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Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371918/visual-impairment-and-eye-disease-among-children-of-migrant-farmworkers
#1
Rebecca Russ Soares, Michael Rothschild, Danny Haddad, Phoebe Lenhart
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of reduced visual acuity and ocular disease in the children of migrant farmworkers in Georgia. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of data acquired by a vision screening was performed on 156 Haitian and Hispanic children of migrant farmworkers attending a summer school in Georgia. Reduced visual acuity at presentation was analyzed and stratified by ethnicity, type of ocular disease, and immediate resolution with refractive correction...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371917/surgical-outcome-of-single-inferior-oblique-myectomy-in-small-and-large-hypertropia-of-unilateral-superior-oblique-palsy
#2
Mohammad Reza Akbari, Samira Sadrkhanlou, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of isolated inferior oblique myectomy on hypertropia in primary position, side gazes, and tilts, and its effect on comitancy and abnormal head posture in unilateral superior oblique palsy. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with unilateral superior oblique palsy who had inferior oblique overaction underwent inferior oblique myectomy. The hypertropia was measured in primary position, side gazes, and tilts preoperatively and postoperatively...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371916/efficacy-of-office-based-nasolacrimal-duct-probing
#3
Austin Bach, Elizabeth Ann Vanner, Roberto Warman
PURPOSE: To analyze the efficacy of nasolacrimal duct probing conducted in the office for nasolacrimal duct obstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of 1,294 patients. Of those, 1,227 patients who underwent office-based nasolacrimal probings of the nasolacrimal duct at a single tertiary care center were included. RESULTS: A total of 82 (6.7%) patients needed reprobing. Of the 82 patients who underwent a second procedure, 35 (43%) underwent a second in-office probing with a success rate of 77%...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371915/analysis-of-macular-vessel-density-and-foveal-avascular-zone-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-children-with-amblyopia
#4
Bengi Demirayak, Asli Vural, Ismail Umut Onur, Fatma Selin Kaya, Fadime Ulviye Yigit
PURPOSE: To quantify the foveal avascular zone and the whole, parafoveal, and foveal vessel density of superficial and deep capillary plexus in amblyopic eyes and age-matched controls and to compare the measurements. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 49 eyes from 17 patients with amblyopia and 21 healthy children (aged 6 to 16 years). Optical coherence tomography angiography was performed for all participants and superficial capillary plexus, deep capillary plexus, and foveal avascular zone were evaluated...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371914/myopia-growth-chart-based-on-a-population-based-survey-knhanes-iv-v-a-novel-prediction-model-of-myopic-progression-in-childhood
#5
Dae Hee Kim, Hyun Taek Lim
PURPOSE: To introduce a novel myopia growth chart based on a population-based survey for the prediction of myopic progression. METHODS: The study included 7,695 Korean participants aged 5 to 20 years from a population-based health survey (Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV-V). The authors collected spherical equivalent (SE) data converted from noncycloplegic refraction data. To create a myopia growth chart, data were arranged in the order of SE from hyperopia to myopia to acquire specific percentiles of the SE by age...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371913/lateral-rectus-medial-rectus-union-a-new-surgical-technique-for-treatment-of-complete-third-nerve-palsy
#6
Abbas Bagheri, Mohadeseh Feizi, Ramin Sahebghalam, Shahin Yazdani
PURPOSE: To describe a new surgical technique for the treatment of complete third nerve palsy. METHODS: This study included patients with chronic complete third nerve palsy. The lateral rectus muscle was split, followed by disinsertion of the superior and inferior halves, which were passed between the sclera and superior and inferior rectus muscles, respectively. Then the medial rectus muscle was sutured as posteriorly as possible from its insertion and cut. Next, the distal stump of the medial rectus muscle was split into two halves and united with the superior and inferior halves of the lateral rectus muscle...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371912/medical-management-of-children-with-congenital-infantile-cataract-associated-with-microphthalmia-microcornea-or-persistent-fetal-vasculature
#7
Moritz Claudius Daniel, Gillian G W Adams, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
PURPOSE: To report the surgical outcomes of children with cataract associated with microphthalmia, microcornea, or persistent fetal vasculature (MMP) and children with isolated cataract. METHODS: The study included 111 children (cataract associated with MMP: n = 25) who underwent cataract surgery at younger than 16 years. Exclusion criteria were duration of follow-up less than 5 years, intraindividual differences in age at surgery, eye disorders other than MMP, secondary cataract, and syndromal diseases...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371911/comparison-of-optic-canal-diameter-in-children-with-malignant-infantile-osteopetrosis-and-normal-children-and-the-effects-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-on-the-optic-canal-diameter
#8
Wenhong Cao, Wenbin Wei, Gang Yu, Qian Wu, Maoquan Qin
PURPOSE: To investigate the difference in the optic canal diameter between children with autosomal recessive malignant infantile osteopetrosis and normal children, and to assess the influence of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on the optic canal diameter. METHODS: Twenty pediatric patients with malignant infantile osteopetrosis and 22 normal control children were included in this study. Eleven patients with malignant infantile osteopetrosis underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371910/prevalence-of-strabismus-among-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-disease-with-and-without-optic-pathway-glioma
