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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229774/ethical-considerations-for-the-design-and-implementation-of-child-injury-prevention-interventions-the-example-of-delivering-and-installing-safety-equipment-into-the-home
#1
Beatrice Scholtes, Peter Schröder-Bäck
INTRODUCTION: Public health ethics is a growing field of academic interest but ethical discussion of injury prevention seems to have received limited attention. Interventions that promise to be effective are not necessarily-without explicit justification-'good' and 'right' interventions in every sense. This paper explores public health ethics in the context of child injury prevention with the objective to initiate interdisciplinary dialogue on the ethics of child safety interventions...
December 11, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191968/contextualising-safety-in-numbers-a-longitudinal-investigation-into-change-in-cycling-safety-in-britain-1991-2001-and-2001-2011
#2
Rachel Aldred, Rahul Goel, James Woodcock, Anna Goodman
Introduction The 'Safety in Numbers' (SiN) phenomenon refers to a decline of injury risk per time or distance exposed as use of a mode increases. It has been demonstrated for cycling using cross-sectional data, but little evidence exists as to whether the effect applies longitudinally -that is, whether changes in cycling levels correlate with changes in per-cyclist injury risks.Methods This paper examines cross-sectional and longitudinal SiN effects in 202 local authorities in Britain, using commuting data from 1991, 2001 and 2011 censuses plus police -recorded data on 'killed and seriously injured' (KSI) road traffic injuries...
November 30, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180519/understanding-the-resistance-to-creating-safer-ice-hockey-essential-points-for-injury-prevention
#3
Ryan A Todd, Sophie Soklaridis, Alice K Treen, Shree U Bhalerao, Michael D Cusimano
INTRODUCTION: Despite the known negative health outcomes of concussions in minor level boys' hockey, there has been significant resistance to creating a safer game with less body checking. METHODS: To better understand cultural barriers that prevent making the sport safer for youth and adolescents, semistructured interviews, with 20 ice hockey stakeholders, were conducted and analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Through this analysis, two primary concepts arose from respondents...
November 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180518/unintentional-injury-mortality-among-indigenous-communities-of-taiwan-trends-from-2002-to-2013-and-evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention
#4
Stephen W Pan, Hiu Ha Chong, Hui-Chuan Kao
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous communities in Taiwan shoulder a disproportionate burden of unintentional injury fatalities. We compare unintentional injury mortality rate trends among Taiwan's indigenous communities and the general population from 2002 to 2013, and evaluate potential impact of a community-based injury prevention programme on indigenous unintentional injury death rates. METHODS: Standardised and crude unintentional injury mortality rates were obtained from Taiwan government reports...
November 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175833/evaluation-of-an-integrated-multisector-campaign-to-increase-child-helmet-use-in-vietnam
#5
Le Dinh Trong Nhan, Lukas Parker, Mai Thi Hoai Son, Erin M Parker, Matthew R Moore, Mirjam Sidik, Natalie Draisin
OBJECTIVE: This study presents child helmet use before, during and after implementing the Vietnamese National Child Helmet Action Plan (NCHAP) and evaluates its effect on child helmet use. The NCHAP, an integrated multisector campaign, incorporated a wide-scale public awareness campaign, school-based interventions, increased police patrolling and enforcement, and capacity building and support to relevant government departments in target provinces. METHODS: In Vietnam's three largest cities, 100 schools in 20 districts were selected to monitor motorcycle helmet use behaviour...
November 25, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175832/rear-facing-versus-forward-facing-child-restraints-an-updated-assessment
#6
Timothy L McMurry, Kristy B Arbogast, Christopher P Sherwood, Federico Vaca, Marilyn Bull, Jeff R Crandall, Richard W Kent
OBJECTIVES: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend children be placed in rear-facing child restraint systems (RFCRS) until at least age 2. These recommendations are based on laboratory biomechanical tests and field data analyses. Due to concerns raised by an independent researcher, we re-evaluated the field evidence in favour of RFCRS using the National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) database...
