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Community Mental Health Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164409/sun-exposure-and-behavioral-activation-for-hypovitaminosis-d-and-depression-a-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Justin Thomas, Fatme Al-Anouti
Several independent meta-analytic reviews suggest a relationship between vitamin D (VTD) deficiency and depressive symptoms. Theoretically, behavioural withdrawal (staying home, discontinuing outdoor activities etc.) is likely to exacerbate VTD deficiency. This pilot study assessed the efficacy of a modified form of behavioral therapy designed to simultaneously target VTD deficiency and depressive symptoms. College women (N = 114), all citizens of the United Arab Emirates, were screened for depressive symptoms and VTD deficiency...
November 21, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159496/a-comparison-of-vocational-engagement-among-young-people-with-psychosis-depression-and-borderline-personality-pathology
#2
E Caruana, S M Cotton, J Farhall, E M Parrish, A Chanen, C G Davey, E Killackey, K Allott
Poor vocational engagement is well documented among young people experiencing first-episode psychosis (FEP). The aim of the present study was to establish and compare rates of vocational engagement across young people with first-episode psychosis, depression, and borderline personality pathology. A file audit was used to collect vocational data of young people aged 15-25 entering tertiary mental health treatment in 2011. Rates of vocational engagement were similar across groups, indicating that like those with FEP, young people with depression and borderline personality pathology experience impaired vocational engagement and are in need of targeted vocational interventions...
November 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159495/lifetime-trauma-and-depressive-symptomatology-among-older-american-indians-the-native-elder-care-study
#3
Ebru Çayır, Michael P Burke, Mindi Spencer, Mark B Schure, R Turner Goins
We examined the association between lifetime traumatic events with or without trauma response symptoms and depressive symptomatology in American Indians aged ≥ 55 years from a tribe in the Southeastern US (N = 362). Twenty-three percent of the sample experienced a traumatic event without trauma-response symptoms, whereas 14% experienced a traumatic event with at least one trauma-response symptom. After adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics and social support, participants who experienced a traumatic event with one or more trauma-response symptoms had higher odds of clinically relevant depressive symptomatology compared to (1) those who never experienced a traumatic event [odds ratio (OR) 3...
November 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151201/administrative-stressors-and-islamic-coping-strategies-among-muslim-primary-principals-in-malaysia-a-mixed-method-study
#4
Lokman Mohd Tahir, Aqeel Khan, Mohammed Borhandden Musah, Roslee Ahmad, Khadijah Daud, Shafeeq Hussain Vazhathodi Al-Hudawi, Aede Hatib Musta'Amal, Rohaya Talib
Principals are school leaders who experienced stress while leading their schools towards excellence. However, principals stress experiences are always ignored and least studied. This mixed-methods study investigates primary principals' stress experiences and their Islamic coping strategies used in incapacitating the stress experiences. A total of 216 Muslim primary principals across different gender, types of schools and years of experiences as school leaders responded to the administrative stress and the Islamic coping strategies items...
November 18, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147978/predictors-of-client-satisfaction-with-outpatient-mental-health-clinic-services-in-italy-and-new-york
#5
Luca Pauselli, Chiara Galletti, Norma Verdolini, Enrico Paolini, Daniela Gallucci, Pierfrancesco Maria Balducci, Francesco Bernardini, Jerome H Kogan, Ruth Shim, Patrizia Moretti, Michael T Compton
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess factors associated with client satisfaction in two mental health outpatient settings in Italy and the US. Sociodemographic and clinical variables, hope, and personality characteristics were evaluated in 18-65-year-old patients who had been receiving services for at least 2 months in one of two outpatient clinics, in Italy and the US. Patients were administered: the Healthy Days Core Module, the Kessler Screening Scale for Psychological Distress, the Verona Service Satisfaction Survey, the Client Satisfaction Inventory, the Health Service OutPatient Experience questionnaire, the Herth Hope Index, and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory-3...
