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Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP

Allison G Dempsey, Amy K Barton, Andrea F Duncan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of digital-based screening is a feasible approach to monitoring child development, it is necessary to assess young children's abilities to interface with touch screen technology. The primary objectives of this exploratory feasibility study with a randomized experimental design were to determine (1) whether young children respond differently to developmental tasks on paper versus tablet device and (2) whether responses to items presented digitally differed according to hours of weekly exposure to touch screen technology in the home...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Ami C Bax, David E Bard, Steven P Cuffe, Robert E McKeown, Mark L Wolraich
OBJECTIVE: Assessing race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) relationships with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnosis, treatment, and access to care has yielded inconsistent results often based only on parent-report. In contrast, this study used broader ADHD diagnostic determination including case-definition to examine these relationships in a multisite elementary-school-based sample. METHOD: Secondary analysis of children with and without ADHD per parent and teacher-reported Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria evaluated SES, race/ethnicity, and other variables through simple bivariate/multivariable models within and across: parent-reported diagnosis, medication treatment, and meeting ADHD study case-definition...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Marisa Meyer, Victoria Adkins, Nalingna Yuan, Heidi M Weeks, Yung-Ju Chang, Jenny Radesky
OBJECTIVE: Young children use mobile devices on average 1 hour/day, but no studies have examined the prevalence of advertising in children's apps. The objective of this study was to describe the advertising content of popular children's apps. METHODS: To create a coding scheme, we downloaded and played 39 apps played by children aged 12 months to 5 years in a pilot study of a mobile sensing app; 2 researchers played each app, took detailed notes on the design of advertisements, and iteratively refined the codebook (interrater reliability 0...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Dana C Won, Heidi M Feldman, Lynne C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and combined ASD + ADHD who had sleep problems documented by developmental-behavioral pediatricians at diagnostic and follow-up visits at 12 US academic medical centers comprising the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Research Network (DBPNet) and to identify the predictors of sleep problem documentation. METHODS: Developmental-behavioral pediatricians completed encounter forms that covered sociodemographic, medical, clinician, and visit factors...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Inbal Globus, Yael Latzer, Oded Pshetatzki, Carmit Shani Levi, Ron Shaoul, Iris Elad, Geila S Rozen
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether professional behavioral and nutritional training for first-time mothers can improve feeding interaction at age 12 months. METHODS: Participants were 128 mother-infant dyads: 86 in the intervention group and 42 in the control group. The mean mothers' age was 30 years (±2.6). The intervention group received Mother-Infant Feeding Interaction (MI-FI) training: 4 weekly workshops for mothers when infants were aged 4 to 6 months old, followed by internet-based support by a dietitian and social worker until infants reached age 12 months...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kristen R Choi, Molly C Easterlin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic literature review is to examine interventions designed to improve access to behavioral health services among youth in the United States and to identify how the concept of access to health care has been measured and conceptualized in these studies. METHOD: The review used a systematic search strategy to identify articles published in medical, nursing, and psychological literature. The search yielded 579 initial articles, of which 69 appeared to be candidates for inclusion in the review...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Stephanie Brown, Jon Quach, Peter J Anderson, Fiona Mensah, Gehan Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Prematurity affects children's functioning in domains such as cognitive skills and math skills. However, there is limited research examining math skills as gestational age (GA) increases weekly. We aimed at determining, in a population-based cohort of children aged 8 to 9 years, the association between the GA spectrum and math skills and working memory's (WM's) role in this relationship. METHODS: Children aged 8 to 9 years in 2014 (n = 1761), from 44 primary schools in a metropolitan city, were recruited through the Memory Maestros study in 2012...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Loreta Thomaidis, Antigoni Choleva, Miltiades Kyprianou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Walter Zahorodny, Josephine Shenouda, Uday Mehta, Emily Yee, Patricia Garcia, Mangala Rajan, Madeleine Goldfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Megan Y Roberts, Philip Curtis, Ryne Estabrook, Elizabeth S Norton, Matthew M Davis, James Burns, Margaret Briggs-Gowan, Amelie Petitclerc, Lauren S Wakschlag
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to investigate the association between the 2 most commonly reported parental concerns about young children-disruptive behavior (e.g., irritable, aggressive, and noncompliant behaviors) and language delay in toddlers. To test for salient subgroup differences, individual differences by the sex of the child and family poverty status were examined. METHODS: Participants included 1259 mothers of children between 18 and 36 months of age...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Marie Reilly, Vanessa Desousa, Alexandra Garza-Flores, Ellen C Perrin
BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness and exposure in both the medical community and the lay media about the characteristics and complex needs of individuals who believe that their gender identity does not match their birth sex. Despite research and lay publications about teens with gender dysphoria and those who identify as transgender, little guidance is available regarding young (prepubertal) children with questions about their gender identity. Although many terms are used to describe these children, we have chosen to describe them as "gender nonconforming" (GNC)...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Colleen F Bechtel Driscoll, Joanna Buscemi, Grayson N Holmbeck
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between 3 distinct parent factors (parent personal distress, parenting stress, and spina bifida (SB)-specific parenting stress) and youth and parent proxy reports of youth health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over time. METHOD: Participants were recruited as part of a longitudinal study, and data were collected at 3 time points, spaced 2 years apart. Parents and youth completed questionnaires, and youth completed neuropsychological assessment tasks to determine youth intelligence quotient during home visits...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
DePorres Cormier, Emily Jean Davidson, Amy Young, Marilyn Augustyn
Grant is a 13-year-old boy with trisomy 21 who presents with his mother for concerns regarding the emergence of several new disruptive behaviors. While he is verbal, he also communicates through an augmentative communication device. He currently attends a residential school. Over the past 2 months, he has begun spitting at the staff, engaging in self-injurious behaviors, placing his hands in his pants, and frequently talking about "pee and poop." Notably, Grant has undergone several changes to his educational placement and medical health over the past several months...
