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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514722/estimating-drowning-mortality-in-tanzania-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-existing-data-sources
#1
Sophie Sarrassat, Sigilbert Mrema, Kassimu Tani, Thomas Mecrow, Dan Ryan, Simon Cousens
BACKGROUND: The WHO advocates a 7-step process to enable countries to develop and implement drowning prevention strategies. We sought to assess, using existing data sources, the drowning situation in Tanzania as a first step in this process. METHODS: We searched for data on causes of death in Tanzania by reviewing existing literature and global datasets and by in-country networking. Authors and institutions were then contacted to request aggregate data on drowning mortality...
December 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30472680/fatal-drowning-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-a-7-year-retrospective-epidemiological-study
#2
Colleen Jayne Saunders, Robyn Adriaanse, Abigail Simons, Ashley van Niekerk
INTRODUCTION: Drowning is a neglected public health threat in low-income and middle-income countries where the greatest drowning burden is observed. There is a paucity of drowning surveillance data from low-resource settings, particularly in Africa. Understanding local epidemiological factors will enable the development of context-specific drowning prevention initiatives and the appropriate allocation of resources. AIM: The primary aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of fatal drowning in the Western Cape, South Africa...
November 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30472679/sampling-design-and-methodology-of-the-violence-against-children-and-youth-surveys
#3
Kimberly H Nguyen, Howard Kress, Andres Villaveces, Greta M Massetti
INTRODUCTION: Globally 1 billion children are exposed to violence every year. The Violence Against Children Surveys (VACS) are nationally representative surveys of males and females ages 13-24 that are intended to measure the burden of sexual, physical and emotional violence experienced in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. It is important to document the methodological approach and design of the VACS to better understand the national estimates that are produced in each country, which are used to drive violence prevention efforts...
November 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30472678/motorcycle-taxi-programme-increases-safe-riding-behaviours-among-its-drivers-in-kampala-uganda
#4
Kennedy Muni, Olive Kobusingye, Charles Mock, James P Hughes, Philip M Hurvitz, Brandon Guthrie
BACKGROUND: SafeBoda is a motorcycle taxi company that provides road safety training and helmets to its drivers in Kampala, Uganda. We sought to determine whether SafeBoda drivers are more likely to engage in safe riding behaviours than regular drivers (motorcycle taxi drivers not part of SafeBoda ). METHODS : We measured riding behaviours in SafeBoda and regular drivers through: (1) computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), where 400 drivers were asked about their riding behaviours (eg, helmet and mobile phone use) and (2) roadside observation, where riding behaviours were observed in 3000 boda-boda drivers and their passengers along major roads in Kampala...
November 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30448770/effect-of-seawalls-on-tsunami-evacuation-departure-in-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake
#5
Giancarlos Troncoso Parady, Bryan Tran, Stuart Gilmour
OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively evaluate the effect of seawalls on tsunami evacuation departure. METHODS: A mixed-effect Cox proportional-hazards regression model was applied to evacuation behavioural data obtained from a probability survey of survivors of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in Iwate and Miyagi prefectures. FINDINGS: Presence of a seawall higher than the forecast tsunami height at any given time reduces the likelihood of prompt evacuation by 30%...
November 17, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30446600/shuffle-methodological-deck-chairs-or-abandon-theoretical-ship-the-complexity-turn-in-injury-prevention
#6
Sheree Bekker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352797/vanishing-racial-disparities-in-drowning-in-florida
#7
Marina Mileo Gorsuch, Samuel L Myers, Yufeng Lai, Devan Steward, Rachel Motachwa
OBJECTIVES: To examine the change in the racial disparity in drowning in Florida from 1970 to 2015 and to analyse the contextual factors associated with white, black and Hispanic drowning rates in Florida from 2007 to 2015. METHODS: Our outcome variable is county-level annual drowning rates by race, ethnicity, sex and age group. We computed county-level contextual data, including emergency weather events, temperature, extreme weather, number of pools, quality of pools, coastline, swimming participation rates and prominent black competitive swim teams...
October 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30352796/non-fatal-self-inflicted-versus-undetermined-intent-injuries-patient-characteristics-and-incidence-of-subsequent-self-inflicted-injuries
#8
Cora Peterson, Likang Xu, Ruth W Leemis, Deborah M Stone, Michael F Ballesteros
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal self-inflicted (SI) injuries may be underidentified in administrative medical data sources. OBJECTIVE: Compare patients with SI versus undetermined intent (UI) injuries according to patient characteristics, incidence of subsequent SI injury and risk factors for subsequent SI injury. METHODS: Truven Health MarketScan was used to identify patients' (aged 10-64) first SI or UI injury in 2015 (index injury). Patient characteristics and subsequent SI within 1  year were assessed...
October 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337354/cost-effectiveness-of-raising-alcohol-excise-taxes-to-reduce-the-injury-burden-of-road-traffic-crashes
#9
Linda J Cobiac, Anja Mizdrak, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is an important risk factor for road transport injuries. We aimed to determine if raising alcohol taxes would be a cost-effective intervention strategy for reducing this burden. METHODS: We modelled the effect of a one-off increase in alcohol excise tax (NZ$0.15 (US$0.10)/standard drink) on alcohol consumption in New Zealand, using price elasticities to determine change in on-trade and off-trade sales of beer, cider, wine, spirits and ready-to-drink products...
