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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100767/effects-of-season-on-bull-sperm-quality-in-thawed-samples-in-northern-spain
#1
M Sabés-Alsina, A Johannisson, N Lundeheim, M Lopez-Bejar, J M Morrell
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible effects of climate factors on sperm quality of Holstein dairy bulls housed in northern Spain. Semen samples from 11 Holstein dairy bulls were collected and cryopreserved in winter, spring and summer. Sperm quality parameters such as motility, morphology, plasma membrane integrity, acrosome status, mitochondrial membrane potential, DNA fragmentation index and reactive oxygen species were assessed. Samples collected in spring showed higher mean values of total and progressive motility compared with samples collected in winter...
January 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100766/comparison-of-a-chop-lasp-based-protocol-with-and-without-maintenance-for-canine-multicentric-lymphoma
#2
E M Lautscham, M Kessler, T Ernst, L Willimzig, R Neiger
The recommendation to treat canine lymphoma with a discontinuous protocol is based on small case numbers and mostly historic controls. This study compares duration of first remission (DFR) and overall survival time (ST) with a discontinuous protocol to the same protocol with maintenance phase. 408 dogs were treated with a CHOP-LAsp (C=cyclophosphamide; H=hydroxydaunorubicin; O=Oncovin; P=prednisolone; LAsp=l-asparaginase)-based 28-week induction protocol. In 75 dogs (cohort 1), this was followed by a maintenance phase consisting of vincristine, chlorambucil and actinomycin-D with a total treatment duration of two years...
January 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082661/rhdv2-overcoming-rhdv-immunity-in-wild-rabbits-oryctolagus-cuniculus-in-australia
#3
D Peacock, J Kovaliski, R Sinclair, G Mutze, A Iannella, L Capucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077758/inter-rater-agreement-in-radiographic-canine-hip-dysplasia-evaluation
#4
U Geissbühler, S Drazovic, J Lang, J Howard
The objective was to determine the agreement between scrutineers assessing canine hip dysplasia (CHD) within and between the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Swiss (CH) grading schemes, and between first-opinion and second-opinion scrutineers using the CH scheme. 62 scrutineers, participating in a quality assessment programme, were asked to evaluate 12 sets of hip radiographs. All radiographs had been previously evaluated by a first-opinion and 7 by both a first-opinion and second-opinion scrutineers using the CH scheme...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077757/biotypes-and-scm-types-of-isolates-of-streptococcus-canis-from-diseased-and-healthy-cats
#5
J F Timoney, S Velineni, B Ulrich, P Blanchard
Lancefield group G Streptococcus canis is a component of the normal urogenital and pharyngeal flora of the cat. It is also frequently implicated in epizootics of severe disease in closed cat colonies and animal shelters. Given the importance of S canis as a feline pathogen and relative lack of published information on characteristics potentially associated with virulence, the authors have compared isolates from healthy and diseased cats in New York and California using fermentation profiles (biotype) and ScM sequences...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077756/developing-a-risk-based-trading-scheme-for-cattle-in-england-farmer-perspectives-on-managing-trading-risk-for-bovine-tuberculosis
#6
R Little, K Wheeler, S Edge
This paper examines farmer attitudes towards the development of a voluntary risk-based trading scheme for cattle in England as a risk mitigation measure for bovine tuberculosis (bTB). The research reported here was commissioned to gather evidence on the type of scheme that would have a good chance of success in improving the information farmers receive about the bTB risk of cattle they buy. Telephone interviews were conducted with a stratified random sample of 203 cattle farmers in England, splitting the interviews equally between respondents in the high-risk area and low-risk area for bTB...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077755/risk-factors-for-road-traffic-accidents-in-cats-up-to-age-12%C3%A2-months-that-were-registered-between-2010-and-2013-with-the-uk-pet-cat-cohort-bristol-cats
#7
J L Wilson, T J Gruffydd-Jones, J K Murray
Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a common cause of death and injury in domestic cats, and a concern to many owners. This study assessed potential risk factors for RTAs in cats up to 12 months of age within a UK cat cohort known as 'The Bristol Cats study'. Data were obtained from three questionnaires, completed by cat owners when their cats were approximately 8-16 weeks old, 6 months old and 12 months old. Information was gathered regarding environmental conditions, cat characteristics and owner management factors...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077754/double-blinded-randomised-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-of-individualised-homeopathic-treatment-of-hyperthyroid-cats
#8
A L Bodey, C J Almond, M A Holmes
Feline hyperthyroidism is a common endocrine disorder in older cats for which homeopathic treatment has been advocated. A double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trial was performed to look for evidence of efficacy for the use of individualised homeopathy in the treatment of this disease. Using a case definition of a concentration of the thyroid hormone T4 >66 nmol/l, cats were randomised into two treatment arms. Either a placebo or a homeopathic treatment was given to each cat blindly. After 21 days, the T4 levels, weight (Wt) and heart rate (HR) were compared with pretreatment values...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077753/prevalence-location-and-concurrent-diseases-of-ultrasonographic-cyst-like-lesions-of-abdominal-lymph-nodes-in-dogs
#9
A Liotta, F Billen, M Heimann, A Hamaide, M Rizza, A L Etienne, G Bolen
Lymph nodal cyst-like lesions are occasionally identified during abdominal ultrasound in dogs. However, a study evaluating their prevalence and clinical significance is lacking. The aim of this observational cross-sectional study was to evaluate prevalence, most common location and concurrent diseases of cyst-like lymph nodes detected during abdominal ultrasound. Affected lymph nodes, patient signalment and concurrent diseases of dogs with cyst-like lymph nodal lesions having undergone abdominal ultrasound over a one-year period were recorded...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062846/effects-of-morphine-alfaxalone-midazolam-premedication-alfaxalone-induction-and-sevoflurane-maintenance-on-intraocular-pressure-and-tear-production-in-dogs
#10
A Mayordomo-Febrer, M Rubio, M Martínez-Gassent, M M López-Murcia
Intraocular pressure (IOP) and tear production are commonly affected by general anaesthesia. It is necessary to have a good control of both to guarantee successful ophthalmic surgery. The purpose of this research was to evaluate if the protocol based on the administration of morphine-alfaxalone-midazolam as premedication, alfaxalone as induction and sevoflurane as maintenance, can induce changes on IOP and Schirmer's tear test (STT-1) in healthy dogs. Twenty-two adult mixed-breed dogs scheduled for an ovariohysterectomy were enrolled for the study...
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062845/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-exposure-to-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-virus-in-southern-spain
#11
B Barrero Domínguez, I Luque, A Maldonado, B Huerta, M Sánchez, J Gomez Laguna, R Astorga
The aim of the present transversal descriptive study was to determine the exposure and risk factors associated with caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) in southern Spain. A total of 3,312 serum samples were collected from goat belonging to three different breeds coming from 48 flocks located in different geographic areas from southern Spain. In addition, health and productive parameters were surveyed during the visit to the herds. Serum samples were analysed by INgezim Maedi Screening (Ingenasa®) ELISA kit...
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062844/phenobarbital-administration-every-eight-hours-improvement-of-seizure-management-in-idiopathic-epileptic-dogs-with-decreased-phenobarbital-elimination-half-life
#12
F Stabile, C R Barnett, L De Risio
Estimated prevalence of canine idiopathic epilepsy is 0.6 per cent in the first-opinion canine population in the UK. Phenobarbital monotherapy has been reported to reduce/eradicate seizure activity in 60-93 per cent of idiopathic epileptic dogs (IEDs). The objective of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of the administration of phenobarbital orally every eight hours in IEDs with phenobarbital elimination half-life less than 20 hours. Medical records of 10 IEDs in which steady state trough serum phenobarbital levels were within the reference range and phenobarbital elimination half-life had become less than 20 hours following prolonged administration every 12 hours were reviewed...
