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Transplantation Proceedings

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198696/erratum
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198695/-snowmelt-sign-and-corkscrew-microvessels-predicting-epithelium-regeneration-after-acute-rejection-of-small-bowel-transplantation-a-case-report
#2
C-S Chung, T-H Lee, C-T Chiu, Y Chen
Intestinal failure characterized by inadequate maintenance of nutrition via normal intestinal function comprises a group of disorders with many different causes. If parenteral nutrition dependency develops, which is associated with higher mortality and complications, it is considered for intestine transplantation. However, the graft failure rate is not low, and acute cellular rejection is one of the most important reasons for graft failure. As a result, early identification of rejection and timely modification of anti-rejection medications have been considered to be associated with better graft and patient survival rates...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198694/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-after-heart-transplantation-a-case-report
#3
Y Kumai, O Seguchi, T Sato, K Wada, M Shiozawa, C Yokota, K Kuroda, S Nakajima, T Sato, M Yanase, Y Matsumoto, S Fukushima, T Fujita, J Kobayashi, N Fukushima
BACKGROUND: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a transient cerebrovascular disorder putatively caused by some immunosuppressive agents. CASE REPORT: We recently encountered a 47-year-old female patient diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy who developed RCVS after heart transplantation. A triple-drug regimen consisting of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and a corticosteroid was started after surgery. On postoperative day (POD) 11, the patient developed a severe headache, although computed tomography of the head demonstrated no signs of hemorrhage or infarction...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198693/impact-of-ethylene-glycol-toxicity-on-donor-organ-viability-a-case-report
#4
N L Mendelson, A Fitzgerald, A Kumar, J A Pineda, J MacDougall, R J Solomon, P C Gibson, M Prikis, C E Marroquin
Using kidneys from deceased donors whose demise was secondary to ethylene glycol (EG) toxicity requires considerable thought and planning. The exact impact that kidneys from these donors could have is unclear. The shortage of viable organs and growing wait list mortality should lead us to consider these allografts as potential life-saving transplants. Because it is crucial for the transplant community to use every available allograft, we need to develop processes that optimize each possible scenario. This article is a discussion of the viability of kidneys from a donor with EG-induced brain death and a proposed algorithm for encouraging the use of renal allografts after EG toxicity...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198692/successful-recombinant-thrombomodulin-treatment-for-thrombotic-microangiopathy-after-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#5
T Motomura, T Yoshizumi, M Ohira, Y Mano, T Toshima, S Itoh, N Harada, N Harimoto, T Ikegami, Y Soejima, Y Maehara
Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a rare but severe complication after liver transplantation. In contrast to other thrombotic microangiopathies, treatment for TA-TMA has yet to be clarified. A 52-year-old male patient with liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis C underwent split liver transplantation from a deceased donor. His clinical course was without complication until 4 days after transplantation, when he experienced impaired consciousness, hemolytic anemia with fragmented erythrocytes, and marked thrombocytopenia...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198691/successful-liver-transplantation-from-a-donor-with-a-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-for-9-months
#6
K Munawar, N Rajagopalan, A Grigorian, D Dennis, M Guglin
Organ donor criteria continue to be extended in an attempt to meet growing demands. Patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices are one group of potential donors being considered. One concern with this group is the effect of continuous flow for a prolonged duration, as opposed to normal pulsatile flow, on end-organ function. We report the 1st case of a liver transplantation from a donor who had a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device for 9 months. The recipient was a 69-year-old woman with a history of cryptogenic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198690/preexisting-cerebral-aspergillosis-successfully-treated-after-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#7
