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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043427/ambient-air-pollution-and-emergency-department-visits-for-asthma-in-erie-county-new-york-2007-2012
#1
Jessica Castner, Lingfei Guo, Yong Yin
PURPOSE: 8% of the US population has asthma. Air pollution is linked to exacerbation in susceptible individuals. The objective was to identify air pollutants that increased the risk of asthma emergency department visits during a time wherein a polluting factory was criminally convicted, changing local air pollutant levels. METHODS: An ecological time-series design used a daily count of asthma emergency visits from 2007 to 2012 as the dependent variable. Independent variables air pollutants (NO2, PM2...
October 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032390/psychosocial-work-environment-and-mental-health-related-long-term-sickness-absence-among-nurses
#2
Corné A M Roelen, Marieke F A van Hoffen, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Jos W R Twisk, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E Moen, Ståle Pallesen
PURPOSE: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. METHODS: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up...
October 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030686/blood-mercury-concentration-in-relation-to-metabolic-and-weight-phenotypes-using-the-knhanes-2011-2013-data
#3
Kayoung Lee
PURPOSE: We assessed the association of blood mercury concentration with metabolic and weight phenotypes. METHODS: Blood mercury concentration, metabolic syndrome components, and body mass index (BMI) were measured in 6006 Korean adults (2963 men, 3043 women, mean age 44.7 ± 14.7 years), using the 2011-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Metabolic and weight phenotypes were classified based on BMI and metabolic syndrome (MetS) presence as metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW), metabolically unhealthy and normal weight (MUNW), metabolically healthy and obese (MHO), and metabolically unhealthy and obese (MUO)...
October 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026987/acetylcholinesterase-activity-and-time-after-a-peak-pesticide-use-period-among-ecuadorian-children
#4
Jose Ricardo Suarez-Lopez, Cheyenne R Butcher, Sheila Gahagan, Harvey Checkoway, Bruce H Alexander, Wael K Al-Delaimy
PURPOSE: Mother's Day (May) is a holiday with substantial demand for flowers, associated with heightened flower production and escalated pesticide use. The effect of spray seasons on pesticide exposures of children living in agricultural communities but who do not work in agriculture is poorly understood. In this study, we estimated the association of time after Mother's Day harvest with children's acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. AChE is a physiological marker of organophosphate/carbamate pesticide exposures that may take up to 3 months to normalize after its inhibition...
October 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027001/cancer-incidence-in-urban-rural-and-densely-populated-districts-close-to-core-cities-in-bavaria-germany
#5
M Radespiel-Tröger, K Geiss, D Twardella, W Maier, M Meyer
OBJECTIVE: An ecologic study on the level of districts was performed to evaluate the possible association between district type and risk of cancer in Bavaria, Southern Germany. METHODS: Cancer incidence data for the years 2003-2012 were obtained from the population-based cancer registry Bavaria according to sex and cancer site. Data on district type, socio-economic area deprivation, particulate matter exposure, tobacco consumption, and alcohol consumption were obtained from publicly available sources...
October 12, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027000/occupational-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-serum-levels-of-perfluorooctanesulfonic-acid-pfos-and-perfluorooctanoic-acid-pfoa-in-an-aging-population-from-upstate-new-york-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Eva M Tanner, Michael S Bloom, Qian Wu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Recai M Yucel, Srishti Shrestha, Edward F Fitzgerald
PURPOSE: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are environmentally persistent amphiphilic compounds. Exposure to two PFASs, perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is linked to specific occupations and industries. This study examines the contribution of past occupational PFAS exposure to serum PFOS and PFOA levels among 154 older adults in New York State. METHODS: Serum PFOS and PFOA levels were compared to data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
October 12, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975412/relationship-between-burnout-and-ptsd-symptoms-in-firefighters-the-moderating-effects-of-a-sense-of-calling-to-firefighting
#7
Insung Jo, Songhee Lee, Gyhye Sung, Minkyoung Kim, Sanghyuk Lee, Jooeon Park, Kangsoo Lee
PURPOSE: Firefighting has been reported to lead to burnout and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, burnout and PTSD symptoms may vary depending on personal characteristics, such as having a sense of calling. This study examined the role of calling in the association between burnout and PTSD symptoms. We hypothesized that burnout would be associated with more severe PTSD symptoms and calling would buffer the relationship between burnout and PTSD symptoms. METHODS: The Korean version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, Sense of Calling Subscale of the Professionalism Scale, and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised-Korean version were used to measure burnout, calling, and PTSD symptoms...
