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American Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323479/evaluation-of-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccination-among-newly-arrived-refugees
#1
Deborah Lee, Michelle Weinberg, Stephen Benoit
OBJECTIVES: To assess US availability and use of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination documentation for refugees vaccinated overseas. METHODS: We selected 1500 refugee records from 14 states from March 2013 through July 2015 to determine whether overseas vaccination records were available at the US postarrival health assessment and integrated into the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices schedule. We assessed number of doses, dosing interval, and contraindications...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323478/disability-items-from-the-current-population-survey-2008-2015-and-permanent-versus-temporary-disability-status
#2
Bryce Ward, Andrew Myers, Jennifer Wong, Craig Ravesloot
OBJECTIVES: To examine longitudinal responses to the disability indicator questions that have been adopted as the standard across national surveys sponsored by the US Department of Health and Human Services. METHODS: Data from the Current Population Survey between 2008 and 2015 were linked to create a longitudinal sample of 721 178 individual respondents. RESULTS: Responses to the disability questions fluctuated significantly. Although 17% of all respondents reported a disability at some point, only 3% consistently reported the same set of disabilities...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323477/-the-service-i-rendered-was-just-as-true-african-american-soldiers-and-veterans-as-activist-patients
#3
Jessica L Adler
In this article, I examine how African American soldiers and veterans experienced and shaped federally sponsored health care during and after World War I. Building on studies of the struggles of Black leaders and health care providers to win professional and public health advancement in the 1920s and 1930s, and of advocates to mobilize for health care rights in the mid-20th century, I focus primarily on the experiences and activism of patients in the interwar years. Private and government correspondence, congressional testimony, and reports from Black newspapers reveal that African American soldiers and veterans communicated directly with policymakers and bureaucrats regarding unequal treatment, assuming roles as "policy actors" who viewed health and medical care as "politics by other means...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323476/state-level-progress-in-reducing-the-black-white-infant-mortality-gap-united-states-1999-2013
#4
Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Samantha Sittig Goldfarb, Brittny A Wells, Leslie Beitsch, Robert S Levine, George Rust
OBJECTIVES: To assess state-level progress on eliminating racial disparities in infant mortality. METHODS: Using linked infant birth-death files from 1999 to 2013, we calculated state-level 3-year rolling average infant mortality rates (IMRs) and Black-White IMR ratios. We also calculated percentage improvement and a projected year for achieving equality if current trend lines are sustained. RESULTS: We found substantial state-level variation in Black IMRs (range = 6...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323475/universal-mandatory-reporting-policies-and-the-odds-of-identifying-child-physical-abuse
#5
Grace W K Ho, Deborah A Gross, Amie Bettencourt
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between universal mandatory reporting (UMR), child physical abuse reporting, and the moderating effect of UMR on physical abuse report outcomes by report source. METHODS: We used a national data set of 204 414 children reported for physical abuse in 2013 to compare rates of total and confirmed reports by states or territories with and without UMR. We estimated odds and predicted probabilities of confirming a physical abuse report made by professional versus nonprofessional reporters, accounting for the moderating effect of UMR and individual-level characteristics...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323474/jail-booking-as-an-occasion-for-hiv-care-reengagement-a-surveillance-based-study
#6
McKenna C Eastment, Katelynne Gardner Toren, Lara Strick, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden, Julia C Dombrowski
OBJECTIVES: To examine population and HIV care outcomes of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at their first incarceration of 2014 in 2 county jails in King County, Washington. METHODS: Using HIV surveillance data linked with jail booking data, we examined demographic information, viral loads, CD4 counts, and incarceration details for the period prior to jail booking, during incarceration, and year following jail release. RESULTS: In 2014, 202 PLWHA were incarcerated, 51% of whom were virally nonsuppressed at booking...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323473/video-based-grocery-shopping-intervention-effect-on-purchasing-behaviors-among-latina-shoppers
#7
Hortensia Amaro, Dharma E Cortés, Samantha Garcia, Lei Duan, David S Black
