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Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP

DePorres Cormier, Emily Davidson, Amy Young, Marilyn Augustyn
Grant is a 13-year-old boy with trisomy 21 who presents with his mother for concerns regarding the emergence of several new disruptive behaviors. While he is verbal, he also communicates through an augmentative communication device. He currently attends a residential school. Over the past 2 months, he has begun spitting at the staff, engaging in self-injurious behaviors, placing his hands in his pants and frequently talking about "pee and poop." Notably, Grant has undergone several changes to his educational placement and medical health over the past several months...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Colleen F Bechtel Driscoll, Joanna Buscemi, Grayson N Holmbeck
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between 3 distinct parent factors (parent personal distress, parenting stress, and spina bifida (SB)-specific parenting stress) and youth and parent proxy reports of youth health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over time. METHOD: Participants were recruited as part of a longitudinal study, and data were collected at 3 time points, spaced 2 years apart. Parents and youth completed questionnaires, and youth completed neuropsychological assessment tasks to determine youth intelligence quotient during home visits...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Aubrey H Wang, Caroline Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: We examined how empirically and theoretically important predictors help explain the development of kindergarten working memory, an understudied predictor of school readiness and adjustment to schooling in early childhood. Our specific aim was to examine the extent to which antecedents, opportunity, and propensity variables directly and indirectly predict working memory development. METHODS: We conducted structural equation modeling on a nationally representative and longitudinal sample of 14,000 kindergarten students...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Paul Lanier, Allison Dunnigan, Patricia L Kohl
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is an adverse childhood experience associated with reductions in child well-being. This study examines whether an evidence-based parenting intervention delivered to families served by the child welfare system (CWS) affects pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHOD: This study is a randomized controlled trial of Pathways Triple P (PTP) delivered to families with open child welfare cases for child physical abuse or neglect (N = 119)...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
John A Fairbank, Ernestine C Briggs, Robert C Lee, Nida H Corry, Jacqueline C Pflieger, Ellen T Gerrity, Lisa M Amaya-Jackson, Valerie A Stander, Robert A Murphy
OBJECTIVE: Families experience multiple stressors as a result of military service. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among service member deployment experiences, family and military factors, and children's mental health using baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a study designed to evaluate the health and mental health effects of military service on families, including children. METHOD: This study examined administrative data on deployment status (combat, noncombat, and no deployments), as well as service member- and spouse-reported data on deployment experiences and family functioning in relation to the mental health of children in the family who were aged 9 to 17 years...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Denise A Bothe, Karen N Olness, Charina Reyes
Currently, throughout the world, there are nearly 40 million children displaced by natural or man-made disasters. The special needs of children in disasters are often unrecognized; yet children comprise half of disaster victims. The purpose of this review is to provide information on (1) demographics related to children and disasters, both domestic and international; (2) risks for children who experience disasters; (3) programs that help children in disasters; and (4) training programs on the special needs of children in disasters...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Anne M Gadomski, Moira R Riley, Melissa Scribani, Nancy Tallman
OBJECTIVE: To measure the effectiveness of the "Learn the Signs. Act Early." (LTSAE) educational materials in increasing parent engagement in developmental monitoring during well-child visits. METHODS: Exit surveys and analysis of audio-taped well-child visits were compared pre- versus post-LTSAE exposure. Before the LTSAE, parents were exposed to usual pediatric clinic developmental surveillance practices. After the LTSAE, parents received LTSAE materials before well-child visits, received age-specific LTSAE checklists at the clinic visit, and were exposed to LTSAE posters in examination rooms...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Chloe Beacham, Morganne Reid, Jessica Bradshaw, Meena Lambha, Lindsey Evans, Scott Gillespie, Cheryl Klaiman, Shana S Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To characterize children presenting with concerns for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) missed by parent-report screeners and to examine benefits of a combined screening approach with the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised (M-CHAT-R) and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire, Third Edition (ASQ-3). METHODS: Participants included were 154 children aged 16 to 42 months presenting for an evaluation at an autism center. Caregivers completed the M-CHAT-R, ASQ-3, and a demographic questionnaire...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Eric Rubenstein, Maureen S Durkin, Rebecca A Harrington, Russell S Kirby, Laura A Schieve, Julie Daniels
OBJECTIVE: Mothers of advanced maternal age (AMA) at childbirth (age ≥35 years) may have different perceptions of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk, independent of sociodemographic factors, that may affect ASD identification. We aimed to estimate associations between AMA and both age of a child's first evaluation noting developmental concerns and time from first evaluation to first ASD diagnosis. METHODS: We used data for 8-year-olds identified with ASD in the 2008 to 2012 Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Megan R Schaefer, Scott T Wagoner, Margaret E Young, Alana Resmini Rawlinson, Jan Kavookjian, Steven K Shapiro, Wendy N Gray
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of medication nonadherence using both objective and subjective data and to compare the differences between these measures in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Fifty-four participants enrolled. Frequency (mean percent of prescribed doses not taken) of nonadherence was measured using subjective (visual analog scale) and objective (pill count and electronic monitoring) methods...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales, Timothy W Collins, Ricardo Rubio
