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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314783/umbilical-infections-in-foals-microbiological-investigation-and-management
#1
E Rampacci, F Passamonti, M Bottinelli, V Stefanetti, M Cercone, S Nannarone, R Gialletti, F Beccati, M Coletti, M Pepe
This study aims to investigate the bacteria involved in equine omphalitis and their susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs, and consequently to provide guidelines concerning the most suitable treatment protocol in accordance with the clinical, ultrasound and laboratory findings. Forty foals aged between one and 30 days were evaluated in the course of this investigation. An ultrasound examination of all umbilical remnants was carried out carefully in all foals; umbilical swabs were collected for bacteriological examination, and blood samples were collected for blood culture from 19 foals with fever and abnormal blood values...
March 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283670/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-dogs-treated-medically-or-surgically-for-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-protrusion
#2
A H Crawford, S De Decker
To date, few studies have investigated the clinical characteristics of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion (IVDP). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the presentation and outcome of dogs receiving medical or surgical treatment for thoracolumbar IVDP. Eighty-four dogs were included, with a median age of 9.4 years. German shepherd dogs and Staffordshire bull terriers were the most common breeds. Significantly more surgically treated dogs (n=53) had neurological deficits and were non-ambulatory, compared with medically treated (n=31)...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283669/trend-analysis-suggested-a-change-in-subspecies-among-mycobacterium-avium-isolated-from-pigs-in-belgium-1967-2013
#3
K Soetaert, C Vluggen, L Duytschaever, J Denoël, V Roupie, F Smeets, N Bruffaerts, K Huygen, D Fretin, M Diels, L Rigouts, C Saegerman, V Mathys
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283668/effect-of-peritoneal-lavage-solution-temperature-on-body-temperature-in-anaesthetised-cats-and-small-dogs
#4
D C Barnes, E A Leece, T A Trimble, J L Demetriou
A prospective, randomised, non-blinded, clinical study to assess the effect of peritoneal lavage using warmed fluid on body temperature in anesthetised cats and dogs of less than 10 kg body mass undergoing coeliotomy. A standardised anaesthetic protocol was used. Oesophageal and rectal temperatures were measured at various time points. At the end of surgery, group 1 patients (n=10) were lavaged with 200 ml/kg sterile isotonic saline at 34±1°C and group 2 (n=10) at 40±1°C. Groups were similar with respect to age, mass, body condition and surgical incision length...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283667/rates-of-and-reasons-for-condemnation-of-poultry-carcases-harmonised-methodology-at-the-slaughterhouse
#5
M Salines, V Allain, H Roul, C Magras, S Le Bouquin
European hygiene regulations require the condemnation of any unsafe food. However, there is little information identifying and quantifying condemnation of poultry carcases at slaughterhouses. We present an in-depth view of rates of and reasons for the condemnation of broiler, turkey, meat and force-feeding duck, guinea fowl carcases in France. The experiment was conducted in 10 slaughterhouses. For one year, all condemnations were recorded on a standard form following a national reference system. The rates of and reasons for condemnation, as well as factors influencing variation were investigated...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283666/clinical-parameters-and-adrenocortical-activity-to-assess-stress-responses-of-alpacas-using-different-methods-of-restraint-either-alone-or-with-shearing
#6
T Wittek, T Salaberger, R Palme, S Becker, F Hajek, B Lambacher, S Waiblinger
Shearing of alpacas is stressful and is undertaken by restraint in the standing position, cast on the floor or on a tilt table. The objectives of the study were to evaluate and compare the stress responses between different methods. The study consisted of two parts. In part one, 15 animals were restrained applying all three methods but without shearing. In part two, 45 animals in three groups of 15 were shorn using one of the three procedures. Body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, salivary cortisol and faecal cortisol metabolites (FCM) were measured...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275092/evaluating-veterinary-practitioner-perceptions-of-communication-skills-and-training
#7
M P McDermott, M A Cobb, V A Tischler, I J Robbé, R S Dean
A survey was conducted among veterinary practitioners in the UK and the USA in 2012/2013. Thematic analysis was used to identify underlying reasons behind answers to questions about the importance of communication skills and the desire to participate in postgraduate communication skills training. Lack of training among more experienced veterinary surgeons, incomplete preparation of younger practitioners and differences in ability to communicate all contribute to gaps in communication competency. Barriers to participating in further communication training include time, cost and doubts in the ability of training to provide value...
