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Journal of Public Health Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233316/high-prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-hiv-infected-children-in-west-africa-compared-to-uninfected-siblings
#1
Noëlla Rajonson, David Meless, Boubacar Ba, Malick Faye, Jean-Serge Diby, Serge N'zore, Sébastien Datté, Lucrèce Diecket, Clémentine N'Diaye, Edmond Addi Aka, Kouadio Kouakou, Abou Ba, Didier Koumavi Ekouévi, François Dabis, Caroline Shiboski, Elise Arrivé
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to investigate the association between HIV infection and dental caries among children in West Africa, and to identify factors associated with dental caries among HIV-infected children. METHODS: We conducted a multi-center cross-sectional study in Mali, Senegal and Côte d'Ivoire with a random sample of HIV-infected children aged 5-15 years on antiretroviral therapy and their uninfected siblings. A standardized examination was performed by calibrated dentists...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#2
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195340/preventive-benefit-of-access-to-fluoridated-water-for-young-adults
#3
A John Spencer, Pingzhou Liu, Jason Mathew Armfield, Loc Giang Do
: Water fluoridation has been repeatedly associated with lower caries experience in children but uncertainty still exists on strength and extent of the association into adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the preventive effect of access to fluoridated water on dental caries among young adults. METHODS: In 1991/92 a cross-section of South Australian children aged 5-17 were recruited. Parents provided information on residential history, socioeconomic status, and behaviors...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195331/comparing-self-reported-and-clinically-diagnosed-unmet-dental-treatment-needs-using-a-nationally-representative-survey
#4
J Farmer, C Ramraj, A Azarpazhooh, L Dempster, V Ravaghi, C Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the validity and diagnostic accuracy of self-reported data compared with clinically assessed data for the ascertainment of clinical dental treatment needs in the Canadian population. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007-2009) was undertaken. Clinical treatment needs were classified into preventive and diagnostic, restorative, endodontic, periodontic, surgical, and orthodontic categories. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (NPVs), kappa statistics and likelihood ratios (LR) were calculated to compare self-reported and clinically determined needs...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195327/having-fewer-than-21-teeth-associated-with-poorer-general-health-among-south-australians
#5
Lisa Jamieson, David Brennan, Marco Peres, Liana Luzzi, Caroline Miller, Jacqui Bowden, Nikki McCaffery
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether having less than 21 teeth is associated with poorer general health in a representative population sample of South Australians. METHODS: Data were from a cross-sectional state-based survey, conducted from September to December 2013. Complete data were available for 2,908 participants (58 percent response rate). General health-related quality of life (HrQOL), as measured by the EuroQol instrument (EQ-5D-5L), was the main outcome measure...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195310/the-role-of-healthcare-system-in-dental-check-ups-in-27-european-countries-multilevel-analysis
#6
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether public expenditure on health and Euro Health Consumer Index (EHCI) are associated with dental check-ups in European countries. METHODS: Individual data were from Eurobarometer 72.3, 2009 a cross-national survey of 27 European countries. Eligible participants were those aged 18 years and older in 27 European countries. Dental check-ups reflected dental visits for oral examination and getting advice on oral health in the last 12 months...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168719/acculturation-and-its-impact-on-the-oral-health-status-of-pacific-children-in-new-zealand-findings-from-the-pacific-islands-families-study
#7
Philip J Schluter, Sathananthan Kanagaratnam, Steve Taylor, El-Shadan Tautolo
OBJECTIVES: Immigration and acculturation are increasingly recognized as important explanatory factors for health disparities, although their impact on oral health is less well understood. This study investigates the relationship between Pacific children's cultural orientation and oral health, after adjusting for potentially moderating and confounding variables. METHODS: The Pacific Islands Families (PIF) study follows a cohort of Pacific infants born in 2000. PIF study participants' data from their last dental examination were extracted from service records, and matched to the cohort...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#8
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075494/geographic-access-to-dental-care-varies-in-missouri-and-wisconsin
#9
Kamyar Nasseh, Yochai Eisenberg, Marko Vujicic
OBJECTIVE: To examine geographic access to dental providers for the general population and children with public insurance in Missouri and Wisconsin. METHODS: Using a newly constructed dentist office database from the American Dental Association master file and other sources, we use the two-step floating area catchment area method to calculate population to provider ratios at the census block group level. These ratios are used to determine potential geographic dentist shortage areas...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070905/dentists-perspective-about-dental-amalgam-current-use-and-future-direction
#10
Eman Bakhurji, Thayer Scott, Thomas Mangione, Woosung Sohn
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) reached a binding agreement - a.k.a. the Minamata treaty - to decrease dental amalgam use. This study aims to investigate US dentists' current practice and opinions about amalgam use, and to determine factors affecting their amalgam use and opinions. METHODS: A total of 45,557 general dentists and 5,101 pediatric dentists were invited to participate in a pre-tested electronic survey. The survey consisted of 12 close-ended questions using a 5-point Likert Scale...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035658/utilization-of-teledentistry-as-a-tool-to-screen-for-dental-caries-among-12-year-old-school-children-in-a-rural-region-of-india
#11
Bharathi M Purohit, Abhinav Singh
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the reliability of video-graphic method as a tool to screen the dental caries among 12-year-old school children in a rural region of India. METHODS: A total of 139 school children participated in the study. Visual tactile examinations were conducted using the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index. Simultaneously, standardized video recording of the oral cavity was performed. Sensitivity and specificity values were calculated for video-graphic assessment of dental caries...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025830/the-hispanic-and-latino-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#12
