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Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769136/vitamin-d-and-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#1
REVIEW
Sarah L Finch, Alan M Rosenberg, Hassan Vatanparast
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has been implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. While the roles of vitamin D in other autoimmune diseases have been investigated, less is known about the role of vitamin D in chronic childhood arthritis. MAIN BODY: This review summarizes and evaluates evidence relating to 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and chronic childhood arthritis. A scoping literature review was conducted using Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science and Scopus...
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739418/circulating-adipokines-are-associated-with-kawasaki-disease
#2
Xin-Yan Zhang, Ting-Ting Yang, Xiu-Fen Hu, Yu Wen, Feng Fang, Hui-Ling Lu
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease are still not well understood. It was designed to investigate the relationship between adipokines including chemerin, omentin-1, adiponectin and acute Kawasaki disease. METHODS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) was used to detect serum levels of chemerin, omentin-1, adiponectin, and inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and TNF-α in 80 cases of patients diagnosed with Kawasaki disease (KD). In addition, 20 cases of children with fever and 20 cases of healthy children were selected as febrile and normal controls...
May 8, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695255/temporomandibular-joint-arthritis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-now-what
#3
REVIEW
Matthew L Stoll, Chung H Kau, Peter D Waite, Randy Q Cron
BACKGROUND: Arthritis involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) complicates 40 - 96% of cases of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), potentially leading to devastating changes to form and function. Optimal evaluation and management of this joint remains a matter of ongoing discussion. METHODS: We performed a PubMed search for all articles with keywords "temporomandibular" and "arthritis", covering the dates 2002 through February 28, 2018. A separate PubMed search was performed for all articles with keywords "temporomandibular joint", "arthritis", and "treatment" covering the same dates...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690915/clinical-study-of-children-with-cryofibrinogenemia-a-retrospective-study-from-a-single-center
#4
Hsiao-Feng Chou, Yu-Hung Wu, Che-Sheng Ho, Yu-Hsuan Kao
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the demographic, clinical features, laboratory data, pathology and other survey in pediatric patients with cryofibrinogenemia. METHODS: A 12-year retrospective chart review identified eight pediatric patients at Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. RESULTS: The female-to-male ratio was 3:1. The mean age at symptom onset and of diagnosis was 10.3 ± 4.6 years and 12.3 ± 4 years, respectively...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688869/final-adult-height-of-patients-with-childhood-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Merav Heshin-Bekenstein, Liat Perl, Aimee O Hersh, Emily von Scheven, Ed Yelin, Laura Trupin, Jinoos Yazdany, Erica F Lawson
BACKGROUND: To compare final height to mid-parental target height among adults with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) versus adult-onset SLE (aSLE), and to evaluate the impact of age at SLE onset on final height. METHODS: Data derived from the Lupus Outcomes Study, a longitudinal cohort of adults with SLE, was used for this cross-sectional analysis (N = 728). Participants aged 18-63 years with complete height data were included (N = 566) and were classified as cSLE if age at diagnosis was < 18 years (N = 72)...
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685142/correction-to-a-national-cohort-study-on-pediatric-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-cross-sectional-data-from-an-italian-registry
#6
Romina Gallizzi, Caterina Pidone, Luca Cantarini, Martina Finetti, Marco Cattalini, Giovanni Filocamo, Antonella Insalaco, Donato Rigante, Rita Consolini, Maria Cristina Maggio, Adele Civino, Silvana Martino, Alma Nunzia Olivieri, Giovanna Fabio, Serena Pastore, Angela Mauro, Diana Sutera, Giuseppe Trimarchi, Nicolino Ruperto, Marco Gattorno, Rolando Cimaz
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that the names of two institutional authors - EUROFEVER and the Paediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation (PRINTO) - had been unintentionally omitted in the final online version of the manuscript. The corrected author list is shown in this Correction..
