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Journal of Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#1
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780737/erratum-to-adolescent-participation-in-hpv-vaccine-clinical-trials-are-parents-willing
#2
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Pamela C Hull, Lauren Duke, Stephania T Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776110/association-between-risky-sexual-behavior-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-in-kenya-a-population-based-study
#3
Zelalem T Haile, Caroline Kingori, Bhakti Chavan, John Francescon, Asli K Teweldeberhan
Women residing in Eastern Africa are disproportionately affected by cervical cancer. Previous studies have identified risky sexual behavior as a major risk factor for cervical cancer. However, population-based studies examining the relationship between sexual behavior and cervical cancer screening are currently lacking. This descriptive cross-sectional study utilized nationally representative secondary data from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (n = 6104) to examine the association between risky sexual behavior and cervical cancer screening among sexually active women...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752269/opportunities-for-skin-cancer-prevention-education-among-individuals-attending-a-community-skin-cancer-screening-in-a-high-risk-catchment-area
#4
Bridget Grahmann Parsons, Lisa H Gren, Sara E Simonsen, Garrett Harding, Douglas Grossman, Yelena P Wu
Despite the highly preventable nature of skin cancer, it remains the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer in the United States. Recommendations for a complete skin cancer prevention regimen include engaging in photoprotection (e.g., sunscreen use), avoiding skin cancer risk behaviors (e.g., tanning), and receiving total body skin exams from a health care provider. The current study examined reported engagement in these behaviors among participants attending a community skin cancer screening (N = 319) in a high-risk catchment area to assess the need for increased health education on skin cancer prevention...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744716/predictors-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-prior-to-implementation-of-a-large-pragmatic-trial-in-federally-qualified-health-centers
#5
Amanda F Petrik, Thuy Le, Erin Keast, Jennifer Rivelli, Keshia Bigler, Beverly Green, William M Vollmer, Gloria Coronado
Colorectal cancer screening can prevent cancer deaths. Federally qualified health centers serve a unique patient population that often is not screened. Knowing who in this environment is getting screened via fecal testing and via colonoscopy can assist in tailoring intervention to raise rates of colorectal cancer screening. We examined patient-level and neighborhood-level characteristics associated with being up to date with colorectal cancer screening guidelines. We also examined associations between these factors and being screened with a fecal test...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730542/physically-demanding-labor-and-health-among-indigenous-women-in-the-ecuadorian-highlands
#6
William F Waters, Jessica Ehlers, Fernando Ortega, Anne Sebert Kuhlmann
Physically demanding work carried out during long workdays affects women's health. In rural and agrarian societies, women perform a variety of domestic and productive tasks, often from dawn to dusk, with little or no leisure time. This paper presents the results of a survey of indigenous women in six rural communities in the Ecuadorian highlands. It was conducted to measure the amount of time women spend on physically demanding work in the context of food security, parity outcomes, and access to prenatal health care...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707181/expanded-medicaid-provides-access-to-substance-use-mental-health-and-physician-visits-to-homeless-and-precariously-housed-persons
#7
R David Parker, Michael J Cima, Zachary Brown, Michael Regier
To describe the Medicaid costs associated with persons who are homeless or unstably housed. A retrospective secondary data analysis linked Medicaid recipient data with a statewide homeless management information system. A total of 19,950 persons received a housing service between 2012 and 2015 including 14,136 persons with Medicaid. Five of the most frequent diagnoses were substance abuse or mental health conditions in 42.83% of all diagnoses. The most frequent service was outpatient mental health and emergency department physician services...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707180/a-social-needs-assessment-tool-for-an-urban-latino-population
#8
Beth A Careyva, Roya Hamadani, Timothy Friel, Cathy A Coyne
Unmet social needs contribute significantly to health outcomes, yet they are not routinely assessed in health care settings. Identifying modifiable social needs and feasible tools to assess them may improve health and decrease costs. We conducted 18 focus groups with 115 participants, stratified by age (18-35, 36-64, and 65+), ethnicity (Hispanic, non-Hispanic), and language (English, Spanish) to explore priority social needs, images to depict social need categories, and acceptability of a computer-based program to identify these needs...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695427/distracted-pedestrian-behavior-on-two-urban-college-campuses