November 17, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147951/satisfaction-with-mental-health-navigation-services-piloting-an-evaluation-with-a-new-scale
#6
Keera N Fishman, Anthony J Levitt, Roula Markoulakis, Staci Weingust
As mental health navigation services continue to be implemented, the need for valid and reliable tools to assess the quality of these services increases. While case managers target individuals with severe mental illness and aim to reduce burden and cost, and increase independence, navigation services target all individuals with a range of mental health and/or substance use issues, with the aim of reducing barriers to treatment and coordinating individualized care. The current study evaluated satisfaction with a navigation service using a new 22-item questionnaire, the Navigation Satisfaction Tool (NAVSAT)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#7
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143904/exploring-peer-support-needs-of-caregivers-for-youth-with-mental-illness-or-addictions-concerns-in-family-navigation-services
#8
R Markoulakis, M Turner, K Wicik, S Weingust, K Dobbin, A Levitt
Roles for peer support workers are increasingly recognized as a valuable component of mental health and addictions (MHA) services. In youth MHA care, caregivers are often closely involved in finding and accessing services and may also require support for themselves, yet caregiver peer support is not readily available in existing service delivery models. In order to understand the potential role and value of a caregiver peer support worker in a Family Navigation service, a descriptive qualitative study was conducted to explore the needs and potential value of a peer worker from caregiver client perspectives...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143156/social-distance-and-community-attitudes-towards-people-with-psycho-social-disabilities-in-uttarakhand-india
#9
K Mathias, M Kermode, I Goicolea, L Seefeldt, R Shidhaye, M San Sebastian
Stigma is an important contributor to the large treatment gap for people with mental and psycho-social disabilities (PPSD) in India. Social distance as assessed by willingness to engage in relationships with PPSD is a proxy measure of stigma and potential discrimination. In North India, investigations of community attitudes towards PPSD have been limited. To describe attitudes towards people with depression and psychosis, a community sample of 960 adults in Dehradun district, India from 30 randomised clusters, was surveyed using a validated tool to assess social distance, beliefs and attitudes related to mental illness...
November 15, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138960/probable-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-self-harming-behaviour-potential-barriers-to-employment
#10
J S Hansen, E Simonsen
The current study screened for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and self-harming behaviours, often related to borderline personality disorder (BPD), among individuals in a job centre considered unemployable primarily for psychological reasons. Participants (N = 112) filled in questionnaires on PTSD symptoms (n = 62) and self-harming behaviours (n = 59) as part of participating in team-meetings providing the individuals with a return-to-work plan. Differences in demographic variables between individuals with and without valid protocols were small to moderate...
November 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138959/body-image-assessment-among-community-mental-health-providers
#11
Virginia Ramseyer Winter, Anna Brett, Danielle Pevehouse-Pfeiffer, Elizabeth A O'Neill, Nancy Ellis-Ordway
Although research suggests an association between body image and mental health, with poor body image related to several mental illnesses, there is no research exploring mental health clinicians' body image screening practices. This study aims to fill this gap among a sample of community mental health providers (N = 216). Using a cross-sectional design, clinicians in Community Health Centers were recruited through email using purposeful and snowball sampling in a Midwest state. The majority of participants identified as women (88...
November 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138958/predictors-of-depression-in-iranian-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#12
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi, Tahereh Behroozi Lak, Fatemeh Aliasghari
Depression is a major complication of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Lifestyle modification can prevent it. This study aimed to determine the predictors of depression in women with PCOS. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 174 women who attended in infertility clinics in Urmia-Iran, 2015. The data were collected through socio-demographic, Beck Depression Inventory-II and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile-2 questionnaires. The mean (standard deviation) of total score of the depression was obtained 27...
November 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134397/increasing-rate-of-psychological-distress-in-urban-households-how-does-income-matter
#13
Ghuncha Firdaus
Numerous studies suggest 'social gradient' in health, but it is less clear whether every step up the socio-economic ladder improves health by the same degree. Based on 4326 households, the present study examines the relationship between household income and psychological distress while identifying specific risk factor in different income groups. Overall, 26.5% of sampled households were reported for being distressed. Work pressure (OR 2.0, p < 0.01) and reducing time for family/friends (OR 1.79, p < 0...
