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Anesthesia Progress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235878/literature-review-for-office-based-anesthesia
#1
Mark A Saxen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200376/anesthetic-considerations-for-patients-on-antidepressant-therapy-part-i
#2
Mana Saraghi, Leonard R Golden, Elliot V Hersh
Millions of patients take antidepressant medications in the United States for the treatment of depression or anxiety disorders. Some antidepressants are prescribed off-label to treat problems such as chronic pain, low energy, and menstrual symptoms. Antidepressants are a broad and expansive group of medications, but the more common drug classes include tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors. A miscellaneous or "atypical" category covers other agents...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200375/a-case-of-laryngeal-granuloma-likely-caused-by-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-disease-following-a-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy
#3
Mami Nakamura, Akio Uda, Naokazu Kataoka, Kana Nagasaka, Kazuhisa Tamashige, Daichi Mori, Hideo Niwa, Koh Shibutani
Laryngeal granuloma is an uncommon complication of prolonged endotracheal intubation. A 25-year-old woman with severe jaw deformity underwent sagittal split ramus osteotomy under general anesthesia. Two days after extubation, the patient complained of hoarseness, sore throat, and dyspnea. When symptoms persisted, she was evaluated in the Otolaryngology Department. She was diagnosed with laryngeal granuloma of the bilateral arytenoid cartilages, and conservative treatment was selected. Administration of corticosteroid hormones, proton pump inhibitors, and a subsequent follow-up examination performed in our outpatient clinic showed no evidence of recurrence 10 months after the initial presentation...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200374/dexmedetomidine-increases-the-latency-of-thermal-antinociception-in-rats
#4
Yukako Tsutsui, Katsuhisa Sunada
Recent reports have stated that dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist, enhances the local anesthetic effects of ropivacaine and prolongs its effective duration. However, little is known about the effect of a combination of DEX and lidocaine on anesthetic duration. Therefore, we investigated whether DEX can prolong the local anesthetic effect of lidocaine, using the thermal paw withdrawal test in Wistar rats in order to measure local anesthetic duration. We subcutaneously injected 50 μL of either normal saline, 2% lidocaine, a combination of 0...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200373/retropharyngeal-dissection-by-parker-flex-tip-nasal-endotracheal-tube
#5
Makoto Terumitsu, Mikiko Hirahara, Kenji Seo
Possible complications of nasotracheal intubation include injury to the nasal or pharyngeal mucosa. Dissection of the retropharyngeal tissue by the endotracheal tube is one of the rarer of the more severe complications. Previous studies have indicated that the Parker Flex-Tip (PFT) tracheal tube (Parker Medical, Highlands Ranch, Colo) reduces the incidence of mucosal injury. We experienced a case involving inadvertent retropharyngeal placement of a PFT tube in a 29-year-old patient during nasotracheal intubation under general anesthesia for elective dental treatment...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200372/anesthetic-efficacy-of-articaine-and-lidocaine-in-a-primary-intraseptal-injection-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#6
Tera Bonar, John Nusstein, Al Reader, Melissa Drum, Sara Fowler, Mike Beck
Additional studies are needed to evaluate intraseptal anesthesia in the mandibular first molar. The purpose of this study was to compare the anesthetic efficacy of a primary intraseptal injection of articaine and lidocaine, administered with a computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery (CCLAD) system, in asymptomatic mandibular first molars. Using a crossover design, 100 subjects randomly received intraseptal injections of 1.4 mL of 4% articaine and 2% lidocaine, both with 1:100,000 epinephrine, at 2 separate appointments...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200371/comparison-of-anesthesia-for-dental-oral-surgery-by-office-based-dentist-anesthesiologists-versus-operating-room-based-physician-anesthesiologists
#7
Mark A Saxen, Richard D Urman, Juan F Yepes, Rodney A Gabriel, James E Jones
Few studies have examined the practice characteristics of dentist anesthesiologists and compared them to other anesthesia providers. Using outcomes from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry and the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry for dental/oral surgery procedures, we compared 7133 predominantly office-based anesthetics by dentist anesthesiologists to 106,420 predominantly operating room anesthetics performed by physician anesthesia providers. These encounters were contrasted with 34,191 previously published encounters from the practices of oral and maxillofacial surgeons...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200370/anesthesia-for-a-patient-with-excessive-supragastric-belching
#8
Michelle Wong
Excessive supragastric belching is rarely described in the anesthesia literature. Anesthesia planning of a 26-year-old patient with excessive supragastric belching, history of superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS), and dental anxiety requires preoperative assessment. This case report outlines the anesthetic considerations and the management to facilitate comprehensive dentistry. Key anesthetic considerations include anxiolysis, aspiration risk reduction, total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA), and postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) prophylaxis...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200369/anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-a-history-of-rhabdomyolysis-for-dental-treatment
#9
Hitomi Terasaki, Shinichi Ito
When general anesthesia is administered for patients considered at high risk for rhabdomyolysis, appropriate precautions are warranted. The use of suitable anesthetics, with attention to intravenous fluid management, electrolyte balance, respiration, and metabolism, should be addressed. We performed general anesthesia for dental treatment and biopsy for fibrous hyperplasia of the buccal mucosa in a patient with a history of rhabdomyolysis. We utilized thiamylal sodium, midazolam, rocuronium bromide, nitrous oxide, fentanyl, and remifentanil without using volatile anesthetics and propofol for this case...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200368/influence-of-fasting-duration-on-body-fluid-and-hemodynamics
#10
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takashi Hitosugi, Takeshi Yokoyama
