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Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147083/spinal-cord-stimulation-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-effects-on-posture-and-gait-a-preliminary-3d-biomechanical-study
#1
L Brugliera, A De Luca, S Corna, M Bertolotto, G A Checchia, M Cioni, P Capodaglio, C Lentino
We studied 8 patients with spinal cord stimulation (SCS) devices which had been previously implanted to treat neuropathic chronic pain secondary to Failed Back Surgery Syndrome. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of SCS on posture and gait by means of clinical scales (Short Form Health Survey-36, Visual Analogue Scale for pain, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) and instrumented evaluation with 3D Gait Analysis using a stereophotogrammetric system. The latter was performed with the SCS device turned both OFF and ON...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109658/single-needle-arthrocentesis-with-upper-compartment-distension-versus-conventional-two-needle-arthrocentesis-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Eduardo Grossmann, Primo Guilherme Vargas Pasqual, Rodrigo Lorenzi Poluha, Lilian Cristina Vessoni Iwaki, Liogi Iwaki Filho, Ênio Tadashi Setogutti
The objective of this study was to compare single-needle arthrocentesis with distension of the upper compartment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with the conventional two-needle arthrocentesis. Twenty-six patients with articular disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR) were included in the study and assigned to two groups (n = 13): single-needle arthrocentesis with distension of the upper compartment of the TMJ (1N) and conventional two-needle arthrocentesis (2N). The maximum interincisal distance (MID) and TMJ pain as measured by the visual analog scale (VAS) were compared...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093632/clinical-evaluation-of-a-novel-technology-for-oral-patient-controlled-analgesia-the-pcoa%C3%A2-acute-device-for-hospitalized-patients-with-postoperative-pain-in-pilot-feasibility-study
#3
Stefan Wirz, Stefan Conrad, Ronit Shtrichman, Kai Schimo, Eva Hoffmann
Background: Acute postoperative pain delays recovery and increases morbidity and mortality. Traditional administration of postoperative analgesics by nurses is often inefficient. The present study evaluated the safety, efficacy, and usability of a novel, patient-controlled analgesic dispenser, the PCoA Acute. Methods: A controlled pilot study was conducted at three medical centers. Patients scheduled for elective surgery were enrolled into two groups, both taking oral analgesics: a control group (n = 43), opioids dispensed by nurses, and a test group (n = 27), opioids dispensed via the PCoA Acute...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089818/effectiveness-of-low-level-laser-therapy-in-reducing-orthodontic-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Naira Figueiredo Deana, Carlos Zaror, Paulo Sandoval, Nilton Alves
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in reducing orthodontic pain after the application of orthodontic force (OF). METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EBSCOhost databases. The study included randomized clinical trials (RCT) which analysed the effectiveness of LLLT in reducing orthodontic pain assessed at 24 and 72 hrs after the application of OF. The risk of bias of the eligible trials was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081683/physical-activity-may-be-associated-with-conditioned-pain-modulation-in-women-but-not-men-among-healthy-individuals
#5
Yukiko Shiro, Tatsunori Ikemoto, Yuta Terasawa, Young-Chang P Arai, Kazuhiro Hayashi, Takahiro Ushida, Takako Matsubara
BACKGROUND: Conditioned pain modulation (CPM), a phenomenon also known as diffuse noxious inhibitory control, is thought to be affected by various factors, including sex and level of physical activity. However, the involvement of these factors in CPM remains unclear. METHODS: Eighty-six healthy young subjects (M/F, 43/43) participated in this study. Participants were assessed on the basis of their mechanical pressure pain threshold (PPT), CPM response, body mass index (BMI), basal metabolic rate (BMR), and duration of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) over a week, using a motion counter...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081682/school-anxiety-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#6
REVIEW
K E Jastrowski Mano
Anxiety is highly prevalent in pediatric chronic pain. This comorbidity has been explained by the presence of shared mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of chronic pain and anxiety. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that school is a significant source of anxiety among youth with chronic pain and that anxiety contributes to school-related functional impairment in this population. This article reviews the cooccurrence of pediatric chronic pain and anxiety, identifies unique sources of heightened school anxiety among youth with chronic pain, and describes current approaches for assessing anxiety in pediatric pain settings...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081681/the-effect-of-carpal-tunnel-release-on-neuropathic-pain-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#7
Motoki Sonohata, Toshiyuki Tsuruta, Hiroko Mine, Akihiko Asami, Hideki Ishii, Kenji Tsunoda, Masaaki Mawatari
