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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771878/notes-from-the-field-investigation-of-an-outbreak-of-salmonella-paratyphi-b-variant-l-tartrate-java-associated-with-ball-python-exposure-united-states-2017
#1
Vikram Krishnasamy, Lauren Stevenson, Lia Koski, Marilee Kellis, Betsy Schroeder, Madhura Sundararajan, Stephen Ladd-Wilson, Ashley Sampsel, Mike Mannell, Andrew Classon, Darlene Wagner, Kelley Hise, Heather Carleton, Eija Trees, Linda Schlater, Kristina Lantz, Megin Nichols
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771877/cholera-epidemic-lusaka-zambia-october-2017-may-2018
#2
Nyambe Sinyange, Joan M Brunkard, Nathan Kapata, Mazyanga Lucy Mazaba, Kunda G Musonda, Raymond Hamoonga, Muzala Kapina, Fred Kapaya, Lwito Mutale, Ernest Kateule, Francis Nanzaluka, James Zulu, Chileshe Lukwesa Musyani, Alison V Winstead, William W Davis, Hammad S N'cho, Nelia L Mulambya, Patrick Sakubita, Orbie Chewe, Sulani Nyimbili, Ezinne V C Onwuekwe, Nedghie Adrien, Anna J Blackstock, Travis W Brown, Gordana Derado, Nancy Garrett, Sunkyung Kim, Sydney Hubbard, Amy M Kahler, Warren Malambo, Eric Mintz, Jennifer Murphy, Rupa Narra, Gouthami G Rao, Margaret A Riggs, Nicole Weber, Ellen Yard, Khozya D Zyambo, Nathan Bakyaita, Namani Monze, Kennedy Malama, Jabbin Mulwanda, Victor M Mukonka
On October 6, 2017, an outbreak of cholera was declared in Zambia after laboratory confirmation of Vibrio cholerae O1, biotype El Tor, serotype Ogawa, from stool specimens from two patients with acute watery diarrhea. The two patients had gone to a clinic in Lusaka, the capital city, on October 4. Cholera cases increased rapidly, from several hundred cases in early December 2017 to approximately 2,000 by early January 2018 (Figure). In collaboration with partners, the Zambia Ministry of Health (MoH) launched a multifaceted public health response that included increased chlorination of the Lusaka municipal water supply, provision of emergency water supplies, water quality monitoring and testing, enhanced surveillance, epidemiologic investigations, a cholera vaccination campaign, aggressive case management and health care worker training, and laboratory testing of clinical samples...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771876/quickstats-percentage-of-adults-aged-%C3%A2-60-years-who-ever-had-the-shingles-vaccine-by-sex-national-health-interview-survey-2008-2016-%C3%A2
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771875/notes-from-the-field-outbreak-of-vibrio-cholerae-associated-with-attending-a-funeral-chegutu-district-zimbabwe-2018
#4
Jarred B McAteer, Sydney Danda, Tonderai Nhende, Paul Manamike, Tonderai Parayiwa, Andrew Tarupihwa, Ottias Tapfumanei, Portia Manangazira, Gibson Mhlanga, Daniela B Garone, Andrea Martinsen, Rachael D Aubert, William Davis, Rupa Narra, Shirish Balachandra, Beth A Tippett Barr, Eric Mintz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771874/erratum-vol-67-no-ss-6
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771873/community-based-services-to-improve-testing-and-linkage-to-care-among-non-u-s-born-persons-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-three-u-s-programs-october-2014-september-2017
#6
Aaron M Harris, Ruth Link-Gelles, Karen Kim, Edwin Chandrasekar, Su Wang, Nicole Bannister, Perry Pong, Eric Chak, Moon S Chen, Christopher Bowlus, Noele P Nelson
Among an estimated 850,000 to 2.2 million persons with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the United States, 70% are non-U.S.-born (1,2). All patients require linkage to care, and approximately 20%-40% require antiviral treatment (3). Without treatment, one in four persons chronically infected with HBV will die prematurely from liver failure, liver cirrhosis, or hepatocellular carcinoma (4). To mitigate morbidity and mortality, CDC funded a cooperative agreement to develop hepatitis B testing and linkage-to-care programs serving non-U...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771872/outbreaks-associated-with-treated-recreational-water-united-states-2000-2014
#7
Michele C Hlavsa, Bryanna L Cikesh, Virginia A Roberts, Amy M Kahler, Marissa Vigar, Elizabeth D Hilborn, Timothy J Wade, Dawn M Roellig, Jennifer L Murphy, Lihua Xiao, Kirsten M Yates, Jasen M Kunz, Matthew J Arduino, Sujan C Reddy, Kathleen E Fullerton, Laura A Cooley, Michael J Beach, Vincent R Hill, Jonathan S Yoder
