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Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408714/association-between-peritoneal-glucose-exposure-and-peritonitis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-the-balanz-trial
#1
Melissa Nataatmadja, Yeoungjee Cho, Elaine M Pascoe, Darsy Darssan, Carmel M Hawley, David W Johnson
♦Background: Glucose is the primary osmotic medium used in most peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions, and exposure to glucose has been shown to exert detrimental effects both locally, at the peritoneal membrane, and systemically. Moreover, high dialysate glucose exposure may predispose patients to an increased risk of peritonitis, perhaps as a result of impaired host defences, vascular disease, and damage to the peritoneal membrane. ♦ Methods: In this post-hoc analysis of a multicenter, multi-national, open-label randomized controlled trial of neutral pH, low-glucose degradation product (GDP) versus conventional PD solutions (balANZ trial), the relationship between peritonitis rates of low (< 123...
April 13, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408713/the-influence-of-glucose-exposure-load-and-peritoneal-membrane-transport-on-body-composition-and-nutritional-status-changes-after-1-year-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
Rafaela S Caron-Lienert, Carlos E Poli-de-Figueiredo, Ana E Figueiredo, Bartira E Pinheiro da Costa, Alessandra C Pizzato, Carlo Crepaldi, Fiorenza Ferrari, Anna Giuliani, Claudio Ronco
♦Background: The characteristics of peritoneal membrane transport differ among patients, affecting the prescription of peritoneal dialysis (PD) modality and glucose exposure in order to achieve an effective dialysis. This study aims to verify the influence of glucose exposure load and peritoneal membrane transport on body composition and nutritional status changes after the first year of PD. ♦ Methods: We examined a cohort of 85 incident PD patients during the first year of treatment. We established a cut-off of 5% to define changes in dry weight (DW), lean tissue mass (LTM), and fat mass (FM)...
April 13, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408712/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-surgery-using-transversus-abdominis-plane-block
#3
Dean Markić, Božidar Vujičić, Mladen Ivanovski, Kristian Krpina, Antun Gršković, Dražen Rahelić, Nino Rubinić, Željko Župan, Hrvoje Lasić, Mauro Materljan, Sanjin Rački
♦Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter surgery can be performed using regional anesthesia. We present our PD catheter placement and extraction experience using ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. ♦ Methods: In the present study, we analyzed 74 patients from our center with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent PD catheter placement (60 patients) and removal (14 patients) using a TAP block between June 2011 and December 2015. ♦ Results: The TAP block was successful for 55/60 (91...
April 13, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408711/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-appropriate-time-to-initiate-peritoneal-dialysis-after-insertion-of-catheter-timely-pd-study
#4
Dwarakanathan Ranganathan, George John, Edward Yeoh, Nicola Williams, Barry O'Loughlin, Thin Han, Lakshman Jeyaseelan, Ramanathan Kavitha, Helen Healy
♦Background: The optimal time for the commencement of peritoneal dialysis (PD) after PD catheter insertion is unclear. If dialysis is started too soon after insertion, dialysate leaks and infection could occur. However, by starting PD earlier, morbidity and costs can be reduced through lesser hemodialysis requirements. This is the first randomized controlled trial to determine the safest and shortest interval to commence PD after catheter insertion. ♦ Methods: All consecutive patients undergoing PD catheter insertion at the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital and Rockhampton Hospital from 1 March 2008 to 31 May 2013 who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were invited to participate in the trial...
April 13, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348103/risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-colonization-in-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-single-center-study-in-hong-kong
#5
Ching Shan Yeung, Chi Yuen Cheung, Yiu Han Chan, Wai-Leung Chak
♦ Background: Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) colonization is common among patients with chronic kidney disease. However, data concerning VRE colonization among patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) is lacking. The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors and various clinical outcomes for VRE colonization among PD patients. ♦ Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of 166 PD patients who were hospitalized between 1 August 2013 and 31 July 2014. They were screened for VRE colonization status during a major VRE outbreak in Hong Kong in 2013 and were then categorized into 2groups: VRE-positive and VRE-negative...
March 27, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348102/acute-peritoneal-dialysis-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#6
Seong Cho, Sung-Rok Kim, Yu-Ji Lee
♦ Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, complications, and mortality rate associated with acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). ♦ Methods: A total of 75 patients who were treated at Samsung Changwon Hospital between February 2005 and March 2016 were included in the study sample. The outcomes included in-hospital survival, renal recovery, metabolic and fluid control rates, and technical success rates. ♦ Results: Refractory heart failure was the most frequent cause of acute PD (49...
March 27, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348101/in-hospital-mortality-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-treated-with-hemodialysis-versus-peritoneal-dialysis-a-nationwide-study
#7
Mark A Nader, Rodrigo Aguilar, Prabin Sharma, Parasuram Krishnamoorthy, Serban Dragoi, Judit Gordon-Cappitelli, Wen Shen, Chanigan Nilubol, Ping Li, Michael Lipkowitz
♦ Background: Cirrhotic patients often develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring renal replacement therapy in the form of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Studies comparing the outcomes and difference in in-hospital mortality between these 2 groups, particularly among those with ascites, are sparse. We set our objective to determine the dialysis modality with a better in-hospital survival rate among cirrhotic patients with ESRD (ESRD-cirrhosis). ♦ Methods: Data was extracted from the 2005 to 2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS)...
