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New Zealand Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268053/factors-associated-with-colostrum-quality-in-individual-cows-from-dairy-herds-in-the-waikato-region-of-new-zealand
#1
K S Denholm, S McDougall, G Chambers, W Clough
AIMS: To examine associations between various cow-level factors and quality of first-milking colostrum (measured as Brix), and to evaluate herd-level associations between vaccination against calf diarrhoea and colostrum quality, in cows from dairy herds in the Waikato region of New Zealand. METHODS: A single colostrum sample was collected, by complete udder evacuation, from each of 20 cows from 29 dairy herds in the Waikato region of New Zealand during the 2016 spring calving period...
December 21, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228893/p-values-p-values-everywhere
#2
Siva Ganesh, Vanessa Cave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241025/antimicrobial-usage-and-risk-of-retreatment-for-mild-to-moderate-clinical-mastitis-cases-on-dairy-farms-following-on-farm-bacterial-culture-and-selective-therapy
#3
S McDougall, J Niethammer, L E Graham
AIMS: To assess antimicrobial usage for treatment of mild to moderate clinical mastitis, and risk of retreatment, following implementation of an on-farm bacterial culture system and selective therapy based on culture results, and to assess compliance with treatment decision tree protocols and the level of agreement between results from on-farm culture and laboratory-based microbiology methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Herdowners from seven dairy herds were asked to collect milk samples from cases of mild to moderate clinical mastitis between July 2015 and May 2016...
December 14, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241023/ergovaline-does-not-alter-the-severity-of-ryegrass-staggers-induced-by-lolitrem-b
#4
S C Finch, J B Vlaming, B L Sutherland, C van Koten, W J Mace, L R Fletcher
AIM: To investigate a possible interaction between lolitrem B and ergovaline by comparing the incidence and severity of ryegrass staggers in sheep grazing ryegrass (Lolium perenne) containing lolitrem B or ryegrass containing both lolitrem B and ergovaline. METHODS: Ninety lambs, aged approximately 6 months-old, were grazed on plots of perennial ryegrass infected with either AR98 endophyte (containing lolitrem B), standard endophyte (containing lolitrem B and ergovaline) or no endophyte, for up to 42 days from 2 February 2010...
December 14, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207250/a-survey-of-dog-and-cat-anaesthesia-in-a-sample-of-veterinary-practices-in-new-zealand
#5
H Sano, K Barker, T Odom, K Lewis, P Giordano, V Walsh, J P Chambers
AIMS: To survey current anaesthesia practices for dogs and cats in small and mixed animal practices in New Zealand in order to improve anaesthesia education. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 440 small and mixed animal practices, including questions regarding the type of practice, preanaesthetic examination, anaesthetic drugs and management, anaesthetic machines, monitoring and topics of interest for continuing professional development. RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 113/440 (26%) practices, with 78 (69%) respondents from small and 35 (31%) from mixed animal practices...
December 5, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202250/systemic-granulomatous-disease-in-dairy-cattle-during-a-dicyandiamide-feeding-trial
#6
J Cayzer, K N Buckle, J S Munday, S F Ledgard, A Heiser, A Thatcher
CASE HISTORY: Mature, in-calf, non-lactating, Friesian or Friesian-cross cows were fed dicyandiamide (DCD) at daily doses of 0.15 g/kg (Group 1; n=31), 0.45 g/kg (Group 2; n=21) and 0.75 g/kg (Group 3; n=12), as part of a safety trial, which also included a control group (n=15). Daily health observations were carried out on each cow until Day 86 of the study. On Day 28 one cow from Group 3 was observed with signs of disease, and subsequently in other cows. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Clinical signs in the first case included depression, pyrexia (40...
December 4, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129149/anaesthetic-and-cardiorespiratory-effects-of-ketamine-plus-dexmedetomidine-for-chemical-restraint-in-black-capuchin-monkeys-sapajus-nigritus
#7
J A B Chagas, L C P Santos, J R Silva Filho, C Bondan
AIMS: To evaluate the quality of anaesthesia and cardiorespiratory effects of ketamine and two doses of dexmedetomidine in captive black capuchin monkeys (Sapajus nigritus) undergoing routine clinical examination. METHODS: Twenty-four animals undergoing routine clinical examination were enrolled in the study. Animals were briefly physically restrained and examined to ensure no obvious illness was present and that they were healthy. Monkeys were randomly allocated to two groups (n=12 per group) and then treated with a combination of I/M 7...
November 12, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129139/effect-of-using-an-internal-teat-sealant-at-drying-off-in-cows-wintered-on-forage-crops-in-new-zealand-on-culling-in-the-dry-period-and-early-lactation
#8
A J Bates, B Saldias
AIMS: To determine the impact of treatment with internal teat sealant (ITS) compared to no treatment at drying-off on culling during the dry period and 90 days after calving, for cows wintered on forage crops. METHODS: In four dairy herds in the South Island of New Zealand, cows with no history of clinical mastitis or somatic cell counts >100,000 cells/mL during the 2015-16 season were randomly assigned to treatment with ITS in each quarter (ITS group) or no treatment (Control group)...
November 12, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117479/effect-of-treatment-with-an-internal-teat-sealant-at-drying-off-in-cows-wintered-on-forage-crops-in-new-zealand-on-clinical-mastitis-and-somatic-cell-counts
#9
A J Bates, B Saldias
AIMS: To determine the impact of treatment with internal teat sealant (ITS) compared to no treatment at drying-off on the incidence of clinical mastitis (CM) during the dry period and 84 days after calving, and the prevalence of cows with somatic cell counts (SCC) ≥200,000 cells/mL at the first lactation herd test, for cows wintered on forage crops. METHODS: In four dairy herds in the South Island of New Zealand, cows with no history of CM or individual SCC >100,000 cells/mL during the 2015-16 season were randomly assigned to treatment with ITS in each quarter (ITS group) at drying-off or no treatment (Control group)...
