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Nursing Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779521/female-health-across-the-lifespan
#1
EDITORIAL
Alice L March
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779520/person-centered-care-for-patients-with-pessaries
#2
REVIEW
Gwendolyn L Hooper
Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition affecting women of any age but more likely to occur in the aging woman. Prolapse has a significant impact on quality of life, sexuality, and body image. Vaginal support pessaries have been used since ancient times and are a safe and effective nonsurgical treatment option. Fitting a pessary results in immediate symptom improvement. A comprehensive evaluation for pessary fitting is time intensive but necessary. Nurse providers perform direct pessary care and have a role in caring for women with prolapse expanding access to care...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779519/sexuality-and-intimacy-in-the-older-adult-woman
#3
REVIEW
Alice L March
In the United States, people older than 65 attend approximately 248 million health care visits each year, or 7 visits per older adult annually. One in every 5 older adults reports recent sexual activity, yet health care professionals do not ask, and patients do not tell when it comes to sexuality. The desire to engage in sex and intimate behaviors to meet important quality-of-life needs is present in people of all ages. Because it is important to communicate in a nonjudgmental manner, health care professionals must first examine their own personal attitudes and values regarding sexuality in older women...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779518/menopause-symptom-management-in-the-united-kingdom
#4
REVIEW
Debra Holloway
Menopause is a complex time in a woman's life. It is an increasingly a midlife event, when health care professionals should be aiming to optimize a woman's health for the next 30 years or so. Nurses need to be able to give up-to-date information and evidence for all forms of treatment based on a background of complex and ever-changing research. This article covers the main presenting complaints and treatments, from lifestyle to hormone replacement therapy, by drawing on guidelines from national bodies.
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779517/helping-mothers-reach-personal-breastfeeding-goals
#5
REVIEW
Diane L Spatz
Professional organizations worldwide recommend exclusive human milk/breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life, and continued breastfeeding with appropriate complementary foods for 1 year or more. This article focuses on the importance of prenatal messaging and goal setting to ensure that mothers are able to optimize their milk supply during the critical window of opportunity in first 2 weeks after delivery. Research data in the United States indicate that the largest categories of why women stopped breastfeeding were for reasons related to milk supply or concerns that the infant was not getting enough nutrition or gaining enough weight...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779516/high-risk-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Nola Holness
Any unexpected or unanticipated medical or obstetric condition associated with a pregnancy with an actual or potential hazard to the health or well-being of the mother or fetus is considered a high-risk pregnancy. There is no exact definition of risk in pregnancy, as risk may be perceived in different ways by the woman and her health care provider. Women with complicated pregnancies may require lifestyle changes, medication regimens, technical support, and even hospitalization. Nurses can foster an environment of security and trust during preconception, antenatal, intrapartal, and postnatal care to enhance the health and well-being of mother and fetus...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779515/health-care-of-sexual-minority-women
#7
REVIEW
Susan Jo Roberts
Sexual minority women may be invisible in health care settings unless practitioners ask every patient about sexual attractions/behaviors and identity. Sexual minority women need to feel comfortable and able to share information about their sexual identity, partners, and lives. No medical diagnoses are found more commonly in sexual minority women, but problems such as overweight/obesity, increased tobacco and alcohol use, increased mental health problems, and a past history of childhood sexual abuse are common...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779514/the-psychosocial-and-clinical-well-being-of-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#8
REVIEW
Safiya George Dalmida, Kyle R Kraemer, Stephen Ungvary, Elizabeth Di Valerio, Harold G Koenig, Marcia McDonnell Holstad
This study examined factors impacting the psychological well-being of women living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS and the impact of depression on clinical outcomes. Nearly two-thirds of participants in this cross-sectional study reported significant depressive symptoms. Compared with women living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS without depressive symptoms, those with depression reported significantly poorer health outcomes. Health care providers should regularly screen these women for and adequately treat depression, and must collaborate with mental health providers and pastoral care counselors to address the mental health needs of women living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS to optimize their human immunodeficiency virus-related outcomes...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779513/common-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-women
#9
REVIEW
Ashley L Hodges, Aimee Chism Holland
The spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains a significant public health issue in the United States. Social, economic, and behavioral implications affecting the spread of STIs have been identified. The most important social factor in the United States is the stigma associated with discussing sex and STI screening. In this article, specific recommendations for women are included regarding screening, diagnosing, and treating common vaginal and cervical infections. Screening women for infections of the vagina and cervix is essential because untreated infections may result in complications that have current and long-term health consequences and impact quality of life...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779512/intimate-partner-violence-what-health-care-providers-should-know
#10
REVIEW
Anne McKibbin, Kathy Gill-Hopple
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a health epidemic. Health care professionals have a unique and critical role to play. It is expected that health care providers have the ability to engage in an informed response to IPV, which is crucial to the safety of the woman, improving health outcomes, and preventing further violence. Screening procedures for IPV, along with the awareness of abuse indicators, have the potential to significantly identify women who have been exposed to IPV. Identification of IPV will enable the health care provider to offer support, build trust, validate concerns, and offer community resources...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779511/preconception-care-for-the-patient-and-family
