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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432193/randomised-positive-control-trial-of-nsaid-and-antimicrobial-treatment-for-calf-fever-caused-by-pneumonia
#1
S A Mahendran, R Booth, M Burge, N J Bell
One hundred and fifty-four preweaning calves were followed between May and October 2015. Calves were fitted with continuous monitoring temperature probes (TempVerified FeverTag), programmed so a flashing light emitting diode (LED) light was triggered following six hours of a sustained ear canal temperature of ≥39.7°C. A total of 83 calves (61.9 per cent) developed undifferentiated fever, with a presumptive diagnosis of pneumonia through exclusion of other calf diseases. Once fever was detected, calves were randomly allocated to treatment groups...
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432192/evidence-that-avian-influenza-vaccination-induces-long-lived-immune-responses-in-zoo-birds
#2
H Fernández-Bellon, J Vergara-Alert, V Almagro, R Rivas, N Majó, N Busquets, A Ramis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424319/a-survey-on-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-unpasteurised-cows-milk-in-northern-ireland
#3
A Lahuerta-Marin, V Muñoz-Gomez, H Hartley, M Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, R Porter, N Spence, A Allen, J Lavery, G Bagdonaite, D McCleery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424318/infection-dynamics-of-mycoplasma-hyorhinis-in-three-commercial-pig-populations
#4
M J Clavijo, D Murray, S Oliveira, A Rovira
Mycoplasma hyorhinis is one of the causative agents of polyserositis and arthritis in postweaning pigs. Knowledge regarding colonisation frequency and age distribution in modern pig production is lacking. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of M hyorhinis colonisation in different age groups across three commercial pig populations. Nasal swabs were collected from sows, piglets and nursery pigs of different ages. Oral fluids were collected from nursery pigs. Necropsies were performed to assess the presence of M hyorhinis-associated disease...
April 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386033/comparative-antinociceptive-and-sedative-effects-of-epidural-romifidine-and-detomidine-in-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#5
M A Marzok, S A El-Khodery
In this study, comparative antinociceptive and sedative effects of epidural administration of romifidine and detomidine in buffalo were evaluated. Eighteen healthy adult buffalo, allocated randomly in three groups (two experimental and one control; n=6) received either 50 μg/kg of romifidine or detomidine diluted in sterile saline (0.9 per cent) to a final volume of 20 ml, or an equivalent volume of sterile saline epidurally. Antinociception, sedation and ataxia parameters were recorded immediately after drug administration...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386032/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-epileptic-cats-with-a-normal-interictal-neurological-examination-188-cases
#6
F Raimondi, N Shihab, R Gutierrez-Quintana, A Smith, R Trevail, D Sanchez-Masian, P M Smith
Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in dogs and cats. Although an increased likelihood of significant brain lesions with age has been identified in neurologically normal dogs with epileptic seizures, the underlying aetiology of epileptic seizures in cats that present with normal physical and neurological examinations remains unknown. In this cross-sectional study, the authors examined MRI findings in a large population of cats with a normal interictal physical and neurological examination. They hypothesised that age would have an impact on the prevalence of detectable lesions...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386031/frequency-of-molecular-detection-of-equine-herpesvirus-4-in-nasal-secretions-of-3028-horses-with-upper-airway-infection
#7
N Pusterla, F Bain, K James, S Mapes, K Kenelty, D C Barnett, E Gaughan, B Craig, D E Chappell, W Vaala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386030/assessment-of-serological-tests-for-diagnosis-of-bovine-tuberculosis
#8
L McCallan, C Brooks, C Couzens, F Young, J McNair, A W Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386029/analysis-of-bovine-viral-diarrhoea-virus-biobank-and-sequence-database-to-support-eradication-in-scotland
#9
G C Russell, D M Grant, S Lycett, C Bachofen, G L Caldow, P D Burr, K Davie, N Ambrose, G J Gunn, R N Zadoks
Samples from bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-positive cattle were gathered by Scottish diagnostic laboratories and used to produce a Biobank of samples with associated location and identification data in support of the Scottish BVDV eradication scheme. The samples were subject to direct amplification and sequencing of the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) to define the viral types and subtypes present. From 2693 samples collected prior to 2016, approximately 2300 sequences were obtained, representing 8 BVDV type 1 subtypes...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386028/evaluation-of-variables-influencing-success-and-complication-rates-in-canine-total-hip-replacement-results-from-the-british-veterinary-orthopaedic-association-canine-hip-registry-collation-of-data-2010-2012
#10
Elisabeth R Henderson, Andrew Wills, Andrew M Torrington, Andy P Moores, David Thomson, Gareth Arthurs, Gordon Brown, Hamish R Denny, Harry W Scott, Ian MacQueen, James Dunne, Jeremy Onyett, John D Walker, John Prior, Martin R Owen, Neil Burton, Richard Whitelock, Sarah Girling, Shane Morrison, Simon Gilbert, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs, Toby J Gemmill, Christoph K Störk, Steve Bright, Eithne Comerford, Rob Pettitt, Nick Macdonald, John F Innes
The objective of this study was to assess the variables associated with complications of total hip replacement (THR) and report owner-assessed outcomes. Entries into the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association-Canine Hip Registry (BVOA-CHR) between September 2011 and December 2012 were reviewed separately and in conjunction with previous data (January 2010-August 2011). An outcomes assessment questionnaire was used to collect data from owners. Incidences of surgeon-reported and owner-reported complications were 8...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348143/daily-salivary-cortisol-levels-in-response-to-stress-factors-in-captive-common-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus-a-potential-welfare-indicator
#11
T Monreal-Pawlowsky, A Carbajal, O Tallo-Parra, M Sabés-Alsina, L Monclús, J Almunia, H Fernández-Bellon, M Lopez-Bejar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348142/survey-of-susceptibility-to-marbofloxacin-in-bacteria-isolated-from-diseased-pigs-in-europe
#12
F El Garch, S Kroemer, D Galland, I Morrissey, F Woehrle
A monitoring programme of marbofloxacin susceptibility of bacteria from Europe causing respiratory tract infection and meningitis in pigs has been active since 1994 and 2002, respectively. Monitoring digestive, metritis and urinary tract infection (UTI) in pigs has been active since 2005 and susceptibility results until 2013 are presented. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by broth microdilution. For MIC interpretation, Vétoquinol-evaluated breakpoints were applied. For digestive pathogens, Escherichia coli and Salmonella species (1717 and 300 isolates, respectively) exhibited 7...
