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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421427/community-violence-exposure-and-risk-taking-behaviors-among-black-emerging-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Robert Motley, Whitney Sewell, Yu-Chih Chen
Black emerging adults ages 18-29, particularly those residing in predominantly black urban communities, are at risk for community violence exposure (CVE). This potentially traumatic event may induce traumatic stress reactions for black emerging adults that contribute to their engagement in violence perpetration, substance use and/or sexual risk-taking behaviors as a way to cope with their experiences. To address these identified concerns and make recommendations for future research, this article identifies and synthesizes results from studies that have examined CVE and its association with violence perpetration, substance use, and sexual risk-taking behaviors among black emerging adults...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421426/decision-making-preferences-among-older-hispanics-participating-in-a-colorectal-cancer-crc-screening-program
#2
Jennifer C Molokwu, Eribeth Penaranda, Navkiran Shokar
Shared decision making has been shown to improve patients experience and satisfaction with care within the health care setting but it is not clear that all patients want to play an active role in health care decisions. The aim of this study is to describe general decision control preferences among a predominantly Spanish speaking Hispanic population. This is a cross-sectional study using the Control Preference Scale to assess decision-making preference. A total of 780 subjects completed the survey (response rate 89...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#3
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417434/characterizing-rural-food-access-in-remote-areas
#4
Chris J Bardenhagen, Courtney A Pinard, Rich Pirog, Amy Lazarus Yaroch
Residents of rural areas may have limited access to healthy foods, leading to higher incidence of diet related health issues. Smaller grocers in rural areas experience challenges in maintaining fresh produce and other healthy foods available for customers. This study assessed the rural food environment in northeast Lower Michigan in order to inform healthy food financing projects such as the Michigan Good Food Fund. The area's retail food businesses were categorized using secondary licensing, business, and nutrition program databases...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417433/investigating-responses-to-food-insecurity-among-hiv-positive-people-in-resource-rich-settings-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
F H McKay, K Lippi, M Dunn
Many of the 36.7 million people living with HIV are also assumed to be food insecure. The implications of food insecurity in people living with HIV are significant, with food insecurity associated with an increased likelihood of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use, experiences of depression or depressive symptoms, poor adherence and delayed uptake of HIV medication, nutritional vulnerability leading to interference of medication, and the uptake of risky behaviours as a way to gain access to food resources...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417432/evaluating-community-measures-of-healthy-food-access
#6
Melissa L Santorelli, Janice O Okeke
Several community level measures of healthy food access exist, but evaluation efforts have been limited leaving uncertainty about how to prioritize communities for intervention. This study aimed to assess several existing measures to inform statewide public health planning efforts in New Jersey, USA. We assessed agreement between community measures of healthy food access and then evaluated the predictive validity of each measure by describing its association with complete fruit and vegetable cash-value voucher redemption (proportion redeemed ≥70, ≥80, ≥90%) among 30,078 low-income households participating in the New Jersey Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) during 2013-2014...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393294/improving-hpv-vaccination-through-a-diverse-multi-state-coalition
#7
Echo L Warner, Brynn Fowler, Laura Martel, Deanna Kepka
PURPOSE: Rural and highly religious Intermountain West states demonstrate low levels of HPV vaccination uptake. The Intermountain West HPV Vaccination Coalition (IWHVC) was formed to improve HPV vaccination by enhancing collaborations between cancer centers, health departments, health clinics, religious groups, and community organizations. Coalition members' perceptions and experiences are described within. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was distributed to the IWHVC...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391593/integrating-community-health-workers-chws-into-health-care-organizations
#8
Julianne Payne, Sima Razi, Kyle Emery, Westleigh Quattrone, Miriam Tardif-Douglin
