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Sports Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777386/substrate-metabolism-during-ironman-triathlon-different-horses-on-the-same-courses
#1
Ed Maunder, Andrew E Kilding, Daniel J Plews
Ironman triathlons are ultra-endurance events of extreme duration. The performance level of those competing varies dramatically, with elite competitors finishing in ~ 8:00:00, and lower performing amateurs finishing in ~ 14-15:00:00. When applying appropriate values for swimming, cycling and running economies to these performance times, it is demonstrated that the absolute energy cost of these events is high, and the rate of energy expenditure increases in proportion with the athlete's competitive level...
May 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767384/understanding-physical-activity-through-interactions-between-the-built-environment-and-social-cognition-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Ryan E Rhodes, Brian E Saelens, Claire Sauvage-Mar
BACKGROUND: Few people in most developed nations engage in regular physical activity (PA), despite its well-established health benefits. Socioecological models highlight the potential interaction of multiple factors from policy and the built environment to individual social cognition in explaining PA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to appraise this interaction tenet of the socioecological model between the built environment and social cognition to predict PA...
May 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766442/rate-of-improvement-of-pain-and-function-in-mid-portion-achilles-tendinopathy-with-loading-protocols-a-systematic-review-and-longitudinal-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Myles Murphy, Mervyn Travers, William Gibson, Paola Chivers, James Debenham, Sean Docking, Ebonie Rio
BACKGROUND: Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is prevalent within both the athletic and non-athletic populations and loading protocols for Achilles tendinopathy are effective over time, though the rate of symptom change throughout rehabilitation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the rate of change in pain and function over time in patients while completing a loading protocol for mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. METHODS: A systematic review and longitudinal meta-analysis was conducted as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
May 15, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740792/monitoring-of-post-match-fatigue-in-professional-soccer-welcome-to-the-real-world
#4
Christopher Carling, Mathieu Lacome, Alan McCall, Gregory Dupont, Franck Le Gall, Ben Simpson, Martin Buchheit
Participation in soccer match-play leads to acute and transient subjective, biochemical, metabolic and physical disturbances in players over subsequent hours and days. Inadequate time for rest and regeneration between matches can expose players to the risk of training and competing whilst not entirely recovered. In professional soccer, contemporary competitive schedules can require teams to compete in excess of 60 matches over the course of the season with periods of fixture congestion occurring, prompting much attention from researchers and practitioners to the monitoring of fatigue and readiness to play...
May 8, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736728/effects-and-dose-response-relationship-of-balance-training-on-balance-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Arnd Gebel, Melanie Lesinski, David G Behm, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: Effects and dose-response relationships of balance training on measures of balance are well-documented for healthy young and old adults. However, this has not been systematically studied in youth. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to quantify effects of balance training (BT) on measures of static and dynamic balance in healthy children and adolescents. Additionally, dose-response relations for BT modalities (e...
May 7, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736727/correction-to-principles-of-exercise-prescription-and-how-they-influence-exercise-induced-changes-of-transcription-factors-and-other-regulators-of-mitochondrial-biogenesis
#6
Cesare Granata, Nicholas A Jamnick, David J Bishop
The original article can be found online at.
May 7, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729003/exercise-prescription-in-patients-with-different-combinations-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-a-consensus-statement-from-the-expert-working-group
#7
REVIEW
Dominique Hansen, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Olga Barna, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Christoph Stettler, Cajsa Tonoli, Eugenio Greco, Robert Fagard, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Roberto Pedretti, Gustavo Rovelo Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona Sarzi Braga, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Tim Takken, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty, Paul Dendale
Whereas exercise training is key in the management of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk (obesity, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension), clinicians experience difficulties in how to optimally prescribe exercise in patients with different CVD risk factors. Therefore, a consensus statement for state-of-the-art exercise prescription in patients with combinations of CVD risk factors as integrated into a digital training and decision support system (the EXercise Prescription in Everyday practice & Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool) needed to be established...
May 4, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721839/association-of-lower-limb-compression-garments-during-high-intensity-exercise-with-performance-and-physiological-responses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
César Augusto da Silva, Lucas Helal, Roberto Pacheco da Silva, Karlyse Claudino Belli, Daniel Umpierre, Ricardo Stein
BACKGROUND: Although compression garments are used to improve sports performance, methodological approaches and the direction of evidence regarding garments for use in high-intensity exercise settings are diverse. OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to summarize the association between lower-limb compression garments (LLCGs) and changes in sports performance during high-intensity exercise. We also aimed to summarize evidence about the following physiological parameters related to sports performance: vertical jump height (VJ), maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), submaximal oxygen uptake (VO2 submax), blood lactate concentrations ([La]), and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE, 6-20 Borg scale)...
May 2, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721838/relationships-between-neighbourhood-physical-environmental-attributes-and-older-adults-leisure-time-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Andrea Nathan, Anthony Barnett, David W Barnett, Ester Cerin
BACKGROUND: Activity-friendly neighbourhood physical environments with access to recreational facilities are hypothesised to facilitate leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among older adults (≥ 65 years old). The aim of the current study was to systematically review and quantitatively summarise study findings on the relationships between physical environmental attributes and LTPA among older adults. METHODS: An extensive search of literature, including grey literature, yielded 72 articles eligible for inclusion...
