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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122979/using-an-epidemiological-framework-and-bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy-investigation-questionnaire-to-investigate-suspect-bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy-cases-an-example-from-a-bovine-spongiform-encephalopathy-case-in-ireland-in-2015
#1
Jarlath T O'Connor, Justin P Byrne, Simon J More, Martin Blake, Guy McGrath, Jamie A Tratalos, Maire C Mcelroy, Paul Kiernan, Mary J Canty, Chris O'Brien-Lynch, John M Griffin
In several EU member states, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) cases have been identified in cattle born after the reinforced ban (BARB cases), for reasons that are not entirely clear. Epidemiological investigation of these cases has proved challenging. The European Food Safety Authority recently recommended the collection of a predefined set of epidemiological data from BSE suspects and confirmed BSE cases to aid future investigations. In this study, we present an epidemiological framework and BSE investigation questionnaire to aid the investigation of suspect BSE cases, and illustrate its application during the investigation of a BSE case in Ireland in 2015...
November 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109181/achievements-of-an-eradication-program-against-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-virus-in-south-tyrol-italy
#2
Alexander Tavella, Astrid Bettini, Marco Ceol, Paolo Zambotto, Ernst Stifter, Natashia Kusstatscher, Rosalba Lombardi, Stefano Nardeli, Maria Serena Beato, Katia Capello, Giuseppe Bertoni
Small ruminant lentivirus infections in goats affect both production and animal welfare. This represents a threat to the qualitative and quantitative growth of goat farming, recently observed in mountainous regions such as the Autonomous Province of Bolzano - South Tyrol (Italy). To monitor and eradicate the caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in this goat population, a compulsory eradication campaign was launched, based on a strict census of small ruminants and yearly serological testing of all animals, followed by the consequent culling of seropositive individuals...
November 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097604/complications-and-outcomes-associated-with-13-cases-of-triceps-tendon-disruption-in-dogs-and-cats-2003-2014
#3
Naomi Frances Earley, Gemma Ellse, Adrian M Wallace, Kevin J Parsons, Katja Voss, Lauren C Pugliese, Andy P Moores, Richard Whitelock, Christoph Stork, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs, Heidi Radke
This study reports data from a larger number of cases of triceps tendon disruption. Records from 10 veterinary referral hospitals between 2003 and 2014 were searched for canine and feline cases diagnosed with triceps tendon disruption, based on orthopaedic examination confirmed during surgery. Long-term follow-up and owner satisfaction were assessed using a questionnaire. There were 13 cases of triceps tendon disruption diagnosed across seven hospitals (nine dogs, four cats). Trauma, history or presence of a wound, surgery in the region of tendon attachment or corticosteroid treatment preceded triceps tendon disruption...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097603/risk-of-iatrogenic-damage-to-the-sciatic-nerve-in-dairy-cattle
#4
Rosanna M Kirkwood, John G Remnant, Richard M Payne, Alan M Murphy, Wendela Wapenaar
Sciatic nerve damage in cattle could lead to pain, paralysis and lameness, creating welfare and productivity issues. Damage following intramuscular injection is highlighted in some clinical texts although there is no indication of prevalence. This cross-sectional study investigated the anatomical size and position of the sciatic nerve in four dairy cattle type cadavers. To evaluate the risk of iatrogenic damage, 54 participants placed needles in the dorsal gluteal region of two cadavers each, as per their routine intramuscular injection method...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097602/prevalence-of-dental-disorders-in-degus-and-evaluation-of-diagnostic-methods-to-determine-dental-disease-and-its-prognosis
#5
Hester van Bolhuis, Lotte van Hoffen, Martine van Zijll Langhout, Heleen van Engeldorp Gastelaars, Wouter Hendriks, Marnix Lamberts, Marja Kik
Degus (Octodon degus) are prone to develop dental disease with deleterious health effects. The two studies reported here aimed to determine the prevalence of dental disorders in degus and to identify and evaluate diagnostic tools for determination of prognosis of these disorders. In study A, health data from 225 degus at AAP, Rescue Center for Exotic Animals in the Netherlands, were collated and the prevalence of dental disorders and differences in sex and age at clinical onset of symptoms associated with dental disorders were described...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089417/correction-future-of-keeping-pet-reptiles-and-amphibians-towards-integrating-animal-welfare-human-health-and-environmental-sustainability
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084821/one-health-in-south-asia-and-its-challenges-in-implementation-from-stakeholder-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Rojan Dahal, Atul Upadhyay, Benjamin Ewald
One Health is a concept which fosters collaborative relationships between human health, animal health and environmental health partners. Diseases are emerging and re-emerging in South Asia due to poor sanitation, close proximity of people to livestock, deforestation, porous borders, climate change, changes in human behaviour and unhygienic food preparation and consumption practices. This review was completed in two stages. First, we conducted a review of peer-reviewed literature and grey literature available in Google search engine related to One Health in four countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal)...
