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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724552/cost-of-injury-care-in-india-cross-sectional-analysis-of-national-sample-survey-2014
#1
J P Tripathy, J Jagnoor, B M Prasad, R Ivers
BACKGROUND: Injuries account for nearly 10% of total deaths in India and this burden is likely to rise. We aimed to estimate the out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure and catastrophic expenditure due to hospitalisation or outpatient care as a result of any injury and factors associated with incurring catastrophic expenditure. METHODS: Secondary analysis of nationally representative data for India collected by National Sample Survey Organization in 2014, reporting on health service utilisation and healthcare-related OOP expenditure by income quintiles and by type of health facility (public or private)...
July 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724551/evaluation-of-a-pilot-police-led-suicide-early-alert-surveillance-strategy-in-the-uk
#2
Grant James McGeechan, Catherine Richardson, Kevin Weir, Lynn Wilson, Gillian O'Neill, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
INTRODUCTION: Those bereaved by suicide are at increased risk of psychological harm, which can be reduced with the provision of timely support. This paper outlines an evaluation of a pilot police-led suicide strategy, in comparison to a coroner-led suicide strategy looking at the number, and length of time it takes for deaths to be recorded for each strategy. Additionally, the police-led strategy offers timely contact from support services for bereaved individuals. We examined what impact this offer of support had on the capacity of support services...
July 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698176/formal-firearm-training-among-adults-in-the-usa-results-of-a-national-survey
#3
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Vivian H Lyons, Joseph A Simonetti, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
Despite broad support for policies requiring that prospective firearm owners receive training before acquiring a firearm, little is known about the scope and content of firearm training in the USA. Nationally representative surveys conducted in 1994 estimated that 56%-58% of the US firearm owners had received formal firearm training. We conducted a nationally representative survey in 2015 (n=3932; completion proportion=55%) to update those estimates and characterise training contents. 61% of firearm owners and 14% of non-owners living with a firearm owner reported having received formal firearm training...
July 11, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679520/prevalence-and-injury-patterns-among-electronic-waste-workers-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria
#4
Chimere May Ohajinwa, Peter M van Bodegom, Martina G Vijver, Adesola O Olumide, Oladele Osibanjo, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
BACKGROUND: Despite the large volume of e-waste recycled informally, the prevalence of work-related injuries among e-waste workers is unknown. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence, patterns and factors associated with occupational injuries among e-waste workers in the informal sector in Nigeria. METHODS: This cross-sectional study adopted a multistage sampling method to select 279 respondents from three cities (Ibadan, Lagos and Aba) in Nigeria. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on sociodemographics, work practices and injury occurrences from the respondents in 2015...
July 5, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667167/expression-of-concern-car-safety-seats-for-children-rear-facing-for-best-protection
#5
LETTER
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647704/the-impact-of-policies-regulating-alcohol-trading-hours-and-days-on-specific-alcohol-related-harms-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Diana C Sanchez-Ramirez, Donald Voaklander
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports the expectation that changes in time of alcohol sales associate with changes in alcohol-related harm in both directions. However, to the best of our knowledge, no comprehensive systematic reviews had examined the effect of policies restricting time of alcohol trading on specific alcohol-related harms. OBJECTIVE: To compile existing evidence related to the impact of policies regulating alcohol trading hours/days of on specific harm outcomes such as: assault/violence, motor vehicle crashes/fatalities, injury, visits to the emergency department/hospital, murder/homicides and crime...
June 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647703/selling-a-gun-to-a-stranger-without-a-background-check-acceptable-behaviour
#7
David Hemenway, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVE: One way that guns get into the wrong hands is via gun sales without a background check. While the large majority of Americans support laws requiring universal background checks, no prior study has assessed whether Americans think it is acceptable behaviour to sell a gun to a stranger without a background check, whether or not there is a law against it. METHODS: We sponsored a nationally representative survey of over 3900 American adults, oversampling gun owners, using an online panel provided by the survey firm Growth for Knowledge...
