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Nursing Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362065/positive-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#1
EDITORIAL
Kenneth D Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362064/a-therapeutic-perspective-of-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids-in-2017
#2
REVIEW
David B Cluck, Roxanne F Underwood
Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS live a far different life today compared with those who were infected in the 1980s and 1990s. Antiretroviral therapy has evolved from a once poorly tolerated, heavy pill burden to the availability of many once-daily single-tablet regimens. The improvements in therapy have necessitated the need to be cognizant of comorbidities as well as drug-drug interactions. Despite the tremendous advances in therapy, newer therapies are in the pipeline and continue to emerge, making care for patients burdened by HIV perhaps easier than it has ever been...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362063/management-of-coinfections-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#3
REVIEW
Sabra S Custer
In addition to chronic use of antiretrovirals to maintain suppression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), many persons living with HIV are coinfected with tuberculosis, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. These coinfections can be successfully treated or managed alongside HIV infection. Clinicians should follow practice guidelines to appropriately screen patients with HIV for these coinfections and initiate treatment when necessary. The most significant concern when treating any of these coinfections is to avoid drug-drug interactions with the patient's antiretrovirals...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362062/best-practices-and-self-care-to-support-women-in-living-well-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#4
REVIEW
Melinda Ann Bogardus
Women accounted for 20% of the cumulative AIDS cases in the United States as of 2015. Although their incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has declined in recent years, the rates of new infections and AIDS diagnoses for women of color have remained high. Women with HIV tend to be more vulnerable than men with this disease. They are more likely to be poor, uninsured, depressed, and homeless; to have experienced interpersonal violence; and to be caregivers. Attention to psychosocial needs and building trust are fundamental to engaging HIV-positive women in care and helping them attain optimal health...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362061/substance-use-disorders-in-people-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#5
REVIEW
Priyanka Amin, Antoine Douaihy
Persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS have a substantial burden of co-occurring substance use disorders (SUDs); untreated alcohol and drug use disorders among people living with HIV/AIDS contribute to worse HIV care outcomes. SUDs are associated with key health behaviors and outcomes, including delays in seeking medical care, poor engagement in treatment, reduced adherence to medical treatment and antiretroviral therapy, immunosuppression, increased HIV transmission through risky sexual behaviors, and increased burdens on health care systems...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362060/promoting-cardiovascular-health-in-patients-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Robin Harris
Patients living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (PLWHA) are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease because of advances in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome treatment and increased life expectancy. Cardiovascular health promotion in PLWHA includes strategies for risk factor reduction, disease prevention, early detection, and treatment of cardiovascular disease.
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362059/mindful-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-aids-behavioral-medicine-for-patient-resilience-and-improved-screening-practices
#7
REVIEW
Kate Hendricks Thomas, Justin T McDaniel, Aaron J Diehr, Kyleanne Hunter
Complementary techniques are useful in treating adverse symptoms of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS, and in preventing disease spread by encouraging screening. This study indicates that HIV diagnosis rates are higher in states where behavioral medicine is practiced; participation in such activities may influence the extent to which someone might closely monitor personal health. A strong evidence-base exists for the recommendation of mindfulness practices that improve rates of primary preventive practices and self-reported quality of life for participants living with chronic conditions such as HIV and AIDS...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362058/the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-in-the-education-support-and-services-for-persons-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Teresa M Stephens
Faith-based organizations are in a unique position to provide resilience-enhancing efforts for persons living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS. Many persons living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS report having a strong faith or religious affiliation, with a large percentage attending church services on a regular basis. Faith-based organizations can use these factors to reach out to these individuals and effectively promote health, well-being, education, and support. Faith-based organizations can contribute to the reduction of stigma and isolation for persons living with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362057/nutritional-issues-and-positive-living-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#9
REVIEW
William Andrew Clark, Eileen M Cress
Nutritional counseling has been shown to improve dietary intake in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. Registered dietitians/nutritionists can individualize diet interventions to optimize effectiveness in treating metabolic consequences of the HIV infection or highly active antiretroviral therapy. Nutrition management for individuals infected with HIV can be helpful in maintaining lean body weight, combating oxidative stress, reducing complications from hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and managing gastrointestinal function...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362056/end-of-life-care-and-bereavement-issues-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#10
