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Journal of Abnormal Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557508/neural-markers-of-emotional-face-perception-across-psychotic-disorders-and-general-population
#1
Amri Sabharwal, Roman Kotov, Akos Szekely, Hoi-Chung Leung, Deanna M Barch, Aprajita Mohanty
There is considerable variation in negative and positive symptoms of psychosis, global functioning, and emotional face perception (EFP), not only in schizophrenia but also in other psychotic disorders and healthy individuals. However, EFP impairment and its association with worse symptoms and global functioning have been examined largely in the domain of schizophrenia. The present study adopted a dimensional approach to examine the association of behavioral and neural measures of EFP with symptoms of psychosis and global functioning across individuals with schizophrenia spectrum (SZ; N = 28) and other psychotic (OP; N = 29) disorders, and never-psychotic participants (NP; N = 21)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557506/correction-to-chun-et-al-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "A psychometric investigation of gender differences and common processes across borderline and antisocial personality disorders" by Seokjoon Chun, Alexa Harris, Margely Carrion, Elizabeth Rojas, Stephen Stark, Carl Lejuez, William V. Lechner and Marina A. Bornovalova (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2017[Jan], Vol 126[1], 76-88). In the original record, there were two errors in the article's suppemental material. The supplemental material stated, "In each case, if the relaxed model fit significantly better than the baseline model (i...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530410/correction-to-kujawa-proudfit-and-klein-2014
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Neural reactivity to rewards and losses in offspring of mothers and fathers with histories of depressive and anxiety disorders" by Autumn Kujawa, Greg Hajcak Proudfit and Daniel N. Klein (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2014[May], Vol 123[2], 287-297). In the original article, there was an error in the Measures section. The article stated that the EEG data were band-pass filtered with cutoffs of 0.1 and 30 Hz and baseline corrected using the 200 ms interval prior to feedback. Instead, the data were actually filtered with cutoffs of 0...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782975/heterogeneity-in-development-of-aspects-of-working-memory-predicts-longitudinal-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-change
#4
Sarah L Karalunas, Hanna C Gustafsson, Nathan F Dieckmann, Jessica Tipsord, Suzanne H Mitchell, Joel T Nigg
The role of cognitive mechanisms in the clinical course of neurodevelopmental disorders is poorly understood. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is emblematic in that numerous alterations in cognitive development are apparent, yet how they relate to changes in symptom expression with age is unclear. To resolve the role of cognitive mechanisms in ADHD, a developmental perspective that takes into account expected within-group heterogeneity is needed. METHOD: The current study uses an accelerated longitudinal design and latent trajectory growth mixture models in a sample of children ages 7-13 years carefully characterized as with (n = 437) and without (n = 297) ADHD to (a) identify heterogeneous developmental trajectories for response inhibition, visual spatial working memory maintenance, and delayed reward discounting and (b) to assess the relationships between these cognitive trajectories and ADHD symptom change...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782974/real-life-validation-of-reduced-reward-processing-in-emerging-adults-with-depressive-symptoms
#5
Jindra Myrthe Bakker, Liesbet Goossens, Iris Lange, Stijn Michielse, Koen Schruers, Ritsaert Lieverse, Machteld Marcelis, Thérèse van Amelsvoort, Jim van Os, Inez Myin-Germeys, Marieke Wichers
Subclinical symptoms of depression are common in emerging adults. Anhedonia is one such symptom that specifically puts one at risk for developing clinical depression. Recently, important progress has been made in elucidating the underlying neurobiology of anhedonia. This progress rests on many experimental studies examining how subjects with depressive symptoms respond to anticipating and consuming rewarding stimuli. Translating these findings to real-life reward processing dynamics is an important next step in order to guide fine-tuning of preventive treatments...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557509/insomnia-symptoms-drive-changes-in-suicide-ideation-a-latent-difference-score-model-of-community-adults-over-a-brief-interval
#6
Kelly L Zuromski, Ian Cero, Tracy K Witte
Insomnia is robustly associated with suicidal behavior, but methodological limitations in existing studies hinder nuanced understanding of this relationship. The current study addressed these limitations by utilizing a longitudinal design and advanced statistical modeling. Participants who endorsed lifetime experience of suicidal behavior were recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 589) and completed self-report online surveys at 6 time points over a 15-day period. Latent difference score modeling was utilized to investigate whether levels and/or changes in insomnia symptoms drive subsequent changes in suicide ideation, or vice versa...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557507/structural-learning-difficulties-implicate-altered-hippocampal-functioning-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Melanie Ring, Claire L T Derwent, Sebastian B Gaigg, Dermot M Bowler
