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New Zealand Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814155/frequency-of-a-fas-ligand-gene-variant-associated-with-inherited-feline-autoimmune-lymphoproliferative-syndrome-in-british-shorthair-cats-in-new-zealand
#1
D Aberdein, J S Munday, K E Dittmer, R W Heathcott, L A Lyons
AIMS: To determine the frequency of the FAS-ligand gene (FASLG) variant associated with feline autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (FALPS) and the proportion of carriers of the variant in three British shorthair (BSH) breeding catteries in New Zealand. METHODS: Buccal swabs were collected from all cats in two BSH breeding catteries from the South Island and one from the North Island of New Zealand. DNA was extracted and was tested for the presence of the FASLG variant using PCR...
August 16, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793837/further-investigation-of-equine-fescue-oedema-induced-by-mediterranean-tall-fescue-lolium-arundinaceum-infected-with-selected-fungal-endophytes-epichlo%C3%A3-coenophiala
#2
S C Finch, J S Munday, B L Sutherland, J B Vlaming, L R Fletcher
AIMS: To determine if equine fescue oedema (EFO) induced by grazing Mediterranean-type tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum) infected with selected endophytes (Epichloë coenophiala) could be prevented by treatment with the corticosteroid, methylprednisolone, and anti-histamine cetirizine, and to determine concentrations of lolines, specifically N-acetyl norloline (NANL), in grasses grazed by horses that did and did not develop EFO. METHODS: Four horses were grazed on AR542-infected Mediterranean tall fescue pasture (from Day 0) for 7 days prior to being subjected to euthanasia...
August 9, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780889/cluster-analysis-of-the-clinical-histories-of-cattle-affected-with-bovine-anaemia-associated-with-theileria-orientalis-ikeda-type-infection
#3
K E Lawrence, S F Forsyth, B Vaatstra, A M J McFadden, D J Pulford, R Govindaraju, W E Pomroy
AIM: To determine the most commonly used words in the clinical histories of animals naturally infected with Theileria orientalis Ikeda type; whether these words differed between cases categorised by age, farm type or haematocrit (HCT), and if there was any clustering of the common words in relation to these categories. METHODS: Clinical histories were transcribed for 605 cases of bovine anaemia associated with T. orientalis (TABA), that were submitted to laboratories with blood samples which tested positive for T...
August 6, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738733/cases-of-mortality-in-little-penguins-eudyptula-minor-in-new-zealand-associated-with-avian-malaria
#4
D C Sijbranda, S Hunter, L Howe, B Lenting, L Argilla, B D Gartrell
CASE HISTORY A little penguin (Eudyptula minor) of wild origin, in captivity at Wellington Zoo, became inappetent and lethargic in March 2013. Despite supportive care in the zoo's wildlife hospital, the bird died within 24 hours. CLINICAL FINDINGS Weight loss, dehydration, pale mucous membranes, weakness, increased respiratory effort and biliverdinuria were apparent on physical examination. Microscopic evaluation of blood smears revealed intra-erythrocytic stages of Plasmodium spp. and a regenerative reticulocytosis in the absence of anaemia...
August 6, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760070/prevalence-and-calf-level-risk-factors-for-failure-of-passive-transfer-in-dairy-calves-in-new-zealand
#5
E L Cuttance, W A Mason, R A Laven, J McDermott, C V C Phyn
AIM: To determine the prevalence of failure of passive transfer (FPT) in dairy calves in New Zealand and to assess a range of potential calf-level risk factors for their association with FPT. METHOD: Between July and September 2015, 107 dairy farms in nine regions across New Zealand were visited on three occasions: before 20% of cows had calved, when ∼ 50% of cows had calved, and when the last 10-20% of cows were calving. Farms were randomly selected from the client list of participating veterinary practices...
July 31, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747096/preliminary-description-of-aging-cats-and-dogs-presented-to-a-new-zealand-first-opinion-veterinary-clinic-at-end-of-life
#6
M C Gates, H J Hinds, A Dale
AIMS: To conduct a preliminary investigation into the chronic disease conditions and clinical signs present in aging New Zealand companion animals at end-of-life and to describe the timing, circumstances, and manner of death. METHODS: The medical records database of a first opinion, companion animal, veterinary practice in Auckland, New Zealand was searched to identify all canine and feline patients ≥7 years of age that were subjected to euthanasia and/or cremated in the period between July 2012-June 2014...
