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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318503/university-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-sources-of-information-about-zika-virus
#1
Ashley N Plaster, Julia E Painter, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Colleges and universities are valuable partners for community health education outreach targeted to young adults. After the outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas was declared to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016, postsecondary institutions played an important role in educating at-risk communities about health promotion and disease prevention strategies. In April 2016, we recruited 613 undergraduate students from a large public university to complete a survey about their Zika-related knowledge, attitudes, and information seeking behaviors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305727/using-population-based-hospitalization-data-to-monitor-increases-in-conditions-causing-morbidity-among-persons-who-inject-drugs
#2
Melissa G Collier, Mona Doshani, Alice Asher
Epidemics of opioid use and injection drug use (IDU) are associated with an increase in HIV and viral hepatitis infections and overdose deaths in the United States. Persons who inject drugs (PWID) are also at risk for serious infections caused by skin organisms introduced via IDU. We examined National Inpatient Sample hospital discharge data to determine trends in three serious infectious disease-associated conditions that primarily affect PWID in addition to HIV and viral hepatitis: infective endocarditis (IE), central nervous system (CNS) abscesses, and osteomyelitis...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302852/acceptability-of-self-sample-human-papillomavirus-testing-among-thai-women-visiting-a-colposcopy-clinic
#3
Natacha Phoolcharoen, Nuttavut Kantathavorn, Wasanai Krisorakun, Chantanee Taepisitpong, Waraphorn Krongthong, Siriporn Saeloo
We offered self-sampling devices to 250 women who visited the colposcopy clinic at Chulabhorn Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand from March 1 to June 30, 2015. Participants received instruction about the vaginal self-sample method and collected the specimen themselves, before being examined by the physician who obtained a conventional cervical specimen. Participating women's attitudes and feelings regarding the self-sample method were explored using a short questionnaire. Of the 247 eligible women, more than 90% of participants rated the self-sample method as very good to excellent for convenience, comfort, and safety...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299729/barriers-and-facilitators-of-hpv-vaccination-in-the-vfc-program
#4
Wayne S Fleming, Kristin K Sznajder, Margaret Nepps, Sameh W Boktor
This study determined facilitators and barriers to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination perceived by providers of healthcare in the federally funded Pennsylvania Vaccines for Children (PA VFC) program. The cross-sectional study gathered descriptive data through a survey research design. Providers of healthcare were recruited through an email containing a link to an 18-question online survey. The survey was divided into four main sections which assessed the perceived facilitators and barriers to HPV vaccination of PA VFC program-eligibles...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290066/significant-engagement-in-tanning-behaviors-by-men-at-a-u-s-university
#5
Casey L Daniel, Alyssa M Fernandez, Natalie R Gassman, Sejong Bae, Aaron J Blashill, Marcus C Tan
Adolescent and young adult men are a potentially overlooked population with respect to risky tanning behaviors. This study sought to determine the prevalence of various modes of tanning and associated variables among young men in a university setting in the southeastern United States. Undergraduate students at a public institution in Mobile, Alabama were surveyed electronically in March 2016. Of the 818 undergraduate men surveyed, over 90% reported tanning behaviors, with 37% reporting engaging in indoor tanning...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280089/developing-a-mass-media-campaign-to-promote-mammography-awareness-in-african-american-women-in-the-nation-s-capital
#6
Sherrie Flynt Wallington, Bridget Oppong, Marquita Iddirisu, Lucile L Adams-Campbell
This study developed and examined the reach and impact of a culturally appropriate mass media campaign pilot, designed to increase awareness about the importance of mammography screening and the available community mammography services for low-income African American women ages 40 and above. We conducted formative research using focus groups to inform campaign development, resulting in five emergent themes-good breast health, holistic views of healthiness, cancer fatalism, fear of mammogram machines, and mammogram affordability...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274067/perceived-benefits-of-participation-and-risks-of-soil-contamination-in-st-louis-urban-community-gardens
#7
Roger Wong, Leah Gable, Zorimar Rivera-Núñez
Community gardens are credited for promoting health within neighborhoods, by increasing healthy food intake and exercise frequency. These benefits, however, are potentially undermined as urban soils are often contaminated from industrial legacies. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived benefits of participation and risks of soil contamination within urban community gardens, and factors associated with soil contamination concerns. Ninety-three gardeners were interviewed across 20 community gardens in St...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243012/use-of-a-unique-farmers-market-program-targeting-lower-income-community-members
