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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213739/does-influence-at-work-modify-the-relation-between-high-occupational-physical-activity-and-risk-of-heart-disease-in-women
#1
Karen Allesøe, Andreas Holtermann, Reiner Rugulies, Mette Aadahl, Eleanor Boyle, Karen Søgaard
PURPOSE: To investigate whether influence at work modifies the association between demanding and strenuous occupational physical activity (OPA) and risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: A sample of 12,093 nurses aged 45-64 years from the Danish Nurse Cohort Study was followed for 20.6 years by individual linkage to incident IHD in the Danish National Patient Registry. Information on OPA, influence at work, other occupational factors and known risk factors for IHD was collected by self-report in 1993...
February 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210807/erratum-to-temporal-patterns-of-sitting-at-work-are-associated-with-neck-shoulder-pain-in-blue-collar-workers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-accelerometer-data-in-the-dphacto-study
#2
David M Hallman, Svend Erik Mathiassen, Marina Heiden, Nidhi Gupta, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204870/development-of-evidence-based-practice-in-occupational-health-services-in-sweden-a-3-year-follow-up-of-attitudes-barriers-and-facilitators
#3
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Teresia Nyman, Lydia Kwak, Akbar Alipour, Gunnar Bergström, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Ulric Hermansson, Irene Jensen
PURPOSE: The Swedish government initiated an investigation of how to secure and develop the competence of the occupational health services. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether the development of evidence-based practice (EBP) in the Swedish occupational health services in relation to attitudes, knowledge and use improved during the first 3 years of the government's initiative. METHODS: The study has a mixed methods design combining questionnaires and interviews with data collection at baseline and at 3-year follow-up...
February 15, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181030/change-of-urinary-cadmium-and-renal-tubular-protein-in-female-works-after-cessation-of-cadmium-exposure
#4
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181029/smoking-modify-the-effects-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-on-oxidative-damage-to-dna-in-coke-oven-workers
#5
Jin Yang, Hongjie Zhang, Huitao Zhang, Wubin Wang, Yanli Liu, Yanfeng Fan
PURPOSE: Coke oven emissions containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are predominant toxic constituents of particulate air pollution that have been linked to increased risk of lung cancer. Numerous epidemiological studies have suggested that oxidative DNA damage may play a pivotal role in the carcinogenic mechanism of lung cancer. Little is known about the effect of interaction between PAHs exposure and lifestyle on DNA oxidative damage. METHODS: The study population is composed by coke oven workers (365) and water treatment workers (144), and their urinary levels of four PAH metabolites and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were determined...
February 8, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175985/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-oxidative-stress-and-asthma-in-children
#6
I-Jen Wang, Wilfried J J Karmaus, Chen-Chang Yang
PURPOSE: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are known for their carcinogenic and teratogenic properties. However, little is known about the effect of PAH on our immune and respiratory systems. Hence, we investigated associations (1) between PAH exposure and IgE levels and asthma in children and (2) between PAH exposure and the oxidative stress marker 8OHdG potentially involved in disease pathogenesis stratifying by (3) sex-based differences. METHODS: A total of 453 kindergarten children were recruited and provided samples...
February 7, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168423/prenatal-exposure-to-fine-particles-and-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-birth-outcomes-a-two-pollutant-approach
#7
W A Jedrychowski, Renata Majewska, J D Spengler, David Camann, E L Roen, F P Perera
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiologic studies have considered the effects of individual air pollutants on birth outcomes, whereas a multiple-pollutant approach is more relevant to public health policy. OBJECTIVES: The present study compared the observed effect sizes of prenatal fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (a component of PM2.5) exposures on birth outcome deficits, assessed by the single vs. two-pollutant approaches. METHODS: The study sample included 455 term infants born in Krakow to non-smoking mothers, among whom personal exposures to PM2...
February 7, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168422/contact-allergy-to-preservatives-in-patients-with-occupational-contact-dermatitis-and-exposure-analysis-of-preservatives-in-registered-chemical-products-for-occupational-use
#8
Jakob Ferløv Schwensen, Ulrik Fischer Friis, Torkil Menné, Mari-Ann Flyvholm, Jeanne Duus Johansen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to investigate risk factors for sensitization to preservatives and to examine to which extent different preservatives are registered in chemical products for occupational use in Denmark. METHODS: A retrospective epidemiological observational analysis of data from a university hospital was conducted. All patients had occupational contact dermatitis and were consecutively patch tested with 11 preservatives from the European baseline series and extended patch test series during a 5-year period: 2009-2013...
