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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547033/assessing-colorectal-cancer-knowledge-among-puerto-rican-hispanics-implications-for-cancer-prevention-and-control
#1
Reinaldo Ramírez-Amill, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, Carla Vázquez-Santos, Mónica Corzo-Pedrosa, Marcia Cruz-Correa
In Puerto Rico, colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality rates are increasing. Moreover, adherence rates to CRC screening (52.2%) are still below the goals (70.5%) established by Healthy People 2020. Lack of knowledge is described as a significant barrier to adherence to CRC screening. The aim of this study was to assess CRC knowledge and screening rates among Puerto Rican Hispanics. Participants aged 40-85 years were recruited from the internal medicine outpatient clinics at the University of Puerto Rico...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534228/glove-changing-practices-of-mall-food-vendors-in-new-jersey
#2
Corey H Basch, Miryam Z Wahrman, Sarah A MacLean, Alan Quisido, Carlo Ponsica, Nandish Patel
Gloves can serve as barriers to decrease the transfer of microorganisms from hands to food. Glove changing by food vendors is particularly important when handling paper currency, as bills can carry and transmit microbes from person to person. The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) To ascertain the extent to which gloves are changed after monetary transactions in food vendors at a major mall in New Jersey; and (2) to document the level of bacterial contamination and the presence of coliform bacteria on paper currency handled by these vendors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528527/health-literacy-and-associated-factors-among-hmong-american-immigrants-addressing-the-health-disparities
#3
Belle P Khuu, Hee Y Lee, Anne Q Zhou
Hmong Americans face a disproportionate health burden ranging from the high prevalence of diabetes to depressive disorders. Little research attention has been paid toward exploring contributing factors to this disparity. As such, the present study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the health literacy levels in Hmong Americans and its associated factors. The present study employed Andersen's behavioral model of health service as the theoretical framework. A cross-sectional survey research design was used and information was gathered from 168 Hmong American immigrants...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528526/communication-between-low-income-hispanic-patients-and-their-healthcare-providers-regarding-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating
#4
Aliyah Gauri, Xeniamaria Rodriguez, Patricia Gaona, Stephanie Maestri, Noella Dietz, Mark Stoutenberg
U.S. Hispanics disproportionately show health burdens that may be decreased by discussing physical activity (PA) and healthy eating with their healthcare providers (HCPs). We examined the perceptions of both HCPs and low-income Hispanic patients regarding the dynamics of these communications. We surveyed 295 low-income Hispanic patients and interviewed 14 HCPs at three community health clinics. Patients were asked about their comfort level with HCPs, how often their HCP discussed PA and healthy eating, and the likelihood of following advice on PA and healthy eating...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528525/urban-youth-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-lead-poisoning
#5
Sandra Bogar, Aniko Szabo, Shane Woodruff, Sheri Johnson
Environmental health literacy (EHL) is a promising and evolving field of research that could benefit from youth engagement. Yet studies focused on youths' environmental health awareness and concerns are limited. For example, although lead exposure remains a threat to youth development in urban environments, no published studies have measured urban youth's knowledge of lead poisoning. A CBPR partnership established a youth advisory council (YAC) who helped to design, interpret and disseminate a mixed methods study exploring environmental health perceptions among urban youths ages 10-18...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528524/a-novel-public-health-approach-to-measuring-tobacco-cessation-needs-among-cancer-survivors-in-alaska
#6
J Michael Underwood, Samantha J Hyde-Rolland, Julia Thorsness, Sherri L Stewart
Cancer survivors who continue to smoke have poorer response to treatment, higher risk for future cancers and lower survival rates than those who quit tobacco after diagnosis. Despite the increased risk for negative health outcomes, tobacco use among Alaskan cancer survivors is 19%, among the highest in the nation. To characterize and address tobacco cessation needs among cancer survivors who called a quit line for help in quitting tobacco, Alaska's Comprehensive Cancer Control program initiated a novel partnership with the state's Tobacco Quit Line...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#7
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523570/health-behavior-regarding-cardiovascular-diseases-among-nepali-adults
#8
