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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

Christopher K Uejio, Laurel Harduar Morano, Jihoon Jung, Kristina Kintziger, Meredith Jagger, Juanita Chalmers, Tisha Holmes
PURPOSE: Outdoor workers face elevated and prolonged heat exposures and have limited access to air-conditioned spaces. This study's overarching research aim is to increase knowledge of municipal worker heat exposure and adaptation practices. The study's sub-objectives are: (1) quantifying exposure misclassification from estimating personal heat exposure from the official weather station; (2) surveying worker's knowledge and practices to adapt to extreme heat; and (3) relating heat exposure and adaptation practices to self-reported thermal comfort...
June 5, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Fabiano Barbiero, Tina Zanin, Federica E Pisa, Anica Casetta, Valentina Rosolen, Manuela Giangreco, Corrado Negro, Massimo Bovenzi, Fabio Barbone
OBJECTIVES: To compare a local cohort of 2488 men occupationally exposed to asbestos and enrolled in a public health surveillance program with the 1995-2009 cancer incidence of the general population of Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) region, Northeast Italy, we conducted a historical cohort study. METHODS: Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs), with 95% confidence interval (95% CI), for specific cancer sites were estimated in the cohort and in subgroups of workers employed in shipbuilding between 1974 and 1994...
June 5, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Federica Tafuro, Luisella Selis, Matteo Goldoni, Mariarita Stendardo, Paola Mozzoni, Erminia Ridolo, Piera Boschetto, Massimo Corradi
OBJECTIVES: Laboratory animal allergy is a highly prevalent occupational disease among exposed workers. The aim of the study was to validate the biomarkers of airway inflammation in laboratory animal (LA) care workers. METHODS: All of the participants in this observational study (63 LA care workers and 64 controls) were administered a clinical questionnaire, underwent spirometry and a skin prick or radioallergosorbent test for common and occupational aeroallergens, and the fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO50 ), exhaled breath condensate hydrogen peroxide (EBC H2 O2 ) and serum pneumoprotein levels were measured...
June 1, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Jens Wahlström, Lage Burström, Peter W Johnson, Tohr Nilsson, Bengt Järvholm
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine if exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV) increases the risk for hospitalization due to lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: The study basis is a cohort of 288,926 Swedish construction workers who participated in a national occupational health surveillance programme from 1971 until 1992. Job title, smoking habits, body weight, height and age were registered at the examinations. Assessment of WBV were made for each of the constituent occupations by constructing a job-exposure matrix (JEM)...
May 31, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Randi Mork, Helle K Falkenberg, Knut Inge Fostervold, Hanne Mari S Thorud
PURPOSE: Among computer workers, visual complaints, and neck pain are highly prevalent. This study explores how occupational simulated stressors during computer work, like glare and psychosocial stress, affect physiological responses in young females with normal vision. METHODS: The study was a within-subject laboratory experiment with a counterbalanced, repeated design. Forty-three females performed four 10-min computer-work sessions with different stress exposures: (1) minimal stress; (2) visual stress (direct glare); (3) psychological stress; and (4) combined visual and psychological stress...
May 30, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Julia Engel, Vera van Kampen, Anne Lotz, Jessica Abramowski, Vitali Gering, Olaf Hagemeyer, Thomas Brüning, Monika Raulf, Rolf Merget
PURPOSE: An increase of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) has been described after specific inhalation challenges (SICs) with occupational allergens, but the clinical role of FeNO measurements before and after SIC is unknown. It was the aim of this study to assess the diagnostic accuracy of FeNO measurements before and after SIC in subjects with suspected occupational asthma (OA). METHODS: One hundred forty-eight patients with suspected OA were examined by SIC with various occupational allergens...
