journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640036/a-constructive-reframing-of-student-roles-and-systems-learning-in-medical-education-using-a-communities-of-practice-lens
#1
Jed D Gonzalo, Britta M Thompson, Paul Haidet, Karen Mann, Daniel R Wolpaw
Health systems are in the midst of a transformation that is being driven by a variety of forces. This has important implications for medical educators because clinical practice environments play a key role in learning and professional development, and evolving health systems are beginning to demand that providers have "systems-ready" knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Such implications provide a clear mandate for medical schools to modify their goals and prepare physicians to practice flexibly within teams and effectively contribute to the improvement of health care delivery...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640035/the-professionalism-and-integrity-in-research-program-description-and-preliminary-outcomes
#2
James M DuBois, John T Chibnall, Raymond Tait, Jillon S Vander Wal
Violations of rules and regulations in research can cause significant problems for human participants, animal subjects, data integrity, institutions, and investigators. The Professionalism and Integrity in Research Program (PI Program) provides remediation training that addresses the root causes of violations of rules and regulations in research. Through assessments, a three-day workshop, and follow-up coaching calls, the PI Program teaches evidence-based decision-making strategies designed to help researchers to compensate for bias, uncertainty, and work-related stress, and foster the skills needed to oversee research projects in today's complex regulatory environments...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640034/using-a-simulation-of-a-frustrated-faculty-member-during-department-chair-searches-a-proof-of-concept-project
#3
Daniel E Shapiro, Lisa M Abbott, Daniel R Wolpaw, Michael J Green, Benjamin H Levi
PROBLEM: Vitae reviews, interviews, presentations, and reference checks are typical components of searches used to screen and select new department chairs/heads, but these strategies may fail to identify leaders who can communicate effectively with faculty in common, tense situations. APPROACH: Between May 2015 and November 2016, the authors piloted simulation scenarios in four department chair searches at Penn State College of Medicine/Penn State Health to assess candidates' skill at handling common, challenging situations with faculty members...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640033/how-attending-physician-preceptors-negotiate-their-complex-work-environment-a-collective-ethnography
#4
Jane B Lemaire, Jean E Wallace, Peter M Sargious, Maria Bacchus, Kelly Zarnke, David R Ward, William A Ghali
PURPOSE: To generate an empiric, detailed, and updated view of the attending physician preceptor role and its interface with the complex work environment. METHOD: In 2013, the authors conducted a modified collective ethnography with observations of internal medicine medical teaching unit preceptors from two university hospitals in Canada. Eleven observers conducted 32 observations (99.5 hours) of 26 preceptors (30 observations [93.5 hours] of 24 preceptors were included in the analysis)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640032/trends-in-p-value-confidence-interval-and-power-analysis-reporting-in-health-professions-education-research-reports-a-systematic-appraisal
#5
Eduardo F Abbott, Valentina P Serrano, Melissa L Rethlefsen, T K Pandian, Nimesh D Naik, Colin P West, V Shane Pankratz, David A Cook
PURPOSE: To characterize reporting of P values, confidence intervals (CIs), and statistical power in health professions education research (HPER) through manual and computerized analysis of published research reports. METHOD: The authors searched PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL on May 7, 2016, for comparative research studies. For manual analysis of abstracts and main texts, they randomly sampled 250 HPER reports published in 1985, 1995, 2005, and 2015, and 100 biomedical research reports published in 1985 and 2015...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640031/identifying-gaps-in-the-performance-of-pediatric-trainees-who-receive-marginal-unsatisfactory-ratings
#6
Su-Ting T Li, Daniel J Tancredi, Alan Schwartz, Ann Guillot, Ann Burke, R Franklin Trimm, Susan Guralnick, John D Mahan, Kimberly A Gifford
PURPOSE: To perform a derivation study to determine in which subcompetencies marginal/unsatisfactory pediatric residents had the greatest deficits compared with their satisfactorily performing peers and which subcompetencies best discriminated between marginal/unsatisfactory and satisfactorily performing residents. METHOD: Multi-institutional cohort study of all 21 milestones (rated on four or five levels) reported to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and global marginal/unsatisfactory versus satisfactory performance reported to the American Board of Pediatrics...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640030/flipped-classrooms-in-graduate-medical-education-a-national-survey-of-residency-program-directors
#7
