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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817558/quickstats-percentage-of-currently-employed-adults-%C3%A2-with-no-health-insurance-%C3%A2-by-type-of-work-arrangement-%C3%A2-national-health-interview-survey-2010-and-2015
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817557/erratum-vol-66-no-27
#2
(no author information available yet)
In the report "Pneumococcal Vaccination Among Medicare Beneficiaries Occurring After the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Recommendation for Routine Use Of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine and 23-Valent Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine for Adults Aged ≥65 Years," on page 732, the second sentence of the discussion should have read "However, approximately 20%-25% of IPD cases and 10% of community-acquired pneumonia cases in adults aged ≥65 years are caused by PCV13 serotypes."
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817556/risk-behaviors-for-contact-lens-related-eye-infections-among-adults-and-adolescents-united-states-2016
#3
Jennifer R Cope, Sarah A Collier, Hannah Nethercut, Jefferson M Jones, Kirsten Yates, Jonathan S Yoder
Contact lens-related eye infections, which can lead to serious outcomes, including blindness, are associated with several risk factors, including sleeping in lenses, exposing lenses to water, not adhering to replacement schedules, and reusing disinfecting solution (1). In some studies, adolescent and young adult contact lens wearers have been reported to be more likely than older adult contact lens wearers to develop eye infections (2,3) and more likely to have poor contact lens hygiene practices (2). In 2015, CDC reported the number and demographics of adult contact lens wearers in the United States to define the population at risk for contact lens-related eye infections (4); however, this estimate did not include adolescents...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817555/notes-from-the-field-death-of-a-farm-worker-after-exposure-to-manure-gas-in-an-open-air-environment-wisconsin-august-2016
#4
John M Shutske, Rebecca A Larson, Daniel M Schaefer, Liz Y Binversie, Scott Rifleman, Cheryl Skjolaas
On August 15, 2016, at approximately 6:30 a.m., a previously healthy male employee of a Wisconsin beef farm was found dead near the edge of an outdoor 60,400 square foot (1.4 acre) manure storage basin (Figure). The basin was approximately 15 feet (4.6 meters) deep and nearly full. The victim, aged 29 years, was discovered by another worker; the coroner was notified at 6:50 a.m., and he pronounced the victim dead at the scene. Thirteen dead cattle were discovered in an adjoining pen; three others were struggling to stand and were euthanized...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817554/occupational-distribution-of-campylobacteriosis-and-salmonellosis-cases-maryland-ohio-and-virginia-2014
#5
Chia-Ping Su, Marie A de Perio, Kathleen Fagan, Meghan L Smith, Ellen Salehi, Seth Levine, Karen Gruszynski, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk factors have rarely been studied. In 2015, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) identified 63 suspected or confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection over 3...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817553/hypertension-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-los-angeles-county-1999-2006-and-2007-2014
#6
Craig M Hales, Margaret D Carroll, Paul A Simon, Tony Kuo, Cynthia L Ogden
Hypertension is an important and common risk factor for heart disease and stroke, two of the leading causes of death in adults in the United States. Despite considerable improvement in increasing the awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension remain public health challenges (1). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to estimate the prevalence of hypertension, as well as awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among adults aged ≥18 years in Los Angeles County compared with adults aged ≥18 years in the United States during 1999-2006 and 2007-2014...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817552/effects-of-antiretroviral-therapy-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-to-women-in-couples-attempting-conception-when-the-man-has-hiv-infection-united-states-2017
#7
John T Brooks, Jennifer F Kawwass, Dawn K Smith, Dmitry M Kissin, Margaret Lampe, Lisa B Haddad, Sheree L Boulet, Denise J Jamieson
