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Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908973/environmental-public-health-tracking-a-cost-effective-system-for-characterizing-the-sources-distribution-and-public-health-impacts-of-environmental-hazards
#1
P J Saunders, J D Middleton, G Rudge
BACKGROUND: The contemporary environment is a complex of interactions between physical, biological, socio-economic systems with major impacts on public health. However, gaps in our understanding of the causes, extent and distribution of these effects remain. The public health community in Sandwell West Midlands has collaborated to successfully develop, pilot and establish the first Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) programme in Europe to address this 'environmental health gap' through systematically linking data on environmental hazards, exposures and diseases...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908972/clustering-of-health-related-behaviors-among-early-and-mid-adolescents-in-tuscany-results-from-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Giacomo Lazzeri, Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Lucia Arata, Andrea Pammolli, Rita Simi, Mariano Vincenzo Giacchi, Daniela Amicizia, Roberto Gasparini
BACKGROUND: A huge amount of literature suggests that adolescents' health-related behaviors tend to occur in clusters, and the understanding of such behavioral clustering may have direct implications for the effective tailoring of health-promotion interventions. Despite the usefulness of analyzing clustering, Italian data on this topic are scant. This study aimed to evaluate the clustering patterns of health-related behaviors. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in Tuscany in 2010, which involved 3291 11-, 13- and 15-year olds...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899480/within-person-analysis-of-welfare-transitions-in-a-longitudinal-panel-survey-reveals-change-in-mental-health-service-use
#3
C Pymont, T P Schofield, P Butterworth
BACKGROUND: While international research shows that receipt of welfare benefits is associated with poor mental health, less is known about the relationship between welfare receipt and mental health service use. We investigate whether within-person change in welfare recipient status is associated with change in mental health service use. METHODS: Analysis of two waves of data from an Australian national household survey. Random- and fixed-effect models considered the effect of change in welfare receipt status, and assessed whether change in mental health service use differed by type of welfare benefit or the direction of welfare transition...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899479/a-formative-review-of-physical-activity-interventions-for-minority-ethnic-populations-in-england
#4
E Such, S Salway, R Copeland, S Haake, S Domone, S Mann
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels are lower among some UK Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups than the majority White British population and a variety of tailored interventions have emerged. This study documents the characteristics and logic of local adaptations, a vital first step in evaluating such innovations. METHODS: An English PA data set was examined to identify and characterize PA programmes focussed on BME populations. Three case studies were conducted, employing documentary analysis and qualitative interviews...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899478/one-year-prospective-study-on-the-presence-of-chronic-diseases-and-subsequent-cognitive-decline-in-older-adults
#5
Hamzah Bakouni, Samantha Gontijo Guerra, Veronica Chudzinski, Djamal Berbiche, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis
BACKGROUND: The literature is inconsistent regarding the effect of the presence of chronic physical and mental diseases on cognitive decline in older adults. The objectives of this study were to explore the effect of chronic diseases on subsequent cognitive decline assessed via the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) in community living older adults. METHODS: We used data from individuals (n = 2010) participating in the ESA (Étude sur la Santé des Aînés) study...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899477/mental-health-coverage-in-needs-assessments-and-associated-opportunities
#6
Jonathan Campion, Claire Coombes, Neel Bhaduri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders account for almost a third of UK disease burden. Cost effective public mental health interventions have broad public health relevant impacts. Since coverage of such interventions is low, assessment of local coverage is important. METHODS: A total of 23 Joint Strategic Needs Assessments (JSNAs) around London were assessed for different mental health intelligence. RESULTS: Mental health was poorly covered and difficult to locate in JSNAs...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899476/the-prevention-paradox-mark-ii-an-appeal-for-diversity-in-public-health
#7
Frank Houghton
The vast majority of public health students exhibit the kind of 'clean living' that is routinely advocated as highly desirable by health promoters. However, this social and cultural distance from many of the most important health issues faced in our society creates a barrier for understanding and working with other population groups. Insider status, knowledge and understanding is essential in developing true insight in developing culturally appropriate interventions. Referencing Rose's influential prevention paradox, a revision is suggested stating that prevention measures are often developed by individuals outside the population in question and may offer little actual benefit to that population...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899475/predictors-of-prenatal-smoking-and-attempted-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-community-based-study-of-romani-women-in-southeastern-europe
#8
Janko Jankovic, Zeljka Stamenkovic, Kristefer Stojanovski, Renee D Goodwin, Teresa Janevic
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine predictors of prenatal smoking, and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy among Romani women. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study (November 2012 to February 2013) of 410 Romani women in Roma settlements in Serbia and Macedonia was conducted. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of prenatal smoking and attempted smoking cessation during pregnancy. RESULTS: Romani women older than 30 years and those who were living with a man were over twice as likely (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899474/retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-south-tyneside-exercise-referral-scheme-2009-14-predictors-of-dropout-and-barriers-to-adherence
