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Journal of Pediatric Urology

Marjan Waterloos, Tom Claeys, Maxime Sempels, Erik Van Laecke, Piet Hoebeke, Anne-Françoise Spinoit
The adrenogenital syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder in which an enzyme defect in the steroid pathway leads to excessive prenatal exposure of androgens. In the female fetus, masculinization of the external genitalia is observed. Surgery aims for functional and aesthetical reconstruction. Many techniques have been described. A video of our modified pull-through reconstruction technique is hereby presented. A retrospective descriptive database was created with patients who underwent genitoplasty for a CAH-associated genital condition...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
K Taghavi, I Mushtaq
Retroperitoneoscopic heminephrectomy has multiple potential benefits in both infants and children. This article reviewed technical aspects of the procedure, and provided illustrations and an operative video demonstration. The vital first step is a 'critical view' of the collecting system/vascular supply of both upper/lower moieties. Dividing the lateral renal attachments later in the dissection allows passive retraction of the hilum, facilitating this dissection.
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Michael Chua, Christopher Welsh, Bisma Amir, Jan Michael Silangcruz, Jessica Ming, Michele Gnech, Stephanie Sanger, Armando Lorenzo, Luis H Braga, Darius Bägli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
J M Zillioux, J N Jackson, C D A Herndon, S T Corbett, N G Kern
INTRODUCTION: Congenitalism is an emerging field that recognizes the complex needs of adult patients with congenital urologic issues. Despite the onset of transitional care clinics, these patients remain difficult to care for due to resource availability, insurance coverage, and multi-disciplinary needs. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to characterize practice patterns and opinions regarding care for urologic transition patients. DESIGN: An anonymous 20-question survey was sent to members of the Society of Pediatric Urology listserv...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Katherine W Herbst, Luke Harper, Nicolas Kalfa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Briony K Varda, Patricia Cho, Andrew A Wagner, Richard S Lee
BACKGROUND: In adult urologic oncology the use of robotics has become commonplace; in pediatric urology it is rare. Herein, we describe a collaboration between an adult and a pediatric urologist performing robotic surgery for children and young adults with suspicious or cancerous genitourinary (GU) lesions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical and oncologic outcomes in children and young adults undergoing robotic surgery for suspicious or cancerous lesions of the GU tract; to describe our collaborative model between an adult and pediatric surgeon at a free-standing children's hospital...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
D A Friedlander, W W Ludwig, J R Jayman, A Akhavan
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic injection of a bulking agent is a common first-line approach to the treatment of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). While early outcomes are comparable to open ureteroneocystotomy, 5-25% of children will eventually develop recurrent reflux necessitating repeat injections or open ureteral reimplantation. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prior endoscopic injection of a bulking agent impacts outcomes of subsequent open ureteral reimplantation. STUDY DESIGN: Using a retrospective cohort design, radiographic and clinical outcomes of open ureteral reimplantation were compared between patients with and without prior endoscopic correction of reflux...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Michela Cing Yu Wong, Maria Beatrice Damasio, Giorgio Piaggio, Girolamo Mattioli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
L Harper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Stefano Guarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ruiyang Jiang, Steven Wolf, Muhammad H Alkazemi, Gina-Maria Pomann, J Todd Purves, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: The surgical comorbidity assessment is important for patient risk stratification, counseling, and research. In adults, risk assessment indices, such as the Charlson Co-morbidity Score (CCS) or Van Walraven Index (VWI), are well established. In pediatrics, however, risk assessment indices are scarce. Recently, a pediatric-specific risk assessment index, the Rhee index, was developed to discriminate mortality for pediatric general surgery patients. Currently, there is no validated risk assessment tool in pediatric urology...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Bridget Linehan Logan, Lynn Foster-Johnson, Eleni Zotos