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Jean Calvo, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Hispanic/Latino (H/L) dentist workforce, their general practice patterns, and their contributions to oral health care for H/L and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 35.4 percent response rate for self-reported H/L dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. A workforce profile of H/L dentists was created using descriptive and multivariable statistics and published data...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019015/factors-associated-with-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-safety-net-clinic-patients
#13
Akiko Kamimura, Bethany Gull, Shannon Weaver, Lindsey Wright, Alysa Edwards, Kimiya Nourian, Jeanie Ashby, Lea E Erickson
OBJECTIVES: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is an important health indicator not only for individuals but also for oral health care providers to treat a person holistically. Previous studies focused on OHRQoL do not provide comprehensive knowledge regarding low-income patients in the United States, many of whom have chronic health conditions that can affect their oral health. The purpose of this study is to examine factors associated with OHRQoL among low-income, uninsured patients of safety-net providers, which provide free or reduced fee medical and/or dental care to underserved populations...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966789/the-black-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#14
Elizabeth Mertz, Jean Calvo, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to describe the Black dentist workforce, the practice patterns of providers, and their contributions to oral health care for minority and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 32.6 percent response rate for self-reported Black dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative. Descriptive and multivariable statistics were computed to provide a workforce profile of Black dentists...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935043/differences-in-utilization-of-dental-procedures-by-children-enrolled-in-wisconsin-medicaid-and-delta-dental-insurance-plans
#15
Pradeep Bhagavatula, Qun Xiang, Aniko Szabo, Fredrick Eichmiller, Christopher Okunseri
BACKGROUND: Few studies have directly compared dental procedures provided in public and private insurance plans for enrollees living in dental health professional shortage areas (DHPSAs). We examined the rates for the different types of dental procedures received by 0-18-year-old children living in DHPSAs and non-DHPSAs who were enrolled in Medicaid and those enrolled under Delta Dental of Wisconsin (DDW) for years 2002 to 2008. METHODS: Medicaid and DDW dental claims data for 2002 to 2008 was analyzed...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922723/the-american-indian-and-alaska-native-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#16
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to describe the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) dentist workforce, the general practice patterns of these providers, and their contributions to oral health care for AI/AN and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 34 percent response rate for self-reported AI/AN dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886383/permanent-tooth-loss-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-u-s-young-adults
#17
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Mei Lin
OBJECTIVE: In young adults, sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake is associated with dental caries, which in turn is a major contributor to tooth loss. The independent role of SSB intake on tooth loss, however, has not been well-described. This cross-sectional study examined associations between tooth loss and SSB intake among U.S. young adults. METHODS: The outcome was number of permanent teeth lost because of dental caries or periodontal disease (0, 1-5, ≥6 teeth)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861917/saskatchewan-s-school-based-dental-program-staffed-by-dental-therapists-a-retrospective-case-study
#18
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Jay W Friedman, David A Nash
OBJECTIVES: The poor oral health of Saskatchewan's children, in concert with a significant shortage of dentists, prompted the province in the early 1970s to seek an alternative method of addressing the oral health care needs of children. The result was the Saskatchewan Health Dental Plan (SHDP), which trained and employed dental therapists in school-based clinics to provide basic dental care to all children. The program was initiated over the opposition of Saskatchewan's dentists. The purpose of this research was to provide information and data previously not documented in the refereed dental literature regarding the only school-based program staffed by dental therapists to ever exist in North America...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861912/significant-caries-and-the-interactive-effects-of-maternal-related-oral-hygiene-factors-in-urban-preschool-children
#19
Ying-Chun Lin, Wen-Chen Wang, Jen-Hao Chen, Ping-Ho Chen, Chien-Hung Lee, Hsiao-Ling Huang
OBJECTIVES: This study examined significant caries (SiC) and the interactive effects of maternal-related oral hygiene factors in urban preschool children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed to collect data from a cluster of randomly selected samples in 2011. A total of 495 child-mother pairs from the San-Ming District of Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, participated in the study. Children aged 4-6 years received dental examinations, and their mothers completed a self-administered questionnaire...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759164/retention-strategies-for-health-disparities-preventive-trials-findings-from-the-early-childhood-caries-collaborating-centers
#20
Raul I Garcia, Tamanna Tiwari, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Brenda Heaton, Mario Orozco, Margaret Rasmussen, Patricia Braun, Michelle Henshaw, Belinda Borrelli, Judith Albino, Courtney Diamond, Christina Gebel, Terrence S Batliner, Judith C Barker, Steven Gregorich, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: To identify successful strategies for retention of participants in multiyear, community-based randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to reduce early childhood caries in health disparities populations from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds and across diverse geographic settings. METHODS: Four RCTs conducted by the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers (EC4), an initiative of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, systematically collected information on the success of various strategies implemented to promote participant retention in each RCT...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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