#9
Hayley L Wells, Leslie A McClure, Bryan E Porter, David C Schwebel
Pedestrian injuries injure about 180,000 individuals and kill 6000 each year in the United States, and pedestrian injury rates have increased each of the last several years. Distracted pedestrian behavior may play a role in the trend of increasing risk for pedestrian injury. Using in vivo behavioral coding over the course of  two weeks on two urban college campuses, this study aimed to (1) understand the type and rate of distractions engaged in by pedestrians on urban college campuses, and (2) investigate the impact of distraction on street-crossing safety and behavior...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695426/influenza-vaccination-beliefs-and-practices-in-elderly-primary-care-patients
#10
Sharon Rikin, Vanessa Scott, Steven Shea, Philip LaRussa, Melissa S Stockwell
The majority of influenza related deaths and hospitalizations occur among individuals ≥65 years, yet the national influenza vaccination rate for this group is 63% and is lower in the Hispanic population. Previous studies have described negative predictors of vaccination; however, there is a knowledge gap of how influenza vaccine-specific beliefs affect vaccination rates. We examined the relationship between influenza vaccine health beliefs and vaccination behaviors in a cross sectional sample of 200 primarily Hispanic patients aged ≥65 years in an academic general internal medicine clinic...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695425/community-health-workers-bring-cost-savings-to-patient-centered-medical-homes
#11
Maurice L Moffett, Arthur Kaufman, Andrew Bazemore
The Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model demonstrated that processes of care can be improved while unnecessary care, such as preventable emergency department utilization, can be reduced through better care coordination. A complementary model, the Integrated Primary Care and Community Support (I-PaCS) model, which integrates community health workers (CHWs) into primary care settings, functions beyond improved coordination of primary medical care to include management of the social determinants of health...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689340/the-grocery-store-food-environment-in-northern-greenland-and-its-implications-for-the-health-of-reproductive-age-women
#12
Zoe A Watson, Carmen Byker Shanks, Mary P Miles, Elizabeth Rink
The population of Greenland is diminishing and environmental and social shifts implicate food availability and the health of reproductive age women. There is little knowledge of the grocery store food environment in Greenland. To address this gap and provide baseline information the present study measured food availability in five grocery stores in northern Greenland. As well, 15 interviews were conducted with reproductive age women, three grocery store managers were interviewed and one interview was conducted with a food distribution manager...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689339/longitudinal-impact-of-a-park-based-afterschool-healthy-weight-program-on-modifiable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-youth
#13
Sarah E Messiah, Emily M D'Agostino, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Deidre Okeke, Maria Nardi, Jack Kardys, Kristopher L Arheart
Community-based programs hold significant potential to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in youth. We describe here the longitudinal change in several modifiable CVD risk factors after participation in up to 3 years of Fit2Play™, a park-based afterschool program. Children ages 6-15 years old (N = 2261, mean age 9.0 years, 50% Hispanic, 47% non-Hispanic black, 54% male) who participated in Fit2Play™ for either 1-3 school years between 2010 and 2016 had height, weight, 4-site skinfold thicknesses, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the progressive aerobic cardiovascular endurance run test, and health/wellness knowledge and behavior scores collected at the beginning and end of the school year(s)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688060/community-based-study-recruitment-of-american-indian-cigarette-smokers-and-electronic-cigarette-users
#14
Dana Mowls Carroll, Lacy S Brame, Lancer D Stephens, Theodore L Wagener, Janis E Campbell, Laura A Beebe
Data on the effectiveness of strategies for the recruitment of American Indians (AIs) into research is needed. This study describes and compares methods for identifying and recruiting AI tobacco users into a pilot study. Community-based strategies were used to recruit smokers (n = 35), e-cigarette users (n = 28), and dual users (n = 32) of AI descent. Recruitment was considered proactive if study staff contacted the individual at a pow wow, health fair, or vape shop and participation on-site or reactive if the individual contacted the study staff and participation occurred later...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685318/us-media-coverage-of-tobacco-industry-corporate-social-responsibility-initiatives
