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Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

Paolo Caravaggi, Chiarella Sforza, Alberto Leardini, Nicola Portinaro, Artemisia Panou
Background: Plano-valgus is a common alteration of the paediatric foot, characterized by valgus hindfoot, foot pronation and drop of the medial longitudinal arch. Despite their importance in the diagnosis and classification of plano-valgus foot condition, little information is available on functional alterations of the major joints spanning the medial longitudinal arch - i.e. midtarsal and tarso-metatarsal. Aim of the study was to provide objective description of the alterations in plano-valgus midfoot joints with respect to those in an age-matched normally-developed feet population...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Benjamin Bullen, Matthew Young, Carla McArdle, Mairghread Ellis
Background: This evaluation sought to determine current Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) diabetes patient education practices among Scottish National Health Service (NHS) and academic podiatrists and evaluate novel visual tools and develop expert consensus for future practice. Methods: Questionnaires collected mixed qualitative and quantitative responses, analysed concurrently within a convergence coding matrix. Delphi methodology permitted member-checking and agreement of consensus over two rounds...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Tomoya Takabayashi, Mutsuaki Edama, Takuma Inai, Masayoshi Kubo
Background: Women, as compared with men, have a higher proportion of injuries in the ankle/foot region. However, the reason for this sex-related difference in foot injuries remains unclear. Recently, joint coordination and variability of coordination have been suggested to be a critical index for defining both the state of injury and the potential risk of injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate sex-related differences in coordination and variability among the foot joints during running...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Anita Ellen Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Timothy A Sayer, Rana S Hinman, Kade L Paterson, Kim L Bennell, Karine Fortin, Adam L Bryant
Background: Higher landing-related external knee joint moments at later stages of female pubertal development likely contribute to a higher incidence of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Athletic footwear may provide a potential strategy to alter higher knee moments. Methods: Thirty-one late/post-pubertal girls (Tanner stage IV-V, menarche and growth spurt attained) performed a single limb drop lateral jump in three footwear conditions (barefoot, low support shoes and high support shoes), in which peak knee abduction moment (KAbM), flexion moment (KFM) and internal rotation moments (KIRM) were measured...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Rok Bavdek, Anže Zdolšek, Vojko Strojnik, Aleš Dolenec
Background: As the most common form of movement, walking happens not only on flat but also on uneven surfaces, where constant loss and regaining of balance occur. The main balancing function of the ankle joint is performed by tibial muscles. When changing inclination in a frontal plane, an essential balancing function is performed by the peroneal muscles. One of the methods for improving the activity of peroneal muscles is walking with different foot placement. The objective of this study was to analyze the activity of the peroneal muscles when performing different types of walking...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Megan H Ross, Michelle Smith, Melanie L Plinsinga, Bill Vicenzino
Background: Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a painful, progressive tendinopathy that reportedly predominates in middle-age, overweight women. There is no evidence based guidelines that clinicians can use to guide treatment planning, which leaves clinicians to make decisions on the basis of presenting clinical impairments and self-reported pain and disability. The purpose of this systematic review was to quantify clinical impairments, pain and disability in individuals with PTTD compared with controls...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Gordon J Hendry, Linda Fenocchi, Jim Woodburn, Martijn Steultjens
Background: Foot pain is common amongst the general population and impacts negatively on physical function and quality of life. Associations between personal health characteristics, lifestyle/behaviour factors and foot pain have been studied; however, the role of wider determinants of health on foot pain have received relatively little attention. Objectives of this study are i) to describe foot pain and foot health characteristics in an educated population of adults; ii) to explore associations between moderate-to-severe foot pain and a variety of factors including gender, age, medical conditions/co-morbidity/multi-morbidity, key indicators of general health, foot pathologies, and social determinants of health; and iii) to evaluate associations between moderate-to-severe foot pain and foot function, foot health and health-related quality-of-life...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Zainab Ali, Hassan Karim, Navid Wali, Reza Naraghi
Background: The relationship between metatarsal length and various forefoot pathologies is a topic of contention in Orthopaedics. The results of such investigations have been shown to depend on the method of metatarsal length measurement used. The aim of this study was to assess the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the Maestro and Barroco metatarsal length measurement techniques. Methods: A retrospective and quantitative study was performed on 15 randomly selected radiographs to determine the reliability of the two measurement techniques across all five metatarsals (M1 to M5)...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Koichi Sairyo
Background: Osteotomies of the lesser (second to fourth) metatarsals are often used to correct forefoot deformities. However, certain areas of the lesser metatarsals where arteries may be prone to damage during surgery, and the resulting nonunion and delayed union could cause serious problems. This study sought to identify the nutrient arteries of the lesser metatarsals and to determine how osteotomy could injure these vessels. Methods: Enhanced computed tomography scans of 21 ft (male, n  = 10; female, n  = 11; mean age 78...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Peter R Worsley, Caitlan Conington, Holly Stuart, Alice Patterson, Dan L Bader
Background: The ankle joint is a common site of musculoskeletal pathology. Measurement of its functional range of motion is a primary indicator for rehabilitation outcomes in therapy settings. The present study was designed to assess reliability and validity of a new standardised method using a D-Flex device to assess ankle range of motion. Methods: A cohort of 20 healthy volunteers were recruited to measure the weight-bearing ankle range of motion using three assessment tools, namely, a goniometer, inclinometer and the D-Flex measurement devices...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Hylton B Menz, Alan M Borthwick, Catherine J Bowen
Journal of Foot and Ankle Research (JFAR) was launched in July 2008 as the official research publication of the Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists (UK) and the Australasian Podiatry Council, replacing both the British Journal of Podiatry and the Australasian Journal of Podiatric Medicine. This editorial celebrates the 10 year anniversary of the journal.
