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Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP

Mari Hysing, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Trond Markestad, Irene Elgen, Børge Sivertsen
OBJECTIVE: Infants born with gestation-related risks (low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), and prematurely born infants) are faced with a cascade of developmental issues. The aim of this study was to investigate whether infants with gestation-related risks have different patterns of parent-reported sleep duration and nocturnal awakenings than children without these risk factors. METHODS: Information on sleep duration and nocturnal awakenings was obtained by parental report at age 6 and 18 months in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, which is a population-based longitudinal pregnancy cohort study conducted at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Anandi C Ehman, Sasja A Schepers, Sean Phipps
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the relationship of optimism and connectedness with psychological adjustment outcomes in children with cancer and determine whether these relations differ for children with cancer and comparison peers. METHODS: Participants were 155 children with cancer and 143 comparison youth without a history of cancer, aged 8 to 17 years at study entry who were followed longitudinally over a 3-year period. Participants completed self-report measures at 3 time points: baseline optimism at study entry (T1), connectedness at 1 year after baseline (T2), and emotional symptoms at 3 years after baseline (T3)...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Michael S Scheeringa
OBJECTIVE: The ability to reliably detect posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms that require treatment in young children through universal screening efforts is a critical step toward providing appropriate treatment. The developmental differences in this age group compared to older youths pose challenges for accurate detection. A brief age-appropriate screen has not yet been quantitatively validated. This study aimed to address that gap by creating a rapid and brief screen based on empirical data that focused on sensitivity and face validity for children aged 3 to 6 years...
December 31, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Roxanna Camfferman, Shelley Maria Cornelia Van der Veek, Ralph Christian Alexander Rippe, Judi Mesman
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between maternal cognitions related to promoting a healthy lifestyle in their child (i.e., self-efficacy, perceived benefits of and perceived barriers toward a healthy lifestyle), maternal feeding practices, children's eating styles, and child weight status in children aged 4 to 6 years. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire data were collected in 251 Dutch mothers of preschoolers (100 during a home visit and 151 online). Structural equation modeling was used to test the fit of a model that assumed maternal health cognitions would predict maternal feeding practices, which in turn would predict children's eating styles and child weight status...
December 31, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Catherine C Peterson, Jessica Riggs, Katherine Guyon-Harris, Lauren Harrison, Alissa Huth-Bocks
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) can adversely affect children's cognitive development, but links between IPV exposure and language development in the earliest years of life remain unknown. The present study examined the effects of IPV and the quality of the home environment on children's language development at age 3 years. METHODS: In a prospective, 5-panel, longitudinal study of 79 mother-child dyads assessed prenatally to age 3 years, we examined standardized measures of receptive and expressive language development at age 3 years...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Elizabeth M White, Mark D DeBoer, Rebecca J Scharf
OBJECTIVE: The development of self-competence and self-efficacy is important to achieving academic, social, and career success. Examining whether performing chores in early elementary school contributes to later self-competence is needed. METHODS: We analyzed data from 9971 children participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten 2011 cohort entering kindergarten in the United States in 2010 to 2011. During kindergarten, parents reported the frequency with which their child performed chores...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Anneke E Olson, Hyoun K Kim, Jacqueline Bruce, Philip A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Children who have experienced maltreatment and subsequent placement in foster care are at increased risk of problem behavior. Increased knowledge of the development of problem behavior in this population, particularly during toddlerhood, can greatly inform preventive intervention efforts. This study examined variability in problem behavior among toddlers entering new foster care placements and identified related child and parenting characteristics. METHODS: Ninety-one toddlers in foster care (mean = 2...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Michelle Teti, Nancy Cheak-Zamora, L A Bauerband, Anna Maurer-Batjer
OBJECTIVES: Caregivers play a critical role in educating their youth with autism about sex and relationships; yet, we know little about caregivers' ability to deliver this support, youth's perspectives, or the congruence of youth and caregiver experiences. To help fill this gap, we explored and compared the perspectives of caregivers and their youth with autism spectrum disorder about and interactions regarding sex and relationships. METHODS: We conducted qualitative one-on-one interviews with youth (n = 27) and focus groups with their caregivers (n = 29)...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Hannah R Canty, Alicia Sauter, Katharine Zuckerman, Maritza Cobian, Tamara Grigsby
OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively assess mothers' perspectives on barriers to and facilitators of follow-up of at-risk postpartum depression (PPD) screening test results. METHODS: We conducted semistructured qualitative telephone interviews with 17 women who scored in the moderate or high-risk range on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Interviews explored personal experience with depressive symptoms, barriers and facilitators to receiving mental health care postpartum, and suggestions for primary care follow-up of at-risk screens...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Allison G Dempsey, Amy K Barton, Andrea F Duncan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of digital-based screening is a feasible approach to monitoring child development, it is necessary to assess young children's abilities to interface with touch screen technology. The primary objectives of this exploratory feasibility study with a randomized experimental design were to determine (1) whether young children respond differently to developmental tasks on paper versus tablet device and (2) whether responses to items presented digitally differed according to hours of weekly exposure to touch screen technology in the home...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Ami C Bax, David E Bard, Steven P Cuffe, Robert E McKeown, Mark L Wolraich
OBJECTIVE: Assessing race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES) relationships with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnosis, treatment, and access to care has yielded inconsistent results often based only on parent-report. In contrast, this study used broader ADHD diagnostic determination including case-definition to examine these relationships in a multisite elementary-school-based sample. METHOD: Secondary analysis of children with and without ADHD per parent and teacher-reported Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria evaluated SES, race/ethnicity, and other variables through simple bivariate/multivariable models within and across: parent-reported diagnosis, medication treatment, and meeting ADHD study case-definition...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Marisa Meyer, Victoria Adkins, Nalingna Yuan, Heidi M Weeks, Yung-Ju Chang, Jenny Radesky
OBJECTIVE: Young children use mobile devices on average 1 hour/day, but no studies have examined the prevalence of advertising in children's apps. The objective of this study was to describe the advertising content of popular children's apps. METHODS: To create a coding scheme, we downloaded and played 39 apps played by children aged 12 months to 5 years in a pilot study of a mobile sensing app; 2 researchers played each app, took detailed notes on the design of advertisements, and iteratively refined the codebook (interrater reliability 0...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Jason Fogler, Jocelyn Kuhn, Lisa Prock, Jenny Radesky, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich
James is a 7½-year-old boy born in Vietnam to a mother with mental illness. Little is known about his early history; he spent the first 6 months of his life in an orphanage, followed by foster care and a disrupted adoption. He moved to the U.S. at age 1½ and joined his current adoptive family at age 4 years. Shortly thereafter, James' psychiatric nurse practitioner diagnosed him with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Pragmatic language and syntax deficits were also noted from an early age...
