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Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Filiz Karakas, Ipek Imamoglu
This study aims to estimate anaerobic debromination rate constants (km) of PBDE pathways using previously reported laboratory soil data. km values of pathways are estimated by modifying a previously developed model as Anaerobic Dehalogenation Model. Debromination activities published in the literature in terms of bromine substitutions as well as specific microorganisms and their combinations are used for identification of pathways. The range of estimated km values is between 0.0003 and 0.0241 d(-1). The median and maximum of km values are found to be comparable to the few available biologically confirmed rate constants published in the literature...
January 19, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Viviane Yargeau, Chris D Metcalfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Sukanta Maity, S K Sahu, G G Pandit
Trace metals (Pb, Cu and Cd) in seawater samples were pre-concentrated for the simultaneous quantitative determination using solvent extraction procedure in the presence of ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (APDC) as complexing agent and methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) as organic phase and acid exchange back - extraction followed by its determination by Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry (DPASV). Concentrations of Pb, Cu and Cd vary from 3.0 to 9.44 ng/mL, 12.7 to 28.6 ng/mL and 0.31 to 1.21 ng/mL respectively in seawater samples collected from different locations across Thane Creek area, Mumbai, India...
January 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
L Costa, N Mirlean, F Garcia
We investigate the distributions of the metalloid arsenic (As) and metals iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) in the sediments of two pristine areas of a biological reserve in the Patos Lagoon Estuary. This area is occupied by Spartina alterniflora and by Neohelice granulata crab colonies and low concentrations of As are expected. The bioturbation/bioirrigation of sediments by crabs and the roots of plants lead to the penetration of oxygen below the oxic/suboxix division and the subsequent precipitation of Fe-Mn hydroxides...
January 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Qingzhao Li, Junxia Gao, Qiuling Zhang, Lizhen Liang, He Tao
We evaluated the occurrence and distribution of 12 antibiotics from the sulfonamide (SAs), fluoroquinolone (FQs) and tetracycline (TCs) groups in the Weihe River, North China. The total antibiotic concentrations in surface water, pore water, and sediment samples ranged from 11.1 to 173.1 ng/L, 5.8 to 103.9 ng/L, and 9.5 to 153.4 μg/kg, respectively. The values of the sediment-water partitioning coefficient in the Weihe River varied widely, from not detected to 943, 2213, and 2405 L/kg for SAs, FQs, and TCs, respectively...
January 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Xiongfei Guo, Huashou Li, Hongyue Chen
A greenhouse pot experiment with biochar (BC) applied at 0%, 1%, 4% and 8% (w/w) in monoculture and intercropping settings was used to investigate Cd, Cr and Zn speciation in contaminated soils, the growth of two different plant types, and the heavy metal concentrations within these plants. The results showed that BC application increased the soil pH, decreased the bioavailability of Cd, Cr and Zn, significantly increased the dry biomass of Cassia occidentalis and Machilus pauhoi shoots and slightly increased the root biomass...
January 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Mohamed M Mohamed, Ahmed Murad, RezaulKabir Chowdhury
Water samples were collected to evaluate the groundwater quality in the shallow unconfined alluvial aquifer in the eastern part of Abu-Dhabi Emirate, UAE. The chemical monitoring revealed some spatial variability in chemical parameters as influenced by matrix aquifer changes in geological formations. Results show that changes in groundwater chemistry in the aquifer is mainly controlled by evaporation, silicate mineral dissolution, evaporite dissolution, and cation exchange. The concentration increases were accounted for primarily by dissolved sodium, chloride, and sulphate...
January 11, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Richard Lizotte, Martin Locke, Ronald Bingner, R Wade Steinriede, Sammie Smith
The study examined the influence of land-use (cropping patterns) and integrated agricultural best management practices (BMPs) on spring herbicide levels in an agricultural watershed. Atrazine and metolachlor were applied for weed control during spring of 1998-2002, 2005, and 2007-2013. Watershed-wide mass of applied herbicides ranged from 12.7 to 209.2 g atrazine and 10.9-302.2 g metolachlor with greatest application during 1998, 2009-2010 (atrazine) and 2007-2013 (metolachlor). Spring herbicide concentrations in Beasley Lake water ranged from below detection to 3...
January 11, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Soyoun Kim, Palas Samanta, Jisu Yoo, Woo-Keun Kim, Jinho Jung
Aggregation and dissolution of CuO and ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) increased with increasing exposure time (24, 48, and 72 h). Acute toxicity of CuO NPs to Daphnia magna also increased significantly with increasing exposure time (p < 0.05), whereas exposure time did not significantly affect acute toxicity of ZnO NPs. The dissolved Cu concentration of CuO NPs was much lower than the median effective concentration (EC50) value (44 μg L(-1) at 72 h), implying that the increase in acute toxicity was caused by particles rather than by dissolved ions...
January 11, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
C T Eze, O R Nwagwe, E B Ogbuene, H I Eze
This study investigated the probable contamination of groundwater following hospital wastes disposal in a Government Reserved Area, Enugu, Nigeria. The ground water samples were collected from three distinct locations denoted as GW1, GW2 and GW3 at distances of about 100, 200 and 350 m respectively from the hospital location. The samples were collected during the dry season (December 2015, January and February 2016) and wet season (June, July and August 2016) and analyzed with standard procedures. The level of contamination of groundwater in the area was generally higher in the wet season than in dry season...
