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Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191040/moisturisers-for-the-treatment-of-foot-xerosis-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Justin Parker, Rolf Scharfbillig, Sara Jones
BACKGROUND: Xerosis, literally dryness of the skin, of the foot is a common condition encountered clinically, which can lead to discomfort and predisposition to infection. Currently, there are no evidence-based recommendations on which moisturiser formulations best alleviate xerotic symptoms. The aim of this review was to guide clinical practice in the treatment of primary and diabetes related foot xerosis, by identifying from the existing literature the most effective ingredient or formulation of topical treatments for symptoms of primary foot xerosis in the general population...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174605/plug-in-gait-calculation-of-the-knee-adduction-moment-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-during-shod-walking-comparison-of-two-different-foot-marker-models
#2
Kade L Paterson, Rana S Hinman, Ben R Metcalf, Kim L Bennell, Tim V Wrigley
BACKGROUND: Understanding how kinematic multi-segment foot modelling influences the utility of Plug-in-Gait calculations of the knee adduction moment (KAM) during shod walking is relevant to knee osteoarthritis (OA). Multi-segment foot markers placed on the skin through windows cut in to the shoe provide a more accurate representation of foot mechanics than the traditional marker set used by Plug-in-Gait, which uses fewer markers, placed on the shoe itself. We aimed to investigate whether Plug-in-Gait calculation of the KAM differed when using a kinematic multi-segment foot model compared to the traditional Plug-in-Gait marker set...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174604/challenging-the-foundations-of-the-clinical-model-of-foot-function-further-evidence-that-the-root-model-assessments-fail-to-appropriately-classify-foot-function
#3
Hannah L Jarvis, Christopher J Nester, Peter D Bowden, Richard K Jones
BACKGROUND: The Root model of normal and abnormal foot function remains the basis for clinical foot orthotic practice globally. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between foot deformities and kinematic compensations that are the foundations of the model. METHODS: A convenience sample of 140 were screened and 100 symptom free participants aged 18-45 years were invited to participate. The static biomechanical assessment described by the Root model was used to identify five foot deformities...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163787/statistical-shape-models-of-cuboid-navicular-and-talus-bones
#4
Aleksandra U Melinska, Patryk Romaszkiewicz, Justyna Wagel, Bartlomiej Antosik, Marek Sasiadek, D Robert Iskander
BACKGROUND: The aim was to develop statistical shape models of the main human tarsal bones that would result in novel representations of cuboid, navicular and talus. METHODS: Fifteen right and 15 left retrospectively collected computed tomography data sets from male individuals, aged from 17 to 63 years, with no known foot pathology were collected. Data were gathered from 30 different subjects. A process of model building includes image segmentation, unifying feature position, mathematical shape description and obtaining statistical shape geometry...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138341/the-foot-orthoses-versus-hip-exercises-fohx-trial-for-patellofemoral-pain-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-to-determine-if-foot-mobility-is-associated-with-better-outcomes-from-foot-orthoses
#5
Mark Matthews, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Andrew Claus, Tom McPoil, Robert Nee, Kay Crossley, Jessica Kasza, Sanjoy Paul, Rebecca Mellor, Bill Vicenzino
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a prevalent, often recalcitrant and multifactorial knee pain condition. One method to optimize treatment outcome is to tailor treatments to the patient's presenting characteristics. Foot orthoses and hip exercises are two such treatments for PFP with proven efficacy yet target different ends of the lower limb with different proposed mechanisms of effect. These treatments have not been compared head-to-head, so there is a dearth of evidence for which to use clinically...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138340/the-experience-of-foot-problems-and-decisions-to-access-foot-care-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#6
Oonagh Wilson, John Kirwan, Emma Dures, Enid Quest, Sarah Hewlett
BACKGROUND: Although foot problems are common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the consequences of foot problems from the patient perspective have not been fully explored. The aims of this study were to explore the experience of foot problems and decisions to access foot care services or not in patients with RA. METHODS: Semi structured, one-to-one interviews with patients recruited from 2 UK rheumatology units, purposively sampled for self-reported foot problems and a range of personal/disease characteristics...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096901/exploring-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-podiatry-profession-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#7
Cylie M Williams, Stefania Penkala, Peter Smith, Terry Haines, Kelly-Ann Bowles
