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International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273274/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-article-titled-polysomnography-results-versus-clinical-factors-to-predict-postoperative-respiratory-complications-following-pediatric-adenotonsillectomy
#1
LETTER
John S Saur, Scott E Brietzke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233563/polysomnography-results-versus-clinical-factors-to-predict-post-operative-respiratory-complications-following-pediatric-adenotonsillectomy
#2
LETTER
Wan-Yi Hsueh, Chia-Fan Lee, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Kun-Tai Kang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287891/characteristics-of-electrically-evoked-auditory-brainstem-responses-in-patients-with-cochlear-nerve-canal-stenosis-receiving-cochlear-implants
#3
Zhenxiao Wang, Yun Liu, Line Wang, Xixi Shen, Shuguang Han, Wei Wang, Fenqi Gao, Wenqi Liang, Kevin A Peng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of the electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses (EABR) in children with cochlear nerve canal stenosis (CNCs) following cochlear implantation (CI), and the EABR thresholds in children with stenotic versus normal cochlear nerve canals. METHOD: Sixteen children with profound sensorineural hearing loss were included in this study: 8 with CNCs (CNCs group) and 8 with normal cochlear nerve canals (control group). All children underwent cochlear implantation with full insertion of all electrodes...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287890/a-novel-pathogenic-variant-c-975g-a-p-trp325-in-the-pou3f4-gene-in-yakut-family-eastern-siberia-russia-with-the-x-linked-deafness-2-dfnx2
#4
Nikolay A Barashkov, Leonid A Klarov, Fedor M Teryutin, Aisen V Solovyev, Vera G Pshennikova, Edilia E Konnikova, Georgii P Romanov, Alexander V Tobokhov, Igor V Morozov, Alexander A Bondar, Olga L Posukh, Lilya U Dzhemileva, Mikhail I Tomsky, Elza K Khusnutdinova, Sardana A Fedorova
Here, we report a novel hemizygous transition c.975G>A (p.Trp325*) in POU3F4 gene (Xq21) found in two deaf half-brothers from one Yakut family (Eastern Siberia, Russia) with identical inner ear abnormalities ("corkscrew" cochlea with an absence of modiolus) specific to X-linked deafness-2 (DFNX2). Comprehensive clinical evaluation (CT and MR-imaging, audiological and stabilometric examinations) of available members of this family revealed both already known (mixed progressive hearing loss) and additional (enlargement of semicircular canals and postural disorders) clinical DFNX2 features in affected males with c...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287889/a-novel-mutation-of-the-eya4-gene-associated-with-post-lingual-hearing-loss-in-a-proband-is-co-segregating-with-a-novel-pax3-mutation-in-two-congenitally-deaf-family-members
#5
Federica Cesca, Elisa Bettella, Roberta Polli, Elona Cama, Pietro Scimemi, Rosamaria Santarelli, Alessandra Murgia
OBJECTIVES: This work was aimed at establishing the molecular etiology of hearing loss in a 9-year old girl with post-lingual non-syndromic mild sensorineural hearing loss with a complex family history of clinically heterogeneous deafness. METHODS: The proband's DNA was subjected to NGS analysis of a 59-targeted gene panel, with the use of the Ion Torrent PGM platform. Conventional Sanger sequencing was used for segregation analysis in all the affected relatives...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287888/management-trends-of-infantile-hemangioma-a-national-perspective
#6
Mana Espahbodi, Ke Yan, Robert H Chun, Michael E McCormick
INTRODUCTION: The primary management of infantile hemangioma (IH) has changed since 2008, with the initiation of propranolol. The change that propranolol has affected on resource utilization is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) in 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 was queried for ICD-9 codes for IH in children under age three. The number of patients undergoing the following procedures of interest: tracheostomy, tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy, and excision of skin lesion were evaluated...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287887/infection-rates-of-mrsa-in-complicated-pediatric-rhinosinusitis-an-up-to-date-review
#7
Chelsea S Hamill, Kevin J Sykes, Christopher J Harrison, Robert A Weatherly
INTRODUCTION: Published studies have reported a rise in MRSA isolates in head and neck infections, but the microbiology of complicated pediatric rhinosinusitis is unclear. One study of such patients showed that MRSA isolates were seen only in the last three years of data collection, suggesting a possible recent increased prevalence. Given the public health concerns of increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance, the goal of this study was to investigate the microbiologic patterns and outcomes of complicated pediatric rhinosinusitis...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287886/cardiac-complications-in-diphtheria-and-predictors-of-outcomes
#8
Sunil Samdani, Avani Jain, Vinod Meena, C B Meena
