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International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345182/breast-cancer-screening-among-shift-workers-a-nationwide-population-based-survey-in-korea
#1
Heesook Son, Youngmi Kang
We aimed to examine the association between shift work types and participation in breast cancer screening (BCS) programs by comparing rates of participation for BCS among regular daytime workers and alternative shift workers using data from a nationally representative, population-based survey conducted in Korea. In addition, the results were analyzed according to sociodemographic factors, including occupation, education, income, private health insurance, age, and number of working hours a week. This secondary cross-sectional analysis used data from the 2012 Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338641/an-assessment-of-the-level-of-awareness-and-reported-complaints-regarding-occupational-health-hazards-and-the-utilization-of-personal-protective-equipments-among-the-welders-of-lahore-pakistan
#2
Syed Moin Hassan, Usama Nasir, Kanwal Anwar, Usama Talib
Objective To assess the level of awareness and reported complaints of occupational health hazards among the welders of Lahore. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study of 70 welders. An interview questionnaire was employed to assess awareness and complaints, the possession and utilization of protective personal equipment (PPE), and socio-demographic characteristics. Results All of the respondents were male with a mean age of 25.7 years. 54.3% of the respondents were aware of welding as a risk to their health...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334871/biomonitoring-of-arsenic-in-woodworkers-exposed-to-cca-and-evaluation-of-other-non-occupational-sources-in-uruguay
#3
Valery Bühl, María Cristina Álvarez, María H Torre, Mariela Pistón, Nelly Mañay
In Uruguay wood-impregnation plants use chromated copper arsenate (CCA) as preservative applying good manufacture practices (GMP). This study aims a retrospective evaluation of toxicologically relevant species levels in CCA exposed woodworker's urine (As-U) and an assessment of the effects of work risk factors and non-occupational sources in As-U of workers from a selected plant. From 2014 to 2016, As-U in 212 urine samples (As-U) of 73 woodworkers from six CCA impregnation plants were determined. In one of these plants, 35 workers were interviewed to obtain individual data of work tasks, lifestyles, diet, habits, etc...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334858/case-study-of-occupational-mercury-exposure-during-decontamination-of-turnaround-in-refinery-plant
#4
Maytiya Muadchim, Wantanee Phanprasit, Mark Gregory Robson, Dusit Sujirarat, Rawee Detchaipitak
Decontamination during turnaround (TA) can lead to high exposure to toxic chemicals among workers. The decontamination process in refinery plants usually comprises two types, i.e. steam and chemical decontamination. No matter the method used, concentrations of toxic chemicals must be measured using the direct reading instrument at the end of each decontamination cycle, which maybe repeated several times until the readings are in acceptable level. To evaluate mercury exposure of decontamination workers during decontamination procedure in comprehensive turnaround of a refinery plant...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308720/factors-that-contribute-to-insecticide-poisoning-among-immigrant-agricultural-workers-in-thailand
#5
Anamai Thetkathuek, Wanlop Jaidee
BACKGROUND: There has been a strong increase in the international movement of workers during the last few decades. As Thailand's economy has rapidly developed during the past 20 years, it has attracted growing numbers of laborers from the bordering countries of Myanmar, Lao PDR, and Cambodia. Numbers of migrant workers in Thai agriculture have risen to the extent that the sector's continued growth has become increasingly dependent on migrant workers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that contribute to the development of symptoms of insecticide poisoning among immigrant agricultural workers in the eastern region of Thailand...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155647/it-does-not-occur-by-chance-a-mediation-model-of-the-influence-of-workers-characteristics-work-environment-factors-and-near-misses-on-agricultural-machinery-related-accidents
#6
Federica Caffaro, Margherita Micheletti Cremasco, Michele Roccato, Eugenio Cavallo
Agriculture is among the most hazardous productive sectors, and farm machinery is a major source of injury. In the present study, a mediated model was used to test the role played by workers' characteristics, work environment factors, and near misses in predicting agricultural machinery-related accidents in a sample of Italian users (n = 290). Hours worked per week (via the mediation of an adverse work environment) showed a positive association and years of work experience (via the mediation of risk perception) showed a negative association with the probability of being involved in a near miss, which in turn showed a positive association with the probability of being involved in a machinery-related accident...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148932/response-to-second-letter-by-lee-et-al-of-2016
