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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138957/the-most-important-recommended-times-of-hand-washing-with-soap-and-water-in-preventing-the-occurrence-of-acute-diarrhea-among-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Girmay Medhin, Helmut Kloos
Adequate hand washing with soap at five recommended times is particularly important in urban slums in developing countries, but which of the recommended times are the most important in the prevention of diarrhea among children under five years of age living in these areas remains unclear. To address this gap, a community-based cross-sectional study was undertaken in the slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between September and November 2014. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire and an observational checklist...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134297/community-based-efforts-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-women-living-in-vulnerable-communities
#2
Laurie Lachance, R Patrick Kelly, Margaret Wilkin, Jodi Burke, Sandra Waddell
Social determinants of health likely play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes for women in vulnerable communities. Adult African American women diagnosed with or at-risk for diabetes in Inkster, Michigan (n = 113) and a group of demographically similar women in Flint, Michigan (n = 48) participated in programs aimed at increasing diabetes-related self-management behaviors through peer coaching, health literacy training, and social support. Participants completed surveys to measure changes in health, health behaviors, health literacy, and social support...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129036/-top-performing-us-hospitals-and-the-health-status-of-counties-they-serve
#3
Amber M Maraccini, Wei Yang, Anthony D Slonim
This study (a) examined the relationships between "top performing" US hospitals and the health status of counties they serve and (b) compared the health status of "top performing" US hospital counties versus that of remaining US counties. Statistical analyses considered US News and World Report Honor Roll ranking data, as a measure of hospital performance, and County Health Rankings (CHR) data, as a measure of county health status. "Top performing" hospital Honor Roll scores were correlated with measures of Clinical Care (p < 0...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129035/trends-and-factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-and-infant-sleep-practices-in-georgia
#4
Trina C Salm Ward, Florence A Kanu, Alex K Anderson
Breastfeeding benefits both infant and mother, including reducing the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). To further reduce risk of SIDS, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants sleep on their backs on a separate sleep surface. Our objective was to describe trends and factors associated with breastfeeding and infant sleep practices in Georgia. Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System 2004-2013 data were obtained from the Georgia Department of Public Health. Chi square tests for trends were utilized to determine whether there were significant linear trends in breastfeeding and infant sleep overtime and by survey phase...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129034/best-practices-in-global-health-practicums-recommendations-from-the-association-of-pacific-rim-universities
#5
Mellissa Withers, Mu Li, Giselle Manalo, Senice So, Heather Wipfli, Hoon Eng Khoo, Joseph Tsung-Shu Wu, Hsien-Ho Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129033/infant-safe-sleep-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-obstetric-physicians
#6
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
Obstetricians may be a pregnant woman's primary professional source of information about her infant prior to the birth, but infant safe sleep knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of this population are unknown. This study explores obstetric physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and infant safe sleep and identifies barriers as well as enabling and/or reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal environment. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with obstetric physicians who provide prenatal healthcare to women in Ohio...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129032/needlestick-injuries-among-emergency-medical-services-providers-in-urban-and-rural-areas
#7
Riyadh A Alhazmi, R David Parker, Sijin Wen
Through this study, we assessed the knowledge of EMS providers regarding needle stick injuries (NSIs) and examined differences by demographics. This cross-sectional study used a random sample of certified EMS providers in West Virginia. The survey consists of three sections: socio-demographic characteristics, whether or not got NSIs in the past 12 months, whether or not received needle stick training before. A total of 248 out of 522 (47.31%) EMS providers completed the survey. The majority of EMS providers (81...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071569/a-community-based-street-team-tobacco-cessation-intervention-by-and-for-youth-and-young-adults
#8
Anne Saw, Crystal N Steltenpohl, Kimberly Bankston-Lee, Elisa K Tong
