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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410847/response-letter-to-the-editor
#1
LETTER
Balazs Sztano, Laszlo Rovo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390659/letter-to-the-editor
#2
LETTER
David Vondrys, Juan Anton-Pacheco Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483259/cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-children-who-stutter
#3
Naema Ismail, Yossra Sallam, Reda Behery, Ameera Al Boghdady
INTRODUCTION: It has been hypothesized that impaired auditory processing influence the occurrence of stuttering. Also, it is suggested that speech perception in children who stutter differed from normal. Auditory processing should be investigated in children who stutter shortly after the onset of stuttering in order to evaluate the extent to which impaired auditory processing contributes to the development of stuttering. CAEPs provide the necessary temporal and spatial resolution to detect differences in auditory processing and the neural activity that is related or time-locked to the auditory stimulus...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483258/universal-newborn-hearing-screening-in-southwestern-iran
#4
Nader Saki, Arash Bayat, Reza Hoseinabadi, Soheila Nikakhlagh, Majid Karimi, Rezvan Dashti
OBJECTIVES: The implementation of Neonatal Hearing Screening (NHS) program is still at the preliminary stage particularly in developing countries despite the burden of permanent congenital and early-onset hearing impairment. The purpose of this study was to report results for universal newborn NHS in a cohort of children born in the southwestern region of Iran, as part of a national screening program set up by the Iranian National Health System. METHODS: During this cross-sectional study, which took place between March 2013 and April 2016, healthy newborns were screened using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) and automated auditory brainstem responses (AABRs) methods at several points in time as early as possible after birth...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483257/protective-role-of-intratympanic-nigella-sativa-oil-against-gentamicin-induced-hearing-loss
#5
Deniz Tuna Edizer, Ozgur Yigit, Zehra Cinar, Mehmet Gul, Eyyup Kara, Birgul Yigitcan, Duygu Hayır, Ahmet Atas
OBJECTIVE: Aminoglycosides, used to combat with life-threatening infections, have a substantial risk of hearing loss. Nigella sativa is an annual herbaceous plant and used for treatment of many diseases for ages. We aimed to investigate the protective role of intratympanic nigella sativa oil against gentamicin induced hearing loss in an animal model. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty eight guinea pigs were randomly divided into four groups: i-control, ii- Intratympanic nigella sativa oil (IT-NSO), iii- Intraperitoneal gentamicin (IP-G) and iv- Intraperitoneal gentamicin and intratympanic nigella sativa oil (IP-G + IT-NSO)...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483256/infectious-complications-of-pediatric-cochlear-implants-are-highly-influenced-by-otitis-media
#6
Peter M Vila, Nsangou T Ghogomu, Audrey R Odom-John, Timothy E Hullar, Keiko Hirose
OBJECTIVE: Determine the incidence of ear infections in cochlear implant patients, evaluate the contribution of otitis media to complications, describe the bacteriology of otitis media in the cochlear implant population, the treatment provided at our center, and the long term outcome. METHODS: Data collected included age at implantation, history of otitis media or ear tubes, etiology of hearing loss, inner ear anatomy, postoperative infections, time to infection, route of antibiotic administration, and interventions for infections...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483255/anatomic-distribution-of-cervicofacial-lymphatic-malformations-based-on-lymph-node-groups
#7
Phayvanh P Sjogren, Ryan W Arnold, Jonathan R Skirko, Johannes F Grimmer
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate radiographic characteristics and to identify locations of cervicofacial lymphatic malformations in children based on known lymph node groupings. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of pediatric patients with cervicofacial lymphatic malformations who underwent imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography (US). Ninety charts were reviewed from November 2005 to June 2015. Demographic information and imaging characteristics were evaluated...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483254/teratoma-of-the-neonatal-head-and-neck-a-41-year-experience
#8
Jacob R Brodsky, Alexandria L Irace, Amanda Didas, Karen Watters, Judy A Estroff, Carol E Barnewolt, Antonio Perez-Atayde, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To review our institution's experience with the presentation, evaluation, and management of teratoma of the head and neck in the neonatal population. DESIGN: Retrospective case series (November 1970 through September 2011). SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: 14 patients (12 boys and 2 girls). INTERVENTION: Detailed review of presentation, diagnostic approaches, surgical management, and outcomes...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483253/the-effects-of-postnatal-phthalate-exposure-on-the-development-of-auditory-temporal-processing-in-rats
