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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

Mohammed Alawady, Sameh Hany Emile, Mahmoud Abdelnaby, Hosam Elbanna, Mohamed Farid
BACKGROUND: Lateral internal anal sphincterotomy (LIS) is considered the treatment of choice for chronic anal fissure. This study aimed to compare the outcome of standard LIS and posterolateral internal sphincterotomy (PLIS) at 5 o'clock position as regards healing of anal fissure, improvement in symptoms, and complications. METHODS: Patients with chronic anal fissure were randomly allocated to one of two groups; group I underwent PLIS and group II underwent LIS...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Marco Armbruster, Melvin D'Anastasi, Veronika Holzner, Martin E Kreis, Olaf Dietrich, Bernhard Brandlhuber, Anno Graser, Martina Brandlhuber
PURPOSE: The prediction of an infiltration of the mesorectal fascia (MRF) and malignant lymph nodes is essential for treatment planning and prognosis of patients with rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the additional diagnostic value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) for the detection of a malignant involvement of the MRF and of mesorectal lymph nodes in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: In this prospective study, 22 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer were examined with 1...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Alberto Posabella, Niccolò Rotigliano, Athanasios Tampakis, Markus von Flüe, Ida Füglistaler
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic rectosigmoid resection is the standard surgical treatment for recurrent sigmoid diverticulitis. However, speaking of mesenterium division, no unique standard procedure is actually provided. Surgeons can perform it at the level of either the sigmoid vessels or the inferior mesenteric vessels. The objective of this study was to compare intra- and postoperative complications of both techniques. METHODS: From a prospective collected database of patients that underwent elective laparoscopic sigmoid resection between January 2004 and December 2014, a retrospective analysis according to the selected operative technique was performed...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Qi Liu, Yanlei Ma, Dakui Luo, Sanjun Cai, Qingguo Li, Xinxiang Li
PURPOSE: This study aimed to improve the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Tumor Node Metastases (TNM) staging system and demonstrate the improvement in prognostic accuracy and clinical management guidance in colon cancer using the novel prognostic score (P score). METHODS: Eligible patients were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. A P score (based on age, tumor size, and tumor grade) was assigned to each patient. The Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to identify independent factors associated with prognosis...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Volker Gebhardt, Kevin Kiefer, Dieter Bussen, Christel Weiss, Marc D Schmittner
PURPOSE: Perianal procedures are carried out in an outpatient setting regularly. The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to investigate the impact of different local anaesthetics (LA) for spinal anaesthesia (SPA) on operating room (OR) efficiency (perioperative process times, turnaround times) and postoperative recovery. This study aims on the determination of the optimal LA for low-dose SPA in the specific setting of a high-volume day-surgery centre. METHODS: Anaesthesia records of all patients undergoing perianal outpatient surgery under saddle-block SPA at the Mannheim University Medical Centre from 2008 until 2017 were analysed...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jens Ravn Eriksen, Henrik Ovesen, Ismail Gögenur
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage is the most serious surgical complication following colorectal resection, and surgical intervention is often required. The purpose of the study was to investigate short- and long-term outcomes after reoperation for anastomotic leakage. METHOD: Patients with a symptomatic anastomotic leakage following a laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection from January 2009 to December 2014 were identified from our local prospective database. Patients were grouped according to the management of anastomotic leaks: local, lap, or open approach...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Susanna Nikolaus, Georg H Waetzig, Sven Butzin, Monika Ziolkiewicz, Natalie Al-Massad, Florian Thieme, Ulf Lövgren, Birgitte B Rasmussen, Torsten M Reinheimer, Dirk Seegert, Philip Rosenstiel, Silke Szymczak, Stefan Schreiber
