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-coupled-with-uv-vis-spectrophotometry
#19
Mina Ghasemi Nejad, Hakim Faraji, Ali Moghimi
In this study, AA-DLLME combined with UV-Vis spectrophotometry was developed for pre-concentration, microextraction and determination of lead in aqueous samples. Optimization of the independent variables was carried out according to chemometric methods in three steps. According to the screening and optimization study, 86 μL of 1-undecanol (extracting solvent), 12 times syringe pumps, pH 2.0, 0.00% of salt and 0.1% DDTP (chelating agent) were chosen as the optimum independent variables for microextraction and determination of lead...
January 28, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110349/organochlorine-pesticides-in-gonad-brain-and-blood-of-mice-in-two-agricultural-areas-of-sinaloa
#20
Ernestina Perez-Gonzalez, Ulises-Giovanni Osuna-Martinez, Maria-Nancy Herrera-Moreno, Guadalupe-Durga Rodriguez-Meza, Hector-A Gonzalez-Ocampo, Marcos Bucio-Pacheco
The adverse effect of pesticides on non-target wildlife and human health is a primary concern in the world, but in Mexico, we do not know which wildlife species are at the greatest risk. The aim of this study was to determine organochlorine pesticides in mice of two agricultural fields in Sinaloa, Culiacan and Guasave. Procedures of extraction, analysis, and quantification were followed according to the modified EPA 8081b method. In three mouse tissues (gonad, brain, and blood), γBHC and decachlorobiphenyl with a frequency higher than 50% and endosulfan sulfate with 43% were observed...
January 21, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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