October 3, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940040/analysis-of-mortality-in-a-pooled-cohort-of-canadian-and-german-uranium-processing-workers-with-no-mining-experience
#8
Lydia B Zablotska, Nora Fenske, Maria Schnelzer, Sergey Zhivin, Dominique Laurier, Michaela Kreuzer
PURPOSE: Long-term health risks of occupational exposures to uranium processing were examined to better understand potential differences with uranium underground miners and nuclear reactor workers. METHODS: A cohort study of mortality of workers from Port Hope, Canada (1950-1999) and Wismut, Germany (1946-2008) employed in uranium milling, refining, and processing was conducted. Poisson regression was used to evaluate the association between cumulative exposures to radon decay products (RDP) and gamma-rays and causes of death potentially related to uranium processing...
September 22, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939924/levels-of-1-hydroxypyrene-in-urine-of-people-living-in-an-oil-producing-region-of-the-andean-amazon-ecuador-and-peru
#9
Jena Webb, Oliver T Coomes, Donna Mergler, Nancy A Ross
PURPOSE: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are contaminants with carcinogenic effects but little is known about their presence in environments surrounding oil drilling operations and spills or exposure levels in nearby communities. The objective of this study was to characterize PAH levels in people living near oil drilling operations in relation to fish consumption, occupation, source of water and other socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: This pilot study examined PAH exposure by measuring 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) in urine samples using high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection from 75 women and men in the Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazon living near oil drilling operations and who answered a questionnaire collecting socio-demographic, occupational and dietary information...
September 22, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929228/mental-health-among-norwegian-priests-associations-with-effort-reward-imbalance-and-overcommitment
#10
Bjørn Lau
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms among Norwegian priests and to examine their associations with effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and overcommitment. METHODS: Eight hundred four priests in the Norwegian Church completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (ERI-Q), and the Intrinsic Effort Scale, measuring overcommitment. RESULTS: A significant proportion of the priests (23...
September 19, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929224/long-working-hours-directly-and-indirectly-via-short-sleep-duration-induce-headache-even-in-healthy-white-collar-men-cross-sectional-and-1-year-follow-up-analyses
#11
Teruo Nagaya, Minoru Hibino, Yasuaki Kondo
OBJECTIVE: Headache in employees may be linked with both overwork and sleep restriction induced by long working hours. Inter-relationships among working hours, sleep duration and headache were investigated. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses for prevalent headache (n = 35,908) and 1-year follow-up analyses for incident headache (n = 19,788) were conducted in apparently healthy white-collar men aged 25-59 years. Headache (yes/no), working hours and sleep duration were based on self-administered questionnaire...
September 19, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921049/the-association-between-exposure-to-psychosocial-work-factors-and-mental-health-in-older-employees-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#12
Bo M Havermans, Cécile R L Boot, Trynke Hoekstra, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Unfavourable exposure to psychosocial work factors threatens older employees' mental health, and their sustained employment. This study assesses whether an improved compared to stable unfavourable and stable favourable exposure to psychosocial work factors is associated with a change in mental health in older employees at 3-year follow-up. METHODS: The current study used data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM), in workers aged 45-65 years (n = 5249)...
September 18, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918454/assessment-of-thermotactile-and-vibrotactile-thresholds-for-detecting-sensorineural-components-of-the-hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-havs
#13
Ying Ye, Michael J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Thermotactile thresholds and vibrotactile thresholds are measured to assist the diagnosis of the sensorineural component of the hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS). OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether thermotactile and vibrotactile thresholds distinguish between fingers with and without numbness and tingling. METHODS: In 60 males reporting symptoms of the hand-arm vibration syndrome, thermotactile thresholds for detecting hot and cold temperatures and vibrotactile thresholds at 31...
September 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918439/the-gulf-oil-spill-miscarriage-and-infertility-the-growh-study
#14
Emily W Harville, Arti Shankar, Leah Zilversmit, Pierre Buekens
PURPOSE: To examine whether reported exposure to the Gulf oil spill (2010) was related to reproductive reported miscarriage or infertility. METHODS: 1524 women aged 18-45 recruited through prenatal and Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) clinics, and community events were interviewed about their experience of the oil spill and reproductive history. 1434 women had information on outcomes of at least one pregnancy, and 633 on a pregnancy both before and after the spill...
