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Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100641/new-sources-of-value-for-health-and-care-in-a-carbon-constrained-world
#1
Kate Emma Charlesworth, Maggie Jamieson
BACKGROUND: Due to the climate crisis, it is increasingly evident that countries will have to decarbonize. Healthcare, which has a large carbon footprint and uses vast quantities of resources, will have to undergo significant transformation. In this research, we sought the ideas of leading thinkers in the field, to address the question of how health systems can provide high-quality care in a carbon-constrained world. METHODS: Semi-structured, qualitative in-depth interviews with 15 healthcare thought leaders from Australia, the UK, the USA and New Zealand...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069993/development-and-validation-of-the-alzheimer-s-prevention-beliefs-measure-in-a-multi-ethnic-cohort-a-behavioral-theory-approach
#2
Alon Seifan, Christine A Ganzer, Francoise Vermeylen, Stephen Parry, Jifeng Zhu, Abigail Lyons, Richard Isaacson, Sarang Kim
BACKGROUND: Understanding health beliefs and how they influence willingness will enable the development of targeted curricula that maximize public engagement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk reduction behaviors. METHODS: Literature on behavioral theory and community input was used to develop and validate a health beliefs survey about AD risk reduction among 428 community-dwelling adults. Principal component analysis was performed to assess internal consistency. Linear regression was performed to identify key predictors of Willingness to engage in AD risk reduction behaviors...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069992/the-impact-of-neighbourhood-walkability-on-the-effectiveness-of-a-structured-education-programme-to-increase-objectively-measured-walking
#3
P Carter, D H Bodicoat, A Jones, K Khunti, M J Davies, C L Edwardson, J Henson, T Yates, E Coombes
BACKGROUND: Incorporating physical activity into daily activities is key for the effectiveness of lifestyle education interventions aimed at improving health outcomes; however, consideration of the environmental context in which individuals live is not always made. Walkability is a characteristic of the physical environment, and may be a potential facilitator to changing physical activity levels. METHODS: Using data collected during the Walking Away from Diabetes randomized controlled trial, we examined the association between the walkability of the home neighbourhood and physical activity of participants...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069991/community-alcohol-partnerships-with-the-alcohol-industry-what-is-their-purpose-and-are-they-effective-in-reducing-alcohol-harms
#4
M Petticrew, N Douglas, P D'Souza, Y M Shi, M A Durand, C Knai, E Eastmure, N Mays
BACKGROUND: Local initiatives to reduce alcohol harms are common. One UK approach, Community Alcohol Partnerships (CAPs), involves partnerships between the alcohol industry and local government, focussing on alcohol misuse and anti-social behaviour (ASB) among young people. This study aimed to assess the evidence of effectiveness of CAPs. METHODS: We searched CAP websites and documents, and databases, and contacted CAPs to identify evaluations and summarize their findings...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069990/reframing-inequality-the-health-inequalities-turn-as-a-dangerous-frame-shift
#5
Julia Lynch
BACKGROUND: Politicians in many countries have embraced the notion that health inequalities derive from socioeconomic inequalities, but European governments have for the most part failed to enact policies that would reduce underlying social inequalities. METHODS: Data are drawn from 84 in-depth interviews with policy-makers in four European countries between 2012 and 2015, qualitative content analysis of recent health inequalities policy documents, and secondary literature on the barriers to implementing evidence-based health inequalities policies...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069989/incomplete-diagnostic-follow-up-after-a-positive-colorectal-cancer-screening-test-a-systematic-review
#6
A R H Dalton
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using faecal occult blood or faecal immunological testing (FOBT/FIT) involves completion of a screening test-then if required a follow-up diagnostic test. METHODS: A systematic review, of EMBASE, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar, of studies up to 2016. Studies explored characteristics behind, reasons for and interventions to reduce incomplete diagnostic testing after a positive FOBT/FIT in CRC screening...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039198/built-environment-and-health-a-systematic-review-of-studies-in-germany
#7
Maike Schulz, Matthias Romppel, Gesine Grande
OBJECTIVES: Empirical research on the relationship between the built environment and health is increasing at a tremendous pace. However, findings from Anglo-American countries may not apply to the European context. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing evidence on the role of the built environment for leading risk factors and health behavior in Germany. METHODS: Through an extensive search via PubMed and Web of Science, using predefined selection criteria, two independent reviewers identified 25 empirical studies...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039197/an-evaluation-of-health-protection-practices-for-the-investigation-and-management-of-cryptosporidium-in-england-and-wales
#8
R M Chalmers, N McCarthy, K L Barlow, R Stiff
BACKGROUND: Cryptosporidium is a major cause of gastroenteritis (cryptosporidiosis). Case and outbreak report rates vary geographically, which may in part reflect public health practice. METHODS: To examine the public health management of cryptosporidiosis, an online questionnaire was administered to the 28 Health Protection Teams (HPTs) in England and Wales in 2014. Practices for investigation and management of cases and outbreaks were compared. RESULTS: Practice varied among the 24 (86%) respondents in terms of who undertook actions (HPT or Local Authority) to investigate and manage cryptosporidiosis...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039196/nice-public-health-guidance-healthy-workplaces
#9
REVIEW
Eileen Taylor, Caroline Mulvihill, Nick Baillie, Holly Irwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980019/what-is-public-health
#10
EDITORIAL
Eugene Milne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980018/the-absence-of-birthweight-paradox-as-a-marker-of-disadvantages-faced-by-low-maternal-education-children
#11
P V Guimarães, S C Fonseca, R S Pinheiro, F P Aguiar, K R Camargo, C M Coeli
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that the birthweight paradox would not be observed when assessing the effect of maternal education on neonatal mortality in the presence of socioeconomic inequality in access to health care. METHODS: Non-concurrent cohort study. Passive follow-up of live-born infants using probabilistic record linkage of birth and death records for Rio de Janeiro (2004-2010; n = 1 445 367). Maternal age, birthweight and neonatal death were evaluated according to maternal educational level strata (<4, 4-11 and ≥12 years of study)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915261/evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-to-improve-routine-childhood-vaccination-uptake-among-migrants-in-urban-slums-of-ludhiana-india
