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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704352/racial-and-geographic-differences-in-breastfeeding-united-states-2011-2015
#1
Erica H Anstey, Jian Chen, Laurie D Elam-Evans, Cria G Perrine
Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits for infants and mothers alike. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for approximately the first 6 months of life and continued breastfeeding with complementary foods through at least the first year (1). National estimates indicate substantial differences between non-Hispanic black (black) and non-Hispanic white (white) infants across breastfeeding indicators in the United States (2). CDC analyzed 2011-2015 National Immunization Survey (NIS) data for children born during 2010-2013 to describe breastfeeding initiation, exclusivity through 6 months and duration at 12 months among black and white infants...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704351/high-risk-for-invasive-meningococcal-disease-among-patients-receiving-eculizumab-soliris-despite-receipt-of-meningococcal-vaccine
#2
Lucy A McNamara, Nadav Topaz, Xin Wang, Susan Hariri, LeAnne Fox, Jessica R MacNeil
Use of eculizumab (Soliris, Alexion Pharmaceuticals), a terminal complement inhibitor, is associated with a 1,000-fold to 2,000-fold increased incidence of meningococcal disease (1). Administration of meningococcal vaccines is recommended for patients receiving eculizumab before beginning treatment (2,3). Sixteen cases of meningococcal disease were identified in eculizumab recipients in the United States during 2008-2016; among these, 11 were caused by nongroupable Neisseria meningitidis. Fourteen patients had documentation of receipt of at least 1 dose of meningococcal vaccine before disease onset...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704350/measles-outbreak-minnesota-april-may-2017
#3
Victoria Hall, Emily Banerjee, Cynthia Kenyon, Anna Strain, Jayne Griffith, Kathryn Como-Sabetti, Jennifer Heath, Lynn Bahta, Karen Martin, Melissa McMahon, Dave Johnson, Margaret Roddy, Denise Dunn, Kristen Ehresmann
On April 10, 2017, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) was notified about a suspected measles case. The patient was a hospitalized child aged 25 months who was evaluated for fever and rash, with onset on April 8. The child had no history of receipt of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and no travel history or known exposure to measles. On April 11, MDH received a report of a second hospitalized, unvaccinated child, aged 34 months, with an acute febrile rash illness with onset on April 10. The second patient's sibling, aged 19 months, who had also not received MMR vaccine, had similar symptoms, with rash onset on March 30...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704349/announcement-implementation-of-the-vaccine-adverse-event-reporting-system-2-0-reporting-form
#4
(no author information available yet)
The Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), co-managed by CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), is the national postmarketing safety monitoring system that accepts reports about adverse events that occur after administration of U.S.-licensed vaccines (1,2). On June 30, 2017, CDC and FDA implemented a revised reporting form and a new process for submitting reports to VAERS. Persons reporting adverse events are now able to use the VAERS 2.0 online reporting tool to submit reports directly online; alternatively, they may download and complete the writable and savable VAERS 2...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704348/quickstats-age-adjusted-alzheimer-s-disease-death-rates-%C3%A2-among-persons-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-by-state-%C3%A2-united-states-2015
#5
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the age-adjusted Alzheimer's disease death rate among persons aged ≥65 years in the United States was 231.0 per 100,000 population. The five states with the highest age-adjusted death rates for Alzheimer's disease were South Carolina (362.8), Washington (349.6), Mississippi (346.5), Tennessee (340.8), and Louisiana (333.6). New York had the lowest rate (99.0), followed by Maryland (128.2), Alaska (131.7), Connecticut (149.3), and the District of Columbia (152.2).
