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American Journal of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072778/postural-tachycardia-syndrome-pots-and-the-gi-tract-a-primer-for-the-gastroenterologist
#1
REVIEW
John K DiBaise, Lucinda A Harris, Brent Goodman
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is one of the most common causes of orthostatic intolerance and is being increasingly recognized in clinical practice. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are reported commonly in patients with POTS and pose a considerable management challenge, making it imperative that gastroenterologists be aware of this condition and its GI comorbidities. Although the evidence presented herein does not prove causation, it does support an association between GI symptoms, GI dysmotility, and POTS...
August 3, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072777/enteric-infections-are-common-in-patients-with-flares-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Jordan E Axelrad, Andrew Joelson, Peter H R Green, Garrett Lawlor, Simon Lichtiger, Ken Cadwell, Benjamin Lebwohl
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the role of non-Clostridium difficile enteric infections in flares of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our objective was to investigate enteric infection detected by multiplex PCR stool testing in patients with IBD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 9403 patients who underwent 13,231 stool tests with a gastrointestinal pathogen PCR panel during a diarrheal illness from March 2015 to May 2017. Our primary outcome was the presence of an infection...
August 3, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072776/risk-of-metachronous-advanced-neoplasia-in-patients-with-multiple-diminutive-adenomas
#3
Jung Yoon Kim, Tae Jun Kim, Sun-Young Baek, Soohyun Ahn, Eun Ran Kim, Sung Noh Hong, Dong Kyung Chang, Young-Ho Kim
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with advanced adenomas or three or more adenomas have a higher risk of metachronous advanced neoplasia (AN) and are recommended to undergo surveillance colonoscopy at shorter intervals. However, it is questionable whether patients with multiple (three or more) non-advanced diminutive adenomas should be considered as high-risk. METHODS: We analyzed 5482 patients diagnosed with one or more adenomas during their first colonoscopy screening and who underwent a follow-up colonoscopy...
August 3, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072775/endoscopy-assisted-suture-of-gastrocutaneous-fistula-a-promising-approach-in-pediatric-patients
#4
LETTER
Helena Moreira Silva, Rosa Lima, Fernando Pereira, Ricardo Küttner-Magalhães
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050133/validity-of-pass-in-tertiary-referral-and-community-medical-centers
#5
LETTER
Bradford Chong, James Buxbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046155/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-a-gluten-free-diet-and-a-low-fodmaps-diet-in-treating-symptoms-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Joanna Dionne, Alexander C Ford, Yuhong Yuan, William D Chey, Brian E Lacy, Yuri A Saito, Eamonn M M Quigley, Paul Moayyedi
OBJECTIVE: Dietary triggers such as gluten and highly fermentable oligo-, di- and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP)-containing foods have been associated with worsening irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, the true impact of dietary restriction on IBS symptoms has remained unclear. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the efficacy of exclusion diets (we focused on low FODMAP and gluten-free diets (GFD)) in IBS...
July 26, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30042548/response-to-griffin
#7
LETTER
Philip Schoenfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038424/treating-hcv-in-a-captive-audience-eradication-efforts-in-the-prison-microenvironment
#8
EDITORIAL
Joseph S Redman, Richard K Sterling
Testing for and treating Hepatitis C (HCV) patients in the prison setting is effective in the short term to reducing the overall burden of HCV in the prison microenvironment, with growing evidence that such efforts could yield substantial overall benefits in the effort to eradicate HCV in society. However, rates of reinfection are as yet unknown.
July 24, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30033449/an-issue-of-control-patient-perspectives-on-use-of-nutritional-interventions-for-ibd
#9
Catalina Berenblum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022113/pregnancy-outcomes-reported-during-the-13-year-treat-registry-a-descriptive-report
#10
Gary R Lichtenstein, Brian G Feagan, Uma Mahadevan, Bruce A Salzberg, Wayne Langholff, G James Morgan, Michael Safdi, Riikka Nissinen, François Taillard, William J Sandborn, Russell D Cohen
OBJECTIVES: We described pregnancy outcomes in Crohn's disease (CD) patients enrolled in the TREAT Registry who received infliximab before, or during pregnancy and those not treated with infliximab or any biologic agent. METHODS: In the TREAT Registry (1999-2012), pregnancy outcomes were analyzed from maternal and paternal patients exposed to infliximab ≤365 days (gestational exposure), >365 days (pre-gestational exposure) of pregnancy outcome or without infliximab exposure (non-biologic exposed)...
