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Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932759/range-of-ankle-dorsiflexion-in-a-group-of-adults-with-ligamentous-laxity
#1
Salomon Benhamu-Benhamu, Raquel Garcia-de-la-Peña, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Maria Dolores Jimenez-Cristino, Luis M Gordillo-Fernández, Gabriel Dominguez-Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Ligamentous or joint laxity is a clinical entity characterized by increased joint mobility beyond the range of motion regarded as normal, and joint mobility is an effective indicator of the degree of laxity. We examined the influence of ligamentous laxity on the range of ankle dorsiflexion with the knee flexed and extended, comparing lax adults with a control (nonlax) group. METHODS: The sample comprised 400 individuals: 200 in the control group (mean ± SD age, 32...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932758/effect-of-different-placement-of-heel-rockers-on-lower-limb-joint-biomechanics-in-healthy-individuals
#2
Maedeh Farzadi, Zahra Safaeepour, Hoda Nabavi, Masumeh Bagherzadeh Cham, Mohammad Ebrahim Mousavi
BACKGROUND: Rocker shoes are commonly prescribed to healthy and pathologic populations to decrease stress on the lower limbs. An optimal rocker shoe design must consider both toe and heel rockers. Heel rockers are as effective as toe rockers in relieving foot plantar pressures. However, most studies have focused on the position of toe rockers. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different heel rocker apex placements on lower-limb kinetics and kinematics. METHODS: Eighteen healthy females participated in this study...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932757/lower-extremity-osteomyelitis-treatment-using-calcium-sulfate-hydroxyapatite-bone-void-filler-with-antibiotics-seven-year-retrospective-study
#3
Jeffrey C Karr
BACKGROUND: Over a 74-month period (∼6 years), 143 lower-extremity osteomyelitis locations in 125 patients were treated with a calcium sulfate/hydroxyapatite liquid bone void filler with antibiotic(s). METHODS: The osteomyelitis locations were treated with a percutaneous antibiotic delivery technique delivering intraosseous antibiotic followed by either oral or intravenous antibiotics for 4 weeks. RESULTS: There was no recurrence of osteomyelitis in 96...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932755/characteristics-of-selected-anthropometric-foot-indicators-in-physically-active-students
#4
Aneta Bac, Gabriela Bogacz, Katarzyna Ogrodzka-Ciechanowicz, Aleksandra Kulis, Tomasz Szaporów, Renata Woźniacka, Natalia Radlińska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the type of medial longitudinal arch (MLA) in students of Krakow universities, investigate the relationship between physical activity and the shaping of the feet, and examine the relationship between hallux valgus angle and the type of footwear chosen most often. METHODS: The study group consisted of 120 students, of which 56 respondents were students of the University School of Physical Education in Krakow, whereas the remaining 64 respondents were students of the Pedagogical University of Krakow...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932754/reproducibility-and-reliability-of-the-radiographic-angles-used-to-assess-tailor-s-bunions
#5
David W Shofler, Bryon McKenna, Johnny Huang, Robert A Christman
BACKGROUND: Tailor's bunion, or bunionette, deformity is a common condition of the lateral forefoot. To aid in assessing the deformity, radiographic angular measurements are frequently used. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and reproducibility of these angular measurements. METHODS: Thirty unique weightbearing dorsoplantar digital radiographs of pathologic feet were compiled. For these 30 radiographs and for ten repeated radiographs, six practicing clinicians measured the following angles: the fourth to fifth intermetatarsal angle, the lateral deviation angle, and the fifth metatarsophalangeal angle...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932753/plantar-pressure-distribution-in-patients-with-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-and-a-first-ray-amputation
#6
Iona Borg, Stephen Mizzi, Cynthia Formosa
BACKGROUND: Elevated dynamic plantar pressures are a consistent finding in diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy, with implications for plantar foot ulceration. This study aimed to investigate whether a first-ray amputation affects plantar pressures and plantar pressure distribution patterns in individuals living with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: A nonexperimental matched-subject design was conducted. Twenty patients living with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy were recruited...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932752/metatarsus-primus-elevatus-resolution-after-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthroplasty
#7
Patrick J Sanchez, John F Grady, Robin C Lenz, Sarah J Park, Jake G Ruff