OBJECTIVE: To study the cardiac complications in diphtheria patients and to study the predictors of outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Single centre prospective analysis of cardiac complications in diphtheria patients. RESULTS: In this study, there were 60 patients diagnosed with diphtheria with ECG changes. The ECG changes seen were sinus tachycardia (68.3%), T wave inversion (20%), ST segment depression (13.3%), right bundle branch block (5%), multiple atrial ectopics (3...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287885/low-rate-of-positive-bronchoscopy-for-suspected-foreign-body-aspiration-in-infants
#9
Cameron C Sheehan, Joseph Lopez, Charles A Elmaraghy
OBJECTIVES: To describe our institution's low rate of positive bronchoscopy in infants suspected of inhaling a foreign body. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients at a tertiary children's hospital with suspected inhalation of a foreign body. Charts were reviewed for demographic information, radiologic findings, operative reports, and respiratory viral panels were reviewed. RESULTS: Sixteen pediatric patients under 12 months of age were identified from 2008 to 2016 with a diagnosis of possible airway foreign body inhalation who underwent emergent bronchoscopy...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287884/effects-of-transient-auditory-deprivation-during-critical-periods-on-the-development-of-auditory-temporal-processing
#10
Bong Jik Kim, Jungyoon Kim, Il-Yong Park, Jae Yun Jung, Myung-Whan Suh, Seung-Ha Oh
OBJECTIVES: The central auditory pathway matures through sensory experiences and it is known that sensory experiences during periods called critical periods exert an important influence on brain development. The present study aimed to investigate whether temporary auditory deprivation during critical periods (CPs) could have a detrimental effect on the development of auditory temporal processing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve neonatal rats were randomly assigned to control and study groups; Study group experienced temporary (18-20 days) auditory deprivation during CPs (Early deprivation study group)...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287883/microarray-analysis-of-lncrna-and-mrna-expression-profiles-in-mice-with-allergic-rhinitis
#11
Yue Ma, Le Shi, Chunquan Zheng
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the effect of lncRNAs in CD4+ T cells on Allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: The present study conducted a microarray to identify the expression profiles of lncRNA and mRNA in CD4+ T cells in both AR murine models and normal controls. And qRT-PCR was used to confirm the results. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis were used to show all related pathways and a co-expression network was conducted to find lncRNAs which have high correlation with these pathways...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287882/changes-in-the-epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-acute-mastoiditis-following-the-introduction-of-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#12
Oren Cavel, Riva Tauman, Eli Simsolo, Danny Yafit, Efrat Reindorf-Kfir, Oshri Wasserzug, Omer Unger, Ophir Handzel, Gadi Fishman, Yael Oestreicher-Kedem, Ari DeRowe
OBJECTIVES: Seven years after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) in Israel, its effect on the incidence and severity of episodes of acute mastoiditis (AM) remains unclear. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of AM and describe its clinical features in children during the years that followed the introduction of the PCV13 in comparison with the pre-PCV period. METHODS: Included in this retrospective comparative case series were all pediatric patients diagnosed with AM between Jan...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287881/endonasal-endoscopic-nasopharyngectomy-for-the-treatment-of-nasopharyngeal-papillary-adenocarcinoma-report-of-a-rare-case
#13
Selin Ünsaler, Bora Başaran, Ismet Aslan, Dilek Yilmazbayhan
We report a case of low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma in a 9 year-old male that was diagnosed incidentally after an adenoidectomy procedure and treated with endonasal endoscopic nasopharyngectomy without any adjuvant therapy. The patient has been followed up for 3 years with no evidence of recurrence. We point out the importance of preoperative fiberoptic nasopharyngoscopy in the absence of longstanding symptoms in school-aged children and histopathologic examination of adenoidectomy specimens in the presence of atypical findings...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287880/revisits-after-pediatric-tracheotomy-airway-concerns-result-in-returns
#14
Sophie Shay, Nina L Shapiro, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES: Children undergoing tracheotomy represent a medically vulnerable patient population, and understanding the reasons for revisiting the hospital setting following tracheotomy is critical for improving the quality of care for these patients. This study aims to investigate the incidence and characteristics of revisits following pediatric tracheotomy. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study using state databases. The State Inpatient Databases and State Emergency Department Databases for California, Florida, Iowa and New York 2010-11 were linked and examined for cases of pediatric tracheotomy (patients < 18...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287879/a-novel-splicing-mutation-in-smpx-is-linked-to-nonsyndromic-progressive-hearing-loss
