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Veterinary Record

Sandra Dorothee Starke, Maarten Oosterlinck
Visual equine lameness assessment is often unreliable, yet the full understanding of this issue is missing. Here, we investigate visual lameness assessment using near-realistic, three-dimensional horse animations presenting with 0-60 per cent movement asymmetry. Animations were scored at an equine veterinary seminar by attendees with various expertise levels. Results showed that years of experience and exposure to a low, medium or high case load had no significant effect on correct assessment of lame (P>0...
September 21, 2018: Veterinary Record
Seung-Hun Lee, Ha-Young Kim, Haeseung Lee, Jong Wan Kim, Yu-Ran Lee, Myeong Ju Chae, Sang-Ik Oh, Jong Ho Kim, Man Hee Rhee, Oh-Deog Kwon, Youn-Kyoung Goo, Tae-Hwan Kim, Paul John L Geraldino, Dongmi Kwak
This study evaluated the prevalence of Eimeria species, particularly E bovis , E zuernii and E auburnensis that are pathogenic to cattle, in faecal samples collected from cattle with diarrhoea reared in the Republic of Korea by using microscopy and PCR. In addition, the prevalence of Eimeria species was analysed according to age, type of cattle, region, season and nature of diarrhoea. Overall, Eimeria species were identified in 279 of the 1261 (22.1 per cent) faecal samples through microscopy, and statistical analysis revealed a lower prevalence in calves aged than three weeks or less and higher prevalence in cattle with haemorrhagic diarrhoea...
September 21, 2018: Veterinary Record
Raul Altuzarra, Laura Vilalta, Jaume Martorell, Rosa Novellas, Yvonne Espada
Disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract are relatively common in rabbits. Survey radiographs and abdominal ultrasound have inherent limitations in the evaluation of the urinary tract in this species; because of that, contrast study modalities are a valuable diagnostic tool in rabbits with urinary disorders. The aims of this study were to describe digital fluoroscopic excretory urography (DFEU) and to determine the urogram phases in healthy New Zealand rabbits. The median time of beginning of the nephrographic and pyelographic phases was 10 seconds (IQR: 10-12 seconds) and 1...
September 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
Mark W Little, Gareth A Arnott, Michael D Welsh, Jason P Barley, Niamh E O' Connell, Conrad P Ferris
Seventy-two Holstein-Friesian dairy cows were offered the same amount of concentrates over the first 140 days of lactation, by either a 'total-mixed-ration' or a 'feed-to-yield' strategy. The effects on blood profiles and cow health were examined. Cows on total-mixed-ration were offered a mixed ration comprising grass silage and concentrates (50:50 dry matter basis). Cows on feed-to-yield were offered a basal mixed ration (grass silage plus 6 kg concentrates/cow/day) plus additional concentrates via an out-of-parlour feeding system, calculated according to each individual cow's milk yield during the previous week...
September 18, 2018: Veterinary Record
Andreu Colom-Cadena, Llilianne Ganges, Sara Muñoz-González, Raquel Castillo-Contreras, José Alejandro Bohórquez, Rosa Rosell, Joaquim Segalés, Ignasi Marco, Oscar Cabezon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2018: Veterinary Record
Fay Pooley, Wendela Wapenaar
In the final year of the course schools assess students to ensure a minimum level of knowledge and skills is achieved before graduation as a veterinary surgeon. Across the universities, different styles and combinations of assessments are used. A national assessment could provide a solution to maintain quality and potential employability of veterinary surgeons. The aim of this study was to identify barriers and motivators of veterinary educators from all veterinary schools in the UK and the Republic of Ireland towards a national assessment...
September 7, 2018: Veterinary Record
Heather Fowler, Bianca Irimia, Vickie Ramirez, Hendrika Meischke, Peter Rabinowitz
Veterinary workers must care for their animal patients while simultaneously protecting their own health and safety. This process can be complicated by the presence and perception of pet owners who may not agree with a given tactic used to protect veterinary workers from injury. We conducted focus groups of pet owners in the Seattle area during November 2016 to gain a deeper understanding of their perceptions relating to veterinary worker safety practices. Focus group interviews were recorded and transcribed and study themes identified and summarised...
