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Emerging Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190210/ceftriaxone-resistant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-canada-2017
#1
LETTER
Alan R Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165238/clusters-of-human-infection-and-human-to-human-transmission-of-avian-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-2013-2017
#2
Lei Zhou, Enfu Chen, Changjun Bao, Nijuan Xiang, Jiabing Wu, Shengen Wu, Jian Shi, Xianjun Wang, Yaxu Zheng, Yi Zhang, Ruiqi Ren, Carolyn M Greene, Fiona Havers, A Danielle Iuliano, Ying Song, Chao Li, Tao Chen, Yali Wang, Dan Li, Daxin Ni, Yanping Zhang, Zijian Feng, Timothy M Uyeki, Qun Li
To detect changes in human-to-human transmission of influenza A(H7N9) virus, we analyzed characteristics of 40 clusters of case-patients during 5 epidemics in China in 2013-2017. Similarities in number and size of clusters and proportion of clusters with probable human-to-human transmission across all epidemics suggest no change in human-to-human transmission risk.
February 17, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131780/ceftriaxone-resistant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-canada-2017
#3
Brigitte Lefebvre, Irene Martin, Walter Demczuk, Lucie Deshaies, Stéphanie Michaud, Annie-Claude Labbé, Marie-Claude Beaudoin, Jean Longtin
We identified a ceftriaxone-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolate in a patient in Canada. This isolate carried the penA-60 allele, which differs substantially from its closest relative, mosaic penA XXVII (80% nucleotide identity). Epidemiologic and genomic data suggest spread from Asia. Antimicrobial susceptibility surveillance helps prevent spread of highly resistant N. gonorrhoeae strains.
February 15, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076806/molecular-characterization-of-autochthonous-chikungunya-cluster-in-latium-region-italy
#4
Licia Bordi, Fabrizio Carletti, Eleonora Lalle, Francesca Colavita, Silvia Meschi, Antonino Di Caro, Emanuele Nicastri, Paola Scognamiglio, Francesco Vairo, Domenico Di Lallo, Vincenzo Panella, Maria R Capobianchi, Giuseppe Ippolito, Concetta Castilletti
We report partial molecular characterization of isolates from an autochthonous chikungunya virus cluster in Latium Region. E1 sequences from 3 patients differ substantially from sequences from the 2007 outbreak in Italy and lack the A226V substitution associated with increased viral fitness in the Aedes albopictus mosquito vector.
January 15, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058664/expected-duration-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-after-zika-epidemic
#5
Rosalind M Eggo, Adam J Kucharski
Evidence is increasing that Zika virus-related adverse outcomes can occur throughout pregnancy. Mathematical modeling analysis using reported outcome data suggests that surveillance for these outcomes should begin as soon as an outbreak is detected and should continue for 40 weeks after the outbreak ends.
January 15, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058663/yellow-fever-virus-in-urine-and-semen-of-convalescent-patient-brazil
#6
Carla M Barbosa, Nicholas Di Paola, Marielton P Cunha, Mônica J Rodrigues-Jesus, Danielle B Araujo, Vanessa B Silveira, Fabyano B Leal, Flávio S Mesquita, Viviane F Botosso, Paolo M A Zanotto, Edison L Durigon, Marcos V Silva, Danielle B L Oliveira
Yellow fever virus RNA is usually detected in blood of infected humans. We detected virus RNA in urine and semen samples from a convalescent patient. A complete virus genome was sequenced for an isolate from a urine sample. This virus had a South American I genotype and unique synapomorphic changes.
January 15, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043965/japanese-encephalitis-virus-transmitted-via-blood-transfusion-hong-kong-china
#7
Vincent C C Cheng, Siddharth Sridhar, Shuk-Ching Wong, Sally C Y Wong, Jasper F W Chan, Cyril C Y Yip, Chi-Hung Chau, Timmy W K Au, Yu-Yan Hwang, Carol S W Yau, Janice Y C Lo, Cheuk-Kwong Lee, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquitoborne virus endemic to China and Southeast Asia that causes severe encephalitis in <1% of infected persons. Transmission of JEV via blood transfusion has not been reported. We report transmission of JEV via blood donation products from an asymptomatic viremic donor to 2 immunocompromised recipients. One recipient on high-dose immunosuppressive drugs received JEV-positive packed red blood cells after a double lung transplant; severe encephalitis and a poor clinical outcome resulted...
January 15, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980523/increased-severity-and-spread-of-mycobacterium-ulcerans-southeastern-australia
#8
Alex Y C Tai, Eugene Athan, N Deborah Friedman, Andrew Hughes, Aaron Walton, Daniel P O'Brien
Reported cases of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) have been increasing in southeastern Australia and spreading into new geographic areas. We analyzed 426 cases of M. ulcerans disease during January 1998-May 2017 in the established disease-endemic region of the Bellarine Peninsula and the emerging endemic region of the Mornington Peninsula. A total of 20.4% of cases-patients had severe disease. Over time, there has been an increase in the number of cases managed per year and the proportion associated with severe disease...
