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American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017204/trends-in-albuminuria-and-gfr-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-1988-2014
#1
Sharon H Saydah, Hui Xie, Giuseppina Imperatore, Nilka Rios Burrows, Meda E Pavkov
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Albuminuria and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) define chronic kidney disease in adults and youth. Different from adults, the burden of abnormal kidney markers among youth in the general United States population is largely unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Serial cross-sectional national surveys. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 12 to 18 years participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1988 to 2014...
July 13, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007506/associations-between-kidney-disease-measures-and-regional-pulse-wave-velocity-in-a-large-community-based-cohort-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#2
Esther D Kim, Hirofumi Tanaka, Shoshana H Ballew, Yingying Sang, Gerardo Heiss, Josef Coresh, Kunihiro Matsushita
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness is suggested as a mediator of cardiorenal interaction. However, previous studies reported inconsistent associations between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and arterial stiffness and were limited by using either estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) and examining arterial stiffness at limited segments. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 3,424 Atherosclerosis in Communities (ARIC) Study participants aged 66 to 90 years during 2011 to 2013...
July 11, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007505/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-applied-in-china
#3
LETTER
Chenchen Zhou, Changlin Mei, Cheng Xue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007504/cognitive-changes-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Yu-Hui Zhang, Zhi-Kai Yang, Jin-Wei Wang, Zu-Ying Xiong, Jin-Lan Liao, Li Hao, Gui-Ling Liu, Ye-Ping Ren, Qin Wang, Li-Ping Duan, Zhao-Xia Zheng, Jie Dong
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment is an independent predictor of technique failure and mortality in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy. We investigated changes in cognitive function and factors associated with it in this population. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 458 PD patients were enrolled and followed up for 2 years. PREDICTORS: Global and specific domains of cognitive function were measured at baseline and after 2 years...
July 11, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980375/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-communication-and-decision-making-in-pediatric-ckd-a-focus-group-study
#5
Talia Gutman, Camilla S Hanson, Sarah Bernays, Jonathan C Craig, Aditi Sinha, Allison Dart, Allison A Eddy, Debbie S Gipson, Detlef Bockenhauer, Hui-Kim Yap, Jaap Groothoff, Michael Zappitelli, Nicholas J A Webb, Stephen I Alexander, Stuart L Goldstein, Susan Furth, Susan Samuel, Tom Blydt-Hansen, Janis Dionne, Mini Michael, Scott E Wenderfer, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, Helen Currier, Steven McTaggart, Amanda Walker, Angelique F Ralph, Angela Ju, Laura J James, Simon Carter, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Effective communication and shared decision making improve quality of care and patient outcomes but can be particularly challenging in pediatric chronic disease because children depend on their parents and clinicians to manage complex health care and developmental needs. We aimed to describe the perspectives of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and their parents with regard to communication and decision making. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study...
July 3, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980374/selection-of-intravenous-fluids
#6
EDITORIAL
Yuenting D Kwong, Kathleen D Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960797/spuriously-low-serum-bicarbonate-levels-in-patients-with-hyperlipidemia-a-report-of-4-cases
#7
Harold Stein
Four patients were recently seen at our institution presenting with severe hypobicarbonatemia and elevated anion gap on serum specimens processed by an autoanalyzer using enzymatic reactions. Arterial blood gas values in each case revealed no significant acid-base disturbance and a marked discordance between arterial blood gas calculated bicarbonate levels and those reported on the basic metabolic panel. All patients had profound hyperlipidemia (triglycerides > 3,500mg/L), and ultracentrifugation of one patient's serum corrected the discordance...
June 28, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960796/erratum-regarding-arteriovenous-fistula-maturation-in-prevalent-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-united-states-a-national-study-am-j-kidney-dis-2018-71-6-793-801
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941221/trex1-mutation-causing-autosomal-dominant-thrombotic-microangiopathy-and-ckd-a-novel-presentation
#9
Ashima Gulati, Allen E Bale, Daniel J Dykas, Margaret J Bia, Gabriel M Danovitch, Gilbert W Moeckel, Stefan Somlo, Neera K Dahl
Renal thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) involves diverse causes and clinical presentations. Genetic determinants causing alternate pathway complement dysregulation underlie a substantial proportion of cases. In a significant proportion of TMAs, no defect in complement regulation is identified. Mutations in the major mammalian 3' DNA repair exonuclease 1 (TREX1) have been associated with autoimmune and cerebroretinal vasculopathy syndromes. Carboxy-terminal TREX1 mutations that result in only altered localization of the exonuclease protein with preserved catalytic function cause microangiopathy of the brain and retina, termed retinal vasculopathy and cerebral leukodystrophy (RVCL)...
