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Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814975/the-typically-developing-paediatric-foot-how-flat-should-it-be-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hayley Uden, Rolf Scharfbillig, Ryan Causby
BACKGROUND: All typically developing children are born with flexible flat feet, progressively developing a medial longitudinal arch during the first decade of their lives. Whilst the child's foot is expected to be flat, there is currently no consensus as to how flat this foot should be. Furthermore, whilst feet are observed to decrease in flatness with increasing age, it is not known how flat they should be at each age increment. The objective of this systematic review is to define the postural characteristics of the 'typically' developing paediatric foot...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804519/dealing-with-the-death-of-a-long-term-patient-what-is-the-impact-and-how-do-podiatrists-cope
#2
Kristy Robson, Cylie M Williams
BACKGROUND: It is common for podiatrists and patients to develop long term professional relationships. Patient's decline in health or death may impact a practitioner's mental wellbeing. This research aimed to understand the impact of long term patient death on podiatrists and identify coping strategies. METHOD: Australian podiatrists were eligible to participate if they had been practicing longer than 5 years and experienced the death of a long term patient in the previous 12 months...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770007/cross-sectional-associations-between-variations-in-ankle-shape-by-statistical-shape-modeling-injury-history-and-race-the-johnston-county-osteoarthritis-project
#3
Amanda E Nelson, Yvonne M Golightly, Shahmeer Lateef, Jordan B Renner, Joanne M Jordan, Richard M Aspden, Howard Hillstrom, Jennifer S Gregory
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA), a highly prevalent and disabling joint disease. Joint shape is linked to OA, but the interplay of injury and joint shape and their combined role in OA, particularly at the ankle, is not well known. Therefore, we explored cross-sectional associations between ankle shape and injury in a large community-based cohort. METHODS: Ankles without radiographic OA were selected from the current data collection of the Johnston County OA Project...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770006/categorisation-of-foot-complaints-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-from-a-new-zealand-cohort
#4
Simon J Otter, Maheswaran Rohan, Kevin A Davies, Sunil Kumar, Peter Gow, Nicola Dalbeth, Michael Corkill, Sam Panthakalam, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: Foot complaints have been shown to be common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and heterogeneous in nature. We aimed to categorize self-reported foot complaints in people with SLE and foot symptoms. METHODS: A self-administered validated questionnaire was posted to 406 people with SLE attending adult rheumatology clinics across three health boards in Auckland, New Zealand. In addition to foot pain, vascular complaints, dermatological lesions and neurological symptoms were included in the analysis...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770005/increase-in-body-weight-over-a-two-year-period-is-associated-with-an-increase-in-midfoot-pressure-and-foot-pain
#5
Tom P Walsh, Paul A Butterworth, Donna M Urquhart, Flavia M Cicuttini, Karl B Landorf, Anita E Wluka, E Michael Shanahan, Hylton B Menz
BACKGROUND: There is a well-recognised relationship between body weight, plantar pressures and foot pain, but the temporal association between these factors is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between increasing weight, plantar pressures and foot pain over a two-year period. METHODS: Fifty-one participants (33 women and 18 men) completed the two-year longitudinal cohort study. The sample had a mean (standard deviation (SD)) age of 52...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725271/normal-foot-loading-parameters-and-repeatability-of-the-footscan%C3%A2-platform-system
#6
Chao Xu, Xin-Xin Wen, Lu-Yu Huang, Lei Shang, Xi-Xia Cheng, Ya-Bo Yan, Wei Lei
BACKGROUND: The Footscan® platform system is one of the most commonly used clinical tools for the measurement of the foot pressure. The present study was designed to assess the repeatability of the system and identify the range of loading parameters observed in the normal foot. METHODS: Measurements were collected from 32 healthy participants, 15 females and 17 males, twice at an interval of 1 week. Peak pressure (PP), contact time (CT), contact area (CA), pressure-time integral (PTI), and maximum force (MaF) were recorded; these parameters were investigated in 10 areas of the foot: medial heel, lateral heel, midfoot, first to fifth metatarsals, hallux, and toes 2-5...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725270/inter-segmental-motions-of-the-foot-differences-between-younger-and-older-healthy-adult-females
#7
Dong Yeon Lee, Sang Gyo Seo, Eo Jin Kim, Doo Jae Lee, Kee Jeong Bae, Kyoung Min Lee, In Ho Choi
BACKGROUND: Although accumulative evidence exists that support the applicability of multi-segmental foot models (MFMs) in evaluating foot motion in various pathologic conditions, little is known of the effect of aging on inter-segmental foot motion. The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in inter-segmental motion of the foot between older and younger adult healthy females during gait using a MFM with 15-marker set. METHODS: One hundred symptom-free females, who had no radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis, were evaluated using MFM with 15-marker set...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702089/diabetes-educator-role-boundaries-in-australia-a-documentary-analysis
#8
