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Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074609/congenital-monocular-strabismus-fixus
#1
Kai Jie Wang, Qing Lin Chang, Feng Yuan Man, Juan Ding, Jing Hui Wang, Jun Fang Xian, Yong Hong Jiao
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of the extraocular muscle and ocular motor nerves in congenital monocular strabismus fixus. METHODS: The retrospective observational case series of three patients with congenital monocular strabismus fixus were reviewed between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2016. Ophthalmologic examination and thin-sectioned MRI of the ocular motor nerve and the orbit were performed on the three patients...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074608/efficacy-and-safety-of-low-to-moderate-dose-oral-corticosteroid-treatment-in-ocular-myasthenia-gravis
#2
Yoon Gon Lee, Ungsoo Samuel Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the response to corticosteroid therapy as a primary treatment for ocular myasthenia gravis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed as having ocular myasthenia gravis by an acetylcholine receptor binding antibody test between January 2011 and September 2015 were included in the study and started receiving treatment with a corticosteroid. Patients with a blowout fracture, hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, or history of strabismus surgery were excluded...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074607/surgical-management-in-type-1-monocular-elevation-deficiency
#3
Osman Bulut Ocak, Asli Inal, Ebru Demet Aygit, Selcen Celik, Serap Yurttaser Ocak, Gamze Ozturk Karabulut, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of surgical treatment in patients with type 1 monocular elevation deficiency. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed as having type 1 monocular elevation deficiency by forced duction test and exaggerated traction test between 2000 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Epidemiologic and clinical features of the patients were noted. The efficacy of ipsilateral inferior rectus recession to vertical misalignments and limitation of elevation were evaluated...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074606/icare-pro-rebound-tonometer-versus-hand-held-applanation-tonometer-for-pediatric-screening
#4
Paula Arribas-Pardo, Carmen Mendez-Hernández, Isabel Valls-Ferran, Diego Puertas-Bordallo
PURPOSE: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained using the new rebound tonometer Icare-Pro (Icare, Tiolat Oy, Helsinki, Finland) and the hand-held version of the Goldmann applanation tonometer (Perkins; Clement Clarke, Haag-Streit, Harlow, United Kingdom) in healthy children during clinical practice. METHODS: In this prospective study, three IOP measurements were made using each tonometer in a single session, starting with the Icare-Pro. Participants were 173 non-anesthetized patients aged 1 to 16 years...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913026/long-term-outcomes-after-same-amount-of-bilateral-rectus-muscle-recession-for-intermittent-exotropia-with-the-same-angle-of-deviation
#5
Haeng-Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term outcomes of homogenous bilateral rectus recession in patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation in intermittent exotropia and investigate factors associated with surgical outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective review, patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation who underwent bilateral 6-mm lateral rectus recession between January 2008 and January 2014 were observed for 2 or more years. Patients were classified into two groups based on deviation angle: success (orthophoria or exodeviation < 10 prism diopters [PD]) or recurrence (exodeviation ≥ 10 PD)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913025/one-muscle-strabismus-surgery-a-review
#6
Jake Gurland, Aldo Vagge, Leonard B Nelson
Proper management of a patient with small to moderate horizontal deviations continues to be challenging for the strabismus surgeon. The use of one-muscle surgery for comitant strabismus has been controversial because of concerns that it may result in a significant number of undercorrections and/or ocular incomitance. Recent literature on unilateral rectus muscle surgery has shown that this surgery is a safe and effective procedure for small and moderate angle horizontal deviations. It has the advantage of limiting surgery to one eye, reducing operative time and possible cost to the family, and leaving other muscles untouched in case repeat surgery is necessary...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913024/laser-pointer-induced-maculopathy-more-than-meets-the-eye
#7
Kamal Mtanes, Michael Mimouni, Shiri Zayit-Soudry
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical findings in patients with laser-induced retinal injury. METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting to a tertiary center between January 2014 and December 2015 following inadvertent ocular exposure to a laser pointer were included. Evaluation included a full ophthalmic examination and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). RESULTS: Seven young patients (8 eyes) were identified. Their mean age was 18...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913023/immediate-postoperative-alignment-following-bimedial-rectus-recession-for-esotropia-in-children-compared-to-adults
#8
Mohamed B Hassan, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To determine whether the immediate postoperative alignment among patients undergoing successful bilateral weakening surgery for esotropia is different in children compared to adults. METHODS: The medical records of all patients undergoing surgery for esotropia by a single surgeon at a major academic referral center between January 1, 2002, and July 1, 2014 (n = 544), were retrospectively reviewed. Exclusion criteria included those with prior strabismus surgery, unilateral surgery, strengthening procedures, vertical or superior oblique surgery, and those wearing hyperopic spectacles for accommodative esotropia...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913022/comparison-of-the-effect-of-cycloplegia-on-astigmatism-measurements-in-a-pediatric-amblyopic-population-a-prospective-study
