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American Journal of Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771619/affordable-care-act-impact-in-kentucky-increasing-access-reducing-disparities
#1
Lynn A Blewett, Colin Planalp, Giovann Alarcon
OBJECTIVES: To examine health insurance disparities since Kentucky's implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). METHODS: Using the American Community Survey, we estimated coverage rates by race/ethnicity before and after implementation of the ACA (2013 and 2015), and we estimated whether groups were over- or underrepresented among the uninsured, compared with their share of the state population. RESULTS: Kentucky's uninsurance rate declined from 14...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771618/differences-between-new-and-long-standing-us-gun-owners-results-from-a-national-survey
#2
Joseph Wertz, Deborah Azrael, David Hemenway, Susan Sorenson, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the proportion of current US gun owners who are new to owning firearms and compare new versus long-standing gun owners with respect to their firearms and firearm-related behaviors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative probability-based online survey conducted in 2015 in the United States. We defined new gun owners as current firearm owners who acquired all of their firearms within the past 5 years, but who lived in a home without a gun at some time over the past 5 years...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771617/public-support-for-gun-violence-prevention-policies-among-gun-owners-and-non-gun-owners-in-2017
#3
Colleen L Barry, Daniel W Webster, Elizabeth Stone, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Emma E McGinty
OBJECTIVES: To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. METHODS: We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners. RESULTS: For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8 of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771616/predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-follow-through-among-privately-insured-us-patients
#4
Jennifer C Spencer, Noel T Brewer, Justin G Trogdon, Stephanie B Wheeler, Stacie B Dusetzina
OBJECTIVES: To assess predictors of timely human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine follow-through among privately insured individuals initiating the 3-dose series. METHODS: Using MarketScan Commercial claims data, we identified 1 332 217 privately insured US individuals aged 9 to 26 years who initiated the bivalent or quadrivalent HPV vaccine series from 2006 to 2014, with follow-up data extending through 2015. The study outcome was receipt of third HPV dose within 12 months of the first, compared by year of initiation...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#5
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771614/timely-granular-and-actionable-informatics-in-the-public-health-3-0-era
#6
Y Claire Wang, Karen DeSalvo
Ensuring the conditions for all people to be healthy, though always the core mission of public health, has evolved in approaches in response to the changing epidemiology and challenges. In the Public Health 3.0 era, multisectorial efforts are essential in addressing not only infectious or noncommunicable diseases but also upstream social determinants of health. In this article, we argue that actionable, geographically granular, and timely intelligence is an essential infrastructure for the protection of our health today...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771613/determinants-of-mental-disorders-in-syrian-refugees-in-turkey-versus-internally-displaced-persons-in-syria
#7
Sidika Tekeli-Yesil, Esra Isik, Yesim Unal, Fuad Aljomaa Almossa, Hande Konsuk Unlu, Ahmet Tamer Aker
OBJECTIVES: To compare frequencies of some mental health disorders between Syrian refugees living in Turkey and internally displaced persons in Syria, and to identify factors associated with posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder. METHODS: We carried out a field survey in May 2017 among 540 internally displaced persons in Syria and refugees in Turkey. RESULTS: The study revealed that mental disorders were highly prevalent in both populations...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771612/state-indoor-tanning-laws-and-prevalence-of-indoor-tanning-among-us-high-school-students-2009-2015
#8
Jin Qin, Dawn M Holman, Sherry Everett Jones, Zahava Berkowitz, Gery P Guy
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between state indoor tanning laws and indoor tanning behavior using nationally representative samples of US high school students younger than 18 years. METHODS: We combined data from the 2009, 2011, 2013, and 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (n = 41 313) to analyze the association between 2 types of state indoor tanning laws (age restriction and parental permission) and the prevalence of indoor tanning during the 12 months before the survey, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and survey year, and stratified by gender...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771611/firearm-ownership-storage-practices-and-suicide-risk-factors-in-washington-state-2013-2016
