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Indian Journal of Psychiatry

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[This corrects the article on p. 329 in vol. 57, PMID: 26600599.].
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Abhijeet D Faye, Sushil Gawande, Rahul Tadke, Vivek C Kirpekar, Sudhir H Bhave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Srinivasan Ramadurai, Sowmya Gopalan, Preetam Arthur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Pattath Narayanan Suresh Kumar, Arun Gopalakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Ottilingam Somasundaram, A G Tejus Murthy
This article refers to materials of psychiatric interest found in the Manimekalai written by the 2(nd) Century CE Buddhist poet Sathanar. From the early description of a wandering psychotic in the streets of Pukar, the ancient maritime capital of the Cholas it is opined that this description fits that of present-day schizophrenia. A drunkard making fun of a Jain monk and a cross-dressed individual are also found in the same streets. Manimekalai's request to the Chola king to convert the prison to a place of piety with Buddhist monks is mentioned...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Roy Abraham Kallivayalil
The Burgholzli Hospital Zurich has a very important place in history, as part of of modern era in Psychiatry. Founded in 1870 by the efforts of Griesinger, it was here many eminent path breakers in Psychiatry like Bleuler, Jung, Adolf Meyer and others once worked. From here, Bleuler coined the term "Schizophrenia". Now the University Hospital of Zurich, Burgholzli's transformation from a mental hospital to a centre of excellence speaks of a rich legacy. It is a model worth emulating in many parts of the world...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Sujita Kumar Kar, Darpan Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Surjeet Sahoo, Snehalata Choudhury
Dermatitis artifacta is a psychiatric disorder in which the patient deliberately produces self-inflicted skin lesions to satisfy an unconscious psychological or emotional need, often a desire to receive medical treatment. We present a case of a 20-year-old female with pain in abdomen, pain during urination, and multiple skin lesions, mostly in the reach of her dominant hand and in tongue. She gave a history of several episodes of similar illnesses with admission in various hospitals. She was improved with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, supportive and insight-oriented psychotherapy...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Umesh Dwivedi, Sony Kumari, H R Nagendra
CONTEXT: Aggression and negative affectivity (NA) are known for moderating relationship between job stressors and counterproductive work behavior. Yoga has been demonstrated earlier to reduce the parameters of aggression and negative emotions. AIM: The present study examined the effectiveness of yoga practices in reducing counterproductive work behavior and its predictors such as aggression and NA. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A pretest-posttest randomized controlled design...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Anindya Kumar Ray
"Unmodified"-electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) being considered unethical remained away from the scientific literature, but continued in practice in many parts of the world. The Mental Health Care Bill, 2011, proposed for its banning in India. The aim of this study is to retrospectively observe "how bad was unmodified-ECT" to the patients in a naturalistic setting. The study was done at the Central Institute of Psychiatry, India. Files of patients receiving unmodified ECT during 1990-1995 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Manik Changoji Bhise, Arun Vishwambharrao Marwale, Apoorva Sadgun Deshmukh, Sanjeev Gopal Saoji
BACKGROUND: Negative attitude toward psychiatry (ATP) among medical students is a serious concern. Some studies have concluded that after training in the subject, attitude changes toward positive side. Currently in India, medical students have a less intense course without separate exam or binding to attend training whereas physiotherapy students have more intense course with separate subject exam and binding to attend training in psychiatry. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain and compare the positive and negative ATP in final year MBBS students and final year physiotherapy (BPTh) students who have completed psychiatry curriculum...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
K Niranjan Prasad, P B Sajeev Kumar, O K Narayanankutty, Amal Abraham, Zoheb Raj, Vinayak Madanagopal, Akash Balu
PURPOSE: This study is to assess the attitude of the medical interns toward psychiatry, psychiatrists and patients with mental health problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A personal data sheet and the Balon et al. questionnaire was used to assess the attitude among medical interns (n = 44) of a medical college in Northern Kerala. RESULTS: There was modestly good attitude toward psychiatry throughout the study. Data were compared between interns who have completed their posting in psychiatry and those who have not...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Sevda Bag, Ozge Canbek, Ilhan Murat Atagun, Tarik Mehmet Kutlar
