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Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788352/revisiting-the-low-birthweight-paradox-using-sibling-data-with-implications-for-the-classification-of-low-birthweight
#1
M Tabet, L H Flick, H Xian, J J Chang
Background: We examined the birthweight threshold for increased odds of neonatal death among second births based on their elder sibling's birthweight category. Methods: This population-based cohort study included 190 575 women who delivered their first two non-anomalous singleton live births in Missouri (1989-2005). We examined the birthweight distribution and neonatal mortality curves of second births whose elder sibling had low versus adequate/high birthweight...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788415/association-of-e-cigarette-use-with-oral-health-a-population-based-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#2
Priyanka Huilgol, Surya P Bhatt, Niranjan Biligowda, Nicole C Wright, J Michael Wells
Background: The impact of daily or intermittent electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use on oral health is unknown. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data. Poor oral health was determined by the number of permanent teeth removed due to non-traumatic causes, and e-cigarette use determined by daily or intermittent use within 30 days prior to survey administration. We performed logistic regression analysis to test associations between e-cigarette use and oral health with adjustment for factors associated with poor oral health, survey clustering, strata and weight...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788366/relative-household-wealth-and-non-fatal-road-crashes-analysis-of-population-representative-data-of-kenyan-adults
#3
John D Kraemer
Background: This study aims to examine potential road crash disparities across relative wealth and location of residence in Kenya by analyzing population-representative Demographic and Health Survey data. Methods: Relative wealth was measured by household assets, converted into an index by polychoric principal components analysis. Location and sex-stratified associations between wealth quantiles and crashes were flexibly estimated using fractional polynomial models...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767778/-pseudonymisation-at-source-undermines-accuracy-of-record-linkage
#4
Harvey Goldstein, Katie Harron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767756/influenza-vaccination-coverage-among-us-children-from-2004-2005-to-2015-2016
#5
Changwei Tian, Hua Wang, Wenming Wang, Xiaoming Luo
Background: Quantify the influenza vaccine coverage is essential to identify emerging concerns and to immunization programs for targeting interventions. Methods: Data from National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate receipt of at least one dose of influenza vaccination among children 6 months to 17 years of age. Results: Influenza vaccination coverage increased from 16.70% during 2004/2005 to 49.43% during 2015/2016 (3.18% per year, P < 0...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762730/the-impact-of-free-access-to-swimming-pools-on-children-s-participation-in-swimming-a-comparative-regression-discontinuity-study
#6
J Higgerson, E Halliday, A Ortiz-Nunez, B Barr
Objective: Investigating the extent to which providing children with free swimming access during school holidays increased participation in swimming and whether this effect differed according to the socioeconomic deprivation of the neighbourhoods in which children lived. Setting: A highly disadvantaged local authority (LA) in North West England. Intervention: Provision of children with free swimming during the summer holidays. Outcome measures: Number of children swimming, and the number of swims, per 100 population in 2014...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741646/breast-cancer-screening-behavior-attitude-barriers-among-middle-aged-chinese-women-in-macao-china
#7
Yan Xiang Gan, Cheng-Kin Lao, Alexandre Chan
Background: Breast cancer is the third leading cause of death from cancer among females in Macao, but little is known about local practice of breast cancer screening. The study aims to evaluate breast cancer screening behaviors and to identify the predictors of insufficient knowledge and attitudes towards breast cancer and its screening among female residents. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from April to June 2016 in Macao. Quota sampling of women completed the modified Chinese Breast Cancer Screening Beliefs questionnaire (CBCSB) to assess their breast cancer-related perceptions, screening attitudes and behaviors...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733396/trends-in-mental-health-outcomes-and-combat-exposure-among-us-marines-returning-from-iraq-afghanistan-or-other-deployments-2004-13
#8
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Alison Levin-Rector, Richard A Van Dorn, James Trudeau, Laurel L Hourani, Joel K Cartwright, Pamela K Lattimore
Background: As of 2015, more than 2.7 million US military Veterans have served in support of the Global War on Terror. The negative sequelae associated with deployment stressors and related traumas are well-documented. Although data on mental health issues are routinely collected from service members returning from deployment, these data have not been made publicly available, leaving researchers and clinicians to rely on convenience samples, outdated studies and small sample sizes. Methods: Population-based data of US Marines returning from deployment between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed, using the Post-Deployment Health Assessment...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733385/time-trend-and-regional-variability-of-mortality-rate-due-to-ovarian-cancer-in-brazil-a-15-year-analysis
#9
Jean Henri Maselli Schoueri, Fernando Alves Affonso Kaufman, Celeste Rodovalho Soares de Camargo, Claudia Vaz de Melo Sette, Fernando Adami, Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo
Introduction: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the most lethal gynecological tumor. In Brazil, there are important regional differences regarding mortality rates for the same cancer type. Objectives: To analyze the progression of OC mortality rates in Brazil and its regions, in age groups over 50 years, between 2000 and 2015. Methods: Ecological longitudinal study carried out using secondary data from DATASUS (Brazil's public health system database) regarding deaths due to OC in women living in Brazil between 2000 and 2015...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727001/needs-of-homeless-veterans-5-years-of-the-chaleng-survey-2012-16
#10
Jack Tsai, Jessica Blue-Howells, John Nakashima
Background: National surveys of homeless veterans have been conducted for over a decade, but there has been no examination of changes in the needs of homeless veterans. Methods: Annual surveys of convenience samples of homeless veterans conducted for Project Community Homelessness Assessment, Local Education and Networking Groups (CHALENG) from 2012 (n = 6859), 2013 (n = 7741), 2014 (n = 7126), 2015 (n = 3765) and 2016 (n = 3191) were analyzed. CHALENG surveys collected background information about respondents and their ratings of unmet needs of homeless veterans...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726998/use-of-programme-budgeting-and-marginal-analysis-to-set-priorities-for-local-nhs-dental-services-learning-from-the-north-east-of-england
#11