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062843/prevalence-of-selected-pathogens-in-small-carnivores-in-reintroduction-areas-of-the-iberian-lynx-lynx-pardinus
#13
C I León, I García-Bocanegra, E McCain, E Rodríguez, I Zorrilla, A M Gómez, C Ruiz, I Molina, F Gómez-Guillamón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062842/radiographic-measurement-of-the-angle-of-the-tibial-translation-in-the-beagle-dog
#14
Y Fujita, S Sawa, M Muto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999154/pectinate-ligament-dysplasia-in-the-border-collie-hungarian-vizsla-and-golden-retriever
#15
James A C Oliver, Abel B Ekiri, Cathryn S Mellersh
Pectinate ligament dysplasia (PLD) is significantly associated with primary closed angle glaucoma (PCAG) in several dog breeds. Gonioscopy screening for PLD is advised in breeds in which PLD and PCAG are particularly prevalent in order that affected dogs may be eliminated from the breeding population. The Border Collie (BC), Hungarian Vizsla (HV) and Golden Retriever (GR) breeds are currently under investigation for PLD by the British Veterinary Association/Kennel Club/International Sheep Dog Society (BVA/KC/ISDS) Eye Scheme...
December 20, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999153/rhipicephalus-sanguineus-importation-into-the-uk-surveillance-risk-public-health-awareness-and-one-health-response
#16
K M Hansford, L P Phipps, B Cull, M E Pietzsch, J M Medlock
As part of Public Health England's assessment of vectorborne disease risk to public health in the UK, tick specimens are regularly submitted by veterinarians for identification via the Tick Surveillance Scheme. Recently, a number of these specimens have been identified as the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus This species is non-endemic to the UK and presents a risk to both human and animal health due to its role in the transmission of various tickborne pathogens. Although current climatic conditions in the UK are unlikely to permit the survival of this species outdoors, indoor infestations can occur and this can present a risk of disease transmission within an infested property...
December 20, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986895/mapping-discussion-of-canine-obesity-between-veterinary-surgeons-and-dog-owners-a-provisional-study
#17
Theodora Cairns-Haylor, Peter Fordyce
This study maps communication between veterinary surgeons and dog owners on obesity management in four first-opinion practices in the UK. A total of 74 dog owners who met the study's inclusion criteria and 24 veterinary surgeons were interviewed using oral questionnaires between November 2013 and May 2014. The dog owner questionnaire was based on potential discussion areas that could influence an owner's intention to act (initiate a weight loss regime) based on Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behaviour. The veterinary surgeons' questionnaires assessed perception of canine obesity, their personal communication strategies and current practice-level interventions...
December 16, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980080/difficulties-in-administration-of-oral-medication-formulations-to-pet-cats-an-e-survey-of-cat-owners
#18
M Sivén, S Savolainen, S Räntilä, S Männikkö, M Vainionpää, S Airaksinen, M Raekallio, O Vainio, A M Juppo
The purpose here was to determine the problems cat owners encounter in medicating their cats with orally administered drugs at home. The study was carried out as an open e-questionnaire survey addressed to cat owners in which the authors focused on the oral administration route. A total of 46 completed questionnaires were included in the survey. In the study, 46 cats received 67 orally administered drugs. Approximately half of the drugs were registered for use in cats by the European Medicines Agency (54 per cent), and there were also off-label drugs registered for human (36 per cent) and canine medication (7...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941061/perceptions-of-responsibility-and-capability-for-treating-wildlife-casualties-in-uk-veterinary-practices
#19
E Barnes, M J Farnworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941060/effects-of-a-structured-exercise-programme-in-sedentary-dogs-with-chronic-diarrhoea
#20
H-P Huang, Y-H Lien
The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a structured exercise programme in sedentary dogs with chronic diarrhoea. Twenty-two dogs were enrolled in the study. All dogs received oral prednisolone (1 mg/kg/day for 14 days, followed by a tapering dosage) for 10 weeks. After four weeks of prednisolone treatment, dogs were assigned to either the exercise or control group (n=11 each). Owners of dogs in the exercise group were instructed to guide their dogs in structured exercise training (low-intensity to moderate-intensity aerobic and resistance exercise three to five days per week)...
December 9, 2016: Veterinary Record
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