June 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642248/evaluation-of-a-community-based-safe-firearm-and-ammunition-storage-intervention
#8
Joseph A Simonetti, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Cassie King, Elizabeth Bennett, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: Safe firearm storage practices are associated with a lower risk of unintentional and self-inflicted firearm injuries among household members, though many firearms remain unlocked and/or loaded. OBJECTIVES: Conduct a preliminary evaluation of a community-based firearm safety intervention and assess participants' preferences for firearm locking devices and their comfort with potential firearm safety counsellors. DESIGN/METHODS: Baseline event and follow-up surveys among adult participants to assess changes in firearm storage practices, including whether all household firearms were stored locked, all were unloaded, all ammunition was locked, and a composite measure assessing whether all firearms were locked and unloaded and all ammunition was stored locked...
June 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642247/clinical-benefit-of-the-fifa-11-programme-for-the-prevention-of-hamstring-and-lateral-ankle-ligament-injuries-among-amateur-soccer-players
#9
Rauf Nouni-Garcia, Concepcion Carratala-Munuera, Domingo Orozco-Beltran, Adriana Lopez-Pineda, María Rosario Asensio-Garcia, Vicente F Gil-Guillen
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between the implementation of 'the 11' protocol during the regular season in a men's amateur soccer team and the rate of hamstring and lateral ankle ligament (LAL) injuries, and to estimate the clinical benefit of the programme according to the type of injury and the position field. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted in two different men's amateur soccer teams. During two seasons, the exposed group (43 players) performed 'the 11' protocol twice a week, and the unexposed group (43 players) performed the regular training programme...
June 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630083/are-fire-safe-cigarettes-actually-fire-safe-evidence-from-changes-in-us-state-laws
#10
Carl Bonander, Niklas Jakobsson, Finn Nilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA. METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates. RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates...
June 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572269/estimated-total-costs-from-non-fatal-and-fatal-bicycle-crashes-in-the-usa-1997-2013
#11
Thomas W Gaither, Thomas A Sanford, Mohannad A Awad, E Charles Osterberg, Gregory P Murphy, Bruce A Lawrence, Ted R Miller, Benjamin N Breyer
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department visits and hospital admissions resulting from adult bicycle trauma have increased dramatically. Annual medical costs and work losses of these incidents last were estimated for 2005 and quality-of-life losses for 2000. METHODS: We estimated costs associated with adult bicycle injuries in the USA using 1997-2013 non-fatal incidence data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System with cost estimates from the Consumer Product Safety Commission's Injury Cost Model, and 1999-2013 fatal incidence data from the National Vital Statistics System costed by similar methods...
June 1, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572268/oral-fluid-testing-for-marijuana-intoxication-enhancing-objectivity-for-roadside-dui-testing
#12
Mitchell L Doucette, Shannon Frattaroli, Jon S Vernick
Reducing marijuana-impaired driving is an important part of any strategy to prevent motor vehicle traffic injuries. In Colorado, the first of eight US states and the District of Columbia to legalise marijuana for recreational use, drivers with positive tests for the presence of marijuana accounted for a larger proportion of fatal MVCs after marijuana commercialisation. The use of blood tests to screen for marijuana intoxication, in Colorado and elsewhere in the USA, poses a number of challenges. Many high-income countries use oral fluid drug testing (OF) to provide roadside evidence of marijuana intoxication...
June 1, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446511/learning-to-swim-role-of-gender-age-and-practice-in-latino-children-ages-3-14
#13
Rho Henry Olaisen, Susan Flocke, Thomas Love
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effectiveness of a swim skill acquisition intervention among Latino youths, ages 3-14, a minority population at increased risk of drowning. METHODS: Parents were recruited through community institutions to have their children participate in group swim lessons. Each child's swim ability was assessed at baseline, and they were then exposed to swim lessons over an 8-week period, taught by trained professionals. The swim skill curriculum focused on water safety, flotation and endurance, at five levels of increasing skill acquisition...