PURPOSE: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) production and signalling are increased in the inflamed mucosa in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). As published serum levels of IL-6 and its soluble receptors sIL-6R and sgp130 in IBD are from small cohorts and partly contradictory, we systematically evaluated IL-6, sIL-6R and sgp130 levels as markers of disease activity in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Consecutive adult outpatients with confirmed CD or UC were included, and their disease activity and medication were monitored...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Yuta Kouyama, Shin-Ei Kudo, Hideyuki Miyachi, Katsuro Ichimasa, Shingo Matsudaira, Masashi Misawa, Yuichi Mori, Toyoki Kudo, Takemasa Hayashi, Kunihiko Wakamura, Fumio Ishida, Shigeharu Hamatani
PURPOSE: The recurrence of T1 colorectal cancers is relatively rare, and the prognostic factors still remain obscure. This study aimed to clarify the risk factors for recurrence in patients with T1 colorectal cancers treated by endoscopic resection (ER) alone or surgical resection (SR) with lymph node dissection, respectively. METHODS: We reviewed 930 patients with resected T1 colorectal cancers (mean follow-up, 52.3 months). Patients were divided into two groups: those who underwent ER alone (298 cases), and those who underwent initial or additional SR with lymph node dissection (632 cases)...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Andrea Balla, Silvia Quaresima, José D Subiela, Mostafa Shalaby, Giuseppe Petrella, Pierpaolo Sileri
PURPOSE: "Endometriosis" is defined such as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity. This ectopic condition may develop as deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) when a solid mass is located deeper than 5 mm underneath the peritoneum including the intestinal wall. The ideal surgical treatment is still under search, and treatment may range from simple shaving to rectal resection. The aim of the present systematic review is to report and analyze the postoperative outcomes after rectosigmoid resection for endometriosis...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Amol Agarwal, Sidyarth Garimall, Caitlin Colling, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Michael L Kochman, Gregory G Ginsberg, Vinay Chandrasekhara
PURPOSE: To investigate advanced neoplasia (AN) after endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of colonic laterally spreading lesions (LSLs). METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who underwent injection-assisted EMR of colonic LSLs ≥ 10 mm was performed. Primary outcome was overall rate of AN at initial surveillance colonoscopy. Secondary outcomes were the rates of residual AN (rAN) at the EMR site and metachronous AN (mAN), and analysis of risk factors for AN, including effect of surveillance guidance...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Amelie Therrien, Zaki El Haffaf, Claire Wartelle-Bladou, Justin Côté-Daigneault, Bich N Nguyen
PURPOSE: We describe an exceptional case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) that presented as Crohn's disease and primary sclerosing cholangitis. METHODS: The patient's clinical, endoscopic, and histologic data from the Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal were reviewed, as well as the literature on LCH involving the digestive tract and the liver, with a focus on the similarities with Crohn's disease and primary sclerosing cholangitis. RESULTS: A 39 years-old man first presented with anal fissures and deep punctiform colonic ulcers...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Christian Galata, Christel Weiss, Julia Hardt, Steffen Seyfried, Stefan Post, Peter Kienle, Karoline Horisberger
PURPOSE: To determine risk factors for early postoperative complications and longer hospital stay after ileocecal resection and right hemicolectomy in a single-center cohort of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the prospectively maintained surgical database for patients with CD at our institution was performed. All consecutive patients operated on between January 2010 and December 2016 were included. RESULTS: A total of 305 patients were included...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Lise Courtot, Bertrand Le Roy, Ricardo Memeo, Thibault Voron, Nicolas de Angelis, Nicolas Tabchouri, Francesco Brunetti, Anne Berger, Didier Mutter, Johan Gagniere, Ephrem Salamé, Denis Pezet, Mehdi Ouaïssi
PURPOSE: Postoperative ileus (POI) is associated with an elevated risk of other complications and increases the economic impact on healthcare services. The aim of this study was to identify pre-, intra- and postoperative risk factors associated with the development of POI following elective laparoscopic right colectomy. METHODS: Between 2004 and 2016, 637 laparoscopic right colectomies were performed. Data were analysed retrospectively thanks to the CLIHMET database...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
A A Abukar, A Ramsanahie, K Martin-Lumbard, E R Herrington, V Winslow, S Wong, S Ahmed, M A Thaha
