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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

Jaroslaw Daniluk, Urszula Daniluk, Joanna Reszec, Malgorzata Rusak, Milena Dabrowska, Andrzej Dabrowski
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoke (CS) exerts protective effect against ulcerative colitis. The mechanism of this phenomenon remains unknown. One of the possible explanation by which CS exerts its anti-inflammatory action is modulation of immune system. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of CS on the course of inflammation and subpopulations of lymphocytes in the blood and colon in mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. METHODS: C57BL6/cmdb mice were exposed to CS for 4 weeks...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Mauro Podda, Fernando Serventi, Lorenzo Mortola, Stefano Marini, Danilo Sirigu, Michela Piga, Marcello Pisano, Massimiliano Coppola, Ferdinando Agresta, Francesco Virdis, Salomone Di Saverio, Nicola Cillara
PURPOSE: Acute appendicitis (AA) is among the most common causes of lower abdominal pain and admissions to the emergency department. Over the past 20 years, there has been a renewed interest in the conservative management of uncomplicated AA, and several studies demonstrated that an antibiotic-first strategy is a viable treatment option for uncomplicated AA. The aim of this prospective non-randomized controlled, multicenter trial is to compare antibiotic therapy and emergency appendectomy as treatment for patients with uncomplicated AA confirmed by US and/or CT or MRI scan...
August 15, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Laura Mora Lopez, Neus Ruiz-Edo, Sheila Serra Pla, Anna Pallisera Llovera, Salvador Navarro Soto, Xavier Serra-Aracil
PURPOSE: Acute diverticulitis (AD) is a highly prevalent disease in Spain. Its chronic-recurrent appearance and high rate of relapse mean that it has a major epidemiological and economic impact on our health system. In spite of this, it has not been studied in any great depth. Reassessing its etiopathology, recent studies have observed that it is an inflammatory disease-not, as classic theories had postulated, an infectious one. In the light of these findings, the suitability of antibiotics for its treatment has been reconsidered...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Sanne Harsløf, Anders Stouge, Niels Thomassen, Sissel Ravn, Søren Laurberg, Lene Hjerrild Iversen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate outcome after robot-assisted rectal cancer surgery (RARCS). We focused on conversion rate, postoperative complications, pathological evaluation (adequacy of resection margins), and bowel function (low anterior resection syndrome (LARS)) 1 year after surgery. METHODS: An observational study of prospectively registered patients with data obtained from medical records. Data comprise the initial 208 rectal cancer patients operated with robot-assisted surgery at a single Danish university hospital from October 2011 to October 2014...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Diane Mege, Arnaud Sans, Aurélie Maignan, Julie Duclos, Cécilia Frasconi, Remy Le Huu Nho, Nicolas Pirro, Igor Sielezneff
PURPOSE: This work aimed to analyse short- and long-term results of enterocele surgical treatment by ventral rectopexy. METHODS: All females who underwent ventral rectopexy for enterocele in our department were included. All patients underwent standardized preoperative evaluation. Data was retrospectively collected, after examination of patients or by telephone survey. Postoperative evaluation was performed by an independent observer. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-eight females (median age = 63 years [21-86 years]) were included...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Emma Westerduin, Gijsbert D Musters, Anna A W van Geloven, Marinke Westerterp, Erwin van der Harst, Willem A Bemelman, Pieter J Tanis
PURPOSE: Two non-restorative options for low rectal cancer not invading the sphincter are the low Hartmann's procedure (LH) or intersphincteric proctectomy (IP). The aim of this study was to compare postoperative morbidity with emphasis on pelvic abscesses after LH and IP. METHODS: All patients that had LH or IP for low rectal cancer were included in three centres between 2008 and 2014 in this retrospective cohort study. Follow-up was performed for at least 12 months...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Alexander Crispin, Carsten Klinger, Anna Rieger, Brigitte Strahwald, Kai Lehmann, Heinz-Johannes Buhr, Ulrich Mansmann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to provide a web-based calculator predicting complication probabilities of patients undergoing colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery in Germany. METHODS: Analyses were based on records of first-time CRC surgery between 2010 and February 2017, documented in the database of the Study, Documentation, and Quality Center (StuDoQ) of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgemein- und Viszeralchirurgie (DGAV), a registry of CRC surgery in hospitals throughout Germany, covering demography, medical history, tumor features, comorbidity, behavioral risk factors, surgical procedures, and outcomes...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