#15
Zhijie Niu, Denise Yan, Sara Bressler, Lingyun Mei, Yong Feng, Xuezhong Liu
OBJECTIVE: X-linked nonsyndromic hearing impairment is the rarest form of genetic hearing loss and represents only a minor fraction of all cases. The aim of this study was to investigate the cause of X-linked nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss in a three-generation American family. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing and co-segregation analysis were used to identify disease-causing genes. RESULTS: In this study, we described in detail the clinical characteristics of the family and identified a novel frameshift mutation creating a premature stop codon (c...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287878/closure-of-fistula-of-the-hard-palate-with-two-layers-of-mucoperiosteum
#16
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Ahmed Kamel, Mohamed Fawaz, Ibrahim Rezk, Mohamed Kamel
OBJECTIVE: Oronasal fistula represents a functional problem, as it may result in nasal regurgitation of food and fluids and it also leads to hypernasal speech. Many methods have been proposed for its closure with a high recurrence rate. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of closure of hard palate fistula by two layers of mucoperiosteal flaps. METHODS: Eighteen patients with fistula of the hard palate were included. The fistula was repaired by two layers of mucoperiosteal flaps; the first layer was created from the mucoperiosteum surrounding the fistula as bilateral hinge flaps and the second layer was formed of a rotational flap based on the greater palatine artery...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287877/evaluation-and-remediation-of-central-auditory-processing-disorders-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Hesham Kozou, Hanan Galal Azouz, Rania M Abdou, Alyaa Shaltout
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to assess various skills of central auditory processing (CAP) in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and to evaluate the efficacy of auditory training in these children. METHODS: This study is a non-randomized clinical experiment. 30 high functioning ASD children aged from 7 to 12 years were included in the study. They underwent behavioral assessments of CAP skills with subsequent remediation by dichotic training therapy for the children who revealed dichotic deficits...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287876/effect-of-preoperative-visiting-operation-room-on-emergence-agitation-in-preschool-children-under-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#18
Qiaosheng Zhong, Xianfeng Qu, Chuanhua Xu
BACKGROUND: Emergence agitation (EA) is a common complication in children during recovery from sevoflurane anesthesia with an high incidence. The main objective of this study was to compare the effects of preoperative visiting operation room (PVOR) to administration of propofol at the end of anesthesia on EA in preschool children under sevoflurane anesthesia. METHODS: Sixty-nine preschool children aged from 3 to 6 years scheduled for tonsillectomy under sevoflurane anesthesia were randomly allocated to one of the three groups to receive either PVOR (Group PV), routine preoperative visit (Group RV) or routine preoperative visit plus propofol (Group RP), 23 patients were included in each group...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287875/coblation-versus-microdebrider-in-pediatric-adenoidectomy
#19
Chris Mularczyk, David L Walner, Katherine K Hamming
OBJECTIVE: To compare and contrast coblation and microdebrider with touch-up electrocautery (ME) for adenoidectomy in children. METHODS: Patients <18 years old undergoing adenoidectomy without tonsillectomy were selected for this prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Participants were enrolled into one of two groups based on birth date: coblation or ME. The surgeons completed a standard survey about intraoperative factors for each method. Recovery nurses filled out a standardized survey postoperatively...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287874/the-impact-of-a-resident-run-review-curriculum-and-usmle-scores-on-the-otolaryngology-in-service-exam
#20
Andrew J Redmann, Kareem O Tawfik, Charles M Myer
OBJECTIVE: Describe the association of USMLE Step 1 scores and the institution of a dedicated board review curriculum with resident performance on the Otolaryngology training examination. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross sectional study. METHODS: We reviewed American Board of Otolaryngology Training Examination (OTE) scores for an otolaryngology residency program between 2005 and 2016. USMLE Step 1 scores were collected. In 2011 a resident-run OTE review curriculum was instituted with the goal of improving test preparation...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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