journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Abnormal Psychology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094963/meta-analysis-of-black-vs-white-racial-disparity-in-schizophrenia-diagnosis-in-the-united-states-do-structured-assessments-attenuate-racial-disparities
#1
Charles M Olbert, Arundati Nagendra, Benjamin Buck
Researchers have repeatedly observed that clinicians diagnose Black individuals with schizophrenia at greater rates than White individuals. We conducted a meta-analytic review to quantify the extent of racial diagnostic disparities in schizophrenia, examine whether structured-interview assessments attenuate these disparities, and assess for moderating factors. Studies were included that presented original probability-sample data and reported data sufficient to derive odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for schizophrenia diagnosis by race...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106284/further-evidence-that-psychopathology-networks-have-limited-replicability-and-utility-response-to-borsboom-et-al-2017-and-steinley-et-al-2017
#2
Miriam K Forbes, Aidan G C Wright, Kristian E Markon, Robert F Krueger
In our target article, we tested the replicability of 4 popular psychopathology network estimation methods that aim to reveal causal relationships among symptoms of mental illness. We started with the focal data set from the 2 foundational psychopathology network papers (i.e., the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication) and identified the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing as a close methodological match for comparison. We compared the psychopathology networks estimated in each data set-as well as in 10 sets of random split-halves within each data set-with the goal of quantifying the replicability of the network parameters as they are interpreted in the extant psychopathology network literature...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106283/a-method-for-making-inferences-in-network-analysis-comment-on-forbes-wright-markon-and-krueger-2017
#3
Douglas Steinley, Michaela Hoffman, Michael J Brusco, Kenneth J Sher
Forbes, Wright, Markon, and Krueger (2017) make a compelling case for proceeding cautiously with respect to the overinterpretation and dissemination of results using the increasingly popular approach of creating "networks" from co-occurrences of psychopathology symptoms. We commend the authors on their initial investigation and their utilization of cross-validation techniques in an effort to capture the stability of a variety of network estimation methods. Such techniques get at the heart of establishing "reproducibility," an increasing focus of concern in both psychology (e...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106282/false-alarm-a-comprehensive-reanalysis-of-evidence-that-psychopathology-symptom-networks-have-limited-replicability-by-forbes-wright-markon-and-krueger-2017
#4
Denny Borsboom, Eiko I Fried, Sacha Epskamp, Lourens J Waldorp, Claudia D van Borkulo, Han L J van der Maas, Angélique O J Cramer
Forbes, Wright, Markon, and Krueger (2017) stated that "psychopathology networks have limited replicability" (p. 1011) and that "popular network analysis methods produce unreliable results" (p. 1011). These conclusions are based on an assessment of the replicability of four different network models for symptoms of major depression and generalized anxiety across two samples; in addition, Forbes et al. analyzed the stability of the network models within the samples using split-halves. Our reanalysis of the same data with the same methods led to results directly opposed to theirs: All network models replicated very well across the two data sets and across the split-halves...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106281/evidence-that-psychopathology-symptom-networks-have-limited-replicability
#5
Miriam K Forbes, Aidan G C Wright, Kristian E Markon, Robert F Krueger
Network analysis is quickly gaining popularity in psychopathology research as a method that aims to reveal causal relationships among individual symptoms. To date, 4 main types of psychopathology networks have been proposed: (a) association networks, (b) regularized concentration networks, (c) relative importance networks, and (d) directed acyclic graphs. The authors examined the replicability of these analyses based on symptoms of major depression and generalized anxiety between and within 2 highly similar epidemiological samples (i...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106280/the-nature-and-correlates-of-the-dark-triad-the-answers-depend-on-the-questions
#6
Ashley L Watts, Irwin D Waldman, Sarah Francis Smith, Holly E Poore, Scott O Lilienfeld
The past several decades have witnessed a proliferation of research on the dark triad (DT), a set of traits comprising Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. The bulk of DT research has been marked by several core assumptions, most notably that each DT construct is a monolithic entity that is clearly separable from its counterpart DT constructs. To examine the tenability of these assumptions, we pooled data from 2 samples of North American community members (ns = 312 and 351) to explore (a) the external validity and profile similarities of DT indicators and (b) the factor structure of the DT...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106279/perils-of-partialing-redux-the-case-of-the-dark-triad
#7
Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, Joshua D Miller
The Dark Triad (DT) is a collection of overlapping aversive personality profiles constituting psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism. Debates remain regarding the optimal way to examine the unique outcomes associated with each construct, with several scholars advocating partialing these profiles in multiple regression analyses (i.e., removing their shared variance). The present paper details the pitfalls inherent in this approach by comparing the convergence and divergence of relations derived from raw and residualized DT composite scores...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106278/dark-traits-and-suicide-associations-between-psychopathy-narcissism-and-components-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#8