Olivia King, Susan Nancarrow, Sandra Grace, Alan Borthwick
BACKGROUND: Diabetes educators provide self-management education for people living with diabetes to promote optimal health and wellbeing. Their national association is the Australian Diabetes Educators Association (ADEA), established in 1981. In Australia the diabetes educator workforce is a diverse, interdisciplinary entity, with nurses, podiatrists, dietitians and several other health professional groups recognised by ADEA as providers of diabetes education. Historically nurses have filled the diabetes educator role and anecdotally, nurses are perceived to have wider scope of practice when undertaking the diabetes educator role than the other professions eligible to practise diabetes education...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694849/optimisation-of-rocker-sole-footwear-for-prevention-of-first-plantar-ulcer-comparison-of-group-optimised-and-individually-selected-footwear-designs
#9
Stephen J Preece, Jonathan D Chapman, Bjoern Braunstein, Gert-Peter Brüggemann, Christopher J Nester
BACKGROUND: Appropriate footwear for individuals with diabetes but no ulceration history could reduce the risk of first ulceration. However, individuals who deem themselves at low risk are unlikely to seek out bespoke footwear which is personalised. Therefore, our primary aim was to investigate whether group-optimised footwear designs, which could be prefabricated and delivered in a retail setting, could achieve appropriate pressure reduction, or whether footwear selection must be on a patient-by-patient basis...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670345/the-comparative-efficacy-of-angiosome-directed-and-indirect-revascularisation-strategies-to-aid-healing-of-chronic-foot-wounds-in-patients-with-co-morbid-diabetes-mellitus-and-critical-limb-ischaemia-a-literature-review
#10
Benedictine Y C Khor, Pamela Price
BACKGROUND: Ischaemic ulcerations have been reported to persist and/or deteriorate despite technically successful revascularisations; a higher incidence of which affects patients with diabetes and critical limb ischaemia. In the context of wound healing, it is unclear if applications of the angiosome concept in 'direct revascularisation' (DR) would be able to aid the healing of chronic foot ulcerations better than the current 'best vessel' or 'indirect revascularisation' (IR) strategy in patients with co-morbid diabetes and critical limb ischaemia...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670344/the-influence-of-gender-and-body-mass-index-on-the-fpi-6-evaluated-foot-posture-of-10-to-14-year-old-school-children-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Barbarah Kelly Gonçalves de Carvalho, Patrícia Jundi Penha, Nárima Lívia Jundi Penha, Rodrigo Mantelatto Andrade, Ana Paula Ribeiro, Sílvia Maria Amado João
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is marked by changes to the body, including the feet. The Foot Posture Index (FPI-6) stands out from other foot type classification methods as valid, reliable, and multidimensional. However, the current literature differs according to age group, with little consolidation of normative data in school children, largely due to the influence of such factors as sex, age and body mass index (BMI). Thus, this study assesses foot posture in adolescents according to age, sex and BMI...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649283/clinically-evident-tophi-are-associated-with-reduced-muscle-force-in-the-foot-and-ankle-in-people-with-gout-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sarah Stewart, Nicola Dalbeth, Simon Otter, Peter Gow, Sunil Kumar, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: The foot and ankle represent a common site for tophi in people with gout, yet it is unclear whether the presence of tophi is related to impaired muscle function. This study aimed to determine the association between foot and ankle tophi and muscle force in people with gout. METHODS: Participants with gout were stratified into two groups based on the presence of clinically-evident tophi affecting the foot or ankle on physical examination. Isometric muscle force for plantarflexion, dorsiflexion, inversion and eversion was measured using static dynamometry...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616080/pedobarography-as-a-clinical-tool-in-the-management-of-diabetic-feet-in-new-zealand-a-feasibility-study
#13
Jason K Gurney, Uwe G Kersting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Ajith Dissanayake, Steve York, Roger Grech, Anthony Ng, Bobbie Milne, James Stanley, Diana Sarfati
BACKGROUND: The peripheral complications of diabetes mellitus remain a significant risk to lower-limb morbidity. In New Zealand, risk of diabetes, comorbidity and lower-limb amputation are highly-differential between demographic groups, particularly ethnicity. There is growing and convincing evidence that the use of pedobarography - or plantar pressure measurement - can usefully inform diabetic foot care, particularly with respect to the prevention of re-ulceration among high-risk patients...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596806/custom-made-foot-orthoses-an-analysis-of-prescription-characteristics-from-an-australian-commercial-orthotic-laboratory
#14
Hylton B Menz, Jamie J Allan, Daniel R Bonanno, Karl B Landorf, George S Murley
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are widely used in the prevention and treatment of foot disorders. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics of custom-made foot orthosis prescriptions from a Australian podiatric orthotic laboratory. METHODS: One thousand consecutive foot orthosis prescription forms were obtained from a commercial prescription foot orthosis laboratory located in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Footwork Podiatric Laboratory). Each item from the prescription form was documented in relation to orthosis type, cast correction, arch fill technique, cast modifications, shell material, shell modifications and cover material...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539973/are-ultrasound-features-at-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-associated-with-clinically-assessed-pain-and-function-a-study-of-people-with-gout-asymptomatic-hyperuricaemia-and-normouricaemia
