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Journal of Community Health

Nívia Cecília Kruta de Araújo, Tatiana de Oliveira Sato
To describe the work ability and health problems among Brazilian recyclable waste pickers. Sixty-one workers answered questionnaires related to the work ability (Work Ability Index-WAI), musculoskeletal problems (Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire-NMQ), low back related disability (Roland Morris Questionnaire-RMQ), physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-IPAQ), smoking (Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence-FTND), and alcohol use (The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT)...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Maxim Gakh, Brian Labus, Brittany Walker
Laws across the globe require healthcare providers to disclose patient health information to public health entities for surveillance and intervention purposes. Physicians play a unique role in such mandatory reporting regimes. However, research reveals consistent under-reporting and points to limited knowledge of mandates, perceived burdens of reporting, misaligned incentives and penalties, and a lack of streamlined processes as significant reporting barriers. These barriers suggest that how legal mandates are structured may impact compliance; yet little research systematically examines their characteristics...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Davison Munodawafa, Matshidiso Rebecca Moeti, Peter Malekele Phori, Stephen B Fawcett, Ithar Hassaballa, Charles Sepers, Florence DiGennaro Reed, Jerry A Schultz, Ephraim Tafadzwa Chiriseri
Although credited with ultimately reducing incidence of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa, little is known about the amount and kind of Ebola response activities associated with reducing the incidence of EVD. Our team monitored Ebola response activities and associated effects in two rural counties in Liberia highly affected by Ebola. We used a participatory monitoring and evaluation system, and drew upon key informant interviews and document review, to systematically capture, code, characterize, and communicate patterns in Ebola response activities...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Kristen L Hess, H Irene Hall
Achieving viral suppression among HIV-positive persons is a critical component of HIV treatment and prevention, because it leads to improved health outcomes for the individual and reduced risk of HIV transmission. There is wide variation in viral suppression across jurisdictions, races/ethnicities, age groups, and transmission risk groups. This analysis uses HIV surveillance data to examine rates of viral suppression among people living with diagnosed HIV (PLWDH) in 38 jurisdictions with complete lab reporting...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Jeongha Sim
To eliminate health disparities in the United States, identifying cultural contexts salient to the target populations in an intervention study is critical; however, little research has been conducted on the identification of cultural contexts among Korean Americans who have significant risk factors for chronic diseases. This systematic review identifies critical cultural contexts central to the literature discussed in health research on Korean Americans. We examined 14 research reports of 801 potentially eligible articles published between 2000 and 2016 and analyzed their contribution to cultural contexts among Korean Americans based on the PEN-3 model...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Anne Berit Petersen, Holly C Stewart, Jon Walters, Maya Vijayaraghavan
Smoke-free policies effectively reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among non-smokers, and reduce consumption, encourage quit attempts, and minimize relapse to smoking among smokers. Such policies are uncommon in permanent supportive housing (PSH) for formerly homeless individuals. In this study, we collaborated with a PSH provider in San Diego, California to assess a smoke-free policy that restricted indoor smoking. Between August and November 2015, residents completed a pre-policy questionnaire on attitudes toward smoke-free policies and exposure to secondhand smoke, and then 7-9 months after policy implementation residents were re-surveyed...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Elizabeth Radcliff, Nathan Hale, Jennifer Browder, Claudia Cartledge
In 2013, South Carolina implemented a multi-year program providing support services for pregnant and parenting teens. Local lead sites were responsible for coordinating service delivery in partnership with other multidisciplinary community-based organizations. We used social network theory and analyses (SNA) to examine changes in partnerships over time. Using two-stage purposeful sampling, we identified three lead sites and their self-reported community partners. We administered two web-based surveys grounded in social network theory that included questions about partnership relationships and organizational characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Julie George, Melissa MacLeod, Kathryn Graham, Sara Plain, Sharon Bernards, Samantha Wells
Colonization has negatively impacted Canada's Aboriginal people, with one of the consequences being loss of traditional knowledge, beliefs and practices, including traditional healing practices. In a study of two Ontario First Nations, the objectives of this research were to examine: (1) the extent of use of traditional healing practices, including traditional medicines and healers; (2) factors associated with their use and people's desire to use them; and (3) reasons for not using them among those who want to use them, but currently do not...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Hongmei Wang, Abbey Gregg, Fang Qiu, Jungyoon Kim, Baojiang Chen, Neng Wan, Dejun Su, Tzeyu Michaud, Li-Wu Chen
Not all women 50-74 years received biennial mammography and the situation is worse in rural areas. Accountable care organizations (ACO) emphasize coordinated care, use of electronic health system, and preventive quality measures and these practices may improve their patients' breast cancer screening rate. Using medical record data of 8,347 women patients aged 50-74 years from eight rural ACO clinics in Nebraska, this study examined patient-, provider-, and county-level barriers and facilitators for breast cancer screening...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Melanie L Kornides, William A Calo, Jennifer A Heisler-MacKinnon, Melissa B Gilkey
