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Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196604/addition-of-bioactive-glass-to-glass-ionomer-cements-effect-on-the-physico-chemical-properties-and-biocompatibility
#1
T De Caluwé, C W J Vercruysse, I Ladik, R Convents, H Declercq, L C Martens, R M H Verbeeck
OBJECTIVES: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are a subject of research because of their inferior mechanical properties, despite their advantages such as fluoride release and direct bonding to bone and teeth. Recent research aims to improve the bioactivity of the GICs and thereby improve mechanical properties on the long term. In this study, two types of bioactive glasses (BAG) (45S5F and CF9) are combined with GICs to evaluate the physico-chemical properties and biocompatibility of the BAG-GIC combinations...
February 10, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185678/in-vitro-fatigue-and-fracture-testing-of-cad-cam-materials-in-implant-supported-molar-crowns
#2
Verena Preis, Sebastian Hahnel, Michael Behr, Laila Bein, Martin Rosentritt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the fatigue and fracture resistance of different CAD/CAM-materials as implant- or tooth-supported molar crowns with respect to the clinical procedure (screwed/bonded restoration). METHODS: 168 crowns were fabricated from different CAD/CAM-materials (n=8/material): ZLS (zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic; Suprinity, Vita-Zahnfabrik), COB (composite; Brilliant Crios, Coltene), COL (composite; Lava Ultimate, 3M Espe), PMV/PPV (polyether ether ketone (PEEK)+milled composite veneer/composite paste veneer; BioHPP+HIPC veneer/Crealign veneer, Bredent), COH (composite; Block HC, Shofu), and ZIR (zirconia; IPS e...
February 6, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185677/effects-of-antioxidants-on-dna-double-strand-breaks-in-human-gingival-fibroblasts-exposed-to-dental-resin-co-monomer-epoxy-metabolites
#3
Yang Yang, Xiuli He, Jianwei Shi, Reinhard Hickel, Franz-Xaver Reichl, Christof Högg
OBJECTIVE: Eluted dental resin co-monomers can be metabolized to intermediate methacrylic acid (MA) and, further, to epoxy metabolites. Antioxidants have been studied previously, with the intention of decreasing the DNA double-strand breaks (DNA-DSBs) in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). In this study, the effects of the antioxidants, ascorbic acid (Asc) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC), were investigated on co-monomer metabolite-induced DNA-DSBs. METHODS: HGFs were incubated with MA, 2,3-epoxy-2-methyl-propionicacid-methylester (EMPME) and 2,3-epoxy-2-methylpropionic acid (EMPA), respectively, in the presence or absence of antioxidants (Asc or NAC)...
February 6, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174009/ceramic-strengthening-by-tuning-the-elastic-moduli-of-resin-based-luting-agents
#4
Aloísio O Spazzin, Ataís Bacchi, Rodrigo Alessandretti, Mateus B Santos, Gabriela R Basso, Jason Griggs, Rafael R Moraes
OBJECTIVE: Resin-based luting agents (RBLAs) with tuned elastic moduli (E) were prepared and their influence on the strengthening, reliability, and mode of failure of luted feldspar ceramic was investigated. METHODS: RBLAs with low E (2.6GPa), intermediate E (6.6GPa), and high E (13.3GPa) were prepared and used to coat acid-etched ceramic disks. Positive (untreated ceramic) and negative (acid-etched ceramic) control groups were tested. The response variables (n=30) were biaxial flexural strength (σbf, MPa), characteristic strength (σ0, MPa), and Weibull modulus at the ceramic surface (z=0) and luting agent surface (z=-t2)...