#15
Sarah Stewart, Nicola Dalbeth, Alain C Vandal, Bruce Allen, Rhian Miranda, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: The first metatatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTP joint) is a common location for sonographic evidence of urate deposition in people with gout and asymptomatic hyperuricaemia. However, it is unclear whether these are related to clinically-assessed pain and function. This study aimed to determine the association between ultrasound features and clinical characteristics of the 1st MTP joint in people with gout, asymptomatic hyperuricaemia and age- and sex-matched normouricaemic individuals...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473871/lateral-wedges-with-and-without-custom-arch-support-for-people-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-and-pronated-feet-an-exploratory-randomized-crossover-study
#16
Michael A Hunt, Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Gillian L Hatfield, Rana S Hinman, Ryan Chang
BACKGROUND: Pronated foot posture is associated with many clinical and biomechanical outcomes unique to medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though shoe-worn insole treatment, including lateral wedges, is commonly studied in this patient population, their effects on the specific subgroup of people with medial knee OA and concomitant pronated feet are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lateral wedge insoles with custom arch support are more beneficial than lateral wedge insoles alone for knee and foot symptoms in people with medial tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis (OA) and pronated feet...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469709/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-scalpel-skill-teaching-of-podiatry-students
#17
Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Caroline E Fryer, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: Degrees in health disciplines need a balance of theoretical knowledge and sufficient clinical practice to meet registration requirements, in particular those requiring specialist skills such as the use of scalpels and other small instruments, such as podiatry. However, despite this requirement there is a scarcity of literature and research to inform teaching of these particular manual clinical skills. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the current approaches being used to teach manual skills, in particular scalpel skills, in university podiatry programs in Australia and New Zealand, and to explore what issues, challenges and innovations exist...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450898/a-single-blinded-randomized-parallel-group-superiority-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-footwear-and-custom-foot-orthoses-versus-footwear-alone-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-joint-osteoarthritis-a-phase-ii-pilot-trial-protocol
#18
Narelle Wyndow, Kay M Crossley, Bill Vicenzino, Kylie Tucker, Natalie J Collins
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis is a common condition, yet information regarding conservative management is lacking. Foot orthoses are an effective intervention for improving pain and function in younger individuals with patellofemoral pain and may be effective in those with patellofemoral osteoarthritis. This pilot study will seek to establish the feasibility of a phase III randomised controlled trial to investigate whether foot orthoses worn in prescribed motion controlled footwear are superior to prescribed motion control footwear alone in the management of patellofemoral osteoarthritis...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428826/the-reliability-of-shear-elastic-modulus-measurement-of-the-ankle-plantar-flexion-muscles-is-higher-at-dorsiflexed-position-of-the-ankle
#19
Junya Saeki, Tome Ikezoe, Masatoshi Nakamura, Satoru Nishishita, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Excessive stiffness of lower limb muscles is associated with sports injuries. Therefore, the identification of a reliable measurement of the shear elastic modulus of various ankle plantar flexion muscles is required to evaluate lower leg sports injuries. This study investigated the reliable measurement of the shear elastic modulus of the ankle plantar flexion muscles at different ankle positions. METHODS: Twenty-three healthy young men (25.3 ± 3...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416969/repeatability-and-agreement-of-ultrasonography-with-computed-tomography-for-evaluating-forefoot-structure-in-the-coronal-plane
#20
Keisuke Matsubara, Tomofumi Matsushita, Yuto Tashiro, Seishiro Tasaka, Takuya Sonoda, Yasuaki Nakayama, Yuki Yokota, Yusuke Suzuki, Mirei Kawagoe, Tomoki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: Forefoot structure is important to understand some foot problems such as hallux valgus and metatarsalgia. Ultrasonography (US) is a highly portable, noninvasive, low cost, and fast imaging method, especially when compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and radiography. As the use of US for evaluating forefoot bony structure has not been validated, except for the presence of synovitis, erosions and bursitis within the forefoot in people with inflammatory arthritis, the purpose of this study was to determine whether US is a reliable method for evaluating forefoot structure...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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