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Community Mental Health Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317086/process-evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-group-support-psychotherapy-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-aids-in-northern-uganda
#1
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Steve Kanters, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean B Nachega, Edward J Mills, Seggane Musisi
We describe the process evaluation for a randomized controlled trial that compared group support psychotherapy (GSP) with group HIV education for treatment of depression among people with HIV. Process data were obtained using mixed methods. Variables evaluated were indicators of feasibility and acceptability; causal mediating processes and contextual influences. GSP was feasible and acceptable. Potential mediating variables between GSP and reduction of depression were improved emotional and social support, better coping strategies, and pursuit of livelihoods...
March 19, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315972/emotional-health-and-self-esteem-among-adolescents-in-malaysian-orphanages
#2
Marjan Mohammadzadeh, Hamidin Awang, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Suriani Ismail
This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety, stress and low self-esteem among institutional Malaysian adolescents. This cross-sectional descriptive study included 287 adolescents aged 12-18 years living in six selected orphan homes. Study's instruments included Socio-demographic questionnaire, validated Malay version of Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The findings revealed that 85.2, 80.1 and 84.7% of participants had depression, anxiety and stress respectively...
March 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303445/interactive-effect-of-parent-and-adolescent-psychiatric-symptoms-on-substance-use-among-adolescents-in-community-treatment
#3
Lourah M Kelly, Sara J Becker, Jennifer C Wolff, Hannah Graves, Anthony Spirito
Both adolescent and parent psychiatric symptoms are well-established risk factors for adolescent substance use (SU), but the ways that these symptoms interact are not well understood. This study examined the interactive effects of parent and adolescent psychiatric symptoms on adolescent frequency of alcohol and marijuana use, over and above the effects of parental SU. Seventy adolescents presenting to a community mental health center (CMHC) participated. Parent and adolescent psychiatric symptoms were measured with the brief symptom inventory (BSI) and child behavior checklist (CBCL), respectively...
March 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303444/outcomes-of-a-therapeutic-fly-fishing-program-for-veterans-with-combat-related-disabilities-a-community-based-rehabilitation-initiative
#4
Jessie L Bennett, Jennifer A Piatt, Marieke Van Puymbroeck
The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of a therapeutic fly-fishing program for veterans with combat-related disabilities. A total of 40 veterans participated in the 4-day therapeutic fly-fishing program and this study. The outcomes examined included reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS), depression, perceived stress, functional impairment (i.e., work, relationships, physical, and everyday life), increasing self-determination, and leisure satisfaction. Each research participant completed pretest, posttest, and 3-month follow-up questionnaires...
March 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293800/the-challenges-of-using-self-report-measures-with-people-with-severe-mental-illness-four-participants-experiences-of-the-research-process
#5
Jennifer Bibb, Katrina Skewes McFerran
This study aimed to explore four mental health consumers' experiences of completing self-report outcome measures in a research project. Participants were recruited from a community mental health organisation in Melbourne and were interviewed upon completion of a mixed methods research study where they were asked to complete a series of self-report outcome measures. Descriptive phenomenological micro-analysis was used to analyse interview data and is presented along with the researchers' observations during the data collection process...
March 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293799/the-impact-of-daily-sleep-hours-on-the-health-of-korean-middle-aged-women
#6
Chang Ho Ha, Minyong Lee
This study aimed to examine the association between sleep and health in order to provide useful information to manage the health of obese women in the future. One hundred fifty-five Korean women aged 40-60 years without a previous diagnosis of abnormal glucose metabolism or other health problems and with body fat percentages greater than 30 percent were classified into two groups: a non-obese group and an obese group. Sleep hours exhibited a significant positive correlation with weight, body mass index, muscle mass, and glucose levels in the obese group...
March 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281097/factors-in-maintaining-a-stable-patient-physician-relationship-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#7
Hsin-Hui Huang, Chuan-Yu Chen, Jen-Huoy Tsay, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Nicole Huang
This study aimed to determine whether adequate continuity of care (COC) existed among individuals with schizophrenia, and what the associated determinants were. The National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan was used to identify individuals with newly diagnosed schizophrenia from 2000 to 2009. Two outcome indicators were first derived to conduct the continuity assessment based on the usual provider continuity (UPC) index and the continuity of care index (COCI). The average scores of the UPC and COCI were 0...