September 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
Damien Achard, Agathe Caruso-Vares, Jean-François Collin, Joanne McKelvie, David Reddick, Cliff Ramage
This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a new florfenicol/meloxicam combination (FMC) in calves with bovine respiratory disease. A total of 90 young calves were challenged via intratracheal deposition of 108  colony-forming units of Mannheimia haemolytica Data for 84 calves demonstrating a rectal temperature (RT) above 39.5°C and a combined total clinical score (TCS) greater than or equal to 3 were included. Calves were then randomly allocated to one of the three study groups (FMC; florfenicol/flunixin combination (FFC); or saline) and promptly treated...
September 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
Kirsty Hughes, Susan M Rhind, Liz Mossop, Kate Cobb, Emma Morley, Máire Kerrin, Carolyn Morton, Martin Cake
Success in veterinary practice requires careful balancing of stakeholder needs. The aim of this study was to investigate the current expectations and needs of veterinary clients across a range of practice types. Interviews and focus groups were undertaken with veterinary clients to identify the capabilities of veterinarians that result in the best client experience, generating a 'Veterinary Capability Framework'. This comprised six main capabilities each containing 4-10 behavioural indicators: client relationships; professionalism; communication skills; decision-making and problem solving; commitment to animal welfare; and commitment to quality and the profession...
September 4, 2018: Veterinary Record
Tiffany Anne Blackett, Vic R Simpson, Sean Haugland, David J Everest, Clare F Muir, Kenneth C Smith, Aileen C Mill
Between 2007 and 2014, 337 free-living red squirrels ( Sciurus vulgaris ) on Jersey, Channel Islands, were examined post mortem as part of a mortality and disease surveillance scheme. Road traffic accidents (RTAs) were attributable for 50.7 per cent (171/337) of the casualties, 34.4 per cent (116/337) succumbed to diseases including fatal exudative dermatitis (FED), 7.1 per cent (24/337) to predation, 6.5 per cent (22/337) to other trauma and 1.2 per cent (4/337) to suspected poisoning. Cat predation accounted for 5 per cent (17/337) of mortalities...
September 4, 2018: Veterinary Record
Laura Elizabeth Higham, Carly Scott, Kevin Akehurst, Daniel Dring, Alan Parnham, Michelle Waterman, Ashleigh Bright
Campylobacter is the leading cause of food poisoning in the UK. 2 Sisters Food Group, with retail partners, monitored the effect that: (1) awarding financial incentives to farmers and stockpersons for producing houses that were not highly contaminated with Campylobacter , or (2) the cessation of thinning (where ~30 per cent of birds are removed and processed at around day 35 of the crop cycle), had on prevalence of Campylobacter on UK broiler farms in a longitudinal monitoring study. Ninety-four farms and 759 houses were monitored from November 2013 to October 2015, with and without interventions...
August 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
Erik Houtsma, Tracy Ann Clegg, Margaret Good, Simon J More
Ongoing objective assessment of national bovine tuberculosis (bTB) policy in Ireland is important to monitor efforts towards improved bTB control. The study objective was to investigate temporal trends in the risk of herd recurrence. The study included all herds derestricted following a bTB episode ending in 1998, 2008 or 2012. The respective 'study periods' were up to the end of 2001 for 1998-derestricted herds, to the end of 2011 for 2008-derestricted herds, and to the end of 2015 for 2012-derestricted herds...