REVIEW
Karl Goodkin, Sindhura Kompella, Steven F Kendell
This review article addresses end-of-life care issues characterizing human immunodeficiency virus progression by delineating associated stages of medical and nursing care. The initial progression from primary medical and nursing care aimed at functional cure to palliative care is discussed. This transition is considered in accord with the major symptoms experienced, including fatigue, pain, insomnia; decreased libido, hypogonadism, memory, and concentration; depression; and distorted body image. From the stage of palliative care, progression is delineated onward through the stages of hospice care, death and dying, and the subsequent bereavement process...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362055/stigma-and-discrimination-threats-to-living-positively-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#11
REVIEW
Richard L Sowell
Antiretroviral therapy and care advances have resulted in people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) living longer and enjoying a higher level of physical well-being. Despite such advances, individuals with HIV continue to confront challenges to living positively, including facing the secondary epidemic of stigma and discrimination. Following is a historical overview of the concept of stigma and an exploration of the causes and consequences of multilevel stigma for individuals with HIV. Strategies used by individuals and societies to manage stigma and avoid negative experiences also are examined...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362054/exercise-and-positive-living-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids
#12
REVIEW
Jason R Jaggers
Evidence would suggest that regardless of disease status, people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS can obtain similar health benefits from routine physical activity reported within general populations. Research has shown significant improvements among psychological and physiologic variables within the first 5 to 6 weeks of beginning a routine physical activity program. Daily activity has shown promising results in other clinical populations, but there is still a paucity of research that limits evidence among the HIV population...
March 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080587/glucose-regulation
#13
EDITORIAL
Celia Levesque
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080586/diabetes-a-health-threat-on-the-rise
#14
EDITORIAL
Stephen D Krau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080585/pain-management-in-older-adults
#15
REVIEW
Ann L Horgas
Treating pain in older adults can be complex because of the age-related physiologic changes, comorbidities, and polypharmacy. Thus, an individualized, multimodal treatment approach is recommended. Treatment plans should include pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic strategies. Several important clinical guidelines and expert panel statements are available to guide health care providers in the best practices for treating pain in older adults. This article provides evidence-based recommendations for pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain management in older adults...
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080584/therapeutic-lifestyle-changes-for-diabetes-mellitus
#16
REVIEW
Celia Levesque
Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease affecting approximately 9% of the United States population. Successful management of diabetes demands constant self-management on the part of the patient. The patient has to balance diabetes medications, blood glucose monitoring, food intake, physical activity, and management of diabetes-related acute and chronic complications. The patient is often bombarded with misinformation from friends, relatives, and such sources as the Internet and social media. This article discusses the current recommendations for diabetes self-management education and skills including medical nutrition therapy, physical activity, smoking cessation, and assessment for diabetes distress...
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080583/prediabetes-beyond-the-borderline
#17
REVIEW
Mara Lynn Wilson
Prediabetes is a complex multifactorial metabolic disorder that extends beyond glucose control. Current studies have found that microvascular disease (neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy), macrovascular disease (stroke, coronary artery disease, and peripheral vascular disease), periodontal disease, cognitive dysfunction, blood pressure changes, obstructive sleep apnea, low testosterone level, fatty liver disease, and cancer are some of conditions that are present with the onset of glycemic dysregulation...
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080582/review-of-2017-diabetes-standards-of-care
#18
REVIEW
Kate Crawford
Diabetes is a complex medical condition that requires evidence-based care. This article discusses the current diabetes screening, diagnostic criteria, and treatment recommendations for patients with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, and prediabetes.
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080581/management-of-lipids-in-patients-with-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Ngozi D Mbue, John E Mbue, Jane A Anderson
Abnormal lipids, sometimes referred to as diabetes dyslipidemia, is a common condition in patients with diabetes. With the increasing number of patients with abnormal lipids, especially those with type 2 diabetes, health care practitioners, including nurses, have to properly manage patients with diabetes as well as abnormal lipids. This article examines the pathophysiology of abnormal lipids, the management of abnormal lipids, and the lipid goals for patients with diabetes. Lastly, this article discusses pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies and the role of primary care providers and nurses in the management of abnormal lipids...
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080580/management-of-diabetes-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Celia Levesque
Diabetes is a common chronic illness in children and adolescents. This article will discuss the prevalence, diagnostic criteria, types, treatment, and transition of care into adulthood.
December 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
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