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Community Mental Health Journal

Antoine Karam, Aida Said, Chafika Assaad, Souheil Hallit, Georges Haddad, Dory Hachem, Francois Kazour
The study goal is to document the prevalence of salvia use among patients admitted for detoxification of other illicit drug use and to determine its effect. This cross-sectional study included 47 heavy drug users who were admitted for detoxification of other illicit drug abuse at a psychiatric hospital in Lebanon. The prevalence of salvia use was 66%. The salvia effect started and dissipated rapidly (15 min). No significant difference was found between salvia and non-salvia users in terms of affect, cognition and somaesthesia subscales of the Hallucinogen Rating Scale...
October 29, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Constança Paúl, Laetitia Teixeira, Natália Duarte, Cátia L Pires, Oscar Ribeiro
The study presents a community intervention program targeted at caregivers of individuals with dementia, and assesses its main outcomes in terms of caregiver strain, positive aspects of care, and physical and mental health. A total of 187 caregivers completed a 10-week psychoeducational program and were assessed at baseline, post intervention and at 6-month follow-up. The evaluation of the program was performed using multivariable linear mixed effect models. Results showed an improvement in mental health, an increasing of satisfaction with care, and a lessening of caregiving strain...
October 25, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Yuri Jang, Hyunwoo Yoon, Nan Sook Park, Min-Kyoung Rhee, David A Chiriboga
Using data from the Asian American Quality of Life (AAQoL, n = 2609) survey, logistic regression models of mental health service use and perceived unmet needs were estimated with background variables, ethnicity, and mental health status. More than 44% of the participants were categorized as having mental distress (Kessler 6 [K6] ≥ 6) and 6.1% as having serious mental illness (SMI, K6 ≥ 13). About 23% had used services (mental health specialist, general doctor, and/or religious leader) for their emotional concerns during the past year, and about 7% reported that there was a time that they needed mental health care but could not get it...
October 24, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Cindy Malachowski, Stephanie Skopyk, Kate Toth, Ellen MacEachen
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the co-author name. The co-author name should be Stephanie Skopyk instead it was published incorrectly as Stephanie Skoypk.
October 23, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Lee Ann Eschbach, Rebecca Spirito Dalgin, Elizabeth Pantucci
Mental Health Treatment Courts (MHTC) address the overrepresentation of individuals with mental health disorders in the criminal justice system and strive to minimize the "revolving door" cycle of arrest/incarceration/release/re-arrest. A qualitative research group interview design was conducted with program graduates resulting in a three stage model. Participant's motivation was initially to avoid jail, but over time participants begin to make intentional choices leading to mental health recovery...
October 23, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Emel Bahadir-Yilmaz, Fatma Oz
This study qualitatively explored abused Turkish women's experiences and perceptions regarding violence against women. The research sample comprised 30 women who were seen by the police and referred to the Family Counseling Center between 2 October 2012 and 30 August 2013 due to domestic violence. Study data were collected using a Demographic Information Datasheet and a Semi-Structured Interview Form. Qualitative data were gathered using face-to-face interviews, which were transcribed verbatim then analyzed and interpreted to determine themes using the conceptual framework...
October 23, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
María-José Alvarez, Pere Roura-Poch, Nùria Riera, Ana Martín, Clara Blanch, Judit Pons, Josep-Manel Santos, Santiago Escoté
The Intensive Case Management (ICM) model is a community-based program for people with severe mental illness that may reduce hospitalization and increase retention in care. The aims of this study were to analyze changes in the antipsychotic and benzodiazepine dosage in 106 patients who participated in an Individualized Service Program based on the ICM model for at least 6 months and to assess the change in the number of patients taking a high or very high dose of an antipsychotic drug and the number receiving antipsychotic polytherapy...
October 23, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Saliha Baykal, Melih Nuri Karakurt, Mahmut Çakır, Koray Karabekiroğlu
High stress levels and impairment of physical/mental health in parents can delay early and effective intervention in autism. The purpose of this study was to examine relations between the clinical characteristics of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and caregiver burden, and anxiety and depression levels. Seventy cases under monitoring at the Namık Kemal University Medical Faculty Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Polyclinic with a diagnosis of ASD, and their principal caregivers, were included in the study...
October 17, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Tahira Jibeen
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of perceived control in moderating the effects of acculturative stress on the well-being of first generation Afghan married men refugees (N = 137, 25-50 years) residing in Lahore, Pakistan. The participants completed a survey questionnaire comprising a demographic information sheet, the Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Scale (Jibeen, Khalid, International Journal of Intercultural Relations 34:233-243, 2010), the Cognitive Stress Scale (Cohen et al...
October 17, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Molly Finnerty, Elizabeth Austin, Qingxian Chen, Deborah Layman, Edith Kealey, Daisy Ng-Mak, Krithika Rajagopalan, Kimberly Hoagwood
Electronic shared-decision making programs may provide an assistive technology to support physician-patient communication. This mixed methods study examined use of a web-based shared decision-making program (MyCHOIS-CommonGround) by individuals receiving specialty mental health services, and identified qualitative factors influencing adoption during the first 18 months of implementation in two Medicaid mental health clinics. T-tests and χ2 analyses were conducted to assess differences in patient use between sites...
