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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315367/stress-load-of-emergency-service-effects-on-the-car-and-hrv-of-hems-emergency-physicians-on-different-working-days-n-20
#1
Katja Petrowski, Benedict Herhaus, Christian Schöniger, Mark Frank, Jaroslaw Pyrc
PURPOSE: The occupation of the emergency physicians (EPs) of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) can be characterized as a high-strain occupation (Karasek in Adm Sci Q 24(2):285-308. https://doi.org/10.2307/2392498 , 1979). Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure and compare the stress load of the EPs of HEMS on duty on air ambulance workdays and on 2 control days. METHODS: In this field study (within-subjects design), hormonal, physiological, and self-perceived stress levels of 20 EPs [3 females, 17 males; mean age (M) = 44...
October 12, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293089/sex-differences-in-mortality-after-heat-waves-are-elderly-women-at-higher-risk
#2
Yvette van Steen, Anna-Maria Ntarladima, Rick Grobbee, Derek Karssenberg, Ilonca Vaartjes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Climate change leads to more frequent, intense and longer-lasting heat waves which can have severe health outcomes. The elderly are a high-risk population for heat-related mortality and some studies suggested that elderly women are more affected by extreme heat than men. This study aimed to review the presence of sex-specific results in studies performed on mortality in elderly (> 65 years old) after heat waves in Europe. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in July 2017 on papers published in databases Pubmed and Web of Science between January 2000 and December 2016...
October 6, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276513/voc-sources-and-exposures-in-nail-salons-a-pilot-study-in-michigan-usa
#3
Lexuan Zhong, Stuart Batterman, Chad W Milando
PURPOSE: Exposures of nail salon technicians have received attention due to the potentially toxic materials used in nail products, which include volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as formaldehyde and methyl methacrylate (MMA). This study characterized area and personal concentrations and other indoor air parameters in 17 nail salons in fall and winter seasons in three areas of Michigan. METHODS: VOC samples were analyzed using thermal desorption, gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy, and the VOC composition of 35 nail products (e...
October 1, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276512/risk-assessment-of-vascular-disorders-by-a-supplementary-hand-arm-vascular-weighting-of-hand-transmitted-vibration
#4
Massimo Bovenzi, Iole Pinto, Francesco Picciolo
PURPOSE: To provide an updated epidemiological validation for a supplementary method for assessing the risk of vascular disorders from hand-transmitted vibration. METHODS: The occurrence of vibration-induced white finger (VWF) in the vibration-exposed workers of the Italian cohort of the EU VIBRISKS study was related to measures of daily vibration exposure expressed in terms of r.m.s. acceleration magnitude normalised to an 8-h day, frequency weighted according to either the frequency weighting Wh defined in international standard ISO 5349-1:2001 [Ah (8) in ms- 2 ] or the hand-arm vascular frequency weighting Wp proposed in the ISO technical report (TR) 18570:2017 [Ap (8) in ms- 2 ]...
October 1, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264331/international-consensus-criteria-for-diagnosing-and-staging-hand-arm-vibration-syndrome
#5
C J M Poole, M Bovenzi, T Nilsson, I J Lawson, R House, A Thompson, S Youakim
PURPOSE: In the 30 years since the Stockholm Workshop Scale (SWS) was published, the scientific literature on hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) has grown and experience has been gained in its practical application. This research was undertaken to develop an up-to-date evidence-based classification for HAVS by seeking consensus between experts in the field. METHODS: Seven occupational physicians who are clinically active and have had work published on HAVS in the last 10 years were asked to independently take part in a three-round iterative Delphi process...
September 27, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259083/the-effect-of-industrial-noise-exposure-on-attention-reaction-time-and-memory
#6
Alireza Zeydabadi, Jafar Askari, Mahmood Vakili, Seyyed Jalil Mirmohammadi, Mohammad Ali Ghovveh, Amir Houshang Mehrparvar
PURPOSE: Noise, a common physical hazard in many workplaces, may affect different aspects of human cognitive function. In this study, the effect of exposure to noise on some aspects of cognitive function was assessed in industrial workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on 84 individuals exposed to noise level higher than 85 dBA in a metal industry (noise group), comparing a group of workers from the same industry (n = 80) with exposure to noise level lower than 80 dBA (control group)...
September 26, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30225650/gender-differences-and-lung-cancer-risk-in-occupational-chefs-analyzing-more-than-350-000-chefs-in-taiwan-1984-2011
#7
Pei-Chen Lin, Chiung-Yu Peng, Chih-Hong Pan, Pi-I Debby Lin, Ming-Tsang Wu
OBJECTIVES: Cooking oil fumes (COFs) contain many carcinogens. We investigated the association between COFs and incidence risk of any cancer and lung cancer in chefs. METHODS: We identified Chinese food chefs and non-Chinese food chefs from Taiwan's national database of certified chefs in 1984-2007. Of them, 379,275 had not been diagnosed as having any cancer before chef certification. We followed them in Taiwan's Cancer Registry Database (1979-2010) and Taiwan's National Death Statistics Database (1985-2011) for any newly diagnosed cancer or lung cancer...
