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International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707127/increased-incidence-of-respiratory-tract-cancers-in-people-living-near-portland-cement-plants-in-korea
#1
Sang-Yong Eom, Eun-Bi Cho, Moo-Kyung Oh, Sun-Seog Kweon, Hae-Sung Nam, Yong-Dae Kim, Heon Kim
PURPOSE: Portland cement contains carcinogens such as chromium and free silica, and hence, inhalation of cement dust can cause respiratory tract cancers. The purpose of this study was to determine whether living near a cement plant increases the risk of respiratory tract cancers. METHODS: The study population consisted of 341,793 people, all of whom lived in administrative districts within 3-km radius of ten cement plants in Korea. The respiratory tract cancer incidence data (International Classification of Diseases, ten revision code C00-C14 and C30-C34) for 2008-2012 were obtained from regional cancer registries...
July 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702848/organic-solvent-exposure-and-depressive-symptoms-among-licensed-pesticide-applicators-in-the-agricultural-health-study
#2
Miriam Siegel, Sarah E Starks, Wayne T Sanderson, Freya Kamel, Jane A Hoppin, Fred Gerr
PURPOSE: Although organic solvents are often used in agricultural operations, neurotoxic effects of solvent exposure have not been extensively studied among farmers. The current analysis examined associations between questionnaire-based metrics of organic solvent exposure and depressive symptoms among farmers. METHODS: Results from 692 male Agricultural Health Study participants were analyzed. Solvent type and exposure duration were assessed by questionnaire. An "ever-use" variable and years of use categories were constructed for exposure to gasoline, paint/lacquer thinner, petroleum distillates, and any solvent...
July 12, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698925/prolonged-perceived-stress-and-saliva-cortisol-in-a-large-cohort-of-danish-public-service-employees-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations
#3
Sigurd Mikkelsen, Julie Lyng Forman, Samuel Fink, Marianne Agergaard Vammen, Jane Frølund Thomsen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Åse Marie Hansen, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik Albert Kolstad, Reiner Rugulies, Jens Peter Bonde
PURPOSE: It is well known that acute stress can lead to a transient increase in cortisol secretion, but the effects of prolonged stress on cortisol secretion are uncertain. This study examines the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between prolonged perceived stress and salivary cortisol. METHODS: In 2007, 4467 Danish public service employees participated in a study of stress and mental health, and 3217 participated in a follow-up in 2009. Perceived stress during the past 4 weeks was assessed by Cohen's four item perceived stress scale...
July 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698924/development-of-a-novel-work-related-questionnaire-for-upper-extremity-disorders-worq-up
#4
Bas R J Aerts, P Paul F M Kuijer, Annechien Beumer, Denise Eygendaal, Monique H W Frings-Dresen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to develop a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) that identifies work-related limitations among patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in order to enhance work-directed care in daily orthopaedic practice, and to assess its content validity. METHODS: The questionnaire was developed following the evaluation of existing PROMs and consensus within the research team. The content validity was assessed in three steps: (1) one on one interviews with patients (n = 14) were held to discuss the clarity and possible adaptation of items; (2) experts from the field (physiotherapists, insurance physicians, occupational health physicians, rehabilitation physicians and orthopaedic surgeons) were approached to participate in an interview to discuss the clarity, relevance and missing items; (3) patients (n = 12) were interviewed one on one to discuss the final version...
July 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681175/optimizing-cooperation-between-general-practitioners-occupational-health-and-rehabilitation-physicians-in-germany-a-qualitative-study
#5
Jan Stratil, Monika A Rieger, Susanne Voelter-Mahlknecht
PURPOSE: To achieve successful medical rehabilitation and timely return to work, general practitioners, occupational health and rehabilitation physicians need to cooperate effectively. This cooperation, however, can be hampered by organizational, interpersonal, and structural barriers. In this article, we present and discuss suggestions proposed by physicians and patients on how these barriers can be overcome. METHODS: We conducted eight qualitative focus group discussions with general practitioners (GPs), occupational health physicians (OPs), rehabilitation physicians (RPs) and rehabilitation patients, which we analyzed with qualitative content analysis methods...
July 5, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669035/the-longitudinal-association-between-multiple-job-holding-and-long-term-sickness-absence-among-danish-employees-an-explorative-study-using-register-based-data
#6
Stef Bouwhuis, Anne Helene Garde, Goedele A Geuskens, Cécile R L Boot, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Multiple job holding (MJH) is common in many countries, but little is known about its (health) consequences. Our aim is to explore the longitudinal association between MJH and long-term sickness absence (LTSA) among Danish employees. METHODS: We included employees (N = 8968) who participated in the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study (DWECS), based on a representative sample of the Danish working population. Three dichotomous independent variables were created: MJH in general, combination MJH (i...
