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American Journal of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631731/corrigendum-treatment-of-nash-what-helps-beyond-weight-loss
#1
Bubu A Banini, Arun J Sanyal
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2017.83.
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631730/finding-freedom-from-fecal-incontinence-with-my-orange-tote
#2
Sigrid LaFata, Stacy B Menees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631729/backwash-is-hogwash-the-clinical-significance-of-ileitis-in-ulcerative-colitis
#3
Deepa T Patil, Robert D Odze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631728/acg-and-cag-clinical-guideline-management-of-dyspepsia
#4
Paul M Moayyedi, Brian E Lacy, Christopher N Andrews, Robert A Enns, Colin W Howden, Nimish Vakil
We have updated both the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG) guidelines on dyspepsia in a joint ACG/CAG dyspepsia guideline. We suggest that patients ≥60 years of age presenting with dyspepsia are investigated with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to exclude organic pathology. This is a conditional recommendation and patients at higher risk of malignancy (such as spending their childhood in a high risk gastric cancer country or having a positive family history) could be offered an endoscopy at a younger age...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631727/my-approach-to-fecal-incontinence-it-s-all-about-consistency-stool-that-is
#5
Stacy B Menees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607480/trends-in-30-day-and-1-year-mortality-among-patients-hospitalized-with-cirrhosis-from-2004-to-2013
#6
Fasiha Kanwal, Aylin Tansel, Jennifer R Kramer, Hua Feng, Steven M Asch, Hashem B El-Serag
OBJECTIVES: Recent data suggest decreasing in-patient mortality in patients hospitalized with cirrhosis. We sought to determine if improvements in short-term outcomes for patients with cirrhosis are associated with changes in longer-term outcomes. METHODS: We examined temporal trends in 30 days and 1-year postdischarge mortality among patients hospitalized with cirrhosis at any of the 126 Veterans Administration hospitals from 2004 and 2013. We adjusted for a range of demographic, liver disease severity, and comorbidity-related factors to account for differences in patient cohorts over time...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585556/beneficial-effects-of-statins-on-the-rates-of-hepatic-fibrosis-hepatic-decompensation-and-mortality-in-chronic-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Sehrish Kamal, Muhammad Ali Khan, Ankur Seth, George Cholankeril, Deepansh Gupta, Utkarsh Singh, Faisal Kamal, Colin W Howden, Christopher Stave, Satheesh Nair, Sanjaya K Satapathy, Aijaz Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Statins may improve outcomes in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of statins in the setting of CLD. METHODS: We searched several databases from inception to 17 October 2016 to identify comparative studies evaluating the role of statins in CLD. Outcomes of interest were the associations between statin use and progression of fibrosis, development of hepatic decompensation in cirrhosis, and mortality in CLD...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585555/predicting-the-future-burden-of-esophageal-cancer-by-histological-subtype-international-trends-in-incidence-up-to-2030
#8
Melina Arnold, Mathieu Laversanne, Linda Morris Brown, Susan S Devesa, Freddie Bray
OBJECTIVES: Rapid increases in the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in high-income countries in the past decades have raised public health concerns. This study is the first to predict the future burden of esophageal cancer by histological subtype using international incidence data. METHODS: Data on esophageal cancer incidence by year of diagnosis, sex, histology, and age group were extracted from 42 registries in 12 countries included in the last three volumes (VIII-X) of Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, contributing at least 15 years of consecutive data...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585554/interferon-free-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-advanced-liver-disease
#9
Sabela Lens, Inmaculada Fernández, Sergio Rodríguez-Tajes, Vanessa Hontangas, Mercedes Vergara, Montserrat Forné, Jose Luis Calleja, Moisés Diago, Jordi Llaneras, Susana Llerena, Xavier Torras, Begoña Sacristán, Merce Roget, Conrado Manuel Fernández-Rodríguez, Mari Carmen Navascués, Javier Fuentes, Juan-José Sánchez-Ruano, Miguel-Ángel Simón, Federico Sáez-Royuela, Carmen Baliellas, Rosa Morillas, Xavier Forns