April 26, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550103/global-news-highlights
#14
EDITORIAL
Ivan Barry Pless
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550102/girls-crash-too-trends-in-single-vehicle-crash-rates-in-young-and-adult-male-and-female-drivers
#15
Sarah J Jones
Young adult drivers (YADs) are over-represented in crashes mainly because of their age and inexperience. Studying single vehicle crashes by age and sex may identify new approaches to intervention. In 2014, male YAD (17-19 years) crash casualty rates were 11.4 times higher than older drivers (30-59 years), compared with 17.6 times higher in 2005, and 1.9 times female YAD, compared with 2.5 times higher in 2005. Crash casualty rates involving male and female YADs are declining. Action is needed to address YAD crash casualties involving both males and females...
June 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881469/the-role-of-intersection-and-street-design-on-severity-of-bicycle-motor-vehicle-crashes
#16
Morteza Asgarzadeh, Santosh Verma, Rania A Mekary, Theodore K Courtney, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Safety concerns are a major barrier to cycling. Intersection and street design variables such as intersection angles and street width might contribute to the severity of crashes and the safety concerns. In this study we examined whether these design variables were associated with bicycle-motor vehicle crashes (BMVC) severity. METHODS: Using the geographical information system and latitudes/longitudes recorded by the police using a global positioning device, we extracted intersection angles, street width, bicycle facilities, posted speed limits and annual average daily traffic from 3266 BMVC data from New York City police records...
June 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424217/use-of-life-jackets-and-other-types-of-flotation-for-in-water-recreation-in-designated-swim-areas-in-washington-state
#17
Linda Quan, Thomas Mangione, Elizabeth Bennett, Wendy Chow
Most fatal drownings worldwide occur in open water. Flotation devices may protect swimmers. Their use by those recreating in water has not been described. METHODS: Observational survey of swimmers and waders at designated swim sites at lakes and rivers evaluated them by age group, sex, type of flotation used (life jacket vs substandard flotation, eg, water wings, noodles, inflatables) and, for children <6 years, being within arm's reach of an adult. RESULTS: Of 1967 swimmers/waders observed, 37% used some type of flotation device...
April 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385955/cyberbullying-perpetration-and-victimisation-among-junior-and-senior-high-school-students-in-guangzhou-china
#18
Jiaming Rao, Haiqing Wang, Minhui Pang, Jianwei Yang, Jiayi Zhang, Yunfeng Ye, Xiongfei Chen, Shengyong Wang, Xiaomei Dong
OBJECTIVES: Cyberbullying research in China is in early stage. This study describes the cyberbullying experiences of junior and senior high school students in Guangzhou, China, and to examine the risk factors associated with cyberbullying perpetrators, victims and perpetrator-victims among students. We also investigated the frequency of cyberbullying and coping strategies of student victims. METHODS: Participants were 2590 students in grades 7, 8, 9 and 10 from six junior and senior high schools in October 2015 in Guangzhou, in south China, who completed a questionnaire...
April 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385954/using-m-health-tools-to-reduce-the-misuse-of-opioid-pain-relievers
#19
Elise Omaki, Renan Castillo, Karen Eden, Steve Davis, Eileen McDonald, Umbreen Murtaza, Andrea Gielen
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) patients are among the many groups at risk for prescription drug overdose. There is limited research on how best to communicate with ED patients about options for pain management and the risks of opioids. The aim of this study is to pilot test a web-based, patient-centred educational programme that encourages the patient to have an informed discussion about pain medication options with their ED provider. METHODS: This multisite, randomised trial will evaluate an m-health programme designed to aid the patient in making an informed decision about their pain treatment...
April 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385953/a-randomised-safety-promotion-intervention-trial-among-low-income-families-with-toddlers
#20
Yan Wang, Andrea C Gielen, Laurence S Magder, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
BACKGROUND: Toddler-aged children are vulnerable to unintentional injuries, especially those in low-income families. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of an intervention grounded in social cognitive theory (SCT) on the reduction of home safety problems among low-income families with toddlers. METHODS: 277 low-income mother-toddler dyads were randomised into a safety promotion intervention (n=91) or an attention-control group (n=186)...
April 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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