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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630083/are-fire-safe-cigarettes-actually-fire-safe-evidence-from-changes-in-us-state-laws
#1
Carl Bonander, Niklas Jakobsson, Finn Nilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA. METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates. RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates...
June 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572269/estimated-total-costs-from-non-fatal-and-fatal-bicycle-crashes-in-the-usa-1997-2013
#2
Thomas W Gaither, Thomas A Sanford, Mohannad A Awad, E Charles Osterberg, Gregory P Murphy, Bruce A Lawrence, Ted R Miller, Benjamin N Breyer
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department visits and hospital admissions resulting from adult bicycle trauma have increased dramatically. Annual medical costs and work losses of these incidents last were estimated for 2005 and quality-of-life losses for 2000. METHODS: We estimated costs associated with adult bicycle injuries in the USA using 1997-2013 non-fatal incidence data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System with cost estimates from the Consumer Product Safety Commission's Injury Cost Model, and 1999-2013 fatal incidence data from the National Vital Statistics System costed by similar methods...
June 1, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572268/oral-fluid-testing-for-marijuana-intoxication-enhancing-objectivity-for-roadside-dui-testing
#3
Mitchell L Doucette, Shannon Frattaroli, Jon S Vernick
Reducing marijuana-impaired driving is an important part of any strategy to prevent motor vehicle traffic injuries. In Colorado, the first of eight US states and the District of Columbia to legalise marijuana for recreational use, drivers with positive tests for the presence of marijuana accounted for a larger proportion of fatal MVCs after marijuana commercialisation. The use of blood tests to screen for marijuana intoxication, in Colorado and elsewhere in the USA, poses a number of challenges. Many high-income countries use oral fluid drug testing (OF) to provide roadside evidence of marijuana intoxication...
June 1, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446511/learning-to-swim-role-of-gender-age-and-practice-in-latino-children-ages-3-14
#4
Rho Henry Olaisen, Susan Flocke, Thomas Love
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effectiveness of a swim skill acquisition intervention among Latino youths, ages 3-14, a minority population at increased risk of drowning. METHODS: Parents were recruited through community institutions to have their children participate in group swim lessons. Each child's swim ability was assessed at baseline, and they were then exposed to swim lessons over an 8-week period, taught by trained professionals. The swim skill curriculum focused on water safety, flotation and endurance, at five levels of increasing skill acquisition...
April 26, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424217/use-of-life-jackets-and-other-types-of-flotation-for-in-water-recreation-in-designated-swim-areas-in-washington-state
#5
Linda Quan, Thomas Mangione, Elizabeth Bennett, Wendy Chow
Most fatal drownings worldwide occur in open water. Flotation devices may protect swimmers. Their use by those recreating in water has not been described. METHODS: Observational survey of swimmers and waders at designated swim sites at lakes and rivers evaluated them by age group, sex, type of flotation used (life jacket vs substandard flotation, eg, water wings, noodles, inflatables) and, for children <6 years, being within arm's reach of an adult. RESULTS: Of 1967 swimmers/waders observed, 37% used some type of flotation device...
April 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385955/cyberbullying-perpetration-and-victimisation-among-junior-and-senior-high-school-students-in-guangzhou-china
#6
Jiaming Rao, Haiqing Wang, Minhui Pang, Jianwei Yang, Jiayi Zhang, Yunfeng Ye, Xiongfei Chen, Shengyong Wang, Xiaomei Dong
OBJECTIVES: Cyberbullying research in China is in early stage. This study describes the cyberbullying experiences of junior and senior high school students in Guangzhou, China, and to examine the risk factors associated with cyberbullying perpetrators, victims and perpetrator-victims among students. We also investigated the frequency of cyberbullying and coping strategies of student victims. METHODS: Participants were 2590 students in grades 7, 8, 9 and 10 from six junior and senior high schools in October 2015 in Guangzhou, in south China, who completed a questionnaire...
April 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385954/using-m-health-tools-to-reduce-the-misuse-of-opioid-pain-relievers
#7
Elise Omaki, Renan Castillo, Karen Eden, Steve Davis, Eileen McDonald, Umbreen Murtaza, Andrea Gielen
BACKGROUND: Emergency department (ED) patients are among the many groups at risk for prescription drug overdose. There is limited research on how best to communicate with ED patients about options for pain management and the risks of opioids. The aim of this study is to pilot test a web-based, patient-centred educational programme that encourages the patient to have an informed discussion about pain medication options with their ED provider. METHODS: This multisite, randomised trial will evaluate an m-health programme designed to aid the patient in making an informed decision about their pain treatment...
April 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385953/a-randomised-safety-promotion-intervention-trial-among-low-income-families-with-toddlers
#8
Yan Wang, Andrea C Gielen, Laurence S Magder, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
BACKGROUND: Toddler-aged children are vulnerable to unintentional injuries, especially those in low-income families. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of an intervention grounded in social cognitive theory (SCT) on the reduction of home safety problems among low-income families with toddlers. METHODS: 277 low-income mother-toddler dyads were randomised into a safety promotion intervention (n=91) or an attention-control group (n=186)...
April 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550103/global-news-highlights
#9
EDITORIAL
Ivan Barry Pless
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550102/girls-crash-too-trends-in-single-vehicle-crash-rates-in-young-and-adult-male-and-female-drivers
#10
Sarah J Jones
Young adult drivers (YADs) are over-represented in crashes mainly because of their age and inexperience. Studying single vehicle crashes by age and sex may identify new approaches to intervention. In 2014, male YAD (17-19 years) crash casualty rates were 11.4 times higher than older drivers (30-59 years), compared with 17.6 times higher in 2005, and 1.9 times female YAD, compared with 2.5 times higher in 2005. Crash casualty rates involving male and female YADs are declining. Action is needed to address YAD crash casualties involving both males and females...
