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Community Mental Health Journal

Amber M Holbrook, Susan R Hunt, Mary Renata See
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) can be challenging to implement in community-based settings. Little guidance is available on models to evaluate the effectiveness or sustainability of training and implementation efforts. Residential programs have much to gain from introduction of evidence-based practices, but present their own challenges in implementation. This paper presents a low-cost process evaluation model to assess DBT training piloted in residential programs. The model targets staff and organizational factors associated with successful implementation of evidence-based practices and matches data collection to the four stages of the DBT training model...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Aisha Lofters
Empirical evidence suggests rapid health decline among temporary migrant workers but there is limited knowledge about their mental health. This study explored live-in care givers' (LCs) mental health and its determinants. Using a mixed methods design, a purposeful sample of 30 LCs was recruited. Data were collected through a selfcompleted questionnaire. A third of participants reported their mental health as poor or fair. Almost half experienced major depression. The poor mental health was associated with the average working hours and living accommodation...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Martha Okafor, Victor Ede, Rosemary Kinuthia, David Satcher
In an effort to tackle fragmented care in the US healthcare delivery system, we explored the use of learning collaborative (LC) to advance integration of behavioral health and primary care as one of the potential solutions to a holistic approach to the delivery of quality healthcare to individuals with physical and mental illness. How a diverse group of primary care and behavioral health providers formed a Community of Practice (CoP) with a common purpose and shared vision to advance integrated care using a LC approach is described...
January 11, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Merrill Rotter, Barry Rosenfeld
Comprehensive violence risk assessment can require substantial time and resources, which may be challenging for an already strapped public mental health system. Herein, we describe a naturalistic study of the Fordham Risk Screening Tool ("FRST"), a violence risk screening instrument designed to quickly identify individuals for whom thorough violence risk assessment would be advisable. All patients admitted to one of three state hospitals during the study period received FRST screening and HCR-20V3 risk assessment...
January 10, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
This study examined the impact, on therapeutic alliances, made by client motivation to change, insight, mistrust, and other factors; as well as therapist's clinical experience. This secondary data analysis used a sample of 212 client respondents extracted from the Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program's data set. Results of generalized least squares random-effects modeling showed a significant impact exerted by client social-adjustment difficulties, insight, alcohol use, and gender; and client-therapist matching gender...
January 9, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Elizabeth B Matthews, Victoria Stanhope, Mimi Choy-Brown, Meredith Doherty
Person-centered care (PCC) is a central feature of health care reform, yet the tools needed to deliver this practice have not been implemented consistently. Person-centered care planning (PCCP) is a treatment planning approach operationalizing the values of recovery. To better understand PCCP implementation, this study examined the relationship between recovery knowledge and self-reported PCCP behaviors among 224 community mental health center staff. Results indicated that increased knowledge decreased the likelihood of endorsing non-recovery implementation barriers and self-reporting a high level of PCCP implementation...
January 8, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
John M Majer, Christopher Beasley, Emily Stecker, Ted J Bobak, Joshua Norris, Hai Minh Nguyen, Maisie Ogata, Jordana Siegel, Brandon Isler, Elzbieta Wiedbusch, Leonard A Jason
Methadone and buprenorphine/naloxone are medication assisted treatment (MAT) options for treating opioid use disorder, yet attitudes regarding their use within abstinence-based recovery homes have not been assessed. The present investigation examined attitudes regarding MAT utilization among residents living in Oxford Houses. This cross-sectional investigation compared residents (n = 87) receiving MAT whose recent drug use involved opioids, and two groups not receiving MATs; those who had used opioids and those who had used substances other than opioids...
January 4, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Shelly Yu, Sarah D Kowitt, Edwin B Fisher, Gongying Li
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in "Funding" section. The funding information for Dr. Li is missing in the original publication. The corrected Funding section is given below.
January 4, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Claire Snell-Rood, Frances Feltner, Nancy Schoenberg
The prevalence of depression among rural women is nearly twice the national average, yet limited mental health services and extensive social barriers restrict access to needed treatment. We conducted key informant interviews with community health workers (CHWs) and diverse health care professionals who provide care to Appalachian women with depression to better understand the potential roles that CHWs may play to improve women's treatment engagement. In the gap created by service disparities and social barriers, CHWs can offer a substantial contribution through improving recognition of depression; deepening rural women's engagement within existing services; and offering sustained, culturally appropriate support...
January 3, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Francisco Perales, Janeen Baxter, Stephen R Zubrick
This paper provides Australian population-level estimates of the prevalence of parental self-reported lifetime mental disorders and past 12 month mental disorders in their children. It leverages unique data from the 2013-2014 Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (Young Minds Matter) (n = 6310). Mental disorders were assessed in 4-17 year-olds using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV. Primary carer (PC) and secondary carer mental health was based on PC-reported lifetime diagnoses...
December 30, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Stanley N Caroff, Shirley H Leong, Daisy Ng-Mak, E Cabrina Campbell, Rosalind M Berkowitz, Krithika Rajagopalan, Chien-Chia Chuang, Antony Loebel
Socioeconomic disparities were assessed in predicting metabolic risk among veterans with serious mental illness. Veterans with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or bipolar disorders were identified in VISN 4 facilities from 10/1/2010 to 9/30/2012. Differences between patients with and without metabolic syndrome were compared using t-tests, Chi square tests and multivariate logistic regressions. Among 10,132 veterans with mental illness, 48.8% had metabolic syndrome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that patients with metabolic syndrome were significantly more likely to be older, male, African-American, married, and receiving disability pensions but less likely to be homeless...
