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Veterinary Record

Laura Elizabeth Higham, Amanda Deakin, Emma Tivey, Vicky Porteus, Stephen Ridgway, Ann Catherine Rayner
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is among the most pressing challenges facing humanity. This survey of dairy cow farmers (n=372) was conducted to explore knowledge, attitudes and practices surrounding veterinary medicine use and to identify farmer-led solutions to reducing, replacing and refining antimicrobial use. Antimicrobials were the most commonly reported veterinary medicines used. Twenty-two per cent of the antibiotics used by dairy farmers contained a highest priority critically important active ingredient...
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Giovanni Franzo, Tuija Kekarainen, Anna Llorens, Florencia Correa-Fiz, Joaquim Segalés
Modern pig farming is characterised by the emergence of several syndromes whose aetiology is unclear or has a multifactorial origin, including periweaning failure-to-thrive syndrome (PFTS). In fact, its specific aetiology remains elusive, although several causes have been investigated over time. The present study aimed to investigate the potential role of viral agents in PFTS-affected and healthy animals by evaluating the virome composition of different organs using a metagenomic approach. This analysis allowed demonstrating a higher abundance of Porcine parvovirus 6 (PPV6) in healthy subjects while Ungulate bocaparvovirus 2 (BoPV2), Ungulate protoparvovirus 1 (PPV) and Porcine circovirus 3 (PCV-3) were increased in pigs with PFTS...
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Matthias Eddicks, Bettina Beuter, Ralf Stuhldreier, Thomas Nolte, Sven Reese, Gerd Sutter, Mathias Ritzmann, Robert Fux
Vertical and horizontal transmission of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) plays an important role for the spread of PCV2 within piglet-producing farms and following production steps. Further information is crucial to learn about the principles of PCV2 circulation among sows in piglet-producing farms to improve preventive healthcare concerning porcine circovirus diseases (PCVD) in downstream production steps. The present study was conducted as a cross-sectional study in a 400 sow multiplier herd in Germany with no PCV2 vaccination...
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Robert M Coultous, Paul Phipps, Charlie Dalley, Jane Lewis, Toni-Ann Hammond, Brian R Shiels, William Weir, David G M Sutton
Equine piroplasmosis (EP) has historically been of minor concern to UK equine practitioners, primarily due to a lack of competent tick vectors. However, increased detection of EP tick vector species in the UK has been reported recently. EP screening is not currently required for equine importation, and when combined with recent relaxations in movement regulations, there is an increased risk regarding disease incursion and establishment into the UK. This study evaluated the prevalence of EP by both serology and PCR among 1242 UK equine samples submitted for EP screening between February and December 2016 to the Animal and Plant Health Agency and the Animal Health Trust...
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Dominic Barfield, Sophie Adamantos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Gwen M Rees, David C Barrett, Henry Buller, Harriet L Mills, Kristen K Reyher
Prescription veterinary medicine (PVM) use in the UK is an area of increasing focus for the veterinary profession. While many studies measure antimicrobial use on dairy farms, none report the quantity of antimicrobials stored on farms, nor the ways in which they are stored. The majority of PVM treatments occur in the absence of the prescribing veterinarian, yet there is an identifiable knowledge gap surrounding PVM use and farmer decision making. To provide an evidence base for future work on PVM use, data were collected from 27 dairy farms in England and Wales in Autumn 2016...
November 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Claudia Binder, Nikola Katić, Jörg E Aurich, Gilles Dupré
The aim of this retrospective study and owner survey was to record the postoperative complication rate, pain score and owners' satisfaction rates of single portal laparoscopic ovariectomy in dogs using an operating laparoscope and to compare our results with data in the veterinary literature on other laparoscopic methods. Therefore, the medical records of all bitches that were spayed using a laparoscopic single port ovariectomy with an operating laparoscope between November 2007 and November 2014 were reviewed...
