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International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784205/prevalence-of-occupational-injury-and-its-contributing-factors-among-rubber-tappers-in-galle-sri-lanka
#1
Kayla Stankevitz, Catherine Staton, Ashley Schoenfisch, Vijitha de Silva, Hemajith Tharindra, Marissa Stroo, Truls Ostbye
BACKGROUND: Rubber tapping involves carrying heavy loads, navigating rough terrain, and using sharp tools. However, little is known about occupational injury among this vulnerable working population. OBJECTIVE: To assesses the prevalence, severity, and contributing factors associated with occupational injury among Sri Lankan rubber tappers and to identify possible interventions to improve occupational safety. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 300 Sri Lankan rubber tappers...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778759/the-continuing-struggle-between-career-civil-servants-and-political-appointees-in-the-development-of-government-public-health-standards
#2
Peter F Infante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734769/the-quality-of-work-life-of-registered-nurses-in-canada-and-the-united-states-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#3
Behdin Nowrouzi, Emilia Giddens, Basem Gohar, Sandrine Schoenenberger, Mary Christine Bautista, Jennifer Casole
BACKGROUND: Workplace environment is related to the physical and psychological well-being, and quality of work life (QWL) for nurses. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to perform a comprehensive literature review on nurses' quality of work life to identify a comprehensive set of QWL predictors for nurses employed in the United States and Canada. METHODS: Using publications from 2004-2014, contributing factors to American and Canadian nurses' QWL were analyzed...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734755/response-to-gordon-2016
#4
Richard Lee, Drew Van Orden, Matt Sanchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726756/environmental-asbestos-exposure-sources-in-korea
#5
Dong-Mug Kang, Jong-Eun Kim, Ju-Young Kim, Hyun-Hee Lee, Young-Sik Hwang, Young-Ki Kim, Yong-Jin Lee
BACKGROUND: Because of the long asbestos-related disease latencies (10-50 years), detection, diagnosis, and epidemiologic studies require asbestos exposure history. However, environmental asbestos exposure source (EAES) data are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To survey the available data for past EAES and supplement these data with interviews. METHODS: We constructed an EAES database using a literature review and interviews of experts, former traders, and workers...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702399/negative-work-perception-not-changed-in-a-short-work-anxiety-coping-group-therapy-intervention
#6
Beate Muschalla
BACKGROUND: Work anxiety is often associated with long-term sick leave and requires early intervention. Work anxieties are associated with negative work perception. Therefore, one aim in early intervention is a cognitive reframing of dysfunctional perceptions of workplace characteristics. METHODS: A psychotherapeutic specialist conducted two group programs of four sessions each. One hundred twenty-three rehabilitation in-patients with work anxieties were randomly assigned either to a work anxiety-coping group or to a recreational group...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696988/hospital-support-services-and-the-impacts-of-outsourcing-on-occupational-health-and-safety
#7
Pearl Siganporia, George Astrakianakis, Hasanat Alamgir, Aleck Ostry, Anne-Marie Nicol, Mieke Koehoorn
BACKGROUND: Outsourcing labor is linked to negative impacts on occupational health and safety (OHS). In British Columbia, Canada, provincial health care service providers outsource support services such as cleaners and food service workers (CFSWs) to external contractors. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the impact of outsourcing on the occupational health safety of hospital CFSWs through a mixed methods approach. METHODS: Worker's compensation data for hospital CFSWs were analyzed by negative binomial and multiple linear regressions supplemented by iterative thematic analysis of telephone interviews of the same job groups...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691373/psychological-factors-influence-the-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-gerd-and-their-effect-on-quality-of-life-among-firefighters-in-south-korea
#8
Seung-Ho Jang, Han-Seung Ryu, Suck-Chei Choi, Sang-Yeol Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial factors related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and their effects on quality of life (QOL) in firefighters. METHODS: Data were collected from 1217 firefighters in a Korean province. We measured psychological symptoms using the scale. In order to observe the influence of the high-risk group on occupational stress, we conduct logistic multiple linear regression. The correlation between psychological factors and QOL was also analyzed and performed a hierarchical regression analysis...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690843/corrigendum
#9
Bob Barnetson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682579/occupational-safety-measures-and-morbidity-among-welders-in-vellore-southern-india
#10
Vijay Alexander, Kulandaipalayam Natarajan C Sindhu, Pradeep Zechariah, Abigail Veravolu Resu, Suryanarayan Rajendran Nair, Deepthi Kattula, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Reginald George Alex T
BACKGROUND: Welders in the unorganized occupational sector in the economically developing world are exposed to respiratory, skin, eye, ear, and neurological problems exacerbated by non-usage of personal protective equipment (PPE). OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of health problems and the usage of PPE among welders in unorganized welding units in Vellore, India. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 150 welders to determine the frequency of skin, ear, eye, and respiratory morbidity and the usage of PPE...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670588/modeling-of-occupational-exposure-to-accidentally-released-manufactured-nanomaterials-in-a-production-facility-and-calculation-of-internal-doses-by-inhalation
#11
Marika Pilou, Celina Vaquero-Moralejo, María Jaén, Jesús Lopez De Ipiña Peña, Panagiotis Neofytou, Christos Housiadas
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to manufactured nanomaterials (MNMs) and its potential health impacts are of scientific and practical interest, as previous epidemiological studies associate exposure to nanoparticles with health effects, including increased morbidity of the respiratory and the circulatory system. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the occupational exposure and effective internal doses in a real production facility of TiO2 MNMs during hypothetical scenarios of accidental release...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611196/current-and-future-risks-of-asbestos-exposure-in-the-australian-community