#9
Bong Jik Kim, Jungyoon Kim, Vanhnansy Keoboutdy, Ho-Jang Kwon, Seung-Ha Oh, Jae Yun Jung, Il Yong Park, Ki Chung Paik
OBJECTIVE: The central auditory pathway is known to continue its development during the postnatal critical periods and is shaped by experience and sensory inputs. Phthalate, a known neurotoxic material, has been reported to be associated with attention deficits in children, impacting many infant neurobehaviors. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential effects of neonatal phthalate exposure on the development of auditory temporal processing. METHODS: Neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into two groups: The phthalate group (n = 6), and the control group (n = 6)...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483252/paediatric-oral-submucous-fibrosis-the-neglected-pre-malignancy-of-childhood
#10
REVIEW
Chandala Chitguppi, Tripti Brar
Oral submucous fibrosis in children is one of the devastating consequences of arecanut addiction in children. Arecanut is the fourth commonest psychoactive agents used worldwide. However, regrettably, unlike other addictions like tobacco and alcohol, its use in children has become socially acceptable atleast in a few countries. Consequently, children as young as two years have been noticed to be addicted to arecanuts. It has been a menace in most Asian countries and with increasing population migration, this has picked up even in the west...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483251/novel-case-examples-of-the-submental-island-flap-in-pediatric-head-and-neck-reconstruction
#11
Joshua P Wiedermann, Nahir Romero, Rahul K Shah, Diego Preciado, Jason E Cohn, Christopher R Kieliszak, Arjun S Joshi
The submental island flap was first described as a tool for facial reconstruction after tumor resection. It is now widely used for reconstructing numerous structures in the head and neck region of adults. Pediatric surgical reconstruction is a challenging task that continues to evolve over time. We describe two novel uses of this flap in the pediatric population. The submental island flap is an excellent option for reconstruction in pediatrics given its ease of elevation, excellent cosmetic outcomes, and low donor site morbidity...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483250/monophosphoryl-lipid-a-enhances-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-specific-mucosal-and-systemic-immune-responses-by-intranasal-immunization
#12
Taro Iwasaki, Takashi Hirano, Satoru Kodama, Yoshinori Kadowaki, Munehito Moriyama, Toshiaki Kawano, Masashi Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common infectious diseases in children. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is Gram-negative bacteria that are considered major pathogens of AOM and respiratory tract infections. In this study, we used monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 agonist, as an adjuvant to induce mucosal immune responses against NTHi to enhance bacterial clearance from the nasopharynx. METHODS: Mice were administered 10 μg outer membrane protein (OMP) from NTHi and 0, 10, or 20 μg MPL intranasally once a week for 3 weeks...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483249/effect-of-gentamicin-and-levels-of-ambient-sound-on-hearing-screening-outcomes-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-pilot-study
#13
Angela C Garinis, Selena Liao, Campbell P Cross, Johnathan Galati, Jessica L Middaugh, Jess C Mace, Anna-Marie Wood, Lindsey McEvoy, Lauren Moneta, Troy Lubianski, Noe Coopersmith, Nicholas Vigo, Christopher Hart, Artur Riddle, Olivia Ettinger, Casey Nold, Heather Durham, Carol MacArthur, Cynthia McEvoy, Peter S Steyger
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss rates in infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) run at 2-15%, compared to 0.3% in full-term births. The etiology of this difference remains poorly understood. We examined whether the level of ambient sound and/or cumulative gentamicin (an aminoglycoside) exposure affect NICU hearing screening results, as either exposure can cause acquired, permanent hearing loss. We hypothesized that higher levels of ambient sound in the NICU, and/or gentamicin dosing, increase the risk of referral on the distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) assessments and/or automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screens...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483248/electromyographic-ratio-of-masseter-and-anterior-temporalis-muscles-in-children-with-and-without-temporomandibular-disorders
#14