Fasting before general anesthesia aims to reduce the volume and acidity of stomach contents, which reduces the risk of regurgitation and aspiration. Prolonged fasting for many hours prior to surgery could lead to unstable hemodynamics, however. Therefore, preoperative oral intake of clear fluids 2 hours prior to surgery is recommended to decrease dehydration without an increase in aspiration risk. In this study, we investigated the body fluid composition and hemodynamics of patients undergoing general anesthesia as the first case of the day versus the second subsequent case...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200367/anesthetic-management-in-mitochondrial-encephalomyopathy-a-case-report
#11
Toru Yamamoto, Noriko Miyazawa, Shinichi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Kawahara
We report on a morbidly obese 16-year-old boy (weight, 116 kg; height, 176 cm; body mass index, 35.5 kg/m2) with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy and a history of cerebral infarction, epilepsy, and severe mental retardation. The patient was scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia for multiple dental caries and entropion of the left eye. Preoperative examination results, including an electrocardiogram, were normal. No obvious cardiac function abnormalities were observed on echocardiography. Midazolam (10 mg) was administered orally as premedication 30 minutes before transfer to the operating room; however, the patient was uncooperative, and his body movements were difficult to control upon entering the operating room...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200366/a-combination-of-dexmedetomidine-and-lidocaine-is-a-cardiovascularly-safe-dental-local-anesthetic-for-hypertensive-rats-treated-with-a-nonselective-%C3%AE-adrenergic-antagonist
#12
Yukako Tsutsui, Katsuhisa Sunada
Hypertensive patients receiving nonselective β-adrenergic antagonists are vulnerable to hypertension and bradycardia when injected with dental local anesthetic formulations containing epinephrine. Dexmedetomidine (DEX), an α2-adrenergic agonist, has been reported to prolong and enhance the local anesthetic effects of lidocaine. The cardiovascular effects of the DEX-lidocaine combination have not yet been investigated in the presence of nonselective β-adrenergic antagonists. Therefore, we assessed the cardiovascular effects of the DEX-lidocaine combination in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) treated with a nonselective β-adrenergic antagonist (propranolol)...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200363/have-our-sterility-practices-kept-up-with-the-tremendous-advances-in-sedation-and-surgical-techniques
#13
Steven Ganzberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858556/a-case-with-deteriorating-palmoplantar-pustulosis-and-hyperthyroidism-after-simultaneous-bimaxillary-orthognathic-surgery
#14
Aya Oda, Keita Yoshida, Tamayo Uno, Taiga Yoshinaka, Akari Mukai, Masahiro Irifune
A case of palmoplantar pustulosis and hyperthyroidism following orthognathic surgery is presented. Both diseases may have been related to allergic phenomena.
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858555/a-review-of-current-literature-of-interest-to-the-office-based-anesthesiologist
#15
COMMENT
Mark A Saxen, D L Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858554/office-based-anesthesia-safety-and-outcomes-in-pediatric-dental-patients
#16
Allison L Spera, Mark A Saxen, Juan F Yepes, James E Jones, Brian J Sanders
The number of children with caries requiring general anesthesia to achieve comprehensive dental care and the demand for dentist anesthesiologists to provide ambulatory anesthesia for these patients is increasing. No current published studies examine the safety and outcomes of ambulatory anesthesia performed by dentist anesthesiologists for dental procedures in pediatric patients, and there is no national requirement for reporting outcomes of these procedures. In 2010, the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry was developed...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858553/liposomal-bupivacaine-use-in-third-molar-impaction-surgery-innovate-study
#17
Stuart E Lieblich, Hassan Danesi
The analgesic efficacy and safety of liposomal bupivacaine (LB) in third molar extraction was evaluated in this phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of subjects undergoing bilateral third molar extraction. Subjects were randomized 2 : 1 to infiltration with LB (133 mg/10 mL) or placebo, and received opioid rescue medication as needed. Primary efficacy measure was cumulative area under the curve (AUC) of numeric rating scale (NRS) pain severity scores through 48 hours (AUC of NRS0-48) postsurgery...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858548/squamous-papilloma-causing-airway-obstruction-during-conscious-sedation
#18
Paul Brady, Christine McCreary, Ken D O'Halloran, Catherine Gallagher
Monitoring for respiratory depression is essential during conscious sedation. We report a case of a squamous papilloma as an unusual cause of intermittent partial airway obstruction in a 43-year-old man undergoing intravenous conscious sedation with midazolam. The Integrated Pulmonary Index (IPI) is an algorithm included in some commercially available monitors that constitutes a representation of 4 parameters: end-tidal carbon dioxide, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation, and pulse rate. We discuss the potential of the IPI as a monitoring tool during sedation...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858547/junctional-rhythm-preoperatively-and-during-general-anesthesia-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#19
Naotaka Kishimoto, Ikue Kinoshita, Yoshihiro Momota
We report a case of junctional rhythm that occurred both preoperatively and later during a portion of general anesthesia. A 19-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy after being diagnosed with a jaw deformity. Preoperative electrocardiography (ECG) revealed a junctional rhythm with a slow heart rate (HR). At 90 minutes after anesthesia induction, local anesthesia with 10 mL of 1% lidocaine and 1:100,000 adrenaline was administered. A junctional rhythm appeared 15 minutes after the local anesthesia...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604098/nitrous-oxide-and-midazolam-sedation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
Nitrous oxide and midazolam have been used as sedative agents to decrease fear and anxiety associated with dental procedures. Although these agents have been widely used individually, the combination of the two is also commonly used. Four clinical trials were identified that compared the combination technique with the individual use of the drugs. The standardized mean difference (SMD) for each outcome measure was considered for final analysis. Three studies with 534 participants were included in the final meta-analysis, and the SMD [95% CI] was obtained as -0...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
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