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American Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072944/differences-in-heat-related-mortality-by-citizenship-status-united-states-2005-2014
#1
Ethel V Taylor, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, W Dana Flanders, Matthew Murphy, Merianne Spencer, Rebecca S Noe
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether non-US citizens have a higher mortality risk of heat-related deaths than do US citizens. METHODS: We used place of residence reported in mortality data from the National Vital Statistics System from 2005 to 2014 as a proxy for citizenship to examine differences in heat-related deaths between non-US and US citizens. Estimates from the US Census Bureau American Community Survey of self-reported citizenship status and place of birth provided the numbers for the study population...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072943/climate-birth-weight-and-agricultural-livelihoods-in-kenya-and-mali
#2
Maryia Bakhtsiyarava, Kathryn Grace, Raphael J Nawrotzki
OBJECTIVES: To examine an association between climate variability and birth weight in Mali and Kenya in relation to the local agricultural specialization. METHODS: We combined health and sociodemographic data from the Demographic Health Surveys for Kenya (2008 and 2014) and Mali (2006 and 2012) with detailed data on precipitation, temperature, and vegetation. We analyzed the association between climate variability and birth weight by using multilevel regression models for the most common agricultural specializations: food cropping, cash cropping, and pastoralism...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072942/estimated-global-disease-burden-from-us-health-care-sector-greenhouse-gas-emissions
#3
Matthew J Eckelman, Jodi D Sherman
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the increased disease burden caused by US health care sector life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 614 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents in 2013. METHODS: We screened for health damage factors that linked GHG emissions to disease burdens. We selected 5 factors, based on appropriate temporal modeling scales, which reflect a range of possible GHG emissions scenarios. We applied these factors to health care sector emissions...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072941/the-critical-roles-of-health-professionals-in-climate-change-prevention-and-preparedness
#4
Jennifer M Kreslake, Mona Sarfaty, Connie Roser-Renouf, Anthony A Leiserowitz, Edward W Maibach
Climate change is a burgeoning public health concern, with implications for chronic health conditions; nutrition and food security; food-, water-, and vector-borne diseases; and social disruption, injuries, displacement, and death associated with extreme weather.(1) Climate change is contributing to health disparities in the United States by having a disproportionate impact on low-income individuals, some communities of color, and those with higher vulnerability to chronic health conditions.(1) Moreover, these vulnerabilities can co-occur...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072940/bridging-climate-health-and-equity-a-growing-imperative
#5
Jalonne L White-Newsome, Phyllis Meadows, Chris Kabel
Climate change and its impacts jeopardize the health and well-being of people across the country. Communities most vulnerable to climate impacts tend to be the least prepared to manage and recover from the physical, economic, mental, and social devastation climate change can cause.(1) Children, the elderly, indigenous peoples, and those with preexisting health conditions are especially vulnerable to climate disruptions such as flooding, dangerous heat, drought, and poor air quality. This is particularly true if they live in low-income communities, which often are exposed to multiple environmental hazards, yet are least likely to have resources or connections to address the cumulative impacts of environmental exposures that are worsened by climate change...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072939/the-need-for-climate-and-health-education
#6
Jeffrey Shaman, Kim Knowlton
With the increasing understanding that climate change is already affecting and will continue to affect human health,(1,2) health professionals, governments, businesses, and the general public must proactively address both climate change and its implications for public health. The observed and anticipated effects of climate change on human health are myriad and will affect both the vulnerable and the broader public. Examples of direct effects include overall elevated temperatures that generally exacerbate chronic disease morbidity and mortality and changing patterns and increased frequency of heat waves that lead to more acute heat stress-related morbidity and mortality...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072938/green-space-and-deaths-attributable-to-the-urban-heat-island-effect-in-ho-chi-minh-city
#7
Tran Ngoc Dang, Doan Quang Van, Hiroyuki Kusaka, Xerxes T Seposo, Yasushi Honda
OBJECTIVES: To quantify heat-related deaths in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, caused by the urban heat island (UHI) and explore factors that may alleviate the impact of UHIs. METHODS: We estimated district-specific meteorological conditions from 2010 to 2013 using the dynamic downscaling model and calculated the attributable fraction and number of mortalities resulting from the total, extreme, and mild heat in each district. The difference in attributable fraction of total heat between the central and outer districts was classified as the attributable fraction resulting from the UHI...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072937/the-american-public-health-association-s-2017-year-of-climate-change-and-health-time-for-action
#8
Natasha DeJarnett, Katherine Robb, Ivana Castellanos, Louise Dettman, Surili S Patel
