journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897552/management-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-the-last-two-decades-what-have-we-learned
#1
Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Angela Romero-Alegria, Javier Pardo-Lledías, Montserrat Alonso-Sardón, Amparo Lopez-Bernus, Jose Quiñones Sampedro, Luis Muñoz Bellvis, Alicia Iglesias Gomez, Antonio Muro, Juan Luis Muñoz Bellido, Manuel Iglesias-Iglesias, Marcelo Fernando Jimenez Lopez, Moncef Belhassen-García
Background: Management options for cystic echinococcosis (CE) remain a serious problem. The main aim of this study was to examine the selection and complications of treatment applied in patients with CE. The second aim was to evaluate the mortality rate and causative factors. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of patients diagnosed with CE between 1998 and 2015 was conducted, according to ICD-9 (code 122·0 to 122·9) criteria in the Complejo Asistencial Universitario of Salamanca, Spain...
June 12, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868729/arsenicosis-in-bladder-pathology-and-schistosomiasis-in-eggua-nigeria
#2
Shukurat O Bakare, Adewale S Adebayo, Henrietta O Awobode, Olugbenga S Onile, Atinuke M Agunloye, Raphael D Isokpehi, Chiaka I Anumudu
Background: Chronic schistosomiasis and arsenic exposure through drinking water are some of the risk factors for bladder cancer. To determine the association of schistosomiasis and arsenicosis with bladder pathologies, 122 individuals from Eggua in southwest Nigeria were recruited for this study. Methods: Prevalence of schistosomiasis was determined by urine microscopy and PCR. Total urinary arsenic concentration and arsenic levels in three different water sources in the community were assessed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry...
June 2, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860478/the-effect-of-combining-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-with-tuberculin-skin-test-on-the-detection-of-active-tuberculosis
#3
Chao-Chih Lai, Chen-Yang Hsu, Yu-Chu Hsieh, Yen-Po Yeh, Hsiu-Hsi Chen
Background: Interferon-γ release assays (IGRAs) and tuberculin skin tests (TSTs) play an important role in the detection of tuberculosis (TB) infection. However, the interaction between these tests in detecting active pulmonary TB in adults has never been researched. Methods: A matched case-control study was conducted in Taiwan from 1 March 2012 to 31 December 2013 by enrolling 150 confirmed TB cases and 852 matched controls dwelling at the same area (stratified by low, medium and high incidence)...
May 31, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860359/risk-factors-for-human-fascioliasis-in-schoolchildren-in-ba%C3%A3-os-del-inca-cajamarca-peru
#4
Claudia Rodríguez-Ulloa, Marco Rivera-Jacinto, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza, Corpus Cerna, Cristian Hoban, Silvia Chilón, Pedro Ortiz
Background: The aim of the investigation was to determine the risk factors for human fascioliasis in schoolchildren in five localities of the Baños del Inca district in Cajamarca, Peru. Secondarily, the prevalence of infection among this population was also studied. Methods: A questionnaire was applied to 270 schoolchildren from 6-12 years of age and to their parents with the aim of collecting information related to risk factors predisposing the children to Fasciola hepatica infection...
May 31, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800463/reflections-on-aldo-castellani-and-tropical-dermatology
#5
Lawrence Charles Parish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800346/environmental-hepatitis-e-virus-detection-supported-by-serological-evidence-in-the-northwest-of-argentina
#6
María B Pisano, Belén C Lugo, Ramiro Poma, Héctor A Cristóbal, Viviana Raskovsky, Maribel G Martínez Wassaf, Verónica B Rajal, Viviana E Ré
Background: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an emergent cause of acute hepatitis worldwide. Water contamination is a possible source of viral infection. In South America, particularly in Argentina, little is known about environmental HEV circulation, including recreational water. The aim of this work was to provide evidence of current environmental and human circulation of HEV in northern Argentina. Methods: Molecular detection of HEV in water samples from the Arias-Arenales River in the city of Salta by nested polymerase chain reaction (ORF2 region) and anti-HEV immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM detection in the general population by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was carried out...
May 23, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800343/high-prevalence-of-ascariasis-on-two-coral-atolls-in-the-solomon-islands
#7
Richard S Bradbury, Humpress Harrington, Esau Kekeubata, Dorothy Esau, Tommy Esau, Fawcett Kilivisi, Nobo Harrington, John Gwala, Richard Speare, David MacLaren
Background: There is a deficiency in up-to-date soil-transmitted helminth (STH) prevalence data for many regions, including Oceania. This study investigated the prevalence of STH in two closely associated coral atoll communities in East Kwaio, Solomon Islands, reflective of many similar island communities throughout the Oceania region. Methods: An STH survey, using the Kato-Katz technique, was conducted on human subjects living on two coral atolls in the Eastern Solomon Islands...