August 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
Sophie Adamantos, Dominic Barfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: Veterinary Record
Antonio José Villatoro, Manuel Hermida-Prieto, Viviana Fernández, Fernando Fariñas, Cristina Alcoholado, M Isabel Rodríguez-García, Luis Mariñas-Pardo, José Becerra
Canine atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease with a 10-15 per cent prevalence. Current treatments vary in their efficacy and safety. The immunomodulatory properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) make them a promising alternative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of allogeneic canine adipose MSCs (cAd-MSCs) in dogs with refractory AD. Twenty-six dogs, suffering from AD for at least 12 months, not responding to conventional therapy, received an intravenous dose of 1...
August 29, 2018: Veterinary Record
Kim B Stevens, Dan O'Neill, Rosanne Jepson, Laura Phillipa Holm, David John Walker, Jacqueline Martina Cardwell
Seasonal outbreaks of cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy (CRGV) have been reported annually in UK dogs since 2012, yet the aetiology of the disease remains unknown. The objectives of this study were to explore whether any breeds had an increased or decreased risk of being diagnosed with CRGV, and to report on age and sex distributions of CRGV cases occurring in the UK. Multivariable logistic regression was used to compare 101 dogs diagnosed with CRGV between November 2012 and May 2017 with a denominator population of 446,453 dogs from the VetCompass database...
August 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Kim B Stevens, Rosanne Jepson, Laura Phillipa Holm, David John Walker, Jacqueline Martina Cardwell
The annual outbreaks of cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy (CRGV) reported in UK dogs display a distinct seasonal pattern (November to May) suggesting possible climatic drivers of the disease. The objectives of this study were to explore disease clustering and identify associations between agroecological factors and CRGV occurrence. Kernel-smoothed maps were generated to show the annual reporting distribution of CRGV, Kuldorff's space-time permutation statistic used to identify significant spatiotemporal case clusters and a boosted regression tree model developed to quantify associations between CRGV case locations and a range of agroecological factors...
August 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
Emma L Rayner, Ilona Airikkala-Otter, Aswin Susheelan, Richard J Mellanby, Natascha V Meunier, Andrew Gibson, Luke Gamble
Wounds in working donkeys are a common and preventable welfare problem in many countries. Mutilations, iatrogenic injuries carried out by owners, are a particularly distressing welfare issue. However, little is known about their nature and prevalence. The project aim was to assess the general health and establish the prevalence, nature and severity of mutilations and other skin wounds in donkeys from several communities in Tamil Nadu, India, that were part of a donkey welfare initiative run by the Worldwide Veterinary Service charity...
August 18, 2018: Veterinary Record
Elsa G Edery, Tim Scase, Caroline Kisielewicz, Marc P Dhumeaux
Various types of endoscopic biopsy forceps have been investigated in dogs. The Multibite (MB) are multiple-bite forceps that collect up to four tissue specimens in a single pass through the endoscope, reducing procedure time. The authors prospectively investigated its clinical utility by comparing procedure times and diagnostic quality of samples obtained with the MB to that of biopsies performed with a single-bite forceps (SB), in 21 dogs with gastrointestinal disorders. When comparing the depth, crush artefacts and diagnostic adequacy of the gastric and duodenal biopsies, there was no significant difference between the MB and SB forceps...
August 16, 2018: Veterinary Record
Anthony Barthélemy, Céline Pouzot-Nevoret, Benoît Rannou, Isabelle Goy-Thollot
This study compared the haematological, haemostatic and thromboelastometric (TEM) parameters between dogs with and without suspected disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Seventy-six dogs with a medical condition known to predispose to DIC were prospectively included in the study. Thirty-eight dogs (50 per cent) presented with haemorrhagic diatheses. DIC was diagnosed in 32 dogs (42 per cent). Thirty-five dogs (46 per cent) had a normal TEM profile, 25 dogs (33 per cent) had a hypercoagulable profile and 16 dogs (21 per cent) had a hypocoagulable profile...
August 16, 2018: Veterinary Record
Victor Albert Brugman, Jolyon M Medlock, James G Logan, Anthony J Wilson, Steve W Lindsay, Anthony R Fooks, Peter P C Mertens, Nicholas Johnson, Simon T Carpenter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2018: Veterinary Record
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