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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623407/adding-sleep-restriction-to-the-equation-impact-on-wildland-firefighters-work-performance-and-physiology-in-hot-conditions
#1
Grace E Vincent, Sally Ferguson, Brianna Larsen, Nicola D Ridgers, Rod Snow, Brad Aisbett
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of sleep restriction on firefighters' physical task performance, physical activity, and physiological and perceived exertion during simulated hot wildfire conditions. METHODS: 31 firefighters were randomly allocated to either the hot (n = 18, HOT; 33 °C, 8-h sleep opportunity) or hot and sleep restricted (n = 13, HOT + SR; 33 °C, 4-h sleep opportunity) condition. Intermittent, self-paced work circuits of six firefighting tasks were performed for 3 days...
April 6, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611041/time-of-exposure-to-night-work-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach-using-baseline-data-from-elsa-brasil
#2
Aline Silva-Costa, Joanna Guimarães, Dora Chor, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Isabela Bensenor, Itamar Santos, Sandhi Barreto, Rosane Härter Griep
PURPOSE: The study of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) associated with night work is difficult due to the long period required for conditions to manifest and the healthy-worker effect. Analyzing asymptomatic pre-clinical changes in the atherosclerotic process is a way to assess the pathways between exposure to night work and CVD. AIM: To evaluate the associations between night work and subclinical atherosclerosis measured by carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)...
April 2, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602966/the-role-of-perceived-air-pollution-and-health-risk-perception-in-health-symptoms-and-disease-a-population-based-study-combined-with-modelled-levels-of-pm-10
#3
Kati Orru, Steven Nordin, Hedi Harzia, Hans Orru
PURPOSE: Adverse health impact of air pollution on health may not only be associated with the level of exposure, but rather mediated by perception of the pollution and by top-down processing (e.g. beliefs of the exposure being hazardous), especially in areas with relatively low levels of pollutants. The aim of this study was to test a model that describes interrelations between air pollution (particles < 10 [Formula: see text]m, PM10 ), perceived pollution, health risk perception, health symptoms and diseases...
March 31, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594341/anaerobic-bacteria-in-wastewater-treatment-plant
#4
Marcin Cyprowski, Agata Stobnicka-Kupiec, Anna Ławniczek-Wałczyk, Aleksandra Bakal-Kijek, Małgorzata Gołofit-Szymczak, Rafał L Górny
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess exposure to anaerobic bacteria released into air from sewage and sludge at workplaces from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). METHODS: Samples of both sewage and sludge were collected at six sampling points and bioaerosol samples were additionally collected (with the use of a 6-stage Andersen impactor) at ten workplaces covering different stages of the technological process. Qualitative identification of all isolated strains was performed using the biochemical API 20A test...
March 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594340/work-ability-score-of-solvent-exposed-workers
#5
Heidi Furu, Markku Sainio, Hanna-Kaisa Hyvärinen, Ari Kaukiainen
PURPOSE: Occupational chronic solvent encephalopathy (CSE), characterized by neurocognitive dysfunction, often leads to early retirement. However, only the more severe cases are diagnosed with CSE, and little is known about the work ability of solvent-exposed workers in general. The aim was to study memory and concentration symptoms, work ability and the effect of both solvent-related and non-occupational factors on work ability, in an actively working solvent-exposed population. METHODS: A questionnaire on exposure and health was sent to 3640 workers in four solvent-exposed fields, i...
March 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568986/can-a-workplace-leadership-intervention-reduce-job-insecurity-and-improve-health-results-from-a-field-study
#6
Amira Barrech, Christian Seubert, Jürgen Glaser, Harald Gündel
PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of an intervention in the workplace designed to reduce job insecurity among employees affected by organizational change. METHODS: Supervisors were randomly allocated to an intervention (IG) or waiting-list-control group (CG) and the intervention was administered over a period of 3 months, comprising six group sessions. N = 103 supervisors and their team members (mean age 41.80 ± 9.60 years, 60.19% male) provided data prior to (t0) and 3 months post-intervention (t1) by means of questionnaires and hair samples...