November 25, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142020/time-out-nfl-conflicts-of-interest-with-public-health-efforts-to-prevent-tbi
#7
Kathleen E Bachynski, Daniel S Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127114/compared-with-what-estimating-the-effects-of-injury-prevention-policies-using-the-synthetic-control-method
#8
Carl Bonander
INTRODUCTION: This paper discusses the application of the synthetic control method to injury-related interventions using aggregate data from public information systems. The method selects and determines the optimal control unit in the data by minimising the difference between the pre-intervention outcomes in one treated unit (eg, a state) and a weighted combination of potential control units. METHOD: I demonstrate the synthetic control method by an application to Florida's post-2010 policy and law enforcement initiatives aimed at bringing down opioid overdose deaths...
November 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127113/validation-of-an-icd-9-cm-and-icd-10-cm-map-to-ais-2005-update-2008
#9
Kimberly M Glerum, Mark R Zonfrillo
Although the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is the most widely used severity scoring system for traumatic injuries, hospitals are required to document and bill based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). An expert panel recently developed a map between ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM to AIS 2005 Update 2008. This study aimed to validate the recently developed map using a large trauma registry. The map demonstrated moderate to substantial agreement for maximum AIS (MAIS) scores per body region based on expert chart review versus map-derived values (range: 44%-86%)...
November 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118002/prevalence-and-risk-factor-for-injury-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-multicountry-study
#10
Megan B Diamond, Shona Dalal, Clement Adebamowo, David Guwatudde, Carien Laurence, Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi, Francis Bajunirwe, Marina A Njelekela, Faraja Chiwanga, Hans-Olov Adami, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, Robert Kalyesubula, Todd G Reid, David Hemenway, Michelle D Holmes
INTRODUCTION: Injury-related morbidity is a neglected health concern in many low-income and middle-income countries. Most injury data in Africa have been collected from hospital-based studies, and few studies have occurred across multiple countries. Using data from a novel cohort, we examined the prevalence and incidence of serious injuries and associated risk factors across five sites in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: A common baseline and follow-up survey was administered to participants...
November 8, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101188/a-systematic-approach-to-injury-policy-assessment-introducing-the-assessment-of-child-injury-prevention-policies-a-chipp
#11
Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, David Meddings, Adnan A Hyder
INTRODUCTION: This study presents a systematic approach-assessment of child injury prevention policies (A-CHIPP)-to assess and track policies on effective child injury interventions at the national level. Results from an initial pilot test of the approach in selected countries are presented. METHOD: A literature review was conducted to identify conceptual models for injury policy assessment, and domains and indicators were proposed for assessing national injury policies for children aged 1-9 years...
November 3, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079580/rethinking-safety-in-numbers-are-intersections-with-more-crossing-pedestrians-really-safer
#12
Pengpeng Xu, Siqi Xie, Ni Dong, Sze Chun Wong, Helai Huang
OBJECTIVE: To advance the interpretation of the 'safety in numbers' effect by addressing the following three questions. How should the safety of pedestrians be measured, as the safety of individual pedestrians or as the overall safety of road facilities for pedestrians? Would intersections with large numbers of pedestrians exhibit a favourable safety performance? Would encouraging people to walk be a sound safety countermeasure? METHODS: We selected 288 signalised intersections with 1003 pedestrian crashes in Hong Kong from 2010 to 2012...
October 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079579/child-resistant-closure-yesterday-today-and-tomorrow
#13
EDITORIAL
Milton Tenenbein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079578/student-inflicted-injuries-to-staff-in-schools-comparing-risk-between-educators-and-non-educators
#14
Katherine E Schofield, Andrew D Ryan, Craig Stroinski
OBJECTIVE: Student-inflicted injury to staff in the educational services sector is a growing concern. Studies on violence have focused on teachers as victims, but less is known about injuries to other employee groups, particularly educational assistants. Inequities may be present, as educational assistants and non-educators may not have the same wage, benefits, training and employment protections available to them as professional educators. We identified risk factors for student-related injury and their characteristics among employees in school districts...
