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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779075/gardening-for-health-patterns-of-gardening-and-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-the-navajo
#1
India J Ornelas, Katie Osterbauer, Lisa Woo, Sonia K Bishop, Desiree Deschenie, Shirley A A Beresford, Kevin Lombard
American Indians, including Navajo, are disproportionately affected by obesity and diabetes, in part due to diet-related health behaviors. The purpose of this study was to assess the patterns of gardening and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption among residents in two communities on the Navajo Nation in order to inform a community gardening intervention. We analyzed survey data collected from participants in the Yéego Gardening study conducted in two communities in the Navajo Nation (N = 169). We found that 51% of the sample gardened, and on average participants gardened 8...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779074/health-information-seeking-behavior-among-college-students
#2
Corey H Basch, Sarah A MacLean, Rachelle-Ann Romero, Danna Ethan
Individuals have a wide range of resources when searching for health topics. The aim of this research was twofold: (1) to identify and assess the resources college students use when exercising health information seeking behavior (HISB); and (2) to examine perceptions and behaviors regarding adoption of online tools. A questionnaire was developed to assess HISB in a sample of college students. Items pertaining to HISB were adapted from a Health Information National Trends Survey with permission from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777334/patient-engagement-in-community-health-center-leadership-how-does-it-happen
#3
Anjana E Sharma, Beatrice Huang, Margae Knox, Rachel Willard-Grace, Michael B Potter
Patient engagement in primary care leadership is an important means to involve community voices at community health centers. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are mandated to have patient representation within their governing boards, while practices seeking patient-centered medical home certification receive credit for implementing patient advisory councils (PACs). Our objective was to compare and contrast how community health centers engage patients in clinic management, decision-making and planning within governing boards versus PACs...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774456/examining-differences-in-breath-alcohol-concentration-brac-levels-and-hazardous-drinking-by-smoking-status-among-a-sample-of-college-student-bar-patrons
#4
Ryan J Martin, Molly Robinson, Jennifer Cremeens-Matthews, Beth H Chaney, Kristyn Wynn, Joseph G L Lee
While the association between current smoking and alcohol consumption is well known, the relationship between social smoking and alcohol consumption is less understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between smoking status and two alcohol consumption measures in a sample of college student bar patrons. The data used in this study was collected in fall 2015. Study participants (N = 415) were college student bar patrons who agreed to complete an interview that assessed smoking status (i...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770946/using-google-earth-to-assess-shade-for-sun-protection-in-urban-recreation-spaces-methods-and-results
#5
R Gage, N Wilson, L Signal, M Barr, C Mackay, A Reeder, G Thomson
Shade in public spaces can lower the risk of and sun burning and skin cancer. However, existing methods of auditing shade require travel between sites, and sunny weather conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of free computer software-Google Earth-for assessing shade in urban open spaces. A shade projection method was developed that uses Google Earth street view and aerial images to estimate shade at solar noon on the summer solstice, irrespective of the date of image capture. Three researchers used the method to separately estimate shade cover over pre-defined activity areas in a sample of 45 New Zealand urban open spaces, including 24 playgrounds, 12 beaches and 9 outdoor pools...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770945/use-of-evidence-based-interventions-and-implementation-strategies-to-increase-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-federally-qualified-health-centers
#6
Swann Arp Adams, Catherine L Rohweder, Jennifer Leeman, Daniela B Friedman, Ziya Gizlice, Robin C Vanderpool, Natoshia Askelson, Alicia Best, Susan A Flocke, Karen Glanz, Linda K Ko, Michelle Kegler
While colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates have been increasing in the general population, rates are considerably lower in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), which serve a large proportion of uninsured and medically vulnerable patients. Efforts to screen eligible patients must be accelerated if we are to reach the national screening goal of 80% by 2018 and beyond. To inform this work, we conducted a survey of key informants at FQHCs in eight states to determine which evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to promote CRC screening are currently being used, and which implementation strategies are being employed to ensure that the interventions are executed as intended...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767821/formative-research-on-knowledge-and-preferences-for-stool-based-tests-compared-to-colonoscopy-what-patients-and-providers-think
#7
John S Luque, Kristin Wallace, Bridgette F Blankenship, Lydia G Roos, Frank G Berger, Nancy R LaPelle, Cathy L Melvin
The rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in the U.S. remain below national targets, so many people at risk are not being screened. The objective of this qualitative research project was to assess patient and provider knowledge and preferences about CRC screening modalities and specifically the use of the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) as a first line screening choice. Nine focus groups were conducted with a medically underserved patient population and qualitative interviews were administered to their medical providers...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730833/assessing-and-improving-zoster-vaccine-uptake-in-a-homeless-population
#8
Laura Kaplan-Weisman, Eve Waltermaurer, Casey Crump
The herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine is recommended for all adults aged ≥ 60 years without contraindications to prevent shingles and post-herpetic neuralgia. There are no published studies on zoster vaccination rates, barriers, or workflows in adults who have experienced homelessness. Due to barriers specific to this vaccine, including difficulty determining insurance coverage, high upfront costs, need for storage in a freezer, and under-prescription by physicians, uptake is lower compared to other recommended vaccines for older adults...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700663/reaching-and-supporting-at-risk-community-based-seniors-results-of-a-multi-church-partnership
#9
Julie L Ellis, Jeffrey A Morzinski
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of a nurse-led, church-based educational support group for "at-risk," older African Americans on hospitalization and emergency department use. Study nurses enrolled 81 "at-risk" older adult members of ten churches. Participants completed a trifold pamphlet identifying personal health information and support, and they attended eight monthly educational/support group sessions in their church during the 10-month intervention. Study nurses completed a risk assessment interview with each senior both pre- and post-participation...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696598/the-personal-social-networks-of-resettled-bhutanese-refugees-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-a-social-network-analysis
#10
Diana M Kingsbury, Madhav P Bhatta, Brian Castellani, Aruna Khanal, Eric Jefferis, Jeffery S Hallam
Women comprise 50% of the refugee population, 25% of whom are of reproductive age. Female refugees are at risk for experiencing significant hardships associated with the refugee experience, including after resettlement. For refugee women, the strength of their personal social networks can play an important role in mitigating the stress of resettlement and can be an influential source of support during specific health events, such as pregnancy. A personal social network analysis was conducted among 45 resettled Bhutanese refugee women who had given birth within the past 2 years in the Akron Metropolitan Area of Northeast Ohio...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696597/hookah-use-among-college-students-recent-use-knowledge-of-health-risks-attitude-and-reasons-for-use
#11
Bradley Fevrier, Laura Nabors, Rebecca A Vidourek, Keith A King
Notwithstanding the efforts of health educators and other health professionals regarding tobacco and smoking cessation, research indicates that hookah smoking among college students remains a health concern. Research shows an upward trend in college students' hookah use. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe potential patterns/differences in college students' hookah use, and the relations among attitudes toward and knowledge about hookah use and use of this drug. A four-page, 20-item survey was used to collect data from participants (N = 403) and to measure participants 'recent use, knowledge of health risks, attitudes and reasons for hookah use among college students...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696596/american-sign-language-interpreters-perceptions-of-barriers-to-healthcare-communication-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-patients
#12
Rachel E Hommes, Amy I Borash, Kari Hartwig, Donna DeGracia
Communication barriers between healthcare providers and patients contribute to health disparities and the effectiveness of health promotion messages. This is especially true regarding communication between providers and deaf and hard of hearing (HOH) patients due to lack of understanding of cultural and linguistic differences, ineffectiveness of various means of communication and level of health literacy within that population. This research aimed to identify American Sign Language (ASL) interpreters' perceptions of barriers to effective communication between deaf and HOH patients and healthcare providers...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671198/cancer-community-education-in-somali-refugees-in-nebraska
#13
Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Nada Alnaji, Brandon Grimm, Melissa Leypoldt
Nebraska has one of the highest numbers of refugees per capita in the U.S. A high number of Somalis have resettled in Nebraska due to job opportunities and the low cost of living. In this paper, we report the process and the results of a cervical and breast cancer education program for Somali women conducted through a collaboration among public health, academia, and community entities. The curriculum was built to be suitable for the literacy level and cultural values of this community. Topics include female reproductive anatomy; breast and cervical cancer knowledge and screening; hepatitis C and liver cancer; and preparing for a health screening visit...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644581/exploring-health-beliefs-among-hispanic-adults-with-prediabetes
