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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408024/progress-toward-poliomyelitis-eradication-pakistan-january-2017-september-2018
#1
Christopher Hsu, Abdirahman Mahamud, Muhammad Safdar, Joanna Nikulin, Jaume Jorba, Kelley Bullard, John Agbor, Milhia Kader, Salmaan Sharif, Jamal Ahmed, Derek Ehrhardt
Among the three wild poliovirus (WPV) serotypes, only WPV type 1 (WPV1) has been reported in polio cases or detected from environmental surveillance globally since 2012. Pakistan remains one of only three countries worldwide (the others are Afghanistan and Nigeria) that has never had interrupted WPV1 transmission. This report documents Pakistan's activities and progress toward polio eradication during January 2017-September 2018 and updates previous reports (1,2). In 2017, Pakistan reported eight WPV1 cases, a 60% decrease from 20 cases in 2016...
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408023/erratum-vol-67-no-42
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408022/quickstats-percentage-of-children-having-a-problem-for-which-prescription-medication-has-been-taken-regularly-for-%C3%A2-3-months-%C3%A2-by-age-group-and-sex-national-health-interview-survey-united-states-2017-%C3%A2
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408021/firearm-homicides-and-suicides-in-major-metropolitan-areas-united-states-2012-2013-and-2015-2016
#4
Scott R Kegler, Linda L Dahlberg, James A Mercy
Firearm homicides and suicides represent a continuing public health concern in the United States. During 2015-2016, a total of 27,394 firearm homicides (including 3,224 [12%] among persons aged 10-19 years) and 44,955 firearm suicides (including 2,118 [5%] among persons aged 10-19 years) occurred among U.S. residents (1). This report updates an earlier report (2) that provided statistics on firearm homicides and suicides in major metropolitan areas during 2006-2007 and 2009-2010, and places continued emphasis on youths, in recognition of the importance of early prevention efforts...
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408020/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-coccidioidomycosis-arizona-october-2017-march-2018
#5
Carla P Bezold, Mohammed A Khan, Guillermo Adame, Shane Brady, Rebecca Sunenshine, Ken Komatsu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408019/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2017
#6
Teresa W Wang, Kat Asman, Andrea S Gentzke, Karen A Cullen, Enver Holder-Hayes, Carolyn Reyes-Guzman, Ahmed Jamal, Linda Neff, Brian A King
Cigarette smoking harms nearly every organ of the body and causes adverse health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, and multiple types of cancer (1). Although cigarette smoking among U.S. adults has declined considerably, tobacco products have evolved in recent years to include various combustible, noncombustible, and electronic products (1,2). To assess recent national estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults aged ≥18 years, CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the National Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute analyzed data from the 2017 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)...
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408018/notes-from-the-field-cronobacter-sakazakii-meningitis-in-a-full-term-neonate-fed-exclusively-with-breast-milk-indiana-2018
#7
Madhura Sundararajan, Leslie A Enane, Laurie A Kidwell, Ryan Gentry, Stanley Danao, Samina Bhumbra, Christopher Lehmann, Megan Teachout, Jamie Yeadon-Fagbohun, Peter Krombach, Betsy Schroeder, Haley Martin, Jonathan Winkjer, Thomas Waltz, Jonathan Strysko, Jennifer R Cope
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408017/prevalence-of-arthritis-among-adults-with-prediabetes-and-arthritis-specific-barriers-to-important-interventions-for-prediabetes-united-states-2009-2016
#8
Michelle Sandoval-Rosario, Babak Michael Nayeri, Addey Rascon, Michael Boring, Teresa Aseret-Manygoats, Charles G Helmick, Louise B Murphy, Jennifer M Hootman, Giuseppina Imperatore, Kamil E Barbour
An estimated 54.4 million U.S. adults have doctor-diagnosed arthritis (arthritis), and this number is projected to rise to 78.4 million by 2040 (1,2). Physical inactivity and obesity are two factors associated with an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes,* and arthritis has been determined to be a barrier to physical activity among adults with obesity (3). The prevalence of arthritis among the 33.9% (estimated 84 million)† of U.S. adults with prediabetes and how these conditions are related to physical inactivity and obesity are unknown...
