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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101658/naso-intestinal-tube-is-more-effective-in-treating-postoperative-ileus-than-naso-gastric-tube-in-elderly-colorectal-cancer-patients
#1
Yang Shi, Xi Peng Zhang, Hai Qin, Yong Jun Yu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of naso-intestinal tube and naso-gastric tube in relieving postoperative ileus in elderly patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Patients (n = 46) with ileus symptom following radical surgery for treating colorectal cancer were placed with either naso-intestinal tube at duodenum or conventional naso-gastric tube. Then, their waist perimeter, intra abdominal pressure, maximum diameter in bowls, length of time to pass flatus or passage of bowel movement or to return to diet, length of hospital stay, daily drainage, serum levels of lactic acid, hemoglobin, and creatinine as well were compared...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097381/rotating-night-shift-work-sleep-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-women
#2
Elizabeth E Devore, Jennifer Massa, Kyriaki Papantoniou, Eva S Schernhammer, Kana Wu, Xuehong Zhang, Walter C Willett, Charles S Fuchs, Andrew T Chan, Shuji Ogino, Edward Giovannucci, Esther K Wei
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the associations of rotating night shift work history and sleep duration with risk of colorectal adenoma. METHODS: We evaluated 56,275 cancer-free participants of the Nurses' Health Study II, who had their first colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy between 1991 and 2011; rotating night shift work and sleep duration were reported by mailed questionnaire. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression was used to estimate relative risks (RR) of colorectal adenoma, with 95% confidence intervals (CI), across categories of rotating night shift work history (none, 1-4, 5-9, and ≥10 years) and sleep duration (≤5, 6, 7, 8, and ≥9 h/day)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097380/successful-treatment-of-pouchitis-with-vedolizumab-but-not-fecal-microbiota-transfer-fmt-after-proctocolectomy-in-ulcerative-colitis
#3
LETTER
Mona Schmid, Julia-Stefanie Frick, Nisar Malek, Martin Goetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091846/risk-factors-of-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-complicated-with-gastrointestinal-fistula
#4
Kun Guo, Jianan Ren, Guanwei Li, Qiongyuan Hu, Xiuwen Wu, Zhiwei Wang, Gefei Wang, Guosheng Gu, Huajian Ren, Zhiwu Hong, Jieshou Li
PURPOSE: Surgical site infection (SSI) is the most common complication following surgical procedures. This study aimed to determine risk factors associated with SSI in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) complicated with gastrointestinal fistula. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgical resection in gastrointestinal fistula patients with CD between January 2013 and January 2015, identified from a prospectively maintained gastrointestinal fistula database...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091845/comparison-of-the-clinical-results-of-abdominoperanal-intersphincteric-resection-and-abdominoperineal-resection-for-lower-rectal-cancer
#5
Shunsuke Tsukamoto, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Dai Shida, Hiroki Ochiai, Junichi Mazaki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the oncologic results of abdominoperanal intersphincteric resection (ISR) and abdominoperineal resection (APR). METHODS: Between 2003 and 2014, 277 consecutive patients with stage I-III low rectal cancer located within 5 cm from the anal verge underwent curative ISR and APR. A retrospective comparison of these two procedures was performed. RESULTS: Overall, 128 patients underwent ISR and 149 underwent APR...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091844/the-obesity-paradox-in-heart-failure-a-mir-26b-affair
#6
LETTER
Raffaella Mormile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091843/the-incidence-of-post-colonoscopy-colorectal-cancer-a-retrospective-long-term-cohort-study-using-a-colonoscopy-database
#7
Ayako Nakada, Ryota Niikura, Atsuo Yamada, Shuntaro Yoshida, Yoshihiro Hirata, Kazuhiko Koike
PURPOSE: The cumulative incidence of post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer remains unclear. Our aims were to estimate the incidence of and identify risk factors associated with post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the colonoscopy database of the Department of Gastroenterology, the University of Tokyo Hospital Records from1995-2012. A cohort of 2544 patients, who received multiple colonoscopies without colorectal cancer findings at first colonoscopy, was selected...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091842/squamous-cell-dysplasia-in-the-proximal-rectum-of-three-patients-treated-for-ulcerative-colitis-on-immunomodulators
#8
