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Sports Medicine

Jo Varley-Campbell, Chris Cooper, Daryl Wilkerson, Sophie Wardle, Julie Greeves, Theo Lorenc
INTRODUCTION: Men and women joining the military undergo the same training, often in mixed-sex platoons. Given the inherent physiological and physical performance differences between men and women, it is reasonable to question whether sex differences exist in the adaptation to military training and, therefore, whether sex-specific training should be employed to optimise training adaptations. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature evaluating changes in the physical performance of men and women following military training...
September 19, 2018: Sports Medicine
Jordan L Fox, Robert Stanton, Charli Sargent, Sally-Anne Wintour, Aaron T Scanlan
BACKGROUND: Adequate training loads promote favorable physical and physiological adaptations, reduce the likelihood of illness and injury, and, therefore, increase the possibility of success during competition. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically examine the association between training load and performance outcomes in team sports. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO databases for original research published before July 2018...
September 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
Mitchell R L Forrest, Brendan R Scott, Jeffrey J Hebert, Alasdair R Dempsey
Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to non-contact shoulder, low back and lower-limb injuries. Exercise-based injury prevention programmes (IPPs) are effective for reducing non-contact injuries in athletes; however, a specific programme for adolescent pace bowlers has not been published. This paper therefore seeks to provide a rationale for the development of an exercise-based IPP specific for adolescent pace bowlers. It also outlines design principles and provides an example exercise programme that can be implemented at the community level...
September 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
Craig Pickering, John Kiely
Caffeine is a well-established ergogenic aid, demonstrated to enhance performance across a wide range of capacities through a variety of mechanisms. As such, it is frequently used by both athletes and non-athletes alike. As a result, caffeine ingestion is ubiquitous in modern society, with athletes typically being exposed to regular non-supplemental caffeine through a variety of sources. Previously, it has been suggested that regular caffeine use may lead to habituation and subsequently a reduction in the expected ergogenic effects, thereby blunting caffeine's performance-enhancing impact during critical training and performance events...
September 1, 2018: Sports Medicine
Herbert Löllgen, Petra Zupet, Andre Debruyne, Norbert Bachl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: Sports Medicine
Manuel Mücke, Sebastian Ludyga, Flora Colledge, Markus Gerber
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress is associated with multiple health complaints. Research to date suggests that regular physical activity (PA) and higher cardiorespiratory fitness may reduce stress reactivity and therefore contribute to a reduction of stress-related risk factors. While previous reviews have not differentiated between stressors, we focus on psychosocial stress elicited with the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effect of regular PA and cardiorespiratory fitness on stress reactivity, with a particular focus on the TSST...
August 29, 2018: Sports Medicine
Stijn Mintjens, Malou D Menting, Joost G Daams, Mireille N M van Poppel, Tessa J Roseboom, Reinoud J B J Gemke
BACKGROUND: Although cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in childhood and adolescence may be linked to future cardiovascular health, there is currently limited evidence for a longitudinal association. OBJECTIVES: To provide a systematic review on the prospective association between CRF in childhood and adolescence and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors at least 2 years later. METHODS: Using a systematic search of Medline, Embase, and SPORTDiscus, relevant articles were identified by the following criteria: generally healthy children and adolescents between 3 and 18 years of age with CRF assessed at baseline, and a follow-up period of ≥ 2 years...
August 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
Anthony White, Samuel P Hills, Carlton B Cooke, Trevor Batten, Liam P Kilduff, Christian J Cook, Craig Roberts, Mark Russell
Goalkeepers are typically the last defensive line for soccer teams aiming to minimise goals being conceded, with match rules permitting ball handling within a specific area. Goalkeepers are also involved in initiating some offensive plays, and typically remain in close proximity to the goal line while covering ~ 50% of the match distances of outfield players; hence, the competitive and training demands of goalkeepers are unique to their specialised position. Indeed, isolated performance tests differentiate goalkeepers from outfield players in multiple variables...
August 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
Grace Greenham, Jonathan D Buckley, Joel Garrett, Roger Eston, Kevin Norton
BACKGROUND: Intensified training is important for inducing adaptations to improve athletic performance, but detrimental performance effects can occur if prescribed inappropriately. Monitoring biomarker responses to training may inform changes in training load to optimize performance. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify biomarkers associated with altered exercise performance following intensified training. METHODS: Embase, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus and SPORTDiscus were searched up until September 2017...
August 23, 2018: Sports Medicine
Danielle Jarvie
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the effects of team-mate shared experience on overall team performance as well as to determine whether concentration of time together among subgroups of players and/or focal players enhances team performance. METHODS: Social network analysis (SNA) was used to model 30 active Major League Baseball teams from 2006 to 2015 with years of experience together connecting players resulting in 300 individual team networks. Social network metrics of network density, network centralization, and average weighted degree were computed and analyzed with team attributes by generalized least squares regression to predict wins, and team rank...
August 10, 2018: Sports Medicine
Eric D B Goulet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2018: Sports Medicine
Robert W Kenefick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2018: Sports Medicine
Sarah Whitehead, Kevin Till, Dan Weaving, Ben Jones
BACKGROUND: Quantifying the peak match demands within the football codes is useful for the appropriate prescription of external training load. Wearable microtechnology devices can be used to identify the peak match demands, although various methodologies exist at present. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to identify the methodologies and microtechnology-derived variables used to determine the peak match demands, and to summarise current data on the peak match demands in the football codes...
August 7, 2018: Sports Medicine
Washington Pires, Samuel Penna Wanner, Danusa Dias Soares, Cândido Celso Coimbra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
Cecilia Kitic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
James L Nuzzo
Rates of participation in physical activity are often not the same between groups in a given demographic category. These differences have been termed 'inequities,' and major health organizations are advocating large-scale initiatives to create 'equity' in physical activity. The aim of this paper is to explain why equity in physical activity is a misguided goal. Equity is a misguided goal because it ignores absolute rates of physical activity (i.e., it is a metric of how one group compares with another), and because it is an automated goal that ignores sizes of 'gaps' between groups...
July 13, 2018: Sports Medicine
David L Mann, H J C Ravensbergen
Classification is a defining characteristic of para-sports whereby eligible athletes are allocated a sport class to compete against others with similar activity limitations. To account for the unique characteristics of each sport, para-sports should develop their own classification system using evidence that demonstrates the impact of impairment on performance in that sport. Although the move towards sport-specific classification has progressed in sports for athletes with physical and intellectual impairments, sports for athletes with vision impairment (VI) continue to use the same three classes irrespective of the sport, with classes delineated by legal definitions of low vision and blindness...
July 9, 2018: Sports Medicine
Pedro E Alcaraz, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, Bruno O Oponjuru, Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez
Page 1: Abstract, Conclusions, sentence 4. The following sentence, which read.
July 9, 2018: Sports Medicine
Isaac Estevan, Lisa M Barnett
The promotion of motor competence is integral to a holistic view of children's development. Motor development models address the potential role of actual and perceived motor competence, physical activity and health-related fitness in children's health. Actual motor competence and optimal levels of perceived motor competence seem to be key for engaging children and adolescents in physical activity and sports. Commonly, the assessment of perceived motor competence is carried out by using instruments originally developed to assess different constructs of physical self-perception with the consequent error assumed...
June 25, 2018: Sports Medicine
Christopher C Webster, James A Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Sports Medicine
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