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American Journal of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30464306/bridging-medical-and-surgical-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-the-role-of-interventional-ibd
#1
Bo Shen, Gursimran Kochhar, Tracy L Hull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30464305/eus-ir-guided-revision-of-whipple-anatomy-for-concomitant-afferent-and-efferent-limb-obstruction
#2
Yen-I Chen, Corey S Miller, Ahmad Hashim, David Valenti, Peter Metrakos, Jeffrey Barkun, George Zogopoulos, Alan N Barkun, Ali Bessissow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30429593/evidence-for-local-and-systemic-immune-activation-in-functional-dyspepsia-and-the-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Grace Burns, Georgia Carroll, Andrea Mathe, Jay Horvat, Paul Foster, Marjorie M Walker, Nicholas J Talley, Simon Keely
BACKGROUND: Subtle histopathologic features such as eosinophilia and increased mast cells have been observed in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), including functional dyspepsia (FD) and the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The mechanisms that drive recruitment of these cells to the gastrointestinal tract remain unexplained, largely due to the heterogeneity in phenotypes among patients diagnosed with such conditions. We aimed to systematically review the literature and collate the evidence for immune activation in FD and IBS, and where possible, detail the nature of activation...
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30429592/durability-and-decay-of-treatment-benefit-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-12-month-follow-up
#4
Jeffrey M Lackner, James Jaccard, Christopher D Radziwon, Rebecca S Firth, Gregory D Gudleski, Frank Hamilton, Leonard A Katz, Laurie Keefer, Susan S Krasner, Chang-Xing Ma, Michael D Sitrin, Darren M Brenner
BACKGROUND: There is a need for safe and effective IBS treatments that provide immediate and sustained improvement of IBS symptoms, particularly among more severe patients. The aim was to assess long-term clinical response of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with reference to IBS education. METHODS: A total of 436 Rome III-diagnosed IBS patients (80% F, M age = 41 years) were randomized to: 4 session home-based CBT (minimal contact (MC-CBT)), 10 session clinic-based CBT (standard (S-CBT)), or 4 session IBS education (EDU)...
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30429591/new-onset-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-three-patients-undergoing-il-17a-inhibitor-secukinumab-a-case-series
#5
LETTER
Marta Vernero, Marco Astegiano, Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30429590/diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#6
REVIEW
Zobair M Younossi, David Bernstein, Mitchell L Shiffman, Paul Kwo, W Ray Kim, Kris V Kowdley, Ira M Jacobson
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic, cholestatic, autoimmune disease with a variable progressive course. PBC can cause debilitating symptoms including fatigue and pruritus and, if left untreated, is associated with a high risk of cirrhosis and related complications, liver failure, and death. Recent changes to the PBC landscape include a name change, updated guidelines for diagnosis and treatment as well as new treatment options that have recently become available. Practicing clinicians face many unanswered questions when managing PBC...
November 14, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420635/how-i-approach-it-using-ergonomics-to-prevent-injuries-for-the-endoscopist
#7
Kimberly Zibert, Manish Singla, Patrick E Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420634/fragmented-care-is-prevalent-among-inflammatory-bowel-disease-readmissions-and-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes
#8
Shirley Cohen-Mekelburg, Russell Rosenblatt, Stephanie Gold, Nicole Shen, Brett Fortune, Akbar K Waljee, Sameer Saini, Ellen Scherl, Robert Burakoff, Mark Unruh
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex chronic disease that often requires a multispeciality approach; thus, IBD patients are prone to care fragmentation. We aim to determine the prevalence of fragmentation among hospitalized IBD patients and identify associated predictors and visit-level outcomes. METHODS: The State Inpatient Databases for New York and Florida were used to identify 90-day readmissions among IBD inpatients from 2009 to 2013. The prevalence of fragmentation, defined as a readmission to a non-index hospital, was reported...
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420633/migrated-surgical-mesh-masquerading-as-a-luminal-stent
#9
Ashley Vachon, Augustin Attwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413822/high-grade-dysplasia-in-resected-main-duct-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-md-ipmn-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-subsequent-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Shounak Majumder, Nissy A Philip, Sajan Jiv Singh Nagpal, Naoki Takahashi, Kristin C Mara, Michael L Kendrick, Thomas C Smyrk, Lizhi Zhang, Michael J Levy, Ferga C Gleeson, Bret T Petersen, Randall K Pearson, Mark D Topazian, Santhi Swaroop Vege, Suresh T Chari
BACKGROUND: There is lack of consensus on post-operative surveillance for resected non-invasive intraductal papillary neoplasms (IPMNs). In this study we explored risk factors for subsequent PC in patients with MD-IPMN undergoing partial pancreatectomy. METHODS: We searched the Mayo Clinic surgical pathology database for all cases of resected MD-IPMN between 1997 and 2014. Cases with histologically confirmed main pancreatic duct involvement either isolated or in a mixed pattern with branch-duct involvement were included...
