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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995303/public-libraries-a-community-level-resource-to-advance-population-health
#1
REVIEW
Morgan M Philbin, Caroline M Parker, Mary Grace Flaherty, Jennifer S Hirsch
Policy makers and public health practitioners rarely consider public libraries to be part of the health system, even though they possess several characteristics that suggest unrealized potential to advance population health. This scoping review uses an adapted social determinants framework to categorize current health-related work conducted by public libraries in the United States and to discuss libraries' potential as 'meso-level' community resources to improve population health. Our discussion of libraries contributes to scholarship on place-based health disparities, by emphasizing the potential impact of institutions that are modifiable through social policy-e...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982938/knowledge-of-hepatitis-c-risk-factors-is-lower-in-high-incidence-regions
#2
Terry Knick, Jacqueline E Sherbuk, Rebecca Dillingham
Despite ambitious goals to eliminate hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the United States by 2030, the majority of those infected are not aware of their diagnosis, and only a small minority have been cured. A lack of knowledge regarding risk factors and treatment may contribute to low cure rates. We aimed to evaluate HCV knowledge and the association of risk factor knowledge with HCV incidence. In fall 2017, a survey regarding HCV knowledge was disseminated through social media, web link, and in person throughout the state of Virginia...
July 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974383/correction-to-introducing-students-of-color-to-health-sciences-research-an-evaluation-of-the-health-disparities-summer-internship-program
#3
Nicole A McLean, Marilyn Fraser, Nicole A Primus, Michael A Joseph
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
July 4, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961186/factors-associated-with-college-women-s-personal-and-parental-decisions-to-be-vaccinated-against-hpv
#4
Brittany L Rosen, James M Bishop, Skye McDonald, Kelly L Wilson, Matthew Lee Smith
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a public health concern because of its association with cancer. HPV vaccine rates among college students remains low. This is a critical catch-up age for individuals to receive the HPV vaccine and research shows parents still play a role in college students' medical decision-making. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine factors related to college women making a solo decision to initiate the HPV vaccination in comparison to making a joint parent-daughter decision...
June 30, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938368/a-community-needs-assessment-of-urban-utah-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#5
Tazlina R Mannix, Sharon D Austin, Jami L Baayd, Sara E Simonsen
The needs of Urban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations are often not well understood. In order to inform programs and services, the Urban Indian Center of Salt Lake (UIC-SL), in cooperation with researchers from the University of Utah, undertook a community needs assessment of AI/AN living along Utah's Wasatch Front. A 60-item questionnaire was developed to capture information about health status, services used, unmet needs, and common sources of information about AI/AN community events and activities...
June 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936641/factors-influencing-health-service-utilization-among-asian-immigrant-nail-salon-workers-in-the-greater-new-york-city-area
#6
Jin Young Seo, Ying-Yu Chao, Ka Man Yeung, Shiela M Strauss
Most nail salon workers in the greater New York City area are Asian immigrant women. They are exposed daily to potentially toxic chemicals and hazards in their workplace, making them more vulnerable for possible health problems. The study's primary purpose was to identify factors influencing past year healthcare utilization among Asian immigrant women working in nail salons. A cross-sectional study was conducted based on a modification of Andersen's behavioral model of healthcare utilization in which 148 Korean and Chinese immigrant women currently working in nail salons were surveyed...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926272/perceived-stress-and-social-support-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-women-in-a-community-based-health-promotion-program
#7
Yolene Gousse, Denise Bruno, Michael A Joseph, Aimee Afable, Mardge H Cohen, Kathleen M Weber, Joel Milam, Rebecca M Schwartz
Stress is associated with poor mental and physical health outcomes. In the United States (U.S.), little is known about perceived stress and associated factors among HIV-infected and immigrant women. Here, we examine these associations within a sample of 305 HIV-infected and uninfected, U.S.-born and non-U.S.-born women who were part of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) at three sites (New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles). Perceived stress was measured using the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10); HIV infection was serologically confirmed, and nativity status was self-reported...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926271/addressing-health-insurance-literacy-gaps-in-an-urban-african-american-population-a-qualitative-study