May 23, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800279/dengue-seroprevalence-data-from-the-clinical-development-of-a-tetravalent-dengue-vaccine-in-14-countries-2005-2014
#8
Maïna L'Azou, Jade Assoukpa, Karen Fanouillere, Eric Plennevaux, Matthew Bonaparte, Alain Bouckenooghe, Carina Frago, Fernando Noriega, Betzana Zambrano, R Leon Ochiai, Bruno Guy, Nicholas Jackson
Dengue seroprevalence data in the literature is limited and the available information is difficult to compare between studies because of the varying survey designs and methods used. We assessed dengue seropositivity across 14 countries using data from 15 trials conducted during the development of a tetravalent dengue vaccine between October 2005 and February 2014. Participants' dengue seropositivity (n=8592) was determined from baseline (before vaccination) serum samples at two centralized laboratories with the plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT50)...
May 23, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788457/the-reliability-of-the-clinical-examination-in-predicting-hemodynamic-status-in-acute-febrile-illness-in-a-tropical-resource-limited-setting
#9
Felix Moek, Poe Poe, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Wirichada Pan-Ngum, Yupaporn Wattanagoon, Wirongrong Chierakul
Introduction: The clinical examination alone is widely considered unreliable when assessing fluid responsiveness in critically ill patients. Little evidence exists on the performance of the clinical examination to predict other hemodynamic derangements or more complex hemodynamic states. Materials and methods: Patients with acute febrile illness were assessed on admission, both clinically and per non-invasive hemodynamic measurement. Correlations between clinical signs and hemodynamics patterns were analyzed, and the predictive capacity of the clinical signs was examined...
May 19, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788268/serosurvey-of-west-nile-virus-in-household-reared-pigeons-in-bauchi-metropolis-nigeria
#10
Istifanus J Waziri, Junaidu Kabir, Jacob K P Kwaga, Patrick Nguku
Background: In Nigeria not much is known about West Nile virus (WNV) in pigeons. This study determined the involvement of household-reared pigeons in the circulation of WNV in Nigeria. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study. Serological detection was done using competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and a pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on risk factors related to WNV in households. Results: From the156 households enumerated, 376 pigeon serum samples were collected and tested for antibodies...
May 19, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788193/ocular-toxoplasmosis-adverse-reactions-to-treatment-in-a-brazilian-cohort
#11
Lusiele Guaraldo, Bianca Balzano de la Fuente Villar, Nicolle Marins Gomes Durão, Virgínia Clare Louro, Marcel de Souza Borges Quintana, André Luiz Land Curi, Elizabeth Souza Neves
Background: The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency and describe the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with the classic treatment of ocular toxoplasmosis (OT), namely sulfadiazine, pyrimethamine, corticosteroids and folinic acid. Methods: We performed a descriptive study of a prospective cohort of patients with OT treated with the classic therapy. Data were collected during medical consultations and treatment. Results: Of the 147 patients studied, 85% developed one or more ADR...
May 19, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788138/gram-negative-bacilli-are-a-major-cause-of-secondary-pneumonia-in-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nigeria
#12
Garba Iliyasu, Aminu B Mohammad, Ahmad M Yakasai, Farouq M Dayyab, Joan Oduh, Abdulrazaq G Habib
Background: This study was aimed at describing the profile of bacterial aetiology of secondary pneumonia in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients. Methods: A 22-month analysis of patients with PTB and secondary bacterial pneumonia was conducted. Data on isolates recovered and the antimicrobial susceptibility profile were recorded. Results: Of the 141 patients, there were 79 (56%) males and the mean age was 35.98±15.93. Gram-negative bacilli were isolated with equal frequency as Streptococcus pneumoniae (63 [44...
May 19, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733405/phylogeny-of-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-1-subtypes-in-guinea-bissau
#13
Bertram Kjerulff, Bo Langhoff Hønge, Jens Steen Olesen, Mads Mose Jensen, Zacharias Jose da Silva, Christian Erikstrup, Mette Christiansen
Background: Human T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was the first human retrovirus discovered and there is an estimate of 15-20 million infected worldwide. Endemic areas are Japan, West Africa, Central Africa, South America, the Caribbean, Middle East, Australia and the Pacific Islands. In Guinea-Bissau, adult HTLV-1 prevalence is 2-3%, and higher among HIV-infected patients. Materials and methods: Blood samples were collected in a recent HIV/HTLV survey in Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau...
May 4, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726969/prevalence-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection-and-other-soil-transmitted-helminths-by-cross-sectional-survey-in-a-rural-community-in-gisagara-district-southern-province-rwanda
#14
Aloys Tuyizere, Alphonse Ndayambaje, Timothy D Walker, Claude Bayingana, Cyprien Ntirenganya, Vincent Dusabejambo, DeVon C Hale
Background: Strongyloides stercoralis is one of the most neglected tropical diseases. Sparse, dated central African and Rwandan data on seroprevalence are available to guide public health efforts and clinical care. Methods: In February 2016 we conducted a community-based cross-sectional study among 539 asymptomatic participants in a rural area in the Gisagara District, Southern Province, Rwanda. Direct faecal smear (DFS) and modified Koga agar plate culture (APC) were used to detect S...
