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Cryobiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209499/blastocyst-development-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-of-equine-oocytes-vitrified-at-the-germinal-vesicle-stage
#1
Heloísa Siqueira Canesin, Joao Gatto Brom-de-Luna, Young-Ho Choi, Isabel Ortiz, Mouhamadou Diaw, Katrin Hinrichs
We evaluated the meiotic and developmental competence of GV-stage equine oocytes vitrified under different conditions. In a preliminary study, using dimethyl sulfoxide (D), ethylene glycol (EG) and sucrose (S) as cryoprotectants, the maturation rate was higher for cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) held overnight before vitrification (37%) than for those vitrified immediately (14%; P < 0.05). Thereafter, all COCs were held overnight before vitrification. In Experiment 1 we compared 1 min (1 m) and 4 min (4 m) exposure to vitrification and warming solutions; oocytes that subsequently matured were fertilized by ICSI...
February 13, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193448/cryopreservation-of-bufotes-viridis-embryos-by-vitrification
#2
Zahra Derakhshan, Mohsen Nokhbatolfoghahai, Shahla Zahiri
Loss of biodiversity among amphibians is a current concern. Our hypothesis is that the embryos of amphibian species at risk of extinction could be cryopreserved by vitrification, using methods which have proved successful with fish oocyte. To test this hypothesis, samples of four cryoprotectants - methanol (MeOH), dimethyl sulphoxide (Me2SO), propylene glycol (PG) and polyethylene glycol (PEG), some singly, some in combination, were plunged in liquid nitrogen for 5 min to find the best solution for vitrification...
February 10, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192075/the-effect-of-additive-compounds-on-glycerol-induced-damage-to-human-chondrocytes
#3
Joshua Hahn, Leila Laouar, Janet A W Elliott, Gregory S Korbutt, Nadr M Jomha
High concentrations of cryoprotective agents are required for cryopreservation techniques such as vitrification. Glycerol is a common cryoprotective agent used in cryopreservation protocols but this agent is toxic at high concentrations. This work is an attempt to mitigate the toxic effects of high concentrations of glycerol on intact chondrocytes in human knee articular cartilage from total knee arthroplasty patients by simultaneous exposure to glycerol and a variety of additive compounds. The resulting cell viability in the cartilage samples as measured by membrane integrity staining showed that, in at least one concentration or in combination, all of the tested additive compounds (tetramethylpyrazine, ascorbic acid, chondroitin sulphate, glucosamine sulphate) were able to reduce the deleterious effects of glycerol exposure when examination of membrane integrity took place on a delayed time frame...
February 10, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192076/thermo-mechanical-stress-analysis-of-cryopreservation-in-cryobags-and-the-potential-benefit-of-nanowarming
#4
Prem Solanki, John C Bischof, Yoed Rabin
Cryopreservation by vitrification is the only promising solution for long-term organ preservation which can save millions of lives across the world. One of the challenges in cryopreservation of large-size tissues and organs is to prevent fracture formation due to the tendency of the material to contract with temperature. The current study focuses on a pillow-like shape of a cryobag, while exploring various strategies to reduce thermo-mechanical stress during the rewarming phase of the cryopreservation protocol, where maximum stresses are typically found...
February 9, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161239/cryopreservation-of-bovine-somatic-cells-using-antifreeze-polyamino-acid-carboxylated-poly-l-lysine
#5
Takuro Fujikawa, Takaaki Ando, Yuki Gen, Suong-Hyu Hyon, Chikara Kubota
Carboxylated poly-l-lysine (CPLL) is an ampholytic polymer compound, obtained by converting 65 mol% of amino groups to carboxyl groups after synthesizing ε-poly-l-lysine aqueous solution and succinic anhydride. CPLL has cryoprotective properties similar to those of anti-freeze protein. The addition of CPLL to freezing medium has been reported to improve the post-thawing survival rate of murine cells, human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, embryonic stem (ES) cells and embryos. In this study, investigating CPLL for its effectiveness as a new cryoprotective material is aimed...
