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Journal of Public Health Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517028/aic-identifies-optimal-representation-of-longitudinal-dietary-variables
#1
John VanBuren, Joseph Cavanaugh, Teresa Marshall, John Warren, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVES: The Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) is a well-known tool for variable selection in multivariable modeling as well as a tool to help identify the optimal representation of explanatory variables. However, it has been discussed infrequently in the dental literature. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the use of AIC in determining the optimal representation of dietary variables in a longitudinal dental study. METHODS: The Iowa Fluoride Study enrolled children at birth and dental examinations were conducted at ages 5, 9, 13, and 17...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497850/workforce-diversity-in-dentistry-current-status-and-future-challenges
#2
REVIEW
Raul I Garcia, George Blue Spruce, Jeanne C Sinkford, Michael J Lopez, Louis W Sullivan
The racial and ethnic diversity of the US oral health care workforce remains insufficient to meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population and to address persistent health disparities. The findings from a recent national survey of underrepresented minority dentists are reviewed and recommendations are made for enhancing diversity in the dental profession.
May 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467009/a-school-based-public-health-model-to-reduce-oral-health-disparities
#3
Rebecca N Dudovitz, Jonathan E Valiente, Gloria Espinosa, Claudia Yepes, Cesar Padilla, Maryjane Puffer, Harold C Slavkin, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Although dental decay is preventable, it remains the most common pediatric chronic disease. We describe a public health approach to implementing a scalable and sustainable school-based oral health program for low-income urban children. METHODS: The Los Angeles Trust for Children's Health, a nonprofit affiliated with the Los Angeles Unified School District, applied a public health model and developed a broad-based community-coalition to a) establish a District Oral Health Nurse position to coordinate oral health services, and b) implement a universal school-based oral health screening and fluoride varnishing program, with referral to a dental home...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466982/introduction-to-proceedings-of-healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-national-conference
#4
Norman Tinanoff, Katrina Holt
OBJECTIVES: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has worked to ensure that all children have healthy weights. To promote this goal, the RWJF has supported the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, and the proceeding of this conference. The goals of the conference were to increase understanding of the science focusing on oral health and childhood obesity, increase understanding of how to prevent childhood obesity, and provide opportunities to network and plan activities to prevent childhood obesity...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#5
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369953/percentage-and-severity-of-periodontal-diseases-in-turkish-adults-aged-35-years-2009-10
#6
Duygu Ilhan, Inci Oktay, Burcu Nur, Erdogan Fisekcioglu, Sungwoo Lim, James M Lepkowski, Amid I Ismail
OBJECTIVE: This article presents data on the burden of periodontal diseases in Turkish adults aged 35 years or older. METHODS: Within each region of Turkey, a rural and an urban area or city were selected in 2009-10 using a probability proportional to size method. In the selected towns, local officials who were familiar with their communities assisted in recruiting subjects. Loss of Attachment (LOA) was measured at six sites around each tooth present in the mouth, excluding third molars...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369857/increased-public-reimbursement-for-prophylactic-visits-with-dentists-associated-with-increased-receipt-of-preventive-dental-services-in-children
#7
Susan A Fisher-Owens, Louis Amendola, John D B Featherstone, Ronald E Inge, Valerie J Flaherman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether higher reimbursement for children's preventive dentistry correlates with greater utilization of preventive dental care. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of National Survey of Children's Health 2011/2012 was conducted, combined with state Medicaid reimbursement rates for preventive dentistry. Analyses included prevalence, unadjusted odds ratios, and multivariable logistic regression for receipt of preventive dental services. RESULTS: Of all surveyed American children 1-17 years, almost 20 percent had not received preventive dental care in prior year; this percentage is even higher in those with public insurance...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369904/curriculum-influence-on-interdisciplinary-oral-health-education-and-practice