October 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Denise A Bothe, Karen N Olness, Charina Reyes
Currently, throughout the world, there are nearly 40 million children displaced by natural or man-made disasters. The special needs of children in disasters are often unrecognized, yet children comprise half of disaster victims. The purpose of this review is to provide information on (1) demographics related to children and disasters, both domestic and international; (2) risks for children who experience disasters; (3) programs that help children in disasters; and (4) training programs on the special needs of children in disasters...
October 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Eric Rubenstein, Maureen S Durkin, Rebecca A Harrington, Russell S Kirby, Laura A Schieve, Julie Daniels
OBJECTIVE: Mothers of advanced maternal age (AMA) at childbirth (age ≥35 years) may have different perceptions of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk, independent of sociodemographic factors, that may affect ASD identification. We aimed to estimate associations between AMA and both age of a child's first evaluation noting developmental concerns and time from first evaluation to first ASD diagnosis. METHODS: We used data for 8-year-olds identified with ASD in the 2008 to 2012 Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network...
October 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Helen Koechlin, Carolina Donado, Charles B Berde, Joe Kossowsky
OBJECTIVES: Stressful life events (SLEs) have been associated with adjustment problems in adolescence (APA) in cross-sectional studies. Using a longitudinal cohort, we examined the influence of these events and predefined covariates on APA and compared internalizing and externalizing trajectories among children with many versus few SLEs. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. One thousand three hundred sixty-four children and their families were followed from child's birth until age 15 years...
October 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jennifer Coto, Alexis Garcia, Katie C Hart, Paulo A Graziano
OBJECTIVE: To examine within an at-risk/clinical sample of preschool-aged children with externalizing problems: (1) which disruptive behavior and attention disorder symptoms (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and oppositionality/aggression) and (2) what aspects of parenting (e.g., discipline practices or stress) are related to children's sleep problems (e.g., sleep habit and night waking problems). METHOD: The sample consisted of 148 children (meanage = 5...
October 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Mireia Orgilés, Patricia Penosa, Alexandra Morales, Iván Fernández-Martínez, José P Espada
OBJECTIVE: Maternal anxiety is known to be associated with childhood separation anxiety. However, there is little research on the mediating factors of this relationship, despite the possible consequences separation anxiety might have for children's development and autonomy. The objective of this study was to analyze the possible mediating effects of 4 parenting styles (overprotective, assertive, punitive, and inhibited) on the relationship between maternal anxiety and child separation anxiety...
October 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Mireille J C M Augustijn, Eva DʼHondt, Lore Van Acker, Ann De Guchtenaere, Matthieu Lenoir, Karen Caeyenberghs, Frederik J A Deconinck
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare motor competence and executive functioning (EF) between children with obesity and peers with healthy weight. Additionally, the predictive value of motor competence and EF in weight loss after a 5-month multidisciplinary residential treatment program was examined. METHODS: Thirty-two children with obesity (7-11 years, 14 boys) and 32 age-matched controls (18 boys) performed 8 motor skill tasks and 4 tasks of EF (only at baseline)...
October 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Lisa Herzig, Nina de Lacy, George Capone, Jenny Radesky
Andrew is a 17-year-old male with trisomy 21, commonly known as Down syndrome, and accompanying severe intellectual disability who presents to your primary care office with his father for the first time to establish care and assistance with transition. Andrew has a history of a complete atrioventricular canal that was repaired as an infant and poorly controlled infantile spasms. Currently, he struggles with constipation, esophageal strictures, medullary nephrocalcinosis, urinary retention, sleep dysregulation, G-tube dependency, and hip dysplasia...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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