March 8, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275091/endemic-caseous-lymphadenitis-in-a-wild-caprinae-population
#8
L Varela-Castro, J Lara-Vergara, N Ortega, J Salinas, A Colom-Cadena, S Lavín, P Tizzani, R Velarde, E Serrano, G Mentaberre
Between 2010 and 2013, an outbreak of caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) occurred in a captive stock of Iberian ibexes (Capra pyrenaica, Schinz 1838) maintained for conservation purposes in the National Game Reserve 'Ports de Tortosa i Beseit' (PTB), northeastern Spain. The aim of this study was to assess the CLA status in the free-ranging donor population of ibexes. An ELISA test to detect antibodies to CLA was performed in 360 hunter-harvested ibexes between 2007 and 2013. A spatial analysis and recursive partitioning approaches with regression tree models were used to explore CLA-associated risk factors...
March 8, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270541/safety-culture-the-nottingham-veterinary-safety-culture-survey-nvscs
#9
C Oxtoby, L Mossop, K White, E Ferguson
Safety culture is a vital concept in human healthcare because of its influence on staff behaviours in relation to patient safety. Understanding safety culture is essential to ensure the acceptance and sustainability of changes, such as the introduction of safe surgery checklists. While widely studied and assessed in human medicine, there is no tool for its assessment in veterinary medicine. This paper therefore presents initial data on such an assessment: the Nottingham Veterinary Safety Culture Survey (NVSCS)...
March 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270540/creatinine-concentrations-of-accumulated-intrauterine-fluid-to-confirm-the-clinical-diagnosis-of-urometra-in-mares
#10
M R Schnobrich, D L Gordon, C F Scoggin, E A Bradecamp, I F Canisso
Urine pooling, as a persistent condition, is a cause of infertility in mares due to endometrial inflammation and sperm toxicity. Identification of urometra can be challenging in mares presenting with the condition intermittently, or when urine flows into the uterus but is undetectable in the vagina. Currently, there are no reported objective methods to confirm the clinical diagnosis of urine contamination in intrauterine-fluid accumulations. Since creatinine is present in high concentrations in urine and does not diffuse across cell membranes, creatinine concentration should be increased in mares with urometra, but negligible in normal and mares with intrauterine fluid accumulation (non-urometra cases)...
March 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270539/caregiver-placebo-effect-in-analgesic-clinical-trials-for-painful-cats-with-naturally-occurring-degenerative-joint-disease
#11
M E Gruen, D C Dorman, B D X Lascelles
A literature review identified six placebo-controlled studies of analgesics in client-owned cats with degenerative joint disease-associated pain. Five studies with 96 cats had available data. Caregiver responses on a clinical metrology instrument, Client-Specific Outcome Measure (CSOM), were compared to measured activity. Cats were categorised as 'successes' or 'failures' based on change in CSOM score and activity counts from baseline. Effect sizes based on CSOM score were calculated; factors that were associated with success/failure were analysed using logistic regression...
March 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270538/chemotherapy-drug-handling-in-first-opinion-small-animal-veterinary-practices-in-the-united-kingdom-results-of-a-questionnaire-survey
#12
E G Edery
To investigate how first opinion small animal veterinary surgeons in the UK handled chemotherapeutic agents, a questionnaire was distributed at the 2014 British Small Animal Veterinary Association congress and by internet. Chemotherapy was regularly offered by 70.4 per cent of the respondents. Gold standards defined according to available guidelines for safe handling of antineoplastic drugs were poorly followed by general practitioners with only 2 per cent of respondents complying with all of them. Dedicated facilities for preparation and administration of cytotoxic drugs were variably available among participants...
March 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242782/role-of-canine-circovirus-in-dogs-with-acute-haemorrhagic-diarrhoea
#13
A Anderson, K Hartmann, C M Leutenegger, A L Proksch, R S Mueller, S Unterer
Canine circovirus (CanineCV) has been detected in some dogs with severe haemorrhagic diarrhoea, but its pathogenic role is unclear. This study evaluated a suspected association between the presence of CanineCV and acute haemorrhagic diarrhoea syndrome (AHDS) in dogs. The prevalence of CanineCV in dogs with AHDS was compared with that in healthy dogs and those infected with canine parvovirus (CPV). Additionally, time to recovery and mortality rate were compared between CanineCV-positive and CanineCV-negative dogs...
