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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

J S Park, D K Chan, S R Parikh, A K Meyer, K W Rosbe
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of surgical management for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome in children with hypotonia, and to identify common anatomic sites of airway obstruction. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of polysomnographic parameters and quality of life instrument scores for seventy eight children with hypotonia who underwent surgical intervention for sleep-disordered breathing at two tertiary children's hospitals, and analysis of drug-induced sleep endoscopy data using a previously validated scoring system...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Janni Niclasen, Carsten Obel, Christian Guldager, Simone Pleinert, Jesper Dammeyer
OBJECTIVE: Negative associations between hearing loss (HL) and behavioural and academic difficulties have been reported. However, most studies are based on small clinical samples. The aim of the present study was to investigate such associations using data from a large-scale non-clinical Danish birth cohort controlling for a large number of relevant confounding factors. METHODS: The study applied data from the Aarhus Birth Cohort's 10-12-year-old follow-up (N = 7599)...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jared C Hiebert, Yan Daniel Zhao, Elena B Willis
IMPORTANCE: The etiology of recurrent croup is often anatomic. Currently there is no set criteria for determining who should undergo diagnostic bronchoscopy and which patients are at most risk for having a clinically significant finding. Few studies have addressed these questions. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for clinically significant findings on bronchoscopy in children with recurrent croup and the frequency of bronchoscopy findings in general. DATA SOURCES: PUBMED, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Xingang Fang, Xi Li, Qi Zhang, Jin Wan, Mei Sun, Fengshui Chang, Jun Lü, Gang Chen
OBJECTIVE: By comparing the Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening (UNHS) program as implemented in Shanghai and other regions in China and countries around the world, this study makes an assessment of the Shanghai model and summarizes the experiences implementing the UNHS program, so as to provide a valuable reference for other countries or regions to carry out UNHS more effectively. Since Shanghai is one of the most developed regions in China, we also examined the relationship between economic development and the UNHS starting year and coverage rate...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Eva Hoffmannova, Šárka Bejdová, Jiri Borský, Ján Dupej, Veronika Cagáňová, Jana Velemínská
BACKGROUND: A new method of early neonatal cheiloplasty has recently been employed on patients having complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (cUCLP). We aimed to investigate (1) their detailed palatal morphology before surgery and growth during the 10 months after neonatal cheiloplasty, (2) the growth of eight dimensions of the maxilla in these patients, (3) the development of these dimensions compared with published data on noncleft controls and on cUCLP patients operated using later operation protocol (LOP; 6 months of age)...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mahmood Rafiq, Tariq M Wani, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Joseph D Tobias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Yüksel Olgun, Safiye Aktaş, Zekiye Altun, Günay Kırkım, Deniz Çakır Kızmazoğlu, Ayşe Pınar Erçetin, Banu Demir, Dilek İnce, Kamer Mutafoğlu, Bengü Demirağ, Hülya Ellidokuz, Nur Olgun, Enis Alpin Güneri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the genetic and non genetic risk factors for cisplatin ototoxicity. METHODS: This study was conducted on 72 children who received cisplatin based chemotherapy. Brock and Muenster classifications were used to evaluate ototoxicity seen in these children. 6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP); ERCC1 rs 11615, GSTP1 rs1138272, GSTP1 rs1695, LRP2 rs 2075252, TPMT rs 12201199, COMT rs 9332377, were evaluated as genetic factors by real time PCR...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
M Casale, P Vella, A Moffa, G Oliveto, L Sabatino, V Grimaldi, P Ferrara, F Salvinelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Elizabeth Fairgray, Anna Miles
PURPOSE: Moebius Syndrome is a rare congenital neurological condition often characterized by multiple cranial nerve involvement. This case study presents an eight-year old girl with Moebius Syndrome (MC) who received 30 sessions of speech therapy. This occurred after presenting to clinic 11 months after left facial reanimation with gracilis thigh muscle transfer surgery. On examination, only flickers of left facial movement were observed. There was no movement on the right side of the face...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jennifer F Ha, Waseem Ostwani, Glenn Green
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of improved neonatal and pediatric intensive care management, tracheostomy is increasingly performed in children requiring prolonged ventilation. Even though tracheostomy is generally a safe procedure, there remains mortality and morbidity associated with it. OBJECTIVE: We report a rare complication of a tracheostomy tube resulting in extensive erosion and posterior tracheal false pouch secondary to a large tracheostomy tube and high positive end expiratory pressure in a 12-month-old infant...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Cláudia Maria de Felício, Franciele Voltarelli da Silva Dias, Gislaine Aparecida Folha, Leila Azevedo de Almeida, Jaqueline Freitas de Souza, Wilma Terezinha Anselmo-Lima, Luciana Vitaliano Voi Trawitzki, Fabiana Cardoso Pereira Valera
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were (1) to identify possible differences in muscular and orofacial functions between children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and with primary snoring (PS); (2) to examine the standardized difference between normal values of myofunctional scores and those of subjects with OSA or PS; and (3) to identify the features associated with OSA. METHODS: Participants were 39 children (mean age 8 ± 1.2 years) of which, 27 had a diagnosis of OSA and 12 had PS...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Andrew Martin, Graeme van der Meer, Dora Blair, Murali Mahadevan, Michel Neeff, Colin Barber, Nicola Mills, Lesley Salkeld, Maayan Gruber
