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Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881466/the-identification-and-appraisal-of-assessment-tools-used-to-evaluate-metatarsus-adductus-a-systematic-review-of-their-measurement-properties
#1
REVIEW
Nicole Marshall, Emily Ward, Cylie M Williams
Background: Metatarsus adductus is the most common congenital foot deformity in newborns. It involves adduction of the metatarsals at the Lisfranc joint. A systematic literature review was conducted to investigate the following question: What tools are used to identify and quantify metatarsus adductus and how reliable, valid and responsive are they? Methods: The following electronic databases were searched for studies describing tools for the identification and quantification of metatarsus adductus in adults and children published from inception to June 2016: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and AMED...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881465/a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-prefabricated-versus-customised-foot-orthoses-for-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-focos-ra-trial-foot-orthoses-customised-v-off-the-shelf-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Kellie S Gallagher, Jon Godwin, Gordon J Hendry, Martijn Steultjens, Jim Woodburn
Background: Foot pain is common in rheumatoid arthritis and appears to persist despite modern day medical management. Several clinical practice guidelines currently recommend the use of foot orthoses for the treatment of foot pain in people with rheumatoid arthritis. However, an evidence gap currently exists concerning the comparative clinical- and cost-effectiveness of prefabricated and customised foot orthoses in people with early rheumatoid arthritis. Early intervention with orthotics may offer the best opportunity for positive therapeutic outcomes...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881464/footwear-choices-for-painful-feet-an-observational-study-exploring-footwear-and-foot-problems-in-women
#3
Moira McRitchie, Helen Branthwaite, Nachiappan Chockalingam
Background: A high percentage of the population report footwear related foot pain, yet there is limited research on the effect footwear has on the development of this pain. The aim of this study was to establish whether footwear purchased by patients have an association with foot pain and what choices determined a purchase decision. Methods: Shape and size measurements of the dominant foot and footwear (length and width) were taken from 67 female participants who routinely received podiatric treatment...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854007/reliability-of-a-novel-thermal-imaging-system-for-temperature-assessment-of-healthy-feet
#4
N L Petrova, A Whittam, A MacDonald, S Ainarkar, A N Donaldson, J Bevans, J Allen, P Plassmann, B Kluwe, F Ring, L Rogers, R Simpson, G Machin, M E Edmonds
Background: Thermal imaging is a useful modality for identifying preulcerative lesions ("hot spots") in diabetic foot patients. Despite its recognised potential, at present, there is no readily available instrument for routine podiatric assessment of patients at risk. To address this need, a novel thermal imaging system was recently developed. This paper reports the reliability of this device for temperature assessment of healthy feet. Methods: Plantar skin foot temperatures were measured with the novel thermal imaging device (Diabetic Foot Ulcer Prevention System (DFUPS), constructed by Photometrix Imaging Ltd) and also with a hand-held infrared spot thermometer (Thermofocus® 01500A3, Tecnimed, Italy) after 20 min of barefoot resting with legs supported and extended in 105 subjects (52 males and 53 females; age range 18 to 69 years) as part of a multicentre clinical trial...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854006/paediatric-flexible-flat-foot-how-are-we-measuring-it-and-are-we-getting-it-right-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Helen A Banwell, Maisie E Paris, Shylie Mackintosh, Cylie M Williams
Background: Flexible flat foot is a normal observation in typically developing children, however, some children with flat feet present with pain and impaired lower limb function. The challenge for health professionals is to identify when foot posture is outside of expected findings and may warrant intervention. Diagnoses of flexible flat foot is often based on radiographic or clinical measures, yet the validity and reliability of these measures for a paediatric population is not clearly understood...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854005/metatarsophalangeal-joint-extension-changes-ultrasound-measurements-for-plantar-fascia-thickness
#6
Michael J Granado, Everett B Lohman, Keith E Gordon, Noha S Daher
Background: Ultrasound is an inexpensive method for quantifying plantar fascia thickness, especially in those with plantar fasciitis. Ultrasound has also been used to assess the effectiveness of various treatments for plantar fasciitis by comparing plantar fascia thickness before and after an intervention period. While a plantar fascia thickness over 4 mm via ultrasound has been proposed to be consistent with plantar fasciitis, some researchers believe the 4 mm plantar fascia thickness level to be a dubious guideline for diagnosing plantar fasciitis due to the lack of standardization of the measurement process for plantar fascia thickness...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854004/independent-factors-associated-with-wearing-different-types-of-outdoor-footwear-in-a-representative-inpatient-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Alex L Barwick, Jaap J van Netten, Lloyd F Reed, Peter A Lazzarini
