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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913911/assessing-the-food-safety-attitudes-and-awareness-of-managers-of-school-feeding-programmes-in-mpumalanga-south-africa
#1
J J Sibanyoni, F T Tabit
The managers of school feeding programmes are responsible for ensuring the safety of the food which is provided to schoolchildren, but very few studies have been conducted on the food safety knowledge and awareness of these managers. The objective of this study is to evaluate the food safety attitudes and awareness of managers of the National School Nutrition Programme (NSNP) in schools in Mpumalanga, a province of South Africa. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which questionnaires were used to collect data from 300 NSNP food service managers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905062/addressing-childhood-obesity-through-multisector-collaborations-evaluation-of-a-national-quality-improvement-effort
#2
Margaret B Hargreaves, Cara Orfield, Todd Honeycutt, Michaela Vine, Charlotte Cabili, Brandon Coffee-Borden, Michaella Morzuch, Lydie A Lebrun-Harris, Sylvia K Fisher
The Healthy Weight Collaborative (HWC) represents a national quality improvement effort to increase uptake of evidence-based community-based interventions to address obesity among children. Implemented from 2011 to 2013, the HWC built the capacity of 49 community-based multisector teams (10 teams in the Phase 1 pilot, 39 teams in Phase 2), delivered services to support health behavior changes in children and families, and implemented sustainable social and environmental policy change at the organizational and community levels...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900515/community-based-healthy-aging-interventions-for-older-adults-with-arthritis-and-multimorbidity
#3
Janice C Zgibor, Lei Ye, Robert M Boudreau, Molly B Conroy, Joni Vander Bilt, Elizabeth A Rodgers, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Mini E Jacob, Jane Brandenstein, Steven M Albert, Anne B Newman
Examine the impact of programs led by community health workers on health and function in older adults with arthritis and other health conditions. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program (AFEP) enhanced with the "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging compared with the AFEP program at 54 sites in 462 participants (mean age 73 years, 88 % women, 80 % white). Trained Community health workers delivered the 10-week programs. Outcomes assessed after 6 months included physical performance [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index, and preventive health behaviors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900514/process-evaluation-of-a-community-garden-at-an-urban-outpatient-clinic
#4
Brandy-Joe Milliron, Mara Z Vitolins, Elizabeth Gamble, Robert Jones, Margaret C Chenault, Janet A Tooze
In addition to expediting patient recovery, community gardens that are associated with medical facilities can provide fresh produce to patients and their families, serve as a platform for clinic-based nutrition education, and help patients develop new skills and insights that can lead to positive health behavior change. While community gardening is undergoing resurgence, there is a strong need for evaluation studies that employ valid and reliable measures. The objective of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of a community garden program at an urban medical clinic to estimate the prevalence of patient awareness and participation, food security, barriers to participation, and personal characteristics; garden volunteer satisfaction; and clinic staff perspectives in using the garden for patient education/treatment...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896504/essential-resources-for-implementation-and-sustainability-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-a-mixed-methods-multi-site-case-study
#5
M Dattalo, M Wise, J H Ford Ii, B Abramson, J Mahoney
As of October 2016, use of federal Older Americans Act funds for health promotion and disease prevention will be restricted to the Administration on Aging's criteria for high-level evidence-based health promotion programs. Dissemination of these programs to rural communities remains limited. Therefore a strong need exists to identify strategies that facilitate program implementation and sustainability. The objective of this study was to compare organizational readiness and implementation strategies used by rural communities that achieved varying levels of success in sustaining evidence-based health promotion programs for older adults...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885583/using-gis-mapping-to-target-public-health-interventions-examining-birth-outcomes-across-gis-techniques
#6
E L MacQuillan, A B Curtis, K M Baker, R Paul, Y O Back
With advances in spatial analysis techniques, there has been a trend in recent public health research to assess the contribution of area-level factors to health disparity for a number of outcomes, including births. Although it is widely accepted that health disparity is best addressed by targeted, evidence-based and data-driven community efforts, and despite national and local focus in the U.S. to reduce infant mortality and improve maternal-child health, there is little work exploring how choice of scale and specific GIS visualization technique may alter the perception of analyses focused on health disparity in birth outcomes...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868166/the-use-of-e-cigarettes-among-school-going-adolescents-in-a-predominantly-rural-environment-of-central-appalachia
#7
Daniel Owusu, Jocelyn Aibangbee, Candice Collins, Crystal Robertson, Liang Wang, Mary A Littleton, Rafie Boghozian, Vicki Casenburg, Hadii M Mamudu
