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Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092398/rate-of-strabismus-detection-on-digital-photographs-increases-by-using-off-center-near-target
#1
Ron Maor, Joanna Holland, Vijay Tailor, Marina Banteka, Payal Khandelwal, Selina Glaze, Simon Barnard, Yuval Yashiv, Annegret H Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE: To increase the detection rate of strabismus on digital photographs, with the ultimate aim of developing a new automated strabismus detection algorithm. METHODS: In this prospective case series, the authors acquired digital face photographs of 409 children with manifest or latent strabismus, using a 14-million-pixel camera with CCD image sensor. Of the last 52 enrolled, 34 image sets were selected for this study: 29 with manifest and 5 with latent strabismus...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092397/update-on-orthokeratology-in-managing-progressive-myopia-in-children-efficacy-mechanisms-and-concerns
#2
Xintong Li, Ilana B Friedman, Norman B Medow, Cheng Zhang
Myopia is an important public health issue, and high myopia may lead to severe complications if left untreated. Orthokeratology lenses, worn overnight to reshape the cornea, are one of many recent modalities used to slow down the progression of myopia in children. This treatment has been proven successful, as evidenced by decreased spherical refractive error and axial length relative to the control at interval follow-up ranging from 6 months to 5 years. In this systematic review, the authors collected published controlled studies that analyzed the efficacy of orthokeratology lens wear and calculated longitudinal relative changes in axial length, revealing a weighted average of -45...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092396/agreement-between-three-optical-coherence-tomography-devices-to-assess-the-insertion-distance-and-thickness-of-horizontal-rectus-muscles
#3
Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, José Ignacio Fernández-Vigo, Néstor Ventura-Abreu, Julián García-Feijóo, José Ángel Fernández-Vigo, Rosario Gómez-de-Liaño
PURPOSE: To assess the agreement between two different spectral domain (SD-OCT) and one swept source (SS-OCT) optical coherence tomography device to measure the insertion distance and the thickness of the horizontal rectus muscles. METHODS: Seventy eyes from 35 healthy patients were studied. Three OCT instruments-Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering Inc., Heidelberg, Germany), Cirrus 5000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA), and Triton (Topcon, Inc., Tokyo, Japan)-were used to measure the limbus insertion distance and the thickness of the lateral rectus and medial rectus muscles...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092395/intraocular-pressure-changes-following-intravitreal-melphalan-and-topotecan-for-the-treatment-of-retinoblastoma-with-vitreous-seeding
#4
Matthew D Karl, Jasmine H Francis, Saipriya Iyer, Brian Marr, David H Abramson
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of intravitreal chemotherapy on intraocular pressure (IOP) in children with retinoblastoma. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 10 eyes of 10 patients with retinoblastoma (7 males, 3 females, mean age: 33.6 ± 9.4 months) with vitreous seeding injected with intravitreal melphalan and topotecan. IOP was measured with Tono-pen (Reichert, Inc., Buffalo, NY) at baseline prior to injecting and then repeatedly following each intravitreal injection...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092394/morphological-evaluation-of-meibomian-glands-in-children-and-adolescents-using-noncontact-infrared-meibography
#5
Yuan Wu, Haili Li, Yun Tang, Xiaoming Yan
PURPOSE: To compare, in vivo, differences in meibomian gland morphology between children and adolescents. METHODS: Sixty-nine patients were included in this study and divided into two groups: children (n = 31; age range: 3 to 11 years) and adolescents (n = 39; age range: 12 to 18 years). Images of meibomian glands were obtained by infrared meibography and analyzed using ImageJ software (developed by the National Institutes of Health; available at http://rsb.info...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092393/surgical-treatment-of-adult-onset-esotropia-characteristics-and-outcomes
#6
Sara F Grace, Kara M Cavuoto, Wei Shi, Hilda Capo
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics of the strabismus, surgical management, and outcomes of patients who underwent surgery for adult-onset esotropia. METHODS: This was a retrospective case study of patients at an academic tertiary referral center who underwent surgical treatment of esotropia acquired at or after age 18 years. Primary outcome measures were resolution of diplopia in primary position and a deviation of 10 prism diopters or less in primary gaze...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977038/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-of-stage-iii-or-stage-iv-retinoblastoma-in-80-asian-indian-patients
#7
Swathi Kaliki, Anamika Patel, Sadiya Iram, Vijay Anand Reddy Palkonda
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients with stage III or IV retinoblastoma. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 80 patients. RESULTS: Based on the International Retinoblastoma Staging System (IRSS), the tumors (n = 81) belonged to stage IIIa (n = 38, 47%), IIIb (n = 1, 1%), IVa2 (n = 10, 12%), IVb1 (n = 14, 17%), and IVb3 (n = 18, 22%). Of 80 patients, 42 (53%) were compliant to treatment and 38 (47%) were non-compliant...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977037/a-high-prevalence-of-exotropia-in-patients-with-duane-retraction-syndrome-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-south-india
#8
Manjushree Bhate, Virender Sachdeva, Ramesh Kekunnaya
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients with Duane retraction syndrome presenting with exotropia in a tertiary eye care center. METHODS: Medical records of 140 patients with Duane retraction syndrome and exotropia (of the total 441 patients with Duane retraction syndrome) seen from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Characteristics studied included age at presentation, gender, laterality, manifest primary position, abnormal head posture, ocular motility, and overshoots...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977036/changing-strabismus-surgery-distribution-at-shanxi-province-eye-hospital-in-central-china
#9
Jun Hong Li, Wen Fang Xie, Jiao Ni Tian, Li Jun Zhang, Miao Miao Cao, Li Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate whether there has been a changing trend of strabismus surgery in a provincial eye hospital in the central part of China over the past decade. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data on all strabismus surgery performed in Shanxi Province Eye Hospital in China during the past 10 years. Recorded characteristics included patient demographics, type of strabismus, age, and gender. RESULTS: A total of 12,327 patients received strabismus surgery in the eye hospital from 2005 to 2014...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977035/detecting-high-hyperopia-the-plus-lens-test-and-the-spot-vision-screener
