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Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701861/a-preliminary-genome-wide-association-study-of-pain-related-fear-implications-for-orofacial-pain
#1
Cameron L Randall, Casey D Wright, Jonathan M Chernus, Daniel W McNeil, Eleanor Feingold, Richard J Crout, Katherine Neiswanger, Robert J Weyant, John R Shaffer, Mary L Marazita
BACKGROUND: Acute and chronic orofacial pain can significantly impact overall health and functioning. Associations between fear of pain and the experience of orofacial pain are well-documented, and environmental, behavioral, and cognitive components of fear of pain have been elucidated. Little is known, however, regarding the specific genes contributing to fear of pain. METHODS: A genome-wide association study (GWAS; N = 990) was performed to identify plausible genes that may predispose individuals to various levels of fear of pain...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701860/noradrenaline-serotonin-gaba-and-glycine-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-during-labor-pain-a-cross-sectional-prospective-study
#2
Pornpan Chalermkitpanit, Atikun Thonnagith, Phatthanaphol Engsusophon, Somrat Charuluxananan, Sittisak Honsawek
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The inhibitory pathways that play a role in spinal modulation include local interneurons and descending control. Clinical data regarding the role of these pathways in acute pain is lacking. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of noradrenaline, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and glycine in parturients with labor pain compared to those without labor pain. METHODS: One hundred term uncomplicated pregnant women receiving spinal anesthesia for cesarean section were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694715/cancer-pain-management-and-pain-interference-with-daily-functioning-among-cancer-patients-in-gondar-university-hospital
#3
Henok Getachew Tegegn, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes
Cancer is an increasing public health burden for Ethiopia. Pain is among the most common symptoms in patients with cancer. Hence, we aimed to assess cancer pain prevalence, cancer pain interference, and adequacy of cancer pain treatment in the oncology ward of an Ethiopian teaching hospital. Of 83 patients, total of 76 (91.6%) cancer patients experienced pain with varying degree of severity, and 7 (8.4%) patients experienced severe pain. Of the 76 cancer patients with pain, 68 (89.2%) experienced pain interference with their daily activities...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694714/sensitivity-specificity-predictive-values-and-accuracy-of-three-diagnostic-tests-to-predict-inferior-alveolar-nerve-blockade-failure-in-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis
#4
Daniel Chavarría-Bolaños, Laura Rodríguez-Wong, Danny Noguera-González, Vicente Esparza-Villalpando, Mauricio Montero-Aguilar, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
INTRODUCTION: The inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) is the most common anesthetic technique used on mandibular teeth during root canal treatment. Its success in the presence of preoperative inflammation is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and accuracy of three diagnostic tests used to predict IANB failure in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis (SIP). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was carried out on the mandibular molars of 53 patients with SIP...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684927/immediate-postoperative-pain-and-recovery-time-after-pulpotomy-performed-under-general-anaesthesia-in-young-children
#5
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare immediate postoperative pain scores and need for rescue analgesia in children who underwent pulpotomies and restorative treatment and those who underwent restorative treatment only, all under general anaesthesia. METHODS: Ninety patients aged between 3 and 7 years who underwent full mouth dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia were enrolled in the study and reviewed. The experimental group included patients who were treated with at least one pulpotomy, and the control group was treated with dental fillings only...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684926/acute-postoperative-pain-control
#6
EDITORIAL
Volkan Hancı, Bülent S Yurtlu, Rudin Domi, Yasuyuki Shibata, Can Eyigör
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676733/evaluation-of-paracervical-block-and-iv-sedation-for-pain-management-during-hysteroscopic-polypectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Zahra Asgari, Maryam Razavi, Reihaneh Hosseini, Masoumeh Nataj, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Mahdi Sepidarkish
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of paracervical block (PB) and IV sedation (IVS) on women's pain perception during operative hysteroscopy. METHODS: A total of 84 patients with uterine polyps were randomized to either PB or IV sedation or general anesthesia (GA) as control group. In PB group, the patients received oral diazepam 10 mg and 100 mg diclofenac Na suppository 60 min before surgery and 10 cc of 2% buffered lidocaine was injected at cervix...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638246/prevalence-of-painful-temporomandibular-disorders-and-correlation-to-lifestyle-factors-among-adolescents-in-norway
#8
Vegard Østensjø, Ketil Moen, Trond Storesund, Annika Rosén
