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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821566/trauma-centre-synergies-can-move-injury-science-to-effective-injury-prevention
#1
Joyce C Pressley, Charles C Branas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818961/an-analogy-between-socioeconomic-deprivation-level-and-loss-of-health-from-adverse-effects-of-medical-treatment-in-england
#2
Raimundas Lunevicius, Juanita A Haagsma
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to show whether and how levels, trends and patterns obtained from estimates of premature deaths from adverse effects (AEs) of medical treatment depended on the deprivation level in England over the 24-year period, 1990-2013. We provide a report to inform decision-making strategies to reduce the burden of disease arising from AEs of medical treatment in the most deprived areas of the country. METHODS: Comparative analysis was driven by a single cause-of-injury category-AEs of medical treatment-from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study...
August 17, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814569/the-impact-of-urban-speed-reduction-programmes-on-health-system-cost-and-utilities
#3
Babak Mohit, Zohn Rosen, Peter A Muennig
BACKGROUND: Vehicle speed changes impact the probability of injuring a pedestrian in ways that differ from the way that it impacts the probability of a collision or of death. Therefore, return on investment in speed reduction programmes has complex and unpredictable manifests. The objective of this study is to analyse the impact of motor vehicle speed reduction on the collision-related morbidity and mortality rates of urban pedestrians. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We created a simple way to estimate the public health impacts of traffic speed changes using a Markov model...
August 16, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794064/children-forgotten-in-hot-cars-a-mental-models-approach-for-improving-public-health-messaging
#4
Castle A Williams, Andrew J Grundstein
INTRODUCTION: On average, in the USA, 37 young children die every year due to vehicular heatstroke. Additionally, over half of these incidents occur when a parent/caregiver forgets a child in a vehicle. While various governmental and child safety advocacy groups have worked to raise awareness about these tragedies, rigorous studies have yet to be conducted that examine the current understanding and effectiveness of this public health messaging. METHODS: This study will employ a mental models approach in order to identify differences that exist between experts' and parents'/caregivers' knowledge and beliefs surrounding the topic of children forgotten in hot cars...
August 9, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780534/applying-the-health-action-process-approach-to-bicycle-helmet-use-and-evaluating-a-social-marketing-campaign
#5
Florian M Karl, Jennifer Smith, Shannon Piedt, Kate Turcotte, Ian Pike
BACKGROUND: Bicycle injuries are of concern in Canada. Since helmet use was mandated in 1996 in the province of British Columbia, Canada, use has increased and head injuries have decreased. Despite the law, many cyclists do not wear a helmet. Health action process approach (HAPA) model explains intention and behaviour with self-efficacy, risk perception, outcome expectancies and planning constructs. The present study examines the impact of a social marketing campaign on HAPA constructs in the context of bicycle helmet use...
August 5, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778938/determinants-of-occupational-injury-for-us-home-health-aides-reporting-one-or-more-work-related-injuries
#6
Hanadi Hamadi, Janice C Probst, Mahmud M Khan, Jessica Bellinger, Candace Porter
OBJECTIVES: Home health aides (HHAs) work in a high-risk industry and experience high rates of work-related injury that have been significantly associated with reduction in workers and organisational productivity, quality and performance. The main objective of the study was to examine how worker environment and ergonomic factors affect HHA risk for reporting occupational injuries. METHOD: We used cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2007 National Home Health and Hospice Aide Survey (NHHAS)...
August 4, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774897/generating-a-city-s-first-report-on-bicyclist-safety-lessons-from-the-field
#7
Dahianna S Lopez, David Hemenway
BACKGROUND: For cities aiming to create a useful surveillance system for bicycle injuries, a common challenge is that city crash reporting is scattered, faulty or non-existent. We document some of the lessons we learnt in helping the city of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, do the following: (1) Create a prototype for a comprehensive police crash data set (2) Produce the city's first cyclist safety report, (3) Make crash data available to the public and (4) Generate policy recommendations for both specific roadside improvements and for sustainable changes to the police department's crash reporting database...
