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Psychological Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669615/risk-of-neurological-eye-and-ear-disease-in-offspring-to-parents-with-schizophrenia-or-depression-compared-with-offspring-to-healthy-parents
#1
Elin Dianna Gunnarsdóttir, Jonas Hällgren, Christina M Hultman, Thomas F McNeil, Milita Crisby, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Neurological, visual and hearing deviations have been observed in the offspring of parents with schizophrenia. This study test whether children to parents hospitalized with schizophrenia have increased the likelihood of childhood neurological disorder. METHODS: Among all parents in Sweden born 1950-1985 and with offspring born 1968-2002: 7107 children with a parent hospitalized for schizophrenia were compared to 172 982 children with no parents hospitalized for schizophrenia or major depression, as well as to 32 494 children with a parent hospitalized for major depression as a control population with another severe psychiatric outcome...
April 19, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655386/a-comparative-network-analysis-of-eating-disorder-psychopathology-and-co-occurring-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-before-and-after-treatment
#2
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Stephen A Wonderlich, Markus Moessner
BACKGROUND: Network analysis is an emerging approach in the study of psychopathology, yet few applications have been seen in eating disorders (EDs). Furthermore, little research exists regarding changes in network strength after interventions. Therefore the present study examined the network structures of ED and co-occurring depression and anxiety symptoms before and after treatment for EDs. METHOD: Participants from residential or partial hospital ED treatment programs (N = 446) completed assessments upon admission and discharge...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655378/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-v-treatment-as-usual-in-adults-with-adhd-a-multicentre-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial-erratum
#3
Lotte Janssen, Cornelis C Kan, Pieter J Carpentier, Bram Sizoo, Sevket Hepark, Melanie P J Schellekens, A Rogier T Donders, Jan K Buitelaar, Anne E M Speckens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655375/association-between-traumatic-stress-load-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#4
Ran Barzilay, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Daniel H Wolf, Theodore D Satterthwaite, J Cobb Scott, Jason D Jones, Tami D Benton, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Traumatic stressors during childhood and adolescence are associated with psychopathology, mostly studied in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We investigated broader associations of traumatic stress exposure with psychopathology and cognition in a youth community sample. METHODS: The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (N = 9498) is an investigation of clinical and neurobehavioral phenotypes in a diverse (56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% other) US youth community population (aged 8-21)...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651975/re-evaluating-classical-body-type-theories-genetic-correlation-between-psychiatric-disorders-and-body-mass-index
#5
Masashi Ikeda, Satoshi Tanaka, Takeo Saito, Norio Ozaki, Yoichiro Kamatani, Nakao Iwata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636117/personalised-treatments-for-traumatic-brain-injury-cognitive-emotional-and-motivational-targets
#6
George Savulich, David K Menon, Emmanuel A Stamatakis, John D Pickard, Barbara J Sahakian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631646/dissociation-in-victims-of-childhood-abuse-or-neglect-a-meta-analytic-review
#7
Ruben Vonderlin, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Georg W Alpers, Martin Bohus, Lisa Lyssenko, Christian Schmahl
Childhood abuse and neglect are associated with dissociative symptoms in adulthood. However, empirical studies show heterogeneous results depending on the type of childhood abuse or neglect and other maltreatment characteristics. In this meta-analysis, we systematically investigated the relationship between childhood interpersonal maltreatment and dissociation in 65 studies with 7352 abused or neglected individuals using the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES). We extracted DES-scores for abused and non-abused populations as well as information about type of abuse/neglect, age of onset, duration of abuse, and relationship to the perpetrator...
April 10, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631640/social-anxiety-in-the-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Jess Kerr-Gaffney, Amy Harrison, Kate Tchanturia
Social anxiety disorder is one of the most common comorbid conditions in eating disorders (EDs). The aim of the current review and meta-analysis is to provide a qualitative summary of what is known about social anxiety (SA) in EDs, as well as to compare levels of SA in those with EDs and healthy controls. Electronic databases were systematically searched for studies using self-report measures of SA in ED populations. In total, 38 studies were identified, 12 of which were included in the meta-analyses. For both anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa, there were significant differences between ED groups and HCs, with medium to large effect sizes...
April 10, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622057/a-longitudinal-study-on-psychosocial-causes-and-consequences-of-internet-gaming-disorder-in-adolescence
#9
Lutz Wartberg, Levente Kriston, Matthias Zieglmeier, Tania Lincoln, Rudolf Kammerl
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was incorporated in the current version of the DSM-5. IGD refers to a problematic use of video games. Longitudinal studies on the etiology of IGD are lacking. Furthermore, it is currently unclear to which extent associated psychopathological problems are causes or consequences of IGD. In the present survey, longitudinal associations between IGD and adolescent and parental mental health were investigated for the first time, as well as the temporal stability of IGD...
April 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622056/psychosocial-and-health-related-risk-factors-for-depressive-symptom-trajectories-among-midlife-women-over-15-years-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation-swan
#10
Joyce T Bromberger, Laura L Schott, Nancy E Avis, Sybil L Crawford, Sioban D Harlow, Hadine Joffe, Howard M Kravitz, Karen A Matthews
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial and health-related risk factors for depressive symptoms are known. It is unclear if these are associated with depressive symptom patterns over time. We identified trajectories of depressive symptoms and their risk factors among midlife women followed over 15 years. METHODS: Participants were 3300 multiracial/ethnic women enrolled in a multisite longitudinal menopause and aging study, Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Biological, psychosocial, and depressive symptom data were collected approximately annually...