July 1, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660322/associations-between-organizational-injustice-and-work-ability-self-reported-disability-days-and-medical-consultations-cross-sectional-findings-from-employees-with-prior-sickness-absence-payments
#7
Katja Spanier, Elke Peters, Elliot Michel, Friedrich Michael Radoschewski, Matthias Bethge
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to identify associations between organizational injustice and work ability, disability days, and consultations with general practitioners. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of persons previously receiving sickness absence benefits were used for analyses. Organizational injustice was assessed using a German version of the "organizational justice questionnaire". Dependent variables were the Work Ability Index, self-reported disability days, and consultations with general practitioners...
June 28, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660321/overweight-and-obesity-are-progressively-associated-with-lower-work-ability-in-the-general-working-population-cross-sectional-study-among-10-000-adults
#8
Lars L Andersen, Mikel Izquierdo, Emil Sundstrup
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with many diseases and functional limitations. Workplaces are not always designed to accommodate this challenge. This study investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and work ability in the general working population. METHODS: Currently employed wage earners (N = 10,427) from the 2010 round of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study (DWECS) replied to questions about work and health. Cumulative logistic regression analyses controlling for age, gender, physical and psychosocial work factors, lifestyle, and chronic diseases modeled the associations between BMI and work ability...
June 28, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647855/short-term-annoyance-from-nocturnal-aircraft-noise-exposure-results-of-the-norah-and-strain-sleep-studies
#9
Julia Quehl, Uwe Müller, Franco Mendolia
PURPOSE: The German Aerospace Center (DLR) investigated in the NORAH sleep study the association between a distinct change in nocturnal aircraft noise exposure due to the introduction of a night curfew (11:00 p.m.-5:00 a.m.) at Frankfurt Airport and short-term annoyance reactions of residents in the surrounding community. Exposure-response curves were calculated by random effects logistic regression to evaluate the aircraft noise-related parameters (1) number of overflights and (2) energy equivalent noise level LASeq for the prediction of short-term annoyance...
June 24, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646281/relations-between-work-and-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-problems-uemsp-and-the-moderating-role-of-psychosocial-work-factors-on-the-relation-between-computer-work-and-uemsp
#10
Nektaria Nicolakakis, Susan R Stock, Michal Abrahamowicz, Rex Kline, Karen Messing
PURPOSE: Computer work has been identified as a risk factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal problems (UEMSP). But few studies have investigated how psychosocial and organizational work factors affect this relation. Nor have gender differences in the relation between UEMSP and these work factors  been studied. We sought to estimate: (1) the association between UEMSP and a range of physical, psychosocial and organizational work exposures, including the duration of computer work, and (2) the moderating effect of psychosocial work exposures on the relation between computer work and UEMSP...
June 23, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634858/distal-pain-and-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-diagnosis-among-cashiers-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Roberto Meroni, Paola Alberti, Paola Boria, Simone Giordano, Guido Cavaletti
OBJECTIVE: To estimate in a longitudinal study the yearly incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in a cohort of women working as cashiers. METHOD: A total of 198 cashiers, belonging to a cohort investigated in 2011-2012 for arm pain, were screened for re-assessment in 2015 (at least 40 months from the first examination), and 156 women had complete demographic, personal and working data allowing to be included in this study. On the basis of self- and clinician-administered questionnaires investigating the presence of CTS, all symptomatic patients underwent clinical and neurophysiological [nerve conduction studies (NCS) of median and ulnar nerves] assessments...
June 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624972/sbs-symptoms-in-relation-to-dampness-and-ventilation-in-inspected-single-family-houses-in-sweden
#12
Greta Smedje, Juan Wang, Dan Norbäck, Håkan Nilsson, Karin Engvall
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between symptoms compatible with the sick building syndrome (SBS) in adults and building dampness and ventilation in single-family houses. METHODS: Within the Swedish BETSI study, a national sample of single-family houses were inspected by professional building experts, and adults living in the houses answered a questionnaire on SBS. Relationships between building factors and SBS were analysed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 23% reported having had weekly SBS symptoms during the last three months...
June 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600748/teacher-respiratory-health-symptoms-in-relation-to-school-and-home-environment
#13
Shao Lin, Wayne R Lawrence, Ziqiang Lin, Melissa Francois, Iulia A Neamtiu, Qiaoxuan Lin, Eva Csobod, Eugen S Gurzau
PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated teachers' respiratory health, especially its relationship with school/home environment, and school policies. This study assessed asthma and smoking prevalence among teachers in Romania, teacher's perception and knowledge of the school environment, policies and asthma management, and how school and home environment affected asthma, allergy, and respiratory infection symptoms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study obtained information from 104 Romanian teachers utilizing teacher questionnaire data for Romania only, as part of the Schools Indoor Pollution and Health: Observatory Network in Europe (SINPHONIE) study, a multicenter European research project conducted between 2010 and 2012...