June 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330933/global-news-highlights
#11
Ivan Barry Pless
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330932/respond-a-programme-to-prevent-secondary-falls-in-older-people-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-a-fall-protocol-for-an-economic-evaluation
#12
R T Morello, R L Morris, K D Hill, T P Haines, G Arendts, J Redfern, C D Etherton-Beer, J A Lowthian, C A Brand, D Liew, J J Watts, A L Barker
BACKGROUND: Falls remain common for community-dwelling older people and impose a substantial economic burden to the healthcare system. RESPOND is a novel falls prevention programme that aims to reduce secondary falls and fall injuries among older people who present to a hospital emergency department (ED) with a fall. The present protocol describes a prospective economic evaluation examining the incremental cost-effectiveness of the RESPOND programme, compared with usual care practice, from the Australian health system perspective...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815418/poison-prevention-practices-and-medically-attended-poisoning-in-young-children-multicentre-case-control-study
#13
Denise Kendrick, Gosia Majsak-Newman, Penny Benford, Carol Coupland, Clare Timblin, Mike Hayes, Trudy Goodenough, Adrian Hawkins, Richard Reading
INTRODUCTION: Childhood poisonings are common, placing a substantial burden on health services. Case-control studies have found inconsistent evidence about modifiable risk factors for poisonings among children aged 0-4 years. This study quantifies associations between poison prevention practices and medically attended poisonings in children aged 0-4 years. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study conducted at hospitals, minor injury units and family practices from four study centres in England between 2010 and 2013...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697828/the-relationship-between-pay-day-and-violent-death-in-guatemala-a-time-series-analysis
#14
Dorian E Ramírez, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Kent Bream, Dawei Xie, Magda Velásquez-Tohom, Douglas J Wiebe
OBJECTIVE: To assess if violent deaths were associated with pay days in Guatemala. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis. SETTING: Guatemalan national autopsy databases. PARTICIPANTS: Daily violence-related autopsy data for 22 418 decedents from 2009 to 2012. Data were provided by the Guatemalan National Institute of Forensic Sciences. Multiple pay-day lags and other important days such as holidays were tested. OUTCOME MEASURES: Absolute and relative estimates of excess violent deaths on pay days and holidays...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597400/traumatic-injuries-and-persistent-opioid-use-in-the-usa-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#15
Suliman Alghnam, Renan Castillo
BACKGROUND: Although opioid abuse is a rising epidemic in the USA, there are no studies to date on the incidence of persistent opioid use following injuries. Therefore, the aims of this study are: (1) to examine the incidence of persistent opioid use among a nationally representative sample of injured and non-injured populations; (2) to evaluate whether an injury is an independent predictor of persistent opioid use. METHOD: Data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey were pooled (years 2009-2012)...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566754/road-traffic-injuries-in-peace-corps-volunteers-1996-2014
#16
Rennie W Ferguson, Susan J Henderson, Paul Jung
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Travellers are at risk given unfamiliarity with local road conditions and traffic rules. Peace Corps Volunteers are a unique population of long-term travellers who live and work in-country, often in remote settings, over a period of 27 months and use a range of transportation modes. METHODS: Data from Peace Corps' Epidemiologic Surveillance System (ESS) and Death In-Service (DIS) database were analysed in 2015 for non-fatal and fatal road traffic injuries among in-service Volunteers from 1996 to 2014...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512110/establishing-an-injury-indicator-for-severe-paediatric-injury
#17
Ian Pike, Mina Khalil, Natalie L Yanchar, Hala Tamim, Avery B Nathens, Alison K Macpherson
BACKGROUND: Routinely gathered injury data, such as hospitalisations, may be subject to variation from sources other than injury incidence. There is a need for an indicator that defines severe injury, which may be less vulnerable to fluctuations due to changes in care policies. The purpose of this study was to identify International Classification of Diseases-10 codes associated with severe paediatric injuries and to specify and validate a severe paediatric injury indicator. METHODS: Two data sets that included the ISS and the survival risk ratio were used to produce a list of diagnoses to define severe paediatric injury...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421745/quality-of-harness-fit-for-normal-and-low-birthweight-infants-observed-among-newborns-in-infant-car-seats
#18
Julie Brown, John Kam Hung Sinn, Aileen Chua, Elizabeth Clare Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Child restraint fit is important for crash protection. For newborns, standards universally require a rear-facing restraint and some upper limit on size, but historically there has been no specification of a lower design limit and there is concern over whether low birthweight infants (LBW) are adequately restrained. The aim of this study was to determine the quality of harness fit for newborns of low and normal weight in a range of modern child restraints. METHODS: A convenience sample of infants (1...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301415/the-enhanced-knowledge-translation-and-exchange-framework-for-road-safety-a-brief-report-on-its-development-and-potential-impacts
#19
Reece Hinchcliff, Teresa Senserrick, Joanne Travaglia, David Greenfield, Rebecca Ivers
Knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) can enable evidence-informed road safety policy and practice by reducing the gap between what is known to be effective and what actually occurs. A quality improvement project, undertaken within a government policy frame, was implemented in 2015 to produce an enhanced KTE framework for road safety (the framework). Information was collected from 35 road safety stakeholders in the UK, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. Thirteen KTE facilitators were identified that covered research funding and production, the expertise of knowledge users and dissemination practices...
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260965/questioning-risk-based-fire-and-life-safety-education-age-priorities
#20
Timothy McNamara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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