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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875291/exploring-visitation-at-rivers-to-understand-drowning-risk
#1
Amy E Peden, Richard C Franklin, Peter A Leggat
INTRODUCTION: Globally, rivers are a common drowning location. In Australia, rivers are the leading location for fatal drowning. Limited information exists on exposure and impact on river drowning risk. METHODS: Australian unintentional fatal river drowning data (sourced from coronial records) and nationally representative survey data on river visitation were used to estimate river drowning risk based on exposure for adults (18 years and older). Differences in river drowning rates per 100 000 (population and exposed population) were examined by sex, age group, activity prior to drowning, alcohol presence and watercraft usage...
June 6, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866717/evaluating-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-management-at-a-regional-emergency-department
#2
Ashlee Maree Brown, Dara M Twomey, Anna Wong Shee
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are usually the first point of contact, and often the only medical service available, for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in rural and regional areas. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have been created to ensure best practice management of mTBI in EDs. Adherence to mTBI CPGs has rarely been evaluated in rural and regional areas. AIM: The aim of this paper was to assess a regional health service's adherence to their mTBI CPG...
June 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866716/prevalence-of-a-definitive-airway-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-received-at-four-urban-public-university-hospitals-in-india-a-cohort-study
#3
Monty Uttam Khajanchi, Vineet Kumar, Ludvig Wärnberg Gerdin, Kapil Dev Soni, Makhan Lal Saha, Nobhojit Roy, Martin Gerdin Wärnberg
AIM: To estimate the proportion of patients arriving with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) less than 9 who had a definitive airway placed prior to arrival. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the data from a multicentre, prospective observational research project entitled Towards Improved Trauma Care Outcomes in India. Adults aged ≥18 years with an isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) who were transferred from another hospital to the emergency department of the participating hospital with a GCS less than 9 were included...
June 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866715/-save-lives-technical-package-22-interventions-that-could-make-a-difference
#4
Margaret Mary Peden, Meleckidzedeck Khayesi
The Save LIVES : a road safety technical package was produced and launched in May 2017 by the WHO to support road safety decision makers and practitioners in their efforts to significantly reduce the number of road traffic deaths in their countries. This Special Feature explains the process used to develop the package and how and why the 22 interventions were included. It concludes by encouraging researchers and practitioners to tailor their road safety packages to their own realities by following five practical steps...
June 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853647/injuries-associated-with-bunk-beds-occurring-at-schools-results-using-a-us-national-data-base
#5
Randall T Loder, Luke Momper
OBJECTIVE: To investigate bunk bed injuries occurring across all educational institutions using a national data base. METHODS: National Electronic Injury Surveillance System data for the years 2006-2015 associated with bunk beds was analysed. RESULTS: There were an estimated 639 700 emergency department (ED) visits for bunk bed injuries; 1.3% occurred at school. Those occurring at school were older than those not at school (18.2 vs 12.8 years), and more commonly female (56...
May 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784658/systemic-approach-for-injury-and-violence-prevention-what-we-can-learn-from-the-harlem-children-s-zone-and-promise-neighborhoods
#6
Carla Taylor, Lisbeth B Schorr, Natalie Wilkins, L Shakiyla Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778993/risk-profile-for-drowning-deaths-in-children-in-the-indian-state-of-bihar-results-from-a-population-based-study
#7
Rakhi Dandona, G Anil Kumar, Sibin George, Amit Kumar, Lalit Dandona
BACKGROUND: We report on incidence of drowning deaths and related contextual factors in children from a population-based study in the Indian state of Bihar which estimated the causes of death using verbal autopsy (VA). METHODS: Interviews were conducted for deaths in 1-14 years population that occurred from January 2012 to March 2014 in 109 689 households (87.1% participation) in 1017 clusters representative of the state. The Population Health Metrics Research Consortium shortened VA questionnaire was used for interview and cause of death was assigned using the SmartVA automated algorithm...
May 19, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778992/school-area-road-safety-assessment-and-improvements-sarsai-programme-reduces-road-traffic-injuries-among-children-in-tanzania
#8
Ayikai Poswayo, Simon Kalolo, Katheryn Rabonovitz, Jeffrey Witte, Alejandro Guerrero
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of a paediatric road traffic injury (RTI) prevention programme in urban Sub-Saharan Africa. SETTING: Dares Salaam, Republic of Tanzania. METHODS: Household surveys were conducted in catchment areas around 18 primary schools in Dar es Salaam, Republic of Tanzania; the catchment areas were divided into control and intervention groups. Collected data included basic demographic information on all school-aged household members and whether or not they had been involved in an RTI in the previous 12 months, and, if so, what the characteristics of that RTI were...
May 19, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735746/reported-fire-safety-and-first-aid-amenities-in-airbnb-venues-in-16-american-cities
#9
Hudson R Kennedy, Vanya C Jones, Andrea Gielen
Airbnb helps hosts rent all or part of their home to guests as an alternative to traditional hospitality settings. Airbnb venues are not uniformly regulated across the USA. This study quantified the reported prevalence of fire safety and first-aid amenities in Airbnb venues in the USA. The sample includes 120 691 venues in 16 US cities. Proportions of host-reported smoke and carbon monoxide (CO) detectors, fire extinguishers and first-aid kits were calculated. The proportion of venues that reportedly contained amenities are as follows: smoke detectors 80% (n=96 087), CO detectors 56% (n=69 346), fire extinguishers 42% (n=50 884) and first-aid kits 36% (n=43 497)...
