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Journal of Public Health

Ting Xu, Zhong-Mei Yi, Jun-Mei Luo, He-Lian Yu, Ya-Han Fan, Hua Lu, Shu-Ming Zhao, Tian-Lun Jiang
Background: The high prevalence of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) is causing serious harm to human health worldwide. The aim of this research was to assess the prevalence and influencing factors of TTIs in Southwest China. Methods: A retrospective study of blood donor records from January 2008 to December 2015 was conducted. All samples were screened for HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis. The donor's data was recorded and analyzed statistically using SPSS software...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Bibiana Pérez-Hernández, Esther Lopez-García, Auxiliadora Graciani, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther García-Esquinas
Background: Poor housing conditions have been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in old age. Methods: Prospective cohort of 1602 older adults followed from 2012 to 2015. Poor conditions were defined as living in a walk-up building, lacking piped hot water or heating, feeling frequently cold at home, lacking a bathtub/shower, a refrigerator, a washing machine, an own room or a landline. Frailty was assessed with the Fried criteria, lower extremities performance with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and disability in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) with the Lawton and Brody questionnaire...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Keiko Osaki, Tomoko Hattori, Akemi Toda, Erna Mulati, Lukas Hermawan, Kirana Pritasari, Saptawati Bardosono, Soewarta Kosen
Background: Effectiveness of the Maternal and Child Health Handbook (MCHHB), a home-based booklet for pregnancy, delivery and postnatal/child health, was evaluated on care acquisition and home care in rural Java, a low service-coverage area. Methods: We conducted a health centre-based randomized trial, with a 2-year follow-up. Intervention included (i) MCHHB provision at antenatal care visits; (ii) records and guides by health personnel on and with the MCHHB; and (iii) sensitization of care by volunteers using the MCHHB...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Giovanni Piumatti, Simon C Moore, Damon M Berridge, Chinmoy Sarkar, John Gallacher
Background: Using UK Biobank data, this study sought to explain the causal relationship between alcohol intake and cognitive decline in middle and older aged populations. Methods: Data from 13 342 men and women, aged between 40 and 73 years were used in regression analysis that tested the functional relationship and impact of alcohol on cognitive performance. Performance was measured using mean reaction time (RT) and intra-individual variation (IIV) in RT, collected in response to a perceptual matching task...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Marieke A H Hendriksen, Eelco A B Over, Gerjan Navis, Jaap A Joles, Ewout J Hoorn, Ron T Gansevoort, Hendriek C Boshuizen
Background: In addition to blood pressure and cardiovascular disease, high-salt intake has been associated with renal diseases. The aim of this study is to estimate the potential health impact of salt reduction on chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the Netherlands. Methods: We developed a dynamic population health modeling tool to estimate the health impact of salt reduction on CKD and ESKD. We used data from the PREVEND study and extrapolated that to the Dutch population aged 30-75 years...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health
V Skafida, S Chambers
Background: Few studies explore how the longitudinal cumulative and combined effects of dietary habits and oral hygiene habits relate to dental decay in very young children. Methods: Using longitudinal survey data, logistic regression models were specified to predict dental decay by age 5. Predictor variables included questions on diet and oral hygiene from ages 2 to 5. Results: Compared to mainly eating meals, children who snacked all day but had no real meals had a higher chance of dental decay (odds ratios (OR) = 2...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Carla C Enes, Luciana B Nucci
Background: There is consistent evidence showing that low socioeconomic level, both at the individual and contextual levels, is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality due to noncommunicable diseases. Objective: To identify gender and schooling inequalities in the distribution of risk and protective factors for chronic diseases among Brazilian adults. Methods: This study included data from 97 468 individuals interviewed in 2012 and 2013 from the Surveillance System of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases (VIGITEL)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
A L Schmitz, T-K Pförtner
Background: Whereas the association between education and health in later life is well described, investigations about the underlying mechanisms of these health inequalities are scarce. This study examines the relative contribution of material, behavioral and psychosocial factors to health inequalities in older Germans. Methods: Data were drawn from the fifth wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The analytic sample included 3246 participants aged 60-85 years...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Maha Almuneef, Nathalie ElChoueiry, Hassan Saleheen, Majid Al-Eissa
Background: Early exposure to violence has deleterious effect on the child's brain development. The aims for this project were to assess the prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and their impact on social determinants in Saudi Arabia (SA). Methods: A cross-sectional, national study conducted in all regions of SA using the World Health Organization-ACE-International Questionnaire to determine the association between ACEs and socioeconomic outcomes. Results: A total of 10 156 participants completed the questionnaire with five main ACE categories (abuse, neglect, family dysfunction, peer and community violence)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
T Leão, J Perelman
