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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450635/screening-in-spouses-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-missed-opportunity
#1
Ker-Kan Tan, Tian-Zhi Lim, Emily Chew, Wen-Min Chow, Nan Luo, Mee-Lian Wong, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh
BACKGROUND: Spouses of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients could be at increased risk of developing CRC due to shared lifestyle habits with the patients which is a notable risk factor. This study explores the various issues surrounding CRC screening among these spouses. METHODS: A mixed method study comprising in-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews followed by structured quantitative questionnaire was administered to spouses who accompanied CRC patients during their appointments, from January 2016 to February 2017...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445871/are-we-doing-too-much-local-excision-before-radical-surgery-in-early-rectal-cancer
#2
Sun Min Park, Bong-Hyeon Kye, Min Ki Kim, Heba E Jalloun, Hyeon-Min Cho, In Kyu Lee
PURPOSE: In early rectal cancer cases, the use of local excision is increasing. The general indication for local excision is based on the preoperative stage, but there is often a discrepancy between pre and postoperative stages. We sought to determine the indications for local excision in T1 rectal adenocarcinoma patients by comparing the preoperative clinical and postoperative pathological stages. A second aim was to compare the oncologic outcomes between local excision and radical resection...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445870/extralevator-versus-standard-abdominoperineal-excision-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-retrospective-study-with-long-term-follow-up
#3
Anu Carpelan, J Karvonen, P Varpe, A Rantala, A Kaljonen, J Grönroos, H Huhtinen
PURPOSE: To analyze the results of abdominoperineal excisions (APE) for locally advanced rectal cancer at our institution before and after the adoption of extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) with a special reference to long-term survival. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary referral center. All consecutive patients operated for locally advanced (TNM classification T3-4) rectal cancer with APE in 2004-2009 were compared to patients with similar tumors operated with ELAPE in 2009-2016...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442156/ventral-rectopexy-with-biological-mesh-short-term-functional-results
#4
M Brunner, H Roth, K Günther, R Grützmann, K E Matzel
PURPOSE: Ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR) is an established, minimally invasive, nerve-sparing procedure for the treatment of various symptomatic morphological changes in the posterior pelvic compartment. We present the short-term functional outcome and patient satisfaction after laparoscopic and robotic VMR with biological mesh. METHODS: We analyzed data from 123 patients who underwent laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy (LVMR) or robotic ventral mesh rectopexy (RVMR) from August 2012 to January 2017...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442155/outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-selective-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-with-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer
#5
Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Kimihiro Yamashita, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Shingo Kanaji, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
PURPOSE: The clinical significance of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) for locally advanced rectal cancer remains unclear. We have employed total mesorectal excision and selective LLND following preoperative CRT for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. The validity of our strategy was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 45 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent curative surgery after CRT from November 2005 to September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411120/nomogram-for-predicting-anastomotic-leakage-after-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#6
Nobuaki Hoshino, Koya Hida, Yoshiharu Sakai, Shunichi Osada, Hitoshi Idani, Toshihiko Sato, Yasumasa Takii, Hiroyuki Bando, Akio Shiomi, Norio Saito
PURPOSE: Anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection for rectal cancer is a critical problem. Many risk factors have been suggested and surgical techniques have improved, but anastomotic leakage remains a major postoperative challenge. This study sought to create a nomogram for precise prediction of anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: We used data of 936 patients that had been prospectively collected by the Japanese Society for Colon and Rectal Cancer between June 2010 and February 2013...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411119/selective-association-of-nonaspirin-nsaids-with-risk-of-diverticulitis
#7
