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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089156/letter-to-the-editor
#1
LETTER
Ad Snik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081872/response-to-letter-to-the-editor
#2
LETTER
Elizabeth Cedars, Dylan Chan, Anna Meyer, Kristina Rosbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024795/response-to-comment-an-objective-assessment-of-halitosis-in-children-with-adenoid-vegetation-during-the-pre-and-postoperative-periods
#3
LETTER
Mehmet Emre Dinc, Aytug Altundag, Denizhan Dizdar, Mehmet Ozgur Avincsal, Ethem Sahin, Seckin Ulusoy, Ceki Paltura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012543/paediatric-haemoptysis-and-the-otorhinolaryngologist-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Miles Bannister
OBJECTIVES: Childhood haemoptysis is an uncommon presentation to the otolaryngologist but has a varied aetiology and can be life-threatening. We performed a systematic review of the literature to assess paediatric otolaryngologists' experience with haemoptysis, the aetiology involved, investigations performed and management provided. Using this, we produce an evidence-based treatment algorithm to guide clinicians. METHODS: Systematic literature review of the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Collaboration using the search terms 'paediatric', 'child', 'neonate', 'adolescent', 'haemoptysis', 'coughing blood', 'spitting blood' and 'otorhinolaryngology'...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012542/audiological-findings-in-children-with-ataxia-telangiectasia-a-t-syndrome
#5
Pretty O Afifi, Hanaa Hussein Elsanadiky
AIM: To assess peripheral and central hearing in children with A-T. METHOD: 3 children diagnosed with A-T according to the diagnostic criteria for A-T of the European Society for Immunodeficiencies. Involuntary movements were seen in the form of chorea-athetosis together with tremors. They were examined to assess both peripheral and central hearing was assessed (hearing thresholds). Sound-field testing, tympanometry, acoustic reflexes, Otoacoustic Emissions (OAEs) and Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) were done for all of them...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012541/a-novel-tecta-mutation-causes-arnshl
#6
Samira Asgharzade, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Mohammad Hossein Modarressi, Mohammad Hossein Ghahremani, Somayeh Reiisi, Parisa Tahmasebi, Fatemeh Abdollahnejad, Morteza Hashemzadeh Chaleshtori
OBJECTIVE: Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is a genetically heterogeneous sensorineural disorder. Alpha-tectorin, which is encoded by the TECTA gene, is a non-collagenous component of the tectorial membrane in the inner ear defect of which leads to moderate to severe hearing loss (HL). METHODS: 25 unrelated Iranian multiplex ARNSHL families, negative for GJB2 mutations, were recruited in this study. Clinical inspections including audiometric and otologic examinations ruled out syndromic forms...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012540/first-report-of-prevalence-c-ivs1-1g-a-and-del-gjb6-13s1854-mutations-in-syrian-families-with-non-syndromic-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#7
Walid Al-Achkar, Bassel Al-Halabi, Bashar Ali, Faten Moassass
OBJECTIVE: Mutations in GJB2 and GJB6 genes are a frequent cause of congenital non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL). Mutational screening has usually focused on coding region of GJB2 gene. A few studies have been conducted on the non-coding region and exon 1. c.IVS1+1G>A (a splice site mutation in GJB2 gene have been detected as disruptive mutation. Del (GJB6 D13S1830) is found in many populations, but del (GJB6 D13S1854) is reported from a few restricted countries. This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of splice site mutation c...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012539/systematic-review-and-individual-patient-data-analysis-of-pediatric-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-217-cases
#8
V Bhanu Prasad, Supriya Mallick, Ashish Dutt Upadhyay, G K Rath
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric head and neck Squamous cell carcinoma (PHNSCC) is a rare disease. The optimum treatment and outcome remains poorly understood because of rarity. METHODS: We conducted an individual patient data analysis of PHNSCC. Two authors independently searched PubMed, google search, and Cochrane library for eligible studies using following search words: Pediatric Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma under age of 20, Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in young, PHNSCC till June 1, 2016 published in English language...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012538/assessment-of-complete-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-determination-of-factors-effecting-dental-arch-relationships
