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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642343/differential-distribution-of-vapa-positive-rhodococcus-equi-in-affected-and-unaffected-horse-breeding-farms
#1
S Petry, C Sévin, M A Fleury, F Duquesne, N Foucher, C Laugier, M Henry-Amar, J Tapprest
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642342/survival-of-contagious-ovine-digital-dermatitis-codd-associated-treponemes-on-disposable-gloves-after-handling-codd-affected-feet
#2
J W Angell, S R Clegg, D H Grove-White, R W Blowey, S D Carter, J S Duncan, N J Evans
Both contagious ovine digital dermatitis (CODD) and bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) are causes of infectious lameness in sheep and cattle, respectively, and are strongly associated with the presence of specific treponemes, with three different cultivable phylogroups commonly isolated: Treponema medium, Treponema phagedenis and Treponema pedis The aim of this study was to investigate the potential to transmit CODD-associated Treponema species via gloves used when handling visibly clinically affected animals...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601840/mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-vaccination-at-or-shortly-before-weaning-under-field-conditions-a-randomised-efficacy-trial
#3
I Arsenakis, A Michiels, R Del Pozo Sacristán, F Boyen, F Haesebrouck, D Maes
This study assessed the efficacy of two different Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccination programmes in relation to the time of weaning. Eight hundred and twenty-eight piglets were randomly divided into three groups: group V1 was vaccinated three days before weaning, group V2 at weaning (21 days of age) and group NV was left non-vaccinated. Vaccinations were performed using Ingelvac MycoFLEX. After the nursery period, 306 pigs were allocated to fattening unit (F1) and 501 pigs to a second unit (F2). Efficacy was evaluated using performance parameters and pneumonia lesions at slaughter...
June 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600446/long-term-efficacy-of-imepitoin-in-the-treatment-of-naive-dogs-affected-by-idiopathic-epilepsy
#4
A Gallucci, T Gagliardo, M Menchetti, E Bianchi, D Bucci, G Gandini
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term (12 months) efficacy and tolerability of imepitoin as first-choice treatment in 56 dogs suffering from idiopathic epilepsy and identify possible factors affecting the outcome. Primary treatment success (PTS) was defined as the achievement of a seizure-free interval three times longer than the pretreatment interictal interval (at least three months). Secondary treatment success (STS) was achieved by a decrease in seizure frequency ≥50 per cent compared with the pretreatment frequency...
June 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600445/acute-fatal-haemorrhagic-pneumonia-caused-by-streptococcus-equi-zooepidemicus-in-greyhounds-in-ireland-with-subsequent-typing-of-the-isolates
#5
W FitzGerald, B Crowe, P Brennan, J P Cassidy, M Leahy, M C McElroy, M Casey, A Waller, C Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576767/risk-factors-for-human-directed-aggression-in-a-referral-level-clinical-population
#6
M Lord, B A Loftus, E J Blackwell, R A Casey
Risk factors for human-directed aggression were investigated using retrospective analysis of data from a referral-level clinical behaviour population in the UK. A sample of 200 cases involving human-directed canine aggression and 200 control cases involving no instance of human-directed aggression were selected at random from a population of 746 cases. The final model suggested that clinical cases with human-directed aggression were significantly younger than those presenting with other undesired behaviours (P=0...
June 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526775/canine-dystocia-in-50-uk-first-opinion-emergency-care-veterinary-practices-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#7
D G O'Neill, A M O'Sullivan, E A Manson, D B Church, A K Boag, P D McGreevy, D C Brodbelt
Dystocia can represent a major welfare issue for dogs of certain breeds and morphologies. First-opinion emergency-care veterinary caseloads represent a useful data resource for epidemiological research because dystocia can often result in emergency veterinary care. The study analysed a merged database of clinical records from 50 first-opinion emergency-care veterinary practices participating in the VetCompass Programme. Multivariable logistic regression modelling was used for risk factors analysis. There were 701 dystocia cases recorded among 18,758 entire female dogs, resulting in a dystocia prevalence of 3...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526774/preliminary-evaluation-of-cytosine-phosphate-guanine-oligodeoxynucleotides-bound-to-gelatine-nanoparticles-as-immunotherapy-for-canine-atopic-dermatitis
#8
I Wagner, K J Geh, M Hubert, G Winter, K Weber, J Classen, C Klinger, R S Mueller
Cytosine-phosphate-guanine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN) are a promising new immunotherapeutic treatment option for canine atopic dermatitis (AD). The aim of this uncontrolled pilot study was to evaluate clinical and immunological effects of gelatine nanoparticle (GNP)-bound CpG ODN (CpG GNP) on atopic dogs. Eighteen dogs with AD were treated for 8 weeks (group 1, n=8) or 18 weeks (group 2, n=10). Before inclusion and after 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 6 weeks (group 1+2), 8 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks (group 2) 75 µg CpG ODN/dog (bound to 1...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512233/identification-assessment-and-management-of-new-and-re-emerging-animal-related-risks-uk-perspective
#9
R Kosmider, J Gibbens, R Avigad
Veterinary surveillance programmes aim to reduce the burden to the public, livestock and wider society posed by animal-related 'risks' (referred to as 'threats' later in the paper in line with a definition used by the European Food Safety Authority) including the re-emergence of diseases believed absent or eradicated. To achieve this, it is important to have a systematic approach to identifying and dealing with such threats rapidly and effectively. This paper describes the transparent, systematic and auditable process used for identifying, assessing, escalating and prioritising new and re-emerging animal-related threats in the UK...
