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Cryobiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428046/cryoprotectants-a-review-of-the-actions-and-applications-of-cryoprotective-solutes-that-modulate-cell-recovery-from-ultra-low-temperatures
#1
REVIEW
Gloria D Elliott, Shangping Wang, Barry J Fuller
Cryopreservation has become a central technology in many areas of clinical medicine, biotechnology, and species conservation within both plant and animal biology. Cryoprotective agents (CPAs) invariably play key roles in allowing cells to be processed for storage at deep cryogenic Temperatures and to be recovered with high levels of appropriate functionality. As such, these CPA solutes possess a wide range of metabolic and biophysical effects that are both necessary for their modes of action, and potentially complicating for cell biological function...
April 18, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414045/viscosities-encountered-during-the-cryopreservation-of-dimethyl-sulphoxide-systems
#2
P Kilbride, G J Morris
This study determined the viscous conditions experienced by cells in the unfrozen freeze concentrated channels between ice crystals in slow cooling protocols. This was examined for both the binary Me2SO-water and the ternary Me2SO-NaCl-water systems. Viscosity increases from 6.9 ± 0.1 mPa s at -14.4 ± 0.3 °C to 958 ± 27 mPa s at -64.3 ± 0.4 °C in the binary system, and up to 55387 ± 1068 mPa s at -75 ± 0.5 °C in the ternary (10% Me2SO, 0.9% NaCl by weight) solution were seen. This increase in viscosity limits molecular diffusion, reducing adsorption onto the crystal plane...
April 14, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412286/beneficial-effects-of-glutathione-supplementation-during-vitrification-of-mouse-oocytes-at-the-germinal-vesicle-stage-on-their-preimplantation-development-following-maturation-and-fertilization-in-vitro
#3
Adel R Moawad, Seang Lin Tan, Teruko Taketo
Oocyte cryopreservation is imperative for assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Although cryopreservation of oocytes at the Metaphase II has been widely used, immature oocytes at the germinal vesicle stage (GV-oocytes) need to be cryopreserved in certain situations such as cancer patients; however, the success rate of embryonic development from the GV-oocytes remains low largely due to the requirement for in vitro maturation (IVM). Our aim was to investigate the effects of glutathione (GSH) supplementation during vitrification and warming of mouse GV-oocytes on the preservation of developmental competence...
April 12, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395973/perfusion-bioreactor-based-cryopreservation-of-3d-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-tissue-grafts
#4
Y A Petrenko, A Y Petrenko, I Martin, D Wendt
The generation of an off-the-shelf in vitro engineered living tissue graft will likely require cryopreservation. However, the efficient addition and removal of cryoprotective agents (CPA) to cells throughout the volume of a three-dimensional (3D) tissue graft remains a significant challenge. In this work, we assessed whether a perfusion bioreactor-based method could be used to improve the viability of cryopreserved mesenchymal stromal cell- (MSC) based tissue constructs as compared to using conventional diffusion-based methods...
April 7, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395972/optimization-of-conditions-for-the-cryopreservation-of-yellow-catfish-pelteobagrus-fulvidraco-sperm
#5
Sen Yang, Linqiang Han, Rushou Huang, Yongzhong Liufu, Zining Meng, Haoran Lin
Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) is a promising aquaculture species in China with an increasing market demand. To serve the growing demand of male broodstock for artificial fertilization and the preservation of valuable strains for selective breeding, we tried to develop a species-specific cryopreservation protocol for yellow catfish sperm in this study. Important factors such as cryoprotectant, freezing height above the liquid nitrogen (LN) surface, dilution ratio, equilibration time, thawing temperature and cool storage before freezing were standardized...
April 7, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341134/metabolic-changes-in-droplet-vitrified-semen-of-wild-endangered-persian-sturgeon-acipenser-persicus-borodin-1997
#6
Amirreza Abed-Elmdoust, Hamid Farahmand, Bagher Mojazi-Amiri, Gholamreza Rafiee, Ruhollah Rahimi
Comparative quantitative metabolite profiling can be used for better understanding of cell functions and dysfunctions in particular circumstances such as sperm banking which is an important approach for cryopreservation of endangered species. Cryopreservation techniques have some deleterious effects on spermatozoa which put the obtained results in controversy. Therefore, in the present study, quantitative (1)H NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) based metabolite profiling was conducted to evaluate metabolite changes related to energetics and some other detected metabolites in vitrified semen of critically endangered wild Acipenser persicus...
March 21, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341133/sperm-cryopreservation-in-the-spermcasting-australian-flat-oyster-ostrea-angasi-by-a-programmable-freezing-method
#7
Md Mahbubul Hassan, Xiaoxu Li, Yibing Liu, Jian G Qin
Cryopreservation offers long-term storage of gametes without constraint from seasonal gamete maturation, provides opportunities to improve the efficiency of breeding and genetic programs, and protects endangered species from extinction due to epidemic diseases and natural disasters. In this study, a protocol for cryopreserving sperm of the spermcasting Australian flat oyster Ostrea angasi was developed by optimizing key factors influencing the quality of cryopreserved sperm. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was non-toxic to sperm within the concentration and duration assessed in the toxicity experiment whereas 10% methanol or a higher concentration was toxic to sperm from the exposure duration of 30 min onwards...
