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Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209417/do-athletes-alter-their-running-mechanics-after-an-achilles-tendon-rupture
#1
Daniel Jandacka, Julia Freedman Silvernail, Jaroslav Uchytil, David Zahradnik, Roman Farana, Joseph Hamill
Background: Over the past thirty years, there has been dramatic increase in incidence of Achilles tendon rupture in the athletic population. The purpose of this study was to compare the lower extremity mechanics of Achilles tendon ruptured runners with healthy controls. Methods: The participants with a past history of an Achilles tendon repair (n = 11) and healthy control (n = 11) subgroups were matched on sex, age, type of regular physical activity, mass, height, footfall pattern and lateral dominancy...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209416/reliability-of-analysis-of-the-bone-mineral-density-of-the-second-and-fifth-metatarsals-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dxa
#2
N Stewart Pritchard, James M Smoliga, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Micah C Branscomb, David R Sinacore, Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford
Background: Metatarsal fractures, especially of the fifth metatarsal, are common injuries of the foot in a young athletic population, but the risk factors for this injury are not well understood. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) provides reliable measures of regional bone mineral density to predict fracture risk in the hip and lumbar spine. Recently, sub-regional metatarsal reliability was established in fresh cadaveric specimens and associated with ultimate fracture force. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of DXA bone mineral density measurements of sub-regions of the second and fifth metatarsals in a young, active population...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201147/evidence-for-current-recommendations-concerning-the-management-of-foot-health-for-people-with-chronic-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#3
Katherine Edwards, Alan Borthwick, Louise McCulloch, Anthony Redmond, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Nigel Arden, Catherine Bowen
Background: Research focusing on management of foot health has become more evident over the past decade, especially related to chronic conditions such as diabetes. The level of methodological rigour across this body of work however is varied and outputs do not appear to have been developed or translated into clinical practice. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the latest guidelines, standards of care and current recommendations relative to people with chronic conditions to ascertain the level of supporting evidence concerning the management of foot health...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201146/time-to-revise-our-dialogue-how-flat-is-the-paediatric-flatfoot
#4
Stewart C Morrison, Juliet McClymont, Carina Price, Chris Nester
A recent systematic review of measures of foot development used the medial longitudinal arch profile as its primary indicator of development. A comparative analysis of existing studies was undertaken. This work confirmed changes with arch profile were age-dependent, although the age at which foot development ceased remains unknown. This work also highlighted the abundance of clinical measures used in existing research and outlined the challenges with drawing consensus from available data. There is a clear need to move this debate forward and, to do so, it is essential that scientific and clinical communities unite...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151894/-fast-cast-and-needle-tenotomy-protocols-with-the-ponseti-method-to-improve-clubfoot-management-in-bangladesh
#5
Angela Evans, Mamun Chowdhury, Sohel Rana, Shariar Rahman, Abu Hena Mahboob
Background: The management of congenital talipes equino varus (clubfoot deformity) has been transformed in the last 20 years as surgical correction has been replaced by the non-surgical Ponseti method. The Ponseti method, consists of corrective serial casting followed by maintenance bracing, and has been repeatedly demonstrated to give best results - regarded as the 'gold standard' treatment for paediatric clubfoot. Methods: To develop the study protocol Level 2 evidence was used to modify the corrective casting phase of the Ponseti method in children aged up to 12 months...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151893/defining-the-gap-a-systematic-review-of-the-difference-in-rates-of-diabetes-related-foot-complications-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-and-non-indigenous-australians
#6
REVIEW
Matthew West, Vivienne Chuter, Shannon Munteanu, Fiona Hawke
Background: The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community has an increased risk of developing chronic illnesses including diabetes. Among people with diabetes, foot complications are common and make a significant contribution to the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate the literature comparing the rates of diabetes related foot complications in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians to non-Indigenous Australians...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093757/movement-coordination-patterns-between-the-foot-joints-during-walking
#7
John B Arnold, Paolo Caravaggi, François Fraysse, Dominic Thewlis, Alberto Leardini
