journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183859/association-of-socio-economic-position-with-technique-failure-and-mortality-in-australian-non-indigenous-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#1
Samuel Chan, Yeoungjee Cho, Yung H Koh, Neil C Boudville, Philip A Clayton, Stephen P McDonald, Elaine M Pascoe, Ross S Francis, David W Mudge, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Carmel M Hawley, David W Johnson
♦ Background: Few studies have examined the relationship between socio-economic position (SEP) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) outcomes, particularly at a country level. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between SEP, technique failure, and mortality in PD patients undertaking treatment in Australia. ♦ Methods: The study included all Australian non-indigenous incident PD patients between January 1, 1997, and December 31, 2014, using Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) Registry data...
February 9, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183858/comparison-of-topical-chlorhexidine-and-mupirocin-for-the-prevention-of-exit-site-infection-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#2
Htay Htay, David W Johnson, Sin Yan Wu, Elizabeth L Oei, Marjorie Wai Yin Foo, Jason C Choo
♦ Objective: Prevention of exit-site infection (ESI) is of paramount importance to peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine in the prevention of ESI in incident PD patients compared with mupirocin. ♦ Methods: This retrospective, pre-test/post-test observational study included all incident PD patients at Singapore General Hospital from 2012 to 2015. Patients received daily topical exit-site application of either mupirocin (2012 - 2013) or chlorhexidine (2014 - 2015) in addition to routine exit-site cleaning with 10% povidone-iodine...
February 9, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096442/kinetic-modeling-of-incremental-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-exchanges
#3
Steven Guest, John K Leypoldt, Michelle E Cassin, Martin J Schreiber
♦ Background: Incremental peritoneal dialysis (PD), the gradual introduction of dialysate exchanges at less than full-dose therapy, has been infrequently described in clinical reports. One concern with less than full-dose dialysis is whether urea clearance targets are achievable with an incremental regimen. In this report, we used a large database of PD patients, across all membrane transport types, and performed urea kinetic modeling determinations of possible incremental regimens for an individual membrane type...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096441/improved-outcome-of-enteric-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-aged-50-years-and-older-with-temporary-discontinuation-of-peritoneal-dialysis-and-intravenous-meropenem
#4
Alferso C Abrahams, Wim Rüger, Pieter M Ter Wee, Frans J van Ittersum, Walther H Boer
♦ Background: Peritonitis is a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and technique failure in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, especially when caused by enteric microorganisms (EM). We have implemented a treatment protocol specifically aimed at improving the outcome in EM peritonitis. The adapted protocol was applied in all PD patients 50 years and older presenting with peritonitis who were considered to be at risk of EM peritonitis and involves 3 interventions: 1) temporary discontinuation of PD without removing the catheter (peritoneal rest), 2) intravenous meropenem, and 3) meropenem intracatheter as lock (Mero-PerRest protocol)...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096440/tnf-signaling-in-peritoneal-mesothelial-cells-pivotal-role-of-cflipl
#5
Willie M Lüdemann, Danijela Heide, Lars Kihm, Martin Zeier, Peter Scheurich, Vedat Schwenger, Julia Ranzinger
♦ Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) coincides with high concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), in the peritoneal cavity. During treatment, chronic inflammatory processes lead to damage of the peritoneal membrane and a subsequent ultrafiltration failure. Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) play a central role as mediators and targets of PD-related inflammatory changes. Although TNF Receptor 1 (TNFR1) is expressed in high numbers on the cells, TNF-induced apoptosis is inhibited...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096439/the-24-month-changes-in-body-fat-mass-and-adipokines-in-patients-starting-peritoneal-dialysis
#6
Soo Jeong Choi, Moo Yong Park, Jin Kuk Kim, Seung Duk Hwang
♦ Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is characterized by a gain in fat mass. The fat tissue is a complex endocrine organ that releases various adipokines. In this study, we prospectively examined serial changes of fat composition and adipokines in patients undergoing PD. ♦ Methods: Body composition was assessed by computed tomography (CT). Nutrition status and adipokines (leptin, adiponectin, interleukin [IL]-6, and tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α) were assessed on the 7th day and 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months after the start of PD...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096438/infection-prophylaxis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-results-from-an-australia-new-zealand-survey
#7
Denise J Campbell, David W Mudge, Martin P Gallagher, Wai H Lim, Ranganathan Dwarakanathan, Walaa Saweirs, Jonathan C Craig
♦ Background: Clinical practice guidelines aim to reduce the rates of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related infections, a common complication of PD in end-stage kidney disease patients. We describe the clinical practices used by Australian and New Zealand nephrologists to prevent PD-related infections in PD patients. ♦ Methods: A survey of PD practices in relation to the use of antibiotic and antifungal prophylaxis in PD patients was conducted of practicing nephrologists identified via the Australia and New Zealand Society of Nephrology (ANZSN) membership in 2013...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096437/phase-angle-predicts-arterial-stiffness-and-vascular-calcification-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#8
Margarida Sarmento-Dias, Carla Santos-Araújo, Rui Poínhos, Bruno Oliveira, Maria Sousa, Liliana S Silva, Isabel S Silva, Flora Correia, Manuel Pestana
♦ Objectives: Fluid overload (FO) is frequently present in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and is associated with markers of malnutrition, inflammation, and atherosclerosis/calcification (MIAC) syndrome. We examined the relationships in stable PD patients between phase angle (PhA) and the spectrum of uremic vasculopathy including vascular calcification and arterial stiffness and between PhA and changes in serum fetuin-A levels. ♦ Methods: Sixty-one stable adult PD patients were evaluated in a cross-sectional study (ST1)...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153975/citrobacter-youngae-and-pantoea-agglomerans-peritonitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153974/chylous-peritoneal-dialysate-related-to-the-use-of-nutritional-supplements-in-a-patient-with-clostridium-difficile-diarrhea