OBJECTIVE: Aspirated foreign bodies in children present a potentially life-threatening condition and can be challenging to diagnose. This study aims to elucidate the characteristics and outcome of children with long-standing aspirated foreign bodies. METHODS: Retrospective case series of all cases of confirmed long-standing aspirated foreign bodies (LSAFB) between January 2003 to December 2015 in a single paediatric tertiary-level institution, defined as more than two weeks from choking episode or beginning of symptoms...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Patricia L Purcell, Rose Jones-Goodrich, Meghan Wisneski, Todd C Edwards, Kathleen C Y Sie
OBJECTIVE: Management of children with unilateral hearing loss is not standardized. The primary goal of this study was to elicit patient- and parent-reported perspectives regarding usage of hearing devices in pediatric UHL and to suggest a basic algorithmic approach to management. METHODS: Our tertiary care center recruited families of youth ages 5-19 years with unilateral hearing loss from January 2014 through October 2015. Parents of all youths completed a 36-item survey, and some youth ages 11-19 years participated in hour-long interviews...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Lindsey Edwards, Lynne Aitkenhead, Dawn Langdon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to establish the relationship between short-term memory capacity and reading skills in adolescents with cochlear implants. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A between-groups design compared a group of young people with cochlear implants with a group of hearing peers on measures of reading, and auditory and visual short-term memory capacity. The groups were matched for non-verbal IQ and age. The adolescents with cochlear implants were recruited from the Cochlear Implant Programme at a specialist children's hospital...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Rohit Ravi, Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Krishna Yerraguntla, Leslie E Lewis, Carlie Driscoll, Bellur Rajashekhar
INTRODUCTION: The quality and efficiency of newborn hearing screening programs (NHS) rely heavily on appropriate follow-up. The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing recommends a follow-up rate of more than 95% of infants who fail the initial hearing screening. However, a 70% benchmark is considered to be more feasible. This high loss to follow-up (LTF) rate acts as a threat to the overall success of NHS programs. The objective of the study was to identify and examine the reported rates of LTF, attributed reasons for LTF and strategies undertaken to reduce LTF...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Denise Manica, Cláudia Schweiger, Leo Sekine, Simone Chaves Fagondes, Marisa Gasparin, Deborah Salle Levy, Gabriel Kuhl, Marcus Vinicius Collares, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of two glossoptosis airway obstruction classifications in predicting symptom severity and laryngeal exposure difficulty in Robin Sequence (RS) patients. SETTING: Public tertiary hospital otolaryngology section (Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre - HCPA). PATIENTS: All RS patients diagnosed at HCPA from October 2012 to February 2015 were enrolled, a total of 58 individuals. They were classified in isolated RS, RS-Plus and syndromic RS...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mo Chen, Zhaoyan Wang, Zhiwen Zhang, Xun Li, Weijing Wu, Dinghua Xie, Zi-An Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to test whether deaf children with unilateral cochlear implantation (CI) have higher intelligence quotients (IQ). We also try to find out the predictive factors of intelligence development in deaf children with CI. METHODS: Totally, 186 children were enrolled into this study. They were divided into 3 groups: CI group (N = 66), hearing loss group (N = 54) and normal hearing group (N = 66). All children took the Hiskey-Nebraska Test of Learning Aptitude to assess the IQ...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Musaed Alzahrani, Rami Alhazmi, Manon Bélair, Issam Saliba
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of preoperative mastoid high resolution Computerized tomography (CT Scan) fusion with the postoperative diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (Non-EPI DWI) to accurately localize the residual cholesteatoma thus sparing an unnecessary postoperative CT scan radiation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a prospective study performed in our tertiary care center. We followed up prospectively a consecutive group of patients presenting with middle ear cholesteatoma using preoperative mastoid CT scans, postoperative mastoid CT scan and mastoid diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) between 2012 and 2013...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Bryan J Liming, John Carter, Alan Cheng, Daniel Choo, John Curotta, Daniela Carvalho, John A Germiller, Stephen Hone, Margaret A Kenna, Natalie Loundon, Diego Preciado, Anne Schilder, Brian J Reilly, Stephane Roman, Julie Strychowsky, Jean-Michel Triglia, Nancy Young, Richard J H Smith
OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations for the workup of hearing loss in the pediatric patient. METHODS: Expert opinion by the members of the International Pediatric Otolaryngology Group. RESULTS: Consensus recommendations include initial screening and diagnosis as well as the workup of sensorineural, conductive and mixed hearing loss in children. The consensus statement discusses the role of genetic testing and imaging and provides algorithms to guide the workup of children with hearing loss...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Noa Rozendorn, Michael Wolf, Arkadi Yakirevich, Yisgav Shapira, Eldar Carmel
BACKGROUND: Tympanic membrane perforation (TMP) may be caused by acute and chronic otitis media, trauma and iatrogenic reasons. The goal of myringoplasty is to achieve a dry, self-cleansing ear with intact TM while preserving hearing. Literature review of myringoplasty outcome demonstrates results with different success rates and affecting factors. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate TMP closure (TMPC) rate and hearing improvement and to assess the effect of clinical and surgical parameters on residual and recurrent perforation...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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