July 19, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018304/hereditary-pancreatitis-in-the-united-states-survival-and-rates-of-pancreatic-cancer
#11
Celeste A Shelton, Chandraprakash Umapathy, Kimberly Stello, Dhiraj Yadav, David C Whitcomb
OBJECTIVES: Hereditary pancreatitis (HP), an autosomal dominant disease typically caused by mutations in PRSS1, has a broad range of clinical characteristics and high cumulative risk of pancreatic cancer. We describe survival and pancreatic cancer risk in the largest HP cohort in the US. METHODS: HP probands and family members prospectively recruited from 1995 to 2013 completed medical and family history questionnaires, and provided blood for DNA testing. Overall survival (until 12/31/2015) was determined from the Social Security Death Index (SSDI), National Death Index (NDI), and family members...
July 18, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018303/disparities-in-access-to-direct-acting-antiviral-regimens-for-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-the-impact-of-race-and-insurance-status
#12
EDITORIAL
Zobair M Younossi
Despite highly effective and well-tolerated regimens for treating hepatitis C virus (HCV), patients face barriers in accessing treatment. In addition to suboptimal HCV screening programs and lack of effective linkage-to-care, other barriers include strict requirements from some payers to cover treatment. This study reports insurance status and Hispanic ethnicity as predictors of not receiving treatment. These barriers occur despite the fact that HCV is the most common indication for liver transplantation and cause of hepatocellular carcinoma in the U...
July 18, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013116/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-guanylate-cyclase-c-agonist-encouraging-results-with-insignificant-clinical-importance
#13
LETTER
Fernando Sierra, Daniel Gomez Gomez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008474/choosing-the-right-central-venous-catheter-for-parenteral-nutrition
#14
Dejan Micic, Carol Semrad, Vineet Chopra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008473/granulomatosis-with-angiitis-and-the-expunging-of-a-medical-eponym
#15
LETTER
Eli D Ehrenpreis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008472/rectal-cancer-in-2018-a-primer-for-the-gastroenterologist
#16
REVIEW
Benjamin A Goldenberg, Emma B Holliday, Ramzi M Helewa, Harminder Singh
The rectum has distinctive anatomic and physiologic features, which increase the risk of local spread and recurrence among rectal cancers as compared to colon cancers. Essential to the management of rectal cancers is accurate endoscopic localization as well as preoperative imaging assessment of local and distant disease. Successful oncologic care is multidisciplinary including input from Gastroenterologists, Surgeons, Medical and Radiation Oncologists, Radiologists, and Pathologists. Extensive planning of curative intent is mandatory as failures of upfront treatment present great long-term difficulty for patients and caregivers...
July 16, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008471/legal-risks-and-considerations-associated-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-primer
#17
Lauren D Feld, David T Rubin, Andrew D Feld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002467/current-concept-of-autoimmune-pancreatitis-and-igg4-related-disease
#18
Kazuichi Okazaki, Kazushige Uchida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002466/current-management-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#19
REVIEW
Chathur Acharya, Jasmohan S Bajaj
Hepatic encephalopathy is a state of brain dysfunction resulting from decompensation of cirrhosis. The mortality and morbidity associated with the overt form of hepatic encephalopathy are high, and even the covert form associates with poor outcomes and poor quality of life. We know that the dysfunction is not just an acute insult to the brain but rather results in long-standing cognitive issues that get worse with each episode of HE. Hence, there is an urgency to accurately diagnose these conditions, start appropriate therapy, and to maintain remission...
July 13, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29997398/2017-emily-couric-memorial-lecture-colorectal-cancer-polyps-prevention-and-progress
#20
REVIEW
Mark B Pochapin
Colorectal cancer remains the second-leading cause of cancer death in the United States-but efforts over the past two decades have resulted in tremendous progress in understanding the biology of how this disease develops, increasing screening rates, and decreasing incidence and mortality in those age 50 years and older. The drivers of this movement have been outstanding leadership, innovation, and collaboration. As we move forward to tackle issues such as the increasing incidence of this disease in younger adults, the need to address disparities in care and outcomes, and our shared goal to reach 80% screening rates, it's important to understand and appreciate the story of our past success in order to advance our future efforts...
July 12, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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