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Medical Teacher

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649887/has-the-new-kirkpatrick-generation-built-a-better-hammer-for-our-evaluation-toolbox
#1
Katherine A Moreau
Although Kirkpatrick's original outcome-focused model is widely used to evaluate medical education programs, it is subject to criticism. To combat this criticism and address the complexities of learning environments, the New World Kirkpatrick Model has emerged. This brief article describes key aspects of the New World Kirkpatrick Model for program evaluation. Specifically, it highlights three major criticisms of Kirkpatrick's original model and discusses the ways in which this new model attempts to rebut them...
June 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641027/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-spirituality-and-health-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-of-students-in-health-related-areas-a-controlled-randomized-trial
#2
Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Lídia Maria Gonçalves, Pedro Machry Pozzobon, Jair José Gaspar Júnior, Filippe Martins Miranda, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: To date there have been no randomized studies that assess whether "Spirituality and Health" (S/H) programs are, indeed, effective, or not. We sought to evaluate if an intervention in teaching S/H fosters competence changes in healthcare students. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Students were randomized into two groups: an Intervention Group (a theoretical-practical course in S/H) and a control group (waiting list). Students' S/H knowledge, attitudes, and skills (through a simulated patient) were assessed...
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639879/comments-on-comparing-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship-with-traditional-hospital-based-rotations-in-a-rural-setting
#3
Daisuke Kato, Kenya Ie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639847/illusions-of-specificity-in-power-laden-clinical-performance-assessment
#4
Anne O'Connor, Arlene McCurtin, Peter Cantillon, Oliver McGarr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625093/response-to-the-need-for-narrative-reflection-and-experiential-learning-in-medical-education-a-lesson-learned-through-an-urban-indigenous-health-elective
#5
Elizabeth Vilchez, Monisha Konana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622057/sending-messages-how-faculty-influence-professionalism-teaching-and-learning
#6
Lorraine Hawick, Jennifer Cleland, Simon Kitto
BACKGROUND: Ambiguity in understanding what "professionalism" means, and uncertainty in how best to teach it, remains. This study aimed to explore experiences of senior faculty in their endeavor to develop and include professionalism within a curriculum reform (CR), and illuminate challenges encountered. METHODS: Using a qualitative case study approach, data were collected from interviews with faculty who were involved in a major CR, plus archived document analysis to provide context, and aid triangulation...
June 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622046/online-research-club-a-mentoring-program-for-undergraduate-students
#7
Alessandro Sgro, Mohamed Gomaa Kamel, Thanh Huan Vuong, Ali Mahmoud Ahmed, Tien Huy Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598711/twelve-tips-for-just-in-time-teaching-of-communication-skills-for-difficult-conversations-in-the-clinical-setting
#8
Laura Jean Hinkle, Lyle Patrick Fettig, William Graham Carlos, Gabriel Bosslet
The ability to communicate well with patients and other members of the healthcare team is a vital skill for physicians to have, but one that is often not emphasized in medical education. Learners of all levels can obtain and develop good communication skills regardless of their natural ability in this area, and the clinical setting represents an underutilized resource to accomplish this task. With this in mind, we have reviewed the growing body of literature on the subject and organized our findings into twelve tips to help educators capitalize on these missed opportunities...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598708/twelve-tips-for-implementation-of-student-as-teacher-programs
#9
Taylor Freret, Jasmine Rana, Richard M Schwartzstein, Holly C Gooding
Much has been written about the learning benefits of peer teaching for medical trainees. What remains less certain is how practically to implement "Student-as-teacher" (SaT) programs combining teacher-skills training with hands-on teaching experiences for medical students to prepare them for their roles as teachers in residency and beyond. In this article, we address this gap by outlining twelve tips for the implementation of SaT programs based on review of the literature and our experience implementing SaT curricula at our institution...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598707/twelve-tips-for-undertaking-reflexive-global-health-experiences-in-medicine
#10
Rabia Khan, Brian Hodges, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Donald Cole
BACKGROUND: While interest and opportunities for global health experiences (GHE) continue to grow, the preparation of students and health professionals alike to engage in these GHEs remains limited. AIMS: This article provides tips for reflexivity prior to undertaking a GHE and suggests ways to debrief the experience in order to ensure that trainees and professionals that engage in GHEs can both help their intended communities and also get the most out of the experience...
June 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587534/diagnosis-and-management-of-clinical-reasoning-difficulties-part-i-clinical-reasoning-supervision-and-educational-diagnosis
#11
Marie-Claude Audétat, Suzanne Laurin, Valérie Dory, Bernard Charlin, Mathieu R Nendaz
There are many obstacles to the timely identification of clinical reasoning difficulties in health professions education. This guide aims to provide readers with a framework for supervising clinical reasoning and identifying the potential difficulties as they may occur at each step of the reasoning process.
June 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587511/diagnosis-and-management-of-clinical-reasoning-difficulties-part-ii-clinical-reasoning-difficulties-management-and-remediation-strategies
#12
Marie-Claude Audétat, Suzanne Laurin, Valérie Dory, Bernard Charlin, Mathieu R Nendaz
Part II of this AMEE Guide provides a detailed overview of the main difficulties in clinical reasoning, including the cues to look out for in clinical supervision, the root causes of each difficulty and targeted remediation strategies. Specific challenges and issues related to the management of clinical reasoning difficulties will also be discussed.