#9
Anas Imran Arshad, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohd Fadhli Khamis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to assess the treatment outcome of non-syndromic patients having complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) by using GOSLON index and to determine any association of pre and/or postnatal factors with the treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and one sets of dental models of patients having CUCLP were assessed in this retrospective study. Five examiners that were blinded to case-specific information scored the dental models at two instances with an interval of two weeks to ensure memory bias elimination (5 × 101 × 2 = 1010 observations)...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012537/risk-of-failure-of-adenotonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-obese-pediatric-patients
#10
C J Lennon, R Y Wang, A Wallace, S Chinnadurai
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric obesity is a leading risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition commonly treated with adenotonsillectomy (T&A). It has been hypothesized that obesity increases a child's risk of failing T&A for OSA, however this relationship has not yet been quantified. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity as measured by perioperative Body Mass Index (BMI) and persistent OSA following T&A as measured by polysomnography (PSG)...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012536/the-impact-of-tobacco-exposure-on-development-of-otorrhea-after-myringotomy-tube-placement
#11
Jamie G Bizzell, Matthew D Cox, Annie R Wang, Gresham T Richter, Abby R Nolder
INTRODUCTION: Otorrhea is a common sequela after myringotomy with tube placement (MTP). The purpose of this study was to identify any significant relationship between passive tobacco exposure and the development of post-tympanostomy tube otorrhea. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed on 774 cases of patients who underwent MTP by a single surgeon at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 2012 to 2014. Patients with multiple medical comorbidities, craniofacial anomalies, syndromes and those over 12 years of age were excluded...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012535/peanut-sprout-extract-attenuates-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity-by-induction-of-the-akt-nrf2-mediated-redox-pathway
#12
Cha Kyung Youn, Eu-Ri Jo, Ju-Hwan Sim, Sung Il Cho
OBJECTIVE: Cisplatin is commonly used to treat solid tumors. However, permanent hearing loss is a major side effect of cisplatin chemotherapy and often results in dose reduction of the cisplatin chemotherapy. Peanut sprouts show cytoprotective properties owing to their antioxidant activities. This study was designed to investigate the effect of peanut sprout extract (PSE) on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in an auditory cell line, HEI-OC1 cells. METHODS: Cells were exposed to cisplatin for 24 h, with or without pre-treatment with PSE, cell viability was examined using the MTT assay...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012534/laser-co2-tonsillotomy-versus-argon-plasma-coagulation-apc-tonsillotomy-a-retrospective-study-with-10-year-follow-up
#13
Giorgos Papaspyrou, Maximilian Linxweiler, Dirk Knöbber, Bernhard Schick, Basel Al Kadah
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillotomy is increasingly gaining acceptance as the treatment for tonsillar hyperplasia resulting in obstructive symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term results of CO2 laser tonsillotomy with those of argon plasma coagulation (APC) tonsillotomy. METHODS: The data of 64 children, aged 2-10 years (mean 4.7 years), treated in the Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, in Homburg, Germany with APC (36 patients) or CO2 laser (28 patients) for tonsillar hyperplasia between June 2004 and December 2004 were available for analysis...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012533/a-review-of-acute-postoperative-sialadenitis-in-children
#14
Michael T Yim, Yi-Chun C Liu, Julina Ongkasuwan
OBJECTIVE: Acute postoperative sialadenitis is a previously described rare entity that has occurred following general anesthesia and has also been associated with prolonged neurosurgical procedures. We aim to better characterize this entity while performing a literature review regarding potential etiologies, diagnosis, airway management and treatment options. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed at a pediatric tertiary care center from 2000 to 2014...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012532/management-of-surgical-difficulties-during-cochlear-implant-with-inner-ear-anomalies
#15
Ahmad M Aldhafeeri, Abdulrahman A Alsanosi
