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Journal of Community Health

Cristina R Lammers, Polly A Hulme, Howard Wey, Jennifer Kerkvliet, Shivaram P Arunachalam
Despite evidence of the benefits of preconception health care (PCHC), little is known about awareness and access to PCHC for rural, reproductive-aged women. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of PCHC conversations between rural reproductive-age women and health care providers, PCHC interventions received in the past year, and ascertain predictors of PCHC conversations and interventions. Women (n = 868; 18-45 years) completed a questionnaire including reproductive history, health care services utilization, and interest in PCHC...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Amanda Harris, Donald Luna, Daniel Velasquez, Jonathan Slovik, Alberta Kong
Excess weight gain is common when adolescents become young adults, but there are no obesity prevention or weight management interventions that have been tested for emerging adults who follow non-traditional post-secondary paths, such as enrolling in job training programs. We evaluated Healthy Eating & Active Lifestyles (HEALs), a policy-mandated lifestyle education/environmental modification program, at a job training center for low-income 16-24 year olds. We examined average change in body mass index (BMI) z-score from baseline to 6 months for emerging adults (aged 16-24 years) in pre-HEALs implementation (n = 125) and post-HEALs implementation (n = 126) cohorts living at the job training center, by baseline weight status...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Nancy Houser, Philip Baiden, Esme Fuller-Thomson
The objectives of this study were (1) to examine the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension among church personnel in North-Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, and (2) to identify socio-demographic factors and health behaviors that are associated with these outcomes. Data for this study were obtained from a sample of 670 pastors and their wives, and other church workers in North-Eastern Congo in 2014/2015. Pearson chi square and binary logistic regression analyses were conducted with diabetes status and hypertension as outcome variables...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Arturo Vargas Bustamante, Ana Martinez, Xiao Chen, Hector P Rodriguez
We examine whether workplace climate-quality of staff relationships (QSR) and manageable clinic workload (MCW) are related to better patient care experiences and diabetes care in community health centers (CHCs) catering to Latino and Chinese patients. Patient experience surveys of adult patients with type 2 diabetes and workplace climate surveys of clinicians and staff from CHCs were included in an analytic sample. Comparisons of means analyses examine patient and provider characteristics. The associations of QSR, MCW and the diabetes care management were examined using regression analyses...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Arham Zavery, Faisal Qureshi, Arbaz Riaz, Fatima Pervez, Nousheen Iqbal, Javaid A Khan
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of shisha smoking; its associated factors and awareness among medical students of Karachi, Pakistan following the imposition of nationwide shisha ban. A cross sectional study was conducted among medical students of two medical universities, namely Sindh Medical College and Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan from October till December 2014. A total of 422 participants were included. Data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire. The mean age was 21 ± 1...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Mirella Youssef Tawfik
: This study aims to investigate the impact of a health belief model (HBM)-based educational intervention on knowledge, beliefs, self-reported practices, gestational and postpartum weight in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was performed, with randomization at the level of Primary Health Care centers in three Egyptian cities. Eligible women with GDM were enrolled at 24 weeks pregnancy. The intervention group (n = 103) received health education intervention based on the HBM construct...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Sarah P Justvig, Justine Li, Giuseppina Caravella, Minqin Chen, Hua Wang, Lisa A Benz Scott, Susmita Pati
While CHW interventions improve health outcomes, evidence identifying specific domains of CHW-delivered support resulting in positive outcomes is limited. Our goals were to identify domains of CHW-delivered support that assist families with adhering to recommended pediatric care; and, to identify predictors of successful completion of an enriched medical home intervention (EMHI) using trained CHWs making home visits to provide health education and support positive health behaviors. We performed a prospective descriptive study of 88 families participating in a protocol-based EMHI...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Erin C Quinn, Rachel Sacks, Shannon M Farley, Sayone Thihalolipavan
Approximately 80,000 New York City smokers are Chinese or Russian speakers. To increase utilization of smoking cessation services among these populations, the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene developed linguistically and culturally tailored outreach strategies to promote and enhance its annual Nicotine Patch and Gum Program. In 2010, online web applications in Chinese and Russian were introduced. In 2011, input was sought from the community to develop Russian-language radio and newspaper ads, and a Russian-speaking liaison provided phone-assisted online enrollment support...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Djin Lai, Julia Bodson, France A Davis, Doriena Lee, Fahina Tavake-Pasi, Edwin Napia, Jeannette Villalta, Valentine Mukundente, Ryan Mooney, Heather Coulter, Louisa A Stark, Ana C Sanchez-Birkhead, Deanna Kepka
Current sources of publicly available human papillomavirus (HPV) information may not adequately meet the needs of diverse families. This study sought to describe associations between sociodemographic and acculturation factors, and sources of HPV information among diverse parents and caregivers. Community organizations purposively recruited participants from African American, African refugee, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities for a 21-item survey (N = 228)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Shang-Yu Yang, Ming-De Chen, Yueh-Chu Huang, Chung-Ying Lin, Jer-Hao Chang
Despite the substantial increase in the number of adolescent smartphone users, few studies have investigated the behavioural effects of smartphone use on adolescent students as it relates to musculoskeletal discomfort. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between smartphone use and musculoskeletal discomfort in students at a Taiwanese junior college. We hypothesised that the duration of smartphone use would be associated with increased instances of musculoskeletal discomfort in these students...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Banafsheh Sadeghi, Sara Schaefer, Iraklis Erik Tseregounis, Alberto L Aguilera, Lisa Martinez, Rosa Gomez-Camacho, Ulfat Shaikh, Mayra Munoz Gomez, Linda Whent, Adela de la Torre