Existing U.S. guidelines recommend that men with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection should achieve virologic suppression* with effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) before attempting conception (1). Clinical studies have demonstrated that effective ART profoundly reduces the risk for HIV transmission (2-4). This information might be useful for counseling couples planning a pregnancy in which the man has HIV infection and the woman does not (i.e., a mixed HIV-status couple, often referred to as a serodiscordant couple)...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817551/progress-toward-poliomyelitis-eradication-afghanistan-january-2016-june-2017
#8
Maureen Martinez, Hemant Shukla, Joanna Nikulin, Mufti Zubair Wadood, Stephen Hadler, Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Rudolph Tangermann, Jaume Jorba, Derek Ehrhardt
Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nigeria remain the only countries where the transmission of endemic wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) continues (1). This report describes polio eradication activities, progress, and challenges in Afghanistan during January 2016-June 2017 and updates previous reports (2,3). Thirteen WPV1 cases were confirmed in Afghanistan in 2016, a decrease of seven from the 20 cases reported in 2015. From January to June 2017, five WPV1 cases were reported, compared with six during the same period in 2016...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796765/summary-of-notifiable-noninfectious-conditions-and-disease-outbreaks-surveillance-data-published-between-april-1-2016-and-january-31-2017-united-states
#9
Kimberly Thomas, Ruth Jajosky, Ralph J Coates, Geoffrey M Calvert, Daniel Dewey-Mattia, Jaime Raymond, Simple D Singh
The Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks: Surveillance Data Published Between April 1, 2016 and January 31, 2017 - United States, herein referred to as the Summary (Noninfectious), contains official statistics for nationally notifiable noninfectious conditions and disease outbreaks. This Summary (Noninfectious) is being published in the same volume of MMWR as the annual Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions (1). Data on notifiable noninfectious conditions and disease outbreaks from prior years have been published previously (2,3)...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796764/announcement-fungal-disease-awareness-week-august-14-18-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
In 2017, CDC initiated a national observance, Fungal Disease Awareness Week, to increase awareness about fungal diseases, which can cause severe illness but frequently go undiagnosed. Awareness is one of the most important means to reduce delays in diagnosis and treatment, which can lead to better health outcomes and save lives.
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796763/national-and-state-estimates-of-the-numbers-of-adults-and-children-with-active-epilepsy-united-states-2015
#11
Matthew M Zack, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a brain disorder leading to recurring seizures, has garnered increased public health focus because persons with epilepsy experience pronounced and persistent health and socioeconomic disparities despite treatment advances, public awareness programs, and expanded rights for persons with disabilities (1,2). For almost all states, epilepsy prevalence estimates do not exist. CDC used national data sources including the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults (aged ≥18 years), the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), and the 2015 Current Population Survey data, describing 2014 income levels, to estimate prevalent cases of active epilepsy, overall and by state, to provide information for state public health planning...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796762/notes-from-the-field-zika-virus-associated-neonatal-birth-defects-surveillance-texas-january-2016-july-2017
#12
Noemi Borsay Hall, Kelly Broussard, Nicole Evert, Mark Canfield
On November 28, 2016, the Texas Department of State Health Services (Texas DSHS) reported its first confirmed case of local mosquitoborne Zika virus transmission in the city of Brownsville, located in south Texas along the U.S.-Mexico border. Zika virus infection during pregnancy has been linked to adverse congenital outcomes including microcephaly, neural tube defects, early brain malformations, structural eye abnormalities, congenital deafness, and limb contractures (1). On January 1, 2016, Texas DSHS established enhanced surveillance to identify women with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy and suspected cases of Zika virus-associated birth defects among completed pregnancies...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796761/erratum-vol-66-no-29
#13
(no author information available yet)
In the announcement on World Hepatitis Day on page 794, the title should have read "World Hepatitis Day - July 28, 2017."