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of neuropathic pain (NP) in the patient with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) before and after the carpal tunnel release. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and two CTS patients were enrolled in the study. The pain score was measured by the visual analogue score. NP was determined by the painDETECT (PD) questionnaire. All subjects were divided into 3 groups at 12 weeks after surgery: an Improved, Unchanged, and Worsened group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081680/prevalence-of-chronic-pain-treatments-perception-and-interference-on-life-activities-brazilian-population-based-survey
#8
Juliana Barcellos de Souza, Eduardo Grossmann, Dirce Maria Navas Perissinotti, Jose Oswaldo de Oliveira Junior, Paulo Renato Barreiros da Fonseca, Irimar de Paula Posso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic pain affects between 30% and 50% of the world population. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in Brazil, describe and compare differences between pain types and characteristics, and identify the types of therapies adopted and the impact of pain on daily life. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a population-based survey with randomized sample from a private database. The interviews were conducted by phone...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056859/efficacy-and-safety-of-transdermal-buprenorphine-versus-oral-tramadol-acetaminophen-in-patients-with-persistent-postoperative-pain-after-spinal-surgery
#9
Jae Hyup Lee, Jin-Hyok Kim, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hak-Sun Kim, Woo-Kie Min, Ye-Soo Park, Kyu-Yeol Lee, Jung-Hee Lee
PURPOSE: Control of persistent pain following spinal surgery is an unmet clinical need. This study compared the efficacy and safety of buprenorphine transdermal system (BTDS) to oral tramadol/acetaminophen (TA) in Korean patients with persistent, moderate pain following spinal surgery. METHODS: Open-label, interventional, randomized multicenter study. Adults with persistent postoperative pain (Numeric Rating Scale [NRS] ≥ 4 at 14-90 days postsurgery) were enrolled...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951663/effects-of-addition-of-preoperative-intravenous-ibuprofen-to-pregabalin-on-postoperative-pain-in-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-surgery
#10
Hüseyin Ulaş Pınar, Ömer Karaca, Fatma Karakoç, Rafi Doğan
OBJECTIVE: Ibuprofen and pregabalin both have independent positive effects on postoperative pain. The aim of the study is researching effect of 800 mg i.v. ibuprofen in addition to preoperative single dose pregabalin on postoperative analgesia and morphine consumption in posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 adult ASA I-II physical status patients received 150 mg oral pregabalin 1 hour before surgery. Patients received either 250 ml saline with 800 mg i...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932132/central-sensitization-based-classification-for-temporomandibular-disorders-a-pathogenetic-hypothesis
#11
REVIEW
Annalisa Monaco, Ruggero Cattaneo, Maria Chiara Marci, Davide Pietropaoli, Eleonora Ortu
Dysregulation of Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and central pain pathways in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a growing evidence. Authors include some forms of TMD among central sensitization syndromes (CSS), a group of pathologies characterized by central morphofunctional alterations. Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is useful for clinical diagnosis. Clinical examination and CSI cannot identify the central site(s) affected in these diseases. Ultralow frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (ULFTENS) is extensively used in TMD and in dental clinical practice, because of its effects on descending pain modulation pathways...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932131/spinal-anesthesia-and-spinal-anesthesia-with-subdiaphragmatic-lidocaine-in-shoulder-pain-reduction-for-gynecological-laparoscopic-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Zahra Asgari, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Reihaneh Hosseini, Masoumeh Nataj, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of spinal anesthesia with subdiaphragmatic lidocaine at the beginning of surgery versus spinal anesthesia in pain reduction for gynecological laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: This was a clinical trial conducted in Arash Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Eighty-four patients were randomized to either spinal anesthesia with subdiaphragmatic lidocaine, spinal anesthesia, or general anesthesia (GA). The primary outcome was patients' pain perception during surgery, 2, 4, 6, and 12 hours after surgery, and prior to discharge and was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS)...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912639/comparison-of-the-perioperative-and-postoperative-effects-of-levobupivacaine-and-of-levobupivacaine-adrenaline-in-pediatric-tonsillectomy-a-double-blind-randomized-study
#13
Faruk Cicekci, Cigdem Sizer, Sait Selcuk Atici, Sule Arican, Adnan Karaibrahimoglu, Inci Kara
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the effects of levobupivacaine and of levobupivacaine + adrenaline administered during pediatric tonsillectomy on the postoperative period. METHODS: A total of 90 patients between the ages of five and twelve were divided randomly into two groups before tonsillectomy: levobupivacaine only (0.5%) 0.4 mg·kg(-1) or levobupivacaine (0.5%) 0.4 mg·kg(-1) + adrenaline (1 : 200.000) administered by means of peritonsillar infiltration...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912638/chronic-pain-assessments-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-selection-administration-interpretation-and-reporting-of-unidimensional-pain-intensity-scales