OBJECTIVE: To determine how transitions into and out of varying degrees of food insecurity impact children's academic competencies, executive functioning, and social skills (i.e., self-control, interpersonal skills, externalizing behaviors, and internalizing behaviors). METHOD: Data come from the nationally representative kindergarten and first-grade waves of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (2010-2011); 11,958 children attending 1289 schools are included...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Lisa Herzig, Nina de Lacy, George Capone, Jenny Radesky
Andrew is a 17-year-old male with trisomy 21, commonly known as Down syndrome, and accompanying severe intellectual disability who presents to your primary care office with his father for the first time to establish care and assistance with transition. Andrew has a history of a complete atrioventricular canal that was repaired as an infant and poorly controlled infantile spasms. Currently, he struggles with constipation, esophageal strictures, medullary nephrocalcinosis, urinary retention, sleep dysregulation, G-tube dependency, and hip dysplasia...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jesús David Charry-Sánchez, Iván Pradilla, Claudia Talero-Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the results of controlled studies evaluating the effectiveness of animal-assisted therapy (AAT) in children. METHODS: Eleven databases were searched following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement recommendations, and references from included studies and previous reviews were examined. No date or language filters were applied. Only controlled study designs, including those using wait-list controls, that studied a specific condition or illness were included...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Laura McLaughlin, Sarah A Keim, Andrew Adesman
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical characteristics associated with wandering in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the impact on families, and how medical and educational professionals address wandering. METHODS: An anonymous, online questionnaire was distributed through autism-related organizations to parents of children with ASD. The questionnaire asked about demographics, developmental diagnoses, past wandering behavior, and impact of wandering on parents...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Melissa L Engel, Dominika A Winiarski, Brooke L Reidy, Patricia A Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Somatic complaints, often associated with concurrent and future internalizing symptoms and disorders in adult samples, were examined longitudinally from preschool to school age in a sample of children at an increased familial risk for psychopathology. The behavioral correlates and sex differences of somatic complaints and the persistence of these complaints across early childhood were examined. METHOD: A longitudinal sample of 185 mothers completed a laboratory visit when children were preschool aged and an online follow-up when children were school aged...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Catherine A Taylor, Julia M Fleckman, Seth J Scholer, Nelson Branco
OBJECTIVE: To assess United States pediatricians' attitudes, beliefs, and perceived professional injunctive norms regarding spanking. METHOD: A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to a nationwide random sample of 1500 pediatricians in the US, drawn from a database maintained by IMS Health. Four survey mailings were conducted and cash incentives of up to $20 were provided. The response rate was 53% (N = 787). RESULTS: Most respondents were members of the American Academy of Pediatrics (85%), had been practicing physicians for 15 years or more (66%), and were white (69%) and female (59%)...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Nathan J Blum, Justine Shults, Elizabeth Harstad, Susan Wiley, Marilyn Augustyn, Jareen K Meinzen-Derr, Mark L Wolraich, William J Barbaresi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of stimulants and alpha-2 agonists (A2As) for the treatment of preschool-aged children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at 2 Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Research Network sites. METHODS: Demographic information, diagnoses, and medications prescribed by developmental-behavioral pediatricians (DBPs) were extracted from the electronic health record for all outpatient visits from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2011...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Nicole Racine, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVE: This study examines risk and protective factors for externalizing behavior in children aged 3 years to inform early interventions and enhance school readiness. METHOD: A total of 1314 mothers participating in a longitudinal study completed questionnaires when their children turned 2 years and again at the age of 3 years. Externalizing behavior was assessed using a short version of the Child Behavior Checklist. Risk and protective factors included the child's characteristics, maternal mental health and disposition, socioeconomic status, and community engagement and child care...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Roberto Baiocco, Nicola Carone, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi
OBJECTIVE: Seventy gay fathers through surrogacy, 125 lesbian mothers through donor insemination, and 195 heterosexual parents through spontaneous conception, all with children aged 3 to 11 years and living in Italy, were compared on children's psychological adjustment and prosocial behavior, as well as parental self-efficacy, dyadic adjustment, family cohesion, and flexibility. Associations among family structures, family processes, and child health outcomes were also tested. METHODS: Participants were matched for child characteristics...
September 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Surbhi Gupta, Andrea Caskey, Neelkamal Soares, Marilyn Augustyn
Sam is a 6-year-old boy with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who recently relocated and has an appointment with you, his new pediatric clinician, to establish care. He was previously followed by a psychiatrist for 2 years for additional diagnoses of insomnia, bipolar disorder, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. He has tried and (apparently) failed multiple psychotropic trials including stimulants, nonstimulants, mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotics, and nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics...
July 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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