June 22, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941220/s%C3%A3-zary-syndrome-presenting-with-renal-involvement
#10
Katie Wickenden, Matthew P M Graham-Brown, David Veitch, John Dormer, Mark Bamford, Robin A C Graham-Brown, Graham Warwick, Simon Wagner, James O Burton
Sézary syndrome is a rare aggressive leukemic variant of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, typically presenting with erythroderma, lymphadenopathy, and an atypical clonal T-cell population. Though it often involves the spleen and liver, we report a case of Sézary syndrome with renal involvement that was treated successfully. Visceral involvement confers a poor prognosis requiring systemic treatment. The patient we describe was a 66-year-old man who was referred from Dermatology services for deteriorating kidney function...
June 22, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921453/esrd-and-hospice-care-in-the-united-states-are-dialysis-patients-welcome
#11
EDITORIAL
Vanessa Grubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921452/childhood-kidney-disease-a-troubling-prognosis
#12
EDITORIAL
Darcy K Weidemann, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921451/the-role-of-big-data-in-the-development-and-evaluation-of-us-dialysis-care
#13
Kevin F Erickson, Samaya Qureshi, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
Rapid growth in electronic communications and digitalization, combined with advances in data management, analysis, and storage, have led to an era of "Big Data." The Social Security Amendments of 1972 turned end-stage renal disease (ESRD) care into a single-payer system for most patients requiring dialysis in the United States. As a result, there are few areas of medicine that have been as influenced by Big Data as dialysis care, for which Medicare's large administrative data sets have had a central role in the evaluation and development of public policy for several decades...
June 16, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909936/association-of-smoking-status-with-mortality-and-hospitalization-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Nien-Chen Li, Ravi I Thadhani, Marta Reviriego-Mendoza, John W Larkin, Franklin W Maddux, Norma J Ofsthun
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: The relationship between tobacco smoking and comorbid condition outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients is not well understood. This study examined the association of tobacco smoking status with hospitalization and mortality in HD patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adult HD patients at 2,223 US dialysis centers with HD vintage of 30 days or less who completed a tobacco smoking status survey as part of standard care between April 2013 and June 2015...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909935/ckd-and-sedentary-time-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#15
Tamara Glavinovic, Thomas Ferguson, Paul Komenda, Claudio Rigatto, Todd A Duhamel, Navdeep Tangri, Clara Bohm
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are associated with incident diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and early mortality. Previous studies have examined associations between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and physical activity, but little is known about the role of sedentary time. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional national survey. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative sample of adults (n=8,444) participating in the Canadian Health Measures Survey's (CHMS) activity monitoring component (2007-2013)...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908694/arterial-stiffness-in-ckd-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Raymond R Townsend
This narrative review summarizes a decade of experience examining the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships of arterial stiffness, as assessed using carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, with outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease enrolled in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort. Our goal is to review the importance of the pulse wave contour and pulse wave velocity and present data on the reproducibility of pulse wave velocity measurements, determinants of pulse wave velocity, and the relationship that velocity measurements have with longitudinal kidney and cardiovascular outcomes...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908693/collapsing-glomerulopathy-in-lambda-light-chain-amyloidosis-a-report-of-2-cases
#17
Mazdak A Khalighi, Alexander J Gallan, Anthony Chang, Shane M Meehan
Amyloid nephropathy is an uncommon disease that frequently presents with reduced kidney function and proteinuria and, in developed nations, is most often associated with underlying paraproteinemia. The histologic appearance of glomerular amyloid deposition includes mesangial and capillary wall infiltration by an amorphous eosinophilic material, and features of endo- or extracapillary proliferation are not typically seen. Rare cases of crescentic injury have been reported in a subset of patients with amyloid nephropathy, particularly those with amyloid derived from serum amyloid A protein...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903657/volcanoes
#18
EDITORIAL
Jason E Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891194/association-of-medicare-s-bundled-payment-reform-with-changes-in-use-of-vitamin-d-among-patients-receiving-maintenance-hemodialysis-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#19
Julia Spoendlin, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Theodore Tsacogianis, Julie M Paik, Michael A Fischer, Seoyoung C Kim, Rishi J Desai
BACKGROUND & RATIONALE: Medicare's 2011 prospective payment system (PPS) was introduced to curb overuse of separately billable injectable drugs. After epoietin, intravenous (IV) vitamin D analogues are the biggest drug cost drivers in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but the association between PPS introduction and vitamin D therapy has been scarcely investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Interrupted time-series analyses. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adult US HD patients represented in the US Renal Data System between 2008 and 2013...
June 8, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903659/is-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-a-possible-confounder-in-the-inverse-association-between-coffee-and-kidney-disease
#20
LETTER
Fausta Natella, Gianni Pastore, Raffaella Canali, Stefania Sette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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