February 4, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174008/setting-characteristics-and-mechanical-properties-of-self-adhesive-resin-luting-agents
#5
Raphael Pilo, Dimitris Papadogiannis, Spiros Zinelis, George Eliades
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree of conversion (DC%), salt yield and mechanical properties of self-adhesive luting agents (SAA) set under dual-cure (E) and self-cure (NE) modes. METHODS: Three SAA (GC LinkAce/GCLA, MaxCem Elite/MXEL, Rely-X Unicem 2/RXUN) and an adhesive resin luting agent (Rely-X Ultimate/RXUL-control) were used. The properties tested under E and NE modes were a) DC% and phosphate salt yield after 10min, 1h (h) and 3 weeks (w) storage, by infrared spectroscopy; and b) the mechanical properties of 3w-stored specimens by instrumented indentation testing (Martens hardness/HM, Elastic modulus/EIT, Elastic index/ηIT) and microscopic Vickers hardness/VH...
February 4, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174007/comparative-analysis-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-fiber-and-stainless-steel-multistranded-wires-used-for-lingual-fixed-retention
#6
O Annousaki, S Zinelis, G Eliades, T Eliades
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of different resins used for the co-polymerization of EverStick fiber-reinforced fixed orthodontic retainer on its mechanical properties and to compare the mechanical properties of these configurations to commonly used multistrand wires. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten 0.0175-in. WildCat (WC175), ten 0.0215-in. WildCat (WC215) three-strand twisted wires and thirty EverStick fibers were tested in this study. The EverStcik fibers were equally shared in three groups (n=10)...
February 4, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159322/biocompatibility-of-polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network-picn-materials-with-human-gingival-keratinocytes-hgks
#7
Charlotte Grenade, Marie-Claire De Pauw-Gillet, Catherine Pirard, Virginie Bertrand, Corinne Charlier, Alain Vanheusden, Amélie Mainjot
OBJECTIVE: Biocompatibility of polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network (PICN) materials, a new class of CAD-CAM composites, is poorly explored in the literature, in particular, no data are available regarding Human Gingival Keratinocytes (HGK). The first objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro biocompatibility of PICNs with HGKs in comparison with other materials typically used for implant prostheses. The second objective was to correlate results with PICN monomer release and indirect cytotoxicity...
January 31, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118929/effects-of-two-grading-techniques-of-zirconia-material-on-the-fatigue-limit-of-full-contour-3-unit-fixed-dental-prostheses
#8
Regina Furbino Villefort, Marina Amaral, Gabriel Kalil Rocha Pereira, Tiago Moreira Bastos Campos, Yu Zhang, Marco Antonio Bottino, Luiz Felipe Valandro, Renata Marques de Melo
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of two grading techniques of zirconia material on the fatigue limit of full-contour 3-unit fixed dental prostheses (FDPs). METHODS: Presintered blocks of 3Y-TZP were milled to obtain sixty-nine 3-unit FDPs, which were divided into three groups (n=23). The control group (CTL) was sintered and glazed following manufacturer's instructions. In the two experimental groups presintered FDPs received a surface silica/glass infiltration treatment before the sintering process...
January 21, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095983/application-of-close-packed-structures-in-dental-resin-composites
#9
Ruili Wang, Eric Habib, X X Zhu
OBJECTIVE: The inorganic filler particles in dental resin composites serve to improve their mechanical properties and reduce polymerization shrinkage during their use. Efforts have been made in academia and industry to increase the filler particle content, but, few studies examine the theoretical basis for the maximum particle loading. METHODS: This work evaluates the packing of spherical particles in a close-packed state for highly loaded composites. RESULTS: Calculations show that for low dispersity particles, the maximum amount of particles is 74...
January 14, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094026/nanoporous-hydroxyapatite-sodium-titanate-bilayer-on-titanium-implants-for-improved-osteointegration
#10
A Carradò, F Perrin-Schmitt, Q V Le, M Giraudel, C Fischer, G Koenig, L Jacomine, L Behr, A Chalom, L Fiette, A Morlet, G Pourroy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to improve the strength and quality of the titanium-hydroxyapatite interface in order to prevent long-term failure of the implanted devices originating from coating delamination and to test it in an in-vivo model. METHODS: Ti disks and dental commercial implants were etched in Kroll solution. Thermochemical treatments of the acid-etched titanium were combined with sol-gel hydroxyapatite (HA) coating processes to obtain a nanoporous hydroxyapatite/sodium titanate bilayer...