March 21, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302378/hypothermic-storage-of-isolated-spermatogonia-and-oogonia-from-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#8
Bahram Falahatkar, Samaneh Poursaeid, Ryota Kitada, Goro Yoshizaki
A growing number of fish species are endangered due to human activities. A short- or long-time preservation of gametes could conserve genetic resources of threatened fish species. The aim of this study was to evaluate a hypothermic condition for short-term preservation of spermatogonia and oogonia cells isolated from immature transgenic rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, and to determine the maximum time point for further transplantation. Viability rate of germ cells was investigated after isolation and during storage at 4 °C up to 24 h...
March 13, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192076/thermo-mechanical-stress-analysis-of-cryopreservation-in-cryobags-and-the-potential-benefit-of-nanowarming
#9
Prem Solanki, John C Bischof, Yoed Rabin
Cryopreservation by vitrification is the only promising solution for long-term organ preservation which can save millions of lives across the world. One of the challenges in cryopreservation of large-size tissues and organs is to prevent fracture formation due to the tendency of the material to contract with temperature. The current study focuses on a pillow-like shape of a cryobag, while exploring various strategies to reduce thermo-mechanical stress during the rewarming phase of the cryopreservation protocol, where maximum stresses are typically found...
February 9, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161239/cryopreservation-of-bovine-somatic-cells-using-antifreeze-polyamino-acid-carboxylated-poly-l-lysine
#10
Takuro Fujikawa, Takaaki Ando, Yuki Gen, Suong-Hyu Hyon, Chikara Kubota
Carboxylated poly-l-lysine (CPLL) is an ampholytic polymer compound, obtained by converting 65 mol% of amino groups to carboxyl groups after synthesizing ε-poly-l-lysine aqueous solution and succinic anhydride. CPLL has cryoprotective properties similar to those of anti-freeze protein. The addition of CPLL to freezing medium has been reported to improve the post-thawing survival rate of murine cells, human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, embryonic stem (ES) cells and embryos. In this study, investigating CPLL for its effectiveness as a new cryoprotective material is aimed...
February 1, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315320/controlled-ice-nucleation-using-freeze-dried-pseudomonas-syringae-encapsulated-in-alginate-beads
#11
Lindong Weng, Shannon N Tessier, Anisa Swei, Shannon L Stott, Mehmet Toner
The control of ice nucleation is of fundamental significance in many process technologies related to food and pharmaceutical science and cryobiology. Mechanical perturbation, electromagnetic fields and ice-nucleating agents (INAs) have been known to induce ice nucleation in a controlled manner. But these ice-nucleating methods may suffer from cumbersome manual operations, safety concerns of external fields, and biocompatibility and recovery issues of INA particles, especially when used in living systems. Given the automatic ice-seeding nature of INAs, a promising solution to overcome some of the above limitations is to engineer a biocomposite that accommodates the INA particles but minimizes their interactions with biologics, as well as enabling the recovery of used particles...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288795/suppression-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta1-expression-in-keloids-after-cryosurgery
#12
Sara M Awad, Sahar A Ismail, Doaa S Sayed, Abeer E Refaiy, Rania Makboul
The biological mechanism underlying cryosurgical treatment of keloids remains unclear. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of keloids and was reported to be the target of several therapeutic modalities. However, the effect of cryosurgery on its expression in keloid tissue has not been yet investigated. In this study, 26 consecutive keloid patients were treated with cryosurgery for 2-6 sessions. Keloids were biopsied before starting cryosurgery and after two treatment sessions for the immunohistochemical evaluation of TGF-β1 expression...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284665/cryopreservation-and-multipotential-characteristics-evaluation-of-a-novel-type-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-derived-from-small-tailed-han-sheep-fetal-lung-tissue
#13
Caiyun Ma, Changqing Liu, Xiangchen Li, Taofeng Lu, Chunyu Bai, Yanan Fan, Weijun Guan, Yu Guo
Lung mesenchymal stem cells (L-MSCs) characterized by plasticity, reduced relative immune privilege and high anti-fibrosis characteristics play the crucial role in lung tissue regenerative processes. However, up to date, the multi-differentiation potentials and application values of L-MSCs are still uncertain. In the current study, the Small Tailed Han Sheep embryo L-MSCs line from 12 samples, stocking 124 cryogenically-preserved vials, was successfully established by using primary culture and cell cryopreservation techniques...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283337/vitrification-of-porcine-immature-oocytes-association-of-equilibration-manners-with-warming-procedures-and-permeating-cryoprotectants-effects-under-two-temperatures
#14
Guoquan Wu, Baoyu Jia, Guobo Quan, Decai Xiang, Bin Zhang, Qingyong Shao, Qionghua Hong
