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Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318544/stereolithography-a-new-method-for-processing-dental-ceramics-by-additive-computer-aided-manufacturing
#1
Marion Dehurtevent, Lieven Robberecht, Jean-Christophe Hornez, Anthony Thuault, Etienne Deveaux, Pascal Béhin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the physical and mechanical properties of stereolithography (SLA)- manufactured alumina ceramics of different composition to those of subtractive- manufactured ceramics and to produce suitable dental crown frameworks. METHODS: The physical and mechanical properties of a control and six experimental SLA ceramics prepared from slurries with small (S) and large (L) particles (0.46±0.03 and 1.56±0.04μm, respectively) and three dry matter contents (70%, 75%, 80%) were evaluated by dynamic rheometry, hydrostatic weighing, three3-point flexural strength measurements, and Weibull analyses, and by the micrometrics measurement of shrinkage ratio before and after the heat treatments...
March 16, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283194/cell-responses-to-cariogenic-microorganisms-and-dental-resin-materials-crosstalk-at-the-dentin-pulp-interface
#2
REVIEW
Helmut Schweikl, Wolfgang Buchalla, Stephanie Krifka
OBJECTIVE: Resin monomers released from unpolymerized dental adhesives or composites and bacterial products like lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or lipoteichoic (LTA) are simultaneously present in specific applications following treatment of deep caries lesions. This review is focused on evidence concerning cell responses as a result of the interactions between adaptive mechanisms activated by resin monomers and signaling pathways of the immune response triggered by LPS or LTA originating from cariogenic microorganisms...
March 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279436/characterisation-of-nanovoiding-in-dental-porcelain-using-small-angle-neutron-scattering-and-transmission-electron-microscopy
#3
Alexander Lunt, Ann Terry, Siqi Ying, Nikolaos Baimpas, Tan Sui, Saurabh Kabra, Joe Kelleher, Stephen King, Neo Tee Khin, Alexander M Korsunsky
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies of the yttria partially stabilised zirconia-porcelain interface have revealed the presence of near-interface porcelain nanovoiding which reduces toughness and leads to component failure. One potential explanation for these nanoscale features is thermal creep which is induced by the combination of the residual stresses at the interface and sintering temperatures applied during manufacture. The present study provides improved understanding of this important phenomenon...
March 6, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279435/three-dimensional-characterization-and-distribution-of-fabrication-defects-in-bilayered-lithium-disilicate-glass-ceramic-molar-crowns
#4
Yutao Jian, Zi-Hua He, Li Dao, Michael V Swain, Xin-Ping Zhang, Ke Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and characterize the distribution of fabrication defects in bilayered lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (LDG) crowns using micro-CT and 3D reconstruction. METHODS: Ten standardized molar crowns (IPS e.max Press; Ivoclar Vivadent) were fabricated by heat-pressing on a core and subsequent manual veneering. All crowns were scanned by micro-CT and 3D reconstructed. Volume, position and sphericity of each defect was measured in every crown. Each crown was divided into four regions-central fossa (CF), occlusal fossa (OF), cusp (C) and axial wall (AW)...
March 6, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274489/re-mineralizing-dentin-using-an-experimental-tricalcium-silicate-cement-with-biomimetic-analogs
#5
Xin Li, Jan De Munck, Kumiko Yoshihara, Mariano Pedano, Kirsten Van Landuyt, Zhi Chen, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the re-mineralization potential of an experimental zirconium oxide (ZrO2) containing tricalcium silicate (TCS) cement, TCS 50, with the incorporation of biomimetic analogs at demineralized dentin. METHODS: Class-I cavities were prepared in non- carious human third molars. The dentin cavities were demineralized using a pH-cycling protocol, involving 50 cyclic immersions in pH-4.8 and pH-7 baths for 0.5h and 2.5h, successively. The cavities were filled with TCS 50 with/without biomimetic analogs (3% polyacrylic acid, 8% sodium trimetaphosphate) being added to the mixed TCS 50 cement prior to application...
March 5, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262271/the-impact-of-resin-coating-on-sub-critical-crack-extension-in-a-porcelain-laminate-veneer-material
#6
Xu Cao, Garry J P Fleming, Owen Addison
OBJECTIVES: Characterisation of the interaction between crack extension, crack stabilisation and stress/strain relaxation in the polymeric matrix, the interplay between stress corrosion cracking and the mechanical response of a resin-based luting adhesive within a surface defect population could extend PLV restoration longevity by optimising cementation protocols. The aim was to investigate the influence of stress corrosion cracking and the viscoelastic behaviour of a resin-based luting adhesive independently by controlling the environmental conditions operative during test specimen fabrication...
