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Journal of Clinical Periodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908088/influence-of-suturing-technique-on-wound-healing-and-patient-morbidity-after-connective-tissue-harvesting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
G N E Maino, C Valles, A Santos, A Pascual, C Esquinas, J Nart
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this randomized clinical trial were to investigate the influence of the suturing technique and the thickness of the pre- and postoperative palatal and flap mucosa on the early healing of the palate after harvesting a connective tissue graft. Furthermore, patient pain perception was evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A subepithelial connective tissue graft was obtained from the palate with a single horizontal incision technique. Patients were randomly assigned to continuous interlocking suture group or criss-cross suture group...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904930/250prevalence-of-self-reported-gingival-bleeding-in-a-representative-sample-of-the-brazilian-adolescent-population
#2
Paulo Nadanovsky, Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos, Katia Vergetti Bloch
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported gingival bleeding in a representative sample of 12-17-year-old Brazilian adolescents MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sociodemographic and oral health information were obtained through a self-administered questionnaire of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents. The adolescents answered "yes" or "no" to the question "Do your gums bleed?" RESULTS: 74,589 of the 102,327 eligible adolescents answered the questionnaire and 18...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779263/effects-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-lps-and-lr12-peptide-on-trem-1-expression-by-monocytes
#3
Marie Dubar, Kevin Carrasco, Sebastien Gibot, Catherine Bisson
Periodontal disease involves the activation of host immune response, acting not only as defender of periodontal tissues against bacterial aggression but also as mediator of tissue destruction. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) is an immune receptor that synergizes with Toll-like receptors in amplifying the inflammatory response mediated by microbial molecules. AIM: To investigate the role of P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the effect of LR12, a TREM-1 inhibitory peptide, on the expression of membrane-bound and soluble form of TREM-1 on human primary monocytes, as well as the production of proinflammatory cytokines...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779262/-salivary-exrna-biomarkers-to-detect-gingivitis-and-monitor-disease-regression
#4
Karolina Elżbieta Kaczor-Urbanowicz, Harsh M Trivedi, Patricia O Lima, Paulo M Camargo, William V Giannobile, Tristan R Grogan, Frederico O Gleber-Netto, Yair Whiteman, Feng Li, Hyo Jung Lee, Karan Dharia, Katri Aro, Carmen Martin Carerras-Presas, Saarah Amuthan, Manjiri Vartak, David Akin, Hiba Al-Adbullah, Kanika Bembey, Perry R Klokkevold, David Elashoff, Virginia Monsul Barnes, Rose Richter, William DeVizio, James G Masters, David Wong
AIM: This study tests the hypothesis that salivary extracellular RNA (exRNA) biomarkers can be developed for gingivitis detection and monitoring disease regression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Salivary exRNA biomarker candidates were developed from a total of 100 gingivitis and non-gingivitis individuals using Affymetrix's expression microarrays. The top ten differentially expressed exRNAs were tested in a clinical cohort to determine if the discovered salivary exRNA markers for gingivitis were associated with clinical gingivitis and disease regression...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#5
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779259/periodontal-status-among-elderly-inhabitants-of-northern-manhattan-the-whicap-ancillary-study-of-oral-health
#6
Jaffer A Shariff, Sandra Burkett, Caitlin Wei-Ming Watson, Bin Cheng, James M Noble, Panos N Papapanou
AIM: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a tri-ethnic cohort of ≥65 year-old participants of the Washington-Heights Inwood Community Aging Project (WHICAP). METHODS: 1,130 individuals (57% of eligible invitees) participated in a full-mouth periodontal examination that included assessments of bleeding on probing, pocket depth and clinical attachment loss (CAL) at six sites/tooth. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 75...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779220/human-intrabony-defect-regeneration-with-micro-grafts-containing-dental-pulp-stem-cells-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Francesco Ferrarotti, Federica Romano, Mara Noemi Gamba, Andrea Quirico, Marta Giraudi, Martina Audagna, Mario Aimetti
AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate if dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) delivered into intrabony defects in a collagen scaffold would enhance the clinical and radiographic parameters of periodontal regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 29 chronic periodontitis patients presenting one deep intrabony defect and requiring extraction of one vital tooth were consecutively enrolled. Defects were randomly assigned to test or control treatments which both consisted of the use of minimally invasive surgical technique...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779212/periodontal-regeneration-via-chemo-attractive-constructs
