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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333913/tuberculosis-among-foreign-born-persons-diagnosed-%C3%A2-10-years-after-arrival-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#1
Clarisse A Tsang, Adam J Langer, Thomas R Navin, Lori R Armstrong
The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States are attributable to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (1). LTBI refers to the condition when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis without signs and symptoms, or radiographic or bacteriologic evidence of TB disease. CDC and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend screening populations at increased risk for LTBI, including persons who have lived in congregate settings at high risk and persons who were born in, or are former residents of countries with TB incidence ≥20 cases per 100,000 population (2-4)...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333912/quickstats-percentage-of-u-s-women-aged-50-74-years-who-never-had-a-mammogram-%C3%A2-by-place-of-birth-and-length-of-residence-in-the-united-states-%C3%A2-national-health-interview-survey-2013-and-2015-%C3%A2
#2
(no author information available yet)
In 2013 and 2015 combined, 5.4% of U.S. women aged 50-74 years had never received a mammogram in their lifetime. Foreign-born women were twice as likely as U.S.-born women to have never received a mammogram (9.5% versus 4.7%). Foreign-born women who lived in the United States for <25% of their lifetime were more than twice as likely to have never received a mammogram compared with those who resided in the U.S. for ≥25% of their lifetime (17.3% versus 7.9%).
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333911/self-reported-work-related-injury-or-illness-washington-2011-2014
#3
Jennifer L Marcum, Brian Chin, Naomi J Anderson, David K Bonauto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333910/establishing-a-timeline-to-discontinue-routine-testing-of-asymptomatic-pregnant-women-for-zika-virus-infection-american-samoa-2016-2017
#4
W Thane Hancock, Heidi M Soeters, Susan L Hills, Ruth Link-Gelles, Mary E Evans, W Randolph Daley, Emily Piercefield, Magele Scott Anesi, Mary Aseta Mataia, Anaise M Uso, Benjamin Sili, Aifili John Tufa, Jacqueline Solaita, Elizabeth Irvin-Barnwell, Dana Meaney-Delman, Jason Wilken, Paul Weidle, Karrie-Ann E Toews, William Walker, Phillip M Talboy, William K Gallo, Nevin Krishna, Rebecca L Laws, Megan R Reynolds, Alaya Koneru, Carolyn V Gould
The first patients with laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease in American Samoa had symptom onset in January 2016 (1). In response, the American Samoa Department of Health (ASDoH) implemented mosquito control measures (1), strategies to protect pregnant women (1), syndromic surveillance based on electronic health record (EHR) reports (1), Zika virus testing of persons with one or more signs or symptoms of Zika virus disease (fever, rash, arthralgia, or conjunctivitis) (1-3), and routine testing of all asymptomatic pregnant women in accordance with CDC guidance (2,3)(...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333909/notes-from-the-field-obstetric-tetanus-in-an-unvaccinated-woman-after-a-home-birth-delivery-kentucky-2016
#5
Anna Q Yaffee, David L Day, Glenda Bastin, Mary Powell, Sandra Melendez, Nancy Allen, Julie Miracle, Margaret Jones, Robert Brawley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333908/tuberculosis-united-states-2016
#6
Kristine M Schmit, Zimy Wansaula, Robert Pratt, Sandy F Price, Adam J Langer
In 2016, a total of 9,287 new tuberculosis (TB) cases were reported in the United States; this provisional* count represents the lowest number of U.S. TB cases on record and a 2.7% decrease from 2015 (1). The 2016 TB incidence of 2.9 cases per 100,000 persons represents a slight decrease compared with 2015 (-3.4%) (Figure). However, epidemiologic modeling demonstrates that if similar slow rates of decline continue, the goal of U.S. TB elimination will not be reached during this century (2). Although current programs to identify and treat active TB disease must be maintained and strengthened, increased measures to identify and treat latent TB infection (LTBI) among populations at high risk are also needed to accelerate progress toward TB elimination...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301454/characteristics-of-initial-prescription-episodes-and-likelihood-of-long-term-opioid-use-united-states-2006-2015
#7
Anuj Shah, Corey J Hayes, Bradley C Martin
Because long-term opioid use often begins with treatment of acute pain (1), in March 2016, the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain included recommendations for the duration of opioid therapy for acute pain and the type of opioid to select when therapy is initiated (2). However, data quantifying the transition from acute to chronic opioid use are lacking. Patient records from the IMS Lifelink+ database were analyzed to characterize the first episode of opioid use among commercially insured, opioid-naïve, cancer-free adults and quantify the increase in probability of long-term use of opioids with each additional day supplied, day of therapy, or incremental increase in cumulative dose...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301453/investigation-of-salmonella-enteritidis-outbreak-associated-with-truffle-oil-district-of-columbia-2015