December 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Margarita Antonia Villar Luis, Sara Pinto Barbosa, Jacqueline de Souza, Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, João Mazzoncini de Azevedo Marques
This cross-sectional study was conducted in Family Health Care's field of  Ribeirão Preto city, São Paulo, Brazil to identify the prevalence of substance-related disorders and mental distress among patients with mental disorders. We also aimed to identify sociodemographic and social support risk factors. The data collection was done using medical records, the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ-6), Self Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20) and home visits. Of the 272 families studied, 211 contained individuals with mental disorders, and 61 included individuals who had substance-related disorders, or both...
December 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
L Wood, S Alsawy
There is a growing number of qualitative accounts regarding recovery from psychosis from a service user perspective. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review of these qualitative accounts. A thematic synthesis was utilised to synthesise and analyse seventeen studies included in the review. Studies were included if they used a qualitative methodology to explore service users' experiences of recovery from psychosis as a primary research question. All included studies were subjected to a quality assessment...
November 29, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Elizabeth Sale, Michelle Hendricks, Virginia Weil, Collin Miller, Scott Perkins, Suzanne McCudden
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the Counseling on Access to Lethal Means (CALM) suicide prevention program. CALM trains mental health providers how to counsel suicidal individuals and those who support them on mean restriction during times of crisis. Pre/post/3-month follow-up assessments measured knowledge of lethal means, confidence and comfort in discussing means restriction (self-efficacy), and future intentions to counsel clients on means restriction. Change in the number of clients receiving lethal means counseling was also assessed...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Christina Mangurian, Chelsea Modlin, Lindsey Williams, Susan Essock, Nicholas S Riano, Martha Shumway, John W Newcomer, James W Dilley, Dean Schillinger
We sought to understand stakeholder perspectives on barriers to metabolic screening for people with severe mental illness. We additionally assessed the feasibility of expanding psychiatrists' scope of practice to include treatment of cardiometabolic abnormalities. We conducted four focus groups among patients with severe mental illness, community psychiatrists, primary care providers, and public health administrators. Focus group transcripts were thematically analyzed. Three domains emerged: challenges with patient navigation of the complex health care system, problem list prioritization difficulties, and concern that treatment of cardiometabolic abnormalities were beyond the scope of practice of psychiatrists...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Shelly Yu, Sarah D Kowitt, Edwin B Fisher, Gongying Li
Some people with mental illness in China do not receive treatment. We explored how stigma and familial obligation influenced accessibility of social support for patients with depression in China and the potential acceptability of peer support programs. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with five psychiatrists and 16 patients receiving care for depression from a large psychiatric hospital in Jining, Shandong Province of China. Patients with mental illness reported barriers that prevented them from (a) receiving treatment and (b) relying on informal social support from family members, including stigma, somatization, and community norms...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
David L Roberts, Dawn I Velligan, Megan Fredrick
This paper describes a novel approach to engaging psychiatric patients in care after discharge from inpatient or ER treatment. The Access Group model provides rapid, flexible, high-volume intake for up to 20 patient referrals per day. Patients are scheduled for intake by referring hospital clinicians using an online scheduling software and can be seen within 1-3 days of hospital discharge. Access allows flexibility, easy rescheduling, and limited wait time. At intake, patients and family members participate in a structured group intake procedure from which they are scheduled for follow-up psychiatry, therapy, and social work appointments...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Laura J Ashton, Sarah E Gordon, Racheal A Reeves
A proliferation of recent literature provides substantial direction as to the key ingredients-target groups, messages and methods, and evaluation-of local-level, public interventions to counter stigma and discrimination. This paper provides a selective narrative review of that literature from the perspective or standpoint of anti-stigma experts with lived experience of mental distress, the key findings of which have been synthesised and presented in diagrammatic overviews (infographics). These are intended to guide providers in planning, delivering and evaluating lived experience-directed local-level, public interventions to counter stigma and discrimination in accord with current best practice...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Conor Kennedy
The configuration of one's social environment influences the course and experience of depression. Research suggests that experiencing depression is associated with stigmatisation and the concomitant experiencing of discrimination across many facets of social life. This is identified as a particularly important factor in rural communities. Contemporary work is absent in relation to understanding the stigma towards depression in Ireland, and its manifestation in rural Ireland specifically. Evidence is presented which suggests that depression is a significant source of stigmatisation in this setting, and that entrenched views centring upon disability and fear are prevalent...
November 25, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Marie Konge Villemoes, Jørgen Aagaard, Ulla Væggemose, Rikke Søgaard
Community-based family support is a new option to patients with severe mental illness in which the patient and a volunteer family meet on a regular basic. This study examined whether this support could reduce patients' use of psychiatric services. This matched case-control study included 86 patients with severe mental illness. 40 patients were offered the intervention: community-based family support intervention. Patients' use of psychiatric hospital services was followed from 2 years before to 2 years after the intervention using a difference-in-difference analytical approach...
November 25, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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