#15
Patricia A McDaniel, E Anne Lown, Ruth E Malone
Media coverage of tobacco industry corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives represents a competitive field where tobacco control advocates and the tobacco industry vie to shape public and policymaker understandings about tobacco control and the industry. Through a content analysis of 649 US news items, we examined US media coverage of tobacco industry CSR and identified characteristics of media items associated with positive coverage. Most coverage appeared in local newspapers, and CSR initiatives unrelated to tobacco, with non-controversial beneficiaries, were most commonly mentioned...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685317/colon-cancer-worry-in-appalachia
#16
Omar F Attarabeen, Usha Sambamoorthi, Kevin T Larkin, Kimberly M Kelly
Appalachia has a higher incidence of and mortality from colon cancer (CC) than other regions of the United States; thus, it is important to know the potential impact of elevated risk on cancer worry. Guided by the Self-regulation model, we investigated the association of demographic, cultural (e.g., fatalism, religious commitment), and psychological factors (e.g., perceived risk, general mood) with CC worry among a sample of Appalachian women. A mixed method design was utilized. Appalachian women completed surveys in the quantitative section (n = 134) and semi-structured interviews in the qualitative section (n = 24)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681282/integrating-traditional-healers-into-the-health-care-system-challenges-and-opportunities-in-rural-northern-ghana
#17
Eva Krah, Johannes de Kruijf, Luigi Ragno
Traditional medicine is widespread in Ghana, with 80% of Ghanaians relying on its methods for primary health care. This paper argues that integrating traditional and biomedical health systems expands the reach and improves outcomes of community health care. Moving beyond literature, it stresses the importance of trust-relationships between healers and biomedical staff. Insights are based on qualitative research conducted in Ghana's Northern Region (2013-2014). Five challenges to integration emerged out of the data: a lack of understanding of traditional medicine, discrimination, high turnover of biomedical staff, declining interest in healing as a profession, and equipment scarcity...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681281/population-health-outcomes-of-a-student-led-free-health-clinic-for-an-underserved-population-a-naturalistic-study
#18
Cynthia M Stuhlmiller, Barry Tolchard
There are a number of hard to reach and underserved communities who experience inadequate health care. In Australia, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders peoples experience low life expectancy, higher levels for chronic disease and elevated smoking and drinking. These problems are further exacerbated when living in regional and rural Australia and poverty. There are growing concerns over helping such groups in order to close the health disparity gap. A student-led clinic (SLC) was developed to address clinical placement shortages while providing free health and social services in an underserved community in regional Australia...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681280/elevated-nicotine-dependence-scores-among-electronic-cigarette-users-at-an-electronic-cigarette-convention
#19
Jona M Johnson, Jessica L Muilenburg, Stephen L Rathbun, Xiaozhong Yu, Luke P Naeher, Jia-Sheng Wang
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) conventions are trade shows held across the globe to promote e-cigarette products and provide a venue for users to socialize. E-cigarette users that attend these events likely represent the most intensive e-cigarette user group. No study has characterized addiction and behavior characteristics in this population. We surveyed 131 e-cigarette users attending a large Southeastern e-cigarette convention in Fall 2015. All questions from the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), select questions from the Penn State Electronic Cigarette Dependence Index, and novel user behavior questions were included...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677027/finding-sex-partners-through-social-media-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hanoi-vietnam
#20
Aparna Krishnan, Minh Nguyen, Le Minh Giang, Tran Viet Ha, Madhura Bhadra, Sang Minh Nguyen, Viet Duc Vu, Quynh T Nguyen, William C Miller, Vivian F Go
Many men who have sex with men (MSM) in low and middle income countries search for male sexual partners via social media in part due to societal stigma and discrimination, yet little is known about the sexual risk profiles of MSM social media users. This cross-sectional study investigates the prevalence of social media use to find male sex partners in Hanoi, Vietnam and examines associations between social media use and sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics, including levels of internalized, perceived and enacted stigma, high-risk sexual behaviors, and HIV testing...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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