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Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991351/the-treatment-of-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-in-children-a-retrospective-review
#1
H Sprague Eustis, An H Nguyen
PURPOSE: To compare success and extrusion rates of the monocanalicular and bicanalicular Crawford intubation systems (JEDMED Instrument Company, St. Louis, MO). METHODS: A retrospective review of all children who were diagnosed as having congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction and treated with lacrimal intubation from 2005 to 2014 was performed. The total number of eyes included was 168 (75 and 93 right and left eyes, respectively). Bicanalicular intubation was used in 80 eyes (bicanalicular group) and monocanalicular intubation was used in 88 eyes (monocanalicular group)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991350/neuroanatomical-structures-in-human-extraocular-muscles-and-their-potential-implication-in-the-development-of-oculomotor-disorders
#2
Ala Paduca, Jan Richard Bruenech
The potential role of sensory feedback from human extraocular muscles has been subjected to considerable speculation in the ophthalmic literature. Extraocular muscles pull against a fairly even load and do not initiate a stretch reflex, even when the eyes are directed toward the boundaries of their respective field of action. These unique working conditions and physiological properties have led to the notion that the sensory signal arising from receptors in extraocular muscles differs from the conventional proprioceptive signal arising from their somatic counterparts...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991349/surgical-outcome-of-congenital-cataract-in-eyes-with-microcornea
#3
Jyoti Matalia, Sheetal Shirke, K Bhujang Shetty, Himanshu Matalia
PURPOSE: To report the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of congenital cataract surgery in eyes with microcornea. METHODS: In this retrospective, interventional, comparative case series, the authors reviewed 47 eyes of 26 children with microcornea and congenital cataract (21 bilateral and 5 unilateral) who underwent lens aspiration with primary posterior capsulectomy and anterior vitrectomy between 2008 and 2014 with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991348/inferior-oblique-belly-transposition-for-small-angle-hypertropia-with-inferior-oblique-overaction-a-pilot-study
#4
Shiqiang Yang, Xin Guo, David Robbins Tien
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of transposition of the belly of the inferior oblique muscle in treating inferior oblique overaction with small angle hypertropia. METHODS: The medical records of 10 patients who underwent inferior oblique belly transposition from March 2014 to July 2016 were reviewed. Transposition of the inferior oblique muscle belly consisted of suturing the entire body of the muscle to the sclera 5 mm posterior to the temporal insertion of the inferior rectus muscle...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991347/medial-rectus-bridge-faden-operations-in-accommodative-and-partially-accommodative-esotropia-with-convergence-excess
#5
Asli Inal, Osman Bulut Ocak, Ebru Demet Aygit, Selcen Celik, Gamze Ozturk Karabulut, Berkay Inal, Muhittin Taskapili, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of the bilateral bridge Faden operation on the medial rectus muscles with and without recession in the treatment of accommodative and partially accommodative esotropia with convergence excess. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of 103 patients who underwent the bridge Faden operation on both medial rectus muscles, with or without recession, for the treatment of accommodative and partially accommodative esotropia with convergence excess...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991346/surgical-outcome-of-intermittent-exotropia-with-improvement-in-control-grade-subsequent-to-part-time-preoperative-occlusion-therapy
#6
Seung Pil Bang, Dong Cheol Lee, Se Youp Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of improvement in the control grade of intermittent exotropia using part-time occlusion therapy on the final postoperative outcome. METHODS: Control of intermittent exotropia was graded as good, fair, or poor in 89 consecutive patients with intermittent exotropia during their first visit. The patients were reevaluated after part-time preoperative occlusion therapy and divided into two groups (improvement and no improvement) according to whether they showed improvement in control grade...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991345/the-efficacy-of-bilateral-lateral-rectus-recession-according-to-secondary-deviation-measurements-in-unilateral-exotropic-duane-retraction-syndrome
#7
Daphna Mezad-Koursh, Ari Leshno, Ainat Klein, Chaim Stolovich
