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Journal of Public Health Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898427/the-dental-therapist-movement-in-the-united-states-a-critique-of-current-trends
#1
David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Jay W Friedman
Dental therapists are members of the oral health workforce in over 50 countries in the world typically caring for children in publically funded school-based programs. A movement has developed in the United States to introduce dental therapists to the oral health workforce in an attempt to improve access to care and to reduce disparities in oral health. This article critiques trends in the United States movement in the context of the history and success of dental therapists practicing internationally. While supporting the dental therapist movement, we challenge: a) the use of dental therapists treating adults, versus focusing on children; b) the use of dental therapists in the private versus the public/not-for-profit sector; and c) requirements that a dental therapist must also be credentialed as a dental hygienist...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884829/preventive-dental-care-among-medicaid-enrolled-senior-adults-from-community-to-nursing-facility-residence
#2
Mary C Kelly, Daniel J Caplan, Mercedes Bern-Klug, Howard J Cowen, Marsha A Cunningham-Ford, Leonardo Marchini, Elizabeth T Momany
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the utilization rate of preventive oral health care services while senior adults were community-dwelling differed from the rate after those same senior adults were admitted to nursing facilities. A secondary objective was to evaluate other significant predictors of receipt of preventive oral health procedures after nursing facility entry. METHODS: Iowa Medicaid claims from 2007-2014 were accessed for adults who were 68+ years upon entry to a nursing facility and continuously enrolled in Medicaid for at least three years before and at least two years after admission (n = 874)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857224/trends-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-antibiotic-prescribing-practices-of-dentists-in-the-united-states
#3
Christopher Okunseri, Cheng Zheng, Cory Neil Steinmetz, Elaye Okunseri, Aniko Szabo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine trends and racial/ethnic disparities in antibiotic prescribing practices of dentists in the United States. METHODS: The US Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data for 1996-2013 was analyzed. Information on patient sociodemographic characteristics, dental visits, receipt of dental procedures, and type of antibiotics prescribed following visits was obtained. Descriptive statistics were calculated separately for each year...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833182/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-two-caries-prevention-methods-in-the-first-permanent-molar-in-children
#4
Tumader Khouja, Kenneth J Smith
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports two methods for preventing dental caries lesions in children: pit and fissure sealants (PFS) and fluoride varnishes (FV). The aim of this study was to compare the cost-effectiveness of these two strategies in preventing dental caries lesions on the occlusal surface of the first permanent molar in children. METHODS: A Markov model was used to simulate the progression of dental caries on the occlusal surface of the first permanent molar in a hypothetical cohort of children over a 9-year period...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805253/temporal-association-of-implementation-of-the-arizona-health-care-cost-containment-system-ahcccs-with-changes-in-dental-related-emergency-department-visits-in-maricopa-county-from-2006-to-2012
#5
Ahmed Mohamed, Brooke Alhanti, Mac McCullough, Kate Goodin, Kirsten Roling, Larry Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in emergency department (ED) dental-related visits in Maricopa County before and after the elimination of dental benefits for adult Medicaid-insured patients as of October 2010. METHODS: Hospital visits extracted from a hospital discharge dataset were used to calculate a yearly rate ratio of dental-related versus non-dental-related ED visits (as a comparison group) for adults, children, and payer types. Changes in ED visits over time were evaluated from 2006 to 2012...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771746/evaluation-of-enrollee-satisfaction-with-iowa-s-dental-wellness-plan-for-the-medicaid-expansion-population
#6
Julie C Reynolds, Susan C McKernan, Jennifer M C Sukalski, Peter C Damiano
BACKGROUND: Dental coverage for Iowa's Medicaid expansion population is provided through the Dental Wellness Plan (DWP), implemented in May 2014. The plan targets healthy behavior incentives via an earned benefits structure, whereby additional services are covered if enrollees return every 6-12 months for routine dental visits. This study examines enrollee satisfaction with the DWP. METHODS: We surveyed a random sample of DWP enrollees 1 year after program implementation about their experiences...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771737/the-role-of-cognitions-in-short-term-temporal-changes-in-dental-fear-among-australian-adults
#7
Jason M Armfield, Antonio Crego, Helena S Schuch, Liana Luzzi
OBJECTIVES: To determine if temporal changes in dental fear over a 4-month period are predicted by changed cognitive vulnerability-related perceptions of going to the dentist. METHODS: Australian adults (n = 484) completed mailed questionnaires at baseline and follow-up, containing measures of dental fear, cognitive vulnerability-related perceptions, dental services received, and possible aversive experiences during the study period. Change in dental fear was the main outcome measure, categorized as decreased (Fear(-) ), unchanged (Fear(0) ), and increased (Fear(+) )...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771733/basic-income-guarantee-a-review-of-implications-for-oral-health
#8
Yi-An Chen, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To: a) Familiarize readers with the concept of a basic income guarantee (BIG) and its different forms; b) Consider how BIG could improve oral health and decrease oral health disparities; c) Motivate readers to advocate for the evaluation of oral health outcomes in BIG experiments. METHODS: Published articles and book chapters that have analyzed and reviewed data from past BIG pilot projects were examined for their findings on health and socioeconomic outcomes...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749530/parents-willingness-to-invest-in-their-children-s-oral-health
#9
Jannetje Berendsen, Clarissa Bonifacio, Martine van Gemert-Schriks, Cor van Loveren, Erik Verrips, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate parents' Willingness to Invest (WTI) in their children's oral health in terms of money, visits to a dental practice, and brushing minutes. Objectives were to assess the association between parents' WTI and a) children's dental caries experience, b) children's oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and c) maternal education level and ethnic background. METHODS: A sample of 630 five to six-year-old-children was recruited from pediatric dental centers in the Netherlands...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749529/effect-and-acceptance-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-treatment-on-dental-caries-in-primary-teeth
#10
Jennifer Clemens, Jaana Gold, Jeffrey Chaffin
