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Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475977/risk-factors-for-falls-among-older-community-dwellers-in-shenzhen-china
#1
Haibin Zhou, Ke Peng, Anne Tiedemann, Ji Peng, Catherine Sherrington
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of falls reported by older community dwellers in Shenzhen, China and to identify fall-related risk factors. METHOD: Participants were community dwellers residing in Shenzhen, China, who were aged 60 years and over and were recruited using multistage random sampling. All participants were surveyed about demographic and health-related information, mood, vision and hearing impairment, self-rated health and retrospective falls, and a test of balance was administered...
February 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472242/what-police-officers-want-public-health-professionals-to-know
#2
Sheldon Greenberg, Shannon Frattaroli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453273/evolution-of-a-holistic-systems-approach-to-planning-and-managing-road-safety-the-victorian-case-study-1970-2015
#3
Carlyn Muir, Ian R Johnston, Eric Howard
BACKGROUND: The Victorian Safe System approach to road safety slowly evolved from a combination of the Swedish Vision Zero philosophy and the Sustainable Safety model developed by the Dutch. The Safe System approach reframes the way in which road safety is viewed and managed. METHODS: This paper presents a case study of the institutional change required to underpin the transformation to a holistic approach to planning and managing road safety in Victoria, Australia...
February 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453272/building-the-child-safety-collaborative-innovation-and-improvement-network-how-does-it-work-and-what-is-it-achieving
#4
Jennifer B Leonardo, Rebecca S Spicer, Maria Katradis, Jennifer Allison, Rebekah Thomas
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network (CS CoIIN) framework could be applied in the field of injury and violence prevention to reduce fatalities, hospitalizations and emergency department visits among 0-19 year olds. SAMPLE: Twenty-one states/jurisdictions were accepted into cohort 1 of the CS CoIIN, and 14 were engaged from March 2016 through April 2017. A quality improvement framework was used to test, implement and spread evidence-based change ideas (strategies and programs) in child passenger safety, falls prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, suicide and self-harm prevention and teen driver safety...
February 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439149/pediatric-dog-bites-a-population-based-profile
#5
Jackson Fein, David Bogumil, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified risk factors for dog bites in children, but use data from individual trauma centers, with limited generalizability. This study identifies a population risk profile for pediatric dog bites using the National Trauma Data Bank. We hypothesized that the population at risk was younger boys, that such bites occur at home, are moderately severe, and are on the face or neck. METHODS: For this retrospective cross-sectional study, a sample of 7912 children 17 years old and younger with International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 event code E906...
February 8, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436398/gun-retailers-as-storage-partners-for-suicide-prevention-what-barriers-need-to-be-overcome
#6
Lauren A Pierpoint, Gregory J Tung, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sara Brandspigel, Marian Betz, Carol W Runyan
INTRODUCTION: Safe storage of guns outside the household while someone is at risk for suicide is important for suicide prevention. Some gun retailers offer temporary firearm storage as a community resource. Others may be willing if perceived barriers can be addressed. METHODS: We invited all gun retailers in eight Mountain West states to respond to a questionnaire about the barriers they perceive in offering temporary, voluntary gun storage for community members...
February 7, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436397/impacts-of-an-opioid-overdose-prevention-intervention-delivered-subsequent-to-acute-care
#7
Caleb J Banta-Green, Phillip O Coffin, Joseph O Merrill, Jeanne M Sears, Chris Dunn, Anthony S Floyd, Lauren K Whiteside, Norbert D Yanez, Dennis M Donovan
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose is a major and increasing cause of injury and death. There is an urgent need for interventions to reduce overdose events among high-risk persons. METHODS: Adults at elevated risk for opioid overdose involving heroin or pharmaceutical opioids who had been cared for in an emergency department (ED) were randomised to overdose education combined with a brief behavioural intervention and take-home naloxone or usual care. Outcomes included: (1) time to first opioid overdose-related event resulting in medical attention or death using competing risks survival analysis; and (2) ED visit and hospitalisation rates, using negative binomial regression and adjusting for time at risk...
February 7, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437783/estimating-the-international-burden-of-sport-related-death-a-review-of-data-sources
#8
Kristen L Kucera, Lauren V Fortington, Catherine S Wolff, Stephen W Marshall, Caroline F Finch
INTRODUCTION: Despite detailed recommendations for sports injury data capture provided since the mid-1990s, international data collection efforts for sport-related death remains limited in scope. The purpose of this paper was to review the data sources available for studying sport-related death and describe their key features, coverage, accessibility and strengths and limitations. METHODS: The outcomes of interest for this review was death occurring as a result of participation in organised sport-related activity...
February 1, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386372/supplemental-surveillance-a-review-of-2015-and-2016-agricultural-injury-data-from-news-reports-on-aginjurynews-org
#9
Bryan Weichelt, Serap Gorucu
BACKGROUND: Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting industry is the most hazardous occupational sector in the USA. Even with this level of occupational risk, several national and state-level occupational injury surveillance programmes have been eliminated, leaving regional efforts to analyse multiple sources and compile data on agricultural injuries and fatalities. No up-to-date centralised national database for agricultural injuries/fatalities in the USA currently exists. OBJECTIVE: Using the public data on AgInjuryNews...
