journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673023/anemia-and-growth-retardation-associated-with-schistosoma-haematobium-infection-in-mali-a-possible-subtle-impact-of-a-neglected-tropical-disease
#1
Chalotte W Stecher, Moussa Sacko, Henry Madsen, Shona Wilson, Christian Wejse, Adama D Keita, Aly Landouré, Mamadou S Traoré, Per Kallestrup, Eskild Petersen, Birgitte Vennervald
Background: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate a possible association of Schistosoma haematobium with child growth development and describe a plausible schistosomiasis-related anemia in children and adults in a highly schistosomiasis endemic area of Mali. Methods: Urine, feces and blood samples from 399 participants of both sexes (2-40 years of age) were analyzed and supplemented by anthropometric measurements. Results: S...
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673022/secondary-prevention-for-screening-detected-rheumatic-heart-disease-opportunities-to-improve-adherence
#2
Daniel Engelman, Maureen Ah Kee, Reapi L Mataika, Joseph H Kado, Samantha M Colquhoun, Jim Tulloch, Andrew C Steer
Background: Secondary prevention is an effective treatment for rheumatic heart disease (RHD), but ensuring high adherence to prophylaxis over many years is challenging and requires understanding of local factors. Methods: Participants were young people diagnosed with RHD through echocardiographic screening in Fiji. We used a structured interview to evaluate the following: health seeking behaviours; attitudes, practice, barriers and potential improvement strategies for adherence to antibiotic prophylaxis; and adolescent-friendly qualities of the health service...
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673021/emergence-of-west-nile-virus-in-west-bengal-india-a-new-report
#3
Tanuja Khatun, Shyamalendu Chatterjee
Background: The ICMR virus unit in Kolkata functions as an Appex Referral Laboratory for the detection of dengue (DENV) and chikungunya (CHIKV) infections in the eastern part of India. In spite of efforts for confirmatory diagnosis, some samples remain undiagnosed every year. West Nile virus (WNV) infection may mimic either dengue (flavivirus) or chikungunya (alphavirus) like illness. WNV is endemic in the tropical region where its principal/potential vectors are Aedes and Culex. Methods: We explored the existence of WNV within undiagnosed samples to identify the emergence of a new public health problem...
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673020/the-case-for-integrated-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-and-hiv-prevention-with-broader-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-services-for-adolescent-girls-and-young-women
#4
Manjulaa Narasimhan, Heather Pedersen, Gina Ogilvie, Sten H Vermund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673019/gastrointestinal-tract-involvement-in-melioidosis
#5
Prapit Teparrukkul, Worrarat Kongkasame, Songla Chitsaeng, Gumphol Wongsuwan, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Sharon J Peacock, Direk Limmathurotsakul
Background: Little is known about the involvement of the human gut in carriage and disease associated with Burkholderia pseudomallei, the cause of melioidosis. Methods: A hospital-based study was conducted in Northeast Thailand to culture stools or rectal swabs from patients with melioidosis, stools from controls with non-infectious diseases, and gastric biopsies from patients undergoing routine endoscopic investigation. Results and Conclusion: B...
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673018/hypertension-in-treated-and-untreated-patients-with-hiv-a-study-from-2011-to-2013-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital-nigeria
#6
Samson E Isa, Arthur R Kang'ombe, Gomerep S Simji, Nathan Y Shehu, Agbaji O Oche, John A Idoko, Luis E Cuevas, Geoffrey V Gill
Background: Individuals with HIV, especially those on antiretroviral therapy (ART), may have increased risk of hypertension. We investigated the prevalence of hypertension at enrolment and 12 months after commencing ART in a Nigerian HIV clinic. Methods: Data from patients enrolled for ART from 2011 to 2013 were analysed, including 2310 patients at enrolment and 1524 re-evaluated after 12 months of ART. The presence of hypertension, demographic, clinical and biochemical data were retrieved from standardized databases...
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673017/prognostic-factors-for-death-from-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-patients-treated-with-liposomal-amphotericin-b-in-an-endemic-state-in-brazil
#7
Bruna Dias Tourinho, Frederico Figueiredo Amâncio, Marcela Lencine Ferraz, Mariângela Carneiro
Objective: To characterize the clinical and epidemiological profiles of patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL) treated with liposomal amphotericin B (LAmB) and to identify prognostic factors for death from VL in 2008-2012 in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: A historical cohort study was conducted using data obtained from treatment requests forms, Brazilian Notifiable Disease Information System and the Mortality Information System. Case-fatality rates of patients with VL treated with LAmB were compared with patients treated with other therapies...
