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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025874/effect-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-incidence-of-fatal-traffic-injuries-a-population-based-quasi-experimental-study-using-the-national-traffic-collisions-database-in-japan
#1
Sachiko Ono, Yosuke Ono, Nobuaki Michihata, Yusuke Sasabuchi, Hideo Yasunaga
Pokémon GO (Niantic Labs, released on 22 July 2016 in Japan) is an augmented reality game that gained huge popularity worldwide. Despite concern about Pokémon GO-related traffic collisions, the effect of playing Pokémon GO on the incidence of traffic injuries remains unknown. We performed a population-based quasi-experimental study using national data from the Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis, Japan. The outcome was incidence of traffic injuries. Of 127 082 000 people in Japan, 886 fatal traffic injuries were observed between 1 June and 31 August in 2016...
October 12, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018040/effectiveness-of-child-restraints-and-booster-legislation-in-israel
#2
José I Nazif-Munoz, Aharon Blank-Gommel, Eran Shor
INTRODUCTION: 96 countries in the world have enacted child restraints and booster legislation (CRBL). Yet, findings regarding the effectiveness of CRBLs are mixed. The current study is the first to examine the association between Israel's CRBL, implemented in November 2004, and the traffic injury and fatality rates among children aged 0-9 years. We extend on previous studies by accounting for risk exposure and by comparing populations of children affected by the legislation to those who were not...
October 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018039/the-ocean-lifeguard-drowning-prevention-paradigm-how-and-where-do-lifeguards-intervene-in-the-drowning-process
#3
William Koon, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Linda Quan
Drowning is a global health problem that can be addressed with multiple strategies including utilisation of lifeguards in recreational swim areas. However, few studies have described lifeguard prevention activities. We conducted a retrospective analysis using lifeguard activity data collected in real time with a Computer-Aided-Dispatch (CAD) system to characterise the nature of lifeguard primary and secondary drowning prevention at a popular ocean beach in California. Preventative actions constituted the majority (232 065/423 071; 54...
October 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988203/firearms-training-what-is-actually-taught
#4
David Hemenway, Steven Rausher, Pina Violano, Toby A Raybould, Catherine W Barber
INTRODUCTION: Firearm safety instructors and public health professionals are natural allies in the quest to prevent firearm injuries. We audited basic firearm classes to provide information that can help familiarise public health professionals and others with the content covered. METHODS: With the advice of expert instructors, we created an audit form. Volunteers audited 20 basic firearm classes in seven north-eastern states. RESULTS: All trainers covered a wide variety of safety issues...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988202/neighbourhood-social-trust-and-youth-perceptions-of-safety-during-daily-activities
#5
Kalen Flynn, Therese S Richmond, Charles C Branas, Douglas J Wiebe
Exposure to adverse neighbourhood conditions can negatively impact adolescent well-being and perceived safety. However, the impact of neighbourhood social trust on perceived safety is largely unknown. We studied 139 adolescent men to investigate how their perceptions of safety varied as a function of social trust levels in the neighbourhoods they traversed; neighbourhoods that were not necessarily their own. Adolescents mapped their minute-by-minute activities over a recent day and rated their perceived safety on a 10-point scale during in-person interviews...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988201/what-matters-when-for-whom-three-questions-to-guide-population-health-scholarship
#6
EDITORIAL
Sandro Galea, Katherine M Keyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988200/supporting-injury-prevention-research-taking-stock-and-moving-forward
#7
Corinne Peek-Asa, Carol Runyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988199/spatial-distribution-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collisions-before-and-after-pedestrian-countdown-signal-installation-in-toronto-canada
#8
Linda Rothman, Marie-Soleil Cloutier, Alison K Macpherson, Sarah A Richmond, Andrew William Howard
BACKGROUND: Pedestrian countdown signals (PCS) have been installed in many cities over the last 15 years. Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of PCS on pedestrian motor vehicle collisions (PMVC). This exploratory study compared the spatial patterns of collisions pre and post PCS installation at PCS intersections and intersections or roadways without PCS in Toronto, and examined differences by age. METHODS: PCS were installed at the majority of Toronto intersections from 2007 to 2009...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986429/characterising-violent-deaths-of-undetermined-intent-a-population-based-study-1999-2012
#9
James Lachaud, Peter Donnelly, David Henry, Kathy Kornas, Tiffany Fitzpatrick, Andrew Calzavara, Catherine Bornbaum, Laura Rosella
OBJECTIVES: Violent deaths classified as undetermined intent (UD) are sometimes included in suicide counts. This study investigated age and sex differences, along with socioeconomic gradients in UD and suicide deaths in the province of Ontario between 1999 and 2012. METHODS: We used data from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, which has linked vital statistics from the Office of the Registrar General Deaths register with Census data between 1999 and 2012...