Most tobacco users initiate use as youth or young adults. To promote tobacco cessation for this group and encourage non-users' engagement in tobacco control efforts, a community-based organization developed a "Street Team" brief outreach intervention that enlisted youth and young adults to encourage their peers to stop tobacco use through a brief intervention. Street Team members provided education, a Quit Kit, and referrals to cessation resources at a total of 27 community events over a four-year period. Tobacco users (n = 279) completed assessments of tobacco use, quit intention, and quit self-efficacy at baseline...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071568/urban-and-rural-adolescents-points-of-access-for-alcohol-and-tobacco
#9
Ronald D Williams, Jeff M Housman, Jennifer L Evans, James M Bishop, Veronica Ray
The purpose of this study was to examine alcohol and tobacco access points among a sample of rural and urban youth. Through collaboration with four regional school districts, a local drug prevention coalition administered a survey to a sample of 445 youth representing 30 different communities in a central U.S. region. The survey items included demographics, 30-day use measures, and questions about points-of-access for alcohol and tobacco. Results showed no differences among points-of-access between urban and rural youth...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027053/public-health-considerations-associated-with-the-location-and-operation-of-off-leash-dog-parks
#10
REVIEW
Tissa Rahim, Pablo Romero Barrios, Geoffrey McKee, Melissa McLaws, Tom Kosatsky
Off-leash dog parks may enhance human health, but may also lead to health risk through infection or canine aggression. Published evidence was reviewed to examine positive and negative public health impacts of off-leash dog parks, as well as strategies for enhancing benefits and mitigating risks. Evidence suggests that off-leash dog parks can benefit physical and social health, as well as community connectedness. While studies have documented shedding of zoonotic agents in dog parks, the risk of transmission to humans is relatively unknown...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988298/is-there-a-return-on-a-children-s-hospital-s-investment-in-a-pediatric-residency-s-community-health-track-a-cost-analysis
#11
Cara Lichtenstein, Denice Cora-Bramble, Mary Ottolini, Dewesh Agrawal
Academic Medical Centers incur significant expenses associated with training residents and caring for underserved populations. No previous studies have analyzed hospital-level graduate medical education economics for pediatric residency training. Using data from the 2010-2011 academic year, we quantified total direct costs per year for training 12 community health track (CHT) residents. Utilizing sensitivity analyses, we estimated revenues generated by residents in inpatient and outpatient settings. The total yearly direct cost of training 12 CHT residents was $922,640 including salaries, benefits, and administrative costs...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975501/understanding-factors-that-influence-health-care-utilization-among-mixtec-and-zapotec-women-in-a-farmworker-community-in-california
#12
Annette E Maxwell, Sandra Young, Emily Moe, Roshan Bastani, Emily Wentzell
This paper examines health care utilization among indigenous immigrants from Oaxaca, Mexico, who have settled in a farmworker community in southern California. In 2016, two trained Spanish-Mixteco and Spanish-Zapoteco bi-lingual interviewers conducted in-depth interviews with 44 indigenous women residing in Oxnard, California on issues that affect health care utilization. Interviews were conducted in Mixteco, Zapoteco and Spanish and were coded to identify structural, cultural, and provider-related barriers to health care utilization...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975483/characteristics-associated-with-smoking-among-patrons-of-three-philadelphia-parks
#13
Russell K McIntire, David Singer, Brittany DiVito, Vincent Basile, Melissa DiCarlo, Eileen German, Colleen Payton
To create healthy public spaces, Philadelphia prohibits smoking in city-owned and operated parks. Identifying the prevalence and characteristics of smoking in Philadelphia Parks would be useful for monitoring purposes; yet no studies have collected this data. This study identified the prevalence and characteristics of smoking among adult patrons entering three Philadelphia Parks (Washington Square Park, Independence Square Park, and Louis Kahn Park). During May and June 2016, we observed patrons entering the parks on Thursday afternoons...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965288/violence-related-behaviors-and-weapon-carrying-among-hispanic-adolescents-results-from-the-national-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2001-2015
#14
Jagdish Khubchandani, James H Price
Hispanic youths are disproportionately represented in gangs in the United States, are more likely to drink alcohol at younger ages, and to live in poverty; all are risks for violence and weapon carrying. No studies to date have assessed violence related behaviors and weapon carrying in Hispanic youth over an extended period. This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys from 2001 to 2015 to assess trends in violence related behaviors and weapon carrying of Hispanic adolescents. Our analyses found both physical fighting and fighting on school property had statistically significant reductions from 2001 to 2015 for Hispanic females and their suicide attempts increased from 2009 to 2015...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956220/establishing-the-prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-hair-salon-clients
