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MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934187/respiratory-and-ocular-symptoms-among-employees-of-an-indoor-waterpark-resort-ohio-2016
#1
Sophia K Chiu, Nancy C Burton, Kevin H Dunn, Marie A de Perio
In July 2015, a municipal health department in Ohio received complaints of respiratory and ocular symptoms from patrons of an indoor waterpark resort. In response, the health department conducted an online survey in August 2015 through which 19 (68%) patron and employee respondents reported eye burning, nose irritation, difficulty breathing, and vomiting. On August 11, 2015, the health department requested a health hazard evaluation by CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to characterize the prevalence of symptoms among employees and determine the etiology of work-related symptoms...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934186/opioid-overdose-outbreak-west-virginia-august-2016
#2
Joel Massey, Michael Kilkenny, Samantha Batdorf, Sarah K Sanders, Debra Ellison, John Halpin, R Matthew Gladden, Danae Bixler, Loretta Haddy, Rahul Gupta
On August 15, 2016, the Mayor's Office of Drug Control Policy in Huntington, West Virginia, notified the Cabell-Huntington Health Department (CHHD) of multiple calls regarding opioid overdose received by the emergency medical system (EMS) during 3 p.m.-8 p.m. that day. A public health investigation and response conducted by the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health (BPH) and CHHD identified 20 opioid overdose cases within a 53-hour period in Cabell County; all cases included emergency department (ED) encounters...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934185/hiv-care-outcomes-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-diagnosed-hiv-infection-united-states-2015
#3
Sonia Singh, Andrew Mitsch, Baohua Wu
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) represent approximately 2% of the U.S. population (1), yet in 2015, MSM accounted for 70% of all diagnoses of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, including 3% who also were persons who inject drugs (2). During 2008-2014, incidence of HIV infection decreased for groups in all transmission categories except MSM (3). Testing, linkage to and retention in care, and viral suppression are important in reducing HIV transmission...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934183/trends-in-cervical-cancer-screening-in-title-x-funded-health-centers-united-states-2005-2015
#4
Christina I Fowler, Mona Saraiya, Susan B Moskosky, Jacqueline W Miller, Julia Gable, Nancy Mautone-Smith
Cervical cancer screening is critical to early detection and treatment of precancerous cells and cervical cancer. In 2015, 83% of U.S. women reported being screened per current recommendations, which is below the Healthy People 2020 target of 93% (1,2). Disparities in screening persist for women who are younger (aged 21-30 years), have lower income, are less educated, are uninsured, lack a source of health care, or who self-identify as Asian or American Indian/Alaska Native (2). Women who are never screened or rarely screened are more likely to develop cancer and receive a cancer diagnosis at later stages than women who are screened regularly (3)...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934182/hurricane-season-public-health-preparedness-response-and-recovery-guidance-for-health-care-providers-response-and-recovery-workers-and-affected-communities-cdc-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
CDC and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) have guidance and technical materials available in both English and Spanish to help communities prepare for hurricanes and floods (Table 1). To help protect the health and safety of the public, responders, and clean-up workers during response and recovery operations from hurricanes and floods, CDC and ATSDR have developed public health guidance and other resources; many are available in both English and Spanish (Table 2).
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934181/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-reported-hepatitis-a-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-new-york-city-january-august-2017
#6
Julia Latash, Marie Dorsinville, Paula Del Rosso, Mike Antwi, Vasudha Reddy, HaeNa Waechter, Jacqueline Lawler, Heather Boss, Philip Kurpiel, P Bryon Backenson, Charles Gonzalez, Shannon Rowe, Tasha Poissant, Yulin Lin, Guo-Liang Xia, Sharon Balter
Since 2011, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has typically been notified of three or fewer cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection each year among men who have sex with men (MSM) who reported no travel to countries where HAV is endemic. This year, DOHMH noted an increase in HAV infections among MSM with onsets in January-March 2017, and notified other public health jurisdictions via Epi-X, CDC's communication exchange network. As a result, 51 patients with HAV infection involving MSM were linked to the increase in NYC...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934180/notes-from-the-field-travel-associated-melioidosis-and-resulting-laboratory-exposures-united-states-2016
#7
Patrick K Mitchell, Colin Campbell, Martha P Montgomery, Julie Paoline, Christopher Wilbur, Leah Posivak-Khouly, Kristin Garafalo, Mindy Elrod, Lindy Liu, Andre Weltman
In mid-July 2016, a Pennsylvania resident aged 15 years who had recently returned from Thailand was treated by a pediatrician for sore throat, fever, and bilateral thigh abscesses at the sites of mosquito bites (Figure). She had traveled to northeast Thailand with nine other teens as part of an 18-day service-oriented trip run by an Ohio-based youth tour company that arranges travel to Thailand for approximately 500 persons annually. This trip included construction and agricultural activities and recreational mud exposures...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934179/quickstats-human-immunodeficiency-virus-disease-death-rates-among-women-aged-45-64-years-by-race-and-age-group-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-2000-2015
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934178/update-to-cdc-s-u-s-medical-eligibility-criteria-for-contraceptive-use-2016-revised-recommendations-for-the-use-of-hormonal-contraception-among-women-at-high-risk-for-hiv-infection
#9