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704347/pneumococcal-vaccination-among-medicare-beneficiaries-occurring-after-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices-recommendation-for-routine-use-of-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-and-23-valent-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-for-adults-aged
#6
Carla L Black, Walter W Williams, Rob Warnock, Tamara Pilishvili, David Kim, Jeffrey A Kelman
On September 19, 2014, CDC published the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendation for the routine use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) among adults aged ≥65 years, to be used in series with 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) (1). This replaced the previous recommendation that adults aged ≥65 years should be vaccinated with a single dose of PPSV23. As a proxy for estimating PCV13 and PPSV23 vaccination coverage among adults aged ≥65 years before and after implementation of these revised recommendations, CDC analyzed claims for vaccination submitted for reimbursement to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704346/mortality-from-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-and-parkinson-s-disease-among-different-occupation-groups-united-states-1985-2011
#7
John D Beard, Andrea L Steege, Jun Ju, John Lu, Sara E Luckhaupt, Mary K Schubauer-Berigan
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson's disease, both progressive neurodegenerative diseases, affect >1 million Americans (1,2). Consistently reported risk factors for ALS include increasing age, male sex, and cigarette smoking (1); risk factors for Parkinson's disease include increasing age, male sex, and pesticide exposure, whereas cigarette smoking and caffeine consumption are inversely associated (2). Relative to cancer or respiratory diseases, the role of occupation in neurologic diseases is much less studied and less well understood (3)...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683061/notes-from-the-field-an-outbreak-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o121-infections-associated-with-flour-canada-2016-2017
#8
Vanessa Morton, Joyce M Cheng, Davendra Sharma, Ashley Kearney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683060/erratum-vol-60-no-rr-1
#9
(no author information available yet)
In the Recommendations and Reports "Antiviral Agents for the Treatment and Chemoprophylaxis of Influenza" (January 21, 2011, Vol. 60, No. RR-1, https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr6001.pdf), on page 8, in the first column, in the second paragraph, in the second sentence, the term "pneumonia" was used rather than "lower respiratory tract complications leading to antibiotic use." The corrected sentence should read, "In a study that combined data from 10 clinical trials, the risk for lower respiratory tract complications leading to antibiotic use among those participants with laboratory-confirmed influenza receiving oseltamivir treatment was approximately 50% lower than among those persons receiving a placebo and 34% lower among patients at risk for complications (p<0...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683059/babesiosis-surveillance-wisconsin-2001-2015
#10
Elizabeth Stein, Lina I Elbadawi, James Kazmierczak, Jeffrey P Davis
Babesiosis is an emerging zoonotic disease caused primarily by Babesia microti, an intraerythocytic protozoan. Babesia microti, like the causal agents for Lyme disease and anaplasmosis, is endemic to the northeastern and upper midwestern United States where it is usually transmitted by the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis. Although babesiosis is usually a mild to moderate illness, older or immunocompromised persons can develop a serious malaria-like illness that can be fatal without prompt treatment. The most common initial clinical signs and symptoms of babesiosis (fever, fatigue, chills, and diaphoresis) are nonspecific and present diagnostic challenges that can contribute to delays in diagnosis and effective treatment with atovaquone and azithromycin (1)...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683058/quickstats-percentage-of-children-and-teens-aged-5-17-years-who-missed-10-school-days-in-the-past-12-months-because-of-illness-or-injury-%C3%A2-by-sex-and-age-national-health-interview-survey-2013-2015-%C3%A2
#11
(no author information available yet)
During 2013-2015, 3.9% of boys and 4.3% of girls missed >10 school days in the past 12 months because of illness or injury. Among children aged 15-17 years, girls were more likely than boys to miss >10 school days (6.8% compared with 3.9%). Among girls, those aged 15-17 years were more likely than girls aged 5-10 years and girls aged 11-14 years to miss >10 school days (6.8% compared with 3.2% and 4.0%, respectively). Among boys, there was no difference by age.
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683057/tobacco-use-in-top-grossing-movies-united-states-2010-2016
#12
Michael A Tynan, Jonathan R Polansky, Kori Titus, Renata Atayeva, Stanton A Glantz
The Surgeon General has concluded that there is a causal relationship between depictions of smoking in the movies and the initiation of smoking among young persons (1). The more youths see smoking on screen, the more likely they are to start smoking; youths who are heavily exposed to onscreen smoking imagery are approximately two to three times as likely to begin smoking as are youths who receive less exposure (1,2). A Healthy People 2020 objective is to reduce the proportion of youths exposed to onscreen tobacco marketing in movies and television (Tobacco Use Objective 18...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683056/vital-signs-changes-in-opioid-prescribing-in-the-united-states-2006-2015
#13
Gery P Guy, Kun Zhang, Michele K Bohm, Jan Losby, Brian Lewis, Randall Young, Louise B Murphy, Deborah Dowell
