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Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100956/the-influence-of-pain-severity-and-interference-on-satisfaction-with-pain-management-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#1
Tamara A Baker, Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Melissa L O'Connor, Amber K Brooks
Background. Health outcomes are often contingent on how effective the individual is able to manage existent illness-related symptoms. This is all the more relevant among chronic pain patients. Objective. This study aimed to identify indicators of pain treatment satisfaction among middle-aged and older adults (N = 150) receiving outpatient treatment from a comprehensive cancer center. Methods. Patients were surveyed on questions assessing pain treatment satisfaction, pain severity, and additional social characteristics...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096711/effectiveness-of-high-intensity-laser-therapy-for-reduction-of-pain-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#2
Anna Angelova, Elena M Ilieva
Introduction. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It is the main cause of chronic musculoskeletal pain and disability among the elderly population. Aim. This is a pilot, randomized clinical study about the effect of high intensity laser therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee (OA of the knee). Material and Method. 72 patients (aged between 39 and 83 years) with (clinically and radiographically proved) OA of the knee were included in the study. They were randomized in two groups: therapeutic (test) one (n = 37, 65,11 ± 1,40 (mean ± SD) years old; patients were treated with HILT) and control group (n = 35, 64,71 ± 1,98; patients receive sham laser)...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096710/navigating-uncertainty-health-professionals-knowledge-skill-and-confidence-in-assessing-and-managing-pain-in-children-with-profound-cognitive-impairment
#3
Bernie Carter, Joan Simons, Lucy Bray, Janine Arnott
There is limited evidence to underpin the assessment and management of pain in children with profound cognitive impairment and these children are vulnerable to poor pain assessment and management. Health professionals working with children with profound cognitive impairment from a single paediatric tertiary referral centre in England were interviewed to explore how they develop and acquire knowledge and skills to assess and manage pain in children with cognitive impairment. The interviews were transcribed and subjected to thematic analysis...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077923/how-safe-are-common-analgesics-for-the-treatment-of-acute-pain-for-children-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Lisa Hartling, Samina Ali, Donna M Dryden, Pritam Chordiya, David W Johnson, Amy C Plint, Antonia Stang, Patrick J McGrath, Amy L Drendel
Background. Fear of adverse events and occurrence of side effects are commonly cited by families and physicians as obstructive to appropriate use of pain medication in children. We examined evidence comparing the safety profiles of three groups of oral medications, acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and opioids, to manage acute nonsurgical pain in children (<18 years) treated in ambulatory settings. Methods. A comprehensive search was performed to July 2015, including review of national data registries...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070161/change-narratives-that-elude-quantification-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-how-people-with-chronic-pain-perceive-pain-rehabilitation
#5
Timothy H Wideman, Alice Boom, Jennifer Dell'Elce, Kate Bergeron, Janick Fugère, Xiangying Lu, Geoff Bostick, Heather C Lambert
Chronic pain negatively impacts health, well-being, and social participation. Effective rehabilitation often hinges on long-term changes in pain-related perceptions and behaviors. However, there are important gaps in understanding how patients perceive these changes. The present pilot study addresses this gap by using qualitative and quantitative methodologies to explore how patients perceive and experience changes in function, participation, and pain-related factors following a chronic pain rehabilitation program...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070160/assessing-the-structure-of-the-ways-of-coping-questionnaire-in-fibromyalgia-patients-using-common-factor-analytic-approaches
#6
Charles Van Liew, Maya S Santoro, Larissa Edwards, Jeremy Kang, Terry A Cronan
The Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ) is a widely used measure of coping processes. Despite its use in a variety of populations, there has been concern about the stability and structure of the WCQ across different populations. This study examines the factor structure of the WCQ in a large sample of individuals diagnosed with fibromyalgia. The participants were 501 adults (478 women) who were part of a larger intervention study. Participants completed the WCQ at their 6-month assessment. Foundational factoring approaches were performed on the data (i...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070159/combination-therapy-with-continuous-three-in-one-femoral-nerve-block-and-periarticular-multimodal-drug-infiltration-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Tomonori Tetsunaga, Tomoko Tetsunaga, Kazuo Fujiwara, Hirosuke Endo, Toshifumi Ozaki
Background. Various postoperative pain relief modalities, including continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB), local infiltration analgesia (LIA), and combination therapy, have been reported for total knee arthroplasty. However, no studies have compared CFNB with LIA for total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of CFNB versus LIA after THA. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the postoperative outcomes of 93 THA patients (20 men, 73 women; mean age 69.2 years). Patients were divided into three groups according to postoperative analgesic technique: CFNB, LIA, or combined CFNB+LIA...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044071/treating-without-seeing-pain-management-practice-in-a-thai-context
