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Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505351/a-survey-of-foot-orthoses-prescription-habits-amongst-podiatrists-in-the-uk-australia-and-new-zealand
#1
Lara S Chapman, Anthony C Redmond, Karl B Landorf, Keith Rome, Anne-Maree Keenan, Robin Waxman, Begonya Alcacer-Pitarch, Heidi J Siddle, Michael R Backhouse
Background: Foot orthoses are frequently used but little is known about which types are used in contemporary practice. This study aimed to explore the types of foot orthoses currently used by podiatrists and the prescription variations in a range of conditions. Methods: A web-based, cross-sectional survey was distributed through professional bodies in the United Kingdom (UK), Australia, and New Zealand. Questions focussed on foot orthosis prescription habits in relation to 26 conditions affecting the back and lower limb...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498520/how-does-a-short-period-of-exercise-effect-toe-pressures-and-toe-brachial-indices-a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study
#2
Peta Ellen Tehan, Sean George Sadler, Sean Michael Lanting, Vivienne Helaine Chuter
Background: Whilst post exercise ankle-brachial indices (ABI) are commonly used to help identify peripheral arterial disease (PAD), the role of post exercise toe pressures (TP) or toe-brachial indices (TBI) is unclear . The aim of this study was to determine, in a population without clinical signs of PAD, the effect that 30 s of weight-bearing heel raises has on TP and TBI values. Additionally, the ability of resting TP and TBI values to predict change in post-exercise values using the heel raise method was investigated...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30479667/validation-of-a-weight-bearing-ankle-equinus-value-in-older-adults-with-diabetes
#3
A Searle MOsteo, M J Spink, V H Chuter
Background: Accurate measurement of ankle joint dorsiflexion is clinically important as a restriction has been linked to many foot and ankle pathologies, as well as increased ulcer risk and delayed ulcer healing in people with diabetes. Use of the reliable weight bearing (WB) Lunge test is limited as normal and restricted ranges for WB ankle joint dorsiflexion are not identified. Additionally the extent of WB dorsiflexion restriction that results in clinically adverse outcomes is unclear...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30479666/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-foot-and-ankle-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Mr Ravi Krishān Modha, Chris Morriss-Roberts, Madeleine Smither, Jonathan Larholt, Ian Reilly
Background: With the advent of bacterial resistance, it is important now more than ever to evaluate use of antibiotic chemoprophylaxis in foot and ankle surgery. Within this area of the body there may be less dissection, surgery time with smaller incisions and importantly smaller sizes of implanted fixation as compared to other bone and joint procedures. Our objective was to systematically evaluate the quality of evidence behind existing guidelines. Methodology: A systematic literature search was performed: MEDLINE, CINHAL, EMBASE and the Cochrane library from 1990 up to March 2018...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30473733/reliability-of-a-multi-segment-foot-model-in-a-neutral-cushioning-shoe-during-treadmill-walking
#5
Megan E R Balsdon, Colin E Dombroski
Background: Detailed kinematics of the foot has been frequently reported on in the literature, specifically using various multi-segment foot models. It is important to identify the reliability of a multi-segment foot model in a population of mixed genders and activity levels, while walking in commonly used footwear. The main objective of this study was to investigate the between-day reliability and within-session variability of the Oxford Foot Model (OFM) while walking in a neutral cushioning shoe...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30455744/physical-and-mechanical-therapies-for-lower-limb-symptoms-in-children-with-hypermobility-spectrum-disorder-and-hypermobile-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Benjamin Peterson, Andrea Coda, Verity Pacey, Fiona Hawke
Background: Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder and Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome are two common heritable genetic disorders of connective tissue. Both conditions are characterised by excessive joint range of motion and the presence of musculoskeletal symptoms, and are associated with joint instability, motion incoordination, decreased joint position sense, and musculoskeletal pain. Hypermobility Spectrum Disorder is the new classification for what was previously known as Joint Hypermobility Syndrome...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30377452/welcome-to-the-new-editorial-team
#7
EDITORIAL
Keith Rome, Catherine Bowen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30356898/distances-from-the-deep-plantar-arch-to-the-lesser-metatarsals-at-risk-during-osteotomy-a-fresh-cadaveric-study