October 30, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084820/avian-leukosis-virus-subgroup-j-associated-myelocytoma-in-a-hobby-chicken
#8
Lorraine P Smith, Lawrence Petheridge, Venugopal Nair, Alisdair Wood, David Welchman
The avian leukosis viruses (ALVs) are a major group of retroviruses associated with neoplastic diseases in poultry. The ALV-J strain was identified as a cause of myelocytomas in broiler breeder and broiler chickens in the UK in the 1980s; however, following eradication of the virus,commercial broilers have remained free of infection since the early 2000s. A pet chicken was submitted to Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) in 2013 with a history of croaking respirations, abnormality of the left eye and apparent paralysis...
October 30, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066475/effects-of-long-term-use-of-the-preferential-cox-2-inhibitor-meloxicam-on-growing-pigs
#9
Ben M C Gorissen, Joost J Uilenreef, Wilhelmina Bergmann, Ellen Meijer, Bert van Rietbergen, Franz Josef van der Staay, P René van Weeren, Claudia F Wolschrijn
Meloxicam, a preferential COX-2 inhibitor, is a commonly used NSAID in pigs. Besides having potential side effects on the gastrointestinal tract, this type of drug might potentially affect osteogenesis and chondrogenesis, processes relevant to growing pigs. Therefore, the effects of long-term meloxicam treatment on growing pigs were studied. Twelve piglets (n=6 receiving daily meloxicam 0.4 mg/kg orally from 48 until 110 days of age; n=6 receiving only applesauce (vehicle control)) were subjected to visual and objective gait analysis by pressure plate measurements at several time points...
October 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051316/profile-of-pig-farms-combining-high-performance-and-low-antimicrobial-usage-within-four-european-countries
#10
Lucie Collineau, Annette Backhans, Jeroen Dewulf, Ulf Emanuelson, Elisabeth Grosse Beilage, Anne Lehébel, Svenja Loesken, Elisabeth Okholm Nielsen, Merel Postma, Marie Sjölund, Katharina D C Stärk, Catherine Belloc
Pig farmers are strongly encouraged to reduce their antimicrobial usage because of the rising threat from antimicrobial resistance. However, such efforts should not compromise the herd health status and performance. This study aimed to describe the profile of so-called 'top-farms' that managed to combine both high technical performance and low antimicrobial usage. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 227 farrow-to-finish farms in Belgium, France, Germany and Sweden. Among them, 44 farms were allocated to the top-farms group and were compared with the 'regular' farms group in terms of farm characteristics, biosecurity and health status...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051314/characterisation-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2-in-porcine-circovirus-disease-cases-in-england-and-wales
#11
Sylvia S Grierson, Dirk Werling, Cornelia Bidewell, Susanna Williamson
Confirmed cases of porcine circovirus disease (PCVD) in Great Britain have shown a steady decline since the availability of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) vaccines. However, PCVD is still occasionally diagnosed. The authors carried out a genotyping study to characterise PCV2 associated with confirmed PCVD cases in England and Wales from 2011 to January 2016 (n=65). A partial fragment of PCV2 genome encompassing ORF2 was amplified and sequenced from 45 cases of PCVD. The majority of sequences were genotype PCV2b but four sequences were PCV2d...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051313/anaemia-in-pet-rabbits-causes-severity-and-reticulocyte-response
#12
Alexandra Dettweiler, Robert Klopfleisch, Kerstin Müller
The objective of the study was to determine the causes and the severity of anaemia in pet rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus), to classify anaemia and to compare the reticulocyte counts from healthy and anaemic rabbits. Over a time period of 11 years (2000-2011) a retrospective and prospective study of 223 pet rabbits was performed. Based on the clinic's own reference range for healthy pet rabbits (packed cell volume [PCV] levels 0.33-0.45 l/l), animals with a PCV level below 0.33 l/l were considered anaemic...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051312/myelographic-and-low-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-dogs-with-presumptive-acute-hydrated-non-compressive-nucleus-pulposus-extrusion
#13
Carlos Ros, Cristian de la Fuente, Sergio Rodenas, Rosa Novellas, Judit Viu, Sonia Añor
MRI is considered gold standard for the diagnosis of presumptive acute hydrated non-compressive nucleus pulposus extrusions (AHNCNPE). This retrospective study describes the myelographic findings in dogs with AHNCNPE diagnosed by low-field MRI and their association with neurological grade, need of surgical decompression and outcome. Forty-two myelographies (21 dogs with presumptive AHNCNPE, 21 dogs with Hansen type I disc disease herniation) were blindly evaluated. Site of herniation, compression pattern, ratio of length of the lesion to length of the second lumbar vertebra (LL:L2) and degree of spinal cord compression (SCC) were measured on the myelographies of dogs with presumptive AHNCNPE and were compared with the corresponding MRI features...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051311/quantitative-analysis-of-antibiotic-usage-in-british-sheep-flocks
#14
Peers Davies, John G Remnant, Martin J Green, Emily Gascoigne, Nick Gibbon, Robert Hyde, Jack R Porteous, Kiera Schubert, Fiona Lovatt, Alexander Corbishley