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Andrew K Buldt, Hylton B Menz
Background: Correct footwear fitting is acknowledged as being vitally important, as incorrectly fitted footwear has been linked to foot pathology. The aim of this narrative review was to determine the prevalence of incorrectly fitted footwear and to examine the association between incorrectly fitted footwear, foot pain and foot disorders. Methods: A database search of Ovid MEDLINE and CINAHL yielded 1,681 citations for title and abstract review. Eighteen articles were included...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Peter Francis, Grant Schofield, Lisa Mackay
Background: It may be assumed that a combination of culture, climate and economic resource are the major reasons that non-industrialised countries have a higher prevalence of barefoot activity. New Zealand is an industrialised country with comparable resources to that of many European countries; however, it seems to remain socially acceptable to carry out barefoot activities. A chance observation of students competing barefoot on a tartan track, prompted us to determine the prevalence of barefoot activity in an all-boys secondary school in Auckland New Zealand...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Pasha Normahani, Rishi Agrawal, Vasilliki Bravis, Agnieszka Falinska, Linda Bloomfield, Zaheer Mehar, Dawn Gaulton, Alex Sangster, Tracey Arkle, Corinna Gomm, Mohamed Aslam, Nigel J Standfield, Usman Jaffer
Background: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a training programme to teach a focused bedside ultrasound scan (PAD-scan; Podiatry Ankle Duplex Scan) for the detection of arterial disease in people with diabetes. Methods: Five podiatrists and one diabetologist across two hospitals were enrolled in a structured training programme consisting of a training course (1-day), supervised scanning (5-weeks), independent scanning (3-weeks) and a final evaluation of performance (1-day)...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Anna G Couch, Jonathan Foo, Alicia M James, Stephen Maloney, Cylie M Williams
Background: In the management of diabetes and high-risk patients, timely treatment with scheduled medicines is critical to prevent severe infections and reduce the risk of lower extremity amputation. However, in Australia, few podiatrists have attained endorsement to prescribe. The aims of this study were to identify the costs associated with developing and implementing a podiatry prescribing mentoring program; and to compare the cost of this program against potential healthcare savings produced...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Stewart C Morrison, Carina Price, Juliet McClymont, Chris Nester
The effects of footwear on the development of children's feet has been debated for many years and recent work from the developmental and biomechanical literature has challenged long-held views about footwear and the impact on foot development. This narrative review draws upon existing studies from developmental, biomechanical and clinical literature to explore the effects of footwear on the development of the foot. The emerging findings from this support the need for progress in [children's] footwear science and advance understanding of the interaction between the foot and shoe...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Lisa Farndon, John Stephenson, Oliver Binns-Hall, Kayleigh Knight, Sally Fowler-Davis
Background: Peripheral arterial disease affects the lower limb and is associated with diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking and obesity. It increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It can be symptomatic causing intermittent claudication, but often there are few clinical signs. Podiatrists are able to detect the presence of peripheral arterial disease as part of their lower limb assessment and are well placed to give advice on lifestyle changes to help reduce disease progression...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Sarah Stewart, Monique Keys, Angela Brenton-Rule, Ashok Aiyer, Nicola Dalbeth, Keith Rome
Background: To determine characteristics of footwear worn by people with systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Twenty-two people with SLE and twenty matched healthy controls participated in a cross-sectional study. Objective assessments of footwear included: fit, style, structure, motion control, cushioning, and wear. Footwear was classified as poor, average or good based on a standardised tool. Participants completed 100mm visual analogue scales for foot pain and footwear comfort and suitability...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Marloes Tenten-Diepenmaat, Marike van der Leeden, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland, Joost Dekker
Background: Foot problems in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are highly prevalent and have a substantial impact on quality of life. Healthcare professionals from various professions can be involved in the management of these foot problems. There is currently no consensus on optimal management. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to develop multidisciplinary recommendations for the management of foot problems in people with RA in the Netherlands. Methods: The recommendations were based on research evidence and consensus among experts, following published strategies for the development of practice recommendations...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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