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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903939/nature-and-governance-of-veterinary-clinical-research-conducted-in-the-uk
#1
P Fordyce, S Mullan
In order to quantify the amount of clinical research conducted on client-owned animals under the Veterinary Surgeons Act 1966, and the nature and extent of any ethical review of that research, a questionnaire was sent to 6 UK veterinary schools, 1 charity veterinary clinic and 12 private referral clinics. The questionnaire examined whether and how much clinical research respondents undertook, and the composition of any ethical review panels examining research proposals. The questionnaire revealed a substantial amount of clinical research was conducted in the UK, with over 200 veterinary surgeons involved in the year of the survey, with at least 170 academic papers involving clinical research published by respondents in the same year...
November 30, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895290/comparison-of-phenotypic-and-genotypic-profiles-among-caprine-and-ovine-mycoplasma-ovipneumoniae-strains
#2
Z Maksimović, C De la Fe, J Amores, Á Gómez-Martín, M Rifatbegović
Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae (Movp) is considered to be one of the most important mycoplasmas causing respiratory disease in small ruminants. Most epidemiologic and characterisation studies have been conducted on strains collected from sheep. Information on the presence and characteristics of Movp in healthy and pneumonic goats is limited. Phenotypic or genotypic differences between sheep and goat isolates have never been studied. The objective of our study was to characterise and compare the similarities and differences between caprine and ovine Movp strains isolated from affected and asymptomatic animals in order to elucidate phenotypic and genotypic variability...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895289/management-prevention-and-treatment-of-canine-leishmaniosis-in-north-eastern-spain-an-online-questionnaire-based-survey-in-the-province-of-girona-with-special-emphasis-on-new-preventive-methods-canileish-vaccine-and-domperidone
#3
S Lladró, A Picado, C Ballart, M Portús, M Gállego
Knowledge of how canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is being managed clinically and its epidemiology is very important, since dogs are the main reservoir of human leishmaniosis. This study reports the results obtained through a questionnaire-based survey of veterinary practitioners in Girona province, a recognised, but non-documented endemic area in north-eastern Spain. The primary objective was to obtain data on the clinical management of CanL, focusing particularly on new preventive methods and therapeutic tools...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885066/effects-in-dogs-with-behavioural-disorders-of-a-commercial-nutraceutical-diet-on-stress-and-neuroendocrine-parameters
#4
S Sechi, A Di Cerbo, S Canello, G Guidetti, F Chiavolelli, F Fiore, R Cocco
The well-being of dogs can be affected by changes in human lifestyle, eating habits and increased stressors that lead to behavioural disorders including fear, hyperactivity and anxiety, followed by negative affective moods and poor welfare. This randomised, controlled clinical evaluation involved 69 dogs, 38 males and 31 females, of different breeds, with behavioural disorders related to anxiety and chronic stress. They were fed a control diet or a nutraceutical diet (ND group) for 45 days. Neuroendocrine (serotonin, dopamine, β-endorphins, noradrenaline and cortisol) and stress (derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (dROMs) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP)) parameters related to behavioural disorders were evaluated at the beginning and end of the study period...
November 24, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881696/preliminary-survey-of-lamb-losses-black-loss-in-highland-sheep-flocks
#5
S C Tongue, I Pritchard, D Watson, B D Hosie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881695/application-of-sonoelastography-for-evaluating-the-stiffness-of-equine-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-during-healing
#6
N Tamura, T Kuroda, Y Kotoyori, K Fukuda, T Nukada, T Kato, A Kuwano, Y Kasashima
Sonoelastography can assess the inner stiffness of tissues. Sonoelastographic evaluation of injured equine superficial digital flexor tendons (SDFTs) is considered to be useful for assessing the stiffness of a lesion even during late-stage rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the sonoelastographic appearance of injured SDFTs over time from the onset of the injury. Eighteen horses were classified into three groups according to the length of time from injury onset: group A, within two weeks after injury; group B, approximately five months after injury; and group C, approximately nine months after injury...