The aim of this study was to examine the variation in antibiotic usage between 207 commercial sheep flocks using their veterinary practice prescribing records. Mean and median prescribed mass per population corrected unit (mg/PCU) was 11.38 and 5.95, respectively and closely correlated with animal defined daily dose (ADDD) 1.47 (mean), 0.74 (median) (R(2)=0.84, P<0.001). This is low in comparison with the suggested target (an average across all the UK livestock sectors) of 50 mg/PCU. In total, 80 per cent of all antibiotic usage occurred in the 39 per cent of flocks where per animal usage was greater than 9...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051310/adverse-reactions-to-two-intravenous-antibiotics-augmentin-and-zinacef-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-in-dogs
#15
Mark James Gosling, Fernando Martínez-Taboada
Antibiotic prophylaxis in dogs undergoing surgical procedures frequently involves the administration of a product without a veterinary licence. Two drugs commonly used for this purpose are the clavulanate amoxicillin Augmentin and the cefuroxime Zinacef. This prospective observational study aims to compare the incidence of adverse events associated with these two antibiotics in a clinical setting. The authors hypothesised that a higher incidence of adverse effects would be observed with Augmentin. Sixty-five dogs were included in the study and adverse events were recorded using a modified scoring system...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051309/clinical-prevalence-and-associated-intraoperative-surgical-complications-of-reproductive-tract-lesions-in-pot-bellied-pigs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy-298-cases-2006-2016
#16
Elizabeth Cypher, Ricardo Videla, Rebecca Pierce, Robert T Snowden, Jennifer Ann Sexton, Sarel van Amstel
To address the current dearth of clinically relevant publications regarding ovariohysterectomy (OVH) in the domestic pot-bellied pig (PBP), the present study aims to report prevalence of uterine lesions, intraoperative complications, and short and long-term survival in this species (n=298). Prevalence of lesions included uterine neoplasia 11.4 per cent (34/298), pyometra 1.6 per cent (5/298) and cystic endometrial hyperplasia 5 per cent (15/298). Pigs at least six years of age were statistically more likely to have a uterine lesion (less than P=0...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051308/food-engorgement-in-35-dogs-2009-2013-compared-with-36-dogs-with-gastric-dilation-and-volvulus
#17
Lisa Smart, Shona Reese, Giselle Hosgood
The clinical features and management of food engorgement (FE) in dogs have not been previously described. This retrospective observational study describes characteristics and outcome of 35 dogs with FE, and compares features on presentation to 36 dogs with gastric dilation and volvulus (GDV). Cases were retrospectively reviewed for history, clinical findings and outcome. Gastric distension was measured by caudal gastric margin (CGM), level with lumbar vertebrae, on a lateral abdominal radiograph. Frequent characteristics of dogs with FE included tachycardia, tachypnoea, hyperproteinaemia, increased base excess (BE), mild hypernatraemia and hyperlactataemia...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993477/development-of-rapid-immunochromatographic-strip-test-for-the-detection-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhoea-virus
#18
Kwang-Soo Lyoo, Minjoo Yeom, Jungho Kim, Donghyuk Kim, Gunwoo Ha, Woonsung Na, Van Phan Le, Daesub Song
Porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV) causes acute and severe watery diarrhoea and dehydration, as well as 50-100 per cent mortality in piglets. For the PEDV diagnosis, a rapid test kit that is specific and sensitive to PEDV is critical to monitor this disease at pig farms. The present study aimed to develop an immunochromatographic assay (ICA) strip test for detecting PEDV in faecal swabs. The newly developed diagnostic test showed a detection limit of 10(4.0) TCID50/ml of PEDV. Using faecal swab samples, the relative sensitivity and specificity of the ICA kit were 95...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986387/determination-of-reference-values-for-intraocular-pressure-and-schirmer-tear-test-results-in-clinically-normal-domestic-donkeys-equus-asinus
#19
Masoud Selk Ghaffari, Amin Sabzevari, SeyedMehdi Ghamsari, Hussein Shad
This study was conducted to establish normal reference range for the Schirmer tear test (STT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) in clinically normal donkeys for use in clinical practice. Sixteen adult Ethiopian domestic donkeys were used in this study. Complete ophthalmic examinations were performed without chemical restraint. STT values were evaluated in both eyes of all donkeys using a commercial STT strip. IOP was measured in both eyes with a Tono-Pen Vet (Reichert. USA) without using regional nerve blocks...
October 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986386/bacterial-isolates-and-antimicrobial-susceptibilities-from-odontogenic-abscesses-in-rabbits-48-cases
#20
Sara Gardhouse, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Joanne Paul-Murphy, Barbara A Byrne, Michelle G Hawkins
The medical record database of a veterinary teaching hospital was searched from 2000 through 2014 for records of client-owned rabbits with positive cultures from odontogenic abscesses. Data reviewed included sex, age, abscess location, sampling technique, previous antimicrobial treatments, microorganisms identified and antibiotic susceptibility of aerobic bacteria. Forty-eight client owned rabbits with one or more odontogenic abscesses and culture results were evaluated. One hundred and eighty-five isolates (52 aerobic, 133 anaerobic) were identified from 61 positive cultures from odontogenic abscesses...
October 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
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