Naomi K Tepper, Jamie W Krashin, Kathryn M Curtis, Shanna Cox, Maura K Whiteman
CDC's U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (U.S. MEC) (first published in 2010 and updated in 2016) provides evidence-based guidance for the safe use of contraceptive methods among U.S. women with certain characteristics or medical conditions (1), and is adapted from global guidance from the World Health Organization (WHO) and kept up to date based on continual review of published literature (2).* CDC recently evaluated the evidence and the updated WHO guidance on the risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition among women using hormonal contraception...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934177/erratum-vol-66-no-35
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910275/occupational-animal-exposure-among-persons-with-campylobacteriosis-and-cryptosporidiosis-nebraska-2005-2015
#11
Chia-Ping Su, Derry T Stover, Bryan F Buss, Anna V Carlson, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Cryptosporidium are two common causes of gastroenteritis in the United States. National incidence rates measured for these pathogens in 2015 were 17.7 and 3.0 per 100,000 population, respectively; Nebraska was among the states with the highest incidence for both campylobacteriosis (26.6) and cryptosporidiosis (≥6.01) (1). Although campylobacteriosis and cryptosporidiosis are primarily transmitted via consumption of contaminated food or water, they can also be acquired through contact with live animals or animal products, including through occupational exposure (2)...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910274/notes-from-the-field-vibrio-cholerae-serogroup-o1-serotype-inaba-minnesota-august-2016
#12
Victoria Hall, Carlota Medus, George Wahl, Alida Sorenson, Melanie Orth, Monica Santovenia, Erin Burdette, Kirk Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910273/quickstats-percentage-of-women-who-missed-taking-oral-contraceptive-pills-among-women-aged-15-44-years-who-used-oral-contraceptive-pills-and-had-sexual-intercourse-overall-and-by-age-and-number-of-pills-missed-national-survey-of-family-growth-united-states
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910272/announcement-community-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-for-interventions-engaging-community-health-workers-for-diabetes-management
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910271/announcement-national-child-passenger-safety-week-september-17-23-2017
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910270/updated-dosing-instructions-for-immune-globulin-human-gamastan-s-d-for-hepatitis-a-virus-prophylaxis
#16
Noele P Nelson
GamaSTAN S/D (Grifols Therapeutics, Inc., Research Triangle Park, North Carolina) is a sterile, preservative-free solution of immune globulin (IG) for intramuscular administration and is used for prophylaxis against disease caused by infection with hepatitis A, measles, varicella, and rubella viruses (1). GamaSTAN S/D is the only IG product approved by the Food and Drug Administration for hepatitis A virus (HAV) prophylaxis. In July 2017, GamaSTAN S/D prescribing information was updated with changes to the dosing instructions for hepatitis A preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis indications...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910269/rates-and-trends-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-united-states-2001-2014
#17
David A Siegel, S Jane Henley, Jun Li, Lori A Pollack, Elizabeth A Van Dyne, Arica White
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most prevalent cancer among children and adolescents in the United States, representing 20% of all cancers diagnosed in persons aged <20 years, or >3,000 new cases each year (1). Past studies reported increasing trends of ALL overall and among Hispanics, but these represented ≤28% of the U.S. population and did not provide state-based estimates (1-3). To describe U.S. ALL incidence rates and trends among persons aged <20 years during 2001-2014, CDC analyzed rigorous data (based on established publication criteria) from the United States Cancer Statistics data set, which includes incidence data on approximately 15,000 new cases per year of all types of invasive cancer among children and adolescents aged <20 years (4)...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910268/assessment-of-hospital-emergency-department-response-to-potentially-infectious-diseases-using-unannounced-mystery-patient-drills-new-york-city-2016
#18
Mary M K Foote, Timothy S Styles, Celia L Quinn
Recent outbreaks of infectious diseases have revealed significant health care system vulnerabilities and highlighted the importance of rapid recognition and isolation of patients with potentially severe infectious diseases. During December 2015-May 2016, a series of unannounced "mystery patient drills" was carried out to assess New York City Emergency Departments' (EDs) abilities to identify and respond to patients with communicable diseases of public health concern. Drill scenarios presented a patient reporting signs or symptoms and travel history consistent with possible measles or Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880859/quickstats-age-adjusted-death-rates-from-unintentional-falls-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-%C3%A2-by-sex-national-vital-statistics-system-united-states-2000-2015
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880858/vital-signs-recent-trends-in-stroke-death-rates-united-states-2000-2015
#20
Quanhe Yang, Xin Tong, Linda Schieb, Adam Vaughan, Cathleen Gillespie, Jennifer L Wiltz, Sallyann Coleman King, Erika Odom, Robert Merritt, Yuling Hong, Mary G George
INTRODUCTION: The prominent decline in U.S. stroke death rates observed for more than 4 decades has slowed in recent years. CDC examined trends and patterns in recent stroke death rates among U.S. adults aged ≥35 years by age, sex, race/ethnicity, state, and census region. METHODS: Trends in the rates of stroke as the underlying cause of death during 2000-2015 were analyzed using data from the National Vital Statistics System. Joinpoint software was used to identify trends in stroke death rates, and the excess number of stroke deaths resulting from unfavorable changes in trends was estimated...
September 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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