Climate change is today's greatest public health threat.(1) As the nation's leading voice in public health, the American Public Health Association (APHA) has demonstrated an enduring commitment to climate change as a health issue. As far back as the mid-1920s, AJPH reported on the health impacts of climate change.(2-4) Shaping the development of future organizational efforts, APHA members created the organization's first policy statement on climate change in 1995 (updated in 2007 and 2015). APHA continued to bring attention to climate change and public health, making it the theme of National Public Health Week 2008...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072936/climate-change-public-health-and-policy-a-california-case-study
#9
Chandrakala Ganesh, Jason A Smith
Anthropogenic activity will bring immediate changes and disruptions to the global climate with accompanying health implications. Although policymakers and public health advocates are beginning to acknowledge the health implications of climate change, current policy approaches are lagging behind. We proposed that 4 key policy principles are critical to successful policymaking in this arena: mainstreaming, linking mitigation and adaptation policy, applying population perspectives, and coordination. We explored California's progress in addressing the public health challenges of climate change in the San Joaquin Valley as an example...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072935/the-us-health-care-sector-s-carbon-footprint-stomping-or-treading-lightly
#10
Howard Frumkin
Climate change is a well-recognized and urgent threat to health.(1) The specific risks vary from place to place, and although nobody is exempt, vulnerable populations-the young, the old, the poor, the disenfranchised-are particularly threatened. Health professionals need to work both to limit climate change and to protect people from its impacts-strategies known as mitigation and adaptation, respectively. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print October 26, 2017: e1-e2. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304160)...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072934/global-to-local-public-health-on-the-front-lines-of-climate-change
#11
Thomas A Burke, Mary A Fox
The classic visual representation of climate change is a dramatic video of distant melting glaciers and stranded polar bears. The public health reality is that the environment is a key determinant of human health, and climate change is now affecting the health and well-being of communities throughout the world. On the global level, the increasing concentrations of heat-entrapping greenhouse gases affect the climate drivers of increased temperatures, increased precipitation, and extreme weather events. Although the local-level impacts are widely variable, climate change contributes to the frequency and extent of extreme heat, unhealthy air quality, reduced water and food quality, and exposure to infectious agents...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072933/outcomes-of-climate-change-in-a-marginalized-population-an-ethnography-on-the-turkana-pastoralists-in-kenya
#12
Jacinta Mukulu Waila, Michael Wandanje Mahero, Shamilah Namusisi, Sarah J Hoffman, Cheryl Robertson
To its inhabitants, Turkana was once a land of abundance. This vital terrain was generous to its occupants 40 years ago; unfortunately, this setting has changed significantly. The climate has changed, and as a result, life has changed as well. Food insecurity, water scarcity, altered disease patterns, extreme weather events, displacement of communities, migration, population growth, and human conflict are among the previously reported effects of climate change on human health that we have witnessed and community members have shared...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072932/global-association-of-air-pollution-and-cardiorespiratory-diseases-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-investigation-of-modifier-variables
#13
Weeberb J Requia, Matthew D Adams, Altaf Arain, Stefania Papatheodorou, Petros Koutrakis, Moataz Mahmoud
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the health risks of air pollution and cardiorespiratory diseases, globally, across regions and populations, which may differ because of external factors. OBJECTIVES: We systematically reviewed the evidence on the association between air pollution and cardiorespiratory diseases (hospital admissions and mortality), including variability by energy, transportation, socioeconomic status, and air quality. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted a literature search (PubMed and Web of Science) for studies published between 2006 and May 11, 2016...
October 26, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116862/venues-where-male-sex-workers-meet-partners-the-emergence-of-gay-hookup-apps-and-web-sites
#14
Eric W Schrimshaw, Karolynn Siegel, √Čtienne Meunier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116861/dramatic-decreases-in-us-abortion-rates-public-health-achievement-or-failure
#15
Diana Greene Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116860/evolution-of-public-health-education-in-china
#16
Tao Wu, Liming Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116859/what-about-the-trees-trees-as-nature-based-shade-sails
#17
Robert Zarr, Tamberly Conway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116858/rough-road
#18
Patrick Benko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116857/out-of-our-comfort-zone-to-improve-population-health-a-public-health-of-consequence-december-2017
#19
Sandro Galea, Roger D Vaughan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116856/public-health-planning-for-pets
#20
Mark A Rothstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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