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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219956/mineral-status-in-canine-medial-coronoid-process-disease-a-cohort-study-using-analysis-of-hair-by-mass-spectrometry
#1
M Davies, J West, C Williams, D S Gardner
In several species, developmental skeletal diseases involving abnormal endochondral ossification have been associated with imbalanced mineral intake. Hair analysis reflects long-term mineral status. To determine the mineral content of hair from dogs with or without medial coronoid process disease (MCPD). Dogs with MCPD have a different profile of minerals known to influence metalloenzymes involved in endochondral ossification. After cleansing, chelation and acid digestion of hair samples (n=79 in total: control dogs, n=70 v MCPD, n=9), mineral profile (7 major and 25 trace elements) was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
February 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213532/susceptibility-and-pk-pd-relationships-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-from-ovine-and-caprine-with-clinical-mastitis-against-five-veterinary-fluoroquinolones
#2
J M Serrano-Rodríguez, C Cárceles-García, C M Cárceles-Rodríguez, M L Gabarda, J M Serrano-Caballero, E Fernández-Varón
Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and mutant prevention concentration (MPC) of veterinary fluoroquinolones as enrofloxacin, its metabolite ciprofloxacin, danofloxacin, difloxacin and marbofloxacin against Staphylococcus aureus strains (n=24) isolated from milk of sheep and goats affected by clinical mastitis were evaluated. The authors have used the MIC and MPC, as well as the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships in plasma and milk. MIC values were significantly different between drugs, unlike MPC values...
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213531/dexmedetomidine-oromucosal-gel-for-noise-associated-acute-anxiety-and-fear-in-dogs-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-study
#3
M Korpivaara, K Laapas, M Huhtinen, B Schöning, K Overall
The aim of this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical-field study was to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine oromucosal gel at subsedative doses in alleviation of noise-associated acute anxiety and fear in dogs. On New Year's Eve, 182 dogs with a history of acute anxiety and fear associated with fireworks received treatment as needed up to five times: 89 dogs received dexmedetomidine and 93 dogs received placebo. For the primary efficacy variables, dog owners assessed the overall treatment effect as well as signs and extent of anxiety and fear...
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213530/students-beliefs-in-animal-sentience-no-decline-across-veterinary-education
#4
N Clarke, D C J Main, E S Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213529/case-control-study-on-the-use-of-pituitary-derived-hormones-from-sheep-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-the-occurrence-of-atypical-scrapie-in-great-britain
#5
E Marier, M Dawson, M Simmons, J Hope, A Ortiz-Peláez
A case-control study was conducted in 2013 to investigate the use of pituitary-derived hormones from sheep as a potential risk factor for the presence of atypical scrapie in Great Britain sheep holdings. One hundred and sixty-five holdings were identified as cases. Two equal sets of controls were selected: no case of scrapie and cases of classical scrapie. A total of 495 holdings were selected for the questionnaire survey, 201 responses were received and 190 (38.3 per cent) were suitable for analysis. The variables 'use-of-heat-synchronisation/superovulation' and 'flock size' were significantly associated with the occurrence of atypical scrapie...
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213528/leptospira-interrogans-serogroup-pomona-infections-in-the-uk-is-there-a-real-threat-for-farm-animals
#6
Z Arent, C Gilmore, A M Barlow, L Smith, W A Ellis
Current typing of Leptospira strains requires a combination of both serological and molecular methods. Study of the epidemiology of strains within the Pomona serogroup has proved problematic due to the limitations of serological typing methods. This is particularly true of the two main complexes within this group, namely the Pomona, Monjakov, Kennewicki cluster in Leptospira interrogans species and the Mozdok, Tsaratsovo, Kunming, Altodouro cluster in Leptospira kirschneri Strains from the south of England have been shown previously to belong to L kirschneri serovar Mozdok, strains of which are maintained by small rodents in western Europe...
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188162/first-detection-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-napoli-in-kennel-dogs-in-italy
#7
G Dotto, M L Menandro, A Mondin, M Martini, D Pasotto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188161/sildenafil-improves-clinical-signs-and-radiographic-features-in-dogs-with-congenital-idiopathic-megaoesophagus-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
F Quintavalla, A Menozzi, C Pozzoli, E Poli, P Donati, D K Wyler, P Serventi, S Bertini
We evaluated the efficacy of oral sildenafil citrate in dogs with congenital idiopathic megaoesophagus (CIM). Twenty-one puppies were randomly assigned to two groups (treatment and control). The dogs were given sildenafil oral suspension 1 mg/kg every 12 hours for 14 days or placebo in a masked fashion. Clinical signs (frequency of regurgitation and weight gain) and oesophagrams (relative oesophageal diameter, ROD) were evaluated in order to assess the efficacy of drug treatment, by examiners who were unaware of the study protocol...
February 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174218/knowledge-and-opinions-of-veterinary-students-in-italy-toward-animal-welfare-science-and-law
#9
D Magnani, N Ferri, A Dalmau, S Messori
Animal welfare (AW) is a growing concern worldwide and veterinary students are expected to demonstrate a high degree of professional interest in the welfare of animals. However, previous studies have highlighted gaps in the teaching of AW teaching in different countries, possibly impairing veterinary competency in the area. This survey aimed to assess the opinions of Italian veterinary students towards AW, as well as their knowledge on the issue. Questions were divided into different sections, investigating the definition of, and information on, AW, knowledge about AW legislation, and the level of tolerance towards AW in regard to the use of animals for different purposes...
