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American Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933939/a-social-network-analysis-of-the-financial-links-backing-health-and-fitness-apps
#1
Quinn Grundy, Fabian Held, Lisa Bero
OBJECTIVES: To identify the major stakeholders in mobile health app development and to describe their financial relationships using social network analysis. METHODS: We conducted a structured content analysis of a purposive sample of prominent health and fitness apps available in November 2015 in the United States, Canada, and Australia. We conducted a social network analysis of apps' developers, investors, other funding sources, and content advisors to describe the financial relationships underpinning health app development...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933938/development-of-a-statewide-publicly-accessible-drug-overdose-surveillance-and-information-system
#2
Brandon D L Marshall, Jesse L Yedinak, Jonathan Goyer, Traci C Green, Jennifer A Koziol, Nicole Alexander-Scott
In response to Rhode Island's overdose epidemic, we developed a collaborative, statewide online "dashboard" to provide the public with timely overdose surveillance data. The Web site- www.PreventOverdoseRI.org (PORI)-offers user-friendly data visualizations, plain language education, and interactive resource maps. Development of the site has improved overdose data sharing and transparency in Rhode Island. Preliminary results suggest a successful site launch. Future research will evaluate the effectiveness of PORI in terms of informing strategic initiatives to reduce overdoses in affected communities...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933937/changes-in-sugar-sweetened-soda-consumption-weight-and-waist-circumference-2-year-cohort-of-mexican-women
#3
Dalia Stern, Nicole Middaugh, Megan S Rice, Francine Laden, Ruy López-Ridaura, Bernard Rosner, Walter Willett, Martin Lajous
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate 2-year changes in soda consumption, weight, and waist circumference. METHODS: We followed 11 218 women from the Mexican Teachers' Cohort from 2006 to 2008. Dietary data were collected using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Weight was self-reported, and waist circumference was self-measured. We used linear regression to evaluate changes in sugar-sweetened and sugar-free soda consumption in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference, adjusting for lifestyle and other dietary factors...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933936/value-of-public-health-funding-in-preventing-hospital-bloodstream-infections-in-the-united-states
#4
Melanie D Whittington, Cathy J Bradley, Adam J Atherly, Jonathan D Campbell, Richard C Lindrooth
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the association of 1 activity of the Prevention and Public Health Fund with hospital bloodstream infections and calculate the return on investment (ROI). METHODS: The activity was funded for 1 year (2013). A difference-in-differences specification evaluated hospital standardized infection ratios (SIRs) before funding allocation (years 2011 and 2012) and after funding allocation (years 2013 and 2014) in the 15 US states that received the funding compared with hospital SIRs in states that did not receive the funding...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933935/a-smartphone-application-to-reduce-time-to-notification-of-sexually-transmitted-infections
#5
Adam Carl Cohen, Frederick Zimmerman, Michael Prelip, Deborah Glik
OBJECTIVES: To measure whether the implementation of Healthvana-an online patient engagement platform and smartphone application-reduced the number of days between sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing, notification, and treatment at AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) Wellness Centers. METHODS: We analyzed the retrospective data for 917 male clients who tested positive and received treatment for chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933934/emergency-medical-service-personnel-s-risk-from-violence-while-serving-the-community
#6
Brian J Maguire, Barbara J O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risks of violence-related injury among emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed 1630 violence-related occupational injury cases reported to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics for the years 2012 to 2015 and conducted secondary searches within the Bureau of Labor Statistics Web site. RESULTS: The number of cases per year varied between 250 and 560. Perpetrators included patients (77%) and coworkers (8%)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933933/sexual-orientation-question-kept-in-nsoaap-government-at-its-best
#7
Alfredo Morabia
At the time the "AJPH Dossier on the Erasure of the Sexual Orientation Question From the National Survey of Older Americans Act Participants [NSOAAP]"(1) was being printed in the August issue, the Administration for Community Living (ACL) of the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published a statement saying that it would keep the sexual orientation question in the NSOAAP. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print September 21, 2017: e1-e2. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304075).