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD-P) among adolescents and to investigate correlations with health, environment, and lifestyle factors. METHODS: For this cross-sectional case-control study, 562 patients were consecutively recruited at their yearly revision control from four dental clinics in Rogaland County, Norway. Patients completed a questionnaire on general health, socioeconomics, demographics, and lifestyle factors...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634432/effect-of-ice-bag-application-to-femoral-region-on-pain-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#9
Sevda Korkut Bayındır, Gülsüm Nihal Çürük, Abdurrahman Oguzhan
AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the pain reduction effectiveness of ice bag applications to the femoral region in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with repeated measures and two-group design. The study was completed with a total of 104 patients who met the inclusion criteria: 52 each in the experimental group and the control group. The pain experienced by the patients was evaluated before and during removal and again while the nurse applied pressure on the catheter site after removal...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630567/a-clinical-prospective-observational-cohort-study-on-the-prevalence-and-primary-diagnostic-accuracy-of-occult-vertebral-fractures-in-aged-women-with-acute-lower-back-pain-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Atsushi Terakado, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Go Kubota, Tomohiro Kanzaki, Hiroshi Mori, Yuji Shinohara, Junichi Nakamura, Yusuke Matsuura, Yasuchika Aoki, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Elderly female patients complaints of acute low back pain (LBP) may involve vertebral fracture (VF), among which occult VF (OVF: early-stage VF without any morphological change) is often missed to be detected by primary X-ray examination. The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence of VF and OVF and the diagnostic accuracy of the initial X-ray in detecting OVF. METHOD: Subjects were elderly women (>70 years old) complaining of acute LBP with an accurate onset date...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620267/differences-in-multidisciplinary-and-interdisciplinary-treatment-programs-for-fibromyalgia-a-mapping-review
#11
REVIEW
Emanuele Maria Giusti, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Enrico Molinari
Fibromyalgia is a multifaceted chronic pain syndrome and the integration of different health disciplines is strongly recommended for its care. The interventions based on this principle are very heterogeneous and the difference across their structures has not been extensively studied, leading to incorrect conclusions when their outcomes are pooled. The objective of this mapping review was to summarize the characteristics of these programs, with particular focus on the integration of their components. We performed a search of the literature about treatments for fibromyalgia involving multiple disciplines on PubMed and Scopus...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555092/tetrodotoxin-for-moderate-to-severe-cancer-related-pain-a-multicentre-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-design-trial
#12
Neil A Hagen, Lyne Cantin, John Constant, Tina Haller, Gilbert Blaise, May Ong-Lam, Patrick du Souich, Walter Korz, Bernard Lapointe
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated subcutaneous injections of tetrodotoxin (TTX) for the treatment of moderate to severe, inadequately controlled cancer-related pain. METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized to receive TTX (30 μg) or placebo subcutaneously twice daily for four consecutive days. Efficacy was assessed using pain and composite endpoints (including pain and quality of life measures), and safety was evaluated using standard measures. RESULTS: 165 patients were enrolled at 19 sites in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, with 149 patients in the primary analysis "intent-to-treat" population...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490942/comparison-of-incidences-of-intravascular-injection-between-medial-and-lateral-side-approaches-during-traditional-s1-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injection
#13
Sang Jun Park, Shin Hyung Kim, Seon Ju Kim, Duck Mi Yoon, Kyung Bong Yoon
Purpose. Intravascular injection rates are higher during traditional S1 transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI) compared with lumbar transforaminal injection. We compared the incidences of intravascular injection between the medial and lateral approaches to the S1 foramen during S1 TFESI. Materials and Methods. A total of 139 patients underwent one or more TFESIs (170 total injections). The patients received S1 TFESI by either medial or lateral side of S1 foramen under fluoroscopic anteroposterior view using digital subtraction method...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490941/effectiveness-of-hypnosis-in-combination-with-conventional-techniques-of-behavior-management-in-anxiety-pain-reduction-during-dental-anesthetic-infiltration
#14
A Ramírez-Carrasco, C Butrón-Téllez Girón, O Sanchez-Armass, M Pierdant-Pérez
Background and Objective. Anxiety/pain are experiences that make dental treatment difficult for children, especially during the time of anesthesia. Hypnosis is used in pediatric clinical situations to modify thinking, behavior, and perception as well as, recently, in dentistry; therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis combined with conventional behavior management techniques during infiltration anesthetic. Methods. Anxiety/pain were assessed with the FLACC scale during the anesthetic moment, as well as heart rate variability and skin conductance before and during the anesthetic moment, between the control and experimental group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484316/the-effect-of-peritubal-infiltration-with-bupivacaine-and-morphine-on-postoperative-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#15