February 1, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137430/0%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-is-better-thawing-temperature-optimization-study-for-cancer-cryoablation-in-a-mouse-model-with-green-fluorescent-protein-labeled-lewis-lung-cancer
#6
Tian Zhou, Quanwang Li, Xiaoyi Chi, Linyi Li, Jianyu Rao, Kaiwen Hu
PURPOSE: There are two kinds of thawing temperatures commonly adopted in cancer cryosurgery. We attempted to compare their efficacy differences in this study to optimize the surgical method. METHOD: Forty-five C57BL/6 J mice with GFP-labeled Lewis lung cancer were randomized into three groups (n = 15 for each): control group, T0 group (thawing temperature 0 °C), and T40 group (thawing temperature 40 °C). Cryoablation was performed using a combined surgical system...
January 27, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137429/full-term-potential-of-goat-in-vitro-produced-embryos-after-different-cryopreservation-methods
#7
José Carlos Ferreira-Silva, Marcelo Tigre Moura, Túlio Diego Silva, Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira, Adauto Chiamenti, Vicente José Figueirêdo Freitas, Marcos Antonio Lemos Oliveira
Cryopreservation of preimplantation embryos represents a major challenge due to their shape and relatively large cells. Embryo source and cryopreservation method are key factors to cryotolerance efficiency and few reports have investigated more promising protocols for goat embryos. The study was aimed to compare different cryopreservation methods for goat in vitro produced (IVP) embryos. Goat blastocysts were subjected to conventional freezing (CF), Dimethyl sulfoxide vitrification (DMSO-V) and Dimethylformamide vitrification (DMF-V)...
January 27, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115174/effect-of-storage-conditions-on-the-ldl-effectiveness-in-ovine-sperm-cryopreservation
#8
P P N Snoeck, L C O Moura, M C Silva, M Machado-Neves, M I V Melo, L G D Heneine, M Henry
The present study evaluated the effect of storage conditions on the LDL efficacy for cryopreserving ovine sperm. In this way, we compared egg yolk extender with three different forms for LDL storing, LDL diluted in Tris-glucose extender and stored in frozen (i) and freeze-dried (ii) states and LDL stored pure and added into the extender prior to use (iii). We also tested the effect of two storage temperatures (-20 and -80 °C) and three storage times (30, 60, 120 d). Frozen and freeze-dried extenders containing LDL, as well as LDL stored pure, improved post-thaw sperm quality...
January 20, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108309/hypoxia-enhances-the-viability-growth-and-chondrogenic-potential-of-cryopreserved-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#9
Wan Kamarul Zaman Wan Safwani, Jane Ru Choi, Kar Wey Yong, Iris Ting, Noor Azmi Mat Adenan, Belinda Pingguan-Murphy
Cryopreservation is the only existing method of storage of human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) for clinical use. However, cryopreservation has been shown to be detrimental to ASCs, particularly in term of cell viability. To restore the viability of cryopreserved ASCs, it is proposed to culture the cells in a hypoxic condition. To this end, we aim to investigate the effect of hypoxia on the cryopreserved human ASCs in terms of not only cell viability, but also their growth and stemness properties, which have not been explored yet...
January 17, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093199/effect-of-different-cryo-devices-on-in%C3%A2-vitro-maturation-and-development-of-vitrified-warmed-immature-buffalo-oocytes
#10
Yelisetti Uma Mahesh, Henderson Rose Winnie Gibence, Sisinthy Shivaji, Brahmasani Sambasiva Rao
The aim of the study was to identify a cryo-device that would be best suited for the vitrification of buffalo immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) as judged by viability and meiotic competence of the vitrified-warmed oocytes and their development ability following in vitro fertilization (IVF). The expression of oocyte secreting factors and their receptors (GDF9, BMP15, BMPR2, TGFBR1) and apoptosis related genes (BCL2, BAX, P53, C-MYC) were compared in vitrified-warmed oocytes after in vitro maturation...