Thaís Cristina Chaves, Aroldo Dos Santos Aguiar, Lilian Ramiro Felicio, Stella Maris Greghi, Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo, Débora Bevilaqua-Grossi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated differences in surface electromyography (sEMG) activity of the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles in children with and without temporomandibular disorders (TMD). PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four children aged 8-12 years were recruited, comprising 17 children with TMD and 17 without TMD (control group [CG]). The children were quasi-matched for sex, age, weight, and height. sEMG data were obtained using Myosystem(®) Br-1 equipment with 12 channels to evaluate the bilateral masseter, anterior temporalis, and suprahyoid muscles...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483247/does-cerebellar-flocculus-size-affect-subjective-outcomes-in-pediatric-auditory-brainstem-implantation
#15
Sunil Goyal, Shyam Sundar Krishnan, Mohan Kameswaran, M C Vasudevan, Ranjith, Kiran Natarajan
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of study was to 1) Describe relevant surgical anatomy in defining and accessing the lateral recess for placement of electrode, 2) Propose a working classification for grades of Flocculus; 3) To determine if different grades of cerebellar flocculus effects placement of ABI electrode and subjective outcomes in implantees. METHODS: Our study was a prospective study, and comprised of cohort of 12 patients who underwent ABI surgery via retrosigmoid approach between 1 Jan 2012 to 31 Dec 2014...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483246/comparison-of-first-year-of-life-acute-otitis-media-admissions-before-and-after-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#16
Tal Marom, Ofer Israel, Haim Gavriel, Jacob Pitaro, Ali Abo Baker, Ephraim Eviatar
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common childhood infection, which is usually managed in the outpatient setting. Yet, the more severe cases are referred for inpatient treatment. We hypothesized that pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs), administered during the first year of life, would decrease AOM admissions rate in this age group. We studied the characteristics of infants admitted with AOM and acute mastoiditis (AM) in the PCV13 era, routinely given from November 2010 to all infants...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483245/the-watch-pat-in-pediatrics-sleep-disordered-breathing-pilot-study-on-children-with-negative-nocturnal-pulse-oximetry
#17
Agostino Serra, Salvatore Cocuzza, Luigi Maiolino, Alessandro Abramo, Giacomo Spinato, Giovanni Tonoli, Maurizio Amadori, Doriano Politi, Giancarlo Tirelli, Roberto Spinato, Paola Di Mauro
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of Watch-PAT in Pediatric Sleep Disordered Breathing (PSDB) diagnosis in children with symptoms suggestive of PSDB, in which the nocturnal pulse oximetry was negative according to the Brouilette criteria. METHODS: We enrolled 28 patients aged between 5 and 12 years (mean age: 7.75 ± 1.69), who underwent the registration with Watch-PAT, that utilizes the Peripheral Arterial Tone (PAT), AHI, RDI, body position, snoring, pulse oximetry and actigraphy...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483244/left-and-right-reaction-time-differences-to-the-sound-intensity-in-normal-and-ad-hd-children
#18
Golnaz Baghdadi, Farzad Towhidkhah, Reza Rostami
OBJECTIVES: Right hemisphere, which is attributed to the sound intensity discrimination, has abnormality in people with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). However, it is not studied whether the defect in the right hemisphere has influenced on the intensity sensation of AD/HD subjects or not. In this study, the sensitivity of normal and AD/HD children to the sound intensity was investigated. METHODS: Nineteen normal and fourteen AD/HD children participated in the study and performed a simple auditory reaction time task...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483243/branchial-arch-anomalies-recurrence-malignant-degeneration-and-operative-complications
#19
Faisal Al-Mufarrej, David Stoddard, Uldis Bite
OBJECTIVE: Branchial arch anomalies (BAA) represent one of the commonest pediatric neck masses, but large case series are lacking with none specifically examining risk of recurrence, surgical complications, and malignancy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of patients with BAA at Mayo Clinic from 1/1/1976-7/29/2011. METHODS: Features studied include age, gender, location, BAA type, symptoms, recurrence, preoperative management, extent of surgery, pathology as well as presence of tracts...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483242/prevention-of-post-operative-pediatric-tracheotomy-wounds-a-multidisciplinary-team-approach
#20
Timothy P McEvoy, Nolan B Seim, Abdullah Aljasser, Charles A Elmaraghy, Brenda Ruth, Leslie Justice, Sarah Begue, Kris R Jatana
OBJECTIVE: Tracheotomy-related pressure wounds have been reported as high as 29%. All advanced stage (stage 3 or 4) wounds are reported by hospitals, and CMS will no longer reimburse healthcare costs to manage them. We present the results of an intensive, multidisciplinary wound prevention strategy starting in the operating room at the time of tracheotomy placement. METHODS: Prospective analysis of a tracheostomy wound care protocol at an academic, tertiary-care pediatric hospital from September 2012 to February 2016...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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