May 2, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726966/pattern-of-dengue-virus-infections-in-adult-patients-from-sri-lanka
#15
Umesh Jayarajah, Pradeep K de Silva, Priyankara Jayawardana, Upul Dissanayake, Aruna Kulatunga, Harshini Fernando, Lakshika Perera, Vibhavee Kannangara, Champika Udayangani, Ranga Peiris, Shuaib Faizer, Pamodh Yasawardene, Ishan de Zoysa, Suranjith L Seneviratne
Background: Sri Lanka experienced its largest dengue epidemic in 2017. This study describes the disease pattern of adult dengue patients from two hospitals in Sri Lanka. Methods: Demographic, clinical and investigation findings of adult dengue patients admitted to the two hospitals from June to August 2017 were collected and analysed. Results: A total of 1167 patients (777 males [66.2%], mean age 32.9 y) were studied. There were 775 (66.4%) patients with dengue fever (DF), 334 (28...
May 2, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701826/the-epidemiology-of-brucellosis-in-greece-2007-2012-a-one-health-approach
#16
Ioannis Fouskis, Vassilios Sandalakis, Athanasia Christidou, Andreas Tsatsaris, Nikos Tzanakis, Yannis Tselentis, Anna Psaroulaki
Background: Brucellosis remains a disease that is very difficult to control and eradicate in Greece. Information exchange between the responsible authorities is crucial in order to support public health infrastructure in the sense of the 'One-Health' strategy model. Methods: The data for 2007-2012 were retrieved from the notifiable diseases system and analysed statistically for correlations between human brucellosis cases and the disease in small ruminants. Disease-related risk factors were also estimated with parallel exploitation mapping software...
April 26, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697848/incidence-of-human-brucellosis-in-the-kilimanjaro-region-of-tanzania-in-the-periods-2007-2008-and-2012-2014
#17
Manuela Carugati, Holly M Biggs, Michael J Maze, Robyn A Stoddard, Shama Cash-Goldwasser, Julian T Hertz, Jo E B Halliday, Wilbrod Saganda, Bingileki F Lwezaula, Rudovick R Kazwala, Sarah Cleaveland, Venance P Maro, Matthew P Rubach, John A Crump
Background: Brucellosis causes substantial morbidity among humans and their livestock. There are few robust estimates of the incidence of brucellosis in sub-Saharan Africa. Using cases identified through sentinel hospital surveillance and health care utilization data, we estimated the incidence of brucellosis in Moshi Urban and Moshi Rural Districts, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania, for the periods 2007-2008 and 2012-2014. Methods: Cases were identified among febrile patients at two sentinel hospitals and were defined as having either a 4-fold increase in Brucella microscopic agglutination test titres between acute and convalescent serum or a blood culture positive for Brucella spp...
March 1, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660103/submicroscopic-plasmodium-falciparum-parasitaemia-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-living-in-gabon-central-africa-a-pilot-study
#18
J V Koumba Lengongo, N P M'Bondoukwé, J M Ndong Ngomo, S François, A Ndjoyi-Mbiguino, O A Mbang Nguema, M K Bouyou Akotet, D P Mawili-Mboumba
Background: Submicroscopic malaria infections contribute to malaria transmission. Describing the extent of the parasite reservoir is of importance. In people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the frequency of subpatent malaria infections is rarely reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the frequency of submicroscopic infections in people living with HIV in Gabon and its relationship with cotrimoxazole (CTX) use. Methods: A survey was conducted in two health care centres in rural areas (Koulamoutou and Oyem) and three in urban areas (Libreville) of Gabon from March 2015 to June 2016...
March 1, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29635429/spatiotemporal-dynamics-of-human-leptospirosis-and-its-relationship-with-rainfall-anomalies-in-colombia
#19
J D Gutiérrez, R A Martínez-Vega
Background: In Colombia, human leptospirosis (HL) is a disease that has had a mandatory notification rule since 2007. Humans usually acquire the infection through water contaminated with animal urine that comes into direct contact with cutaneous lesions, eyes or mucous membranes. Objectives: To analyze the spatiotemporal variability in the occurrence of HL cases in Colombia between 2007 and 2016, and its relation with the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle and the consequent anomalies in rainfall in spatiotemporal clusters...
March 1, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617892/medical-knowledge-related-to-rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-in-sonora-mexico
#20
Gerardo Alvarez-Hernandez, Kacey Ernst, Natalia Haydee Acuña-Melendrez, Anabel Patricia Vargas-Ortega, Maria Del Carmen Candia-Plata
Background: Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a tick-borne disease with a high case-fatality rate unless diagnosed promptly and treated timely with doxycycline. Physician knowledge about presentation and treatment can improve outcomes of RMSF in endemic regions, such as Sonora in northern Mexico, where RMSF has caused 1348 non-fatal cases and 247 deaths from 2003 to 2016. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 343 physicians working in medical facilities in Sonora, Mexico...
March 1, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
journal
journal
20250
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"