April 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371872/seasonal-and-sex-specific-variations-in-haematological-parameters-in-4-to-5-5-month-old-infants-in-guinea-bissau-west-africa
#8
Ole Bæk, Kristoffer Jarlov Jensen, Andreas Andersen, Carlito Balé, Cesario Martins, Sofie Biering-Sørensen, Anja Poulsen, Christine Stabell Benn
Objective: This study investigated seasonal and sex-specific variations in the haematological parameters and established reference ranges for these parameters in healthy 4 to 5.5-month-old infants in Guinea-Bissau. Methods: Within a randomised trial of early measles vaccination, over a period of 13 months blood samples were collected from infants aged 4 to 5.5 months. Haematological parameters were determined by an automated cell counter and compared in linear regression models providing geometric mean ratios (GMR)...
March 27, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371829/elimination-of-malaria-halfway-there
#9
Brian Greenwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371834/effect-of-ionising-gamma-radiation-on-female-anopheles-arabiensis
#10
Leonard C Dandalo, Alan Kemp, Lizette L Koekemoer, Givemore Munhenga
Background: In a mosquito sterile insect technique programme the ideal scenario is to release male mosquitoes only. However, because there are currently no sex separation strategies which guarantee total female elimination, this study investigated the effect of irradiation on physiological and reproductive fitness of females of an Anopheles arabiensis genetic sexing strain. Methods: Female pupae were irradiated at 70 Gy and the effects of irradiation on adult emergence, longevity, blood-feeding capability, mating ability, fecundity and fertility were assessed...
March 24, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340207/effect-of-the-2014-2015-ebola-outbreak-on-reproductive-health-services-in-a-rural-district-of-guinea-an-ecological-study
#11
Bienvenu S Camara, Alexandre Delamou, Ermias Diro, Abdoul H Béavogui, Alison M El Ayadi, Sidikiba Sidibé, Fassou M Grovogui, Kudakwashe C Takarinda, Patrice Bouedouno, Sah D Sandouno, Junko Okumura, Mamadou D Baldé, Johan Van Griensven, Rony Zachariah
Background: The 2014/2015 Ebola outbreak was the most sustained in history. In Guinea, we compared trends in family planning, antenatal care, and institutional deliveries over the period before, during and after the outbreak. Methods: We carried out an ecological study involving all the health facilities during pre-Ebola (1 March 2013 to 28 February 2014), intra-Ebola (1 March 2014 to 28 February 2015) and post-Ebola (1 March to 31 July 2016) periods in Macenta district...
March 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340144/preventive-chemotherapy-in-one-year-reduces-by-over-80-the-number-of-individuals-with-soil-transmitted-helminthiases-causing-morbidity-results-from-meta-analysis
#12
Chiara Marocco, Mathieu Bangert, Serene A Joseph, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Antonio Montresor
The morbidity due to Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura is caused by infections of moderate and heavy intensity while hookworm infections of all intensities are recognized to cause morbidity.This study aims to evaluate the effect of repeated rounds of preventive chemotherapy on the proportion of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections causing morbidity. We identified studies from 17 countries, reporting changes in the proportion of STH infection causing morbidity between baseline and follow-up...
March 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340138/a-life-without-worms
#13
Richard E Sanya, Gyaviira Nkurunungi, Irene Andia Biraro, Harriet Mpairwe, Alison M Elliott
Worms have co-evolved with humans over millions of years. To survive, they manipulate host systems by modulating immune responses so that they cause (in the majority of hosts) relatively subtle harm. Anthelminthic treatment has been promoted as a measure for averting worm specific pathology and to mitigate subtle morbidities which may include effects on anaemia, growth, cognitive function and economic activity. With our changing environment marked by rapid population growth, urbanisation, better hygiene practices and anthelminthic treatment, there has been a decline in worm infections and other infectious diseases and a rise in non-communicable diseases such as allergy, diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
March 18, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633335/pulmonary-tb-varying-radiological-presentations-in-individuals-with-hiv-in-soweto-south-africa
#14
Jesne Kistan, Fatima Laher, Kennedy Otwombe, Ravindre Panchia, Nohemie Mawaka, Limakatso Lebina, Andreas Diacon, Bavesh Kana, Neil Martinson
Background: HIV-uninfected individuals with pulmonary TB (PTB) commonly present with radiological features of upper lobe cavitatory disease. In contrast, individuals with HIV and PTB may present differently. This study compared radiological features of individuals with laboratory-confirmed PTB by HIV status from the largest study in South Africa. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of adults recruited between 2012 and 2015 with laboratory-confirmed PTB in Soweto, South Africa...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633334/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-gambian-health-practitioners-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-and-microbiological-testing-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Pa Saidou Chaw, Kristin Maria Schlinkmann, Heike Raupach-Rosin, André Karch, Mathias W Pletz, Johannes Huebner, Rafael Mikolajczyk
