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Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678305/clinical-features-and-surgical-outcome-of-triad-exotropia
#1
Suk-Gyu Ha, Young-Woo Suh, Seung-Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features and surgical outcome of A-pattern exotropia combined with dissociated vertical deviation and superior oblique overaction. METHODS: The medical records of patients with A-pattern exotropia combined with dissociated vertical deviation and superior oblique overaction who underwent horizontal muscle surgery alone or in combination with superior oblique muscle weakening surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups according to their surgery: the horizontal muscle surgery alone group and the horizontal muscle surgery with bilateral superior oblique weakening surgery (combined surgery) group...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678304/effect-of-4-month-intermittent-atropine-penalization-in-amblyopic-children-for-whom-patch-therapy-had-failed
#2
Bo Ram Seol, Young Suk Yu, Seong-Joon Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of 4-month intermittent atropine penalization in children with amblyopia for whom patch therapy had failed and to analyze the factors associated with treatment success. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included participants who visited the hospital between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015. Forty-one children with amblyopia for whom patch therapy had failed were included and their medical records were analyzed retrospectively...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617521/regular-versus-releasable-sutures-in-surgery-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#3
Nader H Bayoumi
PURPOSE: To compare releasable and regular sutures in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 39 eyes (26 right eyes) of 39 children (20 boys; 19 girls) who had primary congenital glaucoma treated with combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with mitomycin C and scleral flap closure with regular or releasable sutures. Follow-up was 24 months. Success rates (defined as an intraocular pressure [IOP] < 16 mm Hg without hypotony-related complications and/or lack of IOP-related progression of the disease) were studied and complications were noted...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617520/abnormal-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-patients-with-anisometropic-amblyopia-using-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#4
Angcang Tang, Taolin Chen, Junran Zhang, Qiyong Gong, Longqian Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the abnormality of spontaneous activity in patients with anisometropic amblyopia under resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (Rs-fMRI). METHODS: Twenty-four participants were split into two groups. The anisometropic amblyopia group had 10 patients, all of whom had anisometropic amblyopia of the right eye, and the control group had 14 healthy subjects. All participants underwent Rs-fMRI scanning. Measurement of amplitude of low frequency fluctuations of the brain, which is a measure of the amplitudes of spontaneous brain activity, was used to investigate brain changes between the anisometropic amblyopia and control groups...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510777/anatomical-characterization-of-the-nasolacrimal-canal-based-on-computed-tomography-in-children-with-complex-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#5
Chengyue Zhang, Gang Yu, Yanhui Cui, Qian Wu, Wenbin Wei
PURPOSE: To characterize anatomical variations of the nasolacrimal canal in patients with complex congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 25 children with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. All children had failed probings and were examined by computed tomography. An analysis of imaging data is presented. RESULTS: Anomalous development of the nasolacrimal canal was confirmed on computed tomography...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510776/patient-characteristics-and-surgical-approach-impacting-simultaneous-to-alternate-prism-cover-test-disparity-after-exotropia-surgery-a-quantitative-look-at-the-difference-in-motor-outcomes
#6
Pavlina S Kemp, Yoon-Hee Chang, Patrice Melvin, Linda R Dagi
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between simultaneous prism and cover test (SPCT) and alternate prism and cover test (APCT) outcomes after exotropia surgery, and to identify characteristics associated with significant disparity between them. METHODS: Review of sensorimotor outcomes 2 to 6 months after exotropia surgery identified patients with alignment documented by both SPCT and APCT at the same examination. Two hundred seventy-four and 319 patients had both measurements recorded at distance and near, respectively...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510775/progression-of-high-anisometropia-in-children
#7
Rasha H Zedan, Dina El-Fayoumi, Ahmed Awadein
PURPOSE: To investigate the onset and rate of progression of high anisometropia in myopic children younger than 13 years. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on children with anisometropia younger than 13 years with myopia of more than 4.00 diopters (D) in the more ametropic eye and a difference in spherical equivalent refraction of 4.00 D between both eyes. All children had a complete ophthalmologic examination, including measurement of visual acuity and cycloplegic refraction every 3 to 6 months for at least 5 years...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510774/combined-surgery-for-simultaneous-treatment-of-congenital-ptosis-and-coexisting-strabismus
#8
Feng Zhou, Ming Ouyang, Dahui Ma, Guiqin Liu, Hongbo Cheng
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of single-stage surgery for treatment of patients with congenital ptosis and coexisting strabismus. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 10 patients (17 eyes) with congenital ptosis and coexisting strabismus. Patients were treated with levator resection or frontalis suspension for ptosis and ocular muscle surgery for strabismus, performed as a single-stage procedure. Levator resection was performed in 9 patients (15 eyes) and frontalis muscle flap suspension was performed in 1 patient (2 eyes) with blepharophimosis...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510773/evaluation-of-the-role-of-monocular-video-game-play-as-an-adjuvant-to-occlusion-therapy-in-the-management-of-anisometropic-amblyopia
#9
Archita Singh, Pradeep Sharma, Rohit Saxena
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of monocular video game play as an adjuvant to occlusion therapy in the treatment of anisometropic amblyopia. METHODS: In a prospective randomized study design, 68 children with ages ranging from 6 to 14 years who had anisometropic amblyopia with a best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the amblyopic eye of better than 6/36 and worse than 6/12 and no manifest strabismus were recruited. They were randomly allocated into two groups: 34 children received 1 hour per day of video game play for the first month plus 6 hours per day of occlusion therapy (video game and occlusion group) and 34 children received 6 hours per day of occlusion therapy alone (occlusion only group)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510772/prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-glaucoma-in-patients-with-aniridia
