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Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA

ChungYun Kim, Jennifer L Mazan, Ana C Quiñones-Boex
OBJECTIVES: To determine pharmacists' attitudes and behaviors on medication errors and their disclosure and to compare community and hospital pharmacists on such views. METHODS: An online questionnaire was developed from previous studies on physicians' disclosure of errors. Questionnaire items included demographics, environment, personal experiences, and attitudes on medication errors and the disclosure process. An invitation to participate along with the link to the questionnaire was electronically distributed to members of two Illinois pharmacy associations...
November 19, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Timothy Reilly, William Jackson, Victoria Berger, Danielle Candelario
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine the accuracy and completeness of drug information on Wikipedia and Micromedex compared with U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved U.S. product inserts. METHODS: The top 10 brand and top 10 generic medications from the 2012 Institute for Health Informatics' list of top 200 drugs were selected for evaluation. Wikipedia medication information was evaluated and compared with Micromedex in 7 sections of drug information; the U...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Shannon N Saldaña, Nicholas Weaver, Buck Stanford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Kelsey Buckley, Laura Tsu, Sabrina Hormann, Kevin Giang, April Bills, Nicole Early, Rebekah Jackowski
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective is to describe a professional and graduate student-run approach to smoking cessation education combined with motivational interviewing and pharmacotherapy in regard to the frequency of follow-up with a smoking cessation quitline program in the homeless population. The secondary objective is to assess participants' self-reported level of confidence, knowledge, and willingness to quit before and after participation in the student-run smoking cessation clinic...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Olufunmilola Abraham, Amanda Brothers, Dayna S Alexander, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the perspectives of children and parents regarding: 1) pediatric patients' knowledge and medication use experiences for chronic conditions; 2) how they want to learn about medicines; and 3) perceptions of community pharmacist-provided counseling. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews and thematic analyses. SETTING: Three community pharmacies in 2 eastern states: one in rural western North Carolina, and 2 in an urban region of western Pennsylvania...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Sharon R Ternullo, Amir Abdolahi, Geoffrey C Williams
OBJECTIVES: Combination therapy for tobacco dependence is becoming a standard of care. We sought to compare benefits and adverse events for combination therapy versus monotherapy for smokers in The Smokers' Health Project. METHODS: This secondary data analysis was derived from adult smokers (n = 198) who initially smoked 15 or more cigarettes per day and participated in The Smokers' Health Project. Participants were grouped as taking 1 medication or 2 concurrent medications for tobacco dependence for 1 year over the 2-year study period...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
John Taylor Schimmelfing, Andrea L Brookhart, K Michele Brown Fountain, Jean-Venable Kelly R Goode
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential outcomes of pharmacist intervention on patient selection of nonprescription and self-care products and to evaluate patient confidence and satisfaction with the assistance of the pharmacist. METHODS: A prospective, convenience sample study was conducted at 3 locations of a national supermarket chain pharmacy in the Charlottesville, Virginia, area over 4 months. Patients were recruited for the study if they approached the pharmacy counter and requested assistance with nonprescription and self-care product selection or if the investigating pharmacists approached the patient in the self-care aisles...
November 10, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Sirikan Rojanasarot, Caroline A Gaither, Jon C Schommer, William R Doucette, David H Kreling, David A Mott
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pharmacists' demographics, practice variables, worklife attitudes (e.g., work environment stress, control in the work environment, professional commitment, work-home conflict, and organizational commitment), and their perceived job alternatives. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: A representative nationwide sample of licensed pharmacists in the United States, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1574 practicing pharmacists...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Natalie A DiPietro Mager, David R Bright, Dani Markus, Lindsey Weis, David M Hartzell, James Gartner
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the ability of a statewide network of community pharmacists to provide preconception care services with the use of targeted medication reviews (TMRs). Community pharmacists are well qualified and well positioned to assist in this public health priority; however, there are no documented case studies of pharmacists providing preconception care with the use of TMRs. METHODS: Through the demonstration project, pharmacists provided educational TMRs focused on 3 elements of preconception care to women aged 15 to 45 years enrolled in a nonprofit managed care plan: (1) medications that may cause fetal harm (category D/X); (2) folic acid use; and (3) immunizations...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Mohamed E Rashrash, Daniel M Tomaszewski, Jon C Schommer, Lawrence M Brown
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe current users of mail pharmacy services and to evaluate factors associated with the use of mail pharmacy services. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey-based study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The data were obtained from the 2015 National Consumer Survey on the Medication Experience, which included 26,173 adults from throughout the United States. OUTCOME MEASURES: Mail pharmacy utilization was based on participant self-report...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Charles Babcock, Nicole Rockich-Winston, Chris Booth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Thomas K Hazlet, Tanya E Karwaki, Donald F Downing
OBJECTIVES: To describe Washington State's successful legal and legislative efforts to gain pharmacist medical provider status and major medical compensation and to compare those efforts with similar efforts in other states to identify key lessons learned. SUMMARY: Washington State Engrossed Substitute Senate Bill 5557 was enacted in 2015, securing pharmacists as medical providers and requiring compensation under major medical insurance for pharmacists providing health services (Revised Code of Washington 48...