E-cigarette use among youth in the United States (U.S.) continues to increase. In the rural Northeast Tennessee, where prevalence of tobacco use is higher than national and state averages, there is no literature on e-cigarette use to inform policies and programs. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of e-cigarette use and examine association of e-cigarette use with two tobacco products among school-going adolescents. Data from 894 participants of a school-based survey conducted in 2016 in Northeast Tennessee were analyzed...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853920/level-of-integration-of-community-health-workers-in-missouri-health-systems
#8
Darson Rhodes, Joseph Visker, Carol Cox, J Christian Banez, Anna Wang
The purpose of this study was to describe the level of integration of community health workers (CHWs) into Missouri public healthcare systems using a cross-sectional survey research design. Representatives of all Missouri Local Public Health Agencies, Rural Health Clinics, and Federally Qualified Health Centers were pre-contacted by telephone to provide the electronic mail of the most knowledgeable person in the facility/location to complete a brief electronic survey on their use of CHWs. 103 representatives of the 273 (37...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853919/care-coordination-for-community-transitions-for-individuals-post-stroke-returning-to-low-resource-rural-communities
#9
Patrick Kitzman, Keisha Hudson, Violet Sylvia, Frances Feltner, Johnnie Lovins
High rates of hospital readmissions have been shown within 12 months post-discharge from inpatient rehabilitation following stroke. Multiple studies coupled with our previous work indicate a need for care support for stroke survivors' transitions to the community. The Kentucky Care Coordination for Community Transitions (KC(3)T) program was developed to provide access to medical, social, and environmental services to support community transitions for individuals with neurological conditions and their caregivers living in Kentucky...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838809/prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-uptake-among-us-and-foreign-born-males-evidence-from-the-2015-nhis-survey
#10
Daudet Ilunga Tshiswaka, Tiffany Donley, Anthony Okafor, Peter Memiah, Justice Mbizo
Research suggests that prostate and colorectal cancers disproportionately affect men in the US, but little is known about the determinants of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake among US and foreign-born males. The purpose of this study was to investigate what factors influence prostate and colorectal cancer screening uptake among US-native born and foreign-born men. Using the 2015 National Health Interview Survey, we conducted bivariate and multivariate analyses to highlight factors associated with the uptake of prostate and colorectal cancer screening among US-native born and foreign-born men...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838808/provider-perspectives-on-promoting-cervical-cancer-screening-among-refugee-women
#11
Ying Zhang, India J Ornelas, H Hoai Do, Maya Magarati, J Carey Jackson, Victoria M Taylor
Many refugees in the United States emigrated from countries where the incidence of cervical cancer is high. Refugee women are unlikely to have been screened for cervical cancer prior to resettlement in the U.S. National organizations recommend cervical cancer screening for refugee women soon after resettlement. We sought to identify health and social service providers' perspectives on promoting cervical cancer screening in order to inform the development of effective programs to increase screening among recently resettled refugees...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837359/emergency-department-visits-and-hospitalizations-for-the-uninsured-in-illinois-before-and-after-affordable-care-act-insurance-expansion
#12
Aabha I Sharma, Scott M Dresden, Emilie S Powell, Raymond Kang, Joe Feinglass
We describe changes in emergency department (ED) visits and the proportion of patients with hospitalizations through the ED classified as Ambulatory Care Sensitive Hospitalization (ACSH) for the uninsured before (2011-2013) and after (2014-2015) Affordable Care Act (ACA) health insurance expansion in Illinois. Hospital administrative data from 201 non-federal Illinois hospitals for patients age 18-64 were used to analyze ED visits and hospitalizations through the ED. ACSH was defined using Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Prevention Quality Indicators (PQIs)...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837358/factors-related-to-pertussis-and-tetanus-vaccination-status-among-foreign-born-adults-living-in-the-united-states
#13
Liliana Sánchez-González, Alfonso Rodriguez-Lainz, Alissa O'Halloran, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Jennifer L Liang, Peng-Jun Lu, Peter M Houck, Stephane Verguet, Walter W Williams
Pertussis is a common vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) worldwide. Its reported incidence has increased steadily in the United States, where it is endemic. Tetanus is a rare but potentially fatal VPD. Foreign-born adults have lower tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap) and tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccination coverage than do U.S.-born adults. We studied the association of migration-related, socio-demographic, and access-to-care factors with Tdap and Td vaccination among foreign-born adults living in the United States...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837357/characterizing-cardiovascular-health-and-evaluating-a-low-intensity-intervention-to-promote-smoking-cessation-in-a-food-assistance-population
#14
Mackenzie Perkett, Shannon M Robson, Varsha Kripalu, Christina Wysota, Charlotte McGarry, David Weddle, Mia A Papas, Freda Patterson
