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BMC Microbiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246112/isolation-and-characterization-of-hepp-a-virulence-related-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-heparinase
#1
Nyaradzo Dzvova, Jane A Colmer-Hamood, John A Griswold, Abdul N Hamood
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that causes serious infections in immunocompromised hosts including severely burned patients. In burn patients, P. aeruginosa infection often leads to septic shock and death. Despite numerous studies, the influence of severe thermal injuries on the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa during systemic infection is not known. Through RNA-seq analysis, we recently showed that the growth of P. aeruginosa strain UCBPP-PA14 (PA14) in whole blood obtained from severely burned patients significantly altered the expression of the PA14 transcriptome when compared with its growth in blood from healthy volunteers...
December 16, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233095/the-distinctive-cell-division-interactome-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#2
Yinan Zou, Yan Li, Jo-Anne R Dillon
BACKGROUND: Bacterial cell division is an essential process driven by the formation of a Z-ring structure, as a cytoskeletal scaffold at the mid-cell, followed by the recruitment of various proteins which form the divisome. The cell division interactome reflects the complement of different interactions between all divisome proteins. To date, only two cell division interactomes have been characterized, in Escherichia coli and in Streptococcus pneumoniae. The cell divison proteins encoded by Neisseria gonorrhoeae include FtsZ, FtsA, ZipA, FtsK, FtsQ, FtsI, FtsW, and FtsN...
December 12, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228901/the-relation-between-blastocystis-and-the-intestinal-microbiota-in-swedish-travellers
#3
Joakim Forsell, Johan Bengtsson-Palme, Martin Angelin, Anders Johansson, Birgitta Evengård, Margareta Granlund
BACKGROUND: Blastocystis sp. is a unicellular eukaryote that is commonly found in the human intestine. Its ability to cause disease is debated and a subject for ongoing research. In this study, faecal samples from 35 Swedish university students were examined through shotgun metagenomics before and after travel to the Indian peninsula or Central Africa. We aimed at assessing the impact of travel on Blastocystis carriage and seek associations between Blastocystis and the bacterial microbiota...
December 11, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216826/6s-rna-plays-a-role-in-recovery-from-nitrogen-depletion-in-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803
#4
Beate Heilmann, Kaisa Hakkila, Jens Georg, Taina Tyystjärvi, Wolfgang R Hess, Ilka M Axmann, Dennis Dienst
BACKGROUND: The 6S RNA is a global transcriptional riboregulator, which is exceptionally widespread among most bacterial phyla. While its role is well-characterized in some heterotrophic bacteria, we subjected a cyanobacterial homolog to functional analysis, thereby extending the scope of 6S RNA action to the special challenges of photoautotrophic lifestyles. RESULTS: Physiological characterization of a 6S RNA deletion strain (ΔssaA) demonstrates a delay in the recovery from nitrogen starvation...
December 8, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216824/use-of-a-mixed-culture-strategy-to-isolate-halophilic-bacteria-with-antibacterial-and-cytotoxic-activity-from-the-manaure-solar-saltern-in-colombia
#5
Natalia Conde-Martínez, Alejandro Acosta-González, Luis E Díaz, Edisson Tello
BACKGROUND: Water evaporation in solar salterns creates salinity gradients that promote the adaptation of microbial species to different salinities. This competitive habitat challenges the metabolic capabilities of microorganisms and promotes alterations in their production of secondary metabolites. Thus, solar salterns are a potentially important source of new natural products. In Colombia, the most important and representative solar saltern is located in Manaure (La Guajira) in the north of Colombia...
December 8, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212471/investigation-on-the-differentiation-of-two-ustilago-esculenta-strains-implications-of-a-relationship-with-the-host-phenotypes-appearing-in-the-fields
#6
Yafen Zhang, Qianchao Cao, Peng Hu, Haifeng Cui, Xiaoping Yu, Zihong Ye
BACKGROUND: Ustilago esculenta, a pathogenic basidiomycete fungus, infects Zizania latifolia to form edible galls named Jiaobai in China. The distinct growth conditions of U. esculenta induced Z. latifolia to form three different phenotypes, named male Jiaobai, grey Jiaobai and white Jiaobai. The aim of this study is to characterize the genetic and morphological differences that distinguish the two U. esculenta strains. RESULTS: In this study, sexually compatible haploid sporidia UeT14/UeT55 from grey Jiaobai (T strains) and UeMT10/UeMT46 from white Jiaobai (MT strains) were isolated...
December 6, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202700/characterization-of-lpah2-gene-corresponding-to-lipopeptide-synthesis-in-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-hab-2
#7
Pengfei Jin, Haonan Wang, Wenbo Liu, Weiguo Miao
BACKGROUND: Bacillus spp. have prominent ability to suppress plant pathogens and corresponding diseases. Previous analyses of Bacillus spp. revealed numerous gene clusters involved in nonribosomal synthesis of cyclic lipopeptides with distinct antimicrobial action. The 4'-phosphopantetheinyl transferase (PPTase) encoded by sfp gene is a key factor in lipopeptide synthesis in Bacillus spp. In previous study, B. amyloliquefaciens strain HAB-2 was found to inhibit a broad range of plant pathogens, which was attributed to its secondary metabolite lipopeptide...
