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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923851/exploring-caregiver-burden-within-a-veterinary-setting
#1
Katherine J Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918382/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-fiv-and-felv-infection-in-two-shelters-in-the-united-kingdom-2011-2012
#2
Jenny Stavisky, Rachel Sarah Dean, Michael Henry Molloy
The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infections in cats presented to two RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) animal rehoming centres and to identify risk factors for infection. All cats presented at each centre between August 2011 and August 2012 were subjected to a patient-side test for FeLV/FIV on entry. Kittens under three months and cats euthanased within a short time of presentation were excluded from the study...
September 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916525/role-of-the-gastrointestinal-microbiota-in-small-animal-health-and-disease
#3
REVIEW
Alana Redfern, Jan Suchodolski, Albert Jergens
There is a large and emerging interest in the role of the gastrointestinal microbiota in health and disease. This paper serves to review the current knowledge and recommendations of the gastrointestinal microbiota in health and gastrointestinal disease. Further, this review evaluates the current literature and suggests guidelines for faecal microbial transplantation, a novel therapy for dysbiosis in veterinary medicine.
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893974/field-study-on-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-intradermal-versus-intramuscular-vaccination-against-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae
#4
Lisa Beffort, Christine Weiß, Kerstin Fiebig, Rika Jolie, Mathias Ritzmann, Matthias Eddicks
The present study compares the safety and efficacy of a needle-free, intradermal Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae vaccine to an intramuscular one. 420 piglets (21+3 days of age) were randomly assigned to two vaccination groups (intradermal vaccination V1 (n=138), intramuscular vaccination V2 (n=144)) and one unvaccinated control group (CG, n=138). As safety parameters clinical observations, local injection site reactions (ISR) and rectal temperatures were assessed. Average daily weight gain (ADWG) and pneumonic lung lesions (LL) were measured as efficacy parameters...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893973/understanding-the-primary-care-paradigm-an-experiential-learning-focus-of-the-early-veterinary-graduate
#5
William H R Dixon, Tierney Kinnison, Stephen A May
At a time where high levels of stress are reported in the veterinary profession, this study explores the challenges that veterinary graduates encounter when they enter general (first opinion) practice. Participants had written reflective accounts of their 'Most Puzzling Cases' for the postgraduate Professional Key Skills module of the Certificate in Advanced Veterinary Practice, offered by the Royal Veterinary College. Reasons that a case was puzzling, or became challenging, were thematically analysed. Fifteen summaries were analysed...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893972/cross-sectional-study-of-antimicrobials-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-by-bovine-veterinary-practitioners-in-australia
#6
Laura Y Hardefeldt, Glen F Browning, Karin A Thursky, James R Gilkerson, Helen Billman-Jacobe, Mark A Stevenson, Kirsten E Bailey
Antimicrobials are widely used in veterinary practices, but there has been no investigation of antimicrobial classes used or the appropriateness of their use in bovine practice. This study investigated antimicrobial use for surgical prophylaxis in bovine practice in Australia. A cross-sectional study of veterinarian antimicrobial usage patterns was conducted using an online questionnaire. Information solicited included respondent's details, the frequency with which antimicrobials were used for specific surgical conditions (including the dose, timing and duration of therapy) and details of practice antimicrobial use policies and sources of information about antimicrobials...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893971/computed-tomographic-assessment-of-equine-maxillary-cheek-teeth-anatomical-relationships-and-paranasal-sinus-volumes
#7
Tiziana Liuti, Richard Reardon, Paddy M Dixon
Disorders affecting the equine maxillary cheek teeth and paranasal sinuses are relatively common, but limited objective information is available on the dimensions and relationships of these structures in horses of different ages. The aims of this study were to assess age-related changes in the positioning and anatomical relationships of the individual maxillary cheek teeth with the infraorbital canal and maxillary septum and the volumes of the individual sinus compartments. CT and gross examination were performed on 60 normal equine cadaver heads that were aged by their dentition...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893970/has-respiratory-cryptosporidiosis-spread-to-black-grouse-tetrao-tetrix
#8
Nancy Parsons, Philip Warren, James Paul Duff, David Baines
Infection by Cryptosporidium baileyi was first confirmed in red grouse in northern England in 2010 and within three years spread to 48 per cent of moors. These form the last English stronghold for the rarer black grouse, and given the rapid spread of respiratory cryptosporidiosis among red grouse, concern has been expressed about possible infection. In 2010, the authors started screening black grouse for cryptosporidiosis in (1) dead birds taken for postmortem examination, (2) sample birds caught at night and (3) an observational study of birds attending leks...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874517/ruminant-neurological-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Lucy Giles, Jayne Orr, Lorenzo Viora, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana, David Logue, Julien Guevar
Between January 2006 and June 2016, 96 ruminants with neurological signs were donated to the Scottish Centre for Production Animal Health and Food Safety (SCPAHFS), University of Glasgow, by veterinarians in the field representing 5.4 per cent of all submissions. Forty-seven different neurological presenting signs were reported with 79 per cent of the donated patients presenting with abnormal gait. All cases presenting with abnormalities in more than 4 out of 10 neurological categories died or were euthanased on welfare grounds...
