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Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335013/lifetime-and-1-year-prevalence-of-homelessness-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#1
Jack Tsai
Background: Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population. Methods: Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness, and its correlates. Results: Lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness in the US population was found to be 4...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334986/addressing-london-s-modern-urban-health-challenges-learning-from-other-global-cities
#2
Y G Doyle, A J Mills, M Korkodilos
Around 150 cities have emerged as notable at a global scale. With a global population of fewer than 12%, they generate 46% of world gross domestic product. There is growing interest in how cities can accelerate health improvements through wider social and economic collaboration. A team led by Public Health England in London visited counterparts in New York City and Paris to examine how city health leaders addressed public health challenges. The three cities have similar health challenges but different legal, political and fiscal resources for promoting and protecting health...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335010/schistosomiasis-in-scottish-travellers-public-health-importance-of-laboratory-testing-and-the-need-for-enhanced-surveillance
#3
Claire L Alexander, Laura Cottom, Kitty Smith, Kali Perrow, Michael Coyne, Brian L Jones
Background: Imported schistosomiasis is of significant public health importance and is likely to be underestimated since infection is often asymptomatic. We describe data from travellers residing in Scotland which includes a subset of group travellers from one of the largest Health Boards in Scotland. Methods: Clotted bloods were obtained during the period 2001-15 from a total of 8163 Scottish travellers. This included seven groups comprising of 182 travellers. Sera were examined for the presence of Schistosome species antibody at the Scottish Parasite Diagnostic and Reference Laboratory (SPDRL)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334984/interdisciplinary-working-in-public-health-research-a-proposed-good-practice-checklist
#4
L Gavens, J Holmes, G Bühringer, J McLeod, M Neumann, A Lingford-Hughes, E S Hock, P S Meier
Background: Guidance on how different disciplines from the natural, behavioural and social sciences can collaborate to resolve complex public health problems is lacking. This article presents a checklist to support researchers and principle investigators to develop and implement interdisciplinary collaborations. Methods: Fourteen individuals, representing 10 disciplines, participated in in-depth interviews to explore the strengths and challenges of working together on an interdisciplinary project to identify the determinants of substance use and gambling disorders, and to make recommendations for future interdisciplinary teams...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334927/consumer-segmentation-and-time-interval-between-types-of-hospital-admission-a-clinical-linkage-database-study
#5
Umesh T Kadam, Claire A Lawson, Dawn K Moody, Lucy Teece, John Uttley, John Harvey, Z Iqbal, P W Jones
Background: Healthcare policies target unplanned hospital admissions and 30-day re-admission as key measures of efficiency, but do not focus on factors that influence trajectories of different types of admissions in the same patient over time. Objectives: To investigate the influence of consumer segmentation and patient factors on the time intervals between different types of hospital admission. Research design, subjects and measures: A cohort design was applied to an anonymised linkage database for adults aged 40 years and over (N = 58 857)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334854/the-burden-of-hpv-related-diseases-in-italy-2001-12
#6
P Kuhdari, S Previato, M Giordani, P Biavati, S Ferretti, G Gabutti
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer and plays a relevant role in the development of genital warts and of the cancer of penis and anus, head/neck, oropharynx and genitourinary system. The aim of this study is the evaluation of hospitalizations due to HPV-related pathologies in 2001-12 in Italy. Methods: The national hospital discharge forms were provided by the Ministry of Health. The HPV-related hospitalizations were identified using specific diagnostic codes, accordingly to the ICD-9-CM coding system...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334848/systematic-review-of-surveillance-by-social-media-platforms-for-illicit-drug-use
#7
Donna M Kazemi, Brian Borsari, Maureen J Levine, Beau Dooley
Background: The use of social media (SM) as a surveillance tool of global illicit drug use is limited. To address this limitation, a systematic review of literature focused on the ability of SM to better recognize illicit drug use trends was addressed. Methods: A search was conducted in databases: PubMed, CINAHL via Ebsco, PsychINFO via Ebsco, Medline via Ebsco, ERIC, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, ABI/INFORM Complete and Communication and Mass Media Complete...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334835/screening-utilization-among-cancer-survivors-a-meta-analysis
#8
Annemarie Uhlig, Janet Mei, Inhye Baik, Christian Meyer, Johannes Uhlig