January 16, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093198/mild-hypothermia-pretreatment-protects-hepatocytes-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-down-regulating-mir-122-and-igf-1r-akt-pathway
#11
Qi Xiao, Qi-Fa Ye, Wei Wang, Bi-Qi Fu, Zhi-Ping Xia, Zhong-Zhong Liu, Xing-Jian Zhang, Yan-Feng Wang
BACKGROUND: Mild hypothermia has been well known as an effective way to reduce ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), while the mechanisms are still unclear. More and more evidences have indicated that miRNAs should been involved in the regulation of IRI and expecially some miRNAs have shown temp-responsiveness for temperature variation. Therefore, the role of miR-122 in mild hypothermia pretreatment after IRI was investigated. METHODS: We established a LO2 cell anoxia-reoxygenation injury model to simulate liver IRI...
January 13, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082102/molecular-snapshot-of-an-intracellular-freezing-event-in-an-antarctic-nematode
#12
Michael A S Thorne, Anna Seybold, Craig Marshall, David Wharton
The Antarctic nematode, Panagrolaimus sp. DAW1 (formerly called Panagrolaimus davidi), is the best documented example of an organism able to survive intracellular ice formation in all of its compartments. Not only is it able to survive such extreme physiological disruption, but it is able to produce progeny once thawed from such a state. In addition, under slower rates, or less extreme degrees, of cooling, its body remains unfrozen and the vapour pressure difference between the supercooled body fluids and the surrounding ice leads to a process termed cryoprotective dehydration...
January 9, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063961/zinc-supplementation-of-vitrification-medium-improves-in%C3%A2-vitro-maturation-and-fertilization-of-oocytes-derived-from-vitrified-warmed-mouse-ovaries
#13
Shirin Geravandi, Mehri Azadbakht, Mahsa Pourmoradi, Fatemeh Nowrouzi
Oocyte cryopreservation is an approach for fertility preservation for normal women and cancer patients facing chemo and radiotherapy. The present study evaluated the effect of adding zinc chloride to the vitrification medium used for whole mouse ovaries and then assessing the in vitro maturation and fertilization of oocytes when they were subsequently extracted from these vitrified ovarian tissues. Four vitrification solutions with 0, 100,150 and 200 μg/dl zinc (V0, V1, V2 and V3 respectively) were compared...
January 4, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063960/effect-of-trehalose-as-an-additive-to-dimethyl-sulfoxide-solutions-on-ice-formation-cellular-viability-and-metabolism
#14
Jason Solocinski, Quinn Osgood, Mian Wang, Aaron Connolly, Michael A Menze, Nilay Chakraborty
Cryopreservation is the only established method for long-term preservation of cells and cellular material. This technique involves preservation of cells and cellular components in the presence of cryoprotective agents (CPAs) at liquid nitrogen temperatures (-196 °C). The organic solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) is one of the most commonly utilized CPAs and has been used with various levels of success depending on the type of cells. In recent years, to improve cryogenic outcomes, the non-reducing disaccharide trehalose has been used as an additive to Me2SO-based freezing solutions...
January 4, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062180/determination-of-cryothermal-injury-thresholds-in-tissues-impacted-by-cardiac-cryoablation
#15
Ryan P Goff, Stephen G Quallich, Robert A Buechler, John C Bischof, Paul A Iaizzo
Despite widespread clinical use of cryoablation, there remain questions regarding dosing and treatment times which may affect efficacy and collateral injury. Dosing and treatment times are directly related to the degree of cooling necessary for effective lesion formation. Human and swine atrial, ventricular, and lung tissues were ablated using two cryoablation systems with concurrent infrared thermography. Post freeze-thaw samples were cultured and stained to differentiate viable and non-viable tissue. Matlab code correlated viability staining to applied freeze-thaw thermal cycles, to determine injury thresholds...