November 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134396/comparing-perceived-adequacy-of-help-received-among-different-classes-of-individuals-with-severe-mental-disorders-at-five-year-follow-up-a-longitudinal-cluster-analysis
#14
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita
This study developed a typology describing change in the perceived adequacy of help received among 204 individuals with severe mental disorders, 5 years after transfer to the community following a major mental health reform in Quebec (Canada). Participant typologies were constructed using a two-step cluster analysis. There were significant differences between T0 and T2 for perceived adequacy of help received and other independent variables, including seriousness of needs, help from services or relatives, and care continuity...
November 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129007/association-between-employment-and-mental-health-service-use-among-justice-involved-individuals
#15
Lewis Hyukseung Lee, Sungkyu Lee
Using a nationally representative sample of justice-involved persons (N = 1525), the present study examined the extent to which employment status was associated with mental health service use by various service providers. The findings indicate that the rate of mental health service use by general health care providers among the unemployed was higher than that of the employed. Factors associated with mental health service use varied by type of provider. Our findings suggest that employment may be critical for justice-involved people in enhancing their mental health status, which could result in their successful community integration...
November 11, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129006/preferences-for-depression-help-seeking-among-vietnamese-american-adults
#16
Jin E Kim-Mozeleski, Janice Y Tsoh, Ginny Gildengorin, Lien H Cao, Tiffany Ho, Sarita Kohli, Hy Lam, Ching Wong, Susan Stewart, Stephen J McPhee, Tung T Nguyen
Culture impacts help-seeking preferences. We examined Vietnamese Americans' help-seeking preferences for depressive symptoms, through a telephone survey (N = 1666). A vignette describing an age- and gender-matched individual with depression was presented, and respondents chose from a list of options and provided open-ended responses about their help-seeking preferences. Results showed that 78.3% would seek professional help, either from a family doctor, a mental health provider, or both; 54.4% preferred to seek help from a family doctor but not from a mental health provider...
November 11, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127566/monitoring-and-treating-metabolic-abnormalities-in-patients-with-early-psychosis-initiated-on-antipsychotic-medications
#17
Kevin M Bozymski, Jessica A Whitten, Mary E Blair, Ashley M Overley, Carol A Ott
Antipsychotic medications carry an established lifetime risk of metabolic syndrome. This retrospective chart review evaluated feasibility of a metabolic monitoring clinical decision support tool (CDST) for weight, lipid, blood glucose, and blood pressure management of 163 clients in an early psychosis outpatient clinic over 2 years. Each parameter had at least 98 (60.1%) clients with a recorded value, the most being documented for weight with 112 (68.7%) clients. CDST adherence ranged from at least 54.3-100% for non-pharmacologic interventions (e...
November 11, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127565/families-in-assertive-community-treatment-act-teams-in-norway-a-cross-sectional-study-on-relatives-experiences-of-involvement-and-alienation
#18
B M Weimand, P Israel, M Ewertzon
International research shows that relatives of people with mental illness are rarely involved by mental health services. Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) has been recently implemented in Norway. The experience of relatives of ACT users is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to explore relatives' experience with ACT-teams in Norway. Data were collected using the family involvement and alienation questionnaire, consisting of experiences of approach, and alienation from the provision of professional care...
November 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127564/the-association-between-social-network-factors-with-depression-and-anxiety-at-different-life-stages
#19
Andrew Levula, Michael Harré, Andrew Wilson
This study examines whether social network factors influence individual's depression and anxiety outcomes at different life stages. Data was drawn from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey. Hierarchical regression modelling was applied to examine the effects within and across different life stages. The depression and anxiety measures were taken from the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and the social network factors were taken from the self-completion questionnaire. With the exception of social trust in seniors, the social network factors were significant predictors of depression and anxiety...
November 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127563/reasons-for-nonadherence-to-psychiatric-medication-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-treatment-among-latino-bipolar-disorder-patients-living-in-puerto-rico-a-qualitative-study
#20
Sandra I Ralat, Colin A Depp, Guillermo Bernal
Latinos with bipolar disorder (BD) have a high rate of nonadherence to psychiatric medication and treatment for other medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors than non-Latinos with BD. The aim of this study is to identify patients' perspectives on the reasons for nonadherence to psychiatric medication and for CVD risk factors conditions in outpatients with BD. Three focus group sessions were held for a total of 22 adults ranging from 23 to 60 years old. Participants had BD, Type I/II and CVD risk factors...
November 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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