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Nature Reviews. Microbiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919636/parasite-development-parasites-talk-about-growth
#1
Irene Vacca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919635/aspergillus-fumigatus-morphology-and-dynamic-host-interactions
#2
REVIEW
Frank L van de Veerdonk, Mark S Gresnigt, Luigina Romani, Mihai G Netea, Jean-Paul Latgé
Aspergillus fumigatus is an environmental filamentous fungus that can cause life-threatening disease in immunocompromised individuals. The interactions between A. fumigatus and the host environment are dynamic and complex. The host immune system needs to recognize the distinct morphological forms of A. fumigatus to control fungal growth and prevent tissue invasion, whereas the fungus requires nutrients and needs to adapt to the hostile environment by escaping immune recognition and counteracting host responses...
September 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867819/gliding-motility-powers-invasion-and-egress-in-apicomplexa
#3
REVIEW
Karine Frénal, Jean-François Dubremetz, Maryse Lebrun, Dominique Soldati-Favre
Protozoan parasites have developed elaborate motility systems that facilitate infection and dissemination. For example, amoebae use actin-rich membrane extensions called pseudopodia, whereas Kinetoplastida are propelled by microtubule-containing flagella. By contrast, the motile and invasive stages of the Apicomplexa - a phylum that contains the important human pathogens Plasmodium falciparum (which causes malaria) and Toxoplasma gondii (which causes toxoplasmosis) - have a unique machinery called the glideosome, which is composed of an actomyosin system that underlies the plasma membrane...
September 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781365/evolution-and-genome-architecture-in-fungal-plant-pathogens
#4
REVIEW
Mareike Möller, Eva H Stukenbrock
The fungal kingdom comprises some of the most devastating plant pathogens. Sequencing the genomes of fungal pathogens has shown a remarkable variability in genome size and architecture. Population genomic data enable us to understand the mechanisms and the history of changes in genome size and adaptive evolution in plant pathogens. Although transposable elements predominantly have negative effects on their host, fungal pathogens provide prominent examples of advantageous associations between rapidly evolving transposable elements and virulence genes that cause variation in virulence phenotypes...
August 7, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757648/prediction-of-antibiotic-resistance-time-for-a-new-preclinical-paradigm
#5
REVIEW
Morten O A Sommer, Christian Munck, Rasmus Vendler Toft-Kehler, Dan I Andersson
Predicting the future is difficult, especially for evolutionary processes that are influenced by numerous unknown factors. Still, this is what is required of drug developers when they assess the risk of resistance arising against a new antibiotic candidate during preclinical development. In this Opinion article, we argue that the traditional procedures that are used for the prediction of antibiotic resistance today could be markedly improved by including a broader analysis of bacterial fitness, infection dynamics, horizontal gene transfer and other factors...
July 31, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757647/parasite-genomics-screening-for-the-essentials
#6
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736449/interbacterial-predation-as-a-strategy-for-dna-acquisition-in-naturally-competent-bacteria
#7
Jan-Willem Veening, Melanie Blokesch
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro.2017.66.
July 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736448/antimalarial-drug-discovery-approaches-and-progress-towards-new-medicines
#8
Erika L Flannery, Arnab K Chatterjee, Elizabeth A Winzeler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736447/prokaryotic-argonaute-proteins-novel-genome-editing-tools
#9
REVIEW
Jorrit W Hegge, Daan C Swarts, John van der Oost
Argonaute proteins constitute a highly diverse family of nucleic acid-guided proteins. They were first discovered in eukaryotes as key proteins in RNA interference systems, but homologous prokaryotic Argonaute proteins (pAgos) have also been found in archaea and bacteria. In this Progress article, we focus on long pAgo variants, a class of pAgos that are involved in nucleic acid-guided host defence against invading nucleic acids, and discuss the potential of pAgos in genome editing.
July 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736446/viral-infection-when-two-become-one
#10
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867820/microbiome-the-microbiota-maintains-oxygen-balance-in-the-gut
#11
Irene Vacca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852217/parasite-development-rbp10-is-key-for-parasite-development-in-the-blood
#12
Irene Vacca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852216/archaeal-genetics-structural-insights-into-archaeal-chromatin
#13
Irene Vacca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852215/bacterial-evolution-historical-influences-on-antibiotic-resistance
#14
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852214/illuminating-microbial-diversity
#15
Samuel C Forster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852213/bacterial-ecology-cheaters-take-advantage
#16
Irene Vacca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824178/bacterial-secretion-stress-free-vesicle-production
#17
Irene Vacca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824177/embracing-the-unknown-disentangling-the-complexities-of-the-soil-microbiome
#18
REVIEW
Noah Fierer
Soil microorganisms are clearly a key component of both natural and managed ecosystems. Despite the challenges of surviving in soil, a gram of soil can contain thousands of individual microbial taxa, including viruses and members of all three domains of life. Recent advances in marker gene, genomic and metagenomic analyses have greatly expanded our ability to characterize the soil microbiome and identify the factors that shape soil microbial communities across space and time. However, although most soil microorganisms remain undescribed, we can begin to categorize soil microorganisms on the basis of their ecological strategies...
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804128/sizing-up-the-bacterial-cell-cycle
#19
REVIEW
Lisa Willis, Kerwyn Casey Huang
It is remarkable how robustly a bacterial species can maintain its preferred size. This capacity is intimately related to control of the cell cycle: cell size and growth rate determine the duration of the cell cycle, which must accommodate the initiation and completion of DNA replication, and the assembly of the division apparatus during steady growth. Although we still lack an integrated view of the interconnections among events in the cell cycle, cell growth and cell size, the development of high-throughput imaging and image-processing protocols has stimulated a renaissance in the field...
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713154/legionella-and-coxiella-effectors-strength-in-diversity-and-activity
#20
REVIEW
Jiazhang Qiu, Zhao-Qing Luo
Legionella pneumophila and Coxiella burnetii are two evolutionarily related intracellular pathogens that use the Dot/Icm type IV secretion system to translocate effectors into host cells. These effectors are essential for the establishment of membrane-bound compartments known as replication vacuoles, which enable the survival and replication of bacteria inside host cells. The effectors interfere with diverse signalling pathways to co-opt host processes, such as vesicle trafficking, ubiquitylation, gene expression and lipid metabolism, to promote pathogen survival...
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
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