January 3, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057448/improved-cryotolerance-and-developmental-competence-of-human-oocytes-matured-in-vitro-by-transient-hydrostatic-pressure-treatment-prior-to-vitrification
#16
Ruihuan Gu, Yun Feng, Song Guo, Shen Zhao, Xiaowei Lu, Jing Fu, Xiaoxi Sun, Yijuan Sun
BACKGROUND: At present, the metaphase II (MII) oocytes have a very special structure that leads to complex difficulties associated with its vitrification, and their efficacy still needs a large amount of study to observe. The present study was to investigate whether transient hydrostatic pressure (THP), which was utilized for oocytes before vitrification, had positive effect on the oocytes' developmental ability and reactive oxygen species, and had no damage on meiotic spindle, zona pellucida, and DNA copy number...
January 2, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048968/supplementing-rooster-sperm-with-cholesterol-loaded-cyclodextrin-improves-fertility-after-cryopreservation
#17
Napapach Chuaychu-Noo, Pachara Thananurak, Vibantita Chankitisakul, Thevin Vongpralub
Little is known about the effects of Cholesterol-Loaded Cyclodextrin (CLC) on post-thaw semen quality in chicken. The aim of the present study is to investigate the efficacy of CLC levels (0, 1, 2 and 3 mg/mL Schramm diluent) on post-thawed semen quality and fertility in two breeds of chicken Pradu Hang Dum (native chicken) and Rhode Island Red. Semen samples of each breed were pooled, divided into 4 aliquots and diluted with Schramm diluents, cooled to 5 °C when DMF was added (6% of final volume). Semen straws were subjected to cryopreservation using the liquid nitrogen vapor method...
December 31, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042051/l-carnitine-is-a-survival-factor-for-chilled-storage-of-rooster-semen-for-a-long-time
#18
A Fattah, M Sharafi, R Masoudi, A Shahverdi, V Esmaeili
Rooster sperm is sensitive to cooling, which restricts procedures to store sperms for extended periods of time for artificial insemination of commercial flocks. This study was conducted to evaluate the suitability of adding L-carnitine (LC) to chilled-storage of rooster sperm and its effects on sperm quality parameters and its fertility potential during storage at 5 °C. Pooled semen from roosters were divided into six equal aliquots and diluted with media supplemented with different concentrations of LC (0, 0...
December 29, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042050/novel-technical-strategies-to-optimize-cryopreservation-of-goat-semen-using-cholesterol-loaded-cyclodextrin
#19
Vianney M Salmon, Pierre Leclerc, Janice L Bailey
Artificial insemination is well-established in dairy cattle, with sires housed in commercial studs for processing. In some species, however, sires located on-farm are used for artificial insemination by shipping their semen to an off-site laboratory for processing within 24 h of collection. To expedite semen transport from the farm to laboratory, protocols must be uncomplicated. For goat semen, an obstacle is the seminal plasma, which must be removed because it contains proteins that impede sperm quality. Our objective is to develop a simple strategy to transiently store goat semen for 24 h prior to freezing...
December 29, 2016: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040489/use-of-antioxidants-reduce-lipid-peroxidation-and-improve-quality-of-crossbred-ram-sperm-during-its-cryopreservation
#20
Mohamad Naiem Banday, Farooz Ahmad Lone, Fabiha Rasool, Muzamil Rashid, Arif Shikari
Ram sperm are subjected to extreme oxidative stress during their preservation at -196 °C resulting in reduced quality at post thaw. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of antioxidants taurine, quercetin and reduced glutathione on the post thaw quality of crossbred ram sperm. A total of twenty four ejaculates from six crossbred rams were collected and extended with tris-based extender with no antioxidant (Control), with taurine (40 mM), quercetin (5 μg/ml) and reduced glutathione (5 mM)...
December 28, 2016: Cryobiology
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