January 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Dana C Won, Heidi M Feldman, Lynne C Huffman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the percentage of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and combined ASD + ADHD who had sleep problems documented by developmental-behavioral pediatricians at diagnostic and follow-up visits at 12 US academic medical centers comprising the Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Research Network (DBPNet) and to identify the predictors of sleep problem documentation. METHODS: Developmental-behavioral pediatricians completed encounter forms that covered sociodemographic, medical, clinician, and visit factors...
January 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kaitlyn Ahlers, Terisa P Gabrielsen, Allison Ellzey, Anna Brady, April Litchford, Jason Fox, Quang-Tuyen Nguyen, Paul S Carbone
OBJECTIVES: Wait times for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) evaluations are long, thereby delaying access to ASD-specific services. We asked how our traditional care model (requiring all patients to see psychologists for ASD diagnostic decisions) compared to an alternative model that better utilizes the available clinicians, including initial evaluation by speech, audiology, and pediatrics (trained in Level 2 autism screening tools). Pediatricians could diagnose immediately if certain about diagnosis but could refer uncertain cases to psychology...
January 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Stephanie Brown, Jon Quach, Peter J Anderson, Fiona Mensah, Gehan Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Prematurity affects children's functioning in domains such as cognitive skills and math skills. However, there is limited research examining math skills as gestational age (GA) increases weekly. We aimed at determining, in a population-based cohort of children aged 8 to 9 years, the association between the GA spectrum and math skills and working memory's (WM's) role in this relationship. METHODS: Children aged 8 to 9 years in 2014 (n = 1761), from 44 primary schools in a metropolitan city, were recruited through the Memory Maestros study in 2012...
January 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Aubrey H Wang, Caroline Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: We examined how empirically and theoretically important predictors help explain the development of kindergarten working memory, an understudied predictor of school readiness and adjustment to schooling in early childhood. Our specific aim was to examine the extent to which antecedents, opportunity, and propensity variables directly and indirectly predict working memory development. METHODS: We conducted structural equation modeling on a nationally representative and longitudinal sample of 14,000 kindergarten students...
January 2019: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kathryn Idol Xixis, Ashley Ham, Adam Farmer, Angie Allman, Marilyn Augustyn
A 6-year-old boy with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) presented to primary care for a new-patient, transfer-of-care evaluation. At the initial encounter, the patient used a maximum of 60 words and was receiving speech and language therapy (SLT) through school. Family history was positive for seizures in the father and paternal grandfather as well as ASD in an older brother. Referrals to genetics, private SLT, and an autism specialist were offered, although the latter was declined by family. The subsequent genetics evaluation resulted in discovery of a small gain on chromosome 1q42...
December 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Megan Y Roberts, Philip Curtis, Ryne Estabrook, Elizabeth S Norton, Matthew M Davis, James Burns, Margaret Briggs-Gowan, Amelie Petitclerc, Lauren S Wakschlag
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to investigate the association between the 2 most commonly reported parental concerns about young children-disruptive behavior (e.g., irritable, aggressive, and noncompliant behaviors) and language delay in toddlers. To test for salient subgroup differences, individual differences by the sex of the child and family poverty status were examined. METHODS: Participants included 1259 mothers of children between 18 and 36 months of age...
December 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Colleen F Bechtel Driscoll, Joanna Buscemi, Grayson N Holmbeck
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between 3 distinct parent factors (parent personal distress, parenting stress, and spina bifida (SB)-specific parenting stress) and youth and parent proxy reports of youth health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over time. METHOD: Participants were recruited as part of a longitudinal study, and data were collected at 3 time points, spaced 2 years apart. Parents and youth completed questionnaires, and youth completed neuropsychological assessment tasks to determine youth intelligence quotient during home visits...
December 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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