journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Public Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145590/who-uses-foodbanks-and-why-exploring-the-impact-of-financial-strain-and-adverse-life-events-on-food-insecurity
#1
E Prayogo, A Chater, S Chapman, M Barker, N Rahmawati, T Waterfall, G Grimble
Background: Rising use of foodbanks highlights food insecurity in the UK. Adverse life events (e.g. unemployment, benefit delays or sanctions) and financial strains are thought to be the drivers of foodbank use. This research aimed to explore who uses foodbanks, and factors associated with increased food insecurity. Methods: We surveyed those seeking help from front line crisis providers from foodbanks (N = 270) and a comparison group from Advice Centres (ACs) (N = 245) in relation to demographics, adverse life events, financial strain and household food security...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136195/hour-by-hour-physical-activity-patterns-of-adults-aged-45-65-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
F M Jansen, G H van Kollenburg, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, D F Ettema
Background: Limited information exists on hour-by-hour physical activity (PA) patterns among adults aged 45-65 years. Therefore, this study aimed to distinguish typical hour-by-hour PA patterns, and examined which individuals typically adopt certain PA patterns. Methods: Accelerometers measured light and moderate-vigorous PA. GIS-data provided proportions of land use within an 800 and 1600 m buffer around participant's homes. Latent class analyses were performed to distinguish PA patterns and groups of individuals with similar PA patterns...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136181/dating-and-relationship-violence-among-16-19-year-olds-in-england-and-wales-a-cross-sectional-study-of-victimization
#3
Honor Young, Catherine Turney, James White, Chris Bonell, Ruth Lewis, Adam Fletcher
Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV) is under-researched in the UK, especially among Further Education (FE) students. This study examines the association between DRV victimization and socio-demographic characteristics, sexual identity and dating and relationship behaviours among 16-19 year olds FE students. Methods: Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 1751 students aged 16-19 at six FE settings in England and Wales. Factor analysis examined the structure of DRV victimization by gender...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126288/socioeconomic-status-and-impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-dietary-habits-in-italy-results-from-the-inhes-study
#4
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Americo Bonanni, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Background: There is lack of evidence about the likely impact of the economic crisis on dietary habits in Western societies. We aimed to assess dietary modifications that possibly occurred during the recession and to investigate major socioeconomic factors associated with such modifications. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis on 1829 subjects from the general population recruited in the larger INHES study (n = 9319) a telephone-based survey on nutrition and health conducted in Italy from 2010 to 2013...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121236/directors-of-public-health-as-a-protected-species-qualitative-study-of-the-changing-role-of-public-health-professionals-in-england-following-the-2013-reforms
#5
Llinos Mary Jehu, Shelina Visram, Linda Marks, David J Hunter, Howard Davis, Anne Mason, Dan Liu, Joanne Smithson
Background: The Health and Social Care Act 2012 gave councils in England responsibility for improving the health of their populations. Public health teams were transferred from the National Health Service (NHS), accompanied by a ring-fenced public health grant. This study examines the changing role of these teams within local government. Methods: In-depth case study research was conducted within 10 heterogeneous councils. Initial interviews (n = 90) were carried out between October 2015 and March 2016, with follow-up interviews (n = 21) 12 months later...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121218/the-syrian-vulnerable-person-resettlement-programme-evaluation-of-edinburgh-s-reception-arrangements
#6
Katherine E A Weir, Sheila J Wilson, Dermot R Gorman
Background: During 2015 and 2016 a group of Syrian refugees were resettled in Edinburgh, Scotland under the United Kingdom Government Syrian Vulnerable Person Resettlement Programme. We evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the settling in arrangements for these refugees. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five Arabic interpreters who had worked extensively with these refugees. Interviews sought their impressions about what went well or was not successful...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126274/rightcare-wrong-answers
#7
Greg Dropkin
Background: NHS RightCare is an NHS England programme describing itself as 'a proven approach that delivers better patient outcomes'. It identifies opportunities for savings and quality improvements, comparing each Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) with the 'Best 5' of a fixed set of 'Similar 10' CCGs chosen using equally weighted demographic and deprivation indicators. This article tests whether these indicators are sufficient and equal weighting is appropriate, and evaluates significance...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059388/optimization-of-folic-acid-supplementation-in-the-prevention-of-neural-tube-defects
#8
Shona Cawley, Daniel McCartney, Jayne V Woodside, Mary Rose Sweeney, Robert McDonnell, Anne M Molloy, Michael J Turner
Background: We examined the relationship between timing and duration of folic acid (FA) supplementation in achieving red blood cell (RBC) folate levels in early pregnancy which are optimal (>906 nmol/l) for the prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs). Methods: Clinical, FA supplementation and dietary folate details were computerized at the first antenatal visit. Maternal blood samples were analysed for RBC and serum folate. Results: Of the 502 women, 98...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059331/automated-influenza-case-detection-for-public-health-surveillance-and-clinical-diagnosis-using-dynamic-influenza-prevalence-method
#9
Fuchiang Tsui, Y Ye, Victor Ruiz, Gregory F Cooper, Michael M Wagner
Objectives: To assess the performance of a Bayesian case detector (BCD) for influenza surveillance and clinical diagnosis. Methods: BCD uses a Bayesian network classifier to compute the posterior probability of a patient having influenza based on 31 findings from narrative clinical notes. To assess the potential for disease surveillance, we calculated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) to indicate BCD's ability to differentiate between influenza and non-influenza encounters in emergency department settings...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059319/political-priorities-and-public-health-services-in-english-local-authorities-the-case-of-tobacco-control-and-smoking-cessation-services