#8
Melinda Clark, Rocio Quinonez, Jonathan Bowser, Hugh Silk
OBJECTIVES: Oral diseases are very prevalent across the lifespan and impact overall health, yet are largely preventable. The Smiles for Life (SFL) curriculum was created to educate healthcare providers about oral disease and support integration of oral health and primary care. This study examines SFL's influence on clinical practice and education. METHODS: Surveys were sent to registered users of SFL. Users who self-identified as direct care providers (DCPs), or educators, were included in the analysis...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369902/oral-health-behavior-and-factors-associated-with-poor-oral-status-in-qatar-results-from-a-national-health-survey
#9
Sohaila Cheema, Patrick Maisonneuve, Mohamed Hamad Al-Thani, Al Anoud Mohammed Al-Thani, Amit Abraham, Ghanim Ali Al-Mannai, Abdulla Asad Al-Emadi, Walaa Fattah Al-Chetachi, Badria Ali Almalki, Shams Eldin Ali Hassan Khalifa, Ahmad Omar Haj Bakri, Albert Lowenfels, Ravinder Mamtani
OBJECTIVES: Oral health is a crucial determinant of quality of life. We aimed to determine oral health condition and factors associated with poor oral status in the adult national population of Qatar. METHODS: We used data from the World Health Organization supported STEPS (STEPwise approach to Surveillance) Survey conducted by the Supreme Council of Health, Qatar in 2012. A total of 2,496 Qataris (1,053 men, 1,443 women) answered the national survey. The Rao-Scott Chi-Square test was used to analyze oral health characteristics and multinomial logistic regression to assess risk factors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342190/expanded-medicaid-dental-coverage-under-the-affordable-care-act-an-analysis-of-minnesota-emergency-department-visits
#10
Nadia Laniado, Victor M Badner, Ellen Johnson Silver
OBJECTIVES: Hospital emergency departments (EDs) function as the safety net for patients with non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs). With the implementation of Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) many adults became eligible for dental benefits. We examined the impact of "early" Medicaid expansion in Minnesota on ED visits for NTDCs from 2008 (prereform) to 2014 (postreform). METHODS: Data from the State Emergency Department Databases for Minnesota were analyzed for 2 years: 2008 and 2014...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295335/primary-dental-care-evaluation-in-brazil-an-item-response-theory-approach
#11
Clarice Magalhães Rodrigues Dos Reis, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta-Machado, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Marcos Azeredo Furquim Werneck, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu
OBJECTIVES: Item response theory (IRT) is a method used to design, analyze, and score tests, questionnaires, and similar instruments measuring abilities, attitudes, or other variables. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of dental care questions in the "Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e Qualidade da Atenção Básica-PMAQ-AB," Brazil, using IRT. METHODS: Dentists in primary health care units in Brazil (n = 12,403) were interviewed face-to-face using a structured questionnaire...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272806/a-markov-model-assessing-the-impact-on-primary-care-practice-revenues-and-patient-s-health-when-using-mid-level-providers-lesson-learned-from-the-united-kingdom
#12
Harry Hill, Richard Macey, Paul Brocklehurst
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of using mid-level providers for dental "check-up" examinations and the treatment of caries in different NHS settings in the United Kingdom. Mid-level providers are a broad category that describes non-dentist members of dental teams. This study focused on the potential use of Dental Hygiene Therapists undertaking dental "check-up" examinations and simple restorative treatment, instead of dentists. METHODS: A Markov model was used to construct the natural history of caries development in adults that visit a dental practice every six months over a five-year period...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252806/measuring-quality-caries-related-emergency-department-visits-and-follow-up-among-children
#13
Jill Boylston Herndon, James J Crall, Donna L Carden, Frank A Catalanotto, Scott L Tomar, Krishna Aravamudhan, Jennifer K Light, Elizabeth A Shenkman
OBJECTIVE: This study validated two Dental Quality Alliance system-level measures of oral healthcare quality for children - caries-related emergency department (ED) visits and timely follow-up of those visits with a dentist - including formal validation of diagnosis codes used to identify caries-related ED visits and measurement of follow-up care. METHODS: The measures were specified for implementation with administrative claims data and validated using data from the Florida and Texas Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Programs...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276588/a-new-definition-for-oral-health-developed-by-the-fdi-world-dental-federation-opens-the-door-to-a-universal-definition-of-oral-health
