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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509941/effects-of-perceived-job-insecurity-on-depression-suicide-ideation-and-decline-in-self-rated-health-in-korea-a-population-based-panel-study
#1
Min-Seok Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Ji-Hoo Yook, Mo-Yeol Kang
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of job security on new development of depressive episode, suicide ideation, and decline in self-rated health. METHODS: Data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study from 2012 to 2015 were analysed. A total of 2912 waged workers self-assessed their depressive episode, suicide ideation, and health annually by answering the questionnaire. Participants were divided into three groups according to the level of job security: high, intermediate and low...
May 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497276/thermal-perception-thresholds-among-workers-in-a-cold-climate
#2
Lage Burström, Bodil Björ, Tohr Nilsson, Hans Pettersson, Ingemar Rödin, Jens Wahlström
PURPOSE: To investigate whether exposure to cold could influence the thermal perception thresholds in a working population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was comprised of 251 males and females and was carried out at two mines in the northern part of Norway and Sweden. The testing included a baseline questionnaire, a clinical examination and measurements of thermal perception thresholds, on both hands, the index (Digit 2) and little (Digit 5) fingers, for heat and cold...
May 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488112/work-characteristics-predict-the-development-of-multi-site-musculoskeletal-pain
#3
Jodi Oakman, Astrid de Wind, Swenne G van den Heuvel, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal pain in more than one body region is common and a barrier to sustaining employment. We aimed to examine whether work characteristics predict the development of multi-site pain (MSP), and to determine differences in work-related predictors between age groups. METHODS: This study is based on 5136 employees from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM) who reported no MSP at baseline. Measures included physical, emotional, mental, and psychological job demands, social support and autonomy...
May 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478545/respiratory-allergies-among-veterinarians-two-cross-sectional-surveys-from-2006-to-2012
#4
M Schelkle, J Braun, R Jörres, R Schierl, Holger Dressel
PURPOSE: Animal-related allergy is known to be an occupational hazard among veterinarians; however, there is a lack of data showing to which extent these are affected. We aimed at describing the prevalence of respiratory allergies in this population. METHODS: In two repeated cross-sectional surveys in 2006 and 2012 in Bavaria, we examined the prevalence of wheezing, asthma and allergic rhinitis by questionnaires. We additionally performed multiple regression analysis to identify associated factors...
May 6, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451784/pre-existing-low-back-symptoms-impact-adversely-on-sitting-time-reduction-in-office-workers
#5
Pieter Coenen, Genevieve N Healy, Elisabeth A H Winkler, David W Dunstan, Neville Owen, Marj Moodie, Anthony D LaMontagne, Elizabeth A Eakin, Leon M Straker
OBJECTIVES: Initiatives to reduce office-workplace sitting are proliferating, but the impact of pre-existing musculoskeletal symptoms on their effectiveness has not been determined. We assessed the influence of musculoskeletal symptoms on the outcomes of a workplace sitting intervention. METHODS: Baseline and 3-month data from a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a workplace sitting intervention (Stand Up Victoria; trial registration number ACTRN12611000742976) were used...
April 27, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432422/country-differences-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-europe-the-role-of-health-and-safety-management-practices
#6
Thorsten Lunau, Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Morten Wahrendorf
BACKGROUND: In times of demographic change, maintaining health and employability of older employees is important. In this context, studies show that stressful working conditions differ by countries. Yet, it is unclear if specific national management practices to deal with these conditions contribute towards explaining country differences. METHODS: This study combines two different data sources. The first one provides detailed information on psychosocial working conditions in 17 European countries, based on 12,284 employees from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
April 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429107/psychosocial-factors-at-work-and-sleep-problems-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-general-working-population-in-norway
#7
Håkon A Johannessen, Tom Sterud
PURPOSE: A growing number of longitudinal studies report associations between adverse psychosocial factors at work and sleep problems. However, the evidence regarding the direction of these associations and the effects of changes in exposure across time is limited. This study examined the plausibility of normal, reverse, and reciprocal associations between ten psychosocial factors at work and sleep problems. In addition, we analyzed if reduced exposure across time had the anticipated result of reducing the risk of sleep problems...
April 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429106/occupational-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-magnetic-fields-and-risk-for-central-nervous-system-disease-an-update-of-a-danish-cohort-study-among-utility-workers
#8
Camilla Pedersen, Aslak Harbo Poulsen, Naja Hulvej Rod, Patrizia Frei, Johnni Hansen, Kathrine Grell, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen
PURPOSE: Evidence of whether exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) is related to central nervous system diseases is inconsistent. This study updates a previous study of the incidence of such diseases in a large cohort of Danish utility workers by almost doubling the period of follow-up. METHODS: We investigated the risks for dementia, motor neurone disease, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis and epilepsy among 32,006 men employed at the 99 utility companies that supplied Denmark with electricity during the period 1900-1993...