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413821/creating-and-implementing-a-national-public-health-campaign-the-american-cancer-society-s-and-national-colorectal-cancer-roundtable-s-80-by-2018-initiative
#11
Richard C Wender, Mary Doroshenk, Durado Brooks, James Hotz, Robert A Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413820/eus-guided-biliary-drainage-in-patients-with-distal-malignant-obstruction-a-work-in-progress
#12
LETTER
Alberto Larghi, Mihai Rimbaș, Gianenrico Rizzatti, Guido Costamagna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413819/towards-a-fuller-assessment-of-gastric-motility-in-patients-with-upper-gi-dyspepsia-time-to-accommodate
#13
EDITORIAL
Alan H Maurer, Henry P Parkman
There is increasing recognition of the importance of assessing patients with unexplained upper gastrointestinal symptoms for impaired gastric accommodation. New therapeutic approaches to treat impaired accommodation are being developed. This increasing interest in diagnosing and treating impaired gastric accommodation emphasizes the need to have a clinically available method to measure the gastric accommodation response. In this editorial, gastric accommodation is discussed along with the currently available methods for its assessment...
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413818/secondary-haemophagocytic-syndrome-and-overlapping-immune-reconstitution-syndrome-life-threatening-complications-of-anti-tnf-%C3%AE-treatment-for-crohn-s-disease
#14
LETTER
Esteban Sáez-González, Miguel Salavert, Elena Cerrillo, Inés Moret, Marisa Iborra, Pilar Nos, Belén Beltrán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413817/role-of-early-endoscopically-centered-step-up-interventions-in-acute-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#15
LETTER
Achintya Dinesh Singh, Agrima Mian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413816/choosing-the-appropriate-endoscopic-armamentarium-for-treatment-of-anastomotic-leaks
#16
Eduardo Rodrigues-Pinto, Rui Morais, Guilherme Macedo, Mouen A Khashab
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410041/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-telemedicine-for-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-tele-ibd
#17
Raymond K Cross, Patricia Langenberg, Miguel Regueiro, David A Schwartz, J Kathleen Tracy, Joseph F Collins, Jonathan Katz, Leyla Ghazi, Seema A Patil, Sandra M Quezada, Dawn Beaulieu, Sara N Horst, Katharine Russman, Mahrukh Riaz, Guruprasad Jambaulikar, Barathi Sivasailam, Charlene C Quinn
INTRODUCTION: Telemedicine has shown promise in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The objective of this study was to compare disease activity and quality of life (QoL) in a 1 year randomized trial of IBD patients receiving telemedicine versus standard care. METHODS: Patients with worsening symptoms in the prior 2 years were eligible for randomization to telemedicine (monitoring via texts EOW or weekly) or standard care. The primary outcomes were the differences in change in disease activity and QoL between the groups; change in health care utilization among groups was a secondary aim...
November 8, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410040/spectrum-of-liver-disease-in-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-patients-co-infected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-results-of-the-hbv-hiv-cohort-study
#18
Richard K Sterling, Abdus S Wahed, Wendy C King, David E Kleiner, Mandana Khalili, Mark Sulkowski, Raymond T Chung, Mamta K Jain, Mauricio Lisker-Melman, David K Wong, Marc G Ghany
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Because most HBV/HIV co-infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) have suppressed HBV DNA and normal liver enzymes, the histologic spectrum of liver disease in HBV/HIV coinfection is poorly defined. To address this gap in knowledge, we conducted a prospective study to comprehensively characterize liver disease severity assessed by liver biopsy in a well-defined cohort of HBV/HIV patients in North America receiving cART. METHODS: Adult HIV/HBsAg positive patients on stable cART were recruited...
November 8, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410039/sofosbuvir-based-therapy-in-hepatitis-c-virus-infected-cancer-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Harrys A Torres, Minas P Economides, Georgios Angelidakis, Jeff Hosry, Andreas Kyvernitakis, Parag Mahale, Ying Jiang, Ethan Miller, Boris Blechacz, Aung Naing, Felipe Samaniego, Ahmed Kaseb, Issam I Raad, Bruno P Granwehr
BACKGROUND: Data are sparse on treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) in cancer patients. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir-based therapy (SOFBT) in cancer patients. METHODS: Patients treated with SOFBT at our center during 2014-2017 were included in a prospective observational study. Efficacy [sustained virologic response at 12 weeks after the end of treatment (SVR12)], cancer-related outcomes and adverse events (AEs) were assessed. RESULTS: We included 153 patients...
November 8, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30410038/prevalence-of-chronic-constipation-and-chronic-diarrhea-in-diabetic-individuals-in-the-united-states
#20
Thomas Sommers, Shuji Mitsuhashi, Prashant Singh, William Hirsch, Jesse Katon, Sarah Ballou, Vikram Rangan, Vivian Cheng, Daniel Friedlander, Johanna Iturrino, Anthony Lembo, Judy Nee
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic individuals commonly report disordered bowel habits. This study aims to report the prevalence and associated factors of chronic diarrhea (CD) and chronic constipation (CC) in diabetics using a nationally representative sample of US adults. METHODS: Analyses were performed using data from subjects in the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) dataset who completed the Bowel Health Questionnaire. The NHANES dataset provides medical comorbidities, demographics, and dietary habits of a nationally representative group of adult survey participants in the United States...
November 8, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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