Background: Inappropriate antibiotic use is the leading cause of antibiotic resistance worldwide. At the same time, the practice of antibiotic prescribing in Africa is less well documented when compared to developed countries. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of health practitioners towards antibiotic prescribing and microbiological testing in The Gambia. Methods: A KAP survey was conducted in The Gambia from March to May 2016...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633333/anti-natural-octyl-disaccharide-leprosy-idri-diagnostic-ndo-lid-antibodies-as-indicators-of-leprosy-reactions-and-neuritis
#16
Héctor Serrano-Coll, Mónica Muñoz, Juan Camilo Beltrán, Malcolm S Duthie, Nora Cardona-Castro
Background: Leprosy is a complex infectious and neurological disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Nerve damage is related to immunological hypersensitivity responses known as leprosy reactions (LRs). Diagnostic tools to predict LRs are not available. We hypothesized that natural octyl disaccharide-leprosy IDRI diagnostic (NDO-LID) would be helpful as an indicator of LRs and neuritis. Methods: To assess the utility of NDO-LID in indicating reactions, ELISA were used to detect specific antibodies in serum samples from 80 Colombian leprosy patients (40 with and 40 without history of LRs)...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633332/anti-fas2-igm-antibodies-in-fasciola-hepatica-infected-patients-with-positive-igg-serology
#17
Liliya Kazantseva, María Del Pilar García Lázaro, Patricia Herrera-Velit, Jose R Espinoza
Background: Fascioliasis is an infectious disease caused by parasites Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica. Humans are infected by the consumption of vegetables and water contaminated with the infective form of the parasite. Materials and Methods: In this study, an IgM-ELISA with the cysteine proteinase Fas2 antigen was evaluated with sera from 76 patients infected with F. hepatica, 24 patients with other parasite infections and 84 healthy volunteers. Results: IgM-ELISA resulted in 43% positives in F...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633331/does-timing-of-antiretroviral-treatment-influence-treatment-outcomes-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-northwest-ethiopia
#18
Endashaw M Aderie, Ermias Diro, Rony Zachariah, Marcio Silveira da Fonseca, Charles Abongomera, Bethabile L Dolamo, Koert Ritmeijer
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patients with HIV co-infection should receive antiretroviral treatment (ART). However, the best timing for initiation of ART is not known. Among such individuals, we assessed the influence of ART timing on VL outcomes. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Northwest Ethiopia among VL patients starting ART between 2008 and 2015. VL outcomes were assessed by the twelfth month of starting ART, within 4 weeks of VL diagnosis or thereafter...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549173/incidental-mosquitocidal-effect-of-an-ivermectin-mass-drug-administration-on-anopheles-farauti-conducted-for-scabies-control-in-the-solomon-islands
#19
Christian Kositz, Jeptah Talina, Jason Diau, Rowena Asugeni, Cheryl Whitehorn, David Mabey, Carlos Chaccour, Michael Marks
Background: The Solomon Islands is targeting elimination of malaria by 2030. The dominant vector is the predominantly exophagic, exophilic Anopheles farauti sensu strictu. This biting behaviour limits the efficacy of conventional vector control tools and highlights the need for new strategies. When administered to humans ivermectin has been shown to have a mosquitocidal effect. Mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin is an emerging strategy in the control of scabies. In this study we explored any incidental effect of ivermectin MDA conducted for scabies control on mosquitoes...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531311/the-genotypes-of-orientia-tsutsugamushi-identified-in-scrub-typhus-patients-in-northern-vietnam
#20
Hang L K Nguyen, Hang T T Pham, Tinh V Nguyen, Phuong Vm Hoang, Mai T Q Le, Taichiro Takemura, Futoshi Hasebe, Daisuke Hayasaka, Akio Yamada, Kozue Hotta
Background: There are an estimated one million patients with scrub typhus in the Asia-Pacific region. There are few reports describing the incidence of scrub typhus in Vietnam. Methods: Blood samples collected from 63 patients clinically diagnosed as having scrub typhus from July 2015 to September 2016 were subjected to genotyping of Orientia tsutsugamushi. Results and Conclusions: Of these patients, 42 (67%) tested positive for O. tsutsugamushi, and the most common genotype was identified to be Karp (55%)...
March 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
journal
journal
20250
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"