March 22, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532145/combined-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-and-ambient-lighting-on-human-discomfort-heart-rate-and-reaction-time
#7
Mohammad Reza Monazzam, Esmaeil Shoja, Seyed Abolfazl Zakerian, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Mohsen Shoja, Masoumeh Gharaee, Amin Asgari
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of whole-body vibration and ambient lighting, as well as their combined effect on human discomfort, heart rate, and reaction time in laboratory conditions. METHODS: 44 men were recruited with an average age of 25.4 ± 1.9 years. Each participant was subjected to 12 experimental steps, each step lasting five minutes for four different vibration accelerations in X, Y, and Z axes at a fixed frequency; three different lighting intensities of 50, 500, and 1000 lx were also considered...
March 12, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520473/study-of-the-validity-of-a-job-exposure-matrix-for-the-job-strain-model-factors-an-update-and-a-study-of-changes-over-time
#8
Isabelle Niedhammer, Allison Milner, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jean-François Chastang
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to construct a job-exposure matrix (JEM) for psychosocial work factors of the job strain model, to evaluate its validity, and to compare the results over time. METHODS: The study was based on national representative data of the French working population with samples of 46,962 employees (2010 SUMER survey) and 24,486 employees (2003 SUMER survey). Psychosocial work factors included the job strain model factors (Job Content Questionnaire): psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, job strain and iso-strain...
March 8, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516173/effort-reward-imbalance-in-police-work-associations-with-the-cortisol-awakening-response
#9
John M Violanti, Desta Fekedulegn, Ja Kook Gu, Penelope Allison, Anna Mnatsakanova, Cathy Tinney-Zara, Michael E Andrew
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is associated with an atypical cortisol response. ERI has been associated with higher job stress. Stress triggers cortisol secretion via the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and significant deviation from a typical cortisol pattern can indicate HPA axis dysfunction. METHODS: 176 police officers participated from the Buffalo Cardio-Metabolic Occupational Police Stress (BCOPS) Study. ERI was the exposure variable...
March 7, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487994/age-differences-in-the-association-between-stressful-work-and-sickness-absence-among-full-time-employed-workers-evidence-from-the-german-socio-economic-panel
#10
Simon Götz, Hanno Hoven, Andreas Müller, Nico Dragano, Morten Wahrendorf
PURPOSE: We aim to extend current knowledge on associations between stressful work and sickness absence, first, by studying associations between ERI and sickness absence among full-time employees from various occupations, and second, by investigating if associations vary by age. METHODS: We use data from four waves of the German socio-economic panel (GSOEP), collected among men and women between 2006 and 2012, with 9418 observations. Stressful work is measured with a short form of the ERI questionnaire...
February 28, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473102/driving-ban-for-diesel-powered-vehicles-in-major-cities-an-appropriate-penalty-for-exceeding-the-limit-value-for-nitrogen-dioxide
#11
EDITORIAL
Matthias Möhner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468312/evaluation-on-the-reliability-of-the-permeability-coefficient-k-p-to-assess-the-percutaneous-penetration-property-of-chemicals-on-the-basis-of-flynn-s-dataset
#12
Carolin Kladt, Kathrin Dennerlein, Thomas Göen, Hans Drexler, Gintautas Korinth
PURPOSE: The permeability coefficient (Kp ) is often used for prediction of the dermal penetration of chemicals. Mathematical models have mostly been derived on Kp data basis. However, confusing Kp values are reported, questioning the general reliability of this parameter. In this study, we tested the plausibility of Kp values expressing the dermal penetration velocity (cm h-1 ) of chemicals on a larger dataset from literature. METHODS: Kp was applied for the calculation of the time for penetration through skin membranes of defined thickness (tCrossSkin )...
February 21, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460227/do-frequent-exposures-to-threats-and-violence-at-work-affect-later-workforce-participation
#13
Karin Biering, Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen, Annie Hogh, Johan Hviid Andersen
PURPOSE: Threats and violence at work are common problems in the human service sector. It can result in physical and psychological health symptoms. The aim of this study was to examine the association between exposure to threats and violence and workforce participation in four human service sectors. METHODS: 5170 employees answered questionnaires about threats and violence in 2010 and were followed in a register for public transfer incomes for 3.5 years to identify episodes of sick leave, general workforce participation, and permanent health-related benefits...