July 26, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747090/retrospective-evaluation-of-milk-production-and-culling-risk-following-either-surgical-toggle-pin-suture-or-conservative-treatment-of-left-displaced-abomasum-in-chilean-dairy-cows
#7
P Melendez, C Romero, P Pithua, M P Marin, P Pinedo, M Duchens
AIMS: To describe milk yield and culling risk in cows diagnosed with left displacement of abomasum (LDA) treated either conservatively, by right flank pyloric omentopexy, or rolling and toggling, compared with normal herdmates from four Chilean dairy herds. METHODS: Historical records were obtained from four commercial dairy farms located in Central Chile for cows with a history of LDA between 2010 and 2012, and healthy herdmates. Cows with LDA were categorised into three groups: cows treated with right omentopexy (ST, n=58), cows treated by toggle suturing (TT, n=15) and cows treated conservatively (CT, n=56)...
July 26, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738738/a-pilot-study-comparing-the-effect-of-orally-administered-esomeprazole-and-omeprazole-on-gastric-fluid-ph-in-horses
#8
K E Huxford, A J Dart, N R Perkins, R Bell, L B Jeffcott
AIMS: To compare the efficacy of an enteric coated esomeprazole paste with an enteric coated omeprazole paste to increase gastric pH after oral administration in horses. METHODS: Nine adult Standardbred horses were randomly assigned to three groups, each containing three horses, for a study comprising three phases of 10 days, with an 18-day washout period between each phase. In each phase, three horses received either 0.5 mg/kg esomeprazole, 1 mg/kg omeprazole or a placebo, as an oral paste, once daily for 10 days (Days 0-9)...
July 24, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659065/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cats-testing-positive-for-feline-immunodeficiency-virus-and-feline-leukaemia-virus-infection-in-cats-entering-an-animal-shelter-in-new-zealand
#9
M C Gates, S Vigeant, A Dale
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of cats testing positive for antibodies to feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) antigens in domestic cats entering a New Zealand animal shelter, based on a commercial point-of-care ELISA, to identify risk factors associated with cats testing positive, and to compare the results obtained from the ELISA with those obtained using PCR-based testing. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was performed on 388 cats entering the Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RNZSPCA) animal shelter in Auckland, New Zealand between 7 February 2014 and 30 May 2014...
June 28, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637394/comparison-of-bone-healing-as-assessed-by-computed-tomography-following-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-in-dogs-with-and-without-autogenous-cancellous-bone-grafts
#10
D R James, N Webster, J D White, A M Marchevsky, R G Cashmore, M Havlicek, S Fearnside, A P Black
AIMS: To objectively compare measures of bone healing, using computed tomography (CT) in dogs following bilateral tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA), between tibiae treated with and without autogenous cancellous bone grafts. METHODS: Ten dogs with bilateral cranial cruciate ligament disease requiring surgical stabilisation were prospectively recruited to undergo single-session bilateral TTA, with only one, randomly assigned, tibia receiving bone graft in the osteotomy deficit...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629299/farm-and-cow-level-prevalence-of-bovine-digital-dermatitis-on-dairy-farms-in-taranaki-new-zealand
#11
D A Yang, C Heuer, R Laven, W D Vink, R N Chesterton
AIMS: The aims of this cross-sectional study were to investigate the herd and cow-level prevalence of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) in dairy farms in the northern Taranaki region of New Zealand, and to identify whether there was any spatial clustering of herds with the disease. METHODS: A survey of 224 dairy farms in the northern Taranaki region of New Zealand was undertaken from September 2014 to February 2015. Following training in robust criteria to confirm BDD visually, a technician inspected the rear feet of every milking cow on the farms during milking...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629261/assessment-of-leakage-pressure-following-enterotomy-closure-reinforced-by-tissue-adhesive-in-a-caprine-cadaver-model
#12
C T Jones, C Y Chen, B G Campbell, B A Fransson
AIMS: To compare the combination of suture and tissue adhesive with suture alone for closure of enterotomy incisions in an ex vivo caprine jejunal model, by measuring the intraluminal pressure at which leakage occurred and the proportion of closures that leaked at intraluminal pressures <40 mmHg. METHODS: Jejunal tissue was harvested from a goat following euthanasia, and enterotomy incisions (4 mm in length) were made in each of 24 isolated jejunal segments...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627333/influence-of-preservation-methods-on-the-quality-of-colostrum-sourced-from-new-zealand-dairy-farms
#13
K S Denholm, J C Hunnam, E L Cuttance, S McDougall