James G Connolly, Stephen E Goldstone
BACKGROUND: Anal canal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) is the precursor to anal cancer. Immunocompromised patients are at increased risk and disease is usually within 3 cm from the anal verge. High-resolution anoscopy (HRA) with an 8-cm anoscope is used to identify and guide cautery treatment of HSIL. PURPOSE: We report three patients with a long-term history of ulcerative colitis (UC) treated with systemic immunomodulators who developed proximally located rectal HSIL...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091841/transumbilical-abdominal-incision-for-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-postoperative-surgical-site-infection
#9
Mizunori Yaegashi, Koki Otsuka, Toshimoto Kimura, Masanori Hakozaki, Megumu Kamishima, Tomoki Hatanaka, Kei Sato, Hitoshi Fujii, Teppei Matsuo, Akira Sasaki
PURPOSE: Besides antibiotic prophylaxis, antiseptic skin preparation is an important measure to prevent surgical site infection (SSI). No reports have detailed the relationship between SSI and umbilical microflora following laparoscopic colorectal cancer with a transumbilical longitudinal incision. METHODS: Risk factors and the rate of SSI were investigated in 453 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resection over a 3-year period. Microbiological samples were collected from the umbilicus and SSI areas...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084549/sigmoid-resection-for-diverticulitis-is-more-difficult-than-for-malignancies
#10
Maw Stam, W A Draaisma, Pcm Pasker, Ecj Consten, Iamj Broeders
PURPOSE: Sigmoid resection for diverticulitis is usually the first procedure performed when starting the learning process for laparoscopic colorectal surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the difficulty of laparoscopic sigmoid resection for diverticulitis in comparison to sigmoid malignancy in order to assess its role in the residents training program. METHODS: A cohort of patients was selected who suffered either from malignancy or recurrent diverticulitis in the sigmoid colon...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084548/cytomegalovirus-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-anti-tnf%C3%AE
#11
Sara T Campos, Francisco A Portela, Luís Tomé
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anti-TNFα agents emerged in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as an effective option in situations that, otherwise, would be refractory to medical therapy. Cytomegalovirus infection may present with a high spectrum of manifestations and lead to high morbidity and mortality. However, its clinical significance in IBD course remains unknown and data on its association with anti-TNFα are limited. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection/disease in patients with IBD treated with anti-TNFα; if possible, possible risk factors associated with CMV infection/disease in IBD patients under anti-TNFα as well as the influence of CMV infection/disease in IBD course would be determined...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078433/a-meta-analysis-of-the-clinicopathological-characteristics-and-survival-outcomes-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-associated-colorectal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Ian S Reynolds, Aobhlinn O'Toole, Joseph Deasy, Deborah A McNamara, John P Burke
PURPOSE: The current study aims to use meta-analytical techniques to compare the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) associated and sporadic colorectal carcinoma (CRC). Patients with IBD have an established increased risk of developing CRC. There is no consensus, however, on the clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of IBD associated CRC when compared to sporadic CRC. METHODS: A comprehensive search for published studies comparing IBD associated and sporadic CRC was performed...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070659/diagnosis-treatment-and-consequences-of-anastomotic-leakage-in-colorectal-surgery
#13
Bodil Gessler, Olle Eriksson, Eva Angenete
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the choice of modality for diagnosis, treatments, and consequences of anastomotic leakage. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients who underwent surgery that included a colorectal anastomosis due to colorectal cancer, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or benign polyps. RESULTS: A total of 600 patients were included during 2010-2012, and 60 (10%) had an anastomotic leakage...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062905/ct-colonography-in-patients-with-stenosing-colorectal-cancer
#14
LETTER
Nicola Flor, Perry J Pickhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054134/ultrasonographic-evidence-of-gatekeeper%C3%A2-prosthesis-migration-in-patients-treated-for-faecal-incontinence-a-case-series
#15