#8
Brittany Lawrence, Anna E Greer, Anne Marie Zimeri, Daphne C Hernandez, SangNam Ahn, Shaakira Jones, Matthew Lee Smith
We examined use of a farmers' market that leverages community partnerships to provide free produce to lower-income persons. Participants (n = 422) were asked to complete a questionnaire and given an ID number, which was used to track market use from 2014 to 2015. Chi square tests were used to examine associations between 2014/2015 market use and reasons for market use, financial support received, and how attendees had learned about the market. Ordinal regression was used to identify household characteristics associated with increased market attendance...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224126/perception-of-community-on-attachment-and-resilience-according-to-closing-of-hospitals
#9
Kichan Yoon, Munjae Lee
This study includes a comparison analysis of how community resilience and its influence factor of community attachment were changed before and after the closing of the hospital in the rural community. In order to analyze the influence factors of healthcare and medical vulnerability on community resilience, as well as the mean difference from before and after the closing of the hospital, this study conducted matching sample t test, hierarchical regression analysis, difference in differences (DID) analysis. The results indicate that community attachment consists of such factors as closeness, preference, affective bond, and identity, and they showed significance in confidence...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222737/differences-by-sexual-orientation-in-perceptions-of-neighborhood-cohesion-implications-for-health
#10
Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales
A large body of research documents the relationship between health and place, including the positive association between neighborhood cohesion and health. However, very little research has examined neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. This paper addresses that gap by examining differences in perceived neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. We use data from the 2016 National Health Interview Survey (n = 28,164 respondents aged 18 years and older) to examine bivariate differences by sexual orientation in four measures of neighborhood cohesion...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218542/tracking-success-outputs-versus-outcomes-a-comparison-of-accredited-and-non-accredited-public-health-agencies-community-health-improvement-plan-objectives
#11
Evan K Perrault, Jill Inderstrodt-Stephens, Elizabeth A Hintz
With funding for public health initiatives declining, creating measurable objectives that are focused on tracking and changing population outcomes (i.e., knowledge, attitudes, or behaviors), instead of those that are focused on health agencies' own outputs (e.g., promoting services, developing communication messages) have seen a renewed focus. This study analyzed 4094 objectives from the Community Health Improvement Plans (CHIPs) of 280 local PHAB-accredited and non-accredited public health agencies across the United States...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218541/understanding-health-violence-and-acculturation-among-south-asian-women-in-the-us
#12
Nitasha Chaudhary Nagaraj, Amita N Vyas, Karen A McDonnell, Loretta DiPietro
The devastating effects of experiencing violence in childhood are seen well into adulthood. This has been particularly difficult to assess among South Asians living in the U.S., due to a lack of disaggregated data on this ethnic group. In a web-based survey administered to a convenience sample of South Asian women living in the U.S. (n = 535), information was gathered on experience/exposure to childhood violence; adult intimate partner violence; and adverse health outcomes, including ever suicide ideation/attempt, experiences of quality of life and body esteem in adulthood...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218540/corporate-philanthropy-toward-community-health-improvement-in-manufacturing-communities
#13
Megan McHugh, Diane Farley, Claude R Maechling, Dorothy D Dunlop, Dustin D French, Jane L Holl
Virtually all large employers engage in corporate philanthropy, but little is known about the extent to which it is directed toward improving community health. We conducted in-depth interviews with leaders of corporate philanthropy from 13 of the largest manufacturing companies in the US to understand how giving decisions were made, the extent to which funding was directed towards improving community health, and whether companies coordinate with local public health agencies. We found that corporate giving was sizable and directed towards communities in which the manufacturers have a large presence...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196902/current-demographics-and-roles-of-florida-community-health-workers-implications-for-future-recruitment-and-training
#14
Carolyn M Tucker, Tasia M Smith, Maggie L Hogan, Marion Banzhaf, Nanette Molina, Brendaly Rodríguez