September 5, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870976/caregiver-burden-in-owners-of-a-sick-companion-animal-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#10
Mary Beth Spitznagel, Dana M Jacobson, Melanie D Cox, Mark D Carlson
Much recent work has focused on occupational stress in veterinary medicine, although little is known about the possible contribution of client-based factors. Clients providing care for a companion animal with protracted illness are likely to experience 'caregiver burden' and reduced psychosocial functioning, which may ultimately lead to increased veterinarian stress. This cross-sectional observational study assessed caregiver burden and psychosocial function in 238 owners of a dog or cat, comparing owners of an animal with chronic or terminal diseases (n=119) with healthy controls blindly matched for owner age/sex and animal species (n=119)...
September 4, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870975/three-cases-of-imported-eyeworm-infection-in-dogs-a-new-threat-for-the-united-kingdom
#11
John Graham-Brown, Paul Gilmore, Vito Colella, Lyndsay Moss, Chris Dixon, Martin Andrews, Peter Arbeid, Jackie Barber, Dorina Timofte, John McGarry, Domenico Otranto, Diana Williams
In July 2016 we described the first known case of canine ocular thelaziosis in the UK in a dog recently imported from Romania. Here we confirm our initial diagnosis using PCR followed by sequence analysis, and we report a further two clinical cases in dogs with recent history of travel to Italy and France. In view of the presence in the UK of the vector for Thelazia callipaeda, namely Phortica spp, we discuss the significance of these three cases in the context of the UK government's pet travel scheme, disease control and both animal and public health in the UK...
September 4, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866610/seasonality-in-oestrus-and-litter-size-in-an-assistance-dog-breeding-colony-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
Eleanor E Wigham, Rachel S Moxon, Gary C W England, James L N Wood, Michelle K Morters
Evidence of seasonality in oestrus in bitches within specialist breeding programmes, such as those for assistance dogs, may support colony management through tailoring the distribution of resources required for breeding throughout the year. However, at present there are conflicting data regarding seasonality in oestrus (and litter size) in domestic dogs. The primary objective of this study was to investigate seasonal variations in oestrus and litter size in a large assistance dog breeding colony in the UK in order to optimise colony management...
September 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851755/engaging-veterinarians-and-farmers-in-eradicating-bovine-viral-diarrhoea-a-systematic-review-of-economic-impact
#13
Matt J Yarnall, Michael V Thrusfield
Bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) is a significant drain on efficient and successful cattle production in both dairy and beef systems around the world. Several countries have achieved eradication of this disease, but always through the motivation of stakeholders who accept the benefits of eradication. These include increased cattle welfare and fitness of cattle to withstand other diseases, and decreased costs of production, the latter resulting from both decreased costs spent on managing the disease and decreased losses...
August 29, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847876/levetiracetam-monotherapy-for-treatment-of-structural-epilepsy-in-dogs-19-cases-2010-2015
#14
Darren Kelly, Francesca Raimondi, Nadia Shihab
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam monotherapy in dogs with structural epilepsy. Retrospective case series. Nineteen client-owned dogs with structural epilepsy. Seizure frequencies after initiation of treatment were used to evaluate the efficacy of levetiracetam monotherapy. Seizure control was considered good if no seizures occurred within three months of starting treatment or poor if seizures returned within one month of starting treatment. Tolerability was evaluated by considering the occurrence and severity of any reported side effects...
