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Medical Teacher

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336206/working-in-global-health-a-planning-and-implementation-framework-for-international-electives
#1
Sarah T Thomas, Elizabeth T Thomas, Michelle McLean
PURPOSE: Propose a framework for planning and undertaking an international elective. METHODS: On returning from conducting maternal health and well-being research in several remote communities in India, two undergraduate medical students have reflected on and documented their experiences with the view to assisting other students (and their supervisors) considering undertaking an international elective. RESULTS: A framework for undertaking clinical or research electives in remote or rural communities is presented...
January 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334306/learning-science-as-a-potential-new-source-of-understanding-and-improvement-for-continuing-education-and-continuing-professional-development
#2
Thomas J Van Hoof, Terrence J Doyle
Learning science is an emerging interdisciplinary field that offers educators key insights about what happens in the brain when learning occurs. In addition to explanations about the learning process, which includes memory and involves different parts of the brain, learning science offers effective strategies to inform the planning and implementation of activities and programs in continuing education and continuing professional development. This article provides a brief description of learning, including the three key steps of encoding, consolidation and retrieval...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334305/twelve-tips-for-teaching-a-comprehensive-disease-focused-course-with-a-global-perspective-a-sickle-cell-disease-example
#3
Dominique Bulgin, Paula Tanabe, Monika Asnani, Charmaine D M Royal
A disease-focused course entitled "Understanding Sickle Cell Disease: A Biopsychosocial Approach" addressed the complex nature of SCD using patient-centered, global and interdisciplinary approaches. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a rare inherited blood disorder that requires multidisciplinary care. Worldwide 20-25 million individuals have SCD, which is associated with a shortened lifespan due to many medical complications and social and behavioral health challenges. Health care professionals often have limited knowledge of SCD as they typically learn about it within the context of their own disciplines...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334301/navigating-social-distance-in-foundational-clinical-encounters-understanding-medical-students-early-experiences-with-diverse-patients
#4
Miesha Roberts-MacDonald, Saleem Razack
BACKGROUND: Social distance between patients and physicians has been shown to affect the quality of care that patients receive. Little is known about how social distance between students and patients is experienced by learners during early clinical exposures in medical school. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore students' stories of experiencing social distance with patients with concordant and discordant social characteristics as themselves, respectively, as well as students' needs from medical curricula regarding developing social competence...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334285/what-should-we-mean-by-allowed-to-supervise-others-in-entrustment-scales
#5
Alan Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334281/learning-with-unwell-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#6
Michael Ma, Enda O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327634/clearing-the-confusion-about-self-directed-learning-and-self-regulated-learning
#7
Roghayeh Gandomkar, John Sandars
Self-Directed Learning (SDL) and Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) are often used without a clear distinction, leading to confusion in understanding and the use of inappropriate measurement tools. SDL is a general approach to learning and can be identified using 'aptitude' questionnaires but SRL is a dynamic and context specific learning process and requires 'event' measures, such as microanalysis. These differences have implications for research and remediation.
January 12, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327632/defining-the-target-competency-based-medical-education-for-better-patient-care
#8
Justin N Hall, Taryn Lloyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320901/if-we-keep-doing-what-we-re-doing-we-ll-keep-getting-what-we-re-getting-a-need-to-rethink-academic-medicine
#9
Michael Wilkes, Christine Cassel, Marc Klau
PURPOSE: For generations there have been warnings of the need to reform medical education at all levels. Today the voices pushing reform are louder, the need is greater, and there is an urgency not seen before. Approaches that have worked in the past to train physicians are no longer as relevant today as demographics, disease patterns, human resources, practice behaviors, technology, and attention to costs demand new collaborative approaches to clinical practice. To prepare for this practice tomorrow's doctors will need a different type of educational model, a different type of learning, in different environments, often taught by different faculty...
January 10, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271281/an-evaluation-of-flipped-e-learning-experiences
#10
Kristen Dawn Jones-Bonofiglio, Timothy Willett, Stella Ng
AIM: The "flipped" classroom is an educational strategy gaining popularity for its growing evidence base that suggests it may successfully improve learning outcomes. Also known as reverse instruction, this approach has been typically implemented and studied in in-person post-secondary settings. The utilization of a flipped approach in the healthcare education literature has been examined in a wide range of contexts, but little has been written regarding continuing professional development (CPD)...
December 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268632/medical-students-and-professionalism-do-the-hidden-curriculum-and-current-role-models-fail-our-future-doctors
#11
Gavin Matthew Joynt, Wai-Tat Wong, Lowell Ling, Anna Lee
PURPOSE: Formal medical curricula aim to promote professionalism through learning from lectures, interactive tutorials and simulations. We report an exploratory voting exercise, conducted within a new integrated professional teaching module, examining the likely influence on students' knowledge and perceptions of truth telling. METHODS: Responses were collected from cohorts of final year students over a six-year period. Students were asked to pick between two responses to a standardized clinical vignette, firstly the response that they personally thought was the more desirable action, and subsequently the response they believed would most likely result in the context of everyday real-life clinical practice...