Tiffany M Harrop, Olivia C Preston, Lauren R Khazem, Michael D Anestis, Regis Junearick, Bradley A Green, Joye C Anestis
Studies have identified independent relationships between psychopathy, narcissism, and suicidality. The current study expands upon the extant literature by exploring psychopathic and narcissistic personality traits and components of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, utilizing a 3-factor model of psychopathy and 2-factor model of pathological narcissism in community, undergraduate, and military individuals. We hypothesized that the impulsive-antisocial facets of psychopathy would be related to suicidal desire, whereas all facets of psychopathy would relate to the capability for suicide...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106277/dark-and-vulnerable-personality-trait-correlates-of-dimensions-of-criminal-behavior-among-adult-offenders
#9
Bethany G Edwards, Emily Albertson, Edelyn Verona
Given the high-level impact of crime, empirical work is needed to identify personality traits, or overarching factors of personality pathology, that may leave individuals more prone to engage in criminal behaviors. This study empirically tested the distinction between the dark personality and vulnerable dark personality spectra (Miller et al., 2010) in a large offender sample and aimed to test how these personality factors relate to criminal dimensions and individual types of crime. Self-report and public record data verified criminal behaviors for 493 (34...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106276/leader-dark-traits-workplace-bullying-and-employee-depression-exploring-mediation-and-the-role-of-the-dark-core
#10
Alexander Tokarev, Abigail R Phillips, David J Hughes, Paul Irwing
A growing body of empirical evidence now supports a negative association between dark traits in leaders and the psychological health of employees. To date, such investigations have mostly focused on psychopathy, nonspecific measures of psychological wellbeing, and have not considered the mechanisms through which these relationships might operate. In the current study (N = 508), we utilized other-ratings of personality (employees rated leaders' personality), psychometrically robust measures, and sophisticated modeling techniques, to examine whether the effects of leaders' levels of narcissism and psychopathy on employee depression are mediated by workplace bullying...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106275/the-effect-of-pathological-narcissism-on-interpersonal-and-affective-processes-in-social-interactions
#11
Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Lori N Scott, Michael N Hallquist, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis
Narcissism has significant interpersonal costs, yet little research has examined behavioral and affective patterns characteristic of narcissism in naturalistic settings. Here we studied the effect of narcissistic features on the dynamic processes of interpersonal behavior and affect in daily life. We used interpersonal theory to generate transactional models of social interaction (i.e., linkages among perceptions of others' behavior, affect, and one's own behavior) predicted to be characteristic of narcissism...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106274/antagonism-trait-facets-and-comprehensive-psychosocial-disability-comparing-information-across-self-informant-and-interviewer-reports
#12
Eunyoe Ro, Hallie Nuzum, Lee Anna Clark
It is widely known that personality traits collectively discussed as the Dark Triad are antagonistic and associated with poor interpersonal relationships, but few studies have examined how specific facets of antagonism are associated with psychosocial adjustment or how antagonism relates to psychosocial adjustment other than interpersonal functioning. The purpose of this study was to examine how 6 antagonism facets-manipulativeness, grandiosity, attention-seeking, hostility, callousness, and deceitfulness-relate to comprehensive psychosocial functional domains (i...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106273/dark-personality-traits-and-impulsivity-among-adolescents-differential-links-to-problem-behaviors-and-family-relations
#13
Judith Semon Dubas, Laura Baams, Suzan M Doornwaard, Marcel A G van Aken
Research on how dark personality traits develop and relate to risky behaviors and family relations during adolescence is scarce. This study used a person-oriented approach to examine (a) whether distinct groups of adolescents could be identified based on their developmental profiles of callous-unemotional (CU), grandiose manipulative (GM), and dysfunctional impulsivity (DI) traits and (b) whether these groups differ in their problem behaviors and parent-adolescent relationship quality. Latent class growth analyses on 4-wave data of 1,131 Dutch adolescents revealed 3 personality profiles: (1) a dark impulsive group (13...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106272/concurrent-and-developmental-correlates-of-psychopathic-traits-using-a-triarchic-psychopathy-model-approach
#14
Hailey L Dotterer, Rebecca Waller, Lora M Cope, Brian M Hicks, Joel T Nigg, Robert A Zucker, Luke W Hyde
Psychopathy refers to a heterogeneous set of harmful dark traits and behaviors, including superficial charm, callousness, irresponsibility, and antisocial behavior. The triarchic psychopathy model (TriPM) posits that psychopathy is the combination of 3 traits: boldness, disinhibition, and meanness. However, little research has examined the concurrent and developmental correlates of these traits. We developed TriPM scales from the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised using an empirical-derived approach in a high-risk sample of 561 young adults (ages 17-25; 70...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106271/developmental-pathways-of-childhood-dark-traits
