Read by QxMD icon Read

Veterinary Record

Frédéric A C J Vangroenweghe, Eveline Willems, Olivier Thas, Dominiek G D Maes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
Philippa Jane Mahen, Helen J Williams, Robert Frank Smith, David Grove-White
Clinical and subclinical hypocalcaemia are common in dairy cows, yet evidence in the literature assessing their impact on fertility is inconsistent. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to examine associations between blood ionised calcium concentration at calving and fertility outcomes in dairy cattle. Blood samples were taken from 137 Holstein cows from four commercial dairy herds within 24 hours of calving and analysed for blood ionised calcium using an Epocal Point of Care Analyser (Epocal, Ottawa, Canada)...
July 11, 2018: Veterinary Record
Marzia Mancin, Lisa Barco, Carmen Losasso, Simone Belluco, Veronica Cibin, Matteo Mazzucato, Stefano Bilei, Maria Rosaria Carullo, Lucia Decastelli, Elisabetta Di Giannatale, Mario D'Incau, Elisa Goffredo, Stefano Lollai, Chiara Piraino, Stefania Scuota, Monica Staffolani, Silvia Tagliabue, Antonia Ricci
The study summarises the results obtained over the period 2002-2013 by the Italian IT-Enter-Vet network, aimed at collecting data on Salmonella isolates from non-human sources. A total of 42,491 Salmonella isolates were reported with a progressive decrease over the years. S. Typhimurium was the most frequent serovar up to 2011, but then, it was overtaken by S. 4,[5],12,:i:-, S. Derby , S. Livingstone and S. Enteritidis alternated as the third most commonly isolated serovars. With regard to the sources of isolation, S...
July 6, 2018: Veterinary Record
Zoe Belshaw, Natalie Jane Robinson, Rachel Sarah Dean, Marnie Louise Brennan
Veterinary receptionists and veterinary nurses rarely feature in published practice-based research, yet are integral to small animal veterinary practice in the UK. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of UK-based owners and veterinary surgeons about veterinary nurses and receptionists in relation to their role in preventive healthcare. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 15 dog and cat owners and 14 veterinary surgeons. Interview transcripts were thematically analysed...
July 4, 2018: Veterinary Record
Nicola Gladden, Dorothy McKeegan, Lorenzo Viora, Kathryn Amanda Ellis
Dystocia is considered painful and stressful for both the dam and the calf, although systematic evidence of this is limited. Few studies have investigated biochemical markers of stress and pain postpartum and whether any adverse effects are ameliorated by administration of analgesia. In this study, cow-calf pairs experiencing both mild to moderate farmer assistance and no assistance at parturition were randomly assigned to either treatment or placebo group in a two-by-two design (animals subject to veterinary intervention were excluded)...
June 30, 2018: Veterinary Record
Johanna Mäkitaipale, Harri Sievänen, Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori
Rabbit bones are brittle and prone to fissure formation. Radiographs of very young and old rabbits are often indicative of decreased bone density. The aim of this study was to investigate the tibial bone parameters in pet rabbits, and their association with age, sex, castration and dental disease. Eighty-seven (43 female/5 spayed, 44 male/19 castrated) pet rabbits (mean age 2.6 years, range 0.3-9.3 years) of various breeds were studied, of which 37 had dental disease. Right tibiae were scanned with peripheral quantitative CT at the distal (4percent) and mid-shaft sites (50percent of the tibial length)...
June 30, 2018: Veterinary Record
Francesca Romana Massacci, Silvio De Luca, Lucilla Cucco, Michele Tentellini, Vincent Perreten, Giovanni Pezzotti, Chiara Francesca Magistrali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Stephen A May
Mental health and career dissatisfaction are of increasing concern to the veterinary profession. The influence of identity on the psychological wellbeing of veterinarians has not been widely explored. Twelve recent veterinary graduates were enrolled in a private social media discussion group, and their identities investigated through narrative inquiry: a methodology which enables identity priorities to be extrapolated from stories of experience. Two distinct variants of the veterinary identity were identified: an academic, 'diagnosis-focused' identity, which prioritised definitive diagnosis and best-evidence treatment; and a broader 'challenge-focused' identity, where priorities additionally included engaging with the client, challenging environment or veterinary business...
June 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Joseph A Collins, Patrick G Wall, Vivienne E Duggan
Data concerning the numbers, locations and types of donkeys being officially registered (passported) in Ireland (32 counties) via horse passport issuing organisations were gathered. The numbers of agricultural area aid scheme (Areas of Natural Constraint (ANC)) applicants registering passported donkeys (as compared with horses) as livestock units (LUs), the numbers of donkeys they registered and the value of payments that thus accrued to the applicants are also reported for each of 26 counties for the years 2012 to 2014 inclusive...
June 22, 2018: Veterinary Record
Mayumi Fujiwara, Marie J Haskell, Alastair I Macrae, Kenneth M D Rutherford
Dry period management of the dairy cow focuses on maximising milk production during the subsequent lactation but may include procedures that negatively affect dry cow health and welfare. A survey of dairy farmers in the UK was conducted to investigate dry cow management procedures. The questionnaire was completed by 148 farmers. Most farms (84 per cent) kept dry cows in dynamic social groups. The median length of the dry period was 56 days, and 83 per cent of farms stopped milking abruptly, regardless of milk production level at dry-off...
