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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145358/progress-in-rubella-and-congenital-rubella-syndrome-control-and-elimination-worldwide-2000-2016
#1
Gavin B Grant, Susan E Reef, Minal Patel, Jennifer K Knapp, Alya Dabbagh
Although rubella virus infection usually causes a mild fever and rash illness in children and adults, infection during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can result in miscarriage, fetal death, stillbirth, or infants with a constellation of congenital malformations known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) (1). Rubella is a leading vaccine-preventable cause of birth defects. Preventing these adverse pregnancy outcomes is the focus of rubella vaccination programs. In 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) updated guidance on the preferred strategy for introduction of rubella-containing vaccine (RCV) into national immunization schedules and recommended an initial vaccination campaign, usually targeting children aged 9 months-14 years (1)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145357/global-routine-vaccination-coverage-2016
#2
Leora R Feldstein, Stephanie Mariat, Marta Gacic-Dobo, Mamadou S Diallo, Laura M Conklin, Aaron S Wallace
The Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020 (GVAP) (1), endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2012, calls on all countries to reach ≥90% national coverage for all vaccines in the country's routine immunization schedule by 2020. CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO) evaluated the WHO and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) global vaccination coverage estimates to describe changes in global and regional coverage as of 2016. Global coverage estimates for the third dose of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis-containing vaccine (DTP3), the third dose of polio vaccine, and the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) have ranged from 84% to 86% since 2010...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145356/quickstats-percentage-of-adults-aged-20-64-years-whose-blood-cholesterol-was-checked-by-a-health-professional-in-the-past-12-months-%C3%A2-by-race-ethnicity-%C3%A2-national-health-interview-survey-%C3%A2-united-states-2011-and-2016
#3
(no author information available yet)
The percentage of adults aged 20-64 years who had a blood cholesterol check by a health professional in the past 12 months increased from 56.0% in 2011 to 61.7% in 2016. From 2011 to 2016, there was an increase in the percentage of adults with a blood cholesterol check among Hispanic (49.0% to 56.7%), non-Hispanic white (56.8% to 62.5%), non-Hispanic black (60.8% to 65.6%), and non-Hispanic Asian (55.8% to 63.0%) persons. In both years, non-Hispanic black adults were more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have had a blood cholesterol check, and Hispanic adults were the least likely to have had a blood cholesterol check...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145355/disparities-in-state-specific-adult-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-united-states-2015
#4
Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Latetia V Moore, Heidi M Blanck, Diane M Harris, Deb Galuska
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that Americans consume more fruits and vegetables as part of an overall dietary pattern to reduce the risk for diet-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity (1). Adults should consume 1.5-2.0 cup equivalents of fruits and 2.0-3.0 cups of vegetables per day.* Overall, few adults in each state met intake recommendations according to 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data; however, sociodemographic characteristics known to be associated with fruit and vegetable consumption were not examined (2)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145354/announcement-world-day-of-remembrance-for-road-traffic-victims-november-19-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145353/cdc-grand-rounds-improving-medication-adherence-for-chronic-disease-management-innovations-and-opportunities
#6
Andrea B Neiman, Todd Ruppar, Michael Ho, Larry Garber, Paul J Weidle, Yuling Hong, Mary G George, Phoebe G Thorpe
Adherence to prescribed medications is associated with improved clinical outcomes for chronic disease management and reduced mortality from chronic conditions (1). Conversely, nonadherence is associated with higher rates of hospital admissions, suboptimal health outcomes, increased morbidity and mortality, and increased health care costs (2). In the United States, 3.8 billion prescriptions are written annually (3). Approximately one in five new prescriptions are never filled, and among those filled, approximately 50% are taken incorrectly, particularly with regard to timing, dosage, frequency, and duration (4)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145352/erratum-vol-66-no-42
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121004/country-immunization-information-system-assessments-kenya-2015-and-ghana-2016
#8
Colleen Scott, Kristie E N Clarke, Jan Grevendonk, Samantha B Dolan, Hussein Osman Ahmed, Peter Kamau, Peter Aswani Ademba, Lynda Osadebe, George Bonsu, Joseph Opare, Stanley Diamenu, Gregory Amenuvegbe, Pamela Quaye, Fred Osei-Sarpong, Francis Abotsi, Joseph Dwomor Ankrah, Adam MacNeil
The collection, analysis, and use of data to measure and improve immunization program performance are priorities for the World Health Organization (WHO), global partners, and national immunization programs (NIPs). High quality data are essential for evidence-based decision-making to support successful NIPs. Consistent recording and reporting practices, optimal access to and use of health information systems, and rigorous interpretation and use of data for decision-making are characteristics of high-quality immunization information systems...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121003/surveillance-for-waterborne-disease-outbreaks-associated-with-drinking-water-united-states-2013-2014
#9
Katharine M Benedict, Hannah Reses, Marissa Vigar, David M Roth, Virginia A Roberts, Mia Mattioli, Laura A Cooley, Elizabeth D Hilborn, Timothy J Wade, Kathleen E Fullerton, Jonathan S Yoder, Vincent R Hill
Provision of safe water in the United States is vital to protecting public health (1). Public health agencies in the U.S. states and territories* report information on waterborne disease outbreaks to CDC through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) (https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/surveillance/index.html). During 2013-2014, 42 drinking water-associated(†) outbreaks were reported, accounting for at least 1,006 cases of illness, 124 hospitalizations, and 13 deaths. Legionella was associated with 57% of these outbreaks and all of the deaths...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121002/announcement-u-s-antibiotic-awareness-week-november-13-19-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#11