Structural learning is fundamental to the formation of cognitive maps that are necessary for learning, memory, and spatial navigation. It also enables successful navigation of the social world, which is something that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) find particularly difficult. To master these situations, a person needs to bind pieces of information to one another and to consider the context in which experiences happen. Such binding is a capacity of the hippocampus. Although altered hippocampal function has for long been suspected to play a role in the etiology of ASD, the relevant evidence has remained inconclusive because few behavioral tests that are known to specifically necessitate preserved hippocampal function have been employed in studies of ASD...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541065/frontal-alpha-asymmetry-in-ocd-patients-and-unaffected-first-degree-relatives
#8
Rosa Grützmann, Anja Riesel, Julia Klawohn, Stephan Heinzel, Christian Kaufmann, Katharina Bey, Leonard Lennertz, Michael Wagner, Norbert Kathmann
Frontal electroencephalographic alpha asymmetry as an indicator of trait approach and trait inhibition systems has previously been studied in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with mixed results. We explored frontal alpha asymmetry as a possible risk factor in OCD by investigating a large sample of OCD patients (n = 113), healthy control participants (n = 113), and unaffected 1st-degree relatives of OCD patients (n = 37). Additionally, the relationship between OCD symptom dimensions and frontal alpha asymmetry was explored...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541064/stability-and-change-in-etiological-factors-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-major-depression
#9
Fartein Ask Torvik, Tom Henrik Rosenström, Eivind Ystrom, Kristian Tambs, Espen Røysamb, Nikolai Czajkowski, Nathan Gillespie, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Kenneth S Kendler, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are often comorbid. It is not understood how genetic risk factors for these disorders relate to each other over time and to what degree they are stable. Age-dependent characteristics of the disorders indicate that different genetic factors could be relevant at different stages of life, and MDD may become increasingly correlated with AUD over time. DSM-IV diagnoses of AUD and MDD were assessed by interviews of 2,801 young adult twins between 1999 and 2004 (T1) and 2,284 of the same twins between 2010 and 2011 (T2)...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481571/examination-of-real-time-fluctuations-in-suicidal-ideation-and-its-risk-factors-results-from-two-ecological-momentary-assessment-studies
#10
Evan M Kleiman, Brianna J Turner, Szymon Fedor, Eleanor E Beale, Jeff C Huffman, Matthew K Nock
Two studies examined 2 important but previously unanswered questions about the experience of suicidal ideation: (a) How does suicidal ideation vary over short periods of time?, and (b) To what degree do risk factors for suicidal ideation vary over short periods and are such changes associated with changes in suicidal ideation? Participants in Study 1 were 54 adults who had attempted suicide in the previous year and completed 28 days of ecological momentary assessment (EMA; average of 2.51 assessments per day; 2,891 unique assessments)...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447804/heightened-attentional-capture-by-visual-food-stimuli-in-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Renate A M Neimeijer, Anne Roefs, Peter J de Jong
The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that anorexia nervosa (AN) patients are relatively insensitive to the attentional capture of visual food stimuli. Attentional avoidance of food might help AN patients to prevent more elaborate processing of food stimuli and the subsequent generation of craving, which might enable AN patients to maintain their strict diet. Participants were 66 restrictive AN spectrum patients and 55 healthy controls. A single-target rapid serial visual presentation task was used with food and disorder-neutral cues as critical distracter stimuli and disorder-neutral pictures as target stimuli...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447803/psychometrics-and-the-neuroscience-of-individual-differences-internal-consistency-limits-between-subjects-effects
#12
Greg Hajcak, Alexandria Meyer, Roman Kotov
In the clinical neuroscience literature, between-subjects differences in neural activity are presumed to reflect reliable measures-even though the psychometric properties of neural measures are almost never reported. The current article focuses on the critical importance of assessing and reporting internal consistency reliability-the homogeneity of "items" that comprise a neural "score." We demonstrate how variability in the internal consistency of neural measures limits between-subjects (i.e., individual differences) effects...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425736/implicit-approach-and-avoidance-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Barbara Cludius, Anne Katrin Külz, Sarah Landmann, Steffen Moritz, Charlotte E Wittekind
Avoidance is regarded as an important feature for the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and is usually assessed using explicit measures such as self-report scales. However, some behavioral schemata are unavailable to introspection, making them partially inaccessible by explicit measures. We used an approach-avoidance task (AAT) as an implicit measure to examine behavioral tendencies in patients with OCD, including patients with checking- and contamination-related symptoms (n = 63), compared with a healthy control group (n = 30)...
