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Journal of Public Health Dentistry

Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Mei Lin
OBJECTIVE: In young adults, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with dental caries, which in turn is a major contributor to tooth loss. The independent role of SSB intake on tooth loss, however, has not been well-described. This cross-sectional study examined associations between tooth loss and SSB intake among U.S. young adults. METHODS: The outcome was number of permanent teeth lost because of dental caries or periodontal disease (0, 1-5, ≥6 teeth)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Jay W Friedman, David A Nash
OBJECTIVES: The poor oral health of Saskatchewan's children, in concert with a significant shortage of dentists, prompted the province in the early 1970s to seek an alternative method of addressing the oral health care needs of children. The result was the Saskatchewan Health Dental Plan (SHDP), which trained and employed dental therapists in school-based clinics to provide basic dental care to all children. The program was initiated over the opposition of Saskatchewan's dentists. The purpose of this research was to provide information and data previously not documented in the refereed dental literature regarding the only school-based program staffed by dental therapists to ever exist in North America...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Ying-Chun Lin, Wen-Chen Wang, Jen-Hao Chen, Ping-Ho Chen, Chien-Hung Lee, Hsiao-Ling Huang
OBJECTIVES: This study examined significant caries (SiC) and the interactive effects of maternal-related oral hygiene factors in urban preschool children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed to collect data from a cluster of randomly selected samples in 2011. A total of 495 child-mother pairs from the San-Ming District of Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, participated in the study. Children aged 4-6 years received dental examinations, and their mothers completed a self-administered questionnaire...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Raul I Garcia, Tamanna Tiwari, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Brenda Heaton, Mario Orozco, Margaret Rasmussen, Patricia Braun, Michelle Henshaw, Belinda Borrelli, Judith Albino, Courtney Diamond, Christina Gebel, Terrence S Batliner, Judith C Barker, Steven Gregorich, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: To identify successful strategies for retention of participants in multiyear, community-based randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to reduce early childhood caries in health disparities populations from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds and across diverse geographic settings. METHODS: Four RCTs conducted by the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers (EC4), an initiative of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, systematically collected information on the success of various strategies implemented to promote participant retention in each RCT...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Wanda G Wright, Avron Spiro, Judith A Jones, Sharron E Rich, Raul I Garcia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop the Teen Oral Health-Related Quality of Life instrument (TOQOL) and demonstrate its validity and reliability in a diverse sample of 13-18-year-old adolescents. METHODS: A total of 363 adolescents aged 13-18 years participated in this cross sectional study. Oral screening examinations were conducted to collect oral health status data. Adolescents completed the TOQOL and a generic measure of health-related quality of life, the PedsQL...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Mei Lin, Chien-Hsun Li, Liang Wei, Shillpa Naavaal, Shellie Kolavic Gray, Michael C Manz, Laurie Barker
OBJECTIVES: To compare estimated prevalence of past-year dental visit (PPYDV) among US adults aged ≥18 years from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimates from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: We estimated PPYDV adjusted for covariates (age, race/ethnicity, education level, poverty status, edentulism) using BRFSS, MEPS, and NHIS 1999-2010, and NHANES 1999-2004...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Shillpa Naavaal, Laurie K Barker, Susan O Griffin
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between utilization of care for a dental problem (utilization-DP) and parent-reported dental problem (DP) urgency among children with DP by type of health care insurance coverage. METHODS: We used weighted 2008 National Health Interview Survey data from 2,834 children, aged 2-17 years with at least one DP within the 6 months preceding survey. Explanatory variables were selected based on Andersen's model of healthcare utilization...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Rizwana Lala, Julia Csikar, Gail Douglas, Jenni Muarry
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature reporting factors that are associated with the delivery of lifestyle support in general dental practice. METHODS: A systematic review of the quantitative observational studies describing activities to promote the general health of adults in primary care general dental practice. Behavior change included tobacco cessation, alcohol reduction, diet, weight management, and physical activity. Tooth brushing and oral hygiene behaviors were excluded as the focus of this review was on the common risk factors that affect general health as well as oral health...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Søren Risløv Staugaard, Marit Jøssing, Christina Krohn
OBJECTIVES: Most young adults transition from childhood dental care to adult dental care without problems. However, a substantial minority leaves childhood dental care with considerable fear of dental treatment. In the present study, we hypothesized that fear of dental treatment in the young adult is influenced by memories of positive and negative childhood experiences with dental care. More specifically, we predicted that the emotional impact, sense of reliving, rehearsal, and belief in the accuracy of a negative treatment memory would be associated with increased dental fear, while positive treatment memories would show the opposite relation...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Cliff Lee, Yuehong Fan, Jacqueline R Starr, I Leon Dogon
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the attitudes, knowledge, preparedness, and willingness of dentists and dental students to treat people-living-with-HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in China, and to determine the factors associated with willingness to treat. METHODS: We surveyed dentists and dental students in hospitals and dental schools in five regions in China with varying PLWHA prevalence. Survey questions covered demographics, as well as four categories regarding treating PLWHA: knowledge (scaled 0-1), attitude (scaled 1-4), preparedness (scaled 1-4), and willingness to treat (scaled 1-4)...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Erica A Brecher, Martha Ann Keels, Rocio B Quiñonez, Michael W Roberts, William Clay Bordley