November 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30384385/national-diabetes-month-november-2018
#9
(no author information available yet)
November is National Diabetes Month. In the United States, approximately 30 million persons are living with diabetes and 84 million with prediabetes (1). Persons with prediabetes are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke (2). Likewise, women who have had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life (2). However, type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed through a structured lifestyle change program that promotes weight loss, healthy eating, and increased physical activity (2)...
November 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383743/prevalence-and-changes-in-preexisting-diabetes-and-gestational-diabetes-among-women-who-had-a-live-birth-united-states-2012-2016
#10
Nicholas P Deputy, Shin Y Kim, Elizabeth J Conrey, Kai McKeever Bullard
Diabetes during pregnancy increases the risk for adverse maternal and infant health outcomes. Type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy (preexisting diabetes) increases infants' risk for congenital anomalies, stillbirth, and being large for gestational age (1). Diabetes that develops and is diagnosed during the second half of pregnancy (gestational diabetes) increases infants' risk for being large for gestational age (1) and might increase the risk for childhood obesity (2); for mothers, gestational diabetes increases the risk for future type 2 diabetes (3)...
November 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383742/update-recommendations-of-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-for-use-of-hepatitis-a-vaccine-for-postexposure-prophylaxis-and-for-preexposure-prophylaxis-for-international-travel
#11
Noele P Nelson, Ruth Link-Gelles, Megan G Hofmeister, José R Romero, Kelly L Moore, John W Ward, Sarah F Schillie
Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with hepatitis A (HepA) vaccine or immune globulin (IG) effectively prevents infection with hepatitis A virus (HAV) when administered within 2 weeks of exposure. Preexposure prophylaxis against HAV infection through the administration of HepA vaccine or IG provides protection for unvaccinated persons traveling to or working in countries that have high or intermediate HAV endemicity. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Hepatitis Vaccines Work Group conducted a systematic review of the evidence for administering vaccine for PEP to persons aged >40 years and reviewed the HepA vaccine efficacy and safety in infants and the benefits of protection against HAV before international travel...
November 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383741/notes-from-the-field-intestinal-colonization-and-possible-iatrogenic-botulism-in-mouse-bioassay-negative-serum-specimens-los-angeles-county-california-november-2017
#12
Umme-Aiman Halai, Dawn Terashita, Moon Kim, Nicole Green, Suzanne R Kalb, Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Sharon Balter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383740/quickstats-percentage-of-residential-care-communities-%C3%A2-by-u-s-census-region-%C3%A2-national-study-of-long-term-care-providers-2012-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383739/hepatitis-a-virus-outbreaks-associated-with-drug-use-and-homelessness-california-kentucky-michigan-and-utah-2017
#14
Monique Foster, Sumathi Ramachandran, Katie Myatt, Danielle Donovan, Susan Bohm, Jay Fiedler, Bree Barbeau, Jim Collins, Douglas Thoroughman, Eric McDonald, Jonathan Ballard, Jeffrey Eason, Cynthia Jorgensen
During 2017, CDC received 1,521 reports of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections from California, Kentucky, Michigan, and Utah; the majority of infections were among persons reporting injection or noninjection drug use or homelessness. Investigations conducted by local and state health departments indicated that direct person-to-person transmission of HAV infections was occurring, differing from other recent, large HAV outbreaks attributed to consumption of contaminated commercial food products. Outbreaks with direct HAV transmission among persons reporting drug use or homelessness signals a shift in HAV infection epidemiology in the United States, and vaccination of these populations at high risk can prevent future outbreaks...