October 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
Masataka Enomoto, Patrick W Mantyh, Joanna Murrell, John F Innes, B Duncan X Lascelles
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is essential for the survival of sensory and sympathetic neurons during development. However, in the adult, NGF and its interaction with tropomyosin receptor kinase A receptor (TrkA) has been found to play a critical role in nociception and nervous system plasticity in pain conditions. Thus, various monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapies targeting this pathway have been investigated in the development of new pharmacotherapies for chronic pain. Although none of the mAbs against NGF are yet approved for use in humans, they look very promising for the effective control of pain in humans...
October 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Kate Elizabeth Milroy, Martin Whiting, Siobhan Abeyesinghe
Dog fighting became unlawful in the UK in 1835, yet it continues today (as reported by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) and Crown Prosecution Service), although with an unknown prevalence. We used an online questionnaire to (1) determine the occurrence of dogs suspected of use in fighting in UK veterinary practices; (2) explore relative reporting of incidents to police, RSPCA or equivalent charity by registered veterinary nurses (RVN) and veterinarians; and (3) determine factors influencing reporting...
October 24, 2018: Veterinary Record
Rebecca Bostock, Tierney Kinnison, Stephen A May
This study investigated anxiety, one aspect of mental wellbeing, in fourth year veterinary students before the final clinical section of their course (intramural rotations (IMR)). It explored the relationship between reported anxiety and 'mindset': an individual's view on the ability to develop (eg, improve intelligence). Questionnaires were completed by 130 students. Students were mindset typed for ability and personality and rated their anxiety towards IMR. Students with different overall mindsets ('strong growth', 'growth' and 'fixed') were invited to participate in focus groups, to discuss causes of their anxieties...
October 16, 2018: Veterinary Record
Elpida Artemiou, Gregory E Gilbert, Anne Callanan, Silvia Marchi, Don R Bergfelt
Studies investigating perceived stress and mindfulness awareness support mind-body therapy (MBT) effectiveness in reducing stress and anxiety and, thus, has potential to decrease work-related stress. A pre/postexperimental design involved 30 faculty and staff working at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Saint Kitts and Nevis, who experienced a two-day MBT intervention programme. An additional 16 faculty and staff not involved in MBT who went about their daily work schedules served as contemporary controls...
October 3, 2018: Veterinary Record
Jessica Eleanor Stokes, Rachael Eugenie Tarlinton, Fiona Lovatt, Matthew Baylis, Amanda Carson, Jennifer Sarah Duncan
Schmallenberg virus (SBV) causes abortions, stillbirths and fetal malformations in naïve ruminants. The impact of the initial outbreak (2011/2012) on British sheep farms has been previously investigated, with higher farmer perceived impacts and increased lamb and ewe mortality reported on SBV-affected farms. After several years of low, or no, circulation the UK sheep flock once again became vulnerable to SBV infection. Re-emergence was confirmed in autumn 2016. This study reports the analysis of a questionnaire designed to determine the farm-level impact of SBV on the 2016/2017 UK lambing period...
September 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Maria Eduarda Bastos Andrade Moutinho da Conceição, Ricardo Andres Ramirez Uscategui, Paulo Henrique Leal Bertolo, Damazio Campos de Souza, Daniele Dos Santos Rolemberg, Paola Castro de Moraes, Pedro Paulo Maia Teixeira, Luis Gustavo Gosuen Gonçalves Dias
Videosurgery is increasingly used in veterinary medicine. Compared with open surgery, it has been shown to cause minimal pain and promote a more rapid recovery. There are various methods of assessing pain and postoperative inflammation in cats, although their particular behaviours may make these assessments difficult. The aim of this study was to compare levels of postoperative pain and inflammation after laparoscopic ovariectomy with an open minimally invasive technique. Twenty queens were randomly divided into two groups based on the method of haemostasis and surgical technique: (1) laparoscopic ovariectomy using a miniloop (miniloop group (MG)); and (2) minilaparotomy using a Snook hook (control group (CG))...
