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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913598/describing-visible-acute-injuries-development-of-a-comprehensive-taxonomy-for-research-and-practice
#1
Tony Rosen, Christopher Reisig, Veronica M LoFaso, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Sunday Clark, Thomas J McCarthy, Estomih P Mtui, Neal E Flomenbaum, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: Little literature exists classifying and comprehensively describing intentional and unintentional acute injuries, which would be valuable for research and practice. In preparation for a study of injury patterns in elder abuse, our goal was to develop a comprehensive taxonomy of relevant types and characteristics of visible acute injuries and evaluate it in geriatric patients. METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive review of the medical and forensic literature focusing on injury types, descriptions, patterns and analyses...
December 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913597/correction
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913596/facilitators-and-barriers-for-the-adoption-implementation-and-monitoring-of-child-safety-interventions-a-multinational-qualitative-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Beatrice Scholtes, Peter Schröder-Bäck, J Morag MacKay, Joanne Vincenten, Katharina Förster, Helmut Brand
The efficiency and effectiveness of child safety interventions are determined by the quality of the implementation process. This multinational European study aimed to identify facilitators and barriers for the three phases of implementation: adoption, implementation and monitoring (AIM process). Twenty-seven participants from across the WHO European Region were invited to provide case studies of child safety interventions from their country. Cases were selected by the authors to ensure broad coverage of injury issues, age groups and governance level of implementation (eg, national, regional or local)...
December 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884941/developing-predictive-models-for-return-to-work-using-the-military-power-performance-and-prevention-mp3-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-algorithm-a-study-protocol-for-an-injury-risk-assessment-programme
#4
Daniel I Rhon, Deydre S Teyhen, Scott W Shaffer, Stephen L Goffar, Kyle Kiesel, Phil P Plisky
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are a primary source of disability in the US Military, and low back pain and lower extremity injuries account for over 44% of limited work days annually. History of prior musculoskeletal injury increases the risk for future injury. This study aims to determine the risk of injury after returning to work from a previous injury. The objective is to identify criteria that can help predict likelihood for future injury or re-injury. METHODS: There will be 480 active duty soldiers recruited from across four medical centres...
November 24, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864309/railway-suicide-clusters-how-common-are-they-and-what-predicts-them
#5
Lay San Too, Jane Pirkis, Allison Milner, Lyndal Bugeja, Matthew J Spittal
BACKGROUND: A growing number of studies have sought to detect clusters of all suicides, but few have sought to identify clusters of method-specific suicides. METHODS: Data on railway suicides occurring in Victoria, Australia, between 2001 and 2012 were obtained from the National Coronial Information System. We used the Poisson discrete scan statistic to identify railway suicides that occurred close together in space and/or time. We then used a case-control design to compare clustered railway suicides with non-clustered railway suicides on a range of individual and neighbourhood factors...
November 18, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864308/working-in-hot-weather-a-review-of-policies-and-guidelines-to-minimise-the-risk-of-harm-to-australian-workers
#6
Judith A McInnes, Ewan M MacFarlane, Malcolm R Sim, Peter Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881469/the-role-of-intersection-and-street-design-on-severity-of-bicycle-motor-vehicle-crashes
#7
Morteza Asgarzadeh, Santosh Verma, Rania A Mekary, Theodore K Courtney, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Safety concerns are a major barrier to cycling. Intersection and street design variables such as intersection angles and street width might contribute to the severity of crashes and the safety concerns. In this study we examined whether these design variables were associated with bicycle-motor vehicle crashes (BMVC) severity. METHODS: Using the geographical information system and latitudes/longitudes recorded by the police using a global positioning device, we extracted intersection angles, street width, bicycle facilities, posted speed limits and annual average daily traffic from 3266 BMVC data from New York City police records...
November 9, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815418/poison-prevention-practices-and-medically-attended-poisoning-in-young-children-multicentre-case-control-study
#8
Denise Kendrick, Gosia Majsak-Newman, Penny Benford, Carol Coupland, Clare Timblin, Mike Hayes, Trudy Goodenough, Adrian Hawkins, Richard Reading
INTRODUCTION: Childhood poisonings are common, placing a substantial burden on health services. Case-control studies have found inconsistent evidence about modifiable risk factors for poisonings among children aged 0-4 years. This study quantifies associations between poison prevention practices and medically attended poisonings in children aged 0-4 years. METHODS: Multicentre case-control study conducted at hospitals, minor injury units and family practices from four study centres in England between 2010 and 2013...
November 4, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806997/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-and-implementation-of-the-boksmart-safe-six-injury-prevention-programme-a-study-protocol
#9
Nicola Sewry, Evert Verhagen, Mike Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, James Brown
BACKGROUND: The injury burden in rugby union ('rugby') is high. While exercise-based injury prevention programmes have successfully reduced injuries in other sports such as football, there is minimal research on this topic in rugby union. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of an exercise-based intervention (BokSmart Safe Six) in junior rugby players that aims to reduce the injury risk profile and burden of injury. SETTING: 14-16-year-old junior rugby players in two geographically separated locations in South Africa over the 2017 rugby playing season...
November 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799290/federal-actions-to-incentivise-state-adoption-of-0-08%C3%A2-g-dl-blood-alcohol-concentration-laws
#10
Gregory J Tung, Jon S Vernick, Elizabeth A Stuart, Daniel W Webster, Andrea C Gielen
OBJECTIVE: To model rates of 0.08 g/dL blood alcohol concentration (BAC) per se law implementation among the states associated with (1) a federal incentive grant programme and (2) a threat from the federal government to withhold highway transportation funds. METHODS: An observational study of state-level 0.08 g/dL BAC per se law enactment among all 50 US states from 1982 to 2006 using a parametric survival analysis to assess the time-dependent risk of policy enactment...