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca Rachael Lee, Amir Rashid, Daniela Ghio, Wendy Thomson, Lis Cordingley
BACKGROUND: Advances in pain assessment approaches now indicate which measures should be used to capture chronic pain experiences in children and adolescents. However, there is little guidance on how these tools should best be administered and reported, such as which time frames to use or how pain scores are categorised as mild, moderate, or severe. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise current evidence on unidimensional, single-item pain intensity scale selection, administration, interpretation, and reporting...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855800/influence-of-a-new-call-out-algorithm-for-management-of-postoperative-pain-and-its-side-effects-on-length-of-stay-in-hospital-a-two-centre-prospective-randomized-trial
#15
Lisa Dybvik, Erlend Skraastad, Aigerim Yeltayeva, Aidos Konkayev, Tatiana Musaeva, Igor Zabolotskikh, Lars Bjertnaes, Vegard Dahl, Johan Raeder, Vladimir Kuklin
BACKGROUND: We recently introduced the efficacy safety score (ESS) as a new "call-out algorithm" for management of postoperative pain and side effects. In this study, we report the influence of ESS recorded hourly during the first 8 hours after surgery on the mobility degree, postoperative nonsurgical complications, and length of hospital stay (LOS). METHODS: We randomized 1152 surgical patients into three groups for postoperative observation: (1) ESS group (n = 409), (2) Verbal Numeric Rate Scale (VNRS) for pain group (n = 417), and (3) an ordinary qualitative observation (Control) group (n = 326)...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831278/opioid-prescribing-practices-and-training-needs-of-qu%C3%A3-bec-family-physicians-for-chronic-noncancer-pain
#16
Élise Roy, Richard J Côté, Denis Hamel, Pierre-André Dubé, Éric Langlois, Maud Emmanuelle Labesse, Christiane Thibault, Aline Boulanger
AIM: To examine medical practices and training needs of Québec family physicians with respect to pain management and opioid prescription for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). METHODOLOGY: An online survey was carried out in 2016. RESULTS: Of 636 respondents (43.0% men; 54.3% ≥ 50 years old), 15.2% and 70.9% felt very or somewhat confident that they could properly prescribe opioids for CNCP. Concerns related to abuse (72.5% strongly/somewhat agree), dependence (73...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827979/trigeminal-neuralgia-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-and-myofascial-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Mohammad Khan, Shamima Easmin Nishi, Siti Nazihahasma Hassan, Md Asiful Islam, Siew Hua Gan
Neuropathic pain is a common phenomenon that affects millions of people worldwide. Maxillofacial structures consist of various tissues that receive frequent stimulation during food digestion. The unique functions (masticatory process and facial expression) of the maxillofacial structure require the exquisite organization of both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuralgia is painful paroxysmal disorder of the head-neck region characterized by some commonly shared features such as the unilateral pain, transience and recurrence of attacks, and superficial and shock-like pain at a trigger point...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790879/developing-and-implementing-a-community-based-model-of-care-for-fibromyalgia-a-feasibility-study
#18
Michelle Teo, Bindu Mohan, Nelly D Oelke
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex disease posing challenges for primary care providers and specialists in its management. AIM: To evaluate the development and implementation of a comprehensive, integrated, community-based model of care for FM. METHODS: A mixed methods feasibility study was completed in a small urban centre in southern British Columbia, Canada. Eleven adults with FM and a team of seven health care providers (HCPs) participated in a 10-week intervention involving education, exercise, and sleep management...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785161/pain-and-vertebral-dysfunction-in-dry-immersion-a-model-of-microgravity-simulation-different-from-bed-rest-studies
#19
L Treffel, N Massabuau, K Zuj, M-A Custaud, G Gauquelin-Koch, S Blanc, C Gharib, C Millet
BACKGROUND: Astronauts frequently experience back pain during and after spaceflight. The aim of this study was to utilize clinical methods to identify potential vertebral somatic dysfunction (VD) in subjects exposed to dry immersion (DI), a model of microgravity simulation. METHOD: The experiment was performed in a space research clinic, respecting all the ethical rules, with subjects completing three days of dry immersion (n = 11). Assessments of VD, spine height, and back pain were made before and after simulated microgravity...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785160/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-nurses-working-in-hospitals-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#20
Ping Yan, Fuye Li, Li Zhang, Yi Yang, Amei Huang, Yanan Wang, Hua Yao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in nurses working in the hospitals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. METHODS: The prevalence of WMSDs since working and in the previous 12 months was evaluated using self-administrated modified musculoskeletal questionnaire based on North European questionnaire. In this cross-sectional study, 6674 nurses involved in the nursing profession were selected from 16 hospitals using the stratified cluster sampling method...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
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