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Milbank Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203606/patient-centered-insights-using-health-care-complaints-to-reveal-hot-spots-and-blind-spots-in-quality-and-safety
#1
Alex Gillespie, Tom W Reader
Policy Points: Health care complaints contain valuable data on quality and safety; however, there is no reliable method of analysis to unlock their potential. We demonstrate a method to analyze health care complaints that provides reliable insights on hot spots (where harm and near misses occur) and blind spots (before admissions, after discharge, systemic and low-level problems, and errors of omission). Systematic analysis of health care complaints can improve quality and safety by providing patient-centered insights that localize issues and shed light on difficult-to-monitor problems...
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203604/climate-denial-and-a-hopeful-lesson-from-history
#2
David Rosner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203603/impact-of-pharmacists-on-access-to-vaccine-providers-a-geospatial-analysis
#3
Parth D Shah, Justin G Trogdon, Shelley D Golden, Carol E Golin, Macary Weck Marciniak, Noel T Brewer
Policy Points: Policymakers in the United States should consider expanding pharmacy practice laws to allow pharmacists to vaccinate adolescents as a way to improve geographic access to adolescent vaccines, particularly for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, which has low uptake. Our state-level analysis showed that pharmacists are more geographically dispersed than primary care physicians in the US state of Texas. Including pharmacists among available adolescent vaccine providers would improve the geographic distribution of vaccine providers, especially in areas with an inadequate number of primary care physicians...
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203602/surprising-statistics-on-the-uninsured
#4
Gail R Wilensky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203601/reducing-the-clinical-medicine-and-population-health-divide
#5
Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203600/diversity-in-medical-device-clinical-trials-do-we-know-what-works-for-which-patients
#6
Stephanie R Fox-Rawlings, Laura B Gottschalk, Laurén A Doamekpor, Diana M Zuckerman
Policy Points: A 1993 law required the National Institutes of Health to include women and racial and ethnic minorities in relevant research studies. Most federal health agencies adopted the same policy, but the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) did not. A 2012 law encouraged the FDA to ensure that new medical products be analyzed for safety and effectiveness for key demographic patient groups. Our study of high-risk medical devices reviewed by the FDA in 2014-2017 found that due to lack of patient diversity and publicly available data, clinicians and patients often cannot determine which devices are safe and effective for specific demographic groups...
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30062802/health-reform-realism
#7
John E McDONOUGH
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019350/guns-obesity-and-opioids-a-population-health-science-perspective-on-3-contemporary-epidemics
#8
Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952115/how-do-you-solve-a-problem-like-juul
#9
Joshua M Sharfstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870117/identifying-causal-effects-of-reproductive-health-improvements-on-women-s-economic-empowerment-through-the-population-poverty-research-initiative
#10
Jocelyn E Finlay, Marlene A Lee
Policy Points: Improvements in reproductive health lead to improvements in women's economic empowerment. Contraceptive use improves women's agency, education, and labor force participation; higher maternal age at first birth (reducing adolescent childbearing) increases the likelihood of school completion and participation in the formal labor market; and having fewer children increases labor market participation. Reproductive health is not just a benefit to a woman's individual rights, but her gateway for breaking free from her poverty trap and improving the welfare of herself, her children, and her household...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870116/does-decentralization-improve-health-system-performance-and-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-evidence-from-quantitative-studies
#11
REVIEW
Adenantera Dwicaksono, Ashley M Fox
Policy Points: For more than 3 decades, international development agencies have advocated health system decentralization to improve health system performance in low- and middle-income countries. We found little rigorous evidence documenting the impact of decentralization processes on health system performance or outcomes in part due to challenges in measuring such far-reaching and multifaceted system-level changes. We propose a renewed research agenda that focuses on discrete definitions of decentralization and how institutional factors and mechanisms affect health system performance and outcomes within the general context of decentralized governance structures...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870115/the-complicity-of-the-population-health-scientist
#12
EDITORIAL
Sandro Galea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870114/emerging-trends-in-clinical-research-with-implications-for-population-health-and-health-policy
#13
Benjamin Chin-Yee, S V Subramanian, Amol A Verma, Andreas Laupacis, Fahad Razak
Policy Points: Significant advances in clinical medicine that have broader societal relevance may be less accessible to population health researchers and policymakers because of increased specialization within fields. We describe important recent clinical advances and discuss their broader societal impact. These advances include more expansive strategies for disease prevention, the rise of precision medicine, applications of human microbiome research, and new and highly successful treatments for hepatitis C infection...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870113/untold-power-meets-unheralded-resolve-the-latest-machinations-over-lead-paint-in-california
#14
EDITORIAL
David Rosner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870111/-pay-for-success-financing-and-home-based-multicomponent-childhood-asthma-interventions-modeling-results-from-the-detroit-medicaid-population
#15
Paula M Lantz, George Miller, Corwin N Rhyan, Sara Rosenbaum, Leighton Ku, Samantha Iovan
Policy Points: The Pay for Success (PFS) financing approach has potential for scaling the implementation of evidence-based prevention interventions in Medicaid populations, including a range of multicomponent interventions for childhood asthma that combine home environment risk mitigation with medical case management. Even though this type of intervention is efficacious and cost-saving among high-risk children with asthma, the main challenges for implementation in a PFS context include legal and regulatory barriers to capturing federal Medicaid savings and using them as a source of private investor repayment...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693286/revisiting-the-land-of-the-individual-mandate
#16
EDITORIAL
John E McDonough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667220/the-war-on-poverty-2018-style
#17
EDITORIAL
Sara Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652094/from-in-vivo-to-in-vitro-how-the-guatemala-std-experiments-transformed-bodies-into-biospecimens
#18
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Paul A Lombardo
Policy Points: While most scholarship regarding the US Public Health Service's STD experiments in Guatemala during the 1940s has focused on the intentional exposure experiments, secondary research was also conducted on biospecimens collected from these subjects. These biospecimen experiments continued after the Guatemala grant ended, and the specimens were used in conjunction with those from the Tuskegee syphilis experiments for ongoing research. We argue there should be a public accounting of whether there are still biospecimens from the Guatemala and Tuskegee experiments held in US government biorepositories today...
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652089/crises-and-population-health
#19
EDITORIAL
Joshua M Sharfstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635718/a-beautiful-life-in-a-vibrant-yet-vulnerable-city
#20
Lawrence O Gostin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Milbank Quarterly
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