January 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094025/mechanical-and-microbiological-properties-and-drug-release-modeling-of-an-etch-and-rinse-adhesive-containing-copper-nanoparticles
#11
M F Gutiérrez, P Malaquias, T P Matos, A Szesz, S Souza, J Bermudez, A Reis, A D Loguercio, P V Farago
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of addition of copper nanoparticles (CN) at different concentrations into a two-step etch-and-rinse (2-ER) adhesive on antimicrobial activity (AMA), copper release (CR), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), degree of conversion (DC), water sorption (WS), solubility (SO), as well as the immediate (IM) and 1-year resin-dentin bond strength (μTBS) and nanoleakage (NL). METHODS: Seven adhesives were formulated according to the addition of CN (0, 0...
January 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094024/effect-of-nanoclay-addition-on-physical-chemical-optical-and-biological-properties-of-experimental-dental-resin-composites
#12
Tais Munhoz, Yann Fredholm, Pascaline Rivory, Sandra Balvay, Daniel Hartmann, Pedro da Silva, Jean-Marc Chenal
OBJECTIVE: To prepare organically modified montmorillonite (OM MMT) and assess mechanical, physical, chemical and biological effects of its introduction into resin-composites. METHODS: Natural MMT clay was modified by a methacrylate functionalized quaternary ammonium intercalating agent. Interlayer distance was measured by X-ray diffraction. Dental composites were then prepared with x=0, 1, 2.5, 5 or 7.5wt.% of OM MMT, (75-x) wt.% of silanated barium glass and 25wt...
January 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094023/monodisperse-silica-filled-composite-restoratives-mechanical-and-light-transmission-properties
#13
Eric Habib, Ruili Wang, X X Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to formulate resin-based composites using spherical silica particulate fillers with graded size (75, 150, 350, 500, and 1000nm), and to evaluate the influence of their size and loading on the mechanical and light transmission properties of the resulting material. METHODS: A series of five spherical silica fillers were synthesized, and then formulated with BisGMA/TEGDMA or UDMA/TEGDMA resins. These were then tested for maximum filler loading, flexural strength and modulus, as well as transparency and depth of cure...
January 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089394/grinding-damage-assessment-for-cad-cam-restorative-materials
#14
Philippe Curran, Maria Cattani-Lorente, H W Anselm Wiskott, Stéphane Durual, Susanne S Scherrer
OBJECTIVES: To assess surface/subsurface damage after grinding with diamond discs on five CAD-CAM restorative materials and to estimate potential losses in strength based on crack size measurements of the generated damage. METHODS: The materials tested were: Lithium disilicate (LIT) glass-ceramic (e.max CAD), leucite glass-ceramic (LEU) (Empress CAD), feldspar ceramic (VM2) (Vita Mark II), feldspar ceramic-resin infiltrated (EN) (Enamic) and a composite reinforced with nano ceramics (LU) (Lava Ultimate)...
January 12, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088459/strain-development-in-bulk-filled-cavities-of-different-depths-characterized-using-a-non-destructive-acoustic-emission-approach
#15
Annelies Van Ende, Diogo Pedrollo Lise, Jan De Munck, Johan Vanhulst, Martine Wevers, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate the effect of cavity depth and composite type on the interfacial debonding in bulk-filled cavities. (2) To correlate the theoretical shrinkage stress and the level of interfacial debonding determined by acoustic emission (AE). METHODS: 80 sound molars were divided in two groups to receive a Class-I cavity (3.5×3.5mm) with 2.5- or 4.0-mm depth. The cavities were restored with either a conventional paste-like (Filtek Z100, 3M ESPE), a conventional flowable (G-ænial Universal Flo, GC), a bulk-fill paste-like (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill, Ivoclar Vivadent) or a bulk-fill flowable (SDR, Dentsply) composite (n=10)...