OBJECTIVES: To examine professional guidelines and/or requirements of state and national dental organizations regarding the responsibility of dentists for after-hours emergency care. METHODS: Guidelines of national dental professional organizations, specialties, and all 50 state dental boards were examined for language pertaining to after-hours emergency care. Guidelines were categorized as: a) no guidelines; b) deferral to American Dental Association (ADA) guidelines; c) specific guidelines outlined...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Kristin Dillow, Gregory Essick, Anne Sanders, Rose Sheats, Jennifer Brame
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated patient response to a recommendation for physician evaluation following screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a dental practice. METHODS: In a community-based dental practice in Raleigh, North Carolina, 119 patients were recruited by nonprobability purposive sampling and administered both a validated subjective (STOP questionnaire) and objective (pulse oximeter) screening instrument for OSA. Patients who screened high-risk for OSA on either instrument were recommended to consult their physician within three months...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Fernanda Tomazoni, Mario Vianna Vettore, Fabricio Batistin Zanatta, Simone Tuchtenhagen, Carlos Heitor Cunha Moreira, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the associations of gingival bleeding with individual and community social variables among schoolchildren. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated a representative, multistage, random sample of 1,134 12-year-old schoolchildren from Santa Maria, a city in southern Brazil. The participants were examined clinically, and full-mouth gingival bleeding was recorded according to the Community Periodontal Index criteria (scored as healthy or bleeding)...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Lawrence D Robertson, Eugenio Beltrán-Aguilar, Ananda Dasanayake, Kathy R Phipps, John J Warren, Thomas W Hennessy
OBJECTIVES: Caries in the primary dentition (CIPD) has a high prevalence in U.S. children compared to other diseases, with substantial disparities among different population groups. Few reports correlate CIPD prevalence with clinical impairment of children's quality of life, such as tooth pain, speech delay or trauma to the child from operative restorations, which we collectively term morbidity. Likewise, current case definitions (ECC, S-ECC) and disease metrics (mean dmfs/dmft) are not helpful in assessing morbidity for individual or groups of children...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Christine N Veschusio, Janice C Probst, Amy B Martin, James W Hardin, Nathan L Hale
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the effect of South Carolina's (SC) Medicaid fluoride varnish (FV) reimbursement policy on children's receipt of fluoride varnish in medical (MFV) and dental (DFV) settings. METHODS: We obtained data from SC Medicaid enrollment and claims files for children ≤ 47 months of age across State Fiscal Years (SFY) 2008-2013 and created a panel dataset of 52,841 children representing 126,464 child-years of observation. Pooled multivariate logistic regression models were estimated to identify factors associated with a higher likelihood of a child receiving one or more MFV or DFV treatments...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Willi Horner-Johnson, Konrad Dobbertin
OBJECTIVES: People with disabilities experience barriers to dental care, which may vary depending on type of disability and disability complexity (e.g., impact on activities of daily living). The purpose of this study was to examine differences in dental insurance, receipt of dental checkups, and delayed and unmet needs for dental care by type and complexity of disability. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analysis of 2002-2011 data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Robert J Schroth, Stephanie Ndayisenga, Katelyn Guenther, Gail Marchessault, Sarah Prowse, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Jeanette M Edwards, Michael E K Moffatt
OBJECTIVES: The Free First Visit (FFV) program was implemented in 2010 to promote early preventive dental visits for children <36 months of age in Manitoba, Canada. The purpose was to understand parents' and caregivers' perspectives on the program. METHODS: Three focus groups with 21 participants were conducted in Winnipeg, Canada using an interview guide in this qualitative study. RESULTS: Most participants were aware of the FFV program and the appropriate age for a child's first visit...
June 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Ankur Singh, Adyya Gupta, Marco A Peres, Richard G Watt, Georgios Tsakos, Manu R Mathur
BACKGROUND: Studies in high-income countries have reported associations between tooth loss and hypertension. There is however a lack of evidence on this association from South Asian countries especially India. The current study aimed to assess the association between self-reported tooth loss and hypertension in a primarily rural middle-aged and older Indian population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the Longitudinal Ageing Study of India - pilot survey was conducted on 1,486 adults aged 45 years and above from four states of India...
June 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Kevin Glatt, Christopher Okunseri, Diane Flanagan, Pippa Simpson, Yumei Cao, Earnestine Willis
OBJECTIVES: Home visiting programs promote the education and health of Early Head Start (EHS) children and pregnant women. However, EHS's oral health component is unevenly implemented. We conducted an educational intervention to improve oral health knowledge and motivational interviewing techniques among Wisconsin EHS home visitors. METHODS: A questionnaire assessing oral health-related knowledge and confidence was administered to home visitors before and after an educational session...
June 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Scott L Tomar, Donna L Carden, Virginia J Dodd, Frank A Catalanotto, Jill Boylston Herndon
OBJECTIVES: The inability to access regular dental care may lead to care seeking at hospital emergency departments (EDs). However, EDs generally are not equipped or staffed to provide definitive dental services. This study examined trends and patterns of hospital ED use for dental-related reasons in Florida, a large, diverse state with serious barriers to accessing dental care. METHODS: Data for this study were drawn from ambulatory ED discharge records compiled by Florida's Agency for Health Care Administration for 2005-2014...
June 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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