OBJECTIVES: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment has been identified as a potential solution to address the dental public health issues of untreated dental caries and insufficient access to care. The current study assessed the effectiveness of 38 percent SDF in arresting active dental caries lesions and in reducing or preventing associated dental pain and infections in young, at-risk children. METHODS: We enrolled 32 children aged 2-5 years with 118 active caries lesions in primary teeth from a community dental clinic in Oregon...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#11
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719064/the-association-between-dental-general-and-mental-health-status-among-underserved-and-vulnerable-populations-served-at-health-centers-in-the-us
#12
Vy H Nguyen, Sue C Lin, David P Cappelli, Suma Nair
OBJECTIVES: Vulnerable populations in underserved communities are disproportionately at high risk for multiple medical, dental, and behavioral health conditions. This study aims to: a) examine the occurrence of acute dental needs and b) investigate the association of acute dental needs and self-rated general and mental health status among the adult dentate health center population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data on adult patients (n = 5,035) from the 2014 Health Center Patient Survey, a nationally representative survey of health center patients...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712110/assessing-attitudes-and-actions-of-pediatric-dentists-toward-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#13
Robin Wright, Paul S Casamassimo
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a major US health concern, and oral health professionals have opportunities to participate in an interprofessional effort to intervene owing to their access to young patients and their abilities in addressing obesity-related dietary habits like consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This study determined attitudes, behaviors, future intentions, and perceived barriers of pediatric dentists regarding efforts to prevent childhood obesity and reduce children's consumption of SSBs...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708302/advancing-oral-health-policy-and-advocacy-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-reduce-children-s-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#14
Ankit Sanghavi, Nadia J Siddiqui
PURPOSE: While a large body of work documents the interconnections between oral health and obesity, less is known about the role that oral health professionals and organizations play to prevent childhood obesity, especially by influencing children's consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This review identifies efforts by oral health professionals and organizations to influence such policy and advocacy, while informing future opportunities to leverage and expand on existing efforts...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708273/pediatric-obesity-related-curricular-content-and-training-in-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#15
Kimon Divaris, Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Kathleen A McGraw
OBJECTIVES: The authors conducted a systematic review to determine: a) What dental schools and dental hygiene programs are doing to promote knowledge and skills related to addressing childhood obesity and to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and b) What else these schools and programs could do to better equip future oral health professionals to address childhood obesity and reduce consumption of SSBs. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, Scopus, Education Full Text (EBSCOHost), and ERIC (EBSCOHost) to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting on obesity or dietetic-related curricula in dental and dental hygiene education within the last 20 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708245/health-equity-issues-related-to-childhood-obesity-a-scoping-review
#16
Clemencia M Vargas, Elsie M Stines, Herta S Granado
PURPOSE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the health-equity issues that relate to childhood obesity. METHODS: Health-equity issues related to childhood obesity were identified by analyzing food environment, natural and built environment, and social environment. The authors searched Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science, using the keywords "children" and "obesity." Specific terms for each environment were added: "food desert," "advertising," "insecurity," "price," "processing," "trade," and "school" for food environment; "urban design," "land use," "transportation mode," "public facilities," and "market access" for natural and built environment; and "financial capacity/poverty," "living conditions," "transport access," "remoteness," "social support," "social cohesion," "working practices," "eating habits," "time," and "social norms" for social environment...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686303/rural-veterans-dental-utilization-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-survey-2014
#17
R Constance Wiener, Chan Shen, Usha Sambamoorthi, Patricia A Findley
INTRODUCTION: Rural residents are overrepresented in the military; however, access to Veteran services is limited in rural areas. There is a need to identify rural Veteran healthcare utilization. This study addresses that need and has two purposes: a) to determine if there is an association between rural dwelling and Veteran utilization of dental services; and b) to determine if there is an association between rural dwelling and the oral health outcome of missing teeth. METHODS: Data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey were used in this study...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675452/estimating-the-cost-of-school-sealant-programs-with-minimal-data
#18
Susan O Griffin, Kari Jones, Shillpa Naavaal, Joan M O'Connell, Christina Demopoulos, Dawn Arlotta
OBJECTIVE: Develop methodology to estimate the annual cost of resources used by school sealant programs (SSPs) and demonstrate its use. METHODS: We used existing literature and expert opinion to identify SSP cost components and the most appropriate units for their measurement (e.g., per operator) and collection frequency (e.g., per day). For equipment and reusable instruments, costs were sufficiently homogenous across SSPs that we could provide default per unit cost estimates (2016 US$) that SSPs can use in lieu of collecting their own data...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670678/the-economic-burden-of-opioid-prescription-by-dentists-a-12-month-survey-of-consumer-expenditure-in-brazil
#19
Tulio Eduardo Nogueira, Patrícia Azevedo Lino, Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins, Maria Elisa Souza Silva, Claudio Rodrigues Leles, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães Abreu
OBJECTIVES: To describe consumer expenditure on opioids prescribed by dentists in Brazil during a 12-month period. METHODS: We surveyed individual dispensed prescriptions of opioids in private pharmacies from October 2012 to September 2013. A descriptive analysis of costs included a calculation of the overall and mean maximum price to consumers. Monetary costs were converted from local currency units (Brazilian Real - BRL) to international dollars using purchasing power parity (PPP) exchanging rates...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276588/a-new-definition-for-oral-health-developed-by-the-fdi-world-dental-federation-opens-the-door-to-a-universal-definition-of-oral-health
#20
EDITORIAL
Michael Glick, David M Williams, Dushanka V Kleinman, Marko Vujicic, Richard G Watt, Robert J Weyant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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