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Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325455/the-prevalence-of-serum-magnesium-and-iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-sudanese-women-in-early-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Reem Eltayeb, Duria A Rayis, Manal E Sharif, Abdel Bagi A Ahmed, Osama Elhardello, Ishag Adam
Background: Anaemia during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and child health. Investigations of anaemia and its predictors among pregnant women are needed for preventive measures. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and determinants of anaemia in early pregnancy in Khartoum, Sudan. Clinical characteristics were gathered using a questionnaire. Serum ferritin, magnesium and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were measured using different laboratory methods...
October 16, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321435/occurrence-of-human-urogenital-myiasis-due-to-neglected-personal-hygiene-a-review
#2
Amandeep Singh, Jasneet Kaur
Myiasis, the infestation of tissues or organs of vertebrate animals with dipteran larvae, is a common parasitic problem among domestic and wild mammals. The condition, which is also witnessed in humans, is relatively frequent in rural areas where people are in close contact with domestic animals. It is a subject of medical and veterinary importance, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Human myiasis is generally encountered in open neglected wounds but can also affect body orifices with foetid discharge, such as the oral cavity, eyes, ears, anus and urogenital tract...
October 15, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321407/immunodiagnostic-potential-of-wuchereria-bancrofti-l1-antigen-based-filarial-immunoglobulin-g4-detection-assay
#3
B V Siva Prasad, Vishal Khatri, P Suresh Yadav, M Subhosh Chandra, D Vijaya Lakshmi, Kalyan Goswami
Background: After mass drug administration to eliminate human lymphatic filariasis, there is a need for surveillance to detect the measurable endpoint of the program. Methods: An immunodominant seroreactive clone, WbL1, was identified through immunoscreening of a Wuchereria bancrofti L3 complementary DNA expression library. Recombinant WbL1 (rWbL1) was analysed with sera from W. bancrofti patients. Diagnostic evaluation was carried out by developing an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect the filarial-specific antibodies in various categories of filarial sera samples against recombinant WbL1 (rWbL1) protein...
October 15, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30299511/seroprevalence-risk-factors-and-spatial-distribution-of-west-nile-virus-in-jordan
#4
Mohammad M Obaidat, Andrew P Stringer, Amira A Roess
Background: This is the first countrywide study of the seroprevalence, risk factors and spatial distribution of West Nile virus (WNV) in Jordan. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 801 participants was administered a comprehensive questionnaire survey and tested for WNV immunoglobulin G antibodies. Results: The point seroprevalence rate for WNV infection was 8.61% (95% confidence interval 6.8 to 10.8). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that sex, age, climate, income and drinking water source were significantly associated with seropositivity (p≤0...
October 9, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295901/spatial-analysis-of-dengue-cysticercosis-and-chagas-disease-mortality-in-ecuador-2011-2016
#5
Solange Núñez-González, Christopher Gault, Daniel Simancas-Racines
Background: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) continue to be an important cause of disability and mortality in the poorest tropical and subtropical areas. Methods: This is an ecological study. We included all death certificates with dengue, cysticercosis and Chagas disease in Ecuador from 2011 to 2016. The spatial autocorrelation was evaluated by GeoDa software through the Global Moran's I index and the formation of clusters by the local index of spatial association...
October 8, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295891/misidentification-of-burkholderia-pseudomallei-as-acinetobacter-species-in-northern-thailand
#6
Rachel C Greer, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Premjit Amornchai, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Achara Laongnualpanich, David A B Dance, Direk Limmathurotsakul
Background: Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis, a disease endemic throughout the tropics. Methods: A study of reported Acinetobacter spp. bacteraemia was performed at Chiang Rai provincial hospital from 2014 to 2015. Isolates were collected and tested for confirmation. Results: A total of 419 putative Acinetobacter spp. isolates from 412 patients were re-identified and 5/419 (1.2%) were identified as B. pseudomallei...
October 5, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265366/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-children-with-central-nervous-system-disorders-in-mansoura-egypt-a-case-control-study
#7
Samar N El-Beshbishi, Nora L El-Tantawy, Sara M Elzeky, Khalid F Abdalaziz, Raefa A Atia
Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a global infection with a crucial role in the development of neurological diseases. Data concerning the association between T. gondii and neurological illnesses in Egyptian children is scarce. Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 60 patients divided into children suffering from central nervous system manifestations without apparent chromosomal anomalies (n=30) and children with Down syndrome (n=30) recruited from Mansoura University Children's Hospital, Mansoura, Egypt...