#8
Manaporn Chatchumni, Ampaporn Namvongprom, Henrik Eriksson, Monir Mazaheri
Pain management is a core nursing function, and it plays a key role in postoperative care. It is important to understand the cultural context of nursing practices and how this affects effective pain management. The aim of this study was to describe the professional and cultural framework within which pain management is practiced on a Thai surgical ward. Spradley's ethnographic methodology was used. Data were collected through 98.5 hours of field observations and interviews at a surgical ward in Thailand. Three themes were constructed that describe the way Thai nurses practiced pain management: (i) complex communications system to address pain and to respond to it, (ii) the essence of Thai-ness, and (iii) a passive approach to pain management...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018130/postthoracotomy-ipsilateral-shoulder-pain-a-literature-review-on-characteristics-and-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Fardin Yousefshahi, Oana Predescu, Melissa Colizza, Juan Francisco Asenjo
Context. Postthoracotomy Ipsilateral Shoulder Pain (IPS) is a common and sometimes intractable pain syndrome. IPS is different from chest wall pain in type, origin, and treatments. Various treatments are suggested or applied for it but none of them is regarded as popular accepted effective one. Objectives. To review data and collect all present experiences about postthoracotomy IPS and its management and suggest future research directions. Methods. Search in PubMed database and additional search for specific topics and review them to retrieve relevant articles as data source in a narrative review article...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003776/chronic-abdominal-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-parental-threat-perception-plays-a-major-role-in-seeking-medical-consultations
#10
Claudia Calvano, Petra Warschburger
Background. Pain symptoms, associated impairment, and parental perception of threat are reported to be predictors of health care utilization (HCU) in childhood chronic abdominal pain (CAP). However, mediating variables and their interrelations have not yet been systematically studied. Objectives. This study aims to identify mediating pathways of influence between child's abdominal pain and the number of pain-related medical visits. Methods. In a multicenter study, we recruited N = 151 parent-child dyads with children aged 6-17 years suffering from CAP...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999473/the-relation-between-the-fear-avoidance-model-and-constructs-from-the-social-cognitive-theory-in-acute-wad
#11
Maria Sandborgh, Ann-Christin Johansson, Anne Söderlund
In the fear-avoidance (FA) model social cognitive constructs could add to explaining the disabling process in whiplash associated disorder (WAD). The aim was to exemplify the possible input from Social Cognitive Theory on the FA model. Specifically the role of functional self-efficacy and perceived responses from a spouse/intimate partner was studied. A cross-sectional and correlational design was used. Data from 64 patients with acute WAD were used. Measures were pain intensity measured with a numerical rating scale, the Pain Disability Index, support, punishing responses, solicitous responses, and distracting responses subscales from the Multidimensional Pain Inventory, the Catastrophizing subscale from the Coping Strategies Questionnaire, the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia, and the Self-Efficacy Scale...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965524/healthcare-providers-knowledge-and-current-practice-of-pain-assessment-and-management-how-much-progress-have-we-made
#12
Khawla Nuseir, Manal Kassab, Basima Almomani
Context. Despite improvement in pain management and availability of clinical treatment guidelines, patients in Jordan are still suffering from pain. Negative consequences of undertreated pain are being recognized as a reason for further illnesses and poor quality of life. Healthcare providers (HCPs) are responsible for relieving pain of their patients. Objective. To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of HCPs toward pain management in Jordan. Methods. A 16-item questionnaire with agree or disagree options was given to 662 HCPs in seven hospitals in Jordan who volunteered to participate in the study...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956847/predictors-for-moderate-to-severe-acute-postoperative-pain-after-cesarean-section
#13
Natalia de Carvalho Borges, Lilian Varanda Pereira, Louise Amália de Moura, Thuany Cavalcante Silva, Charlise Fortunato Pedroso
Background. Moderate to severe postoperative pain affects performance of daily activities and it contributes to persistent postoperative pain. In patients submitted to cesarean section, this pain can also interfere with women's ability to care for their babies, to effectively breastfeed, and to satisfactorily interact with their children. Factors influencing the pain perception during the immediate postoperative period have not been widely pursued. Objective. To investigate the incidence and predicting factors of postoperative pain after cesarean section...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891062/results-from-10-years-of-a-cbt-pain-self-management-outpatient-program-for-complex-chronic-conditions
#14
Kathryn A Boschen, Edward Robinson, Kent A Campbell, Sarah Muir, Elvina Oey, Kristen Janes, Samantha R Fashler, Joel Katz
