Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Community Health

Laura E Starbird, Caitlin DiMaina, Chun-An Sun, Hae-Ra Han
Transportation is an important social determinant of health. Transportation barriers disproportionately affect the most vulnerable groups of society who carry the highest burden of chronic diseases; therefore, it is critical to identify interventions that improve access to transportation. We synthesized evidence concerning the types and impact of interventions that address transportation to chronic care management. A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed studies that include an intervention with a transportation component was performed using three electronic databases-PubMed, EMBASE, and CINAHL-along with a hand-search...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Megan McHugh, Dustin D French, Diane Farley, Claude R Maechling, Dorothy D Dunlop, Jane L Holl
Although better community health has long been assumed to be good for local businesses, evidence demonstrating the relationship between community health and employee performance is quite limited. Drawing on human resources data on 6103 employees from four large US manufacturing plants, we found that employees living in counties with poor community health outcomes had considerably higher rates of absenteeism and tardiness (ABT). For example, in one company, employees living in communities with high rates of children on free or reduced lunch had higher rates of ABT compared to other employees [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Carolyn R Ahlers-Schmidt, Christy Schunn, Matthew Engel, Jolynn Dowling, Kim Neufeld, Stephanie Kuhlmann
Infant mortality remains a problem in the United States with sleep-related deaths accounting for a significant portion. Known risk reduction strategies include breastfeeding, avoiding tobacco use and following the American Academy of Pediatrics' safe sleep guidelines. The purpose of this project was to evaluate outcomes of Safe Sleep Instructor-led community baby showers, which included safe sleep promotion, breastfeeding promotion and tobacco cessation education. Certified Safe Sleep Instructors (n = 35) were trained on how to plan and host a Community Baby Shower to provide education to pregnant women of low socioeconomic status or with high risk of infant mortality...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Mirsada Serdarevic, Kelly K Gurka, Catherine W Striley, Krishna Vaddiparti, Linda B Cottler
Concurrent use of prescription medications and alcohol is prevalent among older adults and impacts women more than men, however little is known about characteristics of older women who use both. The current analysis aims to evaluate those characteristics. Participants were recruited through HealthStreet, an outreach program. Community health workers (CHWs) assess health needs and concerns among community members. CHWs collect demographic, substance use, and other health data from participants. Female participants (≥ 50 years) interviewed November 2011-November 2017 were included and stratified into four groups: neither prescription opioid nor hazardous alcohol use (three or more drinks in a single day), hazardous alcohol use only, prescription opioid use only, and both prescription opioid and hazardous alcohol use...
August 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Jacqueline Hodges, Jessica Reyes, Joyce Campbell, Wesley Klein, Alysse Wurcel
Highly efficacious direct acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for treatment of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection is largely inaccessible to communities facing a shortage of available specialist providers. Though less demanding than previous interferon regimens, DAA therapy requires patients to adhere to 8-12 weeks of daily treatment, which can be challenging for some patient populations. Duffy Health Center, located on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, provides integrated medical, mental health and case management services to people who are homeless or at risk for homelessness...
August 21, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Heather G Varnell, Mary E O'Connor
Achieving patient continuity in resident continuity clinic is challenging. Patients, residents and primary care providers (PCP) benefit from this ongoing relationship. We examined rates of continuity of infant well care for first year pediatric residents (PL1) and associated factors in three clinics (W, E and K) in a community health center system. We collected the number of infants who had PL1 PCPs for academic years 2010, 2011 and 2012 and patient demographic data. We measured continuity using the usual provider of care method...
August 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Erika L Thompson, Brittany L Rosen, Sarah B Maness
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has the potential to reduce the burden of anogenital cancers. Vaccine uptake remains suboptimal, especially among young adults. Social determinants of health (SDOH) are societal level conditions that may indirectly influence health behaviors, including HPV vaccination. The purpose of this study was to assess HPV vaccination and SDOH among young adult women and men. The 2016 National Health Interview Survey was restricted to participants ages 18-26 (n = 3593). The Healthy People 2020 SDOH Framework was used to identify variables for economic stability, health and healthcare, education, social and community context, and neighborhood and built environment...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Michelle C Kegler, Regine Haardörfer, Lucja T Bundy, Cam Escoffery, Rebecca S Williams, Mel Hovell, Matthew Kreuter, Patricia Dolan Mullen
Interventions to create smoke-free homes typically focus on parents, involve multiple counseling sessions and blend cessation and smoke-free home messages. Smoke-Free Homes: Some Things are Better Outside is a minimal intervention focused on smokers and nonsmokers who allow smoking in the home, and emphasizes creation of a smoke-free home over cessation. The purpose of this study is to conduct moderator analyses using pooled data from three randomized controlled trials of the intervention conducted in collaboration with 2-1-1 contact centers in Atlanta, North Carolina and Houston...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Charlotte M Lewis, Thelma Gamboa-Maldonado, Juan Carlos Belliard, Anna Nelson, Susanne Montgomery
Traditional community health workers (CHWs) are expanding their role into clinical settings (cCHW) to support patients with care coordination and advocacy services. We investigated the potential to integrate cCHWs, via evaluation of patients' and CHWs' key demographics, needs, and abilities. This mixed-methods study, including adult patients and CHWs, was conducted in the Inland Valley of Southern California, between 2016 and 2017. Survey data, key informant interviews, and focus group discussions were evaluated to compare patient/CHW core demographics, and contrast patient-identified healthcare needs against CHW-identified cCHW service capabilities...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Julie M Pike, Lisa Yazel-Smith, Kathryn M Haberlin, Tamara S Hannon