H E Bolkenstein, B J M van de Wall, E C J Consten, I A M J Broeders, W A Draaisma
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review is to identify risk factors that can predict complicated diverticulitis. Uncomplicated diverticulitis is a self-limiting and mild disease, but 10% of patients with diverticulitis develop complications requiring further treatment. It is important to estimate the risk of developing complicated diverticulitis at an early stage to set the right treatment at initial presentation. METHODS: Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies reporting on risk factors for complicated diverticulitis...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Benedetto Ielpo, H Duran, E Diaz, I Fabra, R Caruso, L Malavé, V Ferri, J Nuñez, A Ruiz-Ocaña, E Jorge, S Lazzaro, D Kalivaci, Y Quijano, E Vicente
PURPOSE: The costs involved in performing robotic surgery present a critical issue which has not been well addressed yet. The aims of this study are to compare the clinical outcomes and cost differences of robotic versus laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of rectal cancer and to conduct a literature review of the cost analysis. METHODS: This is an observational, comparative study whereby data were abstracted from a retrospective database of patients who underwent laparoscopic and robotic rectal resection from October 2010 to March 2017, at Sanchinarro University Hospital, Madrid...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Brooke Gurland, Maria Emilia Carvalho E Carvalho, Beri Ridgeway, Marie Fidela R Paraiso, Tracy Hull, Massarat Zutshi
BACKGROUND: For patients with rectal prolapse undergoing Ventral Rectopexy (VR), the impact of prior prolapse surgery on prolapse recurrence is not well described. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare recurrence rates after VR in patients undergoing primary and repeat rectal prolapse repairs. DESIGN: This study is a prospective cohort study. METHODS: IRB-approved prospective data registry of consecutive patients undergoing VR for full-thickness external rectal prolapse between 2009 and 2015...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Maziar Nikberg, Jianguang Ji, Jerzy Leppert, Kristina Sundquist, Abbas Chabok
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the association of socioeconomic status and comorbidities with uncomplicated and complicated diverticular disease (DD) in Sweden. METHODS: We identified all individuals aged ≥30 years in Sweden diagnosed with DD between 1997 and 2012 using the Swedish National Population and Housing Census and the Hospital Discharge Register. Data were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression, with individual-level characteristics as covariates...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Veeravich Jaruvongvanich, Narut Prasitlumkum, Buravej Assavapongpaiboon, Sakolwan Suchartlikitwong, Anawin Sanguankeo, Sikarin Upala
PURPOSE: Delayed post-polypectomy bleeding (PPB) is an infrequent but serious adverse event after colonoscopic polypectomy. Several studies have tried to identify risk factors for delayed PPB, with inconsistent results. This meta-analysis aims to identify significant risk factors for delayed PPB. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched through January 2016 for studies that investigated the risk factors for delayed PPB. Pooled odds ratio (OR) for categorical variables and mean differences (MD) for continuous variables and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a random-effect model, generic inverse variance method...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Markus Lowes, Mathias Kleiss, Rainer Lueck, Sven Detken, Alexander Koenig, Manuel Nietert, Tim Beissbarth, Kathrin Stanek, Claus Langer, Michael Ghadimi, Lena-Christin Conradi, Kia Homayounfar