September 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861613/first-mortality-analysis-in-the-french-cohort-of-uranium-millers-f-millers-period-1968-2013
#15
Ségolène Bouet, Eric Samson, Iris Jovanovic, Dominique Laurier, Olivier Laurent
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies in cohorts of uranium millers can be informative to improve knowledge of the health effects of uranium, but are very rare. The aim of this study was to analyze, for the first time, mortality in a French cohort of uranium millers. METHODS: The F-Millers cohort includes permanent contract workers employed at least 6 months at French uranium milling plants. Vital status and causes of death were obtained from national registries between 1968 and 2013, in order to perform comparisons with French national and local mortality rates by computing standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
August 31, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808790/health-risks-in-the-cleaning-industry-a-belgian-census-linked-mortality-study-1991-2011
#16
Laura Van den Borre, Patrick Deboosere
PURPOSE: Cleaning work has been associated with a wide range of occupational health hazards. However, little is known about mortality risks in the cleaning industry. This study examines differences in cause-specific mortality between cleaners, manual and non-manual workers. METHODS: Using exhaustive census-linked mortality data, the total Belgian working population aged 30-60 was selected from the 1991 census. Analyses were based on 202,339 male and 58,592 female deaths between 1 March 1991 and 31 December 2011...
August 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801694/work-overcommitment-is-it-a-trait-or-a-state
#17
Jean-Baptist du Prel, Roma Runeson-Broberg, Peter Westerholm, Lars Alfredsson, Göran Fahlén, Anders Knutsson, Maria Nordin, Richard Peter
PURPOSE: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is a well-tested work-related stress model with three components, the two extrinsic components "efforts" and "rewards" and the one intrinsic component "overcommitment". While an imbalance between "efforts" and "rewards" leads to strain reactions, "work-related overcommitment" (OC) has been described as a personal characteristic with a set of attitudes, behaviours, and emotions reflecting excessive striving combined with a strong desire for approval...
August 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795227/decrease-in-work-ability-index-and-sickness-absence-during-the-following-year-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#18
Masanori Ohta, Yoshiyuki Higuchi, Masaharu Kumashiro, Hiroshi Yamato, Hisamichi Sugimura
PURPOSE: Using a 2-year follow-up design, we examined whether changes in work ability during 1 year predicted sickness absence in the following year. METHODS: Workers (N = 1408) from the Japanese information technology sector each completed the Work Ability Index (WAI), the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in 2011 and 2012. Absence data during 2013 was obtained from employees' computerized attendance records. We used psychological distress as evaluated by the GHQ; job stress and job support calculated using the BJSQ; and job title, sex, and age as potential confounding variables...
November 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766013/metal-arc-welding-and-the-risk-of-skin-cancer
#19
K N Heltoft, R M Slagor, T Agner, J P Bonde
OBJECTIVES: Arc welding produces the full spectrum of ultraviolet radiation and may be a contributory cause of skin cancer; however, there has been little research into this occupational hazard. The aim of this study is to explore if metal arc welding increases the risk of malignant melanoma and/or basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) on skin areas which may possibly be exposed (neck, head, and upper extremities). METHOD: A Danish national company-based historic cohort of 4333 male metal arc welders was followed from 1987 through 2012 to identify the risk of skin cancer...
November 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766012/organizing-pneumonia-and-occupational-and-environmental-risk-factors-a-case-control-study
#20
Stéphanie Jobard, Benjamin Chaigne, Sylvain Marchand-Adam, Gérard Lasfargues, Elisabeth Diot
OBJECTIVES: A single-center case-control study was carried out to investigate the relationship between occupational and environmental exposure and organizing pneumonia (OP). METHODS: Thirty-seven cases of OP, including 25 cases of cryptogenic OP, and 111 controls were included. Occupational exposure was assessed retrospectively by an industrial hygienist and an occupational physician, through semi-quantitative estimates of exposure. An exposure score was calculated for each subject, based on probability, intensity, daily frequency, and duration of exposure for each period of employment...
November 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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