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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238029/differences-in-perceived-severity-of-zika-virus-infection-and-dengue-fever-and-its-influence-on-mosquito-control-practices-in-malaysia
#1
Li Ping Wong, Haridah Alias, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, I-Ching Sam, Sazaly AbuBakar
The aims of this study were to explore the differences in (1) the perception of severity towards ZIKV infection and dengue fever, and (2) mosquito control practices before and after the ZIKV outbreak were declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Data were collected between February 2015 and May 2016 using a computer-assisted telephone interviewing system. The median scale score for perceived severity of ZIKV was 3 (interquartile range [IQR] 1-5) versus 4 (IQR 3-5) for dengue (P < 0...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229264/diabetes-outcome-and-process-measures-among-patients-who-require-language-interpreter-services-in-minnesota-primary-care-practices
#2
Jane W Njeru, Deborah H Boehm, Debra J Jacobson, Laura M Guzman-Corrales, Chun Fan, Scott Shimotsu, Mark L Wieland
Immigrants and refugees are less likely to meet diabetes management goals than the general US population. Those with limited English proficiency (LEP) and who need interpreter services (IS) for health care encounters, maybe at higher risk for encountering barriers to optimal diabetes management, and while most receive diabetes care in primary care settings, little is known about the association between IS need and diabetes outcomes. This study aims to determine adherence with diabetes process and outcomes measures among LEP patients in primary care settings, and is a retrospective cohort study of patients with type II diabetes at two large primary care networks in Minnesota from January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2013...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210915/determining-childhood-blood-lead-level-screening-compliance-among-physicians
#3
Amanda Haboush-Deloye, Erika R Marquez, Shawn L Gerstenberger
Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Programs throughout the U.S. have addressed childhood lead poisoning by implementing primary and secondary prevention efforts. While many programs have helped increase screening rates, in some states children under the age of six still have not been tested for lead. This study aims to identify the barriers to childhood blood lead testing and develop a strategy to increase the number of children tested. Clark County physicians who work with children six and under were surveyed about blood lead level (BLL) testing practices, particularly, adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines, and parental compliance with orders to have their children tested to determine their blood lead levels...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194680/parental-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-screening-and-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-youth-athletes
#4
Madison A Wagener, Alex B Diamond, Ashley Rowatt Karpinos
Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in youth athletes. Survival from out- of-hospital SCA depends on prompt initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED). This study evaluated parental knowledge, experience, and attitudes related to cardiovascular screening, SCA, and CPR/AED use in youth athletes and made comparisons between parents who are employed in healthcare and parents who are not employed in healthcare. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, experiences, and attitudes of 91 parents of youth athletes who attended a community-based cardiovascular screening event...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168395/barriers-to-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-racially-diverse-population-served-by-a-safety-net-clinic
#5
Elizabeth Nagelhout, Kristen Comarell, N Jewel Samadder, Yelena P Wu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US, yet screening rates remain low among minority populations. The purpose of the current study was to identify differences in the endorsement of barriers to CRC screening and to evaluate the association between provider recommendation and CRC screening adherence among Hispanic, Pacific Islander and White patients. This study utilized a cross sectional survey design to identify patient-reported barriers to CRC screening. Logistic regression was utilized to evaluate the association between patient demographic characteristics (race/ethnicity, gender, age), having received provider recommendation, and patient awareness of CRC screening...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168394/understanding-falls-risk-and-impacts-in-chinese-american-older-patients-at-a-community-health-center
#6
Susan Huang, Thomas Duong, Liss Ieong, Thu Quach
While falls are highly prevalent and costly for older adults, little is known about falls for Asian Americans. Using a custom, evidence-based, bilingual fall risk assessment and management tool, our study examined the prevalence of falls among older Chinese-speaking patients at a community health center. We identified the risks for falls and explored an association of fall risk with emergency room (ER) and hospital use in this population. The setting was at a community health center in Oakland, CA. Participants included 839 older Asian American adults (ages 65-80 years) who spoke Cantonese/Mandarin...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161775/risk-assessment-and-prevention-of-hypertension-in-filipino-americans
#7
Grace X Ma, Minsun Lee, Aisha Bhimla, Yin Tan, Crystal A Gadegbeku, Ming Chin Yeh, Hermie Aczon
Despite that Filipino Americans represent an important target group for hypertension, health behaviors associated with hypertension in this population have not been well studied. Two hundred Filipino Americans from eight community-based organizations completed the study. Information was collected to determine whether modifiable behavioral factors, as well as acculturation and demographic characteristics, were associated with hypertension status in Filipino Americans. Approximately 67% of Filipino Americans were hypertensive...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155005/cervical-cancer-screening-barriers-and-risk-factor-knowledge-among-uninsured-women
