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Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP

Eric Rubenstein, Maureen S Durkin, Rebecca A Harrington, Russell S Kirby, Laura A Schieve, Julie Daniels
OBJECTIVE: Mothers of advanced maternal age (AMA) at childbirth (age ≥35 years) may have different perceptions of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk, independent of sociodemographic factors, that may affect ASD identification. We aimed to estimate associations between AMA and both age of a child's first evaluation noting developmental concerns and time from first evaluation to first ASD diagnosis. METHODS: We used data for 8-year-olds identified with ASD in the 2008 to 2012 Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Megan R Schaefer, Scott T Wagoner, Margaret E Young, Alana Resmini Rawlinson, Jan Kavookjian, Steven K Shapiro, Wendy N Gray
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of medication nonadherence using both objective and subjective data and to compare the differences between these measures in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Fifty-four participants enrolled. Frequency (mean percent of prescribed doses not taken) of nonadherence was measured using subjective (visual analog scale) and objective (pill count and electronic monitoring) methods...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jesús David Charry-Sánchez, Iván Pradilla, Claudia Talero-Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the results of controlled studies evaluating the effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) in children. METHODS: Eleven databases were searched following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement recommendations, and references from included studies and previous reviews were examined. No date or language filters were applied. Only controlled study designs, including those using wait-list controls, that studied a specific condition or illness were included...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Laura McLaughlin, Sarah A Keim, Andrew Adesman
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical characteristics associated with wandering in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the impact on families, and how medical and educational professionals address wandering. METHODS: An anonymous, online questionnaire was distributed through autism-related organizations to parents of children with ASD. The questionnaire asked about demographics, developmental diagnoses, past wandering behavior, and impact of wandering on parents...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales, Timothy W Collins, Ricardo Rubio
OBJECTIVE: To determine how transitions into and out of varying degrees of food insecurity impact children's academic competencies, executive functioning, and social skills (i.e., self-control, interpersonal skills, externalizing behaviors, and internalizing behaviors). METHOD: Data come from the nationally representative kindergarten and first-grade waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (2010-2011); 11,958 children attending 1289 schools are included...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Helen Koechlin, Carolina Donado, Charles B Berde, Joe Kossowsky
OBJECTIVES: Stressful life events (SLEs) have been associated with adjustment problems in adolescence (APA) in cross-sectional studies. Using a longitudinal cohort, we examined the influence of these events and predefined covariates on APA and compared internalizing and externalizing trajectories among children with many versus few SLEs. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. One thousand three hundred sixty-four children and their families were followed from child's birth until age 15 years...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Ian M Paul, Kameron J Moding, Jennifer S Savage, Emily E Hohman, Leann L Birch
OBJECTIVE: Infants higher on negative reactivity and lower on regulation, aspects of temperament, have increased obesity risk. Responsive parenting (RP) has been shown to impact the expression of temperament, including the developing ability to regulate negative emotions. The aim of this analysis was to test the effects of the INSIGHT study's RP intervention designed for the primary prevention of obesity on reported and observed infant negativity and regulation. METHODS: The sample included 240 mother-infant dyads randomized 2 weeks after birth to the RP intervention or a safety control intervention...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jennifer Coto, Alexis Garcia, Katie C Hart, Paulo A Graziano
OBJECTIVE: To examine within an at-risk/clinical sample of preschool-aged children with externalizing problems: (1) which disruptive behavior and attention disorder symptoms (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and oppositionality/aggression) and (2) what aspects of parenting (e.g., discipline practices or stress) are related to children's sleep problems (e.g., sleep habit and night waking problems). METHOD: The sample consisted of 148 children (meanage = 5...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Melissa L Engel, Dominika A Winiarski, Brooke L Reidy, Patricia A Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Somatic complaints, often associated with concurrent and future internalizing symptoms and disorders in adult samples, were examined longitudinally from preschool to school age in a sample of children at an increased familial risk for psychopathology. The behavioral correlates and sex differences of somatic complaints and the persistence of these complaints across early childhood were examined. METHOD: A longitudinal sample of 185 mothers completed a laboratory visit when children were preschool aged and an online follow-up when children were school aged...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Catherine A Taylor, Julia M Fleckman, Seth J Scholer, Nelson Branco
OBJECTIVE: To assess United States pediatricians' attitudes, beliefs, and perceived professional injunctive norms regarding spanking. METHOD: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to a nationwide random sample of 1500 pediatricians in the US, drawn from a database maintained by IMS Health. Four survey mailings were conducted and cash incentives of up to $20 were provided. The response rate was 53% (N = 787). RESULTS: Most respondents were members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (85%), had been practicing physicians for 15 years or more (66%), and were white (69%) and female (59%)...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Mireille J C M Augustijn, Eva DʼHondt, Lore Van Acker, Ann De Guchtenaere, Matthieu Lenoir, Karen Caeyenberghs, Frederik J A Deconinck
