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Journal of Community Health

Imane Ouach, Jessica Reszel, Yesha Patel, JoAnne Tibbles, Nora Ullyot, Jodi Wilding, Denise Harrison
Immunizations are a necessary but distressing and painful procedure that most infants and children regularly undergo. Each year, a tertiary pediatric hospital in Canada holds an influenza vaccination clinic for all staff and their families. Evidence-based interventions to reduce pain and distress in babies and children are used. Despite this, infants and children continue to be distressed throughout the vaccination procedure. The objectives of this study were to: (1) measure the prevalence of distress among infants and children before, during, and after vaccine administration at the clinic, and (2) evaluate parents' perception of their child(ren)'s distress before, during, and after vaccine administration and the effectiveness of pain management interventions used during the clinic...
November 10, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Ruba Alafifi, Tiffany B Kindratt, Patti Pagels, Nadeen Saleh, Nora E Gimpel
This cross-sectional study explored knowledge, awareness, and health practices surrounding cervical cancer prevention and screening. Patients (n = 129) were recruited from three community clinics of underserved populations in Dallas, Texas. Women between ages 18-65 were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire to evaluate their knowledge, awareness, and attitudes related to pap tests, human papilloma virus (HPV), HPV vaccines, and cervical cancer. Most women reported having a pap test in the past 3-5 years (86...
November 10, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Eileen Gajo, Jacob Oberwetter, Merin Mathew, Moumita Dam, Timothy Sanborn, Lynn G Chehab
To determine whether a correlation exists between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (SSB) and school free and reduced lunch (FRL) eligibility as a measure of socioeconomic status (SES). In January 2016, a modified version of the Bev 15 survey was anonymously administered to 5th and 6th grade students in 14 Chicago suburban public elementary schools. Students were asked to recall and record their beverage intake over the last 24 h for five predefined beverage groups [SSB, real fruit juice (RFJ), diet or sugar free beverages, milk, and water]...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Cori Dennison, Adrian R King, Hannah Rutledge, Robert A Bednarczyk
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was first recommended for female adolescents in the United States in 2006, and for male adolescents in 2011. In 2016, national HPV vaccine coverage was 43.4%, and slightly higher in Georgia (45.6%). Little is known about sub-state-level variation in HPV vaccination or Georgia specific research conducted to improve HPV vaccine uptake. We aimed to describe current uptake of HPV vaccination and synthesize Georgia-specific research of HPV vaccine uptake. We reviewed existing published and grey literature for different development, implementation and best practices related to vaccine uptake in adolescents...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Tali Elfassy, Tamar Adjoian, Megan Lent
Sugary drink consumption is associated with many adverse health outcomes, including weight gain, diabetes, and other chronic conditions. These beverages are widely marketed and ubiquitously available. This analysis explores sugary drink consumption across all age groups among New York City (NYC) residents using representative survey data. Three population-based representative surveys of NYC residents of different age groups were analyzed. Adult participants, youth participants, and caregivers of child participants self-reported the number of sugary drinks they consumed per day...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Meredith Manze, Andrew Maroko, Marilyn Aguirre-Molina, P Christopher Palmedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Jascha Wagner, Logan Neitzke-Spruill, Daniel O'Connell, James Highberger, Steven S Martin, Rebecca Walker, Tammy L Anderson
The current opioid epidemic continues to challenge us in new and potentially troubling ways. For example, research today finds more overdose deaths occurring in rural, rather than urban, geographic areas. Yet, studies have often ignored heterogeneities within these spaces and the neighborhood variations therein. Using geodemographic classification, we investigate neighborhood differences in overdose death rates by geographical areas to further understand where and among what groups the problem might be most concentrated...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Robert Reid, Evelyn Rising, Arthur Kaufman, Amanda Bassett, Martha Cole McGrew, Helene Silverblatt, Michael Haederle
An unlikely partnership between a private, place-based foundation and the University of New Mexico's Office for Community Health resulted in an innovative approach for addressing a critical shortage of health professionals in an isolated, rural setting in the southeastern corner of New Mexico. Many place-based private foundations are focused locally and are naturally disinclined to engage distally located public universities for local projects. Large public universities do not often focus resources on small communities located far from their campuses...