#8
Marvellous Akinlotan, Jane N Bolin, Janet Helduser, Chinedum Ojinnaka, Anna Lichorad, David McClellan
A steady decline in cervical cancer incidence and mortality in the United States has been attributed to increased uptake of cervical cancer screening tests such as Papanicolau (Pap) tests. However, disparities in Pap test compliance exist, and may be due in part to perceived barriers or lack of knowledge about risk factors for cervical cancer. This study aimed to assess correlates of cervical cancer risk factor knowledge and examine socio-demographic predictors of self-reported barriers to screening among a group of low-income uninsured women...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150176/health-hazards-in-the-home-an-assessment-of-a-southern-nevada-community
#9
Amanda Sokolowsky, Erika Marquez, Erin Sheehy, Casey Barber, Shawn Gerstenberger
As a sub-grantee of a Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Lead Hazard Control and Healthy Homes Program, the University of Nevada, Las Vegas' Department of Environmental and Occupational Health performed lead and Healthy Homes investigations and collected data regarding conditions in the home environment in Henderson, Nevada. The purpose of this research is to characterize housing conditions in southern Nevada, compare data to census data, and to highlight the health outcomes associated with adverse housing conditions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144769/the-adolescent-health-care-broker-adolescents-interpreting-for-family-members-and-themselves-in-health-care
#10
Jennifer R Banas, James W Ball, Lisa C Wallis, Sarah Gershon
Parents with limited English proficiency might rely on their adolescent children to interpret health information. We call this adolescent healthcare brokering. Using a mixed-methods, transformative research approach rooted in grounded theory, we sought to answer these questions: (a) "What is happening? What are people doing?" and (b) "What do these stories indicate? What might they suggest about social justice?" High school students from a community in which 53.4% speak another language at home were invited to participate in a survey and focus groups...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120145/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-individual-components-among-midwestern-university-students
#11
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Ericka Snyder, Stephanie Cumper, Andrea Langolf, Chelsey Trayer, Chelsea Green
Michigan has the 17th highest adult obesity rate in the United States. Among college-aged adults between 18 and 25 years old, the rate of obesity was 11.6%. Obesity is a key precedent for the development of metabolic syndrome. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among a sample of students at Central Michigan University. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 462 students, aged 18-25 years, in Spring 2015 and Fall/Spring 2016 semesters...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064421/impact-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-bedsharing-on-breastfeeding-rates-and-duration-for-african-american-infants
#12
Rachel Y Moon, Anita Mathews, Brandi L Joyner, Rosalind P Oden, Jianping He, Robert McCarter
Bedsharing is associated with both increased breastfeeding and increased risk of sudden and unexpected infant deaths. The objective was to determine impact of sleep location and counseling about sleep location on breastfeeding exclusivity and duration in African-Americans. 1194 mothers of newborns were randomized to receive messaging emphasizing either safe sleep practices to reduce SIDS risk or safe sleep practices to prevent SIDS/suffocation. Mothers completed four interviews in the 6 months after delivery...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042643/the-role-of-adult-perceptions-and-supervision-behavior-in-preventing-child-injury
#13
Ha T Huynh, Natalie E Demeter, Rita V Burke, Jeffrey S Upperman
Supervision is an important factor in reducing injury risk. There are multiple factors that can affect the appropriate level of supervision including risk perception, anticipation of injury, and distracted behaviors. This study examined the perceived risks of child injury among parents and child caregivers and their supervision behavior among adults in an urban playground. Participant data from 25 individuals were collected through observations and anonymous self-reported surveys. More than half of the participants indicated practice of appropriate supervisory behavior, including attentiveness to their child's behavior and proximity to their child during play...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040840/black-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-have-more-advanced-cancer-stage-at-time-of-diagnosis-a-community-based-safety-net-hospital-experience
#14
Chuck Chan, Aristeo Lopez, Garland Castaneda, Taft Bhuket, Benny Liu, Stephen Yee, David Irwin, Robert J Wong
Colorectal cancer (CRC) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. Disparities in access to care contribute to advanced CRC stage at diagnosis, and these disparities are most pronounced among underserved populations and ethnic minorities. We aim to evaluate race/ethnicity-specific disparities in CRC stage at diagnosis among an ethnically diverse, urban safety-net hospital. We retrospectively evaluated all adult CRC patients diagnosed from January 1, 2009 to October 1, 2015. CRC cases were confirmed by histopathology specimens from biopsies and/or surgical resection...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040839/bob-h-reinhardt-the-end-of-a-global-pox-america-and-the-eradication-of-smallpox-in-the-cold-war-era-the-university-of-north-carolina-press-chapel-hill-2015-268-pp-hard-cover-illustrated-figure-maps-table-notes-bibliography-index-39-95
#15
Pascal James Imperato
This review examines in detail Bob H. Reinhardt's meticulous analyses of smallpox eradication within the broad context of American liberalism, Cold War politics, and the exercise of technological, medical, and political power on the part of the United States. As a result, his book provides a unique perspective on the eradication of smallpox.