OBJECTIVES: Interferon-free therapies have an improved safety and efficacy profile. However, data in elderly patients, who have frequently advanced liver disease, associated comorbidities, and use concomitant medications are scarce. The im of this study was to assess the effectiveness and tolerability of all-oral regimens in elderly patients in real-life clinical practice. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients aged ≥65 years receiving interferon-free regimens within the Spanish National Registry (Hepa-C)...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555630/colorectal-cancer-screening-recommendations-for-physicians-and-patients-from-the-u-s-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#10
Douglas K Rex, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, Theodore R Levin, David Lieberman, Douglas J Robertson
This document updates the colorectal cancer (CRC) screening recommendations of the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force of Colorectal Cancer (MSTF), which represents the American College of Gastroenterology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. CRC screening tests are ranked in 3 tiers based on performance features, costs, and practical considerations. The first-tier tests are colonoscopy every 10 years and annual fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Colonoscopy and FIT are recommended as the cornerstones of screening regardless of how screening is offered...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570552/development-of-quality-indicators-for-endoscopic-eradication-therapies-in-barrett-s-esophagus-the-treat-be-treatment-with-resection-and-endoscopic-ablation-techniques-for-barrett-s-esophagus-consortium
#11
Sachin Wani, V Raman Muthusamy, Nicholas J Shaheen, Rena Yadlapati, Robert Wilson, Julian A Abrams, Jacques Bergman, Amitabh Chak, Kenneth Chang, Ananya Das, John Dumot, Steven A Edmundowicz, Glenn Eisen, Gary W Falk, M Brian Fennerty, Lauren Gerson, Gregory G Ginsberg, David Grande, Matt Hall, Ben Harnke, John Inadomi, Janusz Jankowski, Charles J Lightdale, Jitin Makker, Robert D Odze, Oliver Pech, Richard E Sampliner, Stuart Spechler, George Triadafilopoulos, Michael B Wallace, Kenneth Wang, Irving Waxman, Srinadh Komanduri
Am J Gastroenterol advance online publication, 1 June 2017; doi:10.1038/ajg.2017.166.
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555635/the-association-between-distal-findings-and-proximal-colorectal-neoplasia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jason L W Huang, Y H Wang, Johnny Y Jiang, C P Yu, Y L Wu, P Chen, X Q Yuan, Harry H X Wang, Martin C S Wong
OBJECTIVES: Whether screening participants with distal hyperplastic polyps (HPs) detected by flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) should be followed by subsequent colonoscopy is controversial. We evaluated the association between distal HPs and proximal neoplasia (PN)/advanced proximal neoplasia (APN) in asymptomatic, average-risk patients. METHODS: We searched Ovid Medline, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library from inception to 30 June 2016 and included all screening studies that examined the relationship between different distal findings and PN/APN...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555634/erratum-positive-pet-in-a-patient-with-esophageal-leiomyoma
#13
Lorenzo Del Nero, Alessandro Moscatelli, Valentina Fazio, Gaia Pellegatta, Francesca Bongioanni, Gianmario Sambuceti, Vincenzo Savarin, Edoardo G Giannini
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2016.205.
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555633/low-birthweight-increases-the-likelihood-of-severe-steatosis-in-pediatric-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
Elisabetta Bugianesi, Carla Bizzarri, Chiara Rosso, Antonella Mosca, Nadia Panera, Silvio Veraldi, Andrea Dotta, Germana Giannone, Massimiliano Raponi, Marco Cappa, Anna Alisi, Valerio Nobili
OBJECTIVES: Small for gestational age (SGA) is associated with an increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our aim was to investigate the correlation of birthweight with the severity of liver damage in a large cohort of children with NAFLD. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-eight consecutive Caucasian Italian overweight/obese children with biopsy-proven NAFLD were included in the study. We examined the relative association of each histological feature of NAFLD with metabolic alterations, insulin-resistance, I148M polymorphism in the patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) gene, and birthweight relative to gestational age...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555632/corrigendum-eluxadoline-efficacy-in-ibs-d-patients-who-report-prior-loperamide-use
#15
Brian E Lacy, William D Chey, Brooks D Cash, Anthony J Lembo, Leonard S Dove, Paul S Covington
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2017.72.
