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Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430995/is-popular-radio-a-source-of-exposure-to-alcohol-references-in-mid-to-later-life-a-content-analysis
#1
C Haighton, J Halligan, S Scott
Background: There is concern around alcohol consumption in mid to later life yet little understanding about what influences this behaviour. No previous research has explored the extent to which adults in mid to later life may be exposed to alcohol references in the media. This project aimed to determine the frequency of alcohol references on radio stations with a high proportion of listeners in mid to later life. Methods: Content analysis of alcohol references on four popular UK music-based radio stations with a high proportion of listeners aged 55-64 years over three time points...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419386/association-between-salinity-and-hospital-admission-for-hypertension-an-ecological-case-control-study-in-the-mekong-delta-region-in-vietnam
#2
Mohammad Radwanur Rahman Talukder, Shannon Rutherford, Cordia Chu, Trung Hieu Nguyen, Dung Phung
Background: Drinking water in the Mekong Delta Region (MDR) is highly vulnerable to salinity intrusion and this problem is expected to increase with the projected climate change and sea level rise. Despite this, research on health effects of saline contaminated water is scarce in this region. This study examines the risk of hospital admission for hypertension in salinity-affected areas of the MDR. Methods: Cases and controls were obtained from national/provincial hospital admission records for 2013...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419262/death-disease-and-indignity-serious-health-and-human-rights-concerns-persist-in-uk-immigration-detention-facilities
#3
James Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398571/what-does-the-alcohol-industry-mean-by-responsible-drinking-a-comparative-analysis
#4
N Maani Hessari, M Petticrew
Background: The alcohol industry uses responsible drinking messaging as a central element of its corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. It has been argued that such messaging is vague, and potentially part of broader CSR activities to protect industry interests at the expense of public health. This study aimed to identify how industry defines responsible drinking, and in what contexts it is used. Methods: This was a qualitative documentary analysis of publicly available documents and web pages, including company web pages, press releases, reports and blogs from a representative selection of alcohol producers, and industry social aspect/public relations organizations; these were compared to health NGOs and Public Health England...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398550/the-influence-of-socioeconomic-status-on-gestational-weight-gain-a-systematic-review
#5
E C O'Brien, G Alberdi, F M McAuliffe
Background: Despite a large number of publications regarding the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and gestational weight gain (GWG), the literature is inconsistent. We conducted a systematic review of current evidence relating to the association between SES and GWG, according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 guidelines. Methods: Six electronic databases were searched, with the final search run on first July 2016. The PRISMA Statement guidelines were followed and a modified version of the RTI Item Bank was used to assess risk of bias within studies...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398488/who-are-community-health-workers-and-what-do-they-do-development-of-an-empirically-derived-reporting-taxonomy
#6
Beck Taylor, Jonathan Mathers, Jayne Parry
Objectives: To develop an empirically-informed reporting taxonomy for Community Health Worker (CHW) services to address concerns about the transparency and consistency of descriptions of these interventions in the existing literature. Methods: We undertook in-depth interviews (n = 43) with CHWs and service staff working in four case studies selected using maximum variation sampling. Interviewees were encouraged to talk about the service, how they had become involved with the service, the CHW role and relationship with clients...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369582/measuring-inequalities-in-health-from-survey-data-using-self-assessed-social-class
#7
Valerio Bacak
Background: Asking participants to assess their social class may be an efficient approach to examining inequalities in heath from survey data. The present study investigated this possibility empirically by testing whether subjective class identification is related to overall health. Methods: I used pooled cross-sectional data from the 2012 and the 2014 General Social Survey, a nationally representative survey carried out among adults in the United States. The association between health and class was estimated separately by gender, race and age...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369581/guild-guidance-for-information-about-linking-data-sets%C3%A2