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Renee R Koski, Michael E Klepser
OBJECTIVES: Rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs) have a potential role in community pharmacy to optimize influenza infection management. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) proposed changes to the classification of RIDTs may affect their use in community pharmacy. We reviewed the performance and features of RIDTs likely to meet FDA-proposed reclassification requirements. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and Medline database searches were performed using the terms "Sofia Influenza A and B Fluorescent Immunoassay," "BD Veritor System for Rapid Detection of Flu A and B", and "Alere i Influenza A and B...
November 8, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Nancy Borja-Hart, Maureen Cooper, James Kirby, Cindy Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To determine pharmacist career paths and resident perceptions after completion of a PGY1 community pharmacy residency with a national supermarket pharmacy chain. METHODS: Cross-sectional nationwide survey. RESULTS: Overall, 65% (n = 24) of residents who responded accepted a position with Kroger immediately after graduation. When asked about the degree of value the residency had on obtaining the resident's ideal position, 29 (76%) reported that it was "very valuable" and the remaining 9 (24%) reported that it was "somewhat valuable...
November 7, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Denise L Yeung, Kristin S Alvarez, Marissa E Quinones, Christopher A Clark, George H Oliver, Carlos A Alvarez, Adeola O Jaiyeola
OBJECTIVE: To design and investigate a pharmacist-run intervention using low health literacy flashcards and a smartphone-activated quick response (QR) barcoded educational flashcard video to increase medication adherence and disease state understanding. DESIGN: Prospective, matched, quasi-experimental design. SETTING: County health system in Dallas, Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight primary care patients prescribed targeted heart failure, hypertension, and diabetes medications INTERVENTION: Low health literacy medication and disease specific flashcards, which were also available as QR-coded online videos, were designed for the intervention patients...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Angie Leon-Salas, Jamie J Hunt, Kimber P Richter, Niaman Nazir, Edward F Ellerbeck, Theresa I Shireman
OBJECTIVES: Rural smokers are more likely to be uninsured and live in poverty, which may pose significant cost barriers to accessing smoking cessation medications. As part of a randomized clinical trial, we provided support to connect low-income smokers with the use of pharmaceutical assistance programs (PAPs) to improve medication access. METHODS: Study participants were rural smokers enrolled in a randomized clinical trial testing in-office telemedicine versus telephone-based approaches to deliver counseling sessions...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Mary W Roederer, Grace M Kuo, David F Kisor, Reginald F Frye, James M Hoffman, Jean Jenkins, Kristin Wiisanen Weitzel
The emerging use of genomic data to inform medication therapy populates the medical literature and provides evidence for guidelines in the prescribing information for many medications. Despite the availability of pharmacogenomic studies, few pharmacists feel competent to use these new data in patient care. The first pharmacogenomics competency statement for pharmacists was published in 2002. In 2011, the Pharmacogenomics Special Interest Group of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy led a process to update this competency statement with the use of a consensus-based method that incorporated input from multiple key professional pharmacy organizations to reflect growth in genomic science as well as the need for pharmacist application of genomic data...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Heath Ford, Shane Trent, Stephen Wickizer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of an accidental release of volatilized acrylonitrile on pharmacy services in Blount County, Tennessee. METHODS: A paper questionnaire was mailed to all pharmacies located in Blount County, Tennessee. The questionnaire assessed 5 domains relevant to pharmacy services after the derailment disaster: (1) disaster preparedness, (2) disaster response, (3) disaster information source awareness, (4) Pharmacy Practice Act amendment preference, and (5) pharmacy impact...
November 2, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Annie Y Lam, Juliet K Nguyen, Jason J Parks, Donald E Morisky, Donna L Berry, Seth E Wolpin
OBJECTIVES: To test the effect of "Talking Pill Bottles" on medication self-efficacy, knowledge, adherence, and blood pressure readings among hypertensive patients with low health literacy and to assess patients' acceptance of this innovation. DESIGN: Longitudinal nonblinded randomized trial with standard treatment and intervention arms. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Two community pharmacies serving an ethnically diverse population in the Pacific Northwest...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
William R Doucette, Julia J Rippe, Caroline A Gaither, David H Kreling, David A Mott, Jon C Schommer
OBJECTIVES: To describe services provided by community pharmacies and to identify factors associated with services being provided in community pharmacies. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national mail survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pharmacists actively practicing in community pharmacies (independent, chain, mass merchandisers, and supermarkets). OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency and type of pharmacy services available in a community pharmacy, including medication therapy management, immunization, adjusting medication therapy, medication reconciliation, disease state management, health screening or coaching, complex nonsterile compounding, and point-of-care testing...
October 21, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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