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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426645/announcement-world-malaria-day-april-25-2017
#1
(no author information available yet)
World Malaria Day is commemorated each year on April 25, the date in 2000 when leaders of 44 African nations met in Abuja, Nigeria, and committed their countries to reducing the number of malaria-related deaths. Approximately 90% of all malaria deaths occur in Africa (1). During the last 15 years, donors have collectively supported the procurement and distribution of billions of insecticide-treated bed nets and courses of artemisinin-based combination therapy globally. These improvements in malaria control are estimated to have saved an estimated 6...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426644/notes-from-the-field-varicella-fatality-on-a-cargo-vessel-puerto-rico-2015
#2
Misty Ellis, Carolina Luna-Pinto, Thomas George, Joanna J Regan, Mona Marin, Adriana Lopez, Brenda Rivera-Garcia, Kara Tardivel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426643/incidence-and-trends-of-infections-with-pathogens-transmitted-commonly-through-food-and-the-effect-of-increasing-use-of-culture-independent-diagnostic-tests-on-surveillance-foodborne-diseases-active-surveillance-network-10-u-s-sites-2013-2016
#3
Ellyn P Marder, Paul R Cieslak, Alicia B Cronquist, John Dunn, Sarah Lathrop, Therese Rabatsky-Ehr, Patricia Ryan, Kirk Smith, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Duc J Vugia, Shelley Zansky, Kristin G Holt, Beverly J Wolpert, Michael Lynch, Robert Tauxe, Aimee L Geissler
Foodborne diseases represent a substantial public health concern in the United States. CDC's Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) monitors cases reported from 10 U.S. sites* of laboratory-diagnosed infections caused by nine enteric pathogens commonly transmitted through food. This report describes preliminary surveillance data for 2016 on the nine pathogens and changes in incidences compared with 2013-2015. In 2016, FoodNet identified 24,029 infections, 5,512 hospitalizations, and 98 deaths caused by these pathogens...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426642/quickstats-number-of-deaths-from-10-leading-causes-by-sex-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-2015
#4
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, a total of 1,339,226 deaths among females and 1,373,404 deaths among males occurred. Heart disease and cancer were the top two causes of death for both females and males; other leading causes varied in rank by sex. The 10 leading causes of death accounted for approximately three-quarters of all deaths.
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426641/notes-from-the-field-powassan-virus-disease-in-an-infant-connecticut-2016
#5
Jessica W Tutolo, J Erin Staples, Lynn Sosa, Nicholas Bennett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426640/announcement-sleep-awareness-week-april-23-29-2017
#6
(no author information available yet)
Sleep Awareness Week, the National Sleep Foundation's annual campaign to educate the public about the importance of sleep in health and safety, will be observed April 23-29, 2017. The amount of sleep a person needs changes with age. Adults need ≥7 hours each night to promote optimal health and well-being (1); children and adolescents require even more sleep. Sleep needs decrease from 12-16 hours of sleep per 24 hours (including naps) for infants aged 4-12 months to 8-10 hours of sleep for teenagers aged 13-18 years (2)...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426639/restaurant-food-allergy-practices-six-selected-sites-united-states-2014
#7
Taylor J Radke, Laura G Brown, Brenda Faw, Nicole Hedeen, Bailey Matis, Priscela Perez, Brendalee Viveiros, Danny Ripley
Food allergies affect an estimated 15 million persons in the United States (1), and are responsible for approximately 30,000 emergency department visits and 150-200 deaths each year (2). Nearly half of reported fatal food allergy reactions over a 13-year period were caused by food from a restaurant or other food service establishment (3). To ascertain the prevalence of food allergy training, training topics, and practices related to food allergies, CDC's Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net), a collaborative forum of federal agencies and state and local health departments with six sites, interviewed personnel at 278 restaurants...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406887/hospitalizations-for-crohn-s-disease-united-states-2003-2013
#8
Christopher A Malarcher, Anne G Wheaton, Yong Liu, Sujay F Greenlund, Suraj J Greenlund, Hua Lu, Janet B Croft
In 2009, an estimated 565,000 Americans had Crohn's disease (1), an inflammatory bowel disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, constipation leading to bowel obstruction, and rectal bleeding.* Symptoms sometimes intensify in severity and require hospitalization and surgeries of the small intestine, colon, or rectum (2). Hospital discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) were used to estimate U...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406886/notes-from-the-field-complications-of-mumps-during-a-university-outbreak-among-students-who-had-received-2-doses-of-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccine-iowa-july-2015-may-2016
#9
Matthew Donahue, Allison Schneider, Ugochi Ukegbu, Minesh Shah, Jacob Riley, Andrew Weigel, Lisa James, Kathleen Wittich, Patricia Quinlisk, Cristina Cardemil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406885/quickstats-percentage-distribution-of-gestational-age-in-weeks-for-infants-who-survived-to-age-1-year-and-infants-who-died-before-age-1-year-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-2014
#10
(no author information available yet)
Infants who do not survive the first year of life are more likely to be born at earlier gestational ages. In 2014, 66% of infants who survived to age 1 year were delivered at full term or later (≥39 completed weeks) compared with 16% of infants who died before reaching age 1 year. Fifty-eight percent of infants who died before age 1 year were delivered at <32 weeks gestation compared with only 1% of infants who survived to age 1 year.
