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Journal of Perinatal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328535/the-assessment-of-labor-a-brief-history
#1
Wayne R Cohen, Emanuel A Friedman
In the 1930s, investigators in the US, Germany and Switzerland made the first attempts to quantify the course of labor in a clinically meaningful way. They emphasized the rupture of membranes as a pivotal event governing labor progress. Attention was also placed on the total number of contractions as a guide to normality. Beginning in the 1950s, Friedman determined that changes in cervical dilatation and fetal station over time were the most useful parameters for the assessment of labor progress. He showed all normal labors had similar patterns of dilatation and descent, differing only in the durations and slopes of their component parts...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315852/characteristics-and-management-of-mirror-syndrome-a-systematic-review-1956-2016
#2
Sabah Allarakia, Hassan A Khayat, Moyassar M Karami, Abdulaziz M Aldakhil, Ahmed M Kashi, Abdulrahman H Algain, Mohammad A Khan, Loai S Alghifees, Raed E Alsulami
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical features of mirror syndrome and to correlate the effects of different treatments with the fetal outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Online search up to May 2016 was conducted in the PubMed, Embase (Ovid platform) and clinicalTrials.gov without restrictions of language, date or journal. Only papers providing both fetal and maternal presentations and outcomes were included. RESULTS: The study included 74 papers (n=111), with an additional two patients diagnosed at our center (n=113)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306540/4d-assessment-of-fetal-brain-function-in-diabetic-patients
#3
Panagiotis Antsaklis, Selma Porovic, George Daskalakis, Asim Kurjak
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is a difference in the behavior of fetuses of pregnant women with diabetes under treatment with insulin, compared to fetuses of pregnant women without diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kurjak's antenatal neurodevelopmental test (KANET) - a method that, by application of four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound, assesses fetal behavior in a similar way that neonatologists perform a neurological assessment in newborns - was applied from 28 to 38 weeks of gestation to 40 pregnancies with pre-existing diabetes mellitus or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) requiring insulin (diabetic group) and to 40 non-diabetic cases, with otherwise low-risk pregnancies (non-diabetic group)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306539/three-dimensional-power-doppler-of-the-placenta-and-its-clinical-applications
#4
Kelly Yamasato, Ivica Zalud
The aim of this review is to discuss three dimensional (3D) power Doppler of the placenta and its clinical applications. There is a strong clinical need to develop noninvasive, simple and widely available methods of evaluating in vivo placental function to assess fetal wellbeing. While conventional ultrasound is a proven tool in the evaluation of fetal structural anomalies and health, its ability to assess placental function, especially prior to the onset of fetal compromise, is the subject of ongoing investigation...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306541/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-twin-pregnancies-complicated-by-single-intrauterine-death
#5
Qiong Luo, Xiujun Han
AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of twin pregnancies complicated by single intrauterine death and how to improve the outcomes of surviving twins. Three thousand three hundred and eighty-four women who delivered twin pregnancies at Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine were included. Clinical and demographic data on gestational age, etiology, morbidity and mortality for mothers and fetuses were collected. RESULTS: The median gestational age for detecting a single intrauterine death in twin pregnancy was 29 weeks and the average gestational age of pregnancy termination was 32 weeks...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285274/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-text-messaging-to-support-antenatal-healthcare-in-iraqi-pregnant-women-a-pilot-study
#6
Taghreed Alhaidari, Nazar Amso, Taqi Mohammed Jawad, Ulfat Alnakkash, Faris Khazaal, Ahmed Alnaaimi, Timothy Pickles, Rebecca Playle, Robert Istepanian, Nada Philip, John W Gregory, Thamer Al Hilfi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of mobile health technology and its potential to improve antenatal care (ANC) services in Iraq. METHODS: This was a controlled experimental study conducted at primary health care centers. One hundred pregnant women who attended those centres for ANC were exposed to weekly text messages varying in content, depending on the week of gestation, while 150 women were recruited for the unexposed group. The number of ANC visits in the intervention and control groups, was the main outcome measure...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284038/3d-and-4d-studies-from-human-reproduction-to-perinatal-medicine
#7
Sonal Panchal, Asim Kurjak, Chaitanya Nagori
Three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US) is a modality of choice for prenatal diagnosis of congenital malformations. But 3D-four-dimensional US(4D US) is of utmost importance also to achieve pregnancy. 3D US plays an important role for diagnosis of PCO, to assess ovarian reserve and response and thus to decide optimum stimulation protocols. It adds to the information on follicular maturity and endometrial receptivity, thus improving the chances to achieve pregnancy for patients under treatment for fertility. 3D hystero-contrast-salpingography (HyCoSy) has also proved itself to be one of the best modalities for assessment of tubal patency...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258976/congenital-pulmonary-lymphangiectasia