J S Lee, S-H Kim, J H Kwon, Y C Yoon
BACKGROUND: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a rare condition that generally affects immunosuppressed patients. The mortality of IA is known to be >90% in liver transplantation (LT) recipients; the lung is the most commonly affected organ, followed by the brain. There have been reports in the literature of cerebral aspergillosis (CA) in LT recipients. In all previous reports, CA developed after LT. We present the first case (to the best of our knowledge) of preexisting CA diagnosed and successfully treated after LT...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198689/utility-of-tolvaptan-in-the-perioperative-management-of-severe-hyponatremia-during-liver-transplantation-a-case-report
#8
A Parekh, P Rajaram, G Patel, R M Subramanian
Severe hyponatremia can complicate the pretransplantation management of patients with decompensated cirrhosis while they await liver transplantation. Before the liver transplant, it is critical to correct severe hyponatremia to an appropriate level to reduce the risks of perioperative complications such as central pontine myelinolysis, cerebral edema, and seizures. Vasopressin receptor antagonists, and in particular tolvaptan, offer a therapeutic modality that can correct severe refractory hyponatremia in a timely and predictable manner before liver transplantation...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198688/hanging-hepato-atrial-anastomosis-in-deceased-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-with-extensive-vena-cava-obliteration-a-case-report
#9
S Y Hong, B-W Kim, H-J Wang, I-G Kim, X-G Hu
INTRODUCTION: Although outcomes of liver transplantation (LT) have improved as the result of progress in surgical procedures, a failure to restore sufficient graft outflow may yield fatal consequences including graft dysfunction and even graft loss to date. In particular, patients with pre-existing obliterated venous drainage, such as those with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), are at high risk of having venous complications followed by conventional LT. In selected cases, the transplant surgeons are compelled to modify the surgical procedures of LT from the conventional procedure...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198687/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-resulting-in-cardiac-arrest-in-a-patient-undergoing-liver-transplantation
#10
M Güner Can, A Özer, M İyigün, B Vural Gökay, R Emiroğlu
Cardiac complications during and after liver transplantation are a common cause of death. Although considered to be uncommon, takotsubo cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by reversible left ventricular akinesis without coronary artery obstruction, is becoming increasingly reported. Herein we have presented a case of reversible stress-induced takotsubo cardiomyopathy resulting in cardiac arrest in a patient undergoing liver transplantation.
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198686/orthotopic-kidney-transplantation-in-an-elderly-patient-with-various-severe-comorbid-conditions-a-case-report
#11
H Sasaki, R Nakazawa, T Iwata, W Usuba, H Yoshie, E Fujimoto, H Metoki, Y Katsuoka, K Aida, H Kudo, K Koitabashi, M Yazawa, Y Shibagaki, Y Marui, T Chikaraishi
In recent years, the frequency of high-risk kidney transplantations has increased. We report a case in which a 72-year-old man with various severe comorbidities (prostate cancer, diabetes mellitus, complete atrioventricular block, coronary artery stenosis, severe stenosis of the popliteal arteries, and severe calcification of the iliac arteries) who received an orthotopic kidney transplantation. To prevent the occurrence of acute limb ischemia due to the steal phenomenon (caused by the kidney graft), we decided that a heterotopic kidney transplantation involving the iliac arteries was not an appropriate option...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198685/thin-glomerular-basement-membrane-in-a-kidney-transplant-of-an-alport-s-syndrome-patient-a-case-report
#12
S Santos, S Marques, T Golper, A Langone, A B Fogo
Alport syndrome (AS) and thin basement membrane lesions are caused by various mutations in type IV collagen genes. Although AS is considered a rare disease, thin basement membrane is a frequent pattern, especially in families with a history of persistent hematuria. We report a patient with a diagnosis of AS who developed end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and received a kidney transplant from a living unrelated donor. The graft biopsy specimen surprisingly showed a pattern of thin basement membranes.
