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Veterinary Record

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526775/canine-dystocia-in-50-uk-first-opinion-emergency-care-veterinary-practices-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#1
D G O'Neill, A M O'Sullivan, E A Manson, D B Church, A K Boag, P D McGreevy, D C Brodbelt
Dystocia can represent a major welfare issue for dogs of certain breeds and morphologies. First-opinion emergency-care veterinary caseloads represent a useful data resource for epidemiological research because dystocia can often result in emergency veterinary care. The study analysed a merged database of clinical records from 50 first-opinion emergency-care veterinary practices participating in the VetCompass Programme. Multivariable logistic regression modelling was used for risk factors analysis. There were 701 dystocia cases recorded among 18,758 entire female dogs, resulting in a dystocia prevalence of 3...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526774/preliminary-evaluation-of-cytosine-phosphate-guanine-oligodeoxynucleotides-bound-to-gelatine-nanoparticles-as-immunotherapy-for-canine-atopic-dermatitis
#2
I Wagner, K J Geh, M Hubert, G Winter, K Weber, J Classen, C Klinger, R S Mueller
Cytosine-phosphate-guanine oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODN) are a promising new immunotherapeutic treatment option for canine atopic dermatitis (AD). The aim of this uncontrolled pilot study was to evaluate clinical and immunological effects of gelatine nanoparticle (GNP)-bound CpG ODN (CpG GNP) on atopic dogs. Eighteen dogs with AD were treated for 8 weeks (group 1, n=8) or 18 weeks (group 2, n=10). Before inclusion and after 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 6 weeks (group 1+2), 8 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks (group 2) 75 µg CpG ODN/dog (bound to 1...
May 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512233/identification-assessment-and-management-of-new-and-re-emerging-animal-related-risks-uk-perspective
#3
R Kosmider, J Gibbens, R Avigad
Veterinary surveillance programmes aim to reduce the burden to the public, livestock and wider society posed by animal-related 'risks' (referred to as 'threats' later in the paper in line with a definition used by the European Food Safety Authority) including the re-emergence of diseases believed absent or eradicated. To achieve this, it is important to have a systematic approach to identifying and dealing with such threats rapidly and effectively. This paper describes the transparent, systematic and auditable process used for identifying, assessing, escalating and prioritising new and re-emerging animal-related threats in the UK...
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512232/loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-for-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-gene-detection-in-poultry-carcase
#4
M Kirchner, F Lemma, L Randall, M F Anjum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512231/survey-on-antimicrobial-prescribing-patterns-in-small-animal-veterinary-practice-in-emilia-romagna-italy
#5
A Barbarossa, J Rambaldi, V Miraglia, M Giunti, G Diegoli, A Zaghini
This investigation provides for the first time a general view of the prescribing patterns of antimicrobials in small animal practice in Emilia Romagna, Italy. In the context of a project on antimicrobial resistance managed by the Regional Veterinary Service, veterinary clinicians were invited to voluntarily complete an online questionnaire. This was designed to gather information on antimicrobial prescribing practices and biosecurity measures and to understand the perception of the issue specific to this region of Italy...
May 16, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487453/adaptation-of-the-animal-welfare-assessment-grid-awag-for-monitoring-animal-welfare-in-zoological-collections
#6
W S M Justice, M F O'Brien, O Szyszka, J Shotton, J E M Gilmour, P Riordan, S Wolfensohn
Animal welfare monitoring is an essential part of zoo management and a legal requirement in many countries. Historically, a variety of welfare audits have been proposed to assist zoo managers. Unfortunately, there are a number of issues with these assessments, including lack of species information, validated tests and the overall complexity of these audits which make them difficult to implement in practice. The animal welfare assessment grid (AWAG) has previously been proposed as an animal welfare monitoring tool for animals used in research programmes...
