Read by QxMD icon Read

Community Mental Health Journal

Huiping Zhang, Lei Wu, Mingming Cheng
It is well known that health inequality has been happening between rural and urban Chinese populations, however, the health differences among rural Chinese residents remain unclear. This study aims to assess the physical and mental health of rural Chinese residents in different social classes, and then to examine the mediating role of hopelessness between social class and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). A stratified multi-stage sampling was used to recruit 2003 rural residents responding to the 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12)...
March 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Karissa Fenwick, Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Jason Grossman, Sarah Kate Bearman, Joanna Arch, Jeanne Miranda, Bowen Chung
Despite the effectiveness of exposure-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders, few individuals in need receive this treatment, particularly in community mental health settings serving low-income adults. The present study took a preliminary step to understand these barriers by conducting a series of key informant interviews and focus groups among patients, providers, clinical administrators, and policy makers. Several themes emerged as barriers to the delivery of exposure-based CBT in these settings, including therapist training and compentency issues, logistical issues, and funding stream issues...
March 9, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Aaron Pinkhasov, Deepan Singh, Sridivya Chavali, Lori Legrand, Rose Calixte
Constant observation (CO) is a common economic burden on general hospitals. A quality improvement (QI) project focusing on behavioral health (BH) management of this population was piloted using a novel BH protocol for the proactive assessment and management of all patients requiring CO. The impact on CO-cost and length of stay (LOS) was assessed. Data on demographics, diagnoses, psychopharmacologic treatment, complications and clinical setting were collected and analyzed for all CO-patients over a 6-month period...
March 8, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Liv Grethe Kinn, Kimiko Tanaka, Cheryll Bellamy, Larry Davidson
To explore how member, staff, and family experience the contributions of the clubhouse model to outcomes for adults with severe mental illness. Given the significant role social and vocational arenas play in promoting wellbeing, irrespective of health status, explorations of the role such arenas can play in helping individuals accomplish their life and vocational goals may be useful in guiding policy and practice. A metaethnography was conducted using 11 qualitative studies published between 2000 and 2015. Four themes and an overarching metaphor were identified: (1) Stepping out of limiting realities; (2) anchoring; (3) creating ways of flourishing; and (4) prospects of a life outside the clubhouse...
March 7, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
David Smelson, Ian Farquhar, William Fisher, Karen Pressman, Debra A Pinals, Barbara Samek, Mary-Kate Duffy, Leon Sawh
Little research has focused on systematically integrating clinical treatment within existing drug court procedures. This could be particularly useful for clients with substance use disorders, who comprise those on court dockets and often have co-existing mental health issues. This article reports on the preliminary outcomes of integrating MISSION-Criminal Justice (MISSION-CJ), a co-occurring mental health and substance use wraparound intervention, within two Massachusetts drug courts. In this open pilot, clients completed intake and 6-month follow-up assessments...
March 7, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
B Lopes, C Kamau, R Jaspal
There is a considerable gap in epidemiological literature about community mental health showing how psychiatric symptoms are associated with job rank, socioeconomic status, and occupational health. We examine data from 4596 employees collected in the United Kingdom's Psychiatric Morbidity among Adults Living in Private Households Survey. There were 939 workers in managerial jobs, 739 in supervisory jobs and 2918 employees in lower ranking jobs. Of the 4596 workers, 2463 had depressive symptoms and 2133 no depressive symptoms...
March 6, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Jiuping Xu, Yan Wang, Wanjie Tang
This study examined the severity of post-traumatic stress and depressive disorders in Longmenshan adolescents after the 2013 Lushan earthquake, as well as relationships among earthquake-related exposure, post-earthquake negative factors, previous exposure to the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, and level of earthquake impact (city). A cross-sectional survey was conducted among adolescents in Lushan (n = 1416), Baoxing (n = 1102) and Tianquan (n = 1265) at 3 years after the Lushan earthquake. Respondents were evaluated using the Earthquake Experience Scale, the Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Checklist (ASLEC), the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13), and the Depression Self-Rating Scale (KADS-6)...
March 6, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Maria V Navarro-Haro, Melanie S Harned, Kathryn E Korslund, Anthony DuBose, Tianying Chen, André Ivanoff, Marsha M Linehan
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based treatment for borderline personality disorder. The DBT Intensive Training™ is widely used to train community clinicians to deliver DBT, but little is known about its effectiveness. This study prospectively evaluated predictors of adoption and reach of DBT among 52 community teams (212 clinicians) after DBT Intensive Training™. Pre-post training questionnaires were completed by trainees and a follow-up survey by team leaders approximately 8 months later...
March 5, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Bowen Chung, Sarah Kate Bearman, Joanna Arch, Jason Grossman, Karissa Fenwick, Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Jeanne Miranda
CBT is considered the first-line treatment for anxiety disorders, particularly when it involves gradual confrontation with feared stimuli (i.e., exposure); however, delivery of CBT for anxiety disorders in real-world community clinics is lacking. This study utilized surveys we developed with key stakeholder feedback (patient, provider, and administrator) to assess patient and provider/administrator perceptions of the barriers to delivering (or receiving) CBT for anxiety disorders. Providers/administrators from two counties in California (N = 106) indicated lack of training/competency as primary barriers...