November 23, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881694/transdiaphragmatic-pericardiectomy-in-dogs
#7
M De Ridder, A Kitshoff, N Devriendt, M Or, A Rubio-Guzman, H de Rooster
In patients with recurrent pericardial effusions, pericardiectomy is indicated. The purpose of this study was to describe a transdiaphragmatic approach for subtotal pericardiectomy in dogs and to evaluate its feasibility. In total, 20 canine cadavers weighing less than 10 kg (group S) and 20 weighing more than 20 kg (group L) were used. Within each group, half underwent a subphrenic pericardiectomy via an intercostal approach and half via a transdiaphragmatic approach. For each approach and within each weight group, the percentage of resected pericardium was calculated and compared...
November 23, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856944/massive-open-online-courses-moocs-as-a-window-into-the-veterinary-profession
#8
J Paterson, K Hughes, L Steer, M Das Gupta, S Boyd, C Bell, S Rhind
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are freely available online courses open to anyone who registers and typically are associated with thousands or hundreds of thousands of participants. Using an established online platform, the authors created and delivered a five-week MOOC aimed primarily at prospective veterinary students, but open to anyone with an interest in finding out more about the veterinary profession in general. 11,911 people signed up for the course, and of these, 8137 interacted in some way with the course and 1716 received a certificate of completion...
November 17, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856943/owner-perception-of-focal-seizures-in-canine-epilepsy
#9
R M A Packer, R Lucas, H A Volk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856942/treponema-species-in-the-subgingival-microflora-of-ovine-periodontitis
#10
A C Borsanelli, T N M Ramos, E Gaetti-Jardim, C M Schweitzer, I S Dutra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852963/effectiveness-and-practicality-of-control-strategies-for-african-swine-fever-what-do-we-really-know
#11
C Guinat, T Vergne, C Jurado-Diaz, J M Sánchez-Vizcaíno, L Dixon, D U Pfeiffer
African swine fever (ASF) is a major pig health problem, and the causative virus is moving closer to Western European regions where pig density is high. Stopping or slowing down the spread of ASF requires mitigation strategies that are both effective and practical. Based on the elicitation of ASF expert opinion, this study identified surveillance and intervention strategies for ASF that are perceived as the most effective by providing the best combination between effectiveness and practicality. Among the 20 surveillance strategies that were identified, passive surveillance of wild boar and syndromic surveillance of pig mortality were considered to be the most effective surveillance strategies for controlling ASF virus spread...
November 15, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836937/effect-of-a-prewash-on-footbath-contamination-a-randomised-control-trial
#12
A D Manning, S A Mahendran, B S Hurst, T L Blackmore, N J Bell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815366/effect-of-lingual-gauze-swab-placement-on-pulse-oximeter-readings-in-anaesthetised-dogs-and-cats
#13
A Mair, F Martinez-Taboada, M Nitzan
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of lingual gauze swab placement on pulse oximeter readings in anaesthetised dogs and cats. Following anaesthetic induction, the following pulse oximeter probe configurations were performed: no gauze swab (control), placement of a gauze swab between the tongue and the probe, placement of different thicknesses of gauze swab, placement of red cotton fabric, placement of a sheet of white paper and placement of the probe and gauze swab on different locations on the tongue...
November 4, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811051/comparison-of-the-use-of-ligasure-versus-a-standard-technique-for-tonsillectomy-in-dogs
#14
A Belch, M Matiasovic, R Rasotto, J Demetriou
The principal aim of this study was to document the effectiveness of tonsillectomy in dogs using a vessel-sealing device compared with a standard technique with tonsillectomy forceps. A secondary aim of the study was to document histopathological changes of the excised tonsillar tissue in dogs with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. 20 dogs were studied. The time taken to remove a tonsil using LigaSure was a mean of 44.8 seconds (sd 15 seconds, 95 per cent CI 40  to 57 seconds) and with the standard technique a mean of 305...