#15
Rebecca F Beebe, Susan C DiVietro, Maureen Dunn, Kathryn Bentivegna, Meghan E Clough, Garry D Lapidus, D'Andrea K Joseph
This study determined prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization among female clients at three hair salons in Connecticut using an anonymous tablet based screening tool. While many may assume that women receive services at hair salons, victims of IPV are often isolated by their partners and unable to access help. Of the 203 clients who participated, 40 (20%) had experienced IPV in her lifetime. In identifying the prevalence of IPV within the salon setting, this study provides support for community-based programs and supports their legitimacy as an important locus for identifying women experiencing IPV and connecting them to resources...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939936/a-descriptive-study-of-work-ability-and-health-problems-among-brazilian-recyclable-waste-pickers
#16
Nívia Cecília Kruta de Araújo, Tatiana de Oliveira Sato
To describe the work ability and health problems among Brazilian recyclable waste pickers. Sixty-one workers answered questionnaires related to the work ability (Work Ability Index-WAI), musculoskeletal problems (Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire-NMQ), low back related disability (Roland Morris Questionnaire-RMQ), physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-IPAQ), smoking (Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence-FTND), and alcohol use (The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929402/characteristics-of-laws-requiring-physicians-to-report-patient-information-for-public-health-surveillance-notable-patterns-from-a-nevada-case-study
#17
Maxim Gakh, Brian Labus, Brittany Walker
Laws across the globe require healthcare providers to disclose patient health information to public health entities for surveillance and intervention purposes. Physicians play a unique role in such mandatory reporting regimes. However, research reveals consistent under-reporting and points to limited knowledge of mandates, perceived burdens of reporting, misaligned incentives and penalties, and a lack of streamlined processes as significant reporting barriers. These barriers suggest that how legal mandates are structured may impact compliance; yet little research systematically examines their characteristics...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929318/monitoring-and-evaluating-the-ebola-response-effort-in-two-liberian-communities
#18
Davison Munodawafa, Matshidiso Rebecca Moeti, Peter Malekele Phori, Stephen B Fawcett, Ithar Hassaballa, Charles Sepers, Florence DiGennaro Reed, Jerry A Schultz, Ephraim Tafadzwa Chiriseri
Although credited with ultimately reducing incidence of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa, little is known about the amount and kind of Ebola response activities associated with reducing the incidence of EVD. Our team monitored Ebola response activities and associated effects in two rural counties in Liberia highly affected by Ebola. We used a participatory monitoring and evaluation system, and drew upon key informant interviews and document review, to systematically capture, code, characterize, and communicate patterns in Ebola response activities...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924725/hiv-viral-suppression-37-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-2014
#19
Kristen L Hess, H Irene Hall
Achieving viral suppression among HIV-positive persons is a critical component of HIV treatment and prevention, because it leads to improved health outcomes for the individual and reduced risk of HIV transmission. There is wide variation in viral suppression across jurisdictions, races/ethnicities, age groups, and transmission risk groups. This analysis uses HIV surveillance data to examine rates of viral suppression among people living with diagnosed HIV (PLWDH) in 38 jurisdictions with complete lab reporting...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905156/cultural-factors-relevant-to-korean-americans-in-health-research-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Jeongha Sim
To eliminate health disparities in the United States, identifying cultural contexts salient to the target populations in an intervention study is critical; however, little research has been conducted on the identification of cultural contexts among Korean Americans who have significant risk factors for chronic diseases. This systematic review identifies critical cultural contexts central to the literature discussed in health research on Korean Americans. We examined 14 research reports of 801 potentially eligible articles published between 2000 and 2016 and analyzed their contribution to cultural contexts among Korean Americans based on the PEN-3 model...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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