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Medical Teacher

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049379/should-we-assess-clinical-performance-in-single-patient-encounters-or-consistent-behaviors-of-clinical-performance-over-a-series-of-encounters-a-qualitative-exploration-of-narrative-trainee-profiles
#1
Marjolein Oerlemans, Patrick Dielissen, Angelique Timmerman, Paul Ram, Bas Maiburg, Jean Muris, Cees van der Vleuten
BACKGROUND: A variety of tools have been developed to assess performance which typically use a single clinical encounter as a source for making competency inferences. This strategy may miss consistent behaviors. We therefore explored experienced clinical supervisors' perceptions of behavioral patterns that potentially exist in postgraduate general practice trainees expressed as narrative profiles to aid the grading of clinical performance. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with clinical supervisors who had frequently observed clinical performance in trainees...
January 4, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033729/student-academic-performance-in-rural-clinical-schools-the-impact-of-cohort-size-and-competition
#2
Brendan P Condon, Paul S Worley, John R Condon, David J Prideaux
OBJECTIVES: The Deakin University School of Medicine commenced in 2008 as a rurally focused medical school in south-eastern Australia. This research was designed to examine the effectiveness of the school's adoption of small regional clinical school settings. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the first two cohorts of students was employed to assess academic performance at each of five geographically dispersed clinical training sites, with varying student cohort sizes...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033728/measuring-professional-identity-formation-early-in-medical-school
#3
Adina Kalet, Lynn Buckvar-Keltz, Victoria Harnik, Verna Monson, Steven Hubbard, Ruth Crowe, Hyuksoon S Song, Sandra Yingling
AIM: To assess the feasibility and utility of measuring baseline professional identity formation (PIF) in a theory-based professionalism curriculum for early medical students. METHODS: All 132 entering students completed the professional identity essay (PIE) and the defining issues test (DIT2). Students received score reports with individualized narrative feedback and wrote a structured reflection after a large-group session in which the PIF construct was reviewed...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027689/entrustable-professional-activities-epas-for-teachers-in-medical-education-has-the-time-come
#4
Charlene M Dewey, Gersten Jonker, Olle Ten Cate, Teri L Turner
On a daily basis, patients put their trust in the healthcare system for safe and high-quality healthcare. However, what evidence do we have as an educational community that our supervising faculty members are competent to fulfill this responsibility? Few, if any, requirements exist for faculty members to have continuous professional development in the field of medical education. Many faculty "love to teach", however, this love of teaching does not make them competent to teach or assess the competence of trainees whom they supervise...
December 27, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027677/do-prerecorded-lecture-vodcasts-affect-lecture-attendance-of-first-yearpre-clinical-graduate-entry-to-medicine-students
#5
Mark G Rae, Dervla O'Malley
BACKGROUND: There is increasing concern amongst educators that the provision of recorded lectures may reduce student attendance of live lectures. We therefore sought to determine if the provision of prerecorded lecture video podcasts (VODcasts) to first-year Graduate Entry to Medicine (GEM) students, affected attendance at 21 Physiology lectures within three separate pre-clinical modules. METHODS: Data on lecture attendance, utilization of VODcasts, and whether VODcasts should replace live lectures were drawn from three surveys conducted in academic years 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 on all first-year GEM students in two first-year pre-clinical modules where prerecorded Physiology VODcasts were available for viewing or downloading prior to scheduled live lectures...
December 27, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024461/clinical-coaching-evolving-the-apprenticeship-model-for-modern-housestaff
#6
Deepa Rangachari, Lorrel E Brown, David E Kern, Michael T Melia
Feedback is one of the core components of teaching in the clinical setting. Traditionally, this activity has emphasized observations made by senior physicians and delivered to medical trainees. However, the optimal approach to feedback remains uncertain, and the literature abounds with trainee-perceived inadequacies in feedback content, quality, and impact. Moreover, given the multiplicity of demands on trainees and their physician mentors, we propose that medical trainees themselves-specifically, medical residents-are poised to serve as unique adjunct effectors of feedback...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024439/impact-of-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-applicants-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#7
Jean-Michel Leduc, Richard Rioux, Robert Gagnon, Christian Bourdy, Ashley Dennis
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) are commonly used for medical school admission. This study aimed to assess if sociodemographic characteristics are associated with MMI performance, and how they may act as barriers or enablers to communication in MMI. METHODS: This mixed-method study combined data from a sociodemographic questionnaire, MMI scores, semi-structured interviews and focus groups with applicants and assessors. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed using multiple linear regression and a thematic framework analysis...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024438/to-participate-or-not-participate-in-unprofessional-behavior-is-that-the-question
#8
Renato Soleiman Franco, Camila Ament Giuliani Dos Santos Franco, Solena Ziemer Kusma, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Medical education provides students with abundant learning opportunities, each of which is embodied with messages concerning what is expected from students. This paper analyses students? exposure to instances of unprofessional behavior, investigating whether they judge such behavior to be unprofessional and whether they also participate in unprofessional behavior. METHODS: The survey developed in the Pritzker School of Medicine at the University of Chicago was the basis of this questionnaire that was answered by 276 students from two medical schools in Brazil and Portugal...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024436/international-consensus-statement-on-the-assessment-of-interprofessional-learning-outcomes