#8
Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Koichi Sairyo
Background: The deep plantar arch is formed by anastomosis of the lateral and deep plantar arteries. Osteotomy of the lesser metatarsals is often used to treat metatarsalgia and forefoot deformity. Although it is known that some blood vessels supplying the lesser metatarsals are prone to damage during osteotomy, there is little information on the distances between the deep plantar arch and the three lesser metatarsals. The aims of this study were to identify the distances between the deep plantar arch and the lesser metatarsals and to determine how osteotomy could damage the arch...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349585/prefabricated-foot-orthoses-compared-to-a-placebo-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Sean Sadler, Martin Spink, Samuel Cassidy, Vivienne Chuter
Background: Prefabricated foot orthoses are used to treat chronic nonspecific low back pain, however their effectiveness and potential mechanism of action is unclear. The primary aims of the study are to investigate the effectiveness of prefabricated foot orthotic devices for reducing pain and improving function in people with chronic nonspecific low back pain over 52 weeks. Methods: This study is a participant and assessor blinded, parallel-group, superiority randomised (1:1) controlled trial...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302128/effect-of-plano-valgus-foot-posture-on-midfoot-kinematics-during-barefoot-walking-in-an-adolescent-population
#10
Paolo Caravaggi, Chiarella Sforza, Alberto Leardini, Nicola Portinaro, Artemisia Panou
Background: Plano-valgus is a common alteration of the paediatric foot, characterized by valgus hindfoot, foot pronation and drop of the medial longitudinal arch. Despite their importance in the diagnosis and classification of plano-valgus foot condition, little information is available on functional alterations of the major joints spanning the medial longitudinal arch - i.e. midtarsal and tarso-metatarsal. Aim of the study was to provide objective description of the alterations in plano-valgus midfoot joints with respect to those in an age-matched normally-developed feet population...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258497/charcot-neuroarthropathy-patient-education-among-podiatrists-in-scotland-a-modified-delphi-approach
#11
Benjamin Bullen, Matthew Young, Carla McArdle, Mairghread Ellis
Background: This evaluation sought to determine current Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) diabetes patient education practices among Scottish National Health Service (NHS) and academic podiatrists and evaluate novel visual tools and develop expert consensus for future practice. Methods: Questionnaires collected mixed qualitative and quantitative responses, analysed concurrently within a convergence coding matrix. Delphi methodology permitted member-checking and agreement of consensus over two rounds...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30237827/sex-related-differences-in-coordination-and-variability-among-foot-joints-during-running
#12
Tomoya Takabayashi, Mutsuaki Edama, Takuma Inai, Masayoshi Kubo
Background: Women, as compared with men, have a higher proportion of injuries in the ankle/foot region. However, the reason for this sex-related difference in foot injuries remains unclear. Recently, joint coordination and variability of coordination have been suggested to be a critical index for defining both the state of injury and the potential risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate sex-related differences in coordination and variability among the foot joints during running...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220914/special-theme-article-science-and-sociology-of-footwear
#13
EDITORIAL
Anita Ellen Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214487/effect-of-high-and-low-supportive-footwear-on-female-tri-planar-knee-moments-during-single-limb-landing
#14
Timothy A Sayer, Rana S Hinman, Kade L Paterson, Kim L Bennell, Karine Fortin, Adam L Bryant
Background: Higher landing-related external knee joint moments at later stages of female pubertal development likely contribute to a higher incidence of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Athletic footwear may provide a potential strategy to alter higher knee moments. Methods: Thirty-one late/post-pubertal girls (Tanner stage IV-V, menarche and growth spurt attained) performed a single limb drop lateral jump in three footwear conditions (barefoot, low support shoes and high support shoes), in which peak knee abduction moment (KAbM), flexion moment (KFM) and internal rotation moments (KIRM) were measured...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30202446/peroneal-muscle-activity-during-different-types-of-walking
#15
Rok Bavdek, Anže Zdolšek, Vojko Strojnik, Aleš Dolenec