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of equilibration manners with warming procedures, and the different permeating cryoprotectants (pCPAs) effects under two temperatures, in terms of survival, maturation and subsequent parthenogenetic development of porcine immature oocytes after Cryotop vitrification. In Experiment 1, oocytes were equilibrated by exposure to 5% (v/v) ethylene glycol (EG) for 10 min (EM1) or stepwise to 7.5% (v/v) and 15% (v/v) EG for 2.5 min respectively (EM2). Warming procedures were performed in 1...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279680/antioxidant-effect-of-quercetin-in-an-extender-containing-dma-or-glycerol-on-freezing-capacity-of-goat-semen
#15
Afshin Seifi-Jamadi, Ejaz Ahmad, Mahdi Ansari, Hamid Kohram
This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of quercetin as a non-enzymatic antioxidant in combination with glycerol or Dimethylacetamide (DMA), on freezability of goat semen. Ejaculates from four healthy mature Mahabadi goats were collected using an artificial vagina. After primary processing, semen was pooled and extended by egg yolk based extender supplemented with different concentrations of quercetin (10 or 20 μM) along with 5% glycerol or DMA. The extended semen was frozen and sperm motility parameters, viability, abnormality, membrane integrity and lipid peroxidation were assessed after thawing...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257856/the-role-of-global-histone-post-translational-modifications-during-mammalian-hibernation
#16
Shannon N Tessier, Bryan E Luu, Jeffrey C Smith, Kenneth B Storey
Mammalian hibernators must cope with hypothermia, ischemia-reperfusion, and finite fuel reserves during days or weeks of continuous torpor. One means of lowering ATP demands during hibernation involves substantial transcriptional controls. The present research analyzed epigenetic regulatory factors as a means of achieving transcriptional control over cycles of torpor-arousal. This study analyzes differential regulation of select histone modifications (e.g. phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation), and identifies post-translational modifications on purified histones using mass spectrometry from thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237626/effects-of-cryopreservation-at-various-temperatures-on-the-survival-of-kelp-grouper-epinephelus-moara-embryos-from-fertilization-with-cryopreserved-sperm
#17
Yongsheng Tian, Zhangfan Chen, Jiang Tang, Huimin Duan, Jieming Zhai, Bo Li, Wenhui Ma, Jiangchun Liu, Yunxia Hou, Zhengxiang Sun
Fish embryo cryopreservation is highly important for the long-term preservation of genomic and genetic information; however, few successful cases of fish embryo cryopreservation have been reported over the past 60 years. This is the first study to use Epinephelus moara embryos from fertilization with cryopreserved sperm as experimental material. Embryos that developed to the 16-22 somite stage and tail-bud stage were treated with the vitrification solution PMG3T according to a five-step equilibration method and cryopreserved at various temperatures and storage duration...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223021/trehalose-improves-rabbit-sperm-quality-during-cryopreservation
#18
Zhendong Zhu, Xiaoteng Fan, Yang Pan, Yinghua Lu, Wenxian Zeng
High levels of reactive oxygen species are associated with spermatozoa cryopreservation, which bring damage to functional spermatozoa. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether and how the freezing extenders supplemented with trehalose was beneficial for the survival of rabbit spermatozoa. semen was diluted with Tris-citrate-glucose extender addition of different concentrations of trehalose. Addition of 100 mM trehaose significantly improved post-thaw rabbit sperm parameters, such as motility, acrosome integriy, membrane integrity and mitochondrial membrane potential...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216339/the-effect-of-tribulus-terrestris-extract-on-motility-and-viability-of-human-sperms-after-cryopreservation
#19
Atefeh Asadmobini, Mitra Bakhtiari, Sara Khaleghi, Farzaneh Esmaeili, Ali Mostafaei
BACKGROUND: Semen cryopreservation produces significant amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which may lead to impairment of sperm morphology, function, and ultimately, male fertility. Since Tribulus terrestris has antioxidant and free-radical-scavenging properties, this study aims to reveal the effect of the Tribulus terrestris extract on motility and vitality of human sperms after cryopreservation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen specimens from 80 healthy volunteers were divided into eight groups: fresh control (group I), freeze control (group II), groups III, IV, and V, which had 20, 40, and 50 μg/mL doses of Tribulus terrestris extract added before cryopreservation, and groups VI, VII, and VIII, which were supplemented by these extract doses after the freeze-thaw process...
April 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209499/blastocyst-development-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-of-equine-oocytes-vitrified-at-the-germinal-vesicle-stage
#20
Heloísa Siqueira Canesin, Joao Gatto Brom-de-Luna, Young-Ho Choi, Isabel Ortiz, Mouhamadou Diaw, Katrin Hinrichs
We evaluated the meiotic and developmental competence of GV-stage equine oocytes vitrified under different conditions. In a preliminary study, using dimethyl sulfoxide (D), ethylene glycol (EG) and sucrose (S) as cryoprotectants, the maturation rate was higher for cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) held overnight before vitrification (37%) than for those vitrified immediately (14%; P < 0.05). Thereafter, all COCs were held overnight before vitrification. In Experiment 1 we compared 1 min (1m) and 4 min (4m) exposure to vitrification and warming solutions; oocytes that subsequently matured were fertilized by ICSI...
April 2017: Cryobiology
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