#8
Shi-Min Yuan
Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia (CPL) is a rare but fatal disease, usually having an onset from the first few hours to days after birth. Inconsistent nomenclatures were used for CPL in the past decades. Patients often present with intractable respiratory failure, hydrops fetalis and even sudden death. The etiologies of CPL remain unclear. Previous hypotheses suggested that CPL might be caused by conditions preventing normal regression of the lymphatics after the 18th-20th week of gestation. Up-to-date biological studies on lymphatic development, lymphatic valve formation and occurrence of hydrops fetalis revealed possible causative relations with mutations of genes of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), RAS/MAPK, PI3K/AKT and NF-κB signaling pathways...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258975/animatio-a-history-of-ideas-on-the-beginning-of-personhood
#9
Michael Obladen
The onset of individual human life has fascinated thinkers of all cultures and epochs, and the history of their ideas may enlighten an unsettled debate. Aristotle attributed three different souls to the subsequent developmental stages. The last, the rational soul, was associated with the formed fetus, and entailed fetal movements. With some modifications, the concept of delayed ensoulment - at 30, 42, 60, or 90 days after conception - was adopted by several Christian Church Fathers and remained valid throughout the Middle Ages...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258974/assessment-of-cervical-elastography-strain-pattern-and-its-association-with-preterm-birth
#10
Vera Oturina, Kerstin Hammer, Mareike Möllers, Janina Braun, Maria Karina Falkenberg, Kathrin Oelmeier de Murcia, Ute Möllmann, Maria Eveslage, Arrigo Fruscalzo, Walter Klockenbusch, Ralf Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the cervical strain pattern by an ultrasound elastography cervix examination and to determine its association with preterm delivery. METHODS: In this study, 30 cases resulting in preterm birth and 30 gestational age-matched controls were included. A vaginal ultrasound examination with cervical length and elastography measurement was performed. We calculated four strain ratios (SR1-SR4) of the regions of interest (ROIs) arranged in pairs in four different positions on the anterior cervical lip...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245192/the-effect-of-attending-a-prenatal-childbirth-preparedness-course-on-labor-duration-and-outcomes
#11
David Yohai, Debi Alharar, Ruthi Cohen, Zohar Kaltian, Barak Aricha-Tamir, Saviona Ben Aion, Zehava Yohai, Adi Y Weintraub
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of attending a prenatal childbirth preparation course (CPC) on labor duration and outcomes. METHODS: A cross sectional study of 53 primiparous women who attended and 54 women who did not attend a CPC was conducted. The state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) score was used to diagnose anxiety. Clinical and obstetrical data were collected from the perinatal database of our center. Through post-partum interviews, coping strategies were assessed, patients graded their childbirth experience and breastfeeding was evaluated...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245191/serum-fibrinogen-levels-could-be-an-index-of-successful-use-of-balloon-tamponade-in-postpartum-hemorrhage
#12
Ayaka Nakashima, Kazuhide Ogita, Masaya Chita, Takeshi Yokoi
OBJECTIVE: The object of our study was to determine whether serum fibrinogen levels could be used to predict the success rates of balloon tamponade and decrease the use of invasive methods. METHODS: This retrospective study, conducted at Rinku General Medical Center, was aimed to identify factors associated with high success rates in balloon tamponade. Forty-six patients with postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), non-responsive to uterotonics and treated with balloon tamponade between April 2008 and March 2015, were included...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236632/accuracy-of-a-combined-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-1-interleukin-6-test-premaquick-in-predicting-delivery-in-women-with-threatened-preterm-labor
#13
George Uchenna Eleje, Euzebus Chinonye Ezugwu, Ahizechukwu Chigoziem Eke, Lydia Ijeoma Eleje, Joseph Ifeanyichukwu Ikechebelu, Ifeanyichukwu Uzoma Ezebialu, Chukwudi Celestine Obiora, Betrand Obi Nwosu, Chukwuemeka Okwudili Ezeama, Gerald Okanandu Udigwe, Charles Ikechukwu Okafor, Frank Okechukwu Ezugwu
PURPOSE: To determine values of combinations of interleukin-6 (IL-6)/cervical native insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1)/total IGFBP-1 (Premaquick©) in predicting spontaneous deliveries and spontaneous exclusive preterm deliveries in women with threatened preterm labor. METHODS: Women with singleton pregnancies between gestation age (GA) of 24 weeks and 36 weeks and 6 days with preterm labor were recruited during a prospective multicenter study...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236631/causes-of-intrauterine-fetal-death-are-changing-in-recent-years
#14