December 31, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999991/the-impact-of-perceived-need-and-relational-factors-on-mental-health-service-use-among-generations-of-asian-americans
#16
Minsun Lee, David Takeuchi, Zvi Gellis, Philip Kendall, Lin Zhu, Shanyang Zhao, Grace X Ma
The present study examined generational differences in the patterns and predictors of formal and informal mental health service utilization among a nationally representative sample of 1850 Asian Americans from the National Latino and Asian American Study. We focused on the effects of perceived need and relational factors on service utilization among 1st-, 1.5-, and 2nd-generation Asian Americans. Results of hierarchical logistic regression showed significant intergenerational differences. Specifically, 1.5-generation Asian Americans exhibited distinctive pattern of service use, with perceived need being associated with a higher likelihood of using formal mental health services, but only for those with high level of social support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943033/evaluation-of-an-educational-initiative-to-promote-shopping-at-farmers-markets-among-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-wic-participants-in-new-york-city
#17
Sarah A Lieff, Deepika Bangia, Sabrina Baronberg, Arielle Burlett, Mary Ann Chiasson
Public Health Solutions' (PHS) Neighborhood WIC (The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children) serves approximately 43,000 women and families at eight locations in high-need communities in New York City. Farmers' markets (FMs) exist in many low-income areas, and, coupled with incentives and benefits, are viable venues for WIC participants to purchase affordable produce. During the 2015 FM season (July-November), PHS launched a campaign to change participants' knowledge, attitudes, and shopping habits at FMs...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913911/assessing-the-food-safety-attitudes-and-awareness-of-managers-of-school-feeding-programmes-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#18
J J Sibanyoni, F T Tabit
The managers of school feeding programmes are responsible for ensuring the safety of the food which is provided to schoolchildren, but very few studies have been conducted on the food safety knowledge and awareness of these managers. The objective of this study is to evaluate the food safety attitudes and awareness of managers of the National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP) in schools in Mpumalanga, a province of South Africa. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which questionnaires were used to collect data from 300 NSNP food service managers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624345/using-social-marketing-theory-as-a-framework-for-understanding-and-increasing-hpv-vaccine-series-completion-among-hispanic-adolescents-a-qualitative-study
#19
Angelica M Roncancio, Kristy K Ward, Chakema C Carmack, Becky T Muñoz, Miguel A Cano, Felicity Cribbs
HPV vaccine series completion rates among adolescent Hispanic females and males (~39 and 21 %, respectively) are far below the Healthy People 80 % coverage goal. Completion of the 3-dose vaccine series is critical to reducing the incidence of HPV-associated cancers. This formative study applies social marketing theory to assess the needs and preferences of Hispanic mothers in order to guide the development of interventions to increase HPV vaccine completion. We conducted 51 in-depth interviews with Hispanic mothers of adolescents to identify the key concepts of social marketing theory (i...
February 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604424/reproductive-health-services-barriers-to-use-among-college-students
#20
Melina Bersamin, Deborah A Fisher, Arik V Marcell, Laura J Finan
The objective of the current study was to explore demographic, financial, and psychosocial barriers associated with the use/non-use of reproductive health (RH) services. The sample included 212 college students (60 % female) aged 18-19 from a Northern California public university. In October, 2014, students took an on-line survey with questions on knowledge, access, barriers, and use of different RH services and settings. Findings indicated that college students were more likely to visit a primary care setting and/or school-based setting for their RH care...
February 2017: Journal of Community Health
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