Matthias C Reichert, Marcin Krawczyk, Beate Appenrodt, Markus Casper, Bettina Friesenhahn-Ochs, Frank Grünhage, Christoph Jüngst, Vincent Zimmer, Frank Lammert, Marc Dauer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of intake of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and in particular nonaspirin NSAIDs and compare it with other risk factors for the progression of diverticulosis to diverticulitis in patients who underwent colonoscopy. METHODS: A total of 194 patients who underwent complete colonoscopy in our center between 2012 and 2016 were recruited: 144 with diverticulosis without prior diverticulitis (median age 71 years, 59...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397431/risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-with-periodontal-disease-severity-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Je-Ming Hu, Cheng-Jung Shen, Yu-Ching Chou, Chi-Feng Hung, Yu-Feng Tian, San-Lin You, Chao-Yang Chen, Chih-Hsiung Hsu, Cheng-Wen Hsiao, Chun-Yu Lin, Chien-An Sun
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease (PD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) were associated with chronic inflammation. This retrospective cohort study examined the association between PD severity and CRC in a large-scale, population-based Chinese cohort. METHODS: A total of approximately 106,487 individuals with newly diagnosed PD and 106,487 age-matched and sex-matched patients without PD from 2000 to 2002 were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397430/long-term-quality-of-life-after-conservative-treatment-versus-surgery-for-different-stages-of-acute-sigmoid-diverticulitis
#9
Martina Brandlhuber, Christian Genzinger, Bernhard Brandlhuber, Wieland H Sommer, Mario H Müller, Martin E Kreis
PURPOSE: It is controversial whether patients fare better with conservative or surgical treatment in certain stages of acute diverticulitis (AD), in particular when phlegmonous inflammation or covered micro- or macro-perforation are present. The aim of this study was to determine long-term quality of life (QoL) for AD patients who received either surgery or conservative treatment in different stages. METHODS: We included patients treated for AD at the University Hospital Grosshadern, Munich, Germany, between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2010...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374802/use-of-an-ace-inhibitor-or-angiotensin-receptor-blocker-is-a-major-risk-factor-for-dehydration-requiring-readmission-in-the-setting-of-a-new-ileostomy
#10
Gregory Charak, Benjamin A Kuritzkes, Ahmed Al-Mazrou, Kunal Suradkar, Neda Valizadeh, Steven A Lee-Kong, Daniel L Feingold, Emmanouil P Pappou
PURPOSE: Diverting ileostomies help prevent major complications related to anastomoses after colorectal resection but can cause metabolic derangement and hypovolemia, leading to readmission. This paper aims to determine whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) use increased the risk of readmission, or readmission specifically for dehydration after new ileostomy creation. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing diverting ileostomy at a tertiary-care hospital, 2009-2015...
January 27, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374306/intraoperative-colonic-pulse-oximetry-in-left-sided-colorectal-surgery-can-it-predict-anastomotic-leak
#11
Johannes M Salusjärvi, Monika A Carpelan-Holmström, Johanna M Louhimo, Olli Kruuna, Tom M Scheinin
BACKGROUND: An anastomotic leak is a fairly common and a potentially lethal complication in colorectal surgery. Objective methods to assess the viability and blood circulation of the anastomosis could help in preventing leaks. Intraoperative pulse oximetry is a cheap, easy to use, fast, and readily available method to assess tissue viability. Our aim was to study whether intraoperative pulse oximetry can predict the development of an anastomotic leak. METHODS: The study was a prospective single-arm study conducted between the years 2005 and 2011 in Helsinki University Hospital...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356879/new-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-stool-and-or-gas-distribution-for-treatment-of-chronic-constipation
#12
Noriaki Manabe, Tomoari Kamada, Jiro Hata, Ken Haruma
PURPOSE: The first aim of this study was to develop a new ultrasonographic method (US) to evaluate stool and/or gas distribution. The second aim was to apply this method to compare stool and/or gas distribution between healthy subjects and patients with chronic constipation and evaluate whether US parameters could be an alternative to the colonic transit time (CTT). METHODS: We enrolled seven healthy volunteers (four men, three women; mean age 29.3 ± 5.2 years) who underwent US and computed tomography (CT) on the same day to evaluate the reproducibility of US results...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354849/low-risk-of-intra-abdominal-infections-in-rectal-cancer-patients-treated-with-hartmann-s-procedure-a-report-from-a-national-registry
#13
Ingvar Sverrisson, Maziar Nikberg, Abbas Chabok, Kenneth Smedh
PURPOSE: To describe the postoperative surgical complications in patients with rectal cancer undergoing Hartmann's procedure (HP). METHODS: Data were retrieved from the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry for all patients with rectal cancer undergoing HP in 2007-2014. A retrospective analysis was performed using prospectively recorded data. Characteristics of patients and risk factors for intra-abdominal infection and re-laparotomy were analysed. RESULTS: Of 10,940 patients resected for rectal cancer, 1452 (13%) underwent HP (median age, 77 years)...