May 2, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721837/change-of-direction-biomechanics-is-what-s-best-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-also-best-for-performance
#10
REVIEW
Aaron S Fox
Change-of-direction maneuvers (e.g., side-step cutting) are an important aspect of performance in multi-directional sports, but these maneuvers are also associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Despite this, the impact of biomechanics on ACL injury risk and performance is often examined in isolation. The purpose of this review was to examine the alignment between biomechanical recommendations for ACL injury prevention and performance with regard to change-of-direction maneuvers. Several studies linking change-of-direction biomechanics to both ACL injury risk and performance were examined...
May 2, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704189/periodic-health-examination-and-injury-prediction-in-professional-football-soccer-theoretically-the-prognosis-is-good
#11
Tom Hughes, Jamie C Sergeant, Danielle A van der Windt, Richard Riley, Michael J Callaghan
In professional soccer and other elite sports, medical and performance screening of athletes (also termed periodic health examination or PHE) is common practice. The purposes of this are: (1) to assist in identifying prevalent conditions that may be a threat to safe participation, (2) to assist in setting benchmark targets for rehabilitation or performance purposes and (3) to assist clinicians in determining which athletes may be at risk of future injury and selecting appropriate injury prevention strategies to reduce the perceived risk...
April 27, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700785/comment-on-endurance-performance-is-influenced-by-perceptions-of-pain-and-temperature-theory-applications-and-safety-considerations
#12
LETTER
Phillip J Wallace, Brandon J McKinlay, Stephen S Cheung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700784/author-s-reply-to-cheung-et-al-comment-on-endurance-performance-is-influenced-by-perceptions-of-pain-and-temperature-theory-applications-and-safety-considerations
#13
LETTER
Christopher J Stevens, Alexis R Mauger, Peter Hassmèn, Lee Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691754/the-effect-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-on-sports-and-work-participation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Alexander Hoorntje, Kim Y Janssen, Stefan B T Bolder, Koen L M Koenraadt, Joost G Daams, Leendert Blankevoort, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, P Paul F M Kuijer
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a successful procedure to treat end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The procedure is increasingly performed in adults of working age, who often wish to return to sports (RTS) and return to work (RTW). However, a systematic overview of the evidence on RTS and RTW after THA is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to systematically review (1) the extent to which patients RTS and RTW after THA, including (2) the time to RTS and RTW...
April 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687278/exploring-the-relationship-between-fundamental-motor-skill-interventions-and-physical-activity-levels-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Alexander C Engel, Carolyn R Broderick, Nancy van Doorn, Louise L Hardy, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND: Physical activity provides many health benefits, yet few children meet the physical activity recommendations. In school-age children, low proficiency in fundamental movement skills (FMS) is associated with low physical activity (PA). It is unknown if the same relationship exists in pre-schoolers (aged 3-5 years). OBJECTIVES: The aims of this review were to firstly evaluate interventions for improving FMS and PA levels in children aged 3-5 years and 5-12 years, and secondly to determine, where possible, if there is a similar relationship between change in FMS and change in PA across both age groups...
April 21, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675670/principles-of-exercise-prescription-and-how-they-influence-exercise-induced-changes-of-transcription-factors-and-other-regulators-of-mitochondrial-biogenesis
#16
REVIEW
Cesare Granata, Nicholas A Jamnick, David J Bishop
Physical inactivity represents the fourth leading risk factor for mortality, and it has been linked with a series of chronic disorders, the treatment of which absorbs ~ 85% of healthcare costs in developed countries. Conversely, physical activity promotes many health benefits; endurance exercise in particular represents a powerful stimulus to induce mitochondrial biogenesis, and it is routinely used to prevent and treat chronic metabolic disorders linked with sub-optimal mitochondrial characteristics. Given the importance of maintaining a healthy mitochondrial pool, it is vital to better characterize how manipulating the endurance exercise dose affects cellular mechanisms of exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis...
April 19, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675669/can-we-draw-general-conclusions-from-interval-training-studies
#17
Ricardo Borges Viana, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, João Pedro Araújo Naves, Victor Silveira Coswig, Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Carlos Alexandre Vieira, Paulo Gentil
Interval training (IT) has been used for many decades with the purpose of increasing performance and promoting health benefits while demanding a relatively small amount of time. IT can be defined as intermittent periods of intense exercise separated by periods of recovery and has been divided into high-intensity interval training (HIIT), sprint interval training (SIT), and repeated sprint training (RST). IT use has resulted in the publication of many studies and many of them with conflicting results and positions...
April 19, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667160/correction-to-relative-age-effects-across-and-within-female-sport-contexts-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Kristy L Smith, Patricia L Weir, Kevin Till, Michael Romann, Stephen Cobley
An Online First version of this article was made available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40279-018-0890-8 on 13 March 2018. Some errors were subsequently identified by the authors, particularly in regard to Table 4. Although the details pertained to in the table were correct in the original manuscript, it appears that errors were introduced during production of the article. The published article has now been updated with a corrected version of Table 4. This corrected version of the table is also shown below...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#19
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663142/do-we-need-a-cool-down-after-exercise-a-narrative-review-of-the-psychophysiological-effects-and-the-effects-on-performance-injuries-and-the-long-term-adaptive-response
#20
REVIEW
Bas Van Hooren, Jonathan M Peake
It is widely believed that an active cool-down is more effective for promoting post-exercise recovery than a passive cool-down involving no activity. However, research on this topic has never been synthesized and it therefore remains largely unknown whether this belief is correct. This review compares the effects of various types of active cool-downs with passive cool-downs on sports performance, injuries, long-term adaptive responses, and psychophysiological markers of post-exercise recovery. An active cool-down is largely ineffective with respect to enhancing same-day and next-day(s) sports performance, but some beneficial effects on next-day(s) performance have been reported...
April 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
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