BACKGROUND: Hallux limitus (HL) is the second-most common pathology associated with the first metatarsophalangeal joint. A common etiology believed to be associated with HL is metatarsus primus elevatus (MPE), although causation has been unsubstantiated by evidence. Historically, correction of MPE is surgically addressed with an osteotomy. However, some believe MPE is a secondary manifestation of HL due to retrograde pressure and lack of dorsiflexion at the first metatarsophalangeal joint...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932750/in-shoe-plantar-pressure-profiles-in-amateur-basketball-players-implications-for-footwear-recommendations-and-orthosis-use
#8
Pui W Kong, Wing K Lam, Wei X Ng, Luqman Aziz, Hin F Leong
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical analysis of foot loading characteristics may provide insights into the injury mechanisms and guide orthotic prescription for basketball players. This study aimed to quantify in-shoe plantar pressure profiles in amateur players when executing typical basketball movements. METHODS: Twenty male university basketball players performed four basketball-specific movement tasks-running, maximal forward sprinting, maximal 45° cutting, and layup-in a pair of standardized basketball shoes fitted with an in-shoe plantar pressure measurement system...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932749/a-cadaveric-study-of-metatarsal-length-and-its-function-in-the-metatarsal-formula-and-forefoot-pathology
#9
Anna Stoupine, Bibi Nafesa Singh
BACKGROUND: The metatarsal parabola or formula is an important principle in assessing normal foot structure and pathology. To understand what effect the positions of the distal ends of the metatarsals have on foot function, the relative length of each metatarsal must be considered. The purpose of this study was to investigate what the normal metatarsal formula is and compare these findings with previous research. METHODS: Measurements of metatarsal lengths were taken from 20 feet of five male and five female cadavers...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932748/angioleiomyoma-of-the-plantar-foot
#10
Ariel Lepoff, Vyacheslav Makarov, Marie Williams
A 68-year-old man with a slow-growing lesion in the distal medial band of the plantar fascia of the left foot is presented. Clinical photographs, ultrasound and magnetic resonance images, histologic results, and immunochemical staining are disclosed. This case study presentation aims to highlight the importance of including angioleiomyoma in the differential diagnosis of plantar foot soft-tissue masses.
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932747/information-for-readers
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932746/complete-reduction-for-pilon-fracture-can-make-complete-failure
#12
Kwang-Bok Lee, Seong-Yup Jeong, Seung-Ho Kim, Dong-Gun Shim
The surgical management of distal intra-articular comminuted fracture of the tibia (pilon fracture) is difficult because complications frequently develop. The minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis technique is generally accepted for this type of fracture. In this study, complications developed after open reduction and internal fixation using multiple miniplates for accurate reduction of small fracture fragments. Therefore, when we use this technique, we need to pay attention to the development of complications such as nonunion, avascular necrosis, and osteomyelitis by the disruption of both endosteal blood supply by fracture and periosteal blood supply during approach or reduction...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688043/the-clinical-value-of-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diabetic-foot-infection
#13
Mehmet Ali Eren, Ekrem Karakaş, Ayşe Nur Torun, Tevfik Sabuncu
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis is a common complication in the diabetic foot which can be concluded with amputation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis in the diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). METHODS: Thirty patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus having DFU were enrolled. DWI and conventional MRI were obtained. Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) measurements were made by transferring the images to the workstation...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683337/foot-mobilization-and-exercise-program-in-combination-with-toe-separator-improves-outcomes-in-women-with-moderate-hallux-valgus-at-the-one-year-follow-up-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Sahar A Abdalbary
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented the outcome of conservative treatment of hallux valgus deformities on pain and muscle strength. Our objective in this study was to determine the effects of foot mobilization and exercise program, in combination with use of a toe separator, on symptomatic moderate hallux valgus in female patients. METHODS: As part of the randomized clinical trial, 56 adult female patients with moderate hallux valgus were randomly assigned to one of two groups: 36 sessions for 3 months or no intervention (waiting list)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668299/effects-of-using-insoles-of-different-thicknesses-in-older-adults-which-thickness-has-the-best-impact-on-postural-stability-and-risk-of-falling
