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Journal of Public Health

Danilo R Silva, André O Werneck, Paul J Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Décio S Barbosa, Enio R V Ronque, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
Aim: Examine the association between child and adolescent physical activity maintenance categories and metabolic profile in adolescence. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1152 adolescents (57.4% female) aged 10-16 years from Londrina, Brazil. Physical activity was self-reported in childhood (7-10 years old, retrospective data) and adolescence through questionnaires. Cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle-run test), body fat (skinfolds), waist circumference, blood pressure (automatic instrument) and blood variables (fasting glucose, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides) were measured at adolescence...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Theodosia Salika, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, Katriina L Whitaker, Jo Waller, Cristina Renzi
Background: We examined associations between different chronic morbidities and help-seeking for possible cancer symptoms. Methods: Postal survey of individuals aged >50 years in England. Participants could report prior morbidities in respect of 12 pre-defined conditions. Among patients experiencing possible cancer symptoms we examined associations between specific morbidities and self-reported help-seeking (i.e. contacted versus not contacted a GP) for each alarm symptom using regression analyses...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Benjamin M Ellis, John N Newton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
John Coggon, Farhang Tahzib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Ted Schrecker, Eugene Milne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Lakshmi Murthy, Judith Richardson, Shaun Rowark, Anna Wasielewska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
P J Saunders, J D Middleton, G Rudge
Background: The contemporary environment is a complex of interactions between physical, biological, socio-economic systems with major impacts on public health. However, gaps in our understanding of the causes, extent and distribution of these effects remain. The public health community in Sandwell West Midlands has collaborated to successfully develop, pilot and establish the first Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) programme in Europe to address this 'environmental health gap' through systematically linking data on environmental hazards, exposures and diseases...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Eline Tommelein, Els Mehuys, Inge Van Tongelen, Mirko Petrovic, Annemie Somers, Pieter Colin, Sophie Demarche, Thierry Van Hees, Thierry Christiaens, Koen Boussery
Background: In this study, we aimed to (i) determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in community-dwelling older polypharmacy patients using the Ghent Older People's Prescriptions community-Pharmacy Screening (GheOP³S) tool, (ii) identify the items that account for the highest proportion of PIP and (iii) identify the patient variables that may influence the occurrence of PIP. Additionally, pharmacist-physician contacts emerging from PIP screening with the GheOP³S tool and feasibility of the GheOP³S tool in daily practice were evaluated...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Jacqueline Reilly
Background: A dissertation is often a core component of the Masters in Public Health (MPH) qualification. This study aims to explore its purpose, from the perspective of both students and supervisors, and identify practices viewed as constituting good supervision. Methods: A multi-perspective qualitative study drawing on in-depth one-to-one interviews with MPH supervisors (n = 8) and students (n = 10), with data thematically analysed. Results: The MPH dissertation was viewed as providing generic as well as discipline-specific knowledge and skills...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Dhruv S Kazi, P Gregg Greenough, Rishi Madhok, Aaron Heerboth, Ahmed Shaikh, Jennifer Leaning, Satchit Balsari
Background: Planning for mass gatherings often includes temporary healthcare systems to address the needs of attendees. However, paper-based record keeping has traditionally precluded the timely application of collected clinical data for epidemic surveillance or optimization of healthcare delivery. We evaluated the feasibility of harnessing ubiquitous mobile technologies for conducting disease surveillance and monitoring resource utilization at the Allahabad Kumbh Mela in India, a 55-day festival attended by over 70 million people...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Jonathan Wistow, Sarah Curtis, Angie Bone
Background: Extreme weather events (EWEs) can significantly impact on mortality and morbidity in the UK. How EWE guidance is disseminated and applied across health and social care systems, at the local, operational level, is not well understood. Methods: This exploratory study develops tools and resources to assist local stakeholders to cascade national 'all weather' EWE guidance across local systems. These resources are also used to evaluate the local interpretation and implementation of this advice and guidance within three local authority areas...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Yuping Tsai
Background: Trends in disability among older Americans has declined since the 1980s. The study examines whether the trend continues to decline and whether educational disparities exist in the prevalence of functional limitations. Methods: I used the 2000-2014 National Health Interview Survey and included adults aged ≥65 years. Functional limitations was measured by three outcomes: the need for help with activities of daily living (ADLs) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and physical function limitations...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Naseera Kasujee, John Britton, Jo Cranwell, Ailsa Lyons, Manpreet Bains
Background: Whilst many countries have introduced legislation prohibiting tobacco advertising and sponsorship, references to tobacco continue to appear in the media. This study quantified and characterized tobacco smoking content in popular women's magazines. Methods: The 10 top weekly and 5 monthly women's magazines most popular among 15-34 year olds in Britain published over a 3-month period were included. A content analysis was conducted for both written and visual content...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
A Prüss-Ustün, J Wolf, C Corvalán, T Neville, R Bos, M Neira
Background: The update of the global burden of disease attributable to the environment is presented. The study focuses on modifiable risks to show the potential health impact from environmental interventions. Methods: Systematic literature reviews on 133 diseases and injuries were performed. Comparative risk assessments were complemented by more limited epidemiological estimates, expert opinion and information on disease transmission pathways. Population attributable fractions were used to calculate global deaths and global disease burden from environmental risks...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
E S Petherick, L Fairley, R C Parslow, R McEachan, D Tuffnell, K E Pickett, D Leon, D A Lawlor, J Wright
Background: Pregnancy is a time of optimal motivation for many women to make positive behavioural changes. We aim to describe pregnant women with similar patterns of self-reported health behaviours and examine associations with birth outcomes. Methods: We examined the clustering of multiple health behaviours during pregnancy in the Born in Bradford cohort, including smoking physical inactivity, vitamin d supplementation and exposure to second-hand smoke. Latent class analysis was used to identify groups of individuals with similar patterns of health behaviours separately for White British (WB) and Pakistani mothers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, William Hooton, Julia Critchley, Simon Capewell, Marissa Collins, Helen Mason, Maria Guzman-Castillo, Martin O'Flaherty
Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains a leading cause of UK mortality. Dietary trans fats (TFA) represent a powerful CHD risk factor. However, UK efforts to reduce intake have been less successful than other nations. We modelled the potential health and economic effects of eliminating industrial and all TFA up to 2020. Methods: We extended the previously validated IMPACTsec model, to estimate the potential effects on health and economic outcomes of mandatory reformulation or a complete ban on dietary TFA in England and Wales from 2011 to 2020...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Ford Hickson, Calum Davey, David Reid, Peter Weatherburn, Adam Bourne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Joanna Semlyen, Gareth Hagger-Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
H Brunt, J Barnes, S J Jones, J W S Longhurst, G Scally, E Hayes
Background: Air pollution exposure reduces life expectancy. Air pollution, deprivation and poor-health status combinations can create increased and disproportionate disease burdens. Problems and solutions are rarely considered in a broad public health context, but doing so can add value to air quality management efforts by reducing air pollution risks, impacts and inequalities. Methods: An ecological study assessed small-area associations between air pollution (nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter), deprivation status and health outcomes in Wales, UK...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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