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in food-purchasing knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior after viewing nutrition education videos among Los Angeles, California Latinas responsible for household grocery shopping. METHODS: From February to May 2015, a convenience sample of 113 Latinas watched 1 video (El Carrito Saludable) featuring MyPlate guidelines applied to grocery shopping (1-video intervention) and another convenience sample of 105 Latinas watched 2 videos (El Carrito Saludable and Ser Consciente), the latter featuring mindfulness to support attention and overcome distractions while grocery shopping (2-video intervention)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323472/the-affordable-care-act-insurance-coverage-and-health-care-utilization-of-previously-incarcerated-young-men-2008-2015
#8
Tyler N A Winkelman, HwaJung Choi, Matthew M Davis
OBJECTIVES: To estimate health insurance and health care utilization patterns among previously incarcerated men following implementation of the Affordable Care Act's (ACA's) Medicaid expansion and Marketplace plans in 2014. METHODS: We performed serial cross-sectional analyses using data from the National Survey of Family Growth between 2008 and 2015. Our sample included men aged 18 to 44 years with (n = 3476) and without (n = 8702) a history of incarceration...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323471/estimating-the-proportion-of-childhood-cancer-cases-and-costs-attributable-to-the-environment-in-california
#9
Lauren Nelson, Jhaqueline Valle, Galatea King, Paul K Mills, Maxwell J Richardson, Eric M Roberts, Daniel Smith, Paul English
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of cases and costs of the most common cancers among children aged 0 to 14 years (leukemia, lymphoma, and brain or central nervous system tumors) that were attributable to preventable environmental pollution in California in 2013. METHODS: We conducted a literature review to identify preventable environmental hazards associated with childhood cancer. We combined risk estimates with California-specific exposure prevalence estimates to calculate hazard-specific environmental attributable fractions (EAFs)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323470/police-brutality-and-black-health-setting-the-agenda-for-public-health-scholars
#10
Sirry Alang, Donna McAlpine, Ellen McCreedy, Rachel Hardeman
We investigated links between police brutality and poor health outcomes among Blacks and identified five intersecting pathways: (1) fatal injuries that increase population-specific mortality rates; (2) adverse physiological responses that increase morbidity; (3) racist public reactions that cause stress; (4) arrests, incarcerations, and legal, medical, and funeral bills that cause financial strain; and (5) integrated oppressive structures that cause systematic disempowerment. Public health scholars should champion efforts to implement surveillance of police brutality and press funders to support research to understand the experiences of people faced with police brutality...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323469/social-and-built-environmental-correlates-of-predicted-blood-lead-levels-in-the-flint-water-crisis
#11
Richard Casey Sadler, Jenny LaChance, Mona Hanna-Attisha
OBJECTIVES: To highlight contextual factors tied to increased blood lead level (BLL) risk following the lead-in-water contamination in Flint, Michigan. METHODS: Using geocoded BLL data collected in 2013 and 2015 and areal interpolation, we predicted BLLs at every residential parcel in the city. We then spatially joined social and built environmental variables to link the parcels with neighborhood-level factors that may influence BLLs. RESULTS: When we compared levels before and during the water crisis, we saw the highest estimates of predicted BLLs during the water crisis and the greatest changes in BLLs in neighborhoods with the longest water residence time in pipes (μ = 2...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323468/potential-high-risk-areas-for-zika-virus-transmission-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#12
Enbal Shacham, Erik J Nelson, Daniel F Hoft, Mario Schootman, Alexander Garza
OBJECTIVES: To understand where transmission of Zika virus has the highest likelihood to occur in the contiguous United States with regard to its transmission both sexually and via Aedes aegypti mosquito bites. METHODS: We evaluated the 2 routes of transmission risk with predictors of sexually transmitted infections (percentage women of childbearing age, birthrate, gonorrhea and chlamydia rates, concentrated disadvantage) as a surrogate for unprotected sexual activity and the demographic distribution of the A...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323467/sales-of-nicotine-containing-electronic-cigarette-products-united-states-2015
#13
Kristy L Marynak, Doris G Gammon, Todd Rogers, Ellen M Coats, Tushar Singh, Brian A King
OBJECTIVES: To assess the proportion of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products sold in the United States that contain nicotine according to retail scanner data. METHODS: We obtained unit sales data from January 11, 2015, to December 12, 2015, from The Nielsen Company for convenience stores; supermarkets; mass merchandisers; drug, club, and dollar stores; and Department of Defense commissaries. The data did not include purchases from tobacco specialty shops, "vape shops," or online sources...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323466/sexual-assault-victimization-and-mental-health-treatment-suicide-attempts-and-career-outcomes-among-women-in-the-us-army