August 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774896/identifying-vulnerable-populations-to-death-and-injuries-from-residential-fires
#8
Stanley W Gilbert, David T Butry
OBJECTIVE: This study proposes and evaluates the theory that people who are susceptible to injury in residential fires are not susceptible to death in residential fires and vice versa. It is proposed that the population vulnerable to death in residential fires can be proxied by 'frailty', which is measured as age-gender adjusted fatality rates due to natural causes. METHODS: This study uses an ecological approach and controls for exposure to estimate the vulnerability of different population groups to death and injury in residential fires...
August 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774895/prevention-diaries-by-larry-cohen
#9
REVIEW
David Hemenway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774894/epidemiology-risk-factors-and-strategies-for-the-prevention-of-global-unintentional-fatal-drowning-in-people-aged-50-years-and-older-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Amy E Peden, Richard C Franklin, Ana Catarina Queiroga
PURPOSE: Drowning is a global public health issue and prevention poses an ongoing challenge for all countries. Many nations are experiencing ageing populations, and little is known about the epidemiology, risk factors and prevention of drowning deaths among older people. This paper reports on a systematic review of literature published on drowning among older people. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken using English-language, Portuguese-language and Spanish-language papers published between 1980 and 2015...
August 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765270/improving-hospital-death-certification-in-vietnam-results-of-a-pilot-study-of-injury-related-fatalities
#11
Merrilyn Walton, Reema Harrison, Anna Chevalier, Esmond Esguerra, Nguyen Duc Chinh, Haphan Haian, Dang Van Duong, Huong Giang
BACKGROUND: Vietnam has prioritised the establishment of a civil registration system for deaths but as yet is unable to report accurate national statistics for the population of 93.5 million people due to inadequate mortality data. Verbal autopsy data suggest that injury is a third leading cause of death (by International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision chapters) in Vietnam, with road traffic injuries in particular a significant and increasing challenge...
August 1, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754662/shock-absorbing-aggregates-beneath-playground-equipment-grain-properties-and-moisture-content
#12
Tapani Jäniskangas, Kari P K Pylkkänen, Pauli Kolisoja
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of grain size distribution and moisture condition on aggregates' performance as an impact attenuation layer beneath playground equipment. SETTING AND METHODS: Impact attenuation of sands and gravels was tested using a guided headform with a uniaxial accelerometer inside. The result for impact attenuation was the acceleration value of the headform measured from four different drop heights and the Head Injury Criterion (HIC) calculated from it...
July 28, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751532/attempted-suicide-among-adolescents-in-mexico-prevalence-and-associated-factors-at-the-national-level
#13
Rosario Valdez-Santiago, Elisa Hidalgo Solórzano, Mariana Mojarro Iñiguez, Leticia Ávila Burgos, Hugo Gómez Hernández, Ángela Martínez González
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of attempted suicide (AS) in a sample of Mexican adolescents between 10 and 19 years of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012 by its initials in Spanish). Based on multi-stage stratified probability sampling, ENSANUT 2012 canvassed 50 528 households including 21 519 adolescents. A logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with AS...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751531/the-preventive-effect-of-a-soccer-specific-ankle-brace-on-acute-lateral-ankle-sprains-in-girls-amateur-soccer-players-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Karin Thijs, Bionka Huisstede, Edwin Goedhart, Frank Backx
BACKGROUND: Acute lateral ankle sprains are the single most often diagnosed injury in female soccer players and often result in an inability to play. This highlights the need for effective prevention strategies. Proprioceptive training and/or the use of an external support to decrease inversion of the ankle joint can prevent or reduce the number of acute lateral ankle sprains. The effectiveness of a soccer-specific ankle brace in reducing first-time and recurrent acute lateral ankle sprains has never been investigated in girl soccer players...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751530/a-10-year-review-of-child-injury-hospitalisations-health-outcomes-and-treatment-costs-in-australia
#15
Rebecca J Mitchell, Kate Curtis, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Childhood injury is a leading cause of hospitalisation, yet there has been no comprehensive examination of child injury and survival over time in Australia. To examine the characteristics, temporal trend and survival for children who were hospitalised as a result of injury in Australia. METHOD: A retrospective examination of linked hospitalisation and mortality data for injured children aged 16 years or less during 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2012. Negative binomial regression examined change in injury hospitalisation trends...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739778/a-multilevel-analysis-of-risk-and-protective-factors-for-canadian-youth-injured-or-killed-by-interpersonal-violence
#16
Carolyn E Snider, Marni Brownell, Brenden Dufault, Nicole Barrett, Heather Prior, Carla Cochrane
PURPOSE: The study's purpose was to determine individual-level and neighbourhood-level risk and protective factors for severe intentional injury among youth. METHODS: We conducted a multilevel case-control study using registry data to determine individual-level and neighbourhood-level social determinants associated with severe violent injury/homicide among youth from Winnipeg, Manitoba. RESULTS: The study includes 13 206 youth, aged 12-24 years (1222 cases, 11 984 controls)...