March 2, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258769/cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-a-low-shrinkage-monomer-and-monoacylphosphine-oxide-photoinitiator-comparative-analyses-of-individual-toxicity-and-combination-effects-in-mixtures
#7
Dragica Manojlovic, Miroslav D Dramićanin, Vesna Miletic, Dragana Mitić-Ćulafić, Bojana Jovanović, Biljana Nikolić
OBJECTIVE: To compare cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of novel urethane-based monomer FIT-852 and monoacylphosphine oxide photoinitiator (Lucirin TPO) with conventional Bisphenol A-glycidyl-methacrylate (BisGMA) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) monomers and camphorquinone (CQ)/amine photoinitiator system, respectively. Moreover, we quantified and analyzed the combinatorial effects of individual substances in resin-based mixtures concerning the nature of the combinatorial effects...
February 28, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256273/direct-resin-composite-restorations-for-fractured-maxillary-teeth-and-diastema-closure-a-7-years-retrospective-evaluation-of-survival-and-influencing-factors
#8
Edina Lempel, Bálint Viktor Lovász, Réka Meszarics, Sára Jeges, Ákos Tóth, József Szalma
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study evaluated the survival rate of anterior direct resin based composite (RBC) build-ups in vital teeth made of microhybrid and nanofill RBC materials and the influence of bruxism, beverage consumption and smoking on the long-term performance of restorations. METHODS: Patients receiving anterior restoration between 2006 and 2011, with the diagnosis of fracture or diastema, were selected. A total of 65 adult patients (mean age: 25...
February 27, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245929/effect-of-monomer-type-on-the-cc-degree-of-conversion-water-sorption-and-solubility-and-color-stability-of-model-dental-composites
#9
Andrea Soares Q S Fonseca, Allana Dutra Labruna Moreira, Pedro Paulo A C de Albuquerque, Lívia Rodrigues de Menezes, Carmem S Pfeifer, Luis Felipe J Schneider
OBJECTIVE: This study has investigated the influence of BisGMA, BisEMA, BisEMA 30, and two UDMA-based monomers (UDMA and Fit 852), with TEGDMA as co-monomer, on the degree of conversion, water sorption, water solubility, and optical properties of experimental dental composites. METHODS: Materials were formulated at 70/30 molar rations using BisGMA, BisEMA, BisEMA 30, UDMA or FIT 852, as base monomers, combined with TEGDMA. 60wt% of silanated-glass particles was added...
February 25, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245928/evaluation-of-dental-adhesive-systems-incorporating-an-antibacterial-monomer-eugenyl-methacrylate-egma-for-endodontic-restorations
#10
A Almaroof, S A Niazi, L Rojo, F Mannocci, S Deb
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to incorporate EgMA, an antibacterial monomer into two commercial dental adhesive systems for their application in endodontic restoration with the aim to disinfect the root canal space before curing and to inhibit bacterial growth on their surfaces after being cured. METHODS: EgMA monomer was added at 20%wt. into the formulation of the single-component self-etch, Clearfil Universal Bond™ (CUB) and into the catalyst and the adhesive components of the total-etch Adper Scotchbond-multipurpose™ (SBMP) adhesive systems...
February 25, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237092/response-to-antiseptic-agents-of-periodontal-pathogens-in-in-vitro-biofilms-on-titanium-and-zirconium-surfaces
#11
M C Sánchez, E Fernández, A Llama-Palacios, E Figuero, D Herrera, M Sanz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop in vitro biofilms on SLA titanium (Ti-SLA) and zirconium oxide (ZrO2) surfaces and to evaluate the effect of antiseptic agents on the number of putative periodontal pathogenic species. METHODS: An in vitro biofilm model was developed on sterile discs of Ti-SLA and ZrO2. Three antiseptic agents [chlorhexidine and cetyl-pyridinium-chloride (CHX/CPC), essential oils (EEOOs) and cetyl-peridinium-chloride (CPC)] were applied to 72-h biofilms, immersing discs during 1min in the antiseptic solution, either with or without mechanical disruption...
February 22, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236437/biocompatibility-of-biomaterials-lessons-learned-and-considerations-for-the-design-of-novel-materials
#12
REVIEW
Gottfried Schmalz, Kerstin M Galler
OBJECTIVES: Biocompatibility of dental materials has gained increasing interest during recent decades. Meanwhile, legal regulations and standard test procedures are available to evaluate biocompatibility. Herein, these developments will be exemplarily outlined and some considerations for the development of novel materials will be provided. METHODS: Different aspects including test selection, release of substances, barriers, tissue healing, antibacterial substances, nanoparticles and environmental aspects will be covered...
February 21, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233602/how-effectively-do-hydraulic-calcium-silicate-cements-re-mineralize-demineralized-dentin
#13
Xin Li, Jan De Munck, Kirsten Van Landuyt, Mariano Pedano, Zhi Chen, Bart Van Meerbeek
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the chemical interplay and to quantify the re-mineralization potential of hydraulic calcium-silicate cements (hCSCs) at demineralized dentin. METHODS: Pairs of class-I cavities were prepared in non-carious human third molars. One dentin cavity was demineralized with 10% formic acid (5h); the other served as control. The cavities were filled with two resin-free hCSCs (Biodentine, Septodont; ProRoot MTA, Dentsply Sirona) or one resin-based hCSC (TheraCal LC, Bisco)...