BACKGROUND: Workplace injury is an international costly burden. Health care workers are an essential component to managing musculoskeletal disorders, however in doing this, they may increase their own susceptibility. While there is substantial evidence about work-related musculoskeletal disorders across the health workforce, understanding risk factors in specific occupational groups, such as podiatry, is limited. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of work related low back pain in podiatrists...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070223/medical-grade-footwear-the-impact-of-fit-and-comfort
#8
Bessie Hurst, Helen Branthwaite, Andrew Greenhalgh, Nachiappan Chockalingam
BACKGROUND: Pressure-related skin lesions on the digits are a significant cause of discomfort. Most foot pain related to ill-fitting shoes occurs in the forefoot and digital areas. Pain has been associated with poor shoe fit, reduced toe box volume, as well as contour and shape of the shoe Off-the-shelf medical-grade footwear is designed as an intervention for chronic lesions on the digits. These shoes are designed with a flexible neoprene fabric upper that is thought to reduce pressure on the forefoot and reduce discomfort associated with ill-fitting shoes...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018488/relationship-between-patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-and-three-measures-of-foot-ankle-alignment-in-patients-with-metatarsal-head-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Manuel González-Sánchez, Esther Velasco-Ramos, Maria Ruiz Muñoz, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to establish the relationship between foot-ankle patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) and three measures of foot-ankle alignment (MoFAA) in patients with metatarsal head pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study where 206 patients completed three PROMs and a clinician recorded three MoFAA bilaterally (three times each). A reliability analysis of the MoFAA, a correlation analysis (between MoFAA and PROM) and regression analysis (dependent variable: PROM; independent variables: MoFAA) were performed...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980685/a-targeted-screening-method-for-non-invasive-vascular-assessment-of-the-lower-limb
#10
Peta Ellen Tehan, Vivienne Helaine Chuter
BACKGROUND: Podiatrists routinely perform non-invasive lower limb vascular assessment, however frequently cite time as a major barrier in performing regular assessment. The aim of this study was to develop an evidence-based vascular assessment method to guide podiatrists' decision-making processes to aid in timely vascular assessment in at risk populations. METHOD: The sample underwent brachial pressure measurement, ankle pressures, toe pressure and Doppler waveform with colour duplex ultrasound (CFDU) used as the reference standard...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980684/the-relationship-between-foot-posture-index-ankle-equinus-body-mass-index-and-intermetatarsal-neuroma
#11
Reza Naraghi, Alexandra Bremner, Linda Slack-Smith, Alan Bryant
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of an association between intermetatarsal neuroma and foot type, as measured by the Foot Posture Index. The study also examined whether there was a relationship between foot type and the interspace affected with intermetatarsal neuroma, and whether ankle equinus or body mass index had an effect. METHODS: In total, 100 participants were recruited from The University of Western Australia's Podiatry Clinic, 68 of whom were diagnosed with inter-metatarsal neuroma from 2009 to 2015...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980683/clinical-measures-of-static-foot-posture-do-not-agree
#12
Ben Langley, Mary Cramp, Stewart C Morrison
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the level of agreement between common clinical foot classification measures. METHODS: Static foot assessment was undertaken using the Foot Posture Index (FPI-6), rearfoot angle (RFA), medial longitudinal arch angle (MLAA) and navicular drop (ND) in 30 participants (29 ± 6 years, 1.72 ± 0.08 m, 75 ± 18 kg). The right foot was measured on two occasions by one rater within the same test environment...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956940/facilitating-the-interpretation-of-pedobarography-the-relative-midfoot-index-as-marker-for-pathologic-gait-in-ankle-osteoarthritic-and-contralateral-feet
#13
Frigg Arno, Frigg Roman, Wiewiorski Martin, Goldoni Jennifer, Horisberger Monika
BACKGROUND: Pedobarography offers dynamic information about the foot, but the interpretation of its large data is challenging. In a prior study it was shown that attention can be restricted to pedobarographic midfoot load data. We aim to verify this observation in ankle osteoarthritic and contralateral feet. METHODS: We assessed both feet of 120 patients with end-stage ankle osteoarthritis (OA) and 35 healthy volunteers with AOFAS-score and dynamic pedobarography in barefoot condition...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891180/the-effect-of-foot-orthoses-with-forefoot-cushioning-or-metatarsal-pad-on-forefoot-peak-plantar-pressure-in-running
#14
Michaela Hähni, Anja Hirschmüller, Heiner Baur