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406884/use-of-video-directly-observed-therapy-for-treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-johnson-county-kansas-2015
#11
Elizabeth Lawlor Holzschuh, Stacie Province, Krystle Johnson, Caitlin Walls, Cathy Shemwell, Gary Martin, Amy Showalter, Jennifer Dunlay, Andrew Conyers, Phil Griffin, Nancy Tausz
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is spread from person to person through the air. TB can be spread in congregate settings, such as school environments, to varying degrees, based on factors including duration of contact and air ventilation (1); therefore, evaluating potential contacts and exposures can be challenging. In February 2015, a student at a Kansas high school received a diagnosis of active pulmonary TB disease. Screening of 385 (91%) school contacts, four (100%) household contacts, and 19 (90%) social contacts resulted in the identification of 50 persons with latent TB infection...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406883/characteristics-of-fentanyl-overdose-massachusetts-2014-2016
#12
Nicholas J Somerville, Julie O'Donnell, R Matthew Gladden, Jon E Zibbell, Traci C Green, Morgan Younkin, Sarah Ruiz, Hermik Babakhanlou-Chase, Miranda Chan, Barry P Callis, Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Henry M Nields, Alexander Y Walley
Opioid overdose deaths in Massachusetts increased 150% from 2012 to 2015 (1). The proportion of opioid overdose deaths in the state involving fentanyl, a synthetic, short-acting opioid with 50-100 times the potency of morphine, increased from 32% during 2013-2014 to 74% in the first half of 2016 (1-3). In April 2015, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and CDC reported an increase in law enforcement fentanyl seizures in Massachusetts, much of which was believed to be illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) (4)...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384133/vital-signs-update-on-zika-virus-associated-birth-defects-and-evaluation-of-all-u-s-infants-with-congenital-zika-virus-exposure-u-s-zika-pregnancy-registry-2016
#13
Megan R Reynolds, Abbey M Jones, Emily E Petersen, Ellen H Lee, Marion E Rice, Andrea Bingham, Sascha R Ellington, Nicole Evert, Sarah Reagan-Steiner, Titilope Oduyebo, Catherine M Brown, Stacey Martin, Nina Ahmad, Julu Bhatnagar, Jennifer Macdonald, Carolyn Gould, Anne D Fine, Kara D Polen, Heather Lake-Burger, Christina L Hillard, Noemi Hall, Mahsa M Yazdy, Karnesha Slaughter, Jamie N Sommer, Alys Adamski, Meghan Raycraft, Shannon Fleck-Derderian, Jyoti Gupta, Kimberly Newsome, Madelyn Baez-Santiago, Sally Slavinski, Jennifer L White, Cynthia A Moore, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Lyle Petersen, Coleen Boyle, Denise J Jamieson, Dana Meaney-Delman, Margaret A Honein
BACKGROUND: In collaboration with state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments, CDC established the U.S. Zika Pregnancy Registry (USZPR) in early 2016 to monitor pregnant women with laboratory evidence of possible recent Zika virus infection and their infants. METHODS: This report includes an analysis of completed pregnancies (which include live births and pregnancy losses, regardless of gestational age) in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (DC) with laboratory evidence of possible recent Zika virus infection reported to the USZPR from January 15 to December 27, 2016...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384132/erratum-vol-66-no-5
#14
(no author information available yet)
In the report "Notes from the Field: Mortality Associated with Hurricane Matthew - United States, October 2016" on page 145, the last sentence of the first paragraph should have read "This report summarizes state-confirmed Hurricane Matthew-associated deaths that occurred during October 1-October 21 in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia."
