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Indian Journal of Psychiatry

Sourav Khanra, Christoday R J Khess, Sanjay K Munda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Anupam Mitra, Samidha Tripathi, Gargi Bhattacharya, Pradipta Majumder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Naresh Nebhinani, Navratan Suthar, Shruti Modi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Pei-Chun Chao, Ta-Chuan Yeh, Chia-Luen Huang, Chuan-Chia Chang, Hsin-An Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Reddy Ravikanth, Denver Steven Pinto, Sunil Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Abhishek Ghosh, Debasish Basu, Ajit Avasthi
The most evidence-based treatment for opioid dependence is opioid agonist maintenance treatment also known as opioid substitution therapy (OST). However, there are some critical, yet unaddressed issues of buprenorphine-based substitution therapy, especially in the Indian context. These comprise of generalizability of the evidence for OST, especially for natural and pharmaceutical opioids and for all age groups, optimum dose and duration of OST, and mode of treatment delivery including the frequency of dispensing...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Seshadri Sekhar Chatterjee, Didakamiwan Khonglah, Sayantanava Mitra, Kabir Garg
Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) typically occurs in elderly people with peripheral vision impairment, or interruptions in the connections from eyes to visual cortex. The heterogeneity of presentations and causal mechanisms warrants clinical caution. In this report, we describe a case of CBS developing in the form of Lilliputian Hallucinations in an elderly gentleman, on the background of cataract and normal pressure hydrocephalus, the complexities arising out of such aetiogenesis, and its management. We emphasize upon the fact that CBS might develop through two concurrent mechanisms in a given individual...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Soumitra Das, Kamaldeep Sadh, Seshadri Sekhar Chatterjee, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Rapidly progressive dementia (RPD) is generally obvious to family member but often difficult for physicians to pinpoint the underlying pathology. Some common causes, such as prion's disease, Alzheimer's disease, central nervous system vasculitis, or infection, might present with disease-specific signs or symptoms where many etiologies do not produce such warning signs. Here, we are presenting a case who attended the psychiatric clinic for decreased motivation to do work, easy fatigability, infrequent falls, recent memory impairment, increased appetite, polydipsia and polyuria, and provisionally diagnosed with RPD...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Richard M Duffy, Choudhary L Narayan, Nishant Goyal, Brendan D Kelly
Context: The mental healthcare act 2017 represents a complete overhaul of Indian mental health legislation. Aims: The aim of this study was to establish the opinions of Indian psychiatrists regarding the new act. Settings: Mental health professionals in Bihar and Jharkhand were interviewed. Design: A focus group design was utilized. Materials and Methods: Key questions explored the positive and negative aspects of the act and the management of the transitional phase...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Suhas Ganesh, Arun Kandasamy, Ubahara S Sahayaraj, Vivek Benegal
Introduction: Addictive disorders are an epiphenomenon of underlying vulnerabilities. Research over the past decades into these vulnerabilities has distinguished internalizing and externalizing spectra as two distinct personality factors underlying substance use disorders (SUDs). In this study, we explore the behavioral activation and inhibition factors in patients with SUD. Materials and Methods: A total of 240 patients with SUD were recruited for the study. Behavioral inhibition system-behavioral activation/approach system (BIS-BAS) scale was used to assess the three domains of the behavioral activation, namely drive, fun seeking and reward responsiveness, and the behavioral inhibition as a single domain...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Lisa Barman, Dipta Kanti Mukhopadhyay, Gautam Kumar Bandyopadhyay
Background: Use of social networking sites (SNS) and prevalence of anxiety and depression among the young population is on the rise. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the pattern of use of SNS and the prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical students as well as to examine the relation, if any, between the use of SNS and anxiety and depression. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 undergraduate students of a medical college in Kolkata, West Bengal during 2017...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Jitendra Jeenger, Vikas Singroha, Manu Sharma, Devendra Mohan Mathur
Aims: The aim of the study is to assess and compare serum C-reactive protein (CRP), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and interleukin-2 (IL-2) levels in patients with first-episode depression (FED), recurrent depressive disorder (RDD), and healthy controls (HCs) and to determine the relationship between the above-specified inflammatory markers, severity of depression, and stressful life events. Materials and Methods: Consecutive drug-naive patients with FED and RDD ( n = 85) and 50 HCs were studied...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Rohit Verma, Nand Kumar, Saurabh Kumar