#10
W J Anderson, H Cheeseman, G Butterworth
Background: Since 2013, local authorities in England have been responsible for public health including smoking cessation services. Methods: Online surveys of tobacco control leads in English local authorities were conducted in 2014 (76% response rate, n = 116), 2015 (82% response rate, n = 124) and 2016 (85% response rate, n = 129). Results: A high priority for tobacco control was reported in 17% of local authorities in 2014, rising to 27% in 2016...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136170/corrigendum-the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045709/joint-effect-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chilean-adults
#12
Carlos Cristi-Montero, Lewis Steell, Fanny Petermann, Alex Garrido-Méndez, Ximena Díaz-Martínez, Carlos Salas-Bravo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Fernando Rodriguez, Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Maria A Martinez, Ana M Leiva, Felipe Poblete-Valderrama, Naomi D Willis, Carlos A Celis-Morales
Background: To investigate the associations between combined categories of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) with markers of adiposity and cardiovascular risk in adults. Methods: Overall, 5040 participants (mean age 46.4 years and 59.3% women) from the cross-sectional Chilean National Health Survey 2009-2010 were included in this study. MVPA and SB were measured using the Global Physical Activity questionnaire. Four categories were computed using MVPA- and SB-specific cut-offs ('High-SB & Active', 'Low-SB & Active', 'High-SB & Inactive' and 'Low-SB & Inactive')...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045688/nice-public-health-guidance-update
#14
Olivia Crane, Lakshmi Murthy, Rachel Kettle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045671/association-between-self-rated-health-and-ideal-cardiovascular-health-the-baptist-health-south-florida-employee-study
#15
Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Ovie A Utuama, Joseph A Salami, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Erica S Spatz, Maribeth Rouseff, Don Parris, Sankalp Das, Henry Guzman, Arthur Agatston, Theodore Feldman, Emir Veledar, Wasim Maziak, Khurram Nasir
Background: There is increasing evidence of the role psychosocial factors play as determinants of cardiovascular health (CVH). We examined the association between self-rated health (SRH) and ideal CVH among employees of a large healthcare organization. Methods: Data were collected in 2014 from employees of Baptist Health South Florida during an annual voluntary health risk assessment and wellness fair. SRH was measured using a self-administered questionnaire where responses ranged from poor, fair, good, very good to excellent...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040618/securing-systems-leadership-by-local-government-through-health-and-wellbeing-strategies
#16
Alyson M Learmonth, Emily J Henderson, David J Hunter
Background: The aim of this study was to strengthen Health and Wellbeing Strategies (HWSs) by identifying potential areas for system leadership across local authorities in relation to specific aspects of health/illness, wider determinants of health and transformational change management. Method: The work involved a document analysis of strengths of the first 12 HWSs produced in the North East of England applying principles of appreciative inquiry (AI), followed by a knowledge-to-action group approach with stakeholders...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036661/the-impact-of-the-brazilian-family-health-strategy-and-the-conditional-cash-transfer-on-tuberculosis-treatment-outcomes-in-rio-de-janeiro-an-individual-level-analysis-of-secondary-data
#17
Betina Durovni, Valeria Saraceni, Mariana Soares Puppin, Wagner Tassinari, Oswaldo G Cruz, Solange Cavalcante, Claudia Medina Coeli, Anete Trajman
Background: Unsuccessful tuberculosis outcomes are frequent; bold policies are needed to end the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic to attain the third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) by 2030. We examined the effect of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) and its interactions with the conditional cash transfer programme (CTP) on TB outcomes in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Methods: We performed individual-based analyses of a database resulting from deterministic and probabilistic linkages of the TB information system, FHS registries and CTP payrolls...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036317/quality-of-local-school-wellness-policies-for-physical-activity-and-resultant-implementation-in-pennsylvania-schools
#18
E Francis, E Hivner, A Hoke, T Ricci, A Watach, J Kraschnewski
Background: In 2006, United States public schools participating in federal school meal programs were required to adopt school wellness policies. The effect of these policies on school nutrition environments is well documented; however, evaluation of physical activity policies has received less investigation. We aimed to evaluate how district wellness policies aligned to practice for physical activity implementation in 40 schools with high obesity rates (>24%). Methods: Wellness policies were evaluated using the validated Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036555/cultural-capital-factors-associated-with-life-satisfaction-in-korean-baby-boomers
#19
Hyun-Jung Kwon, Hwa-Ok Hannah Park
Background: As aging baby boomers retire, cultural capital is expected to play a major role in representing new types of need for social inclusion for this group of people. This study aims to examine the association between cultural capital and life satisfaction among Korean baby boomers born between 1955 and 1963. Methods: Data on 297 baby boomers were extracted from the 2007 Korean General Social Survey and multiple regression models were tested. Results: The findings indicated that acquired cultural capital (i...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977629/the-cost-effectiveness-of-public-health-interventions-examined-by-nice-from-2011-to-2016
#20
Lesley Owen, Becky Pennington, Alastair Fischer, Kim Jeong
Background: A review of economic evaluations of public health interventions assessed by NICE between 2005 and 2010 found 85% were cost-effective. Owen et al. (The cost-effectiveness of public health interventions. J Public Health 2012;34(1):37-45). With significant pressure on budgets the role of economics in securing funding remains important. This study updates the earlier analysis. Methods: Economic evaluations carried out between 2011 and 2016 were categorized: cost-utility analysis (CUA), cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and cost-consequences analysis (CCA)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
journal
journal
20333
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"