February 19, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411113/multi-site-musculoskeletal-pain-in-swedish-police-associations-with-discomfort-from-wearing-mandatory-equipment-and-prolonged-sitting
#14
Louise Bæk Larsen, Elisabeth Elgmark Andersson, Roy Tranberg, Nerrolyn Ramstrand
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal disorders are considered as a major issue affecting the health and well-being of active duty police. Discomfort from wearing mandatory equipment and sitting for long periods of time in fleet vehicles are workload factors linked to musculoskeletal disorders in police. This study aims to determine the prevalence of multi-site musculoskeletal pain among Swedish police and to explore the possible association to discomfort experience when wearing mandatory equipment and sitting for long periods in fleet vehicles...
February 7, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387936/a-randomized-controlled-intervention-of-workplace-based-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#15
Helena Schiller, Marie Söderström, Mats Lekander, Kristiina Rajaleid, Göran Kecklund
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbance is common in the working population, often associated with work stress, health complaints and impaired work performance. This study evaluated a group intervention at work, based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for insomnia, and the moderating effects of burnout scores at baseline. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled intervention with a waiting list control group. Participants were employees working at least 75% of full time, reporting self-perceived regular sleep problems...
January 31, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383438/a-cohort-study-on-self-reported-role-stressors-at-work-and-poor-sleep-does-sense-of-coherence-moderate-or-mediate-the-associations
#16
Åse Marie Hansen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Reiner Rugulies, Paul Maurice Conway, Anne Helene Garde, Eszter Török, Eva Gemzøe Mikkelsen, Roger Persson, Annie Hogh
AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine the bidirectional associations between subjective role ambiguity and role conflicts at work, respectively, and self-reported sleep 2 years later. In addition, we also examine whether sense of coherence (SOC) moderate or mediate the association between role stressors and poor sleep and between poor sleep and role stressors. METHODS: We used questionnaire data collected in 2006 and 2008 from the Workplace Bullying and Harassment cohort...
January 30, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380045/are-there-gender-differences-in-associations-of-effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-with-self-reported-doctor-diagnosed-depression-prospective-evidence-from-the-german-socio-economic-panel
#17
Natalia Wege, Jian Li, Johannes Siegrist
PURPOSE: Cohort studies established elevated risks of depression among employees experiencing psychosocial stress at work, defined by 'job strain' or 'effort-reward imbalance' (ERI). Yet, conflicting evidence exists on whether the strength of these associations varies by gender. We explore this question in a nationally representative sample of working women and men where work stress (ERI) was related to reported depression over a 2-year follow-up. METHODS: Data were derived from the panel waves 2011 and 2013 of the German Socio-Economic Panel...
January 29, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264650/the-role-of-managers-in-addressing-employees-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Anne Konring Larsen, Signe Falkenstrøm, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Morten Hulvej Rod
PURPOSE: This study investigates management awareness of employee musculoskeletal pain and conditions that shape managers' handling of employees with pain. METHODS: We used a mixed methods design including data from a questionnaire survey and focus group sessions. All employees and managers from seven nursing homes were invited to participate in the questionnaire survey and 327 employees (81%) and 31 managers (82%) responded. Employees were asked about their worst pain intensity the past month and managers were asked to estimate the percentage of their employees who had experienced pain...
April 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242980/environmental-and-biological-measurements-of-isoflurane-and-sevoflurane-in-operating-room-personnel
#19
Abbas Jafari, Rogaieh Bargeshadi, Fatemeh Jafari, Iraj Mohebbi, Mohammad Hajaghazadeh
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to compare the concentration of isoflurane and sevoflurane in the individual's breathing zone and ambient air of operating rooms (ORs), to investigate the correlation between breathing zone levels and urinary concentrations, and to evaluate the ORs pollution in the different working hours and weeks. METHODS: Environmental and biological concentrations of isoflurane and sevoflurane were evaluated at 9ORs. Air samples were collected by active sampling method and urine samples were collected from each subject at the end of the work shift...
April 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273974/reply-to-comment-to-blood-mercury-concentration-in-relation-to-metabolic-and-weight-phenotypes-using-the-knhanes-2011-2013-data
#20
LETTER
Kayoung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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