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Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160298/the-value-of-fusional-convergence-amplitudes-in-esodeviation-surgery-without-adjustable-sutures
#1
Anu Maudgil, Naz Raoof, John Burke
PURPOSE: To explore the application of preoperative fusional convergence amplitudes in the selection of a target angle for non-adjustable suture strabismus surgery with deteriorated intermittent esotropia and diplopia. METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive cases of presumed acquired non-accommodative, deteriorated intermittent esotropia managed surgically between 2005 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. For each individual, a target angle (deviation angle for which surgery was based) was selected preoperatively after analysis of fusional convergence amplitudes...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160297/optical-coherence-tomography-thickness-measurements-of-the-extraocular-rectus-muscle-tendons-in-graves-ophthalmopathy
#2
Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, José Ignacio Fernández-Vigo, Néstor Ventura-Abreu, Juan Troyano-Rivas, Cristina Niño-Rueda, Ángel Romo-López, Rosario Gómez-de-Liaño
PURPOSE: To examine extraocular rectus muscle tendons in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted with 55 healthy controls, 45 patients with clinically inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy, and 12 patients with clinically active Graves' ophthalmopathy. Scanning was performed at the 3- and 9-o'clock positions. The medial rectus tendon thickness was measured at 7.2 and 9...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160296/radiographic-course-of-medically-managed-pediatric-orbital-subperiosteal-abscesses
#3
Matthew T Cossack, Samantha P Herretes, Abdourahman Cham, Matthew C Sniegowski, David B Lyon
PURPOSE: To describe the natural radiographic course of subperiosteal orbital abscesses that were managed medically in pediatric patients. METHODS: A retrospective case review was undertaken at Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics of Kansas City, Missouri. All patients admitted to the hospital and diagnosed as having orbital cellulitis or subperiosteal abscess from 2008 to 2017 were included in the study. Of the 418 patients identified, 15 patients had repeat imaging and did not undergo surgery prior to the second scan...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160295/the-positive-predictive-value-of-smartphone-photoscreening-in-pediatric-practices
#4
Robert W Arnold, Andrew W Arnold, Taryn T Hunt-Smith, Robin L Grendahl, R Kevin Winkle
PURPOSE: To compare smartphone photoscreening with other commercial objective screeners for amblyopia screening for young children. METHODS: Ten pediatricians in four practices employed Nokia 1020 smartphones (Espoo, Finland) with single-axis Gobiquity software (Scottsdale, AZ) during well-child visits. Outcomes of confirmatory pediatric ophthalmology examinations were prospectively compared using American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus uniform standards...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074609/congenital-monocular-strabismus-fixus
#5
Kai Jie Wang, Qing Lin Chang, Feng Yuan Man, Juan Ding, Jing Hui Wang, Jun Fang Xian, Yong Hong Jiao
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of the extraocular muscle and ocular motor nerves in congenital monocular strabismus fixus. METHODS: The retrospective observational case series of three patients with congenital monocular strabismus fixus were reviewed between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2016. Ophthalmologic examination and thin-sectioned MRI of the ocular motor nerve and the orbit were performed on the three patients...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074607/surgical-management-in-type-1-monocular-elevation-deficiency
#6
Osman Bulut Ocak, Asli Inal, Ebru Demet Aygit, Selcen Celik, Serap Yurttaser Ocak, Gamze Ozturk Karabulut, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of surgical treatment in patients with type 1 monocular elevation deficiency. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed as having type 1 monocular elevation deficiency by forced duction test and exaggerated traction test between 2000 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Epidemiologic and clinical features of the patients were noted. The efficacy of ipsilateral inferior rectus recession to vertical misalignments and limitation of elevation were evaluated...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074606/icare-pro-rebound-tonometer-versus-hand-held-applanation-tonometer-for-pediatric-screening
#7
Paula Arribas-Pardo, Carmen Mendez-Hernández, Isabel Valls-Ferran, Diego Puertas-Bordallo
PURPOSE: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained using the new rebound tonometer Icare-Pro (Icare, Tiolat Oy, Helsinki, Finland) and the hand-held version of the Goldmann applanation tonometer (Perkins; Clement Clarke, Haag-Streit, Harlow, United Kingdom) in healthy children during clinical practice. METHODS: In this prospective study, three IOP measurements were made using each tonometer in a single session, starting with the Icare-Pro. Participants were 173 non-anesthetized patients aged 1 to 16 years...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231182/aicardi-syndrome
#8
Janice C Law, Mark P Breazzano, Dean Eliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231181/temporal-macular-pulsation-during-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening
#9
LETTER
Devesh Kumawat, Ruchir Tewari, Pranita Sahay, Parijat Chandra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231180/macula-damage-from-laser-pointers
#10
EDITORIAL
Leonard B Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231179/light-come-shining-fundus-autofluorescence
#11