#8
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Sasha McGee, Keith Li, Andrew K Hennenfent, Kossia Dassie, Jhetari T Carney, Arian Gibson, Ivory Cooper, Morris Blaylock, Reginald Blackwell, Angela Fields, John Davies-Cole
On September 8, 2015, the District of Columbia Department of Health (DCDOH) received a call from a person who reported experiencing gastrointestinal illness after eating at a District of Columbia (DC) restaurant with multiple locations throughout the United States (restaurant A). Later the same day, a local emergency department notified DCDOH to report four persons with gastrointestinal illness, all of whom had eaten at restaurant A during August 30-September 5. Two patients had laboratory-confirmed Salmonella group D by stool culture...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301452/quickstats-age-adjusted-rate-for-suicide-%C3%A2-by-sex-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-1975-2015
#9
(no author information available yet)
There was an overall decline of 24% in the age-adjusted suicide rate from 1977 (13.7 per 100,000) to 2000 (10.4). The rate increased in most years from 2000 to 2015. The 2015  suicide rate (13.3) was 28% higher than in 2000. The rates for males and females  followed the overall pattern; however, the rate for males was approximately 3-5 times higher than the rate for females throughout the study period.
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301450/announcement-world-water-day-march-22-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
World Water Day is sponsored by the United Nations and observed each year on March 22. This year, World Water Day focuses on wastewater, which includes sewage, storm water, and discarded water used in the community (1). Many developing countries have inadequate wastewater management strategies because they lack resources, infrastructure, available technology, or space. Untreated wastewater in these countries is often disposed of directly into rivers, lakes, or oceans, polluting the environment and increasing the risk for disease transmission (2)...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301448/trends-in-suicide-by-level-of-urbanization-united-states-1999-2015
#11
Scott R Kegler, Deborah M Stone, Kristin M Holland
Suicide is a major and continuing public health concern in the United States. During 1999-2015, approximately 600,000 U.S. residents died by suicide, with the highest annual rate occurring in 2015 (1). Annual county-level mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) and annual county-level population data from the U.S. Census Bureau were used to analyze suicide rate trends during 1999-2015, with special emphasis on comparing more urban and less urban areas. U.S. counties were grouped by level of urbanization using a six-level classification scheme...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301447/mercury-spill-responses-five-states-2012-2015
#12
Ryan J Wozniak, Anne E Hirsch, Christina R Bush, Stuart Schmitz, Jeff Wenzel
Despite measures to educate the public about the dangers of elemental mercury, spills continue to occur in homes, schools, health care facilities, and other settings, endangering the public's health and requiring costly cleanup. Mercury is most efficiently absorbed by the lungs, and exposure to high levels of mercury vapor after a release can cause cough, sore throat, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, and visual disturbances (1). Children and fetuses are most susceptible to the adverse effects of mercury vapor exposure...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301446/notes-from-the-field-investigation-of-patients-testing-positive-for-yellow-fever-viral-rna-after-vaccination-during-a-mass-yellow-fever-vaccination-campaign-angola-2016
#13
Andrew T Boyd, Diambi Dombaxe, Rosa Moreira, M S Oliveira, Eusebio Manuel, Carlos Navarro Colorado, Tatiana M Lanzieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278148/notes-from-the-field-an-outbreak-of-salmonella-typhimurium-associated-with-playground-sand-in-a-preschool-setting-madrid-spain-september-october-2016
#14
Carmen Olmedo Lucerón, Ana Pérez Meixeira, Isabel Abad Sanz, Victoria Cid Deleyto, Silvia Herrera León, Leonor Gutierrez Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278147/increase-in-human-infections-with-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-during-the-fifth-epidemic-china-october-2016-february-2017
#15
A Danielle Iuliano, Yunho Jang, Joyce Jones, C Todd Davis, David E Wentworth, Timothy M Uyeki, Katherine Roguski, Mark G Thompson, Larisa Gubareva, Alicia M Fry, Erin Burns, Susan Trock, Suizan Zhou, Jacqueline M Katz, Daniel B Jernigan
During March 2013-February 24, 2017, annual epidemics of avian influenza A(H7N9) in China resulted in 1,258 avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infections in humans being reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) by the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China and other regional sources (1). During the first four epidemics, 88% of patients developed pneumonia, 68% were admitted to an intensive care unit, and 41% died (2). Candidate vaccine viruses (CVVs) were developed, and vaccine was manufactured based on representative viruses detected after the emergence of A(H7N9) virus in humans in 2013...