Kritika Poudel, Naomi Sumi
The main aim was to assess Nepali adults' knowledge, health beliefs, and health promoting behaviors regarding cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted in five wards of Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City. A random sample of 300 Nepali individuals aged 20-65 years completed the heart disease knowledge questionnaire and health beliefs related to cardiovascular diseases. The health belief model related to CVDs was used. Sociodemographic and personal information was collected...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516339/holding-manufacturers-of-defective-firearms-to-account-does-restricting-liability-lawsuits-violate-the-second-amendment
#9
Neil J Nusbaum
Judicial and statutory developments since 2005 have placed considerable roadblocks in the way of legal efforts against the epidemic of gun violence in the United States. Although the Second Amendment is most often cited by those opposed to gun control, it offers a potential opportunity to be invoked in support of harm minimization.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509955/volunteers-experiences-delivering-a-community-university-chronic-disease-health-awareness-program-for-south-asian-older-adults
#10
Polly Ford-Jones, Tamara Daly
Volunteers and voluntary organizations can connect preventative health care programs to communities and may play an important role in addressing the health needs of older adults. Despite this, tensions may exist in the structures that drive volunteers and voluntary organizations representing immigrant communities to provide unpaid labour to augment and supplement health care services. Furthermore, organizational challenges may exist for community agencies relying on volunteers to sustain a health screening and education program...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508138/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-forced-sex-among-south-african-high-school-students
#11
Saloshni Naidoo, Benn Sartorius, Hein de Vries, Myra Taylor
Sexual violence, a global concern, has far reaching consequences for individuals and communities. This survey of South African high school students, reported baseline prevalence and factors associated with forced sex. Data collected among 434 adolescents (54.4% boys; 45.6% girls) used a questionnaire developed using the I-Change Model conceptual framework. Forced sex prevalence was 14.2% (95% CI 9.1, 21.5) with a non-significant difference between females (15.0%) and males (13.6%) (p = 0.781). After multivariable adjustment, urban location (39%), low socio-economic status (15%) and discordant mother/father vital status (20%) remained significant risk factors for forced sex...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488037/point-of-sale-e-cigarette-advertising-among-tobacco-stores
#12
Neng Wan, Mohammad Siahpush, Raees A Shaikh, Molly McCarthy, Athena Ramos, Antonia Correa
The marketing expenditure and sale of e-cigarettes increased sharply in the United States in recent years. However, little is known about neighborhood characteristics of point-of-sale (POS) e-cigarette advertising among tobacco stores. The purpose of this study was to examine socio-demographic characteristics of POS e-cigarette advertising among tobacco stores in the Omaha metropolitan area of Nebraska, USA. Between April and June 2014, trained fieldworkers completed marketing audits of all stores that sell tobacco (n = 463) in the Omaha metropolitan area and collected comprehensive e-cigarette advertising data of these stores...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488036/perceptions-of-health-care-and-access-to-preventive-services-among-young-adults
#13
Raffy R Luquis, Weston S Kensinger
The enactment of the Affordable Care Act increased the emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention by making preventive care accessible for many Americans, especially young adults, who could remain on their parents or legal guardians' health insurance until the age of 26. Yet, many Americans receive only half of the recommended preventive care services, which highlight the need for the improvement of health promotion and prevention services. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship among access to health care insurance, perceptions about health insurance, and use of preventive care services among young adults...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484886/physical-activity-of-mexican-heritage-youth-during-the-summer-and-school-year-the-role-of-parenting-strategies
#14
Megan Elizabeth McClendon, M Renée Umstattd Meyer, Kelly R Ylitalo, Joseph R Sharkey
Mexican-heritage youth living along the U.S.-Mexico border have higher rates of obesity than non-Hispanic Whites. Parenting strategies may influence youth physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) mitigating these obesity rates; however, parenting strategies have not been well examined in Hispanic cultures. Therefore, we examined relationships between parenting strategies and PA and SB of Mexican-heritage youth. Mother-child dyads (n = 121 dyads) were surveyed during the summer and school-year...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477050/revealing-the-prevalence-and-consequences-of-food-insecurity-in-children-with-epilepsy