#12
Paramita Sengupta, Anoop Ivan Benjamin, Puja R Myles, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the effectiveness of community-based interventions in improving vaccination uptake in migrant populations is limited. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention to improve access to and uptake of childhood vaccinations among urban slum-dwelling migrant communities in Ludhiana, India. METHODS: A mixed-methods evaluation was conducted involving a post-intervention comparison of vaccination uptake in six randomly selected intervention and control slum communities...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915260/could-the-transition-movement-help-solve-the-nhs-s-problems
#13
James N Smith, Rob Hopkins, David Pencheon
BACKGROUND: The NHS Five Year Forward View identifies a range of approaches for addressing the NHS's challenges. The Transition movement helps communities to reframe and rebuild their world by working on issues such as climate change, food, community relationships and localizing the economy. METHODS: This paper describes Transition using five short example projects and, informed by these, identifies mechanisms by which Transition could potentially help reduce pressure on the NHS...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915259/-standing-outside-the-junkie-door-service-users-experiences-of-using-community-pharmacies-to-access-treatment-for-opioid-dependency
#14
Andrew Radley, Karen Melville, Phyllis Easton, Brian Williams, John F Dillon
AIM: To explore experiences of service users attending a community pharmacy to receive opiate replacement therapy (ORT). METHOD: Qualitative study involving seven focus groups undertaken within care centres and prison educational centre in Tayside, Scotland using 41 participants. Thematic analysis undertaken of experiences of different groups of service users and carers. RESULTS: Participants described the social context surrounding attendance at community pharmacies...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915258/testing-and-testing-positive-childhood-adversities-and-later-life-hiv-status-among-kenyan-women-and-their-partners
#15
Michael L Goodman, Lauren Raimer-Goodman, Catherine X Chen, Astrid Grouls, Stanley Gitari, Philip H Keiser
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are a critical feature of lifelong health. No research assesses whether childhood adversities predict HIV-testing behaviors, and little research analyzes childhood adversities and later life HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We use regression models with cross-sectional data from a representative sample (n = 1974) to analyze whether adverse childhood experiences, separately or as cumulative exposures, predict reports of later life HIV testing and testing HIV+ among semi-rural Kenyan women and their partners...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915257/correlates-of-self-rated-health-in-southern-europe-evidences-from-national-representative-samples-in-italy-and-serbia
#16
Francesco Lietz, Giovanni Piumatti, Jelena Marinkovic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) is a widely adopted tool to compare health across countries. Our aim was to examine SRH differences between Italy and Serbia and to observe the role of predictors of SRH referring to health behaviors within and between both countries. METHODS: We used cross-sectional population-based data from Italian and Serbian national health surveys carried out in 2013. Post hoc cross-standardization was undertaken to ensure that the information from both data sets was comparable...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915256/the-nihr-public-health-research-programme-intervention-approaches-to-tackle-health-inequalities
#17
H Dorling, L Ollerhead, C Kidgell
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Public Health Research (PHR) Programme evaluates interventions intended to improve the health of the public and reduce inequalities in health in the UK. The aim of the research was to establish how projects funded by the PHR Programme between 2009 and 2014 addressed health inequalities. METHODS: A health inequalities intervention framework developed by Bambra et al. was used to map PHR funded studies to a typology...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908973/environmental-public-health-tracking-a-cost-effective-system-for-characterizing-the-sources-distribution-and-public-health-impacts-of-environmental-hazards
#18
P J Saunders, J D Middleton, G Rudge
BACKGROUND: The contemporary environment is a complex of interactions between physical, biological, socio-economic systems with major impacts on public health. However, gaps in our understanding of the causes, extent and distribution of these effects remain. The public health community in Sandwell West Midlands has collaborated to successfully develop, pilot and establish the first Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) programme in Europe to address this 'environmental health gap' through systematically linking data on environmental hazards, exposures and diseases...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908972/clustering-of-health-related-behaviors-among-early-and-mid-adolescents-in-tuscany-results-from-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#19
Giacomo Lazzeri, Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Lucia Arata, Andrea Pammolli, Rita Simi, Mariano Vincenzo Giacchi, Daniela Amicizia, Roberto Gasparini
BACKGROUND: A huge amount of literature suggests that adolescents' health-related behaviors tend to occur in clusters, and the understanding of such behavioral clustering may have direct implications for the effective tailoring of health-promotion interventions. Despite the usefulness of analyzing clustering, Italian data on this topic are scant. This study aimed to evaluate the clustering patterns of health-related behaviors. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in Tuscany in 2010, which involved 3291 11-, 13- and 15-year olds...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899480/within-person-analysis-of-welfare-transitions-in-a-longitudinal-panel-survey-reveals-change-in-mental-health-service-use
#20
C Pymont, T P Schofield, P Butterworth
BACKGROUND: While international research shows that receipt of welfare benefits is associated with poor mental health, less is known about the relationship between welfare receipt and mental health service use. We investigate whether within-person change in welfare recipient status is associated with change in mental health service use. METHODS: Analysis of two waves of data from an Australian national household survey. Random- and fixed-effect models considered the effect of change in welfare receipt status, and assessed whether change in mental health service use differed by type of welfare benefit or the direction of welfare transition...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
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