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Foot & Ankle International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110516/minimally-invasive-distal-metatarsal-diaphyseal-osteotomy-dmdo-for-chronic-plantar-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#1
Carlo Biz, Stefano Gastaldo, Miki Dalmau-Pastor, Marco Corradin, Andrea Volpin, Pietro Ruggieri
BACKGROUND: The aims of this prospective study were first to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive distal metatarsal diaphyseal osteotomies (DMDOs) for treating a consecutive series of diabetic patients with chronic plantar diabetic foot ulcers (CPDFUs) and second to assess their clinical-functional and radiographic outcomes. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients affected by diabetes mellitus with CPDFUs, not responsive to previous nonoperative management, underwent DMDO...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110512/short-term-clinical-and-radiographic-results-of-the-salto-mobile-total-ankle-prosthesis
#2
Dong Dong Wan, Woo Jin Choi, Dong Woo Shim, Yeokgu Hwang, Yoo Jung Park, Jin Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: The mobile-bearing Salto total ankle prosthesis has been reported to have promising outcomes. However, clinical reports on this prosthesis are few, and most have been published by the inventors and disclosed consultants. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 59 patients who received Salto prosthesis unilaterally. The average follow-up was 35.9 (range, 6-56) months. Clinical and radiologic results were evaluated. Clinical results were evaluated according to visual analog scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale (AOS) pain and disability score, and ankle range of motion (ROM) in dorsiflexion/plantarflexion...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110501/first-metatarsal-head-osteochondral-defect-treatment-with-particulated-juvenile-cartilage-allograft-transplantation-a-case-series
#3
Bryan Van Dyke, Gregory C Berlet, Justin L Daigre, Christopher F Hyer, Terrence M Philbin
BACKGROUND: Focal damage to articular cartilage, also called an osteochondral defect (OCD), can be a cause of pain and decreased range of motion. Recent advancements have led to transplantation techniques using particulated juvenile articular cartilage allograft. This technique has been applied to the first metatarsal head to a very limited degree, with no published results to our knowledge. The aim of this study was to review the clinical results of patients who underwent particulated juvenile cartilage allograft implantation for first metatarsal head OCDs...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082779/role-of-extra-articular-tibiotalocalcaneal-arthrodesis-and-posterior-approach-in-highly-complex-cases
#4
Sergio Eckholt, Ruben Garcia-Elvira, Nicolás Fontecilla, Alvaro Fernandez-Reinales, Daniel Poggio
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) arthrodesis is a procedure commonly used as salvage surgery for various pathologic processes that compromise the ankle and subtalar joints. It is a reasonably standardized procedure when performed as a primary surgery in advanced stages of TTC arthritis. For such cases, there are several alternative approaches, fixation materials, and bone substitutes that can be used. Most represent valid options with similar results in the literature. However, in highly complex cases requiring TTC arthrodesis, the options for the approach and fixation material can be limited...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078057/short-term-results-of-a-ruptured-deltoid-ligament-repair-during-an-acute-ankle-fracture-fixation
#5
Seung Hun Woo, Su-Young Bae, Hyung-Jin Chung
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the optimal treatment or preferred method of operation for the management of acute deltoid ligament injuries during an ankle fracture fixation. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of repairing the deltoid ligament during the fixation of an ankle fracture compared to conservative management. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 78 consecutive cases of a ruptured deltoid ligament with an associated ankle fracture between 2001 and 2016...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078056/pain-management-after-outpatient-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#6
Akash Gupta, Kanupriya Kumar, Matthew M Roberts, Austin E Sanders, Mackenzie T Jones, David S Levine, Martin J O'Malley, Mark C Drakos, Andrew J Elliott, Jonathan T Deland, Scott J Ellis
BACKGROUND: The number of opioids prescribed and used has increased precipitously over the past 2 decades for a number of reasons and has led to increases in long-term dependency, opioid-related deaths, and diversion. Most studies examining the role of prescribing habits have investigated nonoperative providers, although there is some literature describing perioperative opioid prescription and use. There are no studies looking at the number of pills consumed after outpatient foot and ankle surgeries, nor are there guidelines for how many pills providers should prescribe...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073780/continuous-wound-infiltration-after-hallux-valgus-surgery
#7
Matthias Braito, Dietmar Dammerer, Andreas Schlager, Jürgen Wansch, Caroline Linhart, Rainer Biedermann