June 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578463/low-personal-exposure-to-benzene-and-1-3-butadiene-in-the-swedish-petroleum-refinery-industry
#14
Pernilla Almerud, M Akerstrom, E M Andersson, B Strandberg, G Sallsten
PURPOSE: Petroleum refinery workers are exposed to the carcinogens benzene and 1,3-butadiene. Declining exposures have been reported internationally but information on current exposure in the Swedish refinery industry is limited. The aim was to examine refinery workers' personal exposure to benzene and 1,3-butadiene and increase awareness of exposure conditions by collaboration with involved refineries. METHODS: Altogether 505 repeated personal exposure measurements were performed among workers at two refineries...
June 3, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555294/the-longitudinal-relationship-of-work-stress-with-peak-expiratory-flow-a-cohort-study
#15
Adrian Loerbroks, Stefan Karrasch, Thorsten Lunau
PURPOSE: Research has suggested that psychological stress is associated with reduced lung function and with the development of respiratory disease. Among the major potential sources of stress in adulthood are working conditions. We aimed to examine the relationship of work stress with lung function. METHODS: We drew on 4-year prospective data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. The analyzed sample comprised 2627 workers aged 50 years or older who were anamnestically free of respiratory disease...
May 29, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550420/associations-between-common-diseases-and-work-ability-and-sick-leave-among-health-care-workers
#16
Sophie van den Berg, Alex Burdorf, Suzan J W Robroek
PURPOSE: This study investigates whether common diseases, i.e., musculoskeletal diseases (MSD), cardiovascular diseases (CVD), mental disorders (MD), and respiratory diseases (RD), influence work ability and sick leave and whether lifestyle-related factors, and psychosocial and physical work-related factors are associated with low work ability and sick leave. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study among 8364 Dutch health care employees, self-reported information was acquired concerning common diseases, lifestyle-related factors, psychosocial and physical work-related factors, work ability, and sick leave...
May 26, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528354/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-resistance-training-in-women-with-chronic-computer-related-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Xiao Li, Caina Lin, Cuicui Liu, Songjian Ke, Qing Wan, Haijie Luo, Zhuxi Huang, Wenjun Xin, Chao Ma, Shaoling Wu
BACKGROUND: Chronic computer-related neck pain is common among office workers. Studies have proposed neck strengthening exercise as a therapy to pain relieving and function improvement. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of different loading resistance trainings and we hypothesized that women with work-related neck pain could benefit more from progressive resistance training for pain and function recovery. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted and subjects characterized by monotonous jobs were recruited...
May 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509941/effects-of-perceived-job-insecurity-on-depression-suicide-ideation-and-decline-in-self-rated-health-in-korea-a-population-based-panel-study
#18
Min-Seok Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Ji-Hoo Yook, Mo-Yeol Kang
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of job security on new development of depressive episode, suicide ideation, and decline in self-rated health. METHODS: Data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study from 2012 to 2015 were analysed. A total of 2912 waged workers self-assessed their depressive episode, suicide ideation, and health annually by answering the questionnaire. Participants were divided into three groups according to the level of job security: high, intermediate and low...
May 16, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497276/thermal-perception-thresholds-among-workers-in-a-cold-climate
#19
Lage Burström, Bodil Björ, Tohr Nilsson, Hans Pettersson, Ingemar Rödin, Jens Wahlström
PURPOSE: To investigate whether exposure to cold could influence the thermal perception thresholds in a working population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was comprised of 251 males and females and was carried out at two mines in the northern part of Norway and Sweden. The testing included a baseline questionnaire, a clinical examination and measurements of thermal perception thresholds, on both hands, the index (Digit 2) and little (Digit 5) fingers, for heat and cold...
May 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488112/work-characteristics-predict-the-development-of-multi-site-musculoskeletal-pain
#20
Jodi Oakman, Astrid de Wind, Swenne G van den Heuvel, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal pain in more than one body region is common and a barrier to sustaining employment. We aimed to examine whether work characteristics predict the development of multi-site pain (MSP), and to determine differences in work-related predictors between age groups. METHODS: This study is based on 5136 employees from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM) who reported no MSP at baseline. Measures included physical, emotional, mental, and psychological job demands, social support and autonomy...
May 9, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
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