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Journal of Dentistry

Felipe Weidenbach Degrazia, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Susana Maria Werner Samuel, Fabrício Mezzomo Collares
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the physical-chemical properties of experimental dental adhesives containing boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) as inorganic fillers. METHODS: An experimental adhesive resin was prepared using HEMA-BisGMA, 66/33 wt% (control). Inorganic BNNT fillers were first analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and then incorporated into the adhesive at different concentration (0.05, 0...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Ulla Palotie, Anna K Eronen, Kimmo Vehkalahti, Miira M Vehkalahti
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this patient document-based retrospective study among 25- to 30-year-old Finnish adults was to evaluate longevity of 2- and 3-surface posterior restorations according to type of tooth, size of restoration, and restorative material used. METHODS: Data were extracted from electronic patient files of the Helsinki City Public Dental Service (PDS), Finland. A total of 5542 2- and 3-surface posterior composite and amalgam restorations were followed indirectly from 2002 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Ruirui Wang, Yilin Shi, Tingting Li, Yueping Pan, Yu Cui, Wenwei Xia
OBJECTIVES: To examine the interfacial chemical and morphological characteristics of four self-etching adhesives bonded to dentin with different functional monomers. Further, to evaluate the effects of this interaction between functional monomers and dentin on short-term in vitro bonding performance of the four adhesives. METHODS: Clearfil SE Bond (CSE) and Scotchbond Universal (SU) containing 10-methacryloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP), Optibond XTR (OX) containing glycero-phosphate dimethacrylate (GPDM), and Adper Easy One (AEO) containing 6-methacryloyloxyhexyl dihydrogen phosphate (6-MHP) were applied to the dentin surface according to the instructions supplied with each...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Daniel Quiney, Wayne Nishio Ayre, Paul Milward
OBJECTIVES: Existing in vitro methods for testing denture adhesives do not fully replicate the complex oral geometries and environment; and in vivo methods are qualitative, prone to bias and not easily reproducible. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel, quantitative and more accurate model to test the effect of adhesives on the retentive force of mandibular free end saddle partial dentures. METHODS: An in vitro model was developed based on an anatomically accurate cast of a clinical case...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Melody N Carney, William M Johnston
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop a shade selection program that predicts the shade choice with the smallest CIEDE2000 color difference for dental composite resin restorations when given a backing and target shade. By utilizing previously generated regression models, a database of spectral reflectance information, and principles of Kubelka-Munk layering, a highly accurate shade selection program was designed. METHODS: Using SAS 9.3 Statistical Analysis Software, a shade selection program was developed that incorporated Kubelka-Munk layering data of Herculite Ultra and Estelite Omega composite resins from a characterized database of absorption and scattering information...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Bencang Cui, Jing Li, Huining Wang, Yuanhua Lin, Yang Shen, Ming Li, Xuliang Deng, Cewen Nan
OBJECTIVE: To fabricate indirect restorative composites for CAD/CAM applications and evaluate the mechanical properties. METHODS: Polymer-infiltrated-ceramic composites were prepared through infiltrating polymer into partially sintered sodium aluminum silicate ceramic blocks and curing. The corresponding samples were fabricated according to standard ISO-4049 using for mechanical properties measurement. The flexural strength and fracture toughness were measured using a mechanical property testing machine...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Xue-Qing Huang, César R Pucci, Tao Luo, Lorenzo Breschi, David H Pashley, Li-Na Niu, Franklin R Tay
OBJECTIVE: A recently-launched universal adhesive, G-Premio Bond, provides clinicians with the alternative to use the self-etch technique for bonding to dentine without waiting for the adhesive to interact with the bonding substrate (no-waiting self-etch; Japanese brochure), or after leaving the adhesive undisturbed for 10s (10-s self-etch; international brochure). The present study was performed to examine in vitro performance of this new universal adhesive bonded to human coronal dentine using the two alternative self-etch modes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Marcos Schroeder, Ivo Carlos Correa, José Bauer, Alessandro Dourado Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to answer the following PICO question: "Is the risk of postoperative sensitivity (POS), retention rates and marginal discoloration of composite restorations [CR] bonded with self-etch (SE) in non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) of adults equals to etch-and-rinse (ER) adhesives?". METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in May 2016 in the MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO and Cochrane Library and SIGLE, abstracts of IADR, unpublished and ongoing trials registries, dissertations and theses without restrictions...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Kyung-Jin Park, Rainer Haak, Dirk Ziebolz, Felix Krause, Schneider Hartmut
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated (1) the detection and assessment of non-cavitated occlusal carious lesions by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and (2) the impact of varying angle of incidence (AI) of probe light and refractive index matching (RIM). METHODS: Nine extracted human molars with 18 occlusal lesions (ICDAS code 2) were visually selected. 18 regions of interest (ROI) were imaged with SD-OCT under varying AI (0°, ±5°, ±10°, ±15°) and with/without application of glycerine at 0°...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Chie Watanabe, Junichiro Wada, Koji Mizutani, Hiroshi Watanabe, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to assess the early effects of removable partial denture (RPD) placement on abutment teeth in patients with periodontal disease. METHODS: Fifteen distal-extension RPDs and 19 abutment teeth were evaluated in 13 patients with moderate-to-severe periodontal diseases. Clinical periodontal records and grey level (GL) score based on digital subtraction radiography were measured on the day of denture placement (baseline) and at 1day, 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after the placement...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Michael George Botelho, Wai Kwok Chan Alex, Richard Holmes Newsome Philip, Colman Patrick McGrath, Yu Hang Lam Walter