January 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386371/knowledge-of-childhood-burn-risks-and-burn-first-aid-cool-runnings
#10
Jacqueline D Burgess, Kerrianne A Watt, Roy M Kimble, Cate M Cameron
AIM: The high incidence of hot beverage scalds among young children has not changed in the past 15 years, but preventive campaigns have been scarce. A novel approach was used to engage mothers of young children in an app-based hot beverage scald prevention campaign 'Cool Runnings'. This paper provides baseline data for this randomised controlled trial (RCT). METHOD: Queensland-based mothers aged 18+ years with at least one child aged 5-12 months were recruited via social media to Cool Runnings, which is a two-group, parallel, single-blinded RCT...
January 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363590/exercise-programmes-to-prevent-falls-among-older-adults-modelling-health-gain-cost-utility-and-equity-impacts
#11
Eamonn Deverall, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Frank Pega, Tony Blakely, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Some falls prevention interventions for the older population appear cost-effective, but there is uncertainty about others. Therefore, we aimed to model three types of exercise programme each running for 25 years among 65+ year olds: (i) a peer-led group-based one; (ii) a home-based one and (iii) a commercial one. METHODS: An established Markov model for studying falls prevention in New Zealand (NZ) was adapted to estimate incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) in cost per quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained...
January 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363589/tackling-in-physical-education-rugby-an-unnecessary-risk
#12
Adam John White, John Batten, Stefan Robinson, Eric Anderson, Andrew Burns, Jo Batey, Helen Ryan-Stewart, Russell Discombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363588/association-between-parent-mental-health-and-paediatric-tbi-epidemiological-observations-from-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort
#13
Michael Lowery Wilson, Olli Tenovuo, Mika Gissler, Simo Saarijärvi
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether parental mental illness has implications for child risk for traumatic brain injuries (TBI). METHOD: Data on 60 069 Finnish children born in 1987 and their parents were examined for demographic and mental health-related variables in relationship with paediatric TBI. Altogether, 15 variables were derived from the cohort data with ICD-10 F-codes being available for mental health diagnoses for all parents. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were carried out using inpatient and outpatient diagnoses of child TBI...
January 23, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353246/a-concept-mapping-approach-to-identifying-the-barriers-to-implementing-an-evidence-based-sports-injury-prevention-programme
#14
Alex Donaldson, Aisling Callaghan, Mario Bizzini, Andrew Jowett, Patrick Keyzer, Matthew Nicholson
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the barriers to programme use is important to facilitate implementation of injury prevention programmes in real-word settings. This study investigated the barriers to coaches of adolescent female soccer teams, in Victoria, Australia, implementing the evidence-based FIFA 11+ injury prevention programme. METHODS: Concept mapping with data collected from 19 soccer coaches and administrators. RESULTS: Brainstorming generated 65 statements as barriers to 11+ implementation...
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353245/new-who-violence-prevention-information-system-an-interactive-knowledge-platform-of-scientific-findings-on-violence
#15
REVIEW
Stephanie Burrows, Alexander Butchart, Nadia Butler, Zara Quigg, Mark A Bellis, Christopher Mikton
Scientific information on violence can be difficult to compile and understand. It is scattered across websites, databases, technical reports and academic journals, and rarely addresses all types of violence. In response, in October 2017 WHO released the Violence Prevention Information System or Violence Info, an online interactive collection of scientific information about the prevalence, consequences, risk factors and preventability of all forms of interpersonal violence. It covers homicide, child maltreatment, youth violence, intimate partner violence, elder abuse and sexual violence...
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353244/edge-conditions-and-crash-avoidance-roles-the-future-of-traffic-safety-in-the-world-of-autonomous-vehicles
#16
EDITORIAL
Megan S Ryerson, Jordan E Miller, Flaura K Winston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331991/gauging-the-impact-of-gun-background-checks
#17
LETTER
Ted Alcorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331990/changes-in-the-legal-environment-and-enforcement-of-firearm-transfer-laws-in-pennsylvania-and-maryland
#18
Cassandra K Crifasi, Molly Merrill-Francis, Daniel W Webster, Garen J Wintemute, Jon S Vernick
The effectiveness of laws depends on circumstances affecting their enforcement. To assess such circumstances for comprehensive background check (CBC) and straw purchase laws for firearm sales, we examined prosecutions for CBC and straw purchase violations in Pennsylvania and CBC violations in Maryland. We generated pre-post variables and conducted t-tests to assess differences in the mean number of prosecutions filed following changes to the legal environments. The annual number of prosecutions for straw purchase violations increased significantly in Pennsylvania following the passage of a law that strengthened penalties for these violations (difference in means = +1310...
January 13, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330199/association-between-community-socioeconomic-characteristics-and-access-to-youth-flag-football
#19
Emily Kroshus, Aly J Sonnen, Sara Pd Chrisman, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that opportunities for non-tackling American football (e.g., flag football) be expanded, given concerns about the risks of brain trauma from tackle football. This study tested the hypothesis that flag football would be more accessible in communities characterised by higher socioeconomic status residents. METHODS: In July 2017, the locations of community-based organisations offering youth flag and tackle football for youth between the ages of 6 and 13 in two US states (Georgia and Washington) were aggregated (n=440)...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330198/systematic-review-of-drowning-in-india-assessment-of-burden-and-risk
#20
Caroline Lukaszyk, Rebecca Q Ivers, Jagnoor Jagnoor
AIM: To examine the burden and risk factors for fatal and non-fatal drowning in India. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified through a systematic search of 19 electronic databases and 19 national and global, institutional, organisational and government sources of injury data. Search terms used pertained to drowning, injury, trauma, morbidity and mortality in India. RESULTS: A total of 16 research articles and five data sources were included in the review...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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