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121000/meeting-summary-state-and-local-implementation-strategies-for-increasing-access-to-contraception-during-zika-preparedness-and-response-united-states-september-2016
#12
Charlan D Kroelinger, Lisa Romero, Eva Lathrop, Shanna Cox, Isabel Morgan, Meghan T Frey, Lee Warner, Kathryn M Curtis, Karen Pazol, Wanda D Barfield, Dana Meaney-Delman, Denise J Jamieson
Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other serious brain abnormalities (1). To support state and territory response to the threat of Zika, CDC's Interim Zika Response Plan outlined activities for vector control; clinical management of exposed pregnant women and infants; targeted communication about Zika virus transmission among women and men of reproductive age; and primary prevention of Zika-related adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes by prevention of unintended pregnancies through increased access to contraception...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120999/erratum-vol-66-no-34
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120998/quickstats-percentage-of-children-and-teens-aged-6-17-years-who-missed-10-days-of-school-in-the-past-12-months-because-of-illness-or-injury-%C3%A2-by-serious-emotional-or-behavioral-difficulties-status-%C3%A2-and-age-group-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2016-%C3%A2
#14
(no author information available yet)
During 2014-2016, children aged 6-17 years whose parent or guardian indicated the child had serious emotional or behavioral difficulties (EBDs) were almost four times as likely to miss >10 days of school because of illness or injury compared with children without serious EBDs (13.4% compared with 3.5%). Among children with serious EBDs, those aged 6-10 years were less likely (8.0%) to miss >10 days of school compared with children aged 11-14 years (15.6%) and children aged 15-17 years (19.5%). Among children without serious EBDs those aged 15-17 years (4...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120997/waterborne-disease-outbreaks-associated-with-environmental-and-undetermined-exposures-to-water-united-states-2013-2014
#15
R Paul McClung, David M Roth, Marissa Vigar, Virginia A Roberts, Amy M Kahler, Laura A Cooley, Elizabeth D Hilborn, Timothy J Wade, Kathleen E Fullerton, Jonathan S Yoder, Vincent R Hill
Waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States are associated with a wide variety of water exposures and are reported annually to CDC on a voluntary basis by state and territorial health departments through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS). A majority of outbreaks arise from exposure to drinking water (1) or recreational water (2), whereas others are caused by an environmental exposure to water or an undetermined exposure to water. During 2013-2014, 15 outbreaks associated with an environmental exposure to water and 12 outbreaks with an undetermined exposure to water were reported, resulting in at least 289 cases of illness, 108 hospitalizations, and 17 deaths...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120996/announcement-national-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-awareness-month-november-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095810/notice-to-readers-new-web-location-for-weekly-and-annual-nndss-data
#17
(no author information available yet)
To improve the usability, availability, quality, and timeliness of surveillance data as part of the CDC Surveillance Strategy (1), CDC will provide users a convenient way to access notifiable infectious and noninfectious disease data through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) website.
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095809/progress-in-childhood-vaccination-data-in-immunization-information-systems-united-states-2013-2016
#18
Neil Murthy, Loren Rodgers, Laura Pabst, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Terence Ng
In 2016, 55 jurisdictions in 49 states and six cities in the United States* used immunization information systems (IISs) to collect and manage immunization data and support vaccination providers and immunization programs. To monitor progress toward achieving IIS program goals, CDC surveys jurisdictions through an annual self-administered IIS Annual Report (IISAR). Data from the 2013-2016 IISARs were analyzed to assess progress made in four priority areas: 1) data completeness, 2) bidirectional exchange of data with electronic health record systems, 3) clinical decision support for immunizations, and 4) ability to generate childhood vaccination coverage estimates...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095808/harmful-algal-bloom-associated-illnesses-in-humans-and-dogs-identified-through-a-pilot-surveillance-system-new-york-2015
#19
Mary Figgatt, James Hyde, David Dziewulski, Eric Wiegert, Scott Kishbaugh, Grant Zelin, Lloyd Wilson
Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, are photosynthetic, aquatic organisms found in fresh, brackish, and marine water around the world (1). Rapid proliferation and accumulation of potentially toxin-producing cyanobacteria characterize one type of harmful algal bloom (HAB). HABs have the potential to cause illness in humans and animals (2,3); however, the epidemiology of these illnesses has not been well characterized. Statewide in 2015, a total of 139 HABs were identified in New York, 97 (70%) of which were confirmed through laboratory analysis; 77 independent beach closures were ordered at 37 beaches on 20 different bodies of water...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095807/vaccination-coverage-among-children-aged-19-35-months-united-states-2016
#20
Holly A Hill, Laurie D Elam-Evans, David Yankey, James A Singleton, Yoonjae Kang
Vaccination is the most effective intervention to reduce morbidity and mortality from vaccine-preventable diseases in young children (1). Data from the 2016 National Immunization Survey-Child (NIS-Child) were used to assess coverage with recommended vaccines (2) among children aged 19-35 months in the United States. Coverage remained ≥90% for ≥3 doses of poliovirus vaccine (91.9%), ≥1 dose of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) (91.1%), ≥1 dose of varicella vaccine (90.6%), and ≥3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) (90...
November 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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