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Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891062/results-from-10-years-of-a-cbt-pain-self-management-outpatient-program-for-complex-chronic-conditions
#1
Kathryn A Boschen, Edward Robinson, Kent A Campbell, Sarah Muir, Elvina Oey, Kristen Janes, Samantha R Fashler, Joel Katz
Background. Traditional unimodal interventions may be insufficient for treating complex pain, as they do not address cognitive and behavioural contributors to pain. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and physical exercise (PE) are empirically supported treatments that can reduce pain and improve quality of life. Objectives. To examine the outcomes of a pain self-management outpatient program based on CBT and PE at a rehabilitation hospital in Toronto, Ontario. Methods. The pain management group (PMG) consisted of 20 sessions over 10 weeks...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885319/work-related-psychosocial-factors-and-mental-health-problems-associated-with-musculoskeletal-pain-in-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Tiina Freimann, Mati Pääsuke, Eda Merisalu
Background. Musculoskeletal pain is the most common cause of incapacity among nurses. This study aimed to report the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among hospital nurses and to explore the associations of work-related psychosocial factors and mental health problems with musculoskeletal pain. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among registered nurses at Tartu University Hospital during April and May 2011. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the associations between dependent and independent variables...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872555/effect-of-intravenous-high-dose-vitamin-c-on-postoperative-pain-and-morphine-use-after-laparoscopic-colectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Younghoon Jeon, Jun Seok Park, Suyoung Moon, Jinseok Yeo
Background and Objective. Vitamin C has antioxidant, neuroprotective, and neuromodulating effects. Recently, it showed antinociceptive effect as a result of the antioxidant properties. Therefore, we designed this study to assess the effect of intravenous vitamin C on opiate consumption and pain in patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy. Methods. A total of 100 patients were enrolled and allocated to receive 50 mg/kg vitamin C or placebo by intravenous infusion immediately after induction of anesthesia...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867309/gender-differences-in-symptoms-health-related-quality-of-life-sleep-quality-mental-health-cognitive-performance-pain-cognition-and-positive-health-in-spanish-fibromyalgia-individuals-the-al-%C3%A3-ndalus-project
#4
Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Fernando Estévez-López, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Inmaculada C Álvarez-Gallardo, Manuel Delgado-Fernández, Jonatan R Ruiz, Virginia A Aparicio
Objective. To test the gender differences in tenderness, impact of fibromyalgia, health-related quality of life, fatigue, sleep quality, mental health, cognitive performance, pain-cognition, and positive health in Spanish fibromyalgia patients and in age-matched nonfibromyalgia individuals from the same region. To test the optimal cut-off score of the different tender points for women and men. Methods. A total of 405 (384 women) fibromyalgia versus 247 (195 women) nonfibromyalgia control participants from southern Spain (Andalusia) took part in this cross-sectional study...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867308/effect-of-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-antagonist-dextromethorphan-on-opioid-analgesia-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#5
Mohammed Naeem, Hala Al Alem, Ali Al Shehri, Majed Al-Jeraisy
Objective. Pain control is an essential goal in the management of critical children. Narcotics are the mainstay for pain control. Patients frequently need escalating doses of narcotics. In such cases an adjunctive therapy may be beneficial. Dextromethorphan (DM) is NMDA receptor antagonist and may prevent tolerance to narcotics; however, its definitive role is still unclear. We sought whether dextromethorphan addition could decrease the requirements of fentanyl to control pain in critical children. Design. Double-blind, randomized control trial (RCT)...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829785/chronic-pain-in-the-emergency-department-a-pilot-mixed-methods-cross-sectional-study-examining-patient-characteristics-and-reasons-for-presentations
#6
Patricia A Poulin, Jennifer Nelli, Steven Tremblay, Rebecca Small, Myka B Caluyong, Jeffrey Freeman, Heather Romanow, Yehudis Stokes, Tia Carpino, Amanda Carson, Yaadwinder Shergill, Ian G Stiell, Monica Taljaard, Howard Nathan, Catherine E Smyth
Background. Chronic pain (CP) accounts for 10-16% of emergency department (ED) visits, contributing to ED overcrowding and leading to adverse events. Objectives. To describe patients with CP attending the ED and identify factors contributing to their visit. Methods. We used a mixed-method design combining interviews and questionnaires addressing pain, psychological distress, signs of opioid misuse, and disability. Participants were adults who attended the EDs of a large academic tertiary care center for their CP problem...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818609/psychosocial-and-somatosensory-factors-in-women-with-chronic-migraine-and-painful-temporomandibular-disorders
#7
Alfonso Gil-Martínez, Mónica Grande-Alonso, Roy La Touche, Manuel Lara-Lara, Almudena López-López, Josué Fernández-Carnero