January 11, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088458/non-thermal-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-functionalized-dental-implant-for-enhancement-of-bacterial-resistance-and-osseointegration
#16
Jung-Hwan Lee, Won-Seok Jeong, Seog-Jin Seo, Hae-Won Kim, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Eun-Ha Choi, Kwang-Mahn Kim
OBJECTIVE: Even though roughened titanium (Ti) and Ti alloys have been clinically used as dental implant, they encourage bacterial adhesion, leading to failure of the initial stability. Here, the non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma jet (NTAPPJ) functionalized Ti and Ti alloy were investigated to promote cellular activities but inhibit the initial attachment of the adherent pioneer bacterium, Streptococcus sanguinis, without topographical changes. METHODS: After the produced radicals from NTAPPJ were characterized, bacterial adhesion to specimens was assessed by PrestoBlue assay and live-dead staining with or without the NTAPPJ functionalizing...
January 11, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087075/cellular-transcriptional-response-to-zirconia-based-implant-materials
#17
Brigitte Altmann, Kerstin Rabel, Ralf J Kohal, Susanne Proksch, Pascal Tomakidi, Erik Adolfsson, Falk Bernsmann, Paola Palmero, Tobias Fürderer, Thorsten Steinberg
OBJECTIVE: To adequately address clinically important issues such as osseointegration and soft tissue integration, we screened for the direct biological cell response by culturing human osteoblasts and gingival fibroblasts on novel zirconia-based dental implant biomaterials and subjecting them to transcriptional analysis. METHODS: Biomaterials used for osteoblasts involved micro-roughened surfaces made of a new type of ceria-stabilized zirconia composite with two different topographies, zirconium dioxide, and yttria-stabilized zirconia (control)...
January 10, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077209/residual-compressive-surface-stress-increases-the-bending-strength-of-dental-zirconia
#18
Masanao Inokoshi, Fei Zhang, Kim Vanmeensel, Jan De Munck, Shunsuke Minakuchi, Ignace Naert, Jozef Vleugels, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of surface treatment and thermal annealing on the four-point bending strength of two ground dental zirconia grades. METHODS: Fully-sintered zirconia specimens (4.0×3.0×45.0mm(3)) of Y-TZP zirconia (LAVA Plus, 3M ESPE) and Y-TZP/Al2O3 zirconia (ZirTough, Kuraray Noritake) were subjected to four surface treatments: (1) 'GROUND': all surfaces were ground with a diamond-coated grinding wheel on a grinding machine; (2) 'GROUND+HEAT': (1) followed by annealing at 1100°C for 30min; (3) 'GROUND+Al2O3 SANDBLASTED': (1) followed by sandblasting using Al2O3; (4) 'GROUND+CoJet SANDBLASTED': (1) followed by tribochemical silica (CoJet) sandblasting...
January 8, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069245/extended-glaze-firing-on-ceramics-for-hard-machining-crack-healing-residual-stresses-optical-and-microstructural-aspects
#19
Iana L Aurélio, Lucio S Dorneles, Liliana G May
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of extended and conventional (manufacturer-recommended) glaze firings on crack healing, residual stresses, optical characteristics and crystalline structure of four ceramics for hard machining. METHODS: Rectangular specimens were obtained by sectioning densely sintered feldspathic (FEL), leucite- (LEU), lithium disilicate- (DIS), and zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate-based (ZLS) prefabricated ceramic blocks and divided into groups according to the applied glaze firing (n=5): conventional glaze/manufacturer-recommended (G), extended glaze (EG) and control/no heat treatment (C)...
January 6, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062127/flowable-composites-for-restoration-of-non-carious-cervical-lesions-three-year-results
#20
Sabine May, Fabian Cieplik, Karl-Anton Hiller, Wolfgang Buchalla, Marianne Federlin, Gottfried Schmalz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical performance of two flowable composites for restoring Class-V non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs), one with novel (ND; N'Durance(®) Dimer Flow, Septodont) and one with modified conventional matrix composition (FS; Filtek™ Supreme XTE Flow, 3M-ESPE). The null hypothesis was that both flowable composites perform equally regarding clinical quality and survival. METHODS: 50 patients received one ND and one FS restoration of NCCLs in premolars using Clearfil Protect Bond (Kuraray) as an adhesive...
January 3, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
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