January 15, 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980894/influenza-a-h9n2-virus-burkina-faso
#9
Bianca Zecchin, Germaine Minoungou, Alice Fusaro, Sidi Moctar, Anne Ouedraogo-Kaboré, Alessia Schivo, Annalisa Salviato, Sabrina Marciano, Isabella Monne
We identified influenza A(H9N2) virus G1 lineage in poultry in Burkina Faso. Urgent actions are needed to raise awareness about the risk associated with spread of this zoonotic virus subtype in the area and to construct a strategy for effective prevention and control of influenza caused by this virus.
December 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975882/fatal-outbreak-in-tonkean-macaques-caused-by-possibly-novel-orthopoxvirus-italy-january-2015-1
#10
Giusy Cardeti, Cesare Ernesto Maria Gruber, Claudia Eleni, Fabrizio Carletti, Concetta Castilletti, Giuseppe Manna, Francesca Rosone, Emanuela Giombini, Marina Selleri, Daniele Lapa, Vincenzo Puro, Antonino Di Caro, Raniero Lorenzetti, Maria Teresa Scicluna, Goffredo Grifoni, Annapaola Rizzoli, Valentina Tagliapietra, Lorenzo De Marco, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Gian Luca Autorino
In January 2015, during a 3-week period, 12 captive Tonkean macacques at a sanctuary in Italy died. An orthopoxvirus infection was suspected because of negative-staining electron microscopy results. The diagnosis was confirmed by histology, virus isolation, and molecular analysis performed on different organs from all animals. An epidemiologic investigation was unable to define the infection source in the surrounding area. Trapped rodents were negative by virologic testing, but specific IgG was detected in 27...
December 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953451/detection-of-zika-virus-in-april-2013-patient-samples-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#11
Sonia R Lambert Passos, Maria A Borges Dos Santos, José Cerbino-Neto, Sibelle N Buonora, Thiago M L Souza, Raquel V C de Oliveira, Alexandre Vizzoni, Giselle Barbosa-Lima, Yasmine R Vieira, Marcondes Silva de Lima, Yara H M Hökerberg
We tested 210 dengue virus‒negative samples collected from febrile patients during a dengue virus type 4 outbreak in Rio de Janeiro in April 2013 and found 3 samples positive for Zika virus. Our findings support previously published entomological data suggesting Zika virus was introduced into Brazil during October 2012-May 2013.
December 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858604/spread-of-canine-influenza-a-h3n2-virus-united-states
#12
Ian E H Voorhees, Amy L Glaser, Kathy Toohey-Kurth, Sandra Newbury, Benjamin D Dalziel, Edward J Dubovi, Keith Poulsen, Christian Leutenegger, Katriina J E Willgert, Laura Brisbane-Cohen, Jill Richardson-Lopez, Edward C Holmes, Colin R Parrish
A canine influenza A(H3N2) virus emerged in the United States in February-March 2015, causing respiratory disease in dogs. The virus had previously been circulating among dogs in Asia, where it originated through the transfer of an avian-origin influenza virus around 2005 and continues to circulate. Sequence analysis suggests the US outbreak was initiated by a single introduction, in Chicago, of an H3N2 canine influenza virus circulating among dogs in South Korea in 2015. Despite local control measures, the virus has continued circulating among dogs in and around Chicago and has spread to several other areas of the country, particularly Georgia and North Carolina, although these secondary outbreaks appear to have ended within a few months...
December 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841405/experimental-infection-of-common-eider-ducklings-with-wellfleet-bay-virus-a-newly-characterized-orthomyxovirus
#13
Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Hon Sang Ip, Anne Ballmann, Jeffrey S Hall, Andrew B Allison, Jennifer Ballard, Julie C Ellis, Robert Cook, Samantha E J Gibbs, Chris Dwyer
Wellfleet Bay virus (WFBV), a novel orthomyxovirus in the genus Quaranjavirus, was first isolated in 2006 from carcasses of common eider (Somateria mollissima) during a mortality event in Wellfleet Bay (Barnstable County, Massachusetts, USA) and has since been repeatedly isolated during recurrent mortality events in this location. Hepatic, pancreatic, splenic, and intestinal necrosis were observed in dead eiders. We inoculated 6-week-old common eider ducklings with WFBV in an attempt to recreate the naturally occurring disease...