September 28, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265362/integrated-care-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-africa
#8
Anupam Garrib, Josephine Birungi, Sokoine Lesikari, Ivan Namakoola, Tsi Njim, Luis Cuevas, Louis Niessen, Kenneth Mugisha, Gerald Mutungi, Janneth Mghamba, Kaushik Ramaiya, Shabbar Jaffar, Sayoki Mfinanga, Moffat Nyirenda
The rising burden from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) poses a huge challenge for health care delivery in Africa, where health systems are already struggling with the long-term care requirements for the millions of people now on antiretroviral therapy requiring regular visits to health facilities for monitoring, adherence support and drugs. The HIV chronic disease management programme is comparatively well-funded, well-organised and well-informed and offers many insights and opportunities for the expansion of NCD prevention and treatment services...
September 28, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30265355/trachoma-prevalence-remains-below-threshold-in-five-districts-after-stopping-mass-drug-administration-results-of-five-surveillance-surveys-within-a-hyperendemic-setting-in-amhara-ethiopia
#9
Scott D Nash, Aisha E P Stewart, Tigist Astale, Eshetu Sata, Mulat Zerihun, Demelash Gessese, Berhanu Melak, Gedefaw Ayenew, Zebene Ayele, Belay Bayissasse, Melsew Chanyalew, Zerihun Tadesse, E Kelly Callahan
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends conducting trachoma surveillance surveys in districts where the elimination targets have been met and following a minimum 2-year period after cessation of mass drug administration (MDA) in order to determine the sustainability of low trachoma levels. Methods: In 2015, population-based surveillance surveys were conducted in five districts of Amhara, Ethiopia. All five districts had a prior trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) prevalence among children 1-9 y of age of <5% determined by an impact survey and had not received MDA for ≥2 y...
September 28, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30252108/an-investigation-of-the-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-epidemic-in-kavango-and-zambezi-regions-of-namibia-in-2016
#10
Emmanuel Chanda, Mohd Arshad, Asmaa Khaloua, Wenyi Zhang, Josephine Namboze, Pentrina Uusiku, Andreas H Angula, Khoti Gausi, Desta Tiruneh, Quazi M Islam, Korine Kolivras, Ubydul Haque
Background: Namibia is one of the countries among the eight that are targeting malaria elimination in southern Africa. However, the country has encountered malaria epidemics in recent years. The objective of this study was to investigate malaria epidemics and to contribute to strengthening malaria surveillance and control in an effort to move Namibia toward eliminating malaria. Method: Malaria epidemiology data for 2014-2015 were collected from the weekly surveillance system...
September 25, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239929/delusional-infestation-managed-in-a-combined-tropical-medicine-and-psychiatry-clinic
#11
Stacy Todd, S Bertel Squire, Robert Bartlett, Peter Lepping
Background: Delusional infestation (DI) is a well-recognised delusional disorder presenting as the persisting belief in the presence of parasitic or other infestations. Combined clinics have been run by dermatology and psychiatry in a small number of centres. Here we report the first few years of a unique combined clinic run with experts in infectious diseases/tropical medicine and psychiatric management of DI. Methods: We reviewed all patients seen at the combined assessment clinics run at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine between 19 December 2011 and 31 October 2016...
September 20, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239923/revisiting-an-old-idea-engineering-against-vector-borne-diseases-in-the-domestic-environment
#12
Anne L Wilson, Mike Davies, Steve W Lindsay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219904/comparative-study-of-two-commercial-tests-for-strongyloides-stercoralis-serologic-diagnosis
#13
Isabel Fradejas, J M Herrero-Martínez, Manuel Lizasoaín, Esperanza Rodríguez de Las Parras, Ana Pérez-Ayala
Background: Serological diagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis is often limited by its low specificity due to cross-reactivity with other parasitic nematodes. Novel serological tests assumed to be more specific have been recently developed. The aim of our study was to compare two commercial tests based on different antigens for S. stercoralis diagnosis in humans from a non-endemic area. Methods: A retrospective laboratory-based study was conducted in the Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain...
