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Journal of Public Health

Heidi Janssens, Lutgart Braeckman, Bart De Clercq, Dirk De Bacquer, Els Clays
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrated an association between low employment quality and lower sickness absence, which may be explained by presenteeism. Therefore, this study aimed exploring the relation between three indicators of employment quality (long working hours, precarious employment, job insecurity) and attendance behavior. METHODS: The association between employment quality and attendance behavior was investigated in 28.999 workers (mean age: 40.0 years, 53% males) of the fifth wave of the European Working Conditions Survey, using multilevel multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Min Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of health, and individuals with higher SES generally have better health than those with lower SES. One of the pathways that SES influences health is through health behaviors, such as dietary intake, and a higher SES has been associated with a better diet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a social gradient in dietary habits among the Seventh-Day Adventists, a group of conservative Christians, where healthy eating is part of the doctrinal teaching...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Ines Domenech Del Rio, Elena Sirvent Garcia Del Valle
BACKGROUND: Research on sexual violence by non-partners based on representative samples is scarce. The objectives of the study were (i) to analyse the prevalence of different forms of non-partner sexual violence in Spain and their perpetrators, (ii) to analyse the consequences of non-partner sexual violence on mental health and (iii) to estimate the percentage of rapes that are reported to the police. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Spanish Survey on Violence against Women, a nationally representative sample of 10 171 women, were used...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Klodian Dhana, Chantal M Koolhaas, Mathilde A Berghout, Anna Peeters, M Arfan Ikram, Henning Tiemeier, Albert Hofman, Wilma Nusselder, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the contribution of specific physical activity (PA) types (i.e. walking, cycling, domestic work, sports and gardening) on total life expectancy (LE) and LE with and without cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We constructed multistate life tables to calculate the effects of total PA and PA types on LE, among individuals older than 55 years from the Rotterdam Study. For the life table calculations, we used sex-specific prevalences, incident rates and hazard ratios for three transitions (healthy-to-CVD, healthy-to-death and CVD-to-death) by levels of PA and adjusted for confounders...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
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October 7, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Eline Tommelein, Els Mehuys, Inge Van Tongelen, Mirko Petrovic, Annemie Somers, Pieter Colin, Sophie Demarche, Thierry Van Hees, Thierry Christiaens, Koen Boussery
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to (i) determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in community-dwelling older polypharmacy patients using the Ghent Older People's Prescriptions community-Pharmacy Screening (GheOP³S) tool, (ii) identify the items that account for the highest proportion of PIP and (iii) identify the patient variables that may influence the occurrence of PIP. Additionally, pharmacist-physician contacts emerging from PIP screening with the GheOP³S tool and feasibility of the GheOP³S tool in daily practice were evaluated...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Jacqueline Reilly
BACKGROUND: A dissertation is often a core component of the Masters in Public Health (MPH) qualification. This study aims to explore its purpose, from the perspective of both students and supervisors, and identify practices viewed as constituting good supervision. METHODS: A multi-perspective qualitative study drawing on in-depth one-to-one interviews with MPH supervisors (n = 8) and students (n = 10), with data thematically analysed. RESULTS: The MPH dissertation was viewed as providing generic as well as discipline-specific knowledge and skills...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Public Health
S Mitchell, S H Ridley, R M Sancho, M Norton
BACKGROUND: We examine why dementia prevention and risk reduction are relatively underfunded and suggest potential remediation strategies. The paper is aimed at researchers, funders and policy-makers, both within dementia and also the wider health prevention field. METHODS: A discussion-led workshop, attended by 58 academics, clinicians, funders and policy-makers. RESULTS: The key barriers identified were the gaps in understanding the basic science of dementia; the complex interplay between individual risk factors; variations in study methodology; disincentives to collaboration; a lack of research capacity and leadership and the broader stigma of the condition...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Paddy Gillespie, Aoife Callan, Eamon O'Shea, Sinead Duane, Andrew W Murphy, Christine Domegan, Sandra Galvin, Akke Vellinga
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a major public health issue. This study examines the cost effectiveness of the SIMPle (Supporting the Improvement and Management of Prescribing for Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)) intervention to improve antimicrobial prescribing in primary care in Ireland. METHODS: An economic evaluation was conducted alongside a cluster randomized controlled trial of 30 general practices and 2560 patients with a diagnosis of UTI. Practices were randomized to the usual practice control or the SIMPle intervention (arm A or B)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
M Parkinson, S M Carr, R Rushmer, C Abley
INTRODUCTION: Advances in longevity and medicine mean that many more people in the UK survive life-threatening diseases but are instead susceptible to life-limiting diseases such as dementia. Within the next 10 years those affected by dementia in the UK is set to rise to over 1 million, making reliance on family care of people with dementia (PWD) essential. A central challenge is how to improve family carer support to offset the demands made by dementia care which can jeopardise carers' own health...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Courtney L Scherr, Jakob D Jensen, Katheryn Christy
