journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Abnormal Psychology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792440/looking-at-the-eyes-interferes-with-facial-emotion-recognition-in-alexithymia
#1
Esther Fujiwara
Alexithymia refers to difficulties in identifying, differentiating, and describing feelings. This personality trait is highly prevalent in many psychiatric conditions and may drive associated social-emotional problems, including the ability to decode emotions in faces. This study probed alexithymic problems with identifying clear and ambiguous blends of emotions in faces and their underlying visual attention patterns. Using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, students with high alexithymia (HA, n = 73) or low alexithymia (LA, n = 76) were enrolled in this study...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781659/nicotine-deprivation-increases-pain-intensity-neurogenic-inflammation-and-mechanical-hyperalgesia-among-daily-tobacco-smokers
#2
Joseph W Ditre, Emily L Zale, Lisa R LaRowe, Jesse D Kosiba, Martin J De Vita
An evolving reciprocal model posits that pain and tobacco smoking behavior interact in the manner of a positive feedback loop, resulting in greater pain and the maintenance of nicotine dependence. There is also reason to believe that abstaining from smoking may increase pain during the early stages of smoking cessation. The goal of this study was to test the effects of nicotine deprivation on experimental pain reactivity. Daily tobacco cigarette smokers (N = 165; 43% female) were randomized to either extended nicotine deprivation (12-24 hr smoking abstinence), minimal deprivation (2 hr smoking abstinence), or continued smoking conditions, prior to undergoing pain induction via topical capsaicin...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781658/rapid-instruction-based-task-learning-ritl-in-schizophrenia
#3
Julia M Sheffield, Hannes Ruge, Sridhar Kandala, Deanna M Barch
Individuals with schizophrenia demonstrate broad impairments in neurocognitive functioning as measured through laboratory-based tasks. Neuropsychological measures depend on rapid instruction-based task learning (RITL), the ability to rapidly translate task instruction into goal-directed behavior. Here, the authors present the first known investigation of RITL in schizophrenia and aim to test whether RITL deficits exist in schizophrenia, are associated with abnormal brain activation, and contribute to the generalized cognitive deficit...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781657/longitudinal-stability-of-cognitive-control-in-early-psychosis-nondegenerative-deficits-across-diagnoses
#4
Jason Smucny, Tyler A Lesh, Ana-Maria Iosif, Tara A Niendam, Laura M Tully, Cameron S Carter
Cognitive impairment, particularly in the domain of cognitive control, is characteristic of schizophrenia (SZ) spectrum and bipolar disorders (BDs). The longitudinal trajectory of these impairments, however, remains unclear. Indeed, some studies have observed degeneration and others stability or even improvement over time in these illnesses. Here we examined the longitudinal stability of the AX-Continuous Performance Task (AX-CPT), a cognitive control task, in 52 patients with recent-onset SZ (<2 years from first study measurement), 20 patients with recent-onset BD Type I with psychotic features, and 70 healthy control subjects...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745707/proactive-control-as-a-double-edged-sword-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Jeremy Hogeveen, Marie K Krug, Matthew V Elliott, Cameron S Carter, Marjorie Solomon
Proactive control refers to the active representation of contextual information to bias cognitive processing and facilitate goal-directed behavior. Despite research suggesting that proactive control may be impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the associations between proactive control and clinical symptoms of ASD remain underspecified. Here, we combined a children's version of the AX Continuous Performance Task (AX-CPT) with gold standard clinical assessments in children with ASD (N = 34) or typical development (TYP; N = 45)...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745706/electroretinographic-anomalies-in-schizophrenia
#6
Docia L Demmin, Quentin Davis, Matthew Roché, Steven M Silverstein
Flash electroretinography (fERG) has been used to identify anomalies in retinal cell function in schizophrenia. Several consistent findings have now emerged, but several potentially important parameters have not yet been investigated. In this study, we recorded light- (photopic) and dark-adapted (scotopic) fERG data from 25 schizophrenia patients and 25 healthy control subjects to (1) determine if past key findings on abnormal photoreceptor and bipolar cell signaling could be replicated; (2) for the first time, examine retinal ganglion cell functioning using the photopic negative response of the fERG; (3) also for the first time, determine responsiveness of schizophrenia patients to a flickering stimulus, as an additional method to isolate cone photoreceptor function; and (4) determine if schizophrenia-related changes in the fERG could be detected using a portable hand-held ERG device...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745705/course-of-ante-and-postnatal-depressive-symptoms-related-to-mothers-hpa-axis-regulation
#7
Heidemarie Laurent, Sherryl H Goodman, Zachary N Stowe, Meeka Halperin, Faaiza Khan, Dorianne Wright, Benjamin W Nelson, D Jeffrey Newport, James C Ritchie, Catherine Monk, Bettina Knight
Given high health costs of depression during pregnancy and the first postnatal year, it is important to understand mechanisms involved in the emergence and perpetuation of symptoms during this time. In a series of 2 studies, we aim to clarify bidirectional relations between mothers' physiological stress regulation-stress-related activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis-and their course of depressive symptoms. In Study 1, 230 pregnant women recruited from a women's mental health program gave 3 saliva samples in the context of psychosocial stress at 24, 30, and 36-weeks gestation...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745704/positive-and-negative-effects-of-internalizing-on-alcohol-use-problems-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-the-mediating-and-suppressing-role-of-externalizing
