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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672132/deficient-dorsalis-pedis-flow-in-severe-idiopathic-clubfeet-does-ponseti-casting-affect-the-outcome
#1
Ismail Munajat, Mehran Yoysefi, Nik Munirah Nik Mahdi
BACKGROUND: Arterial deficiency in congenital clubfoot or congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) was postulated as either the primary cause of deformity or secondary manifestation of other bony and soft tissue abnormalities. The objectives of the study were to find any association between arterial deficiency with severity of CTEV and its treatment. METHOD: This prospective study conducted on 24 feet with CTEV (18 babies) with Pirani score ranging between 2 to 6. Eighteen normal babies (36 feet) were selected as control...
June 8, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675813/radiological-assessment-of-ankle-syndesmotic-reduction
#2
Constantinos Louis Loizou, Alexis Sudlow, Ruaraidh Collins, David Loveday, George Smith
INTRODUCTION: The intraoperative assessment of adequacy of syndesmotic reduction is challenging. The aim of this study was to develop a radiographic measure based on the lateral ankle view to assess both the normal and abnormal relationship between the tibia and fibula after simulated syndesmotic malreduction and to evaluate the effect on commonly used mortise measurements. METHODS: Mortise and talar dome lateral radiographs were obtained in eight fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens before and following syndesmosis division and posterior fibular displacement of 2mm increments...
May 3, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672133/unstable-fragility-fractures-of-the-ankle-in-the-elderly-transarticular-steinmann-pin-or-external-fixation
#3
R P J Meijer, J A Halm, T Schepers
INTRODUCTION: Because of poor skin conditions and comorbidity, open reduction and internal fixation in ankle fractures is frequently contra-indicated in the elderly. This study reports the results of two temporary fixation types in fragility fractures in the older patient: transarticular Steinmann pin fixation and external fixation. METHODS: Patients aged over 60 treated with a Steinmann pin or external fixation were retrospectively included. Patient, fracture and treatment characteristics were collected...
April 27, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577440/effects-of-unstable-footwear-on-gait-characteristic-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Maede Farzadi, Zahra Nemati, Maryam Jalali, Roghaye Sheikhy Doulagh, Mohammd Kamali
BACKGROUND: Over the last three decades, several designs of unstable footwear have been developed in the forms of shoes, sandals and boots. There are marketing claims related to the positive effects of these shoes on the training of lower limb muscles and improving gait. Many studies have been performed on the effects of unstable footwear on muscle activity, balance, posture, energy expenditure, lower extremity disorders, and biomechanical changes. The analysis of the kinetics and kinematics characteristics of gait would provide objective representation of body movement...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549284/long-term-results-of-the-toefit-plus-replacement-for-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthritis
#5
REVIEW
Shreekant Gupta, Saqib Masud
Hallux rigidus is osteoarthritis affecting the metatarsophalangeal joint of the first toe. Patients often complain of pain and stiffness with pain being aggravated by walking, particularly during toe-off in the gait cycle. Osteoarthritis of the metatarsophalangeal joint is commonly treated with arthrodesis or resection arthroplasty. Metallic replacement of this joint is used sometimes but is not widely accepted. The use of silastic joints has problems with synovitis and implant failure. The authors used titanium implants, which can be screwed into the metatarsal and phalanx, allowing good fixation without the use of bone cement...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549282/fat-grafting-for-chronic-heel-pain-following-surgery-for-adult-flatfoot-deformity-pilot-study
#6
Edoardo Raposio, Filippo Calderazzi
INTRODUCTION: Autologous fat grafting is now a highly popular technique in plastic and reconstructive surgery, with broad applicability for various surgical procedures. Fat grafting can impart contours and augmentation, nourish tissue, modulate scar tissue, and produce regeneration at the recipient site. In this pilot study, the authors suggest that fat grafting may be useful therapeutic adjunct for cases of chronic heel pain following surgery for adult flatfoot deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with chronic heel pain following surgery for adult flatfoot deformity underwent autologous subcutaneous heel fat grafting and recorded their levels of pain relief for 6 months postoperatively...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549281/defining-excessive-over-or-hyper-pronation-a-quandary
#7
REVIEW
Andrew M Horwood, Nachiappan Chockalingam