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555631/the-conversion-of-planned-colonoscopy-to-sigmoidoscopy-and-the-effect-of-this-practice-on-the-measurement-of-quality-indicators
#16
Sabina Beg, Stefano Sansone, Francesco Manguso, John Schembri, Jay Patel, Mo Thoufeeq, Gareth Corbett, Krish Ragunath
OBJECTIVES: A cecal intubation rate (CIR) of >90% is a well-accepted quality indicator of colonoscopy and is consequently monitored within endoscopy units. Endoscopists' desire to meet this target may mean that incomplete colonoscopies are recorded as flexible sigmoidoscopies. The aim of this study was to examine whether the conversion of requested colonoscopies is a clinically significant phenomenon and whether this impacts upon the measurement of quality indicators. METHODS: A retrospective review of all flexible sigmoidoscopies performed between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2015 at Nottingham University Hospitals, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, and Cambridge University Hospitals was performed...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534524/competing-risks-for-mortality-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasms-implications-for-clinical-management
#17
Karl Kwok, Jonathan Chang, Lewei Duan, Brian Z Huang, Bechien U Wu
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) are being detected with increased frequency. Current clinical practice guidelines emphasize management based on cyst-related features. We aimed to evaluate the impact of comorbidity on mortality in PCN patients via competing risk analysis. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of patients diagnosed between 2005-2010, with follow-up through 2015, for overall and cause-specific mortality. Comorbidities were classified by the Charlson comorbidity index...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534523/corrigendum-acg-clinical-guideline-preventive-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
Francis A Farraye, Gil Y Melmed, Gary R Lichtenstein, Sunanda V Kane
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2016.537.
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534522/corrigendum-natural-history-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-and-functional-abdominal-disorders-a-population-based-study
#19
Lars Agréus, Kurt Svärdsudd, Nicholas J Talley, Michael P Jones, Gösta Tibblin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534521/comprehensive-analysis-of-adverse-events-associated-with-per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-in-1826-patients-an-international-multicenter-study
#20
Yamile Haito-Chavez, Haruhiro Inoue, Kristin W Beard, Peter V Draganov, Michael Ujiki, Burkhard H A Rahden, Pankaj N Desai, Mathieu Pioche, Bu Hayee, Amyn Haji, Payal Saxena, Kevin Reavis, Manabu Onimaru, Valerio Balassone, Jun Nakamura, Yoshitaka Hata, Dennis Yang, Davinderbir Pannu, Ali Abbas, Yaseen B Perbtani, Lava Y Patel, Jorg Filser, Sabine Roman, Jerome Rivory, Francois Mion, Thierry Ponchon, Silvana Perretta, Vivien Wong, Roberta Maselli, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Yen-I Chen, Majidah Bukhari, Gulara Hajiyeva, Amr Ismail, Renata Pieratti, Vivek Kumbhari, Gerson Galdos-Cardenas, Alessandro Repici, Mouen A Khashab
OBJECTIVES: The safety of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is still debated since comprehensive analysis of adverse events (AEs) associated with the procedure in large multicenter cohort studies has not been performed. To study (1) the prevalence of AEs and (2) factors associated with occurrence of AEs in patients undergoing POEM. METHODS: Patients who underwent POEM at 12 tertiary-care centers between 2009 and 2015 were included in this case-control study. Cases were defined by the occurrence of any AE related to the POEM procedure...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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