September 18, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206702/coping-strategies-in-secondary-traumatization-and-post-traumatic-growth-among-nurses-working-in-a-medical-rehabilitation-hospital-a-pilot-study
#8
Yaira Hamama-Raz, Ronit Minerbi
PURPOSE: Secondary traumatization and post-traumatic growth have been recognized as psychological reactions that might occur among the medical staff in general, and among nurses in particular. Nurses in the field of medical rehabilitative care might reveal such reactions as their work involves stress and traumatic situations. Coping strategies might either alleviate or exacerbate work-related stress experienced by nurses. The aims of the current study were to explore the link between secondary traumatization and post-traumatic growth exhibited by nurses in the field of medical rehabilitative care, and to examine the link between problem-focused coping strategies and emotion-focused coping strategies to secondary traumatization and post-traumatic growth...
September 11, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203170/cardiovascular-recovery-after-workload-in-german-shift-workers-in-the-hotel-and-catering-industry-results-of-24-hour-ambulatory-monitoring-of-heart-rate-and-blood-pressure
#9
Lisa Stieler, Bettina Hunger, Matthias Rudolf, Steffi Kreuzfeld, Regina Stoll, Reingard Seibt
PURPOSE: Shift work is associated with an impairment of sleep-wake cycles that can affect cardiovascular recovery (CR) negatively. The aim of this study was to examine CR of shift and day workers in the hotel and catering industry (HCI) and identify predictors of CR. METHODS: The sample consisted of 64 alternating and 96 day workers in the HCI. Monitoring of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) was conducted for 24 hours per working day during work, leisure and sleep...
September 10, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196318/distinguishing-groups-and-exploring-health-differences-among-multiple-job-holders-aged-45-years-and-older
#10
Stef Bouwhuis, Trynke Hoekstra, Paulien M Bongers, Cécile R L Boot, Goedele A Geuskens, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: To identify distinct groups of older multiple job holders and to explore health differences between these groups. METHODS: We selected respondents from STREAM, a Dutch cohort study among persons aged 45 years and older, who reported having multiple jobs (N = 702). We applied latent class analysis to identify groups of multiple job holders. The association between these groups and health, measured with the SF-12, was studied cross-sectionally and longitudinally (1 year of follow-up), using linear regression analyses...
September 8, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196317/definition-symptoms-and-risk-of-techno-stress-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Giuseppe La Torre, Alessia Esposito, Iliana Sciarra, Marta Chiappetta
PURPOSE: Techno-stress (TS) is an emergent phenomenon closely related to the pervasive use of information and communication technologies in modern society. Despite numerous studies existing in the literature, only few comprehensive reviews have been performed, which has led to fragmented information about TS. This systematic review aimed to clarify the definition, the symptoms, and the risk factors of TS, focusing on the differences between work-related and non-work-related sources of TS...
September 8, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194539/associations-between-hyperacusis-and-psychosocial-work-factors-in-the-general-population
#12
Johan Paulin, Maria Nordin, Maj-Helen Nyback, Steven Nordin
PURPOSE: We investigated the association between hyperacusis and aspects of psychosocial work environment in a general population. The objectives were to investigate (1) prevalence and characteristics (among age, sex, access to social support at home, education, smoking, physical exercise, and perceived general health) of hyperacusis in a general working population and (2) associations between hyperacusis and psychosocial factors in the work environment. The psychosocial work aspects included effort, reward, overcommitment, worry, and social and emotional support...
September 7, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30191305/macular-degeneration-and-occupational-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Alberto Modenese, Fabriziomaria Gobba
PURPOSE: Macular degeneration is a multi-factorial disease, leading cause of blindness for people over 50 years old in developed countries. To date, the knowledge on possible occupational factors involved in the development of the disease is scant. METHOD: We performed a systematic scientific literature search on the association between macular degeneration and occupational risk factors searching the MedLine and Scopus databases. RESULTS: We examined 158 articles and, according to the inclusion criteria, 13 peer-reviewed studies evaluating occupational risk factors for macular degeneration or reporting the frequency of the disease in specific groups of workers were included in the review...
September 6, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173369/mechanisms-for-reducing-low-back-pain-a-mediation-analysis-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-in-workers-in-elderly-care
#14
Matthew L Stevens, Eleanor Boyle, Jan Hartvigsen, Gemma Mansell, Karen Søgaard, Marie B Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann, Charlotte D N Rasmussen
PURPOSE: A multifaceted workplace intervention consisting of participatory ergonomics, physical training, and cognitive-behavioural training (CBT) has shown effectiveness for reducing low back pain (LBP). However, the mechanisms of action underlying these intervention components are not well understood. METHODS: This was a mediation analysis of a cluster-randomised controlled trial of a multifaceted intervention in 420 workers in elderly care. Mediation analysis was carried out via structural equation modelling...