November 3, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811050/veterinarian-s-dilemma-a-study-of-how-danish-small-animal-practitioners-handle-financially-limited-clients
#15
S V Kondrup, K P Anhøj, C Rødsgaard-Rosenbeck, T B Lund, M H Nissen, P Sandøe
This study examined the extent to which Danish veterinary practices encounter financially limited clients and how different factors relating to the animal, the client and the veterinarian affect decisions to provide treatment for these clients. 300 small animal practices were invited to participate in an online survey. 195 participated, giving a response rate of 65 per cent. The results show that Danish small animal veterinary practices encounter clients with limited finances regularly: 33.8 per cent of them 3-4 times, 24...
November 3, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807211/a-survey-of-veterinary-antimicrobial-prescribing-practices-washington-state-2015
#16
H Fowler, M A Davis, A Perkins, S Trufan, C Joy, M Buswell, T F McElwain, D Moore, R Worhle, P M Rabinowitz
Antimicrobial resistance is a growing global health issue. It is also a recognised problem in veterinary medicine. Between September and December 2015 the authors administered a cross-sectional survey to licensed veterinarians in Washington State to assess factors affecting antimicrobial prescribing practices among veterinarians in Washington State. Two hundred and three veterinarians completed the survey. The majority of respondents (166, 82 per cent) were engaged in small animal or exotic animal practice...
November 2, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803375/pre-trilostane-and-three-hour-post-trilostane-cortisol-to-monitor-trilostane-therapy-in-dogs
#17
L Macfarlane, T Parkin, I Ramsey
The adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test has been widely used and recommended as a monitoring method for dogs receiving trilostane; however, it has never been validated for this purpose. As trilostane is relatively short acting, there could be variation in the results depending on the time since the last dose of trilostane and results may not reflect clinical control. Additionally, tetracosactide (synthetic ACTH) can be expensive in some countries and has had limited availability throughout much of Europe...
November 1, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803374/impact-of-feeding-and-housing-systems-on-disease-incidence-in-dairy-calves
#18
G C Curtis, C McG Argo, D Jones, D H Grove-White
Contentious issues in calf rearing include milk feeding level and single versus group housing. The current study was performed on a high-producing 170 Holstein cow dairy farm to investigate the impact of nutrition and housing on disease incidence. Calves (n=100) were allocated in birth order to one of two commonly used feeding strategies. Group A calves were group housed from birth and fed ad libitum milk replacer (MR) via a computerised machine using a single teat, with weaning commencing at 63 days. Group R calves were initially housed in individual pens receiving 2...
November 1, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784838/pyloric-localisation-in-57-dogs-of-breeds-susceptible-to-gastric-dilatation-volvulus-in-the-uk-using-computed-tomography
#19
A W Tomlinson, S M Lillis, A J German, R D Burrow
OBJECTIVE: Describe the location of the pylorus using CT in dog breeds susceptible to gastric dilatation-volvulus in the UK. METHODS: Descriptive anatomical study. Abdominal CT scans of 57 client-owned dogs were reviewed to assess pyloric position relative to the 9th, 10th, 11th and 13th ribs and 2 and 3 cm caudal to the 13th rib at the 8, 9 and 10 o'clock positions. The angle of the pylorus from the centre of the abdominal cavity relative to the sagittal plane was also determined...
October 26, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784837/injection-site-lesion-prevalence-and-potential-risk-factors-in-uk-beef-cattle
#20
E Cresswell, J Remnant, A Butterworth, W Wapenaar
Injectable veterinary medicinal products (VMPs) are widely used in cattle in the UK, and in particular vaccines are often used on large numbers of animals in the herd. The formation of injection-site lesions (ISLs) is a risk when using injectable products and has potential consequences for meat quality, animal welfare and beef industry income. This study used carcase observation in four abattoirs in England to determine ISL prevalence in beef cattle. Additionally, a questionnaire survey was used to investigate vaccination technique among UK beef farmers...
October 26, 2016: Veterinary Record
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