December 4, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202699/comparison-of-lipopolysaccharides-composition-of-two-different-strains-of-helicobacter-pylori
#8
Kristy Leker, Ivonne Lozano-Pope, Keya Bandyopadhyay, Biswa P Choudhury, Marygorret Obonyo
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that is recognized as a major cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Comparable to other Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are an important cellular component of the outer membrane of H. pylori. The LPS of this organism plays a key role in its colonization and persistence in the stomach. In addition, H. pylori LPS modulates pathogen-induced host inflammatory responses resulting in chronic inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract...
December 4, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197343/expression-and-evolutionary-patterns-of-mycobacteriophage-d29-and-its-temperate-close-relatives
#9
Rebekah M Dedrick, Travis N Mavrich, Wei L Ng, Graham F Hatfull
BACKGROUND: Mycobacteriophages are viruses that infect Mycobacterium hosts. A large collection of phages known to infect the same bacterial host strain - Mycobacterium smegmatis mc2155 - exhibit substantial diversity and characteristically mosaic architectures. The well-studied lytic mycobacteriophage D29 appears to be a deletion derivative of a putative temperate parent, although its parent has yet to be identified. RESULTS: Here we describe three newly-isolated temperate phages - Kerberos, Pomar16 and StarStuff - that are related to D29, and are predicted to be very close relatives of its putative temperate parent, revealing the repressor and additional genes that are lost in D29...
December 2, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197337/genome-wide-motif-predictions-of-bcarr-box-in-the-amino-acid-repressed-genes-of-lactobacillus-helveticus-cm4
#10
Naoyuki Yamamoto, Taketo Wakai
BACKGROUND: A BCARR (branched-chain amino acid responsive repressor) identified in proteolytic gene expressions in Lactobacillus helveticus is considered to negatively control transcriptions by binding to operator sites at the promoter regions in the presence of BCAAs. However, the distributions and regulatory potential of the BCARR in all genes repressed by BCAAs in CM4 remains unclear. RESULTS: A genome-wide search for the BCARR-box was conducted to clarify the contribution of BCARR in the regulation of amino acid metabolism in L...
December 2, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191163/antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-in-the-guts-of-insects-feeding-on-plants-prospects-for-discovering-plant-derived-antibiotics
#11
Katarzyna Ignasiak, Anthony Maxwell
BACKGROUND: Although plants produce many secondary metabolites, currently none of these are commercial antibiotics. Insects feeding on specific plants can harbour bacterial strains resistant to known antibiotics suggesting that compounds in the plant have stimulated resistance development. We sought to determine whether the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in insect guts was a widespread phenomenon, and whether this could be used as a part of a strategy to identify antibacterial compounds from plants...
December 1, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183286/first-gene-ontology-enrichment-analysis-based-on-bacterial-coregenome-variants-insights-into-adaptations-of-salmonella-serovars-to-mammalian-and-avian-hosts
#12
Arnaud Felten, Meryl Vila Nova, Kevin Durimel, Laurent Guillier, Michel-Yves Mistou, Nicolas Radomski
BACKGROUND: Many of the bacterial genomic studies exploring evolution processes of the host adaptation focus on the accessory genome describing how the gains and losses of genes can explain the colonization of new habitats. Consequently, we developed a new approach focusing on the coregenome in order to describe the host adaptation of Salmonella serovars. METHODS: In the present work, we propose bioinformatic tools allowing (i) robust phylogenetic inference based on SNPs and recombination events, (ii) identification of fixed SNPs and InDels distinguishing homoplastic and non-homoplastic coregenome variants, and (iii) gene-ontology enrichment analyses to describe metabolic processes involved in adaptation of Salmonella enterica subsp...
November 28, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178845/classification-of-a-new-phytoplasmas-subgroup-16srii-w-associated-with-crotalaria-witches-broom-diseases-in-oman-based-on-multigene-sequence-analysis
#13
Ali Al-Subhi, Saskia A Hogenhout, Rashid A Al-Yahyai, Abdullah M Al-Sadi
BACKGROUND: Crotalaria aegyptiaca, a low shrub is commonly observed in the sandy soils of wadis desert and is found throughout all regions in Oman. A survey for phytoplasma diseases was conducted. During a survey in a wild area in the northern regions of Oman in 2015, typical symptoms of phytoplasma infection were observed on C. aegyptiaca plants. The infected plants showed an excessive proliferation of their shoots and small leaves. RESULTS: The presence of phytoplasma in the phloem tissue of symptomatic C...