October 31, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729441/estimating-the-burden-of-injury-in-urban-and-rural-sudan-in-2008
#11
Safa Abdalla, Suad Ahmed, Zeinab Swareldahab, Kavi Bhalla
BACKGROUND: Sudan has been undergoing demographic and social changes that could have a tangible impact on population injury rates. However, reliable estimates of injury epidemiology are lacking. We aimed to estimate injury incidence and mortality in urban and rural Sudan, using existing data sources. METHODS: We used the 2008 national census mortality data with mortuary data to construct unintentional and intentional injury mortality estimates in urban and rural areas...
October 11, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729440/evaluation-of-california-s-armed-and-prohibited-persons-system-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#12
Garen J Wintemute, Laurel Beckett, Philip H Kass, Daniel Tancredi, David Studdert, Glenn Pierce, Anthony A Braga, Mona A Wright, Magdalena Cerdá
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Too little is known about the effectiveness of efforts to prevent firearm violence. Our objective is to evaluate California's Armed and Prohibited Persons System (APPS), a law enforcement intervention that seeks to recover firearms from individuals who purchased them legally but subsequently became prohibited from having access to firearms. Prohibitions usually arise from events suggesting an increased risk for future violence. DESIGN AND STUDY POPULATION: This group-randomised trial involves approximately 20 000 APPS-eligible individuals in 1041 communities...
October 11, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758830/the-scientific-agreement-on-firearm-issues
#13
David Hemenway, Elizabeth P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: No one has systematically collected the views of firearm researchers to determine if and where agreement exists on the scientific evidence about firearms and firearm violence. METHODS: We send a short monthly on-line survey to firearm researchers. Each survey asks respondents their level of agreement with a statement about firearms, their rating of the quality of the scientific evidence on the specific issue, their familiarity with that literature and their area of expertise...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758829/not-an-iron-pipeline-but-many-capillaries-regulating-passive-transactions-in-los-angeles-secondary-illegal-gun-market
#14
Kelsie Y Chesnut, Melissa Barragan, Jason Gravel, Natalie A Pifer, Keramet Reiter, Nicole Sherman, George E Tita
OBJECTIVES: California has strict firearm-related laws and is exceptional in its regulation of firearms retailers. Though evidence suggests that these laws can reduce illegal access to guns, high levels of gun violence persist in Los Angeles (LA), California. This research seeks to describe the sources of guns accessed by active offenders in LA, California and reports offenders' motivations for obtaining guns. SETTING: Los Angeles County Jail (LACJ) system (four facilities)...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697828/the-relationship-between-pay-day-and-violent-death-in-guatemala-a-time-series-analysis
#15
Dorian E Ramírez, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Kent Bream, Dawei Xie, Magda Velásquez-Tohom, Douglas J Wiebe
OBJECTIVE: To assess if violent deaths were associated with pay days in Guatemala. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis. SETTING: Guatemalan national autopsy databases. PARTICIPANTS: Daily violence-related autopsy data for 22 418 decedents from 2009 to 2012. Data were provided by the Guatemalan National Institute of Forensic Sciences. Multiple pay-day lags and other important days such as holidays were tested. OUTCOME MEASURES: Absolute and relative estimates of excess violent deaths on pay days and holidays...
October 3, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655754/were-they-in-the-loop-during-automated-driving-links-between-visual-attention-and-crash-potential
#16
Tyron Louw, Ruth Madigan, Oliver Carsten, Natasha Merat
BACKGROUND: A proposed advantage of vehicle automation is that it relieves drivers from the moment-to-moment demands of driving, to engage in other, non-driving related, tasks. However, it is important to gain an understanding of drivers' capacity to resume manual control, should such a need arise. As automation removes vehicle control-based measures as a performance indicator, other metrics must be explored. METHODS: This driving simulator study, conducted under the European Commission (EC) funded AdaptIVe project, assessed drivers' gaze fixations during partially-automated (SAE Level 2) driving, on approach to critical and non-critical events...
September 21, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634839/-i-wasn-t-texting-i-was-just-reading-an-email-%C3%A2-a-qualitative-study-of-distracted-driving-enforcement-in-washington-state
#17
Paul E Nevin, Laura Blanar, Annie Phare Kirk, Amy Freedheim, Robert Kaufman, Laura Hitchcock, Jennifer D Maeser, Beth E Ebel
BACKGROUND: In response to the rise of distracted driving, many countries and most US states have adopted laws to restrict the use of handheld phones for drivers. Specific provisions of each law and the overall social mores of distracted driving influence enforceability and impact. OBJECTIVES: Identify multilevel interdependent factors that influence distracted driving enforcement through the perspective of police officers. DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions with active duty law enforcement officers from three large Washington State counties...
September 15, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879378/global-news-highlights
#18
Ivan Barry Pless
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435101/the-modern-coroner-as-injury-preventer
#19
David M Studdert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435099/duration-of-death-investigations-that-proceed-to-inquest-in-australia
#20
David M Studdert, Simon J Walter, Celia Kemp, Georgina Sutherland
BACKGROUND: Recent government inquiries in several countries have identified the length of time it takes coroners to investigate deaths due to injury and other unnatural causes as a major problem. Delays undermine the integrity of vital statistics and adversely affect the deceased's family and others with interests in coroners' findings. Little is publicly known about the extent, nature and causes of these delays. METHODS: We used Kaplan-Meier estimates and multivariable regression analysis to decompose the timelines of nearly all inquest cases (n=5096) closed in coroners' courts in Australia between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013...
October 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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