#8
Xinjie Cai, Fang Yang, X Frank Walboomers, Yining Wang, John A Jansen, Jeroen J J P van den Beucken, Adelina S Plachokova
AIM: Chemo-attractants, such as stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α), can offer an advantage for periodontal regeneration by recruiting the patient's own stem cells to stimulate self-repair. We here developed a chemo-attractive construct for periodontal regeneration using SDF-1α and evaluated its efficacy in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SDF-1α was loaded on gelatin sponge and tested in vitro for SDF-1α release. Subsequently, SDF-1α constructs were implanted into rat periodontal defects for 1 and 6 weeks, with unloaded materials and empty defects as controls...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779210/the-association-between-missing-teeth-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults
#9
Feng Qiao, Kaiyu Fu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Yang Xia, Xue Bao, Yeqing Gu, Hongbin Shi, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Kun Song, Kaijun Niu
AIMS: Long-term oral chronic inflammatory process is closely related to systemic inflammation, which is a main mechanism involved in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Tooth loss could reflect the accumulation of oral local inflammation, implying that number of missing teeth may associate with NAFLD. This study evaluated the association between missing teeth and presence of NAFLD in a general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 24,470 adults was carried out from the Tianjin Chronic Low-grade Systemic Inflammation and Health Cohort Study...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777632/predictor-factors-for-long-term-outcomes-stability-of-coronally-advanced-flap-with-or-without-connective-tissue-graft-in-the-treatment-of-single-maxillary-gingival-recessions-9-years-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Giulio Rasperini, Raffaele Acunzo, Gaia Pellegrini, Giorgio Pagni, Maurizio Tonetti, Giovan Paolo Pini Prato, Pierpaolo Cortellini
AIM: To assess the clinical outcomes 9 years after the surgical treatment of single maxillary gingival recessions and identify predictors for long-term gingival margin stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five gingival recession (Miller Class I and II) were randomly treated with CAF plus CTG or CAF alone. Outcomes included Complete Root Coverage (CRC), Recession Reduction (REC), Keratinized Tissue (KT) gain and dentin hypersensitivity, and were evaluated at 6-month, 1-year and 9-year...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764002/effect-of-lifestyle-on-6-year-periodontitis-incidence-or-progression-and-tooth-loss-in-older-adults
#11
Masanori Iwasaki, Wenche S Borgnakke, Hiroshi Ogawa, Takayuki Yamaga, Misuzu Sato, Kumiko Minagawa, Toshihiro Ansai, Akihiro Yoshihara, Hideo Miyazaki
AIM: To evaluate the longitudinal association of combined healthy lifestyle factors with incidence or progression of periodontitis and tooth loss in older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 6-year study included 374 Japanese 70-year-olds with 7,157 teeth, from a source eligible baseline population of 554 individuals. Four lifestyle factors-cigarette smoking, physical activity, relative weight, and dietary quality-were scored as healthy (1 point) or unhealthy (0 point)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763965/proximal-restoration-increases-the-risk-of-clinical-attachment-loss
#12
Kauê Collares, Flávio F Demarco, Bernardo L Horta, Marcos B Correa
AIM: To estimate the effect of proximal direct restorations in the adjacent periodontal tissues in adults from a birth cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample (n = 539) of all 5,914 births occurring in Pelotas, Brazil in 1982 was prospectively investigated, being clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing depth (PD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) assessed at 31 yrs-old. For each site, tooth surface was evaluated as sound or restored, being the restoration extension (subgingival or supragingival) and restoration material (composite and amalgam) considered...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757470/sinus-augmentation-using-rhbmp-2-acs-in-a-mini-pig-model-influence-of-an-adjunctive-ceramic-bone-biomaterial
#13
Cristiano Susin, Jaebum Lee, Tiago Fiorini, Rubens Moreno de Freitas, Hsien-Chung Chiu, Hari S Prasad, Amanda N Buxton, Ulf Me Wikesjö
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 in an absorbable collagen sponge carrier (rhBMP-2/ACS) has been shown to support significant bone formation when used to augment the maxillary sinus for implant dentistry. Nevertheless, bone biomaterials have been suggested to extend rhBMP-2/ACS with limited support of the merits of such approaches. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate local bone formation/dental implant osseointegration following implantation of rhBMP-2/ACS combined with a ceramic bone biomaterial using a mini-pig sinus augmentation model...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757468/treatment-of-class-iii-multiple-gingival-recessions-prognostic-factors-for-achieving-a-complete-root-coverage
#14
Sofia Aroca, Antoine Barbieri, Marco Clementini, Franck Renouard, Massimo de Sanctis