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933932/enrollment-in-california-s-medicaid-program-after-the-affordable-care-act-expansion
#8
Jing Wang, Amal N Trivedi
OBJECTIVES: To determine enrollment rates and predictors of enrollment for newly eligible low-income adults in California following the Affordable Care Act's (ACA's) Medicaid expansion. METHODS: We used data from the 2014 to 2015 California Health Interview Survey to examine post-ACA Medicaid enrollment rates and multivariable logistic regression to assess the association of demographic factors, income, and health with enrollment. RESULTS: We found a 78...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933931/legacies-of-1917-in-contemporary-russian-public-health-addiction-hiv-and-abortion
#9
Michele Rivkin-Fish
I examine the legacies of Soviet public health policy and the socialist health care system and trace how the Soviet past figures in contemporary Russian policymaking and debates about drug use, HIV, and abortion. Drug policies and mainstream views of HIV reflect continuities with key aspects of Soviet-era policies, although political leaders do not acknowledge these continuities in justifying their policies. In abortion policy, by contrast, which is highly debated in the public realm, advocates represent themselves as differing from Soviet-era policies to justify their positions...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933930/autism-spectrum-disorder-among-us-children-2002-2010-socioeconomic-racial-and-ethnic-disparities
#10
Maureen S Durkin, Matthew J Maenner, Jon Baio, Deborah Christensen, Julie Daniels, Robert Fitzgerald, Pamela Imm, Li-Ching Lee, Laura A Schieve, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Martha S Wingate, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp
OBJECTIVES: To describe the association between indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) and the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the United States during the period 2002 to 2010, when overall ASD prevalence among children more than doubled, and to determine whether SES disparities account for ongoing racial and ethnic disparities in ASD prevalence. METHODS: We computed ASD prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from population-based surveillance, census, and survey data...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933929/diagnostic-accuracy-of-two-food-insecurity-screeners-recommended-for-use-in-health-care-settings
#11
Jennifer A Makelarski, Emily Abramsohn, Jasmine H Benjamin, Senxi Du, Stacy Tessler Lindau
OBJECTIVES: To test the diagnostic accuracy of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended food insecurity screener. METHODS: We conducted prospective diagnostic accuracy studies between July and November 2016 in Chicago, Illinois. We recruited convenience samples of adults from adult and pediatric emergency departments (12-month recall study: n = 188; 30-day recall study: n = 154). A self-administered survey included the 6-item Household Food Security Screen (gold standard), the validated 2-item Hunger Vital Sign (HVS; often, sometimes, never response categories), and the 2-item AAP tool (yes-or-no response categories)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933928/nursing-and-the-public-health-legacies-of-the-russian-revolution
#12
Susan Grant
The centenary of the October Revolution in 1917 provides a timely opportunity to assess the legacies of that event. I examine the role of the revolution in public health with a focus on nursing, assessing the Imperial Russian health care system, the development of Soviet nursing, and current plans for nursing and public health care in Putin's Russia. Analyzing nursing shows that there was a great deal of continuity in terms of medical personnel and ideas on how public health care service in Russia should operate...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933927/the-changing-pattern-of-nutrition-intake-by-social-class-in-contemporary-china-1991-2011
#13
Zhun Xu, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the changing pattern of nutrition intake by social class in contemporary China. METHODS: We defined social class in 2 ways. The first definition was based on employment, and the second definition was based on per capita household income levels. We used China Health and Nutrition Survey data from 1991 to 2011 to show the changes in the relation between social class and nutrition intake. RESULTS: The relation between social class and nutrition intake in China changed significantly within the 2 decades...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933926/law-enforcement-and-gun-retailers-as-partners-for-safely-storing-guns-to-prevent-suicide-a-study-in-8-mountain-west-states
#14
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sara Brandspigel, Marian Betz, Gregory Tung, Douglas Novins, Robert Agans
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and gun retailers are willing to offer voluntary, temporary storage as a part of an overall suicide prevention effort. METHODS: We invited all LEAs and gun retailers in 8 US states to respond to questionnaires asking about their willingness to offer temporary gun storage and their recommendations to gun owners about safe storage. RESULTS: We collected data in 2016 from 448 LEAs and 95 retailers (response rates of 53% and 25%, respectively)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933925/geotagged-us-tweets-as-predictors-of-county-level-health-outcomes-2015-2016
#15
Quynh C Nguyen, Matt McCullough, Hsien-Wen Meng, Debjyoti Paul, Dapeng Li, Suraj Kath, Geoffrey Loomis, Elaine O Nsoesie, Ming Wen, Ken R Smith, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: To leverage geotagged Twitter data to create national indicators of the social environment, with small-area indicators of prevalent sentiment and social modeling of health behaviors, and to test associations with county-level health outcomes, while controlling for demographic characteristics. METHODS: We used Twitter's streaming application programming interface to continuously collect a random 1% subset of publicly available geo-located tweets in the contiguous United States...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933924/a-revolutionary-attack-on-tobacco-bolshevik-antismoking-campaigns-in-the-1920s
#16
Tricia A Starks
Using archival records of the Commissariat of Public Health, journals, and propaganda materials from the antismoking campaign of the Soviet 1920s, this article argues that the revolutionary state pursued an antitobacco policy unique in the world in its attack on tobacco use at a national scale. The commissar of public health, Nikolai Alexandrovich Semashko, attempted to severely curtail tobacco cultivation and production, limit tobacco sales, and create a public opinion against tobacco with a propaganda campaign...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933923/propagandizing-the-healthy-bolshevik-life-in-the-early-ussr
#17
Tricia A Starks
This essay outlines the problems facing Soviet health authorities at the inception of the People's Commissariat of Public Health in 1918 and the innovative methods employed in sanitary enlightenment propaganda in Russia throughout the 1920s. Beset by funding issues and supply problems, the emissaries of health chose the cheapest means of health improvement (propaganda) with the most cost-effective method (prevention), and crowed of great successes even as large portions of the nation still suffered from lack of contact with sanitary authorities...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933922/alan-gregg-the-diary-of-a-thoughtful-eye-witness
#18
Susan Ladwig, Theodore Brown
After two years of discussions and delays surrounding his eventual departure, Alan Gregg, the 37-year-old associate director of the Rockefeller Foundation's Division of Medical Education (DME), set out from his Paris, France, office in late November 1927, destined for a 17-day trip to Moscow and Leningrad in the Soviet Union. His mission-the first time a Rockefeller officer had ever set foot on Soviet soil(1)-was to gather first-hand knowledge about the state of public health and medical education in Russia, as a precursor for offering training fellowships to Russian physicians...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902563/low-income-housing-tax-credit-optimizing-its-impact-on-health
#19
Marc Shi, Barbara A Samuels, Craig Evan Pollack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902562/preexposure-prophylaxis-adapting-hiv-prevention-models-to-achieve-worldwide-access
#20
Stewart Landers, Farzana Kapadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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