PURPOSE: To evaluate the surgical results of asymmetric bilateral lateral rectus recession in exotropic Duane retraction syndrome with abnormal face turn toward the opposite side according to secondary deviation measurements. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Seven cases of unilateral exotropic Duane retraction syndrome were reviewed. All cases had globe retraction on adduction and exotropia with limited adduction, five of which also had mild limitation of abduction...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991344/combined-oral-and-topical-beta-blockers-for-the-treatment-of-early-proliferative-superficial-periocular-infantile-capillary-hemangioma
#8
Hatem M Marey, Hesham F Elmazar, Sameh S Mandour, Hany A Khairy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined oral and topical beta blockers for the treatment of superficial periocular infantile hemangioma at the early proliferative stage. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 25 patients. Patients were randomly enrolled into two groups: the topical and systemic treatment and systemic treatment only groups. The topical and systemic treatment group was treated with oral propranolol (1 mg/kg per day initially, increased to 2 mg/kg per day gradually in 2 weeks) and timolol maleate 0...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991343/endophthalmitis-following-pediatric-cataract-surgery-an-international-pediatric-ophthalmology-and-strabismus-council-global-perspective
#9
Almutez M Gharaibeh, Eedy Mezer, Luis H Ospina, Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe
PURPOSE: To compile international data on the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of endophthalmitis following pediatric cataract surgery. METHODS: An e-mail containing a link to an online survey was sent to all members of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. The questionnaire examined the incidence, risk factors, treatment, outcomes, and prophylaxis of endophthalmitis following pediatric cataract surgery around the world. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-seven ophthalmologists answered the questionnaire...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991342/reduction-of-consecutive-esotropia-using-modified-contralateral-recession-and-resection-for-recurrent-intermittent-exotropia
#10
Soon Young Cho, Se Youp Lee
PURPOSE: To report consecutive esotropia in contralateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection for recurrent intermittent exotropia after unilateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection and to evaluate the surgical outcome of modified contralateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection for exotropia after unilateral lateral rectus recession and medial rectus resection. METHODS: A total of 36 patients were included in this retrospective study...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850643/toward-achieving-100-adherence-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening-guidelines
#11
Robert W Arnold, Jack Jacob, Zinnia Matrix
PURPOSE: To report on the use of a cloud-based electronic medical record (ROP Check; Glacier Medical Software, Anchorage, AK) designed to provide American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guideline-adherent retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) care through the scheduling and documenting of ROP examinations. METHODS: Data analysis on 3,155 patients from a de-identified dataset from 13 neonatal intensive care units. RESULTS: All newborns with a gestational age of 22 to 30 weeks (N = 2,278) were entered with a documented ROP examination...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850642/video-game-vision-syndrome-a-new-clinical-picture-in-children
#12
Caterina Rechichi, Gilda De Mojà, Pasquale Aragona
PURPOSE: To examine a possible relationship between exposure to video games/electronic screens and visual issues in children between 3 and 10 years of age. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional study of a population of children using video games was employed. All patients between 3 and 10 years of age were recruited at an outpatient unit accredited by the Italian Regional Health Service. Three hundred twenty children (159 boys and 161 girls; mean age = 6.9 ± 2 years) were observed...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850641/preliminary-study-of-the-differences-in-optic-nerve-head-hemoglobin-measures-between-patients-with-and-without-childhood-glaucoma
#13
Lucía Perucho-González, Carmen Dora Méndez-Hernández, Manuel González-de-la-Rosa, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Federico Sáez-Francés, Vanesa Andrés-Guerrero, Julián García-Feijoó
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of quantifying color changes in the optic nerve head in retinal photographs of patients with childhood glaucoma. METHODS: In this observational study, three photographs of the optic nerve head were obtained in 28 patients with childhood glaucoma and 28 age- and sex-matched healthy participants (the childhood glaucoma and control groups, respectively). The Laguna Optic Nerve Head Hemoglobin (ONhE) software (Insoft SL, Tenerife, Spain) was used to determine hemoglobin levels in the optic nerve head...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850640/impact-of-a-strabismus-surgery-suture-course-for-first-and-second-year-ophthalmology-residents
