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Milbank Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019350/guns-obesity-and-opioids-a-population-health-science-perspective-on-3-contemporary-epidemics
#1
Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952115/how-do-you-solve-a-problem-like-juul
#2
Joshua M Sharfstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870117/identifying-causal-effects-of-reproductive-health-improvements-on-women-s-economic-empowerment-through-the-population-poverty-research-initiative
#3
Jocelyn E Finlay, Marlene A Lee
Policy Points: Improvements in reproductive health lead to improvements in women's economic empowerment. Contraceptive use improves women's agency, education, and labor force participation; higher maternal age at first birth (reducing adolescent childbearing) increases the likelihood of school completion and participation in the formal labor market; and having fewer children increases labor market participation. Reproductive health is not just a benefit to a woman's individual rights, but her gateway for breaking free from her poverty trap and improving the welfare of herself, her children, and her household...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870116/does-decentralization-improve-health-system-performance-and-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-quantitative-studies
#4
Adenantera Dwicaksono, Ashley M Fox
Policy Points: For more than 3 decades, international development agencies have advocated health system decentralization to improve health system performance in low- and middle-income countries. We found little rigorous evidence documenting the impact of decentralization processes on health system performance or outcomes in part due to challenges in measuring such far-reaching and multifaceted system-level changes. We propose a renewed research agenda that focuses on discrete definitions of decentralization and how institutional factors and mechanisms affect health system performance and outcomes within the general context of decentralized governance structures...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870115/the-complicity-of-the-population-health-scientist
#5
Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870114/emerging-trends-in-clinical-research-with-implications-for-population-health-and-health-policy
#6
Benjamin Chin-Yee, S V Subramanian, Amol A Verma, Andreas Laupacis, Fahad Razak
Policy Points: Significant advances in clinical medicine that have broader societal relevance may be less accessible to population health researchers and policymakers because of increased specialization within fields. We describe important recent clinical advances and discuss their broader societal impact. These advances include more expansive strategies for disease prevention, the rise of precision medicine, applications of human microbiome research, and new and highly successful treatments for hepatitis C infection...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870113/untold-power-meets-unheralded-resolve-the-latest-machinations-over-lead-paint-in-california
#7
David Rosner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870111/-pay-for-success-financing-and-home-based-multicomponent-childhood-asthma-interventions-modeling-results-from-the-detroit-medicaid-population
#8
Paula M Lantz, George Miller, Corwin N Rhyan, Sara Rosenbaum, Leighton Ku, Samantha Iovan
Policy Points: The Pay for Success (PFS) financing approach has potential for scaling the implementation of evidence-based prevention interventions in Medicaid populations, including a range of multicomponent interventions for childhood asthma that combine home environment risk mitigation with medical case management. Even though this type of intervention is efficacious and cost-saving among high-risk children with asthma, the main challenges for implementation in a PFS context include legal and regulatory barriers to capturing federal Medicaid savings and using them as a source of private investor repayment...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693286/revisiting-the-land-of-the-individual-mandate
#9
John E McDonough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667220/the-war-on-poverty-2018-style
#10
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652094/from-in-vivo-to-in-vitro-how-the-guatemala-std-experiments-transformed-bodies-into-biospecimens
#11
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Paul A Lombardo
Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from the Tuskegee syphilis experiments for ongoing research. We argue there should be a public accounting of whether there are still biospecimens from the Guatemala and Tuskegee experiments held in US government biorepositories today...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652089/crises-and-population-health
#12
Joshua M Sharfstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635718/a-beautiful-life-in-a-vibrant-yet-vulnerable-city
#13
Lawrence O Gostin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504206/the-role-of-hipaa-omnibus-rules-in-reducing-the-frequency-of-medical-data-breaches-insights-from-an-empirical-study
#14
Niam Yaraghi, Ram D Gopal
Policy Points: Frequent data breaches in the US health care system undermine the privacy of millions of patients every year-a large number of which happen among business associates of the health care providers that continue to gain unprecedented access to patients' data as the US health care system becomes digitally integrated. Implementation of the HIPAA Omnibus Rules in 2013 has led to a significant decrease in the number of privacy breach incidents among business associates. CONTEXT: Frequent data breaches in the US health care system undermine the privacy of millions of patients every year...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504205/geographic-variation-in-household-and-catastrophic-health-spending-in-india-assessing-the-relative-importance-of-villages-districts-and-states-2011-2012
#15
Sanjay K Mohanty, Rockli Kim, Pijush Kanti Khan, S V Subramanian
Policy Points: Per-capita household health spending was higher in economically developed states and was associated with ability to pay, but catastrophic health spending (CHS) was equally high in both poorer and more developed states in India. Based on multilevel modeling, we found that the largest geographic variation in health spending and CHS was at the state and village levels, reflecting wide inequality in the accessibility to and cost of health care at these levels. Contextual factors at macro and micro political units are important to reduce health spending and CHS in India...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504204/on-creating-a-national-health-conversation
#16
Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504203/the-effect-of-medicaid-on-management-of-depression-evidence-from-the-oregon-health-insurance-experiment
#17
Katherine Baicker, Heidi L Allen, Bill J Wright, Sarah L Taubman, Amy N Finkelstein
Policy Points: We take advantage of Oregon's Medicaid lottery to gauge the causal effects of Medicaid coverage on mental health care, how effectively it addresses unmet needs, and how those effects differ for those with and without a history of depression. Medicaid coverage reduced the prevalence of undiagnosed depression by almost 50% and untreated depression by more than 60%. It increased use of medications and reduced the share of respondents reporting unmet mental health care needs by almost 40%. There are likely to be substantial mental health consequences of policy decisions about Medicaid coverage for vulnerable populations...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504202/states-protecting-the-public-interest-in-the-era-of-trump
#18
David K Rosner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504200/a-health-policy-sonnet
#19
Joshua M Sharfstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504199/transformation-of-the-health-care-industry-curb-your-enthusiasm
#20
Lawton R Burns, Mark V Pauly
Policy Points: Policymakers seek to transform the US health care system along two dimensions simultaneously: alternative payment models and new models of provider organization. This transformation is supposed to transfer risk to providers and make them more accountable for health care costs and quality. The transformation in payment and provider organization is neither happening quickly nor shifting risk to providers. The impact on health care cost and quality is also weak or nonexistent. In the longer run, decision makers should be prepared to accept the limits on transformation and carefully consider whether to advocate solutions not yet supported by evidence...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
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