#9
Gad Dotan, Hanya M Qureshi, Hagit Toledano-Alhadef, Nur Azem, Claudia Yahalom
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of strabismus in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) by comparing children with normal neuroimaging to those with optic pathway glioma. METHODS: A retrospective data collection of all children with NF-1 with neuroimaging studies examined at a single medical center between 2000 and 2016. RESULTS: Of the 198 children with NF-1 reviewed, 109 (55%) were male, 121 (61%) had normal neuroimaging, and 77 (39%) had an optic pathway glioma...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452769/choroidal-ganglioneuronal-hamartoma-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#10
Ahmed Gilani, Amanda Treece
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452768/postoperative-stereopsis-in-adult-patients-with-horizontal-comitant-strabismus-with-normal-vision-who-are-stereoblind
#11
Xiaohe Yan, Xiaoming Lin
PURPOSE: To examine stereopsis in patients with comitant horizontal strabismus who had normal vision and were stereoblind following the strabismus surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients with primary comitant horizontal strabismus and normal corrected visual acuity were included in this study. The stereoacuity was quantitatively measured by the random dot butterfly stereotest, the Randot Preschool Stereoacuity Test (Stereo Optical, Inc., Chicago, IL), and synoptophore...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452767/refractive-trend-of-stage-3-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#12
Sneha Padidam, Kim Le, Xihui Lin
PURPOSE: To analyze the yearly refractive trend in patients with stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) over a 7-year time period. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 70 eyes of 35 patients with stage 3 ROP. RESULTS: Of the 70 eyes, 46 received laser ablation and 24 did not. There was a similar distribution between zone II and zone III disease in both groups (P = .87). The average final refraction in the laser group was -0.83 diopters (D) in comparison to +1...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452766/systemic-associations-of-childhood-glaucoma-a-review
#13
Neha Midha, Talvir Sidhu, Neha Chaturvedi, Renu Sinha, Dilip R Shende, Tanuj Dada, Viney Gupta, Ramanjit Sihota
PURPOSE: To review systemic associations of childhood glaucoma. METHODS: Patients younger than 15 years and diagnosed as having glaucoma were divided into four groups: isolated primary congenital glaucoma, glaucoma with other congenital ocular anomalies, congenital glaucoma with known systemic diseases, and secondary glaucoma. Prevalence and type of systemic associations in each group were studied. RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of 371 patients diagnosed as having glaucoma was done...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452765/diagnosing-and-treating-thyroid-ophthalmopathy
#14
EDITORIAL
Rudolph S Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452764/not-focusing-on-myopia-is-shortsighted
#15
Jeffrey Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452763/i-went-in-for-a-routine-eye-examination
#16
Ella H Leung, J Timothy Stout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30452762/instructing-residents-in-strabismus-surgery
#17
Patrick A DeRespinis, Kammi B Gunton, Scott E Olitsky, Rudolph S Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160298/the-value-of-fusional-convergence-amplitudes-in-esodeviation-surgery-without-adjustable-sutures
#18
Anu Maudgil, Naz Raoof, John Burke
PURPOSE: To explore the application of preoperative fusional convergence amplitudes in the selection of a target angle for non-adjustable suture strabismus surgery with deteriorated intermittent esotropia and diplopia. METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive cases of presumed acquired non-accommodative, deteriorated intermittent esotropia managed surgically between 2005 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively. For each individual, a target angle (deviation angle for which surgery was based) was selected preoperatively after analysis of fusional convergence amplitudes...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160297/optical-coherence-tomography-thickness-measurements-of-the-extraocular-rectus-muscle-tendons-in-graves-ophthalmopathy
#19
Lucía De-Pablo-Gómez-de-Liaño, José Ignacio Fernández-Vigo, Néstor Ventura-Abreu, Juan Troyano-Rivas, Cristina Niño-Rueda, Ángel Romo-López, Rosario Gómez-de-Liaño
PURPOSE: To examine extraocular rectus muscle tendons in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted with 55 healthy controls, 45 patients with clinically inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy, and 12 patients with clinically active Graves' ophthalmopathy. Scanning was performed at the 3- and 9-o'clock positions. The medial rectus tendon thickness was measured at 7.2 and 9...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160296/radiographic-course-of-medically-managed-pediatric-orbital-subperiosteal-abscesses
#20
Matthew T Cossack, Samantha P Herretes, Abdourahman Cham, Matthew C Sniegowski, David B Lyon
PURPOSE: To describe the natural radiographic course of subperiosteal orbital abscesses that were managed medically in pediatric patients. METHODS: A retrospective case review was undertaken at Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics of Kansas City, Missouri. All patients admitted to the hospital and diagnosed as having orbital cellulitis or subperiosteal abscess from 2008 to 2017 were included in the study. Of the 418 patients identified, 15 patients had repeat imaging and did not undergo surgery prior to the second scan...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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