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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037812/dog-bite-injuries-in-the-usa-prevalence-correlates-and-recent-trends
#1
Katherine J Holzer, Michael G Vaughn, Vithya Murugan
Dog bite-related injuries are associated with high medical costs. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence, correlates and recent trends in dog bite injuries among male and female individuals presenting to US emergency departments. The prevalence of dog bites was calculated for years 2010-2014 using the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample. Sex-stratified multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted with 'dog bite' as the dependent variable and patient and hospital characteristics as independent variables...
July 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037811/begin-risk-assessment-for-falls-in-women-at-45-not-65
#2
Katherine J Harmon, Anne M Hakenewerth, Anna E Waller, Amy Ising, Judith E Tintinalli
The clinical and epidemiological literature provides guidelines for fall prevention starting at age 65; however, the focus on age ≥65 is not evidence based. Therefore, this study examined state-wide North Carolina emergency department visit data to examine the characteristics of falls across the age spectrum, identify the age at which the incidence of fall-related emergency department visits started to increase and determine whether these trends were similar for men and women. We determined that incidence rates of fall-related emergency department visits began to increase in early middle age, particularly for women...
July 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991606/variations-in-death-notification-of-nursing-home-residents-to-australian-coroners
#3
Joseph Elias Ibrahim, Chebiwot Kipsaina, Cathy Martin, David Leo Ranson, Lyndal Bugeja
OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of changes to the reporting requirements in coronial legislation on the nature and frequency of nursing home resident deaths reported to Coroners. DESIGN: National retrospective study of a population cohort of nursing home resident deaths. SETTING: Accredited Australian nursing homes between July 2000 and June 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Residents who died in nursing homes accredited by the Aged Care Standards and Accreditation Agency reported to Coroners...
July 9, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29976760/-in-a-blink-of-an-eye-your-life-can-change-experiences-of-players-sustaining-a-rugby-related-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Marelise Badenhorst, Evert Verhagen, Michael Ian Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, James Craig Brown
BACKGROUND: Though rare, rugby union carries a risk for serious injuries such as acute spinal cord injuries (ASCI), which may result in permanent disability. Various studies have investigated injury mechanisms, prevention programmes and immediate medical management of these injuries. However, relatively scant attention has been placed on the player's experience of such an injury and the importance of context. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the injury experience and its related context, as perceived by the catastrophically injured player...
July 5, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941633/limiting-access-to-lethal-means-applying-the-social-ecological-model-for-firearm-suicide-prevention
#5
Adelyn Allchin, Vicka Chaplin, Joshua Horwitz
This paper outlines a novel application of the social ecological model (SEM) for firearm suicide prevention. It focuses on four levels of intervention (societal, relationship, community and individual) to reduce access to firearms, a practical contributor to the capacity to attempt suicide, from individuals when they are at an elevated risk for suicide. There is substantive research linking easy access to firearms with an increased risk of firearm suicide, and suicide prevention interventions that address access to lethal means are critical components of a comprehensive suicide prevention strategy...
June 25, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875291/exploring-visitation-at-rivers-to-understand-drowning-risk
#6
Amy E Peden, Richard C Franklin, Peter A Leggat
INTRODUCTION: Globally, rivers are a common drowning location. In Australia, rivers are the leading location for fatal drowning. Limited information exists on exposure and impact on river drowning risk. METHODS: Australian unintentional fatal river drowning data (sourced from coronial records) and nationally representative survey data on river visitation were used to estimate river drowning risk based on exposure for adults (18 years and older). Differences in river drowning rates per 100 000 (population and exposed population) were examined by sex, age group, activity prior to drowning, alcohol presence and watercraft usage...
June 6, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866717/evaluating-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-management-at-a-regional-emergency-department
#7
Ashlee Maree Brown, Dara M Twomey, Anna Wong Shee
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are usually the first point of contact, and often the only medical service available, for patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in rural and regional areas. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have been created to ensure best practice management of mTBI in EDs. Adherence to mTBI CPGs has rarely been evaluated in rural and regional areas. AIM: The aim of this paper was to assess a regional health service's adherence to their mTBI CPG...
June 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866716/prevalence-of-a-definitive-airway-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-received-at-four-urban-public-university-hospitals-in-india-a-cohort-study
#8
Monty Uttam Khajanchi, Vineet Kumar, Ludvig Wärnberg Gerdin, Kapil Dev Soni, Makhan Lal Saha, Nobhojit Roy, Martin Gerdin Wärnberg
AIM: To estimate the proportion of patients arriving with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) less than 9 who had a definitive airway placed prior to arrival. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the data from a multicentre, prospective observational research project entitled Towards Improved Trauma Care Outcomes in India. Adults aged ≥18 years with an isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) who were transferred from another hospital to the emergency department of the participating hospital with a GCS less than 9 were included...
June 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866715/-save-lives-technical-package-22-interventions-that-could-make-a-difference
#9
Margaret Mary Peden, Meleckidzedeck Khayesi
The Save LIVES : a road safety technical package was produced and launched in May 2017 by the WHO to support road safety decision makers and practitioners in their efforts to significantly reduce the number of road traffic deaths in their countries. This Special Feature explains the process used to develop the package and how and why the 22 interventions were included. It concludes by encouraging researchers and practitioners to tailor their road safety packages to their own realities by following five practical steps...