Health care organizations increasingly employ community health workers (CHWs) to help address growing provider shortages, improve patient outcomes, and increase access to culturally sensitive care among traditionally inaccessible or disenfranchised patient populations. Scholarly interest in CHWs has grown in recent decades, but researchers tend to focus on how CHWs affect patient outcomes rather than whether and how CHWs fit into the existing health care workforce. This paper focuses on the factors that facilitate and impede the integration of the CHWs into health care organizations, and strategies that organizations and their staff develop to overcome barriers to CHW integration...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386706/residential-and-gps-defined-activity-space-neighborhood-noise-complaints-body-mass-index-and-blood-pressure-among-low-income-housing-residents-in-new-york-city
#9
Kosuke Tamura, Brian Elbel, Basile Chaix, Seann D Regan, Yazan A Al-Ajlouni, Jessica K Athens, Julie Meline, Dustin T Duncan
Little is known about how neighborhood noise influences cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among low-income populations. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between neighborhood noise complaints and body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) among low-income housing residents in New York City (NYC), including the use of global positioning system (GPS) data. Data came from the NYC Low-Income Housing, Neighborhoods and Health Study in 2014, including objectively measured BMI and BP data (N = 102, Black = 69%), and 1 week of GPS data...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382455/physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-access-what-influences-obesity-in-rural-children
#10
Colleen M Daly, Shelby J Foote, Danielle D Wadsworth
The purpose of this project was to determine the effect of diet, physical activity, and access to fruits, vegetables on weight status of children who reside in a low-income rural area. 153 3rd-6th graders were assessed for physical activity, sedentary behavior, fruit and vegetable consumption and access to physical activity, fruits and vegetables. Physical activity and sedentary behavior was objectively assessed via accelerometery. Fruit and vegetable consumption was assessed by direct observation and a recall questionnaire...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378113/evaluating-progress-in-radon-control-activities-for-lung-cancer-prevention-in-national-comprehensive-cancer-control-program-plans-2011-2015
#11
Pascal Acree, Mary Puckett, Antonio Neri
Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer among smokers and the leading cause among nonsmokers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP) funds every state, seven tribes, seven territories and the District of Columbia to develop formal cancer plans that focus efforts in cancer control. A 2010 review of cancer plans identified radon-related activities in 27 (42%) plans. Since then, 37 coalitions have updated their plans with new or revised cancer control objectives...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364319/purchases-made-with-a-fruit-and-vegetable-voucher-in-a-rural-mexican-heritage-community
#12
Meagan M Hanbury, Rosa Gomez-Camacho, Lucia Kaiser, Banafsheh Sadeghi, Adela de la Torre
Recent recommendations for US food assistance programs are intended to ensure foods provided through these programs help households consume a varied, healthful diet. From a policy viewpoint, it is important to examine the impact of economic incentives to purchase healthy foods across subpopulations, particularly low-income Latinos, who comprise 40% of the WIC program nationwide. Our aim was to determine how rural, Mexican-heritage households (N = 227) residing in California's Central Valley distributed fruit and vegetable (F/V) voucher spending among F/V subgroups and specific items over a 1-year period...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364318/reassessing-the-ecology-of-medical-care-in-japan
#13
Tsuguya Fukui, Mahbubur Rahman, Sachiko Ohde, Eri Hoshino, Takeshi Kimura, Kevin Y Urayama, Fumio Omata, Gautam A Deshpande, Osamu Takahashi
Studies on ecology of medical care can provide valuable information on how people seek healthcare in a specific geographic area. The objective of this study was to update a 2003 report on the ecology of medical care in Japan, identifying relevant changes in healthcare patterns. We collected information based on a prospective health diary recorded for a month in 2013 (n = 4548; 3787 adults and 797 children) using a population-weighted random sample from a nationally representative panel. We compared our overall and stratified findings with a similar study conducted in 2003...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364317/herbal-use-and-medical-pluralism-among-latinos-in-southern-california
#14
Nipher M Malika, Arti K Desai, Juan Carlos Belliard
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often used alongside conventional medical care, yet few patients disclose CAM use to medical doctors. Our objectives were to (1) assess Latino herbal use, (2) explore the most commonly used herbs for common ailments, and (3) examine patients' disclosure of herb use to their physicians. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 318 Latino patients seeking treatment at community health centers. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine the frequency of stated objectives among the participants...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353008/barriers-to-hepatitis-c-screening-in-a-minority-population-a-comparison-of-hepatitis-c-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-screening-rates-at-a-community-std-clinic-in-miami-florida