November 8, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061088/workplace-bullying-and-relationships-with-health-and-performance-among-a-sample-of-new-zealand-veterinarians
#10
D Gardner, W Rasmussen
AIM: To examine the relationships between workplace bullying, destructive leadership and team conflict, and physical health, strain, self-reported performance and intentions to quit among veterinarians in New Zealand, and how these relationships could be moderated by psychological capital and perceived organisational support. METHODS: Data were collected by means of an online survey, distributed to members of the New Zealand Veterinary Association. Participation was voluntary and all responses were anonymous and confidential...
October 23, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069549/a-case-definition-for-salmonella-brandenburg-infection-in-dairy-heifers
#11
E L Cuttance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032723/re-farm-and-cow-level-prevalence-of-bovine-digital-dermatitis-on-dairy-farms-in-taranaki-new-zealand
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032721/estimation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-pregnancy-diagnosis-using-transrectal-ultrasonography-and-elisa-for-pregnancy-associated-glycoprotein-in-dairy-cows-using-a-bayesian-latent-class-model
#13
R W Shephard, J M Morton
AIMS: To determine the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of pregnancy diagnosis using transrectal ultrasonography and an ELISA for pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) in milk, in lactating dairy cows in seasonally calving herds approximately 85-100 days after the start of the herd's breeding period. METHODS: Paired results were used from pregnancy diagnosis using transrectal ultrasonography and ELISA for PAG in milk carried out approximately 85 and 100 days after the start of the breeding period, respectively, from 879 cows from four herds in Victoria, Australia...
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020888/clinical-haematology-and-biochemistry-profiles-of-cattle-naturally-infected-with-theileria-orientalis-ikeda-type-in-new-zealand
#14
K E Lawrence, S F Forsyth, B L Vaatstra, Amj McFadden, D J Pulford, K Govindaraju, W E Pomroy
AIMS: To present the haematology and biochemistry profiles for cattle in New Zealand naturally infected with Theileria orientalis Ikeda type and investigate if the results differed between adult dairy cattle and calves aged <6 months. METHODS: Haematology and biochemistry results were obtained from blood samples from cattle which tested positive for T. orientalis Ikeda type by PCR, that were submitted to veterinary laboratories in New Zealand between October 2012 and November 2014...
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020878/pharmacokinetics-of-articaine-hydrochloride-and-its-metabolite-articainic-acid-after-subcutaneous-administration-in-red-deer-cervus-elaphus
#15
D Venkatachalam, J P Chambers, K Kongara, P Singh
AIM: To develop and validate a simple and sensitive method using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) for quantification of articaine, and its major metabolite articainic acid, in plasma of red deer (Cervus elaphus), and to investigate the pharmacokinetics of articaine hydrochloride and articainic acid in red deer following S/C administration of articaine hydrochloride as a complete ring block around the antler pedicle. METHODS: The LC-MS method was validated by determining linearity, sensitivity, recovery, carry-over and repeatability...
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020877/discovery-of-the-feline-fur-mite-lynxacarus-radovskyi-in-a-cat-resident-in-new-zealand
#16
J Nichols, Acg Heath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988520/a-comparison-of-the-effect-of-short-acting-and-long-acting-cloxacillin-based-dry-cow-therapy-on-somatic-cell-counts-after-calving-in-cows-also-given-internal-teat-sealants
#17
L K Whitfield, R A Laven
AIM: To compare, in cows treated with an internal teat sealant, the effect of short-acting and long-acting cloxacillin-based dry-cow therapy on somatic cell counts (SCC) after calving. METHODS: Cows from a spring-calving, pasture-based dairy farm in the Manawatu-Whanganui region of New Zealand were randomly allocated to receive either a short-acting cloxacillin and ampicillin dry-cow therapy and internal teat sealant (n=291) or a long-acting cloxacillin and ampicillin dry-cow therapy and internal teat sealant (n=288) at the end of lactation...
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946822/imbrication-of-the-medial-retinaculum-to-repair-a-bilateral-traumatic-lateral-patellar-luxation-in-an-alpaca-vicugna-pacos
#18
S A Biasutti, A J Dart, J Cross, C M Dart, E Uquillas, L B Jeffcott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920543/control-of-clinical-paratuberculosis-in-new-zealand-pastoral-livestock
#19
M Gautam, A Ridler, P R Wilson, C Heuer
This review summarises current control measures for clinical paratuberculosis (Johne's disease; JD) in New Zealand pastoral livestock. Most New Zealand sheep, deer, beef and dairy cattle herds and flocks are infected by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (Map). Dairy cattle and deer are mostly infected with bovine (Type II), and sheep and beef cattle with ovine (Type I) strains. Control in all industries is voluntary. While control in sheep and beef cattle is ad hoc, the dairy and deer industries have developed resources to assist development of farm-specific programmes...
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920541/recovery-of-brodifacoum-in-vomitus-following-induction-of-emesis-in-dogs-that-had-ingested-rodenticide-bait
#20
K H Parton, E K Willson, M G Collett, L H Booth
AIM: To assess the benefit of inducing emesis in dogs that have ingested rodenticide bait containing brodifacoum (BDF), by determining the amount of BDF in bait recovered from the vomitus relative to the estimated amount consumed. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2015 samples of vomitus from seven dogs that ingested rodenticide baits containing BDF were submitted by veterinarians in New Zealand. All seven dogs had been given apomorphine by the veterinarian and vomited within 1 hour of ingesting the bait...
January 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
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