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus surgery is associated with significant early postoperative pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of continuous wound infiltration (CWI) with ropivacaine for pain management after hallux valgus surgery. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled single-center trial, 50 patients undergoing distal metatarsal osteotomy for idiopathic hallux valgus were allocated to CWI with ropivacaine 2 mg/mL at a rate of 2 mL/h or placebo for 24 hours postoperatively...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073776/distance-between-the-anterior-distal-tibial-edge-and-the-anterior-tibial-artery-in-distraction-and-nondistraction-during-anterior-ankle-arthroscopy-a-cadaveric-study
#8
Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Koichi Sairyo
BACKGROUND: Anterior ankle arthroscopy is widely applied for various osteoarthropathies. However, distraction of the ankle may put the anterior tibial artery (ATA) at risk of injury during the procedure. The purpose of this study was to assess the difference in the distance between the anterior distal tibial edge and the ATA in distraction and nondistraction of the ankle with joint space expansion by saline injection into the joint. METHODS: Eight whole fresh-frozen cadaveric feet (mean age 78...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073772/radiographic-results-of-nitinol-compression-staples-for-hindfoot-and-midfoot-arthrodeses
#9
Oliver N Schipper, Samuel E Ford, Patrick W Moody, Bryce Van Doren, J Kent Ellington
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the radiographic union rate after midfoot and hindfoot arthrodeses using a new generation of nitinol staples, and to compare outcomes between a nitinol staple construct and a nitinol staple and threaded compression screw construct. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients who underwent hindfoot or midfoot arthrodesis using a new generation of nitinol compression staples with or without a partially threaded cannulated screw with minimum 3-month radiographic follow-up...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072495/distraction-osteogenesis-and-fusion-for-failed-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-replacement-case-series
#10
Rachael J Da Cunha, Sydney C Karnovsky, Austin T Fragomen, Mark C Drakos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058951/stability-of-the-syndesmosis-after-posterior-malleolar-fracture-fixation
#11
Matthew A Miller, Tyler C McDonald, Matthew L Graves, Clay A Spitler, George V Russell, LaRita C Jones, William Replogle, Jeremy A Wise, Josie Hydrick, Patrick F Bergin
BACKGROUND: We sought to define the rate of syndesmotic instability after anatomic reduction of the posterior malleolus when posterior stabilization of a trimalleolar or trimalleolar equivalent ankle fracture was chosen vs when a supine position and initially conservative management of the posterior elements was chosen. METHODS: The types of syndesmotic and posterior malleolar fixation used to treat adult patients with ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus at our level I trauma center were retrospectively assessed (N = 198)...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035609/single-surgeon-experience-and-complications-of-a-fixed-bearing-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#12
Garett J Pangrazzi, Erin A Baker, Phillip J Shaheen, Chikezie N Okeagu, Paul T Fortin
BACKGROUND: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) has historically resulted in inferior survivorship rates compared with total hip and knee arthroplasty, because of technical issues unique to ankle anatomy. In this study, a single-surgeon series of intra- and postoperative complications as well as resultant reoperations/revisions of the Tornier Salto Talaris, a fixed-bearing TAA prosthesis, were reviewed. METHODS: Medical records from index procedure to latest follow-up of primary TAA were reviewed...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035584/hybrid-fixation-for-ankle-fusion-in-diabetic-charcot-arthropathy
#13
Hani El-Mowafi, Mazen Abulsaad, Yasser Kandil, Ahmed El-Hawary, Samer Ali
BACKGROUND: Ankle fusion is difficult to achieve in the diabetic Charcot ankle Brodsky type 3a because of the poor quality of the bone and the inability to achieve a stable biomechanical construct. The aim of this study was to report the outcome of ankle fusion using a combination of an intramedullary nail and a circular external fixator in patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy. METHODS: We prospectively studied 24 patients with diabetic Charcot arthropathy of the ankle who were treated by fusion of the tibiotalar joint using a combined retrograde intramedullary nail and Ilizarov external fixator...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034742/comparison-of-outcomes-in-patients-with-generalized-ligamentous-laxity-and-without-generalized-laxity-in-the-arthroscopic-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-operation-for-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#14