January 21, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352331/transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-is-it-necessary-in-the-era-of-robots
#14
Li-Jen Kuo, James Chi-Yong Ngu, Chia-Che Chen
Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) has been proposed to overcome the limitations of laparoscopic TME. The robotic surgical platform has already established its benefits in providing superior ergonomics, and the purported advantages of taTME may play less important a role in the era of robots.
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349481/systematic-review-and-comparison-of-national-and-international-guidelines-on-diverticular-disease
#15
REVIEW
T Galetin, A Galetin, K-H Vestweber, A D Rink
PURPOSE: Diverticular disease is common and of increasing medical and economical importance. Various practice guidelines on diagnostic and treatment on this disease exist. We compared current guidelines on the disease in order to identify concordant and discordant recommendations. METHOD: Eleven national and international guidelines on diverticular disease published over the last 10 years have been identified by a systematic literature review on PubMed and compared in detail for 20 main and 51 subtopics...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344697/could-spouses-of-colorectal-cancer-patients-possess-higher-risk-of-developing-colorectal-cancer
#16
LETTER
Ker-Kan Tan, Gerald C H Koh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335838/effect-of-immunonutrition-on-colorectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#17
Jing Xu, Xian Sun, Qianqian Xin, Ying Cheng, Zhen Zhan, Junfeng Zhang, Juan Wu
PURPOSE: Immunonutrition has been used to prevent the complications after colorectal elective surgery. This systematic review aimed to analyze and assess the effect of immunonutrition on colorectal cancer patients who received elective surgery. METHODS: Three electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane) were used to search the latent studies which investigated the effects of enteral immunonutrition (EIN) compared with standard enteral nutrition (EN) or parenteral immunonutrition (PIN) compared with standard parenteral nutrition (PN) on colorectal cancer patients who are undergoing surgery until 21st of April, 2017...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332182/correction-to-pretreatment-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-is-associated-with-intrusive-thoughts-and-sense-of-coherence
#18
Dan Asplund, Thue Bisgaard, David Bock, Jakob Burcharth, Elisabeth González, Eva Haglind, Yanislav Kolev, Peter Matthiessen, Carina Rosander, Jacob Rosenberg, Kenneth Smedh, Marina Åkerblom Sörensson, Eva Angenete
The original version of this article, unfortunately, contained errors.
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330765/pudendal-nerve-terminal-motor-latency-testing-does-not-provide-useful-information-in-guiding-therapy-for-fecal-incontinence
#19
Julia T Saraidaridis, George Molina, Lieba R Savit, Holly Milch, Tiffany Mei, Samantha Chin, James Kuo, Liliana Bordeianou
PURPOSE: Pudendal nerve terminal motor latency (PNTML) testing is a standard recommendation for the evaluation of fecal incontinence. Its role in guiding therapy for fecal incontinence has been previously questioned. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between PNTML testing and anorectal dysfunction. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively from patients who presented to a pelvic floor disorder center from 2007 to 2015...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327167/does-laparoscopic-intracorporeal-ileocolic-anastomosis-decreases-surgical-site-infection-rate-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#20
L Martinek, K You, S Giuratrabocchetta, M Gachabayov, K Lee, R Bergamaschi
AIM: Foreshortened mesentery or thick abdominal wall constitutes a rationale for laparoscopic intracorporeal ileocolic anastomoses (ICA). The aim of this study was to compare intracorporeal to extracorporeal ICA in terms of surgical site infections in patients with Crohn's ileitis and overweight patients with right colon tumors. METHOD: This was a prospective propensity score-matched cohort study enrolling consecutive patients with Crohn's terminal ileitis and overweight patients with right colon tumors undergoing elective laparoscopic right colon resection with intracorporeal or extracorporeal ICA...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
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