February 6, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161885/victimization-from-workplace-bullying-after-a-traumatic-event-time-lagged-relationships-with-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#9
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Stein Knardahl, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between victimization from bullying and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS) after exposure to a terror attack at the workplace. It was hypothesized that (1) victims of bullying report higher and more stable levels of PTSS over time compared to their non-bullied colleagues and (2) that PTSS provides an increased risk of subsequent victimization from bullying. METHODS: The hypotheses were tested in a two-wave prospective sample comprising 2337 employees from Norwegian governmental ministries who were exposed to the 2011 Oslo terror attack...
February 4, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124139/biomarkers-of-endothelial-activation-and-thrombosis-in-tunnel-construction-workers-exposed-to-airborne-contaminants
#10
Dag G Ellingsen, Ingebjørg Seljeflot, Yngvar Thomassen, Magny Thomassen, Berit Bakke, Bente Ulvestad
OBJECTIVES: The aims were to study biomarkers of systemic inflammation, platelet/endothelial activation and thrombosis in tunnel construction workers (TCW). METHODS: Biomarkers and blood fatty acids were measured in blood of 90 TCW and 50 referents before (baseline) and towards the end (follow-up) of a 12 days work period. They had been absent from work for 9 days at baseline. Air samples were collected by personal sampling. RESULTS: Personal thoracic air samples showed geometric mean (GM) particulate matter and α-quartz concentrations of 604 and 74 µg/m(3), respectively...
January 25, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124138/monitoring-of-bacterial-pathogens-at-workplaces-in-power-plant-using-biochemical-and-molecular-methods
#11
Anna Ławniczek-Wałczyk, Małgorzata Gołofit-Szymczak, Marcin Cyprowski, Agata Stobnicka, Rafał L Górny
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize the ways of spreading of the most common bacterial species isolated from workers as well as from the air and raw materials at the workplaces in power plant utilizing biomass sources. To monitor microbial transmission and identify the source of contamination in the working environment, a combination of molecular and biochemical methods was applied. METHODS: The study was carried out at workplaces in power plant utilizes biomass as a main fuel source...
January 25, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105512/global-dna-hypomethylation-has-no-impact-on-lung-function-or-serum-inflammatory-and-fibrosis-cytokines-in-asbestos-exposed-population
#12
Min Yu, Jianlin Lou, Hailing Xia, Min Zhang, Yixiao Zhang, Junqiang Chen, Xing Zhang, Shibo Ying, Lijin Zhu, Lihong Liu, Guang Jia
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of asbestos exposure on global DNA methylation and determine whether lung function and inflammatory and fibrosis biomarkers are correlated with the methylation state. METHODS: A total of 26 healthy subjects without asbestos exposure (Group 1), 47 healthy subjects with exposure (Group 2), and 52 subjects with benign asbestos-related disorders (ARDs) (Group 3) participated in this cross-sectional study. Blood global 5-methylcytosine (5mC) and serum TNF-α, collagen IV, CCL5 and CC16 concentrations were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-like assays...
January 19, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093629/liquid-release-as-a-source-of-potential-drug-exposure-during-the-handling-of-intravenous-infusions-in-nursing
#13
Verena Segner, Renate Kimbel, Philipp Jochems, André Heinemann, Stephan Letzel, Daniel Wollschläger, Bernd Roßbach
PURPOSE: This study aims at experimentally determining the incidence and extent of liquid releases onto the operator's hands and into the work environment during common nursing operations involving infusions. METHODS: A sequence of operations related to the preparation and administration of infusions was conducted by three subjects for 15 times each using fluorescein marked infusion solutions and two different infusion sets (standard set vs. safety-optimized set)...