September 14, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219869/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-a-lateral-flow-immunoassay-lfi-in-serum-samples-for-diagnosis-of-melioidosis
#14
Gumphol Wongsuvan, Viriya Hantrakun, Prapit Teparrukkul, Mallika Imwong, T Eoin West, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Nicholas P J Day, David AuCoin, Direk Limmathurotsakul
Background: Culture is the gold standard for the diagnosis of melioidosis, an infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. Here we evaluate a lateral flow immunoassay (LFI) to detect B. pseudomallei capsular polysaccharide (CPS) in serum samples. Methods: Patients with culture from any clinical specimen positive for B. pseudomallei were selected as cases. Patients who were blood culture positive for Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli or Klebsiella pneumoniae as well as those who were malaria or dengue polymerase chain reaction assay positive were selected as controls...
September 14, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219842/improving-the-control-of-snakebite-envenomation-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-a-discussion-on-pending-issues
#15
José María Gutiérrez, Hui Wen Fan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189090/worsening-of-the-disability-grade-during-leprosy-treatment-prevalence-and-its-determinants-in-southern-nigeria
#16
Joseph N Chukwu, Ngozi Ekeke, Charles C Nwafor, Anthony O Meka, Chukwuka Alphonsus, Obinna K Mbah, Chinwe C Eze, Kingsley N Ukwaja
Background: In Nigeria, little is known about the development of new or additional physical disability during leprosy treatment. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and evaluate factors associated with worsening of physical disability during leprosy treatment in Nigeria. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted among leprosy patients treated in six referral facilities in six States in Nigeria between January 2011 and December 2015...
September 5, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184239/the-relationship-between-toxocara-species-seropositivity-and-allergic-skin-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Iraj Mohammadzadeh, Seyed Mohammad Riahi, Vafa Saber, Sorena Darvish, Mehran Amrovani, Nasir Arefkhah, Ali Rostami
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on observational studies to evaluate the possible associations between Toxocara species seropositivity and allergic skin disorders (ASDs). We searched the MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases to 15 May 2018 to identify the relevant studies. We used a random effects meta-analysis model to generate the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Fifteen studies, including eight studies with a case-control design (735 patients and 1342 controls) and seven studies with a cross-sectional design (a total of 4804 participants, 1302 individuals with ASDs and 3502 without ASDs), were included in the meta-analysis...
September 1, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184186/expanding-home-based-management-of-malaria-to-all-age-groups-in-rwanda-analysis-of-acceptability-and-facility-level-time-series-data
#18
Aline Uwimana, Michael J Penkunas, Marie Paul Nisingizwe, Didier Uyizeye, Dieudonne Hakizimana, Clarisse Musanabaganwa, Jean Pierre Musabyimana, Alida Ngwije, Innocent Turate, Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Monique Murindahabi, Jeanine Condo
Background: In response to a resurgence of malaria in Rwanda, home-based management (HBM) was expanded to enable community-health workers (CHWs) to provide malaria treatment to patients of all ages. We assessed the effect of the expanded HBM program on malaria case presentations at health facilities. Methods: Services provided by CHWs and health facility presentations among individuals >5 y of age were considered. Presentations to CHWs were analyzed descriptively to assess acceptability and segmented regression modeling using facility-level data was employed to compare changes between the pre- and postintervention periods for intervention and control districts...
September 1, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137612/podoconiosis-today-challenges-and-opportunities
#19
Kebede Deribe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137576/increased-serum-levels-of-hepcidin-and-c-reactive-protein-in-patients-with-brucellosis
#20
Seyyed Hamid Hashemi, Farzaneh Esna-Ashari, Farnaz Nemat Gorgani, Heydar Tayebinia, Mojgan Mamani
Background: Increased serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP) as a classic acute phase protein has commonly been reported in acute brucellosis. Hepcidin is also an acute phase protein and has a critical role in host defense. The aim of this study was to compare the level of hepcidin and CRP in patients with brucellosis. Methods: All patients with brucellosis referred to Sina Hospital during a 10-month period were included. Serum samples were checked for hepcidin levels in patients and also in the control group...
August 21, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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