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Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932132/central-sensitization-based-classification-for-temporomandibular-disorders-a-pathogenetic-hypothesis
#1
REVIEW
Annalisa Monaco, Ruggero Cattaneo, Maria Chiara Marci, Davide Pietropaoli, Eleonora Ortu
Dysregulation of Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) and central pain pathways in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a growing evidence. Authors include some forms of TMD among central sensitization syndromes (CSS), a group of pathologies characterized by central morphofunctional alterations. Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is useful for clinical diagnosis. Clinical examination and CSI cannot identify the central site(s) affected in these diseases. Ultralow frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (ULFTENS) is extensively used in TMD and in dental clinical practice, because of its effects on descending pain modulation pathways...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932131/spinal-anesthesia-and-spinal-anesthesia-with-subdiaphragmatic-lidocaine-in-shoulder-pain-reduction-for-gynecological-laparoscopic-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Zahra Asgari, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Reihaneh Hosseini, Masoumeh Nataj, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of spinal anesthesia with subdiaphragmatic lidocaine at the beginning of surgery versus spinal anesthesia in pain reduction for gynecological laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: This was a clinical trial conducted in Arash Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Eighty-four patients were randomized to either spinal anesthesia with subdiaphragmatic lidocaine, spinal anesthesia, or general anesthesia (GA). The primary outcome was patients' pain perception during surgery, 2, 4, 6, and 12 hours after surgery, and prior to discharge and was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS)...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912639/comparison-of-the-perioperative-and-postoperative-effects-of-levobupivacaine-and-of-levobupivacaine-adrenaline-in-pediatric-tonsillectomy-a-double-blind-randomized-study
#3
Faruk Cicekci, Cigdem Sizer, Sait Selcuk Atici, Sule Arican, Adnan Karaibrahimoglu, Inci Kara
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the effects of levobupivacaine and of levobupivacaine + adrenaline administered during pediatric tonsillectomy on the postoperative period. METHODS: A total of 90 patients between the ages of five and twelve were divided randomly into two groups before tonsillectomy: levobupivacaine only (0.5%) 0.4 mg·kg(-1) or levobupivacaine (0.5%) 0.4 mg·kg(-1) + adrenaline (1 : 200.000) administered by means of peritonsillar infiltration...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912638/chronic-pain-assessments-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-literature-review-of-the-selection-administration-interpretation-and-reporting-of-unidimensional-pain-intensity-scales
#4
REVIEW
Rebecca Rachael Lee, Amir Rashid, Daniela Ghio, Wendy Thomson, Lis Cordingley
BACKGROUND: Advances in pain assessment approaches now indicate which measures should be used to capture chronic pain experiences in children and adolescents. However, there is little guidance on how these tools should best be administered and reported, such as which time frames to use or how pain scores are categorised as mild, moderate, or severe. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise current evidence on unidimensional, single-item pain intensity scale selection, administration, interpretation, and reporting...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855800/influence-of-a-new-call-out-algorithm-for-management-of-postoperative-pain-and-its-side-effects-on-length-of-stay-in-hospital-a-two-centre-prospective-randomized-trial
#5
Lisa Dybvik, Erlend Skraastad, Aigerim Yeltayeva, Aidos Konkayev, Tatiana Musaeva, Igor Zabolotskikh, Lars Bjertnaes, Vegard Dahl, Johan Raeder, Vladimir Kuklin
BACKGROUND: We recently introduced the efficacy safety score (ESS) as a new "call-out algorithm" for management of postoperative pain and side effects. In this study, we report the influence of ESS recorded hourly during the first 8 hours after surgery on the mobility degree, postoperative nonsurgical complications, and length of hospital stay (LOS). METHODS: We randomized 1152 surgical patients into three groups for postoperative observation: (1) ESS group (n = 409), (2) Verbal Numeric Rate Scale (VNRS) for pain group (n = 417), and (3) an ordinary qualitative observation (Control) group (n = 326)...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831278/opioid-prescribing-practices-and-training-needs-of-qu%C3%A3-bec-family-physicians-for-chronic-noncancer-pain
#6
Élise Roy, Richard J Côté, Denis Hamel, Pierre-André Dubé, Éric Langlois, Maud Emmanuelle Labesse, Christiane Thibault, Aline Boulanger
AIM: To examine medical practices and training needs of Québec family physicians with respect to pain management and opioid prescription for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). METHODOLOGY: An online survey was carried out in 2016. RESULTS: Of 636 respondents (43.0% men; 54.3% ≥ 50 years old), 15.2% and 70.9% felt very or somewhat confident that they could properly prescribe opioids for CNCP. Concerns related to abuse (72.5% strongly/somewhat agree), dependence (73...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827979/trigeminal-neuralgia-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-and-myofascial-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Mohammad Khan, Shamima Easmin Nishi, Siti Nazihahasma Hassan, Md Asiful Islam, Siew Hua Gan