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid-related overdose deaths increased sharply during 1999-2010 in the United States in parallel with increased opioid prescribing. CDC assessed changes in national-level and county-level opioid prescribing during 2006-2015. METHODS: CDC analyzed retail prescription data from QuintilesIMS to assess opioid prescribing in the United States from 2006 to 2015, including rates, amounts, dosages, and durations prescribed. CDC examined county-level prescribing patterns in 2010 and 2015...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683055/two-outbreaks-of-trichinellosis-linked-to-consumption-of-walrus-meat-alaska-2016-2017
#14
Yuri P Springer, Shannon Casillas, Kathryn Helfrich, Deanna Mocan, Marscleite Smith, Gabriela Arriaga, Lyndsey Mixson, Louisa Castrodale, Joseph McLaughlin
During 1975-2012, CDC surveillance identified 1,680 trichinellosis cases in the United States with implicated food items; among these cases, 1,219 were attributed to consumption of raw or pork products, and 461 were attributed to nonpork products. Although trichinellosis in the United States has historically been associated with consumption of pork, multiple nonporcine species of wild game also are competent hosts for Trichinella spp. and have been collectively implicated in the majority of trichinellosis cases since the late 1990s (1-4) (Figure 1)...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662019/update-influenza-activity-in-the-united-states-during-the-2016-17-season-and-composition-of-the-2017-18-influenza-vaccine
#15
Lenee Blanton, Noreen Alabi, Desiree Mustaquim, Calli Taylor, Krista Kniss, Natalie Kramer, Alicia Budd, Shikha Garg, Charisse N Cummings, Jessie Chung, Brendan Flannery, Alicia M Fry, Wendy Sessions, Rebecca Garten, Xiyan Xu, Anwar Isa Abd Elal, Larisa Gubareva, John Barnes, Vivien Dugan, David E Wentworth, Erin Burns, Jacqueline Katz, Daniel Jernigan, Lynnette Brammer
During the 2016-17 influenza season (October 2, 2016-May 20, 2017) in the United States, influenza activity* was moderate. Activity remained low through November, increased during December, and peaked in February nationally, although there were regional differences in the timing of influenza activity. Influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated through mid-March and were predominant overall for the season, but influenza B viruses were most commonly reported from late March through May. This report summarizes influenza activity in the United States during October 2, 2016-May 20, 2017(†) and updates the previous summary (1)...
June 30, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662018/walking-for-transportation-or-leisure-among-u-s-women-and-men-national-health-interview-survey-2005-2015
#16
Emily N Ussery, Susan A Carlson, Geoffrey P Whitfield, Kathleen B Watson, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
Physical activity confers considerable health benefits, but only half of U.S. adults report participating in levels of aerobic physical activity consistent with guidelines (1,2). Step It Up! The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities identified walking as an important public health strategy to increase physical activity levels (3). A previous report showed that the self-reported prevalence of walking for transportation or leisure increased by 6 percentage points from 2005 to 2010 (4), but it is unknown whether this increase has been sustained...
June 30, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662017/quickstats-percentage-of-adults-aged-%C3%A2-45-years-who-reduced-or-delayed-medication-to-save-money-%C3%A2-in-the-past-12-months-among-those-who-were-prescribed-medication-by-diagnosed-diabetes-status-and-age-%C3%A2-national-health-interview-survey-2015
#17
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, among adults aged 45-64 years who were prescribed any medication, those with diabetes were more likely than those without diabetes to have reduced or delayed medication (18.8% compared with 9.6%) to save money in the past 12 months, with measures that included skipping medication doses (13.2% compared with 6.4%), taking less medication (14.4% compared with 6.9%), and delaying filling a prescription (16.3% compared with 7.9%). Among adults ≥65, those with diabetes were more likely than those without diabetes to reduce or delay medication (6...
June 30, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662016/notes-from-the-field-late-onset-infant-group-b-streptococcus-infection-associated-with-maternal-consumption-of-capsules-containing-dehydrated-placenta-oregon-2016
#18
Genevieve L Buser, Sayonara Mató, Alexia Y Zhang, Ben J Metcalf, Bernard Beall, Ann R Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662015/multistate-outbreak-of-salmonella-anatum-infections-linked-to-imported-hot-peppers-united-states-may-july-2016
#19
Rashida Hassan, Joshua Rounds, Alida Sorenson, Greg Leos, Jeniffer Concepción-Acevedo, Taylor Griswold, Adiam Tesfai, Tyann Blessington, Cerise Hardy, Colin Basler
Foodborne salmonellosis causes an estimated 1 million illnesses and 400 deaths annually in the United States (1). Salmonella Anatum is one of the top 20 Salmonella serotypes in the United States. During 2013-2015 there were approximately 300-350 annual illnesses reported to PulseNet, the national molecular subtyping network for foodborne disease surveillance. In June 2016, PulseNet identified a cluster of 16 Salmonella Anatum infections with an indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) pattern from four states...
June 30, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640800/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-youths-61-health-department-jurisdictions-united-states-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-2015
#20
Renee Stein, Wei Song, Mariette Marano, Heta Patel, Shubha Rao, Elana Morris
Identifying persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are unaware of their infection, linking them to HIV medical care, and reducing health disparities are important national goals (1). Of the 8,841 teens and young adults aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as youths in this report) who received a diagnosis of HIV in 2014, 70% were young men who have sex with men (MSM) (2). In the same year, an estimated 52% of young MSM living with HIV were unaware of their infection compared with 15% among all persons living with HIV (3)...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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