Background: As the most common form of movement, walking happens not only on flat but also on uneven surfaces, where constant loss and regaining of balance occur. The main balancing function of the ankle joint is performed by tibial muscles. When changing inclination in a frontal plane, an essential balancing function is performed by the peroneal muscles. One of the methods for improving the activity of peroneal muscles is walking with different foot placement. The objective of this study was to analyze the activity of the peroneal muscles when performing different types of walking...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186369/self-reported-social-and-activity-restrictions-accompany-local-impairments-in-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Megan H Ross, Michelle Smith, Melanie L Plinsinga, Bill Vicenzino
Background: Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a painful, progressive tendinopathy that reportedly predominates in middle-age, overweight women. There is no evidence based guidelines that clinicians can use to guide treatment planning, which leaves clinicians to make decisions on the basis of presenting clinical impairments and self-reported pain and disability. The purpose of this systematic review was to quantify clinical impairments, pain and disability in individuals with PTTD compared with controls...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140313/foot-pain-and-foot-health-in-an-educated-population-of-adults-results-from-the-glasgow-caledonian-university-alumni-foot-health-survey
#17
Gordon J Hendry, Linda Fenocchi, Jim Woodburn, Martijn Steultjens
Background: Foot pain is common amongst the general population and impacts negatively on physical function and quality of life. Associations between personal health characteristics, lifestyle/behaviour factors and foot pain have been studied; however, the role of wider determinants of health on foot pain have received relatively little attention. Objectives of this study are i) to describe foot pain and foot health characteristics in an educated population of adults; ii) to explore associations between moderate-to-severe foot pain and a variety of factors including gender, age, medical conditions/co-morbidity/multi-morbidity, key indicators of general health, foot pathologies, and social determinants of health; and iii) to evaluate associations between moderate-to-severe foot pain and foot function, foot health and health-related quality-of-life...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127858/the-inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-the-maestro-and-barroco-metatarsal-length-measurement-techniques
#18
Zainab Ali, Hassan Karim, Navid Wali, Reza Naraghi
Background: The relationship between metatarsal length and various forefoot pathologies is a topic of contention in Orthopaedics. The results of such investigations have been shown to depend on the method of metatarsal length measurement used. The aim of this study was to assess the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the Maestro and Barroco metatarsal length measurement techniques. Methods: A retrospective and quantitative study was performed on 15 randomly selected radiographs to determine the reliability of the two measurement techniques across all five metatarsals (M1 to M5)...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116305/entry-points-of-nutrient-arteries-at-risk-during-osteotomy-of-the-lesser-metatarsals-a-fresh-cadaveric-study
#19
Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Koichi Sairyo
Background: Osteotomies of the lesser (second to fourth) metatarsals are often used to correct forefoot deformities. However, certain areas of the lesser metatarsals where arteries may be prone to damage during surgery, and the resulting nonunion and delayed union could cause serious problems. This study sought to identify the nutrient arteries of the lesser metatarsals and to determine how osteotomy could injure these vessels. Methods: Enhanced computed tomography scans of 21 ft (male, n  = 10; female, n  = 11; mean age 78...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083236/a-randomised-cross-over-study-to-evaluate-the-performance-of-a-novel-ankle-dorsiflexion-measurement-device-for-novice-users
#20
Peter R Worsley, Caitlan Conington, Holly Stuart, Alice Patterson, Dan L Bader
Background: The ankle joint is a common site of musculoskeletal pathology. Measurement of its functional range of motion is a primary indicator for rehabilitation outcomes in therapy settings. The present study was designed to assess reliability and validity of a new standardised method using a D-Flex device to assess ankle range of motion. Methods: A cohort of 20 healthy volunteers were recruited to measure the weight-bearing ankle range of motion using three assessment tools, namely, a goniometer, inclinometer and the D-Flex measurement devices...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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