Neuropathic pain is a common phenomenon that affects millions of people worldwide. Maxillofacial structures consist of various tissues that receive frequent stimulation during food digestion. The unique functions (masticatory process and facial expression) of the maxillofacial structure require the exquisite organization of both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuralgia is painful paroxysmal disorder of the head-neck region characterized by some commonly shared features such as the unilateral pain, transience and recurrence of attacks, and superficial and shock-like pain at a trigger point...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790879/developing-and-implementing-a-community-based-model-of-care-for-fibromyalgia-a-feasibility-study
#8
Michelle Teo, Bindu Mohan, Nelly D Oelke
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex disease posing challenges for primary care providers and specialists in its management. AIM: To evaluate the development and implementation of a comprehensive, integrated, community-based model of care for FM. METHODS: A mixed methods feasibility study was completed in a small urban centre in southern British Columbia, Canada. Eleven adults with FM and a team of seven health care providers (HCPs) participated in a 10-week intervention involving education, exercise, and sleep management...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785161/pain-and-vertebral-dysfunction-in-dry-immersion-a-model-of-microgravity-simulation-different-from-bed-rest-studies
#9
L Treffel, N Massabuau, K Zuj, M-A Custaud, G Gauquelin-Koch, S Blanc, C Gharib, C Millet
BACKGROUND: Astronauts frequently experience back pain during and after spaceflight. The aim of this study was to utilize clinical methods to identify potential vertebral somatic dysfunction (VD) in subjects exposed to dry immersion (DI), a model of microgravity simulation. METHOD: The experiment was performed in a space research clinic, respecting all the ethical rules, with subjects completing three days of dry immersion (n = 11). Assessments of VD, spine height, and back pain were made before and after simulated microgravity...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785160/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-nurses-working-in-hospitals-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#10
Ping Yan, Fuye Li, Li Zhang, Yi Yang, Amei Huang, Yanan Wang, Hua Yao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in nurses working in the hospitals in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. METHODS: The prevalence of WMSDs since working and in the previous 12 months was evaluated using self-administrated modified musculoskeletal questionnaire based on North European questionnaire. In this cross-sectional study, 6674 nurses involved in the nursing profession were selected from 16 hospitals using the stratified cluster sampling method...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757802/the-evaluation-of-the-clinical-effects-of-botulinum-toxin-on-nocturnal-bruxism
#11
Fatih Asutay, Yusuf Atalay, Hilal Asutay, Ahmet Hüseyin Acar
OBJECTIVES: Nocturnal bruxism can be managed by botulinum toxin (Botox®) in patients who have not responded to conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin A (BTXA) in the treatment of nocturnal bruxism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective study comprised 25 female patients, aged 23-55 years (mean 35.84 ± 8.41 years). All patients received a single injection of BTXA in the right and left masseters. Evaluation was made by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) values, complaint duration, onset of effect, and duration of effectiveness...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701861/a-preliminary-genome-wide-association-study-of-pain-related-fear-implications-for-orofacial-pain
#12
Cameron L Randall, Casey D Wright, Jonathan M Chernus, Daniel W McNeil, Eleanor Feingold, Richard J Crout, Katherine Neiswanger, Robert J Weyant, John R Shaffer, Mary L Marazita
BACKGROUND: Acute and chronic orofacial pain can significantly impact overall health and functioning. Associations between fear of pain and the experience of orofacial pain are well-documented, and environmental, behavioral, and cognitive components of fear of pain have been elucidated. Little is known, however, regarding the specific genes contributing to fear of pain. METHODS: A genome-wide association study (GWAS; N = 990) was performed to identify plausible genes that may predispose individuals to various levels of fear of pain...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701860/noradrenaline-serotonin-gaba-and-glycine-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-during-labor-pain-a-cross-sectional-prospective-study
#13
Pornpan Chalermkitpanit, Atikun Thonnagith, Phatthanaphol Engsusophon, Somrat Charuluxananan, Sittisak Honsawek