#8
Nida M Ali, Ryan M Combs, Baraka Muvuka, Suur D Ayangeakaa
Health insurance and health systems literacy needs are evolving with changes to the U.S. healthcare system. Following the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, many residents in West Louisville, Kentucky, a predominantly African American community, gained health insurance coverage for the first time. A qualitative study was conducted to assess residents' health insurance and health systems needs and to identify ways of assisting residents with navigating the healthcare system and utilizing their health insurance coverage...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922993/poor-knowledge-of-human-papilloma-virus-and-vaccination-among-respondents-from-three-nigerian-states
#9
Angela O Eni, Mojisola G Soluade, Oghenevwairhe P Efekemo, Titilayo T Igwe, Olabode A Onile-Ere
The aim of this study was to assess the levels of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and vaccination awareness among members of the general population across three Nigerian States. A descriptive cross-sectional study among 758 persons selected by convenience sampling was conducted from March to July 2016. Structured questionnaires were administered to consenting participants and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods in SPSS V20. Awareness to HPV infection and vaccination was very low at 1...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922992/hpv-misconceptions-among-college-students-the-role-of-health-literacy
#10
Amy E Albright, Rebecca S Allen
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is currently the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States, with potentially serious health consequences, including cervical cancer. Young adults are particularly at risk of infection, but many remain unvaccinated. Low health literacy may contribute to poor knowledge of HPV and lack of vaccine uptake, and women living in the Southeastern United States are particularly at risk for lower vaccination rates and cervical cancer screening adherence. Three-hundred-sixty undergraduates at a Southeastern U...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948526/barriers-to-care-in-chinese-immigrants-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-focus-group-study-in-new-york-city
#11
Umut Sarpel, Xiaoxiao Huang, Charlotte Austin, Francesca Gany
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rising sharply in the United States and deaths from HCC have increased at the highest rate of all cancers. Though Asians have the highest incidence of HCC of all ethnicities in the US, racial/ethnic minorities, including Asians, have worse survival from HCC. We sought to identify barriers to care in treatment of HCC among affected individuals in the NYC Chinese immigrant community. We held focus groups with Chinese immigrant patients in NYC with HCC. 29 individuals participated in the focus groups...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948525/south-asian-cardiovascular-disease-cancer-risk-genetics-pathophysiology
#12
Latha Palaniappan, Arun Garg, Enas Enas, Henrietta Lewis, Sehrish Bari, Martha Gulati, Cristina Flores, Ashish Mathur, Cesar Molina, Jagat Narula, Shahid Rahman, Jennifer Leng, Francesca Gany
South Asians (SAs) are at heightened risk for cardiovascular disease as compared to other ethnic groups, facing premature and more severe coronary artery disease, and decreased insulin sensitivity. This disease burden can only be partially explained by conventional risk factors, suggesting the need for a specific cardiovascular risk profile for SAs. Current research, as explored through a comprehensive literature review, suggests the existence of population specific genetic risk factors such as lipoprotein(a), as well as population specific gene modulating factors...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948524/pit-latrines-a-noninvasive-sampling-strategy-to-assess-fecal-pathogen-occurrence-in-low-resource-communities
#13
Nathaniel LaHue, Kathleen A Alexander
Limited understanding of disease in low resource communities continues to hamper improvements in health. We evaluated household pit latrine sampling as a non-invasive approach to investigate important fecal pathogens such as Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium spp. in impoverished communities where health-seeking behavior limits the sensitivity of health facility-based surveillance. Fecal samples were collected from pit latrines in randomly selected households and from patients presenting to the only hospital in the region during the same time periods...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882181/correction-to-formative-research-on-knowledge-and-preferences-for-stool-based-tests-compared-to-colonoscopy-what-patients-and-providers-think
#14
John S Luque, Kristin Wallace, Bridgette F Blankenship, Lydia G Roos, Franklin G Berger, Nancy R LaPelle, Cathy L Melvin
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. There is a typo in the coauthor name, it should be Franklin G. Berger.
