journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Foot

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753997/anatomical-variation-of-the-dorsalis-pedis-artery-in-a-south-african-population-a-cadaveric-study
#1
S Ntuli, S Nalla, A Kiter
BACKGROUND: The dorsalis pedis artery is responsible for blood supply to the dorsal aspect of the foot and is vital in the clinical assessment of the arterial supply thereof. Clinical assessment should consider anatomical variations of dorsalis pedis artery. Clearly, a thorough understanding of the potential variations of the vasculature in the area is important for a precise clinical assessment of arterial supply to the foot. The aim of this study was to investigate the different branching patterns of the dorsalis pedis artery that exist in a South African population...
May 10, 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454275/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-tibialis-posterior-transfer-is-acquired-pes-planus-a-complication
#2
Mira Pecheva, Adam Devany, Basil Nourallah, Steven Cutts, Chandra Pasapula
In this retrospective study, a series of 10 elective patients treated with transfer of the tibialis posterior (TP) tendon for pes cavus and drop foot are described. Since TP transfer completely subtracts the role of this tendon, this cohort of patients provides an opportunity to examine the consequences of tibialis posterior (TP) deficiency. After a mean follow up period of 44.7 months, only one patient showed evidence of strain in the spring ligament but none of the patients in this series developed clinical or radiological evidence of planovalgus deformity...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414117/structural-differences-in-the-lower-extremities-in-children-aged-7-9-years-caused-by-playing-football-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Salvador Diaz-Miguel, Eva Lopezosa-Reca, Salomon Benhamu-Benhamu, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila, Raquel García-De-La-Peña, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron
BACKGROUND: Physical activity during childhood can be beneficial in the long term. However, this practice can influence the child's physiological development. The aim of this study was to determine whether the practice of soccer, in moderation, could be a risk factor for the inadequate development of the lower limb. METHODS: The study group was composed of 115 children, of whom 59 (mean age 8.03±0.89years) practised soccer 3 times a week and had a positive Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A) score, while a further 56 (mean age 7...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414116/foot-scan-assessment-of-metatarsus-adductus-a-useful-adjunct-to-bleck-s-classification
#4
Mohsen Karami, Adel Ebrahimpour, Yoosef Aminizadeh, Farshid Moshiri, Amin Karimi, Alireza Radyn Majd
To determine the severity of metatarsus adductus (MA) comparing with Bleck's classification as a commonly acceptable method for assessing MA, static foot scan has been used. In this cross-sectional descriptive research study, 100 subjects were equally divided into four groups according to Bleck's classification. The feet were scanned and MA severity (MAS) index was measured on the obtained foot scan images. The MAS index was the ratio of the transverse deviation of the forefoot from the lateral border heel line to the width of the ball of the foot...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353123/a-locking-compression-plate-versus-the-gold-standard-non-locking-plate-with-lag-screw-for-first-metatarsophalangeal-fusion-a-biomechanical-comparison
#5
Daniel Mandell, John Karbassi, Hanbing Zhou, Brian Burroughs, Philip Aurigemma, Abhay R Patel
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of end-stage first metatarso-phalangeal joint (MTP) arthritis has been arthrodesis. A dorsal non-locking plate with a lag screw has been the standard traditional fixation method. This study compares the biomechanical strength of a locking compression plate (LCP) with and without internal compression versus this known gold standard. METHODS: In group 1, six matched pairs of cadaver great toes were used to compare the standard non-locking dorsal plate and 3...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310058/the-effects-of-low-arched-feet-on-lower-limb-joints-moment-asymmetry-during-gait-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Mahdi Majlesi, Morteza Madadi-Shad
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of flexible flat feet in children was reported to be up to 20% in previous studies. However, the role of foot type in the development of musculoskeletal injuries is less clear, particularly in children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in the joint moment asymmetry in children with flexible flat feet and healthy matched control subjects. METHODS: Fourteen male children with flexible flat feet and 15 healthy control subjects served as the sample of the study...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306736/early-results-of-roto-glide-joint-arthroplasty-for-treatment-of-hallux-rigidus
#7