April 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417255/lower-limb-pain-among-workers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-fifth-european-working-conditions-survey
#9
Maria-Gabriela Garcia, Margaret Graf, Thomas Läubli
OBJECTIVE: Develop a model to predict the prevalence of lower limb pain using indicators of high workplace exposures based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, evaluate its impact and explore its significance for work-related health problems. METHOD: Cross-sectional interview data of 35,372 workers from 27 countries of the European Union in 2010 (EU27) were used to develop (20% sample) and validate (80% sample) a logistic regression model for lower limb pain...
April 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409224/occupational-exposure-to-respirable-crystalline-silica-and-chronic-non-malignant-renal-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Matthias Möhner, Anne Pohrt, Johannes Gellissen
BACKGROUND: While occupational exposure to respirable silica is known to lead to lung disease, most notably silicosis, its association with chronic kidney disease is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This review explores the association between occupational exposure to respirable silica and chronic non-malignant renal disease such as glomerulonephritis. The evidence has been collected and compiled. Possible sources of bias are thoroughly discussed. METHODS: Cohort studies with silica exposure and case-control studies of renal disease were searched in PubMed until January 2015...
April 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401298/neurovascular-hand-symptoms-in-relation-to-cold-exposure-in-northern-sweden-a-population-based-study
#11
Albin Stjernbrandt, Bodil Björ, Martin Andersson, Lage Burström, Ingrid Liljelind, Tohr Nilsson, Ronnie Lundström, Jens Wahlström
PURPOSE: To describe the self-reported ambient cold exposure in northern Sweden and to relate the level of cumulative cold exposure to the occurrence of sensory and vascular hand symptoms. We hypothesize that cold exposure is positively related to reporting such symptoms. METHODS: A questionnaire about cold exposure and related symptoms was sent out to 35,144 subjects aged 18-70 years and living in northern Sweden. RESULTS: A total of 12,627 out of 35,144 subjects returned the questionnaire (response rate 35...
April 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357607/social-support-and-its-interrelationships-with-demand-control-model-factors-on-presenteeism-and-absenteeism-in-japanese-civil-servants
#12
Yasuaki Saijo, Eiji Yoshioka, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Sharon J B Hanley, Takahiko Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the impact of social support and its interrelations with other demand-control-support (DCS) model factors on presenteeism and absenteeism, and to determine which DCS factors were most influential. METHODS: Questionnaires from 2535 local government employees were analyzed. The Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ) was used to assess DCS factors including job demand, job control, and social support from supervisors and coworkers. The Stanford Presenteeism Scale 13-item version (SPS-13) was used to evaluate both absenteeism (absent days) and presenteeism...
March 29, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353018/effect-of-room-temperature-on-tests-for-diagnosing-vibration-induced-white-finger-finger-rewarming-times-and-finger-systolic-blood-pressures
#13
Ying Ye, Michael J Griffin
PURPOSE: This study investigates the effects of room temperature on two standard tests used to assist the diagnosis of vibration-induced white finger (VWF): finger rewarming times and finger systolic blood pressures. METHODS: Twelve healthy males and twelve healthy females participated in four sessions to obtain either finger skin temperatures (FSTs) during cooling and rewarming of the hand or finger systolic blood pressures (FSBPs) after local cooling of the fingers to 15 and 10 °C...
March 28, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343280/relationships-between-work-related-factors-and-musculoskeletal-health-with-current-and-future-work-ability-among-male-workers
#14
J S Boschman, A Noor, R Lundström, T Nilsson, J K Sluiter, M Hagberg
PURPOSE: The purpose was to increase job-specific knowledge about individual and work-related factors and their relationship with current and future work ability (WA). We studied cross-sectional relationships between mental demands, physical exertion during work, grip strength, musculoskeletal pain in the upper extremities and WA and the relationships between these variables and WA 11 years later. METHODS: We used a dataset of a prospective cohort study (1997-2008) among employees of an engineering plant (n = 157)...