Abnormal-pronation, excessive-pronation, over-pronation, or hyper-pronation, are terms with a long historical use in both medical and research terminology pertaining to an abnormal movement of the foot. These terms are commonly used as a potential kinematic aetiology to explain the occurrence of multiple lower limb and foot pathologies. Yet despite this widespread use there is no clear definition to explain what the terms abnormal, excess, over, or hyper-pronation, mean. Without a strict definition the use of these terms as a patho-mechanical explanation of injuries, leaves a distinct lack of clarity and is meaningless in regards to being able to distinguish what movement may need clinical intervention...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544914/melorheostosis-foot-and-ankle-perspective
#8
Mandeep Singh Dhillon, Balaji Saibaba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324822/outcome-evaluation-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-versus-extensile-lateral-approach-in-management-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-a-randomised-control-trial
#9
Ankit Khurana, Mandeep S Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar, Rakesh John
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has a significant and evolving role in the treatment of DIACFs, but there is limited literature on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinico-radiological outcomes of DIACFs fixed with MIS technique with ORIF. METHODS: This randomised control trial (RCT) included 21 closed Sanders type 2 and 3 DIACFs which were selected from 70 who presented. Extensile lateral approach was used in the ORIF group; while MIS techniques included either percutaneous reduction or small incisions with indirect fragment manipulation...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282538/results-of-enhanced-recovery-after-primary-ankle-replacements
#10
K Jain, P Murphy, T Karim, M Karski, T M Clough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282537/a-large-solitary-fibroma-of-the-deep-compartment-of-the-sole
#11
T H Lui
A 50-year-old lady presented with a right foot mass and pain for 1year. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 3.9×3.2×5cm mass on plantar side of the forefoot deep to the major flexor tendons and plantar aponeurosis and inferior to 1st-4th metatarsals. The mass extended dorsally through the intermetatarsal space to the foot dorsum. Ultrasound guided biopsy was performed, which confirmed it was a fibroma. This case was further complicated by pathological fracture of the 3rd metatarsal. It was resected through a dorsal incision and surgical dislocation of the 2nd and 3rd tarsometatarsal joints...
June 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441542/reattachment-using-the-suture-bridge-augmentation-for-achilles-tendon-avulsion-fracture-with-osteoporotic-bony-fragment
#12
Byung-Ki Cho, Ji-Kang Park, Seung-Myung Choi
Although avulsion fractures of the calcaneal tuberosity are rare injuries, these can be a challenging problem with frequent complications, such as loss of reduction and soft tissue problem. Anatomical reduction and internal fixation are indicated to avoid these pitfalls and to restore function of the triceps surae. However, the best fixation device and operative technique are still controversial. A case that achieved satisfactory clinical outcome through a reattachment technique using the suture bridge augmentation for Achilles tendon avulsion fracture with osteoporotic bony fragment is presented...
April 15, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668735/characteristics-of-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#13
José Manuel Padín Galea, María Jesús Fernández-Aceñero, José Luis Moreno de la Fuente
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is characterised by generalized pain. A search of the available literature found no previous reports describing the specific characteristics of patients with fibromyalgia. OBJECTIVES: To describe characteristics of patients with fibromyalgia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Case-control study including 50 patients with fibromyalgia and 50 gender and age-matched controls. After obtaining written informed consent for the study, demographic data were collected and pain in the leg, ankle and foot area was measured using a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
April 4, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622578/the-progression-of-hallux-valgus-in-the-oriental-chinese-population-in-hong-kong
#14
Kenneth Kin-Hoo Koo, Lung Fung Tse, Hi Shan Cheng, Kevin Ki Wai Ho
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is the lateral deviation of the great toe at the MTPJ that has many attributing aetiologies. This study will aim to identify whether hallux valgus progresses over time in the oriental Chinese population in Hong Kong. METHODS: Patients with acquired symptomatic hallux valgus who presented to clinic between 2008 and 2013 were included. The deformities were analysed radiologically at presentation and pre-operative and angles were measured...