Janet R Sparrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231178/i-have-a-bump
#12
Namratha Turlapati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231177/surgical-management-of-nystagmus
#13
Gad Dotan, Marijean Miller, Mitchell B Strominger, Leonard B Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074608/efficacy-and-safety-of-low-to-moderate-dose-oral-corticosteroid-treatment-in-ocular-myasthenia-gravis
#14
Yoon Gon Lee, Ungsoo Samuel Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the response to corticosteroid therapy as a primary treatment for ocular myasthenia gravis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having ocular myasthenia gravis by an acetylcholine receptor binding antibody test between January 2011 and September 2015 were included in the study and started receiving treatment with a corticosteroid. Patients with a blowout fracture, hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, or history of strabismus surgery were excluded...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913026/long-term-outcomes-after-same-amount-of-bilateral-rectus-muscle-recession-for-intermittent-exotropia-with-the-same-angle-of-deviation
#15
Haeng-Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term outcomes of homogenous bilateral rectus recession in patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation in intermittent exotropia and investigate factors associated with surgical outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective review, patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation who underwent bilateral 6-mm lateral rectus recession between January 2008 and January 2014 were observed for 2 or more years. Patients were classified into two groups based on deviation angle: success (orthophoria or exodeviation < 10 prism diopters [PD]) or recurrence (exodeviation ≥ 10 PD)...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913025/one-muscle-strabismus-surgery-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Jake Gurland, Aldo Vagge, Leonard B Nelson
Proper management of a patient with small to moderate horizontal deviations continues to be challenging for the strabismus surgeon. The use of one-muscle surgery for comitant strabismus has been controversial because of concerns that it may result in a significant number of undercorrections and/or ocular incomitance. Recent literature on unilateral rectus muscle surgery has shown that this surgery is a safe and effective procedure for small and moderate angle horizontal deviations. It has the advantage of limiting surgery to one eye, reducing operative time and possible cost to the family, and leaving other muscles untouched in case repeat surgery is necessary...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913024/laser-pointer-induced-maculopathy-more-than-meets-the-eye
#17
Kamal Mtanes, Michael Mimouni, Shiri Zayit-Soudry
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical findings in patients with laser-induced retinal injury. METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting to a tertiary center between January 2014 and December 2015 following inadvertent ocular exposure to a laser pointer were included. Evaluation included a full ophthalmic examination and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). RESULTS: Seven young patients (8 eyes) were identified. Their mean age was 18...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913023/immediate-postoperative-alignment-following-bimedial-rectus-recession-for-esotropia-in-children-compared-to-adults
#18
Mohamed B Hassan, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To determine whether the immediate postoperative alignment among patients undergoing successful bilateral weakening surgery for esotropia is different in children compared to adults. METHODS: The medical records of all patients undergoing surgery for esotropia by a single surgeon at a major academic referral center between January 1, 2002, and July 1, 2014 (n = 544), were retrospectively reviewed. Exclusion criteria included those with prior strabismus surgery, unilateral surgery, strengthening procedures, vertical or superior oblique surgery, and those wearing hyperopic spectacles for accommodative esotropia...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913022/comparison-of-the-effect-of-cycloplegia-on-astigmatism-measurements-in-a-pediatric-amblyopic-population-a-prospective-study
#19
Sunali Goyal, Paul H Phillips, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Jeffrey M Gossett, R Scott Lowery
PURPOSE: To study the effect of cycloplegia on astigmatism measurements in pediatric patients with amblyopia. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative clinical study. Participants 4 to 17 years old were recruited from the patient population at the Arkansas Children's Hospital eye clinic after informed consent was obtained. Autorefractor measurements were used to obtain values of refractive error in amblyopic and non-amblyopic patients before and after cycloplegia...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913021/implementation-of-a-clinical-prediction-model-using-daily-postnatal-weight-gain-birth-weight-and-gestational-age-to-risk-stratify-rop
#20
Kortany McCauley, Anupama Chundu, Helen Song, Robin High, Donny Suh
PURPOSE: To develop a simple prognostic model using postnatal weight gain, birth weight, and gestational age to identify infants at risk for developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Medical records from two tertiary referral centers with the diagnosis code "Retinopathy of Prematurity" were evaluated. Those with a birth weight of 1,500 g or less, gestational age of 30 weeks or younger, and unstable clinical courses were included. Multivariate regression analysis was applied to transform three independent variables into a growth rate algorithm...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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