#9
Erin Renee Morgan, Anthony Gomez, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
OBJECTIVES: To characterize firearm ownership and storage practices in Washington State and assess their relationship with suicide risk factors. METHODS: Using Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 2013 to 2016, we conducted survey-weighted multivariable Poisson regression models to obtain prevalence ratios (PRs) and confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Of 34 884 adult respondents, 34.3% (95% CI = 33.7%, 35...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672152/islamophobia-health-and-public-health-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Goleen Samari, Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Zulfacar Sharif
BACKGROUND: In 2017, a "Muslim ban" on immigrants to the United States was coupled with a continued rise in Islamophobia and hate crimes toward Muslims. Islamophobia undermines health equity, yet delineating the effects of Islamophobia globally is challenging as it affects a myriad of groups (geographically, racially, and socially). Additionally, stereotypes equate all Muslims with populations from the Middle East and South Asia. To date, health research pays insufficient attention to Islamophobia, Muslims, and those racialized to be Muslim...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672151/adjusting-suicide-rates-in-a-military-population-methods-to-determine-the-appropriate-standard-population
#11
Eren Youmans Watkins, Anita Spiess, Ihsan Abdul-Rahman, Christopher Hill, Nkechinyere Gibson, Jerrica Nichols, Vanessa McLeod, Latoya Johnson, Trevor Mitchell, Joseph Anton Pecko, Kenneth Cox
The choice of the standard population is important when calculating adjusted rates for a military population: results can influence policies and funding allocations for programs and initiatives for suicide prevention. We describe the methodological considerations and decision-making process used in choosing a standard population for adjusting rates to compare suicide among US Army soldiers and the general US population. We examined 5 different standard populations, using the direct method to adjust annual suicide rates for the Army and the US population, 2004 to 2015, for age and for age and sex...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672150/folate-nutrition-status-in-mothers-of-the-boston-birth-cohort-sample-of-a-us-urban-low-income-population
#12
Tina L Cheng, Kamila B Mistry, Guoying Wang, Barry Zuckerman, Xiaobin Wang
OBJECTIVES: To examine maternal folic acid supplementation and plasma folate concentrations in the Boston Birth Cohort, a predominantly urban, low-income, minority population in Boston, Massachusetts. METHODS: This report includes 7612 mothers with singleton live births (3829 Black, 2023 Hispanic, 865 White, and 895 others) enrolled in the Boston Birth Cohort at the Boston Medical Center, during 1999 to 2014. Folic acid supplementation during preconception and each trimester was obtained via interview questionnaire...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672149/access-to-aid-in-dying-in-the-united-states-shifting-the-debate-from-rights-to-justice
#13
Mara Buchbinder
Much of the literature on aid-in-dying (AID) has drawn heavily on rights-based ethical and legal frameworks that emphasize patients' rights of self-determination in end-of-life decision-making. Less attention has focused on how terminally ill people actually experience such putative rights once they are legally authorized. This analytic essay draws on findings from the Vermont Study on Aid-in-Dying, an ethnographic study of the implementation of AID in Vermont (2015-2017). First, I show that terminally ill people can face a range of barriers to accessing AID in permissive jurisdictions, and that access to AID is mediated by various inequalities endemic to US health care, as well as some that are unique to AID...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672148/standard-death-certificates-versus-enhanced-surveillance-to-identify-heroin-overdose-related-deaths
#14
Isabelle L Horon, Pooja Singal, David R Fowler, Joshua M Sharfstein
OBJECTIVES: To compare 2 approaches to identifying heroin-related deaths in cases of overdose: standard death certificates and enhanced surveillance. METHODS: We reviewed Maryland death certificates from 2012 to 2015 in cases of overdose to determine specific mentions of heroin. Counts were compared with estimates obtained through an enhanced surveillance approach that included a protocol considering cause of death, toxicology, and scene investigation findings. RESULTS: Death certificates identified 1130 heroin-related deaths...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672147/suicide-prevention-training-policies-for-health-care-professionals-across-the-united-states-as-of-october-2017
#15
Janessa M Graves, Jessica L Mackelprang, Sara E Van Natta, Carrie Holliday