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512232/loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-for-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-gene-detection-in-poultry-carcase
#10
M Kirchner, F Lemma, L Randall, M F Anjum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512231/survey-on-antimicrobial-prescribing-patterns-in-small-animal-veterinary-practice-in-emilia-romagna-italy
#11
A Barbarossa, J Rambaldi, V Miraglia, M Giunti, G Diegoli, A Zaghini
This investigation provides for the first time a general view of the prescribing patterns of antimicrobials in small animal practice in Emilia Romagna, Italy. In the context of a project on antimicrobial resistance managed by the Regional Veterinary Service, veterinary clinicians were invited to voluntarily complete an online questionnaire. This was designed to gather information on antimicrobial prescribing practices and biosecurity measures and to understand the perception of the issue specific to this region of Italy...
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487453/adaptation-of-the-animal-welfare-assessment-grid-awag-for-monitoring-animal-welfare-in-zoological-collections
#12
W S M Justice, M F O'Brien, O Szyszka, J Shotton, J E M Gilmour, P Riordan, S Wolfensohn
Animal welfare monitoring is an essential part of zoo management and a legal requirement in many countries. Historically, a variety of welfare audits have been proposed to assist zoo managers. Unfortunately, there are a number of issues with these assessments, including lack of species information, validated tests and the overall complexity of these audits which make them difficult to implement in practice. The animal welfare assessment grid (AWAG) has previously been proposed as an animal welfare monitoring tool for animals used in research programmes...
May 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487452/in-veterinary-trials-reporting-and-communication-regarding-randomisation-procedures-is-suboptimal
#13
N Di Girolamo, M A Giuffrida, A L Winter, R Meursinge Reynders
To evaluate randomisation mechanisms in the veterinary literature, all trials defined as 'randomised' were extracted from five leading veterinary journals for the year 2013. Three blinded investigators evaluated (1) if the random sequence generation was actually non-random, and (2) whether method (CONSORT item 8A) and (3) type of randomisation (CONSORT item 8B) were reported. Trialists were contacted via email to establish (1) willingness to respond to questions on randomisation procedures, (2) whether reporting of randomisation improved following a suggestion to use the CONSORT 2010 guideline...
May 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465328/private-animal-health-and-welfare-standards-in-quality-assurance-programmes-a-review-and-proposed-framework-for-critical-evaluation
#14
S J More, A Hanlon, J Marchewka, L Boyle
In recent years, 'private standards' in animal health and welfare have become increasingly common, and are often incorporated into quality assurance (QA) programmes. Here, we present an overview of the use of private animal health and welfare standards in QA programmes, and propose a generic framework to facilitate critical programme review. Private standards are being developed in direct response to consumer demand for QA, and offer an opportunity for product differentiation and a means to drive consumer choice...
May 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432193/randomised-positive-control-trial-of-nsaid-and-antimicrobial-treatment-for-calf-fever-caused-by-pneumonia
#15
S A Mahendran, R Booth, M Burge, N J Bell
One hundred and fifty-four preweaning calves were followed between May and October 2015. Calves were fitted with continuous monitoring temperature probes (TempVerified FeverTag), programmed so a flashing light emitting diode (LED) light was triggered following six hours of a sustained ear canal temperature of ≥39.7°C. A total of 83 calves (61.9 per cent) developed undifferentiated fever, with a presumptive diagnosis of pneumonia through exclusion of other calf diseases. Once fever was detected, calves were randomly allocated to treatment groups...
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424319/a-survey-on-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-unpasteurised-cows-milk-in-northern-ireland
#16
A Lahuerta-Marin, V Muñoz-Gomez, H Hartley, M Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, R Porter, N Spence, A Allen, J Lavery, G Bagdonaite, D McCleery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424318/infection-dynamics-of-mycoplasma-hyorhinis-in-three-commercial-pig-populations
#17
M J Clavijo, D Murray, S Oliveira, A Rovira
Mycoplasma hyorhinis is one of the causative agents of polyserositis and arthritis in postweaning pigs. Knowledge regarding colonisation frequency and age distribution in modern pig production is lacking. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of M hyorhinis colonisation in different age groups across three commercial pig populations. Nasal swabs were collected from sows, piglets and nursery pigs of different ages. Oral fluids were collected from nursery pigs. Necropsies were performed to assess the presence of M hyorhinis-associated disease...
April 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386033/comparative-antinociceptive-and-sedative-effects-of-epidural-romifidine-and-detomidine-in-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#18
M A Marzok, S A El-Khodery
In this study, comparative antinociceptive and sedative effects of epidural administration of romifidine and detomidine in buffalo were evaluated. Eighteen healthy adult buffalo, allocated randomly in three groups (two experimental and one control; n=6) received either 50 μg/kg of romifidine or detomidine diluted in sterile saline (0.9 per cent) to a final volume of 20 ml, or an equivalent volume of sterile saline epidurally. Antinociception, sedation and ataxia parameters were recorded immediately after drug administration...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386032/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-epileptic-cats-with-a-normal-interictal-neurological-examination-188-cases
#19
F Raimondi, N Shihab, R Gutierrez-Quintana, A Smith, R Trevail, D Sanchez-Masian, P M Smith
Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in dogs and cats. Although an increased likelihood of significant brain lesions with age has been identified in neurologically normal dogs with epileptic seizures, the underlying aetiology of epileptic seizures in cats that present with normal physical and neurological examinations remains unknown. In this cross-sectional study, the authors examined MRI findings in a large population of cats with a normal interictal physical and neurological examination. They hypothesised that age would have an impact on the prevalence of detectable lesions...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386031/frequency-of-molecular-detection-of-equine-herpesvirus-4-in-nasal-secretions-of-3028-horses-with-upper-airway-infection
#20
N Pusterla, F Bain, K James, S Mapes, K Kenelty, D C Barnett, E Gaughan, B Craig, D E Chappell, W Vaala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
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