September 25, 2018: Veterinary Record
Sandra Dorothee Starke, Maarten Oosterlinck
Visual equine lameness assessment is often unreliable, yet the full understanding of this issue is missing. Here, we investigate visual lameness assessment using near-realistic, three-dimensional horse animations presenting with 0-60 per cent movement asymmetry. Animations were scored at an equine veterinary seminar by attendees with various expertise levels. Results showed that years of experience and exposure to a low, medium or high case load had no significant effect on correct assessment of lame (P>0...
September 21, 2018: Veterinary Record
Raul Altuzarra, Laura Vilalta, Jaume Martorell, Rosa Novellas, Yvonne Espada
Disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract are relatively common in rabbits. Survey radiographs and abdominal ultrasound have inherent limitations in the evaluation of the urinary tract in this species; because of that, contrast study modalities are a valuable diagnostic tool in rabbits with urinary disorders. The aims of this study were to describe digital fluoroscopic excretory urography (DFEU) and to determine the urogram phases in healthy New Zealand rabbits. The median time of beginning of the nephrographic and pyelographic phases was 10 seconds (IQR: 10-12 seconds) and 1...
September 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
Mark W Little, Gareth A Arnott, Michael D Welsh, Jason P Barley, Niamh E O' Connell, Conrad P Ferris
Seventy-two Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were offered the same amount of concentrates over the first 140 days of lactation, by either a 'total-mixed-ration' or a 'feed-to-yield' strategy. The effects on blood profiles and cow health were examined. Cows on total-mixed-ration were offered a mixed ration comprising grass silage and concentrates (50:50 dry matter basis). Cows on feed-to-yield were offered a basal mixed ration (grass silage plus 6 kg concentrates/cow/day) plus additional concentrates via an out-of-parlour feeding system, calculated according to each individual cow's milk yield during the previous week...
September 18, 2018: Veterinary Record
Andreu Colom-Cadena, Llilianne Ganges, Sara Muñoz-González, Raquel Castillo-Contreras, José Alejandro Bohórquez, Rosa Rosell, Joaquim Segalés, Ignasi Marco, Oscar Cabezon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
Fay Pooley, Wendela Wapenaar
In the final year of the course schools assess students to ensure a minimum level of knowledge and skills is achieved before graduation as a veterinary surgeon. Across the universities, different styles and combinations of assessments are used. A national assessment could provide a solution to maintain quality and potential employability of veterinary surgeons. The aim of this study was to identify barriers and motivators of veterinary educators from all veterinary schools in the UK and the Republic of Ireland towards a national assessment...
September 7, 2018: Veterinary Record
Heather Fowler, Bianca Irimia, Vickie Ramirez, Hendrika Meischke, Peter Rabinowitz
Veterinary workers must care for their animal patients while simultaneously protecting their own health and safety. This process can be complicated by the presence and perception of pet owners who may not agree with a given tactic used to protect veterinary workers from injury. We conducted focus groups of pet owners in the Seattle area during November 2016 to gain a deeper understanding of their perceptions relating to veterinary worker safety practices. Focus group interviews were recorded and transcribed and study themes identified and summarised...
September 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
Laura Elizabeth Higham, Carly Scott, Kevin Akehurst, Daniel Dring, Alan Parnham, Michelle Waterman, Ashleigh Bright
Campylobacter is the leading cause of food poisoning in the UK. 2 Sisters Food Group, with retail partners, monitored the effect that: (1) awarding financial incentives to farmers and stockpersons for producing houses that were not highly contaminated with Campylobacter , or (2) the cessation of thinning (where ~30 per cent of birds are removed and processed at around day 35 of the crop cycle), had on prevalence of Campylobacter on UK broiler farms in a longitudinal monitoring study. Ninety-four farms and 759 houses were monitored from November 2013 to October 2015, with and without interventions...
August 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
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