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Veterinary Record

Louise Corah, Liz Mossop, Kate Cobb, Rachel Dean
Consultations are complex interactions, are central to achieving optimal outcomes for all stakeholders, yet what constitutes a successful consultation has not been defined. The aim of this systematic review was to describe the scope of the literature available on specific health problem consultations and appraise their identified success measures. Searches of CAB Abstracts and MEDLINE were performed in May 2016 using species and consultation terms. Systematic sorting of the results allowed identification of consultation 'success factors' cited in peer-reviewed veterinary literature which were appraised using an appropriate critical appraisal tool (AXIS)...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
Jiwoon Jeong, Seeun Kim, Changhoon Park, Ikjae Kang, Kee Hwan Park, Hee Jin Ham, Chanhee Chae
The objective of this field study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of sows after vaccination with a porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) subunit vaccine (PRRSFREE PRRS subunit vaccine, Reber Genetics, Taiwan, Republic of China) under field conditions. The study was performed in three farms with endemic infections with both PRRS virus (PRRSV)-1 and PRRSV-2, a situation representative of most Korean farms. Pregnant sows were immunised intramuscularly with 2.0 ml of the PRRS subunit vaccine at 58 and 79 days of gestation (eight and five weeks antepartum) according to the manufacturer's recommendation...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
Maria Oliveira, James Fraser McConnell, Thomas W Maddox, Daniel Sanchez-Masian, Rita Gonçalves
The constructive interference in steady state (CISS) sequence has been widely used in human neuroimaging. It has been shown to be advantageous in the evaluation of intra-axial and extra-axial cystic abnormalities, arteriovenous and dysraphic malformations and disturbances of cerebrospinal fluid circulation. To assess the utility of this technique in small animals, interpretations based on this sequence were compared with those based on T2-weighted (T2W) sequences in 145 dogs that underwent MRI of the spine for suspected spinal cord disease...
March 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
Nicolize O'Dell, Luke Arnot, Chris Eric Janisch, Johan Ca Steyl
African horse sickness (AHS) is a fatal vector transmitted viral disease of horses caused by the African horse sickness virus (AHSV). This disease is characterised by circulatory and respiratory failure, resulting from vascular endothelial injury affecting many organs. The susceptibility of dogs to AHS has been demonstrated in the past following experimental infection through consumption of infected horse meat. clinical cases of AHS in dogs (cAHS) have been documented, without a history of ingesting infected horse meat, over a period of 12 years...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Record
Greg Mutze, Nicki De Preu, Trish Mooney, Dylan Koerner, Darren McKenzie, Ron Sinclair, John Kovaliskli, David Peacock
Lagovirus europaeus GI.2, also commonly known as rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus 2, was first detected at two long-term monitoring sites for European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus , in South Australia, in mid-2016. Numbers of rabbits in the following 12-18 months were reduced to approximately 20 per cent of average numbers in the preceding 10 years. The impact recorded at the two South Australian sites, if widespread in Australia and persistent for several years, is likely to be of enormous economic and environmental benefit...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Record
Josep Brocal, Steven De Decker, Roberto José-López, Julien Guevar, Maria Ortega, Tim Parkin, Gert Ter Haar, Rodrigo Gutierrez-Quintana
Congenital vertebral malformations (CVM) are common in brachycephalic 'screw-tailed' dogs; they can be associated with neurological deficits and a genetic predisposition has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to evaluate radiography as a screening method for congenital thoracic vertebral malformations in brachycephalic 'screw-tailed' dogs by comparing it with CT. Forty-nine dogs that had both radiographic and CT evaluations of the thoracic vertebral column were included. Three observers retrospectively reviewed the images independently to detect CVMs...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Record
Priscilla F Gerber, Alasdair MacLeod, Tanja Opriessnig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Record
Clare J Phythian, Kathryn D Stafford, Gerald C Coles, Eric R Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Veterinary Record
Caitlin Alexandra Evans, Farhid Hemmatzadeh, Michael P Reichel, Peter D Cockcroft
This study investigated the transmission of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV)-1c from a persistently infected (PI) neonate lamb to naïve sheep and cattle using three treatment groups: four naïve ewes and their five lambs, which were copaddocked with the PI lamb; five steers, which were housed in a paddock adjacent to the PI lamb; and five steers, which had direct but limited exposure to the PI lamb. Serum samples were collected and tested for BVDV-specific antibodies. Serum samples from the PI lamb, from day of birth to eight weeks of age, were tested for BVDV-specific antibodies and antigen and submitted for quantitative PCR to determine the viral load present at each week of age...
March 6, 2018: Veterinary Record
Hannah J Robbins, Rachel A Casey, Jane Clements, Tim Gruffydd-Jones, Jane K Murray
Neutering is key to feline population control. Neutering campaigns provide education and/or financial assistance to encourage neutering. This study assessed the impact of the Cats Protection East Midlands Neutering Campaign (CPEMNC) on the proportion and ages of cats neutered. The CPEMNC, comprising of an outreach programme and voucher-based subsidised neutering scheme, began in June 2014. A convenience sample of owners who had attended 12 regional veterinary practices to complete a cat vaccination course in June/July 2014, or to have their cat neutered in October 2014 (CAMPAIGN) were compared with an equivalent control period in 2013 (CONTROL)...