May 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487452/in-veterinary-trials-reporting-and-communication-regarding-randomisation-procedures-is-suboptimal
#7
N Di Girolamo, M A Giuffrida, A L Winter, R Meursinge Reynders
To evaluate randomisation mechanisms in the veterinary literature, all trials defined as 'randomised' were extracted from five leading veterinary journals for the year 2013. Three blinded investigators evaluated (1) if the random sequence generation was actually non-random, and (2) whether method (CONSORT item 8A) and (3) type of randomisation (CONSORT item 8B) were reported. Trialists were contacted via email to establish (1) willingness to respond to questions on randomisation procedures, (2) whether reporting of randomisation improved following a suggestion to use the CONSORT 2010 guideline...
May 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465328/private-animal-health-and-welfare-standards-in-quality-assurance-programmes-a-review-and-proposed-framework-for-critical-evaluation
#8
S J More, A Hanlon, J Marchewka, L Boyle
In recent years, 'private standards' in animal health and welfare have become increasingly common, and are often incorporated into quality assurance (QA) programmes. Here, we present an overview of the use of private animal health and welfare standards in QA programmes, and propose a generic framework to facilitate critical programme review. Private standards are being developed in direct response to consumer demand for QA, and offer an opportunity for product differentiation and a means to drive consumer choice...
May 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465327/comparing-the-curative-efficacy-of-topical-treatment-with-thiamphenicol-and-oxytetracycline-on-digital-dermatitis-lesions-in-dairy-cattle
#9
M Holzhauer, R Ploegmakers-van Deventer, D Smits, W Swart
The efficacy of two topically applied antibiotics for the treatment of painful ulcerative stage of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) lesions was compared in a clinical trial conducted on five dairy farms in the Netherlands during the autumn of 2015. A total of 109 cows with an ulcerative (M2) stage of BDD were randomly appointed a treatment with an antibiotic-based spray. One treatment contained thiamphenicol as active ingredient (TAF). The other treatment had oxytetracycline as active ingredient (ENG). The experimental unit for this study was the hind claw with the presence of an ulcerative BDD lesion...
May 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432193/randomised-positive-control-trial-of-nsaid-and-antimicrobial-treatment-for-calf-fever-caused-by-pneumonia
#10
S A Mahendran, R Booth, M Burge, N J Bell
One hundred and fifty-four preweaning calves were followed between May and October 2015. Calves were fitted with continuous monitoring temperature probes (TempVerified FeverTag), programmed so a flashing light emitting diode (LED) light was triggered following six hours of a sustained ear canal temperature of ≥39.7°C. A total of 83 calves (61.9 per cent) developed undifferentiated fever, with a presumptive diagnosis of pneumonia through exclusion of other calf diseases. Once fever was detected, calves were randomly allocated to treatment groups...
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432192/evidence-that-avian-influenza-vaccination-induces-long-lived-immune-responses-in-zoo-birds
#11
H Fernández-Bellon, J Vergara-Alert, V Almagro, R Rivas, N Majó, N Busquets, A Ramis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424319/a-survey-on-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-unpasteurised-cows-milk-in-northern-ireland
#12
A Lahuerta-Marin, V Muñoz-Gomez, H Hartley, M Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, R Porter, N Spence, A Allen, J Lavery, G Bagdonaite, D McCleery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424318/infection-dynamics-of-mycoplasma-hyorhinis-in-three-commercial-pig-populations
#13
M J Clavijo, D Murray, S Oliveira, A Rovira
Mycoplasma hyorhinis is one of the causative agents of polyserositis and arthritis in postweaning pigs. Knowledge regarding colonisation frequency and age distribution in modern pig production is lacking. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of M hyorhinis colonisation in different age groups across three commercial pig populations. Nasal swabs were collected from sows, piglets and nursery pigs of different ages. Oral fluids were collected from nursery pigs. Necropsies were performed to assess the presence of M hyorhinis-associated disease...
