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Foot & Ankle International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791196/determining-success-or-failure-after-foot-and-ankle-surgery-using-patient-acceptable-symptom-state-pass-and-patient-reported-outcome-information-system-promis
#1
Michael R Anderson, Judith F Baumhauer, Benedict F DiGiovanni, Sam Flemister, John P Ketz, Irvin Oh, Jeffrey R Houck
BACKGROUND: As the role of generic patient-reported outcomes (PROs) expands, important questions remain about their interpretation. In particular, how the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Instrumentation System (PROMIS) t score values correlate with the patients' perception of success or failure (S/F) of their surgery is unknown. The purposes of this study were to characterize the association of PROMIS t scores, the patients' perception of their symptoms (patient acceptable symptom state [PASS]), and determination of S/F after surgery...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783901/the-numbers-game
#2
Michael S Pinzur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774763/outcomes-of-reconstruction-of-the-stage-ii-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity-in-older-patients
#3
Matthew S Conti, Mackenzie T Jones, Oleksandr Savenkov, Jonathan T Deland, Scott J Ellis
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the stage II adult-acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) often requires the use of multiple osteotomies and soft tissue procedures that may not heal well in older patients. The purpose of our study was to determine whether patients older than 65 years with stage II AAFD had inferior clinical outcomes or an increased number of subsequent surgical procedures after flatfoot reconstruction when compared with younger patients. METHODS: One-hundred forty consecutive feet (70 right, 70 left) with stage II AAFD in 137 patients were divided into 3 groups based on age: younger than 45 years (young; n = 21), 45 to 65 years (middle-aged; n = 87), and 65 years and older (older; n = 32)...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774751/evaluation-of-articular-cartilage-injury-using-computed-tomography-with-axial-traction-in-the-ankle-joint
#4
Tomoyuki Nakasa, Yasunari Ikuta, Mikiya Sawa, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Yusuke Tsuyuguchi, Yuki Ota, Munekazu Kanemitsu, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: Although chondral or osteochondral injuries are usually assessed by magnetic resonance imaging, its accuracy can be low, presumably related to the relatively thin cartilage layer and the close apposition of the cartilage of the talus and tibial plafond. We hypothesized that axial traction could provide a contrast between the articular cartilage and joint cavity, and it enabled the simultaneous evaluation of cartilage and subchondral bone. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using computed tomography (CT) imaging with axial traction for the diagnosis of articular cartilage injuries...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774750/time-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-surgical-site-infections-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#5
Eric S Baranek, Direk Tantigate, Eugene Jang, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: The time at which patients typically present with surgical site infections (SSI) following foot and ankle surgery has not been characterized. The primary aim of this study was to quantify the time to definitive treatment of SSIs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 1933 foot and ankle procedures in 1632 patients from 2011 through 2015. Demographic and surgical data were collected. Time to presentation in cases diagnosed with postoperative wound complications or SSIs was analyzed...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771148/prospective-randomized-trial-of-electrolysis-for-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#6
Tomás Fernández-Rodríguez, Álvaro Fernández-Rolle, Sebastián Truyols-Domínguez, Jose C Benítez-Martínez, Jose Casaña-Granell
BACKGROUND: Chronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is a common condition with high prevalence rates and a projected cost of treatment of US$192 to US$376 million. There are several therapeutic approaches and there is increased interest in treatments aimed at the regeneration of tissues with poor healing potential. Our purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis in chronic plantar heel pain. METHODS: A total of 73 patients with a clinical and ultrasonographic diagnosis of plantar heel pain unrelated to systemic inflammatory disease who had not received any other treatment in the previous 6 months on the affected foot were randomly allocated to receive either ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle electrolysis of the fascia (experimental group, n = 39) or placebo puncture (control group, n = 34)...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766742/wound-and-sural-nerve-complications-of-the-sinus-tarsi-approach-for-calcaneus-fractures
#7
Shaoliang Li
Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the optimal timing and measures of the sinus tarsi approach for calcaneus fractures to avoid iatrogenic injury of the sural nerve and to assess for wound complications. METHODS: A case series of 53 patients with calcaneus fractures treated by a single surgeon with the sinus tarsi approach was retrospectively analyzed. On the basis of the delay time from injury to surgery, patients were classified into 4 groups: immediate (0-3 days), early (4-6 days), intermediate (7-14 days), and late (14-18 days)...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766741/simultaneous-intraoperative-measurement-of-cadaver-ankle-and-subtalar-joint-compression-during-arthrodesis-with-intramedullary-nail-screws-and-tibiotalocalcaneal-plate
#8
Kamran S Hamid, Richard R Glisson, Joel G Morash, Andrew P Matson, James K DeOrio
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis (TTCA) fusion rates may result from inadequate compression that increases motion and interferes with bony bridging. The aim of this study was to evaluate compressive forces at the ankle and subtalar joints with 3 contemporary TTCA constructs. METHODS: Thirty fresh-frozen cadaveric lower extremity specimens were divided into 3 groups of 10 each: 3 partially threaded cannulated screws, hindfoot nail, and lateral plate...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761748/transfemoral-amputation-adductor-myodesis-using-fibertape-and-knotless-anchors
#9
Andrew R Hsu
Transfemoral amputation is considered the last treatment option for severe infection, vascular disease, trauma, and malignant tumors of the lower extremity that have failed limb salvage. Unopposed pull of the hip abductors causes a flexion-abduction thigh deformity that results in abnormal biomechanics and increased oxygen consumption during ambulation. Myodesis of the adductor tendons is a critical component of transfemoral amputation that creates dynamic muscle balance, enhances prosthetic fitting and function, and improves clinical outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761747/changes-in-hindfoot-alignment-after-high-or-low-tibial-osteotomy
#10
Jun Young Choi, Si Jung Song, Sung Jung Kim, Sang Hee Kim, Ji Soo Park, Jin Soo Suh
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the change in hindfoot alignment after high (HTO) or low tibial osteotomy (LTO), which is commonly performed to prevent the progression of arthritis of the knee or ankle. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the radiographic findings of patients who underwent HTO or LTO for arthritis with varus deformity of the knee or ankle joint. The hindfoot alignment view angle (HAVA), hindfoot alignment ratio (HAR), and hindfoot moment arm (HMA) were measured using the hindfoot alignment radiographs...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730940/barriers-to-adoption-of-novel-technology
#11
Nitin Goyal, Daniel D Bohl, Kamran S Hamid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730939/quantifying-patient-reported-disability-and-health-while-waiting-for-bunion-surgery
#12
Jason M Sutherland, Kevin Wing, Murray Penner, Alastair Younger, Guiping Liu, Andrea Veljkovic, Trafford Crump
BACKGROUND: Many patients with hallux valgus progress to experiencing pain and loss of function that requires corrective surgery when nonoperative treatments fail. The primary goal of this study was to measure changes in participants' health while patients waited for their operative correction. METHODS: Patients were prospectively recruited to complete a number of patient-reported outcome measures preoperatively. Baseline data collection was initiated in October 2014, and participants' second surveys were returned by August 2017...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701070/the-role-of-3d-reconstruction-true-volume-analysis-in-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-a-case-series
#13
Kempland C Walley, Tyler A Gonzalez, Ryan Callahan, Aubree Fairfull, Evan Roush, Kaitlin L Saloky, Paul J Juliano, Gregory S Lewis, Michael C Aynardi
BACKGROUND: Evaluation and management of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) often warrant advanced imaging studies, especially in revision or cases with cystic defects. It is possible that orthopedic surgeons may overestimate the size and misinterpret the morphology of OLT from conventional computed tomography (CT), thereby influencing treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of a novel means to estimate the true-volume of OLTs using 3D reconstructed images and volume analysis...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696992/relationship-of-plantar-fascia-thickness-and-preoperative-pain-function-and-quality-of-life-in-recalcitrant-plantar-fasciitis
#14
Carlo Gamba, Aleix Sala-Pujals, Daniel Perez-Prieto, Jesus Ares-Vidal, Alberto Solano-Lopez, Gemma Gonzalez-Lucena, Alberto Ginés-Caspedosa
