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Indian Journal of Anaesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655968/can-fluid-resuscitation-be-a-risk-factor-for-laryngeal-oedema-in-severe-dengue
#1
Sai Saran, Afzal Azim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655967/fluid-resuscitation-laryngeal-oedema-and-severe-dengue
#2
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655966/euglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-by-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-inhibitors-real-but-preventable-concern
#3
Monish S Raut, Arun Maheshwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655965/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-patient-safety-and-clinical-importance
#4
Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Sambathkumar Sasikumar, Florence Benita, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655964/anaesthetic-consideration-for-robotic-nipple-sparing-mastectomy
#5
Amit Kumar Mittal, Mamta Dubey, Manisha Arora, Sangeeta Bhagat, Ajay Kumar Bhargava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655963/a-novel-approach-to-the-anaesthetic-management-of-a-case-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#6
Jasveer Singh, Preeti Sharma, Sukanya Mitra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655962/the-file-drawer-effect-a-call-for-meticulous-methodology-and-tolerance-for-non-significant-results
#7
Priscilla Joys Nagarajan, Bharath Kumar Garla, M Taranath, I Nagarajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655961/use-of-merocel-%C3%A2-aids-in-prevention-of-nasal-pressure-ulcers-following-nasal-intubation-case-series-of-33-patients
#8
Rahil Singh, Nishant Sood, Sukhyanti Kerai, Arun Puri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655960/airway-ultrasound-to-detect-endotracheal-tube-cuff-herniation
#9
Debendra Kumar Tripathy, R Ravindra Bhat, Sangeeta Dhanger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655959/management-of-predicted-difficult-airway-with-conventional-techniques-in-an-infant-with-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-upper-lip
#10
Kavya R Upadhya, Chandrika Y Ramavakoda, Madhavi Ravindra, Anuradha Ganigara
In paediatric patients, airway management can be challenging due to unique anatomical and physiological variations. Hence, a thorough history, examination and pre-operative planning are essential in securing difficult airway in paediatrics. We report a case of a 7-month-old infant with rhabdomyosarcoma of the upper lip with anticipated difficult airway. The airway was managed with three different conventional techniques (modified nasal trumpet, supraglottic airway and direct laryngoscopy) for three different procedures in the same infant...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655958/spontaneous-arterial-catheter-fracture-and-embolisation-unpredicted-complication
#11
Suresh Babu Kale, Senthilkumar Ramalingam
Arterial cannulation is a common procedure in the care and management of critically ill patients. Blood pressure measurement, arterial blood sampling and cardiac output determinations are a few primary reasons for arterial cannulation. This invasive catheter placement also imposes certain risks and clinical management problems like bleeding, thrombosis and hematoma formation. Fracture and embolisation of arterial catheters placed in the femoral region is a rare and serious complication that may result in arterial occlusion and thrombosis...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655957/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-of-caudal-dexmedetomidine-versus-caudal-tramadol-with-ropivacaine-in-paediatric-infraumbilical-surgeries-a-prospective-randomised-double-blinded-clinical-study
#12
Savita Gupta, Rashmi Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Caudal epidural analgesia is commonly practised regional block technique in children undergoing infraumbilical surgeries but has a short duration of action after single shot local anaesthetic injection. The aim of this study was to compare ropivacaine 0.25% with dexmedetomidine and tramadol in caudal anaesthesia in paediatric infraumbilical surgeries. METHODS: In a randomised, prospective, double-blinded study, sixty children (1-8 years) belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I or II scheduled for infraumbilical surgeries were included...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655956/post-operative-analgesic-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-administration-in-wound-infiltration-for-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomised-control-study
#13
Swati Singh, Chandrakant Prasad
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Local infiltration of the surgical wound is one of the important components of multimodal analgesia for post-operative pain relief. This study determines the post-operative analgesic effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine for local infiltration of the surgical wound. METHODS: Sixty women belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' Grade 1 or 2 posted for abdominal hysterectomy were randomly allocated to Group I (control group) where patients received wound infiltration with 30 mL 0...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655955/comparison-of-efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-0-55-ortho-phthalaldehyde-and-2-glutaraldehyde-for-disinfection-of-laryngoscopes-a-prospective-pilot-study
#14