November 25, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169321/lbjmr-medium-a-new-polyvalent-culture-medium-for-isolating-and-selecting-vancomycin-and-colistin-resistant-bacteria
#14
Lucie Bardet, Stéphanie Le Page, Thongpan Leangapichart, Jean-Marc Rolain
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug resistant bacteria are a phenomenon which is on the increase around the world, particularly with the emergence of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and vancomycin-resistant enterococci strains. The recent discovery of a plasmid-mediated colistin resistance with the description of the transferable mcr-1 gene raised concerns about the need for an efficient detection method for these pathogens, to isolate infected patients as early as possible. The LBJMR medium was developed to screen for all polymyxin-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, including mcr-1 positive isolates, and vancomycin-resistant Gram-positive bacteria...
November 23, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166863/characterization-of-the-inner-membrane-protein-bb0173-from-borrelia-burgdorferi
#15
Christina M Brock, Manuel Bañó-Polo, Maria J Garcia-Murria, Ismael Mingarro, Maria Esteve-Gasent
BACKGROUND: The bacterial spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is the causative agent of the most commonly reported arthropod-borne illness in the United States, Lyme disease. A family of proteins containing von Willebrand Factor A (VWFA) domains adjacent to a MoxR AAA+ ATPase have been found to be highly conserved in the genus Borrelia. Previously, a VWFA domain containing protein of B. burgdorferi, BB0172, was determined to be an outer membrane protein capable of binding integrin α3β1...
November 22, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166860/msaabcr-operon-is-involved-in-persister-cell-formation-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#16
Gyan S Sahukhal, Shanti Pandey, Mohamed O Elasri
BACKGROUND: Persister cells comprise a phenotypic variant that shows extreme antibiotic tolerance resulting in treatment failures of bacterial infections. While this phenomenon has posed a great threat in public health, mechanisms underlying their formation in Staphylococcus aureus remain largely unknown. Increasing evidences of the presence of persister cells in recalcitrant infections underscores the great urgency to unravel the mechanism by which these cells develop. Previously, we characterized msaABCR operon that plays roles in regulation of virulence, biofilm development and antibiotic resistance...
November 22, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137620/isocitrate-dehydrogenase-mutation-in-vibrio-anguillarum-results-in-virulence-attenuation-and-immunoprotection-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#17
Xiangyu Mou, Edward J Spinard, Shelby L Hillman, David R Nelson
BACKGROUND: Vibrio anguillarum is an extracellular bacterial pathogen that is a causative agent of vibriosis in finfish and crustaceans with mortality rates ranging from 30% to 100%. Mutations in central metabolism (glycolysis and the TCA cycle) of intracellular pathogens often result in attenuated virulence due to depletion of required metabolic intermediates; however, it was not known whether mutations in central metabolism would affect virulence in an extracellular pathogen such as V...
November 14, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132302/immunomodulatory-role-for-membrane-vesicles-released-by-thp-1-macrophages-and-respiratory-pathogens-during-macrophage-infection
#18
Charlotte Volgers, Birke J Benedikter, Gert E Grauls, Paul H M Savelkoul, Frank R M Stassen
BACKGROUND: During infection, inflammation is partially driven by the release of mediators which facilitate intercellular communication. Amongst these mediators are small membrane vesicles (MVs) that can be released by both host cells and Gram-negative and -positive bacteria. Bacterial membrane vesicles are known to exert immuno-modulatory and -stimulatory actions. Moreover, it has been proposed that host cell-derived vesicles, released during infection, also have immunostimulatory properties...
November 13, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121863/multiplex-real-time-pcr-assay-for-detection-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-and-screening-for-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-e-coli
#19
Baoguang Li, Huanli Liu, Weimin Wang
BACKGROUND: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), including E. coli O157:H7, are responsible for numerous foodborne outbreaks annually worldwide. E. coli O157:H7, as well as pathogenic non-O157:H7 STECs, can cause life-threating complications, such as bloody diarrhea (hemolytic colitis) and hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Previously, we developed a real-time PCR assay to detect E. coli O157:H7 in foods by targeting a unique putative fimbriae protein Z3276. To extend the detection spectrum of the assay, we report a multiplex real-time PCR assay to specifically detect E...
November 9, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110642/in-vivo-functional-analysis-of-l-rhamnose-metabolic-pathway-in-aspergillus-niger-a-tool-to-identify-the-potential-inducer-of-rhar
#20
Claire Khosravi, Roland Sándor Kun, Jaap Visser, María Victoria Aguilar-Pontes, Ronald P de Vries, Evy Battaglia
BACKGROUND: The genes of the non-phosphorylative L-rhamnose catabolic pathway have been identified for several yeast species. In Schefferomyces stipitis, all L-rhamnose pathway genes are organized in a cluster, which is conserved in Aspergillus niger, except for the lra-4 ortholog (lraD). The A. niger cluster also contains the gene encoding the L-rhamnose responsive transcription factor (RhaR) that has been shown to control the expression of genes involved in L-rhamnose release and catabolism...
November 6, 2017: BMC Microbiology
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