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Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784532/short-term-results-of-flexor-hallucis-longus-transfer-in-delayed-and-neglected-achilles-tendon-repair
#1
Hamza Ozer, Yilmaz Ergisi, Gulcan Harput, Mehmet S Senol, Gul Baltaci
Flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon transfer to the calcaneus in the repair of delayed or neglected Achilles tendon (AT) injuries is a viable and dynamic option. Nineteen patients (18 males, 1 female; mean age 47.4 ± 12.4, range 24 to 74, years; body mass index 27.5 ± 4.5, range 23.2 to 38.9, kg/m2 ; interval from injury to surgery 40.8 ± 11.6, range 28 to 60, days) with delayed or neglected repair of AT rupture were included in the present study. FHL transfer to the calcaneus through a single incision and repair of the defect with native tendon lengthening or a tendinous turndown flap was performed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784531/comparison-of-pedal-soft-tissue-thickness-between-those-with-and-without-diabetes
#2
Sangho Oh, Junhyung Kim, Jaehoon Choi, Woonhyeok Jeong, Hyukwon Chang, Soyoung Lee
Ulceration is a serious consequence of diabetes that can lead to disability in patients with diabetes. One of the risk factors for ulceration is high foot pressure. The thickness of the pedal soft tissue is important because it has a cushioning effect. Soft tissue atrophy causes elevation in the plantar pressure, which, in turn, causes ischemia. Therefore, we investigated the severity of pedal soft tissue atrophy caused by diabetes and aging. From February 2009 to February 2016, we examined the feet of 261 patients treated in our hospital using magnetic resonance imaging...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784530/triplane-hallux-abducto-valgus-classification
#3
REVIEW
Daniel J Hatch, Robert D Santrock, Bret Smith, Paul Dayton, Lowell Weil
One of the most common procedures performed in the foot and ankle is correction of hallux abducto valgus deformity or "bunion surgery." Most foot and ankle surgeons recognize the challenges associated with defining each patient's individual deformity and selecting the optimal procedure for the best long-term results. Using current 2-dimensional algorithms that focus on the severity of the transverse plane deformity, surgical outcomes have varied. In the past 10 years, high recurrence and complication rates for popular procedures have been reported...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779994/suture-anchor-fixation-for-fifth-metatarsal-tuberosity-avulsion-fractures-a-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#4
Choon Chiet Hong, Kushal Nag, Huifen Yeow, Adrian Zhigao Lin, Ken Jin Tan
Fifth metatarsal tuberosity avulsion fractures are common. Despite good outcomes with nonoperative treatment, acute fractures with displacement, intra-articular involvement, comminution, or painful nonunion have been reported to benefit from early open reduction and internal fixation, especially in athletes. No consensus has been reached regarding the best surgical fixation technique. We present a case series of 4 patients with displaced fifth metatarsal tuberosity avulsion fractures and an innovative technique of fixation for the tuberosity avulsion fractures using a suture anchor...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779993/reply
#5
LETTER
Harry P Schneider, John Baca, Brian Carpenter, Paul Dayton, Adam E Fleischer, Brett D Sachs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779992/radiologic-factors-affecting-ankle-pain-before-and-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-for-the-varus-osteoarthritic-knee
#6
Chang-Wan Kim, Heui-Chul Gwak, Jung-Han Kim, Chang-Rack Lee, Jeon-Gyo Kim, Minkyung Oh, Ji-Hwan Park
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the radiologic factors related to ankle pain before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) among patients with a varus osteoarthritic knee. Fifty-five patients (65 ankles) with a varus osteoarthritic knee who had undergone TKA and were followed up for >24 months were enrolled. For clinical assessment, the visual analog scale for pain and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale were used. For radiologic assessment, the mechanical axis deviation angle, talar tilt, tibial anterior surface angle, distal medial clear space, medial tibiotalar joint space, frontal tibial ground angle, and hindfoot alignment view angle were measured...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779991/mechanical-metatarsalgia-as-a-risk-factor-for-relapse-of-morton-s-neuroma-after-ultrasound-guided-alcohol-injection
#7
Paolo Lorenzon, Carlo Rettore