January 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083706/gao-et-al-2016-change-of-urinary-cadmium-and-renal-tubular-protein-in-female-works-after-cessation-of-cadmium-exposure-response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-by-kawada-2016
#14
LETTER
Dafeng Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078438/biological-monitoring-of-cobalt-in-hard-metal-factory-workers
#15
Andrea Princivalle, Ivo Iavicoli, Marzia Cerpelloni, Antonia Franceschi, Maurizio Manno, Luigi Perbellini
PURPOSE: The main aim of this study was to investigate the cobalt (Co) concentrations in urine along 4 months and their relationship with Co concentrations in blood and haemoglobin (adducts) in 34 workers from a hard metal manufacturing plant where metallic Co and Co oxide were used. Furthermore, the excretion kinetics of Co was investigated and the half-lives of Co in blood, plasma and urine were calculated along 18 days of non-exposure in the same workers. METHODS: Co was analysed, in all biological samples, by ICP/MS...
February 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074269/varied-exposure-to-carcinogenic-mutagenic-and-reprotoxic-cmr-chemicals-in-occupational-settings-in-france
#16
Nathalie Havet, Alexis Penot, Magali Morelle, Lionel Perrier, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
PURPOSE: To explore varied exposure to carcinogenic, mutagenic, and reprotoxic chemicals (CMR) for French employees. METHODS: Our study assessed data from the French national cross-sectional survey of occupational risks (SUMER) that was conducted in 2010 in a national representative sample of employees. We selected 28 CMR agents that were classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer or European Union as being known or presumed to have CMR potential in humans...
February 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987033/occupational-noise-exposure-psychosocial-working-conditions-and-the-risk-of-tinnitus
#17
Thomas Winther Frederiksen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Zara Ann Stokholm, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Åse Marie Hansen, Søren Peter Lund, Jesper Kristiansen, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Jens Peter Bonde, Henrik Albert Kolstad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of occupational noise (current and cumulative doses) and psychosocial work factors (psychological demands and decision latitude) on tinnitus occurrence among workers, using objective and non-self-reported exposure measures to prevent reporting bias. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we analyzed data from a Danish survey from 2009 to 2010 that included 534 workers from children day care units and 10 manufacturing trades...
February 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858151/chimney-sweeps-in-sweden-a-questionnaire-based-assessment-of-long-term-changes-in-work-conditions-and-current-eye-and-airway-symptoms
#18
Ayman Alhamdow, Per Gustavsson, Lars Rylander, Kristina Jakobsson, Håkan Tinnerberg, Karin Broberg
OBJECTIVES: To explore chimney sweeping work tasks, chimney sweeps' use of protective equipment, and type of fuel used by clients, over time. Further, to assess work-relatedness of current eye and airway symptoms. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study in 2011, male Swedish chimney sweeps (n = 483; age 21-69 years) answered a questionnaire about their occupational history and eye and airway symptoms. RESULTS: Between 1960 and 2010, black-soot-sweeping in private homes was the major task, although it decreased during the time period, for chimney sweeps...
February 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838889/work-related-self-assessed-fatigue-and-recovery-among-nurses
#19
Gerhard Blasche, Verena-Maria Bauböck, Daniela Haluza
PURPOSE: Adequate recovery opportunities are crucial for preventing long-term health effects of acute load reactions in response to stressful work. However, little is known about the time course of recovery from work during non-working days. Thus, the present study assessed recovery from two consecutive 12-hours day shifts during a period of three rest days among nurses. METHODS: In total, 48 nurses (89.6% females) working in three public Austrian nursing homes completed 5-day self-reporting diaries prior to a work phase consisting of two consecutive 12-hours day shifts followed by three consecutive rest days...
February 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838888/noise-sensitivity-and-hyperacusis-in-patients-affected-by-multiple-chemical-sensitivity
#20
Andrea Viziano, Alessandro Micarelli, Marco Alessandrini
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of noise sensitivity and hyperacusis in patients suffering from multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), a chronic condition characterized by several symptoms following low-level chemical exposure. Moreover, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) were performed to further study cochlear function. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was performed. Eighteen MCS patients, selected with strict diagnostic criteria, and 20 healthy age- and gender-matched subjects filled Weinstein's Noise Sensitivity Questionnaire (WNS) and Khalfa's Hyperacusis Questionnaire (HQ)...
February 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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