In California's central valley, childhood obesity rates are above the national average. The majority of families living in the rural, agricultural communities of this region are immigrant of Mexican heritage, and face numerous social and environmental challenges. Demographic and anthropometric data were collected from a population of Mexican-heritage children 3-8 years (N = 609) and families (N = 466) living in two central valley communities. Overall, 45 % of children and 82 % of mothers were classified as overweight or obese...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Mahbubur Rahman, Jacqueline M Hirth, Abbey B Berenson
The objective of this study was to examine correlates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine use according to Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)'s recommendations among US adolescent girls. We used National Immunization Survey of Teens 2013 data. Based on provider-verified (n = 9403) information, 57.3, 39.1 and 19.0 % of adolescent girls, initiated, completed and completed the HPV vaccine according to ACIP's recommendation (by age 12), respectively. Hispanic race/ethnicity, a physician recommendation for HPV vaccine and ≥1 influenza vaccine in the past 3 years were all associated with a higher likelihood of compliance with ACIP's recommendation...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Community Health
H Lugova, S Wallis
Behavioural impact programmes are especially effective for dengue control and prevention. Universities are key settings for health promotion, so understanding factors that influence the practice of dengue prevention within a university community becomes important. This study aimed to examine the factors affecting dengue knowledge, attitude and preventive practices amongst students and staff of a public university. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A total of 372 students and staff of the NDUM were recruited by stratified sampling method...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Payam Sheikhattari, Jummai Apata, Farin Kamangar, Christine Schutzman, Anne O'Keefe, Jane Buccheri, Fernando A Wagner
Tobacco use remains a major public health problem in the U.S. disproportionately affecting underserved communities. The Communities Engaged and Advocating for a Smoke-free Environment (CEASE) initiative is an intervention to address the problem using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach. This study compares quit rates in a peer-led community-based intervention with those achieved in a clinical setting. The intervention consisted of three Phases. Phase I (n = 404) was a clinic-based trial comparing two types of counseling...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Kyeung Mi Oh, Karen L Taylor, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Cancer is the leading cause of death for Korean Americans (KAs). Breast cancer (BC) is the most commonly occurring cancer among KA women, and its rate has been rapidly increasing. Low BC screening rates for KAs puts them at greater risk for late-stage breast cancer. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature on cancer screening among KAs, and identified 38 eligible studies. Despite significant increases in mammogram utilization over the past two decades, KAs have consistently lower rates of mammogram screening than other American populations...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Kathryn E Gunter, Robert S Nocon, Yue Gao, Lawrence P Casalino, Marshall H Chin
We examined associations between patient-centered medical home (PCMH) characteristics and quality of diabetes care in 15 safety net clinics in five states. Surveys among clinic directors assessed PCMH characteristics using the Safety Net Medical Home Scale. Chart audits among 864 patients assessed diabetes process and outcome measures. We modeled the odds of the patient receiving performance measures as a function of total PCMH score and of PCMH subscales and covariates. PCMH characteristics had mixed, inconsistent associations with the quality of diabetes care...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Grace Clarke Hillyer, Karen M Schmitt, Maria Lizardo, Andria Reyes, Mercedes Bazan, Maria C Alvarez, Rossy Sandoval, Kazeem Abdul, Manuela A Orjuela
Understanding key health concepts is crucial to participation in Precision Medicine initiatives. In order to assess methods to develop and disseminate a curriculum to educate community members in Northern Manhattan about Precision Medicine, clients from a local community-based organization were interviewed during 2014-2015. Health literacy, acculturation, use of Internet, email, and text messaging, and health information sources were assessed. Associations between age and outcomes were evaluated; multivariable analysis used to examine the relationship between participant characteristics and sources of health information...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Elizabeth M Brown, Amy L Henes, Lindsay T Olson
This study examined e-cigarette use and attitudes toward e-cigarette policies among students at colleges and universities with and without policies prohibiting e-cigarette use on campus. In April 2015, we fielded an online survey with a convenience sample of 930 students at 14 North Dakota colleges and universities. The survey included questions about e-cigarette use, observed e-cigarette use on campus, awareness of school e-cigarette policy, and support for policies prohibiting e-cigarette use on campus. Over 40 % of respondents had used e-cigarettes at least once, and most current users reported using them rarely (36 %)...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
A B Murphy, N J Moore, M Wright, J Gipson, M Keeter, T Cornelious, D Reed, J Russell, K S Watson, M Murray
African American men (AA) carry unequal burdens of several conditions including cancer, diabetes, hypertension, and HIV. Engagement of diverse populations including AA men in research and health promotion practice is vital to examining the health disparities that continue to plague many racially and ethnically diverse communities. To date, there is little research on best practices that indicate locations, community areas and settings to engage AA men in research and health promotion. Traditionally, the AA church has been a key area to engage AA men and women...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Oana M Blaga, Alexandra Brînzaniuc, Ioana A Rus, Răzvan M Cherecheș, Anne Baber Wallis
Perinatal smoking is associated with a wide range of negative reproductive and pregnancy outcomes. The aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of women who report smoking prenatally and quit during pregnancy in a large sample of Romanian women. Understanding which women are more likely to quit will contribute to public health knowledge that will help more women stop smoking prior to or during pregnancy and prevent relapse postpartum. This cross-sectional analysis was conducted based on cross-sectional data collected between May 2012 and April 2015 as part of a cohort study of pregnancy implemented in six clinical settings in central Romania (N = 2370)...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Community Health
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