December 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155678/joint-external-evaluation-development-and-scale-up-of-global-multisectoral-health-capacity-evaluation-process
#14
Elizabeth Bell, Jordan W Tappero, Kashef Ijaz, Maureen Bartee, Jose Fernandez, Hannah Burris, Karen Sliter, Simo Nikkari, Stella Chungong, Guenael Rodier, Hamid Jafari
The Joint External Evaluation (JEE), a consolidation of the World Health Organization (WHO) International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR 2005) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework and the Global Health Security Agenda country assessment tool, is an objective, voluntary, independent peer-to-peer multisectoral assessment of a country's health security preparedness and response capacity across 19 IHR technical areas. WHO approved the standardized JEE tool in February 2016. The JEE process is wholly transparent; countries request a JEE and are encouraged to make its findings public...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155677/expanding-pertussis-epidemiology-in-6-latin-america-countries-through-the-latin-american-pertussis-project
#15
Veronica A Pinell-McNamara, Anna M Acosta, Maria Cristina Pedreira, Ana F Carvalho, Lucia Pawloski, Maria Lucia Tondella, Elizabeth Briere
The Latin American Pertussis Project (LAPP), established in 2009, is a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pan American Health Organization, Sabin Vaccine Institute, and the ministries of health of 6 countries in Latin America. The project goal is to expand understanding of pertussis epidemiology in Latin America to inform strategies for control and prevention. Here we describe LAPP structure and activities. After an initial surveillance evaluation, LAPP activities are tailored to individual country needs...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155676/contributions-of-the-us-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-in-implementing-the-global-health-security-agenda-in-17-partner-countries
#16
Arthur G Fitzmaurice, Michael Mahar, Leah F Moriarty, Maureen Bartee, Mitsuaki Hirai, Wenshu Li, A Russell Gerber, Jordan W Tappero, Rebecca Bunnell
The Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA), a partnership of nations, international organizations, and civil society, was launched in 2014 with a mission to build countries' capacities to respond to infectious disease threats and to foster global compliance with the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005). The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) assists partner nations to improve IHR 2005 capacities and achieve GHSA targets. To assess progress through these CDC-supported efforts, we analyzed country activity reports dating from April 2015 through March 2017...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155675/enhancing-workforce-capacity-to-improve-vaccination-data-quality-uganda
#17
Kirsten Ward, Kevin Mugenyi, Amalia Benke, Henry Luzze, Carol Kyozira, Ampeire Immaculate, Patricia Tanifum, Annet Kisakye, Peter Bloland, Adam MacNeil
In Uganda, vaccine dose administration data are often not available or are of insufficient quality to optimally plan, monitor, and evaluate program performance. A collaboration of partners aimed to address these key issues by deploying data improvement teams (DITs) to improve data collection, management, analysis, and use in district health offices and health facilities. During November 2014-September 2016, DITs visited all districts and 89% of health facilities in Uganda. DITs identified gaps in awareness and processes, assessed accuracy of data, and provided on-the-job training to strengthen systems and improve healthcare workers' knowledge and skills in data quality...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155674/ebola-response-impact-on-public-health-programs-west-africa-2014-2017
#18
Barbara J Marston, E Kainne Dokubo, Amanda van Steelandt, Lise Martel, Desmond Williams, Sara Hersey, Amara Jambai, Sakoba Keita, Tolbert G Nyenswah, John T Redd
Events such as the 2014-2015 West Africa epidemic of Ebola virus disease highlight the importance of the capacity to detect and respond to public health threats. We describe capacity-building efforts during and after the Ebola epidemic in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea and public health progress that was made as a result of the Ebola response in 4 key areas: emergency response, laboratory capacity, surveillance, and workforce development. We further highlight ways in which capacity-building efforts such as those used in West Africa can be accelerated after a public health crisis to improve preparedness for future events...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155672/establishment-of-cdc-global-rapid-response-team-to-ensure-global-health-security
#19
Tasha Stehling-Ariza, Adrienne Lefevre, Dinorah Calles, Kpandja Djawe, Richard Garfield, Michael Gerber, Margherita Ghiselli, Coralie Giese, Ashley L Greiner, Adela Hoffman, Leigh Ann Miller, Lisa Moorhouse, Carlos Navarro-Colorado, James Walsh, Dante Bugli, Cyrus Shahpar
The 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease epidemic in West Africa highlighted challenges faced by the global response to a large public health emergency. Consequently, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention established the Global Rapid Response Team (GRRT) to strengthen emergency response capacity to global health threats, thereby ensuring global health security. Dedicated GRRT staff can be rapidly mobilized for extended missions, improving partner coordination and the continuity of response operations. A large, agencywide roster of surge staff enables rapid mobilization of qualified responders with wide-ranging experience and expertise...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155671/capacity-development-through-the-us-president-s-malaria-initiative-supported-antimalarial-resistance-monitoring-in-africa-network
#20
Eric S Halsey, Meera Venkatesan, Mateusz M Plucinski, Eldin Talundzic, Naomi W Lucchi, Zhiyong Zhou, Celine I Mandara, Hawela Moonga, Busiku Hamainza, Abdoul Habib Beavogui, Simon Kariuki, Aaron M Samuels, Laura C Steinhardt, Don P Mathanga, Julie Gutman, Yves Eric Denon, Aline Uwimana, Ashenafi Assefa, Jimee Hwang, Ya Ping Shi, Pedro Rafael Dimbu, Ousmane Koita, Deus S Ishengoma, Daouda Ndiaye, Venkatachalam Udhayakumar
Antimalarial drug resistance is an evolving global health security threat to malaria control. Early detection of Plasmodium falciparum resistance through therapeutic efficacy studies and associated genetic analyses may facilitate timely implementation of intervention strategies. The US President's Malaria Initiative-supported Antimalarial Resistance Monitoring in Africa Network has assisted numerous laboratories in partner countries in acquiring the knowledge and capability to independently monitor for molecular markers of antimalarial drug resistance...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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