#7
Ronald E Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082831/a-mindfulness-training-program-based-on-brief-practices-m-pbi-to-reduce-stress-in-the-workplace-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-study
#8
M Arredondo, M Sabaté, N Valveny, M Langa, R Dosantos, J Moreno, L Botella
Work stress is a major contributor to absenteeism and reduced work productivity. A randomised and controlled study in employee-volunteers (with Perceived Stress Scale [PSS-14]>22) was performed to assess a mindfulness program based on brief integrated mindfulness practices (M-PBI) with the aim of reducing stress in the workplace. The PSS-14 of the employees before and after 8-weeks M-PBI program, as well as after a 20-week follow-up, was assessed (primary endpoint). The employees also carried the following questionnaires (secondary endpoints): Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), Experiences Questionnaire-Decentering (EQ-D), and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS)...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035168/employee-health-relevant-personality-traits-are-associated-with-the-psychosocial-work-environment-and-leadership
#9
Karin Villaume, Dan Hasson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about personality in relation to assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership. Therefore the objective of this study is to explore possible associations and differences in mean values between employee health-relevant personality traits and assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behaviors. METHODS: 754 survey responses from ten organizations were selected from a large-scale intervention study...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249553/occupational-exposure-and-respiratory-health-problems-among-nutmeg-production-workers-in-grenada-the-caribbean
#10
Muge Akpinar-Elci, Satesh Bidaisee, MyNgoc Thuy Nguyen, Omur Cinar Elci
BACKGROUND: The nutmeg industry is a major contributor to the Grenadian economy. However, workers in the industry face many environmental and occupational health risks. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate respiratory health problems and possible related occupational exposures among nutmeg production workers. METHODS: A questionnaire, spirometry and allergen skin-prick test was given to 92 nutmeg workers. Samples for measurement of airborne dust, mold, and phosphine were also collected from work environments...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209095/leptospira-seropositivity-as-a-risk-factor-for-mesoamerican-nephropathy
#11
Alejandro Riefkohl, Oriana Ramírez-Rubio, Rebecca L Laws, Michael D McClean, Daniel E Weiner, James S Kaufman, Renee L Galloway, Sean V Shadomy, Marta Guerra, Juan José Amador, José Marcel Sánchez, Damaris López-Pilarte, Chirag R Parikh, Jessica H Leibler, Daniel R Brooks
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is postulated as a possible cause of Mesoamerican Nephropathy (MeN) in Central American workers. OBJECTIVES: Investigate job-specific Leptospira seroprevalence and its association with kidney disease biomarkers. METHODS: In 282 sugarcane workers, 47 sugarcane applicants and 160 workers in other industries, we measured anti-leptospiral antibodies, serum creatinine, and urinary injury biomarkers, including neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), interleukin-18 (IL-18), and N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase (NAG)...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145155/acute-toxicological-effects-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-in-mice-after-intratracheal-instillation
#12
Dejun Wang, Haibo Li, Zihong Liu, Jingyang Zhou, Tianliang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are increasingly being used in industry. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acute toxicology of ZnO NPs in Mice. METHODS: ZnO NPs were intratracheally instilled into mice at different dose (200, 400, 800 μg/kg), which was 1, 2, or 4 times of accumulative intake in one week according to the threshold limit value. Acute toxicity was assessed by animal mortality, organ/body weight ratios, hematology, blood biochemistry, and histopathology as well as by the determination of cells, proteins, and lactate dehydrogenase activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734755/response-to-gordon-2016
#13
Richard Lee, Drew Van Orden, Matt Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813453/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-work-related-eye-injuries-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#14
