journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sports Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078610/optimization-of-the-return-to-sport-paradigm-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-critical-step-back-to-move-forward
#1
REVIEW
Bart Dingenen, Alli Gokeler
Athletes who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury often opt for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with the goal and expectation to resume sports. Unfortunately, the proportion of athletes successfully returning to sport is relatively low, while the rate of second ACL injury has been reported to exceed 20% after clearance to return to sport, especially within younger athletic populations. Despite the development of return-to-sport guidelines over recent years, there are still more questions than answers on the most optimal return-to-sport criteria after ACLR...
January 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074412/a-scientific-rationale-to-improve-resistance-training-prescription-in-exercise-oncology
#2
Ciaran M Fairman, Michael C Zourdos, Eric R Helms, Brian C Focht
To date, the prevailing evidence in the field of exercise oncology supports the safety and efficacy of resistance training to attenuate many oncology treatment-related adverse effects, such as risk for cardiovascular disease, increased fatigue, and diminished physical functioning and quality of life. Moreover, findings in the extant literature supporting the benefits of exercise for survivors of and patients with cancer have resulted in the release of exercise guidelines from several international agencies...
January 10, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058696/size-exponents-for-scaling-maximal-oxygen-uptake-in-over-6500-humans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Lorenzo Lolli, Alan M Batterham, Kathryn L Weston, Greg Atkinson
BACKGROUND: Maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text] 2max) is conventionally normalized to body size as a simple ratio or using an allometric exponent < 1. Nevertheless, the most appropriate body size variable to use for scaling and the value of the exponent are still enigmatic. Studies tend to be based on small samples and can, therefore, lack precision. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to provide a quantitative synthesis of reported static allometric exponents used for scaling [Formula: see text] 2max to whole body mass and fat-free mass...
January 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054322/creatine-loading-does-not-preserve-muscle-mass-or-strength-during-leg-immobilization-in-healthy-young-males-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Evelien M P Backx, Roland Hangelbroek, Tim Snijders, Marie-Louise Verscheijden, Lex B Verdijk, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Luc J C van Loon
BACKGROUND: A short period of leg immobilization leads to rapid loss of muscle mass and strength. Creatine supplementation has been shown to increase lean body mass in active individuals and can be used to augment gains in muscle mass and strength during prolonged resistance-type exercise training. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate whether creatine loading can attenuate the loss of muscle mass and strength during short-term leg immobilization. METHODS: Healthy young men (n = 30; aged 23 ± 1 years; body mass index [BMI] 23...
January 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044282/are-prepubertal-children-metabolically-comparable-to-well-trained-adult-endurance-athletes
#5
REVIEW
Sébastien Ratel, Anthony J Blazevich
It is well acknowledged that prepubertal children have smaller body dimensions and a poorer mechanical (movement) efficiency, and thus a lower work capacity than adults. However, the scientific evidence indicates that prepubertal children have a greater net contribution of energy derived from aerobic metabolism in exercising muscle and reduced susceptibility to muscular fatigue, which makes them metabolically comparable to well-trained adult endurance athletes. For example, the relative energy contribution from oxidative and non-oxidative (i...
January 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044281/the-effects-of-mental-fatigue-on-physical-performance-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jeroen Van Cutsem, Samuele Marcora, Kevin De Pauw, Stephen Bailey, Romain Meeusen, Bart Roelands
BACKGROUND: Mental fatigue is a psychobiological state caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity. It has recently been suggested that mental fatigue can affect physical performance. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the literature on impairment of physical performance due to mental fatigue and to create an overview of the potential factors underlying this effect. METHODS: Two electronic databases, PubMed and Web of Science (until 28 April 2016), were searched for studies designed to test whether mental fatigue influenced performance of a physical task or influenced physiological and/or perceptual responses during the physical task...
January 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035587/prevalence-of-back-pain-in-sports-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Katharina Trompeter, Daniela Fett, Petra Platen
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a frequent health problem in the general population. The epidemiology of back pain in the general population is well researched, but detailed data on the prevalence and risk factors of back pain in athletes are rare. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to review articles about back pain in athletes to provide an overview of its prevalence in different sports and compare its prevalence among various types of sports and the general population...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035586/criteria-for-progressing-rehabilitation-and-determining-return-to-play-clearance-following-hamstring-strain-injury-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jack T Hickey, Ryan G Timmins, Nirav Maniar, Morgan D Williams, David A Opar
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation progression and return-to-play (RTP) decision making following hamstring strain injury (HSI) can be challenging for clinicians, owing to the competing demands of reducing both convalescence and the risk of re-injury. Despite an increased focus on the RTP process following HSI, little attention has been paid to rehabilitation progression and RTP criteria, and subsequent time taken to RTP and re-injury rates. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to identify rehabilitation progression and RTP criteria implemented following HSI and examine the subsequent time taken to RTP and rates of re-injury...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035585/effect-of-exercise-on-ovulation-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Osnat Hakimi, Luiz-Claudio Cameron
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been described as a devastating life crisis for couples, and has a particularly severe effect on women, in terms of anxiety and depression. Anovulation accounts for around 30% of female infertility, and while lifestyle factors such as physical activity are known to be important, the relationship between exercise and ovulation is multi-factorial and complex, and to date there are no clear recommendations concerning exercise regimes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effect of physical activity on ovulation and to discuss the possible mechanisms by which exercise acts to modulate ovulation in reproductive-age women...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035584/from-lab-to-real-world-heat-acclimation-considerations-for-elite-athletes
#10
Julia R Casadio, Andrew E Kilding, James D Cotter, Paul B Laursen
As major sporting events are often held in hot environments, increased interest in ways of optimally heat acclimating athletes to maximise performance has emerged. Heat acclimation involves repeated exercise sessions in hot conditions that induce physiological and thermoregulatory adaptations that attenuate heat-induced performance impairments. Current evidence-based guidelines for heat acclimation are clear, but the application of these recommendations is not always aligned with the time commitments and training priorities of elite athletes...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005191/central-nervous-system-adaptation-after-ligamentous-injury-a-summary-of-theories-evidence-and-clinical-interpretation
#11
REVIEW
Alan R Needle, Adam S Lepley, Dustin R Grooms
The array of dysfunction occurring after ligamentous injury is tied to long-term clinical impairments in functional performance, joint stability, and health-related quality of life. To appropriately treat individuals, and in an attempt to avoid sequelae such as post-traumatic osteoarthritis, investigators have sought to better establish the etiology of the persistent dysfunction present in patients who have sustained joint ligament injuries to the lower extremities. Recent evidence has suggested that changes within the brain and central nervous system may underlie these functional deficits, with support arising from direct neurophysiologic measures of somatosensory dysfunction, motor system excitability, and plasticity of neural networks...