#12
Corie Gray, Renee N Carey, Alison Reid
BACKGROUND: Australia mined asbestos for more than 100 years and manufactured and imported asbestos products. There is a legacy of in situ asbestos throughout the built environment. METHODS: The aim of this study was to identify the possible sources of current and future asbestos exposure from the built environment. Telephone interviews with environmental health officers, asbestos removalists, and asbestos assessors in Australia sought information about common asbestos scenarios encountered...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611103/do-code-of-conduct-audits-improve-chemical-safety-in-garment-factories-lessons-on-corporate-social-responsibility-in-the-supply-chain-from-fair-wear-foundation
#13
Henrik Lindholm, Niklas Egels-Zandén, Christina Rudén
BACKGROUND: In managing chemical risks to the environment and human health in supply chains, voluntary corporate social responsibility (CSR) measures, such as auditing code of conduct compliance, play an important role. OBJECTIVES: To examine how well suppliers' chemical health and safety performance complies with buyers' CSR policies and whether audited factories improve their performance. METHODS: CSR audits (n = 288) of garment factories conducted by Fair Wear Foundation (FWF), an independent non-profit organization, were analyzed using descriptive statistics and statistical modeling...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813453/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-work-related-eye-injuries-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#14
Nina Jovanovic, Corinne Peek-Asa, Amanda Swanton, Tracy Young, Jasmina Alajbegovic-Halimic, Semra Cavaljuga, Faruk Nisic
BACKGROUND: Eye injuries are a prevalent workplace injury and cause substantial disability when vision is impaired. OBJECTIVE: To examine work-relatedness of demographic, injury, and clinical characteristics of eye injuries in a large clinic in Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: We performed a nine-year retrospective study of patients admitted with an eye injury to the Canton Hospital in Zenica, Bosnia and Herzeogvina. Controlling for age and sex, we used logistic regression to examine the influence of work-relatedness on patient and injury characteristics and clinical outcomes...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687528/respiratory-health-effects-of-occupational-exposure-to-charcoal-dust-in-namibia
#15
Ndinomholo Hamatui, Rajen N Naidoo, Nnenesi Kgabi
BACKGROUND: Charcoal processing activities can increase the risk of adverse respiratory outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To determine dose-response relationships between occupational exposure to charcoal dust, respiratory symptoms and lung function among charcoal-processing workers in Namibia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 307 workers from charcoal factories in Namibia. All respondents completed interviewer-administered questionnaires...
August 15, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467691/street-vending-and-waste-picking-in-developing-countries-a-long-standing-hazardous-occupational-activity-of-the-urban-poor
#16
Adeladza Kofi Amegah, Jouni J K Jaakkola
Uncontrolled urbanization in developing countries has led to widespread urban poverty and increased susceptibility to environmental exposures owing to the hazardous occupational activities of the urban poor. Street vending and waste picking are the dominant works undertaken by the urban poor, and besides the physical hazards, it also exposes them to several pathogens and high levels of air pollutants present in the outdoor environment. The situation has severe consequences for the health of the workers. Eliminating these occupational activities from the urban landscape of developing countries should therefore receive urgent attention from the global health community and governments...
July 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467464/weight-loss-advice-and-prospective-weight-change-among-overweight-firefighters
#17
Austin L Brown, Walker S C Poston, Sara A Jahnke, C Keith Haddock, Sheng Luo, George L Delclos, R Sue Day
BACKGROUND: Obesity compromises firefighter safety, yet more than 70% of firefighters are overweight. Though healthcare professionals are encouraged to counsel overweight patients, the effectiveness of weight counseling is not consistent across studies. OBJECTIVE: Examine longitudinal changes in cardiovascular risk factors and determine the role of healthcare professional weight loss advice on six-month weight changes among a national sample of male, overweight and obese firefighters...
July 28, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399161/chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-etiology-in-sri-lanka
#18
Senaka Rajapakse, Mitrakrishnan Chrishan Shivanthan, Mathu Selvarajah
INTRODUCTION: In the last two decades, chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) has emerged as a significant contributor to the burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in rural Sri Lanka. It is characterized by the absence of identified causes for CKD. The prevalence of CKDu is 15.1-22.9% in some Sri Lankan districts, and previous research has found an association with farming occupations. METHODS: A systematic literature review in Pubmed, Embase, Scopus, and Lilacs databases identified 46 eligible peer-reviewed articles and one conference abstract...
July 11, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398975/occupational-health-and-safety-in-hospitals-accreditation-system-the-case-of-lebanon
#19
Rima R Habib, Ghandour Blanche, Fares Souha, Fadi El-Jardali, Iman Nuwayhid
INTRODUCTION: Hospital accreditation can be an incentive to improve occupational health and safety (OHS) performance. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the relationship between status of accreditation among private Lebanese hospitals and compliance with OHS accreditation standards. METHODS: A survey was administered to 68 private Lebanese hospitals to assess accreditation status and specific indicators related to each of the 9 OHS codes in the Lebanese accreditation manual...
July 11, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392157/metal-dust-exposure-and-lung-function-deterioration-among-steel-workers-an-exposure-response-relationship
#20
Nurul Ainun Hamzah, Shamsul Bahri Mohd Tamrin, Noor Hassim Ismail
BACKGROUND: Metallic dust is a heterogeneous substance with respiratory sensitizing properties. Its long term exposure adversely affected lung function, thus may cause acute or chronic respiratory diseases. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a steel factory in Terengganu, Malaysia to assess the metal dust exposure and its relationship to lung function values among 184 workers. Metal dust concentrations values (Co, Cr, and Ni) for each worker were collected using air personal sampling...
July 8, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
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