PURPOSE: Multidisciplinary tumor boards (MDT) have been advocated as standard of care in modern oncology. German guidelines for metastasized colorectal cancer (mCRC) recommend MDT discussion of colon cancer patients after completion of primary tumor therapy but stage IV colon cancer as well as rectal cancer patients prior to any therapy. In this health care research study, we evaluated application and decisional consequences of this approach in clinical routine. METHODS: All major institutions providing oncological care in southern Lower Saxony and Northern Hesse (N = 11) were invited...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Giuseppe Colloca, Antonella Venturino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Wei Zhang, Zheng Lou, Qizhi Liu, Ronggui Meng, Haifeng Gong, Liqiang Hao, Peng Liu, Ge Sun, Jun Ma, Wei Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for anastomotic leakage (AL) after anterior resection for middle and low rectal cancer in order to help surgeons to decide which patients could benefit from a diverting stoma. METHODS: Data on 319 patients having a middle and low rectal cancer resection with anastomosis between May 2011 and October 2015 from two hospitals were included in the study. The analysis included the following variables: patient-related variables (gender, age, diabetes mellitus, ASA score, preoperative radiochemotherapy, body mass index, blood hemoglobin, and serum albumin level), tumor-related variables (K-ras status, distance of tumor from the anal verge, histopathologic grade, pathological T stage, pathological N stage, pathological M stage, TNM stage, and tumor size), and surgery-related variables (laparoscopic or open surgery, blood loss, and operative time)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Yusuke Yamaoka, Yusuke Kinugasa, Akio Shiomi, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Hiroyasu Kagawa, Yushi Yamakawa, Masakatsu Numata, Akinobu Furutani
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the size criteria of lateral lymph node metastasis in lower rectal cancer both in patients who underwent preoperative CRT and those who did not. METHODS: This study enrolled 150 patients who underwent resection for primary lower rectal adenocarcinoma with lateral lymph node dissection between 2013 and 2015. Patients were divided into two groups: the CRT group, treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy before surgery, and the non-CRT group, treated with surgery alone...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Shimpei Ogawa, Jin-Ichi Hida, Hideyuki Ike, Tetsushi Kinugasa, Mitsuyoshi Ota, Eiji Shinto, Michio Itabashi, Takahiro Okamoto, Masakazu Yamamoto, Kenichi Sugihara, Toshiaki Watanabe
PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to examine prediction of lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN) metastasis from lower rectal cancer using a logistic model including risk factors for LPLN metastasis and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) clinical LPLN (cLPLN) status, compared to prediction based on MRI alone. METHODS: The subjects were 272 patients with lower rectal cancer who underwent MRI prior to mesorectal excision combined with LPLN dissection (LPLD) at six institutes...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
F de la Portilla, J J Segura-Sampedro, M L Reyes-Díaz, M V Maestre, A M Cabrera, R M Jimenez-Rodríguez, J M Vázquez-Monchul, J M Diaz-Pavón, F J Padillo-Ruiz
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate to the safety, feasibility and efficacy of a novel treatment for transsphincteric cryptoglandular fistula: injection of autologous plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) into the fistula tract accompanied by sealing using a fibrin plug created from the activated platelet-poor fraction of the same plasma. METHOD: This article is a prospective, phase II clinical trial. The procedure was externally audited. Thirty-six patients diagnosed with transsphincteric fistula-in-ano were included...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Gianluca Costa, Laura Lorenzon, Giulia Massa, Barbara Frezza, Mario Ferri, Pietro Fransvea, Paolo Mercantini, Maria Cristina Giustiniani, Genoveffa Balducci
PURPOSE: About 30% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) present with acute symptoms. The adequacy of oncologic resections is a matter of concern since few authors reported that emergency surgery in these patients results in a lower lymph node harvest (LNH). In addition, emergency resections have been reported with a longer hospital stay and higher morbidity rate. We thus conducted a propensity score-matched analysis with the aim of investigating LNH in emergency specimens comparing with elective ones...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jun Kusaka, Hisashi Shiga, Masatake Kuroha, Tomoya Kimura, Yoichi Kakuta, Katsuya Endo, Yoshitaka Kinouchi, Tooru Shimosegawa
PURPOSE: To avoid frequent surgery in patients with Crohn's disease, it is important to identify the risk factors for postoperative recurrence or repeat surgery. However, there have so far been few studies on this topic from Asian countries. In addition, the recent development of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy may have changed the risk factors. We aimed to identify the factors associated with postoperative recurrence and repeat surgery. METHODS: The postoperative courses of 168 patients were reviewed...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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