February 20, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233601/osteoinductive-potential-and-bone-bonding-ability-of-proroot-mta-mta-plus-and-biodentine-in-rabbit-intramedullary-model-microchemical-characterization-and-histological-analysis
#14
M G Gandolfi, G Iezzi, A Piattelli, C Prati, A Scarano
OBJECTIVE: To study the in vivo osteoinductive potential, bone-bonding ability (bioactivity) and bone biomineralization of current hydraulic calcium silicate cements used as graft materials and placed in contact with medullary bone. METHODS: ProRoot MTA, MTA Plus and Biodentine were used to fill surgical bone defects (2-mm diameter through the entire cortical thickness to reach the medullary bone) in the tibia of mature male rabbits. Tibiae were retrieved after 30days and submitted to histological analysis and microchemical characterization using Optical Microscopy (OM) and Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (ESEM-EDX)...
February 20, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238401/flavin-containing-enzymes-as-a-source-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-hema-induced-apoptosis
#15
Helmut Schweikl, Marialucia Gallorini, Markus Forstner, Christine Petzel, Carola Bolay, Karl-Anton Hiller, Amelia Cataldi, Stephanie Krifka, Wolfgang Buchalla
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress induced by compounds of dental composites like 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) due to excess formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) disturbs vital cell functions leading to apoptosis. The sources of ROS in cells exposed to resin monomers are unknown. The present study investigates functions of flavin-containing ROS and RNS (reactive nitrogen species) producing enzymes in cells exposed to HEMA. METHODS: The formation of oxidative stress in RAW264...
February 18, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238400/survival-of-directly-placed-ormocer-based-restorative-materials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#16
Paul Monsarrat, Sarah Garnier, Jean-Noel Vergnes, Karim Nasr, Brigitte Grosgogeat, Sabine Joniot
OBJECTIVES: In-vitro experiments on ormocers (ORganically MOdified CERamics) have provided controversial results. Consequently, the objectives of this meta-analysis were to (1) compare clinical performances of first generation ormocers versus conventional composite restorations, (2) explore the influence of various clinical factors and the impact of the quality of studies on published results. METHODS: The following databases were explored until 2017/01/08: Ovid MEDLINE In-Process, Pubmed, CENTRAL, HTA, DARE, LILACS and Google Scholar...
February 18, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320562/microstructural-characterization-of-dental-zinc-phosphate-cements-using-combined-small-angle-neutron-scattering-and-microfocus-x-ray-computed-tomography
#17
Alberto Viani, Konstantinos Sotiriadis, Ivana Kumpová, Lucia Mancini, Marie-Sousai Appavou
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the microstructure of two zinc phosphate cement formulations in order to investigate the role of liquid/solid ratio and composition of powder component, on the developed porosity and, consequently, on compressive strength. METHODS: X-ray powder diffraction with the Rietveld method was used to study the phase composition of zinc oxide powder and cements. Powder component and cement microstructure were investigated with scanning electron microscopy...
February 17, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222907/fatigue-testing-of-biomaterials-and-their-interfaces
#18
Dwayne Arola
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the importance of fatigue to the success of restorative dentistry, with emphasis on the methods for evaluating the fatigue properties of materials in this field, and the durability of their bonded interfaces. METHODS: The stress-life fatigue and fatigue crack growth approaches for evaluating the fatigue resistance of dental biomaterials are introduced. Emphasis is placed on in vitro studies of the hard tissue foundation, restorative materials and their bonded interfaces...
February 17, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222906/microstructural-characterization-of-dental-zinc-phosphate-cements-using-combined-small-angle-neutron-scattering-and-microfocus-x-ray-computed-tomography
#19
Alberto Viani, Konstantinos Sotiriadis, Ivana Kumpová, Lucia Mancini, Marie-Sousai Appavou
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the microstructure of two zinc phosphate cement formulations in order to investigate the role of liquid/solid ratio and composition of powder component, on the developed porosity and, consequently, on compressive strength. METHODS: X-ray powder diffraction with the Rietveld method was used to study the phase composition of zinc oxide powder and cements. Powder component and cement microstructure were investigated with scanning electron microscopy...
February 17, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196604/addition-of-bioactive-glass-to-glass-ionomer-cements-effect-on-the-physico-chemical-properties-and-biocompatibility
#20
T De Caluwé, C W J Vercruysse, I Ladik, R Convents, H Declercq, L C Martens, R M H Verbeeck
OBJECTIVES: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are a subject of research because of their inferior mechanical properties, despite their advantages such as fluoride release and direct bonding to bone and teeth. Recent research aims to improve the bioactivity of the GICs and thereby improve mechanical properties on the long term. In this study, two types of bioactive glasses (BAG) (45S5F and CF9) are combined with GICs to evaluate the physico-chemical properties and biocompatibility of the BAG-GIC combinations...
February 10, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
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