March 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
Mamoru Takeuchi, Hironori Imano, Isao Muraki, Yuji Shimizu, Mina Hayama-Terada, Akihiko Kitamura, Takeo Okada, Masahiko Kiyama, Hiroyasu Iso
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between low serum creatinine levels and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and dysglycemia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 3313 Japanese male workers aged 30-55 years, who underwent annual health check-ups during 2001-2008 and showed no type 2 diabetes mellitus, and underwent follow-up examinations until March 2013. Dysglycemia was defined as a fasting plasma glucose concentration of ≥ 110 mg/dL (6...
February 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Vicki J Adams, Kellie Ceccarelli, Penny Watson, Stuart Carmichael, Johanna Penell, David M Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Ian Wright, Benjamin Cull, Emma L Gillingham, Kayleigh M Hansford, Jolyon Medlock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Harriet L Mills, Andrea Turner, Lisa Morgans, Jonathan Massey, Hannah Schubert, Gwen Rees, David Barrett, Andrew Dowsey, Kristen K Reyher
The issue of antimicrobial resistance is of global concern across human and animal health. In 2016, the UK government committed to new targets for reducing antimicrobial use (AMU) in livestock. Although a number of metrics for quantifying AMU are defined in the literature, all give slightly different interpretations. This paper evaluates a selection of metrics for AMU in the dairy industry: total mg, total mg/kg, daily dose and daily course metrics. Although the focus is on their application to the dairy industry, the metrics and issues discussed are relevant across livestock sectors...
February 23, 2018: Veterinary Record
Jiwoon Jeong, Seeun Kim, Changhoon Park, Kee Hwan Park, Ikjae Kang, Su-Jin Park, Chanhee Chae
This study evaluated porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV)-2 modified live virus (MLV) vaccine against heterologous single and dual challenge of Korean PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2. Pigs were administered PRRSV-2 MLV vaccine intramuscularly at 21 days of age and inoculated intranasally with both genotypes at 56 days of age. Vaccination of pigs with PRRSV-2 MLV vaccine resulted in reduction of viral loads of both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 after heterologous single and dual challenge with PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2...
February 22, 2018: Veterinary Record
Deborah A Grosenbaugh, Maria Camila Pardo
Forty-four specific pathogen-free beagles, median age 65 days, received two subcutaneous doses of either a commercially available, five-way combination vaccine or the same vaccine in combination with a tetravalent Leptospira bacterin (Canicola, Grippotyphosa, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Pomona). They were subsequently challenged with a pathogenic strain L kirschneri serovar Grippotyphosa 470 days following completion of the vaccination protocol. Titres of agglutinating serum antibodies were determined at various time points before and after both vaccination and challenge, along with postchallenge reisolation of the challenge organisms from blood and urine, and evaluation of renal histopathology...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
Daniel-Dean Steerforth, Steven Van Winden
Omphalitis contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in neonatal calves. Diagnosis of omphalitis is based on the local signs of inflammation-pain, swelling, local heat and purulent discharge. An abattoir trial identified an optimal, sign-based, scoring system for diagnosis of omphalitis. A sample of 187 calves aged between 7 and 15 days old were clinically examined for signs of umbilical inflammation and compared with postmortem examination of navels. On postmortem findings, 64 calves (34.2 per cent) had omphalitis...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
Eoin D Ryan, Karina Wrigley, Anne Hallinan, Guy McGrath, Tracy Ann Clegg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
Emmelie Stock, Dominique Paepe, Sylvie Daminet, Luc Duchateau, Jimmy H Saunders, Katrien Vanderperren
The degenerative effects of ageing on the kidneys have been extensively studied in humans. However, only recently interest has been focused on renal ageing in veterinary medicine. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound allows non-invasive evaluation of renal perfusion in conscious cats. Renal perfusion parameters were obtained in 43 healthy cats aged 1-16 years old, and the cats were divided in four age categories: 1-3 years, 3-6 years, 6-10 years and over 10 years. Routine renal parameters as serum creatinine, serum urea, urine-specific gravity, urinary protein:creatinine ratio and systolic blood pressure were also measured...
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
Lena-Mari Tamminen, Helena Fransson, Madeleine Tråvén, Anna Aspán, Stefan Alenius, Ulf Emanuelson, Ilmars Dreimanis, Mats Törnquist, Erik Eriksson
In 2007, human infections with a hypervirulent strain of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 increased in Sweden and especially in the Halland County. A connection between the cases and a local beef cattle farm with an on-farm abattoir and meat processing plant was established. In this observational study the control measures implemented on the infected farm and the dynamics of infection in the herd are described. In May 2008, when measures were initiated and animals put to pasture, the prevalence of positive individuals was 40 per cent and 18 carcasses out of 24 slaughtered animals were contaminated...
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
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