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348141/venous-lactate-ph-and-partial-pressure-of-carbon-dioxide-levels-as-prognostic-indicators-in-110-premature-calves-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#13
R Yildiz, U Aydogdu, H Guzelbektes, A Coskun, I Sen
Hyperlactatemia, hypercapnia, low pH and low oxygen saturation (SatO2) are commonly observed in premature calves. These clinical indicators are associated with increased mortality in preterm human newborns with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic importance of venous pH, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) and lactate level and which parameters are related with mortality in premature calves with RDS. All premature calves (52 male/58 female) were admitted to clinic within 12-24 hours after birth and blood samples were also taken into heparinised plastic syringes from the jugular vein within 30 minutes following admission...
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341723/supervisor-descriptions-of-veterinary-student-performance-in-the-clinical-workplace-a-qualitative-interview-study
#14
E J Norman
This qualitative study investigated the qualities of veterinary student performance that inform a supervisor's impression of their competency. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 15 supervisors from different veterinary subdisciplines, to elicit descriptions of excellent, weak and marginal students. Thematic analysis of transcriptions revealed 12 themes, of which engagement was frequently discussed and of stated importance, and trustworthiness was a differentiator of weak and marginal students from excellent students...
March 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341722/sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blockade-using-bupivacaine-alone-or-in-combination-with-dexmedetomidine-or-buprenorphine-in-cats
#15
M C Evangelista, G M Doodnaught, D T Fantoni, P V M Steagall
The aim of this study was to determine the onset and offset of antinociception after sciatic (ScN) and femoral (FN) nerve blocks. Six healthy adult cats (4.8±1.3years; 4.3±0.4 kg) were included in a randomised, crossover, blinded and controlled study. Following sedation with dexmedetomidine (25 µg/kg, intramuscular), each ScN and FN injection was performed using 0.1 ml/kg of saline (CONTROL), bupivacaine (0.46 per cent, 0.46 mg/kg; BUPI), bupivacaine and dexmedetomidine (1 µg/kg; BUPI-DEX) or bupivacaine and buprenorphine (2...
March 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341721/increased-pathogenicity-in-rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-virus-type-2-rhdv2
#16
L Capucci, P Cavadini, M Schiavitto, G Lombardi, A Lavazza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314783/umbilical-infections-in-foals-microbiological-investigation-and-management
#17
E Rampacci, F Passamonti, M Bottinelli, V Stefanetti, M Cercone, S Nannarone, R Gialletti, F Beccati, M Coletti, M Pepe
This study aims to investigate the bacteria involved in equine omphalitis and their susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs, and consequently to provide guidelines concerning the most suitable treatment protocol in accordance with the clinical, ultrasound and laboratory findings. Forty foals aged between one and 30 days were evaluated in the course of this investigation. An ultrasound examination of all umbilical remnants was carried out carefully in all foals; umbilical swabs were collected for bacteriological examination, and blood samples were collected for blood culture from 19 foals with fever and abnormal blood values...
March 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283670/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-dogs-treated-medically-or-surgically-for-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-protrusion
#18
A H Crawford, S De Decker
To date, few studies have investigated the clinical characteristics of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion (IVDP). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the presentation and outcome of dogs receiving medical or surgical treatment for thoracolumbar IVDP. Eighty-four dogs were included, with a median age of 9.4 years. German shepherd dogs and Staffordshire bull terriers were the most common breeds. Significantly more surgically treated dogs (n=53) had neurological deficits and were non-ambulatory, compared with medically treated (n=31)...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283669/trend-analysis-suggested-a-change-in-subspecies-among-mycobacterium-avium-isolated-from-pigs-in-belgium-1967-2013
#19
K Soetaert, C Vluggen, L Duytschaever, J Denoël, V Roupie, F Smeets, N Bruffaerts, K Huygen, D Fretin, M Diels, L Rigouts, C Saegerman, V Mathys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283668/effect-of-peritoneal-lavage-solution-temperature-on-body-temperature-in-anaesthetised-cats-and-small-dogs
#20
D C Barnes, E A Leece, T A Trimble, J L Demetriou
A prospective, randomised, non-blinded, clinical study to assess the effect of peritoneal lavage using warmed fluid on body temperature in anesthetised cats and dogs of less than 10 kg body mass undergoing coeliotomy. A standardised anaesthetic protocol was used. Oesophageal and rectal temperatures were measured at various time points. At the end of surgery, group 1 patients (n=10) were lavaged with 200 ml/kg sterile isotonic saline at 34±1°C and group 2 (n=10) at 40±1°C. Groups were similar with respect to age, mass, body condition and surgical incision length...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
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