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Journal of Abnormal Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172601/reciprocal-variations-in-sleep-and-drinking-over-time-among-heavy-drinking-young-adults
#1
Lisa M Fucito, Krysten W Bold, Eliza Van Reen, Nancy S Redeker, Stephanie S O'Malley, Tess H Hanrahan, Kelly S DeMartini
Prior studies have established an association between sleep problems during early adolescence and heavy alcohol use/alcohol use disorder (AUD) risk in late adolescence. Less research has explored the association between sleep problems and heavy alcohol use during young adulthood, the period when AUD onset peaks. Moreover, research to date has primarily utilized cross-sectional, between-subjects' methods to examine this relationship, with limited focus on the potential intraindividual variation in these behaviors...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172600/what-features-of-psychopathy-might-be-central-a-network-analysis-of-the-psychopathy-checklist-revised-pcl-r-in-three-large-samples
#2
Bruno Verschuere, Sophia van Ghesel Grothe, Lourens Waldorp, Ashley L Watts, Scott O Lilienfeld, John F Edens, Jennifer L Skeem, Arjen Noordhof
Despite a wealth of research, the core features of psychopathy remain hotly debated. Using network analysis, an innovative and increasingly popular statistical tool, the authors mapped the network structure of psychopathy, as operationalized by the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003) in two large U.S. offender samples (nNIMH = 1559; nWisconsin = 3954), and 1 large Dutch forensic psychiatric sample (nTBS = 1937). Centrality indices were highly stable within each sample, and indicated that callousness/lack of empathy was the most central PCL-R item in the 2 U...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172599/negative-cognitive-style-interacts-with-negative-life-events-to-predict-first-onset-of-a-major-depressive-episode-in-adolescence-via-hopelessness
#3
Naoise Mac Giollabhui, Jessica L Hamilton, Johanna Nielsen, Samantha L Connolly, Jonathan P Stange, Sean Varga, Evan Burdette, Thomas M Olino, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
The hopelessness theory of depression is a prominent account of depression that posits that individuals with a negative inferential style are more likely to become hopeless when they experience negative life events (NLEs) and that hopelessness is a proximal cause of depression. There is strong evidence supporting the role of a negative inferential style in the pathogenesis of major depression; however, substantially less is known about the proposed role played by hopelessness. The cornerstone hypothesis of hopelessness theory, that hopelessness is a proximal cause of major depression, is largely untested...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172598/biological-underpinnings-of-an-internalizing-pathway-to-alcohol-cigarette-and-marijuana-use
#4
Elisa M Trucco, Sandra Villafuerte, Andrea Hussong, Margit Burmeister, Robert A Zucker
There is a limited understanding as to how specific genes impact addiction risk. Applying a developmental framework and research domain criteria (RDoC) to identify etiological pathways from genetic markers to addiction may have utility. Prior research has largely focused on externalizing pathways to substance use. Although internalizing mechanisms have received less attention, there is strong support that addiction is a longer term consequence of using substances to cope with internalizing as well as externalizing problems...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094963/meta-analysis-of-black-vs-white-racial-disparity-in-schizophrenia-diagnosis-in-the-united-states-do-structured-assessments-attenuate-racial-disparities
#5
Charles M Olbert, Arundati Nagendra, Benjamin Buck
Researchers have repeatedly observed that clinicians diagnose Black individuals with schizophrenia at greater rates than White individuals. We conducted a meta-analytic review to quantify the extent of racial diagnostic disparities in schizophrenia, examine whether structured-interview assessments attenuate these disparities, and assess for moderating factors. Studies were included that presented original probability-sample data and reported data sufficient to derive odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for schizophrenia diagnosis by race...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154571/taxometric-analyses-of-pedophilia-utilizing-self-report-behavioral-and-sexual-arousal-indicators
#6
Skye Stephens, Elisabeth Leroux, Tracey Skilling, James M Cantor, Michael C Seto
Pedophilia refers to the recurrent, intense sexual interest in prepubescent children who, by definition, have not developed any secondary sex characteristics. Researchers have begun to investigate whether persons with pedophilia are qualitatively different from those without pedophilia (pedophilia is a taxon) or if people vary in their level of sexual interest toward children (pedophilia is dimensional). Two relatively small studies have previously attempted to address this question, but produced conflicting results...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154570/interactive-effects-of-ovarian-steroid-hormones-on-alcohol-use-and-binge-drinking-across-the-menstrual-cycle
#7
Michelle M Martel, Tory Eisenlohr-Moul, Bethan Roberts
Patterns and features of substance use and abuse vary across the menstrual cycle in humans. Yet, little work has systematically examined the within-person relationships between ovarian hormone changes and alcohol use across the menstrual cycle. Our study was the first to examine the roles of within-person levels of estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) in relation to daily alcohol use and binge drinking in young women. Participants were 22 naturally cycling women, ages 18-22, recruited through a university subject pool who reported any alcohol use and who completed a screening visit assessing study eligibility, followed by 35 subsequent days of data collection...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154569/the-social-transmission-of-risk-maternal-stress-physiology-synchronous-parenting-and-well-being-mediate-the-effects-of-war-exposure-on-child-psychopathology