#15
Jennifer A O'Malley, Bethany M Klett, Melissa D Klein, Nicole Inman, Andrew F Beck
Food insecurity (FI) affects more than one in five American children and is increasingly addressed during pediatric primary care. Its relevance during subspecialty care, including in the treatment of chronic conditions like epilepsy, is largely unknown. This study sought to determine the FI prevalence among children with epilepsy and examine the relationship between FI and healthcare utilization, health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL), and medication side effect control. This was a retrospective cohort study using electronic health record data from children, aged 2-17 years, seen for epilepsy management at an academic pediatric hospital...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477049/low-income-suburban-residents-perceive-a-greater-lack-of-specialty-but-not-primary-care-physicians-than-those-with-higher-incomes
#16
Lisa Benz Scott, Natalie Crnosija, Marukh Riaz, Norman H Edelman
As the number of low income residents in suburban areas increases, they may present new healthcare delivery challenges. We compared residents' perceptions of access to primary care (PCP) and specialty (SCP) physicians by income categories in two adjacent counties of New York, which differ in physician density and public healthcare delivery models. Telephone interviews of 812 residents of Nassau (NC, 6.9 physicians/1000) and Suffolk (SC, 3.5 physicians/1000) counties were conducted, assessing perceptions of whether there were "too few," or "about the right number" of PCPs and SCPs...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466199/health-disparities-by-sexual-orientation-results-and-implications-from-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#17
Gilbert Gonzales, Carrie Henning-Smith
Until recently, population-based data for monitoring sexual minority health have been limited, making it difficult to document and address disparities by sexual orientation. The primary objective of this study was to examine differences by sexual orientation in an array of health outcomes and health risk factors using one of the nation's largest health surveys. Data for this study came from 8290 adults who identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) and 300,256 adults who identified as heterosexual in the 2014-2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455672/race-is-a-strong-predictor-of-receipt-of-a-written-survivorship-care-plan-results-from-the-national-health-interview-survey
#18
Leslie Hinyard, Lorinette S Wirth
The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of receipt of written documentation of follow up care and of cancer treatments and to examine the predictors of receipt of such written documentation. Data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey was used to identify individuals 18 years or older with a history of cancer. Binary and multinomial logistic regression were used to investigate patient-level variables associated with receipt of written documentation of cancer treatment, written advice about follow-up care, or both written documents...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455671/perceptions-of-cervical-cancer-screening-screening-behavior-and-post-migration-living-difficulties-among-bhutanese-nepali-refugee-women-in-the-united-states
#19
Jennifer Kue, Heather Hanegan, Alai Tan
Bhutanese-Nepali refugees are one of the largest refugee groups to be resettled in the U.S. in the past decade. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer disparity in this population, yet screening rates are suboptimal. Nepali-speaking interviewers administered a community health needs questionnaire to a convenience sample of Bhutanese-Nepali refugees in a Midwestern city between July to October of 2015. Descriptive statistics were used to describe socio-demographic characteristics, Pap smear beliefs, post-migration living difficulties, and screening status...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447180/american-indian-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-smokeless-tobacco-a-comparison-of-two-focus-group-studies
#20
Kathryn Rollins, Charley Lewis, Ryan Goeckner, Joseph Pacheco, T Edward Smith, Jason Hale, Sean Makosky Daley, Won S Choi, Christine Makosky Daley
Though smokeless tobacco (SLT) use has decreased in many communities, concern for American Indian (AI) SLT use remains, as this population continues to be disproportionally affected by SLT-related diseases. Tobacco has cultural significance to many AI tribes, therefore tobacco cessation messages portraying tobacco as entirely negative may be ineffective. As a part of our formative research for an SLT cessation intervention, we sought to gain a better understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about SLT among AI community members...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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