#15
Öznur Büyükturan, Serdar Demirci, Buket Büyükturan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Postural stability (PS) problems arise as an individual grows older, and as a result, risk of falling (RoF) increases in older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of insoles of various thicknesses on PS and RoF in older adults. METHODS: Fifty-six individuals participated in the study. PS and RoF were evaluated both statically and dynamically using Biodex Balance System. PS and RoF assessments were perfomed under five different conditions: 1) barefoot, 2) only shoes, 3) with 5 mm insole, 4) with 10 mm insole, 5) with 15 mm insole...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668298/intra-and-interobserver-reliability-of-three-classification-systems-for-hallux-rigidus
#16
Sarita Dillard, Christina Schilero, Sharon Chiang, Peter Pham
BACKGROUND: There are over ten classification systems currently used in the staging of hallux rigidus. This results in confusion and inconsistency with radiographic interpretation and treatment. The reliability of hallux rigidus classification systems has not yet been tested. The purpose of this study was to evaluate intra- and interobserver reliability using three commonly used classifications for hallux rigidus. METHODS: Twenty-one plain radiograph sets were presented to ten ACFAS board-certified foot and ankle surgeons...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668293/minimally-invasive-surgical-approach-using-the-equal-size-plate-as-an-external-guide-to-lateral-malleoler-fractures
#17
Kürşad Aytekin, Orhan Balta, Göksel G Şahiner, Recep Kurnaz, Murat Danışman, Cem Zeki Esenyel
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) has begun to be used in fractures of the lateral malleolus surgeries in recent years as for fractures in other regions. However, for MIPPO techniques applied to fractures of the lateral malleolus there is no external guide for plate insertion, determining the incision and inserting the screws as used for fractures in other regions. With the MIPPO technique fluoroscopy exposure is unavoidable. The MIPPO technique is advantageous for patients; however the unavoidable problem with this treatment method for the surgical team is exposure to fluoroscopy with every case...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617149/effect-of-surgical-weight-loss-on-plantar-fasciitis-and-healthcare-utilization
#18
Mena Boules, Esam Batayyah, Dvir Froylich, Andrea Zelisko, Colin O'Rourke, Stacy Brethauer, Kevin El-Hayek, Allan Boike, Andrew Strong, Matthew Kroh
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is known to be one of the most common causes of heel pain. Obesity is recognized as a significant factor in PF development, possibly due to increased mechanical loading of the foot as a result of excess weight. The benefit of bariatric surgery is documented for other comorbidities but not for PF. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients with a diagnosis of PF identified from a prospectively maintained database of the Cleveland Clinic Bariatric and Metabolic Institute...
April 4, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521517/the-role-of-shoe-and-sock-sanitization-in-the-management-of-superficial-fungal-infections-of-the-feet
#19
Aditya K Gupta, Sarah G Versteeg
Because of the ubiquitous nature of dermatophytes and a lack of an adaptive immune response in the nail plate, recurrence and relapse rates associated with superficial fungal infections are high (10%-53%). Cured or improved dermatophytosis patients could become reinfected if exposed to fungal reservoirs, such as an infected shoe, sock, or textile. To prevent this, footwear, sock, and textile sanitization methods can be used. To provide insight into effective sanitization options, the focus of this article is to review footwear, sock, and textile sanitization studies conducted throughout history (1920-2016)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29634310/a-survey-of-patient-care-handoff-and-sign-out-practices-among-podiatric-surgical-residency-programs
#20
Laura E Sansosti, Amanda Crowell, Whitney Ellis-McConnell, Andrew J Meyr
BACKGROUND: A patient "handoff," or the "sign-out" process, is an episode during which the responsibility of a patient transitions from one health-care provider to another. These are important events that affect patient safety, particularly because a significant proportion of adverse events have been associated with a relative lack of physician communication. The objective of this investigation was to survey podiatric surgical residency programs with respect to patient care handoff and sign-out practices...
March 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
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