Nina Jovanovic, Corinne Peek-Asa, Amanda Swanton, Tracy Young, Jasmina Alajbegovic-Halimic, Semra Cavaljuga, Faruk Nisic
BACKGROUND: Eye injuries are a prevalent workplace injury and cause substantial disability when vision is impaired. OBJECTIVE: To examine work-relatedness of demographic, injury, and clinical characteristics of eye injuries in a large clinic in Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: We performed a nine-year retrospective study of patients admitted with an eye injury to the Canton Hospital in Zenica, Bosnia and Herzeogvina. Controlling for age and sex, we used logistic regression to examine the influence of work-relatedness on patient and injury characteristics and clinical outcomes...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784205/prevalence-of-occupational-injury-and-its-contributing-factors-among-rubber-tappers-in-galle-sri-lanka
#15
Kayla Stankevitz, Catherine Staton, Ashley Schoenfisch, Vijitha de Silva, Hemajith Tharindra, Marissa Stroo, Truls Ostbye
BACKGROUND: Rubber tapping involves carrying heavy loads, navigating rough terrain, and using sharp tools. However, little is known about occupational injury among this vulnerable working population. OBJECTIVE: To assesses the prevalence, severity, and contributing factors associated with occupational injury among Sri Lankan rubber tappers and to identify possible interventions to improve occupational safety. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 300 Sri Lankan rubber tappers...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778759/the-continuing-struggle-between-career-civil-servants-and-political-appointees-in-the-development-of-government-public-health-standards
#16
Peter F Infante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734769/the-quality-of-work-life-of-registered-nurses-in-canada-and-the-united-states-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Behdin Nowrouzi, Emilia Giddens, Basem Gohar, Sandrine Schoenenberger, Mary Christine Bautista, Jennifer Casole
BACKGROUND: Workplace environment is related to the physical and psychological well-being, and quality of work life (QWL) for nurses. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to perform a comprehensive literature review on nurses' quality of work life to identify a comprehensive set of QWL predictors for nurses employed in the United States and Canada. METHODS: Using publications from 2004-2014, contributing factors to American and Canadian nurses' QWL were analyzed...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726756/environmental-asbestos-exposure-sources-in-korea
#18
Dong-Mug Kang, Jong-Eun Kim, Ju-Young Kim, Hyun-Hee Lee, Young-Sik Hwang, Young-Ki Kim, Yong-Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Because of the long asbestos-related disease latencies (10-50 years), detection, diagnosis, and epidemiologic studies require asbestos exposure history. However, environmental asbestos exposure source (EAES) data are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To survey the available data for past EAES and supplement these data with interviews. METHODS: We constructed an EAES database using a literature review and interviews of experts, former traders, and workers...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702399/negative-work-perception-not-changed-in-a-short-work-anxiety-coping-group-therapy-intervention
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Beate Muschalla
BACKGROUND: Work anxiety is often associated with long-term sick leave and requires early intervention. Work anxieties are associated with negative work perception. Therefore, one aim in early intervention is a cognitive reframing of dysfunctional perceptions of workplace characteristics. METHODS: A psychotherapeutic specialist conducted two group programs of four sessions each. One hundred twenty-three rehabilitation in-patients with work anxieties were randomly assigned either to a work anxiety-coping group or to a recreational group...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696988/hospital-support-services-and-the-impacts-of-outsourcing-on-occupational-health-and-safety
#20
Pearl Siganporia, George Astrakianakis, Hasanat Alamgir, Aleck Ostry, Anne-Marie Nicol, Mieke Koehoorn
BACKGROUND: Outsourcing labor is linked to negative impacts on occupational health and safety (OHS). In British Columbia, Canada, provincial health care service providers outsource support services such as cleaners and food service workers (CFSWs) to external contractors. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the impact of outsourcing on the occupational health safety of hospital CFSWs through a mixed methods approach. METHODS: Worker's compensation data for hospital CFSWs were analyzed by negative binomial and multiple linear regressions supplemented by iterative thematic analysis of telephone interviews of the same job groups...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
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