February 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242781/early-warning-of-footpad-dermatitis-and-hockburn-in-broiler-chicken-flocks-using-optical-flow-bodyweight-and-water-consumption
#14
M S Dawkins, S J Roberts, R J Cain, T Nickson, C A Donnelly
Footpad dermatitis and hockburn are serious welfare and economic issues for the production of broiler (meat) chickens. The authors here describe the use of an inexpensive camera system that monitors the movements of broiler flocks throughout their lives and suggest that it is possible to predict, even in young birds, the cross-sectional prevalence at slaughter of footpad dermatitis and hockburn before external signs are visible. The skew and kurtosis calculated from the authors' camera-based optical flow system had considerably more power to predict these outcomes in the 50 flocks reported here than water consumption, bodyweight or mortality and therefore have the potential to inform improved flock management through giving farmers early warning of welfare issues...
February 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235787/evaluation-of-a-rapid-igm-detection-test-for-diagnosis-of-acute-leptospirosis-in-dogs
#15
J Lizer, M Grahlmann, H Hapke, S Velineni, D Lin, B Kohn
Recently, a lateral flow assay (LFA) for detection of Leptospira-specific IgM in canine sera became commercially available in Europe. The present study aims to evaluate the diagnostic performance of this assay using canine sera from a collection of diagnostic accessions. Diagnostic sensitivity was assessed by testing 37 acute-phase and 9 corresponding convalescent-phase sera from dogs with a confirmed diagnosis of leptospirosis. Specificity was determined by testing sera from sick dogs with non-leptospiral infections (n=15) and healthy dogs with incomplete history of vaccination (n=45)...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235786/systematic-account-of-animal-poisonings-in-germany-2012-2015
#16
S E McFarland, R H Mischke, C Hopster-Iversen, X von Krueger, H Ammer, H Potschka, A Stürer, K Begemann, H Desel, M Greiner
A systematic retrospective study on animal poisonings in Germany (wildlife excluded) between January 2012 and December 2015 was conducted. Data were collected on animal exposure calls to German poison centres, poisoning cases presenting to the University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover Small Animal and Equine Clinics, cases involving off-label use of veterinary medicinal products reported to the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety and toxicological submissions to the Institute of Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Pharmacy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219956/mineral-status-in-canine-medial-coronoid-process-disease-a-cohort-study-using-analysis-of-hair-by-mass-spectrometry
#17
M Davies, J West, C Williams, D S Gardner
In several species, developmental skeletal diseases involving abnormal endochondral ossification have been associated with imbalanced mineral intake. Hair analysis reflects long-term mineral status. To determine the mineral content of hair from dogs with or without medial coronoid process disease (MCPD). Dogs with MCPD have a different profile of minerals known to influence metalloenzymes involved in endochondral ossification. After cleansing, chelation and acid digestion of hair samples (n=79 in total: control dogs, n=70 v MCPD, n=9), mineral profile (7 major and 25 trace elements) was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry...
February 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213532/susceptibility-and-pk-pd-relationships-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-from-ovine-and-caprine-with-clinical-mastitis-against-five-veterinary-fluoroquinolones
#18
J M Serrano-Rodríguez, C Cárceles-García, C M Cárceles-Rodríguez, M L Gabarda, J M Serrano-Caballero, E Fernández-Varón
Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and mutant prevention concentration (MPC) of veterinary fluoroquinolones as enrofloxacin, its metabolite ciprofloxacin, danofloxacin, difloxacin and marbofloxacin against Staphylococcus aureus strains (n=24) isolated from milk of sheep and goats affected by clinical mastitis were evaluated. The authors have used the MIC and MPC, as well as the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships in plasma and milk. MIC values were significantly different between drugs, unlike MPC values...
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213531/dexmedetomidine-oromucosal-gel-for-noise-associated-acute-anxiety-and-fear-in-dogs-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-study
#19
M Korpivaara, K Laapas, M Huhtinen, B Schöning, K Overall
The aim of this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical-field study was to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine oromucosal gel at subsedative doses in alleviation of noise-associated acute anxiety and fear in dogs. On New Year's Eve, 182 dogs with a history of acute anxiety and fear associated with fireworks received treatment as needed up to five times: 89 dogs received dexmedetomidine and 93 dogs received placebo. For the primary efficacy variables, dog owners assessed the overall treatment effect as well as signs and extent of anxiety and fear...
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213530/students-beliefs-in-animal-sentience-no-decline-across-veterinary-education
#20
N Clarke, D C J Main, E S Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
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