Isra Karaduman, Derya Karasu, Canan Yilmaz, Sedat Oner, Hilal Erdem Solak, Gulsen Korfali
Objective. We aimed to investigate the effect of peritubal local anesthetic and opioid infiltration on pain scores and analgesic consumption in patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Material and Methods. Patients aged between 18 and 65 years and ASA I-III were included in this double-blind, randomized study. The patients were divided into two groups. All patients underwent spinoepidural anesthesia. 20 mL of 0.25 percent bupivacaine + 5 mg morphine (0.5 mL), in Group P (n = 66), infiltrated the renal capsule, perinephric fat, muscles, subcutaneous tissue, and skin under fluoroscopy...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469528/the-antinociceptive-effect-of-light-emitting-diode-irradiation-on-incised-wounds-is-correlated-with-changes-in-cyclooxygenase-2-activity-prostaglandin-e2-and-proinflammatory-cytokines
#16
Yuan-Yi Chia, Chien-Cheng Liu, Guan-Ming Feng, Chia-Chih Alex Tseng, Kuo-Chuan Hung, Chih-Chieh Chen, Ping-Heng Tan
Background. Light-emitting diode (LED) phototherapy has been reported to relieve pain and enhance tissue repair through several mechanisms. However, the analgesic effect of LED on incised wounds has never been examined. Objectives. We examined the analgesic effect of LED therapy on incision pain and the changes in cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-1β, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Methods. Rats received LED therapy on incised skin 6 days before incision (L-I group) or 6 days after incision (I-L group) or from 3 days before incision to 3 days after incision (L-I-L group)...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458593/intravenous-lidocaine-old-school-drug-new-purpose-reduction-of-intractable-pain-in-patients-with-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#17
Sandra A S van den Heuvel, Selina E I van der Wal, Lotte A Smedes, Sandra A Radema, Nens van Alfen, Kris C P Vissers, Monique A H Steegers
Background. Treatment of intractable pain due to chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a challenge. Intravenous (iv) lidocaine has shown to be a treatment option for neuropathic pain of different etiologies. Methods. Lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg in 10 minutes followed by 1.5 mg/kg/h over 5 hours) was administered in nine patients with CIPN, and analgesic effect was evaluated during infusion and after discharge. The immediate effect of lidocaine on pressure pain thresholds (PPT) and the extent of the stocking and glove distribution of sensory abnormalities (cold and pinprick) were assessed...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458592/patient-perception-of-acute-pain-management-data-from-three-tertiary-care-hospitals
#18
Elsy Ramia, Soumana C Nasser, Pascale Salameh, Aline Hanna Saad
Introduction. The primary objectives of this study were to assess patients' description of their acute pain intensity; patients' attitude towards their pain management during hospitalization; and their overall satisfaction with pain treatment. Methodology. A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted between October 2014 and March 2015 in three medical centers in Lebanon. All participants' responses were reported using descriptive statistics. The association between categorical variables was evaluated using Pearson χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test where the expected cell count was < 5...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458591/developing-a-sense-of-knowing-and-acquiring-the-skills-to-manage-pain-in-children-with-profound-cognitive-impairments-mothers-perspectives
#19
Bernie Carter, Janine Arnott, Joan Simons, Lucy Bray
Children with profound cognitive impairment (PCI) are a heterogenous group who often experience frequent and persistent pain. Those people closest to the child are key to assessing their pain. This mixed method study aimed to explore how parents acquire knowledge and skills in assessing and managing their child's pain. Eight mothers completed a weekly pain diary and were interviewed at weeks 1 and 8. Qualitative data were analysed using thematic analysis and the quantitative data using descriptive statistics...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420943/neural-mobilization-treatment-decreases-glial-cells-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-expression-in-the-central-nervous-system-in-rats-with-neuropathic-pain-induced-by-cci-in-rats
#20
Aline Carolina Giardini, Fabio Martinez Dos Santos, Joyce Teixeira da Silva, Mara Evany de Oliveira, Daniel Oliveira Martins, Marucia Chacur
Background. Glial cells are implicated in the development of chronic pain and brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) released from activated microglia contributes to the nociceptive transmission. Neural mobilization (NM) technique is a method clinically effective in reducing pain sensitivity. Here we examined the involvement of glial cells and BDNF expression in the thalamus and midbrain after NM treatment in rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI). CCI was induced and rats were subsequently submitted to 10 sessions of NM, every other day, beginning 14 days after CCI...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
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