#15
Barbara De Clercq, Joeri Hofmans, Jasmine Vergauwe, Filip De Fruyt, Carla Sharp
The dark triad of personality has traditionally been defined by 3 interrelated constructs, defined as Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy. Although the content of each of these constructs is clearly represented in childhood maladaptive trait measures, no studies have jointly addressed the prospective developmental course of this core set of maladaptive characteristics throughout childhood and adolescence. The current study uses latent growth modeling to explore how early dark traits develop over time, relying on a selected set of 6 childhood maladaptive traits that conceptually cover the adult dark triad...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106270/the-dark-personality-and-psychopathology-toward-a-brighter-future
#16
Sander Thomaes, Eddie Brummelman, Joshua D Miller, Scott O Lilienfeld
The young field of research on dark personality traits (i.e., socially aversive traits such as psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism) is gaining momentum. This Special Section examines the nature, origins, development, and sequelae of dark traits, underscoring their largely unappreciated relevance to abnormal psychology. The articles in this section adopt diverse perspectives (e.g., clinical, developmental, organizational, social personality), use diverse methods (e.g., longitudinal, experience sampling), and sample diverse populations (e...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782975/heterogeneity-in-development-of-aspects-of-working-memory-predicts-longitudinal-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-change
#17
Sarah L Karalunas, Hanna C Gustafsson, Nathan F Dieckmann, Jessica Tipsord, Suzanne H Mitchell, Joel T Nigg
The role of cognitive mechanisms in the clinical course of neurodevelopmental disorders is poorly understood. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is emblematic in that numerous alterations in cognitive development are apparent, yet how they relate to changes in symptom expression with age is unclear. To resolve the role of cognitive mechanisms in ADHD, a developmental perspective that takes into account expected within-group heterogeneity is needed. METHOD: The current study uses an accelerated longitudinal design and latent trajectory growth mixture models in a sample of children ages 7-13 years carefully characterized as with (n = 437) and without (n = 297) ADHD to (a) identify heterogeneous developmental trajectories for response inhibition, visual spatial working memory maintenance, and delayed reward discounting and (b) to assess the relationships between these cognitive trajectories and ADHD symptom change...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782974/real-life-validation-of-reduced-reward-processing-in-emerging-adults-with-depressive-symptoms
#18
Jindra Myrthe Bakker, Liesbet Goossens, Iris Lange, Stijn Michielse, Koen Schruers, Ritsaert Lieverse, Machteld Marcelis, Thérèse van Amelsvoort, Jim van Os, Inez Myin-Germeys, Marieke Wichers
Subclinical symptoms of depression are common in emerging adults. Anhedonia is one such symptom that specifically puts one at risk for developing clinical depression. Recently, important progress has been made in elucidating the underlying neurobiology of anhedonia. This progress rests on many experimental studies examining how subjects with depressive symptoms respond to anticipating and consuming rewarding stimuli. Translating these findings to real-life reward processing dynamics is an important next step in order to guide fine-tuning of preventive treatments...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557509/insomnia-symptoms-drive-changes-in-suicide-ideation-a-latent-difference-score-model-of-community-adults-over-a-brief-interval
#19
Kelly L Zuromski, Ian Cero, Tracy K Witte
Insomnia is robustly associated with suicidal behavior, but methodological limitations in existing studies hinder nuanced understanding of this relationship. The current study addressed these limitations by utilizing a longitudinal design and advanced statistical modeling. Participants who endorsed lifetime experience of suicidal behavior were recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 589) and completed self-report online surveys at 6 time points over a 15-day period. Latent difference score modeling was utilized to investigate whether levels and/or changes in insomnia symptoms drive subsequent changes in suicide ideation, or vice versa...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557507/structural-learning-difficulties-implicate-altered-hippocampal-functioning-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Melanie Ring, Claire L T Derwent, Sebastian B Gaigg, Dermot M Bowler
Structural learning is fundamental to the formation of cognitive maps that are necessary for learning, memory, and spatial navigation. It also enables successful navigation of the social world, which is something that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) find particularly difficult. To master these situations, a person needs to bind pieces of information to one another and to consider the context in which experiences happen. Such binding is a capacity of the hippocampus. Although altered hippocampal function has for long been suspected to play a role in the etiology of ASD, the relevant evidence has remained inconclusive because few behavioral tests that are known to specifically necessitate preserved hippocampal function have been employed in studies of ASD...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
journal
journal
21240
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"