September 1, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167791/metabolites-of-the-alkyl-pyrrolidone-solvents-nmp-and-nep-in-24-h-urine-samples-of-the-german-environmental-specimen-bank-from-1991-to-2014
#15
Nadin Ulrich, Daniel Bury, Holger M Koch, Maria Rüther, Till Weber, Heiko-Udo Käfferlein, Tobias Weiss, Thomas Brüning, Marike Kolossa-Gehring
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to get a first overview of the exposure to the solvents and reproductive toxicants N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone (NEP) in Germany. NMP and NEP metabolite concentrations were determined in 540 24-h urine samples of the German Environmental Specimen Bank collected from 1991 to 2014. With these data we were able to investigate NMP/NEP exposures over time and to evaluate associated risks. METHODS: NMP metabolites 5-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (5-HNMP) and 2-hydroxy-N-methylsuccinimide (2-HMSI) and NEP metabolites 5-hydroxy-N-ethyl-2-pyrrolidone (5-HNEP) and 2-hydroxy-N-ethylsuccinimide (2-HESI) were determined by stable isotope dilution analysis using solid phase extraction followed by derivatization (silylation) and GC-EI-MS/MS...
November 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132132/prognostic-effects-of-selection-optimization-and-compensation-strategies-on-work-ability-results-from-the-representative-lida-cohort-study-on-work-age-and-health-in-germany
#16
Jeannette Weber, Andreas Müller, Michael Stiller, Daniela Borchart
PURPOSE: Regarding the increased need for the retention of older employees in the workforce, this study investigates whether there are main and interactive longitudinal effects of selection, optimization, compensation and working conditions according to the job demand-control model on work ability in older employees. METHODS: Longitudinal data of computer-assisted personal interviews with one follow-up after 3 years of 3961 participants (born in 1959 and 1965) of the representative German lidA cohort study was used...
November 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128755/time-pressure-and-sleep-problems-due-to-thoughts-about-work-as-risk-factors-for-future-sickness-absence
#17
Pia Svedberg, Lisa Mather, Gunnar Bergström, Petra Lindfors, Victoria Blom
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether time pressure or sleep problems due to thoughts about work are associated with future sickness absence (SA) among women and men employed in different sectors, also when adjusting for confounders including familial factors (genetics and shared environment). METHODS: The study sample included 16,127 twin individuals (52% women), aged 19-47 years who in 2005 participated in an online survey including questions regarding time pressure, sleep, work and health...
November 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099583/improving-the-knowledge-and-behavior-of-workplace-chemical-exposures-in-vietnamese-american-nail-salon-workers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Thu Quach, J Von Behren, J Tsoh, P Reynolds, L Fu, T Nguyen, M Le, T T Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the efficacy of trainings with Vietnamese nail salon owners and workers on knowledge and behaviors that could reduce exposures to toxic chemicals in nail products. METHODS: We trained Vietnamese salon owners in California (n = 77) who then trained their workers (n = 200) on best practices. In a cluster randomized controlled trial, we assessed the efficacy of the training on change in knowledge and self-reported behaviors. Data were collected from 2013 to 2016 and analyzed from 2016 to 2017...
November 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094482/underemployment-overemployment-and-deterioration-of-mental-health-the-role-of-job-rewards
#19
Deborah De Moortel, Nico Dragano, Christophe Vanroelen, Morten Wahrendorf
OBJECTIVES: Working more (overemployment) or less (underemployment) than preferred has been associated with poor mental health in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal evidence is scarce. We investigate whether under- and overemployment is associated with 2-year changes of mental health and whether associations vary by job rewards (i.e. high earnings, job security, promotion prospects and occupational prestige). METHODS: We used two waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), with information on mental health collected in 2006 and 2008...
November 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088144/perspectives-on-multisensory-perception-disruption-in-idiopathic-environmental-intolerance-a-systematic-review
#20
Andrea Viziano, Alessandro Micarelli, Guido Pasquantonio, David Della-Morte, Marco Alessandrini
PURPOSE: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) also known as idiopathic environmental intolerance/illness (IEI) encompasses a cohort of subjective symptoms characterized by susceptibility to a wide spectrum of environmental compounds, causing symptoms involving various organs and a decrease in quality of life. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize evidence about MCS, with focus on indexed studies analyzing sensory pathway-related disorders. METHODS: Medical databases were searched for English language articles related to the topic, published between 1965 and 2017 in academic, peer-reviewed journals...
November 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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