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Sports Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349651/epidemiology-of-head-injuries-focusing-on-concussions-in-team-contact-sports-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Annika Prien, Alexander Grafe, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football. METHODS: Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed) were searched...
January 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344816/author-s-reply-to-lv-comment-on-genetic-variants-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-a-systematic-review
#2
LETTER
Mustafa Kaynak, Frank Nijman, Joyce van Meurs, Max Reijman, Duncan E Meuffels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344815/comment-on-genetic-variants-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-a-systematic-review
#3
LETTER
Zheng-Tao Lv
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307100/the-general-adaptation-syndrome-a-foundation-for-the-concept-of-periodization
#4
REVIEW
Aaron J Cunanan, Brad H DeWeese, John P Wagle, Kevin M Carroll, Robert Sausaman, W Guy Hornsby, G Gregory Haff, N Travis Triplett, Kyle C Pierce, Michael H Stone
Recent reviews have attempted to refute the efficacy of applying Selye's general adaptation syndrome (GAS) as a conceptual framework for the training process. Furthermore, the criticisms involved are regularly used as the basis for arguments against the periodization of training. However, these perspectives fail to consider the entirety of Selye's work, the evolution of his model, and the broad applications he proposed. While it is reasonable to critically evaluate any paradigm, critics of the GAS have yet to dismantle the link between stress and adaptation...
January 6, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299879/injuries-in-field-hockey-players-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Saulo Delfino Barboza, Corey Joseph, Joske Nauta, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: To commence injury prevention efforts, it is necessary to understand the magnitude of the injury problem. No systematic reviews have yet investigated the extent of injuries in field hockey, despite the popularity of the sport worldwide. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the rate and severity of injuries in field hockey and investigate their characteristics. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299878/talent-identification-and-development-in-male-football-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299877/cocoa-flavanol-supplementation-and-exercise-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Lieselot Decroix, Danusa Dias Soares, Romain Meeusen, Elsa Heyman, Cajsa Tonoli
BACKGROUND: Cocoa flavanols (CFs) have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacities and can improve vascular function. It has recently been suggested that CF intake may improve exercise performance and recovery. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the literature on the effects of CF intake on exercise performance and recovery and exercise-induced changes in vascular function, cognitive function, oxidative stress, inflammation, and metabolic parameters. METHODS: Two electronic databases (Pubmed and Web of Science) were searched for studies examining the combination of CF intake and exercise in humans (up to 28 March 2017)...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299876/the-incidence-of-injury-in-amateur-male-rugby-union-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Caithriona Yeomans, Ian C Kenny, Roisin Cahalan, Giles D Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Kevin Hayes, Mark Lyons, Mark J Campbell, Thomas M Comyns
BACKGROUND: Rugby union is a physically demanding, full-contact team sport that has gained worldwide popularity. The incidence of injury in rugby union has been widely reported in the literature. While comprehensive injury surveillance and prevention programmes have been implemented within the professional game, there is a need for similar strategies in the amateur game. Despite recent increases in the volume of research in rugby, there is little consensus regarding the true incidence rate of match and training injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288436/the-relationships-between-internal-and-external-measures-of-training-load-and-intensity-in-team-sports-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Shaun J McLaren, Tom W Macpherson, Aaron J Coutts, Christopher Hurst, Iain R Spears, Matthew Weston
BACKGROUND: The associations between internal and external measures of training load and intensity are important in understanding the training process and the validity of specific internal measures. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide meta-analytic estimates of the relationships, as determined by a correlation coefficient, between internal and external measures of load and intensity during team-sport training and competition. A further aim was to examine the moderating effects of training mode on these relationships...
December 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288435/balance-training-does-not-alter-reliance-on-visual-information-during-static-stance-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Kyeongtak Song, Evan Rhodes, Erik A Wikstrom
BACKGROUND: Visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems contribute to postural control. Chronic ankle instability (CAI) patients have been observed to have a reduced ability to dynamically shift their reliance among sources of sensory information and rely more heavily on visual information during a single-limb stance relative to uninjured controls. Balance training is proven to improve postural control but there is a lack of evidence regarding the ability of balance training programs to alter the reliance on visual information in CAI patients...
December 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273936/a-multinational-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-11-kids-a-warm-up-programme-to-prevent-injuries-in-children-s-football
#11
Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Mario Bizzini, Evert Verhagen, Jiri Chomiak, Karen Aus der Fünten, Tim Meyer, Jiri Dvorak, Eric Lichtenstein, Florian Beaudouin, Oliver Faude
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of a newly developed warm-up programme ('11+ Kids') regarding its potential to reduce injuries in children's football. METHODS: Children's football teams (under 9 years, under 11 years, and under 13 years age groups) from Switzerland, Germany, the Czech Republic and the Netherlands were invited. Clubs were randomised to an intervention group and a control group, and followed for one season. The intervention group replaced their usual warm-up by '11+ Kids', while the control group warmed up as usual...