#8
Galit Halevi, Amir Djalovski, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Karen Yirmiya, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Lee Koren, Ruth Feldman
While chronic early stress increases child susceptibility to psychopathology, risk and resilience trajectories are shaped by maternal social influences whose role requires much further research in longitudinal studies. We examined the social transmission of risk by assessing paths leading from war-exposure to child symptoms as mediated by 3 sources of maternal social influence; stress physiology, synchronous parenting, and psychiatric disorder. Mothers and children living in a zone of continuous war were assessed in early childhood (1...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154568/altered-spatial-profile-of-distraction-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#9
Carly J Leonard, Benjamin M Robinson, Britta Hahn, Steven J Luck, James M Gold
Attention is critical for effective processing of incoming information and has long been identified as a potential area of dysfunction in people with schizophrenia (PSZ). In the realm of visual processing, both spatial attention and feature-based attention are involved in biasing selection toward task-relevant stimuli and avoiding distraction. Evidence from multiple paradigms has suggested that PSZ may hyperfocus and have a narrower "spotlight" of spatial attention. In contrast, feature-based attention seems largely preserved, with some suggestion of increased processing of stimuli sharing the target-defining feature...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154567/faces-and-facets-the-variability-of-emotion-recognition-in-psychopathy-reflects-its-affective-and-antisocial-features
#10
Artemis Igoumenou, Catherine J Harmer, Min Yang, Jeremy W Coid, Robert D Rogers
Psychopathy consists of a constellation of affective-interpersonal features including lack of empathy, callousness, manipulativeness and interpersonal charm, impulsiveness and irresponsibility. Despite its theoretical and predictive value in forensic contexts, the relationships between the psychometric dimensions of psychopathy, including its antisocial features, and the construct's neuropsychological characteristics remain uncertain. In this study, 685 personality-disordered prisoners with histories of serious violent or sexual offenses were assessed for psychopathy before completing a computerized and well-validated assessment of the ability to recognize emotional expressions in the face...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154566/the-temporal-interplay-of-self-esteem-instability-and-affective-instability-in-borderline-personality-disorder-patients-everyday-lives
#11
Philip S Santangelo, Iris Reinhard, Susanne Koudela-Hamila, Martin Bohus, Jana Holtmann, Michael Eid, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is defined by a pervasive pattern of instability. Although there is ample empirical evidence that unstable self-esteem is associated with a myriad of BPD-like symptoms, self-esteem instability and its temporal dynamics have received little empirical attention in patients with BPD. Even worse, the temporal interplay of affective instability and self-esteem instability has been neglected completely, although it has been hypothesized recently that the lack of specificity of affective instability in association with BPD might be explained by the highly intertwined temporal relationship between affective and self-esteem instability...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154565/exploring-the-idiographic-dynamics-of-mood-and-anxiety-via-network-analysis
#12
Aaron J Fisher, Jonathan W Reeves, Glenn Lawyer, John D Medaglia, Julian A Rubel
Individual variation is increasingly recognized as important to psychopathology research. Concurrently, new methods of analysis based on network models are bringing new perspectives on mental (dys)function. This current work analyzed idiographic multivariate time series data using a novel network methodology that incorporates contemporaneous and lagged associations in mood and anxiety symptomatology. Data were taken from 40 individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), major depressive disorder (MDD), or comorbid GAD and MDD, who answered questions about 21 descriptors of mood and anxiety symptomatology 4 times a day over a period of approximately 30 days...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154564/self-criticism-and-dependency-in-female-adolescents-prediction-of-first-onsets-and-disentangling-the-relationships-between-personality-stressful-life-events-and-internalizing-psychopathology
#13
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Daniel N Klein, Greg Perlman, Roman Kotov
There is substantial evidence that personality traits, such as self-criticism and dependency, predict the development of depression and anxiety symptoms, as well as depressive episodes. However, it is unknown whether self-criticism and dependency predict the first onset of depressive and anxiety disorders, and unclear how to characterize dynamic mechanisms by which these traits, stressful life events, and psychopathology influence one another over time. In this study, 550 female adolescents were assessed at baseline, 528 and 513 of whom were assessed again at Waves 2 and 3, respectively, over the course of 18 months...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154563/hpa-axis-multilocus-genetic-profile-score-moderates-the-impact-of-interpersonal-stress-on-prospective-increases-in-depressive-symptoms-for-offspring-of-depressed-mothers