Although many treatment modalities are available for Morton's neuroma, the injection of the neuroma with alcohol has gained popularity. However, recently, some investigators have observed a progressive deterioration in pain scores for patients initially pain free after the treatment. The purpose of the present retrospective comparative study was to determine whether mechanical metatarsalgia is related to symptom recurrence. We included 104 consecutive cases of ultrasound-guided alcohol injection for Morton's neuroma in 92 patients...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779990/may-thurner-syndrome-in-operative-ankle-fracture-dislocations-a-case-report
#8
Joshua L Moore, Kelly M Pirozzi, Corine Creech, Benjamin Marder
May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) is a rare condition in which patients develop iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis owing to an anatomic variant in which the right common iliac artery overlies and compresses the left common iliac vein against the lumbar spine. Data regarding lower extremity trauma in patients with previously diagnosed MTS are rare. We discuss the operative approach for ankle trauma occurring 3 weeks after endovascular surgery for the treatment of MTS.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779989/achilles-tendon-augmented-repair-using-human-acellular-dermal-matrix-a-case-series
#9
Windy Cole, Brian Samsell, Mark A Moore
Achilles tendon ruptures are common in the general population, especially among members of the older demographic occasionally active in sports. Operative treatments provide a lower incidence of rerupture than do nonoperative treatments, although surgical complications remain a concern. The use of a human acellular dermal matrix to augment Achilles tendon repair might reduce the incidence of complications. In the present case series, we describe the outcomes of 9 patients who underwent Achilles tendon repair with acellular dermal matrix augmentation...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759927/incidence-of-nonunion-of-the-hallux-interphalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Eric So, Matthew D Wilson, Anson K Chu, Mark A Prissel
Hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis is an effective procedure to treat pain and provide stability and is often performed for intrinsic pain to the hallux interphalangeal joint. Additionally, this procedure is typically used in concert with the Jones tenosuspension. Although this as an accepted technique, the available data are scant, and questions remain regarding nonunion rates and contributory factors to poor healing. A systematic review of the reported data were undertaken to determine the rate of nonunion for hallux interphalangeal joint arthrodesis...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752220/biomechanical-characteristics-of-biplane-multiplanar-tension-side-fixation-for-lapidus-fusion
#11
Paul Dayton, Daniel J Hatch, Robert D Santrock, Bret Smith
Although plating on the plantar, tension-side of the metatarsocuneiform joint provides an inherent biomechanical advantage for Lapidus arthrodesis, it has not been widely adopted owing to the morbidity associated with plantar application. To overcome these limitations, a modification to 90-90 locked biplanar plating was developed to provide the biomechanical advantages of multiplanar fixation and tension-side fixation, allowing application through a conventional incision. We tested the hypothesis that biplanar plating with tension-side fixation (low-profile straight dorsal plate and anatomic medial-plantar plate) would demonstrate improved mechanical stability compared with a previously tested 90-90 biplanar construct (small straight plate dorsally and medially) under cyclic loading...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752219/immediate-weightbearing-after-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-with-screw-and-locking-plate-fixation-a-short-term-review
#12
Kyle W Abben, Matthew D Sorensen, Brett J Waverly
Historically, the postoperative protocol for patients undergoing first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis has included 6 weeks of non-weightbearing, followed by protected weightbearing in a below-the-knee cast boot or postoperative shoe. This prolonged period of non-weightbearing predisposes the patient to disuse atrophy, osteopenia, deep vein thrombosis risk, and, overall, a prolonged time to recovery. The present study reports a retrospective review of a patient cohort that underwent first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion with immediate full weightbearing postoperatively...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752218/elevated-international-normalized-ratio-is-not-associated-with-increased-perioperative-morbidity-in-podiatric-limb-salvage-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#13
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Feng Dai, Hosni Mikhael, Rima Aouad, Peter Blume
