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Veterinary Record

Heli K Hyytiäinen, Sari H Mölsä, Jouni J T Junnila, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Anna K Hielm-Björkman
This study aimed at developing a quantitative testing battery for dogs' stifle functionality, as, unlike in human medicine, currently none is available in the veterinary field. Forty-three dogs with surgically treated unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture and 21 dogs with no known musculoskeletal problems were included. Eight previously studied tests: compensation in sitting and lying positions, symmetry of thrust in hindlimbs when rising from lying and sitting, static weight bearing, stifle flexion and extension and muscle mass symmetry, were summed into the Finnish Canine Stifle Index (FCSI)...
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
Gail Elaine Chapman, Matthew Baylis, Debra C Archer
Increased globalisation and climate change have led to concern about the increasing risk of arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) outbreaks globally. An outbreak of equine arboviral disease in northern Europe could impact significantly on equine welfare, and result in economic losses. Early identification of arboviral disease by horse owners may help limit disease spread. In order to determine what horse owners understand about arboviral diseases of horses and their vectors, the authors undertook an open, cross-sectional online survey of UK horse owners...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
Martin Hawes, Anna Riddle, Joseph Kirk, Albert Jergens, Karin Allenspach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Sophie Favril, Eline Abma, Francesco Blasi, Emmelie Stock, Nausikaa Devriendt, Katrien Vanderperren, Hilde de Rooster
One of the major challenges in surgical oncology is the intraoperative discrimination of tumoural versus healthy tissue. Until today, surgeons rely on visual inspection and palpation to define the tumoural margins during surgery and, unfortunately, for various cancer types, the local recurrence rate thus remains unacceptably high. Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging is an optical imaging technique that can provide real-time preoperative and intraoperative information after administration of a fluorescent probe that emits NIR light once exposed to a NIR light source...
April 28, 2018: Veterinary Record
Catherine Devitt, David A Graham, Joe O'Flaherty, Sam Strain, Lorna Citer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Veterinary Record
José Carlos Almansa Ruiz, Annelize Jonker, Anna-Mari Bosman, Gerhard Steenkamp
Twenty-seven microbiological samples were taken from root canals (RC) of the canine teeth of 20 dogs where the pulps were non-vital and exposed due to complicated crown fractures. These pulps were cultured for aerobic/anaerobic bacteria. Antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates was determined using the Kirby-Bauer diffusion test. A total of 49 cultivable isolates, belonging to 27 different microbial species and 18 different genera, were recovered from the 27 RCs sampled. Twenty (40.81 per cent) of the cultivable isolates were Gram positive while 29 (59...
April 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Joshua Winter, Rowena Mary Anne Packer, Holger Andreas Volk
In humans, epilepsy can induce or accelerate cognitive impairment (CI). There is emerging evidence of CI in dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) from recent epidemiological studies. The aim of our study was to assess CI in dogs with IE using two tests of cognitive dysfunction designed for use in a clinical setting. Dogs with IE (n=17) were compared against controls (n=18) in their performance in two tasks; a spatial working memory task and a problem-solving task. In addition, owners completed the Canine Cognitive Dysfunction Rating (CCDR) scale for their dog...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Andrea Turner, David Tisdall, David C Barrett, Sarah Wood, Andrew Dowsey, Kristen K Reyher
Due to scientific, public and political concern regarding antimicrobial resistance (AMR), several EU countries have already taken steps to reduce antimicrobial (AM) usage in production animal medicine, particularly that of the highest priority critically important AMs (HP-CIAs). While veterinarians are aware of issues surrounding AMR, potential barriers to change such as concerns of reduced animal health, welfare or production may inhibit progress towards more responsible AM prescribing. Farmers from seven dairy farms in South West England engaged in changing AM use through an active process of education and herd health planning meetings...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Francesca Bertolini, Tianfu Yang, Yanyun Huang, John C S Harding, Graham S Plastow, Max F Rothschild
Porcine periweaning failure to thrive syndrome (PFTS) can be defined by anorexia, lethargy, progressive debilitation and compulsive behaviours that occur in seemingly healthy pigs within two to threeweeks of weaning in the absence of any known infectious, nutritional, management or environmental factors. A genetic component has been hypothesised for this syndrome. In the present study, 119 commercial pigs (80 cases and 39 controls) were genotyped with the porcine 80K single nucleotide polymorphism-chip and were analysed with logistic regression and two Fixation Index-based approaches...
April 25, 2018: Veterinary Record
Nicole Verhaar, Hanneke Hermans, Eugene van Rooij, Marianne Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, Jos Ensink
In tropical and subtropical climates, infection of periocular tissue by Habronema larvae is a recognised cause of conjunctivitis or blepharitis. To the authors' knowledge, only a few cases of habronemiasis have been described in Western Europe, and it has not been documented previously in the Netherlands. The objective of this report is to describe the occurrence of five cases of (peri)ocular habronemiasis in the Netherlands, of which four date from the past few years. The diagnosis was based on the history, clinical signs and histopathologic examination of biopsy specimens...