#9
Gary D Rogers, Jill E Thistlethwaite, Elizabeth S Anderson, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren, Ruby E Grymonpre, Monica Moran, Dujeepa D Samarasekera
Regulatory frameworks around the world mandate that health and social care professional education programs graduate practitioners who have the competence and capability to practice effectively in interprofessional collaborative teams. Academic institutions are responding by offering interprofessional education (IPE); however, there is as yet no consensus regarding optimal strategies for the assessment of interprofessional learning (IPL). The Program Committee for the 17th Ottawa Conference in Perth, Australia in March, 2016, invited IPE champions to debate and discuss the current status of the assessment of IPL...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024435/an-osce-with-very-limited-resources-is-it-possible
#10
Giancarlo Lucchetti, Oscarina S Ezequiel, Alessandra L G Lucchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024434/twelve-tips-on-writing-a-discussion-case-that-facilitates-teaching-and-engages-learners
#11
David A Cohen, Lori R Newman, Laurie N Fishman
The authors share twelve practical tips on writing a case that engages learners in active learning and discussion. They first advise that, during the initial preparation of the case, authors should (1) identify the case goals and objectives, and (2) identify the level of the learners. When writing the case, authors should (3) use active and colorful language; (4) use patients' own descriptions rather than medical language; (5) allow the learners to interpret data themselves; (6) allow for natural discovery rather than presenting information chronologically; and (7) be realistic about interruptions in patient care...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024433/medical-education-research-the-realm-of-the-rich
#12
Kieran Walsh, Stephen Maloney, Dragan Ilic, Scott Reeves, George Rivers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024432/students-generate-items-for-an-online-formative-assessment-is-it-motivating
#13
Rianne Poot, Renske A M de Kleijn, Harold V M van Rijen, Jan van Tartwijk
BACKGROUND: A reported problem with e-learning is sustaining students' motivation. We propose a framework explaining to what extent an e-learning task is motivating. This framework includes students' perceived Value of the task, Competence in executing the task, Autonomy over how to carry out the task, and Relatedness. METHODS: To test this framework, students generated items in an online environment and answered questions developed by their fellow students. Motivation was measured by analyzing engagement with the task, with an open-ended questionnaire about engagement, and with the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire (MSLQ)...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024431/how-patient-educators-help-students-to-learn-an-exploratory-study
#14
Phoebe T M Cheng, Angela Towle
INTRODUCTION: Benefits of the active involvement of patients in educating health professionals are well-recognized but little is known about how patient educators facilitate student learning. METHOD: This exploratory qualitative study investigated the teaching practices and experiences that prepared patient educators for their roles in a longitudinal interprofessional Health Mentors program. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eleven experienced health mentors...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024430/history-teaches-everything
#15
Andrew Macnab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024429/top-10-undergraduate-medical-students-had-not-all-attended-lectures
#16
Aye Aye Khine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024427/twelve-tips-on-how-to-establish-a-new-undergraduate-firm-on-a-critical-care-unit
#17
Nasser Khan, Keiarash Jovestani, Craig Spencer, Raymond Man, Mark Pugh, Alexander Woywodt
BACKGROUND: Little is known about undergraduate teaching in critical care unit (CrCU) and many undergraduate curricula lack placements in CrCU. AIMS: To describe how our CrCU succeeded in developing a novel placement for Year 3 undergraduate medical students. METHODS: Particular emphasis was placed on a robust timetable incorporating a variety of activities, a dedicated and thorough induction, and a mix of teaching methods such as formal and informal, consultant-led, and skills...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019136/causes-of-resident-lapses-in-professional-conduct-during-the-training-a-qualitative-study-on-the-perspectives-of-residents
#18
Hyung-Joo Chang, Young-Mee Lee, Young-Hee Lee, Hyo-Jin Kwon
BACKGROUND: The residency is a critical period for doctors to establish their professional identity and ethical standards, and yet during this time, residents are susceptible to engage in a diverse range of unprofessional behaviors. To prevent the misconduct of residents, it is critical to have a thorough understanding of the contributing factors or circumstances. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study on 20 residents at one Korean university-affiliated tertiary hospital...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019135/developing-a-competency-framework-for-academic-physicians
#19
Lina Daouk-Öyry, Ghazi Zaatari, Tina Sahakian, Boushra Rahal Alameh, Nabil Mansour
BACKGROUND: There is a mismatch between the requirements of the multifaceted role of academic physicians and their education. Medical institutions use faculty development initiatives to support their junior academic physicians, however, these rarely revolve around academic physician competencies. The aim of this study was to identify these academic physician competencies and develop a competency framework customized to an organizational context. METHODS: The authors conducted semi-structured interviews and Critical Incident Technique with 25 academic physicians at a teaching medical center in the Middle East region inquiring about the behaviors of academic physicians in teaching, clinical, research, and administrative roles...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#20
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
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