OBJECTIVES: To identify and compare state policies for suicide prevention training among health care professionals across the United States and benchmark state plan updates against national recommendations set by the surgeon general and the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention in 2012. METHODS: We searched state legislation databases to identify policies, which we described and characterized by date of adoption, target audience, and duration and frequency of the training...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672146/childcare-providers-possession-or-use-of-marijuana-tobacco-or-alcohol-while-caring-for-children-a-comparison-of-us-state-regulations
#16
Elyse R Grossman, Sarah Gonzalez-Nahm, Natasha Frost, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate US state regulations regarding marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol to determine the extent to which states attempt to govern these substances in early care and education (ECE) settings. METHODS: Two independent reviewers assessed regulations enacted by December 2016 for all states and the District of Columbia. Reviewers compared regulations to national standards on the possession or use of marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol in ECE settings. RESULTS: Fewer states regulated marijuana than tobacco or alcohol in ECE settings...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672145/trends-in-prescription-pain-medication-use-by-race-ethnicity-among-us-adults-with-noncancer-pain-2000-2015
#17
Jordan M Harrison, Pooja Lagisetty, Brian D Sites, Cui Guo, Matthew A Davis
OBJECTIVES: To examine national trends in the use of various pharmacological pain medication classes by race/ethnicity among the US pain population. METHODS: We used data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to conduct a nationally representative, serial cross-sectional study of the noninstitutionalized US adult population from 2000 to 2015. We identified adults with moderate or severe self-reported pain and excluded individuals with cancer. We used complex survey design to provide national estimates of the percentage of adults with noncancer pain who received prescription pain medications among 4 groups: non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic or Latino, and other...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672144/efficacy-of-communication-training-of-community-health-workers-on-service-delivery-to-people-who-inject-drugs-in-vietnam-a-clustered-randomized-trial
#18
Li Li, Nguyen Tran Hien, Li-Jung Liang, Chunqing Lin, Chiao-Wen Lan, Sung-Jae Lee, Nguyen Anh Tuan, Le Anh Tuan, Duong Cong Thanh, Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of an intervention targeted to commune health workers (CHWs) who deliver services to people who inject drugs (PWID) in Vietnam. METHODS: From 2014 to 2016, we conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial of 300 CHWs and 900 PWID in 60 communes in 2 provinces of Vietnam. Intervention CHWs participated in training sessions to enhance their communication skills. Trained CHWs were asked to deliver individual sessions to PWID. We assessed the outcomes at baseline and at 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month follow-ups...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672143/adolescent-age-of-sexual-initiation-and-subsequent-adult-health-outcomes
#19
Marina Epstein, Madeline Furlong, Rick Kosterman, Jennifer A Bailey, Kevin M King, Sara A Vasilenko, Christine M Steeger, Karl G Hill
OBJECTIVES: To examine the mechanisms of the association between age of sexual initiation and adult health. METHODS: Data from the Seattle Social Development Project (n = 808), in Seattle, Washington, included outcomes when participants were in their 30s (2005-2014): substance use disorders, depression, poor health, and obesity. Sexual consequence mediators included sexually transmitted infection, adolescent pregnancy, and a high number of sexual partners. We used linear logistic regression to model main effect and mediated associations...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672142/the-collaborative-improvement-and-innovation-network-coiin-to-reduce-infant-mortality-an-outcome-evaluation-from-the-us-south-2011-to-2014
#20
Ashley H Hirai, William M Sappenfield, Reem M Ghandour, Sara Donahue, Vanessa Lee, Michael C Lu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the Southern Public Health Regions' (Regions IV and IV) Collaborative Improvement and Innovation Network (CoIIN) to Reduce Infant Mortality, supported by the US Health Resources and Services Administration. METHODS: We examined pre-post change (2011-2014) for CoIIN strategies with available outcome data from vital records (early elective delivery, smoking) and the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (safe sleep) as well as preterm birth and infant mortality for Regions IV and VI relative to all other regions...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
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