July 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739777/establishment-of-a-comprehensive-drug-overdose-fatality-surveillance-system-in-kentucky-to-inform-drug-overdose-prevention-policies-interventions-and-best-practices
#17
Sarah L Hargrove, Terry L Bunn, Svetla Slavova, Dana Quesinberry, Tracey Corey, William Ralston, Michael D Singleton, Van Ingram
BACKGROUND: According to the National Center for Health Statistics, Kentucky had the third highest drug overdose fatality rate in the nation in 2015 at 29.9 drug overdose fatalities per 100 000 population. OBJECTIVE: The elevated drug overdose fatality rate necessitated the development and implementation of a comprehensive multisource drug overdose fatality surveillance system (DOFSS). METHODS: DOFSS stakeholder work group members and data sources were identified, and memorandums of understanding were established...
July 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724552/cost-of-injury-care-in-india-cross-sectional-analysis-of-national-sample-survey-2014
#18
J P Tripathy, J Jagnoor, B M Prasad, R Ivers
BACKGROUND: Injuries account for nearly 10% of total deaths in India and this burden is likely to rise. We aimed to estimate the out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure and catastrophic expenditure due to hospitalisation or outpatient care as a result of any injury and factors associated with incurring catastrophic expenditure. METHODS: Secondary analysis of nationally representative data for India collected by National Sample Survey Organization in 2014, reporting on health service utilisation and healthcare-related OOP expenditure by income quintiles and by type of health facility (public or private)...
July 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724551/evaluation-of-a-pilot-police-led-suicide-early-alert-surveillance-strategy-in-the-uk
#19
Grant James McGeechan, Catherine Richardson, Kevin Weir, Lynn Wilson, Gillian O'Neill, Dorothy Newbury-Birch
INTRODUCTION: Those bereaved by suicide are at increased risk of psychological harm, which can be reduced with the provision of timely support. This paper outlines an evaluation of a pilot police-led suicide strategy, in comparison to a coroner-led suicide strategy looking at the number, and length of time it takes for deaths to be recorded for each strategy. Additionally, the police-led strategy offers timely contact from support services for bereaved individuals. We examined what impact this offer of support had on the capacity of support services...
July 19, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698176/formal-firearm-training-among-adults-in-the-usa-results-of-a-national-survey
#20
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Vivian H Lyons, Joseph A Simonetti, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
Despite broad support for policies requiring that prospective firearm owners receive training before acquiring a firearm, little is known about the scope and content of firearm training in the USA. Nationally representative surveys conducted in 1994 estimated that 56%-58% of the US firearm owners had received formal firearm training. We conducted a nationally representative survey in 2015 (n=3932; completion proportion=55%) to update those estimates and characterise training contents. 61% of firearm owners and 14% of non-owners living with a firearm owner reported having received formal firearm training...
July 11, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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