April 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622050/amygdala-prefrontal-connectivity-during-appraisal-of-symptom-related-stimuli-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Sandra Paul, Jan C Beucke, Christian Kaufmann, Anna Mersov, Stephan Heinzel, Norbert Kathmann, Daniela Simon
BACKGROUND: Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) posit dysfunctional appraisal of disorder-relevant stimuli in patients, suggesting disturbances in the processes relying on amygdala-prefrontal connectivity. Recent neuroanatomical models add to the traditional view of dysfunction in corticostriatal circuits by proposing alterations in an affective circuit including amygdala-prefrontal connections. However, abnormalities in amygdala-prefrontal coupling during symptom provocation, and particularly during conditions that require stimulus appraisal, remain to be demonstrated directly...
April 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622048/systemic-inflammation-and-intelligence-in-early-adulthood-and-subsequent-risk-of-schizophrenia-and-other-non-affective-psychoses-a-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#12
Nils Kappelmann, Golam M Khandaker, Henrik Dal, Jan Stochl, Kyriaki Kosidou, Peter B Jones, Christina Dalman, Håkan Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with impaired neurodevelopment as indexed by lower premorbid IQ. We examined associations between erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), a marker of low-grade systemic inflammation, IQ, and subsequent schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses (ONAP) to elucidate the role of neurodevelopment and inflammation in the pathogenesis of psychosis. METHODS: Population-based data on ESR and IQ from 638 213 Swedish men assessed during military conscription between 1969 and 1983 were linked to National Hospital Discharge Register for hospitalisation with schizophrenia and ONAP...
April 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618388/psychotic-traits-in-musicians
#13
Oliver Mason, Heidi Daniels
The association of music with madness is very longstanding. But is it more than myth, and if so what is the nature of this relationship? We tested the hypotheses that musicians possess greater schizotypy and symptoms of bipolar disorder. A total of 102 musicians were found to have greater positive and negative schizotypal traits when compared to matched norms on the shortened Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences. Based on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, 10.8% of musicians also met criteria for lifetime bipolar disorder...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607801/developmental-sensitivity-to-cannabis-use-patterns-and-risk-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-mid-life-findings-from-40-years-of-follow-up
#14
Tabea Schoeler, Delphine Theobald, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, David P Farrington, Jeremy W Coid, Sagnik Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the association between cannabis use and depression remain conflicting, especially as studies have not typically adopted a longitudinal design with a follow-up period that was long enough to adequately cover the risk period for onset of depression. METHOD: Males from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development (CSDD) (N = 285) were assessed seven times from age 8 to 48 years to prospectively investigate the association between cannabis use and risk of major depressive disorder (MDD)...
April 2, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607796/the-etiology-of-social-aggression-a-nuclear-twin-family-study
#15
Brooke L Slawinski, Kelly L Klump, S Alexandra Burt
BACKGROUND: Social aggression is a form of antisocial behavior in which social relationships and social status are used to damage reputations and inflict emotional harm on others. Despite extensive research examining the prevalence and consequences of social aggression, only a few studies have examined its genetic-environmental etiology, with markedly inconsistent results. METHOD: We estimated the etiology of social aggression using the nuclear twin family (NTF) model...
April 2, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607791/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-risk-for-psychiatric-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-siblings
#16
Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Petteri Joelsson, Auli Suominen, Alan S Brown, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Probands with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for several psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders. The risk of these disorders among the siblings of probands has not been thoroughly assessed in a population-based cohort. METHODS: Every child born in Finland in 1991-2005 and diagnosed with ADHD in 1995-2011 were identified from national registers. Each case was matched with four controls on sex, place, and date of birth...
April 2, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576041/the-prevalence-of-depression-in-general-hospital-inpatients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-interview-based-studies
#17
Jane Walker, Katy Burke, Marta Wanat, Rebecca Fisher, Josephine Fielding, Amy Mulick, Stephen Puntis, Joseph Sharpe, Michelle Degli Esposti, Eli Harriss, Chris Frost, Michael Sharpe
BACKGROUND: Comorbid depression in the medically ill is clinically important. Admission to a general hospital offers an opportunity to identify and initiate treatment for depression. However, we first need to know how common depression is in general hospital inpatients. We aimed to address this question by systematically reviewing the relevant literature. METHODS: We reviewed published prevalence studies in any language which had used diagnostic interviews of general hospital inpatients and met basic methodological quality criteria...
March 26, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576032/letter-to-the-editor-cumulative-trauma-as-a-potential-explanation-for-the-elevated-risk-of-suicide-associated-with-psychotic-experiences-commentary-on-moriyama-et-al-the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-traumatic-life-events
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576022/genetic-risk-for-neuroticism-predicts-emotional-health-depending-on-childhood-adversity
#19
Kelli Lehto, Ida Karlsson, Cecilia Lundholm, Nancy L Pedersen
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence for gene × environment interaction (G × E) in neuroticism largely relies on candidate gene studies, although neuroticism is highly polygenic. This study aimed to investigate the long-term associations between polygenic risk scores for neuroticism (PRSN), objective childhood adversity and their interplay on emotional health aspects such as neuroticism itself, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, loneliness and life satisfaction. METHODS: The sample consisted of reared-apart (TRA) and reared-together (TRT) middle- and old age twins (N = 699; median age at separation = 2)...
March 26, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566773/psychotic-like-experiences-with-cannabis-use-predict-cannabis-cessation-and-desire-to-quit-a-cannabis-discontinuation-hypothesis
#20
Musa Sami, Caitlin Notley, Christos Kouimtsidis, Michael Lynskey, Sagnik Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that cannabis-induced psychotic-like experiences may be a marker of psychosis proneness. The effect of such experiences on cannabis use has not systematically been examined. METHODS: We undertook a mixed-methods online survey of 1231 cannabis users (including 926 continued users) using the Cannabis Experiences Questionnaire. We examined the effect of psychotic-like and pleasurable experiences on cessation of cannabis and intention to quit...
March 23, 2018: Psychological Medicine
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