June 7, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580824/addressing-health-workforce-inequities-in-the-mindanao-regions-of-the-philippines-tracer-study-of-graduates-from-a-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-school-and-graduates-from-a-conventional-medical-school
#13
Servando 'Ben' Halili, Fortunato Cristobal, Torres Woolley, Simone J Ross, Carole Reeve, A-J Neusy
Developing and retaining a high-quality medical workforce in low-resource countries is a worldwide challenge. The Filipino Ateneo de Zamboanga University-School of Medicine (ADZU-SOM) has adopted a strong focus on socially accountable health professional education (SAHPE) in order to address the shortage of physicians across rural and urban communities in the Western Mindanao region. A cross-sectional survey of graduates from two Philippines medical schools: ADZU-SOM in the Mindanao region and a medical school with a more conventional curriculum, found ADZU-SOM graduates were more likely to have joined the medical profession due to a desire to help others (p = 0...
June 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580820/twelve-tips-for-medical-students-to-make-the-best-use-of-ward-based-learning
#14
Reshma Bharamgoudar, Aniket Sonsale
BACKGROUND: With a multitude of healthcare professionals willing to teach, a placement on a ward is an invaluable learning opportunity; yet as students, we often struggle to maximize this placements' potential. AIM: This article provides 12 tips for medical students to optimize their learning in a ward-based environment. METHODS: Current literature and personal experiences of the authors were used to develop the tips. RESULTS: The 12 tips are (1) prepare yourself, (2) identify knowledge, skills, and attributes, (3) engage in peer-to-peer learning, (4) get to know the interprofessional team, (5) talk to the patient first, (6) present findings and gain feedback, (7) tap into seniors' experience, (8) immerse yourself and be proactive, (9) check patient notes, (10) manage the clock, (11) enhance your CV, and (12) embrace the spirit of lifelong learning...
June 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580814/evolutions-in-clinical-reasoning-assessment-the-evolving-script-concordance-test
#15
Suzette Cooke, Jean-François Lemay, Tanya Beran
INTRODUCTION: Script concordance testing (SCT) is a method of assessment of clinical reasoning. We developed a new type of SCT case design, the evolving SCT (E-SCT), whereby the patient's clinical story is "evolving" and with thoughtful integration of new information at each stage, decisions related to clinical decision-making become increasingly clear. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to: (1) determine whether an E-SCT could differentiate clinical reasoning ability among junior residents (JR), senior residents (SR), and pediatricians, (2) evaluate the reliability of an E-SCT, and (3) obtain qualitative feedback from participants to help inform the potential acceptability of the E-SCT...
June 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562193/mentoring-relationships-between-senior-physicians-and-junior-doctors-and-or-medical-students-a-thematic-review
#16
Julia Huina Sng, Yiying Pei, Ying Pin Toh, Tan Ying Peh, Shirlyn Huishan Neo, Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna
INTRODUCTION: Mentoring relationships are pivotal to the outcome of the mentoring process. This thematic review seeks to study the key aspects of mentoring relationships between senior physicians and junior doctors and/or medical students to inform efforts to improve mentoring programs. METHODS: Literature search was performed on publications across PubMed, ERIC, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, OVID and ScienceDirect databases between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2015 by three independent reviewers...
May 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562145/exploring-educational-interventions-to-facilitate-health-professional-students-professionally-safe-online-presence
#17
Marcus A Henning, Susan Hawken, Joanna MacDonald, Judy McKimm, Menna Brown, Helen Moriarty, Sue Gasquoine, Kwong Chan, Jo Hilder, Tim Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: To establish the most effective approach and type of educational intervention for health professional students, to enable them to maintain a professionally safe online presence. METHOD: This was a qualitative, multinational, multi-institutional, multiprofessional study. Practical considerations (availability of participants) led us to use a combination of focus groups and individual interviews, strengthening our findings by triangulating our method of data collection...
May 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562135/a-qualitative-study-of-medical-educators-perspectives-on-remediation-adopting-a-holistic-approach-to-struggling-residents
#18
Sara M Krzyzaniak, Stephen J Wolf, Richard Byyny, Lisa Barker, Bonnie Kaplan, Stephen Wall, Jeannette Guerrasio
INTRODUCTION: During residency, some trainees require the identification and remediation of deficiencies to achieve the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary for independent practice. Given the limited published frameworks for remediation, we characterize remediation from the perspective of educators and propose a holistic framework to guide the approach to remediation. METHODS: We conducted semistructured focus groups to: explore methods for identifying struggling residents; categorize common domains of struggle; describe personal factors that contribute to difficulties; define remediation interventions and understand what constitutes successful completion...
May 31, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553735/group-observed-structured-encounter-gosce-for-third-year-medical-students-improves-self-assessment-of-clinical-communication
#19
Allison B Ludwig, Amanda C Raff, Juan Lin, Ellie Schoenbaum
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the effectiveness of a GOSCE in teaching medical students clinical communication, as well as group collaboration and peer feedback. METHODS: The GOSCE was administered during the Internal Medicine clerkship. Groups consisted of 4-6 students and one faculty member. Students completed pre- and post-GOSCE surveys to assess confidence in clinical communication and a GOSCE evaluation to rate the overall experience. Pre- and post-GOSCE program survey scores were compared, and the mean score and standard deviation of the GOSCE evaluation was calculated...
May 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552022/international-infectious-diseases-teaching-to-undergraduate-medical-students-a-successful-european-collaborative-experience
#20
Caroline Charlier, Ingólfur Johannessen, Claire L Mackintosh, David Wilks, Roberto Cauda, Federica I Wolf, Claire Le Jeunne
CONTEXT: The emerging global-health paradigm requires medical teaching to be continuously redefined and updated; to this end, transnational approaches should be encouraged and medical training harmonized. Infectious diseases (ID) teaching in the current context of emerging infections, fast-increasing bacterial resistance and large-scale human migration, was chosen to develop a common international course. OBJECTIVE: We report the successful implementation of a joint European undergraduate course aiming to (i) develop a common ID core curriculum among European medical schools; (ii) promote mobility among teachers and students (iii) promote international cooperation among European teachers...
May 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
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