Christopher M Wittich, Anoop Agrawal, Amy T Wang, Andrew J Halvorsen, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Saima Chaudhry, Denise M Dupras, Amy S Oxentenko, Thomas J Beckman
PURPOSE: To begin to quantify and understand the use of the flipped classroom (FC)-a progressive, effective, curricular model-in internal medicine (IM) education in relation to residency program and program director (PD) characteristics. METHOD: The authors conducted a survey that included the Flipped Classroom Perception Instrument (FCPI) in 2015 regarding programs' use and PDs' perceptions of the FC model. RESULTS: Among the 368 IM residency programs, PDs at 227 (61...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640029/enacting-pedagogy-in-curricula-on-the-vital-role-of-governance-in-medical-education
#8
Oscar Casiro, Glenn Regehr
Managing curricula and curricular change involves both a complex set of decisions and effective enactment of those decisions. The means by which decisions are made, implemented, and monitored constitute the governance of a program. Thus, effective academic governance is critical to effective curriculum delivery. Medical educators and medical education researchers have been invested heavily in issues of educational content, pedagogy, and design. However, relatively little consideration has been paid to the governance processes that ensure fidelity of implementation and ongoing refinements that will bring curricular practices increasingly in line with the pedagogical intent...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640028/assessing-and-communicating-the-value-of-biomedical-research-results-from-a-pilot-study
#9
Susan Guthrie, Joachim Krapels, Alexandra Adams, Philip Alberti, Ann Bonham, Bryn Garrod, Sarah Esmond, Caitlin Scott, Gavin Cochrane, Steven Wooding
PURPOSE: Assessing the impact of research requires an approach that is sensitive both to the context of the research and the perspective of the stakeholders trying to understand its benefits. Here, the authors report on a pilot that applied such an approach to research conducted at the Collaborative Center for Health Equity (CCHE) of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. METHOD: The pilot assessed the academic impact of CCHE's work; the networks between CCHE and community partners; and the reach of CCHE's programs, including an attempt to estimate return on investment (ROI)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640027/exploring-integration-in-action-competencies-as-building-blocks-of-expertise
#10
Maria Mylopoulos, Debaroti Tina Borschel, Tara O'Brien, Sofia Martimianakis, Nicole N Woods
PURPOSE: Competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS roles and the ACGME core competencies may lead to the implicit assumption that physicians can learn and practice individual competencies in isolation. In contrast, models of adaptive expertise suggest that the integration of competencies reflects the capabilities of an expert physician. Thus, educational programming aimed at teaching discrete roles or competencies might overlook expert physician capabilities that are central to patient care...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640026/what-is-the-relationship-between-a-preclerkship-portfolio-review-and-later-performance-in-clerkships
#11
Celia Laird O'Brien, John X Thomas, Marianne M Green
PURPOSE: Medical educators struggle to find effective ways to assess essential competencies such as communication, professionalism, and teamwork. Portfolio-based assessment provides one method of addressing this problem by allowing faculty reviewers to judge performance, as based on a longitudinal record of student behavior. At the Feinberg School of Medicine, the portfolio system measures behavioral competence using multiple assessments collected over time. This study examines whether a preclerkship portfolio review is a valid method of identifying problematic student behavior affecting later performance in clerkships...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590944/simulation-fellowship-programs-in-graduate-medical-education
#12
Rami A Ahmed, Jennifer A Frey, Patrick G Hughes, Ara Tekian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562458/improved-learning-outcomes-after-flipping-a-therapeutics-module-results-of-a-controlled-trial
#13
Kashelle Lockman, Stuart T Haines, Mary Lynn McPherson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact on learning outcomes of flipping a pain management module in a doctor of pharmacy curriculum. METHOD: In a required first-professional-year pharmacology and therapeutics course at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, the pain therapeutics content of the pain management module was flipped. This redesign transformed the module from a largely lecture-based, instructor-centered model to a learner-centered model that included a variety of preclass activities and in-class active learning exercises...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562457/the-educational-climate-inventory-measuring-students-perceptions-of-the-preclerkship-and-clerkship-settings
#14
Edward Krupat, Nicole J Borges, Richard D Brower, Paul M Haidet, W Scott Schroth, Thomas J Fleenor, Sebastian Uijtdehaage