#14
Kyle Shaak, Melanie B Johnson, Jessecae K Marsh, Susan E Hansen, Elaine Seaton Banerjee, Brian Stello, Beth A Careyva
Diabetes and prediabetes are increasing in prevalence, corresponding to epidemic rates of obesity. Hispanic adults with prediabetes are 1.7 times more likely than non-Hispanic whites to progress to diabetes. We set out to understand health beliefs of Hispanic adults and, with that knowledge, facilitate tailored messaging to promote patient activation and lifestyle change. Using the Risk Perception Survey for Developing Diabetes along with demographic and lifestyle intervention interest questions, a 34-question survey was mailed to a registry of Hispanic adults with a diagnosis of prediabetes and an HbA1c between 5...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637434/the-impact-of-health-messages-on-maternal-decisions-about-infant-sleep-position-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Rebecca F Carlin, Anna Abrams, Anita Mathews, Brandi L Joyner, Rosalind Oden, Robert McCarter, Rachel Y Moon
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) rates in African-Americans are more than twice national rates, and historically, African-American parents are more likely than other groups to place infants prone, even when they are aware of supine sleep recommendations. Prior studies have shown African-Americans have low self-efficacy against SIDS but high self-efficacy against suffocation. This study aimed to determine the impact of a specific health message about suffocation prevention on African-American parental decisions regarding infant sleep position...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633107/freshmen-at-a-university-in-appalachia-experience-a-higher-rate-of-campus-than-family-food-insecurity
#16
Laura H McArthur, Kimberly S Fasczewski, Elaine Wartinger, Jordan Miller
Food insecurity means having limited or uncertain access, in socially acceptable ways, to an adequate and safe food supply. Ample evidence has identified college students as vulnerable to this problem, but little research has focused on freshmen. This cross-sectional study examined family and campus food insecurity among freshmen at a university in Appalachia. An online questionnaire contained sociodemographic items and scales that measured food security status, academic progress, coping strategies for accessing food, and social support...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627913/retrospective-cohort-comparison-of-fall-height-in-children-in-the-greater-los-angeles-area-targeting-populations-for-injury-prevention
#17
Jessica A Zagory, Cory McLaughlin, Michael Mallicote, Helen Arbogast, Jeffrey S Upperman, Aaron R Jensen
The purpose of this study was to determine whether falls from significant height occur more frequently in young children. We conducted a 10-year (2004-2014), comparative study using a retrospective cohort of 4713 children (< 18 years) from the Los Angeles county trauma database who were evaluated for a fall. Exposure was fall height, dichotomized into < 10 ft/low-risk fall and > 10 ft/high-risk fall. Primary outcome was age of fall. Secondary outcomes were disposition from emergency department, injuries, resource utilization, and mortality...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627912/violent-behaviors-weapon-carrying-and-firearm-homicide-trends-in-african-american-adolescents-2001-2015
#18
Jagdish Khubchandani, James H Price
African American youths have the highest risk for firearm and other weapon related homicides. This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys from 2001 to 2015 to assess trends in violence related behaviors and weapon carrying of African American adolescents. Our analyses found statistically significant reductions in physical fighting and weapon carrying among African American male adolescents from 2007 to 2015. Planning suicide increased in both male and female African American adolescents since 2007...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627911/pertussis-and-the-minnesota-state-fair-demonstrating-a-novel-setting-for-efficiently-conducting-seroepidemiologic-studies
#19
Erinn Sanstead, Nicole E Basta, Karen Martin, Victor Cruz, Kristen Ehresmann, Shalini Kulasingam
Seroepidemiologic studies, which measure serum antibody levels produced in response to infection and/or vaccination, can be valuable tools for gaining insight into population level dynamics of infectious diseases. However, because seroepidemiologic studies are expensive and logistically challenging, they are not routinely conducted for surveillance purposes. We have identified a novel venue, state fairgrounds, in which annual sera samples from a population may be rapidly collected with minimal recruitment expenses...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627910/correction-to-smoking-policy-change-within-permanent-supportive-housing
#20
Anne Berit Petersen, Holly C Stewart, Jon Walters, Maya Vijayaraghavan
The original version of this article unfortunately contains mistakes. 1. On page 315, in the last sentence under the "Tobacco Use" subheading, the percentage should read "59.3%" rather than "55.6%". 2. On page 315, in the last sentence under the "Secondhand Smoke Exposure" subheading, the percentage "28.2%" should read "28.6%". 3. The presentation of "Post-policy" and "Pre-policy" terms in the Figs. 1 and 3 were incorrect. It should be read as: Figure 1: Pre-policy (n = 27); Post-policy (n = 16)...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
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