#8
Ruth Gilbert, Rosemary Lafferty, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Katie Harron, Li-Chun Zhang, Peter Smith, Chris Dibben, Harvey Goldstein
Record linkage of administrative and survey data is increasingly used to generate evidence to inform policy and services. Although a powerful and efficient way of generating new information from existing data sets, errors related to data processing before, during and after linkage can bias results. However, researchers and users of linked data rarely have access to information that can be used to assess these biases or take them into account in analyses. As linked administrative data are increasingly used to provide evidence to guide policy and services, linkage error, which disproportionately affects disadvantaged groups, can undermine evidence for public health...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369526/food-insecurity-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-in-two-uk-ethnic-groups-an-analysis-of-women-in-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#9
Madeleine Power, Eleonora P Uphoff, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Neil Small, Bob Doherty, Kate E Pickett
Background: The use of foodbanks has risen sharply in the UK; however, the epidemiology of UK food insecurity is undeveloped. This study contributes to the field by analysing socio-demographic risk factors for food insecurity in a female, ethnically diverse population. Methods: Data from the Born in Bradford (BiB) cohort were matched with data on food insecurity from the nested BiB1000 study (N = 1280). Logistic regression was used to model food insecurity in relation to ethnicity and socio-demographic factors...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369474/marketing-of-breast-milk-substitutes-in-zambia-evaluation-of-compliance-to-the-international-regulatory-code
#10
P Funduluka, S Bosomprah, R Chilengi, R H Mugode, P A Bwembya, B Mudenda
Background: We sought to assess the level of non-compliance with the International Code of Marketing breast-milk substitutes (BMS) and/or Statutory Instrument (SI) Number 48 of 2006 of the Laws of Zambia in two suburbs, Kalingalinga and Chelstone, in Zambia. Methods: This was a cross sectional survey. Shop owners (80), health workers (8) and mothers (214) were interviewed. BMS labels and advertisements (62) were observed. The primary outcome was mean non-compliance defined as the number of article violations divided by the total 'obtainable' violations...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369436/first-international-public-health-film-competition-2016-reflections-on-the-development-and-use-of-competition-judging-criteria
#11
U Hoang, P Luna, P Russell, L Bergonzi-King, J Ashton, C McCarthy, H Donovan, P Inman, O Seminog, S Botchway
Background: Film competitions can be a helpful method to understand issues of quality in health films. In this paper, we describe the development and use of explicit quality criteria to identify the 'best' films for the first ever international public health film competition. Methods: A film selection committee encompassing a range of stakeholders was compiled. The committee drew up 10 explicit quality criteria to judge films drawing upon other film festival's selection criteria...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369595/multimodal-strategy-to-improve-the-adherence-to-hand-hygiene-and-self-assessment-of-the-institution-for-the-promotion-and-practice-of-hand-hygiene
#12
A C Oliveira, C S Gama, A O Paula
Background: Hand hygiene (HH) has a low rate of adherence worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the HH adherence rate before and after the implementation of the multimodal strategy and to perform a self-assessment of an institution for promotion and practice of HH. Methods: Before and after study, conducted in a university hospital. Professionals of the medical and nursing staff were included. Data collection was from October 2013 to July 2015, through observations of the HH opportunities and application of the HH self-assessment instrument for the institution...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369548/inequalities-in-maternal-pertussis-vaccination-uptake-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-maternity-units
#13
H McAuslane, L Utsi, A Wensley, L Coole
Background: This study aims to estimate pertussis vaccine uptake in pregnant women in England, describe timing of vaccine delivery and examine variations in uptake. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of vaccine uptake in women delivering in maternity units in England. Variation in uptake described according to geography, maternal age, ethnicity and parity as reported by the midwife completing the survey. Results: A total of 1325 surveys were returned, 85% of which (1128) contained information about vaccination...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335013/lifetime-and-1-year-prevalence-of-homelessness-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#14
Jack Tsai