#10
Shantha Balekudaru, Nandhini Sankaranarayanan, Sumita Agarkar
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for the development of glaucoma in patients with aniridia. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case records of patients diagnosed as having congenital aniridia between January 1986 and December 2011 was performed. Patients with a follow-up of more than 12 months were included. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients (180 eyes) with the diagnosis of aniridia were identified from the case records...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510771/inability-of-open-field-autorefraction-to-eliminate-accommodation-in-preschoolers
#11
Caner Kara, İkbal Seza Petriçli
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Shin-Nippon NVision-K 5001 autorefractometer (Rexxam Co. Ltd., Osaka, Japan) (also branded as the Grand Seiko WR-5100K; Grand Seiko Co. Ltd., Hiroshima, Japan) based on the open-field refractometry principle in refractive measurements of preschool children and to determine its ability to eliminate accommodation adequately. METHODS: The refractive results of 114 preschool children who presented to the ophthalmology outpatient department for screening were evaluated...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510770/inferior-oblique-overaction-anterior-transposition-versus-myectomy
#12
Zhale Rajavi, Mohadeseh Feizi, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri, Shima Sayanjali, Tahmine Motevaseli, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Mohammad Faghihi
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of inferior oblique myectomy and anterior transposition for correcting inferior oblique overaction (IOOA). METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on 56 patients with IOOA who had either myectomy or anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle from 2010 to 2015. The authors compared preoperative and postoperative inferior oblique muscle function grading (-4 to +4) as the main outcome measure and vertical and horizontal deviation, dissociated vertical deviation (DVD), and A- and V-pattern between the two surgical groups as secondary outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510769/comparison-of-objective-and-subjective-techniques-of-strabismus-measurement-in-adults-with-normal-retinal-correspondence
#13
Derek P Bitner, Ore-Ofe O Adesina, Kai Ding, Bradley K Farris, R Michael Siatkowski
PURPOSE: Accurate measurement of strabismus is vital to proper diagnosis and treatment. Objective and subjective measurement techniques can be used. The authors hypothesized that subjective measurement techniques would measure larger deviations than objective ones. METHODS: Adults with strabismus, visual acuity greater than 20/50 in each eye, and normal retinal correspondence were measured in primary gaze at distance and near using the alternate prism and cover test and the red glass test...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665443/management-of-presumed-endogenous-fungal-endophthalmitis-in-a-child-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#14
Katherine E Uyhazi, Anton M Kolomeyer, Iga N Gray, Anastasia Traband, Anita A Kohli, Joan M O'Brien, Albert M Maguire
The authors describe a case of presumed endogenous fungal endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent pediatric patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. A 15-year-old boy with a history of high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia status post-chemotherapy presented with acute changes in vision in his left eye. Fundus examination revealed a white bi-lobed chorioretinal lesion with overlying vitritis and associated subretinal fluid. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed small ring-enhancing lesions in the right parietal and left occipital lobes...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665442/a-case-of-endophthalmitis-after-bilateral-medial-rectus-recession
#15
Sagar B Patel, Nikitha Reddy, Robert N Hogan, Jennifer H Cao
A 9-month-old male infant with a history of Down syndrome underwent bilateral medial rectus recession. Two weeks postoperatively, he developed leukocoria of the left eye with a white opacity posterior to the lens, numerous undulations, necrosis, and hemorrhages in the retrolental space. His contralateral eye had white retinal lesions nasally. Ultrasound examination of the left eye showed a funnel retinal detachment, loculated debris, and a small, central, hyperechoic area concerning for calcification. He underwent enucleation because retinoblastoma could not be definitively ruled out...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665441/giant-retinal-tear-with-retinal-detachment-in-regressed-aggressive-posterior-retinopathy-of-prematurity-treated-by-laser
#16
Parijat Chandra, Ruchir Tewari, Nitesh Salunkhe, Devesh Kumawat, Vinod Kumar
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after successfully regressed retinopathy of prematurity is a rare occurrence. Late onset rhegmatogenous retinal detachment has been reported infrequently. The authors report a case of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity that underwent uneventful regression after laser photocoagulation and later developed an inoperable closed funnel retinal detachment due to a giant retinal tear. This case represents the earliest development of such complications in regressed aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity treated by laser...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665440/detection-of-an-iris-pigmented-epithelium-cyst-in-a-child-by-high-frequency-ultrasonography
#17
Amir Mahdjoubi, Laurence Desjardins, Olivier Bergès, Jérémy Couprie, Nathalie Cassoux
An 18-month-old boy presented with an iris pigmented epithelium cyst. The diagnosis was confirmed using high frequency ultrasonography. The cyst was determined to be in an intermediate location, thus needing no treatment provided that any potential complications were noted. However, continued monitoring is required to detect any changes to adapt management. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2017;54:e31-e33.].
June 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537644/a-pigmented-lesion-in-an-umbrella-fashion
#18
Rita Matos, Pedro Gil, Sérgio Monteiro, Dionísio Cortesão
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537643/long-term-outcomes-of-primary-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-patients-aged-7-to-24-months
#19
Allison G Yeh, Lingkun Kong, Kimberly G Yen
PURPOSE: To report long-term outcomes of primary intraocular lens (IOL) placement in patients aged 7 to 24 months. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 27 consecutive patients (28 eyes) aged 7 to 24 months who underwent cataract surgery with primary IOL placement. RESULTS: Average follow-up was 62.7 ± 41.7 months and the mean age of surgery was 14.4 ± 5.6 months. Mean final visual acuity was 1.02 ± 0.72 logMAR (20/209). Adverse events occurred in 7 eyes (25%) and included visual axis opacification in 6 eyes and pupillary block glaucoma in 1 eye...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537642/orthokeratology-treatment-in-pediatric-myopia
#20
EDITORIAL
Leonard B Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
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