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael Glick, David M Williams, Dushanka V Kleinman, Marko Vujicic, Richard G Watt, Robert J Weyant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759164/retention-strategies-for-health-disparities-preventive-trials-findings-from-the-early-childhood-caries-collaborating-centers
#15
Raul I Garcia, Tamanna Tiwari, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Brenda Heaton, Mario Orozco, Margaret Rasmussen, Patricia Braun, Michelle Henshaw, Belinda Borrelli, Judith Albino, Courtney Diamond, Christina Gebel, Terrence S Batliner, Judith C Barker, Steven Gregorich, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: To identify successful strategies for retention of participants in multiyear, community-based randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to reduce early childhood caries in health disparities populations from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds and across diverse geographic settings. METHODS: Four RCTs conducted by the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers (EC4), an initiative of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, systematically collected information on the success of various strategies implemented to promote participant retention in each RCT...
December 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233316/high-prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-hiv-infected-children-in-west-africa-compared-to-uninfected-siblings
#16
Noëlla Rajonson, David Meless, Boubacar Ba, Malick Faye, Jean-Serge Diby, Serge N'zore, Sébastien Datté, Lucrèce Diecket, Clémentine N'Diaye, Edmond Addi Aka, Kouadio Kouakou, Abou Ba, Didier Koumavi Ekouévi, François Dabis, Caroline Shiboski, Elise Arrivé
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to investigate the association between HIV infection and dental caries among children in West Africa, and to identify factors associated with dental caries among HIV-infected children. METHODS: We conducted a multi-center cross-sectional study in Mali, Senegal and Côte d'Ivoire with a random sample of HIV-infected children aged 5-15 years on antiretroviral therapy and their uninfected siblings. A standardized examination was performed by calibrated dentists...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#17
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195340/preventive-benefit-of-access-to-fluoridated-water-for-young-adults
#18
A John Spencer, Pingzhou Liu, Jason Mathew Armfield, Loc Giang Do
Water fluoridation has been repeatedly associated with lower caries experience in children but uncertainty still exists on strength and extent of the association into adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the preventive effect of access to fluoridated water on dental caries among young adults. METHODS: In 1991/92 a cross-section of South Australian children aged 5-17 were recruited. Parents provided information on residential history, socioeconomic status, and behaviors...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195331/comparing-self-reported-and-clinically-diagnosed-unmet-dental-treatment-needs-using-a-nationally-representative-survey
#19
J Farmer, C Ramraj, A Azarpazhooh, L Dempster, V Ravaghi, C Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the validity and diagnostic accuracy of self-reported data compared with clinically assessed data for the ascertainment of clinical dental treatment needs in the Canadian population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007-2009) was undertaken. Clinical treatment needs were classified into preventive and diagnostic, restorative, endodontic, periodontic, surgical, and orthodontic categories. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (NPVs), kappa statistics and likelihood ratios (LR) were calculated to compare self-reported and clinically determined needs...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195327/having-fewer-than-21-teeth-associated-with-poorer-general-health-among-south-australians
#20
Lisa Jamieson, David Brennan, Marco A Peres, Liana Luzzi, Caroline Miller, Jacqui Bowden, Nikki McCaffrey
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether having less than 21 teeth is associated with poorer general health in a representative population sample of South Australians. METHODS: Data were from a cross-sectional state-based survey, conducted from September to December 2013. Complete data were available for 2,908 participants (58 percent response rate). General health-related quality of life (HrQOL), as measured by the EuroQol instrument (EQ-5D-5L), was the main outcome measure...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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