December 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270865/endurance-performance-is-influenced-by-perceptions-of-pain-and-temperature-theory-applications-and-safety-considerations
#12
REVIEW
Christopher John Stevens, Alexis R Mauger, Peter Hassmèn, Lee Taylor
Models of endurance performance now recognise input from the brain, including an athlete's ability to cope with various non-pleasurable perceptions during exercise, such as pain and temperature. Exercise training can reduce perceptions of both pain and temperature over time, partly explaining why athletes generally have a higher pain tolerance, despite a similar pain threshold, compared with active controls. Several strategies with varying efficacy may ameliorate the perceptions of pain (e.g. acetaminophen, transcranial direct current stimulation and transcutaneous electrical stimulation) and temperature (e...
December 21, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270864/the-effectiveness-of-dance-interventions-on-physical-health-outcomes-compared-to-other-forms-of-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Alycia Fong Yan, Stephen Cobley, Cliffton Chan, Evangelos Pappas, Leslie L Nicholson, Rachel E Ward, Roslyn E Murdoch, Yu Gu, Bronwyn L Trevor, Amy Jo Vassallo, Michael A Wewege, Claire E Hiller
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one of the key global health challenges as it is associated with adverse effects related to ageing, weight control, physical function, longevity, and quality of life. Dancing is a form of physical activity associated with health benefits across the lifespan, even at amateur levels of participation. However, it is unclear whether dance interventions are equally as effective as other forms of physical activity. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to systematically review the literature on the effectiveness of structured dance interventions, in comparison to structured exercise programmes, on physical health outcome measures...
December 21, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249085/correction-to-a-comparison-of-the-energetic-cost-of-running-in-marathon-racing-shoes
#14
Wouter Hoogkamer, Shalaya Kipp, Jesse H Frank, Emily M Farina, Geng Luo, Rodger Kram
An Online First version of this article was made available online at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40279-017-0811-2 on 16 November 2017. An error was subsequently identified in the article, and the following correction should be noted.
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249084/return-to-sport-in-athletes-with-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-qualitative-systematic-review-regarding-definitions-and-criteria
#15
REVIEW
Bas Habets, Anke G van den Broek, Bionka M A Huisstede, Frank J G Backx, Robert E H van Cingel
BACKGROUND: Midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) can cause long-term absence from sports participation, and shows high recurrence rates. It is important that the decision to return to sport (RTS) is made carefully, based on sharply delimited criteria. Lack of a well-defined definition and criteria hampers the decision to RTS among athletes with AT, and impedes comparison of RTS rates between different studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature for definitions of, and criteria for, RTS in AT research...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249083/effects-of-strength-training-on-the-physiological-determinants-of-middle-and-long-distance-running-performance-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Richard C Blagrove, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
BACKGROUND: Middle- and long-distance running performance is constrained by several important aerobic and anaerobic parameters. The efficacy of strength training (ST) for distance runners has received considerable attention in the literature. However, to date, the results of these studies have not been fully synthesized in a review on the topic. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to provide a comprehensive critical commentary on the current literature that has examined the effects of ST modalities on the physiological determinants and performance of middle- and long-distance runners, and offer recommendations for best practice...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249082/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-playing-competitive-team-bat-or-stick-sports-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Nirmala Kanthi Panagodage Perera, Corey Joseph, Joanne Lyn Kemp, Caroline Frances Finch
BACKGROUND: Team bat-or-stick sports, including cricket, softball and hockey, are popular among women. However, little is known about the injury profile in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe the incidence, nature and anatomical location of injuries in bat-or-stick sports played by women in a competitive league. METHODS: This review was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42015026715). CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, SPORTDiscus were systematically searched from January 2000 to September 2016, inclusive...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243038/what-performance-analysts-need-to-know-about-research-trends-in-association-football-2012-2016-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, Filipe Manuel Clemente, Duarte Araújo, Keith Davids, Allistair McRobert, António Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Evolving patterns of match analysis research need to be systematically reviewed regularly since this area of work is burgeoning rapidly and studies can offer new insights to performance analysts if theoretically and coherently organized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of published articles on match analysis in adult male football, identify and organize common research topics, and synthesize the emerging patterns of work between 2012 and 2016, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 14, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198023/the-use-of-stimulant-medication-to-treat-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-elite-athletes-a-performance-and-health-perspective
#19
Annie A Garner, Ashley A Hansen, Catherine Baxley, Michael J Ross
The use of stimulants as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among elite athletes is a controversial area with some arguing that stimulant use should not be permitted because it offers an advantage to athletes (fair play perspective). Guided by an integrated model of athletic performance, we address common concerns raised about stimulant use in sports from our perspective, which we coined the "performance and health perspective," highlighting relevant research and pointing to gaps in empirical research that should be addressed before bans on use of stimulants for athletes with ADHD are considered...
December 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189930/periodization-theory-confronting-an-inconvenient-truth
#20
John Kiely
Periodization theory has, over the past seven decades, emerged as the preeminent training planning paradigm. The philosophical underpinnings of periodization theory can be traced back to the integration of diverse shaping influences, whereby coaching beliefs and traditions were blended with historically available scientific insights and contextualized against pervading social planning models. Since then, many dimensions of elite preparation have evolved significantly, as driven by a combination of coaching innovations and science-led advances in training theory, techniques, and technologies...
November 30, 2017: Sports Medicine
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