January 2, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Ruoyu Hu, Guijian Liu, Hong Zhang, Huaqin Xue, Xin Wang
This work studied the concentrations and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in air-borne particulate matter of Hefei, China. Samples of PM2.5 were collected daily at two sites during May, 2014, and January, 2015. The average daily concentration of PM2.5 was 96.88 µg m(-3), which is higher than the 2012 China Ambient Air Quality Standard (GB3095-2012 24-h grade II) of 75 µg m(-3). The concentrations of 16 EPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
January 2, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
R Flores-Ramírez, G Espinosa-Reyes, V G Cilia-López, D J González-Mille, M Rodríguez-Aguilar, L Díaz de León-Martínez, F Díaz-Barriga
A simple and rapid focused ultrasound extraction method was developed for the determination of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in liver tissue obtained of giant toad (Rhinella marina) using a gas chromatography coupled to a mass detector with electron impact ionization. The performed method for POPs, was validated in fortified matrix, showing linearity from the LOQ up to 100 ng/mL; LODs and LOQs for each compound were between 1.7 and 4.8 and 3.5-7.5 ng/mL, respectively. Recovery rates were among 79%-116% for POPs determined...
December 30, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Veerapas Na Roi-Et, Wilai Chiemchaisri, Chart Chiemchaisri
Genotoxicity model is developed to assess the individual subacute toxicity of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) at very low levels as in a landfill gas. Golden Pothos (Epipremnum aureum), a higher plant, was tested under variation of benzene 54-5656 ng/L, toluene 10-4362 ng/L, ethylbenzene 28-4997 ng/L, xylene 53-4845 ng/L, for 96 h. DNA fragmentation in plant leaves were investigated via comet assay. The results show that DNA migration ratio increased with the BTEX concentrations, but at different rates...
December 30, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Yared Beyene Yohannes, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Shouta M M Nakayama, Hazuki Mizukawa, Mayumi Ishizuka
Concentrations of ten trace elements (Hg, As, Cd, Pb, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Se and Zn) were determined in different tissues (liver, kidney, muscle, heart and brain) of African sacred ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus), Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta), marabou stork (Leptoptilos crumeniferus) and great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) inhabiting the Ethiopian Rift Valley region. There were differences in trace element patterns among the bird species. Significantly (p < 0.05) higher concentrations of Cd (5.53 µg/g dw ± 2...
December 29, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Christopher J Schmitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Fen Yang, Nan Zhang, Chaoyang Wei, Jinxin Liu, Shaowen Xie
This study measured the elemental and species concentrations of arsenic (As) in the water, sediments and food webs of two shallow Chinese freshwater lakes. Organic As species were widely detected in various organisms from the two lakes (60%-100% of the total). Among these organisms, dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) was predominant in most of the samples. The average concentrations and corresponding proportions were 0.59 mg/kg, 81% in fish; 3.24 mg/kg, 70.63% in zoobenthos; and 1.34 mg/kg, 79% in plants. The average concentrations and corresponding proportions of monomethylarsonic acid (MMA) and inorganic As were much lower, ranging from n...
December 28, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Deniz Nasuhoglu, Paul Westlund, Siavash Isazadeh, Sarah Neamatallah, Viviane Yargeau
Chronic toxicity testing using the luminescent bacterium, Vibrio fischeri, has recently been demonstrated to be a suitable bioassay for water quality monitoring. The toxicity evaluation is typically based on determining the EC50 at specific time points which may lead to overlooking the dynamic nature of luminescence response and limits information regarding the possible mechanisms of action of target compounds. This study investigated various approaches (standard, integral, and luminescence rate inhibition) to evaluate the chronic toxicity of three target compounds (atrazine, trimethoprim, and acetamiprid) using a 96-well plate based method...
December 27, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
J Lemos, T Neuparth, M Trigo, P Costa, D Vieira, L Cunha, F Ponte, P S Costa, L F Metello, A P Carvalho
This study investigated to what extent a single exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation can induce genotoxic damage in irradiated adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) and its non-irradiated F1 progeny. Four groups of adult zebrafish were irradiated with a single dose of X-rays at 0 (control), 100, 500 and 1000 mGy, respectively, and couples of each group were allowed to reproduce following irradiation. Blood of parental fish and whole-body offspring were analysed by the comet assay for detection of DNA damage...
December 26, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
L D Lacerda, F Goyanna, M F Bezerra, G B Silva
Average total Hg concentrations measured in muscle of two species of tuna (Thunnus obesus and T. albacares) captured in the Brazilian Equatorial Atlantic Ocean varied from 95 to 1748 ng.g(-1) wet weight in T. obesus and 48 to 500 ng.g(-1) wet weight in T. albacares. Higher concentrations in T. obesus are probably related to foraging on deep water carnivorous fish. Smaller individuals of both species showed the lowest concentrations, but a significant positive relationship between fish weight and length and Hg concentrations was found for T...
December 26, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Tomas Kral, Jana Blahova, Veronika Doubkova, Dagmar Farkova, Vladimir Vecerek, Zdenka Svobodova
The aim of this work is to assess mercury content in the great cormorant in the Třeboň region pond systems (Czech Republic) in terms of its potential to accumulate mercury from common carp. Selected tissues samples were taken from 51 cormorants and 30 common carp. In the food chain the cormorant was found to have the potential to accumulate mercury, where the muscle total mercury was roughly 35 times higher compared to the total mercury content in the carp muscle as its food. A statistically significantly higher overall mercury content (p < 0...
December 21, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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