October 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986428/injury-upon-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study-examining-subsequent-injury-claims-in-the-24-months-following-a-substantial-injury
#10
Helen Harcombe, Gabrielle Davie, Emma Wyeth, Ari Samaranayaka, Sarah Derrett
OBJECTIVES: This study examines subsequent injuries reported to the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC), New Zealand's universal no-fault injury insurer, in the 24 months following an ACC entitlement claim injury event. Specific aims were to determine the: (1) 12 and 24 month cumulative incidence of at least one ACC-reported subsequent injury (ACC-SUBS-Inj), (2) characteristics of participants with and without ACC-SUBS-Inj, (3) frequency of ACC-SUBS-Inj, (4) time periods in which people are at higher risk of ACC-SUBS-Inj and (5) types of ACC-SUBS-Inj...
October 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986427/comprehensive-background-check-policy-and-firearm-background-checks-in-three-us-states
#11
Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Rose M C Kagawa, Daniel W Webster, Jon S Vernick, Magdalena Cerdá, Garen J Wintemute
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive background check (CBC) policies are hypothesised to reduce firearm-related violence because they extend background checks to private party firearm sales, but no study has determined whether these policies actually increase background checks, an expected intermediary outcome. We evaluate the association between CBC policies and the rates of firearm background checks in three states that recently implemented these policies: Delaware (July 2013), Colorado (July 2013) and Washington (December 2014)...
October 6, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971858/safe-kids-week-analysis-of-gender-bias-in-a-national-child-safety-campaign-1997-2016
#12
Michelle E E Bauer, Mariana Brussoni, Audrey R Giles, Pamela Fuselli
Background and Purpose Child safety campaigns play an important role in disseminating injury prevention information to families. A critical discourse analysis of gender bias in child safety campaign marketing materials can offer important insights into how families are represented and the potential influence that gender bias may have on uptake of injury prevention information.Methods Our approach was informed by poststructural feminist theory, and we used critical discourse analysis to identify discourses within the poster materials...
September 29, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971857/health-system-and-law-enforcement-synergies-for-injury-surveillance-control-and-prevention-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Sara F Jacoby, Laura M Mercer Kollar, Greg Ridgeway, Steven A Sumner
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers and law enforcement (LE) officers are among the most common first responders to injuring events. Despite frequent interface between the health system (HS) and LE sectors, the published evidence that supports their collaboration in injury surveillance, control and prevention has not been comprehensively reviewed. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of literature published from 1990 to 2016 that focused on local and regional HS and LE collaborations in injury surveillance, control and prevention...
September 29, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971856/risk-engagement-and-protection-survey-reps-developing-and-validating-a-survey-tool-on-fathers-attitudes-towards-child-injury-protection-and-risk-engagement
#14
Lise L Olsen, Takuro Ishikawa, Louise C Mâsse, Grace Chan, Mariana Brussoni
INTRODUCTION: Fathers play a unique role in keeping children safe from injury yet understanding of their views and attitudes towards protecting children from injury and allowing them to engage in risks is limited. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to measure fathers' attitudes towards these two constructs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: An instrument was developed that used prior qualitative research to inform item generation. The questions were assessed for content validity with experts, then pilot-tested with fathers...