Background: Inequalities in the distribution of self-reported health (SRH) have been widely reported. Its higher expressivity among women, elderly and least educated groups has been partly attributed to differences in their health perceptions. However, this subjectivity may be masking the burden of mental illness in these groups. Thus, we sought to understand if depression symptoms mediate inequalities in SRH. Methods: SHARE waves 4 and 6, pertaining to Spain, Italy and Portugal, were used (n2011 = 8517, n2015 = 11 046)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Elizabeth Dormandy, John James, Baba Inusa, David Rees
Background: Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is now one of the most common serious genetic condition in England. There is no reliable estimate of the total number of people living with SCD in the UK, to support commissioners and providers of services for people with SCD. Aim: To obtain reliable data on the total number of people living with SCD in the UK in 2016. Method: Information was requested from all national databases known to hold information on the number of people living with SCD in the UK...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Dumsile Ngwenya, Song-Lih Huang
Background: Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among females in Swaziland, yet the screening rate remains low. The study intended to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practice on cervical cancer and screening. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 202 men and 213 women aged 30-65 years. The participants were from the Manzini and Shiselweni regions of Swaziland, sampled from both rural (77.8%) and urban areas. Results: About half (53...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
D J Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Yllka Kodra, Giada Minelli, Adele Rocchetti, Valerio Manno, Annamaria Carinci, Susanna Conti, Domenica Taruscio
Background: Italy has been the first country at European level to implement a population-based public health registry dedicated to rare diseases. This study describes the current situation of the Italian National Rare Diseases Registry (NRDR) and compares its data with those from the National Hospital Discharge Database (HDD). Methods: Three rare diseases were analysed: Huntington disease (HD), Hereditary Haemorragic Telangiectasia (HHT) and Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS), selected for their different characteristics...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Chun-Tung Kuo, Duan-Rung Chen
Background: Previous studies have suggested that social and economic spatial polarization is associated with various health outcomes. However, few studies have examined the joint effect of income inequality and spatial polarization on health. Methods: Data on mortality in 2008-12 were from the Ministry of Health and Welfare. We constructed economic spatial polarization using the Index of Concentration at the Extremes (ICE) by tax data from the Ministry of Finance...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
D O'Keefe, N Scott, C Aitken, P Dietze
Background: To assess the structure of individual-level needle and syringe coverage measurement formula, and to estimate the impact of coverage-related behaviours/parameters (instances of syringe acquisition, total syringes acquired, peer-to-peer syringe distribution, injecting frequency) on overall coverage. Methods: Data are drawn from the Melbourne (Australia) injecting drug user cohort study, 2010-16. Data from 518 participants were analysed. We used correlations to explore the relationships between coverage parameters; pooled multiple-linear regression to estimate the effect of each parameter on coverage over time; and exploratory factor analysis to assess the relevance of each parameter within the coverage formula...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health
F Amati, C Banks, G Greenfield, J Green
Background: Psychological therapies are increasingly delivered in community care settings. In existing literature, patient, disorder and service variables are known to have a significant impact on the recovery outcomes for patients undergoing psychological treatment in secondary care. The aim of this review is to establish which predictors have a significant impact on recovery from common mental health disorders in community settings. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines to identify variables with a predictive power on psychological therapy outcomes...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health
A Fuller, K M Fleming, L Szatkowski, M Bains
Introduction: The transition to university is a potentially influential time upon students' drinking behaviour. This study explored the nature of activities and alcohol-related content in marketing materials from student-led societies and local businesses provided to students, at a university freshers' fair in the UK. Methods: All marketing materials handed out at the fair were collected across the 5-day event in September 2015. Written and visual content was analysed using a summative qualitative content analysis...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Kathryn MacKay
Background: Many public health practitioners and organizations view themselves as engaged in the promotion or achievement of equity. However, discussions around public health frequently assume that practitioners and policy-makers take a utilitarian approach to this work. Methods: I argue that public health is better understood as a social justice endeavor. I begin by presenting the utility view of public health and then discuss the equity view. This is a theoretical argument, which should help public health to justify interventions for communicable and non-communicable diseases equally, and which contributes to breaking down the 'old/new' public health divide...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Ahmed Elhakeem, Kimberly Hannam, Kevin C Deere, April Hartley, Emma M Clark, Charlotte Moss, Mark H Edwards, Elaine Dennison, Tim Gaysin, Diana Kuh, Andrew Wong, Kenneth R Fox, Cyrus Cooper, Rachel Cooper, Jon H Tobias
Background: Exposure to higher magnitude vertical impacts is thought to benefit bone health. The correlates of this high-impact physical activity (PA) in later life are unknown. Methods: Participants were from the Cohort for Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon, Hertfordshire Cohort Study and MRC National Survey of Health and Development. Associations of demographic, behavioural, physiological and psychological factors with vertical acceleration peaks ≥1.5 g (i...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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