Changes in the routine immunization schedule are common and may pose challenges to primary care clinics. We sought to assess the experiences of U.S. providers and clinic staff during the introduction of 9-valent HPV vaccine. In 2015-2016, we conducted a survey in a probability sample of 127 pediatric (40%) and family medicine (60%) clinics in three U.S. states. The 211 respondents included clinicians (63%) and staff (37%). Overall, 83% of clinics stocked 9-valent HPV vaccine, with adoption ranging from 60% among early respondents to 100% among later respondents...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Haley M Klassing, Janelle F Ruisinger, Emily S Prohaska, Brittany L Melton
To determine if pharmacy-initiated interventions improved the rate of influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations in adult patients with asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Adult patients who filled prescriptions at one of three community pharmacies, who had a dispensing history indicative of an asthma and/or COPD diagnosis were randomized to receive a personal phone call or standardized mailed letter recommending influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations, or control with no vaccination information...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Kyle R Fischer, Henry Schwimmer, Jonathan Purtle, Daniel Roman, Shannon Cosgrove, J J Current, Michael B Greene
The emergence of evidence-supported interventions allows hospitals the opportunity to reduce future reinjury among patients who are violently injured. However, hospital knowledge of these interventions and their perceived role in violence prevention is unknown. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act created new legal requirements for non-profit hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments (CHNA) every three years to maintain not-for-profit status. In turn, this allows an empiric evaluation of hospital recognition and response to community violence...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Sarah Cercone Heavey, Alan M Delmerico, Gale Burstein, Cheryll Moore, William F Wieczorek, R Lorraine Collins, Yu-Ping Chang, Gregory G Homish
Recently implemented New York State policy allows police and fire to administer intranasal naloxone when responding to opioid overdoses. This work describes the geographic distribution of naloxone administration (NlxnA) by police and fire when responding to opioid overdoses in Erie County, NY, an area of approximately 920,000 people including the City of Buffalo. Data are from opioid overdose reports (N = 800) filed with the Erie County Department of Health (July 2014-June 2016) by police/fire and include the overdose ZIP code, reported drug(s) used, and NlxnA...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Minal Patel, Ritesh Mistry, Annette E Maxwell, Hozefa A Divan, William J McCarthy
California's tobacco control program contracted for tobacco use surveillance of Asian Indian Americans to address the paucity of information about tobacco use in this community, given their growing proportion of California's population. This study examined correlates of conventional (CTU) and Asian Indian traditional tobacco use (TTU) in a population-based sample of predominantly immigrant Asian Indian adults residing in California (N = 3228). The analytic sample (n = 2140) was limited to self-identified immigrants from India...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Anna Ramsbottom, Eleanor O'Brien, Lucrezio Ciotti, Judit Takacs
Public health emergency preparedness (PHEP) all too often focusses only on institutional capabilities, including their technical expertise and political influence, while overlooking community capabilities. However, the success of institutional emergency preparedness plans depends upon communities and institutions working together to ensure successful anticipation, response and recovery. Broader community engagement is therefore recommended worldwide. This literature review was carried out to identify enablers and barriers to community and institutional synergies in emergency preparedness...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Erika L Thompson, Helen Mahony, Charlotte Noble, Wei Wang, Robert Ziemba, Markku Malmi, Sarah B Maness, Eric R Walsh-Buhi, Ellen M Daley
The national teen birth rate is higher in rural compared to urban areas. While national data suggest rural areas may present higher risk for adverse sexual health outcomes among adolescents, it is unknown whether there are differences within the state of Florida. Overall, Florida has poorer sexual health indicators for adolescents compared to national rates. The purpose of this study was to assess differences in sexual behaviors among Florida adolescents by rural-urban community location. This study includes baseline data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in Florida high schools...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Kristen Sessions, Amal Hassan, Thomas G McLeod, Mark L Wieland
Free clinics provide care to over 1.8 million people in the United States every year and are a valuable safety net for uninsured and underinsured patients. The Affordable Care Act has resulted in millions of newly insured Americans, yet there is continued demand for healthcare at free clinics. In this study, we assessed health insurance status and eligibility among 489 patients who visited a free clinic in 2016. Eighty-seven percent of patients seen were uninsured, 53.1% of whom were eligible for health insurance (Medicaid or subsidized insurance premiums)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Pamela C Hull, Lauren Duke, Stephania T Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
Zelalem T Haile, Caroline Kingori, Bhakti Chavan, John Francescon, Asli K Teweldeberhan
Women residing in Eastern Africa are disproportionately affected by cervical cancer. Previous studies have identified risky sexual behavior as a major risk factor for cervical cancer. However, population-based studies examining the relationship between sexual behavior and cervical cancer screening are currently lacking. This descriptive cross-sectional study utilized nationally representative secondary data from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (n = 6104) to examine the association between risky sexual behavior and cervical cancer screening among sexually active women...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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