Background: Studies have been published showing both increased and decreased utilization of cancer screening services in cancer survivors compared with cancer-free counterparts. This study synthesizes existing evidence in a meta-analysis. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted in August 2016. Studies were included if they compared the utilization of screening services for cervical, breast and colorectal cancer among adulthood cancer survivors to cancer-free controls...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334980/public-health-implications-of-4-decades-of-neoliberal-policy-a-qualitative-case-study-from-post-industrial-west-central-scotland
#9
L M Garnham
Background: The UK has long had a strong commitment to neoliberal policy, the risks of which for population health are well researched. Within Europe, Scotland demonstrates especially poor health outcomes, much of which is driven by high levels of deprivation, wide inequalities and the persistent impacts of deindustrialisation. The processes through which neoliberalism has contributed to this poor health record are the subject of significant research interest. Methods: Qualitative case study of a post-industrial town in west central Scotland...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334926/can-memory-assessment-services-mas-in-england-be-categorized-a-national-survey
#10
T Chrysanthaki, B Fernandes, S Smith, N Black
Background: The effectiveness and efficiency of memory assessment services (MASs) is unknown. Our aim was to determine if a typology can be constructed, based on shared structural and process characteristics, as a basis for a non-randomized evaluation of their effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Methods: Survey of random sample of 73 MASs in 2015; comparison of characteristics and investigation of inter-correlation. Results: It was not possible to group characteristics to form the basis of a typology of MASs...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334847/utilization-and-environmental-availability-of-food-outlets-and-overweight-obesity-among-schoolchildren-in-a-city-in-the-south-of-brazil
#11
Elizabeth Nappi Corrêa, Camila Elizandra Rossi, Janaina das Neves, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos
Among the causes of obesity, environmental factors have also been studied, in addition to genetic, social, psychological, and hormonal factors. The distribution of food outlets, facilitating or hindering food acquisition, can promote body weight control by encouraging healthier food habits. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between environmental availability and utilization of food outlets and overweight/obesity in 7 to 14-year-old schoolchildren in Florianópolis, in the South of Brazil...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334764/perceptual-body-image-and-the-relationship-with-weight-control-across-the-adult-lifespan-by-sex-in-koreans
#12
Eun Sun So
Background: This study aimed to investigate perceptual body image and the relationship between perceived body image (PBI) and weight control differentiated according to obesity categories across the adult lifespan by sex among Koreans. Methods: We analyzed data on 10 198 adults aged 25 or older from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized Koreans. Results: Significant discordance between PBI and body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) was found in all age groups in both sexes, and the discordance for obesity grew more severe with age...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334761/tackling-the-mdr-tb-epidemic-in-ukraine-every-little-helps-%C3%A2-and-much-more-needed
#13
Matthew Burman, Vladyslav Nikolayevskyy, Irina Kontsevaya, Barbara Molina-Moya, Olena Rzhepishevska, Lorenzo Guglielmetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334958/self-help-materials-for-smoking-relapse-prevention-a-process-evaluation-of-the-sharpish-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Caitlin Notley, Annie Blyth, Vivienne Maskrey, Babu Karavadra, Tracey Brown, Richard Holland, Max O Bachmann, Thomas H Brandon, Fujian Song
Background: UK Stop Smoking Services are effective at assisting smokers to quit. However, smoking relapse rates are high, representing a significant public health problem. No effective interventions are currently available. This embedded qualitative process evaluation, within a randomized controlled trial of a self-help smoking relapse prevention intervention, aimed to understand patient perspectives in explaining the null trial finding, and to make recommendations for intervention development...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201737/effectiveness-of-a-screening-programme-in-identifying-individuals-with-increased-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-south-africa
#15
Nasheeta Peer, Yusentha Balakrishna, Anniza de Villiers, Christelle Crickmore, Vash Mungal-Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184452/evidence-based-medicine-meets-democracy-the-role-of-evidence-based-public-health-guidelines-in-local-government
#16
M P Kelly, L Atkins, C Littleford, G Leng, S Michie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184450/pilot-evaluation-of-a-school-based-health-education-intervention-in-the-uk-facts4life
#17
Emma L Bird, B Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184440/alcohol-health-warning-labels-promises-and-challenges
#18
Mohammed Al-Hamdani, Steven M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184435/quantifying-the-global-distribution-of-premature-mortality-from-non-communicable-diseases
#19
Luke Allen, Linda Cobiac, Nick Townsend
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159983/recommodification-and-the-social-determinants-of-health-unemployment-benefits-pensions-and-health-inequalities-in-sweden-and-england-1991-2011
#20
Kristin Farrants
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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