Eui Dong Yeo, Ji Young Park, Jin Hyeung Kim, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: The arthroscopic modified Broström operation (MBO) has been frequently used to treat chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). However, no reports comparing the clinical outcomes between patients with or without generalized ligamentous laxity (laxity or no laxity, respectively) currently exist. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of the 2 groups with CLAI. METHODS: Between January 2013 and November 2015, arthroscopic MBO was performed on 99 patients with CLAI...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992742/the-effect-of-peroneal-muscle-strength-on-functional-outcomes-after-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-for-chronic-ankle-instability
#15
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park, Seung-Myung Choi, Nelson F SooHoo
BACKGROUND: Although the peroneal muscles are known to be the major dynamic lateral stabilizers of the ankle, little information is available regarding the change in muscle strength and relation with the outcomes after lateral ligament repair surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of peroneal strength on the validated functional outcome measures after the modified Broström procedure (MBP) for chronic ankle instability. METHODS: Forty-one patients (41 ankles) who underwent MBP using suture anchors were eligible and followed up to 2 years postoperatively...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985691/comparative-outcomes-between-step-cut-lengthening-calcaneal-osteotomy-vs-traditional-evans-osteotomy-for-stage-iib-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity
#16
Stuart M Saunders, Scott J Ellis, Constantine A Demetracopoulos, Anca Marinescu, Jayme Burkett, Jonathan T Deland
BACKGROUND: The forefoot abduction component of the flexible adult-acquired flatfoot can be addressed with lengthening of the anterior process of the calcaneus. We hypothesized that the step-cut lengthening calcaneal osteotomy (SLCO) would decrease the incidence of nonunion, lead to improvement in clinical outcome scores, and have a faster time to healing compared with the traditional Evans osteotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 111 patients (143 total feet: 65 Evans, 78 SLCO) undergoing stage IIB reconstruction followed clinically for at least 2 years...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985685/effectiveness-of-the-simultaneous-stretching-of-the-achilles-tendon-and-plantar-fascia-in-individuals-with-plantar-fasciitis
#17
Phoomchai Engkananuwat, Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn, Nithima Purepong
BACKGROUND: Since the plantar fascia and the Achilles tendon are anatomically connected, it is plausible that stretching of both structures simultaneously will result in a better outcome for plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Fifty participants aged 40 to 60 years with a history of plantar fasciitis greater than 1 month were recruited. They were prospectively randomized into 2 groups. Group 1 was instructed to stretch the Achilles tendon while group 2 simultaneously stretched the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975843/long-term-follow-up-of-capsular-interposition-arthroplasty-for-hallux-rigidus
#18
Ettore Vulcano, Andy L Chang, David Solomon, Mark Myerson
BACKGROUND: Capsular interposition arthroplasty is a joint- and motion-sparing procedure that has been shown as an effective alternative to fusion. This study aimed to evaluate patient function and satisfaction after long-term follow-up. METHODS: Sixty-four patients were treated with capsular interposition arthroplasty for hallux rigidus by the senior author performed between February 1998 and July 2011. Twenty-two patients could not be reached for follow-up and were thus excluded from the analysis...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971698/weightbearing-ct-scan-assessment-of-foot-alignment-in-patients-with-hallux-rigidus
#19
Zoe B Cheung, Mark S Myerson, Joseph Tracey, Ettore Vulcano
BACKGROUND: An association between hallux rigidus and metatarsus primus elevatus (MPE) has been suggested, although there remains no general consensus about the nature of this relationship. Past studies were limited due to inaccuracies of assessing MPE on 2-dimensional radiographs. The aims of this study were to (1) assess and compare foot alignment in patients with and without hallux rigidus using 3-dimensional (3D) reconstructions from weightbearing computed tomography (CT) and (2) assess intraobserver and interobserver reliability of these measurements...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971694/biomechanical-comparison-of-intramedullary-fibular-nail-versus-plate-and-screw-fixation
#20
George Smith, Samuel Peter Mackenzie, Robert James Wallace, Tom Carter, Timothy Oliver White
BACKGROUND: Clinical evidence has shown that percutaneous ankle fracture fixation using an intramedullary fibular nail results in good outcomes at 1 year and reduces postoperative wound complications in patients with vulnerable soft tissues. Confirmatory biomechanical evidence of its strength when used to secure a supination external rotation (SER) IV (AO/OTA 44B-type) fracture, compared with traditional plates and screws, is currently lacking. METHODS: Twenty cadaveric lower limbs (10 cadavers) had a SER IV injury surgically created...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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