Background: Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population. Methods: Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness, and its correlates. Results: Lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness in the US population was found to be 4...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334986/addressing-london-s-modern-urban-health-challenges-learning-from-other-global-cities
#15
Y G Doyle, A J Mills, M Korkodilos
Around 150 cities have emerged as notable at a global scale. With a global population of fewer than 12%, they generate 46% of world gross domestic product. There is growing interest in how cities can accelerate health improvements through wider social and economic collaboration. A team led by Public Health England in London visited counterparts in New York City and Paris to examine how city health leaders addressed public health challenges. The three cities have similar health challenges but different legal, political and fiscal resources for promoting and protecting health...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335010/schistosomiasis-in-scottish-travellers-public-health-importance-of-laboratory-testing-and-the-need-for-enhanced-surveillance
#16
Claire L Alexander, Laura Cottom, Kitty Smith, Kali Perrow, Michael Coyne, Brian L Jones
Background: Imported schistosomiasis is of significant public health importance and is likely to be underestimated since infection is often asymptomatic. We describe data from travellers residing in Scotland which includes a subset of group travellers from one of the largest Health Boards in Scotland. Methods: Clotted bloods were obtained during the period 2001-15 from a total of 8163 Scottish travellers. This included seven groups comprising of 182 travellers. Sera were examined for the presence of Schistosome species antibody at the Scottish Parasite Diagnostic and Reference Laboratory (SPDRL)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334984/interdisciplinary-working-in-public-health-research-a-proposed-good-practice-checklist
#17
L Gavens, J Holmes, G Bühringer, J McLeod, M Neumann, A Lingford-Hughes, E S Hock, P S Meier
Background: Guidance on how different disciplines from the natural, behavioural and social sciences can collaborate to resolve complex public health problems is lacking. This article presents a checklist to support researchers and principle investigators to develop and implement interdisciplinary collaborations. Methods: Fourteen individuals, representing 10 disciplines, participated in in-depth interviews to explore the strengths and challenges of working together on an interdisciplinary project to identify the determinants of substance use and gambling disorders, and to make recommendations for future interdisciplinary teams...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334927/consumer-segmentation-and-time-interval-between-types-of-hospital-admission-a-clinical-linkage-database-study
#18
Umesh T Kadam, Claire A Lawson, Dawn K Moody, Lucy Teece, John Uttley, John Harvey, Z Iqbal, P W Jones
Background: Healthcare policies target unplanned hospital admissions and 30-day re-admission as key measures of efficiency, but do not focus on factors that influence trajectories of different types of admissions in the same patient over time. Objectives: To investigate the influence of consumer segmentation and patient factors on the time intervals between different types of hospital admission. Research design, subjects and measures: A cohort design was applied to an anonymised linkage database for adults aged 40 years and over (N = 58 857)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334854/the-burden-of-hpv-related-diseases-in-italy-2001-12
#19
P Kuhdari, S Previato, M Giordani, P Biavati, S Ferretti, G Gabutti
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer and plays a relevant role in the development of genital warts and of the cancer of penis and anus, head/neck, oropharynx and genitourinary system. The aim of this study is the evaluation of hospitalizations due to HPV-related pathologies in 2001-12 in Italy. Methods: The national hospital discharge forms were provided by the Ministry of Health. The HPV-related hospitalizations were identified using specific diagnostic codes, accordingly to the ICD-9-CM coding system...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334848/systematic-review-of-surveillance-by-social-media-platforms-for-illicit-drug-use
#20
Donna M Kazemi, Brian Borsari, Maureen J Levine, Beau Dooley
Background: The use of social media (SM) as a surveillance tool of global illicit drug use is limited. To address this limitation, a systematic review of literature focused on the ability of SM to better recognize illicit drug use trends was addressed. Methods: A search was conducted in databases: PubMed, CINAHL via Ebsco, PsychINFO via Ebsco, Medline via Ebsco, ERIC, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, ABI/INFORM Complete and Communication and Mass Media Complete...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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