Background: In 3D gait analysis, kinematics of the foot joints are usually reported via isolated time histories of joint rotations and no information is provided on the relationship between rotations at different joints. The aim of this study was to identify movement coordination patterns in the foot during walking by expanding an existing vector coding technique according to an established multi-segment foot and ankle model. A graphical representation is also described to summarise the coordination patterns of joint rotations across multiple patients...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090022/prevalence-impact-and-care-of-foot-problems-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-united-kingdom-based-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Oonagh Wilson, Sarah Hewlett, James Woodburn, Jon Pollock, John Kirwan
BACKGROUND: Foot symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) derive from a combination of inflammation, altered foot mechanics, deformity and secondary skin lesions. Guidelines recommend regular review of patients' feet, but the extent to which the general population of RA patients report foot symptoms and access foot care has not been established. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence, impact and care of foot problems in all patients with RA in one geographical area and identify factors associated with accessing foot care...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046725/clinical-photographic-observation-of-plantar-corns-and-callus-associated-with-a-nominal-scale-classification-and-inter-observer-reliability-study-in-a-student-population
#9
David R Tollafield
BACKGROUND: The management of plantar corns and callus has a low cost-benefit with reduced prioritisation in healthcare. The distinction between types of keratin lesions that forms corns and callus has attracted limited interest. Observation is imperative to improving diagnostic predictions and a number of studies point to some confusion as to how best to achieve this. The use of photographic observation has been proposed to improve our understanding of intractable keratin lesions. METHODS: Students from a podiatry school reviewed photographs where plantar keratin lesions were divided into four nominal groups; light callus (Grade 1), heavy defined callus (Grade 2), concentric keratin plugs (Grade 3) and callus with deeper density changes under the forefoot (Grade 4)...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046724/the%C3%A2-integration-of-a-podiatrist-into-an-orthopaedic-department-a-cost-consequences-analysis
#10
Tom P Walsh, Linda R Ferris, Nancy C Cullen, Christopher H Brown, Cathy J Loughry, Nikki M McCaffrey
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-consequences of a podiatry-led triage clinic provided in an orthopaedic department relative to usual care for non-urgent foot and ankle complaints in an Australian tertiary care hospital. METHODS: All new, non-urgent foot and ankle patients seen in an outpatient orthopaedic department were included in this study. The patients seen between 2014 and 2015 by Orthopaedic Surgeons were considered 'usual care', the patients seen between 2015 and 2016 by a Podiatrist were considered the 'Podiatry Triage Clinic'...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046723/etiological-factors-in-hallux-valgus-a-three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-first-metatarsal
#11
Tomohiko Ota, Takeo Nagura, Tetsuro Kokubo, Masateru Kitashiro, Naomichi Ogihara, Kenichiro Takeshima, Hiroyuki Seki, Yasunori Suda, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that hallux valgus (HV) is associated with axial rotation of the first metatarsal (1MT). However, the association between HV and torsion of the 1MT head with respect to the base has not been previously investigated. The present study examined whether there was a significant difference in 1MT torsion between HV and control groups. METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) scans of 39 ft were obtained, and 3D surface models of the 1MT were generated to quantify the torsion of the head with respect to the base...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021827/coordination-among-the-rearfoot-midfoot-and-forefoot-during-walking
#12
Tomoya Takabayashi, Mutsuaki Edama, Emi Nakamura, Erika Yokoyama, Chiaki Kanaya, Masayoshi Kubo
BACKGROUND: Examining coordination between segments is essential for prevention and treatment of injuries. However, traditional methods such as ratio, cross-correlation technique, and angle-time plot may not provide a complete understanding of intersegmental coordination. The present study aimed to quantify the coordination among the rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot segments during walking. METHODS: Twenty healthy young men walked barefoot on a treadmill. Reflective markers were fixed to their right shank and foot based on the Leardini foot model...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861123/an-explorative-qualitative-study-to-determine-the-footwear-needs-of-workers-in-standing-environments
#13
Jennifer Anderson, Anita E Williams, Christopher Nester
BACKGROUND: Many work places require standing for prolonged periods of time and are potentially damaging to health, with links to musculoskeletal disorders and acute trauma from workplace accidents. Footwear provides the only interaction between the body and the ground and therefore a potential means to impact musculoskeletal disorders. However, there is very limited research into the necessary design and development of footwear based on both the physical environmental constraints and the personal preference of the workers...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855966/correlating-pre-operative-mri-measurements-of-metatarsal-osteomyelitis-with-surgical-clean-margins-reveals-the-need-for-a-one-centimeter-resection-margin