CONTEXT: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered a very effective tool for the treatment of psychiatric diseases, memory disturbances are among the most important adverse effects. AIMS: This study aimed to assess prospectively early subjective memory complaints in depressive and manic patients due to bilateral, brief-pulse ECT, at different stages of the treatment, compare the associations between psychiatric diagnosis, sociodemographic characteristics, and ECT characteristics...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Abhishek R Nitturkar, Preeti Sinha, Virupakshappa I Bagewadi, Jagadisha Thirthalli
BACKGROUND: Efficacy and adverse effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) depend on the extent to which the electrical stimulus exceeds patients' seizure thresholds (STs). Titration method of estimating ST is recommended. Age and co-prescribed anticonvulsants (ACs) are known to affect ST. Literature on ST in bilateral ECT (BLECT) is sparse. OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and demographic determinants of ST in a clinically representative sample of patients prescribed with BLECT...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Dhanesh K Gupta, Navratan Suthar, Vikram Singh, Mitesh Bihari, Vijay Kumar, Kamal K Verma, Roop Sidana, Somnath Sengupta, Mahender Singh Bhadoriya
BACKGROUND: There are widespread perceptions that excessive and unnecessary investigations are done in many patients with mental illnesses. There are no studies from India looking into this issue. AIMS: (i) To study the frequency and pattern of various investigations such as electroencephalography (EEG), computerized tomography (CT) scan of head, magnetic resolution imaging (MRI) scan of brain, and blood investigations carried out by the previous doctors on patients seeking treatment in three different settings...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Shridhar Sharma, Gautam Sharma, Bristi Barkataki
BACKGROUND: There is an intimate relationship between drugs and criminal behavior. The drug-violence relationship is further complicated by intoxicating doses and/or withdrawal effects of specific drugs. Understanding this relationship is important for both healthcare workers and policy makers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Prayas observation home for boys, a short stay home for juveniles-under-enquiry in New Delhi. The present study aims to correlate substance use and criminal behavior by investigating the sociodemographic characteristics and the current trend of substance use among juveniles in New Delhi...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Nakkeerar Subramanian, Rajkumar Ramanathan, Venkatesh Madhan Kumar, Dhanabalan Kalingarayan Palayam Chellappan, Jeyaprakash Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: Mentally ill prisoners, when requiring admission in a psychiatric facility, have to be admitted only by a reception order of a judicial magistrate and convicts by warrants issued by the Government to jail superintendents and the superintendent of the hospital. Both can be only under Section 27 of The Mental Health Act, 1987. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study of the contents of reception order and warrants regarding the acts and section under which they were issued over 1 year period for the admission of the patients in the criminal ward of the Institute of Mental Health was carried out...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Chintan Madhusudan Raval, Bharat Navinchandra Panchal, Deepak Sachidanand Tiwari, Ashok Ukabhai Vala, Renish Bhupendrabhai Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) characterized by mood changes, anxiety, and somatic symptoms experienced during the specific time of menstrual cycle. Prevalence data of PMS and PMDD is sparse among college girls in India. AIMS: The aim of this study is to study the prevalence of PMS and PMDD among college students of Bhavnagar (Gujarat), its associated demographic and menstrual factors, to rank common symptoms and compare premenstrual symptom screening tool (PSST) with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR defined PMDD (SCID-PMDD) for sensitivity and specificity...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Beauty Mahanta, P K Mohapatra, N Phukan, J Mahanta
BACKGROUND: Some people in Northeast India prepare rice-based alcoholic drinks in the household. People use these drinks in religious and social functions, and these are taken even in the presence of parents and elders. Easy access to illicit substances in industrial towns and lack of social inhibition for intake of homemade alcohol might increase the vulnerability of youth to these habits. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of alcoholic drink user among school-going adolescent students in an industrial town of Assam...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Sukanto Sarkar, Eswaran Subramaniam, Janet Konthoujam
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence remains a significant problem in India, and of late intravenous (IV) buprenorphine use has increased in India, especially in combination with antihistamines and benzodiazepines. Its usage has many serious consequences in the form of needle-transmitted hepatitis and HIV, which is showing an increasing trend. Buprenorphine is a partial agonist at μ-opioid receptors. In tablet form (and rarely as IV), it is widely used in the treatment of opioid detoxification...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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