October 18, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337353/low-impact-strategy-for-capturing-better-emergency-department-injury-surveillance-data
#10
Jeffrey R Brubacher, Yuda Shih, Jian Ting Weng, Rahul Verma, David Evans, Eric Grafstein
OBJECTIVES: Injury prevention should be informed by timely surveillance data. Unfortunately, most injury surveillance only captures patients with severe injuries and is not available in real time, hampering prevention efforts. We aimed to develop and pilot a simple injury surveillance strategy that can be integrated into routine emergency department (ED) workflow to collect more robust mechanism of injury information at time of visit for all injured ED patients with minimal impact on workflow...
October 18, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322971/epidemiology-of-injuries-among-italian-footballers-the-role-of-the-playing-field
#11
Francesco Paolo Bianchi, Valter Veneziani, Michele Alberto Cantalice, Angela Notarnicola, Silvio Tafuri
BACKGROUND: Football has a higher injury rate compared with other team sports such as rugby, in terms of two main categories: intrinsic (individual) and extrinsic (environmental) factors. The playing field is an extrinsic risk factor which has been poorly investigated in the literature. PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to define the incidence and risk factors of injuries in a cohort of footballers comparing the role of three different types of playing field (hard court, natural grass or synthetic grass)...
October 15, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317220/-lock-to-live-development-of-a-firearm-storage-decision-aid-to-enhance-lethal-means-counselling-and-prevent-suicide
#12
Marian E Betz, Christopher E Knoepke, Bonnie Siry, Ashley Clement, Deborah Azrael, Stephanie Ernestus, Daniel D Matlock
OBJECTIVES: We sought to (1) clarify decision needs among suicidal adults with home firearm access; (2) identify accurate, unbiased and acceptable approaches for content and messaging; and (3) develop a tablet-delivered decision aid for firearm storage options. METHODS: Following international standards, we used stakeholder interviews to develop a decision aid for the decision, 'what option(s) to choose to reduce home access to firearms for an adult at risk of suicide'...
October 13, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317219/associations-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-acquired-brain-injury-including-traumatic-brain-injuries-among-adults-2014-brfss-north-carolina
#13
Angie S Guinn, Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Matt Breiding, Melissa T Merrick
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can negatively affect lifelong health and opportunity. Acquired brain injury (ABI), which includes traumatic brain injury (TBI) as well as other causes of brain injury, is a health condition that affects millions annually. The present study uses data from the 2014 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to examine the relationship between ACEs and ABI. The study sample included 3454 participants who completed questions on both ABI and ACEs. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to determine the relationship between ACEs and ABI as well as ACEs and TBI...
October 13, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315090/evidence-for-the-safety-in-density-effect-for-cyclists-validation-of-agent-based-modelling-results
#14
Jason Hugh Thompson, Jasper S Wijnands, Suzanne Mavoa, Katherine Scully, Mark R Stevenson
The safety in numbers (SiN) effect for cyclists is widely observed but remains poorly understood. Although most studies investigating the SiN phenomenon have focused on behavioural adaptation to 'numbers' of cyclists in the road network, previous work in simulated environments has suggested SiN may instead be driven by increases in local cyclist spatial density, which prevents drivers from attempting to move through groups of oncoming cyclists. This study therefore set out to validate the results of prior simulation studies in a real-world environment...
October 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291155/injury-prevention-class-exercise-three-pronged-list-making
#15
David Hemenway
It is difficult to find classroom exercises that have been specifically designed for injury prevention students. The suggested list-making classroom exercise forces students to recognise and devise many policy and programmatic options over and above the ones that normally spring to mind. Most important, it helps give students a better understanding of what is meant by, and the potential usefulness of, the public health approach to injury prevention.
October 5, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291154/challenges-of-enforcing-cell-phone-use-while-driving-laws-among-police-a-qualitative-study
#16
Toni Marie Rudisill, Adam D Baus, Traci Jarrett
BACKGROUND: Cell phone use while driving laws do not appear to be heavily enforced in the USA. This study seeks to gain law enforcements' perspective and learn potential barriers to cell phone law enforcement. METHODS: Qualitative interviews (ie, focus groups) were conducted with officers (N=19) from five West Virginia law enforcement agencies. The officers who participated were >18 years of age, sworn into their departments and employed in law enforcement for >1 year...
October 5, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291153/protective-effects-of-helmets-on-bicycle-related-injuries-in-elderly-individuals
#17
Taerim Kim, Kwang Yul Jung, Kyunga Kim, Hee Yoon, Sung Yeon Hwang, Tae Gun Shin, Min Seob Sim, Ik Joon Jo, Won Chul Cha
OBJECTIVE: The increasing frequency of bicycle-related injuries is due to the growing elderly population and their increasing physical activity. This study aimed to compare the protective effects of helmets on bicycle-related injuries in elderly individuals compared with those in younger adults. METHODS: Data from the Korean emergency department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance database from eight emergency departments during 2011-2016 were retrospectively analysed...
October 5, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279165/impact-of-automated-photo-enforcement-of-vehicle-speed-in-school-zones-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#18
D Alex Quistberg, Leah L Thompson, James Curtin, Frederick P Rivara, Beth E Ebel
OBJECTIVE: Measure the impact of automated photo speed enforcement in school zones on motorist speed and speeding violation rates during school travel. METHODS: Automated enforcement cameras, active during school commuting hours, were installed around four elementary schools in Seattle, Washington, USA in 2012. We examined the effect of automated enforcement on motorist speeds and speed violation rates during the citation period (10 December 2012 to 15 January 2015) compared with the 'warning' period (1 November to 9 December 2012)...
October 2, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30467208/in-review
#19
Roderick J McClure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257987/growing-the-next-generation-of-researchers-in-injury-prevention
#20
Lauren V Fortington, Amy Jo Vassallo, Rebecca Q Ivers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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