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare motor competence and executive functioning (EF) between children with obesity and peers with healthy weight. Additionally, the predictive value of motor competence and EF in weight loss after a 5-month multidisciplinary residential treatment program was examined. METHODS: Thirty-two children with obesity (7-11 years, 14 boys) and 32 age-matched controls (18 boys) performed 8 motor skill tasks and 4 tasks of EF (only at baseline)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Mireia Orgilés, Patricia Penosa, Alexandra Morales, Iván Fernández-Martínez, José P Espada
OBJECTIVE: Maternal anxiety is known to be associated with childhood separation anxiety. However, there is little research on the mediating factors of this relationship, despite the possible consequences separation anxiety might have for children's development and autonomy. The objective of this study was to analyze the possible mediating effects of 4 parenting styles (overprotective, assertive, punitive, and inhibited) on the relationship between maternal anxiety and child separation anxiety...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Nerissa S Bauer, Paula D Sullivan, Dorota Szczepaniak, Sarah M Stelzner, Amy Pottenger, Susan Ofner, Stephen M Downs, Aaron E Carroll
OBJECTIVE: Group visits (GVs) are a promising intervention, but more work is needed to establish intervention effects. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of GVs and compare them with individual visits (INDs) for chronic care of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Caregivers and children (6-12 yrs) with ADHD participated in a comparative effectiveness trial from April 2014 to June 2015. Families were offered ADHD follow-up every 3 months as GVs versus INDs...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Nathan J Blum, Justine Shults, Elizabeth Harstad, Susan Wiley, Marilyn Augustyn, Jareen K Meinzen-Derr, Mark L Wolraich, William J Barbaresi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of stimulants and alpha-2 agonists (A2As) for the treatment of preschool-aged children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at 2 Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Research Network sites. METHODS: Demographic information, diagnoses, and medications prescribed by developmental-behavioral pediatricians (DBPs) were extracted from the electronic health record for all outpatient visits from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2011...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Lourdes Ezpeleta, José Blas Navarro, Núria de la Osa, Eva Penelo, Antoni Bulbena
OBJECTIVE: To obtain joint hypermobility classes in children from the general population and to study their characteristics in relation to anxiety measures. METHODS: A total of 336 nine-year-old children from the general population were clinically assessed through 9 items of hypermobility, and their parents reported about the severity of anxiety symptoms. Latent class analysis was estimated to group the children according to the presence of hypermobility symptoms, and the obtained classes were related to anxiety...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Nicole Racine, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: This study examines risk and protective factors for externalizing behavior in children aged 3 years to inform early interventions and enhance school readiness. METHOD: A total of 1314 mothers participating in a longitudinal study completed questionnaires when their children turned 2 years and again at the age of 3 years. Externalizing behavior was assessed using a short version of the Child Behavior Checklist. Risk and protective factors included the child's characteristics, maternal mental health and disposition, socioeconomic status, and community engagement and child care...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kristina E Patrick, Felicia Hurewitz, Mark D McCurdy, Frederic Taylor Agate, Brian P Daly, Reem A Tarazi, Douglas L Chute, Maria T Schultheis
OBJECTIVE: Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are reluctant to pursue driving because of concerns about their ability to drive safely. This study aimed to assess differences in simulated driving performance in young adults with ASD and typical development, examining relationships between driving performance and the level of experience (none, driver's permit, licensed) across increasingly difficult driving environments. METHOD: Participants included 50 English-speaking young adults (16-26 years old) with ASD matched for sex, age, and licensure with 50 typically-developing (TD) peers...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Dexter M Thomas, Leah M Lipsky, Aiyi Liu, Tonja R Nansel
OBJECTIVE: Informed by the family stress and family investment models, this study investigated whether income is indirectly related to adherence and glycemic control through parenting constructs among youth with type 1 diabetes (TID). METHODS: Youth and their families (n = 390) from 4 geographically dispersed pediatric endocrinology clinics in the United States were participants in a multisite clinical trial from 2006 to 2009 examining the efficacy of a clinic-integrated behavioral intervention targeting family disease management for youth with TID...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Roberto Baiocco, Nicola Carone, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: Seventy gay fathers through surrogacy, 125 lesbian mothers through donor insemination, and 195 heterosexual parents through spontaneous conception, all with children aged 3 to 11 years and living in Italy, were compared on children's psychological adjustment and prosocial behavior, as well as parental self-efficacy, dyadic adjustment, family cohesion, and flexibility. Associations among family structures, family processes, and child health outcomes were also tested. METHODS: Participants were matched for child characteristics...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Steven J Howard, Kate E Williams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which early self-regulation and early changes in self-regulation are associated with adolescents' academic, health, and mental well-being outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected from 1 of the cohorts in a large dual-cohort cross-sequential study of Australian children. This cohort consisted of a nationally representative data set of 4983 Australian children assessed at 4 to 5 years of age, who were followed longitudinally to 14 to 15 years of age...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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