#9
Sunali Goyal, Paul H Phillips, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Jeffrey M Gossett, R Scott Lowery
PURPOSE: To study the effect of cycloplegia on astigmatism measurements in pediatric patients with amblyopia. METHODS: This was a prospective comparative clinical study. Participants 4 to 17 years old were recruited from the patient population at the Arkansas Children's Hospital eye clinic after informed consent was obtained. Autorefractor measurements were used to obtain values of refractive error in amblyopic and non-amblyopic patients before and after cycloplegia...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913021/implementation-of-a-clinical-prediction-model-using-daily-postnatal-weight-gain-birth-weight-and-gestational-age-to-risk-stratify-rop
#10
Kortany McCauley, Anupama Chundu, Helen Song, Robin High, Donny Suh
PURPOSE: To develop a simple prognostic model using postnatal weight gain, birth weight, and gestational age to identify infants at risk for developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Medical records from two tertiary referral centers with the diagnosis code "Retinopathy of Prematurity" were evaluated. Those with a birth weight of 1,500 g or less, gestational age of 30 weeks or younger, and unstable clinical courses were included. Multivariate regression analysis was applied to transform three independent variables into a growth rate algorithm...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809266/spontaneous-reattachment-of-the-medial-rectus-after-free-tenotomy
#11
Daniel L Adams, Brittany C Rapone, John R Economides, Jonathan C Horton
PURPOSE: To assess the outcome of free tenotomy of the medial rectus muscle in post-natal monkeys. METHODS: The medial rectus muscle was disinserted in both eyes of 6 macaques at age 4 weeks to induce an alternating exotropia. After the impact on the visual cortex and superior colliculus was investigated, the animals were examined post-mortem to assess the anatomy of the medial rectus muscles. RESULTS: After tenotomy, the monkeys eventually recovered partial adduction...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809264/a-comparison-of-three-different-photoscreeners-in-children
#12
Kuddusi Teberik, Mehmet Tahir Eski, Murat Kaya, Handan Ankarall
PURPOSE: To compare the results obtained from three non-cycloplegic handheld photorefractometers with cycloplegic autorefractometry (Topcon KR-8100; Topcon Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) measurement in children. METHODS: The refractive status of 238 eyes in 119 healthy children was assessed. The values acquired using photorefraction with the non-cycloplegic PlusoptiX A12 (Plusoptix GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany), Retinomax K-plus 3 (Righton, Tokyo, Japan), and Spot Vision Screener (Welch Allyn, Skaneateles Falls, NY) devices were compared with those obtained from the cycloplegic Topcon KR-8100...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074605/horner-syndrome-as-a-rare-complication-of-radiofrequency-tonsil-ablation
#13
Pinar Topcu-Yilmaz, Sedef Kutluk, Feyza Onder
Horner syndrome is a rare but likely underdiagnosed complication of tonsillary surgery. The authors report the case of a 2.5-year-old boy who developed miosis and mild ptosis after radiofrequency tonsil ablation surgery. Pharmacologic testing with apraclonidine 0.5% eye drops confirmed left Horner syndrome. This case highlights the close anatomical relationship between the tonsils and cervical sympathetic trunk and draws attention to the occurrence of Horner syndrome after tonsillectomy. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024019/ocular-manifestations-of-albers-schoenberg-disease-osteopetrosis
#14
Suma Ganesh, Priyanka Arora, Shailja Tibrewal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024018/optimal-surgical-results-in-infantile-exotropia
#15
EDITORIAL
Rudolph S Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024017/a-balancing-act
#16
Sansar Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024016/my-eye-pressure-is-up-again
#17
Rujuta Gore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024015/management-of-high-myopia-in-children
#18
Donna D Brown, Suqin Guo, Frederick M Wang, Rudolph S Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809268/effect-of-cycloplegia-on-optical-biometry-in-pediatric-eyes
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Usha K Raina, Shantanu Kumar Gupta, Anika Gupta, Apurva Goray, Varun Saini
PURPOSE: To study the effect of cycloplegia on optical biometry parameters in pediatric eyes using the Lenstar LS 900 (Haag-Streit, Koeniz, Switzerland). METHODS: In this observational and comparative study, 56 normal eyes and 20 cataractous eyes in children between 5 and 15 years of age were included. Measurements were taken before and after cycloplegia using 2% homatropine drops. Parameters studied were axial length, central corneal thickness, keratometry, anterior chamber depth, and lens thickness...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809267/real-world-simulation-of-an-alternative-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening-system-in-thailand-a-pilot-study
#20
S Grace Prakalapakorn, Sharon F Freedman, Amy K Hutchinson, Piyada Saehout, Mine Cetinkaya-Rundel, David K Wallace, Kittisak Kulvichit
PURPOSE: To evaluate an alternative retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening system that identifies infants meriting examination by an ophthalmologist in a middle-income country. METHODS: The authors hypothesized that grading posterior pole images for the presence of pre-plus or plus disease has high sensitivity to identify infants with type 1 ROP that requires treatment. Part 1 of the study evaluated the feasibility of having a non-ophthalmologist health care worker obtain retinal images of prematurely born infants using a non-contact retinal camera (Pictor; Volk Optical, Inc...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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