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673367/comparing-the-importance-of-quality-measurement-themes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-inflammatory-myositis-between-patients-and-families-and-healthcare-professionals
#7
Heather O Tory, Ruy Carrasco, Thomas Griffin, Adam M Huber, Philip Kahn, Angela Byun Robinson, David Zurakowski, Susan Kim
BACKGROUND: A standardized set of quality measures for juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (JIIM) is not in use. Discordance has been shown between the importance ascribed to quality measures between patients and families and physicians. The objective of this study was to assess and compare the importance of various aspects of high quality care to patients with JIIM and their families with healthcare providers, to aid in future development of comprehensive quality measures. METHODS: Surveys were developed by members of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Juvenile Dermatomyositis Workgroup through a consensus process and administered to patients and families through the CureJM Foundation and to healthcare professionals through CARRA...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669569/an-international-delphi-survey-for-the-definition-of-the-variables-for-the-development-of-new-classification-criteria-for-periodic-fever-aphtous-stomatitis-pharingitis-cervical-adenitis-pfapa
#8
Federica Vanoni, Silvia Federici, Jordi Antón, Karyl S Barron, Paul Brogan, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Fatma Dedeoglu, Erkan Demirkaya, Veronique Hentgen, Tilmann Kallinich, Ronald Laxer, Ricardo Russo, Natasa Toplak, Yosef Uziel, Alberto Martini, Nicolino Ruperto, Marco Gattorno, Michael Hofer
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) is currently based on a set of criteria proposed in 1999 modified from Marshall's criteria. Nevertheless no validated evidence based set of classification criteria for PFAPA has been established so far. The aim of this study was to identify candidate classification criteria PFAPA syndrome using international consensus formation through a Delphi questionnaire survey. METHODS: A first open-ended questionnaire was sent to adult and pediatric clinicians/researchers, asking to identify the variables thought most likely to be helpful and relevant for the diagnosis of PFAPA...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661199/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-adolescents-and-young-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-national-estimate
#9
Nicole Ling, Erica Lawson, Emily von Scheven
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have increased risk of adverse outcomes including disease flare, spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia/eclampsia, premature birth and maternal death. However, pregnancy outcomes among adolescents and young women with SLE have not been well-explored. Our objective was to compare risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in adolescents and young women with SLE to risk among peers without SLE. METHODS: We studied the 2000-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) to estimate the prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with SLE aged ≤ 21 years at time of delivery...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661187/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-recurrent-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-children-from-a-16-year-nationwide-database
#10
Wei-Te Lei, Po-Li Tsai, Szu-Hung Chu, Yu-Hsuan Kao, Chien-Yu Lin, Li-Ching Fang, Shyh-Dar Shyur, Yu-Wen Lin, Shu-I Wu
BACKGROUND: The recurrence rate of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is 2.7%-30%, with varied average intervals between the first and second episodes. Few studies have explored the incidence and risk factors for recurrent HSP. METHODS: We used a 16-year nationwide database to analyze the incidence of recurrent HSP. Patients with HSP were identified, and risk factors for recurrent HSP were explored. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression model analyses were performed, and covariates were adjusted in the multivariate model...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653582/mbl2-gene-polymorphism-rs1800450-and-rheumatic-fever-with-and-without-rheumatic-heart-disease-an-egyptian-pilot-study
#11
Maher Hassan Gomaa, Shawkey Sadik Ali, Aya Mohamed Fattouh, Hala Salah Hamza, Mohamed Mohamed Badr
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic fever (RF) is the result of an autoimmune response to pharyngitis caused by infection with Streptococcus pyogenes. RF is most prevalent in Africa and the Middle East. Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is the most serious complication of RF. Mannose-binding lectin 2 gene (MBL2) has been reported to be correlated with different cardiac conditions. In Egyptian patients as a new studied ethnic population, it is the first time to evaluate the association between MBL2 gene polymorphism rs1800450 and RF with and without RHD...
April 13, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631610/amendment-of-the-omeract-ultrasound-definitions-of-joints-features-in-healthy-children-when-using-the-doppler-technique
#12
P Collado, D Windschall, J Vojinovic, S Magni-Manzoni, P Balint, G A W Bruyn, C Hernandez-Diaz, J C Nieto, V Ravagnani, N Tzaribachev, A Iagnocco, M A D'Agostino, E Naredo
BACKGROUND: Recently preliminary ultrasonography (US) definitions, in B mode, for normal components of pediatric joints have been developed by the OMERACT US group. The aim of the current study was to include Doppler findings in the evaluation and definition of normal joint features that can be visualized in healthy children at different age groups. METHODS: A multistep approach was used. Firstly, new additional definitions of joint components were proposed during an expert meeting...
April 10, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622022/il-6-blockade-in-systemic-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-achievement-of-inactive-disease-and-remission-data-from-the-german-aid-registry
#13
M Bielak, E Husmann, N Weyandt, J-P Haas, B Hügle, G Horneff, U Neudorf, T Lutz, E Lilienthal, T Kallinich, K Tenbrock, R Berendes, T Niehues, H Wittkowski, E Weißbarth-Riedel, G Heubner, P Oommen, J Klotsche, Dirk Foell, E Lainka
BACKGROUND: Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) is a complex disease with an autoinflammatory component of unknown etiology related to the innate immune system. A major role in the pathogenesis has been ascribed to proinflammatory cytokines like interleukin-6 (IL-6), and effective drugs inhibiting their signaling are being developed. This study evaluates sJIA patients treated with the IL-6 inhibitor tocilizumab (TCZ) concerning clinical response rate, disease course and adverse effects in a real-life clinical setting...
April 5, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609643/clinical-features-of-children-with-enthesitis-related-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-juvenile-spondyloarthritis-followed-in-a-french-tertiary-care-pediatric-rheumatology-centre
#14
Maxime Goirand, Sylvain Breton, Frédéric Chevallier, Ngoc-Phoi Duong, Florence Uettwiller, Isabelle Melki, Richard Mouy, Carine Wouters, Brigitte Bader-Meunier, Chantal Job-Deslandre, Pierre Quartier
BACKGROUND: Childhood-onset spondyloarthropathies usually start with enthesitis and peripheral arthritis. However, axial disease may develop afterward. Patients are most often classified, following revised (Edmonton 2011) ILAR criteria, as enthesitis-related arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or unclassified juvenile idiopathic arthritis, particularly in cases of psoriasis in the patient or a first-degree relative. In adults, peripheral spondyloarthritis is classified by ASAS criteria. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients with childhood-onset spondyloarthropathies followed for more than one year in our referral centre...