December 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265991/communicating-with-patients-families-and-relatives-do-we-need-more-training
#12
Mohammad S Razai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262746/how-teachers-can-help-learners-build-storage-and-retrieval-strength
#13
Janeve Desy, Kevin Busche, Ronald Cusano, Pamela Veale, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin
AIM: To be an effective teacher, content expertise is necessary but alone does not guarantee optimal learning outcomes for students. In this article, the authors discuss ways in which medical teachers can shape the learning of their students and enable them to become more efficient and effective learners. METHODS: Using Bjork and Bjork's new theory of disuse as their framework, the authors discuss strategies to improve storage strength of to-be-learned information and strategies to improve retrieval strength of learned information...
December 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256736/navigating-the-system-physiotherapy-student-perceptions-of-performance-based-assessment
#14
Anne O'Connor, Peter Cantillon, Oliver McGarr, Arlene McCurtin
BACKGROUND: Performance-based assessment (PBA) is an integral component of health professional education as it determines students' readiness for independent practice. Stakeholder input can provide valuable insight regarding its challenges, facilitators, and impact on student learning, which may further its evolution. Currently, evidence of stakeholder opinion is limited. Thus, we aimed to explore physiotherapy students' perceptions of performance-based assessment in their capacity as its central stakeholders...
December 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241392/the-hidden-agenda-of-predatory-journals-a-warning-call-for-junior-researchers-and-student-authors
#15
Ibrahim Saleh Al-Busaidi, Yassar Alamri, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228838/beyond-competency-based-continuing-professional-development
#16
Matthew J Links
Competency based medical education (CBME) has become the default for undergraduate and post-graduate medical education (PGME) but its role in continuing professional development (CPD) is under discussion. Some critical differences between CPD and PGME are identified and these differences applied to: the relative roles of competence and performance; existing criticisms of CBME; heutagogy as a learning theory; and post-modernism as an underlying philosophical perspective. The argument is made that the characteristics of CPD fit with performance based medical education, a heutagogical learning theory, a focus on capabilities, rather than competencies; and a post-modern perspective...
December 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228837/feeling-inadequate-residents-stress-and-learning-at-primary-care-clinics-in-the-united-states
#17
Joanna Veazey Brooks, Sara J Singer, Meredith Rosenthal, Alyna T Chien, Antoinette S Peters
BACKGROUND: Educators hope that residents' experiences in primary care continuity clinics will influence more trainees to enter primary care careers. Unfortunately, evidence shows that outpatient primary care training in the United States is stressful and fails to promote primary care careers. We conducted qualitative interviews with residents to understand the source of stress and to explain this failure. METHODS: In-person individual interviews were conducted with 37 primary care residents training at outpatient clinics in the US...
December 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228830/twelve-tips-on-how-to-provide-self-regulated-learning-srl-enhanced-feedback-on-clinical-performance
#18
Heather Leggett, John Sandars, Trudie Roberts
The provision of self-regulated learning (SRL) enhanced feedback on performing clinical skills and making a clinical diagnosis recognizes the importance of feedback on the use of key SRL processes. In contrast to the broader concept of self-directed learning, SRL has a specific focus on the individual learner's approach to achieve a task, including their planning, self-monitoring, and future adaptations. The key SRL processes can be identified using structured microanalysis during the clinical task and feedback to the learner using the tips outlined in this article...
December 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216789/open-book-exams-a-potential-solution-to-the-full-curriculum
#19
Andrew Teodorczuk, James Fraser, Gary D Rogers
In this Personal View article, as curriculum designers, we consider whether there is a place for open book exams in Medical School curricula. Specifically, at a time when medical teachers complain about the difficulties of delivering a full curriculum, we propose that open book assessment approaches may help to free up the curriculum as learners become less reliant on memorizing facts. Moreover deeper learning of higher level outcomes can be achieved and more authentic assessment approaches undertaken. We also look at the recent literature and consider reasons, both for and against open book exams, at theoretical and practical levels...
December 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216788/insights-into-teaching-a-complex-skill-threshold-concepts-and-troublesome-knowledge-in-electroencephalography-eeg
#20
Jeremy J Moeller, Tim Fawns
BACKGROUND: Threshold concepts (TCs) are defined as ideas within a discipline that are often conceptually difficult ("troublesome"), but when learned, transform a learner's understanding. Electroencephalography (EEG) has been recognized as a conceptually difficult field in neurology, and a study of threshold concepts in EEG may provide insights into how it is taught and learned. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were performed with 12 EEG experts in the US and Canada...
December 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
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