BACKGROUND: This report is intended to present a supplemental analysis of data from a prior report (Aroca 2010) to investigate factors associated with a complete root coverage at 1 year. The purpose of the prior report was to investigate at 1 year the adjunction effect of EMD for the treatment of Miller's class III recession defects using a coronally advanced modified tunnel/CTG technique with (test group) or without (control group). The purpose of this report is to investigate additional factors associated with root coverage in the same data set...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757464/ultrasonography-for-non-invasive-and-real-time-evaluation-of-peri-implant-tissue-dimensions
#15
Hsun-Liang Chan, Khaled Sinjab, Junying Li, Zhaozhao Chen, Hom-Lay Wang, Oliver D Kripfgans
AIM: Existing methods for evaluating marginal bone loss and tissue biotype around dental implants present with many limitations. The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of high-resolution, 3-dimensional ultrasound to measure peri-implant tissue dimensions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 25-MHz ultrasound probe prototype was used to scan peri-implant tissues of 17 implants from 7 fresh human cadavers. Four ultrasonic measurements were made: the marginal bone level/thickness, and mucosal level/thickness...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757462/effect-of-guava-and-vitamin-c-supplementation-on-experimental-gingivitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Amaliya Amaliya, Ajeng S Risdiana, Ubele Van der Velden
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of guava and synthetic vitamin C on the development of gingival inflammation during experimental gingivitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to three groups supplemented daily with either 200g guava, 200mg synthetic vitamin C or water. The study included a 14 days pre-experimental period with oral hygiene instructions, scaling, prophylaxis and supplementation. Thereafter, experiment gingivitis was initiated, while continuing supplementation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742293/glycemic-status-affects-the-subgingival-microbiome-of-diabetic-patients
#17
Priscila Larcher Longo, Shareef Dabdoub, Purnima Kumar, Hilana Paula Carillo Artese, Sergio Atala Dib, Giuseppe Alexandre Romito, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer
AIM: Periodontitis is correlated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but little is known about glycemic status effect on subgingival microbiota associated with periodontitis. This study evaluated if periodontal microbiome of T2DM patients is affected by glycemic status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 21 T2DM non-smoking patients with chronic periodontitis and body mass index ≤40kg/m2 were allocated into two groups according to systemic glycemic status: inadequate (DMI- HbA1c≥8%) and adequate (DMA- HbA1c<7...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723438/chronic-periodontitis-is-associated-to-erectile-dysfunction-a-case-control-study-in-european-population
#18
Amada Martín, Manuel Bravo, Miguel Arrabal, Antonio Magán-Fernández, Francisco Mesa
AIM: To determine the association between chronic periodontitis and erectile dysfunction adjusting for biochemical markers and other co-morbidities. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 158 male patients. 80 cases with erectile dysfunction according to the International Index of Erectile Function, and 78 controls. Sociodemographic data were gathered and a periodontal examination was performed. Testosterone, lipid profile, C-reactive protein and glycaemic parameters were assessed...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681132/the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-dental-service-use-and-oral-health-practices-on-periodontal-health
#19
Gro Eirin Holde, Sarah R Baker, Birgitta Jönsson
AIM: To utilise Andersen's behavioral model as the theoretical framework to examine direct and indirect relationships between population characteristics, oral health behaviours and periodontitis and oral health impacts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The model was tested in a general adult population (n = 1,886) in Norway, using structural equation modelling. Socioeconomic status, sense of coherence (SOC), dental anxiety, perceived treatment need, oral health behaviours and oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) were collected through questionnaire...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681059/treatment-of-single-maxillary-gingival-recession-associated-with-non-carious-cervical-lesion-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-connective-tissue-graft-alone-to-graft-plus-partial-restoration
#20
Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Camila Augusto Silveira, Ingrid Fernandes Mathias, Felipe Lucas da Silva Neves, Lúcio Murilo Dos Santos, Maria Aparecida Neves Jardini, Dimitris N Tatakis, Enilson Antônio Sallum, Eduardo Bresciani
BACKGROUND: Gingival recession is frequently associated with non-carious cervical lesion (NCCL) forming a combined defect (CD). The aim of this study was to evaluate a new multidisciplinary protocol for CDs. METHODS: Forty patients presenting 40 Miller's Class I or II gingival recession defects associated with B+ tooth cervical defect were randomly allocated to one of the following treatments: Test Group (n=20), partial restoration of the NCCL, in which the apical border of the restoration was placed 1mm beyond the cement-enamel junction estimation, and connective tissue graft (CTG+PR) and Control Group (n=20), odontoplasty of the NCCL and connective tissue graft (CTG)...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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