March 25, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341882/lifetime-allergic-rhinitis-prevalence-among-us-primary-farm-operators-findings-from-the-2011-farm-and-ranch-safety-survey
#15
Jacek M Mazurek, Paul K Henneberger
PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis is associated with decreased quality of life, and reduced workplace performance and productivity. This study investigated the prevalence of lifetime allergic rhinitis and factors associated with allergic rhinitis among US primary farm operators. METHODS: The 2011 Farm and Ranch Safety Survey data collected from 11,210 active farm operators were analyzed. Survey respondents were determined to have lifetime allergic rhinitis based on a "yes" response to the question: "Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had hay fever, seasonal allergies, or allergic rhinitis?" Data were weighted to produce nationally representative estimates...
March 24, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321491/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-healthcare-workers-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Chulyong Park, Mo-Yeol Kang, Dohyung Kim, Jaechan Park, Huisu Eom, Eun-A Kim
PURPOSE: To assess female healthcare workers' pregnancy complications and outcomes including abortion, fetal screening abnormalities, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), and preterm labor using nationwide population data and compare these results with those of the general population in Korea. METHODS: Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) claim data was used. We choose 3 different reference groups for comparison: (1) dependents of employees insured by NHI, i...
March 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299449/contribution-of-job-exposure-matrices-for-exposure-assessment-in-occupational-safety-and-health-monitoring-systems-application-from-the-french-national-occupational-disease-surveillance-and-prevention-network
#17
Arnaud Florentin, Denis Zmirou-Navier, Christophe Paris
OBJECTIVES: To detect new hazards ("signals"), occupational health monitoring systems mostly rest on the description of exposures in the jobs held and on reports by medical doctors; these are subject to declarative bias. Our study aims to assess whether job-exposure matrices (JEMs) could be useful tools for signal detection by improving exposure reporting. METHODS: Using the French national occupational disease surveillance and prevention network (RNV3P) data from 2001 to 2011, we explored the associations between disease and exposure prevalence for 3 well-known pathology/exposure couples and for one debatable couple...
March 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285323/cooperation-between-general-practitioners-occupational-health-physicians-and-rehabilitation-physicians-in-germany-what-are-problems-and-barriers-to-cooperation-a-qualitative-study
#18
Jan M Stratil, Monika A Rieger, Susanne Völter-Mahlknecht
PURPOSE: General practitioners (GPs), occupational health physicians (OPs), and rehabilitation physicians (RPs) fulfill different functions in the rehabilitation process, which need to be interlinked effectively to achieve a successful medical and occupational rehabilitation. In Germany, this cooperation at the interfaces is often suboptimal. The aim of this study was to identify and discuss perceived barriers to cooperation between GPs, OPs, and RPs. METHODS: We used a qualitative study design with eight focus group discussions (FGD) with GPs, OPs, RPs, and rehabilitants...
March 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271382/maximal-tachycardia-and-high-cardiac-strain-during-night-shifts-of-emergency-physicians
#19
Frédéric Dutheil, Fouad Marhar, Gil Boudet, Christophe Perrier, Geraldine Naughton, Alain Chamoux, Pascal Huguet, Martial Mermillod, Foued Saâdaoui, Farès Moustafa, Jeannot Schmidt
PURPOSE: To compare tachycardia and cardiac strain between 24-hour shifts (24hS) and 14-hour night shifts (14hS) in emergency physicians (EPs), and to investigate key factors influencing tachycardia and cardiac strain. METHODS: We monitored heart rate (HR) with Holter-ECG in a shift-randomized trial comparing a 24hS, a 14hS, and a control day, within a potential for 19 EPs. We also measured 24-h HR the third day (D3) after both shifts. We measured perceived stress by visual analog scale and the number of life-and-death emergencies...
March 7, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258373/acute-respiratory-effects-and-biomarkers-of-inflammation-due-to-welding-derived-nanoparticle-aggregates
#20
Katrin Dierschke, Christina Isaxon, Ulla B K Andersson, Eva Assarsson, Anna Axmon, Leo Stockfelt, Anders Gudmundsson, Bo A G Jönsson, Monica Kåredal, Jakob Löndahl, Joakim Pagels, Aneta Wierzbicka, Mats Bohgard, Jörn Nielsen
PURPOSE: Welders are exposed to airborne particles from the welding environment and often develop symptoms work-related from the airways. A large fraction of the particles from welding are in the nano-size range. In this study we investigate if the welders' airways are affected by exposure to particles derived from gas metal arc welding in mild steel in levels corresponding to a normal welding day. METHOD: In an exposure chamber, 11 welders with and 10 welders without work-related symptoms from the lower airways and 11 non-welders without symptoms, were exposed to welding fumes (1 mg/m(3)) and to filtered air, respectively, in a double-blind manner...
March 3, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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