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Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991562/stability-of-meropenem-and-piperacillin-tazobactam-with-heparin-in-various-peritoneal-dialysis-solutions
#1
Karryl Mendes, Harmanjeet Harmanjeet, Mohammed Sedeeq, Ankit Modi, Troy Wanandy, Syed Tabish R Zaidi, Long Ming, Ronald Castelino, Kamal Sud, Gregory Peterson, Rahul P Patel
BACKGROUND: Infections caused by ceftazidime-resistant Pseudomonas and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing gram-negative bacteria are increasing worldwide. Meropenem and piperacillin/tazobactam (PIP/TZB) are recommended for the treatment of peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PDAP) caused by ceftazidime-resistant Pseudomonas and other resistant gram-negative bacteria. Patients may also receive intraperitoneal heparin to prevent occlusion of their catheters. However, the stability of meropenem or PIP/TZB, in combination with heparin, in different types of peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions used in clinical practice is currently unknown...
July 10, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991561/surgical-treatment-for-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-24-years-experience
#2
Hideki Kawanishi, Masataka Banshodani, Masahiro Yamashita, Sadanori Shintaku
BACKGROUND: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a serious complication of long-term peritoneal dialysis. The mortality rate for EPS is high, primarily due to complications related to bowel obstruction. Surgery was previously contraindicated; however, surgical enterolysis is performed for patients in whom bowel obstruction fails to improve. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of patients with EPS who received surgical intervention at a single center between November 1993 and October 2017...
July 10, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991560/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-depression-and-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-clinical-outcomes-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#3
Maggie M Y Mok, Carmen K Liu, Man Fai Lam, Lorraine P Kwan, Gary C Chan, Maggie K M Ma, Desmond Y Yap, Frances Chiu, Cindy B Choy, Sydney C Tang, Tak Mao Chan
BACKGROUND: Starting dialysis is an important life event. The prevalence and evolution of psychological symptoms at commencement of long-term dialysis is unclear. We examined the prevalence of and risk factors for depression and anxiety, and the quality of life (QOL) of incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and also the change of these parameters in the first year of PD in relation to clinical outcomes under the PD-first policy. METHODS: All patients commencing long-term PD from March 2011 to April 2015 were asked to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF and the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Instrument Short Form questionnaire...
July 10, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991559/peritoneal-dialysis-turning-choice-into-reality
#4
Rhodri Pyart, Kieron Donovan, Christopher Carrington, Gareth Roberts
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) utilization rates vary widely between UK renal centers. Currently there are only limited data available on how many patients choose PD but subsequently fail to start their chosen modality. In the current analysis we sought to explore the outcomes of patients who chose PD in our center where all PD catheters are inserted via a mini-laparotomy with no acute-start PD service. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 658 patients over a 12-year period who, following predialysis education had chosen PD as their preferred renal replacement therapy (RRT) modality...
July 10, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875179/planning-vascular-access-in-peritoneal-dialysis-defining-high-risk-patients
#5
Hugo Ferreira, Ana T Nunes, Ana Oliveira, Ana Beco, Joana Santos, Manuel Pestana
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an effective renal replacement technique. However, every year a considerable number of patients are transferred to hemodialysis (HD). Our aim was to identify those at risk, in order to place an arteriovenous fistula (AVF). METHODS: Case-control study enrolling all prevalent patients in 2014 and 2015 in our clinic. Groups: 72 case patients who were transferred definitively to HD, 111 control patients (remaining on PD, transplanted, recovered renal function, or deceased)...
June 6, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875178/peritoneal-dialysis-in-adult-patients-with-permanent-suprapubic-catheter-a-single-center-experience-and-literature-review
#6
Abdullah K Al-Hwiesh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to review the feasibility of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the presence of a permanent suprapubic catheter over a long follow-up period. METHODS: Twelve patients with automated PD and permanent suprapubic catheters were studied for complications over a period of 10 years. RESULTS: In all 12 patients, PD went smoothly. Two of our patients required removal of the PD catheter due to peritonitis. The overall rate of exit-site infection throughout the study was 41...
June 6, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793982/peritoneal-dialysis-for-aki-in-cameroon-commercial-vs-locally-made-solutions
#7
Dennis Palmer, William J Lawton, Charles Barrier, Bd Fine, Hayden Hemphill, Norah Nyah, Virginie Kinne, Njaprim I Ringnwi, Genevive Yong, Amy L Neufeldt, Yves Mitterand M Mambou, Fredric O Finkelstein, Thomas Krahn
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in low- and middle-income countries, and is associated with a high mortality. The high mortality rate is in large part due to the inability to perform dialysis in resource-limited settings. Due to significant cost advantages, peritoneal dialysis (PD) has been used to treat AKI in these settings. The costs, however, remain high when commercial solutions are used. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of the outcome, and of the peritonitis rates, of patients with AKI treated with either commercially manufactured PD solutions or locally-made PD solutions...
May 23, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793981/expanding-capd-in-low-resource-settings-a-distance-learning-approach
#8
Robert Rope, Nishantha Nanayakkara, Abdul Wazil, Sewmini Dickowita, Rajitha Abeyeskera, Lishanthe Gunerathne, Dinuka Adoosoriya, Nishamani Karunasena, Charaka Ratnayake, Shuchi Anand, Anjali Saxena
BACKGROUND: Despite growing need, treatment for end-stage renal disease is limited in low- and middle-income countries due to resource restraints. We describe the development of an educational curriculum and quality improvement program to support continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) performed primarily by non-nephrology providers in Sri Lanka. METHODS: We developed a program of education, outcome tracking, and expert consultation to support providers in Kandy, Sri Lanka...