Introduction. Psychosocial and somatosensory factors are involved in the pathophysiology of chronic migraine (CM) and chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Objective. To compare and assess the relationship between pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia in patients with CM or chronic TMD. Method. Cross-sectional study of 20 women with CM, 19 with chronic TMD, and 20 healthy volunteers. Pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia were assessed. The level of education, pain intensity, and magnitude of temporal summation of stimuli in the masseter (STM) and tibialis (STT) muscles were also evaluated...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795670/analgesic-effect-of-dexamethasone-after-arthroscopic-knee-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Jairo Moyano, Maria García, Maria Caicedo
Background. Dexamethasone is sometimes used as a coanalgesic because of its anti-inflammatory properties. Objective. To evaluate opioid use, postoperative pain intensity, and side effects after a single dose of dexamethasone in patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery. Methods. In this randomized controlled study patients were randomized to receive either 10 mg of intravenous dexamethasone (DM group) or 0.9% normal saline (NS group) during the intraoperative period. Primary outcomes were pain intensity and total morphine and codeine use after surgery...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746681/upper-limb-neurodynamic-test-1-on-healthy-individuals-intra-and-intersession-reliability-of-the-angle-between-pain-onset-and-submaximal-pain
#9
Diego Leoni, Davide Storer, Roberto Gatti, Michele Egloff, Marco Barbero
Assessment of nerve trunk mechanosensitivity using the upper limb neurodynamic test 1 (ULNT1) often includes measurement of the angle of occurrence in the range of pain onset (PO) and submaximal pain (SP). A measurement that better fits the idea of mechanosensitivity could be the angle between PO and SP (AbOS). This study investigated the intra- and intersession reliability of AbOS, PO, and SP during the ULNT1. Forty-four healthy volunteers underwent three ULNT1 to the point of PO and SP, twice in the first session and once in the second...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746680/the-chronic-pain-myth-scale-development-and-validation-of-a-french-canadian-instrument-measuring-knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-people-in-the-community-towards-chronic-pain
#10
Anaïs Lacasse, Judy-Ann Connelly, Manon Choinière
Background. In order to better design awareness programs on chronic pain (CP), measurement of knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of people in the community towards this condition is most useful. Objectives. To develop and validate a French-Canadian scale that could be used for this purpose. Methods. Items of the Chronic Pain Myth Scale (CPMS) were developed based on different information sources, reviewed by pain experts, and pretested. The CPMS was administered to 1555 participants among the general Quebec population...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727333/corrigendum-to-spinal-antinociceptive-action-of-amiloride-and-its-interaction-with-tizanidine-in-the-rat-formalin-test
#11
Handong Ouyang, Peizong Wang, Wan Huang, Qian Li, Bilin Nie, Weian Zeng
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/902914.].
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725791/a-comparison-of-oxycodone-and-alfentanil-in-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-with-a-time-scheduled-decremental-infusion-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#12
Young Suk Kwon, Ji Su Jang, Na Rea Lee, Seong Su Kim, Young Ki Kim, Byeong Mun Hwang, Seong Sik Kang, Hee Jeong Son, So Young Lim
Background. Oxycodone, a semisynthetic opioid, has been widely used for acute and chronic pain. Objectives. The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic and adverse effects of oxycodone and alfentanil on postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods. This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. A total of 82 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to receive either oxycodone or alfentanil using intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). PCA was administered as a time-scheduled decremental continuous infusion based on lean body mass for 48 hours postoperatively...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672348/improving-the-treatment-and-assessment-of-moderate-and-severe-pain-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#13
Roger Chafe, Debbie Harnum, Robert Porter
Background. The Janeway Children's Hospital previously enacted a number of measures to improve pain management for patients in its emergency department (ED). While improvements were demonstrated, rates for the timely assessment and treatment of pain remain below standards of care. Objectives. The study objectives are to investigate the impact of the previous attempts to improve the treatment of pain and to explore ways to further improve pain management in the ED. Methods. Key informant interviews and a focus group were conducted with nurses, physicians, and parents whose children were identified as having severe pain...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647980/potential-nociceptive-regulatory-effect-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-pb01-dsm-14870-on-mechanical-sensitivity-in-diet-induced-obesity-model
#14
Fereshteh Dardmeh, Hans Ingolf Nielsen, Hiva Alipour, Benedict Kjærgaard, Erik Brandsborg, Parisa Gazerani