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384131/quickstats-age-adjusted-death-rates-by-race-ethnicity-%C3%A2-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-2014-2015
#15
(no author information available yet)
From 2014 to 2015, the age-adjusted death rate for the total U.S. population increased 1.2% from 724.6 to 733.1 per 100,000 population. The rate increased 0.6% from 870.7 to 876.1 for non-Hispanic blacks and 1.4% from 742.8 to 753.2 for non-Hispanic whites. The rate for Hispanic persons did not change significantly. The highest rate was recorded for the non-Hispanic black population, followed by the non-Hispanic white and Hispanic populations.
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384130/state-specific-rates-of-primary-and-secondary-syphilis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-states-2015
#16
Alex de Voux, Sarah Kidd, Jeremy A Grey, Eli S Rosenberg, Thomas L Gift, Hillard Weinstock, Kyle T Bernstein
In 2015, the rate of reported primary and secondary syphilis in the United States was 7.5 cases per 100,000 population, nearly four times the previous lowest documented rate of 2.1 in 2000 (1). In 2015, 81.7% of male primary and secondary syphilis cases with information on the sex of the sex partner were among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) (1). These data suggest a disproportionate incidence of disease among MSM. However, attempts to quantify this disparity have been hindered by limited data on the size of the MSM population at the state level...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384129/surveillance-systems-to-track-progress-toward-polio-eradication-worldwide-2015-2016
#17
Edmond F Maes, Ousmane M Diop, Jaume Jorba, Smita Chavan, Rudolph H Tangermann, Steven G F Wassilak
Global measures to eradicate polio began in 1988; as of 2014, four of six World Health Organization (WHO) regions have been certified polio-free. Within the two endemic regions (African and Eastern Mediterranean), Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Pakistan have never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) (1). The primary means of detecting poliovirus transmission is surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) among children aged <15 years, combined with collection and testing of stool specimens from persons with AFP for detection of WPV and vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) (viruses that differ genetically from vaccine viruses and can emerge in areas with low vaccination coverage and cause paralysis) in WHO-accredited laboratories within the Global Polio Laboratory Network (2,3)...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384128/hiv-services-provided-by-std-programs-in-state-and-local-health-departments-united-states-2013-2014
#18
Kendra M Cuffe, Precious Esie, Jami S Leichliter, Thomas L Gift
The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States is higher among persons with other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the incidence of other STDs is increased among persons with HIV infection (1). Because infection with an STD increases the risk for HIV acquisition and transmission (1-4), successfully treating STDs might help reduce the spread of HIV among persons at high risk (1-4). Because health department STD programs provide services to populations who are at risk for HIV, ensuring service integration and coordination could potentially reduce the incidence of STDs and HIV...
April 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358799/sodium-intake-among-persons-aged-%C3%A2-2-years-united-states-2013-2014
#19
Zerleen S Quader, Lixia Zhao, Cathleen Gillespie, Mary E Cogswell, Ana L Terry, Alanna Moshfegh, Donna Rhodes
High sodium consumption can increase hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (1). Reducing sodium intake can lower blood pressure, and sodium reduction in the U.S. population of 40% over 10 years might save at least 280,000 lives (2). Average sodium intake in the United States remains in excess of Healthy People 2020 objectives,* and monitoring sources of sodium in the U.S. population can help focus sodium reduction measures (3,4). Data from 2013-2014 What We Eat in America (WWEIA), the dietary intake portion of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES),(†) were analyzed to determine the ranked percentage sodium contribution of selected food categories and sources of sodium intake from all reported foods and beverages, both overall and by demographic subgroups...
March 31, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358798/screening-for-excessive-alcohol-use-and-brief-counseling-of-adults-17-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-2014
#20
Lela R McKnight-Eily, Catherine A Okoro, Roberto Mejia, Clark H Denny, John Higgins-Biddle, Dan Hungerford, Dafna Kanny, Joseph E Sniezek
Excessive and/or risky alcohol use* resulted in $249 billion in economic costs in 2010 (1) and >88,000 deaths in the United States every year from 2006 to 2010 (2). It is associated with birth defects and disabilities (e.g., fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASDs]), increases in chronic diseases (e.g., heart disease and breast cancer), and injuries and violence (e.g., motor vehicle crashes, suicide, and homicide).(†) Since 2004, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended alcohol misuse screening and brief counseling (also known as alcohol screening and brief intervention or ASBI) for adults aged ≥18 years (3)...
March 31, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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