May 23, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793980/calciprotein-particle-formation-in-peritoneal-dialysis-effluent-is-dependent-on-dialysate-calcium-concentration
#9
Michael M Cai, Edward R Smith, Annette Kent, Louis Huang, Tim D Hewitson, Lawrence P McMahon, Stephen G Holt
BACKGROUND: The accumulation of fetuin-A-containing calciprotein particles (CPP) in the serum of patients with renal disease and those with chronic inflammation may be involved in driving sterile inflammation and extraosseous mineral deposition. We previously showed that both fetuin-A and CPP were present in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) effluent of stable PD patients. It is unknown whether different PD fluids might affect the formation of CPP in vivo Method: Peritoneal effluent from 12 patients was collected after a 6-hour dwell with 7 different commercial PD fluids...
May 23, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674410/a-large-intraperitoneal-residual-volume-hampers-adequate-volumetric-assessment-of-osmotic-conductance-to-glucose
#10
Anne-Lorraine Clause, Mehdi Keddar, Ralph Crott, Tom Darius, Catherine Fillée, Eric Goffin, Johann Morelle
BACKGROUND: In end-stage renal disease patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD), the osmotic conductance to glucose (OCG) represents the intrinsic ability of the membrane to transport water in response to a crystalloid osmotic gradient. A progressive loss of OCG in long-term PD patients indicates the development of fibrosis in the peritoneal interstitium, and helps identify patients at risk for encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis. The double mini-peritoneal equilibration test (PET) has been proposed as a simple method to assess OCG using the difference in initial ultrafiltration rates generated by 2 successive dwells using 1...
April 19, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674409/associations-of-adiponectin-leptin-levels-and-the-change-of-body-composition-in-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Xiao Xu, Xue Tian, Yuan Chen, Zhi-Kai Yang, Zhen Qu, Jie Dong
BACKGROUND: Although the association between adipokines such as adiponectin, leptin, and body composition has been noted, whether they could predict the change of fat mass and lean body mass is unknown. We aimed to examine these associations in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) through a prospective cohort study. METHODS: Body composition (by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry) including fat mass and lean body mass were examined at baseline and then at year 3. Serum leptin and adiponectin levels were measured...
April 19, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674408/-educational-deprivation-is-associated-with-pd-peritonitis
#12
Usman Khalid, Aeliya Zaidi, Adrian Cheang, Szabolcs Horvath, Laszlo Szabo, Mohamed A Ilham, Michael R Stephens
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic deprivation is an important factor in determining poor health and is associated with a higher prevalence of many chronic diseases, including renal failure, and often poorer outcomes for patients with such conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of deprivation on peritonitis episodes following peritoneal dialysis (PD)-catheter insertion. METHODS: The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) was used to assess the influence of socioeconomic deprivation on outcomes following 233 consecutive first PD-catheter insertions from a single institution in the United Kingdom, performed between 2010 and 2015...
April 19, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987071/united-kingdom-catheter-study-protocol-synopsis
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987070/ispd-peritonitis-recommendations-2016-update-on-prevention-and-treatment
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987069/concerns-regarding-inconsistencies-within-and-between-ispd-recommendations-for-peritonitis-and-catheter-related-infections-in-reply
#15
LETTER
C-C Szeto, P K-T Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987068/inconsistencies-in-ispd-peritonitis-recommendations-2016-update-on-prevention-and-treatment-and-the-ispd-catheter-related-infection-recommendations-2017-update
#16
LETTER
A Mancini, L Todd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987067/-why-i-chose-hemodialysis-over-peritoneal-dialysis-an-opinion-survey-among-in-center-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Anna T Valson, Riyaz A Asad, Radhika C Radhakrishnan, Shampa Sinha, Shibu Jacob, Santosh Varughese, Veerasamy Tamilarasi
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) penetration in India remains low despite the huge chronic kidney disease burden and unmet need for renal replacement therapy (RRT). In order to understand the socioeconomic reasons that govern patients' preference for hemodialysis (HD), we carried out an opinion survey among prevalent in-center HD patients at our institution using a multiple response questionnaire that was verbally administered to them at the dialysis facility by the investigators. Close to 80% were self-financed and 49...
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987066/a-retrospective-sequential-comparison-of-topical-application-of-medicated-honey-and-povidone-iodine-for-preventing-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-related-infections
#18
Tayler F L Wishart, Laraine Aw, Karen Byth, Gopala Rangan, Kamal Sud
Application of medicated honey (MH) to peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter exit sites has been found to be as effective as intra-nasal mupirocin for preventing PD catheter-related infections (CRIs), but was associated with increased risk for CRIs in diabetics. The efficacy of topical MH as a prophylactic agent has not been compared with the exit-site application of povidone iodine (PI). This retrospective multicentre cohort study compared cumulative incidence rates of PD CRIs (peritonitis or exit-site infections) and the number of PD CRIs observed per patient over the study period with PD exit-site application of MH or PI, in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients...
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987065/increasing-staphylococcus-species-resistance-in-peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis-over-a-10-year-period-in-a-single-taiwanese-center
#19
Ho-Ching Chen, Chi-Chang Shieh, Junne-Ming Sung
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is a major complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Staphylococcus species are gram-positive bacteria that are most commonly associated with peritoneal peritonitis. The increasing antimicrobial resistance rate is a severe burden when considering the initial choice of antibiotics. This investigation examined the trends of staphylococcal infection as well as the resistance rate and clinical outcomes from 2006 to 2015 in southern Taiwan. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated all PD-related peritonitis episodes in southern Taiwan between January 2006 and December 2015 and evaluated the clinical characteristics of peritonitis, microbiological prevalence and resistance of Staphylococcus species, and outcomes in patients...
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987064/the-power-of-the-patient-voice-conducting-and-using-qualitative-research-to-improve-care-and-outcomes-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
Karine E Manera, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Allison Tong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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