October 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056586/epidemiology-of-paediatric-trauma-presenting-to-us-emergency-departments-2006-2012
#15
Jacob B Avraham, Misha Bhandari, Spiros G Frangos, Deborah A Levine, Michael G Tunik, Charles J DiMaggio
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the leading cause of paediatric morbidity and mortality in the USA. We present updated national data on emergency department (ED) discharges for traumatic injury for a recent 7-year period. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive epidemiological analysis of the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample Survey, the largest and most comprehensive database in the USA, for 2006-2012. Among children and adolescents, we tracked changes in injury mechanism and severity, cost of care, injury intent and the role of trauma centres...
October 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056585/fall-related-mortality-in-southern-sweden-a-multiple-cause-of-death-analysis-1998-2014
#16
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri, Björn E Rosengren, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: To investigate temporal trend in fall mortality among adults (aged ≥20 years) in southern Sweden using multiple cause of death data. METHODS: We examined all death certificates (DCs, n=2 01 488) in adults recorded in the Skåne region during 1998-2014. We identified all fall deaths using International Statistical Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes (W00-W19) and calculated the mortality rates by age and sex. Temporal trends were evaluated using joinpoint regression and associated causes were identified by age-adjusted and sex-adjusted observed/expected ratios...
October 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025874/effect-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-incidence-of-fatal-traffic-injuries-a-population-based-quasi-experimental-study-using-the-national-traffic-collisions-database-in-japan
#17
Sachiko Ono, Yosuke Ono, Nobuaki Michihata, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Hideo Yasunaga
Pokémon GO (Niantic Labs, released on 22 July 2016 in Japan) is an augmented reality game that gained huge popularity worldwide. Despite concern about Pokémon GO-related traffic collisions, the effect of playing Pokémon GO on the incidence of traffic injuries remains unknown. We performed a population-based quasi-experimental study using national data from the Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis, Japan. The outcome was incidence of traffic injuries. Of 127 082 000 people in Japan, 886 fatal traffic injuries were observed between 1 June and 31 August in 2016...
October 12, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018040/effectiveness-of-child-restraints-and-booster-legislation-in-israel
#18
José I Nazif-Munoz, Aharon Blank-Gommel, Eran Shor
INTRODUCTION: 96 countries in the world have enacted child restraints and booster legislation (CRBL). Yet, findings regarding the effectiveness of CRBLs are mixed. The current study is the first to examine the association between Israel's CRBL, implemented in November 2004, and the traffic injury and fatality rates among children aged 0-9 years. We extend on previous studies by accounting for risk exposure and by comparing populations of children affected by the legislation to those who were not...
October 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018039/the-ocean-lifeguard-drowning-prevention-paradigm-how-and-where-do-lifeguards-intervene-in-the-drowning-process
#19
William Koon, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Linda Quan
Drowning is a global health problem that can be addressed with multiple strategies including utilisation of lifeguards in recreational swim areas. However, few studies have described lifeguard prevention activities. We conducted a retrospective analysis using lifeguard activity data collected in real time with a Computer-Aided-Dispatch (CAD) system to characterise the nature of lifeguard primary and secondary drowning prevention at a popular ocean beach in California. Preventative actions constituted the majority (232 065/423 071; 54...
October 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988203/firearms-training-what-is-actually-taught
#20
David Hemenway, Steven Rausher, Pina Violano, Toby A Raybould, Catherine W Barber
INTRODUCTION: Firearm safety instructors and public health professionals are natural allies in the quest to prevent firearm injuries. We audited basic firearm classes to provide information that can help familiarise public health professionals and others with the content covered. METHODS: With the advice of expert instructors, we created an audit form. Volunteers audited 20 basic firearm classes in seven north-eastern states. RESULTS: All trainers covered a wide variety of safety issues...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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