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198684/nephrogenic-adenoma-complicating-renal-transplantation-a-case-report-and-discussion
#13
D North, J Jaw, P Hill, S Bateman, N Barraclough, R Langham
Nephrogenic adenoma (NA) is a benign adenomatous lesion of the urinary tract. Long considered to be a rare phenomenon, case series from the renal transplant population suggest that it may be much more common within this group. Although NA is considered to be a lesion with low premalignant potential, hematuria, lower urinary tract symptoms, and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are frequently observed in the context of NA. Furthermore, after resection of NA, lesion recurrence and persistent symptoms are frequently observed...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198683/laparoscopic-fixation-for-torsion-of-transplanted-kidney-a-case-report
#14
R Pery, E Shaharabani, B Gazer, M Gutman, D Rosin
BACKGROUND: Kidney graft torsion and subsequent acute kidney injury is a rare yet potentially devastating complication of intraperitoneal kidney transplant. We report a case of this elusive diagnosis and describe kidney salvage by using laparoscopic fixation. CASE REPORT: A 49-year-old male patient presented with multiple episodes of anuric acute kidney injury 16 months after an uneventful combined orthotopic liver and kidney transplantation. After a thorough investigation, a diagnosis of kidney torsion was made, and the patient was urgently operated...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198682/case-report-treatment-of-renal-artery-aneurysms-by-ex%C3%A2-vivo-renal-artery-aneurysm-repair-and-transplantation
#15
L S Silski, M L Henry, A Rajab, R P Pelletier
BACKGROUND: Renal artery aneurysms are increasingly being detected incidentally during diagnostic imaging using magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, or angiography performed for evaluation of other diseases. Our understanding of their natural history and surgical management has evolved significantly during the past two decades. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three patients with incidentally identified renal artery aneurysms have been referred to our renal transplantation program in the last 3 years...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198681/severe-hyperkalemia-complicating-voriconazole-treatment-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient-with-histoplasmosis-a-case-report
#16
M N Nazmul, C D Miles, S G Westphal
Voriconazole is an antifungal agent that is commonly used in immunocompromised patients who develop fungal infections. We report a case of severe recurrent hyperkalemia that developed after starting voriconazole for the treatment of histoplasmosis in a kidney transplant patient who was maintained on tacrolimus-based immunosuppression. Hyperkalemia developed despite reducing the tacrolimus dose to maintain levels in a low therapeutic range. Although interactions between azoles and calcineurin inhibitors are widely recognized, this is the 1st report describing new-onset hyperkalemia following initiation of voriconazole in a kidney transplant patient receiving tacrolimus...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198680/syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-secretion-complicating-systemic-nocardiosis-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-a-case-report
#17
C Melexopoulou, I D Pavlopoulou, A Zormpala, G L Daikos, J N Boletis, S Marinaki
BACKGROUND: Infection by Nocardia species is an uncommon cause of severe clinical syndromes, particularly in immunocompromised patients, and solid-organ transplantation is the most common underlying condition. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) has been described thus far in lung and stem cell transplants with systemic nocardiosis. CASE REPORT: We report the first case of SIADH in a female elderly renal transplant recipient diagnosed with systemic nocardiosis 2 years after transplantation...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198679/treatment-of-a-pediatric-case-of-severe-hemorrhagic-cystitis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
L Yang, Y Zha, J Feng, H Dong, C Zong, X Lei, N Liang, X Wang, G Gao, X Bai
Hemorrhagic cystitis is one of the complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis is difficult, especially in pediatric patients. A pediatric case of severe hemorrhagic cystitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was treated in our hospital with arterial embolization combined with corticosteroid therapy because the conventional therapy was invalid for him. After the treatment, hemorrhagic cystitis was cured. During follow-up, the patient was in stable condition, with normal urine, blood cells returned to normal, bone marrow was in complete remission state, and disease-free survival for more than 8 months...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198678/successful-diagnosis-of-intestinal-mycobacterium-avium-complex-infection-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient-using-nasogastric-aspirate-culture-a-case-report
#19
J B Parr, A M Lachiewicz, D van Duin, P P Chong
Intestinal Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections are rare and can be challenging to diagnose. We describe a case of intestinal MAC infection in a kidney transplant recipient with 5 months of unexplained weight loss and abdominal pain who developed intestinal obstruction. Esophagoduodenoscopy with biopsies was performed but was nondiagnostic. Intestinal MAC was diagnosed via nasogastric aspirate culture results. The patient's symptoms rapidly improved after initiation of appropriate treatment, but he later died of aspiration pneumonia and candidemia...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198677/single-donor-derived-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pseudoaneurysms-in-two-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-case-report-of-dichotomous-allograft-outcomes
#20
M F Berger, I R Badell
Infectious pseudoaneurysm (IPA) is a rare but devastating complication following renal transplantation that typically leads to graft loss and occasionally patient death. IPAs following kidney transplantation are most often mycotic in etiology, but have been sporadically reported to result from Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. These IPAs occur at various anatomic sites, most commonly at the vascular anastomosis or iliac artery, and very rarely in the transplanted renal artery or hilum. Here we report the occurrence of single donor-derived P aeruginosa IPAs in two kidney transplant recipients with divergent allograft outcomes...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
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