June 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876788/comparing-health-related-quality-of-life-among-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-different-plans-of-treatment-egypt
#15
Eman M Mortada, Reham A Salem, Omnia S Elseifi, Osama M Khalil
The increased survival of breast cancer (BC) patients by earlier detection and improved treatment outcomes together with younger age at diagnosis, raised the concerns about Quality Of Life among survivors, suffering from treatment side effects. To measure QOL among BC Egyptian females, then to compare HRQOL scores in BC patients receiving different lines of treatment. A comparative cross-sectional study on a sample 142 BC survivor receiving different lines of treatment, using EORTC QLQ-C30, and a BC-specific scale (QLQBR23 scale)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846861/community-health-worker-employer-survey-perspectives-on-chw-workforce-development-in-the-midwest
#16
Virginia Chaidez, Angela L Palmer-Wackerly, Kate E Trout
A statewide Community Health Worker Employer Survey was administered to various clinical, community, and faith-based organizations (n = 240) across a range of rural and urban settings in the Midwest. At least 80% of participants agreed or strongly agreed that items characterized as supervisory support were present in their work environment. Thirty-six percent of respondents currently employed CHWs, over half (51%) of survey respondents reported seeing the need to hire/work with more CHWs, and 44% saw the need for CHWs increasing in the future...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846860/examining-hepatitis-a-and-b-vaccination-and-hbv-reactivation-monitoring-during-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-for-hepatitis-c
#17
John Davison, Amy O'Shea, Nancee Waterbury, Yolanda Villalvazo
The objective of this study was to examine Hepatitis A (HAV) and Hepatitis B (HBV) screening, and the risk of HBV reactivation during Hepatitis C (HCV) therapy with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). A retrospective chart review was performed of patients treated with second generation DAA therapy from January 2014 to September 2016 at the Iowa City VA Healthcare System. In total 409 patients initiated HCV treatment, 308 (75%) and 241 (59%) were HAV and HBV vaccine eligible, respectively. Among those, 24 (8%) received a HAV vaccine, while only 20 (8%) received a HBV vaccine...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808445/assessing-disparities-in-the-rates-of-hcv-diagnoses-within-american-indian-or-alaska-native-populations-served-by-the-u-s-indian-health-service-2005-2015
#18
Brigg Reilley, Jessica Leston, Mona Doshani, Dana L Haberling, Marissa Person, Thomas Weiser, Melissa Collier, Jonathan Iralu, Jorge Mera, Rick Haverkate
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) disproportionately affects American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). The Indian Health Service (IHS), via federal and tribal health facilities provides medical services to an estimated 2.2 million AI/AN people in the United States. HCV diagnoses, defined by International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes, were analyzed from 2005 to 2015. Results showed 29,803 patients with an HCV diagnosis; 53.4% were among persons born 1945-1965 and overall HCV burden was higher among males than females...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796786/missed-opportunities-for-hiv-testing-among-std-clinic-patients
#19
Sharleen M Traynor, Lisa Rosen-Metsch, Daniel J Feaster
Current HIV testing guidelines recommend that all adolescents and adults aged 13-64 be routinely screened for HIV in healthcare settings. Sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic patients represent a population at increased risk for HIV, justifying more frequent risk assessment and testing. This analysis describes missed opportunities for HIV testing among a sample of STD clinic patients to identify areas where HIV testing services may be improved. Secondary analysis was conducted using data from Project AWARE, a randomized trial of 5012 adult patients from 9 STD clinics in the United States, enrolled April-December 2010...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785704/the-role-of-adolescent-victimization-in-energy-drink-consumption-monitoring-the-future-2010-2016
#20
Dylan B Jackson, Wanda E Leal, Chad Posick, Michael G Vaughn, Myrah Olivan
Energy drinks have been linked to a number of deleterious health outcomes among youth. Even so, the underlying risk factors for energy drink consumption among youth are less frequently examined. The present study examines the link between adolescent victimization experiences (i.e., property and violent victimization) and energy drink consumption among a nationally representative sample of adolescents. We employed the seven most recent cohorts (2010-2016) from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) study. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to acquire the U...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
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