March 9, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258526/the-effects-of-direct-to-consumer-advertising-on-mental-illness-beliefs-and-stigma
#8
Seth A Brown
Despite widespread use, little is known about how video direct-to-consumer-advertising (DTCA) influences beliefs about or stigma towards mental illness. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a medication advertisement on beliefs and stigma towards one mental disorder-bipolar disorder. A total of 424 participants were randomly assigned to view a medication or automobile advertisement and completed measures of beliefs and stigma towards bipolar disorder before and immediately after the advertisement...
March 3, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255637/involuntary-processes-knowledge-base-of-health-care-professionals-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-upstate-south-carolina
#9
Sharon M Holder, Calvert Warren, Kenneth Rogers, Benjamin Griffeth, Eunice Peterson, Dawn Blackhurst, Christian Ochonma
The involuntary hospitalization law provides a means by which love ones, caregivers and healthcare professionals can intervene when a mentally ill patient is a danger to self or others. Our study assessed the knowledge of professionals in one of the Greenville Health System (GHS) emergency department (ED) about the involuntary hospitalization process of mental health patients in South Carolina (SC). An eight item survey on the South Carolina involuntary hospitalization and commitment process was developed and distributed to GHS ED staff including: physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, social workers and technicians...
March 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236207/translating-interventions-that-target-criminogenic-risk-factors-for-use-in-community-based-mental-health-settings
#10
Amy Blank Wilson, Natalie Bonfine, Kathleen J Farkas, Janelle Duda-Banwar
This study explored facilitators and barriers associated with engaging criminogenic interventions in community mental health service settings. Focus groups and guided large group discussions were conducted with 46 consumers, providers and administrators. Results suggest that participants were generally supportive of offering criminogenic interventions to justice involved persons with serious mental illness in community based mental health service settings. Key issues to consider when engaging criminogenic interventions in community mental health service settings include identifying sustainable funding sources, providing adequate training for staff, and tailoring the delivery and pace of the content to the particular treatment needs of SMI participants...
February 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233137/reducing-length-of-acute-inpatient-hospitalization-using-a-residential-step-down-model-for-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Theodore Zarzar, Brian Sheitman, Alan Cook, Brian Robbins
Psychiatric inpatient bed numbers have been markedly reduced in recent decades often resulting in long emergency department wait times for acutely ill psychiatric patients. The authors describe a model utilizing short-term residential treatment to substitute for acute inpatient care when the barrier to discharge for patients with serious mental illness (SMI) is finding appropriate community placement. Thirty-eight patients (community hospital (n = 30) and a state hospital (n = 8)) were included. Clinical variables, pre-/post-step down length of stay, and adverse outcomes are reported...
February 23, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229314/understanding-etiology-of-hearing-loss-as-a-contributor-to-language-dysfluency-and-its-impact-on-assessment-and-treatment-of-people-who-are-deaf-in-mental-health-settings
#12
Charlene J Crump, Stephen H Hamerdinger
Working with individuals who are deaf in mental health settings can be complex work, necessitating consideration for the difference in language abilities. These differences include not only the language differences of American Sign Language (ASL) and English, but also the range of heterogeneity within the Deaf Community. Multiple influences such as mental illness, medical conditions, language deprivation and the etiology of deafness can impact how a person acquires and uses language. This article will discuss how various causes of deafness create the potential for specific language dysfluencies with individuals who are deaf in mental health settings...
February 22, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220340/preventing-youth-from-falling-through-the-cracks-between-child-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care
#13
Tram Nguyen, Mark G Embrett, Neil G Barr, Gillian M Mulvale, Diana K Vania, Glen E Randall, Briano DiRezze
Optimizing the transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS) is a priority for healthcare systems. The purpose of this systematic review is to: (1) identify and compare models of care that may be used to facilitate the transition from CAMHS to AMHS; and (2) discuss trends and implications to inform future research and practice. Results identified three models of care which move beyond healthcare services and incorporate a broader range of services that better meet the dynamic needs of transition-aged youth...