June 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
Noémie Raut, Julie Rivière, Soline Hosteing, Eric Collin, Stéphanie Philizot, Olivier Debaere, Gina Zanella
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is of major concern in most countries including Europe, where no outbreaks have occurred since a decade. Indeed, the risk of FMD introduction from infected countries is not negligible and the awareness of field stakeholders (farmers, veterinarians) is essential to ensure an effective detection of the viral circulation. The French veterinary services launched in 2015 a survey to estimate the awareness of farmers and veterinarians and their knowledge about epidemiological and regulatory aspects of FMD...
June 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
Michaela Fels, Franziska Lüthje, Joana Bill, Kamelia Aleali, Nicole Kemper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Marisa da Fonseca Ferreira, Marta Garcia Arce, Ian Graham Handel, Craig Robert Breheny, Adam George Gow
Urine dipstick results may vary between operators/methods. The magnitude of variation across the veterinary field is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to compare the precision of urine dipstick results between standard direct visual and automated reading methods when performed by several operators. Urine samples were pooled and divided into three aliquots: one plain, one with glucose and one with serum. Final year students, veterinary surgeons and veterinary nurses, blinded to each sample, were then asked to perform dipstick analysis with direct visualisation and an automated analyser, and their technique was observed...
May 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
Shannon Roska, Samantha Morello, Victoria Rajamanickam, Lesley J Smith
Effects of lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) and hetastarch 130/0.4 (HES) on colloid osmotic pressure (COP), plasma osmolality (OSM) and total protein (TP) were investigated in 18 inhalational-anaesthetised healthy horses. Horses received 4-6 ml/kg LRS (LRS; n=9) or HES (HES; n=9) from anaesthesia induction through 60 min, after which all were administered LRS. COP, TP and OSM were measured before premedication (baseline), postinduction and 30 (n=18), 60 (n=18), 90 (n=18) and 120 (n=12) minutes. Baseline COP, OSM and TP were not different between groups...
May 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
Stuart C Clark-Price, Heidi Phillips, Laura Elizabeth Selmic, Stephanie C J Keating, Jennifer K Reagan
Change in body temperature (BT), serum biochemistry and recovery variables were compared after infusion of amino acids (AA) or lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Dogs received eight parts 10 per cent AA and two parts LRS (AA, n=10) or only LRS (CG, n=10) at 10 ml/kg/hour during 90 minutes of anaesthesia. BT was measured during anaesthesia and 60 minutes of recovery. Extubation time and shivering were noted. Serum samples were obtained before anaesthesia (T0), end of anaesthesia (T90) and 18 hours after (T18h)...
May 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
Fernanda M Tahamtani, Lena K Hinrichsen, Anja B Riber
The aim of this study was to survey and report the walking ability in broilers housed in both conventional and organic production systems in Denmark. To this end, the authors assessed the walking ability, by using the Bristol scale, in 31 conventional broiler flocks and in 29 organic broiler flocks distributed across Denmark. In addition, assessment of contact dermatitis, leg abnormalities, scratches and plumage cleanliness, as well as postmortem analysis of tibial dyschondroplasia, was performed in conventional broilers...
May 30, 2018: Veterinary Record
Juan Cuervo-Arango, Anthony N Claes, Tom A Stout
The aim of this study was to compare the success of embryo transfer (ET) performed by veterinarians with different degrees of experience using one of two ET techniques. Over three years, 179 embryos were transferred by three operators with moderate to high experience using a 'conventional' manual technique, and 170 embryos were transferred by four operators with little or no previous ET experience using a 'Wilsher' technique (Polansky speculum and Wilsher's cervical forceps). The pregnancy status of recipient mares at the first pregnancy diagnosis and the embryo loss by the last examination were compared between groups and within group among operators...
May 24, 2018: Veterinary Record
Heli K Hyytiäinen, Sari H Mölsä, Jouni J T Junnila, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Anna K Hielm-Björkman
This study aimed at developing a quantitative testing battery for dogs' stifle functionality, as, unlike in human medicine, currently none is available in the veterinary field. Forty-three dogs with surgically treated unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture and 21 dogs with no known musculoskeletal problems were included. Eight previously studied tests: compensation in sitting and lying positions, symmetry of thrust in hindlimbs when rising from lying and sitting, static weight bearing, stifle flexion and extension and muscle mass symmetry, were summed into the Finnish Canine Stifle Index (FCSI)...
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
Gail Elaine Chapman, Matthew Baylis, Debra C Archer
Increased globalisation and climate change have led to concern about the increasing risk of arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) outbreaks globally. An outbreak of equine arboviral disease in northern Europe could impact significantly on equine welfare, and result in economic losses. Early identification of arboviral disease by horse owners may help limit disease spread. In order to determine what horse owners understand about arboviral diseases of horses and their vectors, the authors undertook an open, cross-sectional online survey of UK horse owners...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
Martin Hawes, Anna Riddle, Joseph Kirk, Albert Jergens, Karin Allenspach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Veterinary Record
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"