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Journal of Public Health Dentistry

Ramon Targino Firmino, Carolina Castro Martins, Larissa Dos Santos Faria, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Fernanda Morais Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the association of oral health literacy (OHL) with oral health behaviors, perception, knowledge, and dental treatment related outcomes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up until June 2017. Studies regarding the aforementioned outcomes measuring OHL through a validated instrument and in which OHL was an explanatory variable were included. Two independent reviewers selected studies, extracted data, and analyzed the risk of bias of the studies...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Nadereh Pourat, Moonkyung Kate Choi, Xiao Chen
OBJECTIVES: Preventive dental health services are intended to reduce the likelihood of development of tooth decay and the need for more intensive treatment overtime. The evidence on the effectiveness of preventive dental care in reducing treatment services and expenditures is lagging for adults, particularly those with lower incomes and chronic conditions. We assessed the impact of preventive dental services on dental treatment service use and expenditures overall and by category of service...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Gabriel Fernandez de Grado, Virginie Ehlinger, Emmanuelle Godeau, Mariane Sentenac, Catherine Arnaud, Cathy Nabet, Paul Monsarrat
OBJECTIVES: To describe tooth brushing frequency and its association with a wide range of socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics, using a nationally representative sample of school-aged children in France. METHODS: Our sample included 11,337 students aged from 10 to 16 years, who answered the HBSC questionnaire. Some variables were grouped into composite variables, thus generating scores for: eating habits, health and body, relationships with parents, socioeconomic status (SES) of family, and school life...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Donald L Chi, Dane Lenaker, Lloyd Mancl, Matthew Dunbar, Michael Babb
OBJECTIVES: Dental Health Aide Therapists (DHATs) have been part of the dental workforce in Alaska's Yukon-Kuskokwim (YK) Delta since 2006. They are trained to provide preventive and restorative care such as filling and extractions. In this study, we evaluated community-level dental outcomes associated with DHATs. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of Alaska Medicaid and electronic health record data for individuals in Alaska's YK Delta (2006-2015). The independent variable was the number of DHAT treatment days in each community...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Lynn H Al-Zwaylif, Saoirse O'Toole, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interrelationship between type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults. METHODS: This study used data from 3,586 adults, aged 18 years and older, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-04. Information on four types of acidic food and beverages (fruits, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, and soft drinks) and timing of consumption (meals versus snacks, defined according to percentage of total energy intake, self-reported eating occasion, and time of day) was extracted from two 24-hour dietary recalls...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Pradeep Bhagavatula, Alexandra Curtis, Barbara Broffitt, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, John Warren, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between fluoride intake levels and fluorosis of late-erupting permanent teeth. METHODS: The current study used information collected from 437 children in the longitudinal Iowa Fluoride Study. Participants' fluoride intake information was collected using questionnaires from birth to age 10 years. Estimated mean daily fluoride intake was categorized into low, moderate, and high intake tertiles for each age interval (2-5, 5-8, and 2-8 years)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Benjamin W Chaffee, Elizabeth T Couch, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVE: Measure associations between adolescent baseball players' perceptions of smokeless tobacco (ST) use by professional baseball players and those adolescents' actual ST use and susceptibility. METHODS: Male baseball players (N = 360) at 25 rural California high schools completed tobacco behavior surveys and reported how likely they believed it was their favorite major league baseball player used ST. We compared ST use and, among ST never-users, willingness and expectations to use ST, according to perceived favorite player's use...
December 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Gary Douglas Slade, Anne Elizabeth Sanders
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in income disparities in dental caries among U.S. children and adolescents during two decades of fluctuating economic growth. METHODS: Data were from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted in 1988-1994, 1999-2004, and 2011-2014. The number of tooth surfaces with dental caries experience per child was computed for three age groups: 2-5, 6-11, and 12-17 years. Absolute and relative measures of inequality compared caries experience in families below the poverty level with families where income was at least three times the poverty threshold...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Michael Glick, David M Williams, Dushanka V Kleinman, Marko Vujicic, Richard G Watt, Robert J Weyant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Raul I Garcia, Tamanna Tiwari, Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Brenda Heaton, Mario Orozco, Margaret Rasmussen, Patricia Braun, Michelle Henshaw, Belinda Borrelli, Judith Albino, Courtney Diamond, Christina Gebel, Terrence S Batliner, Judith C Barker, Steven Gregorich, Stuart A Gansky
OBJECTIVES: To identify successful strategies for retention of participants in multiyear, community-based randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aiming to reduce early childhood caries in health disparities populations from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds and across diverse geographic settings. METHODS: Four RCTs conducted by the Early Childhood Caries Collaborating Centers (EC4), an initiative of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, systematically collected information on the success of various strategies implemented to promote participant retention in each RCT...