F de la Portilla, M L Reyes-Díaz, M V Maestre, R M Jiménez-Rodríguez, A M García-Cabrera, J M Vázquez-Monchul, J M Díaz-Pavón, F C Padillo-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence (FI) is both a medical and social problem, with an underestimated incidence. For patients with internal anal sphincter damage, implantation of biomaterial in the anal canal is a recognised treatment option. One such material, Gatekeeper™, has previously shown promising short- and medium-term results without any major complications, including displacement. The main aim of the present study is to assess the degree to which displacement of Gatekeeper prostheses may occur and to determine whether this is associated with patient outcomes...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039531/stress-and-psychopathology-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-chronic-anal-fissure-caf-patients
#16
Özden Arısoy, Neriman Şengül, Affan Çakir
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissure (CAF) onset, exacerbation, and impact on quality of life are influenced by a host of psychological, physiological, and social factors. We aimed to investigate the difference in psychopathology and stress between normal and CAF groups. METHODS: Thirty CAF patients and 20 age-sex matched healthy controls were evaluated for Axis I psychopathology, depression, anxiety, and stress with Hamilton and Hospital Depression-Anxiety Scales, Perceived Stress Scale, and SF-36...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035463/sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-faecal-incontinence-in-patients-with-sacral-malformation
#17
M Brunner, Z Cui, K E Matzel
INTRODUCTION: Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) is a common and effective treatment for faecal incontinence (FI), but accessibility of the sacral nerves is mandatory. In some cases, electrode placement fails for unknown reasons. A frequent cause could be sacral malformations, which have a high incidence (up to 24.1%) and can be unsuspected. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report two patients with FI consequent to congenital anorectal malformation and associated sacral malformation...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035462/bactericidal-permeability-increasing-protein-gene-polymorphism-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-meta-analysis-of-five-case-control-studies
#18
Lijuan Fan, Guoning Fu, Yuanyuan Ding, Peng Lv, Hongyun Li
OBJECTIVE: Bactericidal/permeability increasing protein (BPI) gene polymorphisms have been extensively investigated in terms of their associations with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), with contradictory results. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate associations between BPI gene polymorphisms and the risk of IBD, Crohn's disease (CD), and ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Eligible studies from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases were identified...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035461/is-early-colonoscopy-after-ct-diagnosed-diverticulitis-still-necessary
#19
Thomas Surya Suhardja, Shana Norhadi, Edward Zhenyu Seah, Stephen Rodgers-Wilson
PURPOSE: WHO GLOBOCAN 2012 data showed that Australia and New Zealand have the highest incidence rates of colorectal cancer in the world (Ferlay et al. 1). Current guidelines recommend that patients admitted for an episode of acute diverticulitis require an early follow-up colonoscopy to rule out colorectal malignancy as reported by Fozard et al. (Colorectal Dis 13:1-11, 2011). Recent studies however have indicated that this may not be warranted (Brar et al. Dis Colon rectum 56:1259-1264, 2013)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035460/usefulness-of-anorectal-and-endovaginal-3d-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-sphincter-and-pubovisceral-muscle-defects-using-a-new-scoring-system-in-women-with-fecal-incontinence-after-vaginal-delivery
#20
Sthela M Murad-Regadas, Graziela Olivia da S Fernandes, Francisco Sergio Pinheiro Regadas, Lusmar Veras Rodrigues, Francisco Sergio Pinheiro Regadas Filho, Iris Daiana Dealcanfreitas, Adjra da Silva Vilarinho, Mariana Murad da Cruz
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate pubovisceral muscle and anal sphincter defects in women with previous vaginal delivery and fecal incontinence and to correlate the findings with the severity of symptoms using the combined anorectal and endovaginal 3D ultrasonography with a new ultrasound scoring system. METHODS: Consecutive female patients with previous vaginal delivery and fecal incontinence symptoms were screened. Fecal incontinence was assessed with the Cleveland Clinic Florida fecal incontinence scale, and the extent of defects was assessed by an ultrasound score based on results of anorectal and endovaginal 3D ultrasound...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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