August 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691850/-default-mode-functional-connectivity-is-associated-with-social-functioning-in-schizophrenia-correction-to-fox-et-al-2017
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Default mode functional connectivity is associated with social functioning in schizophrenia" by Jaclyn M. Fox, Samantha V. Abram, James L. Reilly, Shaun Eack, Morris B. Goldman, John G. Csernansky, Lei Wang and Matthew J. Smith (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2017[May], Vol 126[4], 392-405). In the article, the email address of corresponding author Matthew J. Smith was set as matthewsmith@northwestern.edu. It should have been mattjsmi@umich.edu. The online version of this article has been corrected...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691849/electrophysiological-evidence-for-detrimental-impact-of-a-reappraisal-emotion-regulation-strategy-on-subsequent-cognitive-control-in-schizophrenia
#15
Sara K Sullivan, Gregory P Strauss
In healthy individuals, there is evidence that effective implementation of an emotion regulation strategy has beneficial effects on temporally proximal cognitive control task performance. This effect occurs because both of these processes rely heavily on the prefrontal cortex. Individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) have impairments in both emotion regulation and cognitive control that are driven by structural and functional abnormalities of the prefrontal cortex; however, it is unknown whether emotion regulation attempts fail to benefit subsequently performed cognitive control tasks in people with SZ...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691848/contributions-from-outstanding-young-eating-disorder-investigators-what-we-are-learning-how-we-are-learning-it-and-where-might-we-go-next
#16
Gregory T Smith, Pamela K Keel
This is a time of striking progress in the field of eating disorders, and outstanding young psychological scientists are playing an important role in this progress. This special section provides a sample of this work, which is characterized by a diversity of research questions and methods. The importance of transdiagnostic processes that increase risk for both disordered eating and other dysfunction is reflected in articles that identify shared familial risk across disorders, integrate transdiagnostic and eating disorder-specific risk, and examine the impact of affective processing on restricting behavior...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691847/expanding-the-developmental-boundaries-of-etiologic-effects-the-role-of-adrenarche-in-genetic-influences-on-disordered-eating-in-males
#17
Kristen M Culbert, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump
Genetic influences on disordered eating (DE) increase across age and puberty in girls, an effect that is at least partially due to ovarian hormone activation. However, development shifts in genetic effects have not been detected in boys; genetic influences have been found to be relatively constant from prepuberty to adulthood, suggesting that gonadal hormones may be less important. One caveat is that studies have examined males ages 10 or older. Genetic effects on DE may emerge earlier in boys, such as during adrenarche, when androgens begin to increase but the physical changes of puberty are not yet observable...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691846/a-review-of-purging-disorder-through-meta-analysis
#18
Kathryn E Smith, Janis H Crowther, Jason M Lavender
Although a growing body of research has examined Purging Disorder (PD), there remains a lack of conclusive evidence regarding the diagnostic validity of PD. This meta-analysis compared PD to DSM-5 eating disorders (i.e., Anorexia Nervosa [AN], Bulimia Nervosa [BN], and Binge Eating Disorder [BED]) and controls. A comprehensive literature search identified 38 eligible studies. Group differences on indicators of course of illness and both general and eating psychopathology were assessed using standardized effect sizes...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691845/maternal-eating-disorders-and-perinatal-outcomes-a-three-generation-study-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#19
Hunna J Watson, Stephanie Zerwas, Leila Torgersen, Kristin Gustavson, Elizabeth W Diemer, Gun Peggy Knudsen, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Cynthia M Bulik
Previous studies of the relationship between maternal eating disorders and adverse perinatal outcomes have failed to control for familial transmission of perinatal phenotypes, which may confound the reported association. In a unique design afforded by the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study and Medical Birth Registry of Norway, we linked three generations through birth register records and maternal-reported survey data to investigate whether maternal eating disorders increase risk after parsing out the contribution of familial transmission of perinatal phenotypes...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691844/the-impact-of-acute-stress-on-the-neural-processing-of-food-cues-in-bulimia-nervosa-replication-in-two-samples
#20
Brittany Collins, Lauren Breithaupt, Jennifer E McDowell, L Stephen Miller, James Thompson, Sarah Fischer
The impact of acute stress on the neural processing of food cues in bulimia nervosa (BN) is unknown, despite theory that acute stress decreases cognitive control over food and hence increases vulnerability to environmental triggers for binge eating. Thus, the goals of this manuscript were to explore the impact of acute stress on the neural processing of food cues in BN. In Study 1, 10 women with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) BN and 10 healthy controls participated in an fMRI paradigm examining the neural correlates of visual food cue processing pre and post an acute stress induction...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
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