Background. Traditional unimodal interventions may be insufficient for treating complex pain, as they do not address cognitive and behavioural contributors to pain. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and physical exercise (PE) are empirically supported treatments that can reduce pain and improve quality of life. Objectives. To examine the outcomes of a pain self-management outpatient program based on CBT and PE at a rehabilitation hospital in Toronto, Ontario. Methods. The pain management group (PMG) consisted of 20 sessions over 10 weeks...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885319/work-related-psychosocial-factors-and-mental-health-problems-associated-with-musculoskeletal-pain-in-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tiina Freimann, Mati Pääsuke, Eda Merisalu
Background. Musculoskeletal pain is the most common cause of incapacity among nurses. This study aimed to report the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among hospital nurses and to explore the associations of work-related psychosocial factors and mental health problems with musculoskeletal pain. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among registered nurses at Tartu University Hospital during April and May 2011. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the associations between dependent and independent variables...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872555/effect-of-intravenous-high-dose-vitamin-c-on-postoperative-pain-and-morphine-use-after-laparoscopic-colectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Younghoon Jeon, Jun Seok Park, Suyoung Moon, Jinseok Yeo
Background and Objective. Vitamin C has antioxidant, neuroprotective, and neuromodulating effects. Recently, it showed antinociceptive effect as a result of the antioxidant properties. Therefore, we designed this study to assess the effect of intravenous vitamin C on opiate consumption and pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy. Methods. A total of 100 patients were enrolled and allocated to receive 50 mg/kg vitamin C or placebo by intravenous infusion immediately after induction of anesthesia...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867309/gender-differences-in-symptoms-health-related-quality-of-life-sleep-quality-mental-health-cognitive-performance-pain-cognition-and-positive-health-in-spanish-fibromyalgia-individuals-the-al-%C3%A3-ndalus-project
#17
Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Fernando Estévez-López, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Jonatan R Ruiz, Virginia A Aparicio
Objective. To test the gender differences in tenderness, impact of fibromyalgia, health-related quality of life, fatigue, sleep quality, mental health, cognitive performance, pain-cognition, and positive health in Spanish fibromyalgia patients and in age-matched nonfibromyalgia individuals from the same region. To test the optimal cut-off score of the different tender points for women and men. Methods. A total of 405 (384 women) fibromyalgia versus 247 (195 women) nonfibromyalgia control participants from southern Spain (Andalusia) took part in this cross-sectional study...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867308/effect-of-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-antagonist-dextromethorphan-on-opioid-analgesia-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#18
Mohammed Naeem, Hala Al Alem, Ali Al Shehri, Majed Al-Jeraisy
Objective. Pain control is an essential goal in the management of critical children. Narcotics are the mainstay for pain control. Patients frequently need escalating doses of narcotics. In such cases an adjunctive therapy may be beneficial. Dextromethorphan (DM) is NMDA receptor antagonist and may prevent tolerance to narcotics; however, its definitive role is still unclear. We sought whether dextromethorphan addition could decrease the requirements of fentanyl to control pain in critical children. Design. Double-blind, randomized control trial (RCT)...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829785/chronic-pain-in-the-emergency-department-a-pilot-mixed-methods-cross-sectional-study-examining-patient-characteristics-and-reasons-for-presentations
#19
Patricia A Poulin, Jennifer Nelli, Steven Tremblay, Rebecca Small, Myka B Caluyong, Jeffrey Freeman, Heather Romanow, Yehudis Stokes, Tia Carpino, Amanda Carson, Yaadwinder Shergill, Ian G Stiell, Monica Taljaard, Howard Nathan, Catherine E Smyth
Background. Chronic pain (CP) accounts for 10-16% of emergency department (ED) visits, contributing to ED overcrowding and leading to adverse events. Objectives. To describe patients with CP attending the ED and identify factors contributing to their visit. Methods. We used a mixed-method design combining interviews and questionnaires addressing pain, psychological distress, signs of opioid misuse, and disability. Participants were adults who attended the EDs of a large academic tertiary care center for their CP problem...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818609/psychosocial-and-somatosensory-factors-in-women-with-chronic-migraine-and-painful-temporomandibular-disorders
#20
Alfonso Gil-Martínez, Mónica Grande-Alonso, Roy La Touche, Manuel Lara-Lara, Almudena López-López, Josué Fernández-Carnero
Introduction. Psychosocial and somatosensory factors are involved in the pathophysiology of chronic migraine (CM) and chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Objective. To compare and assess the relationship between pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia in patients with CM or chronic TMD. Method. Cross-sectional study of 20 women with CM, 19 with chronic TMD, and 20 healthy volunteers. Pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia were assessed. The level of education, pain intensity, and magnitude of temporal summation of stimuli in the masseter (STM) and tibialis (STT) muscles were also evaluated...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
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