Background: Footwear can have both a positive and negative impact on lower limb health and mobility across the lifespan, influencing the risk of foot pain, ulceration, and falls in those at risk. Choice of footwear can be influenced by disease as well as sociocultural factors, yet few studies have investigated the types of footwear people wear and the profiles of those who wear them. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with outdoor footwear type worn most often in a representative inpatient population...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849768/survey-of-ultrasound-practice-amongst-podiatrists-in-the-uk
#8
Heidi J Siddle, Aimie Patience, James Coughtrey, Jean Mooney, Martin Fox, Lindsey Cherry
Background: Ultrasound in podiatry practice encompasses musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging, vascular hand-held Doppler ultrasound and therapeutic ultrasound. Sonography practice is not regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC), with no requirement to hold a formal qualification. The College of Podiatry does not currently define ultrasound training and competencies.This study aimed to determine the current use of ultrasound, training received and mentorship received and/or provided by podiatrists using ultrasound...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760787/inverted-rearfoot-posture-in-subjects-with-coexisting-patellofemoral-osteoarthritis-in-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-an-exploratory-study
#9
Hirotaka Iijima, Hiroshi Ohi, Naoto Fukutani, Tomoki Aoyama, Eishi Kaneda, Kaoru Abe, Masaki Takahashi, Shuichi Matsuda
Background: While abnormal rearfoot posture and its relationship to patellofemoral (PF) pain has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, its relationship to patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) has not been determined. This study aimed to examine whether rearfoot posture is associated with a higher prevalence of radiographic PFOA in a compartment-specific manner in patients with medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (TFOA). Methods: Participants from orthopedic clinics ( n  = 68, age 56-90 years, 75...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755590/wide-pulse-high-frequency-low-intensity-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-has-potential-for-targeted-strengthening-of-an-intrinsic-foot-muscle-a-feasibility-study
#10
Darren C James, Matthew C Solan, Katya N Mileva
Background: Strengthening the intrinsic foot muscles is a poorly understood and largely overlooked area. In this study, we explore the feasibility of strengthening m . abductor hallucis (AH) with a specific paradigm of neuromuscular electrical stimulation; one which is low-intensity in nature and designed to interleave physiologically-relevant low frequency stimulation with high-frequencies to enhance effective current delivery to spinal motoneurones, and enable a proportion of force produced by the target muscle to be generated from a central origin...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713385/a-minimal-markerset-for-three-dimensional-foot-function-assessment-measuring-navicular-drop-and-drift-under-dynamic-conditions
#11
Patric Eichelberger, Angela Blasimann, Nicole Lutz, Fabian Krause, Heiner Baur
Background: The validity of predicting foot pronation occurring mainly at the midfoot by surrogate measures from the rearfoot, like eversion excursion, is limited. The dynamic navicular mobility in terms of vertical navicular drop ( dNDrop ) and medial navicular drift ( dNDrift ) may be regarded as meaningful clinical indicators to represent overall foot function. This study aimed to develop a minimal approach to measure the two parameters and to examine their intra- and interday reliability during walking...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651305/student-perceptions-of-the-education-environment-in-a-spanish-medical-podiatry-school
#12
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, César Calvo-Lobo, Natalia Tovaruela-Carrión, David Rodríguez-Sanz, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Daniel López-López
Background: The aim of this study was to explore students' perceptions of the educational environment (EE) in a Spanish school of podiatry. Various aspects of EE were compared by academic year in the program. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire to collect perceptions using data from a 2015 survey. Podiatric medical students from Extremadura University participated in this study. EE was assessed with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) tool...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651304/managing-diabetic-foot-infections-a-survey-of-australasian-infectious-diseases-clinicians
#13
Robert J Commons, Edward Raby, Eugene Athan, Hasan Bhally, Sharon Chen, Stephen Guy, Paul R Ingram, Katy Lai, Chris Lemoh, Lyn-Li Lim, Laurens Manning, Spiros Miyakis, Mary O'Reilly, Adam Roberts, Marjoree Sehu, Adrienne Torda, Mauro Vicaretti, Peter A Lazzarini
Background: Diabetic foot infections (DFI) present a major morbidity, mortality and economic challenge for the tertiary health sector. However, lack of high quality evidence for specific treatment regimens for patients with DFIs may result in inconsistent management. This study aimed to identify DFI caseload proportion and patterns of clinical practice of Infectious Diseases (ID) Physicians and Trainees within Australia and New Zealand. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of Australian and New Zealand ID Physicians and Trainees was undertaken, to estimate the overall ID caseload devoted to patients with DFIs and assess clinicians' management practices of patients with DFIs...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636823/people-with-diabetes-foot-complications-do-not-recall-their-foot-education-a-cohort-study
#14
Julia Yuncken, Cylie M Williams, Rene Stolwyk, Terry P Haines
