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Journal of Dentistry

Jinkyung Kim, Heon-Jin Lee, Su-Hyung Hong
OBJECTIVES: The accumulation of oral bacterial biofilm is the main etiological factor of oral diseases. Recently, electrolyzed hydrogen-rich water (H-water) has been shown to act as an effective antioxidant by reducing oxidative stress. In addition to this general health benefit, H-water has antibacterial activity for disease-associated oral bacteria. However, little is known about the effect of H-water on oral bacterial biofilm. The objective of this study was to confirm the effect of H-water on streptococcal biofilm formation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Christopher Lynch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
R D Jiang, H Lin, G Zheng, X M Zhang, Q Du, M Yang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cytotoxicity of four dental restorative materials in three-dimensional (3D) L929 cell cultures using a dentin barrier test. METHODS: The cytotoxicities of light-cured glass ionomer cement (Vitrebond), total-etching adhesive (GLUMA Bond5), and two self-etching adhesives (GLUMA Self Etch and Single Bond Universal) were evaluated. The permeabilities of human dentin disks with thicknesses of 300, 500, and 1000μm were standardized using a hydraulic device...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Haitham Askar, Fredrik Brouwer, Michel Lehmensiek, Sebastian Paris, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: Secondary caries limits the longevity of restorations and is thought to be associated with faulty restorations, e.g. dentin-restoration interfacial gaps. Recent evidence indicates that loading of restorations might aggravate the effects of gaps on interfacial mineral loss. It is unclear if this effect of loading is dose-dependent or not, and if restoration material properties like elasticity moderate the association between load and mineral loss. We hypothesized that mineral loss of secondary lesions increases with increasing load, and that this association is moderated by the elastic modulus of the placed restoration material...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
D Umer, C K Y Yiu, M F Burrow, L-N Niu, F R Tay
OBJECTIVES: Demineralized dentin collagen release C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide (ICTP) and C-terminal peptide (CTX) during degradation. The present study evaluated the effects of dentin pre-treatment with K21, a quaternary ammonium silane (QAS), on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and cathepsin K-mediated collagen degradation. METHODS: Dentin beams were demineralized with 10% H3PO4 for 24h. After baseline dry mass measurements, the beams were divided into 5 groups (N=10) according to protease inhibitors...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Victor Gong, Rodrigo França
OBJECTIVES: The surface of any dental pulp-capping material has important implications for its clinical success because it is in direct contact with dental tissue, which influences its cytotoxicity. The aim was to determine the chemical composition of the first atomic layers of four pulp-protection agents because these atoms can initiate the pulp healing process. METHODS: Biodentine (Septodont), ProRoot MTA (Dentsply), Dycal (Caulk) and TheraCal (Bisco) were prepared (n=5) according to manufacturer recommendations...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
J Lausch, H Askar, S Paris, H Meyer-Lueckel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate three treatment modalities [infiltrant resin (IR), micro-filled infiltrant resin (MFIR), infiltrant-sealant-combination (ISC)] regarding both their abilities to penetrate lesions differing in ICDAS-codes and to fill fissures and cavities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracted human molars (n=90) showing fissure caries lesions with and without cavitations were etched with 15% hydrochloric acid (HCl) that was mixed with abrasives and a 15% HCl-solution (1:1)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Ahmed Samir Bakry, Yas Al-Hadeethi, Mir Ali Naqi Razvi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Nicola Scotti, Alberto Forniglia, Riccardo Michelotto Tempesta, Allegra Comba, Massimo Carlo Saratti, Damiano Pasqualini, Mario Alovisi, Elio Berutti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Michael Glick, David M Williams, Dushanka V Kleinman, Marko Vujicic, Richard G Watt, Robert J Weyant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Igor R Blum, Nadeem Younis, Nairn H F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate opinions on, and current use of lining materials prior to the placement of posterior resin composite restorations by general dental practitioners (GDPs) in the UK. A further objective was to investigate aspects of posterior resin composite restoration placement techniques employed by UK GDPs. METHODS: A questionnaire was devised to gain the information sought. It was sent to 500 UK dentists, chosen at random from the register of the General Dental Council...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Yimei Zhang, Xiaoxing Kou, Nan Jiang, Yan Liu, Franklin R Tay, Yanheng Zhou
OBJECTIVES: Malocclusion may be corrected nonsurgically by mechanical tooth movement. The plasma protein profiles of human subjects receiving the first phase of orthodontic treatment were examined to test the hypothesis that application of mechanical stresses to teeth induces systemic proteomic alterations. METHODS: Tandem mass tag-based liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used to examine systemic proteomic alterations in subjects undergoing controlled stress application (N=10) and in volunteers not receiving treatment (N=7) at 3 time intervals within 24h...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Iori Sugita, Syozi Nakashima, Asaomi Ikeda, Michael F Burrow, Toru Nikaido, Shisei Kubo, Junji Tagami, Yasunori Sumi