#11
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hall, Robingale Panepinto, Elizabeth Keeley Bowman
Preconception counseling is essential for women of childbearing age and family members who have decided to conceive because the level of well health of the mother and unborn child are affected by decisions and actions of the mother before and during pregnancy. Proactively planning pregnancy includes scheduling a preconception counseling consultation with a provider. Understanding physical, psychological, and emotional needs promotes healthy pregnancy outcomes for mother and baby. This article offers a reflective and holistic perspective of how health care providers frame, prioritize, and engage with the patient and family during the preconception consultation...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779510/integrating-optimal-screening-intervention-and-referral-for-postpartum-depression-in-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Leigh Booth, Monika Wedgeworth, Adeline Turner
According to the World Health Organization, 10% to 13% of postpartum women develop a mental disorder, mainly depression. This number is higher in developing countries. This percentage increases in adolescents and symptoms in adolescents tend to be overlooked. These disorders can be treated successfully if detected early, which will in turn prevent more severe symptoms from developing. This article provides evidence-based clinical best practices for the assessment and early recognition of postpartum depression, specifically in adolescents...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779509/adolescent-confidentiality-and-women-s-health-history-rationale-and-current-threats
#13
REVIEW
Naomi A Schapiro, Jayme Mejia
Adolescent access to reproductive health services, mental health services, and treatment of drug and alcohol use depends on teens' rights to consent and confidentiality in the state in which they live. This article reviews the history, current practices, and potential challenges to confidentiality, including Title X funding, questions about brain development and ability to make autonomous choices, and meaningful use practices in electronic records. Resources are provided for professional position statements and individual state regulations...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779508/urine-collection-methods-in-children-which-is-the-best
#14
REVIEW
Olivia Windham May
Urinary tract infection is one of the most common bacterial infections in infants and young children. There are 5 collection methods commonly used to obtain a urine sample from an infant or small child: suprapubic aspiration, urethral catheterization, clean catch void, urine collection bag, and urine collection pad. Although invasive, suprapubic aspiration and urethral catheterization are less likely to cause contamination of the specimen. When deciding which method to use, providers must take into consideration the clinical presentation of a child as well as presenting and past medical history, while weighing benefits versus risks...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362065/positive-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#15
EDITORIAL
Kenneth D Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362064/a-therapeutic-perspective-of-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids-in-2017
#16
REVIEW
David B Cluck, Roxanne F Underwood
Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS live a far different life today compared with those who were infected in the 1980s and 1990s. Antiretroviral therapy has evolved from a once poorly tolerated, heavy pill burden to the availability of many once-daily single-tablet regimens. The improvements in therapy have necessitated the need to be cognizant of comorbidities as well as drug-drug interactions. Despite the tremendous advances in therapy, newer therapies are in the pipeline and continue to emerge, making care for patients burdened by HIV perhaps easier than it has ever been...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362063/management-of-coinfections-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#17
REVIEW
Sabra S Custer
In addition to chronic use of antiretrovirals to maintain suppression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), many persons living with HIV are coinfected with tuberculosis, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. These coinfections can be successfully treated or managed alongside HIV infection. Clinicians should follow practice guidelines to appropriately screen patients with HIV for these coinfections and initiate treatment when necessary. The most significant concern when treating any of these coinfections is to avoid drug-drug interactions with the patient's antiretrovirals...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362062/best-practices-and-self-care-to-support-women-in-living-well-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#18
REVIEW
Melinda Ann Bogardus
Women accounted for 20% of the cumulative AIDS cases in the United States as of 2015. Although their incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has declined in recent years, the rates of new infections and AIDS diagnoses for women of color have remained high. Women with HIV tend to be more vulnerable than men with this disease. They are more likely to be poor, uninsured, depressed, and homeless; to have experienced interpersonal violence; and to be caregivers. Attention to psychosocial needs and building trust are fundamental to engaging HIV-positive women in care and helping them attain optimal health...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362061/substance-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#19
REVIEW
Priyanka Amin, Antoine Douaihy
Persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS have a substantial burden of co-occurring substance use disorders (SUDs); untreated alcohol and drug use disorders among people living with HIV/AIDS contribute to worse HIV care outcomes. SUDs are associated with key health behaviors and outcomes, including delays in seeking medical care, poor engagement in treatment, reduced adherence to medical treatment and antiretroviral therapy, immunosuppression, increased HIV transmission through risky sexual behaviors, and increased burdens on health care systems...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362060/promoting-cardiovascular-health-in-patients-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Robin Harris
Patients living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (PLWHA) are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease because of advances in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome treatment and increased life expectancy. Cardiovascular health promotion in PLWHA includes strategies for risk factor reduction, disease prevention, early detection, and treatment of cardiovascular disease.
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
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