#9
Michael C Kelly, Glen C Rae, Diane Walker, Sarah Partington, Caroline J Dodd-Reynolds, Nick Caplan
BACKGROUND: Exercise Referral Schemes (ERS) are a prevalent method of increasing physical activity levels. However, they suffer from participant dropout and research predicting dropout or barriers to adherence are limited. This study aimed to focus upon the effect of referral characteristics on dropout, dropout predictors and whether self-reported barriers to exercise predict dropout. METHODS: ERS data from 2009 to 2014 were retrieved for analysis. Chi-squared and t-tests were used to investigate differences between referral characteristics, and logistic regression used to investigate dropout predictors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889693/health-inequalities-critical-perspectives
#10
Eileen O'Keefe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889692/corrigendum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881577/the-design-and-psychometric-assessment-of-a-child-friendly-tpb-based-questionnaire
#12
Jenny Davison, Marian McLaughlin, Melanie Giles
BACKGROUND: Despite the popularity of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), a lack of research assessing the efficacy of the model in understanding the health behaviour of children exists. The aim of this study was to develop and test a TPB-based measure suitable for use with schoolchildren aged 9-10 years. METHODS: A mixed-method sequential design was employed. In Phase 1, semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted to elicit the underlying beliefs specific to tooth brushing...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881576/exploring-men-s-perceptions-of-a-community-based-men-s-shed-programme-in-england
#13
Grant J McGeechan, C Richardson, L Wilson, G O'Neill, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Sheds have been used in Australia for decades as an intervention to try and promote 'health by stealth' among men by providing a social space for those who may be particularly vulnerable to poor mental health. Little is known about the impact of men's sheds in England. METHODS: Members of 19 sheds from one local authority area were invited to participate in focus groups to explore their perceptions of their shed. In total, 32 men participated in five focus groups which were analysed using applied thematic analysis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881575/integrate-hta-adopting-and-implementing-an-integrated-perspective-on-complex-interventions
#14
Eva A Rehfuess, Ansgar Gerhardus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881574/global-health-human-rights-and-the-challenge-of-neoliberal-policies
#15
Judith Bueno de Mesquita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803130/physical-activity-mediates-the-relationship-between-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-cognitive-functioning-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#16
Alina Cohen, Chris I Ardern, Joseph Baker
BACKGROUND: Excess adiposity is associated with impairments in cognitive functioning, whereas physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) may be protective against cognitive decline. Therefore, this study investigated the interrelationships between FVC, body mass index (BMI), PA and cognitive functioning in younger and older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 45 522 participants (≥30 years) were examined from the 2012 annual component of the Canadian Community Health Survey...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784756/three-decades-of-inequality-in-neonatal-and-early-childhood-mortality-in-singleton-births-in-scotland
#17
A Kershenbaum, B Fu, R Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequality in child mortality highlights opportunities for policies to reduce child deaths. METHODS: We used singleton birth, death and maternity records from Scotland, 1981-2011, to examine mortality rate differences by age across deprivation quintiles over time. We measured the difference between the most and least deprived quintiles (Q5-Q1) and the slope index of inequality (SII) across all quintiles-measures of the absolute deprivation gap, providing an indication of the public health impact...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744375/the-relation-between-indicators-of-low-employment-quality-and-attendance-behavior-in-countries-of-the-european-union
#18
Heidi Janssens, Lutgart Braeckman, Bart De Clercq, Dirk De Bacquer, Els Clays
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrated an association between low employment quality and lower sickness absence, which may be explained by presenteeism. Therefore, this study aimed exploring the relation between three indicators of employment quality (long working hours, precarious employment, job insecurity) and attendance behavior. METHODS: The association between employment quality and attendance behavior was investigated in 28.999 workers (mean age: 40.0 years, 53% males) of the fifth wave of the European Working Conditions Survey, using multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738128/does-the-social-gradient-remain-in-the-dietary-habits-of-a-health-conscious-population-a-study-of-seventh-day-adventists-in-west-malaysia
#19
Min Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of health, and individuals with higher SES generally have better health than those with lower SES. One of the pathways that SES influences health is through health behaviors, such as dietary intake, and a higher SES has been associated with a better diet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a social gradient in dietary habits among the Seventh-Day Adventists, a group of conservative Christians, where healthy eating is part of the doctrinal teaching...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738127/non-partner-sexual-violence-against-women-in-spain-lifetime-prevalence-perpetrators-and-consequences-on-mental-health
#20
Ines Domenech Del Rio, Elena Sirvent Garcia Del Valle
BACKGROUND: Research on sexual violence by non-partners based on representative samples is scarce. The objectives of the study were (i) to analyse the prevalence of different forms of non-partner sexual violence in Spain and their perpetrators, (ii) to analyse the consequences of non-partner sexual violence on mental health and (iii) to estimate the percentage of rapes that are reported to the police. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Spanish Survey on Violence against Women, a nationally representative sample of 10 171 women, were used...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
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