AIMS: To assess the effect of two temperatures (ambient temperature and 4°C), three preservation methods (no preservative, yoghurt and potassium sorbate), and two periods of storage (3 and 7 days) on Brix and total bacterial and coliform counts of colostrum collected from New Zealand dairy farms. METHODS: One litre of colostrum destined to be fed to newborn calves was collected from 55 New Zealand dairy farms in the spring of 2015. Six aliquots of 150 mL were obtained from each colostrum sample, with two aliquots left untreated, two treated with potassium sorbate and two with yoghurt, and one of each pair of aliquots stored at ambient temperature and the other at 4°C...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627316/associations-between-management-practices-and-colostrum-quality-on-new-zealand-dairy-farms
#14
K S Denholm, J C Hunnam, E L Cuttance, S McDougall
AIMS: To describe colostrum quality in spring-calving dairy herds in New Zealand, in terms of Brix, pH and total and coliform bacterial counts and to investigate associations between farm management practices and these measures of colostrum quality. METHODS: In June 2015, commercial dairy farms (n=105), located in North and South Islands of New Zealand, were visited shortly after the first cows had calved, and when approximately 50% and 80% of the herd had calved (early, middle and late visits)...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614973/comparison-of-an-alcohol-based-hand-sanitation-product-with-a-traditional-chlorhexidine-hand-scrub-technique-for-hand-hygiene-preparation-in-an-equine-hospital
#15
R A Edwards, C B Riley, L Howe, E A Burrows, K T Riley, L Frellstedt
AIMS: To investigate the efficacy of an alcohol gel-based hand antisepsis protocol compared with a traditional chlorhexidine-based protocol under conditions of routine clinical contamination, and following heavy faecal contamination. METHODS: Twelve adult participants were recruited and on four separate days completed a hand sanitation protocol using a chlorhexidine scrub or an alcohol-based gel, with hands that were grossly clean but contaminated or with faecal contamination...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532295/resistance-to-a-triple-combination-anthelmintic-in-trichostrongylus-spp-on-a-commercial-sheep-farm-in-new-zealand
#16
Bas Hodgson, C J Mulvaney
AIM: To evaluate resistance to anthelmintics containing abamectin, levamisole, and oxfendazole (AB-LEV-OX), derquantal and abamectin (DEQ-AB), moxidectin, and monepantel in naturally acquired gastrointestinal nematodes present on a sheep farm. METHODS: Faecal nematode egg count reduction tests (FECRT) were carried out on lambs that were approximately 7 months-old and infected with naturally acquired nematodes. Lambs were randomly allocated to one of five groups (n=15 per group): treatment with 2 mg/kg derquantel and 0...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506113/the-occurrence-of-ryegrass-staggers-and-heat-stress-in-sheep-grazing-ryegrass-endophyte-associations-with-diverse-alkaloid-profiles
#17
L R Fletcher, S C Finch, B L Sutherland, G deNicolo, W J Mace, C van Koten, D E Hume
AIMS: To compare ryegrass pastures infected with endophytes producing diverse alkaloids for their ability to cause ryegrass staggers in grazing lambs; to compare respiration rates and rectal temperatures of these lambs after exposure to heat stress, and to compare liveweight gains during the study period. METHODS: Ryegrass pastures of cultivar Trojan infected with NEA endophytes, branded NEA2 (T-NEA2), endophyte-free Trojan (T-NIL), Samson infected with standard endophyte (S-STD), Samson infected with AR37 endophyte (S-AR37) and endophyte-free Samson (S-NIL), were grazed by lambs (n=30 per cultivar) for up to 48 days in February and March of 2012 and 2013...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504055/severe-generalised-chondrodysplasia-in-miniature-cattle-breeds
#18
K E Dittmer, K G Thompson, T Hogan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441916/impact-of-surgical-margins-on-survival-of-37-dogs-with-massive-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
A Matsuyama, S Takagi, K Hosoya, Y Kagawa, K Nakamura, T Deguchi, M Takiguchi
AIMS: To compare the survival of dogs with completely resected massive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with that of dogs in which HCC were incompletely excised. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Dogs that underwent surgical excision of massive HCC between November 2006 and April 2015 were included. Dogs that died in the perioperative period or were lost to follow-up within 2 months after surgery were excluded. Data were collected from the medical records and a single pathologist examined all available histology slides to confirm the diagnosis of HCC...
September 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514936/evaluation-of-an-indirect-oscillometric-blood-pressure-monitor-in-anaesthetised-dogs-at-three-different-anatomical-locations
#20
M Fujiyama, H Sano, J P Chambers, M Gieseg
AIMS: To evaluate the agreement between invasive and non-invasive measurements of blood pressure (BP) using an oscillometer (PetTrust) at three different anatomical locations in anaesthetised dogs under different haemodynamic conditions. METHODS: Eight adult Greyhounds weighing 23.5-36.5 kg were anaesthetised with isoflurane and positioned in dorsal recumbency. Systolic arterial pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial pressure (DAP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured invasively via a dorsal pedal artery and non-invasively using the oscillometer with cuffs placed above the carpus, above the tarsus and around the tail base...
July 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
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