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are frequently used in sports for the treatment of overuse complaints with sufficient evidence available for certain foot-related overuse pathologies like plantar fasciitis, rheumatoid arthritis and foot pain (e.g., metatarsalgia). One important aim is to reduce plantar pressure under prominent areas like metatarsal heads. For the forefoot region, mainly two common strategies exist: metatarsal pad (MP) and forefoot cushioning (FC). The aim of this study was to evaluate which of these orthosis concepts is superior in reducing plantar pressure in the forefoot during running...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843491/3d-strength-surfaces-for-ankle-plantar-and-dorsi-flexion-in-healthy-adults-an-isometric-and-isokinetic-dynamometry-study
#15
Sara J Hussain, Laura Frey-Law
BACKGROUND: The ankle is an important component of the human kinetic chain, and deficits in ankle strength can negatively impact functional tasks such as balance and gait. While peak torque is influenced by joint angle and movement velocity, ankle strength is typically reported for a single angle or movement speed. To better identify deficits and track recovery of ankle strength after injury or surgical intervention, ankle strength across a range of movement velocities and joint angles in healthy adults is needed...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833661/walk-for-life-the-national-clubfoot-project-of-bangladesh-the-four-year-outcomes-of-150-congenital-clubfoot-cases-following-ponseti-method
#16
Angela Margaret Evans, Mohommad Mamun Hossen Chowdhury, Mohommad Humayun Kabir, Md Fashiur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Congenital clubfoot deformity can cause significant disability, and if left untreated, may further impoverish those in developing countries, like Bangladesh. The Ponseti method has been strategically introduced in Bangladesh by a non-government organisation, Walk For Life (WFL). WFL has provided free treatment for over 17,500 Bangladeshi children with clubfeet since 2009, sustained by local ownership, and international support. This study assesses the 4-year results in children for whom treatment began before the age of 3 years...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800027/a-novel-method-of-measuring-passive-quasi-stiffness-in-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#17
Marabelle L Heng, Yaohui K Chua, Hong K Pek, Priathashini Krishnasamy, Pui W Kong
BACKGROUND: First metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) mobility is commonly assessed by its angular displacement (joint angle) or subjectively rated as 'hypermobile', 'normal' or 'stiff' by a clinician. Neither of these methods is ideal because displacement alone does not take into account the force required to displace the joint and subjective evaluation is not always reliable. This study presented a novel method to determine the passive quasi-stiffness of the first MTPJ. The reliability of the proposed method was also assessed...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752287/getting-the-right-balance-insole-design-alters-the-static-balance-of-people-with-diabetes-and-neuropathy
#18
Joanne Paton, Sam Glasser, Richard Collings, Jon Marsden
BACKGROUND: Over 1 in 3 older people with diabetes sustain a fall each year. Postural instability has been identified as independent risk factor for falls within people with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN). People with DPN, at increased risk of falls, are routinely required to wear offloading insoles, yet the impact of these insoles on postural stability and postural control is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a standard offloading insole and its constituent parts on the balance in people with DPN...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688813/a-survey-exploring-self-reported-indoor-and-outdoor-footwear-habits-foot-problems-and-fall-status-in-people-with-stroke-and-parkinson-s
#19
Catherine Bowen, Ann Ashburn, Mark Cole, Margaret Donovan-Hall, Malcolm Burnett, Judy Robison, Louis Mamode, Ruth Pickering, Dan Bader, Dorit Kunkel
BACKGROUND: Ill-fitting shoes have been implicated as a risk factor for falls but research to date has focused on people with arthritis, diabetes and the general older population; little is known about people with neurological conditions. This survey for people with stroke and Parkinson's explored people's choice of indoor and outdoor footwear, foot problems and fall history. METHODS: Following ethical approval, 1000 anonymous postal questionnaires were distributed to health professionals, leads of Parkinson's UK groups and stroke clubs in the wider Southampton area, UK...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651833/ultrasonographic-examination-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-comparison-of-patient-positions-during-examination
#20
Jae Hoon Ahn, Choong Woo Lee, ChanJoo Park, Yoon-Chung Kim
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal ultrasound is a non-invasive and low-cost modality for real-time visualisation of the plantar fascia. Ultrasound examination for plantar fasciitis is generally performed with the patient in a prone position, although the rational for using a prone position has not been validated. The aim of the study was to investigate if ultrasound examination in a supine position, which is more comfortable than the prone position, is valid. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 30 participants with plantar fasciitis, 8 men (27 %) and 22 women (73 %), with a mean age of 53...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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