December 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Samilly Evangelista Souza, Mayara Dos Santos Noronha, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins
OBJECTIVES: Untreated dental caries can compromise oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). However, it is not clear which specific daily activities related to OHRQoL are compromised by the presence of this problem. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify which specific daily activities are affected by the presence of untreated dental caries using a representative sample of Brazilian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a representative sample of Brazilian children (12 years of age) was conducted...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Shivani Arora, Jayanth V Kumar, Mark Eric Moss
OBJECTIVES: There are reports showing higher prevalence of enamel fluorosis among African-American children. This study was conducted to assess whether the effect of water fluoride level on enamel fluorosis is different among different race/ethnicity groups among US school children. METHODS: Data from the National Survey of Oral Health of US School Children 1986-1987 were analyzed to determine the prevalence of enamel fluorosis among 7-17 year-old children. The association between race/ethnicity and enamel fluorosis was examined using logistic regression modeling after controlling for potential confounders age, gender, water fluoridation, other sources of fluoride, and region of residence...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Allison L Naleway, Michelle L Henninger, Lisa A Waiwaiole, David M Mosen, Michael C Leo, Daniel J Pihlstrom
OBJECTIVE: To assess dental providers' clinical practices and perceptions regarding adolescent vaccinations. METHODS: We surveyed 234 dental providers in an integrated health care setting in Portland, Oregon, in March-April 2015. We assessed participants' knowledge of adolescent vaccines, barriers to recommending vaccines, and their perceived role in the promotion of vaccination and preventive medical care. RESULTS: Over 80 percent of respondents correctly identified influenza, tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis, and human papillomavirus as vaccinations recommended for adolescents; 60 percent correctly identified meningococcal conjugate...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Chandrashekar Janakiram, Vinita Sanjeevan, Rajeev Br, Joe Joseph, Nicole Stauf, Habib Benzian
OBJECTIVES: To examine the political priority of oral health in India and to understand the underlying reasons for the political support oral health receives. METHODS: The analysis is based on the political power framework developed by Shiffman and Smith and modified by Benzian et al. to examine the factors that contribute to the political priority of oral health in India. The framework comprises four main analysis categories, further subdivided into 11 dimensions...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Emma Patricia Hall-Scullin, Hilary Whitehead, Helen Rushton, Keith Milsom, Martin Tickle
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether caries experience in late childhood (aged 7-9 years) was predictive of adolescent obesity (ages 12-16 years) to inform the use of a common risk factor approach (CRFA) for prevention. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in an area of North West England. Clinical assessment of caries took place using the same methodology at ages 7-9 years and 12-16 years. Body mass index (BMI) category was calculated from height and weight measurements using age and gender specific cut-offs at 12-16 years only...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Jesley C Ruff, Jill Boylston Herndon, Roger A Horton, Julie Lynch, Dawn C Mathwig, Audra Leonard, Krishna Aravamudhan
OBJECTIVES: Health registries are commonly used in medicine to support public health activities and are increasingly used in quality improvement (QI) initiatives. Illustrations of dental registries and their QI applications are lacking. Within dentistry, caries risk assessment implementation and documentation are vital to optimal patient care. The purpose of this article is to describe the processes used to develop a caries risk assessment registry as a QI initiative to support clinical caries risk assessment, caries prevention, and disease management for children...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Elizabeth A Bilodeau, James Guggenheimer
OBJECTIVES: Despite a decline in cigarette smoking in the United States, high rates persist among the socioeconomically underserved who consequently are at risk for smoking-related disease (SRD). Since academically affiliated dental clinics are more likely to encounter underserved patients, smoking interventions could address both the oral and systemic risks of continued smoking. To determine the relevance of providing smoking counseling in the context of SRD, this study examined the prevalence of smoking and its associations with socioeconomic status (SES), SRD and its sequela, and medication use...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Jay W Friedman
Dental therapists are members of the oral health workforce in over 50 countries in the world typically caring for children in publically funded school-based programs. A movement has developed in the United States to introduce dental therapists to the oral health workforce in an attempt to improve access to care and to reduce disparities in oral health. This article critiques trends in the United States movement in the context of the history and success of dental therapists practicing internationally. While supporting the dental therapist movement, we challenge: a) the use of dental therapists treating adults, versus focusing on children; b) the use of dental therapists in the private versus the public/not-for-profit sector; and c) requirements that a dental therapist must also be credentialed as a dental hygienist...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Mary C Kelly, Daniel J Caplan, Mercedes Bern-Klug, Howard J Cowen, Marsha A Cunningham-Ford, Leonardo Marchini, Elizabeth T Momany
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the utilization rate of preventive oral health care services while senior adults were community-dwelling differed from the rate after those same senior adults were admitted to nursing facilities. A secondary objective was to evaluate other significant predictors of receipt of preventive oral health procedures after nursing facility entry. METHODS: Iowa Medicaid claims from 2007-2014 were accessed for adults who were 68+ years upon entry to a nursing facility and continuously enrolled in Medicaid for at least three years before and at least two years after admission (n = 874)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Kamyar Nasseh, Marko Vujicic
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the Affordable Care Act on dental care use among low-income adults ages 21-64. METHODS: Our analysis uses national survey data from the 2010-2016 Gallup Wellbeing-Index. We use a differences-in-differences analysis to assess changes since the end of 2013 in dental care use among low-income adults. We compare changes in states that expanded Medicaid and offer adult Medicaid dental benefits versus changes in other states. RESULTS: Relative to the pre-reform period and other states, in Medicaid expansion states with adult dental benefits, dental care use increased 3-6 percentage points in 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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