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796760/acute-flaccid-myelitis-among-children-washington-september-november-2016
#14
Jesse Bonwitt, Amy Poel, Chas DeBolt, Elysia Gonzales, Adriana Lopez, Janell Routh, Krista Rietberg, Natalie Linton, James Reggin, James Sejvar, Scott Lindquist, Catherine Otten
In October 2016, Seattle Children's Hospital notified the Washington State Department of Health (DOH) and CDC of a cluster of acute onset of limb weakness in children aged ≤14 years. All patients had distinctive spinal lesions largely restricted to gray matter detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), consistent with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM). On November 3, DOH issued a health advisory to local health jurisdictions requesting that health care providers report similar cases. By January 24, 2017, DOH and CDC had confirmed 10 cases of AFM and excluded two suspected cases among residents of Washington during September-November 2016...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796759/quickstats-age-adjusted-rates-for-homicides-by-race-ethnicity-%C3%A2-united-states-1999-2015
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796758/recommendations-for-hiv-screening-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-states-2017
#16
Elizabeth A DiNenno, Joseph Prejean, Kathleen Irwin, Kevin P Delaney, Kristina Bowles, Tricia Martin, Amrita Tailor, Gema Dumitru, Mary M Mullins, Angela B Hutchinson, Amy Lansky
CDC's 2006 recommendations for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing state that all persons aged 13-64 years should be screened for HIV at least once, and that persons at higher risk for HIV infection, including sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM), should be rescreened at least annually (1). Authors of reports published since 2006, including CDC (2), suggested that MSM, a group that is at highest risk for HIV infection, might benefit from being screened more frequently than once each year...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796757/summary-of-notifiable-infectious-diseases-and-conditions-united-states-2015
#17
Deborah A Adams, Kimberly R Thomas, Ruth Ann Jajosky, Loretta Foster, Gitangali Baroi, Pearl Sharp, Diana H Onweh, Alan W Schley, Willie J Anderson
The Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions - United States, 2015 (hereafter referred to as the summary) contains the official statistics, in tabular and graphical form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable infectious diseases and conditions in the United States for 2015. Unless otherwise noted, data are final totals for 2015 reported as of June 30, 2016. These statistics are collected and compiled from reports sent by U.S. state and territories, New York City, and District of Columbia health departments to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS), which is operated by CDC in collaboration with the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE)...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796756/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-coccidioidomycosis-california-2016
#18
Gail Sondermeyer Cooksey, Alyssa Nguyen, Kirsten Knutson, Farzaneh Tabnak, Kaitlin Benedict, Orion McCotter, Seema Jain, Duc Vugia
Coccidioidomycosis, or Valley Fever, is an infectious disease caused by inhalation of Coccidioides spp. spores (1). This soil-dwelling fungus is endemic in the southwestern United States, with most (97%) U.S. cases reported from Arizona and California (1,2). Following an incubation period of 1-3 weeks, symptomatic patients most often experience self-limited, influenza-like symptoms, but coccidioidomycosis also can lead to severe pulmonary disease and to rare cases of disseminated disease, including meningitis (1)...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771461/quickstats-suicide-rates-%C3%A2-for-teens-aged-15-19-years-by-sex-united-states-1975-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771460/notes-from-the-field-epidemic-keratoconjunctivitis-outbreak-associated-with-human-adenovirus-type-8-u-s-virgin-islands-june-november-2016
#20
Marie E Killerby, Matthew J Stuckey, Irene Guendel, Senthilkumar Sakthivel, Xiaoyan Lu, Dean D Erdman, Eileen Schneider, Ryan Fagan, Michelle S Davis, John T Watson, Susan I Gerber, Holly M Biggs, Esther M Ellis
On October 11, 2016, the U.S. Virgin Islands Department of Health (USVI DOH) was notified by a local ophthalmologist of an unexpected increase in the number of patients with suspected epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) during the preceding month. EKC is a severe form of acute conjunctivitis caused by human adenoviruses (HAdVs). Clinical illness typically lasts 1 to 3 weeks and is usually self-limited; treatment is supportive (1). HAdVs can survive for weeks in the environment and are resistant to common disinfectants (2,3)...
August 4, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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