BACKGROUND: The measurement of plantar fascia thickness has been advocated as a diagnostic and prognostic instrument in patients with plantar fasciitis, but there are no data relative to it in recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. The aim of the study is to evaluate the correlation between plantar fascia thickness and pain, functional score, and health perception in patients with this condition. METHODS: Thirty-eight feet were studied with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging to measure plantar fascia thickness...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696991/pressure-distribution-in-the-ankle-and-subtalar-joint-with-routine-and-oversized-foot-orthoses
#15
Patrick Williamson, Aron Lechtig, Philip Hanna, Stephen Okajima, Peter Biggane, Michael Nasr, David Zurakowski, Naven Duggal, Ara Nazarian
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are used to treat many disorders that affect the lower limb. These assistive devices have the potential to alter the forces, load distribution, and orientation within various joints in the foot and ankle. This study attempts to quantify the effects of orthoses on the intra-articular force distribution of the ankle and subtalar joint using a cadaveric testing jig to simulate weight bearing. METHODS: Five lower-limb cadaveric specimens were placed on a custom jig, where a 334-N (75-lb) load was applied at the femoral head, and the foot was supported against a plate to simulate double-leg stance...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682982/resection-of-medial-talocalcaneal-coalition-with-interposition-of-a-pediculated-flap-of-tibialis-posterior-tendon-sheath
#16
Jan Hubert, Thelonius Hawellek, Frank Timo Beil, Dominik Saul, Jens Henning Kling, Christoph Viebahn, Oliver Jungesblut, Ralf Stücker, Martin Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to present a novel operative technique in the management of medial talocalcaneal coalition (TC) and to report our clinical and radiologic results after interposition of a pediculated flap (PF) of the tibialis posterior tendon sheath. METHODS: Twelve feet of 10 patients with a medial TC were treated with the interposition of PF of the tibialis posterior tendon sheath following resection. Pre- and postoperative clinical examinations were performed to evaluate the range of motion and the function of the tibialis posterior muscle of the affected foot...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676167/validation-of-a-new-device-for-measuring-isolated-gastrocnemius-contracture-and-evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-the-silfverski%C3%A3-ld-test
#17
Marius Molund, Elisabeth Ellingsen Husebye, Fredrik Nilsen, Jan Hellesnes, Gøran Berdal, Kjetil Harald Hvaal
BACKGROUND: Important aspects on the diagnostics of isolated gastrocnemius contractures (IGCs) have been poorly described. This study was designed to validate a new ankle range of motion (ROM) measuring device for diagnosing an IGC. In addition, we wanted to investigate the reliability of the clinical Silfverskiöld test. METHODS: Twelve health care personnel (24 feet) were examined by 4 testers on 3 different occasions for the reliability testing of the new ankle ROM measuring device...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661083/measuring-visualized-joint-surface-in-hallux-metatarsophalangeal-arthroscopy
#18
Michael Hull, John T Campbell, Clifford L Jeng, R Frank Henn, Rebecca A Cerrato
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopy has been increasingly used to evaluate small joints in the foot and ankle. In the hallux metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, little data exist evaluating the efficacy of arthroscopy to visualize the articular surface. The goal of this cadaveric study was to determine how much articular surface of the MTP joint could be visualized during joint arthroscopy. METHODS: Ten fresh cadaveric foot specimens were evaluated using standard arthroscopy techniques...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661082/endoscopic-resection-of-different-types-of-talocalcaneal-coalition
#19
Wael Aldahshan, Adel Hamed, Faisal Elsherief, Ashraf Mohamed Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the technique of endoscopic resection of talocalcaneal coalition (TCC) by using 2 posterior portals and to report the outcomes of endoscopic resection of different types and sites of TCC. METHODS: An interventional prospective study was conducted on 20 feet in 18 consecutive patients who were diagnosed by computed tomography to have TCC for which nonoperative treatment had failed and endoscopic resection was performed...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661081/measuring-visualized-tendon-length-in-peroneal-tendoscopy
#20
Michael Hull, John T Campbell, Clifford L Jeng, R Frank Henn, Rebecca A Cerrato
BACKGROUND: Despite multiple studies outlining peroneal tendoscopy, no study exists to evaluate how effective tendoscopy is at visualizing the peroneal tendons without missing a lesion. We sought to measure the length of the peroneal tendons that could be visualized using tendoscopy. METHODS: Ten fresh cadaveric specimens were evaluated using standard peroneal tendoscopy techniques. Peroneus longus and brevis tendons were pierced percutaneously with Kirschner wires at the edge of what could be seen through the camera...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
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