May 30, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Rogelio Recio-Vega, Edgar Olivas-Calderon, Gladis Michel-Ramirez, Rebeca Isabel Martinez-Salinas, Martha Patricia Gallegos-Arreola, Guadalupe Leticia Ocampo-Gomez, Rebeca Perez-Morales
PURPOSE: During recent decades, several reports have suggested a decrease in semen quality and DNA damage due in part to environmental toxicants and industrial chemicals. Among these xenobiotics, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of particular concern because of their remarkable mutagenic and carcinogenic properties and because several experimental and epidemiological studies have reported adverse effects of PAHs on male reproductive health and DNA structure. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) urinary levels and sperm quality, DNA damage and the frequency of CYP1A1, GSTT1, and GSTM1 polymorphisms...
May 29, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Hassan Kheyre, Samantha Morais, Ana Ferro, Ana Rute Costa, Pedro Norton, Nuno Lunet, Bárbara Peleteiro
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to describe the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in specific occupational groups and to compare them with the general population. METHODS: We searched PubMed® to identify original studies reporting the prevalence of H. pylori infection in occupational groups. The differences between occupational groups and the general population were analyzed taking into account the direction and statistical significance of the differences observed when comparing each occupational group with a reference group (either recruited in the same study or using an external comparator)...
May 29, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Julie Elbæk Pedersen, Jens Peter Bonde, Niels Erik Ebbehøj, Johnni Hansen
PURPOSE: Occupational exposure of firefighters involves a complex range of potential health threats from toxic chemicals, shift work, extreme heat, physical and emotional strain. The aim of this study is to examine overall and disease-specific mortality among Danish firefighters. METHODS: Through systematic collection of personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions, past and present male Danish firefighters were identified (n = 11,775). Using the unique Danish personal identification number, information on additional employment, vital status and cause of death was linked to each member of the cohort from the Supplementary Pension Fund Register, the Danish Civil Registration System and the Danish Register of Causes of Death...
May 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Albin Stjernbrandt, Daniel Carlsson, Hans Pettersson, Ingrid Liljelind, Tohr Nilsson, Jens Wahlström
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with the reporting of cold sensitivity, by comparing cases to controls with regard to anthropometry, previous illnesses and injuries, as well as external exposures such as hand-arm vibration (HAV) and ambient cold. METHODS: Through a questionnaire responded to by the general population, ages 18-70, living in Northern Sweden (N = 12,627), cold sensitivity cases (N = 502) and matched controls (N = 1004) were identified, and asked to respond to a second questionnaire focusing on different aspects of cold sensitivity as well as individual and external exposure factors suggested to be related to the condition...
May 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
David J Glasscock, Ole Carstensen, Vita Ligaya Dalgaard
PURPOSE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions aimed at reducing work-related stress indicate that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is more effective than other interventions. However, definitions of study populations are often unclear and there is a lack of interventions targeting both the individual and the workplace. The aim of this study was to determine whether a stress management intervention combining individual CBT and a workplace focus is superior to no treatment in the reduction of perceived stress and stress symptoms and time to lasting return to work (RTW) in a clinical sample...
May 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Yukiko Kikuchi, Noriko Ishii, Hideya Kodama
PURPOSE: In Japan, many visiting nurses work carrying cell phones to respond to calls from users even at night (on-call work). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether on-call work affected heart rate variability (HRV) before bed and decreased sleep quality in visiting nurses even if their sleep was not interrupted due to actual calls. METHODS: Thirty-one visiting nurses (mean age, 49.8 years; standard deviation, 6.3 years) were asked to record their 2...
May 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Coralie Barrera, Pascal Wild, Victor Dorribo, Dessislava Savova-Bianchi, Audrey Laboissière, Jacques A Pralong, Brigitta Danuser, Peggy Krief, Laurence Millon, Gabriel Reboux, Hélène Niculita-Hirzel
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the differential acute effects of two distinct wheat-related dusts, such as field or stored wheat dust handling, on workers' health and how those effects evolved at 6 month intervals. METHODS: Exposure, work-related symptoms, changes in lung function, and blood samples of 81 workers handling wheat and 61 controls were collected during the high exposure season and 6 months after. Specific IgG, IgE, and precipitins against 12 fungi isolated from wheat dust were titrated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, dissociation-enhanced lanthanide fluorescence immunoassay, and electrosyneresis...