#8
Katherine T Foster, Brian M Hicks, Robert A Zucker
A longstanding hypothesis is that some alcohol use problems (AUP) develop and are maintained through the "self-medication" of internalizing (INT; depression and anxiety) problems. However, their high rate of co-occurrence with one another and with externalizing (EXT; antisocial behavior and impulse control) problems obscures any causal association because EXT may account for the INT-AUP link. Using a large community sample, we estimated prospective effects of INT and EXT on AUP via latent cross-lagged mediation panel spanning 14 years from childhood (ages 9-11) to young adulthood (ages 21-23)...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745703/negative-urgency-moderates-reactivity-to-laboratory-stress-inductions
#9
Max M Owens, Michael T Amlung, Monika Stojek, James MacKillop
Impulsive personality traits refer to a group of self-reported dispositions about self-regulatory capacity, several of which have been linked to diverse forms of psychopathology. One of these is negative urgency (NUR), the propensity to act out when experiencing negative emotions, which has been linked to substance use disorders and eating disorders. However, few laboratory studies have investigated the extent to which self-reported NUR relates to an individual's in vivo emotional and behavioral responses. Harmonizing two archival data sets on alcohol and high-energy-dense (HED) food motivation, the current study investigated NUR as a moderator of reactivity to stressful situations elicited by two commonly used stress manipulations, the Trier Social Stress Test and a stress imagery induction...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745702/a-longitudinal-twin-study-of-callous-unemotional-traits-during-childhood
#10
Jeffrey Henry, Ginette Dionne, Essi Viding, Amélie Petitclerc, Bei Feng, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
Previous research indicates that genetic factors largely account for the stability of callous-unemotional (CU) traits in adolescence. However, the genetic-environmental etiology of the development of CU traits has not been extensively investigated in childhood, despite work showing the reliable measurement and stability of CU traits from a young age. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal pattern of genetic and environmental etiology of CU traits across primary school, from school entry (7 years) to middle (9 and 10 years) and late childhood (12 years)...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745701/a-multimodal-investigation-of-contextual-effects-on-alcohol-s-emotional-rewards
#11
Catharine E Fairbairn, Konrad Bresin, Dahyeon Kang, I Gary Rosen, Talia Ariss, Susan E Luczak, Nancy P Barnett, Nathaniel S Eckland
Regular alcohol consumption in unfamiliar social settings has been linked to problematic drinking. A large body of indirect evidence has accumulated to suggest that alcohol's rewarding emotional effects-both negative-mood relieving and positive-mood enhancing-will be magnified when alcohol is consumed within unfamiliar versus familiar social contexts. But empirical research has never directly examined links between contextual familiarity and alcohol reward. In the current study, we mobilized novel ambulatory technology to examine the effect of social familiarity on alcohol reward in everyday drinking contexts while also examining how alcohol reward observed in these field contexts corresponds to reward observed in the laboratory...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745700/heavy-marijuana-use-but-not-deprivation-is-associated-with-increased-stressor-reactivity
#12
Kathryn R Hefner, Mark J Starr, John J Curtin
Although stressors appear to motivate marijuana use, and marijuana use, in turn, is believed to induce stress system neuroadaptations, relatively little empirical work has explicitly tested for stress neuroadaptations associated with heavy marijuana use. We examined stressor reactivity to threat of unpredictable electric shock via startle potentiation among heavy marijuana users and a control group that reported minimal history of marijuana use. Heavy marijuana users were randomly assigned to 3 days of marijuana deprivation or no deprivation...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745699/maladaptive-personality-traits-and-romantic-relationship-satisfaction-a-monozygotic-co-twin-control-analysis
#13
Sylia Wilson, Irene J Elkins, Jessica L Bair, Victoria C Oleynick, Stephen M Malone, Matt McGue, William G Iacono
The recent inclusion of an alternative model for personality disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013a) highlights the importance of extreme variants of personality for psychopathology. The maladaptive personality traits described in the alternative model comprise 5 higher-order domains and 25 lower-order facets that capture pathological levels of personality. The present report adds to a growing body of research on the implications of maladaptive personality traits for functioning by demonstrating significant associations between each of the higher-order domains (Negative Affect, Detachment, Antagonism, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism) and most of the lower-order facets and lower romantic relationship satisfaction in a population-based sample of 284 monozygotic (MZ) adult twins...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672091/resting-state-connectivity-dynamics-in-individuals-at-risk-for-psychosis
#14
Andrea Pelletier-Baldelli, Jessica R Andrews-Hanna, Vijay A Mittal