December 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005190/step-counting-a-review-of-measurement-considerations-and-health-related-applications
#12
REVIEW
David R Bassett, Lindsay P Toth, Samuel R LaMunion, Scott E Crouter
Step counting has long been used as a method of measuring distance. Starting in the mid-1900s, researchers became interested in using steps per day to quantify ambulatory physical activity. This line of research gained momentum after 1995, with the introduction of reasonably accurate spring-levered pedometers with digital displays. Since 2010, the use of accelerometer-based "activity trackers" by private citizens has skyrocketed. Steps have several advantages as a metric for assessing physical activity: they are intuitive, easy to measure, objective, and they represent a fundamental unit of human ambulatory activity...
December 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995537/self-reported-outcome-measures-of-the-impact-of-injury-and-illness-on-athlete-performance-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Julie Gallagher, Ian Needleman, Paul Ashley, Ruben Garcia Sanchez, Robbie Lumsden
BACKGROUND: Self-reported outcome measures of athlete health, wellbeing and performance add information to that obtained from clinical measures. However valid, universally accepted outcome measures are required. OBJECTIVE: To determine which athlete-reported outcome measures of performance have been used to measure the impact of injury and illness on performance in sport and assess evidence to support their validity. METHODS: The authors searched Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, SPORTDiscus with Full Text and Cochrane library to January 2016...
December 19, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995536/authors-reply-to-ribeiro-et-al-a-review-of-the-acute-effects-and-long-term-adaptations-of-single-and-multi-joint-exercises-during-resistance-training
#14
LETTER
Paulo Gentil, James Steele, James Fisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995535/comment-on-a-review-of-the-acute-effects-and-long-term-adaptations-of-single-and-multi-joint-exercises-during-resistance-training
#15
LETTER
Alex S Ribeiro, Brad J Schoenfeld, Luís B Sardinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995534/authors-reply-to-mills-and-boardley-advancing-leadership-in-sport-time-to-take-off-the-blinkers
#16
LETTER
Andrew Cruickshank, Dave Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995533/advancing-leadership-in-sport-time-to-actually-take-the-blinkers-off
#17
John P Mills, Ian D Boardley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988875/determinants-of-change-in-physical-activity-in-children-0-6-years-of-age-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-literature
#18
REVIEW
Kathryn R Hesketh, Claire O'Malley, Veena Mazarello Paes, Helen Moore, Carolyn Summerbell, Ken K Ong, Rajalakshmi Lakshman, Esther M F van Sluijs
BACKGROUND: Understanding the determinants of children's health behaviours is important to develop successful behaviour-change interventions. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to synthesise the evidence around determinants ('preceding predictors') of change in physical activity (PA) in young children (0-6 years of age). METHODS: As part of a suite of reviews, prospective quantitative studies investigating change in physical activity in children aged 0-6 years were identified from eight databases (to October 2015): MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, British Nursing Index, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, and Sociological Abstracts...
December 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988874/cognitive-functioning-and-heat-strain-performance-responses-and-protective-strategies
#19
REVIEW
Cyril Schmit, Christophe Hausswirth, Yann Le Meur, Rob Duffield
Despite the predominance of research on physical performance in the heat, many activities require high cognitive functioning for optimal performance (i.e. decision making) and/or health purposes (i.e. injury risk). Prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity or exercise-induced fatigue will incur altered cognitive functioning. The addition of hot environmental conditions will exacerbate poor cognitive functioning and negatively affect performance outcomes. The present paper attempts to extract consistent themes from the heat-cognition literature to explore cognitive performance as a function of the level of heat stress encountered...
December 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943148/association-between-exercise-induced-hyperthermia-and-intestinal-permeability-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Washington Pires, Christiano E Veneroso, Samuel P Wanner, Diogo A S Pacheco, Gisele C Vaz, Fabiano T Amorim, Cajsa Tonoli, Danusa D Soares, Cândido C Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Prolonged and strenuous physical exercise increases intestinal permeability, allowing luminal endotoxins to translocate through the intestinal barrier and reach the bloodstream. When recognized by the immune system, these endotoxins trigger a systemic inflammatory response that may affect physical performance and, in severe cases, induce heat stroke. However, it remains to be elucidated whether there is a relationship between the magnitude of exercise-induced hyperthermia and changes in intestinal permeability...
December 10, 2016: Sports Medicine
journal
journal
20289
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"