Prasad Karpe, Maire-Clare Killen, Amit Chauhan, Raymond Pollock, Rajiv Limaye
BACKGROUND: Traditionally severe hallux rigidus is treated with arthrodesis. Recently arthroplasty has been used in order to retain motion at the metatarsophalangeal joint. AIM: To assess the early to mid-term functional and radiological outcomes in patients undergoing first metatarsophalangeal arthroplasty using the Rotoglide implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective review was undertaken to assess functional and radiological outcomes of all patients undergoing an un-cemented three-component first metatarsophalangeal arthroplasty for hallux rigidus...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288908/the-role-of-military-footwear-and-workload-on-ground-reaction-forces-during-a-simulated-lateral-ankle-sprain-mechanism
#8
Jeffrey D Simpson, Hunter DeBusk, Christopher Hill, Adam Knight, Harish Chander
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are a common orthopedic injury in military populations, which may be attributed to occupational demands and footwear. Minimalist military boots have become popular, but their influence on ground reaction force (GRF) attenuation capabilities during an ankle inversion perturbation are unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine potential differences in GRFs during an ankle inversion perturbation in a standard issue (STN) and minimalist military boot (MIN) before and after a simulated military workload...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287221/ankle-fractures-getting-it-right-first-time
#9
Anna S Walsh, Victoria Sinclair, Patrick Watmough, Alistair A Henderson
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures are common injuries presenting to trauma departments and ankle open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF2 ) is one of the first procedures targeted in early orthopaedic training. Failure to address the fracture pattern with the appropriate surgical technique and hardware may lead to early failure, resulting in revision procedures or premature degenerative change. Patients undergoing revision ORIF are known to be at much greater risk of complications and many of these secondary procedures may be preventable...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278836/the-fibularis-digiti-quinti-tendon-a-cadaveric-study-with-anthropological-and-clinical-considerations
#10
Morgan E Chaney, Tung V Dao, Benjamin S Brechtel, Stephanie J Belovich, Kathy J Siesel, John R Fredieu
In addition to the fibularis longus and brevis muscles, a number of anomalous muscles or tendons can arise from the lateral compartment of the leg. The authors describe a bilateral and robust fibularis digiti quinti (FDQ) tendon present in the foot of a 99-year-old female cadaver, present the incidence of this tendon in a cohort of 26 cadavers dissected by podiatric-medical students for a lower-extremity anatomy course, and discuss the anthropological and clinical significance of the findings. In these specimen, the FDQ tendon arose from the fibularis brevis tendon proximal to the lateral malleolus, but did not separate completely from the fibularis brevis tendon until passing through the inferior fibular retinaculum...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278835/single-stage-treatment-of-diabetic-calcaneal-osteomyelitis-with-an-absorbable-gentamicin-loaded-calcium-sulphate-hydroxyapatite-biocomposite-the-silo-technique
#11
Efstathios Drampalos, Hasan Raza Mohammad, Chris Kosmidis, Moez Balal, Jason Wong, Anand Pillai
BACKGROUND: Chronic osteomyelitis necessities appropriate infected bone and soft tissue excision. The authors describe the Silo surgical technique for the treatment of calcaneal osteomyelitis using a new antibiotic-loaded absorbable calcium sulphate/hydroxyapatite biocomposite. METHODS: The Silo method involves debridement of the dead bone and local delivery of antibiotic in drilled tunnels using the biocomposite. It is combined with multiple sampling and culture-specific systemic antibiotic treatment guided by a multidisciplinary team...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277083/manipulation-under-anaesthesia-and-steroid-injection-for-pain-and-stiffness-after-surgery-to-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#12
Sanil Ajwani, Cezary Kocialkowski, Rebecca Hill, Nasser Kurdy
AIM: To determine the effectiveness of manipulation under anaesthesia and local steroid injection to treat stiffness of the first metatarsophalangeal joint following surgery for hallux rigidus or hallux valgus. METHODS: Patients were identified who had undergone surgery for hallux rigidus or hallux valgus and subsequently were treated with manipulation and steroid injection for stiffness of their joint. Patient records were reviewed to determine the range of movement of the joint pre-operatively, immediately following the procedure and at subsequent follow up...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223884/chronic-effect-of-different-types-of-stretching-on-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Diulian Muniz Medeiros, Tamara Fenner Martini