#14
Anthony J Rosellini, Amy E Street, Robert J Ursano, Wai Tat Chiu, Steven G Heeringa, John Monahan, James A Naifeh, Maria V Petukhova, Ben Y Reis, Nancy A Sampson, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during military service with subsequent mental health and negative career outcomes among US Army women controlling for nonrandom victimization exposure. METHODS: We used data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to apply propensity score methods to match all 4238 female Regular Army soldiers with administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during 2004 to 2009 to 5 controls per case with similar composite victimization risk...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323465/costs-and-financial-burden-of-initial-hospitalizations-for-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states-2006-2014
#15
Sarabeth A Spitzer, Kristan L Staudenmayer, Lakshika Tennakoon, David A Spain, Thomas G Weiser
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the inflation-adjusted costs associated with initial hospitalizations for firearm-related injuries in the United States. METHODS: We used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify patients admitted for firearm-related injuries from 2006 to 2014. We converted charges from hospitalization to costs, which we inflation-adjusted to 2014 dollars. We used survey weights to create national estimates. RESULTS: Costs for the initial inpatient hospitalization totaled $6...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323464/physical-mental-and-financial-impacts-from-drought-in-two-california-counties-2015
#16
Tracy Barreau, David Conway, Karen Haught, Rebecca Jackson, Richard Kreutzer, Andrew Lockman, Sharon Minnick, Rachel Roisman, David Rozell, Svetlana Smorodinsky, Dana Tafoya, Jason A Wilken
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate health impacts of drought during the most severe drought in California's recorded history with a rapid assessment method. METHODS: We conducted Community Assessments for Public Health Emergency Response during October through November 2015 in Tulare County and Mariposa County to evaluate household water access, acute stressors, exacerbations of chronic diseases and behavioral health issues, and financial impacts. We evaluated pairwise associations by logistic regression with pooled data...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323463/injury-mortality-in-individuals-with-autism
#17
Joseph Guan, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine epidemiological patterns of injury fatalities in individuals with a diagnosis of autism. METHODS: We identified individuals with a diagnosis of autism who died between 1999 and 2014 by screening causes of death in the multiple cause-of-death data files in the National Vital Statistics System based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, code F84.0. We used the general US population as the reference to calculate proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323462/scaling-up-a-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-program-in-rural-bangladesh-the-role-of-program-implementation
#18
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Sonia Sultana, Amal K Halder, Mohammed Ali Ahsan, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby, John M Colford
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the quality of implementation of a water, sanitation, and hygiene program called SHEWA-B and delivered by UNICEF to 20 million people in rural Bangladesh was associated with health behaviors and sanitation infrastructure access. METHODS: We surveyed 33 027 households targeted by SHEWA-B and 1110 SHEWA-B hygiene promoters in 2011 and 2012. We developed an implementation quality index and compared the probability of health behaviors and sanitation infrastructure access in counterfactual scenarios over the range of implementation quality...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323461/trumpcare-or-transformation
#19
David U Himmelstein, Steffie Woolhandler
Donald Trump's presidency heralds public health retreat in the short term. Yet the surging opposition to his regime-redolent of the civil rights and anti-Vietnam War mobilizations of the 1950s and 1960s-could portend better things ahead. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print March 21, 2017: e1-e3. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303729).
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323460/supply-side-disruption-in-cocaine-production-associated-with-cocaine-related-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes-in-the-united-states
#20
Chris Delcher, Melvin Livingston, Yanning Wang, Meredith Mowitz, Mildred Maldonado-Molina, Bruce A Goldberger
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of precursor chemical regulation aimed at reducing cocaine production on cocaine-related maternal and newborn hospital stays in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed monthly counts of maternal and neonatal stays from January 2002 through December 2013 by using a quasi-experimental interrupted time series design. We estimated the preregulation linear trend, postregulation change in linear trend, and abrupt change in level...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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