#14
Cope Feurer, John E McGeary, Valerie S Knopik, Leslie A Brick, Rohan H Palmer, Brandon E Gibb
Although offspring of depressed mothers are at an increased risk for depression themselves, not all of these children develop depression, highlighting the need to identify specific environmental and genetic moderators of risk. The goal of this study was to examine the aggregate influence of genetic polymorphisms associated with the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis as a potential moderator of the relation between environmental stress and prospective changes in depressive symptoms for offspring of depressed mothers...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106284/further-evidence-that-psychopathology-networks-have-limited-replicability-and-utility-response-to-borsboom-et-al-2017-and-steinley-et-al-2017
#15
Miriam K Forbes, Aidan G C Wright, Kristian E Markon, Robert F Krueger
In our target article, we tested the replicability of 4 popular psychopathology network estimation methods that aim to reveal causal relationships among symptoms of mental illness. We started with the focal data set from the 2 foundational psychopathology network papers (i.e., the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication) and identified the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing as a close methodological match for comparison. We compared the psychopathology networks estimated in each data set-as well as in 10 sets of random split-halves within each data set-with the goal of quantifying the replicability of the network parameters as they are interpreted in the extant psychopathology network literature...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106283/a-method-for-making-inferences-in-network-analysis-comment-on-forbes-wright-markon-and-krueger-2017
#16
Douglas Steinley, Michaela Hoffman, Michael J Brusco, Kenneth J Sher
Forbes, Wright, Markon, and Krueger (2017) make a compelling case for proceeding cautiously with respect to the overinterpretation and dissemination of results using the increasingly popular approach of creating "networks" from co-occurrences of psychopathology symptoms. We commend the authors on their initial investigation and their utilization of cross-validation techniques in an effort to capture the stability of a variety of network estimation methods. Such techniques get at the heart of establishing "reproducibility," an increasing focus of concern in both psychology (e...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106282/false-alarm-a-comprehensive-reanalysis-of-evidence-that-psychopathology-symptom-networks-have-limited-replicability-by-forbes-wright-markon-and-krueger-2017
#17
Denny Borsboom, Eiko I Fried, Sacha Epskamp, Lourens J Waldorp, Claudia D van Borkulo, Han L J van der Maas, Angélique O J Cramer
Forbes, Wright, Markon, and Krueger (2017) stated that "psychopathology networks have limited replicability" (p. 1011) and that "popular network analysis methods produce unreliable results" (p. 1011). These conclusions are based on an assessment of the replicability of four different network models for symptoms of major depression and generalized anxiety across two samples; in addition, Forbes et al. analyzed the stability of the network models within the samples using split-halves. Our reanalysis of the same data with the same methods led to results directly opposed to theirs: All network models replicated very well across the two data sets and across the split-halves...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106281/evidence-that-psychopathology-symptom-networks-have-limited-replicability
#18
Miriam K Forbes, Aidan G C Wright, Kristian E Markon, Robert F Krueger
Network analysis is quickly gaining popularity in psychopathology research as a method that aims to reveal causal relationships among individual symptoms. To date, 4 main types of psychopathology networks have been proposed: (a) association networks, (b) regularized concentration networks, (c) relative importance networks, and (d) directed acyclic graphs. The authors examined the replicability of these analyses based on symptoms of major depression and generalized anxiety between and within 2 highly similar epidemiological samples (i...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106280/the-nature-and-correlates-of-the-dark-triad-the-answers-depend-on-the-questions
#19
Ashley L Watts, Irwin D Waldman, Sarah Francis Smith, Holly E Poore, Scott O Lilienfeld
The past several decades have witnessed a proliferation of research on the dark triad (DT), a set of traits comprising Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. The bulk of DT research has been marked by several core assumptions, most notably that each DT construct is a monolithic entity that is clearly separable from its counterpart DT constructs. To examine the tenability of these assumptions, we pooled data from 2 samples of North American community members (ns = 312 and 351) to explore (a) the external validity and profile similarities of DT indicators and (b) the factor structure of the DT...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106279/perils-of-partialing-redux-the-case-of-the-dark-triad
#20
Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, Joshua D Miller
The Dark Triad (DT) is a collection of overlapping aversive personality profiles constituting psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism. Debates remain regarding the optimal way to examine the unique outcomes associated with each construct, with several scholars advocating partialing these profiles in multiple regression analyses (i.e., removing their shared variance). The present paper details the pitfalls inherent in this approach by comparing the convergence and divergence of relations derived from raw and residualized DT composite scores...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
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