October 20, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Tadelle Doylo, Tadesse Alemayehu, Negga Baraki
Healthcare waste management (HWM) problems are growing with an ever-increasing number of hospitals, clinics, diagnostic laboratories, etc in Ethiopia. Health workers are one of the key personnel who are responsible for the proper management of healthcare wastes at any health facilities. However, this performance will depend the level of knowledge and practice regarding waste management. A facility based cross-sectional study design was applied on 400 health workers. All public health institutions inside Jigjiga town were included and the study participants were randomly selected from each health facility...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Eunice Lee, Bulaporn Natipagon-Shah, Samantha Sangsanoi-Terkchareon, Umme Shefa Warda, Shin-Young Lee
This study examined factors related to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake among Thais in the United States. A total of 121 Thais between 50 and 75 years of age, who were married and living in southern California participated in the survey (mean age = 61 years). Out of all the participants, only 21% of the participants had fecal occult blood tests, 21% had sigmoidoscopy, and 45% had colonoscopy that were within the recommended period. Overall, 55% of participants met CRC screening adherence criteria...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Abby Pribish, Nadia Khalil, Rahul Mhaskar, Laurie Woodard, Abu-Sayeef Mirza
Variation between homeless populations due to socioeconomic and environmental factors necessitates tailoring medical, health policy, and public health interventions to the unique needs of the homeless population served. Despite the relatively large size of the homeless population in Florida, there is a paucity of research that characterizes the homeless population who frequent homeless clinics within the state. This project describes the demographics, disease prevalence, and other risk factors among homeless individuals in Tampa, Florida...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Raina E Josberger, Meng Wu, Elizabeth L Nichols
In New York (NY), birth certificate data are routinely used for assessing quality of care and health outcomes such as primary cesarean section (PCS) rates. However rare events are often underreported. This study compared birth certificates to medical records, and examined the impact of underreporting on risk adjustment variables for PCS. We conducted an internal validation study using a random sample of 702 NY births in 2009. Sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of rare events reported on birth certificates were determined using abstracted and matched medical records as the gold standard...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Matthew Kearney, Leslie Reynolds, Sandy Blitzstein, Kristin Chapin, Philip Massey
Comprehensive strategies for prescription drug misuse must reach culturally and linguistically diverse suburban populations to effectively combat the ongoing opioid epidemic. The purpose of this study was to conduct a community needs assessment and inform the development and implementation of culturally appropriate primary prevention strategies for community-based interventions, specifically related to medication disposal practices. Three data collection techniques were utilized: key informant interviews (n = 4), intercept surveys (n = 71), and focus group discussions (n = 8; 61 participants)...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Echo L Warner, Laura Martel, Judy Y Ou, Gina E Nam, Sara Carbajal-Salisbury, Virginia Fuentes, Anne C Kirchhoff, Deanna Kepka
In the United States, Latinos are more likely to be uninsured and diagnosed with later stage cancer than non-Hispanic whites. Promotoras (lay health educators) help improve cancer knowledge and facilitate access to cancer screenings. We tested a promotora led workplace-based intervention to improve knowledge of and adherence to breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening among Latino employees in service or manual labor jobs. Latinos 18 and older from Salt Lake County, Utah were enrolled from January 2015 to February 2016...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Julie Chor, Megan Tusken, Danielle Young, Phoebe Lyman, Melissa Gilliam
To understand women's pre-abortion conversations with members of their social network about their abortion decision. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with women presenting for first-trimester surgical abortion at a high volume, hospital-based abortion clinic. Women were asked their reasons for discussing or not discussing abortion and responses received after disclosing their abortion decision. Interviews were transcribed and computer-assisted content analysis was performed. Salient themes are presented...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Sanghamitra M Misra, Cassandra Garcia, Padma Swamy, Shelley Kumar, Javier Chavez, Aditi Gupta
The US prevalence of childhood obesity remains high with ~ 1 in five children diagnosed with obesity, and rates of obesity are likely higher in uninsured and Medicaid populations than in those with private insurance. To understand the impact of an obesity intervention, an established mobile clinic program conducted a study to determine whether a FitKids Mobile Lifestyle Modification Program could reach overweight and obese uninsured children. Eighty-six children (ages 8-18 years) participated in the FitKids study over two trial periods...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Marla B Hall, Paul Vos
This study examined the relationship of cancer fatalism, using the Powe Fatalism Inventory (PFI), and smoking status (active smoker and nonsmoker) among rural adults. Utilizing a convenience sample, a cross-sectional study was performed. Inclusion criteria included being at least 18 years of age and a resident of one of the selected counties in the rural region. Analyses conducted were two-sample t tests, Fisher's exact tests, and logistic regression. Among 485 participants, the overall fatalism mean score and five PFI items had statistically significant outcomes...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Ivan Marquez, Neil Calman, Casey Crump
Despite national efforts to redress racial/ethnic disparities, Latino Americans continue to share a disproportionate burden of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. A better understanding of underlying causes and influencing factors is needed to guide future efforts to eliminate racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes control. The objectives of this review are: (1) to summarize our understanding of determinants and modifiable predictors of glycemic control; (2) to provide an overview of existing strategies to reduce diabetes-related disparities; and (3) to identify gaps in the literature regarding whether these interventions effectively address disparities in US Latino populations...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Hee-Soon Juon, Emmeline Ha, Frederic Kim, Amy Trang, Jane Pan, Janice Blanchard
While the majority of viral hepatitis is experienced in the developing world, migration of people from high prevalence countries contributes to health outcomes in the United States. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in foreign-born immigrants living in the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area. This study used cross-sectional data from 5982 individuals screened at community events held from 2009 to 2015. Descriptive statistics were generated to describe the screening results...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Laura E Starbird, Caitlin DiMaina, Chun-An Sun, Hae-Ra Han
Transportation is an important social determinant of health. Transportation barriers disproportionately affect the most vulnerable groups of society who carry the highest burden of chronic diseases; therefore, it is critical to identify interventions that improve access to transportation. We synthesized evidence concerning the types and impact of interventions that address transportation to chronic care management. A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed studies that include an intervention with a transportation component was performed using three electronic databases-PubMed, EMBASE, and CINAHL-along with a hand-search...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Community Health
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