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Nature Reviews. Microbiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789680/keystone-taxa-as-drivers-of-microbiome-structure-and-functioning
#1
REVIEW
Samiran Banerjee, Klaus Schlaeppi, Marcel G A van der Heijden
Microorganisms have a pivotal role in the functioning of ecosystems. Recent studies have shown that microbial communities harbour keystone taxa, which drive community composition and function irrespective of their abundance. In this Opinion article, we propose a definition of keystone taxa in microbial ecology and summarize over 200 microbial keystone taxa that have been identified in soil, plant and marine ecosystems, as well as in the human microbiome. We explore the importance of keystone taxa and keystone guilds for microbiome structure and functioning and discuss the factors that determine their distribution and activities...
May 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789679/live-cables-over-long-distances
#2
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789678/dealing-with-the-pain
#3
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789677/taking-on-the-intractable
#4
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777177/controlling-vector-borne-diseases-by-releasing-modified-mosquitoes
#5
REVIEW
Heather A Flores, Scott L O'Neill
Aedes mosquito-transmitted diseases, such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya, are becoming major global health emergencies while old threats, such as yellow fever, are re-emerging. Traditional control methods, which have focused on reducing mosquito populations through the application of insecticides or preventing breeding through removal of larval habitat, are largely ineffective, as evidenced by the increasing global disease burden. Here, we review novel mosquito population reduction and population modification approaches with a focus on control methods based on the release of mosquitoes, including the release of Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes and strategies to genetically modify the vector, that are currently under development and have the potential to contribute to a reversal of the current alarming disease trends...
May 18, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777176/feasting-on-%C3%AE-lactams
#6
Ursula Hofer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769653/isg15-in-antiviral-immunity-and-beyond
#7
REVIEW
Yi-Chieh Perng, Deborah J Lenschow
The host response to viral infection includes the induction of type I interferons and the subsequent upregulation of hundreds of interferon-stimulated genes. Ubiquitin-like protein ISG15 is an interferon-induced protein that has been implicated as a central player in the host antiviral response. Over the past 15 years, efforts to understand how ISG15 protects the host during infection have revealed that its actions are diverse and pathogen-dependent. In this Review, we describe new insights into how ISG15 directly inhibits viral replication and discuss the recent finding that ISG15 modulates the host damage and repair response, immune response and other host signalling pathways...
May 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765116/passing-on-the-electrons
#8
Andrea Du Toit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752465/bait-for-phages
#9
Andrea Du Toit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752464/how-to-signal-to-your-neighbours
#10
Andrea Du Toit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725113/publisher-correction-the-life-cycle-of-non-polio-enteroviruses-and-how-to-target-it
#11
Jim Baggen, Hendrik Jan Thibaut, Jeroen R P M Strating, Frank J M van Kuppeveld
In the version of this Review originally published, co-author Hendrik Jan Thibaut's name was incorrectly indexed as "Jan Thibaut, H". It should have appeared as "Thibaut, HJ". This has now been corrected in all versions of the Review. The publisher apologizes to the authors and to readers for this error.
May 3, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725112/correction-bridging-the-gap-for-lipopolysaccharides
#12
Katharine H Wrighton
The image that accompanies this article was wrongly credited to Macmillan Publishers Limited in the online version. The correct credit is iStockphoto. This has now been corrected online. We apologize to the readers for any confusion caused.
May 3, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720707/implant-infections-adhesion-biofilm-formation-and-immune-evasion
#13
REVIEW
Carla Renata Arciola, Davide Campoccia, Lucio Montanaro
Medical device-associated infections account for a large proportion of hospital-acquired infections. A variety of opportunistic pathogens can cause implant infections, depending on the type of the implant and on the anatomical site of implantation. The success of these versatile pathogens depends on rapid adhesion to virtually all biomaterial surfaces and survival in the hostile host environment. Biofilm formation on implant surfaces shelters the bacteria and encourages persistence of infection. Furthermore, implant-infecting bacteria can elude innate and adaptive host defences as well as biocides and antibiotic chemotherapies...
May 2, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720706/can-wolbachia-save-the-day
#14
Alena Pance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703939/juggling-resistance-mutations
#15
Gavin G Rutledge, Roberto Amato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691482/why-does-the-microbiome-affect-behaviour
#16
REVIEW
Katerina V-A Johnson, Kevin R Foster
Growing evidence indicates that the mammalian microbiome can affect behaviour, and several symbionts even produce neurotransmitters. One common explanation for these observations is that symbionts have evolved to manipulate host behaviour for their benefit. Here, we evaluate the manipulation hypothesis by applying evolutionary theory to recent work on the gut-brain axis. Although the theory predicts manipulation by symbionts under certain conditions, these appear rarely satisfied by the genetically diverse communities of the mammalian microbiome...
April 24, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691481/metabolic-principles-of-persistence-and-pathogenicity-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#17
REVIEW
Sabine Ehrt, Dirk Schnappinger, Kyu Y Rhee
Metabolism was once relegated to the supply of energy and biosynthetic precursors, but it has now become clear that it is a specific mediator of nearly all physiological processes. In the context of microbial pathogenesis, metabolism has expanded outside its canonical role in bacterial replication. Among human pathogens, this expansion has emerged perhaps nowhere more visibly than for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. Unlike most pathogens, M. tuberculosis has evolved within humans, which are both host and reservoir...
April 24, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686386/treading-the-same-path
#18
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674747/glycointeractions-in-bacterial-pathogenesis
#19
REVIEW
Jessica Poole, Christopher J Day, Mark von Itzstein, James C Paton, Michael P Jennings
Many important interactions between bacterial pathogens and their hosts are highly specific binding events that involve host or pathogen carbohydrate structures (glycans). Glycan interactions can mediate adhesion, invasion and immune evasion and can act as receptors for toxins. Several bacterial pathogens can also enzymatically alter host glycans to reveal binding targets, degrade the host cell glycans or alter the function of host glycoproteins. In recent years, high-throughput screening technologies, such as lectin, glycan and mucin microarrays, have transformed the field by identifying new bacterial-host glycointeractions, which are crucial for colonization, persistence and disease...
April 19, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670201/at-the-end-of-kshv-s-tether
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
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