R D Holmes, J G Steele, C Exley, C R Vernazza, C Donaldson
Background: Priority setting is necessary where competing demands exceed the finite resources available. The aim of the study was to develop and test a prioritization framework based upon programme budgeting and marginal analysis (PBMA) as a tool to assist National Health Service (NHS) commissioners in their management of resources for local NHS dental services. Methods: Twenty-seven stakeholders (5 dentists, 8 commissioners and 14 patients) participated in a case-study based in a former NHS commissioning organization in the north of England...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726950/examining-the-relationships-between-life-satisfaction-and-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-use-among-school-aged-children
#12
D Lew, H Xian, Z Qian, M G Vaughn
Background: There are many known risk factors associated with youth substance use. Nonetheless, the impact of life satisfaction (LS) on the use of alcohol, tobacco and marijuana by adolescents still remains largely unknown. Methods: The present analysis utilized data from the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children 2009-10 US study. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between LS and individual substance use. Multilevel multinomial regression models examined the relationship with total number of substances used...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701846/brexit-poses-serious-threats-to-the-availability-and-affordability-of-food-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Tim Lang, Martin McKee
Brexit will have profound implications for health and health policy yet, while much attention has focused on health professionals, medicines and health protection, the risk of food insecurity, and thus health, has received less attention. We identify five major threats to the availability and affordability of food supplies. These are a lack of regulatory alignment restricting ability to import foods from the EU and beyond, a shortage of agricultural labour in the UK, increased prices of imported foods due to tariffs, damage to supply chains, for example, due to customs delays and loss of interoperability of transportation, and damage to agricultural production and food flows in Ireland...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688551/making-a-move-in-exercise-referral-co-development-of-a-physical-activity-referral-scheme
#14
B J R Buckley, D H J Thijssen, R C Murphy, L E F Graves, G Whyte, F B Gillison, D Crone, P M Wilson, P M Watson
Background: Translational research is required to ensure exercise referral schemes (ERSs) are evidence-based and reflect local needs. This article reports process data from the co-development phase of an ERS, providing an insight into (i) factors that must be considered when translating evidence to practice in an ERS setting, and (ii) challenges and facilitators of conducting participatory research involving multiple stakeholders. Methods: An ERS was iteratively co-developed by a multidisciplinary stakeholder group (commissioners, managers, practitioners, patients and academics) via five participatory meetings and an online survey...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688412/ethics-of-radiological-protection-recent-developments
#15
F Zölzer
The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has recently reviewed the ethical foundations of its recommendations. The approach taken in its report is similar to principlism, i.e. the system of Beauchamp and Childress proposed in their 'Principles of Biomedical Ethics.' The commission identifies a number of 'core values' which have helped shape the evolution of the ICRP system of radiological protection, namely 'Beneficence and non-maleficence', 'Prudence', 'Justice' and 'Dignity'. In addition, 'procedural values' are cited that are important for the system's applications in practice, 'Accountability', 'Transparency' and 'Inclusiveness (Stakeholder Participation)'...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684223/socioeconomic-disadvantage-across-the-life-course-and-oral-health-in-older-age-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-british-men
#16
Sheena E Ramsay, Efstathios Papachristou, Richard G Watt, Lucy T Lennon, A Olia Papacosta, Peter H Whincup, S Goya Wannamethee
Background: The influence of life-course socioeconomic disadvantage on oral health at older ages is not well-established. We examined the influence of socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age on oral health at older ages, and tested conceptual life-course models (sensitive period, accumulation of risk, social mobility) to determine which best described observed associations. Methods: A representative cohort of British men aged 71-92 in 2010-12 included socioeconomic factors in childhood, middle-age and older age...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684221/does-losing-a-parent-early-influence-the-education-you-obtain-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#17
B L Høeg, C Johansen, J Christensen, K Frederiksen, S Oksbjerg Dalton, P Bøge, A Dencker, A Dyregrov, P E Bidstrup
Background: Health inequalities are rooted in education and we investigate the association between early parental death and attainment across the educational spectrum. Methods: Using total population data on Danes born between 1982 and 2000 (n = 1 043 813), we assess incidence rate ratios (RRs) by gender for attainment of each educational level (basic school, high school or vocational training, bachelor degree or professional programme, and university graduate degree) according to loss of a parent before the age of 18 years...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684210/outdoor-time-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-around-the-world
#18
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Vera Mikkilä, Gang Hu, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Allana G LeBlanc
Background: Whether outdoor time is linked to dietary patterns of children has yet to be empirically tested. The objective of this study was to examine the association between outdoor time and dietary patterns of children from 12 countries around the world. Methods: This multinational, cross-sectional study included 6229 children 9-11 years of age. Children self-reported the time that they spent outside before school, after school and on weekends. A composite score was calculated to reflect overall daily outdoor time...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648607/nice-public-health-guidance-update
#19
Johanna Hulme, Ruth Garnett, Louise Picton, Fiona Glen, Gillian Leng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635521/getting-the-balance-right-tackling-the-obesogenic-environment-by-reducing-unhealthy-options-in-a-hospital-shop-without-affecting-profit
#20
Nandi Simpson, Angela Bartley, Alisha Davies, Sarah Perman, Alison J Rodger
Background: UK hospitals have been criticized for fuelling obesity by allowing contracts with food retailers selling high fat and high-sugar products on hospital premises. Methods: We assessed the impact for a major retailer of increasing healthy food choices at their Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust outlet. To assess the impact on sales, profit and acceptability to customers, a multi-component intervention based on behavioural insights theory was enacted over 2 months (November-December 2014) at the Royal Free site WHSmith...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health
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