February 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167646/anthelmintic-efficacy-on-sheep-farms-in-south-west-england
#10
M Glover, C Clarke, L Nabb, J Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130406/prevalence-of-bartonella-species-infections-in-cats-in-southern-germany
#11
M Bergmann, T Englert, B Stuetzer, J R Hawley, M R Lappin, K Hartmann
Bartonella species are zoonotic pathogens, and infections in cats are common. However, prevalence in cats in Southern Germany is still unknown. Therefore, prevalence of Bartonella species DNA in blood of 479 Southern German cats was determined using a previously published conventional PCR targeting a fragment of the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer region. Associations between Bartonella bacteraemia, housing conditions, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) status, including progressive, regressive and abortive FeLV infection, were evaluated using Fisher's exact test...
January 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130405/definitive-glasgow-acute-pain-scale-for-cats-validation-and-intervention-level
#12
J Reid, E M Scott, G Calvo, A M Nolan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119477/comparison-of-a-5-mm-and-10-mm-vessel-sealing-device-in-an-open-ovariectomy-model-in-dogs
#13
N Devriendt, B Van Goethem, L Van Brantegem, M De Ridder, A Kitshoff, M Or, H de Rooster
The objectives of this study were to compare (1) the extent of thermal damage and (2) the time between the 5-mm LigaSure V (LS5) and 10-mm LigaSure Atlas (LS10) vessel sealing devices (VSD) when performing open ovariectomy in dogs. A prospective, randomised, clinical trial was performed in 40 client-owned sexually entire female dogs. In each dog, one ovary was randomly assigned to be surgically removed using LS5 and the contralateral using LS10. The depth of thermal spread, measured on histopathological preparations, was significantly larger for LS10 (LS10 1...
January 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119476/blowfly-strike-in-sheep-self-help-surveillance-for-shepherds-is-unsustainable
#14
S C Tongue, A J Duncan, J Vipond, P Stocker, G J Gunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100767/effects-of-season-on-bull-sperm-quality-in-thawed-samples-in-northern-spain
#15
M Sabés-Alsina, A Johannisson, N Lundeheim, M Lopez-Bejar, J M Morrell
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible effects of climate factors on sperm quality of Holstein dairy bulls housed in northern Spain. Semen samples from 11 Holstein dairy bulls were collected and cryopreserved in winter, spring and summer. Sperm quality parameters such as motility, morphology, plasma membrane integrity, acrosome status, mitochondrial membrane potential, DNA fragmentation index and reactive oxygen species were assessed. Samples collected in spring showed higher mean values of total and progressive motility compared with samples collected in winter...
January 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100766/comparison-of-a-chop-lasp-based-protocol-with-and-without-maintenance-for-canine-multicentric-lymphoma
#16
E M Lautscham, M Kessler, T Ernst, L Willimzig, R Neiger
The recommendation to treat canine lymphoma with a discontinuous protocol is based on small case numbers and mostly historic controls. This study compares duration of first remission (DFR) and overall survival time (ST) with a discontinuous protocol to the same protocol with maintenance phase. 408 dogs were treated with a CHOP-LAsp (C=cyclophosphamide; H=hydroxydaunorubicin; O=Oncovin; P=prednisolone; LAsp=l-asparaginase)-based 28-week induction protocol. In 75 dogs (cohort 1), this was followed by a maintenance phase consisting of vincristine, chlorambucil and actinomycin-D with a total treatment duration of two years...
January 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082661/rhdv2-overcoming-rhdv-immunity-in-wild-rabbits-oryctolagus-cuniculus-in-australia
#17
D Peacock, J Kovaliski, R Sinclair, G Mutze, A Iannella, L Capucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077758/inter-rater-agreement-in-radiographic-canine-hip-dysplasia-evaluation
#18
U Geissbühler, S Drazovic, J Lang, J Howard
The objective was to determine the agreement between scrutineers assessing canine hip dysplasia (CHD) within and between the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Swiss (CH) grading schemes, and between first-opinion and second-opinion scrutineers using the CH scheme. 62 scrutineers, participating in a quality assessment programme, were asked to evaluate 12 sets of hip radiographs. All radiographs had been previously evaluated by a first-opinion and 7 by both a first-opinion and second-opinion scrutineers using the CH scheme...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077757/biotypes-and-scm-types-of-isolates-of-streptococcus-canis-from-diseased-and-healthy-cats
#19
J F Timoney, S Velineni, B Ulrich, P Blanchard
Lancefield group G Streptococcus canis is a component of the normal urogenital and pharyngeal flora of the cat. It is also frequently implicated in epizootics of severe disease in closed cat colonies and animal shelters. Given the importance of S canis as a feline pathogen and relative lack of published information on characteristics potentially associated with virulence, the authors have compared isolates from healthy and diseased cats in New York and California using fermentation profiles (biotype) and ScM sequences...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077756/developing-a-risk-based-trading-scheme-for-cattle-in-england-farmer-perspectives-on-managing-trading-risk-for-bovine-tuberculosis
#20
R Little, K Wheeler, S Edge
This paper examines farmer attitudes towards the development of a voluntary risk-based trading scheme for cattle in England as a risk mitigation measure for bovine tuberculosis (bTB). The research reported here was commissioned to gather evidence on the type of scheme that would have a good chance of success in improving the information farmers receive about the bTB risk of cattle they buy. Telephone interviews were conducted with a stratified random sample of 203 cattle farmers in England, splitting the interviews equally between respondents in the high-risk area and low-risk area for bTB...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
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