Outbreaks associated with exposure to treated recreational water can be caused by pathogens or chemicals in venues such as pools, hot tubs/spas, and interactive water play venues (i.e., water playgrounds). During 2000-2014, public health officials from 46 states and Puerto Rico reported 493 outbreaks associated with treated recreational water. These outbreaks resulted in at least 27,219 cases and eight deaths. Among the 363 outbreaks with a confirmed infectious etiology, 212 (58%) were caused by Cryptosporidium (which causes predominantly gastrointestinal illness), 57 (16%) by Legionella (which causes Legionnaires' disease, a severe pneumonia, and Pontiac fever, a milder illness with flu-like symptoms), and 47 (13%) by Pseudomonas (which causes folliculitis ["hot tub rash"] and otitis externa ["swimmers' ear"])...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771871/trends-in-antiretroviral-therapy-eligibility-and-coverage-among-children-aged-15-years-with-hiv-infection-20-pepfar-supported-sub-saharan-african-countries-2012-2016
#8
Amanda Burrage, Monita Patel, Kelsey Mirkovic, Eric Dziuban, Wondimu Teferi, Laura Broyles, Emilia Rivadeneira
Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged <15 years with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated morbidity and mortality rates over the past decade (2). As accumulating evidence revealed lower HIV-associated mortality with early ART initiation, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines broadened ART eligibility for children with HIV infection (2)...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746456/deaths-from-falls-among-persons-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-united-states-2007-2016
#9
Elizabeth Burns, Ramakrishna Kakara
Deaths from unintentional injuries are the seventh leading cause of death among older adults (1), and falls account for the largest percentage of those deaths. Approximately one in four U.S. residents aged ≥65 years (older adults) report falling each year (2), and fall-related emergency department visits are estimated at approximately 3 million per year.* In 2016, a total of 29,668 U.S. residents aged ≥65 years died as the result of a fall (age-adjusted rate†  = 61.6 per 100,000), compared with 18,334 deaths (47...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746455/enterovirus-and-parechovirus-surveillance-united-states-2014-2016
#10
Glen R Abedi, John T Watson, W Allan Nix, M Steven Oberste, Susan I Gerber
Infections caused by enteroviruses (EV) and parechoviruses (PeV), members of the Picornaviridae family, are associated with various clinical manifestations, including hand, foot, and mouth disease; respiratory illness; myocarditis; meningitis; and sepsis; and can result in death. The genus Enterovirus includes four species of enterovirus (A-D) known to infect humans, and the genus Parechovirus includes one species (A) that infects humans. These species are further divided into types, some of which are associated with specific clinical manifestations...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746454/notes-from-the-field-diarrhea-and-acute-respiratory-infection-oral-cholera-vaccination-coverage-and-care-seeking-behaviors-of-rohingya-refugees-cox-s-bazar-bangladesh-october-november-2017
#11
Aimee Summers, Alexa Humphreys, Eva Leidman, Leonie Toroitich Van Mil, Caroline Wilkinson, Anuradhha Narayan, Mohammad Lalan Miah, Blanche Greene Cramer, Oleg Bilukha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746453/access-to-syringe-services-programs-kentucky-north-carolina-and-west-virginia-2013-2017
#12
Danae Bixler, Greg Corby-Lee, Scott Proescholdbell, Tina Ramirez, Michael E Kilkenny, Matt LaRocco, Robert Childs, Michael R Brumage, Angela D Settle, Eyasu H Teshale, Alice Asher
The Appalachian region of the United States is experiencing a large increase in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections related to injection drug use (IDU) (1). Syringe services programs (SSPs) providing sufficient access to safe injection equipment can reduce hepatitis C transmission by 56%; combined SSPs and medication-assisted treatment can reduce transmission by 74% (2). However, access to SSPs has been limited in the United States, especially in rural areas and southern and midwestern states (3). This report describes the expansion of SSPs in Kentucky, North Carolina, and West Virginia during 2013-August 1, 2017...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746452/progress-toward-polio-eradication-worldwide-january-2016-march-2018
#13
Farrah Khan, S Deblina Datta, Arshad Quddus, John F Vertefeuille, Cara C Burns, Jaume Jorba, Steven G F Wassilak