March 31, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624667/schwannoma-and-neurofibroma-of-the-posterior-tibial-nerve-presenting-as-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-review-of-the-literature-with-two-case-reports
#15
REVIEW
Makgabo John Tladi, Nikiforos Pandelis Saragas, Paulo Norberto Ferrao, Andrew Strydom
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is the lateral deviation of the great toe at the MTPJ that has many attributing aetiologies. This study will aim to identify whether hallux valgus progresses over time in the oriental Chinese population in Hong Kong. METHODS: Patients with acquired symptomatic hallux valgus who presented to clinic between 2008 and 2013 were included. The deformities were analysed radiologically at presentation and pre-operative and angles were measured...
March 30, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550794/minimal-resection-interposition-arthroplasty-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#16
Panagiotis K Givissis, Panagiotis D Symeonidis, Dimitrios M Kitridis, Dimitrios N Daskalakis, Anastasios G Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: Interposition arthroplasty of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint is a viable alternative to fusion in patients with advanced hallux rigidus. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the midterm results of a modification of the technique. METHODS: Case series of 18 interposition arthroplasties were performed on 13 female patients with Grade III-IV hallux rigidus. The technique included cheilectomy, bunionectomy when needed, minimal resection of the base of the proximal phalanx and interposition of a fascia lata allograft in the first metatarsophalangeal joint...
March 23, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605621/the-association-between-pain-catastrophising-and-kinesiophobia-with-pain-and-function-in-people-with-plantar-heel-pain
#17
Matthew Cotchett, Angus Lennecke, Virginia G Medica, Glen A Whittaker, Daniel R Bonanno
BACKGROUND: Psychological variables, including catastrophic thoughts and kinesiophobia, are common in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain and are associated with pain and function. However, the role of each factor has not been evaluated in people with plantar heel pain (plantar fasciitis). METHODS: Thirty-six participants diagnosed with plantar heel pain were recruited. Main outcome measures included the Pain Catastrophising Scale, Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia, the Foot Health Status Questionnaire and a Visual Analogue Scale...
March 20, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549283/the-use-of-foot-pumps-compression-devices-in-the-perioperative-management-of-ankle-fractures-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#18
REVIEW
Rachel Clarkson, Samer S S Mahmoud, Amar Rangan, William Eardley, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures account for 9% of all fractures seen in the United Kingdom. 15,000 of these fractures undergo operative fixation each year. Soft tissue swelling impacts on timing of fixation due to fears of infection and wound dehiscence. The use of arterio-venous foot pumps (AVFP) is increasing in this population although the evidence for their efficacy is unclear. In order to address this, we present an overview of the evidence for AVFP device use following ankle fracture...
March 10, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544913/arthroscopic-ganglionectomy-of-a-toe-with-color-aided-visualization-of-the-ganglion-stalk
#19
Ogawa Takahisa, Seki Yasuhiro, Shirasawa Shinichi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282544/osteobastoma-of-the-talus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Hassan Elsayed, Ananya Puttaraju, Gillian Cribb, Paul Cool, Hytham Afifi, Omer Abdalla
Osteoblastoma is benign bone forming tumour with rare malignant transformation. The common locations include spine, proximal humerus and hip. It rarely affects the talus. A case of osteoblastoma of the talus in a 33-years old healthy male who presented to the foot and ankle clinic in October 2015 complaining of pain of the right ankle for 12 months following football injury is discussed.
March 2017: Foot
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