The risk of hemorrhage always exists in anticoagulated patients with an elevated international normalized ratio (INR), a risk that must be measured against the necessity for surgical procedures. The objective of the present retrospective medical record study was to assess the safety with which limb salvage procedures can be conducted in patients with an INR >1.4. The medical records of 231 patients who had undergone limb salvage procedures by 1 surgeon at the Yale New Haven Health System from November 2008 through July 2014 were reviewed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748108/the-sensitivity-of-thresholds-by-ground-reaction-force-and-postural-stability-in-subjects-with-and-without-navicular-drop
#14
Paul S Sung
Understanding plantar pressure changes is an important component of the functional evaluation of subjects with flat foot. However, the altered postural control determined by the threshold from the vertical ground reaction force (GRF) requires clarification. The purpose of our study was to investigate the various GRF thresholds in subjects with and without flat foot during 1-leg standing. We included 34 control subjects and 30 subjects with flat foot in the present study. They performed the 1-leg standing test for 30 seconds, with the contralateral hip and knee flexed approximately 90°...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748107/green-bone-minocycline-induced-discoloration-of-bone-rarely-reported-in-foot-and-ankle
#15
Molly S Judge, J Michael Miller, Michael Lyons
The tetracycline antibiotics incorporate into bone similar to bisphosphonates. Tetracycline stains bone a fluorescent yellow and minocycline, more commonly used for chronic acne, stains bone dark green. Owing to its frequent use, the occurrence of green bone discoloration due to antibiotics in the tetracycline class is well understood. Its pigmentation can be seen through delicate, thin tissue as a dark blue-gray. Histologic inspection of this bone will confirm a benign condition without evidence of bone disease...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748106/reply
#16
LETTER
Reginald Ng, Nigel Broughton, Cylie Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748105/reliability-of-the-measurement-of-cuboid-height-in-midfoot-charcot-neuroarthropathy
#17
Shyam Sheth, Brian S Derner, Andrew J Meyr
Cuboid height is a quantitative radiographic measurement of the relationship of the inferior cuboid to the plantar osseous plane of the lateral column of the foot and might be associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy. We evaluated the reliability of the cuboid height measured by a group of foot and ankle surgeons on subjects with midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy. Ten board-certified foot and ankle surgeons, 10 residents, and 10 medical students measured the cuboid height on 11 lateral weightbearing radiographic projections of subjects with midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748104/stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-a-rare-case-of-osteomyelitis-after-an-open-distal-tibial-fracture
#18
Edward J Chesnutis, Alan Ng, Dustin Kruse, Paul A Stone
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram-negative rod rarely associated with osteomyelitis. To date, only 3 cases of osteomyelitis due to this pathogen have been previously referenced. We describe the case of a 77-year-old male who developed osteomyelitis secondary to S. maltophilia infection after an open distal tibial fracture sustained by falling off a ladder. The purpose of the present case report was to highlight this highly resistant microbe as an infectious etiology.
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748103/gabapentin-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-postoperative-pain-management-protocol-in-lower-extremity-surgery
#19
REVIEW
P Andrew Crisologo, Erik K Monson, Said A Atway
Postoperative pain is a problem that plagues physicians and has since the dawn of the surgical arts. Many interventions are available and used as the standard such as preoperative local anesthetic blocks, opiates, both oral and intravenous, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Although the temptation often exists to increase the postoperative opiate dose, opiate abuse is an increasing problem. This abuse has fueled the search for nonopiate pain adjuncts. Gabapentinoids have been shown to both decrease postoperative pain and, secondarily, decrease opiate dependence...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748102/complete-first-ray-polydactyly-a-case-report
#20
Joshua L Moore, Alison Joseph
Polydactyly has been described as the most common congenital deformity in children. However, it is less common in the foot, with surgical treatment for the deformity less commonly described in reported studies. We present a rare case of polydactyly, with complete first ray duplication, in an infant female. The purpose of our report was to outline a surgical plan and to discuss our results when treating this rare presentation of polydactyly.
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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