PURPOSE: Availability of comorbidity assessment at multi-disciplinary team (MDT) discussions is cornerstone in making the MDT process more robust and decisive in optimising treatment and improving quality of survivorship. Comorbidity assessments using tools, such as the ACE-27 questionnaire would aid in optimising the decision-making process at MDTs so that treatment decisions can be made without delay. This study determined the availability of comorbidity data in a CRC MDT and the feasibility of routine comorbidity data collection using the validated ACE-27 questionnaire...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Patricia Tejedor, Carlos Pastor, Santiago Gonzalez-Ayora, Mario Ortega-Lopez, Hector Guadalajara, Damian Garcia-Olmo
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the benefits of implementing Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols in elderly patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. METHODS: A retrospective non-randomized cohort study was conducted from September 2012 to December 2016. We included patients ≥ 70 years undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Outcome measures, compliance with interventions, and postoperative complications of patients treated under ERAS were case-matched (based on gender, age, type of surgery, and the presence/absence of a temporal stoma) to a retrospective group of patients ≥ 70 years treated under conventional care...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Karel Kostev, Marcel Konrad, Louis Jacob
AIMS: The goal of the present study was to analyze the time between suspected and confirmed diagnoses of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients followed in gastroenterological practices in Germany. METHODS: The study included individuals who received a suspected diagnosis of CD or UC (index date) and were followed in 47 gastroenterological practices in Germany between January 2007 and December 2016. The main outcome measure of the study was the time between suspected and confirmed diagnoses of CD and UC...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Sunandan Yadav, Radha Govind Khandelwal, Prabha Om, K Ravindra, Kanhaiya Lal Choudhary
INTRODUCTION: Post-hemorrhoidectomy pain is significantly associated with a hypertonicity of the internal anal sphincter. We evaluated the effects of topical diltiazem, a calcium channel blocker, in reducing pain after hemorrhoidectomy. Purpose of our study was to determine difference in extent of pain control by application of topical calcium channel blocker (diltiazem 2%) versus placebo ointment. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized double-blind clinical study conducted at Sawai Man Singh Hospital, Jaipur, from May 2016 to May 2017...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Victoria Blanes-Vidal, Esmaeil S Nadimi, Maria Magdalena Buijs, Gunnar Baatrup
PURPOSE: Colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) is considered a potential alternative to optical colonoscopy (OC) for colorectal cancer screening. However, the accuracy of CCE in polyp size and morphology estimation is unknown. METHODS: A fully paired study was performed (2015-2016), where 255 participants from the Danish national screening program had CCE, OC, and histopathology (HP) of all detected polyps. We developed a new algorithm to match CCE and OC polyps, based on objective measures of similarity between polyps...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Kang Hong Lee, Bo-Kyeong Kang, Byung Kyu Ahn
PURPOSE: Obesity is thought to influence postoperative complications and recurrence of mid and low rectal cancer (MLRC) because of intraoperative technical difficulties. However, few reports have described the relationship between obesity indices and the clinical outcomes of MLRC. This study aimed to investigate the association between visceral obesity on computed tomography (CT) and oncolofical outcomes after surgery for MLRC and identify the obesity index that most accurately reflects clinical outcomes...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
H G Jones, E Qasem, N Dilaver, R Egan, O Bodger, R Kokelaar, M D Evans, M Davies, J Beynon, D Harris
INTRODUCTION: The inflammatory response is known to have an important role in tumourigenesis and the response to treatment. Previous studies have demonstrated that inflammatory cell ratios such as the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can predict survival and recurrence following surgery for various cancers. The objective of this study was to demonstrate if pre-operative NLR has a role in predicting post-operative septic complications in patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery. METHODOLOGY: Consecutive patients undergoing scheduled resection for rectal cancer in a tertiary centre from July 2007 to Dec 2015 were included...
April 28, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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