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth has increased as a result of the obesity epidemic. Diabetes prevention programming is needed for youth, at risk for T2D, and their families. However, there is a lack of diabetes prevention services for this population. There is evidence for the benefit of lifestyle modification for decreasing diabetes risk, however there are barriers for youth to access these services in a traditional clinical setting. Our Youth Diabetes Prevention Clinic (YDPC) created partnerships within the community to increase access to diabetes prevention services for at risk youth...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Jennifer Tabler, Laryssa Mykyta, Rachel M Schmitz, Akiko Kamimura, Dora A Martinez, Ruben D Martinez, Paloma Flores, Karina Gonzalez, Alvaro Marquez, Gladys Marroquin, Andy Torres
U.S.-Mexico border communities are uniquely vulnerable to sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission given the economic and social challenges these communities face. This study examines how marginalized statuses of U.S. border residents are associated with STI awareness and sexual behaviors. We surveyed low-income residents receiving STI testing and/or HIV/AIDS care in the lower Rio Grande Valley of southernmost Texas. Respondents aged 18+ took a self-administered survey available in English or Spanish in a clinic waiting room (N = 282)...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Deesha Patel, Nicole Taylor-Aidoo, Angèle Marandet, Janet Heitgerd, Barbara Maciak
HIV prevention efforts have contributed to a decline in annual HIV infections in the United States. However, progress has been uneven and certain groups and geographic areas continue to be disproportionately affected. Subsequent to implementation of CDC's high-impact HIV prevention approach to reducing new infections, we analyzed national-level CDC-funded HIV test data from 2016 to describe the population being reached in three urbanicity settings (metropolitan: ≥ 1,000,000 population; urban: 50,000-999,999; rural: < 50,000)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Felina M Cordova-Marks, Robin Harris, Nicolette I Teufel-Shone, Beatrice Norton, Ann M Mastergeorge, Lynn Gerald
American Indian (AI) caregivers have been excluded from national survey efforts. Drawing from a 2012 survey administered on the Hopi Reservation in northern Arizona, 20% of adults are caregivers. More information is needed to guide program development tailored to Hopi needs. In a University-Community collaboration, a 58 question survey was administered to self-identified caregivers of a family member about amount and type of care provided, difficulties, caregiver health, and desired support services. Characteristics of caregivers and their experiences were described...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Elizabeth D Nesoff, Keshia M Pollack Porter, Maryanne Bailey, Andrea C Gielen
As more people walk for transport and exercise, it is possible to avoid a concomitant increase in the number of pedestrian injuries. Understanding how the public views pedestrian safety can help inform the development of prevention strategies that support national efforts to promote walking and walkable communities. As part of the formative research for a community pedestrian safety health promotion campaign, we administered an online questionnaire to employees and students at a large urban medical campus, along with residents in the neighboring communities, to determine their knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding pedestrian safety; awareness of relevant traffic safety laws; and effective strategies that could improve pedestrian safety...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Roman Shrestha, Frederick L Altice, Brian Sibilio, Michael M Copenhaver
HIV sero-status disclosure among people living with HIV (PLWH) is an important component of preventing HIV transmission to sexual partners. Due to various social, structural, and behavioral challenges, however, many HIV-infected opioid-dependent patients do not disclose their HIV status to all sexual partners. In this analysis, we therefore examined non-disclosure practices and correlates of non-disclosure among high-risk HIV-infected opioid-dependent individuals. HIV-infected opioid-dependent individuals who reported HIV-risk behaviors were enrolled (N = 133) and assessed for HIV disclosure, risk behaviors, health status, antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, HIV stigma, social support and other characteristics...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Community Health
David A Wiss, Maria Schellenberger, Michael L Prelip
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of nutrition services and utilization of registered dietitian nutritionists at substance use disorder treatment centers in Los Angeles. This cross-sectional descriptive study utilized phone interviews with facilities within a 25-mile radius of the Los Angeles metropolitan area using the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Treatment Services Locator to identify facilities that included a listing of substance abuse as primary focus of care (n = 128)...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Yolene Gousse, Denise Bruno, Michael A Joseph, Aimee Afable, Mardge H Cohen, Kathleen M Weber, Joel Milam, Rebecca M Schwartz
The original version of this article unfortunately published with the incorrect article title.
July 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Andrea Larson, Lawrence M Berger, David C Mallinson, Eric Grodsky, Deborah B Ehrenthal
Prenatal care coordination programs direct pregnant Medicaid beneficiaries to medical, social, and educational services to improve birth outcomes. Despite the relevance of service context and treatment level to investigations of program implementation and estimates of program effect, prior investigations have not consistently attended to these factors. This study examines the reach and uptake of Wisconsin's Prenatal Care Coordination (PNCC) program among Medicaid-covered, residence occurrence live births between 2008 and 2012...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Tiffany L Marcantonio, Kristen N Jozkowski, D J Angelone, Meredith Joppa
College study abroad students may represent a subgroup at risk for increased alcohol use and sexual activity while traveling. The present study explored student's alcohol use, sexual activity, and the interrelationship between the two while abroad. A sample of 372 students (Mage abroad = 20, SD = 3.3, 68% women) who had traveled abroad in the past 3 years were recruited from a large, southern university. Students completed an online survey of demographics, alcohol use, sexual behaviors, and contraceptive use...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Jennifer J Doering, Trina C Salm Ward, Samantha Strook, Julie Kieffer Campbell
Many countries have guidelines that recommend safety practices for infant sleep. However, it is not known whether guidelines between countries are similar or different. The purpose of this paper is to compare national public health infant sleep safety guidelines among highly developed countries. Criteria for inclusion were: countries defined by United Nations as "very high human development," guideline related to infant sleep position and safety practices, evidence of it being a national guideline, and published in English...
July 17, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"