May 26, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Motoki Endo, Yasuo Haruyama, Go Muto, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Noriko Kojimahara, Naohito Yamaguchi
PURPOSE: Few studies have investigated the work continuance rate among stroke survivors who return to work (RTW). The objective of this study was to investigate work sustainability after RTW and the causes of recurrent sickness absence (RSA) among Japanese stroke survivors. METHODS: Data on stroke survivors were collected from an occupational health register. The inclusion criteria were as follows: employees who were aged 15-60 years old and returned to work after an episode of sick leave due to a clinically certified stroke that was diagnosed during the period from 1 January 2000 through 31 December 2011...
May 25, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Maria-Gabriela Garcia, Margaret Graf, Thomas Läubli
The article Lower limb pain among workers: a cross‑sectional analysis of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey.
May 2, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Burkhard Schmidt, Raphael M Herr, Marc N Jarczok, Jens Baumert, Karoline Lukaschek, Rebecca T Emeny, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
OBJECTIVES: Emerging cross-sectional research has identified lack of supportive leadership behavior (SLB) as a risk factor for workforce health. However, prospective evidence is hitherto lacking. SLB denotes support in difficult situations, recognition and feedback on work tasks. This study aims to determine the effect of SLB on suboptimal self-rated health (SRH) after 10 years considering potential moderators such as ages, sex, occupation and job strain. METHODS: The sample included 884 employed participants drawn from the population-based prospective MONICA/KORA Study...
April 23, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Rika Eguchi, Daisuke Onozuka, Kouji Ikeda, Kenji Kuroda, Ichiro Ieiri, Akihito Hagihara
PURPOSE: Although particulate matter (PM) is reported to affect the rate of emergency admissions for schizophrenia, no study has examined the relationship between particulate matter less than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5 ) and the severity of schizophrenia. METHODS: We obtained data on patients with schizophrenia at a psychiatric hospital, and on air pollution in Sakai, Japan between Feb 1, 2013 and April 30, 2016. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the relationship between PM2...
April 23, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Grace E Vincent, Sally Ferguson, Brianna Larsen, Nicola D Ridgers, Rod Snow, Brad Aisbett
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of sleep restriction on firefighters' physical task performance, physical activity, and physiological and perceived exertion during simulated hot wildfire conditions. METHODS: 31 firefighters were randomly allocated to either the hot (n = 18, HOT; 33 °C, 8-h sleep opportunity) or hot and sleep restricted (n = 13, HOT + SR; 33 °C, 4-h sleep opportunity) condition. Intermittent, self-paced work circuits of six firefighting tasks were performed for 3 days...
April 6, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Aline Silva-Costa, Joanna Guimarães, Dora Chor, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Isabela Bensenor, Itamar Santos, Sandhi Barreto, Rosane Härter Griep
PURPOSE: The study of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) associated with night work is difficult due to the long period required for conditions to manifest and the healthy-worker effect. Analyzing asymptomatic pre-clinical changes in the atherosclerotic process is a way to assess the pathways between exposure to night work and CVD. AIM: To evaluate the associations between night work and subclinical atherosclerosis measured by carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)...
April 2, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Kati Orru, Steven Nordin, Hedi Harzia, Hans Orru
PURPOSE: Adverse health impact of air pollution on health may not only be associated with the level of exposure, but rather mediated by perception of the pollution and by top-down processing (e.g. beliefs of the exposure being hazardous), especially in areas with relatively low levels of pollutants. The aim of this study was to test a model that describes interrelations between air pollution (particles < 10 [Formula: see text]m, PM10 ), perceived pollution, health risk perception, health symptoms and diseases...
March 31, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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