In 1988, when an estimated 350,000 cases of poliomyelitis occurred in 125 countries, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate polio globally. Transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) continues uninterrupted in only three countries (Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan) (1), and among the three serotypes, WPV type 1 (WPV1) remains the only confirmed circulating type. This report describes global progress toward polio eradication during January 2016-March 2018, and updates previous reports (2). In 2017, 22 WPV1 cases were reported, a 41% decrease from the 37 WPV1 cases reported in 2016...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746451/tobacco-cessation-interventions-and-smoke-free-policies-in-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-treatment-facilities-united-states-2016
#14
Kristy Marynak, Brenna VanFrank, Sonia Tetlow, Margaret Mahoney, Elyse Phillips, Ahmed Jamal Mbbs, Anna Schecter, Doug Tipperman, Stephen Babb
Persons with mental or substance use disorders or both are more than twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as persons without such disorders and are more likely to die from smoking-related illness than from their behavioral health conditions (1,2). However, many persons with behavioral health conditions want to and are able to quit smoking, although they might require more intensive treatment (2,3). Smoking cessation reduces smoking-related disease risk and could improve mental health and drug and alcohol recovery outcomes (1,3,4)...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746450/quickstats-age-adjusted-death-rates-from-unintentional-falls-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-%C3%A2-by-race-ethnicity-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-2001-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723172/health-care-provider-counseling-for-weight-loss-among-adults-with-arthritis-and-overweight-or-obesity-united-states-2002-2014
#16
Dana Guglielmo, Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, Michael A Boring, Kristina A Theis, Brook Belay, Kamil E Barbour, Miriam G Cisternas, Charles G Helmick
In the United States, 54.4 million adults report having doctor-diagnosed arthritis (1). Among adults with arthritis, 32.7% and 38.1% also have overweight and obesity, respectively (1), with obesity being more prevalent among persons with arthritis than among those who do not have arthritis (2). Furthermore, severe joint pain among adults with arthritis in 2014 was reported by 23.5% of adults with overweight and 31.7% of adults with obesity (3). The American College of Rheumatology recommends weight loss for adults with hip or knee osteoarthritis and overweight or obesity,* which can improve function and mobility while reducing pain and disability (4,5)...
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723171/progress-toward-measles-elimination-western-pacific-region-2013-2017
#17
José E Hagan, Jennifer L Kriss, Yoshihiro Takashima, Kayla Mae L Mariano, Roberta Pastore, Varja Grabovac, Alya J Dabbagh, James L Goodson
In 2005, the Regional Committee for the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region (WPR)* established a goal for measles elimination† by 2012 (1). To achieve this goal, the 37 WPR countries and areas implemented the recommended strategies in the WPR Plan of Action for Measles Elimination (2) and the Field Guidelines for Measles Elimination (3). The strategies include 1) achieving and maintaining ≥95% coverage with 2 doses of measles-containing vaccine (MCV) through routine immunization services and supplementary immunization activities (SIAs), when required; 2) conducting high-quality case-based measles surveillance, including timely and accurate testing of specimens to confirm or discard suspected cases and detect measles virus for genotyping and molecular analysis; and 3) establishing and maintaining measles outbreak preparedness to ensure rapid response and appropriate case management...
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723170/notes-from-the-field-salmonella-oranienburg-infection-linked-to-consumption-of-rattlesnake-pills-kansas-and-texas-2017
#18
Lyndsay Bottichio, Lindsey Martin Webb, Greg Leos, Beth Tolar, Natasha Dowell, Colin Basler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723169/quickstats-percentage-distribution-of-long-term-care-staffing-%C3%A2-hours-%C3%A2-by-staff-member-type-and-sector-united-states-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723167/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-hepatitis-a-virus-infections-marshall-islands-2016-2017
#20
Megan G Hofmeister, Jill A McCready, Ruth Link-Gelles, Blanche Greene Cramer, Leisha D Nolen, Helentina Garstang, Monique A Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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