April 25, 2018: Veterinary Record
Sandrine Petry, Marie-France Breuil, Fabien Duquesne, Claire Laugier
The performance of culture and PCR methods routinely used to diagnose contagious equine metritis (CEM) was evaluated and compared by two interlaboratory trials involving a total of 24 European laboratories, including 22 National Reference Laboratories for CEM. Samples were swab specimens artificially contaminated with bacteria present in the genital tract of Equidae, some with and some without Taylorella equigenitalis , the causative agent of CEM, and T asinigenitalis , responsible for possible misidentification as T equigenitalis Throughout both interlaboratory trials, PCR performed better in terms of specificity and sensitivity than the culture method, supporting the assertion that PCR should be accepted for CEM diagnosis...
April 25, 2018: Veterinary Record
Merle Valdmann, Jevgeni Kurykin, Tanel Kaart, Gret-Kristel Mällo, Andres Waldmann
Cytological endometritis (CYTO) is a uterine inflammation characterised by the percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in endometrial cytology. This observational study evaluated the association of blood plasma insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin concentrations at -2 weeks prepartum, +1 week and +3 weeks postpartum with the development of CYTO in 119 multiparous Holstein cows. Overall CYTO prevalence was 30.3 per cent. Multivariable logistic regression model revealed the odds of developing CYTO were 3...
April 21, 2018: Veterinary Record
Victoria Goeckmann, Sophie Rothammer, Ivica Medugorac
Bovine spastic syndrome (BSS) was described for the first time in 1941. The disease occurs in various-maybe even all-cattle breeds and is a chronic-progressive neuromuscular disorder that commonly affects cattle of at least three years of age. Typical clinical signs of the disease are clonic-tonic cramps of the hindlimbs that occur in attacks. Since BSS does not recover, affected animals can only be treated symptomatically by improving welfare conditions and management factors, or with physical therapy or drugs...
April 20, 2018: Veterinary Record
Yong-Chan Kim, Byung-Hoon Jeong
Prion diseases are caused by structural changes in normal prion protein (PrPC ). The prion gene family includes four members: prion protein ( PRNP ), prion-like protein ( PRND ), shadow of PRNP ( SPRN ) and prion-related protein ( PRNT ). Genetic association studies of prion diseases and the other genes in the prion gene family, except for PRNT , have been performed in cattle. Our previous studies indicated that the distribution of PRNP promoter polymorphisms related with bovine spongiform encephalopathy susceptibility is significantly different in Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) and Holstein cattle...
April 17, 2018: Veterinary Record
Wanda McCormick, James Andrew Oxley, Naomi Spencer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Veterinary Record
Svenja Teichmann-Knorrn, Sven Reese, Georg Wolf, Katrin Hartmann, Roswitha Dorsch
The aim of this retrospective study was to document the prevalence of bacterial species in cats with significant bacteriuria and to compare their antimicrobial susceptibilities over five years. One hundred sixty-nine positive urine cultures from 150 cats were included. Fifty-five per cent showed clinical signs, while 40 per cent had subclinical bacteriuria. Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus species, Enterococcus species, Streptococcus species and Proteus mirabilis accounted for 50.5 per cent, 22.9 per cent, 15,1 per cent, 3...
April 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
David Pardey, Gillian Tabor, James Andrew Oxley, Alison P Wills
Many dog owners allow their pets to jump out of a car boot; however, to date, there has been no study that has investigated whether this places dogs at risk of injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between height and peak vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) in static start jumps. Fifteen healthy adult dogs performed three jumps from a platform that represented common vehicle boot sill heights (0.55, 0.65, 0.75 m), landing on a single force platform. Kinetic data (mediolateral (Fx), craniocaudal (Fy) and vertical (Fz)) were normalised for body weight and analysed via a one-way repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA) and pairwise post hoc tests with a Bonferroni correction applied...
April 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
Herwig Grimm, Alessandra Bergadano, Gabrielle C Musk, Klaus Otto, Polly M Taylor, Juliet Clare Duncan
Modern veterinary medicine offers numerous options for treatment and clinicians must decide on the best one to use. Interventions causing short-term harm but ultimately benefitting the animal are often justified as being in the animal's best interest. Highly invasive clinical veterinary procedures with high morbidity and low success rates may not be in the animal's best interest. A working party was set up by the European College of Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia to discuss the ethics of clinical veterinary practice and improve the approach to ethically challenging clinical cases...
March 30, 2018: Veterinary Record
Ioannis Arsenakis, Filip Boyen, Freddy Haesebrouck, Dominiek G D Maes
This study was conducted in a commercial 1000-sow herd facing recurrent exudative epidermitis (EE) outbreaks during the nursery period and assessed the efficacy of autogenous vaccination in controlling such outbreaks. The vaccine was produced using three Staphylococcus hyicus isolates recovered from affected pigs shortly before the onset of the study. All of those isolates were positive for the exh B gene, which encodes the exfoliative toxin type B (ExhB). From four consecutive farrowing batches of sows, two batches were vaccinated (V) against S hyicus at five and two weeks before farrowing, and two sow batches remained non-vaccinated (NV)...
March 29, 2018: Veterinary Record
Jenny Hagen, Kaid Kojah, Michael Geiger, Mandy Vogel
Corrective shoeing is used to change hoof angulation with the intention to influence the angulation of the digital joints to reduce strain on associated tendons. The objective of this study is to examine how gradual changes in hoof angulation affect the dorsal metacarpophalangeal joint (DMPJ) angulation and cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) and superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) concerning the individual toe conformation. Forelimbs of 30 horses were examined barefoot and equipped with 5°, 10° and 20° toe wedges (TWs) and heel wedges (HWs)...
March 29, 2018: Veterinary Record
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