Food assistance recipients are at higher risk for poor cardiovascular health given their propensity to poor dietary intake and tobacco use. This study sought to evaluate the cardiovascular health status, and determine the impact of a low-intensity smoking cessation education intervention that connected mobile food pantry participants to state quit-smoking resources. A pre-post design with a 6-week follow-up was used to evaluate the impact of a 10-12 min smoking cessation education session implemented in five food pantries in Delaware...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837356/community-bmi-surveillance-using-an-existing-immunization-registry-in-san-diego-california
#15
Amanda R Ratigan, Suzanne Lindsay, Hector Lemus, Christina D Chambers, Cheryl A M Anderson, Terry A Cronan, Deirdre K Browner, Wilma J Wooten
This study examines the demographic representativeness of the County of San Diego Body Mass Index (BMI) Surveillance System to determine if the BMI estimates being obtained from this convenience sample of individuals who visited their healthcare provider for outpatient services can be generalized to the general population of San Diego. Height and weight were transmitted from electronic health records systems to the San Diego Immunization Registry (SDIR). Age, gender, and race/ethnicity of this sample are compared to general population estimates by sub-regional area (SRA) (n = 41) to account for regional demographic differences...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817043/healthcare-barriers-and-utilization-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-accessing-services-for-homeless-and-runaway-youth
#16
Gayathri Chelvakumar, Nancy Ford, Hillary M Kapa, Hannah L H Lange, Annie-Laurie McRee, Andrea E Bonny
Homeless and runaway youth are at disproportionate risk for adverse health outcomes. Many barriers to accessing healthcare have been documented; however, the relative impact of discrete barriers on homeless youth healthcare utilization behavior is not firmly established. We administered a survey examining reported barriers and healthcare utilization among adolescents and young adults accessing services at three community centers for homeless and runaway youth. Of 180 respondents, 57 % were male, 80 % non-White, and 21 % identified as a sexual minority...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815795/charles-william-lacaillade-biologist-parasitologist-educator-and-mentor
#17
Pascal James Imperato
Charles William Lacaillade (1904-1978) was an eminent biologist in the middle decades of the twentieth century. He was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts of parents whose ancestors were French Canadians. His father, also named Charles William Lacaillade, was a dentist who graduated from Tufts University School of Dentistry in 1898. His mother, Elodia Eno, came from a family of very successful businessmen. Lacaillade was the third of six children. His two older brothers, Harold Carleton and Hector Eno, both graduated from the University of Louisville, School of Dentistry, while his younger brother, Lawrence, became a businessman...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812847/needs-priorities-and-recommendations-for-engaging-underrepresented-populations-in-clinical-research-a-community-perspective
#18
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Alecia Malin-Fair, Alaina Boyer, Yvonne Joosten, Yolanda C Vaughn, Lisa Sherden, Patrick Luther, Stephania Miller, Consuelo H Wilkins
Engaging underrepresented groups in outcomes research is a public health priority for reducing health and health care disparities; yet, engaging these groups is challenging. Failure to involve these underrepresented populations in research further exacerbates these disparities. This article presents the health and research priorities of diverse groups of underrepresented populations in biomedical research, their concerns for participating in research, and strategies to engage them in their healthcare and research studies...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798746/mammography-seeking-practices-of-central-illinois-amish-women
#19
Sarah Dee Geiger, Diana Grigsby-Toussaint
Motivated by compelling, but scant, literature on high rates of breast cancer mortality among the United States Amish, a survey was conducted to examine mammography-seeking practices among Amish women. Inclusion criteria included age 40-70 years and membership of the Arthur, Illinois Amish community. Data were collected from this unique, socially isolated group through a mail questionnaire focusing on health history, mammography practices, and beliefs surrounding breast health. Sample mammography adherence and "ever mammogram" rates were compared with both the general population of the United States (U...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796633/the-need-for-an-integrated-patient-navigation-pathway-to-improve-access-to-colonoscopy-after-positive-fecal-immunochemical-testing-a-safety-net-hospital-experience
#20
Sreedevi Thamarasseril, Taft Bhuket, Chuck Chan, Benny Liu, Robert J Wong
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Delays in access to colonoscopy following positive fecal immunochemical test (FIT) contribute to increased CRC incidence and mortality. To evaluate intervals from positive FIT result to receipt of colonoscopy among underserved safety-net populations. We retrospectively evaluated all average CRC risk adults who had positive FIT results from 2012 to 2015 at an ethnically diverse safety-net hospital system. Interval from positive FIT to receipt of colonoscopy was evaluated with Kaplan Meier methods and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Community Health
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