March 5, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Mohd Altaf Paul, Waheeda Khan
Prevalence of mental disorders among children is affected by armed conflict and same is true in protracted conflict of Kashmir, where the ongoing conflict has affected mental health of children badly. In order to understand mental health condition of school going children, the present study was designed to study the nature and prevalence of mental disorders among school children in Kashmir valley. The present study employed multi-stage sampling and multi-informant reporting of mental health problems in children...
March 5, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Parashar Pravin Ramanuj, Rachel Talley, Joshua Breslau, Scarlett Sijia Wang, Harold Alan Pincus
People with co-occurring behavioral and physical conditions receive poorer care through traditional health care services. One solution has been to integrate behavioral and physical care services. This study assesses efforts to integrate behavioral health and primary care services in New York. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 52 professionals in either group or individual settings. We aimed to identify factors which facilitate or hinder integration for people with serious mental illness and how these factors inter-relate...
February 27, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Bhing-Leet Tan, Wai-Yee Ng, Jayson Sudhasan, Thomas Chng, Irene Mok, Jimmy Lee
One of the key goals of psychiatric rehabilitation is to return individuals with mental illnesses back into the community via restoration of the necessary skills. This retrospective study seeks to evaluate the factors associated with improvement in community functioning after a period of outpatient rehabilitation. 223 individuals enrolled into three broad rehabilitation groups-clinical, vocational and creative therapies/individual sessions-were included in this study. The Multnomah Community Ability Scale (MCAS) and Milestones of Recovery Scale (MORS) were used to evaluate each individual before and after the rehabilitation programme...
February 26, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Emily Hielscher, Sandra Diminic, Jan Kealton, Meredith Harris, Yong Yi Lee, Harvey Whiteford
The aim of this study was to provide a detailed profile of the hours of care Australian mental health carers provide for different types of caring tasks. The UQ Carer Survey 2016 was administered online to 105 adults caring for someone aged 16 years or older whose main condition is mental illness. Mental health carers reported providing on average 37.2 h of care per week to their main care recipient. Carers spent most of their active caring time providing emotional support, and the least of their time assisting with activities of daily living...
February 23, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Joana Cabral, Célia Barreto Carvalho, Carolina da Motta, Marina Sousa
The original version of the article unfortunately contained a typo in the author name.
February 23, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Jeremy Dixon, Jie Lei, Wanyi Huang, Jacqueline Sin, Gina Smith
Family Interventions in Psychosis (FIP) have been promoted internationally but have been criticised for being based on western cultural models. This paper reports on a focus group study with 10 Integrated Mental Health Service Managers in Guangzhou, China using thematic analysis. Managers believed FIP might benefit families but identified potential difficulties due to (a) families avoiding services due to the 'shame' of mental illness (b) unrealistic expectations of services amongst families (c) deferral to 'key decision-makers' within families when discussing family issues with workers...
February 21, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Erlanger A Turner
Researchers have noted that treatment fearfulness (e.g., embarrassment or negative attitudes) causes individuals to avoid seeking therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Thoughts About Psychotherapy Survey (TAPS; Kushner and Sher in Prof Psychol Res Prac 20(4):251-257, 1989) in a sample of parents. This study also examined differences in therapy fears among parents with and without a history of using mental health services. Using a sample of 138 parents (87% female), findings indicated that a three factor structure of the TAPS was a good fit for the data...
February 16, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Thomas L Wykes, Katelynn A Bourassa, Andrea E Slosser, Christine L McKibbin
Youth with Serious Emotional Disturbance (SED) have high rates of overweight/obesity. Factors influencing mental health provider intentions to deliver weight-related advice are unclear. This study used qualitative methodology and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) constructs to examine these factors. Community mental health providers serving youth with SED were recruited via convenience sampling and an online provider list. Participants completed an open-ended TPB-based questionnaire online. Content analysis identified thematic beliefs...
February 9, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Monique Phipps, Luke Molloy, Denis Visentin
This study examined the rates and types of trauma reported by consumers utilising an inner city mental health service in Sydney, Australia. The study also explored whether consumers felt that it had been helpful to be asked about their experience of trauma, whether they thought that these questions should be asked routinely and if they wanted to talk about these experiences. Ninety-one consumers from an inner city mental health service were assessed. Eighty-eight percent of the consumers assessed reported that they had experienced at least one traumatic event, while 79% reported having experienced two or more events...
February 9, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Alain Topor, Tore Dag Bøe, Inger Beate Larsen
The aim of this study is to present concrete descriptions of the content in the construction of helpful relationships with staff, according to users. Starting with the re-occurring concept of the meaning of "little things" in recovery studies, a literature review was done. A thematic analysis shows that small things play an important role in improving a person's sense of self. Small things seem to be an invisible but effective parts of a recovery-orientated practice, but they might be defined as unprofessional and their efficacy negated...
February 8, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Lisbeth Ørtenblad, Ulla Væggemose, Lene Gissel, Nina Konstantin Nissen
Challenges in recruiting volunteers encountered by psychiatric services are barely elucidated despite a general societal increase in volunteering. The aim of the study was to explore the significance of professional and private life experiences in willingness to volunteer to care for people with severe mental illness. Focus group interviews with volunteers in the Community Family Programme was conducted, followed by thematic analysis. All interviewees had professional and/or private experience of SMI, which had a major influence on their initial willingness to volunteer...
February 6, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"