The calf muscles are one of the muscle groups that have the most need for adequate flexibility since they are deeply related to normal lower limb function. When the goal is to increase flexibility, the most commonly used technique is stretching. However, it remains unknown which stretching technique and parameters are the most effective to increase flexibility. Hence, the aim of the current review was to investigate the influence of chronic stretching on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) of healthy individuals...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202430/a-retrospective-audit-of-lesion-excision-and-rotation-skin-flap-for-the-treatment-of-intractable-plantar-keratosis
#14
REVIEW
Amir Saipoor, Anthony Maher, Lance Hogg
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment of plantar skin lesions by excision and rotation skin flap closure with reference to patient satisfaction; patient reported outcomes and complication rates. METHOD: A retrospective audit of 54 consecutive patients who had undergone plantar lesion excision with rotation skin flap between May 2011 and November 2015 under the care of experienced consultant podiatric surgeons. A total of 36 patients were included in this study, 16 were lost to follow up, 2 patients were excluded due to non-related pathology...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202429/low-back-pain-and-disability-in-individuals-with-plantar-heel-pain
#15
Shane McClinton, Carolyn F Weber, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: Lack of response to plantar heel pain (PHP) treatment may be related to unmanaged low back pain (LBP) and low back dysfunction, but a relationship between LBP and PHP has not been established. The purpose of this investigation was to compare the prevalence of LBP among individuals with and without PHP and to assess the association between low back disability and foot/ankle function. METHODS: A cross-sectional study compared the prevalence and likelihood of LBP in individuals with (n=27) and without (n=27) PHP matched to age, sex, BMI, foot posture, and foot mobility...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175717/tibio-calcaneal-fusion-by-retrograde-intramedullary-nailing-in-charcot-neuroarthropathy
#16
Khaled M Emara, Ramy Ahmed Diab, Mohamed Amr Hemida
INTRODUCTION: Charcot's neuroarthropathy of ankle leads to instability, destruction of the joint with significant morbidity that may require an amputation. Aim of surgical treatment is to achieve painless stable plantigrade foot through arthrodesis. Achieving surgical arthrodesis in Charcot's neuroarthropathy has a high failure rate. We assess the outcomes of retrograde intramedullary interlocked nailing in tibio-talar arthrodesis for Charcot's neuroarthropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 diabetic patients with a mean age of 49 year underwent ankle tibio-talar arthrodesis using retrograde nailing for Charcot's neuroarthropathy...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175716/diabetes-foot-screening-current-practice-and-the-future
#17
LETTER
Cynthia Formosa, Alfred Gatt, Nachiappan Chockalingam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175715/manual-therapy-for-plantar-heel-pain
#18
REVIEW
Yosefa Pollack, Anat Shashua, Leonid Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy employed in the treatment of plantar heel pain includes joint or soft tissue mobilizations. Efficacy of these methods is still under debate. AIMS: To determine whether manual therapy, consisting of deep massage, myofascial release or joint mobilization is effective in treating plantar heel pain. METHODS: A critical review of all available studies with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175714/the-effect-of-additional-activation-of-the-plantar-intrinsic-foot-muscles-on-foot-dynamics-during-gait
#19
Kazunori Okamura, Shusaku Kanai, Masaki Hasegawa, Akira Otsuka, Sadaaki Oki
BACKGROUND: The plantar intrinsic foot muscles (PIFMs) contribute to support the medial longitudinal arch. But the functional role of the PIFMs during dynamic activities is not clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the change in the foot dynamics during gait accompanied with the change in the PIFMs activity to determine the functional role of the PIFMs during gait. METHODS: Twenty healthy male subjects were randomly assigned to the electrical stimulation group (ESG) or control group (CG)...
March 2018: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807300/measurement-of-temperature-induced-in-bone-during-drilling-in-minimally-invasive-foot-surgery
#20
Noor Azzizah Omar, John C McKinley
INTRODUCTION: There has been growing interest in minimally invasive foot surgery due to the benefits it delivers in post-operative outcomes in comparison to conventional open methods of surgery. One of the major factors determining the protocol in minimally invasive surgery is to prevent iatrogenic thermal osteonecrosis. The aim of the study is to look at various drilling parameters in a minimally invasive surgery setting that would reduce the risk of iatrogenic thermal osteonecrosis...
February 19, 2018: Foot
journal
journal
20342
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"