September 28, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971855/cluster-randomised-control-trial-for-cricket-injury-prevention-programme-cipp-a-protocol-paper
#15
Najeebullah Soomro, Nina Chua, Jonathan Freeston, Rene E D Ferdinands, Ross Sanders
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention programmes (IPPs) are effective in reducing injuries among adolescent team sports. However, there is no validated cricket-specific IPP despite the high incidence of musculoskeletal injuries among amateur cricketers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a cricket injury prevention programme (CIPP) as a pretraining warm-up or post-training cool-down can reduce injury rates in amateur cricket players. METHODS: CIPP is a cluster randomised controlled trial which includes 36 male amateur club teams having cricket players aged 14-40 years to be randomly assigned to three study arms: warm-up, cool-down and control (n=12 teams, 136 players in each arm)...
September 28, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956759/cost-effectiveness-of-neighbourhood-slow-zones-in-new-york-city
#16
Boshen Jiao, Sooyoung Kim, Jonas Hagen, Peter Alexander Muennig
BACKGROUND: Neighbourhood slow zones (NSZs) are areas that attempt to slow traffic via speed limits coupled with other measures (eg, speed humps). They appear to reduce traffic crashes and encourage active transportation. We evaluate the cost-effectiveness of NSZs in New York City (NYC), which implemented them in 2011. METHODS: We examined the effectiveness of NSZs in NYC using data from the city's Department of Transportation in an interrupted time series analysis...
September 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956758/empirical-validation-of-the-new-zealand-serious-non-fatal-injury-outcome-indicator-for-all-injury
#17
Colin Cryer, Gabrielle S Davie, Pauline J Gulliver, Eleni Th Petridou, Nick Dessypris, Jens Lauritsen, Alison K Macpherson, Ted R Miller, Brandon de Graaf
Our purpose was to empirically validate the official New Zealand (NZ) serious non-fatal 'all injury' indicator. To that end, we aimed to investigate the assumption that cases selected by the indicator have a high probability of admission. Using NZ hospital in-patient records, we identified serious injury diagnoses, captured by the indicator, if their diagnosis-specific survival probability was ≤0.941 based on at least 100 admissions. Corresponding diagnosis-specific admission probabilities from regions in Canada, Denmark and Greece were estimated...
September 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951486/unintentional-injuries-among-refugee-and-immigrant-children-and-youth-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Alison Macpherson, Jun Guan, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are a leading reason for seeking emergency care. Refugees face vulnerabilities that may contribute to injury risk. We aimed to compare the rates of unintentional injuries in immigrant children and youth by visa class and region of origin. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study of children and youth (0-24 years) from immigrant families residing in Ontario, Canada, from 2011 to 2012. Multiple linked health and administrative databases were used to describe unintentional injuries by immigration visa class and region of origin...
September 25, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939661/health-education-intervention-promoting-infant-safe-sleep-in-paediatric-primary-care-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Eileen M McDonald, Amanda Davani, Akisha Price, Patricia Mahoney, Wendy Shields, Rashelle J Musci, Barry S Solomon, Elizabeth A Stuart, Andrea C Gielen
BACKGROUND: Few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to improve infant sleep practices. There is limited research on how best to integrate safe sleep information into routine paediatric anticipatory guidance delivered at well child visits (WCVs). This protocol paper describes the design of the Safe Start Study, which aims to evaluate the impact of safe sleep interventions on parents' knowledge, beliefs and behaviours related to creating and maintaining a safe sleep environment for their infants...
September 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939660/frequency-and-nature-of-coroners-recommendations-from-injury-related-deaths-among-nursing-home-residents-a-retrospective-national-cross-sectional-study
#20
Lyndal Bugeja, Marta H Woolford, Melissa Willoughby, David Ranson, Joseph E Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Coroners are tasked with the investigation of unnatural and unexpected deaths. In Australia, the coroner's role also includes making recommendations for promoting interventions to improve public safety. However, the coroners' role in public health and safety in the aged care setting is an underexplored area of research. OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and nature of coroners' recommendations for prevention of harm from injury-related deaths among nursing home residents in Australia...
September 22, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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