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278146/cdc-grand-rounds-public-health-strategies-to-prevent-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#16
Jean Y Ko, Sara Wolicki, Wanda D Barfield, Stephen W Patrick, Cheryl S Broussard, Kimberly A Yonkers, Rebecca Naimon, John Iskander
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a drug withdrawal syndrome that most commonly occurs in infants after in utero exposure to opioids, although other substances have also been associated with the syndrome (1). NAS usually appears within 48-72 hours of birth with a constellation of clinical signs, including central nervous system irritability (e.g., tremors), gastrointestinal dysfunction (e.g., feeding difficulties), and temperature instability (1) (Box 1). Opioid exposure during pregnancy might result from clinician-approved use of prescription opioids for pain relief; misuse or abuse of prescription opioids; illicit use (e...
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278145/vital-signs-prevalence-of-doctor-diagnosed-arthritis-and-arthritis-attributable-activity-limitation-united-states-2013-2015
#17
Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick, Michael Boring, Teresa J Brady
BACKGROUND: In the United States, doctor-diagnosed arthritis is a common and disabling chronic condition. Arthritis can lead to severe joint pain and poor physical function, and it can negatively affect quality of life. METHODS: CDC analyzed 2013-2015 data from the National Health Interview Survey, an annual, nationally representative, in-person interview survey of the health status and behaviors of the noninstitutionalized civilian U.S. adult population, to update previous prevalence estimates of arthritis and arthritis-attributable activity limitations...
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278144/quickstats-prevalence-of-untreated-dental-caries-%C3%A2-in-primary-teeth-%C3%A2-among-children-aged-2-8-years-by-age-group-and-race-hispanic-origin-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2014
#18
(no author information available yet)
During 2011-2014, 13.7% of children aged 2-8 years had untreated dental caries in their primary teeth (baby teeth). The proportion of children with untreated dental caries in their primary teeth increased with age: 10.9% among children aged 2-5 years and 17.4% among children aged 6-8 years. A larger proportion of Hispanic (19.4%) and non-Hispanic black children (19.3%) had untreated dental caries in primary teeth compared with non-Hispanic white (9.5%) children.
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278143/confidentiality-issues-and-use-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-services-among-sexually-experienced-persons-aged-15-25-years-united-states-2013-2015
#19
Jami S Leichliter, Casey Copen, Patricia J Dittus
National-level data are limited regarding confidentiality-related issues and the use of sexually transmitted disease (STD) services for adolescents and young adults. Changes in the U.S. health care system have permitted dependent children to remain on a parent's health insurance plan until the child's 26th birthday and required coverage of certain preventive services, including some STD services, without cost sharing for most plans (1,2). Although these provisions likely facilitate access to the health care system, adolescents and young adults might not seek care or might delay seeking care for certain services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out (3,4)...
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278142/notes-from-the-field-hepatitis-c-transmission-from-inappropriate-reuse-of-saline-flush-syringes-for-multiple-patients-in-an-acute-care-general-hospital-texas-2015
#20
Sandi Arnold, Sharon K Melville, Bonnie Morehead, Gilberto Vaughan, Anne Moorman, Matthew B Crist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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