April 2, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566759/impairment-of-microcirculation-and-vascular-responsiveness-in-adolescents-with-primary-raynaud-phenomenon
#15
Bernadett Mosdósi, Kata Bölcskei, Zsuzsanna Helyes
BACKGROUND: Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a functional vascular disease, presenting with recurrent episodes of ischemia of extremities in response to cold and emotional stress. Investigating cutaneous microcirculation is an important tool in understanding the complex neuro-immuno-vascular interactions in its pathophysiological mechanisms. Since there is no available data on vascular responsiveness in RP in the paediatric population, we investigated skin perfusion and heat-induced hyperaemia in comparison with clinical severity and laboratory parameters of the disease...
March 23, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562920/the-safety-of-live-attenuated-vaccines-in-patients-using-il-1-or-il-6-blockade-an-international-survey
#16
Jerold Jeyaratnam, Nienke M Ter Haar, Helen J Lachmann, Ozgur Kasapcopur, Amanda K Ombrello, Donato Rigante, Fatma Dedeoglu, Ezgi H Baris, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Nico M Wulffraat, Joost Frenkel
BACKGROUND: Withholding live-attenuated vaccines in patients using interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6 blocking agents is recommended by guidelines for both pediatric and adult rheumatic diseases, since there is a risk of infection in an immune suppressed host. However, this has never been studied. This retrospective, multicenter survey aimed to evaluate the safety of live-attenuated vaccines in patients using IL-1 or IL-6 blockade. METHODS: We contacted physicians involved in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases to investigate potential cases...
March 21, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540190/development-of-neoplasms-in-pediatric-patients-with-rheumatic-disease-exposed-to-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-therapies-a-single-centre-retrospective-study
#17
Alexandra Okihiro, Rachana Hasija, Lillia Fung, Bonnie Cameron, Brian M Feldman, Ronald Laxer, Rayfel Schneider, Earl Silverman, Lynn Spiegel, Rae S M Yeung, Shirley M L Tse
BACKGROUND: Anti-TNF (Tumor necrosis factor) therapy is effective in treating pediatric patients with refractory rheumatic disease. There is however a concern that anti-TNF usage may increase the risk of malignancy. Reports on specific types of malignancy in this patient population have been emerging over the past decade, but there is a need for additional malignancy reports, as these events are rare. Therefore, a retrospective chart review was performed on the biologic database of pediatric rheumatology patients at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) from 1997 to 2013 for neoplasms, patient demographic information and rheumatologic treatment course...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540181/improvement-of-medication-adherence-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-sle-using-web-based-education-with-and-without-a-social-media-intervention-a-pilot-study
#18
Lisabeth V Scalzi, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Emily Mascuilli, Nancy Olsen
BACKGROUND: Self-management skills, including medication management, are vital to the health of adolescents and young adults with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and preliminary effects of an online educational program in a cohort of adolescent and young adults with SLE with and without a social media (SM) experience. METHODS: Adolescents and young adults with SLE participated weekly for 8 sessions on a web-based educational program about SLE created specifically for this project...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523211/pediatric-rheumatology-infusion-center-report-on-therapeutic-protocols-and-infusions-given-over-4-years-with-focus-on-adverse-events-over-1-year
#19
Surabhi S Vinod, Annelle B Reed, Jamelle Maxwell, Randy Q Cron, Matthew L Stoll
BACKGROUND: Children with chronic rheumatic disease often require intravenous (IV) therapy. Our center has instituted standardized protocols for use of IV medications in rheumatology patients. Herein, we introduce the therapeutic protocols and report on their short-term safety. METHODS: This was an institutional review board (IRB) approved retrospective chart review of all patients who had received IV infusions between the years 2012 and 2015 at a single center, prescribed by a pediatric rheumatologist...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499726/varicella-zoster-virus-vaccination-in-immunosuppressed-children-with-rheumatic-diseases-using-a-pre-vaccination-check-list
#20
Fabian Speth, Claas H Hinze, Susanne Andel, Thomas Mertens, Johannes-Peter Haas
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to apply the varicella zoster virus (VZV) vaccine to patients with pediatric rheumatic diseases (PRD) at risk for severe chickenpox, without interrupting their current immunosuppression, including biological agents, using an immunological-based pre-vaccination checklist to assure safety. A pre-vaccination checklist was implemented to ensure adequate immune competence prior to immunization. METHODS: This prospective study included seronegative patients (VZV-IgG ≤200 mIU/ml) and patients who had previously received only a single dose of VZV vaccine...
March 2, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
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