OBJECTIVE: To review the difficulties that can occur during cochlear implant surgery in patients with inner ear abnormalities and the management thereof. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 316 patients who received cochlear implants was conducted. The data collected included the types of inner ear anomalies, intraoperative findings, and the clinical management strategies. A review of the literature was also performed. RESULTS: A total of 24 patients with inner ear malformations who underwent 28 total cochlear implant procedures were identified...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012531/improvement-of-psychiatric-symptoms-in-youth-following-resolution-of-sinusitis
#16
Talia Mahony, Douglas Sidell, Hayley Gans, Kayla Brown, Bahare Farhadian, Melissa Gustafson, Janell Sherr, Margo Thienemann, Jennifer Frankovich
INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence supports a role for inflammation in psychiatric illness, and the onset or exacerbation of psychiatric symptoms may follow non-CNS infections. Here, we provide the first detailed description of obsessive-compulsive and related psychiatric symptoms arising concurrently with sinusitis. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 150 consecutive patients evaluated in our Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndromes clinic for documented sinusitis as defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012530/acute-mastoiditis-in-children-middle-ear-cultures-may-help-in-reducing-use-of-broad-spectrum-antibiotics
#17
REVIEW
Catarina Garcia, Ana Bárbara Salgueiro, Catarina Luís, Paula Correia, Maria João Brito
BACKGROUND: Acute mastoiditis (AM) is a suppurative infection of the mastoid air cells, representing the most frequent complication of acute otitis media. AM remains an important entity in children due to its potential complications and sequelae. We aim to describe the cases of AM admitted at our department, identify risk factors potentially associated with complications and analyse the changes in clinical approach of AM over time. METHODS: Case review of clinical files of children admitted with acute mastoiditis from June 1996 to May 2013 at a Lisbon metropolitan area hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012529/cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-the-effect-of-electrode-array-position-on-ecap
#18
Marine Lathuillière, Fanny Merklen, Jean-Pierre Piron, Marielle Sicard, Françoise Villemus, Nicolas Menjot de Champfleur, Frédéric Venail, Alain Uziel, Michel Mondain
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in young children with cochlear implants (CIs) and study the effect of intracochlear position on electrophysiological and behavioral measurements. METHODS: A total of 40 children with either unilateral or bilateral cochlear implants were prospectively included in the study. Electrode placement and insertion angles were studied in 55 Cochlear(®) implants (16 straight arrays and 39 perimodiolar arrays), using either CBCT or X-ray imaging...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012528/the-effect-of-iv-dexamethasone-versus-local-anesthetic-infiltration-technique-in-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-tonsillectomy-in-children-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Zoher Naja, Saleh Kanawati, Rania Al Khatib, Fouad Ziade, Zeina Z Naja, Ahmad Salah Naja, Mariam Rajab
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic infiltration and corticosteroids had shown effectiveness in reducing post tonsillectomy nausea, vomiting and pain. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of intravenous dexamethasone versus pre-incision infiltration of local anesthesia in pediatric tonsillectomy on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The secondary objective was postoperative pain. METHODS: A randomized double-blind clinical trial was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012527/improving-access-to-school-based-education-for-south-african-children-in-rural-areas-who-have-a-tracheostomy-a-case-series-and-recommendations
#20
Chengetai Mahomva, Sue Harris, Narvanie Seebran, Bridget Mudge, Brian Catlin, Louise Davies
OBJECTIVES: Currently few children with tracheostomies attend rural mainstreams schools in South Africa limiting their ability to gain an education. We sought to document the current school experience for the few children attending school who have tracheostomies and devise educational tools for teachers and administrators that will facilitate greater acceptance and safety in classrooms for this population. METHODS: The four patients that are currently attending school with a tracheostomy were identified from the patient records of a tertiary hospital with a pediatric tracheostomy home based care service...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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