June 4, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853647/injuries-associated-with-bunk-beds-occurring-at-schools-results-using-a-us-national-data-base
#10
Randall T Loder, Luke Momper
OBJECTIVE: To investigate bunk bed injuries occurring across all educational institutions using a national data base. METHODS: National Electronic Injury Surveillance System data for the years 2006-2015 associated with bunk beds was analysed. RESULTS: There were an estimated 639 700 emergency department (ED) visits for bunk bed injuries; 1.3% occurred at school. Those occurring at school were older than those not at school (18.2 vs 12.8 years), and more commonly female (56...
May 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784658/systemic-approach-for-injury-and-violence-prevention-what-we-can-learn-from-the-harlem-children-s-zone-and-promise-neighborhoods
#11
Carla Taylor, Lisbeth B Schorr, Natalie Wilkins, L Shakiyla Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037906/correction-establishment-of-a-comprehensive-drug-overdose-fatality-surveillance-system-in-kentucky-to-inform-drug-overdose-prevention-policies-interventions-and-best-practices
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30037905/injury-prevention-an-intranational-multinational-international-transnational-or-global-journal
#13
Roderick J McClure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706596/ivy-league-big-ten-epidemiology-of-concussion-study
#14
Carolyn Campbell-McGovern, Bernadette A D'Alonzo, Martha Cooper, Margot Putukian, Douglas J Wiebe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118002/prevalence-and-risk-factor-for-injury-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-multicountry-study
#15
Megan B Diamond, Shona Dalal, Clement Adebamowo, David Guwatudde, Carien Laurence, Ikeoluwapo O Ajayi, Francis Bajunirwe, Marina A Njelekela, Faraja Chiwanga, Hans-Olov Adami, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, Robert Kalyesubula, Todd G Reid, David Hemenway, Michelle D Holmes
INTRODUCTION: Injury-related morbidity is a neglected health concern in many low-income and middle-income countries. Most injury data in Africa have been collected from hospital-based studies, and few studies have occurred across multiple countries. Using data from a novel cohort, we examined the prevalence and incidence of serious injuries and associated risk factors across five sites in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: A common baseline and follow-up survey was administered to participants...
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018039/the-ocean-lifeguard-drowning-prevention-paradigm-how-and-where-do-lifeguards-intervene-in-the-drowning-process
#16
William Koon, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Linda Quan
Drowning is a global health problem that can be addressed with multiple strategies including utilisation of lifeguards in recreational swim areas. However, few studies have described lifeguard prevention activities. We conducted a retrospective analysis using lifeguard activity data collected in real time with a Computer-Aided-Dispatch (CAD) system to characterise the nature of lifeguard primary and secondary drowning prevention at a popular ocean beach in California. Preventative actions constituted the majority (232 065/423 071; 54...
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971857/health-system-and-law-enforcement-synergies-for-injury-surveillance-control-and-prevention-a-scoping-review
#17
Sara F Jacoby, Laura M Mercer Kollar, Greg Ridgeway, Steven A Sumner
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers and law enforcement (LE) officers are among the most common first responders to injuring events. Despite frequent interface between the health system (HS) and LE sectors, the published evidence that supports their collaboration in injury surveillance, control and prevention has not been comprehensively reviewed. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review of literature published from 1990 to 2016 that focused on local and regional HS and LE collaborations in injury surveillance, control and prevention...
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956758/empirical-validation-of-the-new-zealand-serious-non-fatal-injury-outcome-indicator-for-all-injury
#18
Colin Cryer, Gabrielle S Davie, Pauline J Gulliver, Eleni Th Petridou, Nick Dessypris, Jens Lauritsen, Alison K Macpherson, Ted R Miller, Brandon de Graaf
Our purpose was to empirically validate the official New Zealand (NZ) serious non-fatal 'all injury' indicator. To that end, we aimed to investigate the assumption that cases selected by the indicator have a high probability of admission. Using NZ hospital in-patient records, we identified serious injury diagnoses, captured by the indicator, if their diagnosis-specific survival probability was ≤0.941 based on at least 100 admissions. Corresponding diagnosis-specific admission probabilities from regions in Canada, Denmark and Greece were estimated...
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883155/is-brazil-going-to-achieve-the-road-traffic-deaths-target-an-analysis-about-the-sustainable-development-goals
#19
Cauane Blumenberg, Rafaela C Martins, Janaína Calu Costa, Luiza I C Ricardo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the temporal relationship between the road traffic mortality rate and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in Brazil, and make an annual prediction of the evolution of both indicators until 2020, the end of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) monitoring period. METHODS: Brazilian road traffic mortality rate official data were described from 2000 to 2015, while the GDP per capita official data were described from 2000 to 2013. GDP per capita and traffic mortality rate predictions were performed until 2020 using fractional polynomial analysis...
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814569/the-impact-of-urban-speed-reduction-programmes-on-health-system-cost-and-utilities
#20
Babak Mohit, Zohn Rosen, Peter A Muennig
BACKGROUND: Vehicle speed changes impact the probability of injuring a pedestrian in ways that differ from the way that it impacts the probability of a collision or of death. Therefore, return on investment in speed reduction programmes has complex and unpredictable manifests. The objective of this study is to analyse the impact of motor vehicle speed reduction on the collision-related morbidity and mortality rates of urban pedestrians. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We created a simple way to estimate the public health impacts of traffic speed changes using a Markov model...
August 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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