February 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213767/mountaintop-removal-coal-mining-and-emergent-cases-of-psychological-disorder-in-kentucky
#14
Will H Canu, John Paul Jameson, Ellen H Steele, Michael Denslow
Although mountaintop removal (MTR) coal extraction techniques have been employed in Appalachia for decades, relatively little research has examined its potential psychological impact on people living in close proximity to MTR activity. The current study taps the State Emergency Department Database (Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Kentucky State Emergency Department Database, 2008) to examine the relative risk for diagnoses of depressive, substance use, and anxiety disorders originating in areas with and without MTR activity...
February 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204909/reincarceration-risk-among-men-with-mental-illnesses-leaving-prison-a-risk-environment-analysis
#15
Stacey L Barrenger, Jeffrey Draine, Beth Angell, Daniel Herman
Reentry interventions for persons with mental illness leaving prison have consisted primarily of linkage to mental health services and have produced mixed results on psychiatric and criminal recidivism. These interventions primarily focus on intra-individual risk factors. However, social and environmental factors may also increase risk of reincarceration by constraining choices and pro-social opportunities for community reintegration upon release from prison. In order to add to the knowledge base on understanding reincarceration risk for men with mental illnesses leaving prison, we examined interpersonal and environmental factors that exposed men to heightened risk for reincarceration...
February 15, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197749/the-effect-of-life-style-based-education-on-the-fathers-anxiety-and-depression-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-periods-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Fovzieh Sanaati
Due to the harmful effects of prenatal and postnatal anxiety and depression on fathers, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of lifestyle-based training on paternal depression and anxiety (primary outcomes) during the prenatal and postnatal periods. This single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 126 spouses of pregnant women with gestational ages of 24-28 weeks. They were followed up until 6 weeks after childbirth. Using the block randomization method and stratified based on the number of children, the eligible samples were divided into two groups (one receiving two weekly group lifestyle-based training session (lasting 60-90 min) and a control group)...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194600/vocational-counselors-in-france-comparison-to-competencies-of-employment-specialists-working-in-canadian-ips-programs
#17
Inès de Pierrefeu, Marc Corbière, Bernard Pachoud
Supported employment programs are evidence-based practices to help people with severe mental illness to obtain competitive employment. The competencies of employment specialists working in these programs are key elements related to work integration. In France, the Messidor Association, a prevocational organisation, has developed a practice with similarities to supported employment and is beginning to develop supported employment programs in their context. The objective of this quantitative study was to evaluate the Messidor vocational counselors' competencies using the Behaviors, Attitudes and Knowledge in Employment Specialists' scale by comparing their results to those of employment specialists working in IPS programs in Canada...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194599/common-factors-in-community-mental-health-intervention-a-scoping-review
#18
Sean A Kidd, Larry Davidson, Kwame McKenzie
While there is considerable research and commentary devoted to common factors in psychotherapy, their implications for community mental health interventions are much less clear. In response, a scoping review was conducted to answer the question, 'What is the evidence base for common factors in community mental health intervention?' A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar was completed. A total of 60 publications were identified in this review with a focus primarily upon therapeutic alliance...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194598/student-run-clinics-a-novel-approach-to-integrated-care-teaching-and-recruitment
#19
Liza I Mishan, Dianna Dragatsi
The purpose of this study is to assess the educational impact of incorporating a psychiatry consult service into a medical student-run clinic. In November 2014, a psychiatry consult service was introduced at the Columbia-Harlem Homeless Medical Partnership (CHHMP), a student-run clinic located in Harlem, New York. From September 2015 to January 2016, surveys (Qualtrics) were then distributed to student members of the clinic. Surveys assessed how the psychiatric consult service impacted students' knowledge, skills and attitudes about psychiatry...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190179/dimension-and-socio-demographic-correlates-of-domestic-violence-a-study-from-northeast-india
#20
Prasanta Kr Borah, Azad S Kundu, Jagadish Mahanta
Present study was aimed to find out dimension and socio-demographic correlates of domestic violence in Assam, Sikkim and Meghalaya, Northeast India. Two districts from each state were selected at random and women aged 18-35 years from rural and urban localities were interviewed to obtain relevant information. The study included a total of 2249 participants (Rural = 1577 and Urban = 672) from Assam (650), Sikkim (1148) and Meghalaya (451). Domestic violence was recorded in 26.4% of study participants and highest in Meghalaya...
February 11, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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