#14
Brent Bernstein, Melody Stouder, Eric Bronfenbrenner, Steven Chen, David Anderson
BACKGROUND: Due to the high incidence of forefoot ulcerations with associated osteomyelitis, there has been an increased demand for partial ray amputations. In order to ensure complete removal of infected metatarsal bone, a clean margin amount is chosen based on the surgeon's intraoperative visual subjective evaluation. The margin is resected and sent to pathology. Currently the literature shows positive proximal margin rates of 35-40%. The purpose of this study was to reduce the rate of positive proximal margins by effectively resecting all infected bone using pre-operative MRI measurements with an added resection margin...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852426/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-spanish-version-of-the-foot-and-ankle-ability-measures-faam-sp
#15
Pablo Cervera-Garvi, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Jose Antonio Cervera-Marin, Rob Roy Martin, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron
BACKGROUND: The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) commonly used to determine the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for patients with foot and ankle pathologies and associated impairments of body function and structure, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the FAAM into Spanish. METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the international guidelines of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828038/a-novel-magnet-based-3d-printed-marker-wand-as-basis-for-repeated-in-shoe-multi-segment-foot-analysis-a-proof-of-concept
#16
Maarten Eerdekens, Filip Staes, Thomas Pilkington, Kevin Deschamps
BACKGROUND: Application of in-shoe multi-segment foot kinematic analyses currently faces a number of challenges, including: (i) the difficulty to apply regular markers onto the skin, (ii) the necessity for an adequate shoe which fits various foot morphologies and (iii) the need for adequate repeatability throughout a repeated measure condition. The aim of this study therefore was to design novel magnet based 3D printed markers for repeated in-shoe measurements while using accordingly adapted modified shoes for a specific multi-segment foot model...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814975/the-typically-developing-paediatric-foot-how-flat-should-it-be-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Hayley Uden, Rolf Scharfbillig, Ryan Causby
BACKGROUND: All typically developing children are born with flexible flat feet, progressively developing a medial longitudinal arch during the first decade of their lives. Whilst the child's foot is expected to be flat, there is currently no consensus as to how flat this foot should be. Furthermore, whilst feet are observed to decrease in flatness with increasing age, it is not known how flat they should be at each age increment. The objective of this systematic review is to define the postural characteristics of the 'typically' developing paediatric foot...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804519/dealing-with-the-death-of-a-long-term-patient-what-is-the-impact-and-how-do-podiatrists-cope
#18
Kristy Robson, Cylie M Williams
BACKGROUND: It is common for podiatrists and patients to develop long term professional relationships. Patient's decline in health or death may impact a practitioner's mental wellbeing. This research aimed to understand the impact of long term patient death on podiatrists and identify coping strategies. METHOD: Australian podiatrists were eligible to participate if they had been practicing longer than 5 years and experienced the death of a long term patient in the previous 12 months...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770007/cross-sectional-associations-between-variations-in-ankle-shape-by-statistical-shape-modeling-injury-history-and-race-the-johnston-county-osteoarthritis-project
#19
Amanda E Nelson, Yvonne M Golightly, Shahmeer Lateef, Jordan B Renner, Joanne M Jordan, Richard M Aspden, Howard Hillstrom, Jennifer S Gregory
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA), a highly prevalent and disabling joint disease. Joint shape is linked to OA, but the interplay of injury and joint shape and their combined role in OA, particularly at the ankle, is not well known. Therefore, we explored cross-sectional associations between ankle shape and injury in a large community-based cohort. METHODS: Ankles without radiographic OA were selected from the current data collection of the Johnston County OA Project...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770006/categorisation-of-foot-complaints-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-from-a-new-zealand-cohort
#20
Simon J Otter, Maheswaran Rohan, Kevin A Davies, Sunil Kumar, Peter Gow, Nicola Dalbeth, Michael Corkill, Sam Panthakalam, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: Foot complaints have been shown to be common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and heterogeneous in nature. We aimed to categorize self-reported foot complaints in people with SLE and foot symptoms. METHODS: A self-administered validated questionnaire was posted to 406 people with SLE attending adult rheumatology clinics across three health boards in Auckland, New Zealand. In addition to foot pain, vascular complaints, dermatological lesions and neurological symptoms were included in the analysis...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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