August 28, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847875/evaluation-of-three-intravenous-injectable-anaesthesia-protocols-in-healthy-adult-male-alpacas
#15
Sandra D Taylor, Aubrey N Baird, Ann B Weil, Audrey Ruple
Few studies have investigated the effects of intravenous injectable anaesthesia in alpacas. The objective of this study was to evaluate three intravenous injectable anaesthesia protocols in healthy adult alpacas exposed to noxious stimulation. A prospective randomised crossover study was done using six healthy adult male alpacas. Cardiopulmonary variables including heart rate, respiratory rate, mean arterial pressure, end-tidal pCO2 and haemoglobin oxygen saturation were collected immediately after and every two minutes following induction of each of three anaesthesia protocols in six male castrated alpacas...
August 28, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847874/risk-factors-for-redemption-of-feline-neutering-vouchers-issued-by-welfare-organisations
#16
Rachel H Kinsman, Tim J Gruffydd-Jones, Jane Clements, Jane K Murray
Animal welfare organisations in the UK invest substantial resources to fund subsidised neutering vouchers to increase feline neutering rates. Little evidence exists to quantify factors influencing voucher redemption. This cross-sectional study assessed risk factors (including voucher value and expiry period) for redemption of neutering vouchers issued by staff of the feline welfare charity Cats Protection. Data were collected using telephone interview-administered questionnaires of cat owners who were issued a neutering voucher(s) and from Cats Protection voucher payment records...
August 28, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847873/antimicrobial-use-in-food-producing-animals-a-rapid-evidence-assessment-of-stakeholder-practices-and-beliefs
#17
Jo Hockenhull, Andrea E Turner, Kristen K Reyher, David C Barrett, Laura Jones, Stephen Hinchliffe, Henry J Buller
Food-producing animals throughout the world are likely to be exposed to antimicrobial (AM) treatment. The crossover in AM use between human and veterinary medicine raises concerns that antimicrobial resistance (AMR) may spread from food-producing animals to humans, driving the need for further understanding of how AMs are used in livestock practice as well as stakeholder beliefs relating to their use. A rapid evidence assessment (REA) was used to collate research on AM use published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2016...
August 28, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823993/alternative-methods-to-compare-safety-of-live-attenuated-respiratory-newcastle-disease-vaccines-in-young-chicks
#18
Aris Malo, Sjaak de Wit, Wim A J M Swart, Jane K A Cook
The work reported here is an initial attempt to find an alternative method by which the safety of live-attenuated Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccines for the respiratory tract of young chickens can be assessed. The current recommended methods involve either the subjective assessment of respiratory signs, or raise ethical concerns, as in the case of the intracerebral pathogenicity index. The two methods considered here were the use of tracheal organ cultures to assess the level of ciliostasis which the vaccines caused to the ciliated epithelium of the trachea and the incorporation of a pathogenic strain of Escherichia coli in the inoculum in order to induce colibacillosis...
August 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822974/sedative-and-cardiopulmonary-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-infusions-randomly-receiving-or-not-butorphanol-in-standing-horses
#19
Luíza Quintão Medeiros, Miguel Gozalo-Marcilla, Polly M Taylor, Daniela Campagnol, Flávia Augusta de Oliveira, Marcos Jun Watanabe, Antonio José de Araujo Aguiar
Dexmedetomidine (DEX) alone, or combined with butorphanol (BUT), may be administered by constant rate infusions (CRIs) in standing horses. This blinded, randomised, crossover study in six healthy adult horses aimed to determine the sedative and cardiopulmonary effects of DEX (dexmedetomidine (3.5 µg/kg+5 µg/kg/hour CRI) and DEX/BUT (dexmedetomidine (3.5 µg/kg+3.5 µg/kg/hour CRI) and butorphanol (20 µg/kg+24 µg/kg/hour CRI)). Head height above ground (HHAG), ataxia, responses to tactile/auditory stimuli and cardiopulmonary variables were recorded before, at 5/15/30/60/90 minutes and after CRIs terminated (15/30/60 minutes)...
August 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814534/clinician-attitudes-to-pain-and-use-of-analgesia-in-cattle-where-are-we-10-years-on
#20
John G Remnant, Alex Tremlett, Jon N Huxley, Chris D Hudson
Pain in cattle can arise though disease or injury or may result from veterinary or husbandry procedures. Controlling pain is important to safeguard animal welfare. Previous studies indicated that the use of analgesics in cattle has lagged behind use in companion animals. Over the last decade, more analgesic products have become available for use in cattle and there have been increased efforts to communicate the importance and benefits of analgesia. A questionnaire (based on that used in a similar study published in 2006) was sent to UK cattle practitioners asking them to score pain severity for several conditions of cattle and asking about their attitudes towards and use of analgesic medicines...
August 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
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