BACKGROUND: Promoting vaccination during pandemics is paramount to public health, yet few studies examined theoretical motivations for vaccination during pandemics. Thus, the relationships between dispositional pandemic worry, constructs of the health belief model (HBM) and vaccination during the H1N1 pandemic were studied. METHODS: Participants (N = 1377) completed surveys assessing dispositional pandemic worry, HBM variables and H1N1 vaccination. Principle axis factor analysis and point biserial correlations were conducted...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Constance Hobbs, Puja Myles, Catherine Pritchard
BACKGROUND: The Ebola epidemic led to considerable media attention, which may influence public risk perception. Therefore, this study analysed the UK press response following diagnosis of a British healthcare worker (HCW) with Ebola. METHODS: Using the Nexis database, the frequency of Ebola-related articles in UK national newspaper articles was mapped. This was followed by a content analysis of Ebola-related articles in the four newspapers with highest UK net readership from November 2014 to February 2015...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Laurent Abramowitz, Philippe Descamps, François Denis, Marie-Aliette Dommergues, Pierre Pradat, Jean Lacau St Guily, Philippe Judlin
BACKGROUND: In 2006, the HPV (Human papillomavirus) 6/11/16/18 quadrivalent vaccine was approved by the European Medicines Agency and obtained its marketing authorization in both girls and boys. Currently, the French guidelines recommend and refund vaccination of girls aged 11 to 14 with a catch-up program for females from 15 to 19 years old. DISCUSSION: In France, HPV vaccination coverage tends to decrease. At the end of 2015, the vaccination coverage with three doses reached only 14% in 16-year-old girls (three doses)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Laura Mullaney, Shona Cawley, Rachel Kennedy, Amy C O'Higgins, Daniel McCartney, Michael J Turner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this observational study was to measure food, macronutrient and micronutrient intakes of women presenting for antenatal care and assess compliance with current nutritional recommendations. METHODS: Women were recruited in the first trimester of pregnancy. Maternal weight and height were measured and body mass index (BMI) calculated. Body composition was measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Maternal energy and nutrient intakes were estimated using a validated Willett Food Frequency Questionnaire and misreporting of energy intakes (EI) determined...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Yuping Tsai
BACKGROUND: Trends in disability among older Americans has declined since the 1980s. The study examines whether the trend continues to decline and whether educational disparities exist in the prevalence of functional limitations. METHODS: I used the 2000-2014 National Health Interview Survey and included adults aged ≥65 years. Functional limitations was measured by three outcomes: the need for help with activities of daily living (ADLs) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and physical function limitations...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Naseera Kasujee, John Britton, Jo Cranwell, Ailsa Lyons, Manpreet Bains
BACKGROUND: Whilst many countries have introduced legislation prohibiting tobacco advertising and sponsorship, references to tobacco continue to appear in the media. This study quantified and characterized tobacco smoking content in popular women's magazines. METHODS: The 10 top weekly and 5 monthly women's magazines most popular among 15-34 year olds in Britain published over a 3-month period were included. A content analysis was conducted for both written and visual content...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
S J Coleman, S J Sebire
BACKGROUND: Non-elite mass participation sports events (MPSEs) may hold potential as a physical activity promotion tool. Research into why people participate in these events and what goals they are pursuing is lacking. Grounded in self-determination theory, this study examined the associations between MPSE participants' goals, event experiences and physical activity. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted; pre-event, participants reported their goals for the event...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Dhruv S Kazi, P Gregg Greenough, Rishi Madhok, Aaron Heerboth, Ahmed Shaikh, Jennifer Leaning, Satchit Balsari
BACKGROUND: Planning for mass gatherings often includes temporary healthcare systems to address the needs of attendees. However, paper-based record keeping has traditionally precluded the timely application of collected clinical data for epidemic surveillance or optimization of healthcare delivery. We evaluated the feasibility of harnessing ubiquitous mobile technologies for conducting disease surveillance and monitoring resource utilization at the Allahabad Kumbh Mela in India, a 55-day festival attended by over 70 million people...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Jonathan Wistow, Sarah Curtis, Angie Bone
BACKGROUND: Extreme weather events (EWEs) can significantly impact on mortality and morbidity in the UK. How EWE guidance is disseminated and applied across health and social care systems, at the local, operational level, is not well understood. METHODS: This exploratory study develops tools and resources to assist local stakeholders to cascade national 'all weather' EWE guidance across local systems. These resources are also used to evaluate the local interpretation and implementation of this advice and guidance within three local authority areas...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Lieve Van den Block, Winne Ko, Guido Miccinesi, Sarah Moreels, Ge A Donker, Bregje Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Tomas V Alonso, Luc Deliens
PURPOSE: This four-country study (Belgium, the Netherlands, Italy and Spain) examines prevalence and types of final transitions between care settings of cancer patients and the extent to which patient/family wishes are cited as a reason for the transition. METHODS: Data were collected from the EUROSENTI-MELC study over a 2-year period. General practitioners within existing Sentinel Networks registered weekly all deaths of patients within practices using a standardized questionnaire...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Public Health
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