The high prevalence of health disparity diseases (e.g., obesity, Type 2 diabetes) among underserved populations in the United States suggests the need for increased resources to prevent these diseases and to improve health care access and quality in underserved communities. Community health workers are valuable resources and facilitators of health care access and quality treatment. The purpose of the present study is to provide descriptive information about community health workers in Florida and to provide recommendations for improved training and expansion of community health workers' roles in research and intervention...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188465/demographic-and-travel-characteristics-of-travel-associated-zika-virus-infection-case-patients-in-san-diego-county-california-january-1-2016-march-31-2017
#15
Gabriela Escutia, Eric McDonald, Alfonso Rodríguez-Lainz, Jessica Healy
Most Zika disease cases diagnosed in the continental US have been associated with travel to areas with risk of Zika transmission, mainly the Caribbean and Latin America. Limited information has been published about the demographic and travel characteristics of Zika case-patients in the United States, besides their age and gender. During 2016-2017 the County of San Diego Health and Human Services Agency, California, expanded the scope and completeness of demographic and travel information collected from Zika case-patients for public health surveillance purposes...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188464/a-statewide-hospital-based-safe-infant-sleep-initiative-measurement-of-parental-knowledge-and-behavior
#16
R L Walcott, T C Salm Ward, J B Ingels, N A Llewellyn, T J Miller, P S Corso
Sleep-related infant deaths are a leading cause of infant mortality in Georgia, and these deaths are largely associated with unsafe sleep practices among caregivers. In early 2016, the Georgia Department of Public Health launched the Georgia Safe to Sleep Hospital Initiative, providing hospitals with safe infant sleep information and educational materials to be distributed to families and newborns. This study examined the knowledge and behaviors of a sample of Georgia parents after the implementation of the Hospital Initiative and identified the family characteristics and intervention components most closely associated with the knowledge and practice of safe infant sleep...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168085/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-abnormal-pap-smears-among-women-in-the-military-health-system
#17
Christopher M Daly, Shana L Hansen, Paul O Kwon, Timothy A Roberts
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection among United States Military Servicemembers, and present in the majority of cervical cancers. Many of these infections are preventable, but HPV immunization is not mandatory during military service. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of vaccine-preventable cervical disease among women enrolled in the San Antonio Military Health System. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of Pap smear results and HPV genotyping data among Military Servicewomen and beneficiaries...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138957/the-most-important-recommended-times-of-hand-washing-with-soap-and-water-in-preventing-the-occurrence-of-acute-diarrhea-among-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-slums-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#18
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Worku Mulat, Girmay Medhin, Helmut Kloos
Adequate hand washing with soap at five recommended times is particularly important in urban slums in developing countries, but which of the recommended times are the most important in the prevention of diarrhea among children under five years of age living in these areas remains unclear. To address this gap, a community-based cross-sectional study was undertaken in the slums of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between September and November 2014. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire and an observational checklist...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134297/community-based-efforts-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-women-living-in-vulnerable-communities
#19
Laurie Lachance, R Patrick Kelly, Margaret Wilkin, Jodi Burke, Sandra Waddell
Social determinants of health likely play a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes for women in vulnerable communities. Adult African American women diagnosed with or at-risk for diabetes in Inkster, Michigan (n = 113) and a group of demographically similar women in Flint, Michigan (n = 48) participated in programs aimed at increasing diabetes-related self-management behaviors through peer coaching, health literacy training, and social support. Participants completed surveys to measure changes in health, health behaviors, health literacy, and social support...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129036/-top-performing-us-hospitals-and-the-health-status-of-counties-they-serve
#20
Amber M Maraccini, Wei Yang, Anthony D Slonim
This study (a) examined the relationships between "top performing" US hospitals and the health status of counties they serve and (b) compared the health status of "top performing" US hospital counties versus that of remaining US counties. Statistical analyses considered US News and World Report Honor Roll ranking data, as a measure of hospital performance, and County Health Rankings (CHR) data, as a measure of county health status. "Top performing" hospital Honor Roll scores were correlated with measures of Clinical Care (p < 0...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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