Background: There is limited number of studies from India investigating role of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in treatment-resistant depression (TRD). This clinic-based study reports on the efficacy of rTMS as an add-on treatment in patients suffering from TRD. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two right-handed patients suffering from major depressive disorder who failed to respond to adequate trials of at least two antidepressants drugs in the current episode received rTMS as an augmenting treatment...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Sharmishtha Shailesh Deshpande, Swapna S Khatu, Geeta S Pardeshi, Neeta R Gokhale
Context: Patients with dermatological problems have higher prevalence of psychiatric illnesses than the general population. Melasma, hyperpigmentation of skin over sun-exposed areas, has bidirectional cause-effect relationship with depression and stress through psycho-neuro-endocrine pathways. Aims: The aim of this study is to study the psychiatric morbidity and perceived stress in patients with melasma and statistically compare objective study parameters with those without melasma...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Buddhika Senanayake, Mahesh Rajasuriya, Chathurie Suraweera, Carukshi Arambepola
Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 1.9%-3.0% in the general population. It is an easily missed diagnosis. Although several paper-based tools have been developed, none are culturally validated for Sri Lankans to screen for OCD at field level. Aims: This study aimed to translate and assess the validity and reliability of obsessive-compulsive inventory-revised scale (OCI-R) for Sri Lankan adults...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Suyog Vijay Jaiswal, Alka Anand Subramanyam, Henal Rakesh Shah, Ravindra M Kamath
Background: Raising a child with intellectual disability (ID) can add to parenting stress significantly. This stress can manifest into psychopathologies such as anxiety and depression. The aims of the study were to assess psychopathology and coping mechanisms in parents of children with ID. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 consecutive consenting parents of children with ID were interviewed from child psychiatry outpatient department of a municipal-run tertiary care teaching hospital...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Dushad Ram, Manju George, Basawanna Gowdappa
Context and Aims: Dysfunction of cognition and emotion is known in alcohol dependence; however, their relationship in alcohol dependence is unknown. Thus, this study aimed to know the level of emotional dysregulation and cognitive functions and their correlation in patients with alcohol dependence. Materials and Methods: In this hospital-based cross-sectional study, 120 patients with alcohol dependence were consecutively recruited and assessed with sociodemographic and clinical pro forma, Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Difficulty in Emotional Regulation Scale-Short Form (DERS-SF)...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP) training and services in India. Methodology: An online survey was conducted involving at least one faculty member from the department of psychiatry working in various institutes providing postgraduate training in psychiatry. Results: A total of 90 faculty members from different postgraduate institutes across the country participated in the online survey. In three-fourth of the institutes, the CLP services were provided in the form of on-call services with a three-tier system (i...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Neeraj Jain, B S Chavan, Ajeet Sidana, Subhash Das
Background: The need for effective and accepted method for opioid detoxification is ever increasing. Sublingual buprenorphine and oral clonidine have been effective in opioid detoxification. As often, there is a great variation in the dosage of buprenorphine and clonidine prescribed by the clinicians; hence, there is a felt need to find an effective dosage for a favorable outcome of opioid detoxification. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of different doses of sublingual buprenorphine and clonidine in opioid detoxification...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Gonca Özyurt, Çagla Dinsever, Zehra Çaliskan, Derya Evgin
Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of the positive parenting program (Triple P) on child maltreatment, children's behaviors, and coping strategies of mothers. Materials and Methods: This study was the pretest-posttest quasiexperimental design. Secondary care state hospital located in the Cappadocia region between January and February 2016. This study was conducted with mothers (n: 138) of children aged between 4 and 12 years, 126 mothers were available to finish the study...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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