April 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386033/comparative-antinociceptive-and-sedative-effects-of-epidural-romifidine-and-detomidine-in-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#14
M A Marzok, S A El-Khodery
In this study, comparative antinociceptive and sedative effects of epidural administration of romifidine and detomidine in buffalo were evaluated. Eighteen healthy adult buffalo, allocated randomly in three groups (two experimental and one control; n=6) received either 50 μg/kg of romifidine or detomidine diluted in sterile saline (0.9 per cent) to a final volume of 20 ml, or an equivalent volume of sterile saline epidurally. Antinociception, sedation and ataxia parameters were recorded immediately after drug administration...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386032/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-epileptic-cats-with-a-normal-interictal-neurological-examination-188-cases
#15
F Raimondi, N Shihab, R Gutierrez-Quintana, A Smith, R Trevail, D Sanchez-Masian, P M Smith
Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in dogs and cats. Although an increased likelihood of significant brain lesions with age has been identified in neurologically normal dogs with epileptic seizures, the underlying aetiology of epileptic seizures in cats that present with normal physical and neurological examinations remains unknown. In this cross-sectional study, the authors examined MRI findings in a large population of cats with a normal interictal physical and neurological examination. They hypothesised that age would have an impact on the prevalence of detectable lesions...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386031/frequency-of-molecular-detection-of-equine-herpesvirus-4-in-nasal-secretions-of-3028-horses-with-upper-airway-infection
#16
N Pusterla, F Bain, K James, S Mapes, K Kenelty, D C Barnett, E Gaughan, B Craig, D E Chappell, W Vaala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386030/assessment-of-serological-tests-for-diagnosis-of-bovine-tuberculosis
#17
L McCallan, C Brooks, C Couzens, F Young, J McNair, A W Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386028/evaluation-of-variables-influencing-success-and-complication-rates-in-canine-total-hip-replacement-results-from-the-british-veterinary-orthopaedic-association-canine-hip-registry-collation-of-data-2010-2012
#18
Elisabeth R Henderson, Andrew Wills, Andrew M Torrington, Andy P Moores, David Thomson, Gareth Arthurs, Gordon Brown, Hamish R Denny, Harry W Scott, Ian MacQueen, James Dunne, Jeremy Onyett, John D Walker, John Prior, Martin R Owen, Neil Burton, Richard Whitelock, Sarah Girling, Shane Morrison, Simon Gilbert, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs, Toby J Gemmill, Christoph K Störk, Steve Bright, Eithne Comerford, Rob Pettitt, Nick Macdonald, John F Innes
The objective of this study was to assess the variables associated with complications of total hip replacement (THR) and report owner-assessed outcomes. Entries into the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association-Canine Hip Registry (BVOA-CHR) between September 2011 and December 2012 were reviewed separately and in conjunction with previous data (January 2010-August 2011). An outcomes assessment questionnaire was used to collect data from owners. Incidences of surgeon-reported and owner-reported complications were 8...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348143/daily-salivary-cortisol-levels-in-response-to-stress-factors-in-captive-common-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus-a-potential-welfare-indicator
#19
T Monreal-Pawlowsky, A Carbajal, O Tallo-Parra, M Sabés-Alsina, L Monclús, J Almunia, H Fernández-Bellon, M Lopez-Bejar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348142/survey-of-susceptibility-to-marbofloxacin-in-bacteria-isolated-from-diseased-pigs-in-europe
#20
F El Garch, S Kroemer, D Galland, I Morrissey, F Woehrle
A monitoring programme of marbofloxacin susceptibility of bacteria from Europe causing respiratory tract infection and meningitis in pigs has been active since 1994 and 2002, respectively. Monitoring digestive, metritis and urinary tract infection (UTI) in pigs has been active since 2005 and susceptibility results until 2013 are presented. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by broth microdilution. For MIC interpretation, Vétoquinol-evaluated breakpoints were applied. For digestive pathogens, Escherichia coli and Salmonella species (1717 and 300 isolates, respectively) exhibited 7...
March 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
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