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of two home bleaching modalities on whitening of tetracycline-stained teeth (TST). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial on the bleaching effect of 15% carbamide peroxide gel loaded in tray and 6.5% hydrogen peroxide strip in subjects with TST was performed. Eligible subjects were judged independently by two assessors, and randomly assigned into the tray or the strip group. Lightness (L*), redness (a*) and yellowness (b*) were measured with colorimeter at baseline, one, two and three months...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Chun-Teh Lee, Yen-Wen Huang, Liang Zhu, Robin Weltman
OBJECTIVES: Due to the inconsistent definitions, reporting methods and study characteristics, prevalences of peri-implant diseases significantly varied in studies. This study aimed to systematically analyze implant-based and subject-based prevalences of peri-implant diseases and assess clinical variables potentially affecting the prevalence. SOURCES: Electronic search of studies was conducted using MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE and Web of Science. Publication screening, data extraction, and quality assessment were performed...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Rowida Abdalla, Richard J Mitchell, Yan Fang Ren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to characterize the morphological and histological features of NCCLs in a group of extracted teeth using a focus variation optical microscopic technique that is capable of detecting minute variation in surface topography. METHODS: Twenty three extracted teeth containing NCCLs were collected. Histological features of the surface and longitudinal cross sections were examined using a focus variation microscope (FVM). RESULTS: The sample included 8 teeth with wedge-shaped lesions; the remaining 15 contained saucer-shaped lesions...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Marcia M Belleflamme, Sabine O Geerts, Marie M Louwette, Charlotte F Grenade, Alain J Vanheusden, Amélie K Mainjot
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to (1) retrospectively evaluate documented cases of ceramic and composite endocrowns performed using immediate dentin sealing (IDS); (2) correlate failures with clinical parameters such as tooth preparation characteristics and occlusal parameters. METHODS: 99 documented cases of endocrowns were evaluated after a mean observation period of 44.7±34.6months. A classification of restorations was established in function of the level of damage of residual tooth tissues after preparation, from 1 to 3...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
M Hayes, C Da Mata, G McKenna, F M Burke, P F Allen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate complete and reduced Cariogram models in predicting root caries risk in independently living older adults by comparing the caries risk assessment of the programme to observed root caries increment over a two-year period. METHODS: A prospective study recording root caries incidence was conducted on 334 dentate older adults. Data were collected on participant's medical history, fluoride exposure, and diet. Saliva samples were collected to measure salivary flow rate, buffer capacity and bacterial counts...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Justin T van der Tas, Lea Kragt, Marlies E C Elfrink, Loes C M Bertens, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Henriëtte A Moll, Edwin M Ongkosuwito, Eppo B Wolvius
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to investigate the association of different socioeconomic and sociodemographic factors with dental caries in six-year-old children. Furthermore, we applied a district based approach to explore the distribution of dental caries among districts of low and high socioeconomic position (SEP). METHODS: In our cross-sectional study 5189 six-year-olds were included. This study was embedded in a prospective population-based birth cohort study in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, the Generation R Study...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Shuang Ao, Xiangyu Sun, Xiangru Shi, Xin Huang, Feng Chen, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differentially expressed salivary peptides in the development of early childhood caries (ECC) in 3-4 year-old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two caries-free children at baseline were followed-up for 1year, during which period 15 of them had developed ECC (Group C), whilst another 15 cases out of the 31 individuals who remained healthy were marked as Group H. Stimulated whole saliva samples were collected at 0, 6 and 12 months, and analyzed using weak cation exchange magnetic beads combined with matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Mario F Gutiérrez, Pamela Malaquias, Viviane Hass, Thalita P Matos, Lucas Lourenço, Alessandra Reis, Alessandro D Loguercio, Paulo Vitor Farago
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of addition of copper nanoparticles at different concentrations into an etch-and-rinse adhesive (ER) on antimicrobial activity, Knoop microhardness (KHN), in vitro and in situ degree of conversion (DC), as well as the immediate (IM) and 2-year (2Y) resin-dentine bond strength (μTBS) and nanoleakage (NL). METHODS: Seven experimental ER adhesives were formulated according to the amount of copper nanoparticles incorporated into the adhesives (0 [control], 0...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Tomoko Tabata, Yasushi Shimada, Alireza Sadr, Junji Tagami, Yasunori Sumi
OBJECTIVES: Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) can construct cross-sectional images of internal biological structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate enamel cracks at the cavosurface margin of composite restorations using SS-OCT. METHODS: Bowl-shaped cavities were prepared at two locations (mid-coronal and cervical regions) on the enamel surface of 60 bovine teeth. Half of the cavities (30) were treated with phosphoric acid gel. A two-step self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond) was applied to all cavities and a flowable composite was placed in bulk...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
C Chen, Y Chen, Z Lu, M Qian, H Xie, F R Tay
OBJECTIVES: 10-methacryloyloxydecyldihydrogenphosphate (MDP) containing primers improve bonding of yttria-stabilised tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP) to methacrylate resins. The present study investigated the role played by water in the deterioration of MDP-mediated zirconia-resin bonds. METHODS: Grit-blasted Y-TZP plates were conditioned with two MDP primers and bonded with resin for shear bond strength (SBS) testing. Additional bonded plates were aged hydrothermally and compared with unaged Y-TZP after 24hours of water-storage or 6 months of water/acid/alkali-storage...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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