BACKGROUND: A collection of studies have demonstrated that approximately one-third of female nulliparous athletes experience urinary incontinence during their athletic activities. Contributing factors of incontinence that have thus far been the focus of study include type of sport, duration and intensity of athletic activity, use of hormonal contraception, and weight. There has, as yet, been a notable underemphasis on several other factors which influence incontinence, including bowel pattern, urinary habits, and menstrual status...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Briony K Varda, Ye Wang, Benjamin I Chung, Richard S Lee, Michael P Kurtz, Caleb P Nelson, Steven L Chang
INTRODUCTION: Since 2010, there have been few new data comparing perioperative outcomes and cost between open (OP) and robotic pyeloplasty (RP). In a post-adoption era, the value of RP may be converging with that of OP. OBJECTIVE: To 1) characterize national trends in pyeloplasty utilization through 2015, 2) compare adjusted outcomes and median costs between OP and RP, and 3) determine the primary cost drivers for each procedure. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Premier database, which provides a nationally representative sample of U...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
A J Rensing, B M Whittam, K H Chan, M P Cain, A E Carroll, W E Bennett
INTRODUCTION: Surgeons frequently use surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP), despite limited evidence to support its efficacy. Potential adverse events associated with antibiotic use include allergic reaction (including anaphylaxis), Clostridium difficile infection, and selecting for resistant bacteria. Surgical site infections (SSI) are very rare in patients undergoing clean pediatric urologic procedures. Current guidelines are unclear about the efficacy of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis for prevention of SSI in the pediatric population...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ali Atan, Ramazan Karabulut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
William R Boysen, Ardavan Akhavan, Joan Ko, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas S Lendvay, Jonathan Huang, Michael Garcia-Roig, Andrew Kirsch, Chester J Koh, Marion Schulte, Paul Noh, M Francesca Monn, Benjamin Whittam, Trudy Kawal, Aseem Shukla, Arun Srinivasan, Mohan S Gundeti
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation (RALUR-EV) is a minimally invasive alternative to open surgery. We have previously reported retrospective outcomes from our study group, and herein provide an updated prospective analysis with a focus on success rate, surgical technique, and complications among surgeons who have overcome the initial learning curve. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of RALUR-EV in children, among experienced surgeons...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Adriana M Pedraza Bermeo, Ana María Ortiz Zableh, Mariangel Castillo, Jaime Francisco Pérez Niño
INTRODUCTION: Postobstructive diuresis (POD) is a polyuric state in which large quantities of salt and water are eliminated after solving a urinary tract obstruction. These patients are at increased risk of severe dehydration, electrolytic disturbances, hypovolemic shock, and death. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is the most common etiology of collecting system dilatation in the fetal kidney, and a significant number of patients require pyeloplasty. There are limited data regarding prognostic risk factors for POD in this scenario...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Katherine Burnand, Annie Roberts, Aurore Bouty, Michael Nightingale, Martin Campbell, Yves Heloury
INTRODUCTION: Wilms' tumor now has a good overall prognosis with open radical nephrectomy having been the mainstay of surgical treatment. Recently laparoscopic nephrectomy (LN) has been growing in popularity. The aim of our study was to review our indications and outcomes for laparoscopic resections for Wilms' tumor and compare indications with International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) criteria for LN. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient demographics, preoperative management, surgical data, respect of SIOP criteria, complications, disease outcome, and follow-up were recorded on consecutive children who underwent nephrectomy for Wilms' tumor...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Boaz Karmazyn, David L Weatherly, Stephen J Lehnert, Mark P Cain, Rong Fan, S Gregory Jennings, Fangqian Ouyang, Martin Kaefer
INTRODUCTION: Testicular tumors in children have two peaks with different types of tumors; in the first 4 years of life a third to half are benign with increased risk of malignancy during puberty. The pathology of testicular tumors between these peaks, at the age of 5-12 years, is not known. We hypothesized that because of the low level of testosterone at this time, the incidence of malignant tumors is very low. OBJECTIVE: To compare malignancy risk of primary testicular tumors in children in the prepubertal period (5-12 years) compared with younger (0-4 years) and pubertal (13-18 years) children...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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