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The inhibitory pathways that play a role in spinal modulation include local interneurons and descending control. Clinical data regarding the role of these pathways in acute pain is lacking. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of noradrenaline, serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and glycine in parturients with labor pain compared to those without labor pain. METHODS: One hundred term uncomplicated pregnant women receiving spinal anesthesia for cesarean section were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694715/cancer-pain-management-and-pain-interference-with-daily-functioning-among-cancer-patients-in-gondar-university-hospital
#14
Henok Getachew Tegegn, Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes
Cancer is an increasing public health burden for Ethiopia. Pain is among the most common symptoms in patients with cancer. Hence, we aimed to assess cancer pain prevalence, cancer pain interference, and adequacy of cancer pain treatment in the oncology ward of an Ethiopian teaching hospital. Of 83 patients, total of 76 (91.6%) cancer patients experienced pain with varying degree of severity, and 7 (8.4%) patients experienced severe pain. Of the 76 cancer patients with pain, 68 (89.2%) experienced pain interference with their daily activities...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694714/sensitivity-specificity-predictive-values-and-accuracy-of-three-diagnostic-tests-to-predict-inferior-alveolar-nerve-blockade-failure-in-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis
#15
Daniel Chavarría-Bolaños, Laura Rodríguez-Wong, Danny Noguera-González, Vicente Esparza-Villalpando, Mauricio Montero-Aguilar, Amaury Pozos-Guillén
INTRODUCTION: The inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) is the most common anesthetic technique used on mandibular teeth during root canal treatment. Its success in the presence of preoperative inflammation is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and accuracy of three diagnostic tests used to predict IANB failure in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis (SIP). METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was carried out on the mandibular molars of 53 patients with SIP...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684927/immediate-postoperative-pain-and-recovery-time-after-pulpotomy-performed-under-general-anaesthesia-in-young-children
#16
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare immediate postoperative pain scores and need for rescue analgesia in children who underwent pulpotomies and restorative treatment and those who underwent restorative treatment only, all under general anaesthesia. METHODS: Ninety patients aged between 3 and 7 years who underwent full mouth dental rehabilitation under general anaesthesia were enrolled in the study and reviewed. The experimental group included patients who were treated with at least one pulpotomy, and the control group was treated with dental fillings only...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684926/acute-postoperative-pain-control
#17
EDITORIAL
Volkan Hancı, Bülent S Yurtlu, Rudin Domi, Yasuyuki Shibata, Can Eyigör
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676733/evaluation-of-paracervical-block-and-iv-sedation-for-pain-management-during-hysteroscopic-polypectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Zahra Asgari, Maryam Razavi, Reihaneh Hosseini, Masoumeh Nataj, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Mahdi Sepidarkish
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of paracervical block (PB) and IV sedation (IVS) on women's pain perception during operative hysteroscopy. METHODS: A total of 84 patients with uterine polyps were randomized to either PB or IV sedation or general anesthesia (GA) as control group. In PB group, the patients received oral diazepam 10 mg and 100 mg diclofenac Na suppository 60 min before surgery and 10 cc of 2% buffered lidocaine was injected at cervix...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638246/prevalence-of-painful-temporomandibular-disorders-and-correlation-to-lifestyle-factors-among-adolescents-in-norway
#19
Vegard Østensjø, Ketil Moen, Trond Storesund, Annika Rosén
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD-P) among adolescents and to investigate correlations with health, environment, and lifestyle factors. METHODS: For this cross-sectional case-control study, 562 patients were consecutively recruited at their yearly revision control from four dental clinics in Rogaland County, Norway. Patients completed a questionnaire on general health, socioeconomics, demographics, and lifestyle factors...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634432/effect-of-ice-bag-application-to-femoral-region-on-pain-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#20
Sevda Korkut Bayındır, Gülsüm Nihal Çürük, Abdurrahman Oguzhan
AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the pain reduction effectiveness of ice bag applications to the femoral region in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with repeated measures and two-group design. The study was completed with a total of 104 patients who met the inclusion criteria: 52 each in the experimental group and the control group. The pain experienced by the patients was evaluated before and during removal and again while the nurse applied pressure on the catheter site after removal...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
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