Clarifying dynamic fluctuations in resting-state connectivity in individuals at risk for psychosis (termed clinical high risk [CHR]) may inform understanding of psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, which have been associated with dysconnectivity and aberrant salience processing. Dynamic functional connectivity (DFC) investigations provide insight into how neural networks exchange information over time. Currently, there are no published DFC studies involving CHR individuals. This is notable, because understanding how networks may come together and disassociate over time could lend insight into the neural communication that underlies psychosis development and symptomatology...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672090/subjective-cannabis-effects-as-part-of-a-developing-disorder-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#15
Hayley Treloar Padovano, Robert Miranda
In light of expanding legalization of cannabis and swelling debate about the potential risks, particularly for younger users, understanding acute cannabis effects among adolescents and emerging adults is more important than ever. Contemporary models of addiction development identify subjective drug responses as central to the developmental unfolding of drug use disorders. Despite this, surprisingly little is known about cannabis's acute subjective effects in human youths. This research utilized ecological momentary assessment (EMA) in the natural environment to identify the typical situational context of cannabis use among 85 frequent cannabis users, ages 15-24 years (M = 19...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672089/working-memory-capacity-in-social-anxiety-disorder-revisiting-prior-conclusions
#16
Stephanie Waechter, David A Moscovitch, Vanja Vidovic, Tatiana Bielak, Karen Rowa, Randi E McCabe
In one of the few studies examining working memory processes in social anxiety disorder (SAD), Amir and Bomyea (2011) recruited participants with and without SAD to complete a working memory span task with neutral and social threat words. Those with SAD showed better working memory performance for social threat words compared to neutral words, suggesting an enhancement in processing efficiency for socially threatening information in SAD. The current study sought to replicate and extend these findings. In this study, 25 participants with a principal diagnosis of SAD, 24 anxious control (AC) participants with anxiety disorders other than SAD, and 27 healthy control (HC) participants with no anxiety disorder completed a working memory task with social threat, general threat, and neutral stimuli...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481099/comorbidity-and-continuity-of-depression-and-conduct-problems-from-elementary-school-to-adolescence
#17
Heather McDonough-Caplan, Daniel N Klein, Theodore P Beauchaine
Despite nonoverlapping criterion sets, conduct disorder and depression co-occur at much higher rates than expected by chance. Contemporary model-based approaches to explaining heterotypic comorbidity use factor analysis and its variants to evaluate interrelations among symptoms in large population-based and twin samples. These analyses invariably yield broadband internalizing and externalizing factors, which load on a higher-order general liability factor-findings that are robust across age and informant. Although model-based approaches elucidate structural aspects of comorbidity, they are variable-centered, and usually cross-sectional...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446961/psychopathic-men-deficits-in-general-mental-ability-not-emotion-perception
#18
Sally G Olderbak, Andreas Mokros, Joachim Nitschke, Elmar Habermeyer, Oliver Wilhelm
Psychopathy is characteristically associated with deficits in emotion perception; however, findings surrounding this deficit are actually quite mixed. This is most likely due to limitations of study methodology, including the use of tasks with unknown or poor psychometric properties, underpowered samples, and a lack of control for third variables. We present a study that addressed these limitations. A sample of men (n = 339) ranging across the psychopathy continuum, recruited in and out of the German prison system, completed three psychometrically validated tasks that assessed the ability to perceive facially expressed emotions...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389141/romantic-involvement-a-protective-factor-for-psychological-health-in-racially-diverse-young-sexual-minorities
#19
Sarah W Whitton, Christina Dyar, Michael E Newcomb, Brian Mustanski
Sexual minority youth experience elevated rates of internalizing disorders; it is, therefore, important to identify protective factors that decrease risk for psychological distress in this population. In this study, we examined whether involvement in a romantic relationship, a well-established protective factor for mental health among heterosexual adults, is also protective for young sexual minorities. Using eight waves of data provided by a community sample of 248 racially diverse sexual minority youth (ages 16-20 years at baseline), we assessed within-person associations between relationship involvement and psychological distress...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369645/biological-motion-sensitivity-but-not-interpersonal-predictive-coding-is-impaired-in-schizophrenia
#20
Łukasz Okruszek, Aleksandra Piejka, Adam Wysokiński, Ewa Szczepocka, Valeria Manera
Social predictive coding is now a well-established phenomenon in healthy individuals. It has been demonstrated that the communicative gestures of one agent may be effectively used to predict the actions of other agents. Individuals with schizophrenia often present social-cognitive deficits. The aim of this paper is to examine interpersonal predictive coding in patients with schizophrenia. Forty-six participants with schizophrenia and 40 healthy controls (HC) completed a simultaneous masking detection task (Interpersonal Detection Task; IDT), during which they observed point-light displays of two agents (A and B)...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
journal
journal
21240
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"