Hiroko Takita, Junichi Hasegawa, Masamitsu Nakamura, Tatsuya Arakaki, Tomohiro Oba, Ryu Matsuoka, Akihiko Sekizawa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, how causes of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) have changed in recent years with the advancement of prenatal diagnosis at a single perinatal center in Japan. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for all cases of IUFDs that occurred between 2001 and 2014. The most commonly associated causes of fetal deaths were compared between 2001-2007 and 2008-2014. RESULTS: The number of IUFD after 20 weeks' gestation/all deliveries in our center was 38/6878 cases (0...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236630/growth-attainment-in-german-children-born-preterm-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adolescence-analysis-of-the-population-representative-kiggs-data
#15
Renate L Bergmann, Karl E Bergmann, Rolf Richter, Martin Schlaud, Wolfgang Henrich, Alexander Weichert
AIM: To compare the growth attainment of preterm children and their cardiovascular risk factors at adolescence with the values measured in term children in Germany. METHODS: About 17,641 children aged 0 to <18 years were studied between 2003 and 2006 in the population representative German KiGGS survey ("German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents") using questionnaires, physical examinations, standardized anthropometric and blood pressure measurements, and blood sample analyses...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231064/three-dimensional-ultrasound-for-prenatal-assessment-of-conjoined-twins-additional-advantages
#16
Tuangsit Wataganara, Pornpimol Ruangvutilert, Prasert Sunsaneevithayakul, Kusol Russameecharoen, Katika Nawapun, Nisarat Phithakwatchara
Conjoined twins are a rare, but serious, complication of monozygotic twins. Early prenatal diagnosis of conjoined twins is increasingly made with transvaginal ultrasound and color Doppler studies. Most prenatally diagnosed conjoined twins are terminated due to the high perinatal mortality, but advancement in pediatric surgery has allowed for successful postnatal separation in a small number of cases, and some parents may consider this option over termination of pregnancy. It is important to get a detailed prenatal ultrasound for the site and extent of fusion for an accurate categorization...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222038/evidence-based-ethically-justified-counseling-for-fetal-bilateral-renal-agenesis
#17
Alana N Thomas, Laurence B McCullough, Frank A Chervenak, Frank X Placencia
BACKGROUND: Not much data are available on the natural history of bilateral renal agenesis, as the medical community does not typically offer aggressive obstetric or neonatal care asbilateral renal agenesis has been accepted as a lethal condition. AIM: To provide an evidence-based, ethically justified approach to counseling pregnant women about the obstetric management of bilateral renal agenesis. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using multiple databases...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222037/cancer-during-pregnancy-clinical-characteristics-treatment-outcomes-and-prognosis-for-mothers-and-infants
#18
Katarina Jeremic, Aleksandar Stefanovic, Jelena Dotlic, Sasa Kadija, Olivera Kontic, Miroslava Gojnic, Jelena Jeremic, Vesna Kesic
OBJECTIVE: To assess which obstetrical characteristics and treatment improved outcomes and prognosis of pregnant women with malignancy. METHODS: A prospective study, undertaken between 2005 and 2014, involving 35 pregnant women who were diagnosed with malignant tumors during pregnancy. Patients were followed-up for 1 year after delivery. The pregnancy course and outcome and parameters that could influence the condition of mother and fetus were evaluated. RESULTS: Most malignancies were hematological, diagnosed in the second trimester and treated with combined therapy (surgery/adjuvant) after pregnancy...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212108/the-association-between-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-screening-results-of-depression-for-all-trimesters-of-pregnancy-postpartum-and-1-year-after-birth-a-cohort-study
#19
Hanieh Salehi-Pourmehr, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Nayyer Jafarilar-Agdam, Somayyeh Rafiee, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and screening results of gestational and post-delivery depression in women referred to the health centers of Tabriz, Iran. METHODS: In this cohort study, 62 and 245 pregnant women with class 2-3 obesity [body mass index (BMI)≥35 kg/m2] and normal-weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) were enrolled, respectively, in the first trimester of pregnancy from December 2012 to January 2016. For matching of groups, nulliparous and multiparous mothers aged 18-35 years were selected with the ratio of 1:4 in obese and normal BMI groups from the same recruitment center and to controlling the confounder factors, inclusion criteria were considered...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195554/fetal-thymus-size-in-pregnant-women-with-diabetic-diseases
#20
Ria Dörnemann, Raphael Koch, Ute Möllmann, Maria Karina Falkenberg, Mareike Möllers, Walter Klockenbusch, Ralf Schmitz
AIM: The aim of our study was to assess fetal thymus size in diabetic pregnancies compared with normal pregnancies. METHODS: Sonographic fetal thymus size was retrospectively assessed in 161 pregnancies with maternal diabetes and in 161 uncomplicated pregnancies matched by gestational age. The anteroposterior thymic and the intrathoracic mediastinal diameter were measured and the quotient was calculated [thymic-thoracic ratio (TT-ratio)]. In addition, we defined the quotient of the anteroposterior thymic diameter and the head circumference as thymus-head ratio (TH-ratio)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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