#15
Erica B Feldman, Raymond Balise, Eugene Schiff, Nicole Whitehead, Emmanuel Thomas
METHODS: 357 patients at a free STD clinic in Miami, FL were screened for HCV. Surveys were administered assessing risk factors for infectious disease transmission, and HCV and HIV screening history. RESULTS: 15.1% of participants had been screened for HCV before whereas 83.8% had been screened for HIV (n = 356). Of the patients previously screened for HCV (n = 54), 98.2% of these patients had previously been screened for HIV as well. CONCLUSION: This data shows the low prevalence of prior HCV screenings in a high-risk population in Miami, FL...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353007/clarifying-values-and-preferences-for-care-near-the-end-of-life-the-role-of-a-new-lay-workforce
#16
Debra K Litzelman, Thomas S Inui, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Anthony Perkins, Wilma J Griffin, Ann H Cottingham, Steven S Ivy
Community health workers (CHWs) can engage elderly persons in advance care planning (ACP) conversations. We report how trained CHWs used Go Wish cards (GW (R) cards) to identify patients' highest priority preferences and evaluated whether engaging in ACP conversations was associated with subsequent health care utilization. A one-year long, pre-post longitudinal design was used to evaluate our educational intervention using mixed-methods. 392 patients (mean of 73.3 years, 82% women, 48% African American, 43% Caucasian) enrolled in the Aging Brain Care (ABC) program and participated in ACP discussions with CHWs...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337577/native-american-vietnam-era-veterans-access-to-va-healthcare-vulnerability-and-resilience-in-two-montana-reservation-communities
#17
Carol J Ward, Michael R Cope, Lindsey Elmont
As a growing segment of the military, Native Americans are expected to increase enrollment in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare. Currently, 20% of Native American veterans are aged 65-74, which means they served during the Vietnam era. This study explores the experiences of rural American Indian veterans from two Montana reservations with accessing VA health services. Utilizing detailed data obtained in focus group and individual interviews, we examine the experiences, attitudes, barriers and needs of rural Vietnam-era veterans...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332066/cultural-variables-underlying-obesity-in-latino-men-design-rationale-and-participant-characteristics-from-the-latino-men-s-health-initiative
#18
Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen, Meredith Craven, Magdalena Nava, Angelica Alonso, Amanda Dykema-Engblade, Alfred Rademaker, Hui Xie
Overweight and obesity are associated with significant health problems and rates of obesity are high among Latino men. This paper describes the design, rationale and participant characteristics of the key demographic variables assessed in an NIH-funded study (R21-CA143636) addressing culture and several obesity-related variables (diet, physical activity, and body image) among Mexican and Puerto Rican men using a community-based participatory research framework. Participants completed objective measures (height, weight, body fat, hip, waist), a health and culture interview, a diet questionnaire, and used an accelerometer to measure their level of physical activity...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332065/practices-and-attitudes-of-missouri-school-nurses-regarding-immunization-records-and-select-immunizations-of-graduating-high-school-seniors
#19
Darson L Rhodes, Michele Draper, Kendra Woolman, Carol Cox
School nurses play a key role in maintaining a healthy student population, and one of their roles includes maintaining vaccination records. Further, they can play an important role in advocating for human papillomavirus (HPV) and meningococcal vaccination for students. All Missouri public high school nurses were sent an electronic survey addressing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding immunization records and HPV and meningococcal vaccination of high school seniors. Approximately 75% of nurses reported their schools did not have or they did not know if the school had a written policy regarding the release of vaccination records...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321649/adolescent-participation-in-hpv-vaccine-clinical-trials-are-parents-willing
#20
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Pamela C Hull, Lauren Duke, Stephania T Miller
Approximately one-quarter of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are acquired by adolescents, with a higher burden among racial/ethnic minorities. However, racial/ethnic minorities have been underrepresented in previous HPV vaccine trials. Ongoing and future HPV vaccine optimization trials would benefit from racially- and ethnically-diverse sample of adolescent trial participants. This study examined factors influencing parental willingness to consent to their adolescents' participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials and tested for possible racial differences...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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