May 7, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706596/ivy-league-big-ten-epidemiology-of-concussion-study
#10
Carolyn Campbell-McGovern, Bernadette A D'Alonzo, Martha Cooper, Margot Putukian, Douglas J Wiebe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691316/controlled-ecological-evaluation-of-an-implemented-exercise-training-programme-to-prevent-lower-limb-injuries-in-sport-differences-in-implementation-activity
#11
Alex Donaldson, Belinda J Gabbe, David G Lloyd, Jill Cook, Caroline F Finch
OBJECTIVE: The public health benefits of injury prevention programmes are maximised when programmes are widely adopted and adhered to. Therefore, these programmes require appropriate implementation support. This study evaluated implementation activity outcomes associated with the implementation of FootyFirst, an exercise training injury prevention programme for community Australian football, both with (FootyFirst+S) and without (FootyFirst+NS) implementation support. METHOD: An evaluation plan based on the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) Sports Setting Matrix was applied in a controlled ecological evaluation of the implementation of FootyFirst...
April 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691315/unintentional-drowning-mortality-in-china-2006-2013
#12
Lijun Wang, Xunjie Cheng, Peng Yin, Peixia Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C Schwebel, Jiangmei Liu, Jinlei Qi, Maigeng Zhou, Guoqing Hu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological characteristics and recent trends in unintentional drowning at the national level in China are unreported. METHODS: Using data from the Disease Surveillance Points system, the overall, sex-, location-, age- and cause-specific age-standardised mortality from unintentional drowning in China were calculated and compared. Linear regression was used to examine the significance of mortality trend changes over time. RESULTS: The average mortality was 4...
April 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626076/predicting-opioid-use-disorder-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-who-present-to-the-emergency-department
#13
Robert Andrew Gardner, Kori L Brewer, Dennis B Langston
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) patients with chronic pain challenge providers to make quick and accurate assessments without an in-depth pain management consultation. Emergency physicians need reliable means to determine which patients may receive opioid therapy without exacerbating opioid use disorder (OUD). METHODS: Eighty-nine ED patients with a chief complaint of chronic pain were enrolled. Researchers administered questionnaires and reviewed medical and state prescription monitoring database information...
April 6, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588410/neighbourhood-alcohol-environment-and-injury-risk-a-spatial-analysis-of-pedestrian-injury-in-baltimore-city
#14
Elizabeth D Nesoff, Adam J Milam, Keshia M Pollack, Frank C Curriero, Janice V Bowie, Amy R Knowlton, Andrea C Gielen, Debra M Furr-Holden
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of neighbourhood disorder around alcohol outlets to pedestrian injury risk. METHODS: A spatial analysis was conducted on census block groups in Baltimore City. Data included pedestrian injury EMS records from 1 January 2014 to 15 April 2015 (n=858), off-premise alcohol outlet locations for 2014 (n=693) and neighbourhood disorder indicators and demographics. Negative binomial regression models were used to determine the relationship between alcohol outlet count and pedestrian injuries at the block group level, controlling for other neighbourhood factors...
March 27, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794030/what-is-this-thing-called-injury-prevention
#15
EDITORIAL
Roderick J McClure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789428/injury-prevention-achieving-population-level-change
#16
EDITORIAL
Natalie Wilkins, Roderick J McClure, Karin Mack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730599/a-social-change-perspective-on-injury-prevention-in-china
#17
Joan Ozanne-Smith, Qingfeng Li
INTRODUCTION: China has undergone massive social change over the past four decades. Since national estimates became available in 1987, the overall fatal injury rate has decreased. This paper investigates targeted interventions and sociodemographic factors that may have contributed to fatal injury rate changes particularly for road traffic fatality (RTF), suicide and drowning. AIMS: (1) To review the recent epidemiology of injury in China.(2)To investigate factors influencing trends in overall and specific cause injury mortality rates...
June 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695494/human-rights-based-approach-to-unintentional-injury-prevention
#18
REVIEW
J Morag MacKay, Mark Andrew Ryan
Unintentional injury remains an important global public health issue, and efforts to address it are often hampered by a lack of visibility, leadership, funding, infrastructure, capacity and evidence of effective solutions. The growing support for a socioecological model and a systems approach to prevention-along with the acknowledgement that injury prevention can be a byproduct of salutogenic design and activities-has increased opportunities to integrate unintentional injury prevention into other health promotion and disease prevention agendas...
June 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626077/new-york-city-s-window-guard-policy-four-decades-of-success
#19
Amita Toprani, Martha Robinson, James K Middleton Iii, Ali Hamade, Thomas Merrill
BACKGROUND: Preventing child falls from windows is easily accomplished by installing inexpensive window-limiting devices but window falls remain a common cause of child injuries. This article describes the history and evolution of the New York City (NYC) window guard rule,which requires building owners to install window guards in apartments housing children aged ≤10 years. The NYC window guard rule was the first directive of its kind in the USA when it was adopted in 1976, and it has led to a dramatic and long-lasting reduction in child window fall-related injuries and deaths...
June 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549106/social-marketing-to-address-attitudes-and-behaviours-related-to-preventable-injuries-in-british-columbia-canada
#20
Jennifer Smith, Xin Zheng, Kevin Lafreniere, Ian Pike
BACKGROUND: Social marketing is a tool used in the domain of public health for prevention and public education. Because injury prevention is a priority public health issue in British Columbia, Canada, a 3-year consultation was undertaken to understand public attitudes towards preventable injuries and mount a province-wide social marketing campaign aimed at adults aged 25-55 years. METHODS: Public response to the campaign was assessed through an online survey administered to a regionally representative sample of adults within the target age group between 1 and 4 times per year on an ongoing basis since campaign launch...
June 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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