November 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383738/violence-victimization-substance-use-and-suicide-risk-among-sexual-minority-high-school-students-united-states-2015-2017
#15
Michelle M Johns, Richard Lowry, Catherine N Rasberry, Richard Dunville, Leah Robin, Sanjana Pampati, Deborah M Stone, Laura M Mercer Kollar
Youths identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or another nonheterosexual identity (sexual minority youths) report more violence victimization, substance use, and suicide risk than do heterosexual youths (1). These disparities are generally attributed to minority stress (the process through which stigma directed toward sexual minorities influences health outcomes) (2,3). Sexual minority youths might experience negative outcomes associated with minority stress differently across sexual identities, but to date, no nationally representative study has examined differences in victimization, substance use, and suicide risk within sexual minority youth...
November 2, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359348/measles-outbreak-in-a-highly-vaccinated-population-israel-july-august-2017
#16
Eva Avramovich, Viki Indenbaum, Meital Haber, Ziva Amitai, Evgeny Tsifanski, Sahar Farjun, Alona Sarig, Adi Bracha, Karina Castillo, Michal Perry Markovich, Inbal Galor
On August 6, 2017, the Israeli Defense Force Public Heath Branch (IDFPHB) was notified of two suspected measles cases. IDFPHB conducted an epidemiologic investigation, which identified nine measles cases in a population with high measles vaccination coverage. All measles patients had signs and symptoms consistent with modified measles (i.e., less severe disease with milder rash, fever, or both, with or without other mild typical measles symptoms). A total of 1,392 contacts were identified, and 162 received postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine; the remaining contacts were followed for 21 days (one incubation period)...
October 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359347/update-influenza-activity-united-states-and-worldwide-may-20-october-13-2018
#17
Eric J Chow, C Todd Davis, Anwar Isa Abd Elal, Noreen Alabi, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, John Barnes, Lenee Blanton, Lynnette Brammer, Alicia P Budd, Erin Burns, William W Davis, Vivien G Dugan, Alicia M Fry, Rebecca Garten, Lisa A Grohskopf, Larisa Gubareva, Yunho Jang, Joyce Jones, Krista Kniss, Stephen Lindstrom, Desiree Mustaquim, Rachael Porter, Melissa Rolfes, Wendy Sessions, Calli Taylor, David E Wentworth, Xiyan Xu, Natosha Zanders, Jacqueline Katz, Daniel Jernigan
During May 20-October 13, 2018,* low levels of influenza activity were reported in the United States, with a mix of influenza A and B viruses circulating. Seasonal influenza activity in the Southern Hemisphere was low overall, with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 predominating in many regions. Antigenic testing of available influenza A and B viruses indicated that no significant antigenic drift in circulating viruses had emerged. In late September, the components for the 2019 Southern Hemisphere influenza vaccine were selected and included an incremental update to the A(H3N2) vaccine virus used in egg-based vaccine manufacturing; no change was recommended for the A(H3N2) component of cell-manufactured or recombinant influenza vaccines...
October 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359346/notes-from-the-field-recurrence-of-a-multistate-outbreak-of-salmonella-enteritidis-infections-linked-to-contact-with-guinea-pigs-eight-states-2015-2017
#18
Scott Robertson, Alexis Burakoff, Lauren Stevenson, Bradley Tompkins, Kane Patel, Beth Tolar, Laura Whitlock, Jennifer House, Linda Schlater, Tonya Mackie, Brenda Morningstar-Shaw, Megin Nichols, Colin Basler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359345/translocation-of-a-stray-cat-infected-with-rabies-from-north-carolina-to-a-terrestrial-rabies-free-county-in-ohio-2017
#19
Amber J Singh, Richard B Chipman, Sietske de Fijter, Richard Gary, Marilyn G Haskell, Jordona Kirby, Li Yu, Rene E Condori, Lillian Orciari, Ryan Wallace
On July 24, 2017, the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) was notified of a positive rabies test result from a domestic cat in Summit County, a county considered free from terrestrial rabies. Oral rabies vaccination (ORV) of raccoons, in the form of consumable bait, is conducted each year along the Ohio-Pennsylvania border to prevent the westward expansion of the raccoon rabies virus variant (RVV). In the United States, several distinct rabies virus variants exist; raccoon RVV is enzootic along the eastern parts of the United States (from Florida to Maine), including several counties in northeast Ohio (1)...
October 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30359344/erratum-vol-67-no-40
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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