#10
LETTER
P L Tok, Y T Wong, S Thangaraju, W Y Foo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153973/the-clinical-course-and-peritoneal-function-in-a-patient-under-peritoneal-dialysis-for-over-30-years
#11
LETTER
S-H Ko, Y-Y Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153972/long-term-peritoneal-dialysis-in-2-patients-with-takayasu-s-arteritis
#12
LETTER
K Uchiyama, Y Kamijo, K Honda, R Yoshida, M Yanagi, M Nakatsuka, Y Ishibashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153971/peritoneal-dialysis-using-soluble-ferric-pyrophosphate-as-an-iron-supplement-in-rabbits
#13
LETTER
A Shetty, J V Hawkins, A Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153970/a-rare-case-of-famotidine-induced-delirium-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#14
Gary C W Chan, K M Lee, Lorraine P Y Kwan, Maggie M Y Mok, Maggie K M Ma, Desmond Y H Yap, Sydney C W Tang
H2 receptor antagonists are commonly employed to manage gastro-esophageal reflux and peptic ulcer diseases with a very low incidence of side effects. Herein, we report an extremely rare incidence of famotidine-induced acute confusion in a patient with end-stage renal failure. We also discuss the pharmacokinetic properties of famotidine and its interplay with compromised renal function to result in neuropsychiatric manifestations, highlighting the importance of dosage ad ustment in individuals with renal insufficiency...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153969/outcomes-of-pd-patients-at-6-months
#15
William Hoffman, Heena Sheth, Filitsa Bender, Beth Piraino
The peritoneal dialysis (PD) patient population has grown rapidly in the past few years with concern over poor early outcomes. We report 6-month outcomes of incident PD patients in an experienced program with a strong focus on quality care. We analyzed data from an Institutional Review Board (IRB)- approved registry of all incident PD patients from January 1, 1991, to December 31, 2013, with follow-up to June 30, 2014. Time at risk began on the first day of training. Age, gender, race, diabetes mellitus (DM), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and albumin were collected at PD start...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153968/acute-peritonitis-caused-by-staphylococcus-capitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#16
Nikolina Basic-Jukic
Acute peritonitis remains the most common complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD), with coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) reported to account for more than 25% of peritonitis episodes (1). Staphylococcus capitis is a gram-positive, catalase-positive CoNS that was originally identified as a commensal on the skin of the human scalp (2). Advancement of microbiological technologies for bacterial identification enables diagnosis of previously unknown causes of acute peritonitis. This is the first reported case of acute peritonitis in a PD patient caused by S...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153967/endotoxemia-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study-to-examine-the-role-of-intestinal-perfusion-and-congestion
#17
Claire Grant, Laura Harrison, Caroline Hoad, Luca Marciani, Eleanor Cox, Charlotte Buchanan, Carolyn Costigan, Susan Francis, Ka-Bik Lai, Cheuk-Chun Szeto, Penny Gowland, Christopher McIntyre
Endotoxemia is common in advanced chronic kidney disease and is particularly severe in those receiving dialysis. In hemodialysis patients, translocation from the bowel occurs as a consequence of recurrent circulatory stress leading to a reduction in circulating splanchnic volume and increased intestinal permeability. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are often volume expanded and have continuous direct immersion of bowel in fluid; these may also be important factors in endotoxin translocation and would suggest different therapeutic strategies to improve it...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153966/effect-of-uv-light-on-disinfection-of-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-connections
#18
John Ashley, Julia A Rasooly, Ian Tran, Lawrence E Yost, Glenn M Chertow
We evaluated the microbiological performance of an ultraviolet (UV) light-based peritoneal dialysis catheter connection system. The system includes a UV light-generating device combined with a UV transmissive window incorporated into the transfer set. Each UV transparent transfer set was inoculated with 10 μL of cultured inoculum consisting of either S. aureus, E. coli, or C. albicans After being inoculated, we attached a solution set connector to the transfer catheter, and exposed that connection to a UV light dose of approximately 340 mJoules/cm(2) After exposure to UV light, we broke the seal of the solution set and opened the plunger valve on the UV transmissive transfer catheter...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153965/association-of-social-support-and-family-environment-with-cognitive-function-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#19
Qin Wang, Zhi-Kai Yang, Xiu-Mei Sun, Yun Du, Yi-Fan Song, Ye-Ping Ren, Jie Dong
♦ BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) is a common phenomenon and predictive of high mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study aimed to analyze the association of social support and family environment with cognitive function in PD patients. ♦ METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of PD patients from Peking University First Hospital and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. Global cognitive function was measured using the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS), executive function was measured by the A and B trail-making tests, and other cognitive functions were measured by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153964/anemia-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-iron-repletion-current-and-future-therapies
#20
REVIEW
Ahmed Zeidan, Sunil Bhandari
Iron deficiency, both functional and absolute, is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), especially those requiring dialysis. Guidelines advocate treatment of iron-deficiency anemia in patients with CKD and those on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Oral iron is often insufficient and slow to improve hemoglobin concentrations because of high hepcidin levels causing impaired absorption and mobilization, while intravenous (IV) supplementation replenishes and maintains iron stores more effectively and is now standard practice (Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes [KDIGO] 2012 guidelines)...
January 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
journal
journal
20311
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"