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal pilot study aimed to morphologically and quantitatively investigate the progress of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) by using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). METHODS: The samples examined comprised sets of NCCL epoxy resin replicas obtained from 10 lesions in 6 patients who attended annual dental visits over 4 or 5 years. SS-OCT images of the replicas were analyzed in terms of the maximum depth (Dmax) and corresponding vertical width (VW) - using an image analyzer to estimate progression of the NCCLs over time...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Isabel Cristina Olegário, Anna Luisa de Brito Pacheco, Mariana Pinheiro de Araújo, Nathalia de Miranda Ladewig, Clarissa Calil Bonifácio, José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato, Daniela Prócida Raggio
INTRODUCTION: The high costs of the worldwide recommended GICs might be a barrier for the implementation of ART. To overcome this problem, low cost GIC are used even though there is a lack of evidence for the survival rate of restorations. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of low-cost GICs used on occlusal ART restorations after one year. METHODS: A total of 150 primary molars in 150 children with occlusal caries lesions were selected in 4-8 year-old children...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Jan Ruben, Gert-Jan Truin, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Marie Charlotte D N J M Huysmans
OBJECTIVES: To develop an in situ model for erosive wear research which allows for more clinically relevant exposure parameters than other in situ models and to show tooth site-specific erosive wear effect of an acid challenge of orange juice on enamel. METHODS: This pilot study included 6 edentulous volunteers wearing full dentures with 13 embedded enamel samples The study consisted of two control runs: habitual diet only for 30days, and two experimental runs: habitual diet plus 125ml orange juice four times per day (consumed over 4m)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Irene Shuping Zhao, May Lei Mei, Michael F Burrow, Edward Chin-Man Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment and incorporating casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) into a glass-ionomer cement (GIC) to prevent secondary caries. METHOD: A cervical cavity was prepared on 32 premolars for the following restoration groups: group 1, conventional GIC restoration; group 2, SDF (38%) treatment and conventional GIC restoration; group 3, CPP-ACP (3%) modified GIC; and group 4, SDF treatment and CPP-ACP modified GIC...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Michael G Botelho, John E Dyson, Thomas H F Mui, Walter Y H Lam
BACKGROUND: Two-unit cantilevered resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (RBFPDs) have higher retention rates over longer span fixed-fixed RBFPDs. It has been hypothesized that interabutment stresses associated with fixed-fixed designs cause prosthesis debonds therefore for the replacement of molar-sized and longer spans, non-rigid connectors have been used to allow independent movement between two abutment teeth. OBJECTIVES: This preliminary study evaluates the clinical longevity and subjects' satisfaction of three-unit fixed-movable (FM3) RBFPDs provided at a dental teaching hospital...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
J Seong, C Hall, S Young, C Parkinson, E Macdonald, S Bodfel Jones, N X West
OBJECTIVES: To compare the abrasive wear on human dentine in an in situ model associated with use of an experimental low abrasivity anti-sensitivity dentifrice containing 1% alumina and 5% sodium tripolyphosphate (STP) with an experimental ultra-low abrasivity non-alumina 5% STP dentifrice, a higher abrasivity daily-use whitening dentifrice, and water as controls. METHODS: This was a single-centre, single-blind, randomised, split-mouth, four-treatment, two-period, crossover in situ study in 29 healthy subjects...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
K A Eaton, N Innes, S M Balaji, C Pugh, E Honkala, C D Lynch
This satellite symposium was the fifth in a series for editors, publishers, reviewers and all those with an interest in scientific publishing. It was held on Wednesday, 11 March 2015 at the IADR meeting in Boston, Massachusetts. The symposium attracted more than 210 attendees. The symposium placed an emphasis on strategies to ensure that papers are accepted by peer reviewed journals. The speaker, representing the Journal of Dental Research gave a history of peer review and explained how to access material to advise new authors...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Michael Raedel, Andrea Hartmann, Heinz-Werner Priess, Steffen Bohm, Stefanie Samietz, Ioannis Konstantinidis, Michael H Walter
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine re-interventions after restorative treatment. METHODS: The data was collected from the digital database of a major German national health insurance company. Only permanent teeth were observed. Placing a permanent restoration other than a crown regardless of involved surfaces and material was the study intervention. The data did not allow for a differentiation between fillings and inlays that were estimated only a very small portion of the restorations...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
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