#14
Aldo Vagge, Kammi Gunton, Bruce Schnall
PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of an eye muscle surgery course on first- and second-year postgraduate ophthalmology residents. METHODS: This prospective cohort pilot study invited first- and second-year ophthalmology residents to participate in a 2-hour strabismus surgery course at Wills Eye Hospital. The course consisted of a didactic session followed by a wet laboratory session. The wet laboratory session simulated strabismus surgery using a model constructed of chicken breast followed by partial-thickness scleral suture passes in pig eyes...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753217/retrospective-study-of-visual-outcomes-and-complications-after-sutureless-flapless-and-glueless-intrascleral-fixation-of-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lens-in-children-and-young-adults
#15
V Rajesh Prabu, Smita Kapoor, Swarna Udayakumar, Priyanka Gupta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual outcomes and complications after sutureless, flapless, and glueless intrascleral fixation of a posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) in patients between the ages of 5 and 20 years. METHODS: Children with gross subluxated lenses and aphakia following intracapsular cataract extraction with inadequate posterior capsular support underwent intrascleral fixation of a standard three-piece posterior chamber IOL without sutures, flaps, or glue...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991355/a-case-of-orbital-lipoblastoma-temporal-evolution-of-imaging-findings
#16
Sungsoon Hwang, Jee Wook Kim, Seon Ae Shin, Debrelle Lou Siapno, Yeon Lim Suh, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
Lipoblastoma is a rare tumor that is not commonly seen in the orbit. The authors present clinical features, histopathologic findings, changes in the radiologic findings over time, and the radiological-pathological correlation of orbital lipoblastoma in an infant. A 3-month-old male infant presented with a palpable mass on the left upper eyelid. The patient was observed for 1 year with magnetic resonance imaging. At the age of 15 months, the patient underwent excisional biopsy. Histopathologic examination showed features of hypocellular lobules with a mixture of adipocytes of various stages of maturity and myxoid stroma separated by prominent fibrous septa, confirming a diagnosis of orbital lipoblastoma...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991354/anteriorization-of-the-normally-acting-inferior-oblique-muscles-to-treat-dissociated-vertical-deviation-associated-with-juvenile-glaucoma
#17
Rehab Rashad Kassem
A case of dissociated vertical deviation, ptosis, and juvenile glaucoma is described. J deformity anteriorization of the normally acting inferior oblique muscles was chosen to preserve the superior fornix for glaucoma surgeries by avoiding superior rectus recession and to prevent narrowing of the palpebral fissure by avoiding an inferior rectus tuck. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e63-e66.].
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991353/asymptomatic-leukemic-optic-nerve-infiltration-as-presentation-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-relapse
#18
Jane Caty, A Paula Grigorian, Florin Grigorian
The authors report a case of asymptomatic leukemic optic neuropathy as the first sign of acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapse in a 4-year-old boy. Routine ophthalmologic examination showed normal visual acuity and pupillary function in the presence of a tumoral mass covering the left optic disc. The mass resolved with preservation of vision after intrathecal chemotherapy. A routine ophthalmological examination is recommended for all patients with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia to exclude optic nerve involvement without systemic symptoms or signs...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991352/optical-coherence-tomography-assisted-limbal-dermoid-removal
#19
Jacob A Evans, Ashley Ko, Scott A Larson
This report and accompanying video show the novel use of intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the excision of a limbal dermoid. Examining for residual opaque tissue in the cornea accompanied by OCT imaging is a useful technique to confirm complete excision of the lesion. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e58-e59.].
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926666/congenital-epithelial-inclusion-cyst-of-the-eyelid
#20
Devjyoti Tripathy, Ruchi Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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