PURPOSE: To develop an instrument to assess educational climate, a critical aspect of the medical school learning environment that previous tools have not explored in depth. METHOD: Fifty items were written, capturing aspects of Dweck's performance-learning distinction, to distinguish students' perceptions of the educational climate as learning/mastery oriented (where the goal is growth and development) versus performance oriented (where the goal is appearance of competence)...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562456/the-problem-and-goals-are-global-the-solutions-are-local-revisiting-quality-measurements-and-the-role-of-the-private-sector-in-global-health-professions-education
#15
Hossam Hamdy
The shortage of a competent health workforce is a global challenge. However, its manifestations and proposed solutions are very much context related (i.e., local). In addition to the shortage of health professionals, the quality of health professions education programs, institutions, and graduates, and how to measure quality, are also problematic. Commonly used metrics like the Credit Hours System and the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System have limitations (e.g., being more focused on quantity than quality)...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562455/simzones-an-organizational-innovation-for-simulation-programs-and-centers
#16
Christopher J Roussin, Peter Weinstock
The complexity and volume of simulation-based learning programs have increased dramatically over the last decade, presenting several major challenges for those who lead and manage simulation programs and centers. The authors present five major issues affecting the organization of simulation programs: (1) supporting both single- and double-loop learning experiences; (2) managing the training of simulation teaching faculty; (3) optimizing the participant mix, including individuals, professional groups, teams, and other role-players, to ensure learning; (4) balancing in situ, node-based, and center-based simulation delivery; and (5) organizing simulation research and measuring value...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562454/exploring-the-relationships-between-usmle-performance-and-disciplinary-action-in-practice-a-validity-study-of-score-inferences-from-a-licensure-examination
#17
Monica M Cuddy, Aaron Young, Andrew Gelman, David B Swanson, David A Johnson, Gerard F Dillon, Brian E Clauser
PURPOSE: Physicians must pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) to obtain an unrestricted license to practice allopathic medicine in the United States. Little is known, however, about how well USMLE performance relates to physician behavior in practice, particularly conduct inconsistent with safe, effective patient care. The authors examined the extent to which USMLE scores relate to the odds of receiving a disciplinary action from a U.S. state medical board. METHOD: Controlling for multiple factors, the authors used non-nested multilevel logistic regression analyses to estimate the relationships between scores and receiving an action...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562453/continuing-professional-development-for-faculty-an-elephant-in-the-house-of-academic-medicine-or-the-key-to-future-success
#18
David A Davis, William F Rayburn, Gary A Smith
The scope of change required by academic medical centers (AMCs) to maintain their viability and achieve their tripartite mission in the future is large; such reform is affected by numerous global, national, and local forces. Most AMCs focus their transformational efforts on organizational infrastructure (e.g., undertaking payment reform, developing new organizational structures, investing in information technology) and educational programs (with subsequent changes in undergraduate and graduate medical education curricula)...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562452/mixed-messages-or-miscommunication-investigating-the-relationship-between-assessors-workplace-based-assessment-scores-and-written-comments
#19
Stefanie S Sebok-Syer, Don A Klinger, Jonathan Sherbino, Teresa M Chan
PURPOSE: The shift toward broader, programmatic assessment has revolutionized the approaches that many take in assessing medical competence. To understand the association between quantitative and qualitative evaluations, the authors explored the relationships that exist among assessors' checklist scores, task ratings, global ratings, and written comments. METHOD: The authors collected and analyzed, using regression analyses, data from the McMaster Modular Assessment Program...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562451/values-guide-us-in-times-of-uncertainty-daca-and-graduate-medical-education
#20
Norma I Poll-Hunter, Geoffrey H Young, Matthew Shick
With a new administration and Congress, there is uncertainty surrounding the future of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. In light of this uncertainty, medical schools have tried to better understand how they can support trainees with DACA. In their article in this issue, Nakae and colleagues describe the issues often encountered by medical students with DACA as they prepare for residency and by the program directors who receive their applications. They offer recommendations for best practices to support these trainees...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
journal
journal
20336
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"