March 27, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348100/effects-of-conversion-to-a-bicarbonate-lactate-buffered-neutral-ph-low-gdp-pd-regimen-in-prevalent-pd-a-2-year-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Karima Farhat, Caroline Douma, Evelina Ferrantelli, Pieter M Ter Wee, Robert H Beelen, Frans J van Ittersum
♦ Background: The use of pH-neutral peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids low in glucose degradation products (GDP) may better preserve the peritoneal membrane and have fewer systemic effects. The effects of conversion from conventional to neutral-pH, low-GDP PD fluids in prevalent patients are unclear. Few studies on the role of neutral-pH, low-GDP PD have studied residual renal function, ultrafiltration, peritonitis incidence and technique failure, transport characteristics, and local and systemic markers of inflammation in prevalent PD patients...
March 27, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512169/eosinophilia-in-peritoneal-effluent-due-to-a-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-in-a-woman-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#9
LETTER
Y Chen, Z Li, L Mo, Z Feng, R Li, W Shi, X Liang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512168/hydrocele-caused-by-peritoneal-fluid-leakage-through-inguinal-canal
#10
LETTER
P Fernández, J De Arteaga, W Douthat, C Chiurchiu, J De La Fuente
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512167/candida-parapsilosis-peritonitis-macroscopic-and-microscopic-appearances
#11
LETTER
O Balafa, V Georvasili, A Duni, A Batistatou, C Bali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512166/a-case-of-peritoneal-dialysis-associated-peritonitis-caused-by-agromyces-mediolanus
#12
LETTER
I O Sun, H J Yoon, A Y Cho, Y Kim, J H Lee, H S Lee, K Y Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512165/the-use-of-the-galactomannan-test-to-diagnose-peritoneal-dialysis-associated-penicillium-peritonitis
#13
LETTER
T Li, B Zhao, Y Mao, H Wang, Y Jia, Y Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512164/time-to-positivity-of-bacteria-cultures-in-peritoneal-dialysis-fluid-evaluation-of-different-laboratory-techniques
#14
Roberta M Katzap, Vany Elisa Pagnussatti, Ana Elizabeth Figueiredo, Julia Gabriela Motta, Domingos O d'Avila, Bartira Ercília Pinheiro da Costa, Carlos Eduardo Poli-de-Figueiredo
Patients with chronic kidney disease on peritoneal dialysis (PD) are susceptible to infections, with peritonitis being the primary cause of dropout. Peritoneal fluid culture is one of the essential elements for proper diagnosis and peritonitis treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the time required to obtain a positive culture using different laboratory methods. An in vitro cross-sectional study was conducted comparing different techniques for preparation and culture of bacteria in peritoneal fluid...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512163/retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-radical-nephrectomy-allows-continuation-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#15
Aziz Khambati, Mary Kate Fitzgerald, Kent T Perry, Robert B Nadler
Patient outcomes for retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (RLRN) in adults on peritoneal dialysis (PD) have not been described in the literature. This is the first series on the successful application of RLRN for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) among adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on PD. In our series of 5 patients, all were able to promptly resume PD, no wound complications were noted at postoperative visits, and no evidence of recurrence was identified on surveillance imaging at follow-up...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512162/increase-in-extracellular-hydration-status-after-initiating-peritoneal-dialysis-electively
#16
Kwanpeemai Panorchan, Andrew Davenport
Renal replacement therapy is designed to treat uremic symptoms and correct hypervolemia. We hypothesized that starting peritoneal dialysis (PD) should reduce overhydration, and we measured body composition and hydration status using bioimpedance in PD patients prior to training and then at the first assessment of peritoneal membrane function. We studied 100 consecutive patients with a planned start to PD, without peritoneal infections or mechanical catheter problems, mean age 54.7 ± 17.1 years, 57% male and 25% diabetic...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512161/should-nephrologists-promote-peritoneal-dialysis-as-a-bridge-to-transplantation
#17
William S McKane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512160/improving-the-impact-of-peritoneal-dialysis-research
#18
EDITORIAL
Martin Wilkie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360373/successful-treatment-of-pd-peritonitis-due-to-morganella-morganii-resistant-to-third-generation-cephalosporins-a-case-report
#19
Vaibhav Keskar, Mohan Biyani, Syed Obaid Amin, Greg Knoll
Morganella morganii is a rare cause of peritonitis in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Most of the reported cases have resorted to a switch to hemodialysis. We herein report a case of peritonitis due to M. morganii resistant to third-generation cephalosporins, which was treated successfully with intraperitoneal (IP) tobramycin followed by oral ciprofloxacin. Early microbiologic diagnosis is essential in the treatment of peritonitis from rare microorganisms such as Morganella morganii, and appropriate antibiotic therapy is the key to avoiding catheter loss and subsequent switch to hemodialysis...
March 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360372/peritonitis-as-the-first-presentation-of-disseminated-listeriosis-in-a-patient-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-case-report
#20
Weiwei Beckerleg, Vaibhav Keskar, Jolanta Karpinski
Infections with Listeria monocytogenes are uncommon but serious, with mortality rate approaching 30% in cases of systemic involvement despite first-line therapy. They are usually caused by ingestion of contaminated foods, but spontaneous infections have also been described. Listeria monocytogenes is a rare cause of peritonitis, and most of the published cases are in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. There are a few reported cases of Listeria peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD), primarily isolated peritonitis...
March 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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