#10
Samuel Feldman, Mae Millicent W Peterseim, Rupal H Trivedi, M Edward Wilson, Edward W Cheeseman, Carrie E Papa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of the Plus Lens (Goodlite Company, Elgin, IL) test and the Spot Vision Screener (Welch Allyn, Skaneateles Falls, NY) in detecting high hyperopia in a pediatric population. METHODS: Between June and August 2015, patients were screened with the Spot Vision Screener and the Plus Lens test prior to a scheduled pediatric ophthalmology visit. The following data were analyzed: demographic data, Plus Lens result, Spot Vision Screener result, cycloplegic refraction, and examination findings...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977034/factors-predictive-of-success-in-probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#11
João Beato, Ágata Mota, Nuno Gonçalves, Renato Santos-Silva, Augusto Magalhães, Jorge Breda, Fernando Falcão-Reis
PURPOSE: To report the success rate of children undergoing probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) and the factors relating to the failure of the procedure. METHODS: This retrospective case series included 88 eyes of 62 patients, aged 1 to 138 months, who underwent probing between January 2008 and December 2014 in the Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of Centro Hospitalar São João. The procedure was performed in the operating room under general anesthesia...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977033/medical-management-of-blepharokeratoconjunctivitis-in-children-a-delphi-consensus
#12
Moritz Claudius Daniel, Michael O'Gallagher, Melanie Hingorani, Daniel F Larkin, Stephen Tuft, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE: To describe a pragmatic approach to the medical management of blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in children, based on published evidence and clinical experience. METHODS: The authors used the Delphi consensus method to explore the preferred management patterns of four senior clinicians at one institution to reach agreement on indications and dosage schedules for commonly used treatments. Four iterations were created, with electronic questionnaires distributed via an online survey platform...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977032/multiple-pathological-ocular-findings-in-a-patient-with-phace-syndrome
#13
Elif Demirkilinc Biler, Onder Uretmen
The authors describe a 2-year-old girl diagnosed as having posterior fossa malformations, hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, and eye abnormalities (PHACE) syndrome that presented with a large facial hemangioma of the forehead and eyelid, ptosis, microphthalmia, persistent pupillary membrane and pupillary ectopia, congenital oculomotor nerve palsy of the affected eye, and bilateral optic disc dysplasia. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53:e72-e74.].
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977031/ultra-wide-field-imaging-and-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-of-ocular-electrical-injury-in-a-child
#14
Brijesh Takkar, Shorya Azad, Kabiruddin Molla, Pradeep Venkatesh
History of trauma in children may be obscured and physicians often rely on signs for diagnosis. The authors discuss a case of electrical injury where ocular signs led to diagnosis of the cause of macular atrophy. A high index of suspicion must always be maintained in such atypical cases, and the setting of electrical injury to the body requires meticulous ocular examination. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53:e69-e71.].
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977030/myeloid-sarcoma-in-the-orbit
#15
Xiaoxiao Qian, James W Gigantelli, Minnie Abromowitch, Linda A Morgan, Donny W Suh
The authors describe a case of myeloid sarcoma of the orbit in a pediatric patient. An 8-month-old male infant presented to the ophthalmology clinic with a left orbital mass, which had been increasing in size over the previous 2 months. The mass was initially diagnosed at another clinic as an infantile hemangioma, and had been treated with a topical formulation of timolol. In the ophthalmology clinic, orbital magnetic resonance imaging showed a solid enhancing mass. A biopsy was performed, and histopathology revealed myeloid sarcoma...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977029/painful-acute-corneal-ulceration-and-anterior-stromal-keratitis-in-an-adolescent-with-reactive-arthritis
#16
Christopher J Lyons, Elham AlQahtani, Hughie Tsang, Gregory T Moloney, Jane Gardiner
Reactive arthritis is occasionally associated with conjunctivitis and uveitis, but rarely keratitis. The authors describe a patient with paracentral anterior stromal keratitis with overlying epithelial erosion and multiple satellite subepithelial infiltrates. The initial appearance and the severe pain were suggestive of an infectious process. Recovery was rapid following introduction of topical steroid, with features suggesting an immune process in the recovery phase. The authors suggest that a history of arthritis and/or recent enteritis should be sought in the work-up of an atypical keratitis with or without epithelial defect...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858950/sleep-mask-like-chorioretinal-atrophy-in-a-patient-with-alagille-syndrome
#17
Aya Sato, Shinji Makino, Hironobu Tampo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858949/neuroimaging-findings-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-and-nystagmus
#18
LETTER
Melissa M Wong, A J Schneier, Danielle Ledoux, Gena Heidary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858948/comparison-of-360-degree-circumferential-trabeculotomy-and-conventional-trabeculotomy-in-primary-pediatric-glaucoma-surgery-part-1
#19
Christiana Celea, Serban Dragosloveanu, Mihai Pop, Cristian Celea
PURPOSE: To quantify the outcomes of a single circumferential trabeculotomy versus a single conventional trabeculotomy after 2 years of follow-up in patients who underwent primary pediatric glaucoma surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients aged 1 day to 3 years who underwent primary pediatric glaucoma surgery. A total of 45 patients (79 eyes) were followed up for 2 years. There were two groups: the 360-degrees circumferential trabeculotomy with illuminated catheter group and the conventional trabeculotomy group...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858947/ophthalmologic-screening-for-optic-pathway-glioma-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#20
EDITORIAL
Rudolph S Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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