October 13, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Jean Caron, Margaret Cargo, Mark Daniel, Aihua Liu
This study sought to assess factors associated with quality of life (QoL), and predictive of improvements in QoL over time, in a population-based cohort study. A 4-year longitudinal survey was administered to 2433 individuals at the study baseline; of these, 1828 individuals participated in Wave 2, and 1303 participated in Wave 3. QoL was measured by the Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale. Thirty-two variables were correlated with baseline QoL and together explained 58.2% of the variance. Eleven variables were independent predictors of improvement in QoL over time...
October 3, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Cindy Malachowski, Stephanie Skopyk, Kate Toth, Ellen MacEachen
There is increasing demand for comprehensive community healthcare that integrates community mental health and primary care services. The Canadian Mental Health Association-Durham Branch provides an example of how the Integrated Health Hub (IHH) Model evolved organically to meet this need. The Framework Method was used to analyze interviews and focus groups with 29 participants. Results reveal five key domains critical to the development of the IHH Model (1) Communication; (2) Hub 'Nuances'; (3) Leadership; (4) Staff; and (5) Challenges...
October 1, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Laura Giusti, Donatella Ussorio, Anna Salza, Maurizio Malavolta, Annalisa Aggio, Valeria Bianchini, Massimo Casacchia, Rita Roncone
This study aimed to investigate attitudes toward personal recovery in a sample of 436 healthcare professionals and students of psychiatric rehabilitation techniques through the Italian version of the recovery knowledge inventory (RKI). The sample in our study showed a good global orientation toward recovery. Statistically significant differences were found among mental health professionals based on gender difference, professional role, and level of experience. Women seemed more inclined to accept users' decision-making processes, including therapeutic risk-taking...
September 21, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Thabisa Matsea, Elma Ryke, Mike Weyers
The diverse needs associated with mental illness warrant for the provision of mental health care by various sources. The South African government recognises the involvement of stakeholders as a potential means of narrowing the gaps in mental health service delivery. This study explored the views of different stakeholders about their roles as support systems for people with mental illness and their families at Mashashane, a rural setting in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Seven focus group discussions were conducted with various stakeholders...
September 20, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Mehnaz Nuruddin Gitay, Sarah Fatima, Shahama Arshad, Basmah Arshad, Ahsan Ehtesham, Muhammad Ameen Baig, Muhammad Furqan Ilyas, Shaad Farhat Rizvi, Qadeer Farooqui, Muhammad Masroor, Zeba Haque
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a typo in the author name. The co-author name should be Ahsan Ehtesham instead it was published as Ahsan Ehtisham.
September 20, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Jihène Ben Thabet, Manel Mâalej, Hana Khemakhem, Sourour Yaich, Wafa Abbes, Sana Omri, Lobna Zouari, Nasreddine Zouari, Jamel Dammak, Nada Charfi, Mohamed Maâlej
Under-diagnosed and under-treated, depression has a pejorative prognosis. The general practitioners (GP) represent the most often consulted healthcare professionals by depressed patients. The aim was to describe how the Tunisian GPs manage the depressed patients and to note the difficulties they encounter in order to suggest corrective measures. A survey was conducted among 140 GPs in Sfax Governorate. The percentage of the GPs whose responses conformed to the scientific data in at least 67% of the items was 31...
September 19, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Mark A Amdur
Supplemental security income (SSI), is the lifeline for our patients living in the community. Absent disability benefits most of our patients are homeless. Many will be hungry, poorly clothed, and have only rudimentary health care. The disability determination system will approve disability for < 30% of those adults making an initial application. The rate of actual disability is much higher. A large cohort (n = 251) of likely disability applicants had comprehensive diagnostic evaluations. These evaluations revealed extensive co-occurring psychiatric symptoms and features, particularly obsessive-compulsive features...
September 17, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Brittany C L Lange, Laura S Callinan, Megan V Smith
The objective of this study was to understand the relationship between the early adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) of parents and their later parenting stress and practices. At the baseline visit of an 8-week course of cognitive behavioral therapy, parenting women completed the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) and the Positive Parenting Practices (PPP) scale. Linear regression procedures were used to assess the relationship between a parent's own early experience of ACEs and current parenting stress and practices, including if there was a dose-response relationship...
September 7, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Erin M Rodríguez, Lauren E Gulbas, Julia George-Jones, Annette Leija, David Burrows, Celia Neavel
Integrated behavioral health services have positive outcomes for patients and providers, but little is known about providers' perspectives on implementing these services. This community-based participatory research collaboration with a Federally Qualified Health Center examined provider perspectives on implementing a collaborative psychiatry consultation program in pediatric primary care. We interviewed providers (N = 14) from psychiatry, social work, primary care, and psychology regarding their experiences implementing the program, and their recommendations for its sustainability...
August 31, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Mehnaz Nuruddin Gitay, Sarah Fatima, Shahama Arshad, Basmah Arshad, Ahsan Ehtesham, Muhammad Ameen Baig, Muhammad Furqan Ilyas, Shaad Farhat Rizvi, Qadeer Farooqui, Muhammad Masroor, Zeba Haque
The aim of the present was to assess and compare the mental health of male and female healthcare students in a Health University of Karachi, Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted for which questionnaire was designed along the standard scoring scales of depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7) and phobia (IAPT) completed by 300 enrolled students. Females (52%) of the medical institute suffered from mild to moderately-severe depression in contrast to the males (33%). Females were found to be affected by mild anxiety and phobia (42...
August 25, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
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