Background: The purpose of this study is to document what and how diabetes specific foot health information was provided during a podiatry consultation, and what information was retained at 1 month post consultation. Methods: This project was embedded within a prospective cohort study with two groups, podiatrists and people with diabetes. Data collection included the Problem Areas in Diabetes Questionnaire (PAID), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), information covered during the consultation, method of delivery and perceived key educational message from both participant perspectives at the time of the appointment and 1 month post appointment...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632559/what-are-patients-knowledge-expectation-and-experience-of-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-their-tendinopathies-a-qualitative-study
#15
Raymond Leung, Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Vasileios Korakakis, Nat Padhiar
Background: Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is used to manage different tendinopathies and appears to be effective in some tendinopathies but not others. The reasons for this are unclear. There is evidence that patient outcomes can be influenced by a patient-centred approach. There is therefore a need to qualitatively evaluate patient experiences for a treatment like ESWT where uncertainties exist. The aim of this study was to understand patients' overall perspective of ESWT to manage their tendinopathy...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581729/national-profile-of-foot-orthotic-provision-in-the-united-kingdom-part-2-podiatrist-orthotist-and-physiotherapy-practices
#16
C J Nester, A Graham, A Martinez-Santos, A E Williams, J McAdam, V Newton, D Sweeney, D Walker
Background: A national survey recently provided the first description of foot orthotic provision in the United Kingdom. This article aims to profile and compare the foot orthoses practice of podiatrists, orthotists and physiotherapists within the current provision. Method: Quantitative data were collected from podiatrists, orthotists and physiotherapists via an online questionnaire. The topics, questions and answers were developed through a series of pilot phases...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560031/-a-good-fit-bringing-the-sociology-of-footwear-to-the-clinical-encounter-in-podiatry-services-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Emily Nicholls, Victoria Robinson, Lisa Farndon, Wesley Vernon
Background: This narrative review explores the ways in which drawing on theories and methods used in sociological work on footwear and identity can contribute to healthcare research with podiatrists and their patients, highlighting recent research in this field, implications for practice and potential areas for future development.Traditionally, research within Podiatry Services has tended to adopt a quantitative, positivist focus, developing separately from a growing body of sociological work exploring the importance of shoes in constructing identity and self-image...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541162/three-dimensional-quantitative-analysis-of-healthy-foot-shape-a-proof-of-concept-study
#18
Kristina Stanković, Brian G Booth, Femke Danckaers, Fien Burg, Philippe Vermaelen, Saartje Duerinck, Jan Sijbers, Toon Huysmans
Background: Foot morphology has received increasing attention from both biomechanics researches and footwear manufacturers. Usually, the morphology of the foot is quantified by 2D footprints. However, footprint quantification ignores the foot's vertical dimension and hence, does not allow accurate quantification of complex 3D foot shape. Methods: The shape variation of healthy 3D feet in a population of 31 adult women and 31 adult men who live in Belgium was studied using geometric morphometric methods...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492109/higher-frequency-of-hamstring-injuries-in-elite-track-and-field-athletes-who-had-a-previous-injury-to-the-ankle-a-17-years-observational-cohort-study
#19
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Georgios Bikos, Maria Meke, Korakakis Vasileios, Xavier Valle, Heinz Lohrer, Nicola Maffulli, Nat Padhiar
Background: Inversion injury to the ankle and hamstring injuries are common problems in most sports. It is not known whether these injuries constitute a predisposing factor or a precursor of injury or re-injury of these anatomical locations. Therefore, we wished to test the hypothesis that a previous inversion ankle injury exerted a significant effect on the chance of an athlete suffering from a subsequent ipsilateral hamstring injury and vice versa. Methods: In an observational cohort study over 17 years (1998-2015), 367 elite track and field athletes, were grouped according to their first traumatic isolated ankle or hamstring injury...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467829/surgical-offloading-procedures-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-compared-to-best-non-surgical-treatment-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Aharon S Finestone, Eran Tamir, Guy Ron, Itay Wiser, Gabriel Agar
Background: Diabetic foot ulcers are frequently related to elevated pressure under a bony prominence. Conservative treatment includes offloading with orthopaedic shoes and custom made orthotics or plaster casts. While casting in plaster is usually effective in achieving primary closure of foot ulcers, recurrence rates are high. Minimally invasive surgical offloading that includes correction of foot deformities has good short and long term results. The surgery alleviates the pressure under the bony prominence, thus enabling prompt ulcer healing, negating the patient's dependence on expensive shoes and orthotics, with a lower chance of recurrence...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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