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Gita Nataraj, Rajarshi Gupta, Madhu Garasia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The laryngoscope is a potential source of cross-infection as it involves contact with the mucous membrane, saliva and occasionally blood. This study compared efficacy and cost-effectiveness of two Centre for Disease Control approved agents for disinfection of laryngoscope blades. METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients requiring laryngoscopy and intubation for general anaesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups. After tracheal intubation, used laryngoscope blades were cleaned with tap water...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655954/end-tidal-capnography-and-upper-airway-ultrasonography-in-the-rapid-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-placement-in-patients-requiring-intubation-for-general-anaesthesia
#15
Chintamani Abhishek, Kartik Munta, S Manimala Rao, C N Chandrasekhar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Confirmation of correct endotracheal tube placement is essential immediately after intubation for general anaesthesia. In this study, we have compared upper airway ultrasonography (USG) with reference to capnography for rapid confirmation of endotracheal tube placement after general anaesthesia. METHODS: A prospective, single centre, observational study was conducted on 100 patients requiring tracheal intubation for general anaesthesia. Both capnography and upper airway USG were performed immediately after intubation to confirm the endotracheal tube (ETT) placement...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655953/effect-of-nitrous-oxide-on-bispectral-index-values-at-equi-minimum-alveolar-concentrations-of-sevoflurane-and-desflurane
#16
Rajeeb Kumar Mishra, Charu Mahajan, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Indu Kapoor, Parmod Kumar Bithal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bispectral index (BIS) values may be anaesthetic agent-specific, depending on their ability to suppress the electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. We carried out a prospective, randomised clinical trial to study the effect of nitrous oxide (N2O) on the BIS values at an equi-minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane and desflurane. METHODS: Sixty adult patients undergoing spine surgery were randomised into two groups; Group S (sevoflurane; n = 30) and Group D (desflurane; n = 30) for the maintenance of anaesthesia in oxygen and air or oxygen and N2O mixture (FiO2-0...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655952/a-novel-technique-for-insertion-of-proseal%C3%A2-laryngeal-mask-airway-comparison-of-the-stylet-tool-with-the-introducer-tool-in-a-prospective-randomised-study
#17
Sheila Nainan Myatra, Vijaykumar Khandale, Friedrich Pühringer, Sushan Gupta, Sohan Lal Solanki, Jigeeshu V Divatia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) has a soft cuff which tends to fold on itself during insertion, resulting in reduced first-attempt success rate. We compared the standard introducer technique of PLMA insertion with a novel method to prevent folding of the cuff using a Rüsch™ Stylet. METHODS: This randomised superiority trial included 120 American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II patients between 18 and 80 years, undergoing elective surgeries under general anaesthesia using a PLMA for airway management...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655951/comparative-evaluation-of-ambu-auragain%C3%A2-with-proseal%C3%A2-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#18
Kriti Singh, Pavan Gurha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Second generation supraglottic airways are increasingly being used in surgical patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. Preventing aspiration at higher airway pressures may be at the expense of a higher cuff pressure which can impair mucosal perfusion. We attempted to elucidate whether Ambu AuraGain™ (AAU) would provide a higher oropharyngeal leak pressure (OLP) with a lower mucosal pressure in comparison to ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA). METHODS: This was a prospective randomised study involving sixty patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anaesthesia, using either AAU (Group AAU [n = 30]) or PLMA (Group PLMA [n = 30]) for elective ventilation...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655950/comparison-of-ultrasound-and-anatomical-landmark-guided-technique-for-superior-laryngeal-nerve-block-to-aid-awake-fibre-optic-intubation-a-prospective-randomised-clinical-study
#19
Uday S Ambi, B K Arjun, Shilpa Masur, Archana Endigeri, Vinod Hosalli, S Y Hulakund
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ultrasonography has emerged as a novel, portable, non-invasive tool encouraging airway assessment and procedural interventions. This study assesses the feasibility of ultrasound for block of internal branch of superior laryngeal nerve (ibSLN) block during upper airway anaesthesia to aid awake fibre-optic intubation. METHODS: Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I-II patients, aged 18-60 years, deemed to have a difficult airway (modified Mallampati class III-IV or inter-incisor distance <2...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655949/peri-operative-blood-management
#20
REVIEW
Alex Eeles, Ravishankar Rao Baikady
Anaemia and allogeneic blood transfusions in surgical patients are associated with poor outcomes. Patient blood management (PBM) has been developed as an evidence-based clinical tool, by which clinicians can optimise anaemia, manage peri-operative bleeding, avoid unnecessary blood transfusion and improve patient outcome. This article aims to highlight the recent updates regarding evidence-based PBM in the perioperative period, following a thorough literature review involving original research articles, published guidelines and consensus documents discovered through an extensive PubMed and Medline search...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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