Treatments for obesity have been shown to reduce pain secondary to weight loss. Intestinal microbiota, as an endogenous factor, influences obesity and pain sensitivity but the effect of oral probiotic supplementation on musculoskeletal pain perception has not been studied systematically. The present study examined the effect of a single daily oral dose (1 × 10(9) CFU) of probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus PB01, DSM14870) supplement on mechanical pain thresholds in behaving diet-induced obese (DIO) mice and their normal weight (NW) controls...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594795/nociceptive-and-neuronal-evaluation-of-the-sciatic-nerve-of-wistar-rats-subjected-to-compression-injury-and-treated-with-resistive-exercise
#15
Juliana Sobral Antunes, Keli Lovison, Jhenifer Karvat, Ana Luiza Peretti, Lizyana Vieira, Guilherme Hideaki Higuchi, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini
Background. To investigate the climb stairs resistance exercise on nociception and axonal regeneration in the sciatic nerve of rats. Methods. 24 Wistar rats were divided: control group (CG-no injury), exercise group (EG-no injury with physical exercise), lesion group (LG-injury, but without exercise), and treated group (LEG-injury and physical exercise). LG and LEG were subjected to sciatic nerve compression with hemostat. From the 3rd day after injury began treatment with exercise, and after 22 days occurs the removal of a nerve fragment for morphological analysis...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493478/the-perception-and-estimation-of-others-pain-according-to-children
#16
Mathieu Grégoire, Rosée Bruneau-Bhérer, Karine Morasse, Fanny Eugène, Philip L Jackson
Accurate interpretation of pain expressed by others is important for socialization; however, the development of this skill in children is still poorly understood. Empathy for pain models propose two main components (affective and cognitive), which develop at different stages of life. The study's objective was to investigate the children's ability between 3 and 12 years of age to detect and assess the pain intensity in others using visual stimuli depicting either facial expressions of pain or hands in painful contexts...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445637/method-to-reduce-the-false-positive-rate-of-loss-of-resistance-in-the-cervical-epidural-region
#17
Young Uk Kim, Doohwan Kim, Jun Young Park, Jae-Hyung Choi, Ji Hyun Kim, Heon-Yong Bae, Eun-Young Joo, Jeong Hun Suh
Background. The cervical epidural space can be detected by the loss of resistance (LOR) technique which is commonly performed using air. However, this technique using air has been associated with a high false-positive LOR rate during cervical interlaminar epidural steroid injections (CIESIs). Objective. We investigated whether the detection of LOR with contrast medium might reduce the false-positive LOR rate on the first attempt. Methods. We obtained data retrospectively. A total of 79 patients were divided into two groups according to the LOR technique...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445636/an-epidemiological-study-of-neuropathic-pain-symptoms-in-canadian-adults
#18
Elizabeth G VanDenKerkhof, Elizabeth G Mann, Nicola Torrance, Blair H Smith, Ana Johnson, Ian Gilron
The reported prevalence of neuropathic pain ranges from 6.9% to 10%; however the only Canadian study reported 17.9%. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of neuropathic pain in Canada. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a random sample of Canadian adults. The response rate was 21.1% (1504/7134). Likely or possible neuropathic pain was defined using a neuropathic pain-related diagnosis and a positive outcome on the Self-Report Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs pain scale (S-LANSS) or the Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN4) Questions...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445635/self-managing-postoperative-pain-with-the-use-of-a-novel-interactive-device-a-proof-of-concept-study
#19
Luke Mordecai, Frances H L Leung, Clarissa Y M Carvalho, Danielle Reddi, Martin Lees, Stephen Cone, Zoe Fox, Amanda C de C Williams, Brigitta Brandner
Background. Pain is commonly experienced following surgical procedures. Suboptimal management is multifactorial. Objectives. The primary objective was to assess whether patients used a device (Navimed) to self-report pain over and above a normal baseline of observations. Secondary outcome measures included comparison of pain scores and patient use of and feedback on the device. Methods. In a prospective randomized controlled trial, elective gynaecological surgery patients received standard postoperative pain care or standard care plus the Navimed, which allowed them to self-report pain and offered interactive self-help options...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445634/the-implications-of-tobacco-smoking-on-acute-postoperative-pain-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Han-Liang Chiang, Yuan-Yi Chia, Huey-Shyan Lin, Chen-Hsiu Chen
Background. The clinical importance of cigarette smoking on acute postoperative pain perception is not fully understood. Methods. To determine whether smokers who underwent major surgery need more postoperative opiate than do nonsmokers. We prospectively enrolled 407 male and 441 female participants who underwent in-hospital surgery. Current-smokers were compared with nonsmokers and past-smokers about opiate use during the first 72 h after surgery. Results. A greater proportion of males had more smoking history than females...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
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